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20 mars 2013 3 20 /03 /mars /2013 11:36
Sub-launched BrahMos Testfired For The 1st Time

March 20, 2013 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist


The submarine-launched variant of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile was successfully testfired today for the first time in the Bay of Bengal, off the coast of Visakhapatnam. The launch and test was successful, with the missile hitting its target 292 km away. Photos shortly.

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11 mars 2013 1 11 /03 /mars /2013 19:04


Module de lancement du SAMP


11/03/2013 Armée de l'air-  Economie et technologie


L’armée de l’air française a réussi le 6 mars 2013, avec l’armée de terre italienne, pour la première fois dans une architecture impliquant l’Otan, l’interception d’une cible représentative d’un missile balistique de théâtre par le système sol-air moyenne portée SAMP, appelé Mamba. Après environ 300 kilomètres de vol balistique, et avec une vitesse relative d'environ Mach 8 lors de l'impact, la cible a été détruite par un missile intercepteur ASTER 30.


Le système SAMP était connecté à l’Otan et à un radar d’alerte via un réseau de liaison de données L16 représentatif d’un dispositif opérationnel.


Ce tir d’évaluation technico-opérationnelle a été réalisé au centre DGA Essais de missiles de Biscarrosse, conjointement par le quatrième régiment d’artillerie de Mantoue (Italie) et l’équipe de marque de défense sol-air du centre d’expériences aériennes militaires (CEAM) de Mont-de-Marsan, appuyée par du personnel et du matériel de la brigade aérienne du contrôle de l'espace (BACE) du commandement des forces aériennes (CFA) ; plus particulièrement de l’escadron de défense sol-air (EDSA) 12/950 « Tursan » de Mont de Marsan ainsi que du commandement du soutien des forces aériennes (CSFA).


Ce succès fait suite aux deux tirs réussis en octobre 2010 et novembre 2011 contre le même type de menace. Il constitue une étape supplémentaire franchie dans la montée en puissance du SAMP au sein de l’armée de l’air et dans la démonstration des capacités du système d’arme et du personnel qui le servent à pouvoir contrer une menace balistique de théâtre dans un cadre Otan.


Les atouts du SAMP, baptisé Mamba par l’armée de l’air française, sont notamment la défense de zone à 360°, sa portée, sa puissance de feu, l’agilité du missile, la modularité, la capacité à traiter simultanément tout type de cibles aériennes modernes, la capacité à s’intégrer dans différentes chaines de commandement et l’aptitude à protéger des forces déployées grâce à sa mobilité.


Le déploiement du système se poursuit au sein de l’armée de l’air. Après les EDSA de Luxeuil, Mont de Marsan et Avord, c’est aujourd’hui celui de Saint-Dizier qui reçoit le système SAMP. L'escadron d’Istres sera, quant à lui, équipé d’ici 2014.



Séquence de tir du Mamba

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7 mars 2013 4 07 /03 /mars /2013 21:55


Tir SAMP/T sur le site de DGA Essais de missiles à



07/03/2013 16:35 Actualité DGA


L’armée de terre italienne et l’armée de l’air française ont réussi le 6 mars 2013, pour la première fois dans une architecture impliquant l’Otan, l’interception d’une cible représentative d’un missile balistique de théâtre grâce à leur système commun de défense aérienne moyenne portée SAMP/T. Après environ 300 kilomètres de vol balistique, la cible tirée d’un aéronef a été détruite par un missile intercepteur Aster 30.


Ce tir d’évaluation technico-opérationnelle a été réalisé au centre DGA Essais de missiles de Biscarrosse, conjointement par le quatrième régiment d’artillerie de Mantoue (Italie) et le centre d’expériences aériennes militaires (CEAM) de Mont-de-Marsan. Il a mobilisé des moyens importants de plusieurs centres de la DGA ainsi que ceux de l’Otan.


Ce succès est une étape supplémentaire franchie dans la démonstration des capacités du système d’armes SAMP/T à pouvoir contrer une menace balistique de théâtre dans un cadre Otan. Il fait suite aux deux tirs réalisés avec succès en octobre 2010 et novembre 2011 contre le même type de menace.


Les atouts du SAMP/T, baptisé « Mamba » par l’armée de l’air française, sont notamment la défense de zone à 360°, sa portée, l’agilité du missile, la modularité et la capacité à traiter simultanément tout type de cibles aériennes modernes.


En service en Italie et en France, le système SAMP/T est la pierre angulaire de la contribution de ces deux pays au programme Otan de protection des forces déployées contre la menace balistique.

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27 février 2013 3 27 /02 /février /2013 12:39



27.02.2013 Pacific Sentinel


China releases details of a new stealth missile frigate. It’s part of a military modernization process amid ongoing tensions over Beijing's maritime claims in the region.
The first ship of the Type 056 Jiangdao class frigates was handed over to China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) in Shanghai, home to one of the country's largest naval shipyards.
The stealth frigate Number 586 is a new design with sloped surfaces made as clean as possible, it also has  reduced superstructure clutter. It features advanced technologies that will make it harder to detect by radar, visual, sonar, and infrared methods, the Chinese navy said at their website.
China's brand new vessel is armed with a 76-mm main gun based on the Russian AK-176 and 30-mm remote weapon systems. The main anti-ship armament consists of YJ-83 sea-skimming anti-ship cruise missiles in two twin-cell launchers. The primary anti-aircraft armament is one FL-3000N short range missile system with eight rounds. The ship is fitted with a helicopter deck at the stern but has no organic helicopter support facilities.
At 1,440 tons fully loaded, this frigate cruises at an estimated 28 knots and has about a 2,000 nautical mile range.


It is considerably smaller than US Navy frigates, about 95.5 meters in length, and is categorized as smaller class of ships known as corvettes.
The ship requires a crew of just 60, one-third the number needed for it its predecessor the Type 053H3 frigate. This brings advantages in efficiency, easier training and recruitment.
Nineteen more frigates of the class are planned to be built for the PLA Navy.
The Type 056 class frigate fleet will boost the PLAN’s ability to defend its territory by patrolling and guarding the waters. It will have the ability to conduct anti-submarine operations and operations against all marine targets.
PLAN forces entered “the new era of mass-production and upgrade in an orderly manner” officials say on the PLAN's website.
The naval renovation comes as Chinese and Japanese vessels have stalked each other for months around the disputed Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea. Last flare-up was at the end of January when a Chinese frigate allegedly locked its weapon-targeting radar on a Japanese vessel, according to the Japan’s Defense Ministry. In the past six months, Chinese frigates have been constantly spotted in the waters of the disputed islands.
China has the second-largest defense spending program in the world after the US and followed by Russia according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
China has also been working on a new generation stealth aircraft. Flight tests of the twin-engine Falcon Eagle were carried out in northeastern China last October.
The Chinese navy now has about 80 major surface warships including its first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, which was based on the Soviet ship the ‘Varyag’. After the Soviet Union collapsed the ‘Varyag’ ended up in Ukraine. In 1998 China bought it without an engine or weapons and spent years refurbishing it for research and training purposes.
The Pentagon estimates China also deploys more than 50 submarines, about 50 landing ships and more than 80 missile attack boats, Reuters reports.
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21 février 2013 4 21 /02 /février /2013 17:35
Smaller Version of BrahMos Missile being Developed for IAF

A smaller variant of the 290-km range BrahMos

supersonic cruise missile is being developed for

arming IAF's fighter aircraft (photo : defence.pk)


20.02.2013 Defense Studies

NEW DELHI: A smaller variant of the 290-km range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile is being developed for arming IAF's fighter aircraft. 

A new version of the missile is to be fitted on the frontline aircraft of Air Force including Su-30MKI, Mirage 2000 and the future inductions such as the 126 multirole combat aircraft, BrahMos officials said today. 

For the first time, the Indo-Russian joint venture showcased the model of the new missile at the 15th anniversary celebrations of the tie-up between the two countries. 

"Dr A S Pillai (of the venture) has assured us that BrahMos will be developing a miniaturised version of the missile for our other aircraft and the future inductions," IAF chief Air Chief Marshal N A K Browne said. 

BrahMos officials said the range of the missile would be 290-kms and it would be smaller by around three metres as compared to the present missile. 

At the moment, IAF and BrahMos are working on a Rs 6,000 crore project for integrating an air-launched BrahMos on the SU-30 MKI aircraft to allow the warplane to carry one missile under its belly. 

After the new missile is developed, the SU-30MKI would be able to carry three missiles while other combat jets of the IAF would be able to carry one each, they said. 

BrahMos Aerospace is also planning to carry out the underwater testfiring of the missile in near future which is expected to pave way for its induction into the Indian submarine arm.

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21 février 2013 4 21 /02 /février /2013 12:40



February 21, 2013 idrw.org (INDRUS)


There are at least four explanations for this in the whisper corridors but nothing official has come yet from the Russians. One such explanation is that except for the P-700, the rest of the Russian fleet has 300Km missiles, same range as the BrahMos. The argument is that anything bigger would require heavier ships and subs because the P-700 is a 7 ton missile and only the Kirov class carries it.


The other explanation is that the Russians currently don’t have a requirement for BrahMos because they are not inducting new ships like India is. Russia’s latest inductions will happen only later this year for the new Gorshkov class frigates. The new ships will either be equipped with BrahMos or Klub missiles, depending on the budget. Klubs are cheaper but BrahMos is more capable.


Third, many Russian experts view BrahMos as a downgraded Yakhont and so why should Russia choose it instead of Yakhont? It is pointed out that Yakhont is the export name for the P-800 Oniks. BrahMos is just the short range version of Yakhont. The Indians wanted a longrange missile but the Russians could not give it because of the MTCR (Missile TechnologyControl Regime) stipulations and so they gave the shorter version (BrahMos) to the Indians.


Fourth, Russia cannot incorporate whatever they have learnt from the BrahMos because everything for the missile is out sourced from Russia. The missile’s seeker, guidance,navigation and fire control systems are all India’s responsibility for manufacturing along with the firing mechanism. Why should Russia develop the same things again and incorporate these into the Oniks?


However, BrahMos has a greater tactical value over Yakhont. While Yakhont is an anti-shipcruise missile only and can be fired from ships, BrahMos can be used against any land or seabased target and can be fired from any platform be it land, sea, air or underwater.


BrahMos a Game Changer for India


Whatever Russia’s reasons are for not integrating the BrahMos missiles in its armed forces yet, for India BrahMos is a potent weapon and a veritable game changer. In view of this, Antony, in his February 19, 2013 speech announced that the Indian government has decided to expand the infrastructure at multiple centres to cater to larger production requirement of BrahMos missiles and systems. He said the Indian armed forces consider BrahMos to be an important weapon due to its speed, precision and power.


Antony also said that the cooperation between the scientists and scientific expertise of India’s DRDO and Russia’s NPOM and many other organizations from India and Russia has proved that there is a way to do things faster and take the lead in the world. He pointed out that the partnership has blossomed and yielded results, which have not been achieved by any other country.


The minister said that the role of DRDO, NPOM and the quality assurance agencies ingrooming this industry to achieve high technology levels and a superior quality product has indeed resulted in customer’s delight, that is, the Indian defence forces. He remarked that this process has resulted in a new trend of thinking, in terms of a collaboration and joint venture, as India too could share its technology and products with others.


Indian Air Force Chief NAK Browne in his address said that the modified Su-30 Mk-1 aircraft will soon be equipped with BrahMos missile. It should be pointed out in this context that the Indian Army and the Navy have already got BrahMos, while the IAF will get it by 2014. The integration of the new BrahMos missile on to Sukhoi’s Su-30MKI long-rangefighter is due to reach a key milestone this year with integration of the weapon on test aircraft, ahead of planned first deliveries to the IAF in 2014

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19 février 2013 2 19 /02 /février /2013 17:35
Smaller version of BrahMos missile being developed for IAF

February 19, 2013, zeenews.india.com


New Delhi: A smaller variant of the 290-km range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile is being developed for arming IAF's fighter aircraft.


A new version of the missile is to be fitted on the frontline aircraft of Air Force including Su-30MKI, Mirage 2000 and the future inductions such as the 126 multirole combat aircraft, BrahMos officials said on Tuesday.


For the first time, the Indo-Russian joint venture showcased the model of the new missile at the 15th anniversary celebrations of the tie-up between the two countries.


"Dr AS Pillai (of the venture) has assured us that BrahMos will be developing a miniaturised version of the missile for our other aircraft and the future inductions," IAF chief Air Chief Marshal N A K Browne said.


BrahMos officials said the range of the missile would be 290-kms and it would be smaller by around three metres as compared to the present missile.


At the moment, IAF and BrahMos are working on a Rs 6,000 crore project for integrating an air-launched BrahMos on the SU-30 MKI aircraft to allow the warplane to carry one missile under its belly.


After the new missile is developed, the SU-30MKI would be able to carry three missiles while other combat jets of the IAF would be able to carry one each, they said.


BrahMos Aerospace is also planning to carry out the underwater testfiring of the missile in near future which is expected to pave way for its induction into the Indian submarine arm.

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16 février 2013 6 16 /02 /février /2013 08:35

Rafale point-de-situation-du-15-janvier-2012-1


NEW DELHI, Feb. 15 (UPI)


French President Francois Hollande has met with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh with a special look at defense relations on the agenda.


Underscoring the importance of the visit, Hollande was accompanied by French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius and French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian along with the chief executive officers of more than 60 leading French firms.


A French official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said that the trip was aimed at building on the "strategic Indo-French partnership launched 15 years ago."


Hollande said that, after his meeting with Singh, he was certain that India was carefully considering all options for major defense purchases.


Hollande added that the Indian government was committed to considering all foreign applications for big-ticket items in the India's Ministry of Defense pipeline and that an element of his visit was to highlight French companies interested in the Indian market.


Singh averred, "The discussion on the (contract) is progressing well," Singh said, adding that "some progress has been achieved."


The majority of India's international contracts are in the defense sector, which has been dogged by allegations of bribery and corruption. In addressing corruption allegations in a civil nuclear contract for France's bid for participating in the construction of India's Jaitapur nuclear power plant, Hollande promised that France's transactions with India would be fully transparent.


In visiting the South Asian economic powerhouse, Hollande is making his first visit to an emerging economy, with diplomatic sources emphasizing that Paris chose India over Brazil, the Russia Federation and South Africa.


Singh and Hollande stated that their mutual interest was cooperation in high technology programs, including bilateral research and development and transfer of technology, one of India's highest priorities.




Hollande noted that joint venture projects already online included the Indian navy's indigenously built Scorpene submarine and the upgrading of the Indian air force's French-built Mirage 2000 with negotiations progressing. He also said discussions continue to finalize the joint French-Indian Short Range Surface to Air Missile air defense project.


Hollande's top defense priority is to secure the Indian air force purchase of 126 Rafale fighters from French arms manufacturer Dassault, a potential deal worth $12 billion. India chose the firm in 2012 but says that the contract won't be signed until midyear.


Franco-Indian trade levels remain modest, in 2012 worth $10 billion and France imports more than it sells to India.


Singh and Hollande, besides noting the progress on bilateral cooperation on the Scorpene submarine, Mirage 2000 and SRSAM joint ventures, reiterated their ongoing interest in negotiations on the Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft program.


New Delhi diplomatic sources speaking not for attribution said that given France's inside track in New Delhi, Rafael's closest competitor, the four-nation Eurofighter consortium, had essentially abandoned its bid for India's new fighter tender, as had Germany, previously the leading country for the Indian air force combat fighter contract.

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15 février 2013 5 15 /02 /février /2013 08:57



February 15, 2013 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist



In the works for years, negotiations have been successfully concluded by India and France to develop and produce their proposed short-range surface to air missile (SR-SAM), designated 'Maitri'. This was revealed by the Indian Prime Minister yesterday after he met with visiting French President Hollande.

More information on the SR-SAM programme from earlier posts:

The partnership began in 2007 as part of the umbrella government-to-government agreement between India and France on missiles.

The ownership of the Maitri programme will be fully Indian. With baseline technologies from the now defunct Trishul SAM programme, the Maitri programme basically envisages the sale of certain key technologies by MBDA to DRDO (seeker, endgame avionics, thrust vector control, propulsion modifications), though production will not be under a corporate joint venture on the lines of BrahMos, but would rather be carried out entirely by Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL), India's state-owned munitions production agency.

The Maitri is being built in two basic variants -- a ship-borne point defence and tactical air defence version for the Navy and a land-based self-propelled (wheeled and tracked) launcher-based system for the Air Force and Army.

Previously on Livefist:
Schematics of the SR-SAM weapon system
MBDA To Race Indo-French SR-SAM In 2 Indian Competitions

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7 février 2013 4 07 /02 /février /2013 18:38

iron dome photo IDF


Feb. 7, 2013 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI  - Defense News


BANGALORE, India — India has rejected Israel’s Iron Dome air defense system, offered to the Indian Air Force nearly two years ago.


Marshal Norman Anil Kumar Browne, the Indian Air Force (IAF) chief, told reporters at Aero India 2013 that Iron Dome is not suitable for the service.


The announcement puts to rest speculation in the media that India is negotiating to buy Iron Dome from Israel. Sources in the Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD) attending Aero India said India and Israel have been discussing the purchase of Iron Dome and the David Sling air defense system, jointly made by the U.S. and Israel, for more than two years.


No MoD official would comment on Browne’s statement, but sources say his announcement will make it difficult for India to buy the system. The fate of David Sling is also uncertain now, added MoD sources.


David Sling is jointly produced by Raytheon and Rafael Advanced Systems of Israel, while Iron Dome is manufactured by Rafael.


Israel showcased the Iron Dome at Aero India alongside David Sling. Israel has used Iron Dome against short-range rockets fired by Hamas and Gaza groups. The David Sling system is a medium- to long-range rocket and cruise missile defense system to provide ballistic missile defense.


In early 2009, India inked a $2.2 billion joint venture with Israel under which India’s Defense Research and Development Organisation works with Israel Aerospace Industries and Rafael to develop a 70-kilometer medium-range surface-to-air missile program. The system would be used by the Indian Air Force and also sold to the Israeli defense forces.


India also is developing its own ballistic missile defense system called the Prithvi Air Defense system. The first phase is expected to be completed in 2013-’14.

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7 février 2013 4 07 /02 /février /2013 12:35
Indian Navy prepares for Trials of Submarine version of BrahMos Cruise Missile

Feb 7, 2013 Russian Radio


Trials of the underwater version of Indo-Russian supersonic ‘BrahMos’ cruise missile for submarines have been scheduled for early March, an official of the company told Russian media on the sidelines of Aero India 2013 expo, which opened in Bangalore yesterday.


According the official Russia is ready to offer India ‘Amur-1650’ submarines armed with Club and BrahMos cruise missiles. Presently the Russian submarine project is armed with Club cruise missiles launched from horizontal torpedo tubes; the Indian navy is well acquainted with theme.


BrahMos can find its place on ‘Amur-1650’ submarine in an additional compartment with vertical launch tubes. BrahMos missile jointly produced by Indo-Russian “BrahMos Aerospace” is capable of hitting targets within the range of 290 kilometres flying at the height of 10 metres over the surface. BrahMos cruise missiles have been already inducted in Indian Army and surface ships of the Indian Navy.

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6 février 2013 3 06 /02 /février /2013 08:50

Trident II D5 missile photo UK MoD


05 Feb 2013 By Des Browne and Ian Kearns*  - telegraph.co.uk


Like-for-like renewal of our nuclear deterrent is neither strategically sound nor economically viable


In 2006, the Labour government decided to pursue like-for-like renewal of Trident, a decision that was reaffirmed by the Coalition in 2010. The thinking underpinning both decisions now needs to be re-examined. Since 2006, important things have changed and it is time for a more honest debate about the defence choices facing the country.


It has become clearer, for example, that a set of long-term threats has emerged, to which deterrence, nuclear or otherwise, is not applicable: not only climate change, which can be addressed only through coordinated international action, but also cyber-attacks and nuclear terrorism. Attacks of both kinds will be difficult to trace. Since deterrence only works against those with a known address, it is not a viable strategy for meeting this category of threats.


Recent research also shows that large-scale use of nuclear weapons by either the US or Russia would be suicidal, not because of a retaliatory response but because global agriculture would collapse as a result, leaving the population of the attacking country to starve. The same research shows that even a small-scale nuclear exchange between India and Pakistan would affect at least a billion people and usher in colder temperatures than at any time in the past millennium.


These facts do not mean that nuclear weapons are totally irrelevant to all future security threats. The weapons may still play important psychological roles in inhibiting wars between major powers; our position is not, as a result, a unilateralist one. What these factors do mean, however, is that nuclear deterrence is decreasingly effective. We could pursue like-for-like renewal of Trident and still perish as a result of a nuclear incident not directly involving the UK.


Deterrence is also increasingly risky. The number of nuclear weapons in the world has gone down since the end of the Cold War, but the bombs are now in some of the most unstable countries in the world. Loss of control is a major concern. If we allow current trends to continue, some of these weapons are going to get used.


While it might make sense to invest a huge portion of the British defence equipment budget, around 25-30 per cent in 2020-2030, into a nuclear system that provides insurance against every eventuality, it makes less sense to invest so much into one that provides less and less insurance against a narrowing range of threats. Given unlimited resources, this would be less of a problem but since 2006 we have also experienced a recession. The defence budget is being cut and reductions in conventional capability are ongoing. This matters for a number of reasons. First, the cuts are occurring even as each new generation of equipment becomes more sophisticated and expensive than the last. The implication, given that no end to public spending cuts is in sight and that health and education budgets are ring-fenced, is that our military will continue to shrink in future.


Second, defence cuts are under way and will continue in other allied countries on which we rely, such as the US, France, and elsewhere in Europe. Third, the military research budgets of many non-Western powers are increasing. While we have a clear technological edge today, the long-term trend is towards reduced Western technological superiority. In future, we will be able to rely much less on technically sophisticated but ever smaller forces to win conflicts. Fourth, America’s pivot to Asia signals its reduced willingness to provide for the security of Europe. As Libya and Mali show, Europe must take more responsibility in future, and do so with less.


Some of the supporters of like-for-like Trident renewal argue that anyone questioning the current approach is irresponsible. But in the circumstances outlined, Trident’s advocates also have serious questions to answer. They want to pour limited national resources into a increasingly ineffective nuclear system while being unwilling either to call for higher defence spending to meet conventional shortfalls or to scale back the UK’s level of international ambition. They want a gold-standard nuclear deterrent while under-investing in everything else.


Their approach will demonstrate to the international community that we intend to keep nuclear weapons on permanent deployment for decades while seeking to deny those weapons to everyone else. In the process, it will destroy any chance of building the broad-based international support required for a stronger non-proliferation and nuclear security regime. It also potentially sets the country up for a future Suez moment when, in the context of a crisis thought to threaten our vital interests, we will either try to intervene somewhere and fail or won’t try at all because we don’t have the capability. Either way, as a country committed to internationalism and to the defence of our interests, we will be diminished.


The choice before us, then, is not between a risky and a risk-free future. There are no risk-free futures on offer. Given the range of challenges before us and the limited resources at our disposal, if the Government’s Trident Alternatives Review reveals an effective alternative to like-for-like renewal of Trident, such as stepping down from continuous at-sea deterrence and the building of fewer submarines, we should pursue it. This would continue our glide-path to reduced reliance on nuclear weapons for our security, and in the circumstances, make sound strategic sense.


* Des Browne is a former defence secretary; Ian Kearns is chief executive of the European Leadership Network and a former adviser to Parliament on national security strategy

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5 février 2013 2 05 /02 /février /2013 08:55



05/02/2013 Mer et Marine


La première frégate multi-missions française a réalisé hier, avec succès, un tir de missile surface-air Aster 15. Celui-ci a été mené en Méditerranée, au large du centre DGA Essais de Missiles de l’île du Levant. « Ce tir a permis aux marins de l’Aquitaine de valider très concrètement toutes les étapes de mise en œuvre d’un missile de type Aster 15 depuis une FREMM. La séquence de tir va du chargement du missile à bord à la destruction effective de la cible en passant par les phases-clés de détection de l’objectif par le radar et de traitement par les opérateurs du système de combat du bateau », explique le capitaine de vaisseau Benoît Rouvière, commandant de la frégate.


7 classes de bâtiments équipés


tir-aster-a-bord-du-charles-de-gaulle-4 29.03.2012 Marine


Entrant dans le cadre de la phase Vérification des Capacités Militaires (VCM) de l’Aquitaine, préalable à l’admission au service actif du bâtiment, prévue en fin d’année, ce tir marque l’arrivée du missile de MBDA sur une nouvelle plateforme. Mis en œuvre pour la première fois sur le porte-avions Charles de Gaulle, l’Aster a ensuite équipé les trois frégates saoudiennes du type F3000, les six frégates singapourienne de la classe Formidable (Delta), les quatre frégates franco-italiennes du type Horizon (Forbin/Andrea Doria) et les six destroyers britanniques du type 45 (Daring), avant d’arriver sur les nouvelles FREMM, dont 11 exemplaires ont pour le moment été commandées par la France et une unité par le Maroc. L’Aster 15 équipera également le futur bâtiment de débarquement et de soutien logistique algérien, actuellement en construction en Italie.


Lancement du MdCN en 2014




L’Aquitaine pourra mettre en œuvre 16 missiles Aster 15, un engin conçu dès l’origine pour s’opposer aux missiles antinavire les plus récents et contrer une attaque saturante. Il s’agit du principal moyen d’autoprotection de la FREMM contre des menaces aériennes. La frégate de 142 mètres de long et 6000 tonnes de déplacement en charge pourra également embarquer 8 missiles antinavire Exocet MM40 Block3 et 16 missiles de croisière Scalp Naval (MdCN), également produits par MBDA, et dispose en outre d’une tourelle de 76mm, de tubes lance-torpilles pour MU90 et d'un hélicoptère Caïman Marine (NH90). On notera que ce n’est pas l’Aquitaine mais son premier sistership, la Normandie, qui effectuera le premier tir de MdCN, prévu au printemps 2014. La seconde FREMM française devrait, aussi, être la première à recevoir les deux canons télé-opérés de 20mm Narwhal de Nexter, qui seront positionnés à l’arrière, au dessus du hangar hélicoptère.

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5 février 2013 2 05 /02 /février /2013 08:35


Iron Dome source Rafael


3/2/2013 IsraelDefense


Israeli Rafael to present a variety of air defense systems it is developing at the AeroIndia 2013 exhibition


The Israeli defense company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems will present a wide range of capabilities and technologies at the AeroIndia 2013 exhibition, which will begin this week in India. In the framework of the expo, the company will present numerous air defense systems for the first time, including the Iron Dome system for countering short-range missiles and rockets.


Other items that will be presented at the exhibition are the Stunner missile, the David’s Sling interceptor system for protecting against medium-range missiles and rockets, the Spyder air defense system based on the Python-5 and Derby surface-to-air missiles and the MIC4AD, a command and control air and missile defense systems. In the field of precision armaments, Rafael will present the Spice system – an advanced precision system that provides advanced capabilities to ordinary bombs, and the Spike family of electro-optic multi-purpose missiles for ranges of up to 25 kilometers, which can be launched from a variety of platforms.


Rafael will also display the RecceLite pod, an electro-optic system for real-time observation and intelligence collection; the Lightening electro-optic attack and navigation pod for combat aircraft; the multi-sensory ImiLite system for reception, processing and distribution of intelligence information originating from many intelligence platforms, communication systems and more.

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4 février 2013 1 04 /02 /février /2013 19:39

Missile Defence Bowls


TEL AVIV, Israel, Feb. 4 (UPI)


Israel may be on the brink of major defense sales to India following a visit by India's air force commander, Air Marshal Nak Browne.


Military sources say Browne was particularly interested in upgrading India's fleet of Israeli-built unmanned surveillance vehicles and acquiring the advanced missile defense systems that Israel's high-tech defense industry, the most advanced in the Middle East, is developing.


India has been discussing a possible "buy and build" deal involving the Iron Dome system, the only one of four air-defense systems under development to have been tested in combat, for some time.


The Indians also want to produce the system, developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, under license.


Israel's Globes business daily reported in December that the Indians say Israel has agreed to such a sale. But there could be a major hitch because the United States provided much of the financing for Iron Dome's development and the Pentagon may not want the technology transferred to India, even though it's a leading U.S. ally.


India has also expressed interest in Israel's Arrow-2 anti-ballistic missile system manufactured by Israel Aerospace Industries and the Boeing Co. of the United States. But the technology transfer involved could impede any sale since U.S. approval would be required.


With a significant slowdown in the growth of high-tech exports to the United States and Europe, Israeli defense exporters are shifting their marketing focus to Asia.


Browne, who visited Israel in late January, met with outgoing Defense Minister Ehud Barak, Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz and Israeli air force commander Maj. Gen. Amir Eshel.


The Indian air chief served in Israel as India's first military attache after New Delhi recognized India in 1997.


India is the world's biggest arms importer. Its total military expenditure in 2011, excluding nuclear weapons, was $44.28 billion, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute states.


India is expected to spend up to $150 billion at home and abroad on modernizing its military over the next decade but the Indian government and military chiefs have urged an accelerated drive to build up a national defense industry to reduce military imports and is pressing suppliers like Israel to participate in joint ventures if they want a piece of India's defense business.


New Delhi also wants to bolster self-reliance as it seeks to extend its military reach beyond its home waters, in part to counter Chinese expansion into the Indian Ocean.


In October 2012, Israel Aerospace Industries, flagship of the Jewish state's defense sector, reportedly secured a $958 million contract from India's military to upgrade its IAI-built Heron and Searcher unmanned aerial vehicles.


UAVs are some of the biggest money-spinners for Israel's defense industry and India, which is engaged in a massive multiyear rearmament program, is a key customer.


Indian media reported that the deal covered some 150 UAVs acquired from IAI since the 1990s that are operated by India's army, air force and navy.


IAI won a $1.1 billion deal with the Indian navy in 2009 to provide advanced Barak-8 tactical air-defense missile systems for its warships.


The Indian army is jointly funding a project to adapt the Barak 8 into a multi-purpose weapons system.


Also in 2009, Rafael secured a $1 billion contract with New Delhi for 18 Spyder surface-to-air missile systems by 2012.


IAI sold the Indian air force three Phalcon early warning aircraft worth $1.1 billion in 2004.


All told, Israeli companies have sold India weapons and other military systems worth more than $10 billion over the last decade or so.


In 2007, Israel dislodged France as India's second largest arms supplier after Russia but there have been bumps.


In March 2012, India blacklisted state-owned Israel Military Industries, a major arms manufacturer, barring it from bidding for Indian defense contracts for 10 years on suspicion of involvement in a 2009 corruption scandal.


Israel's Haaretz daily observed at the time that the Indian decision was "expected to significantly impact IMI's activities in India, as well as that of other Israeli defense firms."


Israel is now one of the world's leading arms exporters, with most of its key customers in Asia and the developing world.

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30 janvier 2013 3 30 /01 /janvier /2013 08:55



30/01/2013 Mer et Marine


L’arrivée en Méditerranée de la première frégate multi-missions française n’est pas uniquement destinée à tester les capacités sonar du bâtiment dans les eaux de la Grande Bleue. L’Aquitaine doit également réaliser sous peu un tir de missile au large de l’île du Levant, où se trouve l’un des centres d’essais de la Direction Générale de l’Armement. A cette occasion, le bâtiment, livré en décembre à la Marine nationale, devrait prochainement mettre en œuvre un missile surface-air Aster 15, 16 munitions de ce type pouvant être embarquées par la FREMM afin d’assurer son autoprotection contre des missiles et aéronefs assaillants.


tir-aster-a-bord-du-charles-de-gaulle-4 29.03.2012 Marine


La frégate pourra également embarquer 8 missiles antinavire Exocet MM40 Block3, ainsi que 16 missiles de croisière MdCN (Scalp Naval), tous développés par MBDA. Le premier tir en mer de ce dernier ne sera pas réalisé par l’Aquitaine mais par la seconde FREMM française, la Normandie, actuellement en achèvement sur le site DCNS de Lorient. Cette frégate, qui doit débuter ses essais en mer au second semestre, doit réaliser un tir de MdCN en 2014.

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29 janvier 2013 2 29 /01 /janvier /2013 13:35



Jan. 28, 2013 - By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI  - Defense News


NEW DELHI — The Indian government has asked Israel to speed up development of its joint medium-range surface-to-air missile (MRSAM) project, which has faced technical snags since its inception in 2009.


MRSAM topped the agenda when Air Chief Marshal N.K. Browne, commander of the Indian Air Force, visited Israel last week, Ministry of Defence sources said here.


During his Jan. 21-23 visit, Browne was scheduled to meet with Israeli Defence Minister Ehud Barak; Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz, chief of the General Staff; Maj. Gen. Amir Eshel, commander of the Israeli Air Force; and Rear Adm. Ophir Shohaim, director of the Directorate for Defense Research and Development.


Browne also discussed with the Israelis air-to-air missiles and precision-guided munitions that India might want to acquire.


The MRSAM, a joint weapon development project being undertaken by India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), along with Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), seeks to deliver at least 18 firing units along with related systems at a cost of more than $2 billion. Each firing unit has 16 missiles. India also hopes the system can be used by the Indian Army, but that remains unclear, the sources said.


The MRSAM prototype failed its first test, held late last year, Defence Ministry sources said, but they provided no details. Development is being carried out under secrecy here.


MRSAM is intended to intercept enemy missiles at a range of 70 kilometers. It carries an active radar seeker and a bidirectional data link for midcourse guidance and kill assessment, an Indian Air Force official said. It will also be equipped with an advanced rotating phased array radar to provide a high-quality air situation picture.


The Indian Army also has a requirement for an unspecified number of MRSAMs to move with mechanized forces and provide organic mobile air defense protection. The Army requirement of MRSAM is also worth more than $2 billion.


Defence Ministry sources said that in addition to discussions on MRSAM, Browne reviewed information from the Israelis on air-to-air missiles and precision-guided munitions that India could acquire.


The Air Force already has purchased 18 Spyder surface-to-air missile systems from Israeli company Rafael to protect high-value assets following the failure of India’s homegrown Quick Reaction System, the Trishul, after nearly 15 years of development.


Last year, the Air Force bought the Israeli Derby medium-range active radar seeker air-to-air missile, made by Rafael, to be mounted on the homemade Light Combat Aircraft, which the DRDO is developing. Earlier, the Air Force had purchased Israeli Python-5 air-to-air missile systems.


Israel also has helped Indian scientists develop the homemade Prithvi air defense ballistic missile system. Though no formal agreement has been signed, DRDO and Israel are developing India’s land attack missile project, including a land attack cruise missile.

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29 janvier 2013 2 29 /01 /janvier /2013 12:55



29/01/2013 Sources Marine nationale


Le 28 janvier 2013, la Frégate Européenne Multi-Missions (FREMM) Aquitaine est arrivée à Toulon pour une dizaine de jours d’essais à la mer dans le cadre de la Vérification de ses Capacités Militaires. L’équipage commandé par le capitaine de vaisseau Rouvière a été accueilli par le vice-amiral d’escadre Yann Tainguy, commandant la zone maritime Méditerranée et par le vice-amiral d’escadre Magne, commandant la force d’action navale. Première d’une série de onze frégates, l’Aquitaine effectue la toute première escale en Méditerranée d’un bâtiment de ce type.




«Le premier exemplaire de la FREMM qui sera affecté à Toulon sera la Provence, attendue en 2015» précise l’amiral Tainguy. «D’ici là, les travaux de dragage du port ainsi que l’aménagement des quais avec toute l’infrastructure nécessaire au soutien de l’équipage seront achevés».


«Armée par seulement 94 marins contre les 250 des frégates anti-sous-marines d’ancienne génération, la FREMM Aquitaine marque une nouvelle ère dans la définition des équipages des bâtiments de combat» ajoute l’amiral Magne. «Le bond technologique opéré sur ce bâtiment dans le domaine la lutte sous la mer est extraordinaire, de même que la capacité future de la FREMM à mettre en œuvre le Missile De Croisière Naval (MDCN). Ce dernier atout fait de  ce bateau un outil révolutionnaire qui apportera un complément à la mission de projection de puissance de la Marinenationale».


En prélude à son prochain Déploiement de Longue Durée (DLD) en Atlantique (période d’endurance à la mer au cours de laquelle le bâtiment et son équipage vont être mis à l’épreuve pendant plusieurs mois), la FREMM Aquitaine va mettre à profit sa présence au large de Toulon en testant son système de combat et ses sonars de lutte anti-sous-marine dans les eaux hivernales de la Méditerranée. 



Arrivée de la FREMM Aquitaine à Toulon

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28 janvier 2013 1 28 /01 /janvier /2013 13:35
La Chine a testé avec succès un missile destructeur de porte-avions


27/01/2013 par Nicolas Laffont - 45enord.ca


Want China Times rapporte que la Chine a coulé un porte-avions américain grâce à son missile DF-21D… dans une simulation de jeux de guerre.


Une image satellite révèle deux grands cratères sur une plate-forme de 200 mètres de long utilisé pour simuler le pont d’envol du porte-avions dans le désert de Gobi.


La photo a été posté sur SAORBATS, un forum Internet basé en Argentine. Les analystes militaires pensent que les cratères ont été créés par le missile anti-navire chinois DF-21D, surnommé le «tueur de transporteur.»


Tout en affirmant que le missile a la capacité de frapper les porte-avions dans un rayon de 2 000 km, des officiels chinois ont déclaré que l’arme a été conçue uniquement pour l’auto-défense, que le DF-21D ne sera jamais une menace sérieuse pour la sécurité nationale américaine, car il n’est même pas en mesure d’atteindre Hawaï, bien que parfaitement au courant du déploiement de la marine américaine dans le Pacifique occidental.


Pour l’analyste Roger Cliff «la chose à garder à l’esprit est que, pour que la Chine réussissent à attaquer un navire de la marine américaine avec un missile balistique, il doit d’abord détecter le navire, l’identifier comme un navire de guerre américain d’un type qu’il veut attaquer… [puis] des radar trans-horizon utilisés pour détecter les navires peuvent être brouillés, trompés ou détruits, de la fumée et d’autres obscurcissant peuvent être déployés… et quand le missile se verrouille finalement sur la cible, sa tête chercheuse peut être bloquée ou trompée.»


L’amiral Jonathan Greenert, chef des opérations navales américaines, estime qu’il ya un certain nombre de méthodes que l’US Navy pourrait utiliser pour se défendre contre la Dong Feng 21D:


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22 janvier 2013 2 22 /01 /janvier /2013 08:40



MOSCOU, 21 janvier - RIA Novosti


Le chef du bureau d'information de l'Otan à Moscou, Robert Pszczel, espère que Moscou et Washington poursuivront leurs négociations sur le bouclier antimissile en Europe.


"Je reste optimiste, car le système antimissile en Europe profiterait aux Etats-Unis et à la Russie. Si l'investiture de Barack Obama donne une nouvelle impulsion à ces négociations, je ne pourrai que m'en féliciter", a déclaré lundi M. Pszczel à Moscou.


Selon lui, la création d'une capacité de défense antimissile balistique n'est pas une question que l'on pourrait régler rapidement.


Lors du sommet Russie-Otan à Lisbonne en novembre 2010, Moscou et Washington ont convenu de coopérer dans le domaine de la défense antimissile européenne. Cependant, les parties n'ont jamais réussi à s'entendre sur l'architecture du futur bouclier. En outre, les Etats-Unis refusent de garantir que le futur bouclier ne sera pas dirigé contre le potentiel stratégique nucléaire russe.


Le chef du bureau d'information de l'Otan à Moscou a également salué le fait que le nouveau représentant permanent de la Russie Alexandre Grouchko a commencé son travail à Bruxelles.


"L'Alliance est prête à coopérer avec le nouvel ambassadeur russe", a souligné M. Pszczel.

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16 janvier 2013 3 16 /01 /janvier /2013 16:50


Computer-generated image of Dual Mode Seeker

Brimstone missiles fitted to an aircraft


16 January 2013 Ministry of Defence / Defence Equipment and Support


A new £14 million contract will deliver hundreds of precision attack weapons to the RAF.


Brimstone missiles are carried by RAF Tornado aircraft in Afghanistan and were also used on operations over Libya. Defence Equipment Minister Philip Dunne agreed the contract and has just returned from a visit to Helmand where he met RAF personnel who use the weapon.


This contract with MBDA will increase UK stocks by replenishing weapons used so effectively in Afghanistan and Libya.

Manufactured and assembled at MBDA facilities in Henlow, Bedfordshire, and Lostock, Bolton, the Dual Mode Seeker Brimstone missile is used by RAF crews to engage moving or static targets during the day or at night with pinpoint accuracy. The weapon’s precision guidance capability means that the pilot is able to engage fleeting targets with extreme accuracy.


During his visit to Afghanistan, Mr Dunne met with British personnel working for Joint Force Support, based in Camp Bastion, who are responsible for co-ordinating air operations in Helmand.

Dual Mode Seeker Brimstone missiles fitted to a Royal Air Force Tornado GR4 aircraft
Dual Mode Seeker Brimstone missiles fitted to a Royal Air Force Tornado GR4 aircraft [Picture: Copyright MBDA Systems]

After meeting with the RAF and discussing their operations, Mr Dunne said:

Brimstone is an extremely effective and reliable weapons system for RAF crews and ISAF commanders. This investment to replenish supplies used in Afghanistan and in Libya will ensure this capability continues to be available whilst also giving a boost to the UK defence industry.

Wing Commander Andy Turk led the initial Tornado operations over Libya and is now Officer Commanding IX (Bomber) Squadron, currently deployed in Afghanistan. He said:

Brimstone is being used to great effect by the RAF’s Tornado Force in Afghanistan and was also invaluable during the successful air campaign in Libya. It is very popular with our air crews because of its flexibility, accuracy and reliability - they have real confidence that the weapon will deliver the effects required.


Brimstone has become a vital part of our modern and sophisticated arsenal of precision strike weapons.

Computer-generated image of a Dual Mode Seeker Brimstone missile
Computer-generated image of a Dual Mode Seeker Brimstone missile [Picture: Copyright MBDA Systems]

The contract for more Brimstone missiles comes just weeks after plans were announced to buy more Paveway IV bombs as part of a £60 million contract, securing 450 jobs at Raytheon UK.

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10 janvier 2013 4 10 /01 /janvier /2013 17:20
US Army fields first AH-64E unit, but more improvements to come


Jan. 10, 2013 by Dave Majumdar – FG


Washington DC - Even as the US Army moves forward with fielding its first unit of Boeing AH-64E Block III attack helicopters, the service is planning to add further improvements to the Apache gunship.


"Right now, we are currently fielding the first unit equipped, our FUE [first unit equipped] unit, with Echo-models, and we're on track to meet that fielding schedule," says Col Jeff Hager, the army's Apache programme manager.


Hager adds that Boeing has delivered 28 of 51 low-rate initial production AH-64Es that it is contracted to build. This year, the company will start producing full-rate production aircraft for an eventual total of 634 helicopters.


But even as the AH-64E transitions into full-rate production, some systems engineering work remains, Hager says. The changes, which will come in production Lots 4 through 6, include better embedded diagnostics for improved maintenance. The Apache will also gain the Link-16 data-link, which is typically found on fixed-wing combat aircraft. It will also be afforded improvements to its mast-mounted Northrop Grumman APG-78 Longbow fire control radar, which will improve range and add overwater capability.


Hager says that the army has not quite decided how the overwater capability would be used, but he says the Longbow radar in concert with the Lockheed Martin AGM-114 Hellfire missile could be used to attack landing craft or small warships. In the future, active electronically scanned array radar could be added to the aircraft.


Another addition will be the cognitive decision aiding system (CDAS), Hager says. CDAS is designed "to help the pilot and the crew with some of those tasks that tend to get a little cumbersome at times," he says. "It'll help him in those tasks in specific."


The army also intends to support Boeing's efforts to sell the Apache overseas, Hager says. Boeing's attack helicopter vice president, Dave Koopersmith, says that the company has seen an uptick in interest internationally for the Apache recently. "We have more demand signals for this dominant capability in this attack helicopter space," he says.

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27 décembre 2012 4 27 /12 /décembre /2012 18:52

brahmos airlaunch


December 25, 2012 By J. Michael Cole - Flashpoints


Months of speculation about the possible development of an air-launched version of the Indo-Russian BrahMos supersonic cruise missile finally came to a head, with India and Russia announcing they had signed a co-development deal, with plans for a test-fire within six months.


The deal was made public a day before Russian President Vladimir Putin was scheduled to arrive in New Delhi to attend a one-day summit on Monday, where he held talks with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Prior to his departure, Putin pledged to strengthen defense ties with India. In an op-ed published in The Hindu, Putin emphasized that joint development of advanced weapons, rather than the traditional purchase by India of Russian technology, would be “key to future relations.”


India is the world’s largest arms importer, with Russian technology accounting for between 60 and 70 percent of total acquisitions. New Delhi intends to spend upwards of U.S.$100 billion over the next decade to upgrade its predominantly Soviet-era military.


Putin’s visit — his first since he returned to the presidency in May — will seek to dispel rumors that Russian-Indian ties are strained following Moscow’s decision to delay Putin’s visit that was initially scheduled for the end of October. Among other things, Russia has since reaffirmed its intention to share advanced defense technology with India and to jointly develop a fifth-generation Sukhoi fighter aircraft as part of an U.S.$11 billion R&D program.


During the summit, the two sides also signed defense deals totaling U..S$2.9 billion, including a U.S.$1.6 billion contract for 42 Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighters, as well as $1.3 billion for 71 Mi-17 V5 medium-lift helicopters (adding to the 80 already purchased in a previous deal), 970 aircraft engines, and tank missiles.


Ahead of Putin’s visit on Monday, the two sides also signed a deal to develop and install 216 air-launched variants of the two-stage BrahMos (the name comes from the merger of two major rivers, Brahmaputra in India and Moskva in Russia) on 45 aircraft. Installation of the BrahMos on the Su-30s will require some fuselage work.


According to the Indian Defense Ministry, the agreement was signed in New Delhi between BrahMos Aerospace, Rosoboronexport — Russia’s state intermediary agency for the export and import of military and dual-purpose products — and the Sukhoi Design Bureau. The concept of integrating BrahMos missiles on Su-30MKIs goes back to at least 2010, when it was announced that between 40 and 100 aircraft were to be outfitted with the supersonic cruise missile as part of the “Super 30” upgrade program.


The Indian Cabinet Committee on Security recently cleared a proposal by the Indian Air Force (IAF) to acquire BrahMos missiles for their integration with their Su-30MKIs. A first test of the air-launched version is to be held by the middle of 2013, with two IAF Su-30MKIs, modified by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, to be outfitted with BrahMos launchers. According to reports, the air-launched version of the BrahMos will integrate geo-location data from the Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS), which currently provides primary navigation for Russia’s Kh-555 and the Raduga Kh-101 long-range air-launched cruise missiles. It was first reported in 2010 that the BrahMos would be outfitted with GLONASS receivers.


Once integrated, the air-launched BrahMos will give the IAF a long-range strike capability and the means to launch air attacks beyond the envelope of Pakistan’s relatively primitive air defense systems. With a range of approximately 290 km, the “fire-and-forget” missile carries a 300 kg (660 pounds) conventional warhead and can reach a speed of Mach 2.8 at levels as low as 30 feet.


With the BrahMos already inducted in the Indian Army and Navy, its integration into the IAF will close the supersonic cruise missile triad for the Indian armed forces. A submarine-launched version is also in development.

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21 décembre 2012 5 21 /12 /décembre /2012 12:45



NEW DELHI, 20 décembre - RIA Novosti


L'Inde a testé jeudi avec succès un missile Prithvi-II, capable de porter une charge nucléaire, rapporte le site Internet du journal Times of India.


Le missile a été tiré depuis un lanceur mobile terrestre, sur le polygone de Chandipur, dans l'état d'Orissa.


Développés depuis le début des années quatre-vingt, les Prithvi sont des missiles balistiques de courte portée capables de transporter une ogive nucléaire, dont la version sol-sol équipe déjà l'armée de terre indienne. Le Prithvi II a une portée de tir maximale de 350 km et il est capable de transporter une charge de 500kg.

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21 décembre 2012 5 21 /12 /décembre /2012 08:45

Prithvi (P-II)


21.12.2012 Pacific Sentinel


BALASORE, ODISHA (PTI): India on Thursday successfully test-fired the indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II ballistic missile with a strike range of 350 km from a test range at Chandipur near Balasore.

The surface-to-surface missile was test fired from a mobile launcher in salvo mode from launch complex-3 of Integrated Test Range at about 9:21 am, defence sources said.

The launch of the sophisticated missile, conducted as part of operational exercise by the Strategic Force Command (SFC) of the defence services, was successful, they said.

Read the full story at Brahmand
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