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6 août 2014 3 06 /08 /août /2014 07:45
Libye : évacuation de ressortissants dans la nuit du 29 au 30 juillet 2014 (màj)

 

30/07/2014 Sources : EMA

 

Le 27 juillet 2014, compte-tenu de la situation en Libye, le gouvernement français a demandé à l’ensemble de ses ressortissants de quitter ce pays.

 

Dans le même temps, il a demandé au chef d’état-major des armées, le général d’armée Pierre de Villiers, de planifier et de conduire une opération visant à permettre aux ressortissants français encore présents sur zone, ainsi qu’à d’autres ressortissants, de pouvoir quitter le pays en sécurité.

 

Dans ce cadre, le centre de planification et de conduite des opérations (EMA/CPCO) a ordonné le déploiement de la frégate anti-sous-marine (FASM) Montcalm et de la frégate de type La Fayette (FLF) Courbet au large des côtes libyennes, à hauteur de Tripoli. Placée sous le contrôle opérationnel du commandant en chef Méditerranée (CECMED), le vice-amiral d’escadre Yves Joly, une opération a été conduite dans la nuit du 29 au 30 juillet. Elle a permis l’évacuation en sécurité de 47 personnes, dont une majorité de Français.

 

Cette opération a été conduite en liaison avec nos alliés américains.

 

Le ministère des affaires étrangères et du développement international (MINAEDI), responsable de la sécurité des Français à l’étranger, a assuré la supervision de cette mission d’aide au départ de ressortissants français, depuis le territoire libyen, jusqu’à leur prise en charge sur le territoire national.

 

L’opération s’est déroulée en trois temps.

 

Le premier temps a consisté à prépositionner un dispositif maritime au large du port de Tripoli. La FASM Montcalm a ainsi appareillé de Toulon le lundi 28 juillet au soir, emportant à son bord une équipe de la cellule de crise du ministère des Affaires étrangères (MINAEDI), chargée de la coordination des opérations en lien avec l’ambassade de France en Libye. La frégate a été rejointe en mer par la FLF Courbet. Les deux frégates françaises se sont placées à proximité du port de Tripoli dans la nuit du mardi 29 au mercredi 30.

 

Le deuxième temps des opérations a été marqué par les opérations d’extraction des ressortissants depuis le sol libyen. Après avoir mis à terre des éléments de sécurisation, les deux frégates ont engagé leurs embarcations rapides afin de permettre l’embarquement en six rotations de l’ensemble des bénéficiaires de l’évacuation. Ces derniers ont été accueillis par les équipages des deux frégates, avant d’être regroupés sur la FASM Montcalm. A bord, des équipes ont été spécialement dédiées pour faciliter leur quotidien au cours de leur transit vers la France.

 

La FASM Montcalm a ensuite mis le cap sur Toulon où les ressortissants seront pris en charge dans les jours à venir par les équipes du MINAEDI. Il s’agit du troisième temps de cette opération, qui est actuellement toujours en cours.

 

Cette mission reposait sur le schéma type d’une opération d’évacuation de ressortissants. Il s’agit d’opérations de sécurité visant à protéger les ressortissants résidant à l’étranger, en assurant leur évacuation depuis une zone présentant une menace pouvant mettre en danger leur sécurité. Ces opérations font l’objet d’entraînements réguliers des forces armées. La décision d’évacuer les ressortissants est du ressort du ministère des affaires étrangères et du développement international (MINAEDI), responsable de la sécurité des Français à l’étranger.

Libye : évacuation de ressortissants dans la nuit du 29 au 30 juillet 2014 (màj)Libye : évacuation de ressortissants dans la nuit du 29 au 30 juillet 2014 (màj)
Libye : évacuation de ressortissants dans la nuit du 29 au 30 juillet 2014 (màj)
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4 août 2014 1 04 /08 /août /2014 16:45
Cellule de crise : nouvelles décisions concernant la situation aux frontières avec la Libye (Tunisie)

 

02.08.2014 shemsfm.net

 

La cellule de crise s’est réunie, samedi 2 août, sous la présidence du Premier ministre, Mehdi Jomâa, et en présence des ministres de l’Intérieur, de la Défense Nationale, des Affaires Étrangères, de la Justice, du Transport, des Affaires Sociales, de la Santé et le ministre délégué auprès du ministère de l’Intérieur.

La réunion a été consacrée à l’examen de l’évolution de la situation sécuritaire et humanitaire aux frontières sud avec la Libye et à la mise en œuvre des procédures décidées antérieurement pour faire face à la menace terroriste.

A l’issue de cette réunion le Premier ministre, Mehdi Jomâa, a ordonné : 

- Le renforcement des investigations auprès des réfugiés aux postes frontaliers à Ras Jedir et Dhehiba à travers des fouilles renforcées des personnes et des bagages et la vérification minutieuse des documents présentés.

- La poursuite de la facilitation du passage des diplomates et membres des délégations diplomatiques venant de Libye à travers le poste frontalier de Ras Jedir tout en renforçant la coordination avec leurs ambassades respectives à Tunis et accélérer leur rapatriement dans leurs pays d’origine.

- Le déploiement des moyens de transport nécessaires à l’évacuation des ressortissants étrangers en coordination avec les autorités compétentes.

- L’interdiction formelle de créer des campements sur le sol tunisien et la coordination avec les organisations internationales afin des rassembler toutes les personnes du côté libyen en leur fournissant l’aide logistique et sanitaire.

- Le renforcement des postes-frontières avancés se trouvant à l’intérieur de la zone militaire fermée en fournissant les moyens matériels et humains nécessaires.

- La poursuite de l’évacuation à travers le sol tunisien des personnes nécessitant une intervention médicale toute en renforçant les mesures de fouille et de contrôle.

- La coordination avec le ministère du Transport pour fournir les moyens de transport public nécessaires à l’évacuation des réfugiés à pied vers les points de départ vers leur pays.

- La mise à disposition d’ambulances tunisiennes aux postes frontaliers pour assurer le transport des blessés et malades venant du sol libyen.

- Améliorer la gestion du flux des réfugiés entre les postes frontaliers de Ras Jedir et Dhehiba pour éviter tout encombrement.

Les membres de la cellule de crise ont indiqué que la fermeture temporaire du poste frontalier de Ras Jedir, décidée hier, a permis d’organiser et de mieux gérer le passage et des réfugiés.

Le Premier ministre a aussi ordonné d’effectuer le même jour une réunion entre la cellule de crise, les services de la banque centrale, de la douane et la direction générale des frontières et des étrangers afin de prendre les mesures nécessaires concernant la déclaration obligatoire de la devise et des objets de valeurs aux frontières.

Dans le même contexte, Mehdi Jomâa, a ordonné qu’un communiqué soit conjointement publié par les ministères de l’Intérieur et de la Défense Nationale afin de sensibiliser et mettre en garde les réfugiés contre tout refus d’obtempérer aux ordres des sécuritaires et des militaires au postes frontières.

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17 juillet 2014 4 17 /07 /juillet /2014 16:30
Formés par DCI, 15 officiers de marine du Koweït et de Libye ont reçu leurs diplômes

 

17.07.2014 par Philippe Chapleau – Lignes de Défense

 

Le 16 juillet, une nouvelle promotion CENOE (Cours de l’Ecole Navale pour Officiers Etrangers) des cadets des Forces Navales du Koweït (14 élèves) et de Libye (un élève) a reçu ses premier galons d’officier de marine. Cette cérémonie était placée sous la présidence du contre-amiral Philippe Hello, commandant de l’école navale et du groupe des écoles du Poulmic. Jean-Michel Palagos, patron de DCI, a remis les diplômes aux élèves.

 

Au total, 339 cadets formés en 18 ans (dont 266 Koweitiens)

 

La formation CENOE, dont DCI-NAVFCO a la charge, assure la formation d’élèves officiers étrangers non francophones en partenariat avec la Marine nationale. D’une durée de quatre années, cette formation a pour objectif de fournir aux officiers élèves étrangers un enseignement militaire, maritime et scientifique. Ils pourront, de retour dans leur pays d’origine, assurer les fonctions de chef de quart ou d’officier de quart « énergie », ainsi que celles de chef de service sur de petites unités.

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17 juin 2014 2 17 /06 /juin /2014 18:20
Libye: opération secrète américaine

 

17 juin, 2014 – BBC Afrique

 

Un homme suspecté d’avoir dirigé l’attaque contre le consulat américain de Benghazi, en Libye, a été arrêté, a révélé le Pentagone.

 

L'assaut du 11 septembre 2012 avait coûté la vie à quatre Américains.

 

Ahmed Abu Khatallah est détenu depuis son arrestation lors d’une opération secrète des Américains en Libye le 15 juin.

 

Il est aujourd’hui sous détention dans un endroit sécurisé, à l’extérieur de la Libye, a confirmé un porte-parole du Pentagone.

 

L'ambassadeur américain Christopher Stevens et trois autres personnes avaient été tués dans cette attaque.

 

« Aucun civil n’a été blessé pendant cette opération et tout le personnel américain est aujourd’hui en dehors de la Libye”, a révélé un porte-parole du Pentagone dans un communiqué.

 

Suite de l'article

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17 juin 2014 2 17 /06 /juin /2014 16:45
Libya deploys special forces to protect petrol stations

 

17 June 2014 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Libya is deploying special forces to protect petrol stations in the capital Tripoli packed by angry motorists trying to refill, the government said, as the state oil firm struggles to bring in fresh supplies.

 

Petrol stations across Tripoli have seen for almost two weeks queues stretching sometimes kilometres, adding to the frustration of Libyans exhausted by chaos and violence.

 

Libya's state oil firm says it has sufficient supplies but a lack of security at petrol stations makes it difficult to bring in fresh supplies. Residents say some of the fuel is being sold on the black market.

 

The government said in a statement posted late on Sunday it had agreed with Tripoli's security headquarters to deploy the interior ministry's special forces to protect petrol stations.

 

In the up-market Gargaresh district, trucks with mounted anti-aircraft guns were seen protecting two petrol stations and shepherding long queues of motorists.

 

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12 juin 2014 4 12 /06 /juin /2014 12:45
Libyan cadets arrive in UK for training

Two soldiers from 3 Scots on exercise [Picture: Corporal Barry Lloyd, UK MoD]

 

11 June 2014 Ministry of Defence and Foreign & Commonwealth Office

 

The British Army are to train more than 300 members of the Libyan security forces who arrived in the UK yesterday.

 

The Libyan forces are set to learn basic infantry skills and military leadership at Bassingbourn Camp in Cambridgeshire. They will be put through their paces on a course developed by the British Army and run by 3rd Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland.

The Libyan cadets’ arrival comes following an announcement made last year that the UK would help to train up to 2,000 Libyan troops.

In January this year, the Libyan government agreed to fund a 24-week training programme for the first group of cadets, who have already undergone a screening and selection process in Libya. The MOD has been working closely with the Libyan government to develop the package which will consist of 12 modules to include drill, marksmanship, fitness, first-aid, military discipline and the law of armed conflict.

The Secretary of State for Defence, Philip Hammond, said:

I am pleased that the training of the Libyan General Purpose Force at Bassingbourn Camp has begun in earnest after several months of preparation. Over the next 24 weeks the British Army will deliver world-class training to the Libyan soldiers, which will better prepare them to support Libya’s transition to a stable and open democracy.

The cadet training is part of the General Purpose Force (GPF) programme. It fulfils the UK Prime Minister’s commitment, given at last year’s G8 Summit, to help the Libyan government disarm and integrate militias and improve the security and stability of the country.

The MOD’s contribution to the GPF initiative is part of the wider ongoing political, economic, justice and security support the UK is providing to Libya. The British government is supporting capacity building in Libya’s government institutions including defence, border security, justice and police reform, public financial management and economic governance and diversification.

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17 mai 2014 6 17 /05 /mai /2014 20:45
Libye: zone d’exclusion aérienne sur Benghazi

 

17 mai, 2014 – BBC Afrique

 

L’armée libyenne a déclaré une zone d’exclusion aérienne au lendemain d’attaques aériennes menées par un ancien colonel de l’armée contre des milices armées.

 

L’armée menacerait d’abattre tout avion survolant Benghazi affirment des médias étatiques qui citent le haut commandement de l’armée.

 

Reste à savoir si les militaires ont les moyens d’appliquer cette décision.

 

Khalifa Haftar, à l’origine de l’assaut de vendredi a déclaré qu’il continuera de se battre pour chasser ce qu’il appelle les groupes islamistes hors de Benghazi.

 

Il a participé à la révolte contre le régime de Mouammar Kadhafi en 2011.

 

Sous son commandement, des officiers et des pilotes de l'armée de l'air ont bombardé vendredi des positions de groupes d’ex-rebelles dont celui d'Ansar Asharia.

 

L’organisation est considérée comme un groupe terroriste par les Etats-Unis.

 

Benghazi, dans l’Est de la Libye, est le fief de milices lourdement armées qui affrontent régulièrement les militaires.

 

Dans un communiqué, l’armée a qualifié de tentative de coup d’état l’offensive du colonel.

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14 mai 2014 3 14 /05 /mai /2014 07:45
France to start training Libyan police in coming weeks

 

13 May 2014 defenceWeb

 

France said on Tuesday it would begin training Libyan policemen in the coming weeks, more than a year after pledging to do so as part of efforts to help restore security in the North African state.

 

Paris is worried by the situation in energy producer Libya which, more than two-and-a-half years after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, is struggling to contain violence between militias and Islamist militants who are gaining ground in the south.

 

Paris agreed in February 2013 to initially train 1,000 Libyan police in counter-terrorism with another 1,500 after that, but, with Libya's parliament paralysed by rivalries and brigades of heavily armed former rebels, Western countries have been reluctant to interfere in the internal political situation.

 

"This training will start. We are examining the extra requests made by the Libyans," foreign ministry spokesman Romain Nadal told reporters. "It's a question of weeks."

 

French officials have said the training, which had been due to begin in March, had been delayed because Tripoli was not providing financial guarantees to pay for the mission. Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said in April it could not start because there were not enough Libyan volunteers.

 

"They have requested more detailed and technical training in a number of fields and we are adjusting to that," Nadal said, without saying who would pay for the mission.

 

France also plans to deploy 3,000 troops, currently in Mali, across the Sahel region along the southern edge of the Sahara Desert, to fight Islamist militancy, including with a new base in northern Chad.

 

A French offensive last year ousted Islamist insurgents from northern Mali, scattering them across the region.

 

Militias and armed protesters have seized ports and oilfields over the last few months to press demands on the central government, squeezing state finances in a country where oil and gas exports are the overwhelming source of revenue.

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12 mai 2014 1 12 /05 /mai /2014 11:50
A comprehensive approach without a security strategy is a hallucination

 

 

8th May 2014  – by Jo Coelmont - europeangeostrategy.org



The European Union’s (EU) mantra, ‘the comprehensive approach’ is known worldwide. However, a mantra that is being repeated at all times and in all circumstances probably refers to an aspiration rather than a reality. The EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) is the perfect example to illustrate just that.

 

Successful CSDP operations, regardless…

All military CSDP operations conducted so far have reached their military objectives. Compared with other international organisations involved in crisis management this is unique, and a reason to be proud. However, with the exception of the operations in Bosnia and in Mali, no military CSDP operation has really been conducted comprehensively. As a net consequence lasting results have seldom or never been achieved. Political pressure had a tendency to fade away soon after the launch of any operation. The civilian capabilities deployed were at best under-dimensioned if not completely absent. The most crucial element to obtain durable results, economic investment, never materialised. Often emergency and/or development aid was provided, but that is not a substitute. As to the Security Sector Reform operations launched by the EU under the ‘civil’ or ‘civil-military’ label, the results are disappointing too. Generally a homeopathic dose was administered when the real stuff was needed.

The operations in Libya are the example of a non-comprehensive way of acting. While European nations where taking the lead in the military operations, the European External Action Service (EEAS) was planning for humanitarian aid in complete isolation from the military intervention. It was, in fact, acting as an non-governmental organisation. Eventually the EU lost the beauty contest to set up such an operation in Libya to the United Nations, which was also acting on its own. Meanwhile the durable results of the military operations in Libya are well known: they are called Mali and the Central African Republic.

 

Events, dear boy, events

Fortunately not each and every crisis requires military assets to be part of the solution, on the contrary. The real question is how to explain the absence of any comprehensive approach whenever CSDP actions or operations are on the agenda. In the absence of an effective Security Strategy, in every contingency the starting position of the EU and the Member States is a blank sheet. The first step is for Member States to investigate whether the issue at hand is affecting their values or (individual) interests, and if so, whether it concerns a priority issue, and whether the region is considered as such. If the answer looks like a yes, discussions may start on how, when and with what means to react. If military action is judged appropriate by some Member States – the few that most of the time have the honour to act in the name of so many – than enter the process of ‘force generation conferences’. In the meantime, emergency aid may be provided. As to economic action: are the economy and trade ever really taken into account in crisis situations? More generally, is the overall desired strategic outcome and a comprehensive roadmap to reach it ever being thought about? Please, not now, we are in the midst of confronting events, dear boy.

 

Ukraine, a surprise

Taking improvised initiatives on the international scene, without a strategy, may turn out to be audacious, as recent events once more made clear.

Last year Ukraine was approached, mainly by the Commission, with a proposals to establish a trade agreement, as if Ukraine was simply about another extension of the internal market. For the EU this is well-known business. And yet, that same Union was completely surprised with the ultimate outcome. It was revealed to be a matter of geopolitics and strategy. And all of a sudden, the Union had, and still has, difficulties to respond.

 

A strategy or no strategy

Some actors have a strategy. You may not appreciate Russia’s moves, but Moscow acted in a rather comprehensive way, politically, economically and military. This is not to say that Putin has masterminded all events, but he was well prepared, having a strategy and even a doctrine (which one might call ‘Putin infiltration’), as well as the means to act accordingly. This makes that Russia, for the time being, can punch above its weight. Compared to each of the individual EU member states, Russia is rather big. Compared to the Union as such, Russia is an economically and even military middle-sized country, with some potential but facing enormous weaknesses. But at the political level, it is a chess player. And that makes all the difference.

In the Ukrainian crisis, the US is acting in a remarkably steadfast manner, in line with its strategy. In the past, whenever a security crisis emerged, the President of the US traditionally called on ‘the US and Allies’ to take action, suggesting the US take the lead and the Allies follow. In the meantime that has changed. At the start of the Obama administration it was always was referring to the ‘US and European countries’, suggesting some kind of burden-sharing. Later that changed to ‘the US and Europe’, carefully avoiding the pitfall of mentioning ‘the EU and its Member States’. Today, with the crisis in Ukraine, it is all about ‘the US and the EU’. The message is clear. The US will remain involved. However, in Washington Russia is measured by its potential to cause disruption, in particular in Afghanistan, Syria, and Iran. No doubt Washington will react to Moscow’s expansionist ambitions, but it will not allow itself to get distracted from its main geostrategic concerns in Asia. Globally speaking, the US is looking towards Europe as its principal partner. But you only have a real partner if, when faced with a crisis, the outcome matters equally to the partner if not even more so. For NATO, article 5 matters profoundly, for each and every partner. But for the crisis in Ukraine, NATO will not do the trick.

 

Central Europe, the Mediterranean and Africa, no doubt matters a great deal for Europe, so… After 3 wakeup calls, time to get up

The crisis in Yugoslavia triggered the ESDP and some concrete actions. Iraq triggered the CSDP and even a European Security Strategy (ESS), a prelude to a real Strategy, calling for preventive action and a comprehensive approach. So far neither the CSDP nor the ESS have generated significant results. In the end, Herman Van Rompuy took the political risk to put the issue of defence on the agenda of the European Council. This resulted in some pretty good conclusions. What about the centre-piece of acting comprehensively and what about a security strategy? Last December our Heads of State and Government where so shy they used very opaque language:

The European Council invites the High Representative, in close cooperation with the Commission, to assess the impact of changes in the global environment, and to report to the Council in the course of 2015 on the challenges and opportunities arising for the Union, following consultations with the Member States.

I hope that now with the Ukrainian crisis everyone reads this sentence as an urgent call for the long awaited genuine European Security Strategy, the prerequisite to act comprehensively.

 

Jo Coelmont

* Brig. Gen. (ret.) Jo Coelmont is an Associate Editor of European Geostrategy. He is also a Senior Associate Fellow for the ‘Europe in the World Programme’ at Egmont – Royal Institute for International Relations in Brussels. Formerly, he was the Belgian Military Representative to the Military Committee of the European Union. He writes here in a personal capacity.

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28 avril 2014 1 28 /04 /avril /2014 17:45
source BBCAfrica

source BBCAfrica

 

25-04-2014 mosaiquefm.net

 

Le ministre français  des affaires étrangères Laurent Fabius a confirmé l'évolution des accords avec le ministère  tunisien de la  défense pour l'apport de la France d'aides techniques notamment des avions militaires et soutenir la Tunisie sur le plan sécuritaire afin d'assurer les frontières tuniso-libyennes et lutter contre le terrorisme.

 

La signature des accords dans ce contexte se feront lors de la visite en France  du chef du gouvernement Mehdi Jomaâ le 28 et 29 avril 2014.

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15 avril 2014 2 15 /04 /avril /2014 07:45
source BBCAfrica

source BBCAfrica

 

15.04.2014 par RFI
 

Selon plusieurs sources sécuritaires, l’Algérien Mokhtar Belmokhtar,Mokhtar Belmokhtar, l’un des terroristes les plus recherchés du nord du Mali, se serait réfugié en Libye. Le Sud libyen reste une zone aux frontières très poreuses que les extrémistes et tout autre trafiquant peuvent aisément traverser.

 

En janvier, le chef d’état-major français des armées, l'amiral Edouard Guillaud, évoquait une opération internationale dans le Sud libyen pour éviter la formation d'un « nouveau centre de gravité du terrorisme ».

Pourtant, pour le chercheur Wolfram Lacher, la présence extrémiste demeure un phénomène marginal dans le Sud. Les places fortes du salafisme jihadiste en Libye se trouvent en effet tout au nord, à Derna et Benghazi à l’est, Syrte et Misrata au centre, et Sabratah à l’ouest. Selon plusieurs chercheurs et sources locales, le Sud servirait davantage de zone de passage. Toutefois sur place, des habitants s’inquiètent de la présence de ces groupes aux idées radicales.

Mais les véritables sources de conflits voient s’opposer des hommes armés sur des bases tribales, ethniques, politiques et pour le contrôle des richesses issues des trafics transfrontaliers. Depuis janvier et de violents combats entre différentes milices, l’aéroport de Sebha, la grande ville du Sud, est fermé. Les affrontements qui avaient eu lieu entre tribus rivales se sont apaisés.

Mais selon un diplomate, le Sud n’est pas l’abri d’une nouvelle flambée de violences. Les autorités centrales ont envoyé des unités du Bouclier de la Libye, sous autorité, officiellement, du ministère de la Défense. Mais le gouvernement de Tripoli a très peu d’emprise sur le Sud. Il manifeste un manque d’intérêt pour la région et ne dispose pas de forces neutres sur place.

 

→ (RE)LIRE : Le Sud de la Libye, nouveau sanctuaire des jihadistes

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15 avril 2014 2 15 /04 /avril /2014 06:45
IUCTS March 2013

IUCTS March 2013

 

14 avril 2014 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

DAKAR - Une présence en Libye du jihadiste algérien Mokhtar Belmokhtar, dont un groupe a occupé pendant plusieurs mois le nord du Mali en 2012, serait une menace pour la paix, a estimé lundi à Dakar le président malien Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta.

 

Dimanche, des sources sécuritaires jointes par l'AFP depuis Bamako avaient affirmé que Belmokhtar, ancien d'Al-Qaïda au Maghreb islamique (Aqmi) et qui a créé son propre mouvement, Les Signataires par le sang, s'est retiré en Libye d'où il entend désormais contrôler tout le Sahel.

 

Si cela était vrai, il est évident que ce serait une menace. Je crois que c'est un personnage assez connu et pas de la plus belle des façons, a indiqué M. Keïta, interrogé sur ce sujet, lors d'une conférence de presse avec le président sénégalais Macky Sall.

 

Si cet individu (...) dont on nous avait (annoncé) la disparition que personne n'a regrettée, resurgissait quelque part, ce ne serait pas pour la paix, hélas, a dit le chef de l'Etat malien, en visite d'Etat au Sénégal de dimanche à mardi.

 

On ne souhaite jamais la mort d'un homme mais il en est qui ne sont pas de compagnie tout à fait souhaitable, a-t-il affirmé.

 

Appelé Belawar (le borgne en arabe) ou Khaled Abou al-Abbas, Belmokhtar avait été donné pour mort, tué par l'armée tchadienne au Mali le 2 mars 2013, une information ensuite démentie par Al-Qaïda.

 

Ancien combattant en Afghanistan contre les troupes soviétiques, Belmokhtar a ensuite intégré les rangs des islamistes algériens avant de devenir un chef d'Aqmi.

 

Il avait en 2012 fait scission d'avec Aqmi et créé Les Signataires par le sang, groupe avec lequel il a mené la prise d'otages sanglante d'In Amenas, en Algérie, en janvier 2013.

 

Cette attaque, au cours de laquelle 38 otages et 29 assaillants ont été tués, avait eu un retentissement planétaire en raison de la présence de nombreux étrangers parmi les otages.

 

Le 3 juin 2013, la tête de Belmokhtar, recherché par plusieurs pays, a été mise à prix par les Etats-Unis pour cinq millions de dollars.

 

En août 2013, Les Signataires par le sang a fusionné avec une partie du Mouvement pour l'unicité et le jihad en Afrique de l'Ouest (Mujao) - un des groupes qui avaient occupé le nord du Mali en 2012 - sous le nom de Al-Mourabitoune.

 

Interrogé au sujet de l'ancien président malien Amadou Toumani Touré, réfugié au Sénégal depuis deux ans et menacé de poursuites au Mali, M. Keïta a affirmé: C'est une question d'ordre judiciaire. Je n'ai pas de commentaire sur les affaires judiciaires en cours dans mon pays.

 

Général à la retraite élu président du Mali en 2002, puis réélu en 2007, M. Touré avait été renversé le 22 mars 2012 par des militaires qui l'accusaient d'incurie dans la lutte contre les groupes armés menant alors une offensive dans le nord du pays.

 

M. Touré est menacé d'un procès pour haute trahison par le régime du président Keïta, qui a pris ses fonctions en septembre 2013. Fin décembre 2013, le gouvernement malien l'a notamment mis en cause pour avoir, pendant son mandat, laissé le Nord tomber aux mains de groupes armés.

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10 avril 2014 4 10 /04 /avril /2014 06:45
L'armée libyenne affirme avoir pris le contrôle de deux ports pétroliers

 

09 avril 2014 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

BENGHAZI (Libye) - L'armée libyenne a annoncé mercredi avoir pris le contrôle de deux ports bloqués depuis juillet, conformément à l'accord conclu avec les autonomistes qui se sont emparés des principaux terminaux pétroliers de l'est du pays il y a près de neuf mois.

 

Le porte-parole du chef d'état-major, le colonel Ali al-Chikhi, a annoncé mercredi soir la prise de contrôle du port de Zwitina et de celui d'Al-Hariga, d'une capacité totale d'exportation de 210.000 barils par jour.

 

Les ports de l'est libyen sont bloqués depuis juillet par des autonomistes membres des gardes des installations pétrolières, empêchant toute exportation de brut et provoquant une chute de la production à 250.000 barils par jour, voire moins, contre près de 1,5 million b/j en temps normal.

 

Les autorités libyennes et les autonomistes avaient annoncé dimanche soir être parvenus à un accord prévoyant la levée immédiate du blocage des ports de Zwitina et d'Al-Hariga.

 

Les deux parties se sont par ailleurs accordé un délai de deux à quatre semaines pour trouver un accord final permettant la levée du blocage des deux autres ports: Ras Lanouf (200.000 b/j) et al-Sedra (350.000 b/j).

 

Selon le colonel al-Chikhi, le groupe d'Ibrahim Jodhrane (le chef des autonomistes, ndlr) s'est engagé à ne plus entrer dans le port d'Al-Hariga ou le bloquer.

 

Un responsable du port d'Al-Hariga, Abdelwahab Salem Omran, a indiqué que l'activité dans le port devrait reprendre en début de semaine prochaine (dimanche), lorsque la Compagnie nationale de pétrole (NOC) aura levé l'état de force majeure imposé depuis août sur les ports affectés par le blocage.

 

La force majeure permet une exonération de la responsabilité de la NOC en cas de non respect des contrats de livraison de pétrole si elle invoque des circonstances exceptionnelles.

 

Le leader des autonomistes, Ibrahim Jodhrane, avait, dans un premier temps, justifié le blocage des terminaux en accusant le gouvernement de corruption.

 

Mais les protestataires ont ensuite affiché leurs véritables intentions en réclamant l'autonomie de la Cyrénaïque (région orientale) et en annonçant la mise en place d'un gouvernement local, ainsi que d'une banque et d'une compagnie de pétrole.

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7 avril 2014 1 07 /04 /avril /2014 11:45
Libye: ouverture du salon de la défense à Tripoli

 

07-04-2014 French.china.org.cn

 

Le salon Libya Defense Show 2014 a ouvert ses portes dimanche à Tripoli, avec l'objectif d'améliorer la situation sécuritaire dans ce pays déchiré par les conflits.

 

Parmi les articles qui y sont présentés figurent des véhicules blindés, des uniformes, des gilets pare-balles et différents équipements de la police en provenance de 40 exposants.

 

Lors de la cérémonie d'ouverture, le ministre libyen de l'Intérieur par intérim Salah Mazig a souhaité que les efforts de toutes les parties concernées puissent aider la Libye à "construire une armée puissante capable de se défendre".

 

Cependant, en raison d'un manque de publicité en amont pour des raisons de sécurité, le nombre de participants a baissé par rapport aux dernières éditions, ont expliqué les organisateurs.

 

Depuis la chute de l'ancien dirigeant libyen Mouammar Kadhafi en 2011, le pays est déchiré par les conflits impliquant milices et hors-la-loi. Le gouvernement de transition n'est pas parvenu à prendre le contrôle de toutes les régions du pays d'Afrique du Nord.

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4 avril 2014 5 04 /04 /avril /2014 07:45
300 Libyan Army soldiers return from training in Turkey

 

 

02 April 2014 by Oscar Nkala - defenceWeb

 

Nearly 300 members of the Libyan Army have returned home after successfully completing a commando training course in Turkey as part of an international military programme to train more than 15 000 Libyan troops over the next decade.

 

In terms of agreements signed between the Libyan government and partner nations, the troops will be trained in Turkey, Italy, France and the United Kingdom and by the US Army at selected military bases in Bulgaria.

 

The Libyan Herald quoted Turkish embassy official Tufan Hobek as saying only 300 soldiers from an initial group of 440 soldiers who were recruited in Libya last year completed the gruelling training programme at a Turkish military academy near the city of Isparta.

 

“One of the reasons for this was that some recruits found the training too challenging,” Hobek said. He said the graduates, who had prior military training in Libya, were taken through drills which included further lessons in martial arts, operational drills and lessons in moral and religious guidance, national and cultural awareness.

 

Hobek said a second batch of Libyan Army personnel which includes 51 military cadets drawn from all army and air force units will leave for training at Turkish army schools in the capital Ankara and the commando academy near the city of Isparta. Libyan Army officials said another batch of recruits will leave for training at a British military academy this month.

 

According to Hobek, the Turkish government has plans to help the Libyan government set up a military academy for the in-country training of special forces in the Libyan town of Tajoura and may establish a military hospital in Tripoli if the two governments agree on terms.

 

Turkey is expected to train more than 3 000 selected Libyan Army personnel in the near future. The return of the first Turkish-trained group coincided with the arrival of two of an expected 11 members of the US Army delegation in Tripoli to help the government with logistics and the vetting of recruits for the upcoming US-run special forces training programme set to begin in Bulgaria in July.

 

In terms of an agreement signed last year with former Prime Minister Ali Zeidan, the US Army will train up to 8 000 Libyan soldiers as part of the international effort to rebuild the nation’s military, which collapsed during the 2011 civil war.

 

Like the programme offered in Turkey, the US training programme in Bulgaria will be run by up to 300 US instructors and will accommodate small groups enrolled on a rotational basis over an undisclosed number of years.

 

The security situation inside Libya has deteriorated seriously over the past six months with a surge in extra-judicial killings through bombings and assassinations targeting foreign embassies and staff, former and serving members of the security forces, government officials.

 

Last month, the government appealed once more for international support in securing and stabilising the country following a car bomb which killed several military cadets in Benghazi. Justice minister Salah Marghani called on the international community to intervene and stop the killing of Libyans and foreigners.

 

"The country has no army and no police force. Libyans must decide if they want a state or they want warlords. What is going on in Benghazi and Derna is terrorism and we must declare a state of emergency in Benghazi and fight back.

 

“Asking for international assistance in this fight is not a violation of Libyan sovereignty. What violates our sovereignty is the killing of these youth in cold blood. What is needed is to arrest them and bring to justice and the government cannot do that because these criminals are fully armed," Marghani said.

 

In its latest assessment of security assistance programmes and the general security situation in Libya, the European Union said its border security programme in Libya has started delivering results despite the fact that the situation remains very unstable.

 

"In the field of security, the priorities remain (i) ensuring law and order through professional law enforcement agents, (ii) establishing a national security architecture, (iii) the establishment of state security institutions and forces, including political engagement with the ex-fighters (iv) border control and management, (v) arms control (arms and ammunitions decommission), (vi) countering terrorism, human trafficking, smuggling and organized crime," the EU said.

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3 avril 2014 4 03 /04 /avril /2014 12:45
Libya: Greed, Islamic Terrorism And Sense Of Entitlement

 

April 3, 2014: Strategy Page

 

The predicted (last Summer when the rebel militias cut off oil exports) cash crises has arrived and it has everyone’s attention. Despite the rebels blocking oil exports now expressing willingness to deal, oil exports are still at an all-time low of 100,000 barrels a day. The government has only $116 billion left and little credit. Government banking officials insist that can be made to last for at least two years but Libyans are seeing growing cutbacks in government spending. Most Libyans depend on the government for jobs, food and other essentials. Without oil income the government cannot deliver. About two thirds of the $53 billion annual government budget is for salaries and benefits. A growing number of government workers are having their pay or benefits delayed so that more essential issues (like food imports) can be attended to. The government reserves are not all cash and it takes time to convert some of those assets into cash. The government is also warning people that a lot of Kaddafi era subsidies will have to go in order to keep the economy going. Such a move would be very unpopular. Kaddafi provided a lot of stuff at very low prices. Like loaves of bread for a few pennies. Fuel and electricity was also sold far below cost as were airline, bus and train tickets. Another problem is the many people who collect a government paycheck don’t do any work, or even show up for work. Thus there are 22,000 soldiers in Benghazi, according to payroll records, but few of them are on the job. Some of that is because some government or military official is pocketing the payroll, but in other cases there are real people getting paid but they only show up on payday, if that (because direct-deposit is available). Changing all these bad habits is very difficult. The greed, Islamic terrorism and sense of entitlement that is so widespread in Libya also means that foreign investors are not interested because Libyans make inefficient and troublesome employees. Libya is no place to create wealth but it is an ideal place to squander it.

 

The basic problem is that Libyans have proved unable to agree on how to handle their oil wealth. The tribes living where the oil comes from want a larger share. Actually, everyone wants more, for one reason or another. In the last year various local militias near the oil fields and export terminals have seized these facilities halted most (over 70 percent by the end of 2013 and over 90 percent now) oil exports. All this was largely unexpected because at the start of 2013 oil production was at 1.4 million barrels a day and nearly back to normal. Then greed got the best of many factions who decided their loyalties were more to themselves than to Libya as a whole. It’s been downhill since then. Before the 2011 revolution oil accounted for over 90 percent of government revenue and over 70 percent of GDP. With over $20 billion in oil revenue lost so far the government is running out of credit and will soon have no way to pay for essential imports, like food. These shortages have become more widespread and severe and that is driving many people to either back the government or use more desperate measures to grab whatever they can.

 

Because the refineries that provide fuel for Libyans are also shut down the government has to spend scarce cash to import fuel. Even the greedy militias are now aware that what they are doing means the economy will collapse and with that food and other essentials will not be available for most Libyans. To avoid that catastrophe there is compromise or force, or a combination of the two. Ultimately force will prevail as starvation is the last thing anyone wants. The economy is already in decline because many payments have not been made for things that can be delayed (infrastructure and replacements for old or destroyed equipment). The government ordering the troops in does not sound so crazy in light of the dire financial situation. The absence of law in most of the country is crippling the economy, which is still trying to recover from the 2011 revolution. Kaddafi tightly controlled the economy and his overthrow was supposed to allow economic activity to flourish. But the widespread presence of armed men taking what they want and kidnapping for ransom has made entrepreneurs and investors unwilling to do much.

 

Let’s Make A Deal

 

The rebel militias holding east Libyan oil facilities now say they are ready to work out a deal over control of these facilities. What changed their minds was the March 17th U.S. Navy SEAL raid to capture the rebel controlled tanker full of Libyan oil. Apparently over the last two weeks the rebels have learned that the foreign criminal gangs who were once willing to broker sales of stolen Libyan oil have backed away. The oil smuggling gangs see the American warships and commandoes as a deal breaker. With no way to sell the oil they control, the rebel militias must quickly make the best deal they can with the government because these militia leaders are broke and their armed followers expected great things to come from occupying the oil facilities. Government troops are closing in and apparently it comes down to working out a price to avoid a battle and get the militias out of the oil export facilities.

 

The militias holding the eastern oil facilities have also lose some of their Robin Hood glow. They now stand accused of working with former officials of the Kaddafi government to smuggle oil out of the country and sell it. There are still a lot of Kaddafi era officials in Libya and even more overseas. Some of these Kaddafi henchmen are still wealthy, having gotten a lot of money (usually obtained by corrupt means) out of the country before the 2011 revolution. These guys still have contacts and fans inside Libya (among the tribes that Kaddafi favored) as well as a taste for obtaining more Libyan cash. The pro-Kaddafi exiles are open for business and smuggling is more attractive to them than subsidizing terrorism. The war is over, Kaddafi is gone and life goes on.

 

The Shortages

 

Another unresolved problem is that while there is a Libya there are not enough true (patriotic and loyal to a central government) Libyans. There are many countries suffering from this problem with tribal, ethnic, regional and other loyalties that create lots of corruption and little national unity. In these conditions a lot of the corruption is not seen as stealing, but simply taking care of your own group. In a place like Libya, where decades of oil wealth have created a population largely dependent on oil income for basic survival, this lack of unity has become a matter of life or death.

 

Another source of unrest is brewing on the Tunisian border. There the smugglers are having more problems with the security forces on both sides of the frontier. It’s all about money of course as the smuggling deprives the governments of over half a billion dollars a year in revenue. But the smuggling, especially of cheap Libyan into Tunisia, has become the primary livelihood for thousands of Libyan families. Locals believe the Libyan and Tunisian security forces are simply seeking a bigger cut of the smuggler profits. That’s how things work in this part of the world. The smugglers also have to find a patron, a “boss of all bosses” to negotiate deals with local army and police commanders. Everybody wants to get paid.

 

France Guards The South

 

The continued success of the French-led counter-terrorism effort in northern Mali and the equally determined efforts by Islamic terrorists to maintain a presence there anyway has led France to set up a permanent base in the north. This would be similar to the base it has long maintained on the other end of Africa in Djibouti. Since September 11, 2001 that base has been shared with the Americans and the Mali base is expected to see a lot of Americans helping out. France currently has about 1,600 troops in northern Mali and that appears to be about what it will take to staff the permanent base. France is particularly concerned about the continuing unrest in Libya and the ability of Islamic terrorists to establish bases and training facilities there. Because of all that, this year there have been several incidents of Islamic terrorists moving into northern Mali from Libya and until the Libyan government establishes some control over the many Islamic terrorists roaming Libya, more will show up in northern Mali.

 

March 31, 2014:  As a goodwill gesture to get negotiations going the government has released the three militiamen who were arrested off Cyprus by U.S. SEALs on the tanker carrying $30 million in stolen Libyan oil. The rebels are also demanding the return of the tanker and the stolen oil but the government is apparently not willing to go that far. The three militiamen were quickly pointed out by the crew of the tanker after the SEALs seized control. The ship captain said the three were armed and tasked with ensuring that the tanker went to wherever the oil brokers (who were going to sell the stolen oil) instructed. The three Libyan militiamen were armed and the crew was not, so they just went along, having been assured that they would be paid and not harmed if they did. The crew were not so sure they would be safe as it appeared the Libyan militiamen were dealing with some pretty shady characters.

 

March 27, 2014:  Another militia composed of personnel hired to provide oil facility security has gone rogue and blocked a pipeline from a southwestern oil field. The former guards want lots of money. The main source of exported oil now are two offshore fields.

 

March 26, 2014: The U.S. has sent a team of American soldiers to Libya to work out details of a training program being set up in Bulgaria for the new Libyan Army. In late 2013 the U.S. agreed to establish a training facility in Bulgaria where 500 American soldiers would serve as instructors at a camp that would train 8,000 (or more) Libyan recruits in basic military skills.

 

March 24, 2014: The government said it is releasing the 21 man crew (consisting of six Pakistanis, six Indians, three Sri Lankans, two Syrians, two Sudanese and two Eritreans) of the oil tanker captured by American SEALs and returned to Libya on the 23rd and its cargo of 350,000 barrels of oil will be unloaded there. The U.S. handed control of the tanker to Libya in international waters some 30 kilometers off Tripoli and removed the American sailors who had supervised the return of the ship.

 

March 23, 2014: In the east (Derna) gunmen ambushed a van carrying $600,000 from a telecommunications company to a bank and made off with the money. The thieves were probably members of one the militias that dominate the city (to the east of Benghazi). There is no law in places like Derna but the local militias still need cash.

 

March 22, 2014: The army began fighting rebel militias in the east that are holding three oil export ports. The rebels apparently hoped to interfere with the arrival of more troops but were driven off. The troops are better trained than the militiamen and that is apparently making a difference. On March 12rh the government gave the rebel militias until the 26th to relinquish control of the oil ports. The rebels do not appear to be making preparations to leave.

 

March 21, 2014: In the capital a Tunisian diplomat was apparently kidnapped for ransom. Earlier in the day (before dawn) someone got past the tight security at the main airport and placed a bomb on the main runway. A timer detonated the bomb, causing little damage but closing down flight operations for several hours.

 

March 20, 2014: In a first, the Libyan government finally admitted that it has an Islamic terrorism problem and called for international help to deal with it. The government now wants to form a dedicated counter-terrorism force and knows that will require outside help. NATO, which has many members just across the Mediterranean, is expected to be the main source of assistance.  Countries like Italy and France have many Arab speaking counter-terrorism operatives and many expatriate Libyans live over there. Then there are the Americans, with all their useful gadgets, technical magic and unique specialists (like the SEAL commandos who took back the tanker full of stolen Libyan oil).

 

March 19, 2014: The success of recent joint operations around Lake Chad has led the nations bordering Lake Chad (Chad, Cameroon, Libya, Niger, Nigeria and the Central African Republic/CAR) to form a permanent task force to patrol the lake region and coordinate operations against smugglers, Islamic terrorists and bandits. The initial emphasis will be on containing the Islamic terrorists, mainly the Nigerian Boko Haram, in the area. The new task force will have its headquarters in the Nigerian town of Baga, which is on the lake. Baga is large enough to accommodate a new military base. The goal is to have the new task force up and running before the end of the year. Increased coordination will start immediately.

 

March 18, 2014: In the southwest the local Tuareg tribes warned the government not to use force to remove the militias occupying oil facilities in the area.

 

March 17, 2014: Some 32 kilometers off the coast of Cyprus two dozen U.S. Navy SEAL commandos used power boats to go from a U.S. Navy destroyer to a nearby North Korean tanker. Once aboard the tanker the SEALs quickly took control and arrested three Libyans the crew of 21 said had, in effect, hijacked the tanker and its $30 million cargo of stolen Libyan oil. There were no casualties and the tanker was taken back to Libya. Libya had asked the United States to help retrieve the tanker, which had fled Libya with the oil. The North Korean registered tanker fled the Libyan oil loading port of Es Sider early on March 11th and made it to international waters before Libyan Navy gunboats could catch up. The Libyan sailors were within their rights to board the tanker and retake it, but they were not trained to do so and there were apparently some armed men on the tanker. The tanker then moved towards Cyprus and Libya asked the Americans for some help. The U.S. dispatched a destroyer with SEALs on board and the American warship was soon following the tanker. The U.S. government agreed on the 16th to use SEALs to get the tanker back and the raid was carried out before dawn on the 17th.

 

In the east (Benghazi) a car bomb went off outside a military school killing seven soldiers and wounding twelve.

 

March 16, 2014: The rebel militias in the east that are holding three oil export ports now say they are willing to negotiate. Up until now the militias asserted that they were representing the new government of an independent country called Cyrenaica. The rebels have been trying to make this stick since the beginning of the year but without cash (from selling oil) they got no traction.

 

March 15, 2014: The parliament gave the interim prime minister another 15 days in power. Parliament is, as usual, deadlocked. This time it is over who the new prime minister should be. Parliament is split into many factions, most of them either secular or Islamic.

 

March 14, 2014:  The UN agreed to extend its support effort in Libya until March 13, 2015.

 

March 13, 2014: North Korea denied any involvement with the North Korean registered tanker that carried off Libyan oil illegally. North Korea pointed out that the ship was registered in North Korea in February for six months with the understanding that there would be no illegality involved. The ship is actually owned by a Saudi company and currently controlled by an Egyptian shipping company that is apparently helping to sell the oil. North Korea has long been involved with shady deals like this and is apparently trying to distance itself from one that went off the rails.

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1 avril 2014 2 01 /04 /avril /2014 16:45
East Libyan rebels close to deal to reopen ports

 

01 April 2014 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Rebels in eastern Libya are close to reopening three oil ports they have occupied since the summer to press Tripoli for autonomy and a greater share of oil revenue, a leader from the rebels' tribe told state media on Monday.

 

The comments, the most optimistic for months, came after the government met a rebel demand to release three of their fighters who boarded a tanker loading oil at a rebel-held port in an attempt to get it to markets. They were captured when U.S. forces boarded the rogue ship and returned it to Tripoli.

 

The announcement will still be met with skepticism because the same tribal leader predicted in December that the heavily-armed rebel militia would end their blockade of the three ports which previously accounted for 600,000 barrels of oil a day.

 

"There are indications of an imminent breakthrough," Saleh Atawich, the top Magharba leader, said of talks with the government mediated by tribal elders, according to LANA state news agency. He gave no specific time frame.

 

Atawich is from the same tribe as port rebel leader Ibrahim Jathran but also close to government thinking. He had predicted that ports would reopen on December 15, but a similar deal fell through at the last minute.

 

A local news channel operated by the federalist rebel leader also flashed an urgent news bulletin about a "breakthrough".

 

Three years after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, the oil standoff is one of the major challenges to Libya's weak central government as the blockade drains state coffers, adding to Western worries the country is sliding deeper into instability.

 

With no real army, Libyan authorities are struggling to control militias and armed tribesmen who help oust Gaddafi in the 2011 civil war, but have become political players demanding power and oil wealth and controlling territory.

 

"There are careful efforts these days between the committees concerned with opening the ports and the parties that closed them," Atawich said. "The issue is moving in the direction according to plan."

 

Attawich could not be immediately reached on his cell phone for further details.

 

REBEL RELEASE

 

Hours earlier, Libya's attorney general ordered the release of three rebel fighters following comments by some lawmakers that this would help solve the port crisis, Sadiq al-Sour, head of the attorney's investigations department, told Reuters.

 

Sour said he regretted the release which had been made on political grounds. "These are people who committed crimes," he said. "Now justice is entering political conflicts."

 

Staff at state prosecutor's office later called on the attorney to resign over what they called an unjustified release, according to a statement posted on the office's official Facebook website.

 

Three weeks ago, the rebel militia embarrassed Tripoli by loading crude onto the "Morning Glory" tanker at the Es Sider port, which is under their control. U.S. special forces later stormed the ship in international waters and returned it to Libya.

 

Government and the parliament had told the militia to negotiate an end to their port blockade or face a military offensive. The rebels had demanded the release of their men, the tanker returned and the threat of an army offensive dropped before any talks.

 

Former anti-Gaddafi rebels and militias refuse to surrender their weapons and often use force or control of oil facilities to make demands on a state whose army is still in training with Western governments.

 

Those governments, which backed NATO air strikes to help the 2011 anti-Gaddafi revolt, are pressing the factions to reach a political settlement. But Libya has lurched from crisis to crisis over the last year.

 

Libya's oil production has fallen to a trickle due to the port seizures and protests at major oil fields.

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27 mars 2014 4 27 /03 /mars /2014 22:45
Support: American Troops Sent To Libya

 

March 27, 2014: Strategy Page

 

The U.S. has sent a team of American soldiers to Libya to work out details of a training program being set up in Bulgaria for the new Libyan Army. In late 2013 the U.S. agreed to establish a training facility in Bulgaria where 500 American soldiers would serve as instructors at a camp that would train 8,000 (or more) Libyan recruits in basic military skills.

 

Putting the training facility in Bulgaria avoided the possibility of the many Islamic terrorist groups active in Libya having American instructors as targets for kidnapping for murder. Many Islamic terrorist organizations in Libya see the Libyan Army as the enemy and a training facility with American staff would be a prime target. The small team of officers and NCOs will work with their Libyan counterparts to agree on what exactly the training will cover and how selection for the training will be conducted. This small team of American troops will receive a lot of protection while in Libya.

 

The first batch of 200 Libyan trainees is to go to Bulgaria soon. Some 500 soldiers from the U.S. 1st Infantry Division have been selected as instructors. Bulgaria will provide military and civilian personnel for support services and some Libyan Army officers and NCOs will be in Bulgaria to oversee the entire process.

 

While American Special Forces often train foreign troops, for jobs like this, that mainly provide basic skills, its easier, cheaper and more convenient to use regular troops (who do this sort of thing with Americans all the time.)

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25 mars 2014 2 25 /03 /mars /2014 17:30
Terrorisme: la Libye soutient les efforts de la Ligue arabe

 

DUBAI, 25 mars - RIA Novosti

 

La Libye soutient l'élaboration par la Ligue arabe d'une stratégie commune de lutte contre le terrorisme, a déclaré mardi le ministre libyen des Affaires étrangères Mohamed Abdelaziz dans une interview au journal Asharq Al-Awsat (Proche-Orient).

"Nous appuyons l'idée d'élaborer un plan panarabe de lutte contre le terrorisme. Il faut combattre le terrorisme à tous les niveaux - non seulement dans le domaine de la sécurité, mais aussi de la mentalité des gens, de l'idéologie, du règlement des problèmes sociaux", a noté M.Abdelaziz.

Le 25e sommet de la Ligue arabe s'ouvre mardi au Koweït sur fond de désaccords au sein du Conseil de coopération du Golfe (CCG). L'Arabie saoudite, Bahreïn et les Emirats arabes unis ont récemment accusé le Qatar de soutenir le terrorisme et les organisations extrémistes et d'essayer d'exporter les idées terroristes dans les pays du Golfe. Les trois pays ont rappelé leurs ambassadeurs de Doha. L'Egypte accuse aussi le Qatar de soutenir les extrémistes.

Doha accorde une aide financière au mouvement des Frères musulmans interdit dans de nombreux pays arabes. Les représentants des Frères musulmans ont été au pouvoir en Egypte entre la révolution de 2011 et la destitution du président islamiste Mohamed Morsi par l'armée en juillet 2013. L'Egypte a proclamé les Frères musulmans organisation terroriste. Les dirigeants et certains membres du mouvement y ont été arrêtés et accusés de terrorisme, de meurtres et de corruption.

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20 mars 2014 4 20 /03 /mars /2014 08:45
La Libye veut s'attaquer frontalement au terrorisme

 

20.03.2014 Le Monde.fr (AFP)

 

Le gouvernement libyen accuse pour la première fois publiquement des « groupes terroristes » d'être derrière des dizaines d'attaques et d'assassinats contre les services de sécurité et les Occidentaux, survenus ces derniers mois dans l'est du pays.

 

« Il n'y aura pas de place pour le terrorisme en Libye [...], et les Libyens doivent se tenir prêts à ce qu'impose une telle bataille en termes de prudence, d'éveil et de sacrifices », a indiqué le gouvernement, qui appelle :

 

     « La communauté internationale et les Nations Unies en particulier à fournir l'appui nécessaire pour éradiquer le terrorisme dans les villes libyennes. La nation se trouve dans une confrontation avec des groupes terroristes, et il incombe au gouvernement de mobiliser ses forces militaires et de sécurité pour lutter contre ce fléau. »

 

« METTRE FIN À CETTE GUERRE LE PLUS TÔT POSSIBLE »

 

Le communiqué a été publié sur le site Internet du gouvernement libyen à l'issue d'un conseil ministériel tenu à Ghat dans le sud du pays, deux jours après un attentat à la voiture piégée contre des militaires à Benghazi (est), ayant fait au moins sept morts. Cette réaction intervient aussi quelques jours après le limogeage de l'ex-premier ministre Ali Zeidan, critiqué pour ne pas avoir été en mesure de rétablir l'ordre dans le pays.

 

Depuis la chute du régime de Mouammar Kadhafi en 2011, les autorités de transition ont échoué à former une police et une armée professionnelles.

 

Lire notre récit : La Libye, trois ans plus tard : un pays à l'abandon

 

Mais, dans son communiqué, le gouvernement a indiqué qu'il allait « faire recours dans cette confrontation à la force militaire nationale quelle qu'elle soit », en allusion aux groupes et milices d'ex-rebelles qui avaient combattu les forces de l'ancien régime en 2011. Le gouvernement a souligné par ailleurs « son engagement à mettre fin à cette guerre le plus tôt possible pour préserver des vies ».

 

Selon lui, « les villes de Benghazi, Derna (est) et Syrte (centre) et d'autres font face à une guerre terroriste menée par des éléments libyens et étrangers aux programmes hostiles ». Les autorités libyennes n'ont pas mentionné un groupe spécifique, mais les villes citées sont des fiefs connus de plusieurs groupes extrémistes, dont en particulier le groupe djihadiste d'Ansar Asharia, inscrit en janvier dernier sur la liste noire terroriste des Etats-Unis.

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17 mars 2014 1 17 /03 /mars /2014 17:45
Libyan port rebels say ready for talks, demand Tripoli suspend offensive

 

 

17 March 2014 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Libyan rebels controlling three oil export ports said on Saturday they were ready to negotiate with the government over ending their six-month blockade if Tripoli abandoned plans for a military offensive.

 

Libyan officials on Wednesday gave the armed protesters two weeks to clear the ports they have seized, or face a military strike. Pro-government and rebel forces clashed briefly this week in central Sirte city linking western and eastern Libya.

 

The rebels, who are calling for a greater share in the OPEC nation's oil wealth, managed last week to load oil on to a tanker, which escaped the Libyan navy. The incident embarrassed the weak central government and prompted parliament on Tuesday to vote the country's prime minister out of office.

 

Abb-Rabbo al-Barassi, the eastern autonomy movement's self-appointed "prime minister", told Reuters by phone that talks could only begin if the central government withdrew any troops it had sent to central Libya to confront them.

 

"This is the condition," he said.

 

He also said the tanker that had loaded oil last week at one of the rebel-held ports had reached its destination, though he declined to say where. He said more ships were expected at the seized ports.

 

Earlier on Saturday, he gave a speech on the rebel-controlled television channel showing him in front of several vessels docking in what the station said was Es Sider port, from where the first tanker sailed. Those details could not immediately be independently confirmed.

 

The Libyan navy lost contact with the North Korean-flagged tanker after firing on it on Monday or Tuesday, officials said. The tanker's exact whereabouts since then have not been confirmed by Libyan officials.

 

The standoff over control of Libya's oil is part of wider turmoil that has engulfed the vast North African country since the fall of Muammar Gaddafi nearly three years ago.

 

Since then the government and nascent army have struggled to control brigades of former anti-Gaddafi fighters who have refused to disarm and have used their military muscle to make political demands on the state, often by targeting the oil sector.

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17 mars 2014 1 17 /03 /mars /2014 13:45
Navy Seals board rogue Libya oil tanker Morning Glory

 

17 March 2014 BBC Africa

 

The US has taken control of a tanker full of oil loaded from a rebel-held port in Libya, the Pentagon says.

The raid by Navy Seals took place in international waters south of Cyprus, said Rear Adm John Kirby.

The Morning Glory's evasion of a naval blockade at the eastern port of Sidra prompted Libya's parliament to sack Prime Minister Ali Zeidan last week.

The oil terminal has been under the control of militia wanting autonomy for eastern Libya since July 2013.

Meanwhile, there has been a deadly attack on the barracks in the main eastern city of Benghazi.

This was their first attempt to export oil from rebel-held areas. It is not clear where the tanker was headed.

Adm Kirby said the operation had been authorised by President Barack Obama and that no-one had been hurt.

"The Morning Glory is carrying a cargo of oil owned by the Libyan government National Oil Company. The ship and its cargo were illicitly obtained," he said, adding that it would now be returned to a Libyan port.

The vessel was flagged in North Korea but officials in Pyongyang said it had been deregistered because of the incident.

It was said to have been operated by an Egyptian company.

The BBC's Rana Jawad in Tripoli says the US move is likely to act as a deterrent to any further attempts to illicitly buy oil from the rebel-controlled ports.

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17 mars 2014 1 17 /03 /mars /2014 11:09
La marine américaine a abordé le pétrolier contrebandier libyen

 

17 mars 2014 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

WASHINGTON - Les forces spéciales de la marine américaine ont pris le contrôle du pétrolier transportant du brut acheté illégalement aux rebelles libyens qui occupent les terminaux pétroliers de l'est, a annoncé lundi le Pentagone.

 

Personne n'a été blessé lorsque les forces américaines, à la demande à la fois des gouvernements libyen et chypriote, ont abordé et pris le contrôle du pétrolier Morning Glory, un navire qui avait été capturé un peu plus tôt ce mois-ci par trois Libyens armés, a déclaré dans un communiqué le responsable du service de presse du Pentagone, l'amiral John Kirby.

 

L'opération a été approuvée par le président Barack Obama et a eu lieu peu après 02h00 GMT lundi, dans les eaux internationales au sud-est de Chypre, précise le communiqué.

 

Le Morning Glory transporte une cargaison de pétrole qui appartient à la compagnie d'Etat lybienne Compagnie pétrolière nationale. Le navire et sa cargaison avaient été obtenus illégalement dans le port d'al-Sedra, ajoute le Pentagone.

 

Le navire, piloté par un équipage de la marine américaine, va bientôt être acheminé vers un port de Lybie.

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12 mars 2014 3 12 /03 /mars /2014 21:45
Shoulder-launched anti-aircraft missiles flow abroad from Libya

 

12 March 2014 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Shoulder-launched anti-aircraft missiles have been trafficked out of Libya to Chad, Mali, Tunisia, Lebanon and likely Central African Republic, with attempts made to send them to Syrian opposition groups, according to a U.N. report on Tuesday.

 

An independent panel of experts monitoring U.N. sanctions on Libya, that include an arms embargo imposed at the start of the 2011 uprising that ousted leader Muammar Gaddafi, reported that the weapons, known as MANPADs, that were found in Mali and Tunisia "were clearly part of terrorist groups' arsenals."

 

"Despite efforts by Libya and other countries to account for and secure MANPADs in Libya, Panel sources state that thousands of MANPADs were still available in arsenals controlled by a wide array of non-state actors with tenuous or non-existent links to Libyan national authorities," the experts said in their final report to the U.N. Security Council.

 

"To date the Panel has documented transfers of Libyan MANPADs and other short range surface to air missiles in ... Chad, Mali, Tunisia, Lebanon and potentially Central African Republic (the latter case still being under investigation)," the experts said.

 

The fragile Libyan government is struggling to rein in militias that helped oust Gaddafi and now defy state authority. It has little control over its borders and while trying to rebuild its army, analysts say it is not yet a match for battle-hardened militias who ousted Gaddafi in eight-months.

 

"Over the past three years, Libya has become a primary source of illicit weapons," according to the U.N. report.

 

The U.N. experts said Libya has been a key source of arms for Syria opposition groups due to "popular sympathies for the Syrian opposition, large available stockpiles of weapons, the lack of law enforcement and a new generation of domestic arms dealers who appeared during the Libyan uprising."

 

"Sources indicated to the Panel that the Syrian Arab Republic is also becoming a source of onward proliferation itself, including to Iraq and Lebanon," according to the report, which covers the past year.

 

The panel said that weapons found aboard a ship, the Letfallah II, when it was seized by Lebanese authorities in 2012 "proved there had been attempts to transfer MANPADs to the Syrian opposition from Libya."

 

FACEBOOK TRADE

 

Under the arms embargo the Libyan government must notify the U.N. Security Council Libya sanctions committee of any weapons purchases it intends to make.

 

"The Panel has reason to believe that some transfers of arms and ammunition have taken place since the end of the revolution in violation of the arms embargo," the experts said. "Those transfers undermine the effort of the Libyan authorities to build an accountable and transparent procurement process."

 

Libya's U.N. envoy Ibrahim Dabbashi said on Monday that "any request for approval for exporting weapons to Libya that is not done via the Libyan mission at the U.N. or with the knowledge of this mission would be considered a request from a party that does not belong to the Libyan government."

 

A year ago the U.N. Security Council made it easier for Libya to obtain non-lethal equipment such as bulletproof vests and armored cars but expressed concern at the spread of weapons from the country to nearby states.

 

The U.N. experts expressed concern about arms flowing into the civilian market in Libya in violation of the arm embargo. The report found that a number of shops openly sell small arms and that weapons on display were brand new.

 

"Retailers explained that most of the materiel was procured for Turkey because of low prices," said the experts, adding that Turkey was investigating the claims. "New guns are also advertised on Facebook pages dedicated to trade between private individuals."

 

Facebook Inc and its photo sharing subsidiary, Instagram, announced last week that they will delete posts offering to buy or sell guns without background checks.

 

"Handguns and related ammunition are still the weapon of choice," according to the report. "Importing such materiel is therefore a lucrative business and seizures bound for Libya made in 2013 clearly reflect that trend."

 

The full Panel of Experts report can be seen here

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12 mars 2014 3 12 /03 /mars /2014 12:45
Libye: des forces loyales au Parlement progressent vers l'Est pour libérer des ports pétroliers

 

12 mars 2014 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

BENGHAZI (Libye) - Des forces mandatées par le Congrès général national (CGN, parlement) progressent vers l'Est libyen pour libérer des terminaux pétroliers bloqués depuis des mois par des rebelles autonomistes, a-t-on appris mercredi de sources concordantes.

 

Le président du CGN, Nouri Abou Sahmein, qui est aussi chef des forces armées libyennes, avait décidé lundi de la formation d'une force armée pour libérer et lever le blocage sur les ports pétroliers.

 

Selon cette décision, les forces en question devaient être composées d'unités de l'armée libyenne et des ex-rebelles qui avaient combattu le régime de Mouammar Kadhafi en 2011 et qui sont officieusement sous l'autorité du ministère de la Défense.

 

Le Bouclier de Libye centre, une milice d'ex-rebelles essentiellement de la ville de Misrata (ouest), a été la première force à progresser vers la ville de Syrte, plus à l'est, où elle a pris position mardi soir.

 

Des rebelles de la Cyrénaïque, la région orientale, qui bloquaient depuis juillet les ports pétroliers et qui étaient positionnés à Syrte, ont dû se retirer de la ville, selon une source au sein de la Force de défense de la Cyrénaïque, bras armé des rebelles.

 

Le président du Conseil local de Syrte, Abdelfattah al-Siwi, a indiqué qu'un bref affrontement a eu lieu entre les forces appartenant à l'état-major et les rebelles de l'Est avant que ces derniers ne se retirent.

 

Nos forces se sont retirées vers Wadi Lahmar, à 90 km à l'est de Syrte, frontière historique de la Fédération de la Cyrénaïque, selon la Constitution de 1951, a indiqué la source rebelle sous couvert de l'anonymat.

 

Cette source a accusé une milice tribale de la ville de Misrata de les avoir attaqués. Ce n'est pas l'armée régulière, a-t-il dit, mettant en garde contre une guerre civile.

 

Des hommes armés, qui faisaient partie des gardes des installations pétrolières libyennes, se sont rebellés contre les autorités de transition et bloquent les terminaux depuis juillet pour réclamer l'autonomie de la région orientale de la Libye.

 

Ces autonomistes avaient déjà annoncé en août la formation d'un gouvernement local et la création d'une banque et d'une compagnie de pétrole fédérales.

 

Le week-end dernier, ils ont défié encore une fois les autorités en chargeant du pétrole sur un pétrolier battant pavillon nord-coréen.

 

Arraisonné dans un premier temps par les autorités, le navire a pu s'échapper lundi à son escorte.

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