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19 décembre 2013 4 19 /12 /décembre /2013 08:45
Denel products including the Badger IFV and Umkhonto SAM

Denel products including the Badger IFV and Umkhonto SAM


17 December 2013 by Guy Martin - defenceWeb


South African defence and aerospace conglomerate Denel says it is well on the way to business sustainability and has highlighted a number of important achievements for 2013, such as the awarding of the Badger production contract, the performance of the Rooivalk in African peacekeeping operations and a R5 billion guided munition contract.


Riaz Saloojee, Denel Group CEO, said that the company’s performance over the last year “has received widespread recognition. At our recent meeting with the Portfolio Committee on Public Enterprises, Members of Parliament spoke with great appreciation about the company’s role in meeting its strategic mandates and the success of our financial turnaround.”


Over the last year Denel improved revenue by more than 10% and grew profit by R30 million to R71 million. The only remaining loss-making unit in the group, Denel Aerostructures, has improved its position by 35%.


Saloojee said some of the year’s greatest highlights include the launch of the Badger, the South African Army’s new infantry combat vehicle, and the first successful deployment of the Rooivalk in active service in support of peacekeeping operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Some 2 000 jobs are expected to be created from the Badger vehicle, 238 of which will be delivered to the South African Army over the next decade.


Denel Land Systems is also involved in a smaller project (part of Project Warrior), which involves upgrading the SA National Defence Force’s R4 assault rifles with Picatinny rails, sights and other accessories.


Another highlight was the move into space science, with Denel creating the Spaceteq division. This was inducted as a member of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF) in September. In July 2013, satellite manufacturer SunSpace was incorporated into Denel Dynamics, creating Spaceteq. Denel said that developments are already underway for Spaceteq’s first project, a multispectral, high resolution, earth observation satellite called EO-Sat1 for operation by the SA National Space Agency (SANSA) by 2017.


“We made huge progress with our strategic alliances on missile and guided munition developments with international partners. We signed new agreements for work packages in the aerostructure business and launched an international centre of excellence for MRO work during South Africa’s historic hosting of the BRICS Summit,” Saloojee said of 2013.


Expanding on the guided munitions developments, Tawazun Dynamics, a joint venture between Denel and Tawazun Holdings, was awarded a R5 billion contract by the UAE armed forces for Al Tariq precision guided bombs for its Mirage 2000-9 fighters in November.


Also on the guided munition front, Denel successfully tested its land-based Umkhonto surface-to-air-missile, destroying targets at 20 kilometre ranges during a series of tests in the southern Cape. The Umkhonto SAM system was developed by Denel Dynamics for the SA Navy’s Meko A200 class frigates, and is in service in both Block 1 and Block 2 versions. This ground-based launcher now provides an alternative that can also be used by the SA Army’s for Phase 2 of its Ground-based Air Defence System (GBADS), according to Denel.


On the missile front, Denel Dynamics is working towards final development and qualification of the A-Darter fifth generation air-to-air missile, being developed together with Brazil. The company is also working on the future Marlin missile project, aimed at establishing a common platform for long-range all weather air-to-air and surface-to-air defence.


On the aviation side, Denel Aviation is working on external fuel tanks for the Rooivalk combat helicopter. Denel said that the project was revived about four years ago when most of the Rooivalk development was completed. The external fuel tanks are needed for the Air Force’s long range escort missions where one or two Rooivalks fly alongside other aircraft such as the Oryx to provide protection. The external tanks of fuel add about two additional hours of flying. The manufacture of production tanks for the Rooivalk squadron is expected to be contracted within this financial year as almost all testing has already been done.


Also on the aviation side, Denel this year redelivered two Botswana Defence Force AS350B helicopters after their 12 year inspection and is working on upgrading six SA Air Force C-130 Hercules with auxiliary power units and environmental control systems. Denel Aviation also handed over a Puma helicopter to the Kenyan Air Force after maintenance work.


Denel Aviation earlier this year partnered with Russian Helicopters to provide a local maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) facility for Russian Helicopters manufactured rotorcraft. Mi-8/17 aircraft are being catered for, but other models may be serviced at a later date.


On the manufacturing side, Denel Aerostructures received a third multi-million rand contract for the manufacturing of critical parts for the Airbus A400M strategic airlifter. The approximate R157 million contract (over eight years) will see Denel Aerostructures manufacture tailplane components.


Meanwhile, Denel Dynamics continues to support SANParks in the Kruger National Park by providing a Seeker UAV for anti-poaching operations. Mechem also supports anti-poaching operations by supplying dogs and handlers to track poachers.


Denel Pretoria Metal Pressings (PMP) this year commissioned and installed thirteen new CNC machines, worth R13 million, to assist with 30 x 175 mm ammunition production. The new machines will be able to make up to 500 of these rounds a day, meeting the requirements for the Badger vehicle. The requirement is to manufacture a volume of up to 100 000 rounds a year, something that can achieved with the introduction of the new CNC machines.


The development of the ammunition took place in tandem with the development of the 30 mm Cam-gun for the Badger, done by Denel Land Systems. The 8X8 Badger infantry combat vehicle will be equipped with a 30 mm cam-operated cannon and a breechloaded 60 mm mortar, both of which are integrated into the turret variants manufactured by DLS.


Phaladi Petje, CEO of PMP, said the commissioning of the new machines enhances PMP’s capability to export more medium calibre ammunition and to bring in valued foreign currency.


Mechem has also had a busy year, receiving contracts from Kenya and Zambia amongst others for dog training and dogs, which will sniff out explosives.


Saloojee said Denel wants to move from being a good company to a great company. “I have no doubt that we can achieve this if we continue on the current trajectory.” Part of this trajectory is Denel’s plan to grow its revenue to more than R7 billion over the next five years and create an order book more than five times its turnover. Denel is modernising its product offerings as a result, especially in the fields of artillery, unmanned aerial vehicles, ammunition and aviation MRO services.

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19 décembre 2013 4 19 /12 /décembre /2013 08:35
Atlas Elektronik building sonar for Thai frigate


ULM, Germany, Dec. 18 (UPI)


Sonar systems for a new frigate being built for Thailand by South Korea's Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering are being supplied by Atlas Elektronik GmbH.


Atlas Elektronik, headquartered in Germany said the contract from Daewoo is for the supply and integration of a bow sonar and a low-frequency active towed array sonar system.


The two will be delivered in early 2016. The monetary value of the contract, however, was not disclosed.


"Together, the two systems offer active and passive sonars for the detection, tracking and classification of underwater vehicles, such as submarines, torpedoes and unmanned underwater vehicles," the company said. "In addition, these sonars are able to detect and classify small speedboats, divers or floating obstacles, e.g. containers or tethered mines."


The bow sonar to be supplied provides a surveillance radius of up to nine miles, while the towed array sonar operates in the low-frequency range from about 2 kHz and permits observation of the sea space at ranges of more than 37 miles, the company said.

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19 décembre 2013 4 19 /12 /décembre /2013 08:30
Obama Issues Directive to Sell Weapons to GCC


Dec. 18, 2013 - By ZACHARY FRYER-BIGGS and AWAD MUSTAFA – Defense News


Prince Turki Al Faisal, the former Saudi intelligence chief, last week accused the Obama administration of working behind Riyadh's back and planning other steps in the Middle East.


WASHINGTON AND DUBAI — The White House this week issued a presidential determination to facilitate the sale of weapons to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).


The move by the Obama administration shows the rapid development in events since Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel announced plans this month in Bahrain to sell weapons to the Gulf Cooperation Council as a block, as opposed to selling to individual nations within the council.


According to the document issued Monday, the White House wants to confirm the eligibility of the Gulf Cooperation Council to receive defense articles and defense services under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Arms Export Control Act.


“I hereby find that the furnishing of defense articles and defense services to the Gulf Cooperation Council will strengthen the security of the United States and promote world peace,” the document stated.


The move by the White House follows last week’s announcement at the GCC Summit in Kuwait to establish a Joint GCC Military Command.


According to a State Department official, the GCC is being designated for future sales, however, congressional approval has yet to be established when deals flow to Congress.


On Dec. 7, in Manama, Hagel said the Pentagon “will better integrate with GCC members to enhance missile defense capabilities in the region,” adding “the United States continues to believe that a multilateral approach is the best answer for missile defense.”


Officials at the State Department said that over the past several years, the US and the GCC have explored ways to expand multilateral defense cooperation in response to evolving regional security challenges.


“The United States and the GCC agree on the strategic imperative to building better multilateral defense ties as a complement to the strong bilateral relationships the US has with gulf partner states,” the State Department added.


“The US-GCC Strategic Cooperation Forum, US Central Command-led multilateral exercises and the quarterly Air and Air Defense Chiefs Conference are but a few of the examples of our combined efforts to coordinate at the policy and operational levels.”


Officials added that the determination is the next step in improving US-GCC defense collaboration as it enables the GCC to acquire defense articles to improve interoperability and enhance critical military capabilities, including items for ballistic-missile defense, maritime security and counter-terrorism.


However, the actual provision of defense articles or services to the GCC would be considered on a case-by-case basis, consistent with US law and policy.


Various other international organizations are eligible to receive US defense articles and services, such as NATO, the UN, and the AU. “The designation reflects our strong commitment to the GCC and our desire to work with our gulf partners to promote long-term regional security and stability.”


Despite the significance of the move, analysts view it as an “appeasement to Saudi Arabia.” Theodore Karasik, director of research at the Institute for Near East and Gulf Military Analysis in Dubai, said the recent statements by Saudi officials signified a dissatisfaction with US policy.


On Saturday, Prince Turki Al Faisal, the former Saudi intelligence chief, said in Monaco that the Obama administration is working behind Riyadh’s back and planning other steps in the Middle East.


“The presidential determination shows support for Saudi Arabia’s plan for a unified GCC approach,” he said.


“This support comes within a defense and security sphere in which the GCC are more robustly banded than other sectors, such as economic levels, social policies and others,” he added.


He said Saudi policy is fixated on protecting monarchies while pursuing Bashar al-Assad’s removal, which “does not necessarily jibe with other GCC states points of view.”

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19 décembre 2013 4 19 /12 /décembre /2013 08:20
Raytheon building 12th radar for ballistic missile defense


TEWKSBURY, Mass., Dec. 18 (UPI)


Raytheon announced Wednesday it has begun building the 12th AN/TPY-2 ballistic missile defense radar for the U.S. Missile Defense Agency.


The AN/TPY-2 is a mobile X-band radar that provides long-range acquisition, precision tracking and discrimination of short-, medium- and intermediate-range ballistic missiles.


It can be deployed in either terminal or forward-based mode.


"Beginning production of a 12th AN/TPY-2 ballistic missile defense radar is so important because this X-band sensor is the backbone of U.S. missile defense around the globe," said Dave Gulla, vice president of Global Integrated Sensors in Raytheon's Integrated Defense Systems business. "The U.S., our warfighters, allies and security partners can count on the AN/TPY-2 because it has performed flawlessly in every test to date against all categories of ballistic missiles."


Production of the 12th AN/TPY-2 comes under a $172.2 million contract from the U.S. Department of Defense awarded this month.


Raytheon has delivered eight of the radars to the U.S. military under an earlier contract.

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19 décembre 2013 4 19 /12 /décembre /2013 08:20
Boeing Defense Gets New Chief


Dec. 18, 2013 - By ZACHARY FRYER-BIGGS – Defense News


WASHINGTON — Boeing is promoting the former head of its defense unit, and elevating the current head of Boeing Military Aircraft as his replacement, the company announced Wednesday.


Dennis Muilenburg was named vice chairman, president and chief operating officer of Boeing, while Christopher Chadwick was bumped up to vice president, president and CEO of Boeing Defense, Space & Security.


Chadwick, a 31-year veteran of Boeing who was a program manager on the Bell-Boeing V-22 program, has been overseeing a military aircraft unit that is in the midst of transition as many of its legacy programs age. Now he will have to manage the broader defense portfolio through the US defense downturn.


Boeing also is giving Raymond Conner, head of the company’s commercial business, a title bump to vice chairman, but Conner will remain the functional head of his division.


Muilenburg, while also a vice chairman, is expected to become the day-to-day right-hand man for the company’s 64-year-old head, James McNerney, in Chicago.


That makes the 49-year-old Muilenburg the heir apparent at Boeing, the world’s second largest defense contractor and largest aerospace company.


The company also announced that Shelley Lavendar will take over Chadwick’s job as head of the military aircraft unit.


“Today’s announcement recognizes the tremendous performance, experience and leadership strength that Dennis, Ray, Chris and Shelley bring to our company,” McNerney said in a press release. “We will continue to leverage and grow their capabilities and experience, and that of other talented company leaders, to support our customers and achieve our near- and long-term business goals.”

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19 décembre 2013 4 19 /12 /décembre /2013 08:20
Lockheed Works Toward 4th-Gen Prices for F-35

The 100th F-35 joint strike fighter rolls off the assembly line at Fort Worth, Texas, last week. (Alexander H. Groves/Courtesy of Lockheed Martin)


Dec. 18, 2013 - By AARON MEHTA – Defense News


FORT WORTH, TEXAS — The cost of a fully equipped F-35A joint strike fighter will drop to $85 million by 2019, according to a top Lockheed official, as long as the program continues to increase quantities.


That figure, calculated at $75 million in 2013 dollars, includes engines and all weapon systems for the conventional-takeoff-and-landing fifth-generation fighter, said Lorraine Martin, the head of Lockheed’s F-35 program, during a Dec. 13 press briefing.


The briefing was held at Lockheed’s F-35 production facilities in Fort Worth, Texas, as part of a ceremony celebrating the rollout of the 100th joint strike fighter. Travel and accommodations were paid for by the company.


In the most recently negotiated batch of aircraft, low-rate initial production lot 7 (LRIP-7), an engine-less F-35A came in around $98 million. If Lockheed can meet this cost goal, it would make the fifth-generation fighter competitively priced with fourth-generation aircraft such as the F-16 and F/A-18, a major boost for a program that has been criticized for being cost-prohibitive.


Costs for the jump-jet F-35B and aircraft carrier F-35C variants are less clear, due in part to the small number produced so far. The F-35A is by far the most popular model and has higher quantities, giving company officials a clearer sense of per-unit costs.


Achieving those cost reductions will require an increase in quantities, and while Martin expects orders to increase, she emphasized that quantity is quickly becoming the key price driver for the program.


“Quantity matters. Quantity absolutely matters right now on this program,” Martin said. “The [production] learning curve is still important, and it’s still enabling us to get work content off the line that’s not as efficient as it could be, but you start to learn that stuff. The silly stuff you learn fast and, as you go forward, you start to really refine how you produce the aircraft. Then the big driver to bring cost out is quantity.


“We’re at the point where we need both of them, and soon, quantity will be the biggest driver for us,” Martin continued. “If you buy more, they will be cheaper. There just is no doubt.


“We have been flat for four years, around 30 [to] 36 aircraft. If it doesn’t increase, it will dampen out our ability to get costs out.”


Whether there is an increase in the number of planes ordered for LRIP-8 will depend on the US budget situation. That lot is being negotiated with the Pentagon, and Martin said her company submitted pricing options for “variable quantities” of planes to give the Defense Department flexibility based on the budget situation.


Rising quantities and lowering costs don’t just benefit DoD and its partner nations. As Lockheed gets costs under control, Martin said the company hopes profit margins will increase.


“You would expect, for any aircraft program, you know how to do it better [as time goes on] and you’re hoping you’re able to do that in a predictable way, both for the government and for your own profit margins,” Martin said. “The program at the beginning was very challenged, so our margins have not been what you would want them to be going forward.


“My job is to ensure I know what it costs to build the aircraft, that what it costs to build an aircraft is reasonable and attractive to our customers, and that I can get a reasonable profit on top of that. And as I get that equation put together, I think the margins will come up.”


Looking forward to 2014, Martin expects to see increased international orders for the plane, including the rollout of the first F-35 from Italy’s final assembly and check-out (FACO) facility toward the end of 2014.


There are no plans to open FACOs outside of the two planned locations in Italy and Japan, according to Martin, who added that the Japanese FACO should be completed on schedule. She confirmed that a FACO component is not part of the F-35 deal being negotiated between the US and South Korea.

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19 décembre 2013 4 19 /12 /décembre /2013 08:20
Navy releases funds for V-22 procurement





Funding for a second-year procurement of Bell-Boeing V-22 Osprey aircraft for the U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Air Force has been executed by the U.S. Navy.


The funding amount is $1.3 billion and covers three aircraft for the Air Force and 19 aircraft for the Marines.


"Since Initial Operating Capability in 2007, V-22s have been answering the nation's call traveling into harm's way," a Navy official said.


"From combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan to the recent disaster relief and humanitarian assistance in the Philippines, the V-22 continues to prove itself as a game-changing aircraft. Ospreys enable our Marine Corps and Air Force Special Operations to execute missions not possible with conventional aircraft."


The V-22 is a multi-mission, tilt rotor aircraft with both a vertical takeoff and landing and short takeoff and landing capability. It has a maximum speed of 316 miles per hour at sea level and a range of 879 miles. A total of 233 V-22 Ospreys are in operation.


The second-year funding comes under a multiyear funding procurement contract for the purchase of a total of 100 V-22s over the next five years.

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 22:50
Saab to integrate Meteor missiles onto Gripen E fighters


LINKOPING, Sweden, Dec. 18 (UPI)


Saab of Sweden is integrating MBDA's Meteor missile system on Gripen E fighter aircraft under a contract from the Swedish Defense Materiel Administration.


The order from FMV for integration of the beyond-line-of-sight, air-to-air weapon system is worth nearly $29.3 million.


Saab said the order is in addition to an FMV contract issued in February for development and modification of the Gripen E, a multi-role fighter produced by Saab.


"The additional order secures the implementation of integration of the weapon system Meteor for Gripen E," said Ulf Nilsson, head of Saab's Gripen product unit. "It also confirms Gripen's position as the leading fighter system with a flexible design that offers great possibilities to integrate new capabilities."


Meteor, manufactured by France-based MBDA, was developed under a collaborative project involving Sweden, France, Italy, Spain, Germany and Britain. At the end of June 2013 Saab, in cooperation with FMV, conducted the first test firing of the serial production configuration of Meteor.

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 21:57
Le Brésil n’achètera pas le Rafale


18/12 Par Bruno Trevidic – LesEchos.fr


Le gouvernement brésilien a finalement fait le choix du Gripen du suédois Saab pour la fourniture de 36 avions de combat, pour une valeur de 4 milliards de dollars.


Le Rafale de Dassault Aviation n’ira pas au Brésil. Après des années de tergiversations, le gouvernement brésilien a finalement fait le choix du Gripen du suédois Saab pour la fourniture de 36 avions de combat, pour une valeur de 4 milliards de dollars. L’avion suédois, qui était également opposé au F-18 Super Hornet de Boeing, serait la solution la moins onéreuse, selon des informations de la presse brésilienne.


Même si les chances du Rafale semblaient très compromises ces derniers temps, cette décision est une défaite de taille pour l’avion français, qui semblait, un temps, très près de l’emporter. En septembre 2009, le président Nicolas Sarkozy en visite au Brésil avait même cru pouvoir annoncer un accord avec le président brésilien Lula sur la vente de 36 Rafale. Mais la décision finale, prévue pour décembre 2009, avait été reportée à plusieurs reprises et la présidence de Lula s’était finalement achevée sans que le contrat ne soit signé. Son successeur Dilma Rousseff jugea ensuite plus urgent de reporter la décision, pour cause de restrictions budgétaires, plongeant le camp français dans le doute et ouvrant la porte à une vigoureuse contre-offensive commerciale américaine, qui replaça le F-18 en pole position. Les révélations sur l’espionnage de la présidence brésilienne par l’Agence nationale de sécurité (NSA) américaine, qui provoquent l’annulation en octobre d’un voyage officiel de Dilma Rousseff aux Etats-Unis, sonnent le glas des espérances américaines. Mais sans pour autant relancer les chances du Rafale. En dépit d’une visite officielle de François Hollande au Brésil, le 12 septembre, Brasilia aurait finalement jugé le Rafale trop cher.


Malgré cet échec, Dassault reste néanmoins confiant sur ses chances de signer un premier contrat à l’export pour le Rafale en Inde, courant 2014. Depuis janvier 2012, l’avionneur est en négociation exclusive avec les Indiens pour la fourniture de 189 appareils d’une valeur de 13 milliards d’euros.

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 21:55
Les lauréats du prix armée de l’air 2013


18.12.2013 CESA


Prix Clément Ader : Monsieur Rémi Laplace est Docteur en informatique, doctorat soutenu à l’université de Bordeaux 1 sous la direction du professeur Serge Chaumette. Ses domaines de recherche sont la flotte de terminaux mobiles, réseaux DTN, les essaims de drones et la validation des preuves formelles d’algorithmes.

La thèse de M. Laplace, Applications et services DTN pour flotte collaborative de drones, porte sur la mise en place d’une flotte de drones et le portage sur celle-ci d’applications distribuées utilisant des communications asynchrones, sans intervention du sol. L’étude concerne les drones à voilure tournante. L’objectif de ce travail est de montrer la faisabilité de la mise en essaim d’une flotte coopérative de drones autonomes communiquant par échanges de messages de type broadcast asynchrone et de référencer les problèmes techniques, humains et réglementaires soulevés par ce dispositif.


Prix René Mouchotte : Monsieur Kévin Martin est titulaire d’un master 2 professionnel « études européennes et internationales » spécialité "enjeux et dynamiques de l’intégration européenne". Dans le cadre de ses études, il a réalisé des stages au sein du groupe Safran-Snecma au département des affaires IES (information économique et stratégique) ainsi qu’au sein de la fondation pour la recherche stratégique (FRS) au pôle "industries de défense".

A travers son mémoire, La coopération des Etats et des industries aéronautiques européennes de la Défense à travers les démonstrateurs technologiques U.C.A.S, l’auteur se propose d’appréhender les coopérations européennes futures sur le segment des avions de chasse et plus particulièrement des drones de combat : il examine ainsi en quoi les programmes de démonstrateurs technologiques aéronautiques représentent un défi pour la construction de la politique et de l’industrie européenne de défense. Le mémoire dresse dans ce cadre un état des lieux de la coopération de recherche en matière de défense à travers les programmes aéronautiques. Il analyse ensuite plus précisément les démonstrateurs technologiques.

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 18:45
A simulated landmine exploding under a Husky 2G during test

A simulated landmine exploding under a Husky 2G during test


13 December 2013 by defenceWeb


After being exposed to stringent ballistic and blast tests at the CSIR’s Paardefontein test facility outside Pretoria, DCD Protected Mobility’s two-man operated Husky 2G met NATO’s stringent blast protection requirements, something its manufacturer said was a significant achievement.


The Husky 2G surpassed blast requirements defined in STANAG 4569 — a NATO standard covering protection levels for occupants of logistic and light armoured vehicles during strikes from kinetic energy and artillery as well as IED blasts.


Andrew Mears, General Manager at DCD Protected Mobility, explained there is a basic requirement which needs to be met as well as a second higher requirement users of the vehicle would like to see met. “It is significant the Husky 2G surpassed this second requirement,” he said after the tests.


The Husky 2G route clearance vehicle is in service worldwide and has collectively been subjected to more than 6 500 landmine and IED strikes in the field with minimal operator casualties. Its ability to safely execute dangerous route clearance missions and return to base safely has attracted the loyalty and confidence of countless Husky operators.


DCD Protected Mobility invests a significant portion of its revenue into R&D to enhance the safety of vehicle operators and the survivability of the vehicle, the company said. The Husky 2G operators’ cabin successfully withstands Level 3 Kinetic Energy and Level 5 Artillery Threats as defined in the NATO standard. At Paardefontein the Husky 2G was also successfully subjected to Level 4a and Level 4b blast tests, in which 10 kg TNT surrogate mines were placed under the wheel and under the rearmost edge of the V-hull.



A DCD Protected Mobility Husky 2G undergoing blast tests.

A DCD Protected Mobility Husky 2G undergoing blast tests.


An instrumented seated anthropomorphic test device (ATD) was inside the Husky 2G during the tests. The ATD, which simulates the presence of a human operator, was fully clothed and fitted with military boots and socks. Various accelerometers, load cells and pressure sensors were installed on it and high speed cameras were positioned inside the cab to record body movement.


Not only did the Husky 2G vehicle successfully survive the stringent tests but more significantly, the vehicle could be repaired in the field an hour after the test. DCD said one particular Husky 2G vehicle underwent three detonation tests in three weeks and the vehicle has been repaired and will be utilised for further R&D projects.


The Husky vehicle-mounted mine detection system (VMMD), previously known as the Chubby system, was developed in the 1970s for the South African Defence Force to clear roads of mines in Namibia and Angola. The system comprises of two Husky vehicles: the first acts as a Mine Detection Vehicle (MDV) (previously a Meerkat). The second vehicle (a Husky) tows a mine-detonating trailer.


The South African Army uses the Meerkat while the Husky system is being used by Canada, the USA, UK, France, Australia, Angola, Kenya, Uganda, Spain and Turkey.

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 16:55
photo Alexandre Paringaux

photo Alexandre Paringaux

18.12.2013 Sagem DS

Grâce à la complémentarité de ses différentes expertises technologiques, Sagem (Safran) propose une large gamme de solutions optroniques haut de gamme à ses clients. Explications de Jean-Christophe Mugler, directeur commercial et marketing de Sagem, Division Optronics & Defense.


Comment expliquez-vous le leadership de Sagem sur le marché de l’optronique ?

Rappelons d’abord ce qu’est l’optronique : il s’agit de la synthèse de l’optique et de tout ce qui relève de la détection, du traitement des images et de leur stabilisation. Sagem dispose aujourd’hui d’une maîtrise des capteurs optiques couvrant l’ensemble des différentes bandes spectrales, du visible jusqu’à l’infrarouge. En parallèle, Sagem a développé un savoir-faire en matière de traitement et de stabilisation des images. Cette double expertise nous permet de concevoir des applications optroniques destinées à des industries de pointe, comme le spatial, l’aéronautique, la défense, la sécurité…
Notre appartenance à Safran représente également un atout de taille. Lors du salon Milipol 2013, où était présentée notre gamme d’équipements optroniques portables, nous avons pu valoriser les synergies entre Sagem et Morpho (Safran). Dans le domaine commercial, puisque nous avons des clients communs dans les forces de police et les forces spéciales, mais aussi technologique, comme le traitement d’images où nos deux sociétés possèdent des expertises complémentaires. Les compétences de Morpho en reconnaissance faciale se combinent en effet très bien avec celles que nous avons développées sur la fusion de bandes spectrales*.


Quelle est votre stratégie sur ce marché ?

Les acteurs y sont nombreux, mais très peu sont positionnés sur le haut de gamme. Notre stratégie consiste à proposer des produits à haute valeur ajoutée, mais dans des volumes de production qui permettent de garder des coûts attractifs. Nous avons aussi réussi à tirer le meilleur parti de la combinaison de l’optronique avec la stabilisation par capteurs inertiels, autre expertise de Sagem, ce qui représente un atout concurrentiel précieux. Enfin, nous intégrons nos solutions optroniques à des offres de service plus vastes : des systèmes de fantassins modernisés, de drones ou d’aéro-surveillance…
Et si nos clients exigent bien sûr des produits performants, ils attendent également un soutien, un accompagnement à long terme. Cette proximité repose sur les partenariats noués avec des industriels locaux, capables d’apporter des solutions de maintenance et de service au plus près des besoins de nos clients.

Les boules gyrostabilisées pour hélicoptères sont produites dans l’usine Sagem de Dijon | © Daniel Linares


Quel est le profil de vos clients ?

Sur le marché de l’optronique, nous comptons environ 500 clients dont l’armée américaine, les ministères de la Défense allemand, britannique... Nous vendons ainsi, chaque année, plusieurs milliers de caméras thermiques pour véhicules blindés, mais aussi des boules gyrostabilisées pour hélicoptères, des jumelles infrarouges destinées à équiper les fantassins des forces spéciales, ou encore des équipements de veille marine, notamment des périscopes de sous-marins. À noter enfin que l’export représente 75 % de notre activité !

* Opération qui consiste à fusionner plusieurs images issues de différentes bandes spectrales.

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 13:56
Dépenses militaires et croissance économique en France : préférence à l'équipement


18/12/2013. par Julien Malizard, Université Montpellier 1 - Presses de Sciences Po


Si aujourd’hui le budget de la défense française reste plus élevé que dans la plupart des pays, il est soumis à des contraintes qui peuvent sembler antagonistes.


D’une part, le Livre blanc de la Défense de 2013 indique que la France pourrait être soumise à de nouvelles menaces, en particulier à celle du terrorisme et de la guerre bactériologique. D’autre part, le contexte financier inciterait plutôt à une baisse des dépenses de l’État. Avant d’arbitrer entre objectifs stratégiques et contraintes budgétaires, il est essentiel de bien comprendre les liens entre les dépenses militaires et la croissance économique.


Les politiques de défense sont rarement débattues en France. Pourtant, parce qu’elles représentent encore 75 % des investissements publics de l’État, elles ont des conséquences économiques non négligeables. Le secteur militaire représente en moyenne 21,5 % des dépenses publiques sur la période 1960-2008, et presque 10 % des emplois industriels sont liés à l’industrie d’armements.


L’effort budgétaire consacré au ministère de la Défense est confirmé par la Loi de programmation militaire (LPM) pour la période 2014-2019 : 190 milliards d’euros sont prévus dont 104 milliards affectés aux seuls équipements, des économies étant programmées sur les dépenses de personnel. Cependant, l’expérience passée montre que la mise en œuvre de cette politique est difficile : alors que la LPM pour 2008-2013 prévoyait déjà un basculement en faveur des équipements, le budget a été largement inexécuté avec près de 5,5 milliards d’euros de décalage entre la loi de finance initiale et son exécution budgétaire.


Comment mesurer l’effet de ces dépenses ?


Depuis une quarantaine d’années, en particulier depuis l’ouvrage d’Émile Benoit publié en 1973, les économistes se sont intéressés à l’impact économique de la défense sans arriver à un consensus. Ils distinguent trois mécanismes principaux par lesquels les dépenses militaires affectent la croissance. Le premier relève de l’analyse keynésienne selon laquelle une variation des dépenses militaires affecte à court terme l’activité économique privée grâce à un effet multiplicateur. Le second implique des effets sur l’offre, à long terme, dans la mesure où l’effort de défense affecte la productivité du secteur privé, notamment au travers de retombées technologiques. Enfin la sécurité des acteurs économiques constitue le dernier mécanisme. Ces effets peuvent être divergents, toute la difficulté est donc de savoir comment ils se combinent entre eux.


Pour identifier et mesurer l’effet des dépenses militaires sur la croissance pour la période 1960-2007, nous utilisons un modèle basé sur deux variables principales. La première concerne la croissance économique de la France, et elle est calculée à partir du taux de croissance du PIB par tête. La seconde correspond à l’effort de défense, qu’on évalue par le rapport entre dépenses militaires et PIB. Nous intégrons également à notre modèle le niveau de ressources financières dont dispose l’État ainsi que le contexte géopolitique (conflits, interventions armées, etc.) qui peuvent impacter le niveau d’effort de défense.


Les premiers résultats de notre modélisation permettent d’affirmer qu’il existe une relation globalement positive entre ces dépenses et la croissance économique. L’effet d’abord négatif de ces dépenses est dominé, sur le long terme, par l’impact positif des dépenses d’équipement, qui constituent les principaux investissements de l’État et qui exercent un effet d’entraînement sur la croissance.


Des dépenses dont les retombées économiques dépendent du contexte


Ce résultat mérite cependant d’être affiné si l’on envisage que l’influence des dépenses militaires sur la croissance économique n’est pas nécessairement uniforme. Nous testons alors notre modèle selon trois hypothèses de croissance. Nous constatons qu’en cas de croissance faible, l’impact de l’effort de défense est tout d’abord positif avant de devenir négatif. Ce constat semble s’expliquer par le fait que les dépenses militaires, non essentielles, constituent dans ce contexte une perte sèche, d’autres dépenses publiques étant plus à même de servir de moteur à la croissance. En cas de croissance élevée, l’effet des dépenses de défense sur la croissance est également négatif à long terme, notamment parce que ces dépenses génèrent des tensions inflationnistes.


À ce stade, nous pouvons dire que les dépenses militaires ne sont pas un instrument de politique économique efficace. Cependant, si les retombées économiques de ces dépenses ne sont pas leur vocation première et si leur premier objectif reste d’assurer la sécurité, il est pertinent de chercher à améliorer l’efficacité de ces dépenses. Selon les résultats présentés ici, il paraîtrait par exemple préférable, dans les contextes de croissance faible ou élevée, de privilégier les dépenses de fonctionnement qui, agissant à court terme, permettraient de stimuler la demande. En revanche, en régime de croissance modérée, ce sont plutôt les investissements du ministère de la Défense, premier investisseur central public, qui génèrent des effets positifs sur la croissance.


Aussi, face aux perspectives actuelles de croissance (a priori moyennes) et aux orientations conduisant à la réduction de l’effort de défense, il semble préférable de privilégier le budget d’équipement par rapport à celui consacré au fonctionnement, ce qui valide d’un point de vue économique les décisions prises dans la LPM. Ce choix permettrait non seulement de répondre à l’impératif de modernisation des armées françaises dans un contexte financier défavorable, mais aussi de maintenir un effet favorable de ces dépenses sur la croissance française.

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 12:40
Russie: la défense antimissile regroupée en une seule structure


MOSCOU, 18 décembre - RIA Novosti


L'agence fédérale spatiale russe (Roskosmos) collabore avec l'état-major des forces armées russes pour créer un groupe réunissant les intérêts des forces de défense aérospatiale (VKO) et des troupes de missiles stratégiques (RVSN), écrit mercredi le quotidien Kommersant.


Le vice-premier ministre russe Dmitri Rogozine a déclaré récemment que début 2014, la commission militaro-industrielle préparerait et présenterait au président des propositions pour la gestion de la base technique des forces de défense aérospatiale et des troupes de missiles stratégiques (RVSN).


Selon certaines informations, ce projet inspiré par Roskosmos et l'état-major des forces armées russes est pratiquement achevé. "Roskosmos est pressentie comme structure dirigeante de ce groupe, dont trois autres grands holdings feront partie – Almaz-Anteï, Missiles tactiques et la corporation unifiée balistique et spatiale en cours de création", déclare une source au sein du gouvernement.


Cette dernière affirme que ce projet vise à renforcer la coordination du potentiel de recherche et technique entre les producteurs d'armements. "Il est nécessaire d'établir une politique technique commune aussi bien dans les entreprises en particulier que dans l'ensemble de l'industrie de la défense", a souligné la source.


Il était prévu de présenter ce projet à Vladimir Poutine le 29 novembre lors des réunions à Sotchi avec les représentants de l'industrie spatiale de missiles et du ministère de la Défense, cependant en raison de l'emploi du temps chargé du président personne n'a insisté sur le règlement de cette question le plus rapidement possible.


Almaz-Alteï s'est refusé à tout commentaire. Une source de Roskosmos a déclaré que le projet du groupe avait encore besoin d'être mis au point mais que la direction soutenait la formation d'une telle structure.


Cette intégration n'est pas vraiment appréciée par la direction des Missiles tactiques. Le holding a déclaré hier qu'il était au courant de l'intention de les intégrer au groupe, mais qu'il n'avait pas participé directement à l'élaboration du projet. "Nous ne sommes absolument pas d'accord avec un tel scénario, déclare une source proche du holding. Nous visons un certain résultat et des changements structurels pourraient y faire obstacle."


Les experts sont sceptiques en ce qui concerne les perspectives de fusion des quatre structures et soulignent que cette idée a besoin d'être réfléchie plus en profondeur. "La passion pour le gigantisme héritée de l'époque soviétique pourrait rendre cette structure incontrôlable tôt ou tard, estime Rouslan Poukhov, directeur du Centre d'analyse stratégique et technologique.

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 12:35
Avions de combat : 38 MiG-21 se sont crashés en Inde en dix ans

Le Rafale devrait remplacer une grande partie de la vieillle flotte de MiG-21 encore en service dans l'armée de l'air indienne


17/12/2013 Michel Cabirol – laTribune.fr


Alors que l'armée de l'air indienne subit une forte attrition de sa flotte de MiG-21, Dassault Aviation tente de boucler toutes les négociations pour mettre dans les mains de New Delhi un contrat prêt à être signé vers mars 2014.


Durant les dix dernières années entre 2003 et 2013, l'armée de l'air indienne (Indian Air Force ou IAF), quatrième puissance aérienne mondiale, a perdu 38 MiG-21, a révélé mardi le ministère de la défense indien. Des pertes assez fréquentes en Inde. L'IAF dispose encore d'une flotte de 254 MiG-21 en service, qui vont progressivement être retirés des bases aériennes, notamment les MiG-21 T-77. Les premiers MiG-21 sont entrés en service dans l'armée de l'air indienne en mars 1963.

La semaine dernière, la base aérienne de Kalaikunda a retiré du service trois vieux MiG-27 T-77 en présence du chef d'état-major de l'armée de l'air indienne, N.A.K. Browne. Ce dernier avait estimé que cet "événement" marquait une nouvelle page dans l'histoire de l'IAF après "presque cinq décennies de service opérationnel remarquable rendu par cet avion de combat  iconique". La flotte de MiG-21 T-77 a volé en moyenne 9.000 heures par an.


Et le Rafale ?

Selon le ministère de la défense, "aujourd'hui, tandis que nous avons des Sukhoï 30 et sommes impatients d'accueillir le Rafale, les MiG-21 (toutes les versions) continuent à fièrement contribuer à la force opérationnelle de l'IAF". Dassault Aviation négocie depuis janvier 2012 la vente de 126 Rafale à New Delhi.

Le ministère a rappelé ce mardi que le remplacement de la flotte par une nouvelle génération d'avions de combat dépendait de la sécurité nationale et des objectifs stratégiques ainsi que des exigences opérationnelles des forces armées.

Selon nos informations, toutes les équipes de négociations sous le leadership de Dassault Aviation, qui planchent sur l'ensemble des transferts de technologies (ToT), mettent depuis ces deux derniers mois les bouchées doubles pour terminer le plus vite possible la rédaction de tous les contrats. Objectif du PDG de Dassault Aviation, Eric Trappier : terminer la négociation vers mars 2014 pour que le contrat soit "signable" avant les élections législatives indiennes prévues en mai. Ce qui ne veut pas dire que le contrat sera signé dans la foulée.


Deux ans d'attente pour MBDA

MBDA est par exemple en attente de signer le mégacontrat SRSAM (Short Range Surface to Air Missile), un missile sol-air de nouvelle génération, co-développé avec le DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) et coproduit avec l'industriel indien Bharat Dynamics Limited, depuis deux ans que les négociations sont terminées, en décembre 2011 exactement. Aujourd'hui, certains industriels du Team Rafale (Dassault Aviation, Thales et Safran) comptent désormais sur un contrat pour la fourniture de 126 Rafale à l'armée de l'air indienne en 2015, selon des sources concordantes. Peut-être fin 2014 sans trop y croire.

Un contrat, pour être notifié, doit être approuvé successivement par le ministère de la Défense, puis par celui des Finances et enfin par le CCS (Cabinet Committee on Security), présidé par le Premier ministre. Le CCS réunit également les ministres indiens de la Défense, des Finances, de l'Intérieur et des Affaires étrangères.

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 08:50
New TRS-4D naval radar for German F125 frigates demos capabilities in sea trials


Dec 17, 2013 ASDNews Source : Cassidian


    High precision, particularly when detecting small targets


Cassidian’s new radar for the German Navy’s F125 class frigates has demonstrated its particular reconnaissance and surveillance capabilities during tests in the North Sea and Baltic Sea and during factory acceptance tests. In two test series of several weeks, the TRS-4D naval radar showed an extraordinarily high precision, particularly when detecting small targets such as UAVs, guided missiles and periscopes. Subsequently, the customer confirmed the system’s capabilities during the factory acceptance test at Cassidian’s Ulm location.


At the beginning of the test series, which ran for over a year, the radar underwent functional tests on the beach, which were carried out by the Bundeswehr Technical Centre No. 71 in Surendorf. Next year, the first system is planned to be integrated into the “Baden-Württemberg” lead ship.


Read more

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 08:20
Rolls-Royce work ongoing on engines used on V-22s


LONDON, Dec. 17 (UPI)


The Naval Air Systems Command has exercised a final option year of a contract with Rolls-Royce for the company's support of AE 1107C engines for V-22 aircraft.


The option, the fifth for the company's MissionCare services, carries a value of $57.1 million and includes repair and support services at Rolls-Royce's facilities in Indianapolis and Oakland, Calif.


"Rolls-Royce is committed to providing innovative and affordable support to our U.S. military customers," said Rolls-Royce President Paul Craig. "We are focused on keeping their aircraft flying while continually seeking new solutions that will enhance their mission capability in future."


The Bell Boeing V-22 has both vertical takeoff and landing and short takeoff and landing capabilities. It is flown by the U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Air Force.


Rolls-Royce said it has developed modifications to the AE 1107C engine which enable it to deliver 17 percent additional power. The modifications are being implemented under the MissionCare support contract and have increased "hot and high" performance while significantly increasing time on wing.


Details of the modifications were not provided.

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17 décembre 2013 2 17 /12 /décembre /2013 21:55
 Eurosatory 2014

source Eurosatory


Eurosatory 2014 continues its development:

- Latest technologies in French Overseas Military Operations, with the presence of the French Ministry of Defence and the French Army Forces on a 3523 m² exhibition area.
- A special area dedicated to security and assistance to population, with Police, Gendarmerie and Firefighters stands.
- A growing exhibition area, including 34 international pavilions (2012 figures). New countries in 2014: Colombia and Japan.
- Two fully reorganized halls for optimal visitor circulation and a large area of outdoor display.



Eurosatory 2014, the entire supply chain offering at one single event:

- Major multinational industry prime contractors, OEMs, innovating and specialized companies, and Defence & Security subcontractors.
- The entire Land and Air-Land D&S Supply chain, from core components to final products
- Access proven solutions at controlled cost as well as high-technology products.

The always acclaimed technology clusters, expanded in 2014 and linked to latest trends:

- Simulation & training
- Unmanned aerial and ground vehicles
- Embedded electronics
- Measurements, tests and testing centers
- Infrastructure & Critical facilities protection
- Civil security & Emergency Response

Eurosatory is also:

The CEO’s exhibition - Over 50 % of exhibiting companies are represented by their Chairman or CEO, underlining the exceptional value of this unique event.

The simulation exhibition - The large number of simulation exhibitors makes Eurosatory one of the world’s major simulation events and the first in Europe.

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17 décembre 2013 2 17 /12 /décembre /2013 18:30
MEKO 200T series of the Turkish Navy

MEKO 200T series of the Turkish Navy

HAIFA, Israel, Dec. 17 (UPI)


The Israeli navy is getting two German-built frigates under a $1.37 billion contract that will build up its maritime firepower, officials said.

Their primary mission is expected to be protecting the Jewish state's rich natural gas fields in the eastern Mediterranean.

The warships, which the Israelis are expected to pack with their own weapons and electronic systems, such as the Barak 8 medium-range air defense system produced by Israel Aerospace Industries, will be the most advanced surface vessels in the Israeli navy.

The frigates will reinforce three advanced Super Dvora Mark III missile corvettes, known as Sa'ar 5s, currently on order from state-run IAI's shipyards in Haifa. These ships will join four already in service and will be primarily deployed to shield the offshore fields that currently contain an estimated 30 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, with more expected that will earn an estimated $150 billion in export revenue over the next two decades.

That makes the gas fields, and the attendant production infrastructure, a high-value strategic asset that will transform the country's economy after decades of dependence on imported energy.

The German vessels are believed to be MEKO class F221 frigates developed by Blohm + Voss at their Hamburg yards equipped with 76mm guns, surface-to-air missiles, torpedoes and Harpoon anti-ship missiles.

Defense sources say the Israelis were split between buying four low-end corvettes or two high-end frigates, but opted for the more advanced vessels because they can undertake other missions, such as countering the growing submarine threat in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea.

Iran has said it will deploy its Russian-built Kilo-class submarines in these waters, while Egypt is negotiating with Germany to acquire at least two Type-209 diesel-electric attack submarines produced by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft AG of Kiel.

HDW also builds the advanced Dolphin-class submarines deployed by the Israeli navy, with four operational and two more under construction. The Dolphin is based on the Type-209 but with classified Israeli missiles and electronic systems.

The 7,000-strong Israeli navy, long the Cinderella service of the armed forces, has been expanding at a time when Israel's defense budget is being heavily cut.

That situation could change once gas exports get underway, possibly via underwater pipelines to Turkey or Europe, or via liquefied gas terminals from which exports are shipped by tanker.

The Israeli press has reported on more than one occasion that the cost of bolstering the navy's capabilities could be partly underwritten by state-owned companies involved in constructing and operating the gas field infrastructure.

In April, Capt. Ilan Lavi, director of the Israeli navy's planning division, said the new offshore gas industry offers Israel's adversaries a tempting target whose destruction would have a strategic impact on Israel's economy.

"We have to build an entirely new defensive envelope," he said.

The navy has been gradually building up patrols around the gas fields, primarily the largest fields, Leviathan and Tamar off the coast of northern Israel.

Tamar, with some 8.4 trillion cubic feet of gas, began production in March. Leviathan, which covers around 125 square miles and contains around 17 trillion cubic feet of gas, is expected to follow in 2016.

Security concerns grew this year when Russia supplied Syria with 72 supersonic Yakhont anti-ship missiles, some of which the Israelis fear could be handed over the regime's Lebanese ally Hezbollah.

The Yakhonts have the range to reach the Israeli gas fields, particularly if fired from south Lebanon.

"Another danger is a proximity attack, by frogmen, by boats, by terrorists in some fashion," Gen. Giora Eiland, a former Israeli national security adviser, told the Globes business daily recently.

Hezbollah, backed by Iran and Syria, is viewed as a particular threat.

Its guerrillas drove Israeli forces out of south Lebanon in May 2000 to end 22 years of occupation and fought Israel's vaunted military to a standstill in a 34-day war in 2006. Hezbollah is currently believed to have an arsenal of more than 60,000 missiles and rockets.

In February 2012, the Israeli navy seized an Iranian arms shipment that authorities said was bound for the Palestinian Hamas group in the Gaza Strip bordering southern Israel. It contained 50 tons of arms, including six Nasr-1 radar-guided anti-ship missiles.

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17 décembre 2013 2 17 /12 /décembre /2013 17:50
New investment in Successor submarines

A computer-generated image of a Successor Class submarine [Picture: BAE Systems]


16 December 2013 Ministry of Defence


The Defence Secretary has announced £79 million of investment in the next generation of Royal Navy submarines.



The Successor submarines, which will carry the UK’s strategic nuclear deterrent, will be the largest and most advanced boats operated by the Navy, and their design and construction will be the most technologically complex in the history of the UK.

Two contracts worth £47 million and £32 million have been awarded to BAE Systems Maritime-Submarines who are leading on the design of the vessels.

The investment will allow BAE Systems, who currently have more than a thousand people working on the Successor programme, to begin work on some initial items for the submarines that are due to replace the Vanguard Class from 2028. It is essential these items, which include structural fittings, electrical equipment, castings and forgings are ordered now to ensure the submarines are able to meet their in-service date.

MOD has also released a picture today which shows for the first time how the early designs of Successor are taking shape. The image forms part of an update on the Successor programme that has been presented to Parliament.

Defence Secretary Philip Hammond said:

This £79 million investment is another important milestone in our preparations to build these world-leading submarines. The current Vanguard Class of deterrent submarines perform a vital role in the defence of the UK and the replacement for this capability is of national importance.

The Successor programme is supporting around 2,000 jobs, and up to 850 British businesses could benefit from the supply chain as we exploit the most modern technologies and employ a significant portion of the UK’s engineers, project managers and technicians over the coming years.

First Sea Lord Admiral Sir George Zambellas said:

The Royal Navy has been operating continuous at-sea deterrent patrols for more than 40 years and the Successor submarines will allow us to do so with cutting-edge equipment well into the future.

The submarines are being designed to be some of the stealthiest in the world and are expected to see operational service from the late 2020s right up to the 2060s.

The Successor design and build programme is amongst the most complex ever undertaken by British industry. The total number of MOD and industrial staff currently working on the Successor programme is around 2,000, with more than half working as engineers and designers.

Over 850 potential UK suppliers have so far been identified as benefiting from investment in the programme and as many as 6,000 people will be involved by the time that the construction reaches a peak

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17 décembre 2013 2 17 /12 /décembre /2013 17:50
A400M : L’Allemagne compte toujours sur une livraison fin 2014


17.12.2013 Helen Chachaty journal-aviation.com


La Luftwaffe a annoncé qu’elle espérait toujours la livraison de son premier A400M pour la fin de l’année 2014, même si l’avion ne possédait pas encore toutes ses capacités.


Le CEMAA allemand, le Generalleutnant Karl Müllner « part du principe que le délai n’a pas besoin d’être repoussé, étant donné que les capacités minimales ne concernent qu’un nombre réduit d’avions sur un délai restreint » et qu’il n’y a donc pas d’obstacles à la mise en service du premier A400M allemand à la fin de l’année 2014 dès sa réception.


Le communiqué a été publié en réponse au quotidien économique allemand Handelsblatt, qui avait affirmé le 12 décembre dernier que la livraison du premier A400M pourrait être reportée à mi-2015.


Par ailleurs, l’armée de l’air allemande en a profité pour rappeler que les premiers équipages étaient actuellement en cours de formation sur le site d’Airbus Military à Séville et que les travaux du futur centre de formation franco-allemand de Wunstorf avançaient selon le planning établi.

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17 décembre 2013 2 17 /12 /décembre /2013 17:30
photo IMI

photo IMI


17.12.2013 Dr Daniel Rouach et Dr Michael Bickard, - Israel Valley


Ses diverses particularités ont permis à Israël de développer une industrie de défense parmi les plus dynamiques au monde


L’industrie israélienne de l’armement est surdimensionnée par rapport à la taille du pays et fait figure de leader mondial dans de nombreux secteurs dont la production de systèmes électroniques et électrooptiques pour l’amélioration des plates-formes militaires air, sol et mer.


Ces produits incluent par exemple le matériel de vision nocturne, les drones, les produits lasers, les systèmes de photographie aérienne ainsi que les systèmes de management des données et de communication. L’industrie militaire israélienne est cependant également présente dans d’autres secteurs, tels que la production aérospatiale et le marketing des composantes du satellite spatial « Amos 1 », la production de munitions, d’équipement militaire et de matériel de protection.


Le degré d’internationalisation de l’industrie israélienne de défense est remarquable. En effet, celle-ci réalise 80% de son chiffre d’affaire à l’exportation (contre moins de 50% pour les autres pays) ce qui explique comment Israël peut avoir une industrie de défense aussi développée par rapport à la taille de son économie.


Fort de son expérience du terrain, Israël sait mettre en valeur son savoir-faire pour conquérir des parts de marché. Le montant des exportations de l’industrie israélienne de défense avait atteint il y a sept ans 4,4 milliards de Dollars. Ce chiffre représentait 10% des ventes d’armes dans le monde. Le pays est ainsi devenu le quatrième exportateur d’armes après les Etats-Unis, la Russie et la France.


L’Inde est le premier marché d’exportation des entreprises israéliennes de défense. Le géant asiatique en plein boom économique ne fait pas face aux mêmes restrictions que son grand concurrent la Chine. Du coup, elle est devenue une cible privilégiée des exportateurs israéliens. Les ventes vers le sous-continent atteignent par an environ la somme de 2 milliards de Dollars. Autrement dit : l’Inde représente un quart de l’activité militaire israélienne – c’est-à-dire autant que ce que l’état hébreu consomme lui-même pour sa propre défense. La plus grosse vente (connue et non couverte par la censure) vers l’Inde a été celle du système naval anti-missile Barak pour 450 millions de Dollars.


Les Etats-Unis constituent un partenaire privilégié d’Israël. Les armes sont souvent co-produites, voire développées ensemble comme par exemple le système anti-missile Arrow, les missiles « Popeye » ou encore la production d’une version de l’avion de combat F16. De nombreuses synergies sont recherchées en R&D entre les deux pays. Les Etats-Unis représentent également le deuxième marché d’exportation de l’industrie israélienne de défense. (A savoir : Les Américains ont acheté en 2006 pour 1 milliard de Dollars de technologies militaires israélienne ; ce qui correspond à une multiplication par plus de 3 depuis les 300 millions de Dollars de ventes réalisées en 1999).


Le secteur est à la fois constitué d’entreprises publiques et privées. Les plus connues d’entre elles se nomment “RAFAEL Armament Development Authority Ltd.”, “Israel Aircraft Industries Ltd.” (IAI), “Israel Military Industries Ltd.” (IMI), et “ELTA Systems Ltd.”. Le nombre d’employés par les entreprises publiques du secteur israélien de la défense a atteint des dizaine de milliers de dollars et les actifs de ces entreprises atteignaient la valeur de plusieurs milliards de dollars.

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17 décembre 2013 2 17 /12 /décembre /2013 16:50
Background Information EU Council


Brussels - 16 December, 2013 European Defence Agency


Security and defence is on the agenda of the European Council of 19-20 December. EU leaders are expected to provide political guidance on the way ahead for the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). Their discussion will be cover the effectiveness, visibility and impact of CSDP; capabilities and defence industry. 


The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) is an essential tool in the foreign policy of the European Union. Since 2003, the EU has deployed some 30 missions and operations around the world. CSDP also offers the framework for enhanced cooperation among Member States by Pooling & Sharing military capabilities, the only way forward in a context of growing threats and budgetary limitations. It also supports the strengthening of the European defence industry, which is essential for the EU's strategic autonomy as well as a driver for jobs, growth and innovation. 


In preparation to the EU Council, the European Defence Agency made proposals for four capability programmes and their associated roadmaps in order to address critical shortfalls identified in recent operations: 

  • Air-to-Air Refuelling, with the objective of establishing a multinational fleet from 2019;

  • Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems, with the objective of laying the foundations for a European solution in the 2020-2025 timeframe;

  • Governmental Satellite Communication, with the objective of preparing the next generation in the 2025 timeframe; 

  • Cyber Defence, with a focus on technology, training and protection of EU assets. 


EDA also proposed measures to back defence industry in Europe, including SMEs, by supporting research and innovation in Europe through prioritisation (list of European critical defence technologies), investment in critical technologies and greater synergies with EU instruments. More information can be found in the dedicated factsheets here below.


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17 décembre 2013 2 17 /12 /décembre /2013 08:50
De nombreux emplois d’ingénieur aéronautique menacés dans les prochaines années


16.12.2013 Mariama Diallo - journal-aviation.com


Alors que l’industrie aéronautique prévoit de recruter 15 000 personnes en 2013 du fait de l’augmentation des cadences de production, les sociétés d’ingénierie et bureaux d’études aéronautiques sont confrontés à une baisse d’activité significative.


En cause, la fin des phases de conception des grands programmes d’Airbus : Airbus A380, A350, A320neo et l’A400M, l’avion de transport militaire d’Airbus Military. Tous ces programmes, développés au cours des dix dernières années, ont nécessité des investissements colossaux en recherche et développement (R&D). Les nouveaux programmes, A350-900, A320neo et A350-1000, doivent respectivement entrer en service au second semestre 2014, fin 2015 et fin 2017.


Mis à part des travaux d’amélioration et d'optimisation récurrents, ces programmes ne nécessitent plus le même niveau d'investissement en recherche et développement. Airbus et ses sous-traitants, qui cherchent à améliorer les process d’industrialisation, se tournent plutôt vers des profils d’ingénieur production.


La région Midi-Pyrénées, fief du groupe EADS et d’Airbus, est la plus concernée. Actuellement les entreprises du secteur de l’ingénierie et des bureaux d’études aéronautiques de la région comptent 20 000 emplois selon les chiffres du comité stratégique de filière régionale. Des milliers d’emplois d’ingénieurs bureaux d’études sont menacés.


Face à cette situation alarmante, Martin Malvy, président de la Région Midi-Pyrénées, a annoncé mercredi 11 décembre qu'il demandera dans les prochains jours au préfet de Région d’organiser dans les meilleurs délais une table ronde réunissant tous les acteurs concernés du secteur, à laquelle la Région s’associera.


« L’absence de nouveaux programmes d’avion avant l’horizon 2020 constitue une nouvelle donne. J’ai déjà eu l’occasion de l’exprimer lors de la dernière assemblée générale du pôle Aerospace Valley. Cette situation peut aussi poser à terme la question du maintien de compétences clés dont nous aurons besoin pour concevoir demain les systèmes et les programmes innovants de nos futurs avions. C’est donc un enjeu important qu’il faut aborder sans tarder avec tous les acteurs concernés », a déclaré M. Malvy dans un communiqué.


Des sociétés sous-traitantes d’Airbus à l’image d’Altran sud-ouest auraient déjà commencé à prendre des mesures, rapporte Les Echos. Cette entreprise d’ingénierie aurait prévu de se séparer de 500 de ses 2 000 consultants dans les deux ans et pousse fortement à la mobilité géographique, révèle le journal économique.

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17 décembre 2013 2 17 /12 /décembre /2013 08:50
Not flashy but effective: Closer EU co-operation in defence investments


13 December 2013 by Clara Marina O'Donnell * - cer.org.uk


This month, European leaders will discuss how to strengthen EU military co-operation. It is the first time that defence has been on the European Council’s agenda since 2008 and EU officials had hoped the member-states would unveil bold initiatives to stem the deterioration of their armed forces. But governments remain wary of ambitious joint efforts in defence. So the best that can be hoped for is that the Council will endorse EU military reforms which are relatively modest, but easier for member-states to support. One of these should be closer co-operation in regulating private investments in European defence companies – somewhat technical and unspectacular but nonetheless useful.

European governments acknowledge that the case for EU defence collaboration is even stronger today than it was when France and the UK launched the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) fifteen years ago: the US will not always be able or willing to help Europeans stem violence in their neighbourhood, so European states must be capable of upholding regional security alone. And EU countries could save money through closer co-operation amongst their armed forces, and by more integration between their fragmented defence markets.

Over the last decade and a half, however, EU states have often disagreed about which parts of their neighbourhood threatened their security and how to respond. Many governments have been averse to putting their troops in danger. They have also been wary of pooling military capabilities without knowing where or how the equipment would be used. And since the outbreak of the economic crisis, governments have also worried that voters would be angry if they funded large joint equipment programmes when ministries of defence are cutting civilian and military personnel.

As a result, EU defence co-operation has struggled. Member-states have deployed under the EU flag 29 times. But many of the missions have been civilian operations. At times, the security restrictions EU states have imposed on their personnel have hampered operations’ effectiveness. Recently, for example, some of the staff from an EU mission designed to help the Libyan authorities improve border security were evacuated to Malta because of concerns about their safety.

The EU published a security strategy in 2003 (and updated it in 2008) in which governments committed to tackle global threats together. But member-states have not paid the strategy enough attention or based national defence planning on it. The European Defence Agency (EDA) has helped member-states improve some of their capabilities, by providing helicopter pilot training for example. But EU countries continue to do much of their maintenance and logistics alone. The EU has introduced rules to make it easier for governments to use competition to drive down prices when buying defence equipment, and to reduce the bureaucracy needed to send military equipment to the armed forces of another member-state. But many equipment programmes are still inefficiently duplicated across the EU. For example, according to the European Commission, there are 11 suppliers of frigates in the EU. Even Europe’s largest defence companies remain relatively small, limiting their ability to reduce costs through economies of scale and to be more innovative. The average American aerospace firm is over 20 times bigger than top EU companies. The challenge for the EU is to find the sweet spot between an oligopoly of suppliers who can raise prices at will, and a proliferation of niche manufacturers serving national markets, whose high unit prices reflect short production runs.

If EU governments want to boost their contribution to international security without increasing their defence spending, they will have no choice but to overcome their various aversions to closer European co-operation. As the CER’s Ian Bond argues, member-states ought to base their co-operation on a common security strategy. Otherwise they will continue to disagree on where to deploy, and refuse to own military equipment in common. But as the last 15 years attest, it will take time for EU states to forge a common military culture. So in the meantime, EU governments should exploit those collaborative measures which are relatively easy to introduce.

One example would be harmonising the system for regulating domestic and foreign investments in their defence companies. Large shareholders can influence a firm’s decisions and access sensitive information, so government checks on investors are essential to national security. But rigid and excessive state controls can unnecessarily restrict the ability of European defence firms to access capital. In France, an EU country with particularly cumbersome controls, the government can investigate attempts by foreign investors to acquire more than a 33 per cent stake in any French defence firm. The state also controls its defence industry through golden shares – enabling it to bloc acquisitions of more than 10 per cent of shares in Thales. And the government itself is a large, and sometimes exclusive, shareholder in several defence firms. In contrast in Sweden, where investment safeguards are lighter, the state has no equity or golden shares in Swedish defence companies. According to former US official Jeffrey Bialos, foreign investors need merely to receive the government’s approval in order to buy a Swedish defence firm (and the CEO must remain Swedish).

As the CER has argued in the past, EU states could streamline their controls on investments in defence companies by relying primarily on ministerial committees instead of inflexible rules and government ownership. As these committees draw on advice from officials and independent experts to examine investment requests on a case by case basis, they reduce the risk of blocking investors unnecessarily.

As a safeguard for the interests of other member-states, EU governments could also make it a legal requirement to consult each other before accepting a sizeable domestic or foreign investment in one of their defence firms. An investment in one EU state could adversely affect another country’s security of supply. For example, the German army might rely on radios produced by a company in Sweden. Deployed German troops could be put at risk if new owners of a Swedish firm decided to stop producing such equipment. The six European countries with the largest defence budgets are already committed to consult each other on such matters. And the EDA has been encouraging all EU member-states to do so. But according to EU officials, governments still rarely check with their neighbours. Legally-binding commitments would change that.

In preparation for the European Council, the European Commission has proposed that it should identify shortfalls in national controls on defence industries and explore options for an EU-wide monitoring system for investments. EU heads of state and government should encourage the Commission to pursue its proposal in close co-operation with the EDA, in order to avoid any duplication of efforts.

Not all European governments yet feel ready to jointly own fleets of drones, or rely on other countries to provide minesweepers for the entire EU. But it would be a missed opportunity if leaders did not use the December European Council to improve the workings of the European defence market in ways that do not require large sums of money or even shared security priorities.


* Clara Marina O’Donnell is a senior fellow at the Centre for European Reform and a non-resident fellow at the Brookings Institution

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