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4 juillet 2013 4 04 /07 /juillet /2013 12:20
Raytheon awarded NAVAIR contract to build and deploy cross-domain surveillance system

Jul 03, 2013 (SPX)


Dulles VA - Raytheon has been awarded a contract with the U.S. Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) to build an integrated multi-INT system to safeguard forward deployed forces.


The Persistent Surveillance System Cross Domain Solution (PSS CDS) gives warfighters an advantage by providing a complete picture of impending threats, from both classified and unclassified sources. The contract was awarded in Raytheon's second quarter of 2013.


"The PSS CDS is a proven solution and one that offers protection to our warfighters in hostile, remote environments by granting them real-time access to secure, multi-domain intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance data," said Mark Kipphut, Tactical Intelligence Systems director for Raytheon's Intelligence, Information and Services business.


"What makes this system unique is its game-changing capability to quickly share data between classified and unclassified environments."


The PSS CDS, a software package small enough to mount onboard an aircraft, transfers sensor data, high-definition surveillance video, and traditional and non-traditional ISR imagery, as well as situational awareness data, to give warfighters a complete picture of impending local threats, including an improvised explosive device or a group of insurgents.


Additionally, the system protects U.S. forces by gathering intelligence from hundreds of miles away using sensors on aerostats, towers and unmanned aerial vehicles, allowing warfighters to make confident and informed decisions in real-time.

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4 juillet 2013 4 04 /07 /juillet /2013 07:35
IL-76 Phalcon AWACS aircraft photo StratPost

IL-76 Phalcon AWACS aircraft photo StratPost

July 3, 2013 idrw.org (INDRUS)


Russia remains India’s largest defence supplier but the United States is slowly catching up with a string of major deals in the recent past. Russian experts are, however, confident that Moscow’s long-term strategic relationship with New Delhi will keep the defence equation in Russia’s favour


India is among the leaders in terms of defence purchases. New Delhi is expected to increase its defence budget by 54 percent by 2021 to $200 billion, according to IHS Jane’s.  New Delhi wants its domestic defence industry to be able to produce the full range of advanced high-tech weaponry that its armed forces might require.


It is no secret that New Delhi and Beijing have long regarded themselves as not only regional but global leaders. That is why they want to measure up to the United States as opposed to their regional neighbours in terms of their defence capability. Witness, for example, their energetic efforts to develop an aircraft-carrying capability and strategic nuclear forces, as well as their ambitious space militarisation programmes.


Given the fact that India has a big defence budget, the country has become a strategically important market for the global arms and ammunition industry. This has made America bend over backwards to win important contracts in India. In 2011, Washington went as far as dropping several Indian defence companies and institutions – including the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) – from its weapons export control list.


The United States hopes the move will help it to forge closer defence industry cooperation with India. It is even prepared to invite New Delhi to take part in the development of the F-35 light 5th-generation fighter, and to share the technology for the Apache, its most advanced attack helicopter. Washington hopes that these inducements will be enough to wrest a large chunk of the Indian defence market from Moscow, which has long been India’s strategic partner.


photo Livefist

photo Livefist

The Europeans, meanwhile, have not been idle, either. France’s Dassault Aviation has won a $12 billion Indian tender for 126 light fighter jets, and agreed to launch their production under licence in India. European companies are also bidding for a South Korean Air Force contract, offering similar terms.


“This was only to be expected,” says Ruslan Pukhov, head of the Center for Analysis of Strategic and Technologies (CAST). “We have grown used to the idea that India buys lots of cheap Russian weaponry. But Indian GDP has been growing at a 9 percent rate in recent years; the country now has the money to spend, and it wants to buy advanced systems. We have many gaps in our high-tech product range. As a result, the Indians are turning to European and American suppliers.”


Moscow has already lost the Indian tender for transport aircraft. It offered the Il-76 model, but the Indians opted instead for the C-130J-30 Super Hercules. New Delhi has paid almost $1 billion for a batch of six planes; the figure is astronomical, especially given that the Il-76 would have cost them a lot less. But it appears that price was not the only consideration; the Indians must have taken into account the outcome of the Russian-Chinese contract for 40 Il-76 transports signed back in 2005.


Russia promised to supply the aircraft for a total of $1 billion, but never managed to build them. None of the Russian aerospace companies has actually managed to launch mass production of the Il-76 model. Moscow probably hoped to use the deposit paid by China to move the existing Il-76 production facilities from the Tashkent plant in neighbouring Uzbekistan to its own aerospace production complex in Voronezh, and then to Ulyanovsk – but it appears that the plan fell through for some reason.


Russia has also lost several other foreign contracts for fighter jets and attack helicopters, and for similar reasons. Its Mig-35 fighter and Mi-28N helicopter are superior to anything Russia’s competitors have to offer in terms of sheer performance. But there is only a single existing prototype of the MiG-35. The Mi-28N has entered mass production, but the new model is still struggling with teething technical problems. Clearly, India does not want to pay for a product that is not quite ready for prime time. It has already made that mistake, and on more than one occasion; suffice is to recall the contracts for the Uragan SAM systems, which are used on India’s Talwar-class frigates; the Smerch multiple-launch rocket systems; and the Vikramaditya aircraft carrier.  Another example is the Nerpa nuclear-powered submarine. Moscow agreed a lease deal for the sub with the Indians several years ago, but the delivery date was pushed back on several occasions [before the submarine was finally delivered in 2012].

INS Chakra II photo Livefist

INS Chakra II photo Livefist

Anatoliy Isaykin, head of the Russian defence export intermediary Rosoboronexport, insists, however, that things are not all that dire. He says that the Asia-Pacific now accounts for more than half of the company’s deliveries. In recent years Russia approved about $7 billion worth of export loans under weapons contracts. This has enabled Rosoboronexport to sign new deals with Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.


Moscow is determined to keep its share of the Indian defence market and to retain its status as the world’s second-largest defence exporter. Last year Rosoboronexport signed $17.6 billion worth of new contracts, which represents an increase of 150 percent compared to 2011. The company’s portfolio of contracts has reached an impressive $37.3 billion.

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4 juillet 2013 4 04 /07 /juillet /2013 07:35
INS Vikramditya, India's second aircraft carrier, out at sea again

July 03, 2013 by Sudhi Ranjan Sen - ndtv.com


New Delhi: The INS Vikramditya, India's second aircraft carrier, is out at sea again. By this time tomorrow, the 45,550-ton vessel built at the Sevmash shipyard in Severodvinsk, north Russia, will be sailing through the Barents Sea.


Over the next two months at least, the ship will be put through stringent testing in the Barents Sea and the White sea. "If all goes well, the Indian tri-colour will be flying atop the INS Vikramaditya this November, after which it will start its journey to India," a senior Navy officer told NDTV.


The INS Vikramditya, formerly known as Admiral Gorskhov, was to have joined the Indian Navy last year. However, the insulation tiles of its boilers cracked during full power trials, which entail pushing the ship to maximum speed at sea and then testing all systems for accuracy and endurance.


The fire-brick lining - made of special ceramic to help maintain optimum temperature in the boilers - on the inside of the insulation had come off. A senior official told NDTV that the entire insulation was ripped off and a new one has been installed.


A 500-member Indian Navy team, which was training on-board the Admiral Gorshkov then had spotted the problem with the warship's boilers, especially when the vessel hit top speed of about 30 knots (around 55 kmph).


The repairs delayed delivery of the ship by a year. "Tests carried out in the dry docks have also been successful," the official said.


India and Russia had signed a $2.3-billion (Rs. 14,000 crore approximately at present valuation) contract for refitting the aircraft carrier, which served in the erstwhile Soviet Navy. The first contract was signed in 2004, when no other country was ready to sell such technology to India.


During the sea trails now, all systems of the ship, including its sensor and weapon and propulsion system will be tested and full power trails will be conducted again. A contingent of Indian Navy officials are on board to oversee and inspect the trials.

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4 juillet 2013 4 04 /07 /juillet /2013 07:30
Iran importing missile-grade ore from Germany, France

07/02/2013 By Maytaal Angel and Jonathan Saul - thereporter.com (Reuters)


LONDON — Exploiting a loophole in Western sanctions, Iran is importing a high grade of refined alumina ore from several European countries including Germany and France that Tehran could be using to make armor parts and missile components.


Western measures imposed on Iran over its disputed nuclear program have hit many sectors of its economy including steel and other metals, where it is heavily dependent on imports. Tehran says its atomic work is peaceful.


The refined ore has been excluded from European Union sanctions, but tightened U.S. sanctions that came into effect on July 1 seek to close the loophole. According to a U.S. Treasury briefing, the latest measures will cover "raw or semi-finished metals" that include aluminum.


"After July 1, new sanctions will blacklist metals trade with Iran including aluminum, coal, steel, gold, silver and platinum amongst others, and should include alumina," said Mark Dubowitz, who has advised President Barack Obama's administration and U.S. lawmakers on sanctions.


Alumina is a refined version of the raw ore bauxite. It is typically used to make aluminum, but in its high purity or 'chemical grade' form, it has non-metal applications that have sensitive military uses.


Export data from independent firm Global Trade Information Services showed that between January 2012 and March 2013, around 4,000 metric tons of alumina had been sold to Iran mostly from Germany and France, but also from Slovenia, Italy, Hungary and Belgium.


Experts and traders say the high price paid of $700-$1,000 a metric ton (1.1023 tons) and relatively low amounts involved indicated the exports were most likely high purity chemical grade alumina.


Mark Gorwitz, previously with the U.S. Department of Defense and now a consultant specializing in nuclear and missile-related technologies, says Iran is able to manufacture weapons grade ceramic composites using chemical alumina.


"Iran definitely has the ability to manufacture missile parts locally. They've done quite a bit of work on ceramic composites made with alumina, and used for manufacturing armor parts and missile components like nozzles and radomes," he said.


Gorwitz cited an academic paper seen by Reuters on the scientific properties of alumina armor, published in 2011 by researchers at Malek Ashtar University, an entity listed by the EU in 2008 as linked to Iran's nuclear activities.


Chemical alumina, a powder, has to be combined with other materials to make ceramic composites for missiles and armor.


David Albright, a former UN weapons inspector now president of U.S.-based think-tank the Institute for Science and International Security, said Iran had been studying the use of chemical alumina for years, citing three scientific journal papers published by Iranian academics between 2008 and 2009.


"The documents show that there's an interest in mastering the use of chemical alumina for a broad set of uses which include military," he said.


Chemical alumina can also be used to make transparent ceramics used in lasers and night vision devices. But its use in protective cones for missiles potentially links it to Iran's nuclear program.


"In general, Iran has been trying for three decades to develop ballistic missiles," said Michael Elleman with the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies.


"Transparent ceramics are a type of sapphire made using chemical alumina. Sapphire can be used as a missile component. Whether the missile carries explosive or nuclear warheads is not the point; most missiles are dual capable."


A spokesman for Tehran's UN mission in New York said sanctions were "counterproductive in terms of confidence building between Iran and some members of the Security Council who level some allegations against my country".


"Iran has never violated its international commitment and always remains committed to its obligations," he said.


Data from the International Aluminum Institute showed Europe produced 2.38 million metric tons of chemical grade alumina between January and June 2013, accounting for about a third of the total chemical alumina produced globally.


"None of the military and defense-related applications use particularly large tonnages of alumina," a Western specialist familiar with alumina processes said.


Iranian military commanders regularly announce what they say is significant progress in the manufacture of defense systems and missiles, which are tested during regular drills and war games. But western analysts say their real capabilities cannot be independently verified.


A spokesman for EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said the export of all forms of crude aluminum products as well as other aluminum products were prohibited under EU sanctions.


"Whereas the export of aluminum ore - alumina - is not," the spokesman said. "It is an area that may be looked at in the future."


As of July 1, however, the tightened U.S. sanctions might hamper the alumina trade with Iran as companies involved, who also have U.S. interests could be targeted by Washington.


"Any European companies found selling alumina, for example, will face the full weight of U.S. law. Alumina previously has sailed past the radar under previous U.S. and EU sanctions and should not be overlooked again as an important target of pressure," Dubowitz said.


New president


Earlier this year, Switzerland-based commodities giant Glencore Xstrata said it had done nothing wrong when they engaged in alumina-for-aluminum swap deals with Iran. Another Swiss group Trafigura was involved in similar deals.


One industry source said at present alumina made in Europe was reaching Iran via middlemen operating from the Middle East Gulf who transport the cargoes on barges from the United Arab Emirates. Alumina can be shipped in general cargo vessels.


"There's a number of small-time traders in Dubai dealing with alumina from Europe. They buy it from Europe and ship it to (Iran's major cargo port) Bandar Abbas," said a Europe-based alumina player familiar with the trade.


"It's a lucrative market ... these small guys have not got that much reputation to lose even if they get caught."


The surprise victory of moderate cleric Hassan Rouhani in Iran's presidential election last month has raised hopes for an easing of tension in the decade-old nuclear dispute, although he is not expected to opt for dramatic change, given his ties with the religious leadership.


"It seems unlikely that the presidential elections will have a significant effect on Iran's military program - at least in the short term," said Hannah Poppy at consultancy Risk Advisory.


"Military spending is a long-term budgetary issue, and the President's control over the military is limited. Also, Iran has invested a considerable amount to support its regional allies Syria and Hezbollah, so a major reduction in military aid or rhetorical support would be counter-intuitive."

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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 21:50
Galileo FM3 satellite

Galileo FM3 satellite

03.07.2013 SEDE
The SEDE subcommittee will debate the draft opinion on EU Space Industrial Policy, Releasing the potential for Growth in the Space Sector (Rapporteur: Tarja Cronberg, Greens/EFA).
When: 10 July 2013, 17:30-18:30  


Further information
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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 18:50
Defence business plan: small and medium-sized enterprises (UK MoD)

3 July 2013 Ministry of Defence


The MOD recognises the contribution of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), as direct suppliers to MOD and as participants in the defence supply chain.

The white paper on ‘National security through technology: technology, equipment, and support for UK defence and security (Cm 8278)’ describes how SMEs are a vital source of innovation and flexibility in meeting defence and security requirements. SMEs can also often offer highly cost effective value for money solutions for defence requirements.

The white paper takes into account responses received from the consultation green paper on ‘Equipment, support, and technology for UK defence and security’ that was published in December 2010. The consultation process identified the potential for improvements in three main areas: changes to government processes, particularly within MOD; the way MOD manages its direct relationships with SMEs; and SMEs’ relationships with prime contractors. Our plans for improvements in each of these three areas may be found in chapter 5 of the white paper.

The departmental action plan (2013/14) describes the work we are doing to support and encourage SMEs and sets a target for increasing MOD’s direct and indirect spend with SMEs by end 2014/15.

The departmental action plan is attached together with a number of examples of successful SME engagements with the MOD.


The MOD recognises the contribution of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

PDF, 92.4KB, 19 pages

PDF, 154KB, 16 pages

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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 17:20
EMALS begins phase two aircraft launch tests

Jul 3, 2013 ASDNews Source : Naval Air Systems Command


The U.S. Navy successfully launched an EA-18G Growler on June 25, kicking off the second phase of manned aircraft launch tests using the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS).


The new aircraft carrier catapult system, which is replacing steam catapults beginning with the new Gerald R. Ford-class carriers, commenced aircraft compatibility testing (ACT) phase two from the land-based test site at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, N.J.


“As we move into the second phase of aircraft testing, I’m confident we’ll continue to see the breadth of EMALS’ robust design and operational capability,” said Capt. James Donnelly, program manager for Aircraft Launch and Recovery Equipment Program Office (PMA-251) who oversees the EMALS.


George Sulich, EMALS integrated test team lead, said this phase of testing will simulate various carrier situations, including off-center launches and planned system faults to demonstrate that the aircraft can meet end-speed and validate launch-critical reliability.


The team expects to conduct more than 300 launches this year, Sulich said.


“During ACT 2, we will launch every aircraft currently utilizing today’s carrier catapults, with the exception of the E-2C Hawkeye,” Sulich said.


The EMALS team completed the first phase of aircraft compatibility testing fall 2011 with 133 manned aircraft launches, comprising the F/A-18E Super Hornet, T-45C Goshawk, C-2A Greyhound, E-2D Advanced Hawkeye. The team also had an early opportunity to launch the F-35C Lightning II to evaluate any technical risks.


This was the first EMALS launch for the Growler, an electronic attack variant of the Block II F/A-18F Super Hornet and Navy replacement for the EA-6B Prowler. This year, the F/A-18 family of aircraft is celebrating its marks the 35th anniversary.


“We’ve now launched each of the Navy’s newest aircraft using EMALS,” Donnelly said. “The system is definitely demonstrating its ability to meet fleet requirements by expanding the launch envelope.”


EMALS is a complete carrier-based launch system. It delivers necessary higher launch energy capacity; substantial improvements in system maintenance; increased reliability and efficiency; and more accurate end-speed control. Its technologies allow for a smooth acceleration at both high and low speeds, increasing the ability to launch aircraft with less stress on the ship and its systems.


EMALS is designed to expand the operational capability of the Navy’s future carriers to include all current and future carrier air wing platforms – lightweight unmanned to heavy strike fighters.

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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 16:20
Humvee from U.S. Army Europe's 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team - photo US Army

Humvee from U.S. Army Europe's 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team - photo US Army

Jul 3, 2013 ASDNews Source : Textron Inc


Textron Marine & Land Systems (TM&LS), an operating unit of Textron Systems, a Textron Inc. (NYSE: TXT) company, announced today that it has been awarded a $3.29 million firm-fixed price contract from the U.S. Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command for work on the Modernized Expanded Capacity Vehicle Survivability (MECV-S) system. TM&LS is teaming with Granite Tactical Vehicles to deliver innovative crew protection and vehicle survivability enhancements for the Army's HMMWV vehicles. The program's follow-on potential is for work on up to 5,750 vehicles.


The Army is seeking technical solutions to address current and future threats to its HMMWV tactical vehicle fleet through the use of scalable armor technologies. The TM&LS/Granite team will install its MECV-S protection system, a production-ready Technology Readiness Level 8 system, on two government-furnished HMMWVs and deliver them this summer to Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. for Improvised Explosive Device testing. Computer Aided Design models also will be submitted for analysis.


"Our TM&LS/Granite MECV-S solution would replace the current HMMWV crew compartment in a one-for-one exchange. It offers vehicle occupants an armored monocoque V-hull protective capsule and restores the vehicle's tactical mobility with proven components," explains TM&LS Senior Vice President and General Manager Tom Walmsley.


The lightweight, highly-survivable TM&LS/Granite vehicle protection system possesses a lower center of gravity than an up-armored HMMWV and is resistant to small arms fire, blasts and the secondary effects of blasts such as fire, crushing, rollover and collision. It is compatible with all versions of HMMWVs currently in service and provides MRAP-style protection by incorporating angles and a V-shaped blast deflection under-body plate.


A system that is easily supported and maintained, the Textron/Granite solution also retains all of the original HMMWV cab's characteristics by utilizing existing controls, linkages and drive system.

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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 12:30
photo Lockheed Martin

photo Lockheed Martin

July 2, 2013 by Arie Egozi - FG


Tel Aviv - Rafael is in the advanced stage of work on the unique communications systems that will be installed in the Lockheed Martin F-35s to be operated by the Israeli air force.


Specific details of the system are highly classified, but the enhancement has been described by one Israeli source as a "big leap in airborne communications".


The equipment will combine some systems that Rafael has developed in recent years, including an airborne datalink system, which the company says provides the ability to accurately process and distribute real-time information to all airborne and ground units and provide total visibility in the theatre of operations. The technology also guarantees reliable, simultaneous, multi-channel voice, data, imagery and video transmissions, it says.


Israel's communications systems for the F-35 will also include elements of Rafael's software-defined communication system. This is designed to enable fast wideband connection between manned aircraft, unmanned air systems and their ground control stations. The equipment will allow the fighter to keep its stealth capabilities in "a variety of fighting modes", says a company source.


Rafael is also adapting some of its air-to-air and air-to-surface weapon system to be carried within the F-35's internal weapons bays.


Israel is due to receive the first of its currently contracted 20 conventional take-off and landing F-35As in 2017.

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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 11:35
USA: sanctions contre un général birman pour trafic d'armes avec Pyongyang

02 juillet 2013 Romandie.com (AFP)


WASHINGTON - Les Etats-Unis ont pris des sanctions contre un général birman impliqué dans une affaire de trafic d'armes avec la Corée du Nord, a indiqué mardi le département du Trésor américain.


Cela vise tout particulièrement (le général) Thein Htay, impliqué dans le commerce illégal d'armes nord-coréennes vers la Birmanie, et cela ne concerne pas le gouvernement birman qui continue de prendre des mesures positives afin de rompre ses liens militaires avec la Corée du Nord, a précisé le Trésor dans un communiqué.


En novembre 2012, le gouvernement birman avait annoncé son intention de respecter la résolution 1874 du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies qui interdit de s'approvisionner en biens et assistance militaires nord-coréens.


Le général en question est à la tête d'une agence gouvernementale chargée de l'industrie de la défense (Directorate of Defense Industries, DDI).


Thein Htay n'a pas tenu compte des obligations internationales (de son pays) de cesser d'acheter des biens militaires à la Corée du Nord, dont les revenus sont destinés à soutenir directement les activités illégales de Pyongyang, a indiqué le sous-secrétaire au Trésor chargé de la lutte antiterroriste et du renseignement David Cohen, cité dans le communiqué.


Nous allons poursuivre nos efforts, aux côtés de nos partenaires internationaux, pour mettre un terme aux activités dangereuses de prolifération d'armes de la Corée du Nord, a-t-il ajouté.


Les sanctions touchant le général Thein Htay interdisent à tout Américain de faire du commerce avec lui et gèlent tous les avoirs qu'il pourrait avoir aux Etats-Unis.

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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 10:50
The Fincantieri shipyard at Riva Trigoso, near Genoa, on June 29 launched the Italian navy’s third FREMM multipurpose frigate, the future Carlo Margottini. (FINC photo)

The Fincantieri shipyard at Riva Trigoso, near Genoa, on June 29 launched the Italian navy’s third FREMM multipurpose frigate, the future Carlo Margottini. (FINC photo)

(Source: Fincantieri; issued June 29, 2013)


RIVA TRIGOSO, Italy --- Today Riva Trigoso (Genoa) shipyard celebrated the launch of the frigate “Carlo Margottini”, the third of a series of Fremm vessels - Multi Mission European Frigates - ordered from Fincantieri by the Italian Navy within the framework of an Italo-French program of cooperation.


Godmother to the ship was Ms. Stefania Portaccio, granddaughter of Captain Carlo Margottini. The frigate was named in honour of Captain Carlo Margottini, who was decorated for military valour after the sinking of Nave Artigliere in 1940.


Present at the ceremony were, among others, Roberta Pinotti, Italian Under Secretary of Defence, Claudio Burlando, Governor of Liguria, Admiral Luigi Binelli Mantelli, Chief of the Italian Defence General Staff, Admiral Giuseppe De Giorgi, Chief of the Italian Navy, and Giuseppe Bono, CEO of Fincantieri.


The vessel, which is due for delivery in early 2014 in Muggiano (La Spezia), will feature a high degree of flexibility, capable of operating in all tactical situations. 144 metres long with a beam of 19.7 metres, the ship will have a displacement at full load of approximately 6,700 tonnes. The “Carlo Margottini” will have a maximum speed of over 27 knots and will provide accommodation for a crew of 200.


The ships in the FREMM program constitute state of the art vessels of European and Italian defence in the Mediterranean and will replace the “Lupo” and “Maestrale” class frigates built by Fincantieri in the 1970s.


Participating in the initiative as prime contractor for Italy is Orizzonte Sistemi Navali (51% Fincantieri, 49% Finmeccanica) and, as prime contractor for France, Armaris (DCNS + Thales).


The cooperation has drawn of the highly positive experience of the previous Italo-French program “Orizzonte” under which two frigates were built for the Italian Navy, the ”Andrea Doria” and the “Caio Duilio”.

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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 10:30
AIM-9X Block II

AIM-9X Block II

June 28, 2013: Strategy Page


Saudi Arabia and South Korea recently ordered over 150 AIM-9X Block 2 air-to-air heat seeking missiles. Both nations have used this missile for decades and are satisfied customers. They are not alone. The AIM-9X Block 2 is the latest version of the Sidewinder, a missile that has come a long way since it first appeared in the 1950s. In the last 25 years these short-range heat-seeking missiles have accounted for some 90 percent of losses in air-to-air combat. Sidewinder still dominates the market, despite a lot of competition from the likes of IRIS-T, ASRAAM, Magic, Python, Molinya, and several Chinese clones of foreign designs.


There are not only a lot of different heat-seekers out there, they offer a wide variety of features. Sidewinder has managed to dominate the field by concentrating on the most useful, workable, and popular features. For example, the 9X-2 can lock-on-after-launch. That is, the missile can be fired and then directed to a target via a datalink. That means it can be fired at ground targets or at an enemy aircraft behind you. The X-2 version also makes improvements in the warhead fuze and other components. As impressive as all these features, most are already found in similar missiles made in several other countries (including Russia and China). In effect, the X-2 version is just keeping up. What the U.S. sells, in addition, is an impressive track record of reliability and the high probability of actually performing as expected in combat. Over 4,000 X model Sidewinders have been built since it entered service in 2003. Block II (X-2) entered service four years ago.


The AIM-9 is a heat seeking missile and the heat sensors have become much more sensitive since the first AIM-9s. The current versions of the missile work by detecting a heat source at the point where the pilot is looking. This is done using the JHMCS (Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing Systems), which allows a pilot to see, displayed on his visor, critical flight and navigation information. Sort of like a see-through computer monitor or HUD (Head Up Display). Most importantly, the pilot can turn his head towards a target, get an enemy aircraft or ground target into the crosshairs displayed on the visor, and fire a missile that will promptly go after the target the pilot was looking at. For Sidewinder the pilot has to be looking at something giving off enough heat to catch the attention of the missile's heat sensor. With the X-2 the pilot can launch the missile before he has located the target via the JHMCS, saving a critical few seconds.

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2 juillet 2013 2 02 /07 /juillet /2013 18:20
Modern warships are now largely built in a series of pre-fabricated, complete hull sections rather than a single keel, so the actual start of the shipbuilding process is now considered to be when the first sheet of steel is cut and is often marked with a ceremonial event.

Modern warships are now largely built in a series of pre-fabricated, complete hull sections rather than a single keel, so the actual start of the shipbuilding process is now considered to be when the first sheet of steel is cut and is often marked with a ceremonial event.

Jul 02, 2013 (SPX)


Marinette WI - A Lockheed Martin-led industry team officially laid the keel for the U.S. Navy's ninth Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), the future USS Little Rock, in a ceremony held at Marinette Marine Corporation.


The industry team is building the Freedom-variant LCS for the U.S. Navy on budget, has delivered two ships with four others under construction and two in the early material procurement stages.


With the nation's first LCS, USS Freedom, currently on its maiden deployment to Southeast Asia, the Lockheed Martin-led team is addressing the Navy's need for an affordable, highly-networked and modular ship unlike any other in the world, designed to conduct a variety of missions including anti-surface, mine and submarine warfare.


In keeping with a time-honored tradition, ship sponsor Janee Bonner authenticated the keel by having her initials welded into a sheet of the ship's steel. She was assisted by Marinette Marine Corporation's President and CEO Chuck Goddard.


"It is an honor to serve as the sponsor of the future USS Little Rock, the ninth ship in a class that's so vital to our national defense strategy," said Janee Bonner. "This marks the beginning of my commitment to support her, as well as the brave crews that will serve on the ship to defend our country."


The Lockheed Martin-led LCS team includes ship builder Marinette Marine Corporation, a Fincantieri company, naval architect Gibbs and Cox, as well as nearly 900 suppliers in 43 states, including approximately 30 small businesses in Wisconsin and Michigan.



"This is a great milestone for the U.S. Navy's future USS Little Rock and for the program as we continue to deliver ships," said Joe North, vice president of Littoral Ship Systems at Lockheed Martin Mission Systems and Training.


"As we transition into serial production, we're applying lessons-learned to the construction process that our team has learned from supporting the U.S. Navy in maintaining the team's first and second ships."


Lay the keel is a shipbuilding term that marks the beginning of the module erection process, which is a significant undertaking that signifies the ship coming to life.


Modern warships are now largely built in a series of pre-fabricated, complete hull sections rather than a single keel, so the actual start of the shipbuilding process is now considered to be when the first sheet of steel is cut and is often marked with a ceremonial event.

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2 juillet 2013 2 02 /07 /juillet /2013 17:55
Signature d’une convention Pacte Défense PME entre le ministère de la Défense et DCNS

02/07/2013 ministère de la Défense


Jeudi 4 juillet 2013, 15h00, à l’hôtel de Brienne, Jean-Yves Le Drian, ministre de la Défense, et Patrick Boissier, président-directeur général de DCNS, signeront à l’hôtel de Brienne une convention Pacte Défense PME liant l’entreprise et le ministère à des engagements concrets afin de soutenir le développement des PME.


Lancé le 27 novembre 2012, le programme Pacte Défense PME a notamment pour objectif de renforcer les politiques incitatives des grands groupes avec leurs fournisseurs.

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2 juillet 2013 2 02 /07 /juillet /2013 17:50
Rheinmetall receives major order worth €475 million for new Leopard 2 and self-propelled howitzer project

22.06.2013 Rheinmetall - army-guide.com


An important new order from an Arab customer underscores Rheinmetall’s role as a leading international supplier of army technology products.


Specifically, Rheinmetall will be supplying complete L55-type tank guns for over sixty Leopard 2A7 main battle tanks, together with fire control electronics and electro-optical sensors for the medium-calibre weapon station.


In addition, Rheinmetall will manufacture the chassis and L52 main armament for over twenty PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzers, as well as supplying a complete driver training vehicle.


The Düsseldorf-based Rheinmetall Group will also be responsible for a spare parts package and special tools as well as training and documentation services.


The order also encompasses 120mm ammunition for the Leopard and 155mm ammunition for the PzH 2000 in multiple variants, together with MTLS modular propelling charges for the artillery system.


Rheinmetall has over forty years’ experience in developing and manufacturing armoured fighting vehicles. The Leopard 2 continues to set the global standard for modern main battle tanks. In service with the armies of 18 nations, over 3,600 now exist. Rheinmetall played a decisive part in developing and producing the Leopard 2. Of the 2,125 A4 versions of the Leopard 2 built, Rheinmetall completely manufactured 977 of these systems in Kiel on behalf of the armed forces of Germany and the Netherlands.


By contributing a number of crucial components, Rheinmetall has a major technological stake in the overall Leopard system. For example, Rheinmetall is responsible for the 120mm smoothbore gun, still considered to be most effective tank main armament anywhere. Produced under licence, this cutting edge weapon is also integrated into America’s M1 Abrams as well as a number of other main battle tanks.


Moreover, both the Leopard and PzH 2000 benefit tremendously from Rheinmetall’s unsurpassed expertise in the field of large-calibre ammunition. In both of these fighting vehicles, the perfectly harmonized combination of main armament and ammunition attests to the company’s unique competence in weapons and munitions as well as systems engineering.


Rheinmetall’s technological dominance also extends to the world of combat support vehicles: closely based on the Leopard and developed by Rheinmetall, the Büffel/Buffalo 3 armoured recovery vehicle forms a veritable “Main Battle Tank System” when teamed with the Leopard 2. Likewise based on the Leopard 2 chassis, Rheinmetall’s highly specialized Kodiak armoured engineering vehicle impressively underscores the company’s system capabilities and competence, which extend far beyond the classic main battle tank.


Furthermore, in the field of C4I and fire control technology, Rheinmetall occupies a unique position in the global marketplace. Adapted to meet individual customer requirements, the company supplies individual solutions that can be integrated into higher-echelon command and control systems.

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2 juillet 2013 2 02 /07 /juillet /2013 17:20
A US Army OH-58D Kiowa helicopter readies to lift off from Forward Operating Base Lagman in Afghanistan. Photo: courtesy of US Army, by Sgt Christopher McCullough/Released.

A US Army OH-58D Kiowa helicopter readies to lift off from Forward Operating Base Lagman in Afghanistan. Photo: courtesy of US Army, by Sgt Christopher McCullough/Released.

1 July 2013 army-technology.com


Mercom has awarded a contract to Parvus for supply of tactical computer subsystems for installation onboard the US Army's OH-58D Kiowa Warrior military helicopters.


The $3.3m deal forms part of a $7.2m firm-fixed-price contract awarded by the Army Contracting Command (ACC) to Mercom for acquisition of DuraCOR 810 tactical computers last month.


Under the new contract, Mercom, a Eurotech subsidiary, will supply unspecified units of its DuraCOR 810-Duo tactical computers for integration onto the Kiowa Warrior helicopters.


Fitted with sealed MIL-38999 connectors, integrated EMI/EMC filtering, and MIL-qualified power supply, DuraCOR 810-Duo is a rugged multi-core mission processor subsystem designed for high-reliability applications needing MIL-STD-810G environmental compliance with extreme temperatures, shock/vibration, and ingress.


The computer is based on a modular, open architecture commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) design with an Intel Core2 Duo CPU, solid state disk, as well as MIL-704/1275 power supply and conduction cooled chassis.

"OH-58D Kiowa Warrior is a single engine helicopter primarily designed to conduct armed reconnaissance in support of air cavalry troops and light attack crews."


Ideally suited for harsh mobile military and homeland security command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) deployments, the computer is also designed to address and qualified to MIL-STD-810G and MIL-STD-461F regulations for installation into size, weight, and power (SWaP) constrained aircraft, ground vehicle and maritime platform modernisation programmes.


Manufactured by Bell Helicopter, OH-58D Kiowa Warrior is a single engine helicopter primarily designed to conduct armed reconnaissance in support of air cavalry troops and light attack crews.


In regular use with the US Army since 1969, the helicopter can also perform joint air attack (JAAT) operations, air combat, limited attack operations, and artillery target designation missions.


Exported to Austria, Canada, Taiwan, Saudi Arabia, and the Dominican Republic, the helicopter has been manufactured under license in Australia.


Performance period and delivery schedule has not been disclosed by the company.

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2 juillet 2013 2 02 /07 /juillet /2013 16:50
GDELS Awarded New Contract for 100 EAGLE V 4x4 Vehicles for Germany

25.06.2013 GDELS - army-guide.com


General Dynamics European Land Systems was awarded a contract by the German Procurement Agency, Bundesamt für Ausrüstung, Informationstechnik und Nutzung der Bundeswehr (BAAINBw), for the delivery of 100 EAGLE V Protected Command Vehicles for the “GFF Klasse 2” Program. This contract includes an option for the purchase of 76 additional vehicles.


The EAGLE V is a further development of the EAGLE IV fleet, already in service. The EAGLE V features a larger payload capacity and increased crew protection at the same level of mobility. The total cost of ownership of these vehicles will be reduced through the EAGLE Family of Vehicles concept, with its high degree of commonality, maintenance-friendly design and proven support solutions.


The vehicles will be jointly manufactured in Kreuzlingen (Switzerland) and Kaiserslautern (Germany). Deliveries will start in 2013 and continue throughout 2015, if the option is exercised.


After thorough testing by the Bundeswehr at their proving grounds, the EAGLE V fulfilled all requirements, demonstrating its high agility, tactical mobility, survivability and its suitability for the entire mission spectrum for this class of vehicles.


The Protected Command Vehicles can be used for various missions by applying modular add-on kits. In addition to the high level of crew protection, the substantial payload capability is designed to fulfil future requirements.


Due to its ergonomic design and usability the EAGLE V is easy to handle and has low training costs.


Lifecycle costs of the vehicle fleet are further minimized by a high degree of logistic commonality of approximately 80% among the EAGLE V (4x4 and 6x6), the EAGLE IV and the DURO IIIP tactical truck.

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2 juillet 2013 2 02 /07 /juillet /2013 12:50
European Defence Agency Launches Defence Procurement Gateway
Brussels | Jun 28, 2013 European Defence Agency

The European Defence Agency today officially launched a new section on its website dedicated to defence related business opportunities and information. This new “Defence Procurement Gateway” will allow European governments, industry and academia to easily access information related to defence procurement at EU and national levels.


“The Defence Procurement Gateway is a user-friendly tool designed to increase awareness and visibility of defence business opportunities and information. This is not a complex new system. We simply feed available information from a number of open sources into one tool”, said Peter Scaruppe, Director Industry & Market at the European Defence Agency.

Aimed at enhancing transparency in the European Defence Equipment Market, the web-based tool offers unique access to a comprehensive set of European defence procurement information and business opportunities.

The gateway provides information on defence procurement opportunities published at EU level through Tenders Electronic Daily, the online version of the Supplement to the European Official Journal dedicated to European public procurement, as well as other defence contract opportunities published at national level or by European organisations and agencies such as the EDA. Specifically for governments the gateway contains such functions as the new EDA e-QUIP portal and CODABA.

In addition, it brings together in one single place all relevant EU Regulations (e.g. directives and specific guidance notes published by the European Commission), court and infringement cases, EDA Codes of Conduct, EDA Procurement Rules & Regulations, specific EDA portals (i.e. EDSIS, REACh, Security of Supply), national directories (including access to national procurement policy related websites), industry directories (containing also information on defence industry associations at EU and national level) as well as information on relevant training and conferences.

The Defence Procurement Gateway will additionally include an industry directory (“Yellow Pages” section) serving as a platform for European defence industry to market its knowledge and expertise in the defence domain. So far, about 80 companies have registered to be listed in this section. More registrations are expected after its launch.

The Defence Procurement Gateway is accessible through the EDA website (www.eda.europa.eu/procurement-gateway) with many of its features being publicly available. The tool will be constantly updated and monitored by the Agency. 


More information:

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2 juillet 2013 2 02 /07 /juillet /2013 12:30
Mi-28N source Ria Novisti

Mi-28N source Ria Novisti

28/06/2013 by Paul Fiddian - Armed Forces International's Lead Reporter


Russia is supplying Iraq with at least 10 new attack helicopters via a multi-billion dollar contract.


Under the agreement's terms, Iraq is getting Mil Mi-28NE Night Hunter helicopter gunships, along with associated weapons, support equipment and aircrew/support crew training services. The contract was originally signed in 2012 but only now have details of it been confirmed.


The Mi-28 helicopter design was unveiled in 1982 but, two years later, it lost out to the Kamov Ka-50 in Russian Air Force service. Then, an upgraded model was launched but, in the early 1990s, the programme was cancelled, only to be resurrected in 1995. Finally, the Mi-28N model joined the Russian Army in 2006.


Mi-28N Attack Helicopter


An all-weather capable helicopter able to operate by day or night, the Mi-28N attack helicopter has a top speed of 199 miles per hour and a range of 270 miles.


It can fly at altitudes of up to 19,000 feet and has a rate of climb of 2,677 feet a minute, while its armament comprises of a nose-mounted 30mm cannon and various rockets, bombs and missiles, including Ataka-V anti-tank missiles and S-8 or S-13 rockets.


Iraqi Mi-28NE Contract


Mil Mi-28NE Havoc (Night Hunter)

Mil Mi-28NE Havoc (Night Hunter)

The Iraqi Air Force is being rebuilt following on from the 2003 Invasion. A whole array of new aircraft and helicopters are thus set to be delivered in months ahead including Lockheed Martin F-16s (in 2014) and Boeing AH-64 Apaches (from September 2013 onwards).


Already supplied and in service are nine C-130 Hercules tactical transport aircraft, 24 Beechcraft King Air 350 VIP transports and 12 RQ11 Raven unmanned aerial vehicles.


10 is the minimum number of Mi-28NE (export models) destined for the Iraqi Air Force: according to Russian news agency RIA Novosti, as many as 40 could be eventually supplied. The Iraqi Mi-28NE contract's total value is $4.3 billion.

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2 juillet 2013 2 02 /07 /juillet /2013 12:20
Lockheed Martin's proposed vehicle for the US Army and Marine Corps' JLTV programme

Lockheed Martin's proposed vehicle for the US Army and Marine Corps' JLTV programme

1 July 2013 army-technology.com


Lockheed Martin has completed production of the final vehicle being developed for the US Army and Marine Corps' as part of the multi-billion dollar joint light tactical vehicle (JLTV) programme.


A total of 22 JLTV prototype vehicles have been manufactured by the company under the programme's 24-month $66.3m engineering, manufacturing and development (EMD) phase contract awarded by the army in August 2012.


Manufactured at BAE Systems' manufacturing facility in Sealy, Texas, US, the vehicles are now scheduled to be shipped for the US Government's comprehensive testing and evaluation programme on 22 August.


Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control ground vehicles vice-president Scott Greene said the company would supply a vehicle featuring enhanced capabilities and reliability, and can be easily acquired and operated.


"Early break-in testing is under way, and we are confident that our JLTV design will serve our service men and women well," Greene added.


Lockheed's JLTV prototype has already demonstrated the ability to offer blast protection equivalent to much larger in service mine-resistant vehicles during initial testing.

"Early break-in testing is under way, and we are confident that our JLTV design will serve our service men and women well."


The vehicle is believed to offer enhanced crew protection and mobility, increased fuel efficiency and improved connectivity with other platforms and systems compared with other existing general-purpose vehicles, while reducing logistical support costs.


As well as significant reduction in weight, the vehicle also retains the proven force protection, transportability and reliability of its previous technology development (TD) phase model.


Other two JLTV EMD contract recipients include AM General and Oshkosh Defense.


JLTV programme is aimed at replacing the US Army and Marine Corps' fleet of rapidly ageing high-mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicles (HMMWVs), which have been in active service for more than 25 years.

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2 juillet 2013 2 02 /07 /juillet /2013 11:55
Le SRA-750, premier modèle d'une nouvelle gamme développée par Zodiac Milpro. crédits ZODIAC MILPRO.

Le SRA-750, premier modèle d'une nouvelle gamme développée par Zodiac Milpro. crédits ZODIAC MILPRO.

01/07/2013 meretmarine.com


La société française vient de présenter au salon SeaWork de Southampton le premier modèle d’une nouvelle gamme d’embarcations semi-rigides en cours de développement. Premier représentant de la famille SeaRib Aluminium, le SRA-750 est une embarcation de 7.5 mètres dédiée aux applications professionnelles. Elle a été conçue, selon Zodiac Milpro, pour proposer « des capacités marines exceptionnelles, y compris dans les pires conditions de navigation ».


Suite de l’article

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2 juillet 2013 2 02 /07 /juillet /2013 11:55
L'Almak de DCI/Piriou mis à l'eau le 11 juillet et opérationnel dès octobre

01.07.2013 par P. CHAPLEAU Lignes de Défense


L'Almak, le navire-école construit par DCI et Piriou, sera mis à l'eau, à Concarneau, le 11 juillet. Le 27, ce navire école de 44 m de long sera baptisé et sa marraine sera la peintre officielle de la marine Anne Smith. Elle vit dans le Morbihan et est l'auteur ou co-auteur de plusieurs livres dont "De l’Abeille à l’Abeille" (texte Hervé Hamon, éd. du Seuil).

Dès la première semaine d'octobre, L'Almak embarquera ses premiers cadets originaires du Koweït et du Qatar.

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1 juillet 2013 1 01 /07 /juillet /2013 17:40
Une frégate russe livrée à la Marine indienne

MOSCOU, 1er juillet - RIA Novosti


L'Agence russe d'exportation d'armements "Rosoboronexport" à remis aux autorités indiennes une frégate Trikland (arc) de projet 11356, le dernier des trois bâtiments commandés par la Marine indienne et construite par le chantier naval russe Iantar, a annoncé lundi à RIA Novosti un porte-parole de "Rosoboronexport".


"Des hauts représentants de l'ambassade d'Inde à Moscou et de l'Etat-major de la Marine indienne, ainsi que les dirigeants du consortium russe de construction navale (OSK), et des responsables de l'agence russe d'exportation d'armements "Rosoboronexport" ont assisté à la cérémonie de remise de la frégate",  a indiqué l'interlocuteur de l'agence.


La Marine indienne a commandé trois frégates au chantier naval Iantar, situé près de Kaliningrad. La première, la Teg (sabre) a été remise à la Marine indienne le 27 avril 2012, la deuxième, Tarkash (carquois), - le 9 novembre 2012.


Les frégates du projet 11356 sont destinées à rechercher et à détruire les sous-marins, ainsi qu'à assurer la défense anti-aérienne et anti-navire. Leur tirant d'eau  est de 4.000 tonnes, l'équipage compte 220 personnes et l'autonomie est de 5.000 milles marins. Les frégates  sont équipées  de missiles supersoniques mer-mer BrahMos, mis au point en coopération entre l'Inde et la Russie.

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1 juillet 2013 1 01 /07 /juillet /2013 16:55
Thierry Weulersse prend la direction de Thales Systèmes Aéroportés à Brest

01.07.2013 Mariama Diallo - journal-aviation.com


Thierry Weulersse, 41 ans, a été nommé directeur de l’établissement Thales Systèmes Aéroportés à Brest. Il prend également en charge le domaine patrouille et surveillance maritime, guerre électronique navale et terrestre. Thierry Weulersse succède à Luc Battesti qui prend de nouvelles fonctions au sein du groupe Thales.


Sa carrière


Diplômé de l’École Polytechnique et de l’École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, Thierry Weulersse a commencé sa carrière en 1997 chez Alcatel au sein des activités spatiales. En 2003, il entre dans le groupe Thales : d’abord comme responsable du développement d’outils et processus au sien des activités systèmes aériens, puis responsable des opérations industrielles pour les gammes de radars, responsable du programme de démonstrateur de radar multi-mission et de l’offre Radar d’Alerte Avancée et en 2010 directeur du Bureau gestion de projet et de l’ingénierie du programme de surveillance maritime Meltem, à l’établissement de Thales à Brest.

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1 juillet 2013 1 01 /07 /juillet /2013 16:45
Kolskoot showcasing laser firearm simulation

01 July 2013 by Guy Martin - defenceWeb


South African company Kolskoot Dimension Software Engineering is bringing laser technology to the forefront of firearms training with its software and hardware simulating everything from skeet shooting to hunting.


Kolskoot uses an infrared camera to detect where a laser hits a target. This target can be on any surface, whether it is projected onto a wall or displayed on a TV set. The system can also be added to an iPhone. Using an iPhone app, a user is able to set up shooting parameters, from wind to bullet calibre. The iPhone’s camera does the rest, detecting and recording where the laser hit the target. All that’s needed for this slimmed down version is the R399 app and a laser adapter.


The base system, with two shooting lanes, costs R25 000 and comprises of the software and camera, but can be upgraded to allow four people to shoot at once. The lasers cost R500, and can convert any airsoft weapon (pistol, assault rifle, hunting rifle, shotgun) into a laser simulator weapon. It is also possible to convert one’s own handgun or hunting rifle into a simulator weapon.


Kolskoot Dimension Software Engineering also makes use of a laser cartridge that is manufactured by Red-I-Laser. It looks like a real cartridge but emits a short laser flash when the firing pin strikes it. These cartridges cost R2 000 each and are available in a wide variety of calibres.


Johan Hammes, co-owner of Kolskoot, told defenceWeb that his company has done a lot of work to create a truly portable system that comprises a laptop, lasers and projector. A USB video camera is plugged in to the laptop to see where each laser ‘bullet’ strikes. The Windows-based software is used to set up the shooting environment and alters everything from ammunition loading to sight height. A variety of training programmes can be used that teach everything from the basics of handgun training to simulated combat and skeet shooting and hunting.


Kolskoot Dimension’s offering is aimed at the commercial and private sectors and is more cost effective than military-spec simulators. Various training modules are available for different users, including sport shooting, clay targets, hunting, bird hunting, assault rifle and handgun training.


Fully working firearms can be used with a compatible short flash laser, or airsoft weapons can be used following conversion. Piston kits are available for certain weapons, giving simulated recoil when the weapons are fired. However, it’s not just firearms that can be simulated – Kolskoot Dimension Software Engineering has also developed mortar simulators and, using simulation software, such as Earthworks, can replicate real world environments that people can train in.


Kolskoot first came onto the market at the Africa Aerospace and Defence (AAD) exhibition in September 2012, but under a different name. Since then, “the response has been very good,” Hammes said.


Kolskoot has two main markets in South Africa: the security industry and private companies like Transnet. The South African Army also uses the system to a limited degree, for basic weapons handling training. Internationally, Kolskoot does better in the home entertainment sector, and in countries where simulated hunting is more accessible than the real thing. Kolskoot is also popular in the Far East where firearms are restricted. A number of enquiries have come from Turkey, Japan and the Phillippines.

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