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6 mai 2013 1 06 /05 /mai /2013 16:25
LAAD 2013 - by SITTA

29/04/2013 by SITTA

Le salon LAAD s'est déroulé à Rio de Janeiro (Brésil) du 9 au 12 avril 2013. Annoncé comme étant le plus important du continent sud américain, lesindustriels de l’armement lui ont à nouveau porté un l’intérêt majeur. Lesobjectifs proches que sont la coupe du monde de football et les jeux olympiquesont stimulés la présentation de matériels dans les domaines de la sécurité. Anoter la volonté affichée de l’industrie brésilienne à produire des matérielsen coopération.

Guarani (Brésil)

Guarani (Brésil)

GUARANI (Iveco – Italie)

La firme Italienne Iveco a remporté le contrat du futur véhicule de combat d’infanterie pour l’armée brésilienne. La version présentée était équipée d’un tourelleau télé-opérée stabilisé sur deux axes REMAX armé d’une mitrailleuse de type M2-HB (MAG-58 possible) et de quatre lance-pots fumigènes. Le bloc optronique comporte une voie « jour » CCD et une voie nuit thermique. Avec un débattement en site de + 60° à – 20°, ce tourelleau peut aussi prendre en compte des cibles aériennes lentes. Il est le fruit d’une coopération entre la firme brésilienne Ares et la firme israélienne Elbit.

Guarani (Brésil)

Guarani (Brésil)

Le GUARANI 6x6 permet le transport de 11 personnels. Il mesure 6,91 mètres de long pour 2,7 mètres de large et 2,34 mètres de hauteur (sans tourelle). Grâce à son moteur de 208 chevaux, il peut atteindre une vitesse de 90 km/h sur route et son autonomie est de 600 kilomètres. L’engin est doté d’un système de gonflage centralisé des pneus.

Le véhicule dispose de modules optiques avant et arrière permettant, pour le pilote et l’équipage embarqué, d’observer de jour comme de nuit en restant sous la protection du blindage.

Le Guarani est également équipé d’un système d’alerte laser (en cas d’illumination par un système antichar par exemple).

Plusieurs versions peuvent être produites, à la demande du client, dont une version « véhicule de combat d’infanterie » avec un canon de 30 mm BUSHMASTER et une mitrailleuse coaxiale de 7,62 x 51 mm. Le Brésil a également acquit cette version.

Imbel IA 2 308 (Brésil)

Imbel IA 2 308 (Brésil)

IMBEL IA 2 308 (Imbel – Brésil)

Pour remplacer ses modèles IMBEL M-97 et IMBELM-964, la firme brésilienne a développé la version IMBEL IA-2 en calibres 5,56 x 45 mm et 7,62 x 51 mm. L’arme fonctionne par emprunt des gaz à action directe.

La seconde version est destinée principalement à l’armée brésilienne. L’arme mesure 920 mm de long et 670 mm lorsque sa crosse en matière synthétique est repliée. Son canon forgé à froid mesure 390 mm. Il est pourvu d’un nouveau frein de bouche permettant un meilleur contrôle en tir automatique.

L’arme fonctionne en mode semi-automatique ou automatique. Le chargeur contient 20 cartouches.

Imbel IA 2 308 (Brésil)

Imbel IA 2 308 (Brésil)

Les organes de commandes sont identiques à ceux de L’IMBEL M-97 ce qui en facilite l’emploi.

Le dessus de la boite de culasse est pourvu d’un rail Picatinny pour le montage d’une lunette de visée diurne ou nocturne. Le fut en matière synthétique possède plusieurs rails Picatinny sur l’ensemble de ces faces. Ces rails permettent le montage d’accessoires (Cf poignée antérieure de préhension avec bipied intégré sur la photo).

L’emploi de matières synthétiques et d’alliage réduit de façon certaine le poids de l’arme à 3,38 Kg.

AGRALE VTNE (Brésil)

AGRALE VTNE (Brésil)

AGRALE( Marua - Brésil)

Le véhicule 4x4 AGRALE produit par Marua est avant tout destiné aux forces armées. Cet engin a été décliné en de nombreuses variantes liées aux diverses missions tactiques et logistiques.

La première version présente lors du salon, L’AGRALE VTNE, est prévue pour le transport.

La cabine tôlée accueille deux personnels alors que le compartiment arrière bâché permet le transport de fret.

Avec un moteur 4 cylindres de 140 chevaux, il peut atteindre 125 km/h sur route avec une autonomie de 700 kilomètres. Sa capacité d’emport est de 750 kg. Certaines versions sont équipées d’un schnorkel permettant le passage d’un gué de près de 60 cm. La masse du véhicule est de 4 tonnes.

AGRALE VTL REC (Brésil)

AGRALE VTL REC (Brésil)

La version AGRALE VTL REC est destinée aux unités de reconnaissance. Sa structure supérieure tubulaire allège l’engin d’environ 500 kg et permet le montage d’armes collectives sur circulaire ou affut orientable. Des lance-pots fumigènes sont placés devant la calandre de l’engin.

Malgré un moteur moins puissant (103 ch), sa vitesse maximale est de 122 km/h et son autonomie de 800 kilomètres. Sa capacité d’emport est de 750 kilogrammes.

Gladiador (Brésil)

Gladiador (Brésil)

GLADIADOR (Grupo Inbra Filtro - Brésil)

La firme brésilienne propose un véhicule blindé 4x 4 en version militaire ainsi que pour les forces de maintien de l’ordre. Cet engin est développé et produit au Brésil

Le GLADIADOR est une plateforme polyvalente qui peut être déclinée en fonction des besoins des forces armées : transport de troupes (6 hommes + équipage) ou plate-forme pour arme collective (lance-grenades automatique, mitrailleuse lourde, lance-missiles antiaérien, système de surveillance du champ de bataille, ...). Des variantes commandement, transmissions et guerre électronique sont aussi disponibles.

D’une longueur de 4,49 mètres pour une largeur de 2,25 mètres et une hauteur de 1,7 mètre, sa masse à vide est de 6,5 tonnes. Le GLADIADOR dispose d’un moteur de 185 chevaux, d’une centralisation du gonflage des pneus et de pneumatiques de type « runflat ».

Le véhicule dispose de plusieurs niveaux de protection balistique et le plancher atteint le niveau de protection de niveau I au STANAG 4569.

PAF P (Colombie)

PAF P (Colombie)

PAF-P (Cotecmar – Colombie)

La firme colombienne Cotecmar est spécialisée dans la production de bâtiments de surface protégés chargés d’assurer la surveillance de fleuves. Ce type d’embarcation est apparu lors du conflit au Vietnam durant lequel l’US Navy a déployé une large gamme de petits bâtiments de ce type.

Parmi ces nouveautés, un bâtiment PAF-P d’une longueur de 40,3 mètres pour une largeur de 9,5 mètres et une masse de 373 tonnes.

Le PAF-P est propulsé par deux moteurs de 450 chevaux et de deux hydrojets, permettant de naviguer à près de 16,7 km/h. Son autonomie est de 2900 kilomètres, soit 20 jours de patrouille. Donné pour un équipage de 4 officiers et 29 marins, le bateau peut accueillir également 39 Marines et dispose de 4 lits pour des blessés. Le PAF-P peut également accueillir un hélicoptère moyen sur le pont arrière.

Pour sa protection, il dispose d’une protection balistique de niveau III (7,62 x 39 mm).

Le bâtiment possède, trois tourelles blindées armées de deux mitrailleuses M2 HB (12,7 x 99 mm) et une armée d’un lance-grenades automatique de type Mk19 Mod 3 (40 x 53 mm). Enfin quatre mitrailleuses de type M-60 (7,62 x 51 mm) complètent sa puissance de feu.

NIMR ISV (EAU)

NIMR ISV (EAU)

NIMR ISV (NIMR- EAU)

La version NIMRISV (Internal Security Vehicle), basée sur un châssis 4x4, est destinée aux opérations de maintien de l’ordre. Il peut compter 8 personnels dont deux d’équipage.

Le véhicule présenté lors du salon est équipé d’un LRAD (Long Range Acoustic Devices), d’une lame dozer hydraulique à l’avant, de lance-pots fumigènes, d’un treuil. Il dispose d’une camera jour et nuit.

Des grilles métalliques sur les vitres le protègent des jets de pierres et des cocktails Molotov. Des systèmes de gonflage centralisé de pneus et d’air conditionné complètent les accessoires.

Le NIMR ISV est propulsé par un moteur diesel de 6,7 litres d’une puissance de 296 ch qui lui permet d’atteindre 135 km/h pour une autonomie de 700 kilomètres.

C-Master sur Rotinor (Israël)

C-Master sur Rotinor (Israël)

C-MASTER (Star Defense Systems – Israël)

La firme israélienne proposait un module de navigation destiné aux minis sous marins et aux plongeurs.

Intégrant une batterie, un compas, un profondimètre et un GPS, le C-MASTER offre l’avantage d’utiliser le GPS sans câble relié à la surface. Il pèse 3 kg pour un encombrement réduit : 215 x 180 x 55 mm. Son autonomie est donnée pour 8 heures. Son écran permet une bonne lecture des paramètres quelque soit la densité saline de l’eau (650 cd/m²).

C-Master (Israël)

C-Master (Israël)

La carcasse est en aluminium et dispose d’une protection contre les chocs. Il peut fonctionner de – 5°C à + 45°C.

Rafael Samson NL (Israël)

Rafael Samson NL (Israël)

SAMSON NL RWS (Rafael – Israël)

Rafael présentait une tourelle télé-opérée dédiée aux opérations de maintien de l’ordre. Cette tourelle peut être montée sur de nombreux types de véhicules avec un minimum de modifications. Il faut moins de deux heures pour passer d’une MINI SAMSON à une version NL.

La Samson NL présentée n’étaient équipée que d’armes à létalité réduite. Elle peut être fournie avec :

- un LRAD (Long Range Acoustic Devices) d’une portée de 1000 m,

- un lance-grenades CS/fumigène d’une portée de 125 à 800 mètres,

- un projecteur DAZZLER au xénon d’une portée de 100 mètres,

- un lance-grenades à munitions « impact » d’une portée de 50 mètres.

Éventuellement,une arme en 22 LR d’une portée de 50 m peut être mise en place pour contrer toutes personnes mettant en danger les intervenants.

La tourelle dispose d’un bloc optronique comportant des équipements« jour » et « nuit » et un télémètre laser. Ce dernier facilite la tache de l’opérateur dans le choix des armes.

La SAMSON NL a une capacité de rotation sur 360°et un débattement en site de - 20° à + 60°. Enfin elle peut être équipée de moyens de protection balistique complémentaires.

Zastava M 09 (Serbie)

Zastava M 09 (Serbie)

ZASTAVA M-09 (Zastava – Serbie)

La firme Zastava proposait un nouveau système d’arme de sabord pour hélicoptères : le M-09. Une mitrailleuse ZASTAVA M-87 (chambrée pour les munitions de calibre 12,7 x 108 mm et 12,7 x 99 mm) est fixée sur un affut de sabord. Le tireur est assis sur un siège et déplace la mitrailleuse grâce à deux poignées placées à l’arrière de la boite de culasse. La mise de feu est électrique et l’éjection des maillons s’effectue vers l’extérieur de l’appareil. Une plaque d’acier protège le dessous de la mitrailleuse. La masse totale du système ZASTAVA M-09est de 65 Kg.

Zastava M 09 (Serbie)

Zastava M 09 (Serbie)

Le système est équipé d’un bloc optronique comprenant un télémètre laser, une voie jour CCD et une lunette thermique. Les informations provenant des capteurs optroniques sont centralisées sur un écran digital durci.

Le constructeur du système a insisté sur les points forts que sont la puissance de feu et la fiabilité de la mitrailleuse.

Ultimax 100 Mk 5 (Singapour)

Ultimax 100 Mk 5 (Singapour)

Ultimax-100 Mk5 (STK – Singapour)

La firme Singapourienne STK présentait une large gamme de matériels parmi lesquels la mitrailleuse U-100 Mk5.

Cette version a participé au programme IAR (Infantry Automatic Rifle) initié par l’USMC en remplacement de la M-249.

Les versions précédentes de L’Ultimax-100 ont été largement exportées en Croatie, au Chili, en Équateur ou encore en Indonésie.

Les changements par rapport à la version initiale sont multiples :

- nouvelle crosse repliable et réglable en longueur,

- La visée s’effectue au travers d’une lunette montée sur rail Picatinny, mais une adaptation mécanique peut prendre place sur le rail,

- La poignée avant fixe peut être remplacée par une poignée amovible contenant un bipied.

Comme les versions précédentes l’arme utilise un chargeur de 30 cartouches ou un tambour. La mitrailleuse peut recevoir un canon standard de 508 mm (20’’) ou de 330 mm (13’’)

Tourelle BAE 40 mm Bofors (Grande Bretagne)

Tourelle BAE 40 mm Bofors (Grande Bretagne)

Obus BAE-40 3P (BAE System – Grande Bretagne)

BAE System présentait de nouvelles munitions 3P (Pré-fragmenté, programmable et fusée de proximité) destinées au canon de 40 mm BOFORS. Ces munitions, associées à une nouvelle conduite de tir, améliorent grandement les performances du canon. L’alimentation en munitions s’effectue par un couloir d’approvisionnement placé sous la tourelle.

Chaque fusée de munition est automatiquement et individuellement programmée en fonction de la cible à traiter.

six réglages sont prévus, en prenant en compte le mode « proximité » par défaut :

- Proximité pour le tir contre aéronef lent,

- Proximité avec priorité à l’impact contre les avions cargo,

- Fusée à temps contre les petites cibles marine,

- Impact contre les bâtiments de surface

- Mode « Armour Piercing » contre les cibles blindées

La munition de 40 mm 3P est chargée avec du PBX et un corps pré-fragmenté. sa vitesse initiale de 1012 m/s.

Mepro LIR (Israël)

Mepro LIR (Israël)

Mepro Lir (Meprolight-Israël)

Le MEPRO LIR est une balise IR (Infra-Rouge) qui se fixe sur l’épaule ou sur le casque du soldat.

Ce système est disponible en :

- version SWAT avec un balisage arrière

- version armée avec un balisage avant et arrière.

Le MEPRO LIR a été développé à la demande des forces armées et de police. Il est résistant aux chocs, à l’eau et à la plupart des huiles.

L’émission se fait par diodes LED IR à haute puissance. Sa vision ne peut se faire qu’avec un système de vision nocturne (à intensification de lumière ou thermique) Le signal se voit avec ces systèmes a longues distances.

Tourelle XC 8 105 HP (Belgique)

Tourelle XC 8 105 HP (Belgique)

Tourelle XC-8 105 HP (CMICockerill – Belgique)

Lanouvelle tourelle XC-8 peut accueillir un canon de 105 ou 120 mm OTAN.

Cettetourelle dispose d’un module dans lequel les équipements électriques etélectroniques connectés sont interchangeables. Elle apportera une puissance defeu conséquente sur tout châssis de type 8x8.

La tourelle XC-8 105 HP est équipée d’unsystème de chargement automatique. Son canon de 105 mm tire des missiles « FALARICK » jusqu’à 5000 mètres avec unegrande précision. Ce canon tire également toutes les munitions standard enservice.

Avner (Israël)

Avner (Israël)

AVNER (MDT Armor-Israël )

Le blindé AVNER a été développé par le groupe israélien MDT Armor encoopération avec la firme américaine Textron sur une base de Dodge 4x4 RAM 5500.

L’AVNER est propulsé par un puissant moteur Cummins Turbo diesel de 400 chevaux. Son autonomie est de 610 kilomètres. Il est annoncé comme étant polyvalent et modulaire en fonction des missions. Il est employé par les unités de police, les patrouilles aux frontières, les opérations paramilitaires, ou encore les équipes d’interventions

Avner (Israël)

Avner (Israël)

Dans sa version « patrouille » l’AVNER embarque de 2 à 6 personnels et jusqu’à 11 en version transport.

L’AVNER à une masse totale de 8,845 tonnes pour une charge utile de 2,7 tonnes qui permet aux utilisateurs d’augmenter leniveau de protection balistique, de monter une tourelle téléopérée et/ou unmodule optronique pour la surveillance. Enfin des tapes de tir peuvent être montées pour tirer de l’intérieur du véhicule.

ZIP (Grande Bretagne)

ZIP (Grande Bretagne)

ZIP military Cooking Fuel (ZIP – Grande Bretagne)

La firme britannique ZIP présentait son nouveau cube de chauffe rapide pour combattant. Les avantages sont nombreux :

- Il est plus efficace et plus rapide,

- Il ne dégage pas d’odeur,

- Il s’allume très facilement même sans retirer la pellicule de protection,

- Il n’y a pas de date de péremption,

- Il ne pollue pas et n’est pas toxique, même par ingestion,

- Il peut être utilisé à l’extérieur comme à l’intérieur (avec une ventilation suffisante).

Cordoba Tactica (Colombie)

Cordoba Tactica (Colombie)

CORDOBA TACTICA (Indumil - Colombie)

La firme colombienne, pour sa première participation au salon LAAD, présentait son nouveau pistolet CORDOBA TACTICA chambré en 9 x 19 mm.Cette version est la plus grande des trois armes de la famille CORDOBA.

Cette arme est facile à manipuler, compte tenu de son faible encombrement. Elle dispose d’une carcasse en polymère munie d’un backstrap de taille variable en fonction de la main du tireur. La carcasse est pourvue d’un rail de fixation de type Picatinny placé sous le canon permettant le montage d’accessoires (photo : module StreamlightTLR 2). Le chargeur contient 15 cartouches.

Lepistolet dispose d’un levier de sureté/désarmement ambidextre. Enfin le poussoir de chargeur ne s’enfonce pas mais se pousse dans le sens du canon.

PAGOT (Bulgarie)

PAGOT (Bulgarie)

PAGOT (Optix - Bulgarie)

La firme bulgare Optix présentait la lunette thermique PAGOT. Cette optique intéressante est prévue pour être montée sur l’interface du lance-roquettes antichar RPG-7.

La PAGOT dispose d’un grossissement optique de x1 (x3 en option) et d’un zoom électronique x2 ou x4. Elle fonctionne sur la bande spectrale 7 - 14µm. Son alimentation est assurée par 2piles CR 123 qui lui confèrent une autonomie de 3 heures. Pesant moins de 400 g, Son grossissement variable et son champ de vision répondent totalement aux besoins du tireur antichar. Un véhicule peut être détecté à plus de 800 m.

Il est possible d’entrer les éléments de trajectoire des munitions. La lunette est opérationnelle en moins de 5 secondes.

VIREO (Grande Bretagne)

VIREO (Grande Bretagne)

VIREO (UTC Aerospace Systems –Grande Bretagne)

UTC proposait le drone VIREO destiné essentiellement aux missions des forces de l’ordre et/ou à la surveillance des frontières. Les informations sont récupérables en temps réel.

Pesant moins d’1,5 kg, ce drone est lancé à la main. Divers systèmes d’observations peuvent être chargés, parmi lesquels :

- Des optiques de vision « jour » CCD en 640x480,

- Des lunettes thermiques en 640 x 480.

Le VIREO est commandé à partir d’un écran digital durci. Le VIREO est un UAV simple, léger et peu onéreux.

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6 mai 2013 1 06 /05 /mai /2013 12:20
Industrie de défense USA : Négocier le virage de l'austérité

 

06/05 Par Lucie Robequain, Les Echos

 

Les groupes américains de défense ont plutôt bien absorbé le premier choc de la rigueur. Publiés ces dernières semaines, leurs résultats trimestriels sont ressortis supérieurs aux attentes. Parce qu'ils avaient anticipé les 45 milliards de coupes budgétaires du 1 er mars, ils sont parvenus à accroître leurs profits et à compenser la baisse de leurs chiffres d'affaires. Malgré une contraction de ses revenus de 1 % au premier trimestre, la branche défense de Boeing a ainsi vu ses profits bondir de 12 % (à 832 millions de dollars). Les bénéfices ont également augmenté de 15 % chez Lockheed, de 12 % chez Raytheon, de 4 % chez Northrop, et de 3 % chez General Dynamic.

 

Réduction des effectifs

 

Ces performances se paient au prix de lourdes restructurations : Boeing prévoit des coupes de 1,6 milliard de dollars dans les trois prochaines années, s'ajoutant aux 2,2 milliards d'économies déjà réalisées depuis 2010. Pour cela, le deuxième fournisseur du Pentagone est en train de réduire de 30 % ses effectifs de cadres dirigeants. Lockheed Martin, qui dépend à 85 % des commandes de l'Etat, s'est séparé de près du cinquième de ses salariés, soit 26.000 personnes au total. Le groupe a également remercié un quart de ses cadres dirigeants.

 

Si les acteurs de l'armement absorbent si bien la rigueur, c'est aussi parce qu'ils trouvent des relais à l'exportation. Israël, les Emirats arabes unis et l'Arabie saoudite sont sur le point d'acheter pour 10 milliards de dollars d'armement américain, ce qui profitera majoritairement à Boeing et Lockheed Martin. La Maison-Blanche est leur principal allié : rompant avec 50 ans de contrôle très strict, elle s'apprête à lever les barrières à l'exportation pour tous les équipements jugés non stratégiques - gouvernails, roues, cockpits, etc. La réforme, qui demandera encore plusieurs mois de concertation, est attendue depuis des années par les sous-traitants.

 

La bonne tenue du secteur de la défense ne doit toutefois pas faire illusion. A ce stade, la rigueur imposée au Pentagone se traduit surtout par la mise en congé des personnels civils et l'annulation d'heures de vol et d'entraînement. Les contrats négociés avec les industriels sont encore largement garantis. Ce ne sera certainement pas le cas en 2014. «  Qu'on ne se fasse pas d'illusion : des sous-traitants vont tomber parce que leur production ne sera plus jugée prioritaire », a prévenu récemment Brett Lambert, le secrétaire adjoint au ministère de la Défense.

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 16:20
Curtiss-Wright to deliver additional RAST system to US Navy

 

26 April 2013 naval-technology.com

 

The US Navy has awarded a contract to Curtiss-Wright Flow Control for supply of its ship-borne helicopter recovery assist, secure and traverse (RAST) system in support of the Arleigh Burke-Class DDG 51 Flight IIA forward-build programme.

 

Under the multimillion contract, the company's RAST system will be installed aboard the future DDG 51 IIA ship, DDG 116.

 

The company will also provide related track components and spares to the US Naval Air Systems Command.

 

Commenting on the contract, Curtiss-Wright Flow Control source said that the continued supply of the RAST system demonstrates the company's engineering expertise in providing advanced performance, reliable equipment designs and increased operational efficiency to the naval defence industry.

 

Work under the contract will be carried out by Curtiss-Wright's Flow Control's subsidiary Indal Technologies in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, with the first delivery scheduled for late 2014.

"Under the multimillion contract, the company's RAST system will be installed aboard the future DDG 51 IIA ship, DDG 116."

 

Capable of assisting safe helicopter launch and recovery, the RAST helicopter handling system is fully integrated with all functions necessary to safely operate and stow large ship-borne helicopters.

 

The RAST has been designed to aid in securing and manoeuvring of helicopters even in adverse weather and sea conditions up to sea state five.

 

More than 200 integrated aircraft handling systems have been delivered to date by the company to navies in Australia, Canada, Japan, Spain, Taiwan and the US.

 

The DDG 51 Flight IIA ships feature Kingfisher mine-avoidance capability, a pair of helicopter hangars, which provide the ability to deploy with two organic Lamps MK III MH-60 helicopters, blast-hardened bulkheads, distributed electrical system and advanced networked systems.

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 11:35
photo Royal Australian Air Force

photo Royal Australian Air Force

 

25 April 2013 airforce-technology.com

 

The Royal Australian Air Force's (RAAF) A330 multirole tanker transport (MRTT) aircraft has successfully completed tanking trials with Boeing F/A-18F Super Hornets at an undisclosed location.

 

Carried out by Canberra's Aircraft Research and Development Unit in February, the trials involved a total of 87 contacts and the transfer of approximately 76t of fuel through the hose and drogue method, with both aircraft flying within a limited envelope, Flightglobal reported.

 

Primarily conducted to assess the tanker's wake, drogue stability and the fighter's performance under an array of altitudes, conditions and aircraft configurations, the testing also sets the stage for additional trials that will certify the aircraft to support air-to-air refuelling of Super Hornets worldwide.

 

RAAF ordered five A330 MRTTs to replace its Boeing 707 tanker transporter fleet in 2005. The last was delivered to the RAAF Base Amberley in Queensland in early December 2012.

 

Designated KC-30A in the RAAF service, the aircraft is a derivative of Airbus A330 civilian airliner, and is scheduled to be operated by the No. 33 Squadron for cover hose-and-drogue refuelling and strategic passenger transport missions.

 

Equipped with two underwing refuelling pods, a fly-by-wire Airbus Military aerial refuelling boom system (ARBS) and a universal aerial refuelling receptacle slipway installation that enables refuelling from another tanker, the aircraft achieved initial operational capability in February.

 

Currently undergoing further modification on its refuelling boom and testing to enable refuelling of the E-7A Wedgetail airborne early warning and control aircraft, C-17 Globemaster, and other MRTTs, the aircraft is expected to reach its final operating capability in 2014.

 

Capable of simultaneously performing aerial refuelling, passenger or freight transport, and medical evacuation missions, the A330 MRTTs have also been ordered by the air forces of Saudi Arabia, UAE and the UK.

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 11:35
Australia unveils its F-35 JSF 'Iron Bird'

 

CANBERRA, Australia, April 26 (UPI)

 

Australia will use a full-scale F-35A Joint Strike Fighter model to study the effects of electromagnetic compatibility and interference on the aircraft.

 

Minister for Defense Science and Personnel Warren Snowdon unveiled the JSF model at the laboratories of the Defense Science and Technology Organization, which will conduct the studies, a statement from the Australian Ministry of Defense said.

 

The Australian-built model -- called Iron Bird -- will be tested under simulated electromagnetic conditions during the acquisition and through-life sustainment of Lockheed Martin's JSF.

 

"This study is a significant part of ensuring the protection of the JSF against electromagnetic environmental effects such as lightning and static discharge, which can impair the performance and safety of aircraft," Snowdon said during a visit to DSTO laboratories in Adelaide.

 

Australia's first two F-35As are to be delivered to a training facility in the United States during 2014-15 when Australia starts training JSF pilots and maintenance personnel.

 

The fifth-generation F-35 Lightning II will replace Australia's McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet fighters and its retired General Dynamics F-111 bombers.

 

Snowdon said the JSF has sophisticated software and a structural airframe made of composite materials, a combination that exposes the aircraft to electromagnetic interference from natural phenomena and man-made sources, including telecommunication transmissions and radar.

 

"The impact of these interferences needs to be well understood and appropriately managed," Snowdon said.

 

"DSTO has developed world-class expertise in the investigation of electromagnetic radiation impact on aircraft and is engaged directly with the United States JSF Joint Project Office to undertake this study using the Iron Bird model.

 

"The data captured will help in providing potential reductions in the cost of owning the JSF fleet and enhancing the aircraft's capability."

 

Snowdon said DSTO's research will support verification for compliance and airworthiness certification for the JSF, as well as keep maintenance costs down.

 

The latest estimate of around $90 million per plane has raised concerns among politicians in Canberra about whether Australia can afford to buy the intended 100 F-35 aircraft.

 

U.S. Air Force Lt. Gen. Chris Bogdan, principal executive of the Pentagon's JSF Program Office, addressed the issue of F-35 cost overruns when he met with Australian defense officials at the Avalon air show in Melbourne in February.

 

Bogdan said his survey of the JSF program had uncovered "ugly" problems with the program but that his office had sought to have Lockheed Martin share the costs of fixing faults and covering delays, The Australian newspaper reported in February.

 

In the United States, there has been concern over estimates of the jet's weight amid continuing questions about delivery dates and final cost.

 

Outgoing Executive Vice President and JSF General Manager Tom Burbage was quoted in the U.S. news media as saying the manufacturer miscalculated on the aircraft's weight during its early development.

 

After spending 12 years fronting the Lockheed Martin F-35 program Burbage retired this month on an optimistic note but far from clear about the aircraft's ultimate cost and delivery schedule.

 

Burbage was named head of the F-35 program less than three weeks after the company beat Boeing to develop the aircraft. Then valued at $220 billion, the contract aims to build thousands of F-35 for the U.S. military and hundreds more for international partners, Flight International said on its website.

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 11:20
EADS North America Delivers 250th On-Time, On-Budget UH-72A Lakota Helicopter to US Army

 

Apr 26, 2013 ASDNews Source : European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company

 

    Combined Lakota Fleet Passes 150,000 Flight Hours, Maintains 90% Availability

 

The U.S. Army has fielded the 250th UH-72A Lakota helicopter delivered to Army and National Guard units by EADS North America since 2006. Every Lakota -- including an additional five produced for the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School -- has been delivered on time and on budget, by an American workforce that is more than 50 percent U.S. military veterans.

 

The combined Lakota fleet's operations have now exceeded 150,000 flight hours, while maintaining greater than 90 percent availability. The Lakota is the Army's newest helicopter, with the lowest cost to fly, own and operate of any U.S. military helicopter in production.

 

The Lakota is manufactured at EADS North America's American Eurocopter facility in Columbus, Miss.

 

"In today's budget environment, the Pentagon needs programs that deliver what's been promised, and we're proud to have worked with the Army to field this capability unfailingly on schedule and on cost," said Sean O'Keefe, EADS North America Chairman and CEO.

 

Army Lt. Col. David Cheney, the UH-72A Product Manager, stated, "The UH-72A Lakota helicopter program continues on schedule, within budget and is serving the Soldier very well. The success of this aircraft and program is a testament to EADS North America's team's determination to provide the best support for the Army and homeland security missions."

 

The 250th Army Lakota will be operated out of Oklahoma City by the Oklahoma National Guard. It is the latest of 54 Lakotas delivered with the Security and Support (S&S) Battalion mission equipment package, which expands the Lakota's capabilities for missions ranging from disaster response to border security operations.

 

The S&S configuration includes a moving map, EO/IR sensor, digital video recording capability, digital and analog downlink, and a searchlight. Army National Guard units across the country currently operate Lakotas equipped with the S&S Battalion MEP, including extensive operations along the U.S. southwest border for border security and drug interdiction.

 

A combination of full contractor logistics support (CLS) for the active Army and hybrid CLS for the Army National Guard enables the units to operate the Lakota in accordance with their flying hour plan. The Army program office, military units, and the industry team of EADS North America, American Eurocopter and Helicopter Support International has provided tailored program logistics to the Army and Army National Guard since 2006.

 

The Lakota fleet has averaged an operational availability rate greater than 90 percent for locations with full contractor logistics support, encompassing 21 different military units. Spare parts fill rate under the hybrid CLS concept supporting 33 units has averaged 97 percent.

 

The UH-72A is a Defense Acquisition Category (ACAT) I major defense acquisition program, and was one of the most rapid introductions of a new aircraft in the U.S. Army's history. Deliveries of the aircraft to National Guard units allow aging OH-58 and UH-1 rotary-wing aircraft to be retired, while UH-72As assigned to the active component of the U.S. Army free up UH-60 Black Hawks for assignment to combat missions.

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 11:20
F-35 Office Sees Improved Relations With Contractor

 

Apr. 25, 2013 - by AARON MEHTA – Defense News

 

WASHINGTON — The head of the F-35 Joint Program Office told Congress that the program is continuing to improve, in part because of turnover at primary contractor Lockheed Martin.

 

Lt. Gen. Christopher Bogdan was testifying in front of the Senate Armed Services Committee Airland subcommittee when he was asked by Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., to elaborate on previous statements the general had made about the relationship between his office and contractors Lockheed and Pratt & Whitney.

 

“My intention was to put [the contractors] on notice,” Bogdan told McCain. “I needed to make sure that they were committed in the long term to reducing costs in this program, and at the time when I made that comment I was not so sure. Doing business with both companies has been difficult and is getting better. I was seeing behaviors in which I thought over the next 30 or 40 years were not sustainable for us or either one of those industry partners.

 

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 07:55
EC145 in flight © Copyright Eurocopter, Charles Jérôme Deulin

EC145 in flight © Copyright Eurocopter, Charles Jérôme Deulin

Istres, France,  25 April 2013 EADS.com

 

Eurocopter’s ability to integrate unmanned flight capabilities into its helicopter family has been validated by an optionally piloted vehicle (OPV) demonstration program, which used an EC145 to fly routes that included deployment of an external sling load and a representative observation mission.

 

Conducted at the French Air Force base in Istres, France, this program was revealed today with an unmanned demonstration, which followed similar flights performed earlier in April.

 

With this capability fully validated, Eurocopter is now positioned to pursue OPV flight capabilities for its product line of light, medium and heavy-lift helicopters – enabling these rotorcraft to be flown by pilots or in an unmanned mode.

 

“Eurocopter innovation is once again expanding the mission capabilities of helicopters, and we are ready to apply the proven optionally piloted vehicle competence in meeting customers’ needs,” explained Eurocopter Chief Technical Officer Jean-Brice Dumont. “This latest achievement results from our company’s expertise in flight control and autopilot systems, human-machine interface, system architecture and integration.”

 

Today’s unmanned demonstration – along with the previous flights– used a four-dimensional flight plan that was uploaded to the helicopter, with its starting and completion points situated on the Istres Air Force Base’s Runway 15/33. After an automatic takeoff, the EC145 flew the circuit via multiple pre-programmed waypoints, during which the helicopter performed a mid-route hover to deploy a load from the external sling. The EC145 continued on a return route segment representing a typical observation mission, followed by an automatic landing.

 

For delivery of the external load, the helicopter entered a planned hover – enabling the ground station controller to provide flight control inputs in orienting the EC145 over the drop point. The ground controller then transmitted a command to release load once the helicopter and load were correctly positioned.

 

The OPV flight capability was developed in an internally-funded Eurocopter program, and was coordinated by a team at the company’s Donauwörth, Germany facility. Initial tests with a monitoring pilot aboard the EC145 were flown from Donauwörth and then at Istres.

EC145 in flight © Copyright Eurocopter, Charles Jérôme Deulin

EC145 in flight © Copyright Eurocopter, Charles Jérôme Deulin

The EC145 demonstrator is a Eurocopter testbed helicopter with an enhanced dual-duplex four-axis automatic flight control system (AFCS) and the latest navigation systems. In addition, the helicopter is fitted with the “plug-in” OPV avionics rack in its cabin behind the pilot seats, which contains the data link subsystems.

 

Visibility during the EC145’s unmanned flights was provided to the ground station via onboard cameras. They were complemented by an external gimbaled camera on the helicopter for infrared and daylight mission imaging.

 

Eurocopter’s OPV system was configured to enable uploading of the four-dimensional flight plans to the helicopter via data link from the ground station. The system included an automatic hover-to-land capability in case of major system degradation.

 

Follow this event on http://press.eurocopter.com/en/gallery/aflight

 

About Eurocopter

 

Established in 1992, the Franco-German-Spanish Eurocopter Group is a division of EADS, a world leader in aerospace and defense-related services. The Eurocopter Group employs approximately 22,000 people. In 2012, Eurocopter confirmed its position as the world’s No. 1 helicopter manufacturer with a turnover of 6.3 billion Euros, orders for 469 new helicopters and a 38 percent market share in the civil and parapublic sectors. Overall, the Group’s helicopters account for 33 percent of the worldwide civil and parapublic fleet. Eurocopter’s strong international presence is ensured by its subsidiaries and participations in 21 countries. Eurocopter’s worldwide network of service centers, training facilities, distributors and certified agents supports more than 2,900 customers. There are currently more than 11,780 Eurocopter helicopters in service in 148 countries. Eurocopter offers the most comprehensive civil and military helicopter range in the world and is fully committed to safety as the most important aspect of its business

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
Domestic Firms Allowed in India Gun Contest

 

Apr. 25, 2013 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI  - Defense News

 

NEW DELHI — For the first time, domestic private sector defense companies will be allowed to compete alongside foreign companies in the forthcoming 155mm/52-caliber mounted gun tender, expected to be floated in the next two to three months.

 

Before, only overseas original equipment manufacturers could participate in the tender, according to the categorization of the program.

 

The Defence Ministry allowed the participation of domestic defense firms after those companies demanded that the ministry change the categorization of the competition from “Buy and Make Global” to “Buy Global.” The designation allows domestic companies to compete.

 

Under “Buy and Make Global,” only overseas companies can participate, with the requirement that those companies transfer technology to the state-owned Ordnance Factories Board.

 

The Indian Army will now issue a global tender for 814 mounted guns, to include domestic companies Tata Power SED, Larsen & Toubro (L&T) and Bharat Forge. Overseas companies include Nexter of France, Rosoboronexport of Russia, Israel Aerospace Industries, BAE Systems of the UK and General Dynamics of the US.

 

An executive at Tata Power SED said they have not been told of the decision yet by the MoD, but added that his firm can manufacture all 814 in Bangalore .

 

In January, the private domestic companies demanded to be considered for future 155mm gun projects, estimated to be worth more than US $3 billion.

 

Domestic private sector companies will also be allowed to compete for the upgrade of Russian-made 130mm M-46 field artillery guns into 155mm guns, an MoD source said.

 

Late last year, Tata Power SED claimed that it had developed a 155mm/52-caliber mounted gun with 52 percent indigenous elements.

 

“Overseas Content of the gun is 48 percent and comprises technology taken for the barrel, breech and muzzle brake,” a company executive told Defense News. The indigenous content includes the 8x8 truck, platform, outrigger assembly, complete hydraulic system, fire control system, system integration and testing.

 

Private sector majors L&T and Bharat Forge have tied up with overseas defense companies to make the 155mm/52-caliber gun in India. State-owned Defense Research and Development Organisation is also developing its homegrown towed Howitzer gun.

 

A senior L&T executive said the company had tied up with Samsung for the wheeled artillery guns and with Nexter for making mounted and towed artillery guns in India

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
Sevmash engineers will perform repairs and maintenance during the initial 12-month warranty period, and then provide their services for another 20 years once the warranty has expired. Source: Maxim Vorkunkov / JSCo «PO «Sevmash» Press Service

Sevmash engineers will perform repairs and maintenance during the initial 12-month warranty period, and then provide their services for another 20 years once the warranty has expired. Source: Maxim Vorkunkov / JSCo «PO «Sevmash» Press Service

 

April 25, 2013 Aleksandr Emelyanenkov, specially for RIR

 

The aircraft carrier will once again take to sea in July; flight tests are scheduled a month later.

 

The INS Vikramaditya has undergone a complex operation at Russia’s Sevmash shipyard ahead of the final stage of trials and delivery to the Indian Navy later this year. 

 

With 10 weeks still left until July 3, 2013, when the final sea trials are due to begin, tug boats carefully manoeuvred the giant ship to a drainable pool. There the Vikramaditya will once again be put on a frame. Once the water has been drained, engineers will inspect the hull of the ship and all its outboard parts and components.

 

This is what the ship looked like after refitting in the dock, ahead of taking to the sea. Source: Maxim Vorkunkov / JSCo «PO «Sevmash» Press Service

 

According to the head of the commissioning team, Igor Leonov, all the procedures in the dry dock - which are compulsory for a ship after repairs - will take two months. So far, the project remains strictly on the latest schedule.The April 25 deadline for putting the ship in the dock has been met, Leonov said.

 

Ekaterina Pilikina, spokeswoman for the Sevmash shipyard, gave the media details of the elaborate operation. The main complication was that there were only a few centimetres to spare between the hull of the enormous ship and the sluice gate. To make matters worse, the team worked in strong winds and had only an hour at the peak of the high tide to complete their task.

 

The operation was observed by senior Sevmash executives; the head of the White Sea naval base, Vladimir Vorobyev; the captain of the Indian crew of the Vikramaditya, Suraj Berry and the head of the Indian observation team, Kudaravalli Srinivas. Both Indian representatives were impressed with what they saw.

 

108 days at sea spent in 2012 by the Vikramaditya crew and commissioning team during trials in the White Sea and the Barents Sea. Source: Maxim Vorkunkov / JSCo «PO «Sevmash» Press Service

 

Srinivas said this was the second time he saw such an operation. The first was back in 2008, when the ship was being taken out of the drainable pool after repairs. “Now Sevmash specialists have once again demonstrated their professionalism,” the Indian representative said. “They have coped very well with their task.”

 

The chief executive of the shipyard, Mikhail Budnichenko, expressed confidence that all the remaining work in the dock “will be done well and on schedule.” Sergey Novoselov, head of defence export projects at Sevmash, explained the nature of that work: “In accordance with the contract, we must inspect the state of the hull, the propeller-rudder system, and the sea valves. We will also restore the paintwork below the waterline, if necessary.”

Novoselov added that most of the problems identified during the sea trials have already been fixed. The ongoing refurbishment of the main boilers involves specialists of the companies which designed and manufactured them. The refurbishment is scheduled for completion in May. All the interim results of the project are inspected by the Indian customer and by the Russian MoD.

 

Before the Vikramaditya can take to the sea once again, the Sevmash quality assurance specialists will be asked to present their findings on 435 separate items covering almost the entire ship, including tens of thousands of individual parts and components. In addition, much of the interior finish has yet to be completed.

 

 “There are more than 2,500 compartments in the ship,” Novoselov says. “That includes combat stations, bays, cabins, engine and boiler rooms, power plant compartments, and a 120 metre-long hangar, which is about the same length as a football pitch. We must paint all these compartments, install the hardware, properly insulate all the piping and frame elements, and present the whole thing for the customer's inspection. In addition to the engineers setting up the main equipment, we also have painters, joiners, fitters, insulation technicians and other specialists working on the Vikramaditya.”

 

On occasions there will be more than 3,000 people on board the Vikramaditya this year because the schedule of the sea trials is very tight. The maximum number recorded in 2012 was only about 2,000. The Indian crew will account for the bulk of that increase; 1,326 Indian officers and sailors will begin their practice on the carrier at sea. Sevmash is already making plans for quartering all the sailors, members of the commissioning teams, pilots, mechanics and other air support specialists on the ship. The Vikramaditya’s three galleys will be working flat out nearly round the clock to provide catering.

 

In the autumn of 2012, the Vikramaditya was forced to return to Sevmash, where it had previously been repaired and refitted, to replace the fire-resistant insulation of the boilers, which began to deteriorate during trials in the Barents Sea. This and several other problems with the hardware had forced Russia to postpone the delivery of the Vikramaditya to the Indian Navy, which was previously scheduled for 2012.

 

The new delivery deadline is November 2013. Eight boilers must be refurbished before the end of May if that deadline is to be met. The ship is scheduled to take to the sea once again on July 3, so there will be a month left to test all the boilers of the main power plant, including operation at the maximum load. The next stage of the trials, which involves the planes and helicopters based on the Vikramaditya, is scheduled for August 3.

 

In mid-October the ship will return to Sevmash, where specialists will spend another month preparing it for the voyage to India.

 

Trials schedule: Every day counts

 

Sergey Novoselov, Head of defence export projects at Sevmash

“On July 2013 the aircraft carrier will begin sea trials in the White Sea; we will spend a month testing all the boilers of the main power plant under various loads. The next stage of the trials will commence on August 3 in the Barents Sea, and end on September 30. It will involve the planes and helicopters based on the carrier; the aim is to test the operation of the entire carrier-aircraft complex. One of the critical parts of the trials is aircraft landings on the deck of the Vikramaditya during night-time. These flights will begin in late August or early September, once the midnight sun period north of the Polar Circle is over.

The huge size of the aircraft carrier requires meticulous care during movements around the shipyard. Source: Maxim Vorkunkov / JSCo «PO «Sevmash» Press Service

 

Then the ship is scheduled to return to Sevmash in early October to begin preparations for the voyage to India. November 15 is the deadline for the aircraft to be delivered to the customer and (for the ship to) set sail for its new home in India. Incidentally, we are planning a shorter route for that journey, via the Suez Canal rather than around Africa. In accordance with the terms of the contract, Sevmash engineers will perform repairs and maintenance during the initial 12-month warranty period, and then provide their services for another 20 years once the warranty has expired."

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26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 07:20
AMRDEC conceptual renderings of potential future JMR configurations

AMRDEC conceptual renderings of potential future JMR configurations

 

April 25th, 2013 by Kris Osborn - defensetech.org

 

U.S. Army officials plan to award up to four design contracts by the end of fiscal year 2013 for vendors to build the Joint Multi-Role (JMR) demonstrator aircraft, a next generation helicopter fleet, Army leaders said Thursday.

 

Current plans call for two JMR technology demonstrator aircraft to be designed and built for a first flight by sometime in 2017, said Todd Turner, director for the Army’s Research and Technology Air Portfolio.

 

“This is an S&T [Science and Technology] effort for the development of a new, medium-class platform. The goals are to design, fabricate and demonstrate an advanced vertical lift vehicle with a combat radius of 424 kilometers, that’s an 848 kilometer range, un-refueled, at speeds of up to 230 knots,” Turner said at the National Defense Industrial Association’s 14th Annual Science & Engineering Technology Conference/Defense Tech Exposition, National Harbor, Md.

 

A key goal for the program is to be affordable, and develop an aircraft that can reach much greater speeds and extend mission possibilities without compromising an ability to hover, Turner said.

 

Army officials said the S&T effort is designed to lower risk, reduce costs and inform requirements for what will be a Future Vertical Lift formal program of record designed to deliver new aircraft by 2030.

 

“We’re currently completing what we call configuration trades and analysis portions of this effort which will finish this year. The trades we considered were cost, weight and power requirements, mission equipment packages and life-cycle costs.  All configurations were considered,” Turner said.

 

The configurations currently being examined include a tilt-rotor possibility, like today’s Marine Corps and Air Force V-22 Osprey as well as various compound configurations such as air vehicles with a rear-thrusting mechanism and co-axial rotorblades, Army officials explained.

 

The service is evaluating responses to an Army solicitation to industry to build designs. Service officials plan to down select to two design teams by the fourth quarter of fiscal year ’14, Turner said.

 

The JMR effort also plans to include next-generation mission equipment and avionics along with integrated sensors and weapons systems.

 

Turner said Army S&T is working on advanced rotor designs, autonomy algorithms and concept analyses wherein they assess air-vehicle design methods.

 

“We currently have a good handle on how to build systems when we have a database. What we are trying to do is move towards where we can design new systems at a more rapid pace. Get that design closer to what the air vehicle will look like, he said.

 

The FVL aircraft is slated to be powered by an Improved Turbine Engine Program (ITEP), a more powerful, 3,000-horsepower, more fuel-efficient engine also being informed by an ongoing S&T Program, Advanced Affordable Turbine Engine effort.

 

“It’s transitioning out of S&T this year to the ITEP program. It’s showing benefits of 25-percent reduced burn rate and a 35-percent reduction in production and maintenance costs,” Turner said.

 

Army S&T is also in the early phases of developing the Future Affordable Turbine Engine, a 7,000-horsepower heavy class engine for larger rotary platforms such as the CH-47 Chinook.

 

“We’re developing material and component technologies for the compressor and turbine sub-systems,” he added.

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 16:55
Armadillo is a turretless version of CV90 with ballistic and mine protection which exceed Stanag 4a/b. Removal of the turret gives six tonnes of “spare” payload for further protection or other purposes on top of its “fighting configuration”. Photo: BAE Systems

Armadillo is a turretless version of CV90 with ballistic and mine protection which exceed Stanag 4a/b. Removal of the turret gives six tonnes of “spare” payload for further protection or other purposes on top of its “fighting configuration”. Photo: BAE Systems

April 25, 2013 defense-update.com

 

The Danish Army has received five Armadillo type armored infantry fighting vehicles for testing. The vehicle is based on the CV90 chassis was configured by BAE Systems Sweden for protected infantry transport. Earlier in April BAE shipped the five vehicles to the Danish army Oksbol base for competitive evaluation. The tests, which begin in April and continue through September, will evaluate the new vehicle’s ability to meet Denmark’s armored personnel carrier requirement. BAE Systems is also offering the vehicle to other countries, among them Canada.

 

Armadillo is a turretless version of CV90 with ballistic and mine protection which exceed Stanag 4a/b. Removal of the turret gives six tonnes of “spare” payload for further protection or other purposes on top of its “fighting configuration” while its state-of-the-art electronic architecture allows “plug and play” of new systems.

 

The CV90 was originally designed by Hagglunds and was fitted with a Bofors gun turret. It came into service in 1993. The light tank variant of the vehicle, designated CV9035 MkIII infantry fighting vehicle is operational with the Danish Army since 2007. Denmark plans to replace its existing fleet of M113s and BAE Sweden is one of four contender for the program. Other options considered are the Piranha V from GDLS Europe and G5, yet another upgrade of the M-113, proposed by FFG, which will bring this old design to a new APC status. Denmark is expected to select its future APC variant in 10 months, around February 2014. First deliveries will commence in 2015.

 

According to BAE Systems, Armadillo offers class-leading protection and optimum mission flexibility. Unlike the G5 or Piranha V, it will be produced on a ‘hot’ production line, with CV90 tanks built for Norway, therefore offer the benefit of production scale and shared costs. Moreover, CV90 platforms are currently operational with six existing operators, adding to the platform’s attractiveness as a low-risk solution, both for initial purchase and long-term sustainment and upgrade. The Danish contract requires the supplier to bind to support the fleet over a period of 15 years.

The Danish Army is already operating 45 CV9035DK infantry Fighting Vehicles. Photo: Danish Army

The Danish Army is already operating 45 CV9035DK infantry Fighting Vehicles. Photo: Danish Army

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 16:40
Russie: le chasseur de 5e génération livré à l'armée en 2016 (Poutine)

 

MOSCOU, 25 avril - RIA Novosti

 

Le chasseur russe de cinquième génération T-50 (PAK FA) sera livré à l'armée en 2016 et non en 2015, a annoncé jeudi le président russe Vladimir Poutine lors de sa traditionnelle séance de questions-réponses en direct avec la population.

"L'avion de cinquième génération T-50 sera produit en série et livré à l'armée en 2016", a indiqué M.Poutine.

Cet appareil aura des meilleures performances que son concurrent principal, le chasseur américain F-35, selon le chef suprême des armées.
Des responsables du ministère de la Défense avaient antérieurement déclaré que les forces armées russes recevraient le nouveau chasseur en 2015.

Le T-50 est un chasseur de cinquième génération doté d'un radar unique à balayage électronique actif. L'appareil possède une faible signature radar et thermique, une vitesse de croisière supersonique et un niveau élevé d'intégration des systèmes de commande. Conçu pour remplacer les MIG-29 et les Su-27 en service dans l'armée russe, le T-50 conjugue les caractéristiques d'un avion de frappe et d'un chasseur classique. Il est développé en Russie depuis les années 1990.

Russie: le chasseur de 5e génération livré à l'armée en 2016 (Poutine)

Le premier décollage du chasseur T-50 remonte au 29 janvier 2010. L'avion a été présenté pour la première fois au public le 17 août 2011, lors du Salon aérospatial MAKS-2011 à Joukovski, dans la région de Moscou.

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 16:40
Missiles S-400: la Russie construit deux usines supplémentaires (Poutine)

 

MOSCOU, 25 avril - RIA Novosti

 

Les missiles sol-air russes S-400 sont si demandés sur le marché mondial que la Russie a lancé la construction de deux usines supplémentaires, a annoncé jeudi le président russe Vladimir Poutine lors de sa traditionnelle séance de questions-réponses en direct avec la population.

 

"Nous avons lancé la construction de deux nouvelles usines de production de missiles sol-air S-400. Ces missiles se vendent comme des petits pains auprès de nos clients dans le monde entier. Nous n'arrivons même pas à satisfaire cette demande", a indiqué le président.

 

Le S-400 Triumph (code Otan: SA-21 Growler) est un système de missiles sol-air de grande et moyenne portée destiné à abattre tout type de cible aérienne: avions, drones et missiles de croisière hypersoniques.

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 16:20
Une puce qui géolocalise sans utiliser de satellites de positionnement

 

le 25/04/13 Gilbert Kallenborn  - 01net (AFP)

 

L’armée américaine cherche à réduire sa dépendance du système GPS, qui peut être brouillé par l’ennemi. Elle vient de présenter une solution alternative, totalement autonome et déjà très miniaturisée.

 

Le système GPS, c’est bien pratique. Mais que faire quand il y a des interférences, quand le signal est brouillé, ou quand les satellites de positionnement sont en panne ? L’hypothèse est très probable : en mai 2012, la Corée du Nord a perturbé la réception de signaux GPS en Corée du Sud, en utilisant un système de brouillage russe. Evidemment, ce problème de réception peut être particulièrement fatal pour des soldats en opération. C’est pourquoi l’armée américaine cherche de nouvelles solutions technologiques permettant de limiter la dépendance au GPS.

 

Il y a quelques jours, l’agence de recherche du Pentagone (Darpa) vient de présenter une puce électronique qui permet de se géolocaliser sans avoir besoin d’utiliser des satellites ou d’autres systèmes externes. D’une taille de 8 millimètres cube, elle contient trois gyroscopes, trois accéléromètres et une horloge atomique. Autant d'instruments qui, combinés, forment un système de navigation autonome. En effet, supposons qu’un véhicule veuille naviguer d’un point A vers un point B, dont les positions sont connues de manière précise. Pour pouvoir calculer en temps réel sa position, tout ce qu’il faut avoir est une bonne carte, l’orientation et l’accélération du véhicule, ainsi que le temps écoulé. Et le tour est joué.

 

Une alternative, mais pour une durée limitée

 

Le stade de mise au point de cette puce ne permet d'envisager, pour l'instant, de remplacer le GPS que pour une durée limitée. Pour la Darpa, cette technologie convient entre autres pour le suivi de personnes, les petites plateformes aéroportées ou les munitions de petit calibre. Au-delà, la Darpa travaille sur toute une série de programmes, lancés début 2010, sur les questions de positionnement et de navigation. L'un d'eux prévoit, pour remplacer temporairement le GPS, d'utiliser les signaux existants comme ceux dégagés par « les tours de télévision, de radio, les bornes téléphoniques et même les éclairs », explique, lors d’une conférence de presse, Dr Arati Prabhakar, qui préside la Darpa. Avant d’ajouter : « Il n'y aura pas de solution unique, ce sera une série de technologies. »

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 11:20
BAE Recovery Vehicles to Receive Upgrades

Apr 25, 2013 ASDNews Source : BAE Systems PLC

 

    HERCULES is the improved recovery system of choice for today's 70-ton combat vehicles

 

BAE Systems received a $28.7 million contract to upgrade 11 M88A1 Medium Recovery vehicles to the M88A2 Heavy Equipment Recovery Combat Utility Lift Evacuation System (HERCULES) configuration.

 

“The M88A2 is able to hoist and tow twice the weight than that of an M88A1, including an M1 Abrams tank, and is an essential component in helping our Armed Forces to fulfill successful recovery missions,” said Mark Signorelli, vice president and general manager or Armored Combat Systems at BAE Systems. “This contract demonstrates the continued need to invest in the HERCULES and shows the Army’s commitment to the irreplaceable role it serves.”

 

The M88A2 HERCULES offers operational and logistics commonality with the existing M88A1 fleet, which provides simplified training and parts availability benefits to the end-user. Key upgrades for the HERCULES include: improved power-assisted braking, steering, winching, hoisting, and increased horsepower. HERCULES has the lowest acquisition, operational and maintenance cost of any 70-ton capable recovery system, answering the need for cost-effective, self-supporting heavy recovery performance. The M88A2 provides unparalleled capability for recovering today’s 70-ton combat vehicles including the M1A1, M1A2, Leopard MBT, bridging systems, and other medium weight vehicles.

 

The upgrade work will be performed by the existing workforce at BAE Systems operations in York, Pennsylvania and Aiken, South Carolina. The contract was awarded by the U.S. Army TACOM Life Cycle Management Command with deliveries to conclude in March 2014. The award brings the total value of U.S. Government contracts that BAE Systems has been awarded on the HERCULES program to $2.1 billion. To date, 575 HERCULES vehicles have been fielded against an overall U.S. Army requirement of 632 vehicles, and a total of 84 vehicles have been fielded to the U.S. Marine Corps.

 

The M88 plays a critical role the company’s campaign to maintain the Bradley Industrial Base by protecting the affordability of the Army’s combat vehicles. BAE Systems’ York facility is responsible for four of the five U.S. Army Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) vehicles, including the Bradley and the M88. In addition to proposing that Congress provide base level investment in critical combat vehicle improvements, BAE Systems is working with the Army to secure increased funding for the M88 program to help carry the workload at the facility.

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:55
Premier pas vers la création d'un grand groupement unifié de l'électronique française

24/4/2013 Jacques Marouani, ElectroniqueS

 

Pour être plus forts, les deux syndicats qui représentent les fabricants de composants, le Sitelesc et le Gixel, ont acté leur processus de fusion, l'objectif étant de concrétiser ce rapprochement d'ici la fin de l'année 2013. D'autres syndicats pourraient les rejoindre en 2014.

 

Hier soir 23 avril, six grands syndicats de la filière électronique, le Sitelesc (semi-conducteurs), le Gixel (composants passifs et sous-systèmes), le Simtec (instrumentation électronique), le GFIE (founisseurs d'équipements et de consommables), le SPDEI (distribution) et le Snese (sous-traitance), se sont retrouvés à la Maison de la Mutualité pour tenir leurs assemblées générales respectives et pour matérialiser leur engagement commun à agir ensemble pour une meilleure reconnaissance de l'industrie électronique française.

 

La journée s'est terminée par une conférence commune du groupement "Agir pour l'industrie électronique" (APIE) que les six syndicats ont constitué dès l'année dernière. Cette conférence a souligné principalement la nécessité pour ces six syndicats de parler d'une même voix à leurs interlocuteurs, notamment leurs clients intégrateurs et les pouvoirs publics. "APIE, c'est d'abord un pôle qui a une vision d'avenir, ce groupement représente un secteur ayant un fort potentiel de croissance. Contrairement à beaucoup d'idées reçues, nous devons convaincre que l'électronique française n'est pas morte. Sans électronique, pas de numérique, sans électronique, sur quoi reposerait Internet ? Sur de l'air ?", questionne Jean-Pierre Quemard, président du Gixel.

 

Aussi, APIE souhaite-t-il faire comprendre que l'électronique est essentielle à l'économie numérique, et par voie de conséquence, à l'économie toute entière. Pour cela, le groupement insiste sur la nécessité de continuer à produire en Europe et de disposer de compétences suffisantes pour continuer à embaucher, alors que les jeunes se désintéressent de plus en plus de l'électronique en particulier et des métiers de l'industrie en général. Il convient donc d'engager des actions pour y remédier. Et de manière collégiale afin d'être mieux entendu !

 

Le Sitelesc et le Gixel devraient être rejoints par d'autres syndicats

 

Pour être plus forts, les deux syndicats qui représentent les fabricants de composants, le Sitelesc et le Gixel, ont acté leur processus de fusion, l'objectif étant de concrétiser ce rapprochement d'ici la fin de l'année 2013. "Ce premier regroupement restera ouvert à d'autres syndicats et il faut s'attendre à ce que d'autres organisations professionnelles de l'initiative APIE nous rejoignent en 2014", nous a précisé l'un des artisans du rapprochement Sitelesc-Gixel. De là à imaginer, à moyen terme, un regroupement de l'ensemble des six syndicats impliqués dans APIE, il n'y a qu'un pas que certains dirigeants n'hésitent pas franchir.

Reste à passer de nombreuses démarches administratives et surtout à convaincre les adhérents de chacune des organisations professionnelles qu'un tel groupement est essentiel pour que l'électronique française s'en sorte face à la concurrence mondiale. La fusion du Sitelesc et du Gixel, amorcé il y a un an, ne devrait se concrétiser finalement que dans six mois. "Nous sommes face aux mêmes démarches que dans le cadre d'une fusion de deux sociétés", nous a confié l'un des promoteurs de la fusion Sitelesc-Gixel.

 

Nous reviendrons en détail sur cette première conférence APIE, avec de larges extraits des discours des présidents des six syndicats du groupement dans le numéro de mai de notre magazine "ElectroniqueS".

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:50
UK MoD Confirms A400M, UAV Cost Overruns

April 23, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: House of commons; posted April 23, 2013)

 

The House of Commons Hansard (official bulletin) has published the following ministerial answer:

 

Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which projects being delivered for his Department by (a) Babcock, (b) Boeing, (c) Cobham, (d) the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company, (e) Finmeccanica, (f) General Dynamics, (g) Kelloggs-Brown-Root, (h) Lockheed Martin (i) Marshall Aerospace, (j) Northrup Grumman, (k) Rolls-Royce, (l) Thales and (m) Ultra Electronics are running over budget; and by how much in each case. [128063]

 

Substantive answer from Mr Dunne to Angus Robertson:

 

I am writing in full response to the answer I gave on 26 November 2012, Official Report, column 22W, regarding the question you asked about Ministry of Defence (MOD) projects being delivered by a list of named companies that are running over budget.

 

The following table details the three projects being delivered by those named contractors that are currently assessed as running over budget.

 

Contractor/Project name/Cost variation as at March 2013 (£ million)

-- Airbus Ltd (EADS): A400M: +£770 million

-- Northrop Grumman: Sentry Mode S Identification Friend or Foe: +£6 million

-- Thales UK Ltd: Watchkeeper: +£57 million

 

For the purpose of answering this question, my officials have examined all Category A-D equipment acquisition projects, but limited to those showing a variance of more than £1 million against their approval costs, 50% confidence figure. It is also limited to those projects where the named company is listed as the prime contractor or where projects are being delivered by subsidiaries of the named companies. It does not include support projects. This was necessary to avoid significantly exceeding the disproportionate cost threshold limit for answering parliamentary questions.

 

This approach means that there are some differences between the above table and the list provided to you in my answer of 6 November 2012, Official Report, column 519W, for example the inclusion of the A400M supplied by Airbus Ltd. as a subsidiary of EADS. The differences are due to the filters placed upon the data as explained above, as well as the passage of time.

 

It should be noted that the cost variation quoted is assessed against MOD project approval figures, which represent the total MOD costs for any particular project. They therefore do not necessarily reflect contractual obligations. Project performance can be affected by a number of reasons, not all of which are in the contractor's control.

 

I apologise for the time it has taken to get this information to you but its compilation has involved a significant amount of work and there was also a need to consult the companies concerned.

 

 

(EDITOR’S NOTE: The above figures are the same as those reported in January by the UK National Audit Office, i.e. a cost overrun of £770 million on the A400M, despite the number of aircraft having been reduced from 25 to 22, and a slippage of 73 months compared to the original schedule. The first A400M is due to be delivered (to France) in May 2013, and the first Royal Air Force aircraft is due in 2015.

As for Watchkeeper UAV, MoD was quoted by Flightglobal as having acknowledged that one-third of the planned 54-aircraft fleet had been delivered, plus 9 of 15 planned ground stations. It said MoD declined to state where the aircraft are being held, while “prime contractor Thales UK didn't respond to requests to comment.”)

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:50
Queen Elizabeth UK aircraft carrier - Picture Aircraft Carrier Alliance

Queen Elizabeth UK aircraft carrier - Picture Aircraft Carrier Alliance

 

April 24, 2013: telegraph.co.uk

 

The first of the UK's two new aircraft carriers - The Queen Elizabeth - takes shape at Rosyth. The ship, which will have a displacement of 65,000 tons, is the largest warship ever to be built in the UK. She is so big that she is being built in blocks at dockyards around Britain and then assembled in dry dock in Rosyth. Two ships of the class are being built - the Queen Elizabeth and the Prince of Wales

 

More pictures

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:50
RAF Puma HC1 helicopter photo UK MoD 2011

RAF Puma HC1 helicopter photo UK MoD 2011

 

April 24, 2013 By Think Defence

 

So we know the RAF Puma helicopters are currently being upgraded (and you can argue the value for money of that endlessly) but at some point, they will have to be withdrawn.

 

Depending on what life extension we can expect from the makeover they are currently getting (planned out to 2025) a replacement is eventually required.

 

The cynic would suggest at the end of the Puma era the UK will have Wildcat, Merlin and Chinook as the three main rotary wing platforms and we will be lucky at that so first question is, do we actually need a Puma replacement?

 

One of our regular commenters (thanks Paul G) reminded me about the Agusta Westland AW 189 (it coming into service on the new SAR contract) and wondered if the MoD would be able to leverage the support arrangements from that sizeable fleet.

 

With the contractual framework I am sure it would be complex but with a bit of joined up thinking, who knows.

 

By the time the Puma goes out of service the competitive landscape will be very different today, the US search for a Blackhawk replacement may well have concluded, the various X designs on both sides of the Atlantic might have matured, the NH90 will have limped into service and the strategic, political and economic picture might be equally different.

 

All the UK Chinooks will have been upgraded by then by JULIUS, Wildcat will have been in service some time, the Merlin HM2 upgrade will have been completed and maybe by then, the Merlin HC3′s will have been fully marinised and transferred to the CHF.

 

Loads of what ifs but the first question is, do we need to be looking for a Puma replacement now, something in the 8-9 tonne category, 12-16 seats and about 4 or 5 tonne lift?

 

This is an off the cuff post, apologies for not thinking through any answers but instead, just asking a question.

 

Have a few nice videos to oil the discussion wheels!

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:50
submarino Tramontana (S 74) de la Clase Galerna

submarino Tramontana (S 74) de la Clase Galerna

 

24 avril 2013 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Le sous-marin espagnol Tramontana ne subira pas de grand carénage. La marine espagnole maintenait le doute, ne sachant pas si son budget le lui permettrait. Finalement, le sous-marin n’entrera pas en cale sèche cette année. Jusqu’en 2016, année prévue pour l’entrée en service des nouveaux sous-marins S-80, l’Espagne ne disposera plus que de 2 sous-marins.

 

Selon des sources militaires et industrielles, il n’est pas prévu d’envoyer le sous-marin Tramontana en grand carénage, qui permettrait de prolonger sa durée de vie opérationnelle. Le sous-marin pourrait donc être désarmé, comme ce fut le cas pour le Siroco au printemps dernier.

 

En novembre dernier, le ministère de la défense avait tenté de trouver des budgets supplémentaires afin de « sauver » le Tramontana. Cet argent aurait pu provenir de la vente à l’étranger de matériels désarmés. Cependant, aucune vente n’a été réalisée et le ministère n’a pas trouvé les quelques 30 millions € nécessaires à la réalisation du grand carénage.

 

Référence : El Confidencial Digital (Espagne)

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:40
Russia ready to negotiate with India on MiG-35 fighters

 

April 23, 2013, zeenews.india.com

 

New Delhi: Russia is keen that India buys its MiG-35 fighter aircraft, a top Russian official said.

 

The Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG (RAC MiG) has proposed to India to consider the possibility of concluding a contract on the supply of the MiG-35 multipurpose fighter jet, RAC MiG Director General Sergei Korotkov told Itar-Tass in an interview.

 

"Despite the fact that we lost the tender for the supply of 126 multipurpose fighters to the Indian Air Force, the RAC MiG fulfilled all the requirements set the tender committee," Korotkov said. "The aircraft has demonstrated good results, sometimes even exceeding expectations."

 

According to him, the corporation hopes that "India will consider the possibility of concluding a contract on the supply of the MiG-35 fighters."

 

"And we will have the opportunity to implement it," he said. "Within this bundle of knowledge that India received during this tender, I would like the MiG-35 issue to be continued against the background of our common history and 50 years of partnership."

 

According to preliminary information, the winner of the tender for the supply of fighter aircraft to the Indian Air Force was the French Dassault Rafale. However, neither party has announced the official timeframe of the contract conclusion.

 

"This year the next batch of four aircraft will be delivered," said the head of the MiG Aircraft Corporation.

 

He also took part in the celebrations to mark the 50th anniversary of the start of the Soviet MiG-21 fighters' deliveries to the Indian Air Force.

 

The agreement on the supply of the MiG-21 planes to India was signed in 1962, and the deliveries began a year later. In 1967, the Indian company Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) handed over to the Indian Air Force the first MiG-21 fighter that was built here under the USSR license.

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:40
Russia to train Indian fighter pilots

 

April 23, 2013 Indo-Asian News Service - ndtv.com

 

New Delhi: Russia will train Indian fighter pilots for carrier-based operations, a top Russian official said.

 

The Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG (RAC MiG) has signed a contract with India's defence ministry on the training of Indian pilots on operating carrier-based aircraft, RAC MiG Director General Sergei Korotkov told Itar-Tass in an interview.

 

"On April 20, the contract was signed between the ministry of defence and the RAC MiG, under which we will train Indian pilots on the MiG-29K/KUB planes," said Korotkov.

 

"The training comprises two stages. The first will start in Russia two and a half months before the departure of the Vikramaditya aircraft carrier (former Russian cruiser Admiral Gorshkov) that our country is to hand over to the Indian Navy this year."

 

According to him, the continuation of the training, "which meets all the modern requirements" will be held in India.

 

"In addition, the RAC MiG provides assistance to the construction in India of a range for the training of pilots of carrier-based aircraft," Korotkov added.

 

"The training course is (for) two and a half months."

 

Russia supplied to India 16 MiG-29K/KUB planes under the main contract and four under a second contract.

 

"This year the next batch of four aircraft will be delivered," said the head of the MiG Aircraft Corporation.

 

He also took part in the celebrations to mark the 50th anniversary of the start of the Soviet MiG-21 fighters' deliveries to the Indian Air Force.

 

The agreement on the supply of the MiG-21 planes to India was signed in 1962, and the deliveries began a year later. In 1967, the Indian company Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) handed over to the Indian Air Force the first MiG-21 fighter that was built here under the USSR license.

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:40
The Russian air force will begin flight-testing the Sukhoi T-50 fighter in 2014, after it completes preliminary flight testing by the end of this year. (UAC photo)

The Russian air force will begin flight-testing the Sukhoi T-50 fighter in 2014, after it completes preliminary flight testing by the end of this year. (UAC photo)

 

April 24, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: RIA Novosti; published April 23, 2013)

 

MOSCOW --- Russia will start state flight tests of its fifth-generation T-50 fighter jet in 2014, United Aircraft Corporation's President Mikhail Pogosyan told reporters on Tuesday.

 

“In 2013 we are expected to wrap up its preliminary tests and start operational testing. In 2014, we are planning to start official state tests,” Pogosyan said on Tuesday, adding "the first stage of the state trials should be complete by 2015."

 

The test program involves six prototype airframes, including four flying, one static and one systems test airframe. Another flying prototype will join the tests this year, Pogosyan said. "Flight testing this year will go ahead with five aircraft," he said.

 

The T-50, also known as PAK-FA (future tactical fighter aircraft), first flew in January 2010 and was presented to the public at the Moscow Air Show in 2011.

 

The T-50, which will be the core of Russia's future fighter fleet, is a fifth-generation multirole fighter aircraft featuring elements of "stealth" technology," super-maneuverability, super-cruise capability (supersonic flight without use of afterburner), and an advanced avionics suite including an X-band active phased-array radar.

 

India will also buy a fighter aircraft based on the T-50, known as the FGFA (fifth-generation fighter aircraft).

 

United Aircraft Corporation is the state holding company uniting Russia's aircraft building industry including Sukhoi, a military and civil aircraft manufacturer.

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
Pakistan commissions last Zulfiquar frigate

 

ISLAMABAD, April 25 (UPI)

 

Pakistan's navy commissioned the fourth and last F-22P Zulfiquar class frigate at a ceremony at Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works.

 

Commissioning of the PNS Aslat completes the $750 million technology-transfer contract signed in 2005 between Pakistan's Ministry of Defense Production and China Shipbuilding Trading Co., the defense news website PakSoldiers said.

 

The first ship, PNS Zulfiquar -- "Sword," in English -- was handed over to the navy in July 2009 and the second vessel, PNS Shamsheer, was commissioned in January 2010.

 

The PNS Saif was the third frigate -- the last to be built in China at the Hudong Zhonghua shipyard, Shanghai -- and was commissioned in September 2011.

 

Pakistani Chief of Naval Staff Adm. Mohammad Asif Sandila was a guest at the ceremony attended by officials and dignitaries from Pakistan and China, including the ambassador of People's Republic of China, PakSoldier said.

 

Sandila said construction of the 2,500-ton, 404-foot Aslat at KSEW and other ships including a fast attack craft, small tankers and utility ships is a result of the government's determination to attain self-reliance in defense capabilities.

 

The contract with China includes ammunition for the vessels' single 76mm deck-mounted guns and six Harbin Z-9EC anti-submarine helicopters, already delivered to the navy, PakSoldier reported in February 2012.

 

The Z9EC helicopters -- a licensed version of the French Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin and manufactured by Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corp. -- were purchased from China National Aero Technology Import and Export Corp. and operate from the Zulfiquar frigates.

 

The vessels carry 200 personnel and have eight C-802/CSS-N-8 subsonic Saccade anti-ship missiles made by China Haiying Electromechanical Technology Academy, the defense news website NavalTechnology said.

 

They also have 8-round FM-90 surface-to-air missiles, the export version of the HQ-7 missile, which includes infra-red tracking system and built by China National Precision Machinery Import and Export Corp.

 

Pakistan's navy also took delivery of two 12-ton Bollard Pull Pusher tugs constructed at the KSEW, which handed over the vessels to Vice Chief of the Naval Staff Vice Adm. Muhammad Shafiq last month.

 

The navy has on order with KSEW a 15,000-ton capacity tanker -- an example of the government's need to develop the country's indigenous defense manufacturing sector, Shafiq said during the handing over ceremony for the tugs.

 

He said the changing geo-political dynamics means access to foreign defense technology will be denied or hard to come by for Pakistan in the coming year.

 

KSEW, the only major shipyard in Pakistan, was set up in the 1950s and operates as an autonomous commercial organization within the Ministry of Defense.

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