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20 décembre 2015 7 20 /12 /décembre /2015 16:45
F-GZNN photo Eric Salard

F-GZNN photo Eric Salard

 

20 décembre 2015 JDD

 

Le vol AF 463 parti de l'île Maurice pour l'aéroport Charles-de-Gaulle à Paris a atterri d'urgence dimanche à Mombasa, au Kenya, après la découverte d'un colis suspect à bord. Mais c'était finalement une "fausse alerte", a déclaré dans l'après-midi le PDG d'Air France. 

 

C'est un colis suspect qui a provoqué le déroutage. Un avion d'Air France, en provenance de l'île Maurice et à destination de l'aéroport Charles-de-Gaulle à Paris, a fait un atterrissage d'urgence dans la nuit de samedi à dimanche à Mombasa, au Kenya. Le vol AF 463, avec 459 personnes à bord et 14 membres d'équipage, avait quitté l'île Maurice à 21h, heure locale, et devait arriver à Paris à 5h50. Il a atterri à l'aéroport international Moi de Mombasa, sur la côte est du Kenya, à 00h37 locales.

 

"Un ensemble composé de cartons et d'une espèce de minuteur"

C'est finalement peu avant 16h, heure française, que la compagnie aérienne a indiqué qu'il s'agissait d'une "fausse alerte". L'objet découvert était "un ensemble composé de cartons et d'une espèce de minuteur", a déclaré lors d'une conférence de presse le PDG Frédéric Gagey. "Après analyse, il s'agit d'une fausse alerte (...) d'après les informations dont nous disposons", a-t-il dit.

Dans une première communication auprès de l'AFP, Air France, qui ne savait pas encore si l'alerte était réelle, a "déploré le désagrément et le retard causés à ses clients" tout en assurant n'avoir "d'autre priorité que d'assurer la sécurité de ses passagers". L'avion, qui était longtemps resté sur la piste d'atterrissage, avait été déplacé en fin de matinée, alors que le trafic avait repris normalement sur l'aéroport.

 

Des experts en explosif dépêchés sur place

L'appareil "a demandé un atterrissage d'urgence, après qu'un dispositif suspecté d'être une bombe a été découvert dans les toilettes. Un atterrissage d'urgence a été préparé, il a atterri sans problème et les passagers ont été évacués", avait indiqué tôt dimanche Charles Owino, un porte-parole de la police kenyane. "Des experts en explosif de la Marine et du Département d'investigations criminelles de la police (CID) ont été appelés, ont pris ce dispositif et le démontent pour voir s'il contenait de l'explosif", a-t-il ajouté.

Le ministre kényan de l'Intérieur Joseph Nkaissery, qui s'est immédiatement rendu à Mombasa, a précisé ensuite que la police interrogeait plusieurs passagers du vol, sans pouvoir en préciser le nombre exact. Il s'était refusé à tout commentaire sur la nature de l'engin en question. "C'est une affaire internationale et nous parlons également aux autorités de l'île Maurice, pour savoir s'il y a eu une fouille des passagers avant qu'ils embarquent."

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18 novembre 2015 3 18 /11 /novembre /2015 13:45
Paris attacks: Kenya and Uganda step up security


16.11.2015 BBC Africa

 

Kenyan and Ugandan security forces have stepped up patrols in the wake of the attacks on Paris.

 

Uganda's army spokesman Lt Col Paddy Ankunda said that the "threat of terrorism is real". The head of Kenya's police, Joseph Boinnet, echoed those comments on Twitter and called for the public to be alert. Both Uganda and Kenya have experienced attacks by the Somalia-based militant Islamist group al-Shabab. In April this year 147 people died when a university campus in the Kenyan town of Garissa was attacked.

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12 novembre 2015 4 12 /11 /novembre /2015 17:45
Kenyan forces say flush out suspected Islamist militants in forest

 

12 November 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Kenyan security forces have destroyed five camps used by suspected militants linked to the Somali Islamist group al Shabaab in a sweep of a forest on the north coast, a commander in charge of the operation said.

 

The army and police launched the operation two months ago in Boni Forest, close to the Somali border, to flush out militants it believed were using the area to launch strikes in Kenya.

 

Al Shabaab has been behind a spate of attacks on Kenya in the past two years, including an assault on Nairobi's Westgate shopping mall that killed 67 people and a raid on Garissa university in the northeast that killed almost 150.

 

The militants also launched several attacks in 2014 that left more than 100 dead in Lamu County region, an area that includes Boni forest.

 

"The combined security units discovered five different al Shabaab hideouts inside the forest," the head of the operation, James Ole Serian, told Reuters. "The hideouts have already been destroyed and the weapons handed to the government."

 

The militants themselves fled when the operation was launched on Sept. 11 and none were arrested in the raids, he said. But several people in the surrounding area, mostly Kenyans, had been detained on suspicion of having links to the group, he added.

 

"You will be seeing some of them in court soon," he said.

 

Military planes and helicopters have been sweeping the area since the operation began and local residents have reported sporadic sounds of gunfire and blasts from the area.

 

“We are not leaving the Boni forest anytime soon until we ascertain that every terror element in the forest has been cleared," Serian said, adding the operation could take more than the three months originally planned.

 

Officials said at least 3,000 people living near the forest were forced to leave so the operation could go ahead.

 

In the port city of Mombasa, further south, a regional official said security forces were on alert for suspected militants who had fled Boni Forest area. Security forces have also set up road blocks between Lamu and Mombasa.

 

"We are very alert and have the names of some of them," Mombasa County Commissioner Nelson Marwa said.

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6 octobre 2015 2 06 /10 /octobre /2015 16:45
General Rodriguez commander of U.S. Africa Command

General Rodriguez commander of U.S. Africa Command

 

05 October 2015 by Africom - defenceWeb

 

The commander of U.S. Africa Command, U.S. Army Gen. David Rodriguez, finished a weeklong trip to Djibouti, Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda with U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for African Affairs Amanda Dory Oct. 2. Dory and Rodriguez met with officials in each country to discuss how AFRICOM and the U.S. Department of Defense can continue to help partner nations strengthen their military capacity.  “Defense cooperation is one of our core missions at U.S. Africa Command because we know that partnering with African states and regional organizations to constantly improve their capabilities and knowledge is important in addressing shared security challenges,” Rodriguez said.

 

Legions of Merit for AMISOM Support

Rodriguez also presented the Legion of Merit to six officers from the Uganda People’s Defence Force Sept. 30. The recipients are among less than 200 foreign citizens who’ve received the U.S. award and the first from Uganda. The awards specifically recognized the Ugandan officers for contributing to the African Union Mission in Somalia, known as AMISOM, which is charged with reducing the threat of violent extremist organizations like al-Shabbab. First deployed in March 2007, the AMISOM military component has achieved significant territorial gains against the al-Qaeda-affiliated terror group al-Shabaab.  “Continued support to AMISOM is one of the important multinational efforts in place today. As a result of improved security, the Somali people and government have greater opportunities to make progress in the development of governance and economic institutions,” Rodriguez said. In 2014, the Ugandan People’s Defense Force liberated the port city of Barawe, Somalia, cutting off al-Shabaab’s access to what was a base and source of revenue. The UPDF also foiled a major al-Shabaab terrorist attack in Kampala. In Kenya, Rodriguez and Dory oversaw the formal establishment of the Massachusetts National Guard as the U.S. military partner for Kenya as part of the Defense Department’s State Partnership Program Oct. 1. The State Partnership Program is a coordinated effort between the Defense Department, the Department of State, the National Guard Bureau and the combatant commands where the partnered efforts occur.  “Our shared objective is to build professional militaries that, not only are capable of delivering on security priorities, but also respect human rights and adhere to the rule of law,” Rodriguez said. The partnership between the Massachusetts National Guard and Kenya is one of 12 ongoing state partnerships in Africa.  “AFRICOM recognizes the importance of partnership. A stable Africa ultimately means greater opportunities for collaboration toward shared goals and values that bind all our countries together,” Rodriguez said.

 

Recognizing Partner Efforts

During the trip Rodriguez also discussed how partner militaries in Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia support regional security:

Djiboutian training for the Somali National Army has strengthened Somalia’s capacity to defend its government and its people from al-Shabaab. In addition, Djibouti hosts Camp Lemonnier, the sole enduring presence for the U.S. military in Africa.

The Ethiopian National Defense Force contributes troops in support of United Nations peacekeeping forces worldwide, making it the fourth largest contributor globally and the largest in Africa.

With support from the U.S. Department of State and Department of Defense, the Somali Armed Forces continue to make progress in partnership with AMISOM to secure ungoverned space, defeat al-Shabaab, and create the conditions for a peaceful Somalia.

Rodriguez said Africa is home to some of the fastest growing economies in the world, and global leaders are increasingly recognizing the power of Africa’s diversity in people, resources and economies.

 “The link between security and prosperity is undeniable. For this reason, President Obama also identified building defense capacity among African partners as essential to advancing peace and security on the continent. As it works to meet these challenges, Africa is full of opportunity and promise and is becoming a major international player in world security,” Rodriguez added.

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30 septembre 2015 3 30 /09 /septembre /2015 11:45
photo Insitu Inc.

photo Insitu Inc.

 

20.09.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense

 

Lus dans la dernière livraison des avis de marchés du Pentagone, ces deux avis concernant des FMS (Foreign Military Sales) au Kenya et au Cameroun, dans le cadre de la lutte anti-terrorisme:

 

Kenya:
Insitu Inc., Bingen, Washington, is being awarded $9,858,274 for firm-fixed-price delivery order 0010 against a previously issued basic ordering agreement (N68335-11-G-0009) for the procurement of one ScanEagle unmanned aircraft system consisting of analog medium wave infra-red ScanEagle unmanned air vehicles, launch and recovery equipment, ground control stations, Insitu video exploitation systems and ground support equipment for the government of Kenya under the Foreign Military Sales program. It will also procure one Mark 4 Launcher, two full mission training devices and spares kits. Work will be performed in Bingen, Washington (50 percent); and Nanyuki, Kenya (50 percent), and is expected to be completed in September 2016. Foreign military sales funds in the amount of $9,858,274 are being obligated at time of award, all of which will expire at the end of the fiscal year. The Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division, Lakehurst, New Jersey, is the contracting activity.

 

Cameroun:
Insitu Inc., Bingen, Washington, is being awarded $9,396,512 for firm-fixed-price delivery order 0009 against a previously issued basic ordering agreement (N68335-11-G-0009) for the procurement of one ScanEagle unmanned aircraft system for the government of Cameroon under the Foreign Military Sales program. The system consists of analog medium wave infra-red ScanEagle unmanned air vehicles, launch and recovery equipment, ground control stations, Insitu video exploitation systems and ground support equipment. Work will be performed in Bingen, Washington (50 percent); and Doula, Cameroon (50 percent), and is expected to be completed in September 2016. Foreign military sales funds in the amount of $9,396,512 are being obligated at time of award, all of which will expire at the end of the fiscal year. The Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division, Lakehurst, New Jersey, is the contracting activity.

 

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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 17:45
Cyberspace: new frontiers for gender violence
 

11 February 2015 by ISS

 

Recent years have seen an important shift in how security is prioritised, with an emphasis on threats in cyberspace. Last year, the Sony Corporation hack drew attention worldwide, challenging perceptions of state governance and security in cyberspace.

The estimated financial cost of cybercrime worldwide exceeds US$445 billion annually. For individuals, the loss of private and sensitive information is particularly concerning, and a recent poll in the United States (US) shows that Americans fear breaches in cyber security more than any other ‘traditional’ crimes.

Africa has not been immune to increased cybercrime either, with countries such as Nigeria, Kenya and South Africa fast becoming hubs of cybercrime activity.

 

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16 décembre 2014 2 16 /12 /décembre /2014 08:45
Al-Shabab fighters outside Mogadishu, Somalia (Archive)

Al-Shabab fighters outside Mogadishu, Somalia (Archive)

December 15, 2014: Strategy Page

More and more al Shabaab groups are leaving central Somalia and heading for the Kenyan border, where they have access to the large number of Somali refugees (in well supplied Kenyan camps) and ethnic Somalis long resident in northern Kenya. These Somali Kenyans are easier to convince or coerce into cooperating with the Islamic terrorists than the Kenyans belonging to one of the many black African tribes native to East Africa south of Somalia. Al Shabaab is still angry at Kenya for sending troops into southern Kenya and, with the aid of local clan militias, set up a new government in the area that had long been under al Shabaab control. Traditionally Somalis invade Kenya not the other way around and the fact that the Kenyans got away with their “invasion” of southern Somali still annoys al Shabaab (and a lot of other Somalis.) So al Shabaab is moving south for revenge as well as to get away from peacekeepers, anti-al Shabaab militias and the trained soldiers the government now has available. The al Shabaab forces along the border are not yet strong enough to go to war with the Kenyan Army and the local Somali militias, but terrorism is another matter. So groups of al Shabaab gunmen have been crossing the border and murdering non-Moslem civilians they come across. This has angered Kenyans who are demanding that their government do something. In response Kenyan warplanes have bombed suspected al Shabaab camps and Kenyan troops are aggressively seeking out al Shabaab men on both sides of the border. Despite that there is panic among non-Moslem Kenyans living near the Somali border and thousands are leaving.

Kenya currently has 3,000 troops on the Somali side of the border and even more on the Kenyan side (in addition to police). The government is apparently going to send more troops and police to the Somali border and Kenyans up there who are ethnic Somalis are being asked to help. Some do, but many do not and a few actually support al Shabaab. At the moment the Kenyan security forces are held in low esteem by most Kenyans and political and military leaders are under a lot of pressure to actually do something.

The UN and other foreign aid groups gave become increasingly strident about foreign donors not providing enough money to deal with growing food shortages in Somalia. So far only about a third of the money (over 800 million) needed to handle the coming food crisis has been pledged. There are 20 percent more Somalis in need of aid this year than last. Foreign donors are reluctant to spend a lot of money on Somali aid because over the last two decades so much aid has been stolen by Islamic terrorists, warlords, bandits and whatever passes for government. The drought in 2011 killed a quarter of a million, largely because al Shabaab banned the “un-Islamic” food aid from those needing it. But the donor nations note that the aid groups play down the theft and subsequent investigations revealed this and the fact that the aid groups simply paid off the thieves, often with a portion of the aid. Donor nations want better security before they provide all that is demanded.

The major problem in Somalia has long been corruption and when this problem is actually measured Somali finds that it has the dubious distinction of being best at something they would rather not be. Thus a recent international study found Somalia one of the three most corrupt nations in the world. Corruption in this Transparency International Corruption Perception Index is measured on a 1 (most corrupt) to 100 (not corrupt) scale. The three most corrupt nations have a rating of 8 (Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia) and the least corrupt are 91 (New Zealand and Denmark). A look at this index each year adds an element of reality to official government pronouncements. African nations are the most corrupt, followed by Middle Eastern ones.

Somalia also excels at terrorist violence. A recent terrorism survey (Global Terrorism Index) found that five nations (Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria and Syria, in that order) accounted for 80 percent of all terrorism related deaths in 2013 and even more in 2014. Four Islamic terrorist organizations (ISIL, al Qaeda, Boko Haram and the Taliban) account for nearly 70 percent of all terrorist deaths. Many of the lesser terror groups are also Islamic. In fact, of the top ten nations by terrorist activity (Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria, Syria, India, Somalia, Yemen, Philippines and Thailand) only India and the Philippines had a significant minority of terrorist deaths that were not carried out by Moslems. In those two countries the minority terrorists were leftist rebels who had not noticed the collapse of radical socialism in 1989. Meanwhile the rapid growth in Islamic terrorism violence caused the total number of terrorist acts to increase 44 percent in 2013 over 2012. Al Shabaab does what it can to keep Somalia competitive.

December 14, 2014: In Mogadishu al Shabaab fired several mortar shells at the largest peacekeeper base in the country. There were no casualties. This was apparently retaliation for an operation earlier in the day that arrested 200 men suspected of belonging to or supporting al Shabaab.

December 13, 2014: In central Somalia (Galguduud province) fifteen people (five soldiers and ten Sufi militiamen) died when troops drove the Sufi militia out of a village they had occupied. Since late 2011 Sufi militiamen have been again fighting al Shabaab gunmen in central Somalia. In the first eight months after the Sufi Ahlu Suna Waljama militia went to war with al Shabaab, the Islamic terrorists lost control of most key towns they held in central Somalia. Sufis are believers in a more mystical and peaceful form of Islam, and are looked down on by many radical Sunni groups. But the Somali Sufis got tired of being harassed by al Shabaab, and in 2008 began to arm and organize themselves for defense. In 2010 the Sufi militias became allies with the TNG (Transitional National Government) and Ethiopia, which keeps lots of troops on their Somali border, occasionally crossing into Somalia in order to discourage al Shabaab from raiding into Ethiopia. Since 2013 there has been growing friction between local Sufi leaders and the officials the national government has sent to set up local government. The Sufi complain that they are being ignored and taken advantage of. The corruption of the government officials doesn’t help either.

December 12, 2014: In the Bakool area (175 kilometers north of Mogadishu) seven women have been killed because of an al Shabaab effort to intimidate soldiers. It began last week when al Shabaab kidnapped and beheaded the wife of a local soldier and another woman who cooked for the soldiers. In revenge soldiers seized ten women they believed were married to al Shabaab members and began killing them. Five of the ten were killed before tribal elders showed up and persuaded the soldiers to stop.

December 6, 2014: In Mogadishu parliament voted (153 to 80) to remove the current prime minister from power and thus give the president another chance to find a prime minister who will do what the president tells him. The dismissed prime minister and the president have been openly feuding for months over who gets appointed to senior positions. This is not about appointing the most effective officials, but the ones who will steal the most for the president or prime minister (the two most powerful politicians currently in government.) A recent UN study found that many officials will steal over 70 percent of the government funds they have control over.

December 5, 2014: In the central Somalia town of Baidoa al Shabaab set off a car bomb in a crowd and another bomb in a café that killed 15 and wounded three times as many.

December 4, 2014: One of Kenya’s F-5 jet fighters crashed on its way back from a bombing mission along the Somali border. Al Shabaab claimed to have shot down the fighter but the pilot reported mechanical problems before the jet went down. Kenya has obtained 29 F-5s since the late 1970s and about twenty are still in service and several more are being refurbished. Fifteen F-5s were recently refurbished after being obtained from Jordan. The F-5s is a 12 ton fighter roughly similar to the 1950s era MiG-21, and is a contemporary of that Russian fighter. The F-5 was built mainly for export to nations that could not afford the top-line Western fighters, but did not want the MiG-21s. The F-5 is normally armed with two 20mm cannon, and three tons of missiles and bombs. Introduced in 1962, over 2,200 were built before production ended in 1987.

December 3, 2014: In Mogadishu an al Shabaab suicide car bomber attacked a UN convoy killing four people (all security guards or civilian bystanders). The UN personnel were safe within armored trucks that are used to transport them from the heavily guarded UN compound to the equally well guarded airport.

Just across the border in Kenya (Garissa) someone threw a grenade into a café and wounding two people.

December 2, 2014: Just across the border in Kenya (outside Mandera) al Shabaab killed 36 non-Moslem workers at a quarry. As a result of this atrocity the Kenyan president fired his Interior Minister and the head of the national police promptly retired. Later in the day gunmen attacked a pub near the Somali border, killing one customer and wounding three others. Al Shabaab is violently opposed to alcoholic beverages and all sorts of other things (like school for girls).

November 26, 2014: The EU (European Union) agreed to keep its 128 military trainers in Mogadishu for another year. In 2014 the EU instructors trained 1,200 Somali troops and expects to train the same number in 2015.

November 24, 2014: Many Kenyans doubt their government’s claims that security forces quickly killed over a hundred al Shabaab men in the wake of the Mandera massacre. Al Shabaab denies that they suffered any losses and the government simply says that air force warplanes bombed al Shabaab camps along the Somali border while ground troops pursued and caught some of the Mandera killers. If that is so, Kenyans wonder why there are not photos or prisoners shown to prove it. Kenyans are losing faith in their security forces.

November 22, 2014: Just across the border in Kenya (outside Mandera) al Shabaab gunmen stopped a bus and killed 28 non-Moslem passengers, while leaving the Moslem passengers unharmed.

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23 octobre 2014 4 23 /10 /octobre /2014 07:45
Cinq militants shebab tués au Kenya

 

19 octobre 2014 BBC Afrique

 

Des militants présumés de la milice somalienne Shebab ont été tués dimanche par des forces de sécurité du Kenya, selon des médias kényans. Les miliciens ont été tués quand ils s’apprêtaient à rentrer au Kenya, en provenance de l’Ethiopie.

 

Suite de l’article

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30 septembre 2014 2 30 /09 /septembre /2014 18:45
US to supply Caravan aircraft to Mauritania, Niger and Kenya

 

30 September 2014 by Oscar Nkala/defenceWeb

 

The US military has awarded Cessna a contract to provide 208B Grand Caravan EX aircraft to Niger, Kenya and Mauritania in support of counter-terrorism operations.

 

The $13.67 million contract for the three aircraft was awarded on September 19 by the US Air Force Life Cycle Management Centre at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. The contract also provides for aircrew training devices and spares, including a spare aircraft engine and training to the US Africa Command area of responsibility in support of the three countries.

 

The aircraft will be deployed to carry out intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance operations in support of the new expanded US counter-terrorism effort which relies on the provision of advanced military equipment and intelligence gathering capabilities to key partner nations in the Africa Command Area of Responsibility.

 

According to the Federal Business Opportunities register, the contract was awarded under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) programme. Work is expected to conclude by September 30, 2015. Funding for the acquisition is being provided through Section 1206 of the US National Defence Authorisation Act 2006. With subsequent amendments extending its scope, this provides the US Secretary of Defence with authority to train and equip foreign military forces for two specified purposes —counterterrorism and stability operations — and foreign security forces for counterterrorism operations. Section 1206 authority now extends through to FY2017.

 

In a related development, the US Army on September 18 contracted L-3 Communications Systems to upgrade intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities of the three aircraft prior to delivery.

 

"L-3 Communications Systems West in Salt Lake City, UT receives an unfinalised $31.2 million firm-fixed-price undefinitised contract to add intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities to three Cessna 208B aircraft for the countries of Niger, Kenya and Mauritania, and provide spares and training. All funds are committed immediately, using FY 2014 partnership capacity budgets," reads part of the contract award notice.

 

Work will be carried out at L-3’s facilities in Salt Lake City and Titusville and will be completed by September 30, 2015. Fiscal Year 2014 building partnership capacity funds are being used to finance the project.

 

The US has been working closely with both Mauritania and Niger in regional counter-terrorism efforts and has previously donated Cessna Caravans for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance operations on suspected terrorist hide-outs and training camps across the Sahel.

 

The Niger Air Force flies two Cessna 208Bs delivered in July 2013. However, these are configured for transport tasks. They were donated by the US along with ten Toyota trucks for border security and cargo operations.

 

In June this year the US government donated two new Caravans to the Mauritania Islamic Air Force (FAIM) to boost its capacity to conduct patrols to counter maritime crimes and regional terrorist groups.

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15 septembre 2014 1 15 /09 /septembre /2014 16:45
Major-General Philip Kameru, director-general of the National Intelligence Service photo PSCU sept 2014

Major-General Philip Kameru, director-general of the National Intelligence Service photo PSCU sept 2014

 

12 September 2014 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Kenya on Thursday swore in a new intelligence chief to tackle the rising threat from Somali Islamist militants bent on retaliation after U.S. missiles last week killed their leader Ahmed Godane.

 

Major-General Philip Kameru's appointment as new director general of Kenya's National Intelligence Service comes nearly a year after al Shabaab gunmen killed 67 people in an attack on Nairobi shopping mall.

 

Kenyan security bosses have been lambasted by the public for failing to prevent the four-day Westgate mall siege and Kameru's predecessor, retired Major-General Michael Gichangi, resigned in August, under pressure over a rise in attacks blamed on al Shabaab.

 

Kenya has suffered a string of gun and grenade attacks by the al Qaeda-affiliated group since the Westgate raid a year ago, particularly in Nairobi and on the coast.

 

Godane, who claimed responsibility for the Westgate attack, said the group would take revenge for Kenyan and Western involvement in Somalia. He has been replaced by little-known Ahmad Umar.

 

Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta has said he picked Kameru for his success in intelligence-gathering in Somalia. Kenyan troops first launched an offensive against the Somali Islamists in October 2011, accusing them of raids inside Kenya.

 

The soldiers are now part of a U.N.-mandated African peacekeeping force in war-torn Somalia.

 

Analysts say Kenya's security and intelligence agencies, which receive support and training from the United States, Britain, Israel and others, are hampered by poor coordination.

 

Corruption means Somali militants can easily buy travel documents or bribe their way across the border, they say.

 

In a statement from the presidency on Thursday, Kenyatta told the new security chief to work effectively with other government officials.

 

Kameru's appointment coincided with a tightening of security at Kenya's frontiers.

 

"We have beefed up security at all border points and any foreigners visiting or touring the country would be properly screened before being allowed into the country," a police spokeswoman told Reuters.

 

Kenya's tourism industry, a top foreign exchange earner, slumped badly because of the mall attacks. Some Western nations have warned their citizens against travel to parts of Kenya, including coastal resorts, prompting mass cancellations.

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27 juin 2014 5 27 /06 /juin /2014 16:45
Two RAF Puma HC1 helicopters flying low and fast during Exercise Askari Thunder in Kenya.

Two RAF Puma HC1 helicopters flying low and fast during Exercise Askari Thunder in Kenya.

 

27 June 2014 BBC Africa

 

A delay in an agreement between the UK and Kenya over British army training in the country has left 900 troops uncertain of when they can return home.

 

The British High Commission in Nairobi says talks over a new memorandum of understanding for the UK's use of the Nanyuki training area are continuing.

The MoD said it was making arrangements to fly the troops back to the UK using commercial carriers.

Six battalions train each year at Nanyuki, 125 miles north of Nairobi.

 

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24 juin 2014 2 24 /06 /juin /2014 16:45
Kenya Air Force F5e jet at an airbase

Kenya Air Force F5e jet at an airbase

 

23 juin, 2014 – BBC Afrique

 

Des avions de chasse kényans ont bombardé des bases appartenant au groupe islamiste somalien Al Shabab.

 

Les frappes aériennes, sur deux sites dans la région sud de la Basse Juba en Somalie, font partie d'une offensive en cours de la mission de l'Union africaine, AMISOM.

 

Dans un communiqué, l'AMISOM a déclaré que 30 militants avaient été tués, que plusieurs véhicules avaient été détruits lors d’un ensemble de raids aériens, et qu’une cinquantaine de militants avaient été tués dans un autre.

 

La mission a indiqué qu'elle continuerait à faire pression sur les militants afin - selon ses termes - de mettre fin à la terreur qu’ils répandent.

 

Al Shabab a nié avoir perdu des combattants.

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12 juin 2014 4 12 /06 /juin /2014 16:45
Kenya to acquire new military helicopters and other hardware

 

09 June 2014 by Oscar Nkala - defenceWeb

 

The Kenyan government has unveiled plans to spend US$1 billion acquiring 10 new military helicopters, the refurbishment of three grounded Russian-made Mi-17 helicopters and the installation of closed circuit (CCTV) surveillance cameras in 10 cities in terms of a strategic five-year national security plan to secure the country against a series of terrorist attacks blamed on Somali Islamist militant group Al Shabaab.

 

The Standard reports the budget, released to the heads of national security agencies which include the army, intelligence, prisons and police services by cabinet secretary for the Interior Ministry Joseph Lenku in Nairobi last week, also includes the leasing of at least five helicopters to improve the operations the police force aerial wing.

 

The 2014/2015 budget will also cover the hiring of undisclosed number of motor vehicles and the acquisition of new motorcycles for the police services in addition to the 1 200 vehicles leased for the force last year. The budget will also cover additional vehicles for high-ranking police officers including regional superintendents and assistant commissioners.

 

According to the budget breakdown, the government will spend $205.6 million on the acquisition of 10 new military helicopters, $12.6 million on the renovation of three grounded Mi-17 helicopters, $11.4m on leasing helicopters to enhance aerial police patrols and a further $171.3 million on the metropolitan CCTV surveillance system.

 

The Integrated Public Safety Communication and Surveillance System will cover the municipalities of Nairobi, Mombasa, Nakuru, Kisumu, Garissa, Eldoret, Thika, Kisii, Nyeri and Kakamega. The controversy-shrouded tender for its implementation was recently won by local company Safari.com.

 

"This is part of the modernisation of our security systems in that we are able to use technology to respond to emerging crime trends. Criminals are becoming more sophisticated and we think this is the solution to tame them," Lenku said.

 

The first phase of the project involves mapping of the Mombasa and Nairobi line which will then be fitted with 1 800 communication and surveillance cameras monitored from a command and control centre in Nairobi.

 

The system will use infrared cameras capable of capturing images in dim light, Box cameras and Dome cameras capable of covering a 360 degree observation angle. The CCTV system is also capable of identifying and cross-checking faces against local police and Interpol databases of known criminals and terrorists.

 

The command and control centre will initially be connected to 195 police stations in the Nairobi and Mombasa municipalities while 7 600 officers will have walkie-talkies connected to the system.

 

The connection will enable officers to use a distress button fitted to the walkie-talkie to send video imagery of the situation around them via high speed internet link. Addressing the nation during the independence celebrations on Sunday, President Uhuru Kenyatta said the country has to spend more to achieve national security.

 

"Terrorists, thieves and poachers threaten our lives, our property and our national heritage. Our first line of defence is our men and women in the disciplined services and my government will stand with them. We have introduced CCTV cameras in major cities and towns, as well as broadband connectivity at border points.

 

"We have already provided at least 1 200 vehicles for the police, which will soon be equipped with CCTV cameras. Nearly 8 000 men and women have already joined our armed services to strengthen them for the challenges to come. This year, we have set aside Sh2.9 billion for the recruitment of 10 000 more police officers," Kenyatta said.

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12 juin 2014 4 12 /06 /juin /2014 07:45
US Marines deployed at US embassy in Nairobi as regional terror threat persists

 

06 June 2014 by Oscar Nkala - defenceWeb

 

The US Marine Corps has re-deployed a number of marines to the US Embassy in the Kenyan capital Nairobi following US and regional intelligence reports suggesting that American interests may be attacked shortly by al Qaeda in Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and al Shabaab.

 

According to the Marine Corps Times, the United Nations Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea has confirmed reports which have been circulating in the past two months suggesting that al Shabaab has plans to attack US interests including the embassies in Nairobi and Addis Ababa in Ethiopia. Military installations at Manda Bay, Kenya and Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti are also listed among potential targets in East Africa.

 

The deployment follows a series of bomb and grenade blasts which have killed dozens of people and left more injured in Nairobi and the coastal city of Mombasa. The attacks, which have been blamed on al Shabaab, were followed up last week with a double-grenade attack which struck a cafe in Djibouti City, killing two people.

 

Eleven people, including naval servicemen from France, Spain and the Netherlands were injured in the attack. Addressing US citizens in Kenya at a meeting in Nairobi last week, US ambassador Robert Godec said the embassy is fully aware of the threat it faces from al Shabaab.

 

"We know that there is a threat, and we know it is serious," Ambassador Godec said. He added that as a precaution, the embassy is continually evaluating and updating its security based on threat-information analysis. He advised U.S. citizens to avoid congregating in large groups at bars or restaurants, especially when watching the upcoming soccer World Cup.

 

Godec said the embassy is also considering scaling back the number of US diplomatic personnel stationed in Kenya partly by reducing staff at, or moving the East African mission of its biggest aid agency, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) from Kenya to another country.

 

The US embassy in Nairobi has been operating under the shadow of a terrorist threat since August 1998 when it was hit by a truck bomb which killed 200 people. A simultaneous blast also destroyed the US embassy in the Tanzanian capital. Both blasts were blamed on al Qaeda.

 

Nairobi embassy chief security officer Marion Cotter was quoted by Kenyan media saying the terror threat in Kenya has risen alarmingly since the first improvised explosive device (IED) attack in the country in August 2012.

 

In a related development, the Ethiopian National Intelligence and Security Service and the Police Joint Anti-Terrorism Task Force (JTF) yesterday announced that they had broken up two terrorist cells and arrested 25 individuals who were plotting terror attacks in the capital Addis Ababa.

 

All the detainees are suspected of having links to al Qaeda and al Shabaab. The Ethiopian security services said the cells were broken followed the arrest of man who was found preparing to carry out a bomb attack on an undisclosed target in Addis Ababa.

 

It came two days after simultaneous terror alerts which were issued on Tuesday by the US and Canadian embassies based on what government security officials in Toronto and Washington described as 'credible' reports warning of imminent terror attacks on Western interests in Ethiopia.

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7 avril 2014 1 07 /04 /avril /2014 07:45
Somalia: Islamic Terrorists Down But Still Nasty

 

April 4, 2014: Strategy Page

 

For over a month soldiers and peacekeepers have been advancing south and driving al Shabaab men out of over a dozen towns containing more than 100,000 people. Counting those living in nearby villages and small settlements that comes to nearly a quarter million people liberated. The Islamic terrorists admit they have ordered their men to not stand and fight but to withdraw and organize terror attacks on security forces and pro-government locals. There are still several dozen towns and villages with Islamic terrorists still in them and basically living off (and terrorizing) the locals. This includes a 200 kilometer stretch of the southern coast, including the port town of Barawe. Chasing the Islamic terrorists out of these towns is the easy part, what is difficult is setting up security in “liberated” areas. Al Shabaab has made public its plans to attack these new policing forces and regain control. In some cases the departing Islamic terrorists ordered residents to flee with them. Or, as the terrorists sometime put it, “with us or die.” There were no massacres against those who did not flee and few civilians left as the peacekeepers arrived. Al Shabaab leaders have been urging their men to develop better relations with civilians, in line with current al Qaeda doctrine. Most al Shabaab men have taken these instructions to heart and there have been no mass killings of civilians recently. But the people in the former al Shabaab controlled areas are terrified that al Shabaab will do what they said they would and return. There is going to be a lot more fighting in the south, most of it terror attacks and small battles with groups of al Shabaab who get cornered and fight to the death (as many are wont to do.) Somalis are also angry with how the Islamic terrorists take what they want (as “taxes”) and are now confiscating any telephones they find that have cameras. Somalis report that the Islamic terrorists are very frightened of the approaching peacekeepers and desperate to keep the local Somalis so terrified that no one will cooperate with the peacekeepers to find where the al Shabaab men are hiding. 

 

April 1, 2014:  In Kenya (Mombasa) a radical Islamic cleric was shot dead in a drive-by shooting. He is the third Kenyan Islamic radical cleric to die like this in the past two years. This has led to unrest among Kenyan Moslems who accuse the government of assassinating Islamic radical clerics and persecuting Moslems in general. Many Moslems have a sense of entitlement and believe that the non-Moslem world is at war with them. These attitudes are a primary cause of Islamic terrorism and are difficult to deal with. The dead cleric has long been accused to preaching in support of Islamic terrorism and recruiting for al Shabaab.

 

March 31, 2014: In Kenya (Nairobi) three bombs went off in a market in a neighborhood full of Somalis. There were six dead and twenty wounded. Police immediately began searching buildings in the area and seeking al Shabaab sympathizers. By the next day police had arrested over 650 local Somalis for questioning. 

 

March 28, 2014:  In the southern port town of Barawe al Shabaab accused three local men of spying for the government and then killed them. The men may indeed have been government informants but the Islamic terrorists will often accuse anyone in the least degree suspicious and kill them just to frighten others away from becoming informants. 

 

March 25, 2014: Kenya ordered all Somali refugees living outside refugee camps to move to a refugee camp. The UN promptly criticized this measure but the government is under tremendous public pressure to reduce the Somali terrorist threat. Since many Somali refugees have been caught supporting or carrying out terrorist activities the UN protests are not popular at all in Kenya and the refugees will be pressured to go to the camps. There are about 525,000 Somali refugees in two Kenyan camps. The UN runs the camps but has no control over some 50,000 Somali refugees living mostly in the Somali neighborhoods of Nairobi and Mombasa. About 76 percent of the Moslems (four million people) in Kenya are ethnic Somalis who are citizens. Kenya is largely Christian with a Moslem minority (12 percent of the population) that has been harboring Islamic terrorists. Kenya also hosts nearly 300,000 other refugees from Ethiopia, Sudan, Burundi and Congo. Many Kenyans feel that the rest of the world does not appreciate what a heavy burden this places on Kenya.

 

March 23, 2014: South of the central Somalia town of Baidoa al Shabaab gunmen stopped a vehicle carrying eight clan elders from a government conference. When the Islamic terrorists discovered the loyalties of the elders they killed them.

 

In Kenya (outside Mombasa) masked gunmen charged into a church and opened fire on the worshippers, leaving six dead and many wounded. This gunmen then left and moved wards another church nearby but before they could get into that church police showed up and the gunmen fled. The attackers were believed to be Islamic terrorists, most likely Somalis because they were yelling in a language the victims could not understand.

 

March 18, 2014: In the north (Buloburde) al Shabaab used a roadside bomb against soldiers and peacekeepers and killed eleven of them. In the south a suicide car bomber and some Islamic terrorist gunmen attacked a hotel housing peacekeepers and killed eight people. Four of the attackers were also killed. Both these attacks followed similar violence a few days earlier.

 

March 17, 2014: Outside of Mogadishu Islamic terrorists attacked peacekeepers with a suicide car bomb, killing four people.

 

March 15, 2014: In Mogadishu a suicide car bomber set off his explosives prematurely killing only himself.

 

March 14, 2014: Kenya deported three foreigners (from Belgium, France and Algeria) who had been arrested in 2013 as they attempted to get to Somalia to join al Shabaab.  The U.S. announced rewards of up to $3 million each for information on three al Shabaab leaders.

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25 mars 2014 2 25 /03 /mars /2014 18:30
F-511 TCG Heybeliada

F-511 TCG Heybeliada

 

25 March 2014 defenceWeb

 

Just over a week ago the Barbados Turkish Maritime Task Group departed Turkish Naval Base Golcuk to start its circumnavigation of Africa.

 

The task force comprises the frigates F-495 TCG Gediz, F-245 TCG Orucreis, the corvette F-511 TCG Heybeliada and the replenishment tanker A-595 TCG Yarbay Kudret Gungor Bosphorus Naval News reported.

 

South Africa is penned is as a definite for the group with SA Navy fleet headquarters at Simon’s town a port of call . The Denel Overberg Test Range will host the visitors for missile firing exercises in May.

 

Also on the task group’s mission list is maritime security and boarding training with the SA Navy in Simon’s town as well as in Lagos, Nigeria; Pointe-Noire, Congo; Luanda, Angola and Mombasa, Kenya.

 

Orucreis is also scheduled to take part in the Obangame Express Exercise from April 19 to 21. This is a US Naval Forces Africa at sea maritime exercise aimed at bettering co-operation among participating countries to increase maritime safety and security in the Gulf of Guinea. Its focus is maritime interdiction as well as boarding, search and seizure operations.

 

During the 102 day deployment the task force will navigate the African continent from west to east making 40 port visits in 28 countries. Exercises will be conducted with a number of African navies during the deployment.

 

It also marks the first crossing of the Cape of Good Hope by Turkish ships in 148 years. All told the mission is expected to log around 15 000 nautical miles during the deployment.

 

This deployment is not just a navigational and training exercise around Africa. It is also a powerful application of Turkish soft power to Africa the publication said. During the last decade Turkey realised there is more to Africa than the Mediterranean countries where Turkey had links for centuries. With the discovery of sub-Saharan Africa Turkish entrepreneurs started to do business with these countries. They were followed quickly by missions of Turkish Foreign Ministry and flights from Turkish Airlines.

 

As with the Italian Navy (Marina Militare) task group which did a similar voyage starting in November last year, the Turkish maritime group will also have representatives from a number of Turkish defence companies aboard who will use the vessels as a floating showcase for their products and use port visits to actively market them to local navies and defence forces.

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17 mars 2014 1 17 /03 /mars /2014 08:45
Eurocopter EC 135 Bundeswehr

Eurocopter EC 135 Bundeswehr

New Market: Airbus Helicopters' African customers include Lesotho, which has acquired the company's EC135 light utility helicopter for the Air Wing of its Defense Force.

 

Mar. 16, 2014 - By OSCAR NKALA – Defense News

 

BULAWAYO, ZIMBABWE — Eurocopter Southern Africa Ltd. (ESAL) says it plans to establish a permanent base in Kenya to conduct maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) on all Airbus helicopters in Africa and parts of the Middle East, as the company anticipates growing force modernization requirements in sub-Saharan Africa.

 

The company, formerly Eurocopter, has recorded 35 percent growth in business in southern Africa since 2010, as countries in the region have increased investments in military aircraft, airborne law enforcement and civil emergency response capabilities.

 

In recent years, the company has supplied the EC145 helicopter to the Namibian Police Service, the EC135 to the Lesotho Defense Force’s Air Wing and a number of older Eurocopter models to the Botswana Defense Force, which are reportedly due for systems upgrades or replacement.

 

Arnaud Montalvo, CEO of ESAL, said the company’s move to Kenya is a response to a boom in the country’s civil aviation sector and the government’s drive to strengthen its military, law enforcement and conservation agencies, offering numerous sales opportunities.

 

“Originally, our activities were mostly in South Africa. In the past seven to eight years, we have expanded outside South Africa, mainly for law enforcement,” Montalvo said. “But in Kenya, [our market] is not only law enforcement, it is also other government agencies: Kenya Wildlife, Kenya Forestry, Kenya Pipeline, plus many civilian operators who are mostly in the utility sector. ... The Kenya police have growing needs and have issued a tender for a twin-engined helicopter.”

 

The base, to be located at Nairobi Wilson Airport, will be the company’s second in Africa. The existing base in South Africa includes an MRO center for Airbus Helicopter models in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East, and a training academy at Lanseria Airport in Johannesburg. It also includes Africa’s first full-motion flight simulator, for training pilots and flight engineers operating the Super Puma helicopter, at the Sim-Aero training center at the O.R. Tambo International Airport, also in Johannesburg.

 

“Kenya and the surrounding region is a growth market for Airbus Helicopters, and Nairobi is perfectly located for the establishment of a base for sales and support to customers and operators in East Africa,” said ESL spokesman Linden Birns.

 

The timeframe for the move to Kenya is still being developed, he said.

 

Eurocopter’s move to Kenya follows market analysts Frost & Sullivan’s prediction that the value of the combined military and civilian helicopter market in the developing world, including the Middle East and Africa, will rise to $146.8 billion between 2014 and 2022.

 

A heavy slump in demand is expected in the European and North American markets, whose combined market value is estimated to rise to $9.7 billion in the same period.

 

In a report, “Global Helicopter & Systems Market: Capturing Growth Opportunities across the Rotorcraft Industry,” Frost & Sullivan said demand will be driven mostly by the ongoing platform renewal cycle that indicates more countries favor retrofitting platforms than buying new ones. It also will be driven by a growing demand for maintenance, upgrade services and the adoption of new mission and avionics systems.

 

“Emerging markets comprise significant opportunities among new helicopter procurements, with a forecast market size of $146.84 billion between 2014 and 2022 for military and civil new platform deliveries, and a related market size of $46.33 billion for service support during the same period,” according to the analysis.

 

Eurocopter’s growing business relationship saw Kenyan customers take delivery of five of the seven Eurocopter helicopters delivered to Africa last year. Kenya also accounted for four of the seven pipeline business orders won by ESAL last year.

 

Despite the shrinking base of the aviation sector in South Africa following the 2007-10 financial crisis, Montalvo said, ESAL has capitalized on increased activity by law enforcement in other southern African countries. Further regional sales are anticipated for new aircraft.

 

“We have introduced ... the EC145, with one delivered to the Namibian Police, and the EC135 to the Lesotho Defense Force. We expect to sell more helicopters to the Lesotho [Defense Force] in the medium term. They have aging aircraft to replace. They are still using an EC135 to replace a BO 105,” an older, German-built light utility helicopter, he said.

 

Montalvo said ESAL also hopes to build on its presence in the Angolan offshore oil and natural gas market by aggressively marketing its larger helicopters in the oil and gas support sectors on the east coast of Africa, from Mozambique to Kenya. It also seeks to expand its product support capabilities and introduce new products to Indian Ocean nations Mauritius, Mada­gascar and the Seychelles, as well as to Reunion, a French island territory.

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13 mars 2014 4 13 /03 /mars /2014 17:45
Kenya Defence Force troops near Kismayu in Somalia

Kenya Defence Force troops near Kismayu in Somalia

 

 

13 March 2014 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

African Union peacekeepers and the Somali army have begun a major offensive against al Shabaab militants, the U.N.'s Special Representative to Somalia said on Wednesday, urging donors to fund logistical support.

 

U.N.-backed peacekeepers pushed the Islamist fighters out of Mogadishu in 2011, but the al Qaeda-linked group has continued to launch guerrilla-style attacks there and kept control of several towns and many rural areas.

 

A new offensive to capture the remaining territory had been expected ever since the U.N. Security Council in November authorized an increase of more than 4,000 peacekeepers for the African peacekeeping force known as AMISOM, from Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Burundi and Sierra Leone.

 

Special Representative Nick Kay said the push started this month when Ethiopian troops took control of towns in southern Somalia, including Bakool regional capital Hudur.

 

"(The offensive) is progressing quite well," Kay told Reuters via telephone from Mogadishu.

 

"The Ethiopians clearly have been doing well, recaptured several important towns in Bakool and in Gedo (region)."

 

Kay said al Shabaab had to be pushed out of territory where it was training more insurgents, taxing businesses and importing arms through ports.

 

"That's why this AMISOM and Somali National Army (SNA) offensive is really important to deprive them of those bases," Kay said.

 

In a rare move, the U.N. has passed a resolution to provide logistical support to the SNA troops fighting alongside the 22,000-strong AMISOM force, which has been in Somalia since 2007.

 

Kay said this support will see one U.N. agency carry out medical evacuations and provide rations, transport and tents for the Somali army, which analysts say is badly trained, poorly equipped and lacks discipline.

 

The U.N. Support Office for AMISOM (UNSOA) needed more funding to do its job and so far only Britain and United States have pledged a total of about $6.5 million, Kay said.

 

"The rule of thumb was that, to begin with at least, $20 million would be a good amount to keep going," he added.

 

Al Shabaab has carried out several bombings in Mogadishu in recent months, including a large-scale raid on the Somali presidential palace and an attack on a U.N. convoy.

 

Kay warned conditions were likely to remain volatile in the capital and al Shabaab might intensify its bombing campaign as it came under pressure in the countryside.

 

"I think that's something AMISOM, the government and ourselves are prepared for," he said. "Things may get tougher in the short term but we have to be ready for that."

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28 février 2014 5 28 /02 /février /2014 12:45
Atalante : Le commandant de la force rencontre les autorités kenyanes

 

25/02/2014 Sources : EMA

 

Le 18 février 2014, le commandant de la force Atalante, le contre-amiral Hervé Bléjean a rencontré le chef d’état-major de la marine kenyane, Ngewa Mukala, et le Gouverneur du Comté de Mombasa, Monsieur Hassan Joho, lors de la relâche opérationnelle du transport de chalands de débarquement (TCD) Siroco à Mombasa.

 

Cet entretien avait pour objectif de présenter aux autorités kenyanes l'ensemble des missions européennes dans la région et en particulier le rôle de l'opération Atalante. L’amiral a souligné l'importance du Kenya comme partenaire régional dans la lutte contre la piraterie : « La collaboration internationale et les échanges d’information sont les clés du succès de la lutte contre la piraterie en particulier mais également de la sécurité générale du trafic maritime ».

 

L’opération Atalante a pour mission d’escorter les navires du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM), de participer à la sécurité du trafic maritime et de contribuer à la dissuasion, à la prévention et à la répression des actes de piraterie au large des côtes somaliennes.

 

La France est un acteur majeur et historique participant à l’opération Atalante depuis ses débuts avec le déploiement régulier de bâtiments de la marine nationale. Le dispositif peut être renforcé ponctuellement d’un avion de patrouille maritime.

Atalante : Le commandant de la force rencontre les autorités kenyanesAtalante : Le commandant de la force rencontre les autorités kenyanes

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19 février 2014 3 19 /02 /février /2014 13:45
Rwanda-Kenya-Ouganda: Vers la signature d'un pacte de défense

 

19/02/2014 Pana

 

Coopération militaire/Pacte de défense - Les chefs d'Etat du Rwanda, de l'Ouganda et du Kenya vont signer jeudi un accord de coopération militaire lors d'un mini-sommet sur la sécurité dans la sous-région prévu à Kampala, la capitale ougandaise, a-t-on appris mardi de source officielle à Kigali.

 

Selon la coordinatrice des projets d'intégration régionale du Rwanda au sein de la Communauté est-africaine (CEA), Mme Monique Mukaruliza, ce pacte est destiné à renforcer la sécurité et le partenariat dans la lutte contre le terrorisme, la criminalité transfrontalière et d'autres menaces à la sécurité dans la sous-région.

 

S'exprimant au cours d'un point de presse, Mme Mukaruliza a expliqué que les chefs d'Etat attendus à ce mini-sommet dont le Rwandais Paul Kagame, l'Ougandais Yoweri Museveni ainsi que le Kenyan Uhuru Kenyatta, vont également se pencher sur l'état d'avancement d'autres initiatives communes en cours d'exécution.

 

Parmi ces projets figurent entre autres l'accélération de la mise en place des infrastructures régionales dont notamment le 'Corridor Nord', une voie multimodale qui relie le port de Mombasa aux pays de l'Afrique de l'Est et de l'Afrique centrale.

 

Il est prévu que dans sa phase d'exécution, ce corridor passera par le Kenya, l'Ouganda, le Rwanda, le Burundi, la Tanzanie, le Soudan du Sud ainsi que la partie Est de de la République démocratique du Congo.

 

En marge de cette rencontre, l'Ouganda va présenter un rapport sur ??le développement de la ligne ferroviaire dans la sous-région, ainsi que l'état d'avancement dans la mise en place d'une raffinerie de pétrole et une fédération politique.

 

Lors du dernier sommet qui s'était tenu à Kigali en 2013,  les chefs d'Etat ont procédé à la signature d'un accord-cadre visant le démarrage de l'Union douanière en vue de faciliter la libre circulation des personnes et des biens.

 

Depuis lors, les citoyens rwandais, ougandais ou kenyans voulant se rendre dans l'un ou l'autre pays membre de cette initiative n'ont besoin que de présenter la carte nationale d'identité en guise de papier de voyage par substitution au passeport et au laissez-passer ordinaires.

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5 février 2014 3 05 /02 /février /2014 18:45
Kenya Air Force acquires Grob G120 trainers

 

 

05 February 2014 by Guy Martin - defenceWeb

 

The Kenya Air Force recently acquired six Grob G120A basic trainers, becoming the first African air force to operate the type.

 

The Kenyan G120s were observed practicing for the Jamhuri Day flypast on December 12, 2013. According to Grob, six aircraft have been delivered. The aircraft were handed over to the Kenyan military in November in Germany and subsequently flown to the African country after four Kenyan pilots were trained in Mattsies, Germany.

 

The G120A is powered by a six-cylinder Lycoming piston engine providing 260 hp. The largely all-composite airframe has a service life of 15 000 hours and is certified for +6/-4 gs, allowing for aerobatic training. The modern glass cockpit features three Elbit 205 x 150 mm multi-function displays, a digital standby flight display and a digital engine display. Grob says the G120 has one of the lowest maintenance costs in the industry.

 

The G120 is also flown by the Canadian, German, French and Israeli air forces while the turboprop G120TP has been bought by the Argentine and Indonesian air forces.

 

The Kenya Air Force flies around ten Scottish Aviation Bulldogs, 12 Embraer Tucanos and eight BAE Systems Hawks in the training role. It is likely that the Bulldogs will be replaced by the new German aircraft. According to Kenyan sources, the Kenya Air Force has another six G120s on option.

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19 janvier 2014 7 19 /01 /janvier /2014 12:45
Atalante : livraison au Kenya de véhicules pour EUCAP Nestor

 

16/01/2014 Sources : EMA

 

Le 11 janvier 2013, le transport de chalands de débarquement(TCD) Siroco, navire amiral de la force navale européenne Atalante a débarqué dans le port kenyan de Mombassa, deux véhicules appartenant à la mission de l’Union européenne chargé du renforcement des capacités maritimes régionales dans la corne de l’Afrique et l’océan indien occidental (EUCAP Nestor).

 

 Cette manœuvre, menée avec le concours de l’ambassade de France et des forces de sécurité kenyane, illustre l’étroite collaboration liant les missions de l’Union Européenne dans la corne de l’Afrique et l’ouest de l’océan indien.

 

Ces deux véhicules avaient été embarqués à bord du Siroco à l’occasion de son passage au large de Djibouti le 14 décembre dernier. Le lendemain, une action conjointe EUCAP Nestor et Atalante au large de la ville de Berbera avait permis la rencontre à bord du TCD d’une délégation de hautes autorités du Somaliland. [Lien vers la brève]

 

Pour le commandant de la Task Force 465, le contre-amiral Hervé Bléjean, « cette livraison de véhicules au profit de EUCAP Nestor est le parfait exemple  de la dynamique  de coopération se renforçant chaque jour entre les différentes missions de l’Union Européene sur l’ensemble de la côte Est africaine. La Force ATALANTA tient ainsi son rôle de soutien à l’approche globale  de l’Union Européenne dans cette région du monde.”

 

Lancée par l’Union européenne en 2012, la mission civile EUCAP Nestor a pour but d’assister et de conseiller l’ensemble des pays de la région sur les problématiques juridiques, stratégiques et opérationnelles en matière de piraterie.

 

Depuis le 6 décembre 2013, la France a reçu le commandement de la Task Force (TF) 465, force maritime européenne engagée dans l'opération de lutte contre la piraterie Atalante.La France participe à l’opération Atalante avec le déploiement quasi-permanent d’au moins une frégate de la marine nationale. Le dispositif peut être renforcé ponctuellement par un avion de patrouille maritime Atlantique 2 (ATL 2), de surveillance maritime Falcon 50, ou par un avion de commandement et de détection E3F.

Atalante : livraison au Kenya de véhicules pour EUCAP Nestor
Atalante : livraison au Kenya de véhicules pour EUCAP Nestor

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10 janvier 2014 5 10 /01 /janvier /2014 13:45
Le Kenya déclare avoir tué une trentaine de rebelles shebab dans une frappe aérienne en Somalie

 

10 janvier 2014 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

NAIROBI - Le Kenya a déclaré vendredi avoir tué au moins 30 insurgés shebab, dont des dirigeants du mouvement islamiste, dans une frappe aérienne sur un camp d'entraînement en Somalie.

 

Les islamistes ont de leur côté nié avoir été attaqués et avoir subi des pertes.

 

Selon l'armée kényane, l'attaque a visé jeudi soir un camp shebab de Garbarahey, dans la région de Gedo, située à quelque 600 kilomètres au nord-ouest de la capitale somalienne, Mogadiscio, et près de la frontière avec le Kenya et l'Ethiopie.

 

Les chasseurs des forces de défense kényanes ont attaqué un camp des shebab où une réunion était en cours, a déclaré un haut responsable de l'armée kényane.

 

Plus de 30 insurgés shebab ont été tués, dont des commandants de haut niveau, a-t-il ajouté.

 

Un autre officier a précisé que l'armée kényane tentait toujours de déterminer les identités des victimes de la frappe aérienne.

 

Nous sommes toujours en train d'essayer de les identifier, mais il est certain qu'il s'agit de pointures de la hiérarchie shebab, a-t-il assuré.

 

Selon lui, cinq véhicules et d'autres objectifs clés ont été détruits par l'attaque.

 

Les mêmes sources ont indiqué estimer que des dizaines d'insurgés ont également été blessés.

 

Un porte-parole militaire des shebab, contacté par l'AFP, a toutefois démenti les déclarations des militaires kényans sur l'attaque de Garbarahey.

 

Nos troupes ne sont pas présentes là-bas. Il n'y avait pas de combattants shebab dans la zone, personne de chez nous n'a été tué, a dit le porte-parole Abdiaziz Abu Musab.

 

Les Kenyans revendiquent avoir causé des pertes pour faire plaisir à leurs patrons en Occident, qui les ont embauchés pour faire la guerre en Somalie, a-t-il ajouté.

 

Le Kenya combat les shebab somaliens liés à Al-Qaïda depuis octobre 2011, date du début de son intervention militaire en Somalie. Il a depuis intégré la force de l'Union africaine déployée dans ce pays.

 

Le président Uhuru Kenyatta a promis de maintenir la présence militaire kényane en Somalie malgré les attaques des shebab sur le sol kényan, dont la plus sanglante a été celle du centre commercial Westgate de Nairobi, en septembre dernier, qui a fait au moins 67 morts.

 

Qu'ils sachent (les shebab) que nous ne céderons pas sur la guerre, a dit le président kényan. Nos forces resteront en Somalie jusqu'à ce que nous soyons satisfaits et que la paix règne, a-t-il dit.

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18 décembre 2013 3 18 /12 /décembre /2013 17:45
Kenyan soldiers outside Westgate Mall

Kenyan soldiers outside Westgate Mall

 

12 December 2013 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

The European Union has offered to increase counter-terrorism support to Kenya after the Westgate mall attack in which gunmen from a Somali Islamist group killed at least 67 people in Nairobi, a senior EU official said on Wednesday.

 

Kenya, an ally for Western powers trying to curb the spread of radical Islam out of east Africa and in particular Somalia, has in the past suffered major attacks on its soil by al Qaeda and its Somali affiliate al Shabaab.

 

Analysts and diplomats say the five-day Westgate siege showed large holes in Kenya's security apparatus despite Israel, the United States and Britain training many Kenyan intelligence, military and police officers over the years.

 

Human rights groups have also accused Kenya's Anti Terror Police Unit of brutality and extra-judicial killings of mainly Muslim men suspected to have linked to al Shabaab. Kenyan officials have repeatedly dismissed the allegations.

 

Nick Westcott, EU managing director for Africa, said EU plans include helping Kenya boost regional intelligence co-operation, greater support for Kenya's crisis response co-ordination and tracking financial flows of terror suspects.

 

During the Westgate attack Kenya's main intelligence agencies were criticized for their poor communication and information sharing with each other, as well as east African and Western intelligence agencies.

 

Westcott said the EU has also offered support and advice on how to deal with "radicalization of political discourse which encourages people to resort to terrorism".

 

"A lot of these are issues we've had to face ourselves in Europe so we have experience and skills that we are very happy to transfer to Kenya," he told reporters in Nairobi.

 

More Kenyan police could be trained in Europe, he said.

 

Westcott also told Kenyan officials it was important to find the right balance between security and civil freedoms.

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12 octobre 2013 6 12 /10 /octobre /2013 12:45
Sur la côte somalienne, le raid des Navy Seals a frôlé le fiasco

10/10/2013 Par Adrien Jaulmes – LeFigaro.fr

 

Le semi-échec du raid des forces spéciales américaines sur la côte somalienne, samedi dernier, vient de rappeler que les Chebab restent des adversaires redoutables, et la Somalie un terrain extrêmement difficile, même pour des commandos considérés parmi les meilleurs du monde.

 
On ne connaît pas dans les détails l'opération de débarquement amphibie des Navy Seals (équipes terre-air-mer de la marine américaine), mais suffisamment de témoignages permettent déjà de se faire une bonne idée de son déroulement, et des raisons de son échec. L'opération a été lancée dans la nuit de samedi dernier, le 5 octobre, vers 2 heures du matin. Par une nuit noire, des embarcations débarquent un commando d'une vingtaine d'hommes sur la plage de Baradwe, une grosse ville de la côte somalienne à environ 200 kilomètres au sud de Mogadiscio, la capitale de ce qui reste de l'État somalien.

Le commando appartient à l'équipe six des Navy Seals, unité rendue célèbre par son raid contre Ben Laden, en mai 2011 à Abbottabad. Leur mission est cette fois de capturer un des principaux chefs militaires des Chebab, ces milices islamistes somaliennes affiliées à al-Qaida soupçonnées d'avoir organisé fin septembre la sanglante attaque du centre commercial de Westgate au Kenya.

Pratiquement inconnu, même des spécialistes de la Somalie, l'homme est surnommé Ikrima. De son véritable nom Abdelkader Mohammed Abdelkader, Somalien d'origine mais de nationalité kényane, Ikrima serait, selon des sources sécuritaires américaines, l'un des plus importants chefs des Chebab.

L'opération est à la fois plus simple et plus compliquée que le raid de la Team Six contre Ben Laden. Plus simple logistiquement, puisque la ville de Baradwe, l'une des principales villes somaliennes, contrôlée par les Chebab, est située au bord de la mer, et donc accessible facilement à des commandos amphibies, et la villa d'Ikrima à quelques centaines de mètres de la plage. Mais plus compliquée tactiquement, puisque la mission est de capturer Ikrima, toujours beaucoup plus difficile que de tuer. Pour corser le tout, elle a lieu dans l'une des principales villes tenues par les Chebab, dans un pays où les miliciens sont nombreux, bien armés, et combatifs, comme les Américains en avaient fait la cuisante expérience en 1993 pendant la désastreuse opération de sauvetage d'un hélicoptère Black Hawk à Mogadiscio, épisode resté fameux sous le nom de la «Chute du Faucon noir».

 

Le commando décroche

Divisé en deux équipes, l'une chargée de l'appui feu, l'autre de l'assaut proprement dit, le commando aurait réussi à atteindre la villa d'Ikrima et à pénétrer dans l'enceinte. D'après des sources militaires américaines recueillies par la chaîne NBC, c'est à ce moment-là qu'il aurait été repéré par un garde, sorti fumer une cigarette. Gardant son sang-froid, le Somalien aurait fait semblant de ne rien voir, avant de rentrer dans le bâtiment et de donner l'alerte. Quelques minutes plus tard, les Seals sont pris sous un feu nourri des gardes du corps d'Ikrima, alors que des Chebab arrivent en renfort. La suite, rapportée par les habitants de la ville, est une intense fusillade, ponctuée de violentes explosions de grenades. Vers 3 heures du matin, réalisant qu'il était devenu impossible de remplir leur mission, faisant face à des ennemis de plus en plus nombreux, dans des habitations pleines de femmes et d'enfants, les Seals décident de rembarquer. Ils parviennent à regagner la plage, et leur embarcation, sans perdre un seul homme, laissant cependant derrière eux quelques effets.

L'épisode n'est pas un complet fiasco pour les Américains, qui n'ont pas subi de pertes. Mais pas une réussite non plus, puisqu'ils n'ont pas réussi à capturer Ikrima et ont eu toutes les peines à décrocher au complet. L'épisode vient rappeler en tout cas que de tous les champs de bataille de la guerre contre le djihad, la Somalie est de loin l'un des plus difficiles.

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