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22 août 2013 4 22 /08 /août /2013 16:35
India to deliver reconnaissance helicopters to Afghan armed forces

Thu Aug 22 By Ghanizada - khaama.com


India may deliver military equipments including weaponry and aircraft to Afghanistan, the visiting Afghan delegation to India, headed by second vice-president Mohammad Karim Khalili said.


The officials further added that the military equipment will be handed over to the Afghan military in the near future.


Afghanistan army chief of staff, Gen. Sher Mohammad Karimi is also accompanying the second vice-president Mohammad Karim Khalili during his visit to India.


The delegation met with a number of high level Indian government officials including the second vice-president of India Hamid Ansari, to discuss the bilateral cooperation between the two countries.


Gen. Sher Mohammad Karimi quoted by Afghanistan’s 1TV Media said, the government of India has vowed to provide a number of reconnaissance helicopters to the Afghan military.


Mr. Karimi further added that the government of Afghanistan expects New Delhi’s cooperation in providing helicopters and training of the Afghan pilots, besides providing training to Afghan armed forces.


In the meantime, the Indian vice-president Hamid Ansari said, New Delhi is committed to rebuild Afghanistan as a stable, democratic and prosperous country and hoped that the two nations can overcome the challenge posed by terrorism.


“India does not have an exit strategy. With the conviction that we shared a common past and that we are destined to share a common future, India will continue to contribute, within its capabilities, in the re-building of Afghanistan,” Mr. Ansari said.


He said India remains committed to implement the Strategic Partnership Agreement signed between the two countries in October 2011. The agreement articulates the future areas of cooperation between the two countries in diverse spheres.

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21 août 2013 3 21 /08 /août /2013 11:35
Inde/accidents: la Marine emploie des ouvriers sous-qualifiés

NEW DELHI, 20 août - RIA Novosti


La Marine indienne emploie des ouvriers sous-qualifiés au port militaire de Mumbai (Bombay), où le sous-marin militaire Sindhurakshak a sombré le 14 août faisant 18 morts, a rapporté mardi le journal India Today se référant à une source au sein de l'administration du port.


"Pourquoi tous ces incidents arrivent-ils? Je ne doute pas qu'ils s'expliquent par le fait que des ouvriers mal qualifiés ont accès à des armes sophistiquées, à des systèmes de navigation, etc. Cela présente un danger pour la sécurité de nos navires", a indiqué un ancien responsable des chantiers navals de Mumbai, SK Gorhe, commentant la deuxième grande perte de la Marine indienne en trois ans.


Le sous-marin INS Sindhurakshak a coulé dans le port de Bombay dans la nuit du 13 au 14 août 2013, suite à trois explosions et un incendie à son bord. Dix-huit membres d'équipage se trouvaient à bord du submersible. Les corps de sept sous-mariniers ont été retrouvés. D'après le journal Mumbai Mirror, les explosions à bord du sous-marin seraient dues à un court-circuit provoqué par une erreur humaine lors du chargement de missiles.


Le 30 janvier 2011, la frégate indienne Vindhyagiri a coulé dans le port de Bombay suite à une collision avec le porte-conteneurs chypriote MV Nordlake, qui avait provoqué un incendie. Tous les occupants du Vindhyagiri ont pu être évacués.

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19 août 2013 1 19 /08 /août /2013 16:45
CGS Barracuda - source defimedia.info

CGS Barracuda - source defimedia.info

19 August 2013 defenceWeb


The island nation of Mauritius will take delivery of a new offshore patrol vessel next year, and use it for fighting piracy, illegal fishing and drug trafficking. It was launched at an Indian shipyard earlier this month.


The vessel, named CGS Barracuda, was launched in Kolkata, India, on August 2 by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE). Dignitaries present included K O Fong Weng-Pooran, senior chief executive in the Mauritian prime minister’s office and Mauritian High Commissioner Arye Kumar Juggessar.


Barracuda was ordered on March 4, 2011, at a cost of some $60 million and had its keel laid on April 23, 2013. Jane’s Defence Weekly reports GRSE Managing Director Rear Admiral (retd) A K Verma as saying that the shipyard is expected to delivery the OPV to Mauritius in September next year.


Barracuda displaces 1 300 tonnes and has a length of 74.1 metres and a draft of 3.5 metres. Range is approximately 5 000 nautical miles at her maximum speed of 20 knots. She is powered by two MTU 16V 4000 M53 diesel engines rated at 1 840 kW, each driving two controllable pitch propellers through ZF Marine gearboxes.


Barracuda will patrol Mauritius’s vast exclusive economic zone (EEZ), which covers 1.9 million square kilometres. Its main tasks will be combating piracy, smuggling, illegal fishing and drug trafficking but the vessel will also participate in search and rescue exercises, control pollution and transport cargo.


India and Mauritius have enjoyed good political, economic and military relations. Indian navy vessels often patrol Mauritian waters and India has provided military hardware to the country, such as an HAL Dhruv light utility helicopter in 2009 and a coastal surveillance radar system. Installation of this radar network will start next month. Last year, India donated two Do 228 maritime surveillance aircraft to Mauritius.

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26 juillet 2013 5 26 /07 /juillet /2013 11:35
India, France to discuss Rs 80K cr worth defence deals

Jul 25, 2013 brahmand.com


NEW DELHI (PTI): Deals expected to be worth over Rs 80,000 crore including supply of 126 Rafale combat aircraft are likely to be high on agenda of French Defence Minister Jaen Yves Le Drian during his three-day visit to India from Friday.


India and France have been busy in negotiating the 126 combat aircraft deal for which the French combat aircraft was selected last year defeating its five other European and American rivals and over Rs 30,000 crore Maitri surface-to-air missile projects.


During the visit of the French Minister, the two sides are expected to discuss the two deals in his meetings with Defence Minister A K Antony and other senior military leadership along with ways of strengthening bilateral ties, Ministry officials said here.


The militaries of the two countries have close ties and hold regular exercises with each other. The Indian Army will be visiting a French military base in September for a company-level exercise, they said.


The French Minister will also visit the Gwalior-based Maharajpur airbase, which is home to the French origin Mirage 2000 aircraft.


The Rafale aircraft deal, which is expected to be worth over Rs 50,000 crore, has been moving at its natural pace and had seen hiccups when the French side asked the Defence Ministry to define the role of HAL.


The deal is not expected to be finalised before the end of this year, officials said.


India, France to discuss Rs 80K cr worth defence deals

In the recent times, France has been awarded several key tenders by India including the supply of six Scorpene submarines to the Navy and the multi-billion dollar 126 combat aircraft deal.


The contract worth over Rs 11,000 crore for upgrading the fleet of Mirage 2000 aircraft was also awarded to French firm Dassault Aviation.

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26 juillet 2013 5 26 /07 /juillet /2013 11:35
Trials of Arjun Mark-II main-battle tanks to be completed this year

Jul 25, 2013 Rajat Pandit, TNN


NEW DELHI: The advanced version of the homegrown main-battle tank, Arjun, is all set to complete its protracted trials this year, which will include firing the Israeli-origin laser guided LAHAT missiles from its main gun.


This Mark-II version of the Arjun has "89 upgrades or improvements'' over the earlier 124 Mark-I tanks inducted by the Army. "The trials began in June 2012 at the Mahajan field firing ranges in Rajasthan. Phase-II of the trials, which basically revolve around the armaments, kicked off in May-June this year,'' said an official on Thursday.


Another round of the LAHAT missile firing will take place in the first week of August. "The remaining trials will begin in the third week of August at Pokhran. If the trials are fully successful, the production order for 118 Arjun Mark-II tanks will be placed,'' he said.


While the Army has inducted 124 Mark-I Arjuns, the force and other agencies had suggested the 89 improvements for the Mark-II version. These included the capability to fire missiles from the main gun, advanced laser warning and control systems, and explosive reactive armour plates for better self-protection of the tanks.


With the long delay in the indigenous Arjun project, which was sanctioned as far back as in 1974, the Army has progressively inducted around 800 of the planned 1,657 T-90S Russian-origin tanks till now.


The T-90S tanks, which are replacing the older T-55 and T-72 tanks, are going to be the main battle-tanks of the Army for the foreseeable future. DRDO, however, wants Army to order a minimum of 500 Arjuns to stabilise production lines and pave the way for the development of a "futuristic'' MBT. "The Arjun Mark-II, a crucial indigenous effort, will have better firepower, mobility and survivability over the earlier version,'' said another official.

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26 juillet 2013 5 26 /07 /juillet /2013 10:55
photo ECPAD

photo ECPAD

26/07 LesEchos (Reuters)


Le ministre de la Défense Jean-Yves Le Drian est arrivé jeudi soir en Inde pour une visite de deux jours destinée à "approfondir le dialogue stratégique" entre Paris et New Delhi, a annoncé vendredi le ministère.


Le ministre a prévu de rencontrer à cette occasion les industriels français du secteur de la défense et de s'entretenir avec son homologue indien Arackaparambil Kurian Antony avant de se rendre samedi sur la base aérienne de Gwâlior.


Cette visite survient cinq mois après celle de François Hollande qui avait constaté des progrès dans les négociations sur la vente de 126 avions de combat de Dassault Aviation à l'armée de l'air indienne.


L'Inde a présélectionné le Rafale en janvier 2012 au terme d'un appel d'offres très disputé pour une commande évaluée à quelque 15 milliards de dollars portant sur 126 avions et 63 options potentielles, et discute depuis avec le groupe français des termes du contrat.

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26 juillet 2013 5 26 /07 /juillet /2013 07:35
Indian Army gifts 7 bailey bridges to Myanmar Army

 July 26, 2013 irdw.org (Assam Tribune)


In a move to provide a vital fillip to the relationship between the two historic neighbours – India and Myanmar – the Indian Army yesterday handed over seven Bailey bridges to the Myanmar Army at Leimakhong army headquarter, about 20 km north of Imphal.


The General Officer Commanding Spears Corps Lt Gen AK Sahni, handed over the sevenBailey bridges to Commander Major General Soe Lwin of North West Command at Leimakhong.


“We are taking up this as a Prime Minister’s initiative for the development of border infrastructure”, said Lt Gen Sahni. “This will help in meeting the aspiration of the people and also to ensure security along the Indo-Myanmar border”, he also said adding, “This gesture by India will go a long way in providing a vital fillip to the relationship between the two historic neighbours.


The step has been taken as part of the 3rd Indo-Myanmar Regional Border Committee Meet between India and Myanmar held under the aegis of Spears Corps of Indian Army at Leimakhong from July 23-25. The meeting was attended by high ranking officials from both the countries.


The Border Committee Meet is a landmark event which provides an opportunity for representatives of security forces and government officials of both nations to discuss and resolve crucial issues relating to border management, bi-lateral cooperation and counter-terrorism strategy.

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26 juillet 2013 5 26 /07 /juillet /2013 07:35
source india-defence

source india-defence

July 26, 2013 irdw.org (IANS)


Negotiations on the $10 billion deal for purchase of 126 French Rafale jets for the IAF will be high on the agenda during talks between Defence Minister A.K. Antony and his French counterpart Jean-Yves Le Drian here Friday but no contract is due to be signed.


Le Drian, who is visiting India on the invitation of Antony, is arriving on a three-day visit.French firm Dassault Aviation bagged the deal for 126 medium multi-role combat aircraft (MMRCA) last year after being declared the lowest bidder, piping EAD’s Eurofighter.


While terming the deal “the most important tender in defence history”, a reliable source said Thursday that there was “no target” for the negotiations to be concluded.


No contract for the MMRCA deal would be signed during the minister’s visit, the source said, adding that the contract would come “in due course depending on the speed of the negotiations”.


No time lines have been stressed, the source said.


The MMRCA deal is “complicated” and the contract has “technicalities and legal issues” including offsets and supply chain to be worked out, the source said, adding that France is “confident” of the deal being concluded.


Eighteen of the 126 planes are to be purchased directly from Dassault, while Hindustan Aeronatics Limited (HAL) is to manufacture the other 108 under a licence at a facility in Bangalore.


It will be Le Drian’s second visit to India. He will also visit the Indian Air Force station at Gwalior, to see the French Mirage 2000s being used by the IAF and discuss its upgradation, estimated at Rs.11,000 crore.


He would also interact with pilots, officers and technicians who fly and maintain the fleet.


Le Drian is expected to brief Antony about the French perspective on the global security scenario. Sources said such a briefing has been held by France only for two countries – Britain and the US.


He will present France White Paper on Defence and also give a lecture at the Institute for Defence and Security Analyses (IDSA) Friday on “Indo-French Defence Partnership: the Choice of Strategic Autonomy”.


He will also meet industrialists of the defence sector, members of the French community, and exchange views on global threats and current international issues with high-profile Indian researchers and scholars, as well as Members of Parliament.

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25 juillet 2013 4 25 /07 /juillet /2013 17:35
source Livefist

source Livefist

23 Jul 2013 by Greg Waldron – FG


Singapore - India has taken delivery of its second Boeing C-17 Globemaster III strategic transport. The new aircraft will enter service immediately, says Boeing.


New Delhi will receive three more C-17s this year, followed by five more in 2014, under a 10-aircraft deal signed in 2012.


"C-17s have an important role in supporting unique Indian air force operations in remote locations, such as the Himalayas and desert environments," says Nan Bouchard, Boeing vice-president and C-17 programme manager. "The C-17 provides the versatility to complete any mission, anywhere. We look forward to working with the Indian air force and the US Air Force as we deliver the remainder of India's fleet."


New Delhi received its first C-17 in June 2013. It is also considering the purchase of an additional six C-17s.

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25 juillet 2013 4 25 /07 /juillet /2013 16:35
India Should Correct Defence Offset Guidelines

July 24, 2013 Source: Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis

On 23 May 2013, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) issued an Office Memorandum (OM), keeping in abeyance of ‘services’ related provisions from offset guidelines, the latest revised version of which was issued less than a year ago in August 2012. The abeyance of all services, effective from the date of issue of the OM, is applicable to all tenders or Request for Proposals (RFPs) issued after the notification of the OM, and also those tenders issued earlier but the commercial and technical bids are yet to be submitted.

The MoD’s action has created a debate among various stakeholders, particularly the Indian IT and software- related companies which see a loss of business to the tune of $10 billion as consequence of the OM. More importantly, the OM has opened up a new challenge for the MoD in articulating a revised offset policy that would take into account the current gaps in the offset guidelines while satisfying the services sector – a key stakeholder in Indian defence industry and a vital partner from the offsets point of view.

The OM comes in the wake of controversies surrounding the purchase of 12 VVIP Agusta Westland helicopters, in which allegations were made that bribes were paid through bogus software companies which merely worked as front organisations on behalf of middlemen and foreign companies. While the OM is an attempt to prevent such malpractices, it has in the process banned the entire services sector from doing offset business.

This is evident from its annexure, which has gone into every possible minute details in identifying and suspending all such paragraphs in the Defence Offset Guidelines of 2012 (DOG 2012), where the term services surfaces. Consequently, the term ‘Services” which broadly cover a range of activities including software development; software and computer based training modules; maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO); engineering, designing and testing; quality assurance; and training has now become history till the time new orders are issued.

Interestingly, in addition to suspending the complete list of services which appear as the fourth category in the “List of the Products and Services Eligible for Discharge of Offset Obligations”, the annexure has also suspended services-related activities in other paragraphs, including the ones which had been included for the first time in the DOG 2012. Two such paragraphs relate to “vessels of war, special naval systems, equipment and accessories” and “Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises’. Any services related to the above two now stand suspended.

Since the OM talks of its validity “till such time that further instructions are issued”, one would assume that no sooner than later a revised guideline would be issued by the MoD. It is also assumed that the new guidelines would take into account the current gap in the offset policy which is biased in favour of the services sector. In comparison to the defence manufacturing sector which is subject to compulsory industrial licensing and where strict value addition principle is applicable (the latter being made more stringent in Defence Procurement Procedure 2013), the services sector is exempted from such conditions.

The services sector also gets further incentivised by the defence FDI policy which (after the 16 July 2013 meeting chaired by the Prime Minister) allows more than 26 per cent foreign equity in defence manufacturing sector on a case by case basis to be decided by the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS), India’s highest decision making body on security matters. The CCS decision is to be influenced by the FDI proposal’s credibility in bringing in yet to be defined “modern and state of the art technology” to India. In comparison, the services sector can attract upto 100 per cent FDI without any governmental watch or regulation.

The above imbalance has led to a flurry of offset inflows into the services sector which has in fact become the most preferred area for the foreign companies to choose Indian Offset Partners (IOPs) from, for the discharge of their offset obligations. This has, however, not necessarily led to capability enhancement of the Indian services sector, particularly the companies in the IT and IT enabled Services (IT-ITeS) industry which have already reached a certain level of maturity and international reckoning. Moreover as the VVIP helicopter procurement case shows, the sector is at times vulnerable to malpractice since the government has no wherewithal to see how much real work is being done in India and by the Indian companies.

The crucial challenge for the MoD is now to limit the flow of offsets into the services sector and ensure that value addition takes place in India. On the aspects of limiting offset flows into the services sector it would be ideal for the MoD to stipulate a maximum percentage of offsets that can go into the services sector. This would not only limit the scope for malpractice, but would provide a fillip to the manufacturing sector which constitutes the core of defence industrial base.

On the aspect of value addition by the services sector, the MoD has a real challenge on hand as the services by nature are intangible. The silver lining is that the National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM), an industry association, has come forward in devising a method by which the intangibles can be measured. The MoD now needs to work with the NASSCOM and other industry players to establish a mechanism and issue the revised guidelines that would thwart bogus companies from doing business in defence.

Last but not the least the MoD also needs to seriously think about the background checking of Indian Offset Partner (IOP). Presently the foreign companies have the complete discretion in choosing the IOPs, with virtually no background checking by the MoD. It is quite surprising that the Defence Offset Management Wing (DOMW) which has otherwise a wider mandate relating offset guidelines and all matters relating to post-offset contract management does not have the authority to ensure genuiness of the IOPs. A little background checking by way of examining the IOP’s annual reports, balance sheet and all such necessary documents would however trigger a fear among the foreign companies who would be more cautious in partnering with bogus companies.

Views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the IDSA or of the Government of India.

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25 juillet 2013 4 25 /07 /juillet /2013 16:35
photo Armée de l Air

photo Armée de l Air

25/07 Par Alain Ruello -LesEchos.fr


L’avionneur Dassault continue d’oeuvrer à la conclusion de la vente de 126 Rafale à New Delhi avant la fin de l’année. Il mise aussi toujours sur 70 livraisons de Falcon cette année, malgré quelques retards sur son plan de marché au premier semestre.


Un point de suivi tous les jours vers midi avec Eric Trappier, le PDG, cinquante salariés mobilisés à plein temps, partage des responsabilités avec HAL, l’EADS local, arrêté : chez Dassault, la mobilisation est toujours aussi forte pour tenter de conclure la vente de 126 Rafale en Inde avant la fin de l’année. Et ni l’approche des élections générales, ni les manoeuvres présentes ou à venir de la concurrence pour faire dérailler l’affaire du siècle ne parviendront à faire changer d’avis New Delhi, affirme le patron de l’avionneur.


« La décision (de choisir le Rafale, NDLR), est ferme. Les élections ne changeront pas la nature du choix », a-t-il indiqué ce jeudi matin, à l’issue de la présentation des résultats semestriels. Si la signature n’intervient pas avant les élections ? Alors « cela se fera après. L’appel d’offres a été long et documenté. Je ne suis pas inquiet », a ajouté Eric Trappier qui met en avant le consensus de la classe politique sur la nécessité de moderniser l’aviation de combat indienne.


Pas d’inquiétude vis-à-vis de la concurrence


Pas plus qu’il n’est inquiet des initiatives que les concurrents pourraient prendre pour tenter de revenir dans la danse en profitant du calendrier électoral. La dernière rumeur en cours fait état de courriers envoyés par un ancien ministre des finances indien au ministre de la Défense actuel mettant en avant le coût élevé du Rafale.


« Je n’ai pas d’information, a répondu le PDG de Dassault à une journaliste indienne qui soulevait ce point. C’est sûr que le choix ne plaît pas à tout le monde », allusion à peine voilé aux Britanniques qui n’ont pas digéré que l’Eurofighter s’incline en finale dans leur ex-colonie.


A en croire Dassault, sauf si les autorités de New Delhi décident de ne plus acheter d’avions - ce qui est toujours possible - rien ne devrait empêcher la conclusion de ce qui s’annonce comme la première exportation du Rafale. Le processus de négociation qui implique plusieurs comités se déroule en toute rigueur, et tout est parfaitement « documenté ». Reste une seule incertitude : quand ?


Falcon : reprise encore molle


Sur le front des avions d’affaires Falcon, la tendance est plus prévisible : la reprise est là, mais encore molle et inégale selon les pays. L’Europe du Nord et l’Amérique du Sud affichent un certain dynamisme. En revanche, les Etats-Unis sont encore en retrait.


Sur le premier semestre Dassault affiche 27 prises de commandes de Falcon, deux de plus que l’année dernière sur la même période. L’objectif des 70 livraisons est maintenu sur l’année, malgré un léger retard sur le plan de marche depuis le premier janvier.


Dassault prépare activement la sortie du Falcon SMS, le futur appareil d’entrée de gamme de l’avionneur dont les caractéristiques seront dévoilées à l’automne lors du grand salon américain NBAA de l’aviation d’affaires. L’augmentation des frais de développement sur ce programme a d’ailleurs pesé sur la marge opérationnelle qui est passée de 12,7 % à 10,3 %. La marge nette a suivi la même pente pour la même raison. Sur les six premiers mois de l’année, elle s’est établie à 9 %, contre 10,6 % un an plus tôt. A 1,8 milliard d’euros, le chiffre d’affaires a baissé de 5 %.

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25 juillet 2013 4 25 /07 /juillet /2013 09:54
photo Livefist

photo Livefist

NEW DELHI: July 23, 2013 DHNS - deccanherald.com


French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian is scheduled to visit Delhi later this week, giving rise to speculations of “forward movement” in India’s biggest defence deal to purchase 126 fighter jets from France.


For the last two years, India and France are locked in price negotiation to purchase the medium multi-role fighter aircraft for the Indian Air Force (IAF). French major Dassault Aviation’s Rafale fighter planes were selected to replace ageing MiG-21s.


The much-awaited deal, sources said, is on the agenda of bilateral talks between Le Drian and his Indian counterpart A K Antony, including National Security Adviser Shiv Shankar Menon, between July 25-27.


But there is no confirmation on whether an announcement on finalisation of the deal can be expected by the week-end.


The French minister will meet Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and members of the Parliamentary standing committee on defence, sources said. Dassault Aviation had earlier raised questions on the role HAL would play once the mega deal is signed. But the Defence Ministry is understood to have conveyed to the French company that HAL would be the lead integrator and there was no change in conditions mentioned in the original tender.


As per the tender, Dassault will deliver 18 aircraft in fly-away condition whereas HAL will manufacture the rest under licensed production. The top bosses of HAL and Dassault met last month on the sidelines of the Paris air show to discuss the project and iron out differences. “Both chairmen expressed satisfaction on the work already achieved by the integrated teams and renewed their commitment towards successful completion of various projects,” Dassault said in a statement issued in June.


Though the tender was valued at $ 10.4 billion (Rs 42,000 crore), the price is set to escalate in the final commercial contract, making it India’s biggest defence deal. The new price band may be between $ 17-20 billion, but there is no official word. The sliding rupee will also be taken into account for the new price that is being negotiated for two years.


The French minister will be travelling to IAF station in Gwalior, which houses the Mirage-2000 fleet. In 2011, India signed a Rs 10,900 crore (approximately $ 2.4 billion) agreement with French arms majors Thales and Dassault Aviation for upgrading 51 Mirage-2000 fighters.

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24 juillet 2013 3 24 /07 /juillet /2013 11:35
Scorpene-class submarine

Scorpene-class submarine



23 juillet 2013 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS


C’est officiel : les jours moroses ne sont pas terminés pour le projet indien de sous-marins Scorpène. Touché par des années de retard et les dépassements de budget qu’elles ont entraînés, le chantier naval Mazagon Dock de Mumbai a de nouveau manqué l’échéance, retardant encore l’objectif de la marine indienne de renforcer sa flotte sous-marine impuissante.


Les sous-marins de conception française, construits dans le cadre d’un contrat de transfert de technologie, ne pourront pas être mis en service en 2015, comme promis par le chantier. La nouvelle date prévue pour la livraison du premier des 6 sous-marins Scorpene est septembre 2016, avec l’espoir que les suivants soient mis en service au rythme d’un par an.


« Nous avons fixé la nouvelle date de livraison du 1er Scorpène à septembre 2016, » a confirmé le contre-amiral Rahul Kumar Shrawat, directeur du chantier Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL). Le contre-amiral Shrawat indique que la 3è série — et dernière — de 178 équipements de grande valeur — des équipements qui ont gagné une réputation peu glorieuse comme MDL-Procured Material (MPM) après que les procédures d’achat du chantier, lourdes et opaques, aient bloqué le projet pendant plus de 2 ans — a été commandée à DCNS en novembre dernier.


La commande a été faite auprès d’un seul fournisseur pour épargner au chantier le fardeau de devoir traiter avec de multiples fournisseurs étrangers. Cette procédure allie transparence garantie et facilité de gestion, précise le contre-amiral Shrawat pour expliquer le retard.


Cependant, la marine indienne est furieuse du non-respect persistant des échéances par le chantier. De hauts responsables craignent que, lorsque les Scorpène seront enfin mis en service, ils ne soient obsolètes. Les 3 premiers exemplaires ne seront même pas équipés de propulsion anaérobie, une technologie qui améliore grandement l’autonomie en plongée, soulignent-ils. Sans cette technologie, les sous-marins sont contraints de remonter en surface au bout de quelques jours pour recharger leurs batteries, là où ils sont le plus susceptibles d’être détectés.


Référence : The Hindu (Inde)

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19 juillet 2013 5 19 /07 /juillet /2013 11:35
photo Livefist

photo Livefist

15/07/2013 Helen Chachaty - journal-aviation.com


Pilatus a annoncé que la formation de l’armée de l’air indienne sur PC-7 MkII avait débuté le 8 juillet dernier à l’Indian Air Force Academy de Dundigal. Ce sont pour l’instant huit « cadets » qui participent à la formation.


L’industriel suisse Pilatus et l’Indian Air Force avaient signé un contrat en mai 2012 pour la fabrication et la livraison de 75 avions d’entraînement basique PC-7 MkII, pour plus de 400 millions d’euros. Quatorze avions ont été livrés depuis, l’admission au service actif ayant elle été prononcée le 31 mai dernier.


Le Pilatus PC-7 MkII est en service depuis 1994. Motorisé par un PT6A-25C de Pratt & Whitney, l’avion d’entraînement basique partage la même cellule et le même système avionique que le PC-9M.

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19 juillet 2013 5 19 /07 /juillet /2013 11:35
photo Livefist

photo Livefist

15/07/2013 Helen Chachaty - journal-aviation.com


Pilatus a annoncé que la formation de l’armée de l’air indienne sur PC-7 MkII avait débuté le 8 juillet dernier à l’Indian Air Force Academy de Dundigal. Ce sont pour l’instant huit « cadets » qui participent à la formation.


L’industriel suisse Pilatus et l’Indian Air Force avaient signé un contrat en mai 2012 pour la fabrication et la livraison de 75 avions d’entraînement basique PC-7 MkII, pour plus de 400 millions d’euros. Quatorze avions ont été livrés depuis, l’admission au service actif ayant elle été prononcée le 31 mai dernier.


Le Pilatus PC-7 MkII est en service depuis 1994. Motorisé par un PT6A-25C de Pratt & Whitney, l’avion d’entraînement basique partage la même cellule et le même système avionique que le PC-9M.

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12 juillet 2013 5 12 /07 /juillet /2013 11:35
INS Trikand Set sail for service

July 12, 2013 idrw.org (The Hiindu)


INS Trikand, the last of the three ‘Follow-On Talwar Class’ frigates built in Russia, was recently commissioned into the Indian Navy at Kaliningrad, Russia by Vice Admiral R.K. Dhowan, the Vice Chief of the Naval Staff, Indian Navy, in a glittering ceremony that included both the Indian and the Russian navies.


The commissioning of INS Trikand marks the culmination of a three-ship contract for ‘Follow On Talwar Class’ ships built in Russia, and is therefore a milestone in the Indo-Russian military-technological cooperation. Her sister ships, INS Teg and INS Tarkash, were commissioned last year and are now undertaking operations as part of the Western Fleet. The keel of INS Trikand was laid in June 2008 and the ship was launched in May 2011. Extensive acceptance trials were conducted in the Baltic Sea in April and May 2013.


INS Trikand carries a state-of-the-art combat suite which includes the supersonic BRAHMOS missile system, advanced surface-to-air missiles Shtil, upgraded A190 medium range gun, electro-optical 30 mm Close-in Weapon System, anti-submarine weapons such as torpedoes and rockets and an advanced Electronic Warfare System.


The weapons and sensors are integrated through a Combat Management System ‘Trebovanie-M’, which enables the ship to simultaneously neutralise multiple surface, sub-surface and air threats. The ship also incorporates innovative features to reduce radar, magnetic and acoustic signatures, which have earned this class of ships the sobriquet of ‘Stealth’ frigates. The ship is powered by four gas turbines and is capable of speeds in excess of 30 knots. The ship can carry an integrated Kamov 31 helicopter which is best suited for airborne early warning roles.


INS Trikand is commanded by Captain Ajay Kochhar, a gunnery and missile Warfare specialist, who was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 1988. The ship has a complement of about 300 personnel, including officers. The ship will soon undertake her maiden passage to India to join her sister ships of Western Fleet.

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12 juillet 2013 5 12 /07 /juillet /2013 11:35
photo Livefist

photo Livefist

July 12, 2013 idrw.org (Defense World)


The value Indian MMRCA deal is set to inflate to a whopping $17 billion from the original $12 billion by the end of this year thanks to the falling Indian rupee.The rupee currently stands at INR 59. 80 against the dollar and economists predict this number could rise up to INR 65 by the end of this year.


At the time of the announcement in January 2012, the rupee was being traded at INR 42 against the dollar and the deal was then valued at approximately $12 billion for 126 fighter jets.


With the current value of the rupee, the deal could potentially be worth $15 billion. However, if negotiations are postponed until later this year India may very well end up with a $17 billion bill from Dassault.


The deal was originally expected to be concluded by June 2012; however both sides have been unable to reach an agreement.


Earlier last month, top executives from HAL and Dassault Aviation met on the sidelines of the Paris Air Show to discuss the progress of ongoing projects.


However, both companies refused to entertain any media queries about the MMRCA contract.


“Both the teams expressed satisfaction on the work already achieved by the integrated teams and renewed their commitment towards successful completion of the various projects,” they said in an official statement.


Offset hurdles have been the major road block to signing the deal. Dassault earlier this year wrote to the Indian MoD demanding it be given the overall responsibility of the project and clearly identify HALs role.


Despite the ministry asserting that HAL would act as the project’s ‘lead-integrator’ as per the terms of the RFI issued in 2007, Dassault is now insisting that it be given the freedom to decide on the quantum of work to be shared between companies.


According to the original terms, eighteen of the 126 planes are to be purchased directly from Dassault, while HAL will manufacture the other 108 under a licence at an upcoming facility in Bangalore.


Once the contract has been signed, HAL will have a very short period to set up an entirely new assembly line for the Rafale fighters. According to a report published by a French publication Usine Nouvelle last year, Dassault could end up producing more than 18 aircraft in France than originally agreed to because “they (some 500 French companies) would still get far more than 50% of the production associated with the future contract during the initial years”.


The report also adds that although “the RFP originally demanded offsets of 50% of the contract value and technology transfers, several factors could explain this work division that is so favorable for French industry”.


Meanwhile, in 2012 the Indian government mandated that transfer of technology could be counted as offsets, though it might not apply to the MMRCA as this tender was floated under the earlier procurement policy. This also could be an issue of contention in the commercial negotiations as the MMRCA contracts mandates 50% offsets.


Meanwhile, French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said that his country hopes to begin exporting Rafales to India by 2016.


Le Drian is expected to visit New Delhi soon to conclude the Indian MMRCA contract, the report added.

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12 juillet 2013 5 12 /07 /juillet /2013 07:35
India, China to Hold Air Force & Navy Exercises

July 12, 2013 By  Zachary Keck  - Flashpoints


Amid more frequent military drills in the region, China and India have agreed to hold exercises between their air forces and navies for the first time.

According to Indian media outlets, India and China’s navies and air forces will hold joint exercises in the near future, although the specific date of the drills will be decided by military officials at a later date.

The exercises will be “elementary” in nature at first, with the expectation that larger drills would follow.

The drills would be the first between the navies and air forces of China and India. Starting in 2007, their armies began holding drills, the third edition of which has been scheduled for October in Chengdu in southwestern China.

The announcement comes after a series of diplomatic meetings between the two sides. In May, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang made India the destination for his first overseas trip since taking over his new position. Then, last week, Indian Defense Minister A.K. Antony became the first defense chief to visit China in seven years.

That being said, there has also been heightened tensions between China and India over the last year. Last year, Delhi took offense to China issuing visas that featured a map in which their disputed border region was included as part of China.

Then, in April of this year Chinese troops crossed over onto the Indian side of the border and set up camp for weeks about six miles inside India.

While that border incursion was ended when Indian and Chinese military leaders reached an agreement in early May, it was learned earlier this week that a second border incursion had occurred in June. In this incident, Chinese troops reportedly crossed the de facto border— referred to as the Line of Actual Control— and destroyed observation posts and cameras belonging to the Indian military.

A new camera supposedly appeared immediately prior to Antony’s visit to China.

More generally, India has been unnerved by the vast infrastructure improvements China has made to the regions surrounding the LoAC, fearing that these could allow Beijing to more quickly mobilize troops for attacks inside India.

In response, Delhi has sought to strengthen its position on the LoAC, including by deploying an additional 40,000 troops.

That being said, civilian leaders from both sides have been downplaying the tension over the border since Premier Li’s May visit to India.

“We need to improve border related mechanisms and make them more efficient,” Premier Li said at the time.

“Both Mr. [Manmohan] Singh and I believe there are far more interests than differences between our two sides. We need to confront issues with a broad mind, and tackle them in a mature way.”

Following Li’s visit, the two sides held another round of border talks aimed at resolving the dispute.

Both sides also expressed optimism about their ability to resolve the border row during Defense Minister Antony’s visit last week as well.

“There is real forward movement on the Border Defense Cooperation Agreement (BDCA)" Antony’s said while in China over the weekend.

“On most of the provisions of the BDCA there is already real consensus. There are some more discussions needed on some of the areas. The discussions will continue and will arrive at a final conclusion within a reasonable time limit. There is really forward movement on that.”

Along with the joint naval and air exercises, India and China said their navies and air forces would enhance education exchanges particularly among young officers.

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11 juillet 2013 4 11 /07 /juillet /2013 19:35
India To Tap Domestic Companies for Acoustic Artillery Locator Systems

Sources said the Indian Army is reconsidering the purchase of the Israeli Iron Dome air defense system — similar to this battery positioned near Haifa, Israel — because Israel may transfer technology for the project.


Jul. 10, 2013 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI  - Defense News


NEW DELHI — After failing to buy sound ranging systems (SRS) from the global market, India’s Defence Ministry will send a fresh tender next month to domestic companies only.


The indigenous firms include state-owned Bharat Electronics Ltd. (BEL) and Electronics Corporation of India (ECIL), which in turn will tie up with overseas companies to supply 34 of the systems at a cost of more than US $120 million, said Defence Ministry sources.


The first tender was canceled in 2008 because none of the bidders could meet requirements.


The Army would use the acoustic capabilities of the SRSs to locate enemy artillery to supplement the US-made AN/TPQ-37 weapon-locating radars bought in 2001. But maintenance on these radars has become costly because of a lack of spare parts, said Army sources.


The Army wants the SRS to be able to locate mortars at a distance of 10 kilometers, 105mm artillery at a distance of 15 kilometers and 130mm artillery at a distance of 20 kilometers. Under normal weather conditions, the system should be able to locate 60 percent of enemy artillery, said an Army official.


The SRS locates enemy weapons by the sound of their gunfire. It is designed for plains and desert terrain. The sound signals are then directed to surveillance and target acquisition units to direct return fire, explained the Army official.


The tender to be sent to BEL and ECIL stipulates that the SRS should be compact, man-portable, able to be rapidly deployed and function under rugged conditions.


The tender will specify that the SRS should be computer controlled, based on advanced microprocessors and able to be loaded with digital map data in field conditions.


Iron Dome


In addition to using sound ranging and weapon-locating radars, the Indian Army is reconsidering the purchase of the Israeli Iron Dome air defense system, said Defence Ministry sources. The revisit on Iron Dome was prompted by the possibility that Israel would transfer technology for the project, said a source.


In February, Indian Air Force Chief Air Marshal Norman Anil Kumar Browne told reporters at the Aero India air show in Bangalore that the Iron Dome is not suitable for the service.


India and Israel have been discussing the purchase of Iron Dome and the David’s Sling air defense system for more than two years.


David’s Sling is jointly produced by Raytheon of the US and Israel’s Rafael Advanced Defense Systems; Iron Dome is manufactured by Rafael.


The Indian Army official said Iron Dome can detect and engage the Nasr, Pakistan’s tactical nuclear missile with a range of 60 kilometers.

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11 juillet 2013 4 11 /07 /juillet /2013 16:35
Indian DRDO Nishant UAV

Indian DRDO Nishant UAV

July 10, 2013 by uasvision.com


The Indian market for UAS is estimated at $2 billion and the answer to the demand will be filled by local production.

India’s state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL), which recently carved out a separate unmanned air systems (UAS) division as part of a comprehensive diversification drive, wants to prepare platforms quickly to meet a raft of current and expected requirements from the armed forces, police and paramilitary.

The Indian navy is on the lookout for medium- and high-altitude/long-endurance (MALE and HALE) UAS. And the Indian army and air force are both eager for more short-range unmanned air systems. For the first time, the coast guard and paramilitary forces there are looking to establish their own UAS squadrons for dedicated operations related to coastal and internal security. The country’s intelligence agencies, including the National Technical Research Organization and Research & Analysis Wing also operate UAS and want to add capabilities, preferably indigenous, or Indian-led.

HAL has conducted a market assessment and is sending a request for expression of interest (EOI) to international aerospace companies seeking the joint development, manufacture and marketing of three UAS types: a fixed-wing MALE variant; a fixed-wing, short-range tactical model; and a mini-UAS for infantry, paramilitary and special forces use. Sources connected to HAL say the manufacturer would be willing to partner in the large-scale modification of existing platforms for Indian requirements. HAL is already teaming up with Russia on two current projects: the fifth-generation fighter aircraft and multi-role transport aircraft.

“HAL is expanding its reach to cover new product lines. As the UAS business in India and other countries is expanding, there is a need for collaboration to face the competitive scenario,” the company tells prospective partners in its recently published request. HAL hopes to elicit interest from Northrop Grumman, General Atomics, EADS, Lockheed Martin, Boeing Defense, BAE Systems, Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), Saab and Dassault, says a HAL executive familiar with the effort.

Representatives for all the entities contacted said their companies are working on responses. A competitive process will winnow out some contenders before a decision is made, though the HAL executive said Chairman R.K. Tyagi is “keen to expedite the process so work could begin on one of HAL’s most exciting ventures.”

The MALE UAS that HAL wants to add to its portfolio needs to be a multi-mission platform for intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance; communication and data relay; scientific and meteorological applications, and disaster management. HAL is looking to develop an all-weather, day/night UAS with a takeoff weight of around 2 tons, a length not more than 15 meters (49 ft.) and a wingspan of not more than 30 meters. The platform will need a payload capacity of 500 kg (1,100 lb.), an endurance of 50 hr. and maximum speed of 500 kph.

The short-range tactical UAS would be used for battlefield target acquisition, surveillance and reconnaissance, correction of artillery fire and battle damage assessment. The mini UAS will tackle over-the-hill surveillance, border security and law enforcement .

Source: iHLS

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11 juillet 2013 4 11 /07 /juillet /2013 07:35
First test-launch of BrahMos missile from Indian fighter Su-30MKI in 2014

July 10, 2013 irdw.org (PNA/Itar-Tass)


The BrahMos Aerospace plans to make the first test-launch of a BrahMos missile from the Indian fighter Su-30MKI in 2014, BrahMos Aerospace Executive Director from Russia Alexander Maksichev told reporters on Sunday.


“The works to create an air-to-ground BrahMos missile are under way. On the one hand, the upgrading of the fighter Su-30MKI for the missile continues, these works are on in India.


Meanwhile, the adaptation of the missile to the warplane is nearing completion. We hope that first flight tests will begin this year, still probably with a prototype of the missile. In 2014 we plan to make a first test launch of a real missile from the warplane,” the Russian director of the company said.

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11 juillet 2013 4 11 /07 /juillet /2013 07:20
Air Force Intelligence Report Provides Snapshot of Nuclear Missiles

July 10, 2013 Hans M. Kristensen - FAS Strategic Security Blog


The U.S. Air Force National Air and Space Intelligence Center (NASIC) has published its long-awaited update to the Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat report, one of the few remaining public (yet sanitized) U.S. intelligence assessment of the world nuclear (and other) forces.


Previous years’ reports have been reviewed and made available by FAS (here, here, and here), and the new update contains several important developments – and some surprises.


Read more


Click to download full report

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10 juillet 2013 3 10 /07 /juillet /2013 12:35
India’s Muddled Carrier Plans

July 10, 2013 by Robert Farley - Flashpoints


At long last, the delivery of INS Vikramaditya, the former Russian Admiral Gorshkov finally appears imminent. Vikramaditya is currently undergoing sea trials with a mixed Russian-Indian crew, and a transfer to Indian service is scheduled for the autumn.  The delivery comes several years late, but still perhaps in time for the Indian Navy to use the carrier as a test-bed for INS Vikrant, its first indigenous carrier, scheduled for commissioning in 2018.

However, while the delayed delivery of Vikramaditya has surely proven problematic for the Indian Navy, the program has an altogether broader set of problems. Unlike the PLAN, the Indian Navy has a long history of carrier operations, running from the Majestic class INS Vikrant to the former Centaur class INS Viraat.

But India’s carrier heritage may be less of an asset than it seems.  India doesn’t appear interested in achieving greater efficiency in many areas— even in terms of common training and operational procedures— with this path of carrier fleet development. 

With the arrival of Vikramaditya, the Indian Navy will be flying new aircraft off of a new carrier of largely unfamiliar design. Although the Indian Navy has experience with both carriers and with Russian vessels, its previous carriers have been of British design, and it has never operated a ship this large. 

Furthermore, no Kiev class carrier has been put to sea in an operational sense since the early 1990s, and the modifications to Vikramaditya make her a virtually new vessel in any case.  Even after delivery, Vikramaditya will require considerable practice and time to become an effective, operational unit. The MiG-29K is also relatively new to carrier operations, with the first aircraft entering service in 2011. 

Operational tempo in Russian service has thus far been slow, meaning that many of the kinks with the carrier-based version of the veteran fighter will have to be worked out in Indian service.  If India follows through on plans to build INS Vishal as a CATOBAR carrier, the Navy will again have to learn an entirely new set of procedures, presumably with a new generation of aircraft, in the next decade.

The most interesting points to watch will be Indian collaboration with other carrier-operating navies.  The obvious candidate is Russia, but Russia owns only one carrier, which operates at a relatively low temp and may shortly re-enter a prolonged refurbishment period.  The only other navy to operate a similar carrier will, ironically, be the PLAN, which is unlikely to share many of its developing operational procedures with the Indian Navy. 

The risk of duplication of effort can surely be overstated; some of the tacit knowledge of naval aviation operations will carry over from the STOVL Viraat to the STOBAR Vikramaditya and Vikrant to the CATOBAR Vishal. However, “knowledge efficiency” and modularity do not appear to be strongly valued by the Indian Navy; beginning in 2018, it will operate three carriers of radically different age, design, and capability, and will likely maintain that state of affairs into the medium term (even after Vishal replaces Viraat).

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10 juillet 2013 3 10 /07 /juillet /2013 12:35
Rudra advanced light helicopter at static display during Aero India 2013. Photo: courtesy of Pritishp333.

Rudra advanced light helicopter at static display during Aero India 2013. Photo: courtesy of Pritishp333.

10 July 2013 army-technology.com


The Indian Army will induct the first operational squadron of the domestically manufactured Rudra advanced light helicopter (ALH) in August 2013.


An unnamed military source was quoted by The Times of India as saying that the squadron would initially be raised in Bengaluru, and later deployed in the country's western sector.


Commenting on the helicopter, the source said Rudra would offer ground commanders with an edge in the battlefield.


"The ALHs did excellent rescue work in Uttarakhand recently," the source said. "With combat firepower, speed and mobility, they will prove their worth in military operations too."


A weapon system integrated variant of the domestically built Dhruv helicopter, Rudra is designed to carry out both utility and attack missions, as well as offer close air support and protection to the ground forces in the battlefield.

"With combat firepower, speed and mobility, the ALH will prove their worth in military operations."


Fully designed and manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) at the Rotary Wing Research and Design Center (RWR & DC), the helicopter features an array of new weapon systems, including a 20mm turreted gun, 70mm rocket pods and Magic Matra air-to-air missiles and anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs) to enhance the army's aerial firepower capabilities.


Additional equipment includes forward-looking infrared (FLIR) and thermal imaging sights interface, integrated defensive aids suite (IDAS) with electronic warfare self-protection, as well as an automatic flight control system.


The army is initially expected to establish six Rudra squadrons, each comprising ten helicopters, with the first two featuring imported ATGMs, with the next four fitted with the domestically manufactured Nag-Helina ATGMs.


The army's final aim is to equip each of its 13 Corps, comprising three strike and ten pivot, with at least one squadron of the armed helicopters.


As well as army, the Indian Air Force (IAF) has also placed orders for around 16 helicopters.

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5 juillet 2013 5 05 /07 /juillet /2013 11:35
Agni V Launch - photo DRDO

Agni V Launch - photo DRDO

July 05, 2013 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist


With Defence Minister AK Antony in China, the first by a Defence Minister in seven years, new facts about the direction India's nuclear missile programme is taking could send out an unprecedented message. In details revealed for the first time in an exclusive interview to me for Headlines Today, the new chief of the Defence R&D Organisation (DRDO) Dr Avinash Chander has revealed that one of his key mandates as the head of the country's military research complex, is to drastically reduce the time India will take for a potential nuclear counter-strike.
Unlike China, India has been typically timid about its strategic programmes. The DRDO chief's revelations make for a rare, bold message about the goings on within the country's most advanced weapons laboratories.
"In the second strike capability, the most important thing is how fast we can react. We are working on cannisterised systems that can launch from anywhere at anytime," said Dr Chander. "We are making much more agile, fast-reacting, stable missiles so response can be within minutes." India has a no first use policy for nuclear weapons, and its current response time for a retaliatory strike is classified. The DRDO chief's task is to whittle it down by a substantial degree to provide the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) with a literally 'anywhere-anytime' ability.
Dr Chander, formerly director with the Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL) in Hyderabad and renowned as the spearhead of the Agni family of missiles, was made chief of the DRDO last month.
India's current land-based nuclear weapon delivery systems include the 1,250-km range Agni-I, 2,000-km range Agni-II and 3,500-km range Agni-III. The DRDO chief has expressed confidence that 2 of India's two most ambitious nuclear missiles under test, the 4,000-km range Agni-IV and 6,000+ km range Agni-V, will both be inducted into the strategic arsenal within two years.
"We'll induct the Agni IV and V inducted in the next two years. It's the first time we will be inducting strategic missiles with such long ranges together. Agni III, IV and V are going to be the thrust areas. They give us the reach which we need, and are our highest priority now. Within two years we have to make sure that it happens," said Dr Chander.
Currently, the ASL is steeped in researching futuristic missile technologies. "In the future, the country will require much more precise warheads which are able to counter anti-ballistic missile defences. A manoeuvring warhead is going to be a key challenge. That's the next strategic capability which will become essential. That in turn will be followed by multiple warheads, with decoys, warheads, and other combination," said Dr Chander.
Asked about whether India needed an inter-continental ballistic missile (ICBM), with ranges in excess of 10,000-km like China's DF-31 and other in-development weapons, Dr Chander said his missile laboratories could develop and deploy an ICBM in as little as three-five years. "As we see today, we don't find the need for ranges more than 5,000-6,000 km. The technology building blocks required to build a longer range missile already exist. We are in a position to activate any such system at very short notice," said Dr Chander.
Asked about how India's missile programme squared off against China's, he said, "Comparisons are odious, always difficult, and many times taken out of context. If you see at the capability level, our missiles, radars are comparable with the Chinese and other friends around us."
On India's ballistic missile defence (BMD) system, Dr Chander said, "Ballistic missile defence capabilities of our adversaries will also grow in the years to come. As far as our BMD is concerned, we are now poised for take-off. We've done a lot of tests, need to do perhaps a few more tests. With that, we will be ready to intercept missiles upto a range of 2,000km. That system we will be able to start deploying. At the same time, our effort to develop a system to intercept missiles with a range of 5,000km is underway. Testing of those missiles is one of the limitations we have by virtue of the geometry of the country. We are working on the development of new ranges, so we can fire for a longer distance."
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