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28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 17:30
photo USAF

photo USAF

 

October 23, 2015 defencetalk.com (AFP)

 

The US Air Force recently lost control of two armed Predator drones in separate incidents in Turkey and Iraq, a US military official said Wednesday.

 

The Predators were both carrying air-to-surface Hellfire missiles when they crashed, but these were safely recovered along with the aircraft. In the first case on October 17, a Predator crew reported a “lost link and subsequent crash while the Predator was flying southeast of Baghdad,” military spokesman Colonel Steve Warren said. Local Iraqi police recovered the drone in the vicinity of Al-Kut. They returned the aircraft to US control and there were no injuries, Warren said. Then on October 19, a different Predator “crashed” in southern Turkey, Warren said. Local media have said it came down in Hatay.

 

Read more: http://www. defencetalk.com /two-armed-us-predator-drones-crash-in-iraq-turkey-65677/

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28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 17:30
RAAF KC-30A Refuels E-7A Wedgetail Above Iraq

 

October 28, 2015 By Australian Department of Defence - defencetalk.com

 

A Royal Australian Air Force KC-30A Multi-Role Tanker Transport aircraft has used its air‑to‑air refueling boom for the first time on operations while refueling a RAAF E-7A Wedgetail last week during a Coalition mission above Iraq. The air-to-air boom refuelling process involved two large aircraft, military versions of the Airbus A330 and Boeing 737-700, approaching within metres of each other while in flight and transferring fuel via a maneuverable pipe, known as a boom, which extends back from the rear of the KC-30A. This type of refuelling involves use of the AAR boom at the rear of the aircraft, rather than the wingtip AAR drogues used to refuel smaller aircraft equipped with an AAR probe. Commander of the Australian Air Task Group, Air Commodore Stuart Bellingham, said establishing and proving the operational boom refueling capability was yet another in a long list of accomplishments by the Australian Defence Force team in the Middle East.

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28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 08:50
Douze ans après l’invasion de l’Irak, Blair reconnaît une certaine responsabilité dans la montée de l’EI

source globalresearch.ca


25.10.2015 45e Nord.ca (AFP)
 

L’ancien premier ministre travailliste Tony Blair a réitéré dimanche des excuses partielles pour la guerre en Irak, tout en reconnaissant une certaine responsabilité dans la montée de l’organisation de l’État islamique (EI), dans une interview sur CNN.

 

«Je peux dire que je présente des excuses pour le fait que les informations données par les services secrets étaient fausses», a déclaré Tony Blair à CNN, selon le site internet de la chaîne de télévision américaine.

Mais «je trouve difficile de s’excuser d’avoir démis Saddam. Encore aujourd’hui en 2015, je trouve que c’est mieux qu’il ne soit plus là», a soutenu l’ex-premier ministre britannique.

«Je m’excuse aussi pour certaines erreurs dans la planification et nos erreurs dans notre compréhension de ce qui se passerait une fois le régime tombé», a-t-il ajouté, reconnaissant des «éléments de vérité» dans l’idée que l’invasion de l’Irak en 2003 est la principale cause de la montée de l’EI.

«Bien-sûr, il n’est pas possible que dire que ceux qui ont déposé Saddam en 2003 ne portent aucune responsabilité dans la situation en 2015», a-t-il reconnu, tout en soulignant également l’impact du Printemps arabe et le fait que l’EI a démarré depuis la Syrie et non l’Irak.

«Il a déjà dit tout ça», a réagi un porte-parole de l’ancien premier ministre. «Tony Blair a toujours présenté ses excuses pour les informations des services secrets et pour des erreurs dans la planification».

Ces déclarations interviennent alors que la commission Chilcot, qui enquête sur l’engagement controversé du Royaume-Uni dans cette guerre, doit annoncer d’ici début novembre un calendrier de publication.

Mise en place en 2009 par le premier ministre travailliste de l’époque Gordon Brown, elle n’a toujours pas rendu ses conclusions alors qu’elle était initialement censée les produire dans un délai d’un an.

Le Royaume-Uni s’est engagé dans l’invasion puis la guerre en Irak en 2003 sous le gouvernement travailliste de Tony Blair. Cette décision a été très impopulaire à l’époque et l’ex-premier ministre est accusé d’avoir trompé la population sur la présence jamais avérée d’armes de destruction massive en Irak.

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21 octobre 2015 3 21 /10 /octobre /2015 16:30
Canadian F-18 Fighter Jet

Canadian F-18 Fighter Jet

 

October 21, 2015 defencetalk.com (AFP)

 

Ottawa: Canada’s prime minister-elect Justin Trudeau said Tuesday he told US President Barack Obama that Canadian fighter jets would withdraw from fighting the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria.

But he gave no timeline.

“About an hour ago I spoke with President Obama,” Trudeau told a press conference.

While Canada remains “a strong member of the coalition against ISIL,” Trudeau said he made clear to the US leader “the commitments I have made around ending the combat mission.”

Canada last year deployed CF-18 fighter jets to the region until March 2016, as well as about 70 special forces troops to train Kurds in northern Iraq.

During the campaign, Trudeau pledged to bring home the fighter jets and end its combat mission. But he vowed to keep military trainers in place.

His new Liberal government will be “moving forward with our campaign commitments in a responsible fashion,” Trudeau said.

“We want to ensure that the transition is done in an orderly fashion.”

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13 octobre 2015 2 13 /10 /octobre /2015 22:30
F-16IQ photo Lockheed Martin.jpg

F-16IQ photo Lockheed Martin.jpg

 

13/10/2015 Par Lefigaro.fr (Reuters)

 

L'armée irakienne a commencé à bombarder des positions du groupe Etat islamique (EI) grâce à des informations collectées par le nouveau centre de renseignement établi conjointement avec la Russie, l'Iran et la Syrie, a déclaré aujourd'hui le président de la commission de Défense du Parlement irakien.

 

Ce centre, où travaillent six experts de chaque pays, est opérationnel depuis environ une semaine, a précisé Hakim al Zamili, un membre influent de la communauté chiite. C'est grâce à ces informations que l'aviation irakienne a bombardé cette semaine un convoi de l'EI dans lequel le chef du groupe djihadiste, Abou Bakr al-Baghdadi, aurait pu se trouver.

 

"Les renseignements des Russes nous sont très utiles, même s'ils ne mènent pas de raids aériens (en Irak)", a souligné Hakim al Zamili en référence à l'offensive militaire russe en Syrie. Deux généraux russes sont basés au centre de renseignement de Bagdad, a indiqué un responsable irakien.

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13 octobre 2015 2 13 /10 /octobre /2015 16:50
Rheinmetall KZO UAV - ILA 2010

Rheinmetall KZO UAV - ILA 2010

 

13 October 2015 by defenceWeb

 

Tunisia, Mali, Nigeria, Jordan and Iraq have been identified as potential recipients of up to €100 million in funding from Germany aimed at helping partner countries improve their security situations.

 

Defense News last week reported that the German government has set up a €100 million fund to help partner countries in Africa and the Middle East. The fund will become operational in the 2016 financial year.

 

Katrin Suder, state secretary of the German Ministry of Defense, said in Berlin last week that the initiative is designed to help partner countries prevent crises and stabilize their overall security environment. The money will be used to procure equipment and services for tasks like border protection, small arms controls or the clearing of minefields.

 

The secondary purpose of the fund is to support the German defence industry, as the money will be used primarily to buy equipment and services in Germany. The fund will be jointly managed by the German Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Foreign Affairs. However, the fund is still awaiting final approval as part of next year’s budget by parliament, with approval possibly being granted in the next few weeks.

 

Wolfgang Hellmich, chairman of the defence committee of the German Bundestag, expects delivery of German surveillance unmanned aerial vehicles Tunisia, Defense News reports.

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13 octobre 2015 2 13 /10 /octobre /2015 16:30
CH-4B UAV source AeroHisto

CH-4B UAV source AeroHisto

 

October 10, 2015 AeroHisto - Aviation History

 

On Saturday morning of October 10th, 2015, Iraqi Defence Minister Mr. Khaled al-Obeidi visited al-Kut Air Base and oversaw the launch of the first official flight of Iraqi CH-4B drone that will be used against ISIS. Iraq ordered CH-4B UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) to China, probably after the visit of Chinese foreign minister in February 2014. According to Aero Histo sources, the first batch was received on January 23rd, 2015. First pictures of three units were seen in March.

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9 octobre 2015 5 09 /10 /octobre /2015 15:30
Testing for mustard gas exposure not needed for Canadian special forces in Iraq – Kurdish troops may have been exposed

The Canadian Special Operations Forces Command (CANSOFCOM) provides Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) with military training such as shooting, movement, communications, and mission planning, as well as employment of various weapons systems against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). Photo: CANSOFCOM, DND

 

October 9, 2015 by David Pugliese, Ottawa Citizen

 

A number of Iraqi Kurdish troops tested positive for exposure to mustard gas after battles this summer with the Islamic State group in northern Iraq, according to a Kurdish spokesman.

 

Blood samples from the Kurdish peshmerga fighters sent to a Baghdad lab revealed traces of mustard gas, the spokesman, Jabar Yawar told The Associated Press. The exposure took place during the battles along the front lines near the northern Iraqi towns of Makhmour and Gwer, he added.

 

Canada’s Department of National Defence, however, said there has not been a need to test Canadian special forces personnel operating with the peshmerga.

 

“Due to a number of factors including, personnel protection measures, training and proximity to the supposed area of impact, no formalized testing has been conducted of Canadian SOF Task Force personnel, as it was not deemed necessary,” Department of National Defence spokesman Dan Le Bouthillier explained to Defence Watch.

 

“As is standard practice, CANSOFCOM has conducted risk assessments of all possible threats against our task force personnel in Iraq and does understand that the potential exists for our members to come in contact with biological and chemical agents in the conduct of their advise and assist mandate,” he added. “As such, all CANSOF Task Force members have the appropriate training and protective equipment to safeguard against such scenarios.”

 

Hazhar Ismail, director of co-ordination and public relations for the Peshmerga Ministry in Irbil said at least 35 peshmerga soldiers tested positive for traces of mustard gas.

 

The Islamic State militants fired some 50 mortar rounds on Iraqi- Kurdish positions on Aug. 11. At least 37 of them exploded, releasing white smoke and a black liquid.

 

Yawar said forces from the U.S.-led coalition also took blood and soil samples and those also tested positive.

 

However, according to Army Col. Steven Warren, the spokesman for the U.S.-led coalition in Iraq, “the field test was not conclusive.” He added that “testing will be done off-site in a gold-standard laboratory.”

 

“We continue to monitor reports of chemical weapon use closely and stress that any use of chemicals or biological material as a weapon would be further evidence of ISIL’s barbarity,” Warren added, using an acronym for the Islamic State group.

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7 octobre 2015 3 07 /10 /octobre /2015 16:30
photo New Zealand Defence Force

photo New Zealand Defence Force


6 oct. 2015 by New Zealand Defence Force

 

More than 100 New Zealand Defence Force personnel were deployed in late April alongside the Australian Defence Force to train Iraqi Security Forces so they can better counter the threat posed by ISIL (Dash) and deter its further advances. Task Group Taji, which is composed of New Zealand and Australian personnel, has trained 2100 Iraqi soldiers to date. The training covers weapons handling, combat first aid, live fire training and drills in complex warfighting environments (urban assault, counter-improvised explosive device, etc.)

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7 octobre 2015 3 07 /10 /octobre /2015 15:30
Air Strikes in Irak - photo UK MoD

Air Strikes in Irak - photo UK MoD

 

7 October 2015 Ministry of Defence

 

On Thursday 1 October, an RAF Reaper remotely piloted aircraft patrolled ahead of Kurdish peshmerga as they conducted their latest offensive against the ISIL terror network in northern Iraq. The Reaper’s crew identified a team of armed terrorists moving on foot and successfully engaged them with a Hellfire missile. The Reaper then provided support to a coalition air strike on an ISIL facility, where car-bombs were being assembled; our aircraft used its sensors to sweep the surrounding area, ensuring there was no risk to civilians, before the air strike went ahead and destroyed the target.

 

The following day, Tornado GR4s from RAF Akrotiri also provided close air support to the peshmerga, south-west of Kirkuk. ISIL extremists were spotted and were struck by a Paveway IV guided bomb. Meanwhile, further south and west, a Reaper provided surveillance support to a coalition air strike on an ISIL-held building, then used one of its Hellfires to destroy an armoured truck. The Reaper then provided targeting support to another coalition aircraft as it engaged a terrorist heavy machine-gun concealed under trees.

 

Sunday 4 October saw RAF GR4s patrolling over western Iraq, where they destroyed an anti-aircraft gun position with a Paveway IV. A Reaper was also operating over Anbar province, and it supported coalition air attacks on two Da’ish buildings and a heavy machine-gun. On Monday 5 October, a Reaper, again operating over the west of the country, identified a terrorist team as they planted an improvised explosive device, and successfully attacked them with a Hellfire.

 

Whilst the coalition air campaign provides extensive air support to current Iraqi security operations, intensive training continues to build up their strength for future offensives, with British military instructors playing their part alongside training teams from other members of the global coalition. A particular focus for the British instructors has been on teaching techniques to minimise the threat posed by the large numbers of improvised explosive devices and booby-traps with which the terrorists attempt to hold up Iraqi advances. The UK has given the Iraqi forces 1,000 Vallon mine-detectors and these, combined with the training provided, have already helped save many lives.

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4 octobre 2015 7 04 /10 /octobre /2015 07:30
Hawaiian F-22 Raptors deploying to UAE to join air war on ISIS


03.10.2015 By David Cenciotti

 

Six Hawaii Air National Guard F-22 Raptors are enroute from Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, to Al Dhafra, UAE, to join the CENTCOM area of responsibility.

Once there, the aircraft will replace the U.S. Air Force Raptors already there for a 6-month rotational deployment that will see the aircraft take part in Operation Inherent Resolve in the airspaces of Iraq and Syria: although they can attack their own targets using Precision Guided Munitions (two 1,000-lb GBU-32 JDAMs or 8 GBU-39 small diameter bombs) while covering other aircraft in a typical swing role mission, the F-22 have proved to be useful in the air war against ISIS by making other aircraft more survivable, acting as electronic warfare enabled sensor-rich multi-role aircraft that provide “kinetic situational awareness” to other aircraft involved in the air strikes.

 

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1 octobre 2015 4 01 /10 /octobre /2015 16:30
photo UK MoD

photo UK MoD

 

1 October 2015 Ministry of Defence

 

Latest update

A series of air strikes by Royal Air Force aircraft have helped Iraqi troops maintain relentless pressure on the ISIL terrorist network over recent days. RAF Tornado GR4 and Reaper aircraft have flown daily armed reconnaissance missions as part of the coalition air campaign to support the Iraqi units fighting the terrorists in the front line.

On Sunday 27 September, an RAF Reaper on a surveillance mission over northern Iraq observed a number of armed terrorists as they moved between buildings in a pair of compounds and successfully attacked three terrorist positions, using Hellfire missiles.

On Tuesday 29 September, again in northern Iraq, a Reaper tracked a car carrying a number of ISIL extremists to a building, which was destroyed with a Hellfire. The Reaper was also able to support two other coalition air strikes in the immediate area, which destroyed a vehicle and a fighting position.

The following day, Wednesday 30 September, two Tornado GR4s from RAF Akrotiri, supported by a Voyager refuelling tanker, provided close air support to Kurdish peshmerga advancing west of Kirkuk, who had come under fire from two ISIL heavy machine-gun positions. Both positions were successfully hit using Paveway IVs, removing the threat posed to the Kurdish troops.

 

Previous air strikes

1 September: A Reaper patrolling in western Iraq, where it spotted a vehicle check-point close to the Syrian border being used by the terrorists to prevent the movement of traffic. The Reaper’s crew conducted a successful strike with a Hellfire.

2 September: Another Reaper provided air support to Iraqi army units operating in western Iraq. The aircraft conducted four successful attacks on terrorist targets. With the ISIL in Ramadi increasingly cut-off and isolated by the Iraqi security forces, terrorists were spotted loading hundreds of mortar and rocket rounds onto a boat, which then attempted to smuggle the ammunition down the Euphrates river. A direct hit by one of the Reaper’s Hellfires sank the boat and its cargo.

 

 

The Reaper then destroyed three vehicles – two armoured trucks and a bull-dozer - using a pair of Hellfire missiles and a Paveway guided bomb, with significant secondary explosions confirming large quantities of explosives. Elsewhere in Iraq, a second Reaper successfully attacked a terrorist position with a Hellfire, whilst GR4s located an enemy engineering vehicle near Mosul, constructing a fortified position, and destroyed it with a Paveway.

3 September: A Reaper observed another load of mortar and rocket ammunition being prepared for transport and destroyed it with a Hellfire.

4 September: A Reaper patrol supported two coalition air strikes on terrorist positions, then conducted its own attack on an ISIL team armed with rocket-propelled grenades, after they had fired on Iraqi forces.

6 September: Two Tornado GR4s conducted four Paveway strikes on a series of machine-gun nests near Sinjar, neutralising the threat these presented to the Kurds.

7 September: A Reaper destroyed an ammunition truck, whilst the reconnaissance work of another Reaper discovered a large terrorist network of bunkers and trenches: our aircraft provided targeting support to three successful attacks by coalition fast and conducted five attacks with its own weapons. Near Bayji, a pair of Tornado GR4s flew close air support for Iraqi troops, and used Paveway IVs to destroy three buildings held by terrorist teams.

8 September: A Reaper patrolling over western Iraq discovered several large stockpiles of explosives close to the Euphrates River. It destroyed one of the stockpiles with its own Hellfire missile – a skiff waiting to transport the explosives was sunk in the blast - and helped coalition fast jets target three more. The Reaper’s crew also provided support to successful air strikes on a terrorist-held compound and a fighting position.

9 September: A Reaper used Hellfires to destroy two vehicles being prepared as car-bombs.

10 September: Another Reaper patrol identified a group of heavily armed ISIL fighters gathering in a building. Both the building and a vehicle used by the terrorists were destroyed with Hellfires, and the Reaper also assisted coalition aircraft in 13 successful attacks on further terrorist positions nearby. Elsewhere in the country, a second Reaper conducted two attacks on extremists attempting to attack Iraqi troops, whilst in northern Iraq, a pair of Tornado GR4s used a Paveway IV precision guided bomb to destroy a building from which the terrorists had been firing a heavy weapon at the Kurdish peshmerga.

11 September: A Reaper supported a Kurdish offensive operation to clear an ISIL-held village, in the course of which it engaged a defensive position with a Hellfire.

13 September: Again in northern Iraq, near to Sinjar, a Paveway from a Tornado mission destroyed a terrorist group, armed with rocket-propelled grenades.

14 September: The Tornado GR4s patrolling near Mosul, where they attacked a rocket-firing position, while a Reaper operating over Anbar province, struck a pair of terrorists who had been spotted preparing a booby-trap, then supported two further coalition air strikes in the area.

15 September: A Reaper assisted coalition strikes on ISIL rocket launchers in western Iraq, then used Hellfires to attack an ISIL team as they attempted to arm a “daisy-chain” of linked improvised explosive devices and a GBU-12 guided bomb against a hostile fighting position.

16 September: GR4s bombed two terrorist positions, including a heavy-machine gun, which were firing on Kurdish troops and in western Iraq a Reaper destroyed an engineering vehicle and a large car-bomb which ISIL were positioning to attempt to hold up Iraqi advances.

19 September: Tornado GR4s, supported by a Voyager air-to-air refuelling tanker, provided close air support to Kurdish peshmerga as they conducted offensive operations. Near Sinjar, the peshmerga came under fire from a heavy machine-gun positioned in a building. This was destroyed by our aircraft using a Paveway IV precision guided bomb. The GR4s then flew east to the area around Mosul, where another Kurdish unit was being engaged by a terrorist mortar team; this too was neutralised by a Paveway IV.

20 September: An RAF Reaper remotely piloted aircraft on patrol over western Iraq launched a Hellfire missile which destroyed a stockpile of explosives.

21 September: Another Reaper, operating over north-west Iraq, identified two vehicles carrying ISIL terrorists which were successfully tracked and destroyed with Hellfire missiles.

24 September: Tornado GR4s were again on patrol near Mosul when they were called upon to assist a Kurdish unit under fire from an ISIL mortar; the terrorist position was hit in a Paveway strike.

Details of previous airstrikes can be found here.

For more information see ISIL: UK government response page on GOV.UK

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1 octobre 2015 4 01 /10 /octobre /2015 07:30
(archives)

(archives)


30.09.2015 par 45eNord.ca (AFP)
 

Une offensive terrestre conduite par 3500 combattants kurdes a permis la reprise mercredi de plusieurs villages à l’ouest de la ville de Kirkouk jusque là aux mains du groupe djihadiste État islamique (EI), ont indiqué des responsables.

 

Appuyée par les avions de la coalition internationale conduite par les États-Unis, cette quatrième opération du genre dans la zone de Kirkouk a fait 16 morts et au moins 32 blessés dans les rangs des combattants kurdes, selon un général peshmerga qui a requis l’anonymat.

Selon lui, les combattants ont été tués par les explosifs que les djihadistes ont l’habitude de planter pour ralentir la progression de leur adversaire.

«Nous n’avons perdu personne dans des affrontements (directs) car les djihadistes de l’EI nous fuyaient au moment où nous gagnons du terrain», poursuit-il.

«L’offensive a été lancée à partir de trois fronts à l’ouest de Kirkouk avec environ 3500 peshmerga», a indiqué le conseil de sécurité du Kurdistan irakien dans un communiqué.

Elle a débuté à l’aube et a permis une percée de 140 kms carrés, selon cette même source.

Les objectifs de l’opération étaient de resserrer l’étau sur Hawija, bastion de l’EI situé à environ 230 kilomètres au nord de Bagdad, et de protéger ainsi la région kurde autonome de futures attaques de l’EI.

Au moins 40 djihadistes de l’EI ont été tués durant l’opération, selon le communiqué du conseil de sécurité du Kurdistan, un bilan que l’AFP n’était pas en mesure de vérifier.

Selon Jaafar Cheikh Mustafa, commandant des forces kurdes à Kirkouk, 12 villages ont été repris.

«Les avions de la coalition ont effectué plus de 50 frappes en soutien à cette opération», a indiqué l’armée américaine dans un communiqué.

«Les raids aériens contre des positions de l’EI ont commencé plusieurs jours avant l’opération terrestre pour donner des conditions favorables aux peshmerga», selon le communiqué qui rappelle que les forces kurdes ont mené trois opérations réussies contre l’EI ces quatre dernières semaines leur permettant de reprendre plus de 400 kms carrés sous leur contrôle.

Si ces territoires ne font pas partie du Kurdistan irakien, ils sont depuis longtemps revendiqués par les kurdes.

Lorsque l’EI a entrepris son offensive fulgurante en Irak en 2014, les forces kurdes ont mis la main sur les positions perdues par l’armée irakienne, agrandissant leur territoire d’environ de 40%.

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29 septembre 2015 2 29 /09 /septembre /2015 16:30
Turquie : plus de 30 rebelles kurdes tués dans une opération en Irak

 

29 septembre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Ankara - L'armée turque a tué plus de trente combattants kurdes au cours d'une opération dans le nord de l'Irak où sont retranchés des rebelles du Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan (PKK), a annoncé mardi le président turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

 

Nous avons mené une opération transfrontalière au cours de la nuit. Plus de 30 terroristes ont été tués, a déclaré le chef de l'Etat dans un discours télévisé.

 

Le président Erdogan a ajouté qu'il n'y aurait aucun relâchement dans les opérations menées contre les repaires du PKK dans le sud-est de la Turquie et le nord de l'Irak. Nous n'arrêterons pas. Il n'y aura pas de pause, a-t-il dit.

 

Il a affirmé que 2.000 terroristes ont été tués jusqu'à présent, dans le pays et à l'étranger.

 

Un bilan récemment établi par la presse favorable au gouvernement faisait état de près de 150 soldats ou policiers et environ 1.100 rebelles du PKK tués dans ces violences.

 

La Turquie a la compétence et la volonté de parler à l'organisation terroriste dans un langage qu'elle comprend, a poursuivi M. Erdogan.

 

L'offensive lancée par le pouvoir d'Ankara depuis la rupture de la trêve avec le PKK, en juillet, s'est heurtée à des actions du groupe armé kurde d'une violence inouïe depuis les années 1990.

 

Certains critiques accusent le président Erdogan de vouloir provoquer un sursaut nationaliste pour retrouver lors des prochaines élections législatives le 1er novembre, la majorité absolue que son parti islamo-conservateur AKP a perdue en juin.

 

L'aviation turque avait déjà mené début septembre des frappes d'envergure contre des camps du PKK dans plusieurs régions du nord de l'Irak, et les forces terrestres y avaient mené une incursion à la poursuite des rebelles kurdes turcs.

 

Après deux ans et demi de cessez-le-feu, des affrontements meurtriers ont repris en juillet entre forces de sécurité turques et rebelles kurdes dans le sud-est du pays. Les attaques du PKK et les opérations militaires de représailles se succèdent depuis à un rythme presque quotidien.

 

Le conflit kurde a fait quelque 40.000 morts depuis 1984.

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20 septembre 2015 7 20 /09 /septembre /2015 14:30
Inherent Resolve – Chammal sit rep 20 sept. – CJTF-OIR

ARABIAN GULF (Sept. 17, 2015) - An F/A-18F Super Hornet, assigned to the Checkmates of Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 211, launches from the flight deck aboard the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71). Theodore Roosevelt is deployed in the U.S. 5th Fleet area of operations supporting Operation Inherent Resolve, strike operations in Iraq and Syria as directed, maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts in the region. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Anna Van Nuys/Released)

 

September 20, 2015 by CJTF-OIR - Release # 20150920

 

Military Airstrikes Continue Against ISIL Terrorists in Iraq

 

SOUTHWEST ASIA – On Sept. 19, coalition military forces continued to attack ISIL terrorists in Iraq. Coalition military forces conducted 11 airstrikes coordinated with the government of Iraq using, strike, fighter-attack, bomber, and remotely piloted aircraft against ISIL targets.

 

The following is a summary of the strikes conducted against ISIL since the last press release:

 

Iraq

• Near Bayji, one airstrike resulted in terrain denied to ISIL fighters.

• Near Hit, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit, and destroyed an ISIL vehicle.

• Near Kirkuk, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit, and destroyed an ISIL vehicle.

• Near Kisik, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit, and destroyed an ISIL bunker.

• Near Mosul, two airstrikes struck an ISIL tactical unit, and destroyed an ISIL fighting position and suppressed an ISIL mortar position.

• Near Ramadi, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed two ISIL buildings.

• Near Sinjar, three airstrikes struck two ISIL tactical units, destroyed an ISIL heavy machine gun fighting position, an ISIL vehicle, and five ISIL bunkers.

• Near Tal Afar, one airstrike, struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL vehicle.

 

Airstrike assessments are based on initial reports. All aircraft returned to base safely.

 

The strikes were conducted as part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the operation to eliminate the ISIL terrorist group and the threat they pose to Iraq, Syria and the wider international community.

 

The destruction of ISIL targets in Iraq further limits the group's ability to project terror and conduct operations. Coalition nations which have conducted airstrikes in Iraq include Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Jordan, Netherlands, United Kingdom and United States.

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18 septembre 2015 5 18 /09 /septembre /2015 12:30
source War is boring

source War is boring

 

September 17, 2015 Paul Iddon - warisboring.com

 

The Kurdish militants are expert mountain fighters and have fought off worse

 

The Turkish government talks tough. “You cannot discourage us from our war on terror,” Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said earlier this month. “Those mountains will be cleared of these terrorists. Whatever it takes, they will be cleared.” Davutoglu was referring to the bombing campaign against the Kurdistan Workers Party, or PKK, in the Qandil Mountains. Turkish air force F-4 and F-16 fighter-bombers are hitting suspected PKK targets in the Qandil Mountains, and dozens of soldiers on both sides have died since the fighting erupted in July. But it’s hard to imagine Turkey expelling the PKK. The Qandil Mountains are an ideal sanctuary, stretching westward from the Iraq-Iran border about 30 kilometers into Turkish territory. The Turkish military is certainly not unfamiliar with them.

 

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16 septembre 2015 3 16 /09 /septembre /2015 07:30
photo Lockheed Martin

photo Lockheed Martin

 

September 15, 2015: Strategy Page

 

In early September Iraqi F-16IQ fighter-bombers carried out their first combat missions, using smart bombs against several ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) targets. This comes 16 months after the F-16IQ made its first flight. Four F-16IQs arrived in Iraq in July so that Iraqi pilots and maintainers could undertake final training in preparation for the first combat missions.

 

The F-16IQ is a custom version of the single seat Block 52 F-16C and the two-seater F-16D. In mid-2014 Iraq ordered another 18 F-16IQs and six will be the D version. The F-16IQ is similar to American Block 52 F-16s except they are not equipped to handle AMRAAM (radar guided air-to-air missiles) or JDAM (GPS guided bombs). The F-16IQ can handle laser guided bombs and older radar guided missiles like the AIM-7.

 

The first 18 F-16IQs were ordered in late 2011. Iraq originally proposed this deal in 2009 but nothing happened because at the last minute government officials were informed that putting money down for the warplanes would interrupt needed food purchases. If the food did not get paid for it would not arrive and there could be riots. So the F-16 purchase was delayed and it was feared that all Iraqi F-16IQs probably would not be ready for service until the end of the decade. All that changed in mid-2014 when ISIL took Mosul and much of western and northwestern Iraq. Now the F-16IQ had a much higher priority.

 

Meanwhile, Iraq is slowly building a new air force. At the time ISIL took Mosul the Iraqi Air Force had some 200 aircraft, about half of them helicopters. There were 14,000 personnel in the air force, but Iraq planned to double the size of the air force by the end of the decade and equip it with over 500 aircraft, most of them non-combat types. At that point there would be about 35 squadrons (14 fighter, 5 attack helicopter, 5 armed scout helicopter, 2 transport, 2 reconnaissance, 1 fixed wing training, 1 helicopter training, 3 helicopter transport, 1 utility/search and rescue, and 1 special operations). The Iraqis are eager to buy F-16s partly because neighboring Turkey and Jordan have done well with this model. Since mid-2014 the plans for the Iraqi Air Force have been accelerated and that sense of urgency will last as long as the ISIL threat.

 

In mid-2014 the Iraqi air force was flying mostly transport and reconnaissance missions. Iraq got its first combat aircraft in 2009, when three Cessna Caravan 208 aircraft with laser designators and Hellfire missiles arrived. Mi-17 helicopters were equipped to fire unguided rockets. Most helicopters have a door gunner armed with a machine-gun. After June 2014 the Iraqis began using a lot more Hellfire missiles and the U.S. made several emergency air freight deliveries of Hellfires to Iraq.

 

The F-16 is currently the most popular fighter aircraft in service. The U.S. still has about 1,200 F-16s in service (about half with reserve units). Over 4,200 F-16s were produced, and America has hundreds in storage, available for sale on the used warplane market.  The end of the Cold War in 1991 led to a sharp cut in U.S. Air Force fighter squadrons. Moreover, the new F-35 will be replacing all U.S. F-16s in the next decade. So the U.S. has plenty of little-used F-16s sitting around, and many allies in need of low cost jet fighters.

 

 F-16s are still produced for export, and these cost as much as $70 million each (like the F-16I for Israel). Some nations, like South Korea, build the F-16 under license. A used F-16C, built in the 1990s, would go for about $10 million on the open market. The 16 ton F-16 also has an admirable combat record, and is very popular with pilots. It has been successful at ground support as well. When equipped with 4-6 smart bombs, it is an effective bomber.

 

In 2010 the U.S. agreed to begin training Iraqi F-16 pilots. The first ten Iraqis began their training later that year. This training covered basic and advanced flight training. After that was completed the new pilots were ready to learn how to operate F-16s.

 

Starting in 2009 Iraqi ground troops began training with F-16s providing support for Iraqi troops. American F-16s and ground controllers were used, giving Iraqi commanders experience in working with this kind of capability. Iraq ground controller are being trained as well and some are already on the job.

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8 septembre 2015 2 08 /09 /septembre /2015 17:30
L'armée turque entre sur le sol irakien: une première depuis quatre ans

 

08.09.2015 Romandie.com (ats)

 

L'armée turque est entrée mardi sur le sol irakien pour la première fois en quatre ans après une série d'attaques des rebelles du PKK. Ces attentats ont provoqué la mort de plus de 30 soldats ou policiers et plongé un peu plus la Turquie dans la violence. Deux jours après une première embuscade à l'explosif dans laquelle 16 soldats ont péri à Daglica (sud-est), le Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan (PKK) a réalisé une opération similaire mardi à l'aube contre un minibus de la police, cette fois dans la province d'Igdir, aux confins des frontières avec l'Arménie, l'Iran et l'Azerbaïdjan. Bilan: treize morts et un blessé.

 

Courte durée

Depuis dimanche soir, les chasseurs F-16 et F-4 de l'aviation turque ont pilonné à plusieurs reprises les bases arrière du mouvement rebelle dans les montagnes du nord de l'Irak et des membres des forces spéciales sont entrés en Irak. "Les forces de sécurité turques ont franchi la frontière irakienne dans le cadre du droit de poursuite visant des terroristes du PKK qui ont commis les récentes attaques", a déclaré une source gouvernementale turque, sans préciser la durée de cette opération. "C'est une mesure de courte durée pour empêcher la fuite des terroristes", a toutefois assuré cette source anonyme. Les frappes aériennes et le raid des forces spéciales ont provoqué la mort de "près de cent terroristes" du PKK, selon l'agence de presse Dogan citant des sources militaires. La précédente incursion de l'armée turque sur le sol irakien, un phénomène courant dans les années 1990 contre les bases arrière de ce mouvement rebelle kurde dans les montagnes, remontait à 2011.

 

Discours ferme d'Erdogan

Dans un discours très ferme, le président islamo-conservateur Recep Tayyip Erdogan a promis mardi de débarrasser son pays du PKK. "Nous n'avons pas abandonné et nous n'abandonnerons pas cette nation à trois ou cinq terroristes", s'est exclamé M. Erdogan. "Si Dieu le veut, la Turquie, qui a surmonté de nombreuses crises, réussira à se débarrasser de la peste terroriste", a-t-il insisté. L'opération réalisée par le PKK à Daglica a été la plus meurtrière depuis la reprise il y a près de deux mois des affrontements entre l'armée et ce mouvement rebelle. Ces heurts ont fait voler en éclats les discussions de paix engagées à l'automne 2012 pour mettre un terme à un conflit ayait fait quelque 40'000 morts depuis 1984.

 

Douaniers et ouvriers libérés

Fin juillet, le gouvernement turc a ordonné des frappes aériennes contre les bases du PKK en représailles à des attaques rebelles contre ses forces de sécurité. Les violences sont depuis quotidiennes. Mardi encore, un policer a été tué à Tunceli (est). Le PKK a toutefois annoncé mardi avoir libéré un groupe de 20 agents des douanes et d'ouvriers turcs d'une entreprise de travaux publics qui avaient été enlevés dans l'est de la Turquie il y a près d'un mois. Ils devaient regagner leur pays dans la soirée. Selon le dernier comptage de la presse favorable au gouvernement, les affrontements ont entraîné la mort d'une centaine de soldats ou de policiers et d'un millier de rebelles.

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8 septembre 2015 2 08 /09 /septembre /2015 16:30
Les F-16IQ de la Force Aérienne Irakienne effectuent leurs premières frappes aériennes

 

8 Septembre 2015 defens'aero

 

Après une livraison reportée en raison de l'instabilité de l'Irak et leurs arrivées le 15 Juillet 2015 sur la base aérienne de Balad, dans le centre du pays, les premiers F-16IQ de la Force Aérienne Irakienne (Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Iraqiya) ont effectué leurs premières frappes aériennes contre des positions de l'Organisation Etat Islamique.

En effet, selon les déclarations du commandant de la Force Aérienne Irakienne M. Anwar Hama Amin, et comme le rappelle le très sérieux blog AeroHisto, les premières missions aériennes se sont déroulées le Mercredi 02 Septembre 2015 dans le Nord de l'Irak, et plus précisément dans les provinces de Kirkouk et de Salaheddin.

 

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28 août 2015 5 28 /08 /août /2015 17:30
Op. ‪Inherent Resolve‬ - SITREP August 28, 2015

 

August 28, 2015 by CJTF-OIR Release # 20150828

 

Military Airstrikes Continue Against ISIL Terrorists in Syria and Iraq

 

SOUTHWEST ASIA – On Aug. 27, coalition military forces continued to attack ISIL terrorists in Syria and Iraq. In Syria, coalition military forces conducted seven airstrikes using bomber, fighter and remotely piloted aircraft. Separately in Iraq, coalition military forces conducted 13 airstrikes coordinated with the government of Iraq using attack, bomber, fighter, fighter-attack and remotely piloted aircraft against ISIL targets.

 

The following is a summary of the strikes conducted against ISIL since the last press release:

 

Syria

• Near Aleppo, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit.

• Near Ar Raqqah, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and an ISIL checkpoint.

• Near Al Hasakah, one airstrike struck an ISIL ant-aircraft artillery piece.

• Near Kobani, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit.

• Near Washiyah, three airstrikes struck one large and two small ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL vehicle.

 

Iraq

• Near Bayji, two airstrikes destroyed three ISIL fighting positions, two ISIL vehicles and an ISIL IED.

• Near Habbaniyah, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL light machine gun and an ISIL building.

• Near Haditha, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL building and an ISIL motorcycle.

• Near Kirkuk, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL fighting position and an ISIL heavy machine gun.

• Near Kisik, two airstrikes struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL excavator and an ISIL fighting position.

• Near Mosul, two airstrikes struck an ISIL tactical unit and an ISIL mortar firing position and destroyed an ISIL checkpoint.

• Near Ramadi, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit.

• Near Sinjar, two airstrikes struck two ISIL tactical units and destroyed three ISIL fighting positions and two ISIL light machine guns.

• Near Tuz, one airstrike destroyed an ISIL VBIED.

 

Airstrike assessments are based on initial reports. All aircraft returned to base safely.

 

The strikes were conducted as part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the operation to eliminate the ISIL terrorist group and the threat they pose to Iraq, Syria and the wider international community.

 

The destruction of ISIL targets in Syria and Iraq further limits the group's ability to project terror and conduct operations. Coalition nations which have conducted airstrikes in Iraq include Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Jordan, Netherlands, United Kingdom and United States. Coalition nations which have conducted airstrikes in Syria include Bahrain, Canada, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and the U.S.

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25 août 2015 2 25 /08 /août /2015 19:30
Op. Inherent Resolve - SITREP August 25, 2015

 

August 25, 2015 by CJTF-OIR Release # 20150825

 

Military Airstrikes Continue Against ISIL Terrorists in Syria and Iraq

 

SOUTHWEST ASIA – On Aug. 24, coalition military forces continued to attack ISIL terrorists in Syria and Iraq. In Syria, coalition military forces conducted five airstrikes using fighter and remotely piloted aircraft. Separately in Iraq, coalition military forces conducted 31 airstrikes coordinated with the government of Iraq using attack, bomber, fighter, fighter-attack and remotely piloted aircraft against ISIL targets.

 

The following is a summary of the strikes conducted against ISIL since the last press release:

 

Syria

• Near Al Hasakah, two airstrikes destroyed an ISIL bunker, an ISIL fighting position and an ISIL structure.
• Near Al Hawl, one airstrike destroyed nine ISIL fighting positions.
• Near Ar Raqqah, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit.
• Near Washiyah, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL vehicle.

 

Iraq

• Near Al Baghdadi, three airstrikes struck an ISIL large tactical unit and destroyed six ISIL rocket rails, an ISIL artillery piece, an ISIL building, an ISIL heavy machine gun, an ISIL mortar system, an ISIL rocket system, an ISIL weapons cache and an ISIL vehicle.
• Near Bayji, two airstrikes struck one large and one small ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL excavator, an ISIL fighting position and an ISIL vehicle.
• Near Fallujah, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed four ISIL rocket systems.
• Near Kisik, two airstrikes struck an ISIL tactical unit and an ISIL sniper firing position and destroyed an ISIL fighting position and an ISIL heavy machine gun.
• Near Mosul, five airstrikes struck five ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL fighting position and an ISIL vehicle.
• Near Sinjar, four airstrikes struck three ISIL tactical units and destroyed two ISIL fighting positions and an ISIL armored vehicle.
• Near Sultan Abdallah, one airstrike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL fighting position.
• Near Tal Afar, one airstrike struck and suppressed an ISIL heavy machine gun firing position.
• Near Tuz, 12 airstrikes struck an ISIL tactical unit and six ISIL staging areas and destroyed 57 ISIL fighting positions and three ISIL vehicles.

 

Airstrike assessments are based on initial reports. All aircraft returned to base safely.

The strikes were conducted as part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the operation to eliminate the ISIL terrorist group and the threat they pose to Iraq, Syria and the wider international community.

The destruction of ISIL targets in Syria and Iraq further limits the group's ability to project terror and conduct operations. Coalition nations which have conducted airstrikes in Iraq include Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Jordan, Netherlands, United Kingdom and United States. Coalition nations which have conducted airstrikes in Syria include Bahrain, Canada, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and the U.S.

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13 août 2015 4 13 /08 /août /2015 12:30
Credits ISW

Credits ISW


Aug 13, 2015 - by ISW

 

Since the publication of ISW's last ISIS Sanctuary Map on June 19, 2015, ISIS has escalated attacks to fix opponents in order to protect its core terrain in Iraq and Syria. ISIS launched a failed offensive on Hasaka City to divert Syrian Kurdish forces after the Kurds seized terrain north of ISIS's stronghold of Raqqa. ISIS also escalated attacks against Syrian rebels north of Aleppo, likely in order to disrupt potential efforts by Turkey to establish an "ISIS-free" zone in the area. In Iraq, the Iraqi Security forces and Shi'a militias experienced limited success between Ramadi and Fallujah, as part of an operation to clear ISIS from Anbar announced on July 13. ISIS is now attempting to draw Shia forces away from Anbar by launching spectacular attacks in Baghdad and Diyala. This map features an updated representation of ISIS's control of populated areas along the northern Baghdad-Mosul highway and near Hawija, which has remained constant since June 2014. 

 

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6 juillet 2015 1 06 /07 /juillet /2015 07:30
Terrorisme : la stratégie de la pieuvre

 

06/07/2015 Par Jean Guisnel - Le Point

 

Daesh a acquis une dimension que ceux qui l'ont précédé n'ont jamais approchée. Armes lourdes, recrutement, propagande. Le djihadisme 2.0 gagne du terrain.

 

Les conquêtes territoriales de l'Etat islamique feront date dans l'histoire du djihadisme. Sur le plan militaire, ce groupe a acquis une dimension que ceux qui l'ont précédé n'ont jamais approchée. La fameuse mouvance Al-Qaeda a beau avoir mené bien des actions spectaculaires, elle n'est jamais parvenue à se tailler un territoire d'une telle superficie ni à menacer des Etats dans leur existence même - ce que le groupe d'Abou Bakr al-Baghdadi est en passe de réussir en Syrie, en Irak et dans une moindre mesure en Libye.

 

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3 juillet 2015 5 03 /07 /juillet /2015 12:30
photo UK MoD

photo UK MoD

 

02/07/2015 lorientlejour.com (AFP)

 

Le ministre britannique de la Défense, Michael Fallon, a appelé jeudi à un consensus au sein des députés de la chambre des Communes pour autoriser des frappes aériennes contre l'organisation Etat islamique (EI) en Syrie.

 

Les députés britanniques avaient autorisé à l'automne dernier des frappes en Irak, se ralliant à la coalition internationale qui lutte contre le groupe extrémiste dans cette région, mais pas contre la Syrie. Jeudi, M. Fallon a souligné "le bien fondé" d'effectuer de frapper également dans ce dernier pays soulignant que l'EI ne connaît lui pas de frontière. Mais "le Premier ministre tient compte des réserves de certains membres de cette chambre et n'y présentera pas de motion en ce sens s'il n'y a pas de consensus", a-t-il dit.

 

En 2013, le Parlement avait infligé un camouflet à David Cameron en votant contre sa demande d'intervention en Syrie, à l'époque contre le régime du président Bachar el-Assad pour son utilisation d'armes chimiques. "Il appartient à tous les membres de cette chambre d'évaluer la meilleure manière de lutter contre l'EI, un califat diabolique qui ne respecte pas de frontières", a ajouté le ministre de la Défense.

 

Il a toutefois souligné que le gouvernement ne consulterait pas le Parlement avant de mener des frappes dans le cas où "l'intérêt national supérieur britannique serait menacé ou pour prévenir une catastrophe humanitaire". Il a aussi fait valoir que "toute action" qui pourra être prise par Londres "n'apportera aucune aide" au président syrien Bachar el-Assad ni à son régime.

 

Un éventuel vote ne devrait pas avoir lieu avant l'automne et la désignation du nouveau leader du parti travailliste le 12 septembre prochain.

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3 juillet 2015 5 03 /07 /juillet /2015 07:30
AT-4 launcher photo 4th Stryker Brigade Combat Team

AT-4 launcher photo 4th Stryker Brigade Combat Team

 

June 8, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The United States recently delivered 2,000 AT4CS (the CS stands for "Confined Spaces") one-shot shoulder fired rocket launchers to the Iraqi military. Half of this shipment was held back for training purposes, since it does require some practice to become proficient with the AT4.

 

Made by a Swedish firm (Saab Bofors) the U.S. Marines have been using AT4 since the 1990s and Iraqis who saw it in action were impressed. The 6.8 kg (15 pound) weapon has a range of 300 meters and can destroy bunkers as well as armored vehicles. Many have been used in Iraq and Afghanistan by American and other NATO forces.

 

The AT4CS can be fired from inside a building and that capability attracted U.S. SOCOM (Special Operations Command) and the U.S. Marine Corps to buy many of these missiles. The AT4CS is a one shot system that can operate with reusable night vision equipment. The 1.8 kg (four pound) rocket is fired from a one meter (40 inches) long launcher. The maximum range of the rocket is about two kilometers. The warhead doesn't arm until the rocket is about ten meters from the launcher. It takes about one second for the rocket to go 250 meters. The warhead can penetrate about 500mm (nearly 20 inches) of steel armor. Thus the AT4 is very useful against the thick walled compounds commonly found all over Iraq.

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