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20 janvier 2015 2 20 /01 /janvier /2015 17:35
Islamic State jihadists moving in vehicles captured from the Iraqi army

Islamic State jihadists moving in vehicles captured from the Iraqi army


Jan 19, 2015, Times of India (PTI)


NEW DELHI: Britain has warned India about possible attack by ISIS and said all efforts must be taken to check activities of the Middle East terrorist group.

British officials have conveyed this to their Indian counterparts at the India-UK counterterrorism joint working group meeting held in London on January 15-16.

Officials said that during the meeting, India had asked Britain to impress upon Pakistan not to differentiate between "good" and "bad" terrorists in the wake of recent attack on a school in Peshawar and said that it must take a firm stand on why Pakistan had become a nursery of terrorists.


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18 janvier 2015 7 18 /01 /janvier /2015 08:35
Yes, It's A Big Deal: IAF Gets First Tejas Fighter

17.01.2015 by Livefist

With the media shut out, HAL quietly handed over the first series production Tejas light combat aircraft to the Indian Air Force today, marking the beginning of what will hopefully be a long series of handings over over the next few decades. With the Tejas still months away from final operational clearance, today's ceremony -- and it really was a ceremony -- was mostly for the cameras (which weren't there, so who was this for?). But seriously. For all the symbolism that today's 'handing-over' was about, I'm not about to rain on the programme's parade. Not today.


Ten years ago, when I began reporting defence, then IAF chief Air Chief Marshal S. Krishnaswamy was on his way into retirement. I ambushed him at a government event in October 2004 for a quote on the LCA Tejas, which at the time was having considerable trouble. He wasn't happy. But he did say something no other chief did say. Not that I remember at least. He said, "I'm fed up of the to-and-fro between us and the builders of the LCA. I'm willing to accept the aircraft right now, as is. I am willing to commit my pilots to start clocking numbers on this machine. We need to spend time learning about it, not fighting about it. I am willing to make that commitment."


He meant what he said. But he retired weeks later. And there isn't a lot you can do after that. Not for a moment am I suggesting that there weren't other chiefs who wanted to see the Tejas in service as soon as possible, but a book remains to be written about the schadenfreude that was the development of the Tejas. It is in that light alone, if nothing else, that the handing over of an airframe to the IAF today is an occasion that shouldn't be made light of.


[On a separate note: I've been stricken by a severe allergic sinusitis, the likes of which I've never experienced before. I wouldn't wish it on anyone. Anyone. Spring couldn't be here sooner. Have a good season, all.]

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18 janvier 2015 7 18 /01 /janvier /2015 08:35
Le général de corps d’armée Nguyễn Chí Vịnh avec Adjit Dovan, conseiller à la sécurité nationale

Le général de corps d’armée Nguyễn Chí Vịnh avec Adjit Dovan, conseiller à la sécurité nationale

Le général de corps d’armée Nguyễn Chí Vịnh avec Adjit Dovan, conseiller à la sécurité nationale


17 janvier 2015 Viêt Nam, la Rue des Soldats


Du 14 au 16 janvier 2015, le général de corps d’armée Nguyễn Chí Vịnh a participé, à la tête d’une délégation du ministère de la défense, à la neuvième session du dialogue de défense indo-vietnamien, organisée à New Delhi.

Alors que la presse – indienne, reprise en écho par celle du Viêt Nam - annonçait un déplacement imminent en Inde du général d’armée Phùng Quang Thanh, ministre de la défense, c’est le général Nguyễn Chí Vịnh, vice-ministre de la défense et chargé des relations extérieures du ministère, qui a dirigé la délégation vietnamienne.


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16 janvier 2015 5 16 /01 /janvier /2015 12:55
photo Arelis

photo Arelis


15 janvier 2015 par Didier Girault - electronique.biz


L’accord inclut un transfert de technologies et de savoir-faire en composants et sous-ensembles électroniques, d’Arelis à Crompton. En retour, Arelis devient fournisseur de l’aéronautique et défense indienne.


Le groupe français Arelis et le groupe indien Crompton Greaves annoncent la signature d’un accord portant sur les composants et sous-ensembles électroniques destinés à l’aérospatial, à la défense, à l’énergie et aux télécommunications.


Selon cet accord, Arelis transfère des technologies et des savoir-faire à Crompton Greaves afin que ce dernier puisse fabriquer en grande série de quoi répondre aux commandes en provenances des domaines précités, notamment à celles en provenance de l’aérospatial et de la défense indiennes. Crompton Greaves s’appuie, dans ce pays, sur une vingtaine d’usines.


« Cette association renforce Crompton Greaves avec les technologies et savoir-faire industriels d’Arelis tout en offrant à Arelis une capacité de production énorme et surtout une très bonne implantation sur le marché indien », commente Pascal Veillat, président du groupe Arelis.


« Cette association va dans la continuité de notre stratégie de croissance qui nous amène à développer nos activités dans le secteur à haute valeur ajoutée de l’électronique de défense et à être un acteur majeur dans le secteur indien de la défense», indique, pour sa part, Laurent Demortier, CEO et Managing director de Crompton Greaves.


Dans son communiqué, Arelis note que « les dépenses indiennes en matière de défense sont amenées à doubler d’ici à 5 ans. Parmi ces dépenses, 10 à 12% serviront à l’équipement en composants et matériels électriques, électroniques, microélectroniques et hybrides. Ce qui représenterait un chiffre d’affaires annuel d’environ 2 milliards de dollars ».

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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 08:35
The DRDO Puts Out A Glowing 'Year Gone By'

03.01.2015 source Livefist

Here's all the good stuff DRDO did in 2014 packed into one glowing self-assessment. Some interesting data and nuggets if you've got the patience to sift through it. For instance, this is the first public official document to state the range class of the Nirbhay cruise missile. Text in full:

With increasing numbers of military systems indigenously designed and developed for the Indian armed forces being produced by Indian industries, the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) continued on a path of building self-reliance. About 55% of the requirements for our defence forces are being met indigenously, largely with the technologies developed by DRDO, contributing greatly to nation’s economy. The production value of DRDO developed systems inducted or cleared for acquisition (excluding strategic systems) crossed Rs 1,70,000 crore.


The year 2014 witnessed yet another series of accomplishments with enormous potential to further enhance the level of self-reliance in defence technologies.




The 4000 km range road mobile nuclear capable ballistic missile AGNI-4, was successfully flight tested twice. The flight on 20th January, last among the development flights paved the way for flight on December 2 by the armed forces. Agni 4 is equipped with state of the art Avionics, 5th generation On Board Computer and distributed architecture. The missile is equipped with latest features to correct and guide it for in-flight disturbances. Its highly advanced Inertial Navigation System ensures high accuracy. It’s re-entry heat shield, capable of withstanding high temperatures that may reach as high as 4000 degree centigrade and above during reentry of missile in earth’s atmosphere, makes sure that the inside temperature remain less than 50 degree centigrade.


With Agni 1, 2, 3 and Prithvi already in India’s arsenal, Agni 4 further extends the reach and enhances effective deterrence capability. Besides, practice cum training launches of strategic missiles already inducted, such as Agni-1, Agni-2, P-II and Dhanush were carried out by armed forces.


Nirbhay, the 1000-km class long range sub-sonic cruise missile was successfully flight tested on the 17th October 2014. The flight lasted for over one hour and met all the mission objectives with missile following the predefined trajectory with very high accuracy throughout its path.


Maiden flight of PDV exo-atmospheric interceptor on 27th April 2014 was a significant milestone in the direction of developing a two layered Ballistic Missile Defence system. In addition to the interceptor itself, the two stage target for mimicking a "hostile Ballistic Missile approaching from more than 2000 km away" too was specially developed for the mission.


Productionisation and induction of Akash, the medium range air defence system with multi-target, multi directional capability was another remarkable achievement. Several squadrons of Akash (AF) have been inducted, with specified number of missiles from each production lot undergoing comprehensive flight tests in various operational modes before acceptance of the lot. Akash (army) has been accepted and is undergoing induction process. LRSAM, the long range surface to air missile was successfully tested against a flying target in Israel on 10 Nov 2014.


Successful trials of Helina, a “lock- on before Launch (Fire & Forget)” third generation Antitank Guided missile that can attack in both direct and top attack mode was integrated with advanced light helicopter (ALH). The missile with capability to defeat futuristic armors underwent successful field trials on 27th Jun 2014.


ASTRA-BVR (Beyond Visual Range) air-to-air missiles was successfully tested from a Su-30MKI by the Indian Air Force, demonstrating interception of an electronically simulated target at long range. The series of tests conducted have demonstrated the aerodynamic characteristics of the missiles and its repeatability, robustness and endurance capability as a weapon system.


A 1000-kg class guided glide bomb was designed developed and successfully tested. The bomb, after getting released by the aircraft and guided by onboard navigation system is capable of gliding accurately to its target even 100 km away.


Over thirty missions such as launches of strategic and tactical guided missiles kept the Integrated Test Range, the only one in the country, heavily engaged with activities throughout the year.


A four km long Rail Track Rocket Sled (RTRS) Penta Rail Supersonic Track, a national test facility was established and made operational bringing India among a handful of countries in the world now possessing this unique test facility. The RTRS will facilitate testing and evaluation of a wide range of critical systems such as payload for manned missions of ISRO, the navigation system for missiles and aircrafts, proximity fuses for advanced warheads, fuses for armament systems parachutes for payload delivery, arrester systems for aircraft such as LCA.


Even as the total number of flights of all the LCAs put together crossed 2800 mark, The Light Combat Aircraft -LCA program witnessed yet another milestone on November 8 when Tejas trainer PV6, the two-seater version of Tejas LCA for Air Force, in its first flight took to the skies and became the 16th Tejas variant to have flown as part of the program. Having absorbed all the major design modifications undertaken during the flights of earlier aircrafts PV6 is the final prototype leading to series production of trainer and has the capability to deliver all ‘air-to-air’ and ‘air-to-ground’ weapons deliverable by the single seat counterpart.


In another landmark event, LCA (Navy) Prototype 1 (NP1), the first indigenously designed and developed 4th plus generation combat aircraft designed to operate from the decks of air-craft carriers, took-off majestically from ski-jump facility of Shore Based Test Facility at INS Hansa in Goa on 20th December. The special flight control law mode of LCA-Navy allows hands-free take-off from the ramp and automatically puts the aircraft in an ascending trajectory. It is designed with stronger landing gears to absorb forces exerted by the ski jump ramp during take-off, to be airborne within 200 m as against 1000m required for normal runways. The Shore Based Test Facility (SBTF) created to replicate the aircraft carrier with a Ski Jump for take-off and arresting gear cable for arrested landing, became operational for R&D as well as pilot training.


Two AEW&C aircraft having fitted with the indigenous radars and other equipment such as data links, mission system controller, data handling and display system; have been flying. A wheeled version of Nishant UAV named Panchi has been realized and had it’s maiden flight on Dec 24 after series of high speed taxi trials.


An expendable 450 Kgf thrust class Gas Turbine engine ‘Manik’ was developed for 1000 km class subsonic cruise missile [Nirbhay] and is undergoing endurance tests.


An advanced Parachute System meeting stringent requirements of Human Space Program (HSP-II) was designed developed and successfully evaluated by DRDO. The system developed for India’s manned space missions was successfully proven with the recovery of Moon Mission Crew Capsule flown into space by the GSLV Mk-III on 18th December. The parachute deployment system functioned perfectly and achieved the required descent rate.


A Heavy Drop System (P-16) for dropping form IL76 heavy lift aircraft was developed and is undergoing user assisted trials. The system consisting of a platform system suitably designed for harnessing & mounting of variety of payloads of 16 Ton class and a highly advanced parachute system to drop loads. The load typically consists of military stores such as vehicles (including BMP class), supplies and ammunition.


The first indigenously designed and developed Inflatable Radom to serve as a shelter to provide controlled environment for effective and continuous 24x7 functioning of sensitive systems such as RADARs for civil and military applications was installed. The inflatable structure consists of hemispherical envelope of coated fabrics with airlock tunnel, centrifugal air blowers, packaged air conditioners, electrical control system and emergency generator.


Phase-IV of user trials of Arjun Main Battle Tank Mk-II, that included Trench crossing and step climbing capabilities, were successfully completed. Development of Arjun Catapult 130mm Self-Propelled Artillery Gun, a blend of 130 mm SP Art Gun with Arjun chassis has been completed as per GSQR. DRDO's internal trial validation has been completed and the Arjun Catapult is ready for Users trials. User demo trials of Pinaka Mk-II rockets with enhanced range were successfully conducted.


Successful User Assisted Technical Trials (UATT) of CBRN Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) and Multi-Purpose Decontamination System (MPDS) were carried out. User and DGQA trials of BMCS (Bi-modular charge system) using both Soltam and Bofors guns were completed. The trials included validation of manufacturing process. Dynamic trials of 120 mm Penetration-cum-Blast (PCB) ammunition for MBT Arjun Mk II were conducted successfully.


A man-portable modular military bridging system suitable for rapid deployment in mountainous regions and capable of bridging gaps up to 35 m successfully completed user assisted technical trials. The modules weighing less than 18 kg each allow the bridge to be constructed from near-bank without any access to far-bank. A 35m bridge can be launched in about one hour.


Three major radar systems namely Aslesha, 3D Tactical Control Radar (TCR) and Troop Level Radar (TLR) / Troop Control Center (TCC) successfully completed the evaluation of the First Of Production Model (FOPM) and are under production.


NABHRATHNA, a Flying Test Bed (FTB) based on a Dornier aircraft acquired from HAL was realized. The FTB serves as a test bed platform for evaluation of airborne Radars. FTB sorties with Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) & Maritime Patrol Airborne Radar (MPAR) have been taken up successfully.


A series of secure communication systems based on Software Defined Radio, ranging from hand held sets to aircraft and ship based systems have been developed. The compact systems are capable of operating on multiple frequency bands, avoiding need for multiple systems. Dhruva-3, the latest in series of indigenous High Performance Computing Systems designed for solving mission critical Defence R & D applications and one of the fastest computing facilities in the country became operational.


Microwave Power Module (MPM), a compact transmitter employing a micro travelling-wave tube (micro-TWT) and a compact high efficiency electronic power conditioner was designed, developed and led to production with indigenous travelling-wave tube. The MPM has been incorporated in the indigenous Flight Level Radar (FLR) and Troop Level Radar (TLR).


ALTAS was realized with establishment of Towed array SONAR technology with 100% indigenous capabilities with two production centers. The system is designed to detect and identify submarines and underwater weapons. First technical trial on ALTAS has been conducted with satisfactory results.

ABHAY and HUMSA-UG compact sonars, ideal for fitment on smaller platforms for surveillance purposes, having advantages of reduced installation and maintenance load on the technical personnel were installed on two platforms and are undergoing technical trials. The hull mounted sonar HUMSA-NG has been installed onboard INS Kolkata and INS Komorta. Varunastra, the heavy weight torpedo and Maareech, the decoy system for defence against torpedo attacks successfully completed 10 and 12 sets of user evaluation trials respectively.


Development of indigenous materials is vital for successful development of military systems and some remarkable ones are mentioned: Enhanced protection level of Kanchan armour for MBT Arjun Mk-II was achieved without any weight penalty. Armour for Wheeled Armoured Platform, was successfully developed.


A challenging task of developing seven types of critical turbine parts, namely high pressure turbine blades, vanes, convergent-divergent starter nozzles, inner and outer shroud rings, integrally cast low pressure turbine rotor blisks and low pressure nozzle guide vane stator blings was completed for the development of the small turbofan engine.


The life sciences labs of DRDO continued with vigor, DRDO’s efforts to develop soldier support systems and processes to help the soldiers perform effectively in diverse and harsh conditions of terrain and climate encountered in the country.


Submarine Escape Set 120 M to assist safe escape from underwater vessels from depths upto 120 meters is undergoing trials. Mark I version of Submarine Escape Set is already in production.


‘Telemedicine System’ has been accepted for induction in Indian Navy. The system capable of exchange of vital medical information and advice in a secure manner through multiple channels (including satcom) will be installed in various IN ships as well as remote naval units.


A light weight Helicopter Oxygen System MkII has been developed and is undergoing user trials. Integrated Life Support System (ILSS) as LRU (line replaceable units) for ‘Tejas’ light combat aircraft has undergone certification processes. Integration and successful testing under all simulated flight profiles up to height ceiling of LCA was completed in high altitude test chamber. ILSS consists of systems such as Onboard Oxygen Generating System, Back up Oxygen System, Emergency Oxygen System, Oxygen Sensor, Electronic Control Unit, Breathing Gas Management Solenoid Valve and Quick Disconnect Coupling.


HAPO Bag MK-II, a lifesaving equipment for management of ‘High Altitude Pulmonary Odema’ was accepted by user for induction; MkI is already in production. Oxygen enrichment shelters for extreme altitude were designed developed, installed and handed over to the armed forces for prevention and management of Acute Mountain Sickness.


Computerized Pilot Selection System (CPSS) has undergone series production leading to installation at various Air Force Service selection Boards. Other Rank Trade Allocation System (ORTAS) Battery has been handed over to the users. Computerized Cognitive Battery item bank for the selection of officers has been handed over to Coast Guard Selection Board.


‘DEFENDER’, a DEPA impregnated mosquito net was accepted by users and is under production. As a part of the Jammu & Kashmir flood relief operations, DFRL Mysore supplied around 5 Tonnes of food materials.


The year 2015 awaits many more successes on the path of enhancing self-reliance in military systems.

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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 07:55
photo Maliseau - Marine nationale

photo Maliseau - Marine nationale


13 jan 2015 Marine & Océans (AFP)


Toulon - Le porte-avions Charles de Gaulle a appareillé mardi de Toulon en direction du Golfe où il pourra être mobilisé pour des opérations en Irak où la France est engagée contre les jihadistes de l'Etat islamique, avant de rallier l'Océan indien, a annoncé l'état-major des armées.


"Planifié depuis plusieurs mois, le déploiement du groupe aéronoval (GAN) dans le nord de l'océan indien vise à assurer une mission de présence opérationnelle et de pré-positionnement dans cette zone stratégique pour la France", indique l'état-major dans un communiqué.


En chemin, le porte-avions fera escale chez plusieurs "pays partenaires", a-t-on précisé dans l'entourage du ministre de la Défense, Jean-Yves Le Drian. "Aucun engagement dans l'opération française Chammal (en Irak) n'est pour l'instant décidé", a-t-on ajouté de même source.


Une participation à la campagne de bombardements aériens menée par une coalition internationale d'une trentaine de pays -conduite par les Etats-Unis- contre le groupe Etat islamique (EI) n'est toutefois pas exclue.


"Outil militaire stratégique, le GAN est à tout moment en mesure d'adapter et modifier son programme en fonction des évolutions de la crise au Levant et des besoins de la coalition pour répondre rapidement aux décisions des autorités politiques", a souligné l'état-major.


Le Charles de Gaulle emporte 12 avions de combat Rafale, 9 Super-Etendards modernisés, un avion de guet Hawkeye et quatre hélicoptères. Il est accompagné de la frégate de défense antiaérienne Chevalier Paul, d'un sous-marin nucléaire d'attaque et d'un pétrolier ravitailleur, selon la même source.


Le président François Hollande doit donner plus de détails sur ces missions lors de ses voeux aux armées mercredi sur le porte-avions, au large de Toulon.


La France, qui participe à la campagne internationale contre l'EI uniquement sur le théâtre irakien, dispose dans la région de neuf Rafale, basés aux Emirats arabes unis, et de six chasseurs-bombardiers Mirage, basés en Jordanie.


S'y ajoutent un avion de ravitaillement C135, un avion de patrouille maritime Atlantique 2 et une frégate anti-aérienne (le Jean Bart), intégrée au groupe aéronaval américain constitué autour du porte-avions USS Carl Vinson.


Le Charles De Gaulle participera notamment à l'exercice aéromaritime franco-indien Varuna, au large de l'Inde, gros client potentiel de la France pour l'achat de 126 Rafale, les négociations traînant toutefois en longueur.


Pour cette mission, baptisée Arromanches -du nom d'une commune de Normandie où fut construit un port artificiel durant le débarquement des Alliés en juin 1944 - quelque 2.600 marins sont embarqués, dont 2.000 pour le seul porte-avions.

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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 07:35
photo HAL

photo HAL


12 Jan 2015 By: Greg Waldron - FG


A Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) Tejas Mk1 light combat aircraft (LCA) has flown for the first time with an Indian-developed electronic warfare (EW) suite and a radar warning receiver (RWR).

The equipment was produced by India’s Defence Avionics Research Establishment (DARE), and was able to detect radar signals during the flight, says the country's defence ministry in a statement.

The EW suite also carries a radar jammer, which the ministry says allows the pilot to “jam” various radar frequency bands.


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13 janvier 2015 2 13 /01 /janvier /2015 19:56
Appareillage du groupe aéronaval (video)


13 janv. 2015 Ministère de la Défense


Le groupe aéronaval a appareillé ce matin de Toulon pour rejoindre l’océan Indien où il sera déployé en opérations durant plusieurs mois.



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13 janvier 2015 2 13 /01 /janvier /2015 16:56
Rafale : délégation indienne de haut rang à Paris

Dassault Aviation ne veut pas prendre l’entière responsabilité de la fabrication par HAL de 108 des 126 exemplaires de l’avion de combat qui seraient produits sur place par celui-ci.


13/01 Alain Ruello – LesEchos.fr


Radha Krishna Mathur, le secrétaire à la défense, va rencontrer Jean-Yves Le Drian ce mardi. La négociation bloque sur la responsabilité industrielle des 108 Rafale qui seraient construits en Inde.


Une délégation indienne de haut rang est en ce moment à Paris pour tenter de rapprocher les positions des deux parties dans la négociation portant sur la vente par Dassault de 126 Rafale. Arrivée lundi pour deux jours, cette délégation est composée du secrétaire à la défense, Radha Krishna Mathur, un personnage très puissant au sein du ministère éponyme et qui supervise le dossier. Il est accompagné d’un haut responsable de HAL, l’industriel indien étatique, partenaire désigné de Dassault pour la construction des avions.

La venue de cette délégation est conforme aux déclarations faites en décembre par le ministre de la défense, Manohar Parrikar, à l’issue d’une rencontre avec son homologue Jean-Yves Le Drian. Les deux hommes s’étaient mis d’accord pour accélérer le processus qui court depuis début 2012 , quand Dassault est sorti vainqueur de l’appel d’offres baptisé MMRCA (pour « medium multi-role combat aircraft »). Dans l’entourage du ministre français, on laissait même entendre alors que la négociation était « sur le point d’aboutir », même si François Hollande avait aussitôt appelé à la prudence.


Qui garantit quoi et à quel prix


Sur les 126 avions en jeu, l’appel d’offres a imposé que les 18 premiers soient fabriqués en France, et les 108 suivants en Inde par HAL. Et c’est là que çà coince car New Delhi insiste pour que Dassault prenne la responsabilité de la fabrication de ces 108 exemplaires, ce que l’avionneur français a du mal à accepter, n’ayant pas l’assurance que son partenaire local ait toutes les compétences pour réaliser le travail en temps et en heure. « On ne peut pas accepter d’être responsable du calendrier de livraison d’une entreprise publique contrôlée par l’Etat client, sauf à ce qu’un certain nombre de conditions soient remplies », expliquait aux « Echos » récemment une source proche du dossier.

« Les termes de l’appel d’offres doivent être respectés (...) ils ne peuvent pas être amoindris », a déclaré Manohar Parrikar à une télévision locale, tout en écartant la possibilité pour l’un des prétendants éliminés de pouvoir revenir dans la course. « Comment un autre avion pourrait-il être pris en compte quand celui qui est sorti le moins cher a été désigné ?»,a t-t-il ajouté.


Campagne d’hiver de Soukhoï


Exit donc les chances de l’Eurofighter, arrivé second dans l’appel d’offres, d’être rattrapé sur le tapis vert. Sentant le bon coup, les Russes ont lancé une campagne d’hiver à coup de fuites dans la presse. C’est de bonne guerre car si la négociation avec Dassault échoue, le seul « plan B » pour l’armée de l’air indienne serait de commander des Soukhoï 30 supplémentaires, même si l’appareil ne lui donne pas entière satisfaction.

Selon le « Times of India », New Delhi veut trancher le sort du projet MMRCA d’ici à avril, période de la visite en France du premier ministre Narendra Modi

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13 janvier 2015 2 13 /01 /janvier /2015 15:55
Arromanches : nouveau déploiement du groupe aéronaval


13/01/2015 Sources : Etat-major des armées


Le groupe aéronaval a appareillé ce matin de Toulon pour rejoindre l’océan Indien où il sera déployé en opérations durant plusieurs mois.


Pour ce déploiement, le groupe aéronaval (GAN) est constitué :

    du porte-avions Charles de Gaulle ;

    d’un état-major embarqué ;

    du groupe aérien embarqué (GAé) comprenant douze Rafale marine, neuf Super étendards modernisés, un avion de guet aérien Hawkeye et quatre hélicoptères ;

    de la frégate de défense aérienne Chevalier Paul et de son hélicoptère Caïman Marine ;

    du pétrolier ravitailleur Meuse ;

    d’un sous-marin nucléaire d’attaque employé en élément précurseur.


La frégate anti-sous-marine britannique HMS Kent rejoindra le GAN en mer Rouge.


Planifié depuis plusieurs mois, le déploiement du GAN dans le nord de l’océan Indien vise à assurer une mission de présence opérationnelle et de pré-positionnement dans cette zone stratégique pour la France. Il permettra également de développer et d’entretenir nos relations et nos échanges avec les différents pays partenaires présents et leurs forces armées. En particulier, il participera à l’exercice aéromaritime franco-indien Varuna, au large de l’Inde.


Outil militaire stratégique, le GAN est à tout moment en mesure d’adapter et modifier son programme en fonction des évolutions de la crise au Levant et des besoins de la coalition pour répondre rapidement aux décisions des autorités politiques.


Comme en 2014, durant son dernier déploiement effectué en océan Indien, le GAN sera amené à opérer sous contrôle opérationnel américain afin d’éprouver et renforcer notre niveau d’interopérabilité et de coopération et ainsi entretenir notre capacité à conduire ensemble des opérations de haute intensité.


De même, la frégate britannique HMS Kent, qui participera à la protection anti-sous-marine du porte-avions, sera totalement intégrée au GAN, illustrant la confiance qui unit les marines britannique et française et leur haut niveau d’interopérabilité.


En 2014, le déploiement du GAN avait pour nom Bois Belleau, en référence au centenaire de la Première Guerre Mondiale et à la coopération avec nos alliés américains, fil rouge de ce déploiement.


Cette année, la mission que s’apprête à effectuer le GAN et ses quelque 2 600 marins porte le nom Arromanches, commune du Calvados où fut construit un port artificiel durant le débarquement des Alliés en juin 1944. En souvenir du premier porte-avions français de l’après-guerre et 70 ans après la fin de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, la mission Arromanches mettra à l’honneur la coopération avec nos alliés américains et britanniques.


Le groupe aéronaval français offre à notre pays et à ses décideurs militaires et politiques un atout stratégique et un outil militaire de premier plan. Affirmant la présence et la puissance de la France, il peut contribuer simultanément à la maîtrise des espaces aéromaritimes, à l’entretien de notre capacité autonome d’appréciation de situation et à la projection de puissance. Il offre une capacité d’action polyvalente, graduée et adaptée aux besoins des autorités politiques.

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12 janvier 2015 1 12 /01 /janvier /2015 20:35
Rafale: l'Inde demande à la France de définir sa position d'ici avril


Moscou, 12 Janvier 2015 - Ria Novisti


Le ministre indien de la Défense Manohar Parrikar a demandé au gouvernement français de préciser sa position concernant la livraison de chasseurs Rafale à l'Inde, a annoncé lundi une source ministérielle à la radio Sputnik.

Les autorités militaires de l'Inde ont demandé à leurs homologues français de régler cette question avant la visite du premier ministre Narendra Modi à Paris. Cette visite doit avoir lieu en avril prochain.

La source a également confirmé que les militaires indiens pourraient accorder leur préférence aux chasseurs russes Su-30MKI.

"Le ministère de la Défense n'a pas encore pris de décision définitive à ce sujet. Cependant, en cas d'échec de la transaction [avec la France], New Delhi pourrait opter en faveur des Su-30", a souligné l'interlocuteur de Sputnik.


Le quotidien indien The New Economic Times a auparavant annoncé que le ministère indien de la Défense pourrait renoncer à acheter les Rafale au profit des Su-30MKI. Parmi les raisons susceptibles de motiver cette décision, le journal cite le coût trop élevé du contrat, ainsi que le refus de Paris de livrer les technologies à la partie indienne.

La décision de la France de suspendre la livraison des porte-hélicoptères de classe Mistral à la Russie pourrait constituer pour l'Inde une raison de plus pour renoncer à l'achat des Rafale.

Le premier de ces bâtiments de guerre devait être remis à la Russie le 14 novembre, mais le président François Hollande a gelé sa livraison sine die en raison de la position de Moscou sur la crise en Ukraine.

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7 janvier 2015 3 07 /01 /janvier /2015 12:35
photo Livefist

photo Livefist


07.01.2015 by Claude Arpi - claudearpi.blogspot.in


Very few in India know the meaning of the French word ‘Rafale’, which is now associated with the supply of 126 Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) to the Indian Air Force (IAF); ‘rafale' means a 'gust of wind'.
When the 'rafales' prevailed in the MMRCA competition, many thought that the Big Deal would soon be signed; three years later, it is still going through tough procedural ‘gusts of wind’. The reasons are not the qualities of the combat aircraft, but other complications.


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22 décembre 2014 1 22 /12 /décembre /2014 08:35
HAL Looks To Hulk-Smash IAF's Avro Replacement Effort

21.12.2014 by Livefist

In case you haven't been following the Indian Air Force's effort to replace 56 Hawker-Siddley 748 Avro transport aircraft, I strongly suggest you lose no more time in doing so. It's playing out as one of the most absurdly contentious, supremely ugly competitions -- and here's the thing: it hasn't even begun yet. After several stops and starts over the last two years, the latest is that the MoD has twice deferred a decision on what to do with the single bid that's landed in response to the Buy-A-Few-Make-The-Rest-In-India tender request. Now the crux, the whole point, of the Avro replacement programme is to give India's so-far hungry but ignored private industry a chance to create aerospace capacity by competing for the lucrative project. HAL therefore was deliberately kept out of the competition. The MoD and IAF felt this made sense since HAL, a single point monopoly in all things military aviation in India, has overflowing order books, limited capacity for more, and a relationship with its prime customer that can at best be described, to borrow from Facebook, as 'complicated'. HAL's extreme irritation and opposition to a tender that explicitly excludes it from the reckoning is well known. But things just went to the next level, with the company now hiring the services of prominent former staff to help lobby against the programme, and if necessary derail the course it's currently on. Journalists , including myself, received copies of an e-mail former HAL board member R. Srinivasan, who served as Managing Director of the Helicopter Complex, has written to Minister of State in the MoD Rao Inderjit Singh and Defence Secretary R.K. Mathur specifically asking, as you'll see in a moment, pretty explicitly that the programme be canned and HAL be allowed to build the planes -- pretty much because the private sector isn't up for it. Or, as the e-mail tantalisingly ends, it points to 'strategic options' available to India ahead of President Obama's upcoming visit. I'm tempted to offer my comments on every line of the stunning letter you're about to read, but I'm going to leave you to it.

Here's the e-mail in full:

From: Radhakrishnan Srinivasan <***************@gmail.com>

Date: 16 December 2014 10:57:14 IST
To: mos-mod@******
Cc: defsecy@******, bckhanduri@*********
Subject: Request to hold Replacement of 56 Avro Aircraft by IAF till all relevant issues are analysed by PMO/RM
Respected Sir,
At the outset, I would like to introduce myself as R.Srinivasan, who had worked for four decades in the defence PSU Hindustan Aeronautics Limited in several positions culminating in being appointed as a member of the Board of HAL as Managing Director of Helicopter Complex and subsequently as Director (Human Resources) before superannuating in May 2011. I had thoroughly enjoyed the various challenging assignments I had in the course of my long career in HAL and even after retirement, it is my pleasure to keep myself abreast of all the developments in HAL that have a bearing on its future. Certain recent decisions of the Government of India on an important defence project have left me greatly disturbed and in this context, I would like to draw your kind attention to the ‘Request for Proposal’ (REP) for Avro Aircraft Replacement released by IAF for procurement of 56 aircraft. The RFP was released on 8th May 2013 soliciting responses from OEMs with participation from only Indian private Industry.
2. With the laudable intent to develop private sector in the area of aircraft manufacturing, Govt. had cleared the proposal for replacement of 56 Avro transport aircraft of IAF under “Buy and Make” route.  The Avro aircraft were produced during the early 60s to 80s under technology transfer at Kanpur by HAL. A total of 89 aircraft were produced, 67 for IAF and the balance for civil customers. IAF currently holds 56 aircraft, which it wants to replace by an aircraft with “Tactical Airlift” capability.
3. The Approval of Necessity (AON) for the subject Avro case was approved for fulfilling the tactical airlift capability gap in the 5-tonne class of aircraft. Avro does not have Tactical Airlift capability, the ground on which Approval of Necessity (AON) was sought and accorded.  Hence, this proposal is not for Avro replacement but a fresh procurement case. IAF, in its inventory, has aircraft like AN-32, C-130J and C-17 which are equipped with functionalities for such applications viz. rear ramp, high altitude operational capability, auxiliary power unit etc.  Multi-role Transport Aircraft (MTA), catering to this specific capability, is also under development jointly between UAC-TA, Russia and HAL. IAF’s Tactical Airlift capability, therefore, has not been dependent on Avros and justifying replacement of Avro on grounds of declining tactical airlift capability does not sound logical.
4. The tender issued in May’13, for the subject case had to be extended several times due to requests from foreign OEMs for more time required in identifying an Indian partner. Notable part of the tender was exclusion of entire PSUs of India from participation as approved by Defence Acquisition Council, to avoid any competition from it.  Foreign OEMs were required to identify an Indian partner other than PSU, supply initial 16 aircraft from their original facilities and provide technology transfer for manufacture of balance 40 aircraft by the Indian partner. Foreign OEM would, however be the main contractor as the contract for 56 aircraft is required to be signed between the OEM and IAF, while the, Indian partner would only be a vendor to the foreign OEM.
5. The noticeable apathy of Indian private companies in partnering with any OEM, can be easily gauged. Low number of requirement, upper hand of the foreign OEM in deciding the terms and conditions, low margins, high capital investment, high skill requirement, long term engagement over the life of the aircraft for maintenance support, remote possibility of the selected platform for civil use etc. are some of the factors which cannot be easily overlooked by any private entrepreneur.  The result is in front of us for all to see. After more than one and a half years of deliberations, we today have only one offer from Airbus Military with TATA as Indian partner, for the aircraft which can otherwise be competitively selected and economically produced if the requirements are carefully identified and available facilities and expertise in the country are utilised.
6. The proposed Airbus C-295 aircraft is almost of double the capacity (9.25 T payload/ 71 seats) as against that required for Avro replacement (5 T payload/50 seats), flew for the first time way back in 1997 and only around 100 numbers have so far been sold over the last 17 years  IAF’s requirement of 56 numbers would definitely be attractive to Airbus with TATAs providing ideal partnership, as they have insider information about HAL, the only integrated aviation company in India.TATA,  being a large business house, can effectively influence the Govt .decision in their favour. The erstwhile Chairman of the Tata Group had served as an Independent Director on HAL Board for two terms for a total of 5 years and had been privy to all important information about the company’s plans and policies. This opportunity provided to TATAs has enabled them to systematically diversify into Aviation.
7. Nations, world over, have followed the concept of flagship companies in various business segments. Aviation is a business, in which countries have followed the concept of National Champion and consolidation of aviation industries taking place world over is proof of the same. Boeing and Airbus are classic examples of how these flagship companies have played the role as National Champions in their respective countries. We in India too, have done the same. Aeronautics India Limited formed in 1960 as a private company was consolidated in 1964 with other aviation agencies as HAL, for the same reason. Several companies with the same competencies cannot co-exist and be competitive in aviation sector due to the sector specific and inherent characteristics like low volumes, large capital, high skill set, cutting edge technologies, long term engagement etc. It would never be advisable to create multiple infrastructures/capacities/capabilities for similar type of products with enormous capital, and allow idling of the same at public expense.
8. Hon’ble Prime Minister’s call for Make in India aims to create new manufacturing capability within the country as well as optimally utilise the available capability. Setting up of new facility at the cost of non-utilisation of existing public funded infrastructure would never be the objective.  On the contrary, it means loading more work to existing facilities so that they achieve the desired scales of economy for competitive manufacturing.  The global competitiveness, as Hon’ble Prime Minister has rightly pointed out, can only be achieved with  the right combination of skill, scale and speed.  Given the scale, available skill can produce the required speed. This is where Govt’s intervention and support are required in enabling a DPSU like HAL to become globally competitive. ‘Make at any Cost’ is not the underlying mantra that the call for ‘Make in India’ implies. Economic unreasonability is not and can never be the rationale behind the ‘Make in India’ campaign. I strongly believe that the current proposal is heading in the direction of ‘economic unreasonability’,  given the unavoidable duplication of capital infrastructure requirements at a huge cost.
9. I invite your kind attention to the above case and sincerely request that the matter be  re-examined from a larger and wider perspective keeping in view the nature and intricacies of aviation business. If IAF is allowed to pursue this case further in the proposed format, it will not be achieving the objectives underlined by Hon’ble Prime Minister but will only be turning the ’Make in India’ drive into ‘Make by TATA’. In fact, the AON itself needs to be revisited and reviewed from the points of view of necessity, specification as well as mode of procurement. Make in India does not mean that production in India is done by only the top 3 or 4 big business houses. Hon’ble Prime Minister wants it to be done with the concept of inclusive growth as the basis. The Govt. may also like to decide this deal keeping in view the various strategic options it has, in view of the forthcoming visit of President of USA to India.
With best regards,
(R. Srinivasan)

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21 décembre 2014 7 21 /12 /décembre /2014 20:35
INS Arihant leaving Visakhapatnam harbour (dec 2014) - source Livefist

INS Arihant leaving Visakhapatnam harbour (dec 2014) - source Livefist

18.12.2014 Livefist

I've been watching this video on loop for an hour. Don't really care that the actual clip is only a few seconds long. This is awesome because it's the first public video of India's Arihant nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, scooped by local journalists for India's Zee News network. Here she is escorted out of the Vizag naval harbour area on Monday. (And yes, that's clearly a P17 class stealth frigate in the foreground).

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21 décembre 2014 7 21 /12 /décembre /2014 20:35
photo Livefist

photo Livefist

20.12.2014 Livefist

The first prototype of the naval LCA Tejas, NP1, blasted off the shore-based test facility (SBTF) at the INS Hansa naval air station in Goa today, kicking off the next phase of testing on the country's first naval combat aircraft platform. The National Flight Test Centre's Cmde TA Maolankar flew the jet on today's sortie that involved only a ski-jump take-off but a conventional landing. Arrested landings till take place in the second phase of SBTF test flights.


FULL OFFICIAL STATEMENT: It was a defining moment when LCA (Navy) Prototype 1 (NP1), the first indigenously designed and developed 4th plus generation combat aircraft designed to operate  from the decks of air-craft carriers, took-off majestically from Ski-Jump facility of Shore Based Test Facility at INS Hansa in Goa at about 12:34 PM today the 20th December 2014.


Piloted by Commodore Jaideep Maolankar, the Chief Test Pilot of National Flight Test Centre, the aircraft had a perfect flight with results matching the predicted ones to the letter. The launch was orchestrated by the Test Director Cdr J D Raturi and Safety Pilot Capt Shivnath Dahiya supported by Gp Capt Anoop Kabadwal, Gp Capt RR Tyagi and Lt Cdr Vivek Pandey. The readiness and availability of aircraft for the event was made possible through the relentless effort of HAL, ARDC under the aegis of Mr P S Roy the Executive Director.


Dr Avinash Chander, SA to RM, Secretary DDR&D DG DRDO congratulated the LCA Navy program team and said, "With today's copybook flight of LCA-Navy from the land based ski-jump facility we see our own indigenous combat aircrafts soon flying from the decks of our aircraft carriers.” Congratulating the team Dr Tamilmani, DS & DG Aeronautics, said “A complex task of Ski Jump of NP1 Executed beautifully”.


LCA (Navy) is designed with stronger landing gears to absorb forces exerted by the ski jump ramp during take-off, to be airborne within 200 m as against 1000m required for normal runways. It’s special flight control law mode allows hands-free take-off relieving the pilot workload, as the aircraft leaps from the ramp and automatically puts the aircraft in an ascending trajectory. The maiden successful, picture perfect launch of NP1 from ski jump at Shore Based Test Facility at Goa is a testimony to the tremendous efforts put in by scientists and engineers to design the Naval aircraft, its simulator (that helps pilots to know well in advance how the aircraft will behave on ski jump) and the flight test team that timed the whole event to near perfection. It can be stated with conviction “The indigenous Indian Naval Carrier Borne Aviation program has been launched, literally from the Ski-Jump".


The LCA Navy program team of ADA (Aeronautical Development Agency) is jubilant on achieving the remarkable feat that is the culmination of several years of design, flight test, simulation and management effort with significant contributions from a number of DRDO laboratories. The teams were ably supported by the certification agency, CEMILAC and the quality assurance agency, CRI (LCA). INS Hansa, the Naval Air Station played the perfect host to achieve this significant milestone. The design teams guided by Program Director ADA Shri P S Subramanyam have ensured that all systems meet the stringent requirements of Carrier borne aircraft. Cmde C D Balaji (Retd) as Project Director LCA (Navy) and it’s Chief Designer has been at the helm of affairs right from the concept phase. The team led by Dr Amitabh Saraf indigenously achieved the flight control laws that take care of the problems encountered by a fly by wire aircraft undertaking a Ski Jump Launch.


The Shore Based Test Facility (SBTF) has been created to replicate the aircraft carrier with a Ski Jump for take-off and arresting gear cable for arrested landing; by ADA with the participation of the Indian Navy, Goa shipyard, CCE (R&D) West, Pune, R&D Engg (E) Pune and the Russian agencies providing the design support and specialized equipment.

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19 décembre 2014 5 19 /12 /décembre /2014 08:35
L' INS Vikramaditya, vaisseau amiral de la marine indienne


19.12.2014 par Olga Ivachina - La Voix de la Russie


La Marine indienne s’est procuré en 2014 une puissante unité de combat, le porte-avions INS Vikramaditya construit par le chantier naval russe Sevmash.


Pendant la cérémonie de mise en service de ce plus grand bâtiment de guerre indien au printemps 2014, l’INS Vikramaditya a été proclamé vaisseau amiral de la Marine indienne.


Les experts ont noté que l’INS Vikramaditya était devenu l’un des navires les plus puissants et les plus modernes de la flotte de guerre indienne.


Après la remise de l’INS Vikramaditya à l’Inde, la Russie a proposé son aide en matière de maintenance de ce porte-avions moderne. Une représentation du chantier naval russe Sevmash s’est ouverte en novembre dans la base navale indienne de Karwar, a raconté le premier vice-président de l’Académie des problèmes géopolitiques, Konstantin Sivkov.


« C’est une nouvelle étape de coopération entre la Russie et l’Inde. Ce n’était pas le cas auparavant. La représentation du chantier naval Sevmash assurera la maintenance du porte-avions INS Vikramaditya. Le groupe électrogène principal du navire, son système de conduite du tir, son système de défense antiaérienne et d’autres types de matériel électronique sont de fabrication russe. C’est un matériel très sophistiqué et coûteux, un matériel qui a besoin d’un entretien permanent, tant pour le maintenir en bon état que pour le moderniser ensuite par étapes ».


Dans sa représentation en Inde, Sevmash rendra des services de consultation et mènera des travaux préventifs et si nécessaire des travaux d’entretien. En outre, les spécialistes russes aideront à adapter le matériel de bord aux nouvelles exigences de la Marine indienne, à moderniser le logiciel pour l’armement et le système de conduite du tir, etc. Comme l’a annoncé l’agence de presse russe TASS, Sevmash se chargera de la maintenance pendant toute la durée de service de l’INS Vikramaditya qui se monte à 20 ans mais qui pourrait être prolongée.


Les analystes militaires constatent qu’après la mise en service de l’INS Vikramaditya, l’Inde est devenue le seul pays du bassin de l’océan Indien à disposer de deux porte-avions. Le porte-avions INS Viraat est quant à lui opérationnel depuis 55 ans mais il sera finalement remplacé par le porte-avions moderne INS Vikrant, en voie de construction dans un chantier naval indien. Les essais à la mer de ce navire sont prévus pour 2017 et sa mise en service pour la fin de 2018.

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19 décembre 2014 5 19 /12 /décembre /2014 07:35
Le général de corps d'armée Do Ba Ty et le général Dalbir Singh. (Source VNA)

Le général de corps d'armée Do Ba Ty et le général Dalbir Singh. (Source VNA)


18/12/2014 Vietnam+


Le chef d'état-major général de l'Armée populaire du Vietnam, le général de corps d'armée Do Ba Ty, a reçu jeudi à Hanoi le commandant de l'armée de terre de l'Inde, le général Dalbir Singh, en visite de travail au Vietnam.


Il a souligné que les relations dans la défense entre le Vietnam et l'Inde s'étaient bien développées ces derniers temps, notamment depuis la signature d'un mémorandum de coopération en la matière en 2009. Il a estimé que cette visite du général Dalbir Singh contribuerait à renforcer les relations d'amitié, de compréhension et de confiance mutuelles entre les armées de terre des deux pays, et entre les deux armées en général.


Le général Dalbir Singh a informé son interlocuteur des résultats de l'entretien avec une délégation vietnamienne conduite par le général de division Nguyen Quoc Khanh, chef d'état-major général adjoint de l'Armée populaire du Vietnam.


Il a estimé que les relations de coopération dans la défense ne cesseraient de se développer dans l'avenir, pour être à la hauteur des bonnes relations de partenariat stratégique entre les deux pays.


Le général de corps d'armée Do Ba Ty a demandé aux deux parties de matérialiser les conventions déjà conclues pour développer davantage les relations bilatérales dans la défense.

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19 décembre 2014 5 19 /12 /décembre /2014 07:35
India Launches Its Largest Space Rocket

India’s ISRO has successfully carried out the first suborbital test launch of India’s next-generation GSLV Mk III space launcher, which carried a 3,775 kg test payload. (ISRO photo)


Dec 19, 2014 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: India Space Research Organisation; issued Dec 18, 2014)


First Experimental Flight of India's Next Generation Launch Vehicle GSLV Mk-III Successful


The first experimental flight (GSLV Mk-III X/CARE) of India's next generation launch vehicle GSLV Mk-III was successfully conducted today (December 18, 2014) morning from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota. Also known as LVM3-X/CARE, this suborbital experimental mission was intended to test the vehicle performance during the critical atmospheric phase of its flight and thus carried a passive (non-functional) cryogenic upper stage.


The mission began with the launch of GSLV Mk-III at 9:30 am IST from the Second Launch Pad as scheduled and about five and a half minutes later, carried its payload - the 3775 kg Crew Module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment (CARE) - to the intended height of 126 km. Following this, CARE separated from the upper stage of GSLV Mk-III and re-entered the atmosphere and safely landed over Bay of Bengal with the help of its parachutes about 20 minutes 43 seconds after lift-off.


Two massive S-200 solid strap-on boosters, each carrying 207 tons of solid propellants, ignited at vehicle lift-off and after functioning normally, separated 153.5 seconds later. L110 liquid stage ignited 120 seconds after lift-off, while S200s were still functioning, and carried forward for the next 204.6 seconds.


CARE separated from the passive C25 cryogenic upper stage of GSLV Mk-III 330.8 seconds after lift-off and began its guided descent for atmospheric re-entry.


After the successful re-entry phase, CARE module's parachutes opened, following which it gently landed over Andaman Sea about 1600 km from Sriharikota, there by successfully concluding the GSLV Mk-III X/CARE mission.


With today's successful GSLV Mk-III X / CARE mission, the vehicle has moved a step closer to its first developmental flight with the functional C25 cryogenic upper stage.

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16 décembre 2014 2 16 /12 /décembre /2014 18:35
The indigenously built nuclear-powered ballistic submarine INS Arihant seen off Visakhapatnam on Monday. Photo: K.R. Deepak

The indigenously built nuclear-powered ballistic submarine INS Arihant seen off Visakhapatnam on Monday. Photo: K.R. Deepak

15.12.2014 by Livefiist

Staff photographer with The Hindu newspaper scoops this great shot of Arihant, India's indigenously developed nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine as it pushes out to sea today for long-awaited sea trials in the Bay of Bengal. Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar was in Visakhapatnam for the cast-off ceremony. Love the fuzzy picture, the first photograph of the Arihant's entire surfaced silhouette!

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12 décembre 2014 5 12 /12 /décembre /2014 12:35
China's submarine noose around India


December 15, 2014 Sandeep Unnithan - India Today

Submarine game: How China is using undersea vessels to project power in India's neighbourhood


Four decades after the 1971 India-Pakistan war, India's intelligence agencies are once again scanning a stretch of coastline in southern Bangladesh. Cox's Bazar was rocketed and strafed by INS Vikrant's fighter aircraft to cut off the enemy's retreat into the Bay of Bengal. Today, 43 years later, it sets the stage for China's dramatic entry into India's eastern seaboard.

Assessments from the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) and naval intelligence say the Bangladesh Navy will station two ex-Chinese Ming-class submarines on bases that are less than 1,000 km away from Visakhapatnam, home to the Indian Navy's nuclear powered submarine fleet and the Defence Research and Development Organisation's (DRDO) missile test ranges at Balasore.

The developments on India's Arabian Sea flank are equally ominous. Intelligence officials say that over the next decade, China will help Pakistan field submarines with the ability to launch nuclear-tipped missiles from sea. Submarines, analysts say, are China's instrument of choice to not just challenge the Indian Navy's strategy of sea domination but also to undermine India's second-strike capability. These developments have been accompanied by a flurry of Chinese submarine appearances in the Indian Ocean this year-Beijing sent two nuclear submarines and a conventional submarine. Two of them made port calls in Colombo, triggering concern in New Delhi.

Toehold in the Bay

"No one interested in geopolitics can afford to ignore the Bay of Bengal any longer," geopolitical analyst Robert Kaplan wrote in a seminal essay in Stratfor in November. "This is the newold centre of the world, joining the two demographic immensities of the Indian subcontinent and East Asia." For India, the Bay of Bengal is the launch pad for a 'Look East' policy that has received renewed attention under Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The Indian Navy is enhancing force levels at its Visakhapatnam naval base even as it has begun building a secret base for a proposed fleet of nuclearpowered submarines at Rambilli, south of Visakhapatnam. Equipped with the 700-km range B05 submarine launched missiles, the Arihant-class submarines will have to patrol closer to the shores of a potential adversary. But equipped with the 3,500-km range K-4 missiles currently being developed by the DRDO, the Arihant and her sister submarines can cover both Pakistan and China with nuclear-tipped missiles from within the Bay of Bengal, providing the "robust second-strike capability" as stated in India's nuclear doctrine.

Inputs suggest Bangladesh has acquired land and fenced locations at the Kutubdia Channel near Cox's Bazar and the Rabnabad Channel near West Bengal. Kutubdia, intelligence officials say, is likely to feature enclosed concrete 'pens' to hide submarines. The possibility of Chinese submarines using this base provides a fresh equation to the strategic calculus.

"Our submarines become susceptible to tracking from the time they leave harbour," says veteran submariner and former Southern Naval Command chief vice-admiral K.N. Sushil (retired). "But a far more worrying strategy is China's ability to be able to threaten our assured second-strike capability. That effectively tips the deterrence balance."

Chinese Han-class submarine Changzheng 2 in Colombo.West Coast Worries

Of greater long-term worry to Indian analysts is a strategic submarine project China finalised with Pakistan in 2010. Intelligence sources say this three-part programme will transform the Pakistan Navy into a strategic force capable of launching a sea-based nuclear weapons strike. Pakistan will build two types of submarines with Chinese assistance: the Project S-26 and Project S-30. The vessels are to be built at the Submarine Rebuild Complex (SRC) facility being developed at Ormara, west of Karachi. Intelligence sources believe the S-30 submarines are based on the Chinese Qing class submarines-3,000-tonne conventional submarines which can launch three 1,500-km range nuclear-tipped cruise missiles from its conning tower. A Very Low Frequency (VLF) station at Turbat, in southern Balochistan, will communicate with these submerged strategic submarines. The Project S-26 and S-30 submarines will augment Pakistan's fleet of five French-built submarines, enhance their ability to challenge the Indian Navy's aircraft carrier battle groups and carry a stealthy nuclear deterrent. "Submarines are highly effective force multipliers because they tie down large numbers of naval forces," says a senior naval official.

Steel sharks on silk route

Speaking in Indonesia's Parliament last October, Chinese President Xi Jinping articulated a "21st century Maritime Silk Road". His vision calls for investments in port facilities across south and south-east Asia to complement a north Asian route. This year, the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) put steel into Xi's vision. In February, a Shangclass nuclear-powered attack submarine made China's first declared deployment in the Indian Ocean. This was followed by port calls made by a Han-class submarine in Colombo to coincide with a state visit by President Xi and a visit by a Song-class conventional submarine in November.

China's heightened activity in the Indian Ocean region is underscored by investments in a new port in Gwadar at the mouth of the Strait of Hormuz, Hambantota port in Sri Lanka, a container facility in Chittagong and Kyaukpyu port in Myanmar. "Such developments have sharpened China's geopolitical rivalry with India, which enjoys an immense geographic advantage in the Indian Ocean," says Brahma Chellaney of the Centre for Policy Research. "Aspects related to their (Chinese) deployment in international waters are part of securing their maritime interests," Navy chief Admiral Robin K. Dhowan told journalists in Delhi on December 3.

China's new military posture reflects the 'Malacca dilemma' faced by the world's largest oil importer. Close to 80 per cent of China's crude oil imports of 11 million barrels per day, the life blood of its economy, is shipped through the narrow Malacca Strait. Any disruption to this could threaten its economic growth. "Hence, China's economic interests in the Indian Ocean have now taken on an overt military dimension," says an intelligence official.

Naval intelligence officials who correctly predicted that China would use anti-piracy patrols as a pretext for deployments in the Indian Ocean feel vindicated. Their prognosis of this game of 'weiqi'-a game of Chinese chess which uses encirclement, is gloomy. "A full-scale Chinese deployment in the Indian Ocean is inevitable," an admiral told India Today.

"You can only watch it and prepare yourself for it." The preparations include acquisitions of long-range maritime patrol aircraft such as the US-made P8-I Poseidon, investment in anti-submarine warfare and inducting new submarines and helicopters to fill up critical deficiencies in force levels.

Measured Response

China's submarine thrust into South Asia coincides with Narendra Modi's renewed emphasis on securing India's perimeter. "India's response has to be nuanced, a mixture of coercion and largesse," says Jayadeva Ranade, a former RAW official and member of the National Security Advisory Board. While the Manmohan Singh-led UPA government scoffed at encirclement theories, the new Government is clearly concerned over the creeping Chinese presence.

National Security Adviser Ajit Doval voiced India's concerns at the 'Galle Dialogue' in Sri Lanka on December 1. He cited a 1971 United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) resolution mooted by Sri Lanka calling on the "great powers to halt further escalation and expansion of their military presence in the Indian Ocean".

India's defence diplomacy has been severely limited by its inability to offer military hardware to offset the Chinese presence. Over half the military hardware of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka are of Chinese origin. In 2008, India called off a plan to transfer the INS Vela to the Myanmar Navy when it discovered the vintage Russian-built submarine was past its service life.

When plans to transfer hardware materialise, they are too feeble to make a difference-a solitary helicopter such as the one gifted to Nepal by Modi in November and a small ex-Indian naval patrol craft gifted to Seychelles recently. Often, there is a demand for capabilities where India itself is deficient. Bangladeshi officials stumped Indian Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) officials last year when they asked India, and not China, to provide submarines. The Indian Navy is down to just 13 aging conventional submarines. The MEA suggested Bangladesh buy Russian submarines instead. Their efforts are yet to bear fruit. It is a gap China willingly fills.

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11 décembre 2014 4 11 /12 /décembre /2014 17:35
Athos 155mm howitzer

Athos 155mm howitzer


9/12/2014 Ami Rojkes Dombe – Israel Defence


According to idpsentinel website, Elbit Systems will compete in the tender for the Mounted Gun System of India, through its joint venture "Bharat Forge" with the Indian Company Kalyani


India published a RFI for the procurement of 814 155 mm/52 caliber mounted gun systems. Indian companies can also win the upgrade of M-46 Russian artillery guns, from 130 mm to 155 mm. The RFI was published in June 2013, with a deadline for September of that year. An alteration to the RFI was released in December this year with the deadline of 24.12.2014. The tender is estimated at $ 2.5 billion.

The companies competing for the tender are "Bharat Forge", a joint venture between Elbit Systems and Kalyani Group, "Tata Power SED", a joint venture between the Indian company TATA and Denel of South Africa, and "Larsen & Toubro", a joint venture between the French company Nexter and Indian company Ashok Leyland. Also to participate in the tender are the Russian company "Rosoboronexport", UK's "BAE Systems" and General Dynamics of the US.

According to the website army-technology , the first 100 guns will be bought off the shelf from the original equipment manufacturer, while the remaining 714 will be manufactured in India. According to India Today, the replacement of the mounted gun systems is a phase in the process to replace all 2000 guns of India, in a total cost of $ 6.6 billion. A comprehensive article about India's artillery can be found at eurasiareview .

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11 décembre 2014 4 11 /12 /décembre /2014 12:35
La Russie et l'Inde passent à la coproduction d'armes (Poutine)


MOSCOU, 10 décembre - RIA Novosti


La Russie et l'Inde passent des relations "fournisseur-client" à la coproduction d'armes modernes, a déclaré mardi le président russe Vladimir Poutine à la veille de sa visite à New Delhi programmée pour le 11 décembre.


"L'Inde est notre partenaire fiable de longue date. Le niveau élevé de la coopération bilatérale et de confiance réciproque nous permet de passer progressivement du schéma traditionnel +fournisseur-client+ à la conception conjointe et à la coproduction d'armes modernes", a indiqué M.Poutine dans une interview à l'agence indienne PTI.


La Russie et l'Inde coopèrent sur la production de missiles embarqués BrahMos et la création d'un chasseur multirôle de 5e génération. Selon l'ambassadeur russe en Inde, Alexandre Kadakine, 70% d'armes et matériels de l'armée indienne sont de conception soviétique et russe. La Russie a livré des armes et matériels à l'Inde pour 4,78 milliards de dollars en 2013, d'après le Service fédéral russe pour la coopération militaire et technique (FSVTS).


La visite de M.Poutine en Inde doit notamment déboucher sur la signature d'un accord entre les ministères de la Défense des deux pays sur la sécurité des vols.


L'assistant du président russe, Iouri Ouchakov, a antérieurement annoncé que les entretiens russo-indiens de New Delhi seraient consacrés à la création du chasseur de 5e génération, de missiles BrahMos, ainsi qu'à la production d'avions de ligne Sukhoi Superjet 100 et le développement de la navigation par satellite.

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5 décembre 2014 5 05 /12 /décembre /2014 17:35
Indian Navy Selects Sikorsky’s S-70B SEAHAWK® Aircraft for Multi-role Helicopter Requirement​


December 05,2014 Sikorsky Aircraft Corp


India’s Navy has selected Sikorsky Aircraft Corp., a subsidiary of United Technologies Corp. (NYSE:UTX), to fulfill the service’s Multi-Role Helicopter requirement for anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare (ASW/ASuW), among other maritime roles. Negotiations will now begin to procure 16 S-70B SEAHAWK® helicopters, with an option for eight additional aircraft, along with a complete logistics support and training program.


“India’s selection of the S-70B helicopter represents a major strategic win for Sikorsky in an important growth market, and positions us well for future opportunities,” said Mick Maurer, President of Sikorsky Aircraft. “We look forward to a long-term collaboration with the Indian Government and local industry as we work to bring the Indian Navy the highly advanced multi-role S-70B aircraft.”

The proposed Indian Navy S-70B variant will include avionics and flexible open architecture Weapons Management Systems that integrate an advanced sonar, 360 degree search radar, modern air-to-surface missiles, and torpedoes for the ASW role. A blade and tail fold capability will facilitate shipboard storage.

The S-70B aircraft will also enhance the Indian Navy’s capabilities to perform non-combat maritime roles, including search and rescue, utility and external cargo lift, surveillance and casualty evacuation.

Sikorsky has fielded increasingly more capable variants of the S-70B helicopter since 1984 for navies that prefer to acquire a modern, fully integrated ASW/ASuW platform direct from the manufacturer. Now operational in six countries (in Europe, Middle East, Asia and Latin America), the S-70B platform has a solid reputation for highly reliable shipboard operations and maintenance while operating aboard frigates and larger naval vessels.

The S-70B aircraft is part of Sikorsky’s SEAHAWK helicopter family (including the SH-60 and MH-60 models) that has accumulated almost four million flight hours from more than 800 operational aircraft, and is considered one of the safest platforms available.

Sikorsky Aircraft Corp., based in Stratford, Connecticut, is a world leader in aircraft design, manufacture and service. United Technologies Corp., based in Hartford, Connecticut, provides high-technology products and support services to the aerospace and building systems industries.


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5 décembre 2014 5 05 /12 /décembre /2014 12:35
Le Rafale dans les médias indiens


05.12.2014 Par Pierre Memheld * - affaires-strategiques.info


Dassault Aviation est entré en discussion exclusive avec le ministère de la Défense indien pour conclure la vente de Rafales en janvier 2012. Depuis, les négociations se poursuivent pas à pas vers la conclusion d’un contrat définitif, désormais annoncé par les médias pour mars 2015 - sans tenir compte d’un éventuel report de la décision, cette date ayant déjà été plusieurs fois décalée [1] . Les médias indiens suivent de près cette affaire car il s’agit d’un contrat clé, non seulement pour l’avionneur français, mais également pour la Défense indienne dans son ensemble.


 Le gouvernement indien doit en effet résoudre la difficile équation de réussir à moderniser ses équipements militaires, tout en développant son industrie de défense et en maitrisant son budget [2]. Les partenariats industriels, signés avec certains fournisseurs, permettent non seulement de transférer des savoirs faire et des technologies mais également de créer des liens diplomatiques au vu des enjeux géopolitiques auxquels l’Inde doit faire face. L’acquisition d’avions de chasse multi-rôles, de sous-marins diesels ou de canons d’artillerie est aujourd’hui une nécessité.

Si l’objectif de l’Inde est en partie de rationaliser ses équipements, et de développer son économie, son but ultime est bien de devenir indépendante de ses principaux fournisseurs (Russie, Etats-Unis, Israël, France). De leur côté, ces pays cherchent à trouver des débouchés pour leurs produits et à faire de l’Inde un relais de leur diplomatie dans l’Océan indien. Mais le gouvernement de Narendra Modi, et son nouveau ministre de la défense Manohar Parrikar [3], ont clairement précisé leurs objectifs.Il s’agit de développer des industries de défense « indigènes », publiques ou privées, et de « contenir » la Chine en se rapprochant de pays comme l’Australie, le Vietnam ou Singapour. Sans que cela ne concerne directement le contrat Rafale, les contraintes budgétaires indiennes expliquent le report voire l’annulation de plusieurs appels d’offres ou de contrats d’armement. L’Inde, enfin, fait jouer la concurrence entre ses différents fournisseurs pour obtenir les meilleures conditions contractuelles et « politiques ».

Dans un tel environnement concurrentiel, il est intéressant de constater que le Rafale, Dassault ou même la France, sont critiqués voire attaqués dans la presse indienne au gré des aléas de l’appel d’offre « MMRCA » [4], et d’autant plus depuis le début des négociations exclusives. Si la presse indienne est aux premières loges des luttes d’influence des concurrents du Rafale, continuant à croire en leurs chances, d’autres médias se font l’écho de « difficultés » à conclure ce contrat symbolique.

Pour les uns, le Rafale serait « une grosse erreur » pour l’armée de l’Air indienne [5] -alors même qu’elle a mené de multiples études et tests pour confirmer ce choix-. Pour les autres, les contraintes budgétaires, ainsi que la priorité donnée aux réformes sociales par le gouvernement Modi pourraient reporter le contrat, d’autant que son coût « a augmenté de 10 à 20 milliards de dollars » [6]. Enfin, relayé par des médias spécialisés, l’ambassadeur russe à Delhi a déclaré que les « Sukhoi-27 construits en Chine écraseraient les Rafales comme des moustiques » [7].

Si l’on peut rattacher cette déclaration à la problématique actuelle des bâtiments de projection et de commandement Mistral, il n’en reste pas moins que ces tentatives d’influence au niveau médiatique sont l’expression d’une concurrence féroce entre les principaux fournisseurs. D’autres arguments, évoquant le coût d’exploitation du Rafale, ou la difficulté pour le partenaire de Dassault (Hindustan Aeronautics) à assurer la production des 108 appareils, sont également avancés. Enfin, le Rafale est « opposé » à des appareils de « 5ème génération », comme le F-35 américain, considérés comme plus « modernes ».

Ces questions sont le plus souvent décrites comme des informations obtenues par les journalistes auprès d’officiers supérieurs ou de décideurs politiques « proches du dossier ». Là où les déclarations officielles du ministère de la Défense ou de l’Etat-major de l’armée de l’Air indien mettent en avant l’avancée constante des négociations, ces « fuites » sont présentées comme validant les arguments contre le Rafale et notamment le risque de choisir un constructeur étranger lourdement dépendant de ce seul contrat [8].

Il faut également se rappeler que ce contrat est en discussion depuis plus d’une dizaine d’années. Or, durant cette période, l’Inde a connu plusieurs gouvernements du « Indian National Congress » (INC) et désormais un gouvernement du « Indian People’s Party » (BJP) [9]. Sans parler de leurs idées politiques spécifiques, ces deux grands partis s’affrontent à coups de révélations sur les implications des uns et des autres avec tel ou tel industriel ou puissance étrangère. Cette opposition politique interne pourrait impacter le contrat du Rafale.

Si les négociations n’ont pas été remises en question à la suite du retour du BJP au pouvoir, un des membres du parti a clairement sous-entendu que le contrat avait été signé lors de « conversations privées » entre Sonia Gandhi, président de l’INC, et Nicolas Sarkozy, par l’intermédiaire de leurs liens familiaux respectifs en Italie[10]. Cette évocation des connexions de Sonia Gandhi rappelle le fait qu’elle a déjà été impliquée dans un contrat d’armement, annulé pour des soupçons de corruption.

On peut ainsi voir, à la lecture de quelques articles de presse seulement, que ce contrat est au centre de l’attention des médias indiens ou russes et à la croisée d’intérêts économiques et diplomatiques russes et américains. Certains articles évoquent des aspects discrets des négociations, d’autres attaquent frontalement le Rafale, Dassault ou la France en évoquant de loin le lien entre ce contrat et sa crédibilité en tant que pays exportateur d’armements alors même que les contextes indiens et russes ne peuvent pas être comparés.

Tout comme l’Inde cherche une profondeur stratégique dans l’Océan éponyme, il ne serait pas inutile que la France réaffirme sa présence militaire, et ses intérêts économique, dans cette zone stratégique pour plusieurs pays. De plus, en offrant à l’Inde les équipements et le soutien dont elle a besoin pour réaffirmer sa position de puissance régionale, la France ne pourra que renforcer le lien existant -depuis bien plus longtemps que ce seul contrat, tant du point de vue économique qu’historique.

(1) Ainsi : "MMRCA deal : Rafale negotiations expected to be wrapped up in 3 months", Rajat Pandit, The Times of India, 3 Juin 2014
(2) "L’Inde : puissance militaire ?", Pierre Memheld, Revue Défense Nationale N°774 Novembre 2014
(3) Narendra Modi a assuré le poste de ministre de la défense, en plus de celui de Premier ministre, depuis son élection en Mai 2014 jusqu’en Novembre 2014 et la nomination de l’ancien « chief minister » de Goa, Manohar Parrikar.
(4) Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft
(5) "Why Rafale is a Big Mistake", Bharat Karnad, The New Indian Express, 14 Août 2014
(6) "No Softlanding in sight for $20-bn Rafale deal", Huma Siddiqui, The Financial Express, 26 Octobre 2014
(7) "Why India needs to rethink the Rafale deal", Rakesh Krishnan Simha, Russia & India Report, 26 Octobre 2014
(8) "MMRCA : a do or die contract for Dassault’s military business", Huma Siddiqui, the Indian Express, 12 Mai 2013
(9) Bharatiya Janata Party = Indian People’s Party
(10) "The Rafale deal should be scrapped and renegotiated", interview de Subramanian Swamy, Pranay Sharma, Outlook, 18 Août 2014


* Pierre Memheld est consultant en stratégie des marchés internationaux, enseignant en IE à l’Institut de Traducteurs, d’Interprètes et de Relations Internationales

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3 décembre 2014 3 03 /12 /décembre /2014 15:35
photo Armée de l'Air

photo Armée de l'Air


Dec 02, 2014 Spacewar.com


New Delhi - The French and Indian defence ministers agreed to press ahead with negotiations on the sale of 126 Rafale fighter jets to India, both sides said Tuesday, after slow progress cast doubt on the estimated $12 billion deal.


Successive deadlines to complete one of the world's biggest airline contracts have slipped by, leading to reports that Britain's Eurofighter could try to re-enter the race.


French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said negotiations were "proceeding well" after he met his newly appointed Indian counterpart Manohar Parrikar in New Delhi on Monday.


"For a project of this scale and such complexity... the pace is comparable to that of other negotiations," he said in an interview with Indian daily The Pioneer Tuesday.


"Both our governments share the will to conclude it (Rafale deal) and this is, of course, essential."


The pair discussed "all issues including Rafale", an Indian defence ministry spokesman told AFP.


"It was decided that whatever differences still existed would be resolved in a fast-track manner."


French company Dassault Aviation won the right in 2012 to enter exclusive negotiations with India to supply 126 fighters after lodging a lower bid than rival firm Eurofighter.


The deal would see Dassault supply 18 Rafales -- twin-engine multi-role fighters -- by 2015.


India, the world's top weapons importer, is in the midst of a $100-billion defence upgrade programme and experts say it urgently needs the jet fighters to maintain a combat edge over nuclear rival Pakistan.


The remaining 108 would be made by state-run Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd under technology transfer agreements with India, which is keen to boost homemade defence manufacturing.

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