Suivre ce blog Administration + Créer mon blog
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 17:50
Third Astute submarine named Artful

Artful, the latest Royal Navy Astute Class submarine, is unveiled in Barrow-in-Furness (Picture Andrew Linnett, UK MoD)


20 September 2013 Ministry of Defence and Defence Equipment and Support


The Royal Navy's third Astute Class attack submarine has been formally named.


The new submarine was named Artful in a traditional ceremony at the BAE Systems shipyard in Barrow-in-Furness.

Marking this milestone in the vessel’s construction, Lady Amanda Zambellas, the wife of First Sea Lord Admiral Sir George Zambellas, named the submarine in the classic tradition of breaking a bottle on her bow; in this instance a bottle of beer from a local Cumbrian brewery.

Artful and her crew
Artful and her crew at the BAE Systems shipyard in Barrow-in-Furness [Picture: Andrew Linnett, Crown copyright]

The naming ceremony comes just 2 months after MOD announced that the first 2 of the 7 Astute Class submarines, HMS Astute and HMS Ambush, were nearing completion of their extensive sea trials and have been handed over to the Royal Navy to begin to prepare for operations.

Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology Philip Dunne said:

HMS Artful is the third in our fleet of Astute Class submarines, the largest and most advanced attack submarines ordered by the Ministry of Defence; providing unprecedented levels of stealth and attack capability for the Royal Navy.

Artful's crest shows an unspecified species of primate
Artful's crest shows an unspecified species of primate, chosen in 1945 by the Admiralty Advisor on Heraldry for the first vessel to hold the name [Picture: Andrew Linnett, Crown copyright]

Mr Dunne added that the Astute submarine building programme represents a significant investment by the government and is set to sustain more than 5,000 jobs in the UK.

Admiral Zambellas said:

Today’s naming ceremony in Barrow for Artful adds another capable nuclear submarine to the gathering momentum in the Astute Class. Ahead of her, HMS Astute and HMS Ambush are already being pressed hard towards operational use, contributing to the wider renaissance in the UK’s naval equipment programme and adding to the Royal Navy’s operational authority.

Artful, the latest Royal Navy Astute Class submarine
Artful, the latest Royal Navy Astute Class submarine [Picture: Andrew Linnett, Crown copyright]

The Astute class submarines will replace the older Trafalgar Class boats, and possess greater firepower, the latest communications equipment and advanced stealth technology, making them quieter than their predecessors and harder to detect.

Artful is expected to be rolled out of the shipyard construction hall early next year and is due to start sea trials in early 2015. She is the second Royal Navy submarine to hold the name. The first HMS Artful was constructed by Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering in Greenock in 1947.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 17:35
China Says Completes Development of New SSN

September 23, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: People's Daily Online; published September 22, 2013)


Development of China's Fourth-Generation Nuclear Submarine Completed


At the recent 2013 Four Northeastern Provinces Cooperation Leaders' Conference held in Ordos, Inner Mongolia, Tan Zuojun, vice governor of Liaoning Province and former general manager of China State Shipbuilding Corporation, revealed that development of China's fourth-generation nuclear submarines and other high-tech weapons and items of equipment in the Northeastern Provinces of China had been completed. The news attracted considerable attention.


The fourth generation nuclear submarine features high performance and low noise


Military expert Du Wenlong pointed out that the main characteristic of the fourth generation nuclear submarine would be its high performance. Compared with earlier submarines, modern attack submarines differ significantly in offensive power, possessing both anti-submarine capabilities and also strong potential for anti-ship action and attacks on land-based targets.


He pointed out that the fourth generation nuclear submarines of the United States and Russia already have these capabilities; China's fourth-generation nuclear submarines too will be equipped with the appropriate torpedoes, along with missiles suitable for use against other sea-going or land-based targets.


In addition, the Chinese submarine will have low noise output, a key indicator for measuring a modern nuclear submarine's underwater survival capacity, as well as its ability to remain hidden during maneuvers, or undetected while launching an attack. He pointed out that the fourth-generation nuclear submarine will possess effective noise damping features, such as a quieter nuclear power plant with less vibration, and a more advanced hull muffler system, so that it will be difficult to detect even if within range of enemy sonar.


On the question when the fourth-generation nuclear submarine will enter service, Du Wenlong said that completion of development and completion of construction are two different phases - the cycle from completion of development to manufacturing, and then to fitting out and launch, can be very long, perhaps several years. Progress is determined by two factors: one is technical indicators, and the other is strategic need.


A significant enhancement of nuclear counterattack capability


Analysts believe that continual development of attack submarines and strategic nuclear submarines at times of peace, adding better performance and greater combat ability, can enhance strategic deterrence capability. China's strategic nuclear forces are weapons to deter third parties from becoming involved in local conflicts. China firmly adheres to the principle of non-first use of nuclear weapons, but the existence of strategic nuclear submarines will give China a stronger voice and more room for maneuver in the case of any crisis.


In addition, Song Xiaojun points out that the United States, Russia, Britain and France all possess modern strategic nuclear submarines as a symbol of their status as 'Great Powers'; it is natural that China should be unwilling to lag behind.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 17:20
Sikorsky S-97 Raider Begins Final Assembly

The Sikorsky S-97 Raider fuselage prior to departure from Aurora Flight Sciences in West Virginia last week. (Sikorsky)


Sep. 23, 2013 - By AARON MEHTA – Defense News


WASHINGTON — Sikorsky will begin final assembly of its S-97 Raider helicopter prototype this week, according to company officials.


That puts the helicopter manufacturer — which is competing for the US Army’s Armed Aerial Scout program — on track for a first flight at the end of 2014.


“It’s just a really exciting foundational milestone for us, and it’s great to be leaving the design phase of Raider and getting into the build phase,” Chris Van Buiten, Sikorsky Innovations vice president, said.


The Raider is based on the X-2 technology developed by Sikorsky in the late 2000s, but grows the size and weight significantly. Where the X-2 demonstrator was a one-person, 5,000-pound platform, the Raider will be roughly 11,000 pounds with room for six troops in its combat assault mode. In reconnaissance mode, that space could be used for extra equipment or ammunition.


Despite that growth, Sikorsky executives are confident the design will bring a mix of speed and maneuverability that helicopters have not yet achieved.


“This thing has to fly faster than 220 knots” at cruising speed, Van Buiten said when asked about key performance targets. “It has got to do more than a 3G turn at speed. It has to demonstrate hover at 10,000 feet and 95 degrees. Those are the non-negotiables.”


The fuselage, assembled by Aurora Flight Sciences in a West Virginia facility, arrived at Sikorsky’s West Palm Beach, Fla., facility Sept. 20. A composite airframe, the fuselage has been tested to tolerate bird strikes at 230 knots and has shown very low drag, according to the company.


The Armed Aerial Scout program aims to replace the Army’s fleet of OH-58 Kiowa Warriors, in use since the late 1960s. The winner of the program is expected to last well past 2050, meaning the competition would be a long-term windfall for the winner.


Army officials visited with competitors AgustaWestland, Boeing, EADS and Bell Helicopter during the summer of 2012, but the top acquisition adviser to the secretary of the Army told a congressional hearing in May that “we didn’t find a single aircraft that was out there that could meet the Army’s requirements.”


Sikorsky is confident is can fill that role — assuming the replacement program can get funding.


As with all programs in the Pentagon, the Armed Aerial Scout is facing budget challenges. Speaking Sept. 19 on the Hill, Army Chief of Staff Gen. Ray Odierno indicated the program is at risk if sequestration continues.


“In the event sequestration-level discretionary caps continue into FY14, we will assume significant risk in our combat vehicle development,” Odierno said. “In our aviation program, we cannot afford to procure a new Armed Aerial Scout program and we will be forced to reduce the production and modernization of 25 helicopters.”


Despite such warnings, Sikorsky remains confident the Army will find the money to fund the program, according to Steve Engebretson, the company’s Advanced Military Programs director.


“It’s a tough financial environment, but the fact Odierno highlighted this program reflects the level of importance the Army has in that mission,” he said. “To me, it’s at least a sign that if there is a way the Army can get that program going, they will find a way to do that.”


“We understand the climate we’re operating in,” added Van Buiten. “We’re committed to demonstrating this technology, but we understand the customer has a lot of priorities to balance. Our job is to open up the aperture of what’s possible with them.”


Both men can be sanguine, in part, because the development of the Raider has been entirely funded by Sikorsky and its industry partners. While the S-97 is being designed with Armed Aerial Scout in mind, it will also serve as a test bed for further X-2 technologies, which could then go onto future Sikorsky products. Additionally, the company sees the Raider as a demonstrator for a larger machine that would fit the Army’s Joint Multi-Role helicopter replacement program for the service’s Blackhawk fleet.


In other words, the company sees ways to recoup its investment in the prototype even if the program never comes through. That company investment is a point of pride for Van Buiten, whose team was responsible for the design and creation of the Raider.


“We’ve created this innovations group, and one of our charters is to demonstrate differentiating technology that creates competitive advantages for us or all new capability for our customers,” he said. “We don’t have the luxury of using traditional timelines and budgets to do it.”


If the project continues on target, the Raider prototype’s first flight will take place roughly 48 months after its clean-sheet design, a much faster pace than the defense industry normally sees. While costs are not set, the company has estimated it could produce the platform in production quantities for as little as $15 million a copy, including mission system packages.


There is also a potential international market for the technology through the Foreign Military Sales program. The company has been in contact with “several very close allies of the US” about the technology, Engebretson said.


While declining to name which countries might be interested, he said the “international interest roughly equals the quantities the US government is thinking about, in the hundreds.”

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 17:20
New Conflict Mineral Certification Causing Industry Concern

Sep. 23, 2013 - By ZACHARY FRYER-BIGGS – Defense News


WASHINGTON — A small provision in the Dodd-Frank Act meant to create transparency surrounding the use of conflict minerals by publicly traded companies is causing concern in the defense industry, as the magnitude of checking the totality of the supply chain comes into focus ahead of a May 2014 deadline.


The provision does not prevent companies from using minerals mined in countries undergoing conflict, but instead requires that they disclose the use of such minerals to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). For the defense industry, where individual components can have a dozen independent contractors, verifying the source of minerals for all of those contractors is an intimidating undertaking.


Initially, several business groups fought the requirement, including the Chamber of Commerce and the National Association of Manufacturers. But an injunction wasn’t granted, and a successful appeal doesn’t look likely, said Christian Marrone, vice president of the Aerospace Industry Association’s (AIA) national security and acquisition policy group.


“If this were the stages of grief, we’re at acceptance,” he said.


Marrone said the association isn’t focused on fighting the provision, which was the basis for an SEC rule, but rather helping members understand how the rule will work and sorting out its mechanics. To that end, AIA plans to send questions to the SEC to try to clarify how the system will work.


The rule, specifically designed to address concerns about minerals mined in the Democratic Republic of the Congo that have fueled years of conflict, applies only to publicly traded companies, which means many contractors in the defense industry won’t be required to file a report on the origin of the minerals they use. That creates something of a problem for prime contractors in particular, because they must get information from privately held subcontractors in order to verify the origin of all the minerals in the systems they acquire.


“When they ask those questions, a lot of the supply chain is private, so how do you compel those individuals to supply that information when they’re not required to?” asked Micah Edmond, assistant vice president for industrial base policy at AIA.


Edmond said that while the May deadline is fast approaching, companies do have a means to give themselves more time. If they file and say that they essentially don’t know the origin of all of the minerals in the supply chain, they can get an extension that will last another year or two, he said.


Exact numbers on how much compliance will cost and how many companies will be affected are difficult to calculate given uncertainty surrounding implementation of the rule. Some estimates put the cost in the billions for the defense industry alone, and the number of companies affected in the hundreds of thousands.


Despite those costs, the rule serves an important purpose, according to Rep. Jim McDermott, D-Wash., one of the men behind the clause in the House version of the Dodd-Frank Act.


“None of the authors wanted to create undue burden on business, but any discussion of costs would be remiss without including the high human cost of inaction,” he said in a statement provided by his office. “More than 5 million people have been killed in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s civil war. The mining and trade of these minerals has driven the war for over a decade. Manufacturers understand the supply chain and asking them to obtain a certificate is not an undue burden, especially if it will help cut off the funding for rebel groups and put an end to the millions of deaths, untold number of rapes, and slavery of mine workers.”


McDermott pointed to the need to give purchasers visibility on mineral sourcing.


“The law we passed creates the transparency that consumers and investors deserve and will hopefully move the minerals industry to cleaner sources and curb some of the devastation the conflict has left in its wake,” he said.


How a product is built and sourced does seem to have an impact on the consumer market, as seen in the backlash surrounding certain issues with Apple’s supply chain in the last couple of years. Whether those sourcing issues would cause market problems for companies that build products specifically designed to cause death is another question.


Marrone said industry agrees with the intent of the law, but that it forces companies to swallow what may be a large cost in the middle of a budget-cutting environment already causing fiscal pressures.


“I don’t think you’ll find anyone who disagrees with the idea, but it has unintended consequences,” he said. “If you’d done a cost-benefit analysis you probably wouldn’t have done this.”

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 17:20
US Navy begins MZ-3A blimp airship operations in DC region

A US Navy's MZ-3A stationed at Naval Air Station, Patuxent River, Maryland. Photo US Navy.


23 September 2013 naval-technology.com


The US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and the US Navy have began operations of the MZ-3A lighter-than-air blimp, in the regions surrounding Washington DC, US.


Operated by the US Navy's science and technology research squadron, Scientific Development Squadron ONE (VXS-1), the MZ-3A is conducting aerial mapping operations under the special approval of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA).


Powered by two Lycoming engines, the 178ft-long MZ-3A has been designed to use as a testbed for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) sensors requiring a stable and vibration free test eninronment.


The government-owned navy MZ-3A missions are being carried out within the DCA-Special Flight Restrictions Area (DCA-SFRA) and will be followed to northern region to Frederick Municipal Airport (FDK) in Maryland.


Prior to completing the missions which is scheduled on 5 October and departing to the Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division, Lakehurst, New Jersey, the only manned US Navy airship will operate in the southwest near Culpepper, Virginia (CJR).


During special flight operations, pertinent Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) of information regarding visual and instrument (VFR/IFR) flight plans will be issued by the FAA to the region.


Following required or requested on designated and approved Air Traffic Control (ATC) radio frequencies, the FAA will maintain radio communication and flight, throughout the mission.


Integrated Systems Solutions is responsible for maintaining and operating the airship, which remains aloft and nearly stationary for more than twelve hours, in many locations.


In addition, the American Blimp Corporation-built system can conduct various missions in support of technology development for command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) concepts.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 16:50
Sweden Receives First Archer SP Guns

September 23, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Swedish Defence Matériel Agency, FMV; issued Sept. 20, 2013)

(Issued in Swedish only; unofficial translation by defense-aerospace.com)


FMV Takes Delivery of the First Archer SP Gun


BAE Systems Bofors will deliver the first example of the Archer artillery system to FMV on Monday, September 23. The acquisition of Archer is a joint Nordic project together with Norway, and a total of 24 guns have been ordered for the Swedish Armed Forces from BAE Systems Bofors.


“This is a project that delivers one of the best artillery systems. We have met with both successes and setbacks in the project, but now finally delivered the first four vehicles,” says Lena Erixon, Director General FMV.


“The fact that we can now take delivery of the first units is the result of the efforts of our Norwegian partners at FLO, of supplier BAE Systems Bofors - and for that matter also of FMV -- all have helped to get the pieces delivered to the Artillery. They will now be transported to Boden where FMV, FLO and the artillery will continue with trials and training,” says Lena Erixon.


Formal delivery of the first units by BAE Systems Bofors’ Lena Gillström to FMV's Director General Lena Erixon will take place in Karlskoga on Monday, 23 September at 16.00. It will be followed by a delivery inspection and transportation to the artillery base.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 12:50
Royal Navy’s third Astute-class submarine officially christened

HMS Artful during naming ceremony. Photo BAE Systems.


23 September 2013 naval-technology.com


The UK Royal Navy's third Astute-class nuclear-powered submarine has been christened as HMS Artful (S121), during a ceremony held at BAE Systems' shipyard in Barrow-in-Furness, UK.


Built by BAE Systems, the 97m-long and 11.3m-wide submarine can accommodate a crew of 98 and will eventually replace existing Swiftsure and Trafalgar-class vessels for the Royal Navy.


UK Defence Equipment, Support and Technology minister Philip Dunne said that the HMS Artful is the one of most advanced attack submarine ordered by the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), to offer unprecedented levels of stealth and attack capability for the Royal Navy.


"The Astute submarine building programme represents a significant investment by the government and is set to sustain over 5,000 UK jobs within BAE systems and the 400 separate suppliers across the supply chain," Dunne said.


Capable of carrying a crew of 98, the 97m-long Astute-class submarines feature Thales Sensors Outfit UAP(4) electronic support measures, and are armed with Tomahawk Block IV (tactical tomahawk) cruise missiles as well as Spearfish torpedoes and mines.


First Sea Lord Admiral, sir George Zambellas, said: "Ahead of her, HMS Astute and HMS Ambush are already being pressed hard towards operational use, contributing to the wider renaissance in the UK's naval equipment programme and adding to the Royal Navy's operational authority."


Astute-class vessels feature ECB680 communications and SEEPIRB emergency beacon buoys as well as an ultra-high frequency satellite communications antenna.


BAE Systems maritime submarines managing director, John Hudson, said the christening ceremony has marked a step ahead for 7,400t HMS Artful to joining its sister vessels HMS Astute and HMS Ambush in the Royal Navy fleet.


"The design and build of a nuclear-powered submarine is as challenging as it is complex, so today represents a significant milestone in Artful's programme," Hudson said.


Scheduled to be launched early next year, HMS Artful is expected to start sea trials in early 2015.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 12:30
GDLS to convert additional Saudi Abrams tanks to M1A2S configuration

Two M1A2 Abrams tanks of the Saudi Arabian Army


23 September 2013 army-technology.com


General Dynamics Land Systems (GDLS) has received a contract for conversion of additional M1A1 and M1A2 Abrams main battle tanks (MBTs) to the Saudi M1A2 (M1A2S) configuration for Saudi Arabia.


Awarded by the US Army Tank-automotive and Armaments Command (TACOM) Lifecycle Management Command (LCMC) on behalf of the Royal Saudi Land Forces (RSLF), the $187.5m contract covers conversion of additional 44 M1A1 and 40 M1A2 Abrams tanks.


The latest foreign military sales (FMS) contract also continues the work initiated by the company in 2008 to update M1A1 and M1A2 tanks to the M1A2S configuration, which improves its efficiency and operational capability.


An upgraded version of the US Army and Marine Corps' M1A1 MBT, the M1A2 Abrams is designed to engage and attack enemy forces using enhanced firepower, manoeuvrability and shock effect in the battlefield.


Integrated with manually loaded 120mm M256 smoothbore cannon, the tank can fire a multitude of different rounds, such as M865 TPCSDS-T and M831 TP-T training ammunition against enemy armoured vehicles, soldiers and low-flying aircraft.


Offering enhanced protection to a crew of four, the tank features a gunner primary sight, new Block I second generation forward-looking infrared (FLIR) technology, an eye-safe laser range finder and a blue force tracking (BFT) system for improved effectiveness in the battlefield.


Upgrade work under the contract is scheduled to be carried out at the company's Joint Systems Manufacturing Center in Lima, Ohio, with an estimated completion in March 2015.


General Dynamics spokesman Rob Doolittle was quoted by Reuters as saying that the contract is one of several foreign and domestic awards the company was hoping to secure to ensure continued work at the Lima facility.


GDLS also secured $132.7m and $40m FMS contracts in January and April 2013, for supply of additional M1A2S tanks to the Saudi Arabian Army.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 12:20
Boeing to Showcase New and Agile Solutions at Modern Day Marine

Sep 20, 2013 ASDNews Source : The Boeing Company


    Exhibit includes Phantom Badger high-performance tactical vehicle, Ground Launched Small Diameter Bomb


Boeing is highlighting a diverse warfighting equipment portfolio – including an advanced high-performance tactical vehicle – during this year’s Modern Day Marine exposition.


The Marine Corps League event takes place Sept. 24-26 at U.S. Marine Corps Base Quantico. Boeing will display the Phantom Badger, a combat support vehicle that is small enough to fit in a MV-22 Osprey tiltrotor aircraft for transport.


Read More

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 12:20
Analysis: Industry concerned about US Navy UCLASS requirements

Sep. 23, 2013 by Dave Majumdar – FG


Washington DC - Concerns are being raised within industry about the new direction mandated by the Pentagon for the US Navy’s Unmanned Carrier Launched Surveillance and Strike (UCLASS) aircraft programme.


The reason for the concern is because the Pentagon’s Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) has fundamentally altered the requirements for the UCLASS from a long-range penetrating strike platform to something akin to a modestly stealthy carrier-based Predator. “Where it leaves us is developing an alternative that meets the requirements that the navy has outlined,” says one industry source – which means spending even more company money after funding nearly three years of internal research and development designing an aircraft without any guidance from the USN.


“This looks like a giant runaway for General Atomics and Predator, I would not be surprised if the other companies ‘no-bid,’” says Dan Goure, an analyst at the Lexington Institute. Companies such as Boeing, Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman have spent a large sum of their own money on UCLASS and may not want to dump even more money into what amounts to a stacked deck, he says.


“It does damage to an industrial base that is already fragile,” Goure adds.


Congress is also concerned about the direction of the USN acquisition strategy, which has been described as “atypical”. In a letter to navy secretary Ray Mabus, congressmen Randy Forbes and Mike McIntyre – chairman and ranking member of the House Armed Services Committee’s sea power subcommittee respectively – question the service’s plan to field four carrier air wings worth of UCLASS aircraft before the completion of operational testing or even a formal “Milestone B” decision to enter engineering and manufacturing development.


This is a concern shared by some in industry. “I have had similar concerns regarding the navy trying to procure one to four carriers worth of UCLASS aircraft for early operational capability as part of a technology demonstration phase that is pre-Milestone B,” says another industry source. “The only type of technology development programme which results in ‘residual operational assets or capabilities’ used to be called a JCTD [Joint Capabilities Technology Demonstration] – which the UCLASS programme is not.”


However, more fundamentally for the industry, both industry sources concur that the USN has deviated significantly from the normal process for developing a new aircraft. Typically, the industry would have been developing solutions over the past two years based on an initial set of navy-issued requirements. Those specifications would have been refined and updated as needed, based on various industry-informed trade studies, both sources say. That procedure would likely have yielded more relevant industry investment, more affordable requirements and a better overall competition.


The USN, however, did not issue any aircraft performance specifications or draft requirements until the spring of 2013. That means that for nearly three years, industry teams have been developing potential UCLASS candidates using their own money and based on their own assumptions about the navy’s requirements, both sources agree. That means each competitor is now trying to “force-fit” their aircraft into the UCLASS preliminary design review phase – which is now requiring even more investment, one industry source says.


The lack of industry feedback has had some unforeseen consequences. Superficially, the shift to an aircraft designed for long-duration orbits over permissive airspace would appear to favour General Atomics, which builds the MQ-1 Predator and MQ-9 Reaper. However, the current requirements are not as simple as they look, says one industry source. “They want to span the deck-cycle, the means the endurance has to be greater than 12h,” he says. “From a carrier that’s pretty significant because you have limitations on wing-span just because of the carrier environment.”


Fundamentally from an engineering standpoint, to achieve better endurance, the aircraft must have a higher aspect ratio wing – which means a longer wing-span. However, on board a carrier, the wing-span is limited to about the same length as a Northrop X-47B. The absolute maximum is probably 70ft (21m), which means – by necessity – weight reduction is the key to meeting the USN’s new requirements.


“If you were allowed to refuel in the air then you might actually have a much broader performance spectrum,” the source says. “With that gone, you’re into designing as light a weight structure as can survive the carrier environment and hold as much fuel as you can.


Although the navy says that the UCLASS is going to be designed to operate in “permissive and low-end contested environments”, one industry source says that the low-observable requirement was not completely removed. “I don’t think the survivability requirements are trivial,” he says. However, he concedes that “the overwhelming design driver now is endurance without refueling”.


An aircraft carrier would be expected to deploy enough UCLASS aircraft to maintain two orbits about 600nm (1,110km) distance from the ship, or maintain a single orbit at a range of 1,200nm. If the UCLASS were called on to conduct a light strike mission, it could attack lightly defended targets at a distance of 2,000nm. As currently envisioned, the UCLASS will have a total payload of 1,360kg (3,000lb), of which only 454kg would consist of air-to-ground weapons.


Either a flying-wing or wing-body tail configuration could meet the requirements, the industry source says. However, the endurance requirement is strenuous enough that the source says that he is not sure that a turbofan engine is a “viable option”.


Boeing and General Atomics appear to have selected a wing-body tail design, while Lockheed Martin has disclosed its RQ-170-derived flying-wing concept. Presumably, the Northrop design will resemble its X-47B demonstrator.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
photo Saab

photo Saab

Sept. 23, 2013 by Greg Waldron – FG


Singapore - Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has placed follow-on orders worth Swedish kronor (SKr) 216 million (US$34 million) with Saab for a self defence system to be deployed on the Dhruv helicopters.


The two orders cover serial production of the system for use aboard Dhruvs operated by the Indian army and air force, says Saab.


“Saab’s Integrated Defensive Aids Suite (IDAS) protects crew and aircraft and enhances the survivability in sophisticated, diverse and dense threat environments,” says the Swedish company. “The system provides a timely warning against different types of threats including radar, laser and missile approach warning; and automatically deploys the appropriate countermeasures.”


The deals follow initial serial production orders dating from 2008. Saab will commence delivery of units covered under the new contracts in 2014.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Surface Forces : The Chinese Burke Goes To Sea

September September 22, 2013: Strategy Page


The first of the Chinese Type 052D destroyers has been recently seen on sea trials in the East China Sea. This new destroyer design appears very similar to the American Aegis equipped destroyers (especially the Burke Class). Three versions of the Type 052 destroyer has, in about a decade, advanced Chinese destroyer design considerably and China now has ships similar in capabilities to the 8,300 ton American Arleigh Burke class destroyers. This is currently the principal American destroyer. The Burke design is the culmination of over half a century of World War II and Cold War destroyer design experience. Even after the Burke was designed, in the 1980s, the design evolved. The first Burkes were 8,300 ton ships, while the latest ones, laden with more gear, and smaller crews, are 10,000 ton ships (what heavy cruisers weighed in World War II). With a top speed of nearly 50 kilometers an hour, their main armament is 90 vertical launch tubes flush with the deck, that can contain anti-aircraft, anti-ship, anti-missile or cruise missiles. There is also a 127mm (5 inch) gun, two 20mm anti-missile autocannon, six torpedo tubes and two helicopters. The Burkes were well thought out, sturdy and they got the job done. They became irreplaceable, and thus this class of warships will last more than half a century. China likes the sound of that is trying to match the Burkes.


Over the last decades two Type 052B and two Type 052C destroyers have entered service. These four ships appear to have been part of an effort to develop something similar to the U.S. Burkes. Not only is one 052D at sea, but three more are under construction and apparently the plan is to build at least eight. These appear to be 7,500 ton ships armed with 64 American style (hot launch) VLS (Vertical Launch System) tubes for anti-aircraft (HQ-9), cruise of anti-ship missiles. There is a single 130mm gun, six torpedo tubes (for submarines), and two 30mm autocannon for anti-missile defense. There is also one helicopter hanger and landing platform.


The older (2004) Type 052B Guangzhou Class Destroyers are 5,900 ton general purpose ships (with anti-ship/submarine/aircraft capabilities). Armament consists of 48 HQ-16 anti-aircraft missiles (range 30 kilometers) and 16 C-802 anti-ship missiles (range 120 kilometers). There is a single 100mm gun and two 30mm autocannon for anti-missile defense. There is also one helicopter.


Type 052C Lanzhou Class Destroyers are 6,500 ton ships that first appeared in 2005. These ships use cold launch VLS (Vertical Launch System) tubes. There are 48 HQ-9 anti-aircraft missiles. There are also eight C-602 anti-ship missiles, in two four-cell launchers. There is a single 100mm gun and two 30mm autocannon for anti-missile defense. There is also one helicopter. These ships are mainly for air defense and use a phased array radar similar to the American Aegis system.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
BK1060 35mm Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery

BK1060 35mm Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery

September 22, 2013: Strategy Page


China recently revealed a wheeled 8x8 anti-aircraft system equipped with a radar and a single 35mm autocannon. This was very similar to an earlier tracked version that contains the same radar and two 35mm autocannon. In both cases the gun appears to be a licensed copy of the Swiss Oerlikon 35mm autocannon. The tracked version weighs 34 tons while the wheeled version weighs about ten tons less and moves more quickly on roads and requires less maintenance.


The 35mm gun is a popular weapon for armored, self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery. Systems of this type were first developed in Europe. These fire 2.5 kg (5.5 pound) shells at the rate of 300 a minute. Max altitude is about 4,000 meters (13,000 feet). The 35mm projectiles weigh up to .75 kg (1.65 pounds). This AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery) is still useful against helicopters and transports, and jets that are moving slowly over the battlefield.


The new Chinese wheeled 35mm system is another version of ZBL 09 8x8 wheeled armored vehicle. Recently China also showed off a version equipped with a small turret containing a 105mm gun, for providing direct fire support for troops. There was already an artillery version, carrying a 122mm howitzer in a larger turret. There are several other versions and the anti-aircraft version came as no surprise.


The basic ZBL 09 is a 21 ton vehicle that has a crew of three and carries seven passengers. The vehicle is 8 meters (25 feet) long, three meters (9.2 feet) wide, and 2.1 meters (6.5 feet, to the hull roof) high. It's amphibious and has a top water speed of 8 kilometers an hour. On roads, top speed is 100 kilometers an hour, and max road range on internal fuel is 800 kilometers. The infantry carrier version has a turret with a 30mm autocannon. There are also artillery versions carrying either a 105mm or 122mm howitzer.


The ZBL 09 entered service in 2009, and some combat brigades are being equipped with it, to operate somewhat like the American Stryker brigades. China has been developing new wheeled armored vehicles for over a decade. Until recently, these were all based on Russian designs. The ZBL 09, however, borrows more ideas from the West. Still, some of the more recent (five years ago) Russian type designs were interesting and instructive.


The Chinese have been observing NATO success in Iraq with the Stryker and LAV wheeled combat vehicles. Chinese designers eventually concluded that the roomier internal layout of Western vehicles did serve a useful purpose, and the ZBL 09, and all the electronics installed in it, are an example of what the Chinese learned. Producing a wheeled anti-aircraft version of the ZBL 09 makes sense for the Chinese as they are creating mobile infantry brigades equipped with the various models of the ZBL 09. These “Stryker” brigades are meant to move quickly over the newly built Chinese highways. Tracked vehicles move more slowly, tear up the roads and the vehicles require a lot more maintenance after long road marches.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 07:50
MV850  photo  Polaris  Industries Inc

MV850 photo Polaris Industries Inc

22.09.2013 Polaris Industries - army-guide.com


Polaris Industries Inc., the leading manufacturer of off-road vehicles, today announced the company was awarded a contract to provide MV850 ultra-light tactical vehicles to the German Army.


“Defense forces around the world are seeking Polaris Defense Military vehicles to take advantage of our ability to make modifications to our commercial off-the-shelf technology (COTS), insert customer requirements and quickly deliver an end product that meets their needs,” said Rich Haddad, general manager of Polaris Defense. “It is our goal to match the warfighter’s mission requirements with our best value product.”


The highly-mobile MV850 platform, which was built specifically for the U.S. military and allied forces, allows for the transport of military personnel and gear through extreme off-road terrain. It features a 600 lbs./272 kg capacity metal rack system, 11.75 gal/ 4.5 L fuel capacity, blackout lighting with IR light capability and an optional litter mount.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 07:35
INS Trikand_(F51) photo Brian Burnell

INS Trikand_(F51) photo Brian Burnell

23 September 2013 Pacific Sentinel


Rosoboronexport will participate in NAMEXPO 2013, India’s premiere international naval & maritime exposition and conference to be held in Cochin, India from 23 to 27 September 2013.
Enterprises affiliated with the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) – Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering, St. Petersburg-based Malakhit Marine Engineering Bureau and Sudoexport – as well as the Mars Research & Production Association and the Aquamarin Company will display their products under the aegis of Rosoboronexport, part of the Rostec State Corporation.
“We work closely with our Indian partners in the naval area and hope that the new specialized exhibition will be a good platform to showcase our capabilities. Today, India has set ambitious goals to strengthen the national naval forces and Russia, as its strategic ally, is ready to comprehensively cooperate to effectively implement these plans,” – said Rosoboronexport Deputy Director General Viktor Komardin who leads the Company’s delegation at the exhibition.


Among the models having high potential in the Indian market are the Project 11356 frigates, which have long been successfully operated by the Indian Navy, Amur-1650 diesel-electric submarine and a variety of naval weapon systems.
According to Viktor Komardin, at NAMEXPO 2013, the Russian side is planning to discuss concrete steps to deepen cooperation with India’s state and private manufacturers of naval equipment. In particular, the joint design and construction of new ships is one of the most promising areas of cooperation.
Rosoboronexport will also hold talks with its partners in Southeast Asia, where potential customers are showing great interest in patrol boats and Project 22460E patrol ships, Gepard 3.9-class frigates, Bastion and Bal-E coastal defense missile systems, shipborne SAM and artillery systems, and anti-ship missiles. In addition, the integrated coastal zone surveillance systems in various configurations and their components, in particular the Podsolnukh-E coastal over-the-horizon surface wave radar, have high export potential.
More than 70 warships have been built for India over more than 45 years of Russian-Indian cooperation in the naval sphere. Russia is providing assistance in designing and supplying systems and equipment for indigenously developed ships under construction in India. Among them are the Project 15A, 15B destroyers, Project 17 frigates and Project 71 aircraft carrier. In addition, Sevmash, part of USC, is completing the trials of the aircraft carrier Vikramaditya.
Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 07:30
Tank Development Halted

17/9/2013 IsraelDefense


Future tank development has been halted in the framework of the upcoming multi-year plan and the cuts to the defense budget. A special team will be in charge of examining alternatives


The Israeli defense establishment has decided not to pursue the development of the Merkava Mark V tank, and at this stage, the Merkava Mark IV will be the last tank that will be manufactured.


IsraelDefense revealed nearly a year ago that the Israeli Ministry of Defense decided to establish a team, headed by Brig. Gen. (Res.) Didi Ben Yoash, that would be responsible for developing the IDF's future tank. Senior officials from Israel's defense industries were also asked to provide their opinions on the form of the future tank, along with the IDF Ground Forces branch.


However, it has now been learned that a decision was made not to develop the advanced tank and to examine possible alternatives in the framework of the IDF's upcoming multi-year plan. In the meanwhile, the Merkava Mark IV tank will be the most advanced tank used by the IDF.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 06:55
Les industriels de la défense face au « mur » budgétaire

23/09 Alain Ruello, Journaliste en charge de la défense, chef adjoint du service Industrie – LesEchos.fr


Les 190 milliards d'euros prévus de 2014 à 2019, dans le cadre de la loi de programmation militaire, pourront tout juste éviter au secteur de couler. Les industriels vont devoir faire avec...


Venus présenter ces derniers jours les impacts du projet de loi de programmation militaire (LPM), à l'occasion de l'examen du texte par la commission de la Défense de l'Assemblée nationale, les PDG des grands industriels de l'armement se sont retrouvés sur un point : ça va être dur, très dur même, et plusieurs milliers d'emplois sont menacés, des pertes que ne compenseront que partiellement les ventes à l'exportation.


D'Eric Trappier (Dassault), à Jean-Bernard Lévy (Thales), en passant par Patrick Boissier (DCNS), Jean-Paul Herteman (Safran), Gérard Amiel (Renault Trucks Défense), Philippe Burtin (Nexter), Antoine Bouvier (MBDA), ou Marwan Lahoud (EADS) qui a fermé le ban, tous ont salué le fait que le projet de loi « préserve l'essentiel ». Une façon diplomatique de dire que les 190 milliards d'euros prévus de 2014 à 2019 - dont 6,1 milliards de recette exceptionnelles - pourront tout juste éviter au secteur de couler.

Tous les grands programmes d'armement sont maintenus - avion de combat Rafale, frégates FREMM, sous-marins Barracuda, pour n'en citer que trois. Certes, les cadences de livraisons seront étirées une fois de plus pour économiser la trésorerie des militaires. La France est passée maîtresse dans la pratique de l'exercice, quelle que soit la couleur des gouvernements. Les cibles, c'est à dire le nombre d'exemplaires, de pas mal de programmes ont par ailleurs été ratiboisées. Ce qui renchérit forcément le coût unitaire de chaque matériel. Enfin, s'il est bien prévu 730 millions d'euros par an pour la recherche, ce qui permettra a priori de conserver de précieuses compétences dans les bureaux d'études, on sait déjà que cette enveloppe ne pourra contenter tout le monde.


Evidemment, la situation n'est pas la même pour chacune des grandes entreprises. Chaque PDG a donc profité de son audition pour passer ses messages aux députés, d'autant plus intéressés qu'ils sont nombreux à abriter une usine dans leurs circonscriptions.

Peut-être le moins inquiet, parce qu'il sait que les ventes d'Airbus compenseront, Marwan Lahoud (EADS) a expliqué que le passage de 35 à 15 du nombre d'A400M qui seront livrés d'ici à 2020 est « gérable ». Serein, car il a visiblement bien anticipé le coup, Antoine Bouvier (MBDA) n'a pas caché que ses chaîne de fabrication de missiles allaient connaître de sérieux trous d'airs. Mais, et c'est là l'essentiel à ses yeux, cela doit permettre de financer de nouveaux programmes, avec les Britanniques notamment.


Chez Safran, Jean-Paul Herteman a mis un coup de zoom sur l'usine de Fougères, en Ille-et-Vilaine, qui va souffrir des réductions de commandes des tenues Félin du fantassin. Mais, pour difficile qu'elle soit, la situation est gérable, comme chez EADS, grâce à des relais d'activité. D'un naturel très placide, Philippe Burtin (Nexter) a regretté que la loi de programmation ne prenne pas suffisamment en compte les outils de formation numériques. Tout comme il a regretté qu'elle soit muette sur le sujet des munitions. Il a surtout reprécisé les enjeux du grand programme Scorpion de modernisation de l'armée de terre, si crucial pour l'ex-Giat Industries.


Plaidant pour un rapprochement avec Nexter, Gérard Amiel (Renault Trucks Défense), a sans doute été le plus pessimiste. Dores et déjà très touché, il a évoqué les « cinq années blanches » à venir. « Une vraie traversée du désert », s'est-il désolé. Tout comme Nexter, Scorpion est « la » grosse affaire à ne pas rater pour la filiale de Volvo.


Patrick Boissier (DCNS), lui, s'est montré très offensif, ce qui lui a valu une volée de bois vert de la part de la DGA, son premier client (« Les Echos » du 20 septembre). Eric Trappier (Dassault) n'a pas manqué de plaider pour le lancement d'un programme de drones d'observation. Et il n'a pas caché que faute d'exportation du Rafale, la loi de programmation tanguerait dangereusement. Jean-Bernard Lévy (Thales) enfin, a défendu l'idée de construire une frégate de taille intermédiaire parce que les FREMM ont visiblement bien du mal à s'exporter.


Au final, pour ceux qui ont pris le temps de tout écouter, l'exercice s'est révélé fort intéressant par la foultitude de détails rendus publics. Mais après ? En quoi cela fera-t-il bouger les lignes lors de l'examen du projet de loi par le Parlement ? Au risque de froisser la susceptibilités des élus de la République, il est probable que toutes ces auditions, finalement, ne serviront pas à grand chose.


Députés (et sénateurs qui vont refaire l'exercice) sont dans leurs rôles pour apprécier les conséquences de la loi de programmation chez les industriels. Sauf que le gouvernement a fixé le curseur à 190 milliards d'euros. Il n'y en aura pas un de plus, et même probablement plusieurs de moins. Le problème, c'est que tout a été bouclé au forceps. Le ministre de la Défense, Jean-Yves Le Drian, le reconnaît : qu'une pierre manque à l'édifice et tout risque de s'écrouler.


S'il venait aux parlementaires l'envie de porter à quatre au lieu de deux le nombre d'avions ravitailleurs livrés d'ici à 2019, ce serait quasi impossible. On ne peut pratiquement rien changer au projet de loi. Tout amendement au rapport annexé, celui qui comprend les éléments chiffrés, ne pourra provoquer qu'une réponse de principe du ministre de la Défense. Il n'y a plus qu'à prier pour que cette LPM soit exécutée comme prévu, ce qui n'a jamais été le cas des précédentes. On peut toujours croire au miracle...

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 06:50
Royal Navy names latest nuclear submarine HMS Artful

HMS Artful, built by BAE Systems, is the the third of the Royal Navy's seven Astute-class submarines


20 September 2013 theguardian.com


Britain's latest nuclear-powered submarine has been unveiled.


HMS Artful, a 7,400-tonne, 97-metre-long attack submarine, was officially named in front of thousands of guests in an event to mark its completion at the Devonshire Dock Hall in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria.


Artful, the third of seven Astute-class submarines, has now moved a step closer to joining her sister vessels HMS Astute and HMS Ambush.


The other submarines in the class in various stages of design or build are Audacious, Anson, Agamemnon and Ajax.


The Astute class of vessels, while nuclear powered but not nuclear armed, have greater conventional missile firepower, state-of-the-art communications equipment and advanced stealth technology, making them quiet and harder to detect, according to the Ministry of Defence.


Royal Navy submarines patrol the seas for months at a time, providing a key part of the UK's armed defence.


Built by BAE Systems, the Barrow yard has been working on the Astute programme since 2001.


Friday's ceremony was performed by Amanda Lady Zambellas, wife of the Royal Navy's First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir George Zambellas, inside BAE Systems' giant submarine construction facility.


John Hudson, managing director of BAE Systems Maritime - Submarines, said: "The design and build of a nuclear-powered submarine is as challenging as it is complex, so today represents a significant milestone in Artful's programme.


"It requires real skill and innovation to deliver submarines as sophisticated as Artful and this would not have been possible without the valued contribution of our employees and the collaborative efforts of the whole submarine enterprise.


Sir George Zambellas said: "Today's naming ceremony in Barrow for Artful adds another capable nuclear submarine to the gathering momentum in the Astute class.


"Ahead of her, HMS Astute and HMS Ambush are already being pressed hard towards operational use, contributing to the wider renaissance in the UK's naval equipment programme and adding to the Royal Navy's operational authority."


Artful will remain in the Barrow yard to complete a series of commissioning activities, before being launched in early 2014 for further tests and commissioning.

Partager cet article
23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 06:40
INS Vikramaditya

INS Vikramaditya

22 septembre 2013, Portail des Sous-Marins


La Russie va remettre le 15 novembre à l’Inde le porte-avions Admiral Gorchkov, un bâtiment rénové de l’époque soviétique dont la livraison avait été repoussée à plusieurs reprises, a annoncé samedi le vice-Premier ministre russe Dmitri Rogozine.


Référence : 7 sur 7 (Belgique)

Partager cet article
22 septembre 2013 7 22 /09 /septembre /2013 00:01
Quelle consolidation pour notre industrie d’armement et de défense ? - 14 octobre 2013

20 septembre 2013 club-participation-progres


Colloque sous le haut patronage de Jean-Louis CARRERE, Président de la Commission des Affaires étrangères, de la défense et des forces armées du Sénat
en collaboration avec la Revue Défense Nationale

Le lundi 14 octobre 2013, à  8 h 45
Palais du Luxembourg  -  Salle Clémenceau
15 rue de Vaugirard
75 PARIS 6e



8h45 - Accueil par Alain RICHARD, Sénateur, Ancien Ministre de la Défense
Présidence et animation du colloque par Christian HARBULOT,
Directeur de l’Ecole de Guerre Economique
Matinée  9h
I.- PARTIE : Panorama de l’état des lieux en matière de consolidation de notre industrie d’armement et de défense
Intervention introductive 
« Le contexte stratégique après le Livre Blanc »
Par Bruno TERTRAIS, Maître de Recherche, Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique (FRS)

Table ronde n°1 : Où en est la demande ?
Général de division(2S) Henri PARIS, (Docteur en droit, diplômé de Sciences-Po, Politologue et Géostratège.  Président de Démocraties)
Général d’Armée Aérienne  Jean-Robert MORIZOT (Ancien Sous-Chef  Plans de l’Etat-Major des Armées)
Général de Brigade Pascal ROUX (Directeur Capacités à l’EMUE Bruxelles)
Table ronde n°2 : Où en est l’offre ?
Contre-Amiral (2S) Jean DUFOURCQ (Rédacteur en Chef de la Revue Défense Nationale, Membre de l’Académie de Marine)
Aude-Emmanuelle FLEURANT (Directrice, Armement et économie de défense à l’IRSEM, Ecole Militaire)
Jean-Pierre MAULNY (Directeur Adjoint IRIS)
Hélène MASSON (Maître de Recherche, pôle défense et industries – Fondation Pour la Recherche  Stratégique FRS)
Alexandre VAUTRAVERS (Directeur du département des relations Internationales de l’Université Webster de Genève – Rédacteur en Chef de la Revue Militaire - Suisse)
Table ronde n°3 : La cohérence est-elle assurée aujourd’hui entre la demande et l’offre ?
Colonel  Jérôme PELLISTRANDI (Conseiller de rédaction de la Revue Défense Nationale)
IGA Jean-Pierre DEVAUX (Directeur de la stratégie – Direction Générale de l’Armement  DGA)
Alain RICHARD (Sénateur – Ancien Ministre de la Défense)
Michel DECHELOTTE (Directeur des Affaires institutionnelles SAFRAN)
12h30  -  14h   - Pause Déjeuner
Après-midi  14h
II.- PARTIE : Quelles perspectives et quelles orientations sont à prévoir et à promouvoir pour   consolider notre industrie d’armement et de défense ?
Intervention introductive « Livre Blanc 2013 et LPM 2014-2019 : des nouveaux contrats opérationnels aux dégradations capacitaires »
Par le Général de division (2S)  Vincent DESPORTES, Professeur Associé à Sciences-Po
Table ronde n°4 : Quels impacts attendons-nous des dernières évolutions et initiatives en cours en Europe, à l’OTAN , et dans le monde sur la poursuite des consolidations en  jeu aux niveaux de l’offre et de la demande ?
André DUMOULIN (Attaché à l’Institut Royal Supérieur de défense à Bruxelles- Professeur à l’Université de Liège)
Général de corps d’armée Gilles ROUBY (Représentant militaire permanent français auprès de l’OTAN et l’UE -  Belgique)
Table ronde n°5 : Quelles perspectives et quelles orientations pour la poursuite des consolidations en jeu dans les secteurs de l’armement et de la défense ?
Patrice CARDOT (CGARm)
IGA Patrick AUROY (Secrétaire Général Adjoint de l’OTAN en charge des Investissements – Ministère de Défense DGA)
Table ronde n°6 : regards croisés sur ces différentes évolutions, initiatives et  perspectives
Olivier JEHIN (Journaliste spécialisé dans les affaires européennes – Bruxelles)
Gert RUNDE (Secrétaire Général de l’ASD  -Aerospace and defence industries Association of Europe– Bruxelles)
Joost VAN IERSEL (Président de la section UEM et politique régionale et de cohésion du CESE  [Comité économique et social européen]  Bruxelles)
Commissaire européen en charge du marché intérieur et des services
Président du Conseil d’Administration du Comité d’études de la défense nationale 
Directeur de la Revue Défense Nationale
Pour s'inscrire (en ligne ou avec un coupon-réponse)
Partager cet article
21 septembre 2013 6 21 /09 /septembre /2013 16:55
Programme FREMM : portrait de Stéphanie Mest, responsable de production des frégates FREMM

19.09.2013 DCNS


A l’occasion de la mise à flot de la FREMM Provence mercredi 18 septembre, rencontre avec Stéphanie Mest, ingénieur responsable de production des frégates FREMM en charge de la supervision des opérations de mise à flot.


Stéphanie Mest a 38 ans. Elle a intégré DCNS en 1999 à Lorient comme adjointe du chef de bord du prototype Sawari II, frégate de la classe La Fayette de la Marine royale saoudienne. Forte de ses qualités humaines et professionnelles, elle a connu une évolution rapide au sein du Groupe, devenant dès 2001 chef de bord de la troisième frégate Sawari II et, par la même occasion, la seule femme en France chef de bord dans la construction navale. Stéphanie est aujourd’hui ingénieur responsable de production des frégates FREMM. Elle est à ce titre en charge de la supervision des opérations de mise à flot de la FREMM Provence.


Stéphanie, vous qui êtes au centre des opérations pendant la mise à flot, pouvez-vous nous expliquer en quoi cela consiste et pourquoi c’est un événement important ?

Une mise à flot, c’est le premier contact du navire avec son élément naturel, c’est un événement particulièrement émouvant ! DCNS construit les frégates FREMM par « anneaux », entités élémentaires qui, une fois assemblées, formeront l’ensemble du navire. Nous effectuons la jonction entre ces anneaux dans notre forme de construction couverte à Lorient. L’opération de mise à flot consiste à mettre en eau cette forme de construction puis, en ouvrant la porte à clapet de la forme, à guider la frégate, qui flotte alors pour la première fois, jusqu’au quai pour poursuivre sa construction : c’est là notamment que seront installés les mâtures et les systèmes électroniques du navire. La mise à flot est une étape majeure dans la construction du navire, bien sûr, mais également un grand moment de fierté pour tous les collaborateurs qui y ont travaillé. C’est donc à la fois un jalon industriel et un « rite de passage » à forte valeur symbolique.


Quel est votre rôle le jour de la mise à flot?

Je coordonne l’ensemble des activités techniques en m’assurant du bon déroulement de l’opération. Je suis en charge de donner le « top départ » de la mise en eau de la forme et le « top départ » de la sortie de la frégate. La cérémonie de mise à flot se déroule en deux temps : une fois la marée haute, le bassin de la nef de construction est rempli d’eau. Ensuite, un remorqueur devant, un remorqueur derrière, la frégate franchit la porte pour rejoindre son nouveau poste à quai. C’est une grosse responsabilité et je n’ai pas le droit à l’erreur ! La cérémonie a lieu en présence de tous les acteurs du programme : collaborateurs et clients peuvent voir le navire quitter la forme et prendre la mer pour rejoindre le quai d’armement. Pour être sûre que tout soit prêt le jour J, je supervise en amont la préparation opérationnelle de l’événement : je m’assure notamment avec le chef de bord que la frégate est bien apte pour être mise à flot.

Voir la vidéo de la mise à flot


Comment avez-vous accédé à ce poste à responsabilité ?

La construction navale militaire est une tradition familiale. Mon père travaillait à l’arsenal de Brest et j’ai toujours été attirée par l’industrie navale. Après une classe préparatoire Math sup’ Math spé, j’ai intégré une école d’ingénieurs, l’ENSTA Bretagne, spécialité architecture navale. J’ai rejoint DCNS à ma sortie de l’école et j’ai eu la chance de rapidement devenir chef de bord, sur la dernière frégate du programme Sawari II puis sur la deuxième frégate de la série Horizon*, la frégate Chevalier Paul. L’exercice de cette fonction, de 2001 à 2008, m’a beaucoup appris. Le chef de bord, c’est un peu le chef d’orchestre de la construction du navire : il s’assure du pilotage de l’ensemble des opérations de construction ainsi que de la santé et sécurité du travail des collaborateurs sur le chantier. Il faut écouter les gens, faire preuve de bon sens et réussir à faire travailler différents corps de métier ensemble. Diplomatie, humilité et passion : telles sont selon moi les clés de la réussite. Ces qualités me sont aujourd’hui indispensables pour assurer le suivi de la production du programme FREMM.


Pour en savoir plus sur la mise à flot de la FREMM Provence : cliquez ici


* Le programme Horizon porte sur la réalisation de quatre frégates de défense aérienne de 7 000 tonnes environ (deux pour la Marine nationale et deux pour la Marine italienne). Ce programme est le fruit d’une coopération franco-italienne pour la réalisation des quatre navires. La frégate Chevalier Paul, deuxième frégate de la série, a été réceptionnée par la Marine nationale en décembre 2009.

Partager cet article
21 septembre 2013 6 21 /09 /septembre /2013 16:55
Loi de programmation : bras de fer entre DCNS et la DGA

La loi de programmation militaire fragilise un millier d\'emplois, selon Patrick Boissier, le patron de DCNS.


20.09.2013 Par Alain Ruello – LesEchos.fr


Les grands industriels sont inquiets des conséquences sociales. Les propos de DCNS devant les députés fortement critiqués à la DGA.


Auditionnés depuis vendredi par la commission de la Défense de l'Assemblée nationale, les PDG des grands fournisseurs de l'armée ont dressé un tableau sombre des années à venir, faute d'une marge de manoeuvre financière suffisante dans la prochaine loi de programmation militaire. Mais l'un d'entre eux a visiblement raté son oral, et pas vis-à-vis des députés.


Au sein de la DGA, les propos tenus mercredi par Patrick Boissier, le patron de DCNS, ont laissé des traces, au point de tendre sérieusement les relations entre le groupe naval militaire et son client numéro un. Défaut d'anticipation, volonté de créer un rapport de forces, manque d'efficacité à l'exportation, absence de projet d'alliance : les critiques fusent. « Mordre la main de celui qui apporte plus de 70 % du chiffre d'affaires, c'est assez peu élégant, mais on est habitué », résume un responsable, passablement remonté.


Diable ! Qu'a dit Patrick Boissier pour mériter un tel retour de bâton ? Il a chiffré les surcoûts financiers et l'impact sur l'emploi des réductions de cadences prévues sur deux gros programmes du groupe, les sous-marins Barracuda et les frégates multimissions FREMM. Au total, la facture peut grimper jusqu'à 1,2 milliard d'euros et menacer un millier d'emplois (« Les Echos » d'hier).


Conséquences sociales


Avec plus ou moins de détails, les autres PDG auditionnés n'ont pas caché non plus que la loi de programmation aura (où a déjà, dans le cas de Thales) des conséquences sociales. Mais pour DCNS, la pilule ne passe pas à la DGA. Déjà, la séance plénière des universités d'été de la Défense, mardi à Pau, avait été l'occasion d'une passe d'armes entre Patrick Boissier et Laurent-Collet Billon, le délégué général pour l'armement.


Même si la LPM préserve les bureaux d'études et entend limiter la casse industrielle, « on a toujours dit que les réductions de programmes entraîneraient des conséquences sur l'emploi. Patrick Boissier aurait dû l'anticiper », poursuit-on au sein de la DGA. En clair, il n'y aura pas un euro de plus. Vouloir défendre son volume d'activité est donc illusoire.


La critique porte aussi sur la performance de DCNS à l'export. La corvette Gowind ne s'est vendue qu'une fois, en Malaisie. Même chose pour la FREMM (lire ci-dessous). Le « percolage » avec Thales, actionnaire à 35 %, n'a pas eu lieu. En clair, DCNS ne s'appuie pas assez sur les équipes de son actionnaire dans le monde. Quant au projet de société de location pour aider à vendre des navires à l'étranger, « c'est complètement bidon. Il y a bien une réflexion, mais c'est uniquement pour voir si la France aurait intérêt à louer certains matériels ».


Contacté, DCNS n'a pas souhaité commenter..

Partager cet article
21 septembre 2013 6 21 /09 /septembre /2013 16:45
Cameroun : L’armée de l’air reçoit un nouvel aéronef à Yaoundé

Casa-Cn 235-Photo Dikalo


20 SEPT. 2013 SAlOMON FOé et Dikalo - cameroon-info.net


La cérémonie officielle de réception de l’avion de type Casa-Cn 235 était présidée à la base aérienne 101 de Yaoundé par le ministre délégué à la présidence chargé de la Défense - Edgard Alain Mebe Ngo’o était pour la circonstance entouré de plusieurs membres du gouvernement, l’ambassadeur du royaume d’Espagne au Cameroun et de nombreux responsables militaires du Cameroun.


D’après la présentation technique faite par le général Jean Calvin Momha - chef d’Etat-major de l’armée de l’air, cet aéronef acheté en état neuf par l’Etat du Cameroun, a été mis au point par la firme Airbus military. Il s’agit d’un avion bi-turbopropulseur tactique de transports légers et logistiques, capable d’opérer sur des pistes courtes et non revêtues.




Il est également conçu pour offrir d’excellentes caractéristiques de vol à basse altitude et de vitesse allant jusqu’à 420 Km/heure pour des missions tactiques avec une version Maritime patrol aircraft qui fait de lui un avion de patrouille maritime grâce à un radar de recherche.


Il peut transporter jusqu’à 36 parachutistes pouvant sauter par les deux portes latérales arrières ou par la rampe en ouverture automatique ou retardée.


Pour des missions d’évacuation médicale, il peut accueillir jusqu’à 18 brancards accompagnés d’une équipe médicale. L’aéronef ainsi acquis assure également les missions de recherche en mer et de transport Vip, avec une configuration de type avion de ligne. Sa charge utile maximum est de 6 tonnes et son acquisition est le fruit de la coopération entre le Cameroun et le royaume d’Espagne.


Il convient de relever que l’acquisition de cet aéronef répond certes à un souci de modernisation des outils et des conditions de travail des forces de défense, bien plus, elle s’inscrit dans une logique de mise en œuvre du système intégré de sécurisation maritime et côtière implémenté par le gouvernement camerounais.


Un projet structuré en plusieurs composantes, à savoir: la détection et la communication au moyen d’un important dispositif de radars, une composante maritime avec à la clé deux patrouilleurs à livrer dans les jours à venir à la marine nationale et une composante aérienne constituée de deux aéronefs donc celui livré ce 18 septembre et un autre en instance. Des efforts qui visent à assurer efficacement les missions de sécurisation au Cameroun et dans le golfe de Guinée.

Partager cet article
21 septembre 2013 6 21 /09 /septembre /2013 16:20
Commande de 4 milliards de dollars du Pentagone à Lockheed

21/09 LesEchos.fr (Reuters)


Le département américain de la Défense a annoncé vendredi la conclusion d'un contrat de quatre milliards de dollars avec Lockheed Martin portant sur la fourniture aux Etats-Unis et aux Emirats arabes unis de composants du système de défense antimissile Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD).


La transaction faisait l'objet de négociations depuis plusieurs années. Elle porte sur 192 missiles intercepteurs destinés aux Emirats et sur 110 pour l'armée américaine.


La mise en commun de ces commandes a permis une économie de 10% environ, a expliqué Mat Joyce, directeur du programme THAAD.


Les Etats-Unis sont en discussions avec le Qatar pour une transaction similaire. L'Arabie saoudite, le Japon et la Corée du Sud ont par ailleurs manifesté leur intérêt, a ajouté Mat Joyce.


L'agence américaine chargée de la défense antimissile a procédé la semaine dernière au premier test opérationnel du système THAAD et a la vérification de sa compatibilité le système de combat Aegis. leur association a permis de détruire deux missiles à moyenne portée tirés quasi-simultanément.

Partager cet article
21 septembre 2013 6 21 /09 /septembre /2013 11:55
DCNS va devoir ajuster son organisation

20 septembre 2013 Yann BESSOULE - entreprises.ouest-france.fr


Le gouvernement demande au constructeur d'étaler la livraison de frégates et de sous-marins nucléaires.


La loi de programmation militaire (LPM) pour les années 2014-2019, présentée en août par le ministre de la Défense Jean-Yves Le Drian, agite beaucoup les industriels du secteur. Le gouvernement a décidé de consacrer 190 milliards d'euros à la défense pour les six prochaines années. Problème, la défense a toujours servi de variable d'ajustement budgétaire. Et ce sont ses entreprises qui trinquent. Voilà ce que répètent actuellement les PDG concernés aux parlementaires qui devraient examiner le projet de loi à partir de fin octobre.

Deux grands programmes à réviser


Mercredi, Patrick Boissier s'est exprimé devant la Commission de la Défense de l'Assemblée nationale. Pour le PDG de DCNS (13 800 salariés) « la loi préserve l'essentiel. Mais après, il n'y a plus aucune marge de manoeuvre ». En clair, si l'exécution de la future LPM est respectée, le groupe d'armement naval ne souffrira pas trop. Le problème, c'est que les LPM sont rarement respectées...


D'ores et déjà, DCNS va devoir ajuster l'organisation de ces deux grands programmes : la construction de onze frégates multi-missions (Fremm) à Lorient et de six sous-marins nucléaires d'attaque (SNA) à Cherbourg. La livraison des bâtiments va être étalée dans le temps. Normalement, six Fremm (600 millions l'unité) doivent être livrées pour 2019 à raison d'une tous les dix mois ; ce sera 14 mois. Surcoût ? Le prix d'une frégate. Et un impact possible sur « 500 personnes le bassin d'emploi de Lorient ». Les six SNA (programme de 8,6 milliards) seront décalés de six mois (pour le premier) à deux ans (pour le dernier). Un surcoût de 300 millions et un impact sur 500 personnes.


DCNS estime pouvoir passer ce cap. À condition de trouver des commandes à l'export. Et, surtout, que la LPM soit exécutée au cordeau. D'où la pression qu'a mise Patrick Boissier aux députés.


(1) 64 % État, 35 % Thales, 1 % salariés.

Partager cet article


  • : RP Defense
  • : Web review defence industry - Revue du web industrie de défense - company information - news in France, Europe and elsewhere ...
  • Contact


Articles Récents