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20 janvier 2015 2 20 /01 /janvier /2015 13:30
Elbit missile counter-measure system for Asian army

UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters being flown by an unidentified army in Asia are to be supplied with a missile counter-measure system from Elbit Systems. Photo: U.S. Army.

 

Jan. 19, 2015 By Richard Tomkins   (UPI)

 

An unidentified Asian army has ordered missile counter-measure systems for its Blackhawk helicopters.

 

Israel's Elbit Systems Ltd reports it is supplying an unidentified Asian Army with a mini Directed IR Countermeasures system for use on Blackhawk helicopters.

The system is the mini MUSIC IR MSW, a system that protects aircraft from shoulder-fired heat-seeking missiles through the use of a laser that disrupts the navigation system of the missile and knocks it off course.

 

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20 janvier 2015 2 20 /01 /janvier /2015 12:20
More questions about F-35 performance

 

January 19, 2015 David Pugliese

 

Flawed software will hobble the first of Lockheed Martin’s F-35 fighters to be called combat-ready, limiting the plane’s ability to drop bombs, share data with other aircraft and track enemy radar, Tony Capaccio of Bloomberg news service writes.

He noted that finding is from the Defense Department’s chief weapons tester found.

The U.S. Marine Corps plans to declare its version of the F-35 (different from the version Canada hopes to buy) ready for limited combat as soon as July, according to the Bloomberg report.

 

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20 janvier 2015 2 20 /01 /janvier /2015 12:20
Textron présentera le Scorpion au salon du Bourget


19.01.2015 par Aerobuzz.fr
 

Alors qu’il poursuit les essais en vol et la définition de son nouvel avion d’arme Scorpion, Textron AirLand annonce la présence au salon du Bourget, du 15 au 21 juin 2015, de son biréacteur « low cost ». Le constructeur américain espère avoir signé sa première commande, d’ici-là.

 

A ce stade du développement du programme, Textron AirLand estime être en mesure de livrer le premier Scorpion, deux ans après la signature du premier contrat. Dan Hinson, le chef-pilote d’essais affirme même que c’est encore jouable pour fin 2016. Le constructeur déclare avoir recueilli de nombreuses marques d’intérêt de plusieurs clients potentiels à la suite des présentations en vol réalisées au cours de l’année écoulée. 2014 a en effet été une année chargée de ce point de vue pour Textron AirLand, bien que le premier vol de ce surprenant biréacteur léger n’ait été réalisé qu’en décembre 2013.

 

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19 janvier 2015 1 19 /01 /janvier /2015 12:20
 Le F-18 s’équipe de nouveaux pods IRST


19.01.2015 info-aviation
 

L’ US Navy a officiellement attribué un contrat de 60,4 millions de dollars à Boeing pour l’achat de six pods de recherche et de ciblage infrarouge (IRST) AN/ASG-34  pour le F/A-18E/F Super Hornet (source : U.S. Department of Defense – 15 janvier).

 

Le 2 décembre 2014, le Commandement aérien des systèmes navals (NAVAIR) avait approuvé l’acquisition des 6 pods AN/ASG-34 et autorisé des essais à la base aérienne Edwards en Californie.

Développé par Lockheed Martin, Boeing et General Electric, l’AN/ASG-34 ne sera pas directement intégré dans l’avion mais dans un réservoir situé dans sa ligne médiane et spécialement modifié. Le contrat devra s’achever en août 2017.

 

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18 janvier 2015 7 18 /01 /janvier /2015 12:50
Swiss Army Opts for Leguan Bridge Layers

 

January 16th, 2015 By Krauss-Maffei Wegmann - defencetalk.com

 

The Swiss Defence Procurement Agency and Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) signed a contract for the purchase of twelve Leguan bridge layers on a Leopard 2 chassis together with the associated peripherals and training equipment in Berne.

 

This brings to 16 the number of countries now using the Leguan system. As a major initiator of the Leopard 2 chassis variant, the Swiss Army is now one of four to be using these bridge layers.

 

The system is capable of laying one 26 – metre bridge or two separate bridges, each 14 metres in length. With a carrying capacity of around 70t (MLC 80), the bridge allows very heavy equipment to be used. The widespread use of the system results in very good interoperability.

 

This versatility, coupled with the unique protection and mobility characteristics of the Leopard 2 chassis, enables the Leguan to also be used for civilian purposes, for example, to quickly restore supply routes after natural catastrophes.

 

Krauss Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG leads the European market for highly protected wheeled and tracked vehicles. At locations in Germany, Brazil, Greece, Mexico, the Netherlands, Singapore, the United Kingdom, the USA and Turkey some 3,200 employees develop, manufacture and support its products.

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18 janvier 2015 7 18 /01 /janvier /2015 08:35
Yes, It's A Big Deal: IAF Gets First Tejas Fighter


17.01.2015 by Livefist
 

With the media shut out, HAL quietly handed over the first series production Tejas light combat aircraft to the Indian Air Force today, marking the beginning of what will hopefully be a long series of handings over over the next few decades. With the Tejas still months away from final operational clearance, today's ceremony -- and it really was a ceremony -- was mostly for the cameras (which weren't there, so who was this for?). But seriously. For all the symbolism that today's 'handing-over' was about, I'm not about to rain on the programme's parade. Not today.

 

Ten years ago, when I began reporting defence, then IAF chief Air Chief Marshal S. Krishnaswamy was on his way into retirement. I ambushed him at a government event in October 2004 for a quote on the LCA Tejas, which at the time was having considerable trouble. He wasn't happy. But he did say something no other chief did say. Not that I remember at least. He said, "I'm fed up of the to-and-fro between us and the builders of the LCA. I'm willing to accept the aircraft right now, as is. I am willing to commit my pilots to start clocking numbers on this machine. We need to spend time learning about it, not fighting about it. I am willing to make that commitment."

 

He meant what he said. But he retired weeks later. And there isn't a lot you can do after that. Not for a moment am I suggesting that there weren't other chiefs who wanted to see the Tejas in service as soon as possible, but a book remains to be written about the schadenfreude that was the development of the Tejas. It is in that light alone, if nothing else, that the handing over of an airframe to the IAF today is an occasion that shouldn't be made light of.

 

[On a separate note: I've been stricken by a severe allergic sinusitis, the likes of which I've never experienced before. I wouldn't wish it on anyone. Anyone. Spring couldn't be here sooner. Have a good season, all.]

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18 janvier 2015 7 18 /01 /janvier /2015 08:25
photo Diario El Peruano

photo Diario El Peruano


18.01.2015 Defesa Global
 

The Peruvian Ministry of Defence has ordered additional two C-27J Spartan medium transport aircraft according a contract, valued at around EUR100 million signed on 31 December 2014 with Finmeccanica’s Alenia Aermacchi.

The contract, which brings the number of aircraft ordered by Peru to four, also includes integrated logistic support and technical assistance. The first two aircraft, ordered in December 2013, will be delivered to the Peruvian Air Force (FAP) in the first few months of 2015, while the second order will be delivered in 2016 and 2017. The aircraft will be operated by the service’s 8th Air Group based at Callao AFB.

Other than Peru, the aircraft has been earlier ordered by the air forces of Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Romania, Morocco, Slovakia and by United States, Mexico, Australia and Chad. 80 of the aircraft have been ordered so far.

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18 janvier 2015 7 18 /01 /janvier /2015 08:20
photo US Navy

photo US Navy

 

Jan 15, 2015 Spacewar.com  (UPI)

 

The U.S. Navy has authorized the use of long-range multi-role SM-6 missiles by more ships in the fleet equipped with the Aegis Combat Weapons System.

 

Raytheon, the missile's manufacturer, said the authorization affects more than 35 ships with the Aegis baseline 5.3 and 3.A.0 system series.

 

"SM-6 is the longest range integrated air and missile defense interceptor deployed, and its multi-role capabilities are unprecedented," said Mike Campisi, Raytheon's Standard Missile-6 senior program director. "Its use is transforming how we define fleet defense."

 

The SM-6 is a surface-to-air supersonic missile. It is designed to defeat manned and unmanned aerial vehicles, fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft and anti-ship cruise missiles in flight. It features active and semi-active guidance, advanced fuzing techniques and signal processing and guidance control capabilities.

 

Raytheon assembles the weapon at its facility at the Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Ala.

 

Details on any ramp up in production of the missiles were not disclosed by the company.

 

Aegis is a naval weapons system that integrates computer and radar technology to track and guide weapons to targets.

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17 janvier 2015 6 17 /01 /janvier /2015 23:57
RP Defense 4th birthday !
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17 janvier 2015 6 17 /01 /janvier /2015 23:55
RP Défense fête ses 4 ans d'existence.
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17 janvier 2015 6 17 /01 /janvier /2015 12:50
Three ways to reindustrialise Europe with dual-use technologies

 

Brussels - 09 January, 2015 by Claude-France Arnould - Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency

 

Widely used in everything from tennis rackets to Formula 1 cars, carbon fibre was originally developed by the UK Ministry of Defence in the early 1960s for military applications. Back then an esoteric and expensive material, it’s become price-competitive with its intense strength and durability for its weight. Similarly, head-up displays were developed to enable fast jet pilots to have key information presented in their view of the outside world, rather than having to frequently look down into the cockpit. This technology has progressively spread into civil aviation and more recently into cars, with the advantage of always keeping one’s eyes on the road.

These are only two of many examples illustrating how defence research can benefit the global economy and power Europe’s re-industrialisation. Reciprocally, the fast development of technologies in the civilian world can be essential to the emergence of cutting-edge defence systems.

The difficult times our economies are facing today mean that Europe is losing ground to its faster-growing Asian and American counterparts. This concern of the defence community is shared by Heads of State and Government: in this context, it is of paramount importance to invest in all the technologies and production capabilities that are essential to maintain Europe’s competitiveness.

However, Europe still suffers from legal and psychological barriers between civilian and military research – barriers that our competitors do not have. These limitations seriously hamper our capability to “cross-fertilise” developments from both worlds. The issue has been acknowledged at the highest level: in December 2013, the European Council itself tasked the European Defence Agency and other bodies to better exploit civil-military synergies. This issue should be tackled in three ways:

 

1/ Desegmentation of civil and military research

If we want the civilian and defence worlds to effectively cross-feed each other, then it is necessary to proceed with the desegmentation of civil and military research. By allowing funding to flow from one side to the other, major spin-offs between defence and civil research could be achieved. It is worth remembering that few technologies are military or civil by nature, especially at low technological readiness. Only when applied and used in a given system does a specific technology become military or commercial.

Today, this cross-fertilisation is limited by several factors, such as the legitimate confidentiality surrounding sensitive defence applications, but also the competitive advantage that might result from a cutting-edge civil technology. However, security regulations and intellectual property rights are here to address this issue. The main barrier is the lack of a comprehensive policy approach for all parties involved.

 

2/ Optimisation and prioritisation of technology-based production capabilities

The application of innovative technologies often requires considerable investments to move from the lab to serial production. And very often, such investments are only viable if this production is designed to address all potential markets: civil, defence and space. The European Defence Agency, in close cooperation with the Commission and industry, is investigating which key enabling technologies need a priority and focused investment effort to sustain the European supply chain. These are technologies such as components (silicum, gallium arsenide, infrared detectors), carbon fibre or optical devices. Europeans need to invest in these domains to levelthe playing field then to define priorities on related key industrial capabilities.

Meanwhile, it is essential to optimise available resources. The civil, space and defence domains need to be addressed together by a comprehensive business plan to yield cost savings while boosting innovation capabilities. This is the only way forward if we want to see Europe re-industrialise.

 

3/ Increase funding for defence research

Defence research budgets have been cut by 20% over the last six years. The risk is real to lose the ability to reach critical mass in a number of technology areas. This would not only jeopardise Europe’s strategic autonomy, but would also impede the long-term competitiveness of its high-tech commercial industry. It has been said that defence and space are to aviation what Formula One is to the automotive industry: a formidable cradle of innovation and technological breakthroughs.

The situation is all the more worrying since, according to a study commissioned by the European Defence Agency, the multiplier effect on GDP growth for an investment in defence research & technology is 12 to 20 times higher than in other areas of public spending. Therefore, investment in defence R&T must be a logical component of any comprehensive growth policy.

The Agency is also supporting Member States by contributing to the Commission’s work on an R&T Preparatory Action related to the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), as called for by the December 2013 European Council. If successful, this Preparatory Action could give birth to a wider defence research programme at European level, the impact of which will be all more the important since cross-fertilisation with other European research and innovation initiatives will be maximised. The benefits can be enormous, both for the civilian and defence sectors.

 

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16 janvier 2015 5 16 /01 /janvier /2015 17:50
Ariane 6 est l'un des défis les plus importants pour l'Agence spatiale européenne (Crédits : ESA)

Ariane 6 est l'un des défis les plus importants pour l'Agence spatiale européenne (Crédits : ESA)

 

15/01/2015 Michel Cabirol – LaTribune.fr

 

Le budget de l'Agence spatiale européenne va s'élever à 4,4 milliards d'euros en 2015, abondés notamment par les cotisations des États membres (3,23 milliards). Un budget en croissance de 8 %.

 

En dépit des actuelles contraintes budgétaires importantes, l'Europe n'entend pas réduire le train de vie de sa politique spatiale. Bien au contraire, le budget de l'ESA (Agence spatiale européenne) sera en croissance "de 8 % en 2015" par rapport à 2014, a révélé mercredi au forum "Perspectives spatiales 2015"; organisé par Euroconsult et le GIFAS, le directeur général de l'ESA, Jean-Jacques Dordain. Ce budget va s'élever à 4,433 milliards d'euros, abondés par les cotisations des États membres de l'ESA (3,23 milliards), de la Commission européenne (environ 1 milliard) et, enfin, l'Organisation européenne pour l'exploitation des satellites météorologiques, Eumetsat (environ 300 millions), a-t-il détaillé.

Début décembre à Luxembourg, les États membres de l'ESA avait décidé de consacrer 8 milliards d'euros à la politique spatiale européenne lors du conseil ministériel de l'agence. Ce qui fait dire à Jean-Jacques Dordain, que l'ESA va gérer 20 milliards d'euros d'engagements de programme sur la période 2015-2020, dont 15 milliard des Etats membres et 5 milliards de la commission. "Nous n'avons aucune excuse pour ne pas travailler en 2015", a souri Jean-Jacques Dordain. Et de d'expliquer que l'observation de la terre sera la "priorité des priorités" dans le cadre de la conférence sur le climat.

 

Trois défis pour l'ESA en 2015

"2015 est important pour l'ESA qui a à nouveau des défis importants. Nous les gagnerons", a martelé Jean-Jacques Dordain. Premier défi pour l'Agence spatiale européenne, réussir les missions. "Chaque mission est un risque, chaque succès est un événement", a-t-il rappelé, fustigeant notamment ceux qui pensent que "le succès est normal et facile". Au premier rang de ces missions, Rosetta, qui "est loin d'être terminée". L'ESA a également trois lancements Vega à effectuer en 2015, dont celui pour LISA Pathfinder. C'est un satellite qui doit permettre de valider les technologies qui sont retenues pour le futur satellite LISA et devra lancer pour le compte de l'organisation européenne EUMETSAT, le satellite météo MSG 4.

Deuxième défi, mettre en musique les décisions prises par le conseil des ministres des pays membres de l'ESA en décembre au Luxembourg, dont le développement du lanceur Ariane 6. "C'est le défi le plus grand, a reconnu le directeur général de l'ESA. Il faut diminuer le coût de lancement au facteur deux, mettre en place une nouvelle organisation industrielle et de nouvelles responsabilités". Y compris au-delà la société commune Airbus Safran Launchers (ASL), notamment avec l'industriel italien Avio et allemand MT Aerospace, qui doit, selon nos informations, accueillir une seconde chaine de production de futurs boosters d'Ariane 6 et de Vega. Car l'Allemagne a mis pour la première fois contribué à ce programme.

Enfin, l'ESA veut anticiper les défis de façon générale afin de suivre "une compétition qui est de plus en plus variée". "Nous n'avons pas le choix" pour rester compétitif en dépit de "nos ressources limitées", a expliqué Jean-Jacques Dordain. Notamment sur les technologies concernant les lanceurs réutilisables. "Il faut qu'on le fasse", a-t-il martelé.

 

Nouveau directeur général et deux nouveaux pays membres

L'Agence spatiale européenne a annoncé en décembre la nomination de Johann-Dietrich Woerner au poste de directeur général de l'ESA, pour une période de quatre ans à compter du 1er juillet 2015. Il succèdera à Jean-Jacques Dordain dont le mandat s'achève le 30 juin 2015. Johann-Dietrich Woerner est actuellement président du directoire du Centre aérospatial allemand (DLR).

Par ailleurs, deux pays membres vont faire leur entrée à l'ESA : l'Estonie qui va signer son adhésion la semaine prochaine et la Hongrie d'ici à la fin du mois de janvier. L'ESA compte actuellement 20 États membres, dont 18 de l'Union européenne (UE) : France, Autriche, Allemagne, Belgique, Danemark, Espagne, Finlande, Grèce, Irlande, Italie, Pologne, Pays-Bas, Luxembourg, Portugal, République tchèque, Roumanie, Royaume-Uni, Suède ainsi que la Suisse et la Norvège. Huit autres États de l'UE ont signé des accords de coopération avec l'ESA : Estonie, Slovénie, Hongrie, Chypre, Malte, Lettonie, Lituanie et Slovaquie. Des négociations sont en cours avec la Bulgarie concernant ce même type d'accord. Enfin, le Canada participe à certains programmes au titre d'un accord de coopération.

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15 janvier 2015 4 15 /01 /janvier /2015 13:55
Drones, la révolution en marche (Jdef)

 

14/01/2015 Economie et technologie

 

Pour ce numéro spécial « Drones, la révolution en marche », le Journal de la Défense (#Jdef) vous éclaire sur les drones qui sont devenus, en 10 ans, un incontournable des interventions militaires. C’est un instrument aujourd’hui privilégié pour la reconnaissance et l’observation.

 

A l’heure où la France et l’Angleterre s’apprêtent à développer ensemble le drone du futur capable de frapper l’adversaire, le drone intrigue et passionne.

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15 janvier 2015 4 15 /01 /janvier /2015 08:55
Robotique aérienne

 

14.01.2015 - Aerospace Lab Journal - ONERA

 

Le huitième numéro d'AerospaceLab, la revue électronique internationale éditée par l'ONERA, est en ligne et traite de robotique aérienne. A consulter sur www.aerospacelab-journal.org

 

Depuis un certain nombre d'années, on assiste à l'émergence de petits véhicules aériens sans pilote à bord, utilisés notamment pour des applications d'inspection ou de surveillance.

Avec les progrès constants en terme de miniaturisation et réduction des coûts des composants électroniques tels que centrales inertielles, capteurs de vision, ou microprocesseurs, de petits engins aériens pesant seulement quelques kilos peuvent maintenant bénéficier des avancées technologiques qui n'étaient jusqu'alors accessibles que pour des avions classiques. Ceci va permettre le développement d'engins beaucoup plus sophistiqués, dotés de fortes capacités de perception et d'action.

Les sept premiers numéros, toujours accessibles, portaient respectivement sur :

  • le diagnostic optique des écoulements
  • les plates-formes de calcul pour la dynamique des fluides
  • les matériaux haute température
  • la maîtrise de la complexité le foudroiement des avions
  • les hélicoptères et des lanceurs
  • le contrôle d’écoulement en aérodynamique
  • l'aéroacoustique

Le neuvième numéro, prévu pour juin 2015, sera dédié à la prédiction de la durée de vie des matériaux et structures. Pour consulter la revue : http://www.aerospacelab-journal.org/

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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 17:35
Japan defence budget calls for 20 P-1s, 5 V-22s

 

14 Jan 2015 By Greg Waldron - FG

 

Japan’s parliament has approved a Y4.98 trillion ($42 billion) defence budget for FY2015, with a strong emphasis on new airpower capabilities. The budget, posted on the web site of Japan’s defence ministry, is 2.8% higher than in FY2014, and sets a new record for Japanese defence spending. It contains funding for several major aircraft programmes, notably 20 Kawasaki P-1 maritime patrol aircraft. The budget will also see the radar and infrared sensors carried by the nation’s Lockheed Martin P-3C Orion aircraft upgraded, as well as service life extensions for three P-3Cs. It also includes funding for five Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey aircraft, which will be part of a new amphibious capability modelled on the US Marine Corps.

 

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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 15:55
Nexter/Krauss-Maffei : les quatre points durs qui pourraient entrainer l'échec de l'opération

Le char allemand Leopard sera-t-il la tête de gondole de la future société formée par Nexter et Krauss-Maffei Wegmann? - Leclerc-VBCI (Nexter- photo G. Belan) - LEOPARD 2 A5 (KMW)

 

14/01/2015 Michel Cabirol – LaTribune.fr

 

Le rapprochement entre les deux groupes d'armements terrestres français et allemand, Nexter et Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, traverse des turbulences. Notamment, l'Etat français pourrait demander à KMW de payer une soulte de 500 millions d'euros pour garder le co-contrôle.

 

Ça passe ou ça casse. On va savoir dans les prochains mois si le rapprochement dans le domaine de l'armement terrestre entre Nexter et l'allemand Krauss-Maffei Wegmann va être un échec... ou si l'un des deux groupes aura finalement cédé en rase campagne à l'autre pour réussir coûte que coûte cette opération. Un rapprochement qui est actuellement dans un moment critique. Nexter, en passe d'être privatisé, et l'allemand KMW donneraient naissance au leader européen de l'armement terrestre.

La venue à Paris du PDG de KMW va peut-être permettre d'éclaircir toute ou partie des points durs recensés de cette opération, notamment sur l'éventuelle soulte que devraient verser les actionnaires de KMW à l'Etat français. Frank Haun va rencontrer les ministres de l'Economie et de la Défense, Emmanuel Macron et Jean-Yves Le Drian, et sera auditionné mercredi matin à l'Assemblé nationale devant les députés de la commission de la défense, dont certains seraient sceptiques sur la réussite de cette opération. Bref, l'opération Kant n'est pas un long fleuve tranquille pour les deux PDG, Philippe Burtin et Frank Haun.

 

1) KMW contraint de payer une soulte de 500 millions?

C'est LE point bloquant de l'opération. Si la valorisation des deux entreprises est toujours en cours et est attendue le 30 janvier, l'Agence des participations de l'Etat (APE) serait pourtant d'ores et déjà très tentée de demander aux 27 actionnaires familiaux de KMW (100 %) de verser une soulte de 500 millions afin de respecter le principe intangible de co-contrôle entre l'Etat français et de la famille Bode de la future holding, selon nos informations. Car Nexter, remis au carré par Luc Vigneron puis Philippe Burtin, vaudrait aujourd'hui 2 milliards d'euros, selon des critères d'évaluation très classiques (résultats des trois derniers exercices et prévisions pour les quatre prochains) tandis que la valorisation de Krauss-Maffei s'élèverait à 1,5 milliard d'euros.

Or, selon des sources concordantes, pour Frank Haun, il n'en est pas question. Le PDG de KMW se laisserait jusqu'au printemps pour trouver une issue à ce point bloquant, faute de quoi il changerait son fusil d'épaule. De son côté, Nexter aurait recruté à la hâte un spécialiste des fusions-acquisitions pour résoudre de tels problèmes. A suivre mais la précédente fusion franco-allemande entre Aerospatiale/Matra et DASA incite aussi à la plus grande prudence, les intérêts français ayant été largement galvaudés pour des raisons politiques. A l'APE, qui a d'autres dossiers plus importants à traiter (elle doit gérer notamment la cession de 5 à 10 milliards d'euros d'actifs en 2015), de trouver ou pas un compromis équitable.

 

2) Des produits qui restent concurrents

Juré, craché : les deux industriels choisiront le meilleur produit qui répond le mieux aux besoins du client à l'exportation, avait expliqué à plusieurs reprises Philippe Burtin. Or si ce dernier est prêt à jouer le jeu, notamment dans les chars lourds en laissant le champ libre au Leopard, Frank Haun n'est pas prêt à renoncer à proposer sur les marchés export le Boxer, concurrent du VBCI, dans les blindés à huit roues (30 tonnes), pourtant plus cher.

Le concept du Boxer qui est révolutionnaire - plusieurs types de cabine blindée interchangeable peuvent être montés très rapidement sur une plateforme unique -, n'a pourtant pas convaincu, y compris jusqu'à l'armée allemande, qui a commandé le même nombre de cabines et de plateformes.

 

3) Y a-t-il un pilote dans l'avion?

"Il existe une volonté importante au niveau politique de réussir cette opération mais la France ne met pas les moyens et/ou ne fait pas l'effort pour atteindre cet objectif", assure-t-on à La Tribune. Avec toute la volonté du monde, Philippe Burtin n'a pas toutes les marges de manœuvre pour négocier avec KMW, notamment pour résoudre les problèmes liés aux opérations de valorisation. Frank Haun s'est plaint d'avoir perdu la relation privilégiée qu'il avait avec David Azéma, le prédécesseur de Régis Turrini, explique-t-on à La Tribune. Faut-il toutefois rappeler que ce dernier reste le garant des intérêts de l'État à travers la gestion du portefeuille des participations de l'APE.

 

4) Les syndicats dans le brouillard

Des deux côtés du Rhin, il existe une volonté de cacher la copie aux syndicats. Du coup, les organisations syndicales sont aujourd'hui à cran. Philippe Burtin a pourtant accepté une expertise indépendante cofinancé par Nexter. Or pour l'heure comme le souligne la CFDT Nexter, "rien n'arrive au cabinet d'expertise Syndex et encore moins aux élus". "La direction use de multiples raisons pour retarder le lancement" de cette expertise, regrette la CFDT. Côté allemand, des syndicats ont créé un site internet, qui fait l'inventaire des craintes des salariés... Et tout y passe.

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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 08:35
The DRDO Puts Out A Glowing 'Year Gone By'


03.01.2015 source Livefist
 

Here's all the good stuff DRDO did in 2014 packed into one glowing self-assessment. Some interesting data and nuggets if you've got the patience to sift through it. For instance, this is the first public official document to state the range class of the Nirbhay cruise missile. Text in full:
 

With increasing numbers of military systems indigenously designed and developed for the Indian armed forces being produced by Indian industries, the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) continued on a path of building self-reliance. About 55% of the requirements for our defence forces are being met indigenously, largely with the technologies developed by DRDO, contributing greatly to nation’s economy. The production value of DRDO developed systems inducted or cleared for acquisition (excluding strategic systems) crossed Rs 1,70,000 crore.

 

The year 2014 witnessed yet another series of accomplishments with enormous potential to further enhance the level of self-reliance in defence technologies.

 

 

 

The 4000 km range road mobile nuclear capable ballistic missile AGNI-4, was successfully flight tested twice. The flight on 20th January, last among the development flights paved the way for flight on December 2 by the armed forces. Agni 4 is equipped with state of the art Avionics, 5th generation On Board Computer and distributed architecture. The missile is equipped with latest features to correct and guide it for in-flight disturbances. Its highly advanced Inertial Navigation System ensures high accuracy. It’s re-entry heat shield, capable of withstanding high temperatures that may reach as high as 4000 degree centigrade and above during reentry of missile in earth’s atmosphere, makes sure that the inside temperature remain less than 50 degree centigrade.

 

With Agni 1, 2, 3 and Prithvi already in India’s arsenal, Agni 4 further extends the reach and enhances effective deterrence capability. Besides, practice cum training launches of strategic missiles already inducted, such as Agni-1, Agni-2, P-II and Dhanush were carried out by armed forces.

 

Nirbhay, the 1000-km class long range sub-sonic cruise missile was successfully flight tested on the 17th October 2014. The flight lasted for over one hour and met all the mission objectives with missile following the predefined trajectory with very high accuracy throughout its path.

 

Maiden flight of PDV exo-atmospheric interceptor on 27th April 2014 was a significant milestone in the direction of developing a two layered Ballistic Missile Defence system. In addition to the interceptor itself, the two stage target for mimicking a "hostile Ballistic Missile approaching from more than 2000 km away" too was specially developed for the mission.

 

Productionisation and induction of Akash, the medium range air defence system with multi-target, multi directional capability was another remarkable achievement. Several squadrons of Akash (AF) have been inducted, with specified number of missiles from each production lot undergoing comprehensive flight tests in various operational modes before acceptance of the lot. Akash (army) has been accepted and is undergoing induction process. LRSAM, the long range surface to air missile was successfully tested against a flying target in Israel on 10 Nov 2014.

 

Successful trials of Helina, a “lock- on before Launch (Fire & Forget)” third generation Antitank Guided missile that can attack in both direct and top attack mode was integrated with advanced light helicopter (ALH). The missile with capability to defeat futuristic armors underwent successful field trials on 27th Jun 2014.

 

ASTRA-BVR (Beyond Visual Range) air-to-air missiles was successfully tested from a Su-30MKI by the Indian Air Force, demonstrating interception of an electronically simulated target at long range. The series of tests conducted have demonstrated the aerodynamic characteristics of the missiles and its repeatability, robustness and endurance capability as a weapon system.

 

A 1000-kg class guided glide bomb was designed developed and successfully tested. The bomb, after getting released by the aircraft and guided by onboard navigation system is capable of gliding accurately to its target even 100 km away.

 

Over thirty missions such as launches of strategic and tactical guided missiles kept the Integrated Test Range, the only one in the country, heavily engaged with activities throughout the year.

 

A four km long Rail Track Rocket Sled (RTRS) Penta Rail Supersonic Track, a national test facility was established and made operational bringing India among a handful of countries in the world now possessing this unique test facility. The RTRS will facilitate testing and evaluation of a wide range of critical systems such as payload for manned missions of ISRO, the navigation system for missiles and aircrafts, proximity fuses for advanced warheads, fuses for armament systems parachutes for payload delivery, arrester systems for aircraft such as LCA.

 

Even as the total number of flights of all the LCAs put together crossed 2800 mark, The Light Combat Aircraft -LCA program witnessed yet another milestone on November 8 when Tejas trainer PV6, the two-seater version of Tejas LCA for Air Force, in its first flight took to the skies and became the 16th Tejas variant to have flown as part of the program. Having absorbed all the major design modifications undertaken during the flights of earlier aircrafts PV6 is the final prototype leading to series production of trainer and has the capability to deliver all ‘air-to-air’ and ‘air-to-ground’ weapons deliverable by the single seat counterpart.

 

In another landmark event, LCA (Navy) Prototype 1 (NP1), the first indigenously designed and developed 4th plus generation combat aircraft designed to operate from the decks of air-craft carriers, took-off majestically from ski-jump facility of Shore Based Test Facility at INS Hansa in Goa on 20th December. The special flight control law mode of LCA-Navy allows hands-free take-off from the ramp and automatically puts the aircraft in an ascending trajectory. It is designed with stronger landing gears to absorb forces exerted by the ski jump ramp during take-off, to be airborne within 200 m as against 1000m required for normal runways. The Shore Based Test Facility (SBTF) created to replicate the aircraft carrier with a Ski Jump for take-off and arresting gear cable for arrested landing, became operational for R&D as well as pilot training.

 

Two AEW&C aircraft having fitted with the indigenous radars and other equipment such as data links, mission system controller, data handling and display system; have been flying. A wheeled version of Nishant UAV named Panchi has been realized and had it’s maiden flight on Dec 24 after series of high speed taxi trials.

 

An expendable 450 Kgf thrust class Gas Turbine engine ‘Manik’ was developed for 1000 km class subsonic cruise missile [Nirbhay] and is undergoing endurance tests.

 

An advanced Parachute System meeting stringent requirements of Human Space Program (HSP-II) was designed developed and successfully evaluated by DRDO. The system developed for India’s manned space missions was successfully proven with the recovery of Moon Mission Crew Capsule flown into space by the GSLV Mk-III on 18th December. The parachute deployment system functioned perfectly and achieved the required descent rate.

 

A Heavy Drop System (P-16) for dropping form IL76 heavy lift aircraft was developed and is undergoing user assisted trials. The system consisting of a platform system suitably designed for harnessing & mounting of variety of payloads of 16 Ton class and a highly advanced parachute system to drop loads. The load typically consists of military stores such as vehicles (including BMP class), supplies and ammunition.

 

The first indigenously designed and developed Inflatable Radom to serve as a shelter to provide controlled environment for effective and continuous 24x7 functioning of sensitive systems such as RADARs for civil and military applications was installed. The inflatable structure consists of hemispherical envelope of coated fabrics with airlock tunnel, centrifugal air blowers, packaged air conditioners, electrical control system and emergency generator.

 

Phase-IV of user trials of Arjun Main Battle Tank Mk-II, that included Trench crossing and step climbing capabilities, were successfully completed. Development of Arjun Catapult 130mm Self-Propelled Artillery Gun, a blend of 130 mm SP Art Gun with Arjun chassis has been completed as per GSQR. DRDO's internal trial validation has been completed and the Arjun Catapult is ready for Users trials. User demo trials of Pinaka Mk-II rockets with enhanced range were successfully conducted.

 

Successful User Assisted Technical Trials (UATT) of CBRN Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) and Multi-Purpose Decontamination System (MPDS) were carried out. User and DGQA trials of BMCS (Bi-modular charge system) using both Soltam and Bofors guns were completed. The trials included validation of manufacturing process. Dynamic trials of 120 mm Penetration-cum-Blast (PCB) ammunition for MBT Arjun Mk II were conducted successfully.

 

A man-portable modular military bridging system suitable for rapid deployment in mountainous regions and capable of bridging gaps up to 35 m successfully completed user assisted technical trials. The modules weighing less than 18 kg each allow the bridge to be constructed from near-bank without any access to far-bank. A 35m bridge can be launched in about one hour.

 

Three major radar systems namely Aslesha, 3D Tactical Control Radar (TCR) and Troop Level Radar (TLR) / Troop Control Center (TCC) successfully completed the evaluation of the First Of Production Model (FOPM) and are under production.

 

NABHRATHNA, a Flying Test Bed (FTB) based on a Dornier aircraft acquired from HAL was realized. The FTB serves as a test bed platform for evaluation of airborne Radars. FTB sorties with Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) & Maritime Patrol Airborne Radar (MPAR) have been taken up successfully.

 

A series of secure communication systems based on Software Defined Radio, ranging from hand held sets to aircraft and ship based systems have been developed. The compact systems are capable of operating on multiple frequency bands, avoiding need for multiple systems. Dhruva-3, the latest in series of indigenous High Performance Computing Systems designed for solving mission critical Defence R & D applications and one of the fastest computing facilities in the country became operational.

 

Microwave Power Module (MPM), a compact transmitter employing a micro travelling-wave tube (micro-TWT) and a compact high efficiency electronic power conditioner was designed, developed and led to production with indigenous travelling-wave tube. The MPM has been incorporated in the indigenous Flight Level Radar (FLR) and Troop Level Radar (TLR).

 

ALTAS was realized with establishment of Towed array SONAR technology with 100% indigenous capabilities with two production centers. The system is designed to detect and identify submarines and underwater weapons. First technical trial on ALTAS has been conducted with satisfactory results.

ABHAY and HUMSA-UG compact sonars, ideal for fitment on smaller platforms for surveillance purposes, having advantages of reduced installation and maintenance load on the technical personnel were installed on two platforms and are undergoing technical trials. The hull mounted sonar HUMSA-NG has been installed onboard INS Kolkata and INS Komorta. Varunastra, the heavy weight torpedo and Maareech, the decoy system for defence against torpedo attacks successfully completed 10 and 12 sets of user evaluation trials respectively.

 

Development of indigenous materials is vital for successful development of military systems and some remarkable ones are mentioned: Enhanced protection level of Kanchan armour for MBT Arjun Mk-II was achieved without any weight penalty. Armour for Wheeled Armoured Platform, was successfully developed.

 

A challenging task of developing seven types of critical turbine parts, namely high pressure turbine blades, vanes, convergent-divergent starter nozzles, inner and outer shroud rings, integrally cast low pressure turbine rotor blisks and low pressure nozzle guide vane stator blings was completed for the development of the small turbofan engine.

 

The life sciences labs of DRDO continued with vigor, DRDO’s efforts to develop soldier support systems and processes to help the soldiers perform effectively in diverse and harsh conditions of terrain and climate encountered in the country.

 

Submarine Escape Set 120 M to assist safe escape from underwater vessels from depths upto 120 meters is undergoing trials. Mark I version of Submarine Escape Set is already in production.

 

‘Telemedicine System’ has been accepted for induction in Indian Navy. The system capable of exchange of vital medical information and advice in a secure manner through multiple channels (including satcom) will be installed in various IN ships as well as remote naval units.

 

A light weight Helicopter Oxygen System MkII has been developed and is undergoing user trials. Integrated Life Support System (ILSS) as LRU (line replaceable units) for ‘Tejas’ light combat aircraft has undergone certification processes. Integration and successful testing under all simulated flight profiles up to height ceiling of LCA was completed in high altitude test chamber. ILSS consists of systems such as Onboard Oxygen Generating System, Back up Oxygen System, Emergency Oxygen System, Oxygen Sensor, Electronic Control Unit, Breathing Gas Management Solenoid Valve and Quick Disconnect Coupling.

 

HAPO Bag MK-II, a lifesaving equipment for management of ‘High Altitude Pulmonary Odema’ was accepted by user for induction; MkI is already in production. Oxygen enrichment shelters for extreme altitude were designed developed, installed and handed over to the armed forces for prevention and management of Acute Mountain Sickness.

 

Computerized Pilot Selection System (CPSS) has undergone series production leading to installation at various Air Force Service selection Boards. Other Rank Trade Allocation System (ORTAS) Battery has been handed over to the users. Computerized Cognitive Battery item bank for the selection of officers has been handed over to Coast Guard Selection Board.

 

‘DEFENDER’, a DEPA impregnated mosquito net was accepted by users and is under production. As a part of the Jammu & Kashmir flood relief operations, DFRL Mysore supplied around 5 Tonnes of food materials.

 

The year 2015 awaits many more successes on the path of enhancing self-reliance in military systems.

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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 08:20
MEADS Ready For Transition to European Follow-On Programs
 

ORLANDO, Fla., Jan. 7, 2015 – Lockheed Martin

 

The tri-national Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS) program enters 2015 as a candidate for next-generation air and missile defense requirements in both Germany and Poland.

MEADS is a primary candidate for the German Taktisches Luftverteidigungssystem (TLVS), a new generation of air and missile defense that requires a flexible architecture based on strong networking capabilities. MEADS is also expected to become the basis of a national defense system in Italy. Formal decisions are expected from Germany and Italy early this year, and a follow‐on plan is being developed for transition.

In December, the Polish Armament Inspectorate also announced that MEADS International will participate in technical discussions for the Narew short-range air defense system. The Narew system will be capable of destroying aircraft, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles.

“We have built and tested a new generation of networked air and missile defense radars, launchers and battle managers,” said MEADS International executive vice president Volker Weidemann. “MEADS is now ready for continuation programs in Germany and Italy, and for Poland’s Narew program.”

In December 2014, the MEADS program completed a formal contract review with evaluators from Germany, Italy and the United States. The review completed a recent series of achievements that began with a successful first-ever dual-intercept test at White Sands Missile Range in 2013.

  •  In March 2014, the MEADS Mode 5 Identification Friend or Foe subsystem gained final certification for including Mode 5 (L2) capability.
  • In July 2014, at Pratica di Mare Air Force Base in Italy, MEADS demonstrated unique capabilities to network with other systems and radars, share a common integrated air picture, dynamically match interceptors to targets, and to move workload among battle managers.
  • In August 2014, a MEADS Multifunction Fire Control Radar also demonstrated capabilities related to tracking and canceling of jammer signals; searching, cueing and tracking in ground clutter; and successful target classification.

The U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development and Engineering Command has also held a separate review to respond to interest within the Department of Defense in leveraging MEADS technology. MEADS represents a $4 billion effort to develop, implement and prove next-generation air and missile defense system technology.

“The nations recognize the need for a more versatile capability in air and missile defense,” said NAMEADSMA general manager Gregory Kee. “MEADS is designed to be flexible, agile and lethal against the evolving threats our adversaries are developing.”

MEADS is designed to defend up to eight times the coverage area with far fewer system assets with significantly reduced demand for deployed personnel and equipment and for airlift. MEADS is also designed for high reliability and needs fewer personnel to operate.

MEADS International, a multinational joint venture headquartered in Orlando, Florida, is the prime contractor for the MEADS system. Major subcontractors and joint venture partners are MBDA in Italy and Germany, and Lockheed Martin in the United States.

The MEADS program management agency NAMEADSMA is located in Huntsville, Alabama.

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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 07:50
SpyLite - photo BlueBird

SpyLite - photo BlueBird

 

12 Jan 2015 By: Arie Egozi - FG

 

The Greek police force has purchased an additional number of unmanned air systems made by Israeli company BlueBird.

In 2013 the Greek police purchased one of the company's SpyLite UAS to help meet its obligations to Frontex, the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union.

 

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ThunderB Small Tactical UAV  - photo BlueBird

ThunderB Small Tactical UAV - photo BlueBird

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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 07:35
photo HAL

photo HAL

 

12 Jan 2015 By: Greg Waldron - FG

 

A Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) Tejas Mk1 light combat aircraft (LCA) has flown for the first time with an Indian-developed electronic warfare (EW) suite and a radar warning receiver (RWR).

The equipment was produced by India’s Defence Avionics Research Establishment (DARE), and was able to detect radar signals during the flight, says the country's defence ministry in a statement.

The EW suite also carries a radar jammer, which the ministry says allows the pilot to “jam” various radar frequency bands.

 

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13 janvier 2015 2 13 /01 /janvier /2015 17:30
Patria and KONGSBERG to pursue a major combat vehicle and weapon system program

 

13.01.2015 KONGSBERG

 

Patria and KONGSBERG have announced a teaming agreement to pursue together a major combat vehicle and weapon system program in the Middle East region.

 

Patria is the market leader of modern 8x8 wheeled armoured vehicles and turreted 120 mm mortar systems with strong sales track-record. Both Patria AMV 8x8 wheeled armoured vehicle and Nemo 120 mm turreted mortar are already in use in the Middle East. Patria AMV 8x8 is currently in commission by seven nations in wide range of environments. The vehicle is combat-proven in the real mission environment. KONGSBERG offers products and systems for remotely controlled weapon systems, command and control, weapons guidance, communications solutions and missiles. The two companies make a strong team together and will now develop their solution further to meet the future customer needs.

 

“Together with KONGSBERG we are a strong competitor with outstanding performance, skills and solutions, enabling us to offer the state of the art systems for next generation soldiers”, says Mika Kari, President of Patria’s Land business unit.

 

“This is a strategic partnership - combining each company’s unique strengths and expertise as well as our best practices means we can build even better solutions to future markets”, says Espen Henriksen, President of Kongsberg Protech Systems.

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13 janvier 2015 2 13 /01 /janvier /2015 08:55
Signature d’une convention de partenariat entre MBDA et Phelma

Signée pour trois ans par Pierre Benech, directeur de Phelma, Stéphanie Kraemer, responsable relations écoles et marketing RH à MBDA et Bruno Lerat, responsable du département « composants, technologies & prototypes » de l’ingénierie éectronique à MBDA, cette convention de partenariat permettra d’inscrire dans la durée les relations entre MBDA et Phelma.

 

12 janvier 2015 par Jacques Marouani - electroniques.biz

 

Chaque année, MBDA recrute des stagiaires ou diplômés de Phelma.

 

Grenoble INP-Phelma, grande école d'ingénieurs de physique, électronique et matériaux, vient de signer une convention de partenariat avec MBDA, spécialiste des missiles et systèmes de missiles. MBDA recrute chaque année environ 300 collaborateurs. Les profils recrutés sont majoritairement des ingénieurs des secteurs de l’électronique, de la simulation, de la mécanique, des études systèmes, du logiciel ou du système embarqué. Dans une moindre mesure, le secteur des matériaux de structure est également concerné.

 

Chaque année, MBDA recrute des stagiaires ou diplômés de Phelma. Pour l’année 2014 la société a ainsi accueilli quatre stagiaires de troisième année en projets de fin d’études et embauché trois élèves diplômés Phelma. L’entreprise participe depuis 4 ans à sa Journée des partenaires. Son service RH participe également depuis plusieurs années à la journée de simulations d’entretiens d’embauches pour les élèves de 3ème année de Phelma.

 

MBDA est une société d’intérêt pour le groupe Grenoble INP et plus particulièrement pour les filières propres à Phelma (comme Systèmes électroniques intégrés – SEI) et celles communes avec l’Ense3 et l’Ensimag, (comme Signal, image, communication, multimédia – SICOM ou Systèmes et logiciels embarqués - SLE). Elle est fortement intéressée par la filière par apprentissage que Phelma propose depuis quelques années dans le domaine de la conception de systèmes intégrés.

 

Suite à ce partenariat, la société MBDA sera amenée à faire des conférences techniques au sein des cours pour les filières d’intérêt pour l’entreprise.

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13 janvier 2015 2 13 /01 /janvier /2015 08:20
Lockheed Martin Logistics and Sustainment

12 janv. 2015 Lockheed Martin

Lockheed Martin logistics and sustainment solutions deliver performance reliability and support the full life cycle of our customers’ platforms and products, ensuring relevant capabilities at the lowest total cost.

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12 janvier 2015 1 12 /01 /janvier /2015 17:35
Philippines buying C-130s from U.S. for security, disaster relief

Philippine troops offload supplies from a U.S. C-130 for a disaster -relief operation. Photo by Senior Mass Communication Spc. Spike Call/US Navy

 

MANILA, Jan. 12 (UPI)

 

The Philippine military is acquiring C-130 aircraft from the United States and attack helicopters from AgustaWestland as part of a modernization drive.

The two separate deals have a combined value of nearly $58 million.

"The Armed Forces of the Philippines will purchase two C-130T aircraft for $55 million from the United States to improve the country's maritime security and interoperability, especially during a disaster," the U.S. Embassy said in a news release.

"As part of a joint investment program to build the capabilities of the Philippine military, the United States is providing $20 million in U.S. foreign military financing toward the purchase."

An agreement for the aircraft was signed recently at the Joint Reserve Naval Air Station in Fort Worth, Texas, by a Philippine military representative during a visit to inspect the transport aircraft.

Delivery of the planes, expected in early 2016, will bring to five the number of C-130 aircraft in operation in the country in military and humanitarian missions, such as airlifting supplies to islands following typhoons.

 

 

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12 janvier 2015 1 12 /01 /janvier /2015 12:45
Tanzania flying Seeker observation aircraft

 

12 January 2015 by defenceWeb

 

Images have emerged confirming the Tanzania People’s Defence Force Air Wing as an operator of the Seabird Seeker light surveillance aircraft.

 

An article in Aero Australia magazine noted that by 2009, “Seekers had flown some 11 000 hours including 5 000 on surveillance and patrol duty, and were operating in Australia, Azerbaijan, Jordan, Iraq, South Africa, Tanzania, the United Arab Emirates and the USA.”

 

However, it was not clear how many aircraft were flying in Tanzania and it was only after a music video appeared last year that a Tanzanian Seeker was seen for the first time, in the music video entitled Jeshi La Wananchi Tanzania by Jay Moe, Juma Nature and Professor Jay.

 

The video shows SB7L-360 Seeker JW-9704, which, according to IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly, could indicate that four aircraft have been delivered. Wescam’s MX-10 video/infrared sensor turret has been demonstrated on the Seeker and appears to be fitted to the Tanzanian example.

 

The Seeker is produced by Seabird Aviation in Australia and Seabird Aviation Jordan.

 

In 2006 a Jordanian example was supplied to South Africa (JY-SE1). In September 2004 the Paramount Group ordered five Seeker SB7L-360 surveillance aircraft from Seabird Aviation Jordan, with options for a further five units. In September 2006 Jane’s information group reported that Seabird Aviation Jordan had appointed Paramount as the exclusive distributor of the Seeker SB7 observation aircraft in western, central, southern and east Africa and central Asia.

 

It is believed that four of the aircraft sent to South Africa were subsequently supplied to the Ghana Police Service. The fifth aircraft was set to remain with the Paramount Group in South Africa as a demonstrator aircraft representing Seabird Aviation Jordan in the central and southern African region but it appears it is this aircraft that was donated to SANParks to combat rhino poaching in the Kruger National Park in late 2012.

 

Paramount confirmed to defenceWeb that it did not supply Seekers to Tanzania. The aircraft most likely come from Jordan.

 

The Seeker is powered by a 168 hp Lycoming engine driving a pusher propeller and features a pod and boom layout with excellent visibility from the cockpit to support its surveillance role. It has good low speed and loiter capabilities, as it can loiter at a speed of 120 km/h. Maximum speed is 200 km/h. Endurance is up to six and a half hours.

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