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14 février 2015 6 14 /02 /février /2015 12:30
Armor: Israel Creates A Two-In-One


February 7, 2015: Strategy Page


The mid-2014 war in Gaza gave Israel the opportunity to aww how many new weapons performed under combat conditions. This included ammunition. Israel introduced its 120mm APAM-MP-T (M329) multi-mission tank shell in 2011 but was not able to test it in heavy combat until the mid-2014 50 Day War with Hamas. The M329 is an anti-personnel and anti-materiel (vehicles or structures) round that has a programmable fuze that allows for air bursts and detonation when close to a moving target (like helicopters). The M329 acts like a high explosive round when fired at buildings or bunkers. The tank gunner can select how the fuze will operate before firing a shell. Thus the M329 fuze can be set to penetrate a wall and then explode inside, or detonate in the air over troops in trenches.  This makes the M329 useful for destroying buildings or just killing or wounding enemy troops. Max range of the M329 is 5,000 meters and it is very accurate.


Israel developed the M329 because similar American multi-mission 120mm rounds had appeared earlier and Israel has used some of them in combat. Suggestions from Israeli troops led Israel to design their own multi-mission ammo like the M329. Multi-mission tank rounds began appearing in the 1990s and since then there have been several generations of such tank gun ammunition. Some of these American rounds proved very useful in Iraq and Israel a decade ago. These new shells were better at killing infantry, and destroying bunkers and buildings, rather than destroying tanks. With the end of the Cold War, there has not been a lot of tank-versus-tank combat, and existing anti-tank shells were more than adequate for that. But for post-Cold War combat new and improved shells would be useful.


Not surprisingly in the 1990s new shells were developed for these new conditions. In some cases older shells were recycled with new features. Thus 19,000 American M830A1 multipurpose 120mm tank gun rounds were modified to become M908 shells. This made them more lethal against bunkers, buildings and unarmored vehicles. In addition, there was the M1028, which is a 120mm shotgun shell (containing 1100 10mm tungsten balls, that can kill or wound at up to 700 meters from the tank), that began production in 2002. This shell, and the M908, were what American M-1 tanks use nearly all the time in Iraq.


Israel had pioneered both types of “irregular combat” tank ammunition and used their versions heavily in Palestinian areas after Israeli troops withdrew from Gaza and that are became a Islamic terrorists sanctuary. The M908 and M1028 shells make tanks much more useful in urban fighting. Hostile gunmen often take cover in buildings, or trees and crops. The M908 can knock down buildings, and the M1028 can clear out anyone sniping at you from lighter structures or vegetation. The M329 provides even more flexibility for when tanks are not fighting other tanks and replaces the capabilities of both the M908 and M1028. Now, like those two older designs, the M329 has plenty of combat experience to demonstrate what worked and how well.

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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 08:35
Bird-Eye 400 photo IAI

Bird-Eye 400 photo IAI


Feb 11, 2015 Defence-Update


The agreement covers local production of IAI's Bird-Eye 400 and Bird-Eye 650 mini UAS as well as other mini-unmanned aerial systems


Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and India’s Alpha Design Technologies have signed a teaming agreement for the production and marketing of mini-Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) in India to accommodate the operational needs of Indian customers. Potential customers in India include security agencies and all defense organizations including police forces, coastguard and Border Security Forces (BSF).


According to Shaul Shahar, IAI VP and General Manager of the Military Aircraft Group, the agreement with Alpha follows India’s policy for ‘Buy and make India’. “The important vision of ‘Make in India’ is being made fully effective by this joint effort. Alpha will meet the huge market in India and will examine further, later exports by Alpha, through IAI to various countries”. Col. H. S. Shankar, Chairman & Managing Director, Alpha Design Technologies Private Limited, added.


The agreement covers local production of IAI’s Bird-Eye 400 and Bird-Eye 650 mini UAS as well as other mini-unmanned aerial systems. Production of the systems will take place in India, while the marketing will be a joint effort of the two companies. Alpha Alpha will also provide integration of the systems in India, with IAI’s support.

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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 07:30
"The World Seeks Inexpensive Precision Munitions”


7/2/2015 Amir Rapaport - israeldefense.com


On the eve of the year when IMI is to be sold, CEO Avi Felder speaks about the privatization project, a cooperative with Rafael and the lessons derived from Operation "Protective Edge": “Urban wars will continue”


At the outset of 2015, Avi Felder faces a series of unusual challenges: completing the structural revision within IMI, assimilating the lessons of Operation Protective Edge with regard to the Company’s product range, and above all – facilitating the privatization of IMI, after some elements possessing secret information on the manufacture of rocket engines have been separated from it, and a new company, "Tomer" has been established.

Felder is confident that the coming year will end with IMI, one of Israel’s longest running government companies, under a different ownership, either private or public.

“2015 will be a year at the end of which we should emerge as a privatized company under private, or more precisely non-government ownership,” says Felder.


Does the fact that the Knesset has been dissolved and elections will be held next March change the privatizing plans?

“The train has already left the station. The process will not stop because of the elections. The Government Companies Authority is in charge of this process. We assist it in order to comply with all of the terms. So far, the Company has complied with 100% of the plan prescribed for it. I assume this compliance will remain the same. Later on, the process will be more technical and not one that calls for decisions that could be influenced by the elections.”


Where are we in the process right now?

“In January 2015, an advertisement will be published, calling for companies that would like to participate in the purchase to submit their bids. Subsequently, the regulator should approve the companies included in the bidding and it is planned that by the end of March or in early April at the latest, those companies will receive a detailed RFP and submit their responses to it. By the end of the year, the process will be concluded. We are currently working on the establishment of information rooms, to be opened in late March, for the benefit of the bidders, so that they may use the information to make a decision regarding the tender without compromising details that may adversely affect our on-going competitive position vis-à-vis the companies that may eventually purchase us. At the same time, other processes are progressing as well. During that period, IMI will be split into ‘IMI Systems’ – which would accept all of the Company’s assets and activities, and the residual IMI, which will keep all those things that I refer to as the ‘sins of the past’ – contaminated soil, environmental issues and so forth. The State will assume responsibility for the employees’ pension debts. The split should take place around March. That’s the general direction.

“At the information rooms, the potential buyers will receive all of the information in the most transparent and clear manner that would still protect the Company, as in the end, only one buyer will be selected. In any case, according to the decision of the ministerial committee, IMI Systems will be privatized as a single ‘block’ – it will not be broken down, but sold with all of the production plants and subsidiaries.

“At the same time, we are still working on the establishment of ‘Tomer’ – on the basis of our ‘Givon’ plant (the Rocket Systems Division). Just before IMI is handed over to the buyer, ‘Tomer’ will be separated from it. At this time, we are cooperating with IMOD on the characterization of ‘Tomer’. This plant will deal with all aspects of rocket engines and propulsion, and would sell the engines to IMI just as it is currently done by Givon. It will be a government company – 100% owned by the State of Israel.”


Will the other knowledge centers be privatized?

“Yes. Only the Rocket Systems Division will still be owned by the State of Israel. All of the rest is for sale. We are also working intensively on the relocation of ‘IMI Systems’ to the Negev, which is to take place immediately following the privatization. By 2022 we would no longer be in Ramat HaSharon. To accomplish the relocation to the Negev within seven years – that is a challenge in itself. The relocation process will consist of several phases. Now we are working on the planning of the area we will transfer to. We are considering which activities should be located there. We intend to evaluate what IMI would look like in the coming years, and ensure that some space will be reserved for future development in the context of the relocation to the Negev.”


Will the buyer be required to relocate to the Negev? Will he not be able to change his mind about it?

“There is an agreement, and it will happen. The Government of Israel decided to privatize the Company. In April 2014, 12 contracts were signed between the Company and the trade union and the employees – and the Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Defense. These contracts specified everything that had been agreed – the retirement agreement, the agreement regarding the relocation to the Negev – all of these agreements are elements of the privatization process. Now, we take all of those framework agreements and break them down into details, and most importantly – we execute them!”

According to Felder, out of 3,700 IMI employees in early 2014, 700 have already agreed to retire by the end of the year. 500 additional employees will retire over the next few months, and 380 will transfer to ‘Tomer’ after the privatization. At the same time, 250 new employees have been recruited for all positions – from production workers to engineers and marketing managers.


At the bottom line, is the company offered for sale healthy and profitable?



What is your backlog of orders?

“We are entering the coming year with a backlog of orders of about eight billion NIS. As far as I can remember, this is a record for the Company. It gives us solid working prospects for the next four years. Beyond that backlog, we are taking into account an internal growth of something like 10% a year. The Company will be profitable in 2016.”


Does the backlog include Givon?

“Yes, but not in considerable numbers – around 200-300 million NIS, as over there they have many things that come in over the year and are executed promptly. The backlog also includes our subsidiary ‘Ashot Ashkelon Industries’, which has a backlog of orders of 900 million NIS. ‘Ashot’ is a profitable company with 15% holdings on the Tel-Aviv Stock Exchange, and it will remain profitable.”


What is the ratio between foreign and domestic business?

“About 40% of IMI’s sales are to IMOD and 60% to overseas clients.”


Investments & Structural Change


Avi Felder says that apart from the preparations for the tender, IMI is undergoing some major changes: “We are investing in the purchasing of machines for the production floors in all of the Company’s plants, and have launched a three-year plan for upgrading the Company’s IT system. We have not made any investments in infrastructure for many years, owing to the budget restrictions we were under.

“Another major change is the completion of the establishment of the business administrations within the Company. In 2014 we initiated the establishment of business administrations for infantry, armored forces, engineering, artillery, air and HLS. The function of these administrations is to deal with project management, system engineering and marketing, and be client-driven. In my view, the administrations are the locomotives of the Company. In 2015, these locomotives will pull out and start off.”


How long will "IMI Systems" remain independent?

“I do not know. I assume that a wise and reasonable buyer will continue to operate ‘IMI Systems’ as a business entity and lead it to new horizons. Even under the new ownership, the Company will operate under government regulation, as it operates today.

“There is no difference in the regulative work, regardless of whether it is a private or a government company, small or large.”


In the event that the buyer turns out to be Elbit Systems, will IMI be merged into the group?

“Elop remained Elop even under Elbit’s ownership, and Elisra also remained a separate company. I cannot step into the buyer’s shoes, whoever he may be, he is committed to a certain period of time when ‘IMI Systems’ will continue to be a company. In any case, I do not foresee any dramatic changes initially. In such a process, when a buyer enters a company, he will first of all familiarize himself with it.

“IMI, in particular, is like an aircraft carrier. It is not a small company. The buyer will have to study all of its obscurities, familiarize himself with its engine. Subsequently, he will have to determine whether he can create a synergy with other activities. In my opinion, this stage will take a reasonable amount of time.”


Regardless of the Privatization, has your product range changed over the last five-year period?

“Yes. I think that the similarity between our products today and the range of products we had five years ago is only in the names of the activities, but not in the products. In the field of infantry, for example, we have introduced over the last few years the MPRS system for firing rifle grenades with a high degree of precision, a high-accuracy mortar shell and a new hand grenade with improved safety devices. In the armored forces field, we introduced the 120mm APAM-MP-T M329 tank cartridge, 105mm APAM-MP-T M117/1 tank cartridge and 120mm HE-MP-T M339 tank cartridge. The latter cartridge was used operationally for the first time during Operation Protective Edge, and proved to be a fantastic success.

“Another activity which has developed significantly is artillery rockets. In that field, too, we have introduced a range of completely new products. We now have rockets to ranges of 40 to 250 kilometers, with a CEP of a few meters.”

You surprised everyone with your Predator Hawk guided artillery rocket to a range of 250 km, which you unveiled at the KADEX exhibition in Kazakhstan last summer

“As far as I am concerned, it was no surprise. Anyone who is familiar with our capabilities only asks us ‘when will you introduce the next rocket’.”


What can you say about the sales of the Extra rocket to a range of 150 km?

“This rocket has already been sold to several countries around the world, having passed several perfect trials. This is one example of the change the Company underwent. This deal was signed and delivered very quickly. We fully accomplished our objectives and our clients were satisfied, and even more importantly – satisfied clients come back. In this context, the Predator Hawk is an example of a satisfied client who came back.

“It is important to understand further that we are not just talking about the rocket itself, but rather about a layout of rockets. We sell a complete battalion or brigade, fully equipped from head to toe – the rockets for the launchers, the command centers, the ammunition, the meteorology, the UAV as well as a training and instruction package. The nice thing about the clients who purchased such layouts is that they currently use the rockets without us, in their training exercises.

“In the air category, we introduced the MPR-500 bomb, which was also used operationally for the first time during Operation Protective Edge. As far as we know, it was also tremendously successful.”


What are the sales of this bomb like, apart from sales to the IDF?

“We have had a few sales transactions as well as distribution agreements with some major corporations in the global market – these cooperative alliances apply to manufacturing as well as to sales. For obvious reasons, I cannot name the corporations with whom we entered those agreements.”


What about the continued manufacturing of "loitering weapons", after you developed the Delilah in the last decade?

“It is not our field. We have had no presence in the world of loitering weapons after the Delilah.”


Where do you stand in the field of active defense?

“We are currently engaged in a dialog with Rafael with the intention establishing a cooperative alliance on the issue of active defense. IMOD convened both Rafael and us recently, and at this time both companies are cooperating with the aim of developing the best system for IDF.”

According to Felder, the intention is to combine between Rafael’s Trophy system and IMI’s Iron Fist system, so that the interceptor will be made by IMI, the radar will be made by IAI (as in the Trophy system) and Rafael will serve as the primary contractor and integrator of the project. “We are currently working on the agreement between the companies,” said Felder. “The ownership structure for the project has not been finalized yet, but the general direction is a partnership.”


A partnership with 40% for Rafael, 30% for IAI and 30% for IMI?

“That is the general direction.”


Technologically, can a combination of the Iron Fist and Trophy systems really work?

“The engineers of these companies can do anything. All you have to do is just provide them with a suitable working environment.”


Will the system be available for the future Namer (Merkava) APCs?

“That is for IDF to decide.”


Will it be relevant to export sales as well?

“Provided we receive export permits.”


Generally, in your view, has the transition to the manufacture of precision munitions proved itself?

“Without a doubt, Operation Protective Edge proved to IMI that our development directions were correct. The entire subject of precision guided munitions suitable for urban warfare, on which we have been focusing all these years, has proven itself. The emphasis has been on inexpensive precision munitions that clients can afford. Every two years we prepare a strategic plan for five years ahead. After Operation Protective Edge we set up a team to check whether we are on the right track or need to make adjustments. We came to a sweeping conclusion that the trends were correct. Naturally, some adjustments were required, but no substantial changes.”


What about the fields of cyber and HLS?

“These are new activities which we entered recently. HLS had already existed (within IMI), on the basis of the IMI Academy for Advanced Security & Anti-Terror Training. The Academy provides an excellent basis for soaring and reaching better places. Thus far, the Company has not dealt with it very intensively, but the establishment of the HLS administration is a clear indication of the fact that we want to go in that direction, and take advantage of suitable products that we already have and of the Company’s marketing and integration capabilities.

“We established the cyber element for two reasons: firstly, to defend our products. Obviously, you cannot sell anything today without cyber defense. Secondly, we expanded our cyber defense activity on the basis of a more comprehensive perspective.”


Did you identify a business potential in this field?



And what about the more traditional fields of activity? Upgrades for armored still a business potential there?

“There is business in all of those fields. In the field of armored vehicle upgrades we are currently engaged in several projects around the world. In small arms ammunition, our sales to the IDF provide the primary basis for us, but we also sell to retail chains in the USA. In the USA we are regarded as manufacturers of premium ammunition. Our ammunition has excellent reputation. This market is twice as large as the military market, and is very stable.” Felder noted that IMI will once again participate in the SHOT Show, to be held in Las Vegas in January 2015.”

Regarding the new infantry vehicle, Combat Guard, developed by IMI, Felder said: “We developed one vehicle prototype that we showcased at the exhibition in Paris, and received a very serious response. We regard infantry mobilization as one of the legs the Company stands on. We are also involved in the Namer APC, the Body Guard and another off-road vehicle designated Wildcat. The advantage of these off-road vehicles is that they can operate on any terrain, under any conditions. For these vehicles, we also developed weapon systems that can promptly engage any threat based on identification data provided by the active defense system.”


In your view, has the era of wars between regular military forces ended?

“I always say – the unexpected is the only expected element in wars. I assume the military is being prepared so as to provide a solution to any potential scenario, and we attempt to be present at any niche that may prove attractive to the client. The primary characteristic of the battlefield today is the fact that it is constantly changing.”


What trends do you see evolving in the global defense market in the coming year?

“We regularly analyze the global trends. You see the defense budget in the USA, which once was at the highest level and is now being maintained at a certain level. The budgets in Europe have decreased drastically, with the exception of Russia – where the budget has increased by approximately 50%. China has also increased its budget by 50%. The budgets have moved eastward. The increase in the Russian and Chinese budgets has led to a boost in defense expenditure in the entire region. The drop in oil prices has also had a profound influence on the market.

“Generally, Israeli industry and the entire defense industry of Israel are at the technological top. We must retain that by investing in R&D, which yields a very high added value.”

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10 février 2015 2 10 /02 /février /2015 17:30
Upgrading to Tablets


04.02.2015 Shani Poms – IAF


In addition to the new C-130J, the "Elephant" squadron is now being equipped with new Tablets in order to ease data access and save paper


The worldwide environmental revolution did not skip the IAF and many environmentally-friendly projects are gradually implemented in its lines. A great example is the change in the "Elephant" squadron which recently upgraded to tablets called "iPill". From now on, the entire protocols of the squadron will be summed up in tablets instead of books, saving a large amount of paper.


"The main advantage of the project is the easy access to data", explains Captain Ofer, one of the managers of the project in the squadron. The tablets will be carried to every flight and instead of browsing through thick books in case of a malfunction or a dilemma, the aircrew members would be able to find the relevant answer in an instant, using the tablets. "Beyond the time the tablets save, the accessibility helps the learning process".


From time to time, the squadron is required to update the knowledgebase and now it can be done easily and without wasting any paper. "The update is done very quickly and no paper is thrown away".


The absorption of the tablets is still at the outset, but it seems like the responses are positive. "The feedbacks are positive, especially on the part of accessibility. We keep thinking of ways to improve and everybody shares their ideas", concluded Captain Ofer.

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10 février 2015 2 10 /02 /février /2015 12:35
Visite du ministre israélien de la Défense Moshe Yaalon en Inde le 17 février.


06.02.2015 IsraëlValley


Le ministre de la Défense Moshe Yaalon, se rendra le 17 février en Inde, première visite du genre pour un ministre de la Défense depuis l’établissement des relations diplomatiques entre les deux pays. Jérusalem accorde une importance stratégique à cette visite, qui marque un tournant dans les relations sécuritaires avec New-Delhi et qui pourrait ouvrir la voie vers de nouveaux marchés dans le domaine de la défense.


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10 février 2015 2 10 /02 /février /2015 12:30
Dans les pays arabes des experts israéliens chassent des contrats de défense


07.02.2015 IsraelValley Desk | Défense


Selon letemps.ch "La loi israélienne interdit aux ressortissants de l’Etat hébreu de se rendre dans les pays avec lesquels il est en guerre. Elle prévoit également des peines pour ceux qui y mèneraient des tractations commerciales. Mais en Israël comme partout ailleurs au Proche-Orient, tout est négociable. Il suffit d’avoir les bonnes connexions pour obtenir l’accord de la commission ad hoc, du Shabak (la Sûreté générale), voire du gouvernement lorsque les contrats sont importants.


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10 février 2015 2 10 /02 /février /2015 12:30
Des chercheurs d'Israël préparent la fin des périscopes dans les sous-marins.


06.02.2015 israël Valley (LesEchos.fr)

Sortez le périscope ! » Cette phrase ne résonnera peut-être plus dans les futurs sous-marins grâce aux recherches d’une équipe de l’institut de technologie israélien Technion.

Les chercheurs sont partis de ce que tout plongeur a pu expérimenter : si l’on regarde l’extérieur quand on se trouve juste sous la surface, on peut voir relativement loin, en raison de la réfraction de la lumière passant de l’air à l’eau.

Le problème est la qualité de l’image, qui parvient très déformée à cause de la surface de l’eau, qui n’est jamais parfaitement plane. « La distorsion peut être considérablement réduite en estimant l’ondulation à la surface de l’eau à l’instant précis où l’image est prise », explique l’article scientifique publié par les chercheurs.

Cette solution, comparable à celle utilisée pour améliorer les images en astronomie, a permis de mettre au point un premier « périscope virtuel », composé d’un appareil photo et d’un calculateur permettant de corriger les images.

L’intérêt du système, appelé Stella Maris, est évidemment la discrétion en supprimant le risque de se faire repérer à cause du périscope. Dans l’avenir, les chercheurs espèrent même en développer une version nocturne.



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8 février 2015 7 08 /02 /février /2015 17:30
Aeronautics prepares maritime-mission Dominator XP


3 Feb 2015 By: Arie Egozi - FG


Israel's Aeronautics Defense Systems is in the process of integrating a maritime version of its Dominator XP unmanned aircraft for a client. Aeronautics has previously supplied one Dominator XP to Mexico, where it is in service with the nation's law enforcement bodies. The company also has been offering the adapted Diamond Aircraft DA42 for maritime patrol missions, and deputy chief executive Dany Eshchar confirms that a first system is being prepared for an unidentified customer.


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8 février 2015 7 08 /02 /février /2015 12:30
C-130J - photo Hagar Amibar Israeli air force

C-130J - photo Hagar Amibar Israeli air force


6 Feb 2015 By: Arie Egozi - FG


Lockheed Martin's C-130J tactical transport is being further integrated in the Israeli defence forces' new Depth Command capabilities, with one of the service's examples having conducted a first paratroop drop during an exercise on 4 February. The parachute training was conducted near Palmachim air base in central Israel. Thirty cadets from the parachuting instruction course of the Flight and Special Training Center (FSTC) jumped from the C-130J "Samson".


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8 février 2015 7 08 /02 /février /2015 08:30
photo Aeronautics Defense Systems

photo Aeronautics Defense Systems


2 Feb 2015 By: Arie Egozi - FG


Aeronautics Defense Systems' Orbiter 2B unmanned air system completed final acceptance testing in Finland in late January, when temperatures were as low as -25˚C (-13˚F). Deputy chief executive Dany Eshchar says the tested equipment is part of a second batch of Orbiter 2 UAS being supplied to the Finnish armed forces. Tests included operational scenarios in the harsh weather conditions, he says, adding: "The systems performed flawlessly, in spite of the temperature, snow and winds."


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5 février 2015 4 05 /02 /février /2015 18:45
photo Armée de Terre

photo Armée de Terre


05 February 2015 by defenceWeb


It has emerged that Senegal is operating Israeli Ram Mk 3 high mobility light armoured vehicles and will use them on behalf of the United Nations Operation in Cote d’Ivoire (UNOC).


The French military spent over a week last month training two Senegalese motorised infantry companies ahead of their one year deployment with UNOCI. The training was carried out at Senegal’s request and, according to the French Ministry of Defence, gives the two companies the skills and expertise to be part of the UNOCI rapid reaction force in Ivory Coast’s political capital of Yamoussoukro. Some of the training carried out with French forces included using the vehicles to support troops, providing convoy escort, transiting urban areas, overcoming obstacles, establishing checkpoints and evacuating wounded. All these activities were carried out in accordance with UN rules of engagement. Since 2011 the French detachment in Senegal has assisted militaries in West Africa, especially with regard to peacekeeping and the launch of Operational Serval in January 2013.



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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 12:30
Submarines: Another Dolphin For Israel


January 13, 2015: Strategy Page


In September 2014 Israel received the fourth of six Dolphin class submarines from Germany. This the first of three new Dolphins that have a fuel cell based AIP (Air Independent Propulsion) system which enables them to stay under water for over a week at a time. The Dolphins in general are also very quiet, and very difficult to hunt down and destroy. The first three Dolphins didn't have the AIP system.


Germany continues to build Dolphin class boats for Israel, with the next one due to arrive in 2015 and the last one in 2019. The first three arrived in 1998-2000. The second three Dolphins cost about $650 million each, with Germany picking up a third of the cost on two of them. The first two Dolphins were paid for by Germany, as was most of the cost of the third one. This is more of German reparations for World War II atrocities against Jews.


The three older boats have since been upgraded to include larger fuel capacity, converting more torpedo tubes to the larger 650mm size, and installing new electronics. The fuel and torpedo tube mods appear to have something to do with stationing the subs off the coast of Iran. Larger torpedo tubes allow the subs to carry longer range missiles. The larger fuel capacity makes it easier to move Dolphins from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean. Although Israel has a naval base on the Red Sea, Egypt, until 2012, did not allowed Israeli subs to use the Suez Canal. So the Dolphins were modified to go around Africa, if they had to.


As built the Dolphins could stay at sea for about 40 days (moving at about 14 kilometers an hour, on the surface, for up to 8,000 kilometers). Larger fuel capacity extended range to over 10,000 kilometers and endurance to about 50 days. The 1,625 ton Dolphins can carry 16 torpedoes or missiles and have ten forward torpedo tubes (four of them the larger 650mm/26 inch size). The Dolphins are considered the most modern non-nuclear subs in the world. The first three cost $320 million each. All have a crew of 35 and can dive to a depth of more than 200 meters (660 feet). The Dolphin design is based on the German 209 class subs but has been so heavily modified that it is considered a different class and only Israel has them.


In early 2014 Israel revealed that in 2013 its submarines spent 58 percent of their time at sea on combat missions while the rest of the time was spent for training. Israel currently has four Dolphin class subs in service. The Israelis also admitted that their subs sometimes go far (to Iran and the Red Sea) from their bases on missions. Give that Israel is not at war with anyone with a navy, these missions are probably related to collecting information on the ships and ports of potential enemies. That would include Syria, Lebanon, Iran, Sudan and so on. The navy revealed that the subs undertook 54 “special operations” in 2013 and that was a big increase from previous years.


No details were given on what the special operations were but based on what kind of surveillance operations Israel has conducted in the past and what U.S. subs did in that area during the Cold War. The Israeli subs have probably been using their passive (listen only) sonar to collect information about ports and warships as well as deploying and retrieving larger electronic sensors placed underwater near where enemy ships operate. Israel may also be tapping underwater communications cables. For some of these operations the Israelis would use divers carried on the subs as passengers. Israel has a small force of naval special operations troops similar to the American SEALS and the British SBS.


All of the Israeli subs are built in Germany, where the local media periodically pretends to be appalled at what the Israelis actually do with these subs. Thus back in 2012 revelations in German media that the Dolphin class boats were equipped in Germany with a special hydraulic ejection (from torpedo tubes) systems for launching missiles with nuclear warheads caused a stir. This was actually misleading, as well as being old news. The Dolphin class subs have long had the ability to launch Harpoon anti-ship missiles and longer range cruise missiles from the torpedo tubes. It makes no difference if the warhead has high-explosives or a nuclear bomb in it. For over a decade Israel and Germany played down this capability. For example shortly after September 11, 2001 Israel denied that it had submarines capable of firing cruise missiles equipped with nuclear warheads. But the U.S. navy had reported spotting such missiles being tested by an Israeli sub in the Indian Ocean before 2001.


In 2000 it was widely reported that Dolphin class subs were being equipped with nuclear weapons. The 135 kilometer range Harpoon missiles were alleged to have been modified to carry a nuclear warhead and Israel. It was also asserted that Israel was developing a submarine launched 350 kilometer range cruise missile. Both of these weapons were launched from the subs torpedo tubes. Since then Israel has developed a new cruise missile, with a range of 1,500 kilometers and carrying a 200 kiloton nuclear warhead. These nuclear equipped subs were to provide an extra degree of security as all other Israeli nuclear weapons were in land bases and, in theory, could be wiped out by a surprise missile attack. A nuclear missile equipped submarine at sea would be much more difficult to find.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 12:30
Surface Forces: Saar 6 From Germany


January 20, 2015: Strategy Page


Germany has agreed to build four offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) for Israel. Exact specifications were not released but apparently the design is based on the Meko 100, a 1,600 ton warship that has been built in many different versions. Israel wants the Germans to build what amounts to a larger version of their successful Saar family of warships for about $146 million each. This includes a large “genocide guilt” discount. Right now the largest Saar ships are the three 1,075 ton Saar 5s.


In 2013 Israel announced another largest model of its four decade old Saar family of small surface warships. This new one, Saar 72, was aimed at the export market. The Saar 72 is an 800 ton ship with a crew of fifty (and accommodations for 20 more commandos or other specialists). It is 72 meters (223 feet) long, stealthy, and designed to accommodate electronics built into the blended, radar evading, superstructure. The Saar 72 carries a helicopter, an automated 76mm gun, eight anti-ship (or land target) missiles, and over a dozen anti-aircraft missiles. Top speed is 55 kilometers an hour. This “corvette” variant can stay out for 21 days at a time (cruising at 32 kilometers an hour). The Saar 72 design can accommodate many different configurations. That would include fewer weapons and longer range for an OPV (offshore patrol vessel) to more accommodations and storage space for commando operations. The four new German ships will apparently be the corvette sized (under 2,000 tons) Saar model that the Israeli navy has long wanted but has not been able to get the money to build.


Since the early 1970s Israel has built 36 Saar type ships. These evolved from the Saar 1, 2, and 3 classes of fast missile boats (all under 250 tons). These boats were variants on older German designs. The Saar 4 was a unique Israeli design for a 450 ton warship armed with eight anti-ship missiles, a Phalanx anti-missile 20mm autocannon and a 76mm gun, plus a rather complete set of electronics for a ship of that size. These could stay out for about ten days at a time, had a top speed of 60 kilometers an hour, a crew of 45, and entered service in 1972. In 1980 the first of ten Saar 4.5 class vessels arrived. These were 490 ton ships that were similar to the Saar 4 but a bit larger and improved in many ways. They were 61.7 meters (203 feet) long. Armament varied but for the eight used by the Israeli navy it was eight anti-ship missiles, 32 anti-aircraft missiles, a Phalanx anti-missile 20mm autocannon, a 25mm autocannon or a 76mm gun, two 20mm autocannon, two 12.7mm machine-guns, a helicopter, and an extensive set of electronics (for a ship of that size).


Despite intense lobbying from the navy and some politicians in 2005 Israel dropped plans for some much larger ships, including a 13,000-ton helicopter assault ship, a 4,000-ton frigate comparable to the American LCS, and a 2,750-ton corvette that would have been equipped with the Aegis combat system. Instead more Dolphin-class submarines and three Saar 5 class corvettes were bought.


The Israeli Navy is the smallest of the combat arms, with a peacetime strength of some 9,000 sailors. The Israeli Air Force has over 32,500 active-duty personnel and 54,000 reservists; the Israeli Army boasts 125,000 active-duty personnel and 600,000 reserves. The navy always loses the battle over defense budgets and has to make do with not very much.


The three Saar 5 class corvettes (also referred to as the Eliat class) were, because of their size, built in the United States. The 1,075-ton vessels are 85.6 meters (281 feet) long and carry an impressive amount of firepower: 64 Barak surface-to-air missiles, eight Harpoon (or Gabriel) anti-ship missiles, two triple 12.75-inch torpedo tubes firing Mk 46 torpedoes, two 25mm Sea Vulcans, a 20mm Phalanx CIWS (for destroying incoming missiles), and a helicopter. Top speed is 61 kilometers per hour and there are only 74 crew members. These vessels entered service in 1993 and 1994. They are still perhaps the best surface combatants in the region. The new German “Saar 6” ships will probably be larger and more power versions of the Saar 5.


Currently the Israelis have 15 Saar type ships in service (three Saar 5, ten Saar 4.5, and two Saar 4). Most of the Saar 4s were retired, sold off, or converted to Saar 4.5.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 12:30
Infantry: Israel Makes Life Hard For Snipers


January 23, 2015:  Strategy Page


During the 50 Day War with Hamas in July-August 2014 Israel tested some new infantry equipment. This consisted of a new bullet-proof protective vest that is 15 percent lighter than existing ones. Israeli infantry do not regularly wear this type of heavy vest, but a lighter one that protects from shell and grenade fragments as well as most pistol bullets and ricochets from rifle and machine-gun bullets. To provide protection from snipers and machine-gun bullets SAPI (Small Arms Protective Inserts) were developed. These ceramic or polycarbonate plates are inserted in the front and rear of the protective vest. The basic "Level 3" SAPI plates are 25.4x305cm (10x12 inches) and weigh 2.1 kg (4.6 pounds) each. The new Israeli plates are lighter and thus easier for soldiers to wear for long periods. It’s very hot in Israel most of the time so the weight soldiers have to carry is particularly important. The SAPI plates double the weight of a protective vest so most of the time Israeli troops go without it. The lighter weight SAPI plates were popular in Gaza, particularly since Hamas used a lot of snipers. Only 400 of the new SAPI vests were available for testing, but 20,000 more are being ordered so large numbers of troops can use them is needed.


Also tested were new goggles, both day and night versions. These use shatterproof material and proved popular. Also much appreciated were the new ear protection, which kept very loud noises out. Max peak noise reduction was 30 db. Normal conversation is 65 db, a loud motorcycle is 110 db, a nearby jet engine is 140 db, a nearby shotgun blast is 165 db and battlefield explosions are often 180 db. Thus a 30 db reduction makes a big difference because noises over 140 db can be painful and lead to temporary or permanent hearing loss. With the new ear plugs troops could adjust these ear plugs to different levels of sound suppression.


There is also a new helmet in development that is lighter and provides better protection from sniper bullets. Providing better protection from high-powered sniper rifle bullets is important as Hamas and Hezbollah have learned that this is a very effective way of killing Israeli soldiers. In general Israeli troops will quickly defeat Hamas or Hezbollah gunmen in a fire fight, but a few snipers not only increases Israeli fatalities but also forces the Israeli troops to operate more deliberately and slowly, allowing more Arab gunmen to get away from a battle they are losing.  Israel has also pioneered the development and manufacturing of sniper detection equipment. But this is only useful after a sniper has fired. For pretection before that you need SAPI.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 07:35
photo Rafael

photo Rafael


2 February, 2015 By Arie Egozi - FG


At this stage in its procurement process, the Indian air force wants Israeli-made air-to-air missiles to hang under the wings of its new fighter aircraft. The Indian government has yet to make the final selection between the French Dassault Rafale and the Russian Sukhoi Su-30. But all indications are that there is a consensus among professionals about the air-to-air weapon. If the SU-30 is eventually selected to be the backbone of the Indian air force, the intention of New Delhi is to equip it with two Israeli-made, combat-proven air-to-air missiles. Both are manufactured by Rafael: one is the Python 5, a fifth-generation air-to-air missile; and the other is the Derby active radar missile.


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29 janvier 2015 4 29 /01 /janvier /2015 08:30
Sud-Liban : deux soldats israéliens et un casque bleu espagnol tué

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) deployment, January 2015


28.01.2015 par Emilie Cabot - JDD (AFP)


Une attaque du Hezbollah mercredi contre l'armée israélienne dans une zone occupée à la frontière du Liban a fait deux morts parmi les soldats israéliens, provoquant des bombardements de représailles sur le sud du Liban. Un casque bleu espagnol a également été tué.


Les violences ont déjà fait trois morts. Deux soldats israéliens ont été tués et sept autres blessés mercredi dans une attaque revendiquée par le Hezbollah libanais contre une patrouille militaire à la frontière du Liban.. Un casque bleu espagnol de la Force intérimaire des Nations-Unie au Liban (Finul) a également été tué lors de ces violences.

Le mouvement chiite libanais a mené mercredi une attaque contre l'armée israélienne dans une zone occupée à la frontière du Liban. "A 11H25 (09H25 GMT), le groupe des martyrs de Qouneitra de la Résistance islamique a visé avec des roquettes, dans les Fermes de Chebaa libanaises occupées, un convoi militaire israélien composé de plusieurs véhicules transportant des officiers et soldats sionistes", a affirmé dans un communiqué le mouvement Résistance islamique, l'aile militaire du Hezbollah, faisant état de victimes et de véhicules détruits.


Suite de l’article

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28 janvier 2015 3 28 /01 /janvier /2015 12:45
Israël a multiplié ses ventes d'armes à l'Afrique.

26.01.2015 israelvalley.com


Israël a augmenté de manière significative ses ventes d’armes aux pays africains. Le ministère de la Défense indique que 2013 (les chiffres de 2014 non encore diffusés) a été une année record puisque Jérusalem a vendu aux pays africains pour 210 millions d’euros d’armes et de technologie militaire alors que durant les 4 années précédentes le volume annuel était situé entre 63 et 107 millions d’euros. (i24News)


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28 janvier 2015 3 28 /01 /janvier /2015 12:30
Golan: Israël pilonne les positions syriennes suite à un tir de roquettes


TEL AVIV, 28 janvier - RIA Novosti


L'armée israélienne a attaqué les positions des forces syriennes sur le Golan suite à un nouveau tir de roquettes contre le territoire de l'Etat hébreu, a annoncé mercredi le service de presse de Tsahal.


"Les roquettes se sont abattues sur les hauteurs du Golan. En riposte, l'Armée de Défense d'Israël a attaqué les positions de l'artillerie syrienne", lit-on dans le communiqué.


Auparavant, deux obus lancés depuis le territoire syrien ont explosé dans la partie du Golan contrôlée par Israël sans faire de victimes. Les forces israéliennes ont ensuite pilonné les positions de l'armée syrienne.


Israël est officiellement en état de guerre avec la Syrie et occupe depuis 1967 environ 1.200 kilomètres carrés du plateau du Golan qu'il a annexés, bien que cette décision n'ait jamais été reconnue par la communauté internationale.

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28 janvier 2015 3 28 /01 /janvier /2015 12:30
Photo Neta Guri IAF

Photo Neta Guri IAF


20.01.2015 by Vered Talala – IAF


Earlier this week, IAF flight school cadets flew on the new instructional plane, the Aermacchi M-346, for the first time. Its predecessor, the Skyhawk, was used by the IAF for four decades


Excitement was in the air in Hatzerim Airbase this week, when pilot cadets flew on the new instructional plane, the M-346, or the "Lavi" for the first time. The new plane, which replaced the old IAF Skyhawk, will enable the IAF to operate one of the most advanced training programs in the world. "This is a historical and exciting event", said Captain Alon, Commander of the first class to fly on the new M-346. "The M-346 holds advanced capabilities similar to those of the F-15 and F-16, and will better prepare the pilot cadets for their work in the squadrons".


During the past weeks, the pilot cadets underwent intensive training in the M-346 flight simulators in order to adjust to the new plane that they would soon be flying. "The cadets prepared for the sorties and for two weeks studies every system in the plane. The systems of the Skyhawk, in comparison, required only two days of studying", explains Captain Alon. The cadets were also the first to train in the new simulator.


The M-346 will stay for many years

The introduction of the M-346 brings to the flight school has led to significant changes in the training of the future pilots and weapon system operators, and to the entire training program of the IAF. "Flying on the M-346 is different than the usual flight in the simulator", explains Niv, a pilot cadet. "We can physically feel what it is like to fly on a real fighter jet and realize the control we have on its systems. It feels special to be the first class to fly on the new M-346".


The Skyhawk served the pilot cadets for 40 years and the M-346 is expected to last much longer. "As long as the IAF carried out manned flights, the M-346 will continue to be used", stated Captain Alon.

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21 janvier 2015 3 21 /01 /janvier /2015 08:30
photo Israeli air force

photo Israeli air force


20.01.2015 By Arie Egozi - FG


Tel Aviv - The Israeli air force is upgrading the capabilities of its Boeing F-15I strike aircraft, including the installation of a new radar system. The sensor most likely to be fitted is the Raytheon APG-82(V)1 active electronically scanned array, which was also fitted to the US Air Force's F-15Es in place of the ageing APG-70. The selection of the US-made radar instead of an Israeli-designed option is likely the result of the fact that Israel can purchase the APG-82(V)1 using the Foreign Military Funding it receives annually from the USA.


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20 janvier 2015 2 20 /01 /janvier /2015 13:30
Elbit missile counter-measure system for Asian army

UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters being flown by an unidentified army in Asia are to be supplied with a missile counter-measure system from Elbit Systems. Photo: U.S. Army.


Jan. 19, 2015 By Richard Tomkins   (UPI)


An unidentified Asian army has ordered missile counter-measure systems for its Blackhawk helicopters.


Israel's Elbit Systems Ltd reports it is supplying an unidentified Asian Army with a mini Directed IR Countermeasures system for use on Blackhawk helicopters.

The system is the mini MUSIC IR MSW, a system that protects aircraft from shoulder-fired heat-seeking missiles through the use of a laser that disrupts the navigation system of the missile and knocks it off course.


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20 janvier 2015 2 20 /01 /janvier /2015 12:30
Israel deploys Iron Dome missile defense battery and additional troops on border with Syria


January 20, 2015 armyrecognition.com


Israel deployed an Iron Dome missile defense battery along its northern border with Syria and planned a high-level security meeting in anticipation of retaliation for an airstrike that killed Lebanese Hezbollah militants and an Iranian general, Israel Radio reported.


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19 janvier 2015 1 19 /01 /janvier /2015 08:30
Golan Heights - credits BBC Middle East

Golan Heights - credits BBC Middle East


18 January 2015 BBC MidEast


An Israeli air strike has killed six members of Hezbollah in the Syrian sector of the Golan Heights, the Lebanese militant movement says.


Among those reported dead were the son of a late military leader, a current commander, and at least one Iranian. Hezbollah's al-Manar TV said they were killed in Quneitra province "during a field reconnaissance mission". Israel said it would not comment, though unnamed sources confirmed an Israeli helicopter strike. They claimed those targeted were conducting reconnaissance for a Hezbollah attack.


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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 07:50
SpyLite - photo BlueBird

SpyLite - photo BlueBird


12 Jan 2015 By: Arie Egozi - FG


The Greek police force has purchased an additional number of unmanned air systems made by Israeli company BlueBird.

In 2013 the Greek police purchased one of the company's SpyLite UAS to help meet its obligations to Frontex, the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union.


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ThunderB Small Tactical UAV  - photo BlueBird

ThunderB Small Tactical UAV - photo BlueBird

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7 janvier 2015 3 07 /01 /janvier /2015 12:35
Vietnam et Israël intensifient leur coopération dans la sécurité et la défense


06/01/2015 Vietnam +


Le général de corps d'armée Dang Van Hieu, vice-ministre permanent de la Santé publique, a reçu mardi à Hanoi le directeur de la Direction de la sécurité et de la défense et directeur général adjoint du ministère israélien de la Défense, Amir Kain, en visite au Vietnam.


Le vice-ministre permanent Dang Van Hieu a estimé que la visite de cette délégation israélienne sera un jalon important du développement et du renforcement de la coopération bilatérale dans la sécurité et la défense, et contribuera donc à approfondir les relations d'amitié et de coopération entre les deux pays.


Ces dernières années, les relations d'amitié et de coopération entre les deux pays, et plus particulièrement entre le ministère vietnamien de la Sécurité publique et les services concernés israéliens, ont connu un bel essor et n'ont cessé de se développer en tous domaines avec, notamment, le partage d'expériences, l'échange d'informations et l'amélioration des capacités des cadres, a-t-il souligné, ajoutant que les deux parties devraient renforcer les activités de leur coopération dans les temps à venir.


M. Amir Kain a exprimé le souhait que la coopération bilatérale se développe de plus en plus afin d'obtenir des résultats notables dans plusieurs secteurs de deux pays qui contribuent à la garantie de la sécurité nationale et de l'ordre public. -VNA

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