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21 décembre 2012 5 21 /12 /décembre /2012 08:45

Prithvi (P-II)

 

21.12.2012 Pacific Sentinel

 

BALASORE, ODISHA (PTI): India on Thursday successfully test-fired the indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II ballistic missile with a strike range of 350 km from a test range at Chandipur near Balasore.

The surface-to-surface missile was test fired from a mobile launcher in salvo mode from launch complex-3 of Integrated Test Range at about 9:21 am, defence sources said.

The launch of the sophisticated missile, conducted as part of operational exercise by the Strategic Force Command (SFC) of the defence services, was successful, they said.

Read the full story at Brahmand
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20 décembre 2012 4 20 /12 /décembre /2012 16:59

Un Rafale tire un missile AASM de Sagem (photo DGA)

 

Paris, le 20 décembre 2012 Sagem Défense Sécurité

 

La Direction Générale de l’Armement (DGA) a réalisé avec succès, le 12 décembre 2012, le dernier tir de qualification de l’Armement Air-Sol Modulaire développé et produit par Sagem (Safran) en version guidage terminal laser (SBU-54 Hammer dans la désignation OTAN).

 

La réussite de ce tir va permettre de clôturer la phase de qualification de l’AASM laser, et de livrer les premiers AASM de série à guidage laser à l’armée de l’Air et à la Marine nationale pour une mise en service opérationnelle en 2013.

 

Le test a été réalisé au centre DGA Essais de Missiles de Biscarrosse par un Rafale de série mis en œuvre par DGA Essais en Vol depuis la base aérienne de Cazaux.

 

Un véhicule 4 x 4 téléopéré représentant la cible était éclairée par un pod Damoclès de l’avion tireur lors des dernières secondes de vol de l’AASM. Evoluant à vitesse variable, le véhicule était à cet instant à plus de 15 km du Rafale, avec une vitesse de 50 km/h à l’impact. De plus, la cible a été engagée avec un fort dépointage (90°) pour une frappe en incidence oblique.

 

Grâce à ses algorithmes de détection et d’asservissement de la trajectoire sur la tache laser et à sa manœuvrabilité, l’AASM a percuté la cible avec une précision inférieure au mètre. La chaine complète de tir laser a donc été qualifiée en environnement représentatif, l’illumination étant réalisée par l’avion tireur lui-même.

 

Cette version GPS/inertiel/laser enrichit la gamme AASM, qui comprend déjà deux versions qualifiées sur Rafale : GPS/inertiel et GPS/inertiel/infrarouge. Elle se distingue par un autodirecteur laser en lieu et place de l’imageur infrarouge et par des algorithmes de poursuite activés en phase terminale.

 

En rupture opérationnelle par rapport aux armes air-sol de précision existantes, l’AASM SBU-54 Hammer permet d’engager des cibles mobiles terrestres ou maritimes rapides et manoeuvrantes, avec une précision métrique1, notamment dans des actions d’opportunité, comme démontré lors des conflits récents2.

 

Développée et produite par Sagem, la famille AASM Hammer, constituée de kits de guidage et de kits d’augmentation de portée, s’adapte à des corps de bombe existants de 250 kg, mais aussi, à terme, de 125, 500 et 1000 kg.

 

1             Lors d’un essai d’un AASM Hammer à guidage terminal laser, le 21 avril 2011, l’impact a été démontré sur une cible fictive évoluant à une vitesse supérieure à 80 km/h.

2             Pour l’opération Harmattan, volet français de l’opération Unified Protector de l’OTAN en Libye dans le cadre de la résolution 1973 de l’ONU, l’Armée de l’air et la Marine ont procédé depuis Rafale au tir de 225 AASM (Commission de la défense de l’Assemblée nationale – rapport du 4 octobre 2011 - Audition du Ministre de la défense), en versions INS / GPS et INS / GPS / Infrarouge.

* * *

 

Sagem, société de haute technologie de Safran, est un leader mondial de solutions et de services en optronique, avionique, navigation, électronique et logiciels critiques, pour les marchés civils et de défense. N°1 européen et n°3 mondial des systèmes de navigation inertielle pour les applications aéronautiques, marines et terrestres, Sagem est également n°1 mondial des commandes de vol pour hélicoptères et n°1 européen des systèmes optroniques et des systèmes de drones tactiques. Présents sur tous les continents via le réseau international du groupe Safran, Sagem et ses filiales emploient 7 500 personnes en Europe, en Asie du Sud-est et Amérique du Nord. Sagem est le nom commercial de la société Sagem Défense Sécurité. Pour plus d’information : www.sagem-ds.com

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20 décembre 2012 4 20 /12 /décembre /2012 08:45

Agni V Launch

 

December 19, 2012 Vivek Kapur - IDSA COMMENT

 

In the face of international opposition, North Korea launched a rocket on 12 December 2012 to place a satellite in orbit.1 Its earlier four attempts had all failed; the first of these was in 1998 and the most recent failure was in April 2012.2 The “successful” launch on 12 December 2012 places North Korea among the few nations (United States, Russia, China, Japan, Europe, India, Pakistan and possibly Iran) that possess the ability to build long range ballistic missiles. What has added to international concerns about North Korea’s missile programme is its transfer of missiles banned by multilateral treaties and conventions to countries such as Pakistan and Iran as well as its support for international terrorist groups.3

 

India has no direct dispute with North Korea and the distance separating the two countries serves to further reduce threat perceptions. India’s interest in North Korea’s nuclear and missile programmes comes from the reported clandestine co-operation between North Korea, Pakistan and Iran in this regard. There have been persistent reports that North Korea has assisted Pakistan’s missile programme in return for Pakistani assistance with its nuclear weaponisation programme. The current Pakistani ballistic missile capability extends to a reported range capability of about 1500 to 2500 km, which is equivalent to that of the North Korean Taepodong-I missile and its further developments. The test conducted on 12 December 2012 by the Unha-3 rocket gives North Korea a range capability of 5500+km or the equivalent of the Taepodong-II missile.4 India’s Agni-V missile was claimed to have a range of 5500 km and falling into the classification of an ICBM. This is a range capability not currently possessed by Pakistan and one, if inducted by Pakistan from North Korea, would be detrimental for Indian security. Iran has also been suspected of being a recipient of North Korean ballistic missile technology.5 Iran’s acquisition of long range ballistic missile capability from North Korea would further complicate India’s security situation. Beyond this direct impact of North Korean missile proliferation, India, as a responsible member of the international community, has no choice but to support international action and restrictions on countries that act and behave in a manner that is found unacceptable by the rest of the world.

 

India has ballistic missile armed countries on its Northern as well as Western borders. Further, territorial disputes exist with both of these neighbours. The steady spread of ballistic missile technology to ever more states continues unabated. Although the likelihood is remote presently, there is no guarantee that in the near to medium term future such technology will not be available with more of India’s neighbours. There is also the alarming, but above zero, possibility of ballistic missiles falling into the hands of terrorist groups especially in “failing” or “failed” states such as Pakistan whose military includes several sympathisers of terrorist groups. (Two terrorist organisations, Hamas and Hezbollah, have already demonstrated the ability to obtain and use such weapons – Fajr-5 missiles with ranges of 75 km – against Israel).6 Such developments in its neighbourhood have adverse implications for India.

 

No country is in a position to be able to control the proliferation of ballistic missile technology all by itself, India included. Even missiles with non-nuclear payloads could be a major threat to India’s security and economy. Hence, if unable to avoid the proliferation of ballistic missiles in South Asia, India would have no choice but to work towards countering this threat. Nuclear armed ballistic missile attacks would be countered by India’s declared Nuclear Doctrine and executed by the Indian strategic forces. The challenge here would lie in dealing with situations where the country responsible for the launch of a nuclear attack cannot be easily identified, as in the case of missiles launched from sea.

 

There are two possible solutions to countering the conventional payload ballistic missile threat. The first would be to harden all population centres and other vital facilities against such attacks. Given the very large number of these and the ever increasing range and accuracy of ballistic missiles available with an ever increasing group of countries, this is unlikely to be feasible or even prove sufficient. The second option would be to develop a viable Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) system. India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is already working on a ‘only terminal stage intercept’ BMD system, which has achieved several notable successes during its trials to intercept target ballistic missiles in the exo-atmospheric and endo-atmospheric stages. Ballistic missile proliferation in India’s neighbourhood requires the development of a more capable BMD system.

 

While the DRDO’s BMD project is reportedly proceeding well and should be available for initial deployment in the near future, it is only a terminal phase system as of now. There is a need to extend the current capability towards the ability to engage ballistic missiles during their mid-course and boost stages as well as during the terminal stage of their flight. DRDO may need to explore air-based, Directed Energy Weapon (DEW) and Electromagnetic (EM) gun based solutions in addition to its current land based ‘anti-missile missile’ BMD system to achieve a more robust and capable BMD system or a system of systems capable of reliable boost phase, mid-course phase and terminal phase ballistic missile intercept and destruction.

 

The proliferation of ballistic missile technology has continued despite international efforts to curtail it. This proliferation poses threats to India’s security. India may face a conventional as well as nuclear ballistic missile threat in the near to medium term future. The possible spread of these ballistic missile capabilities has the potential to further complicate India’s security situation. India is preparing to deal with the nuclear ballistic missile threat from its potential adversaries through its nuclear doctrine and nuclear forces. However, the increasing ballistic missile threat would require a combination of developing a full spectrum (boost phase, mid-course phase and terminal phase) BMD capability. The current DRDO BMD programme needs to be extended to attain such a capability.

  1. 1. “UN condemns North Korea over rocket launch”, http://www.dw.de/un-condemns-north-korea-over-rocket-launch/a-16450004, accessed on 17 Dec 2012.
  2. 2. “UN Security Council condemns North Korea rocket launch”, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20697922, accessed on 13 Dec 2012.
  3. 3. See, http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/iran/missile/overview.html and http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/pakistan/missile/hatf-5.htm accessed on 17 Dec 2012.
  4. 4. Markus Schiller, “Characterizing the North Korean Nuclear Missile Threat”, http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/technical_reports/2012/RAND_TR..., Pp 11, accessed on 13 Dec 2012.
  5. 5. “N. Korea rocket launch draws more worry than Iran's”, http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/46988250/ns/world_news-asia_pacific/t/n-kore..., accessed on 13 Dec 2012.
  6. 6. “Iran supplied Hamas with Fajr-5 missile technology”, http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/nov/21/iran-supplied-hamas-missile-..., accessed on 17 Dec 2012.
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19 décembre 2012 3 19 /12 /décembre /2012 18:35
India's Year In Defence

December 19, 2012 by Shiv Aroor - Livefist

 

Excerpts from the Ministry of Defence Year End Review 2012.

New Weapons Systems to Strengthen Defence Preparedness
 
 
AGNI-V – India proudly entered the exclusive club as the sixth country on 19 April 2012, when its Long-range Ballistic Missile took to sky on its maiden flight and reached the pre-designated target point over 5000 km away in the Indian Ocean with remarkable accuracy. The missile which was launched from Wheeler Island off Orissa Coast incorporates many indigenously developed technologies.  These include the composite rocket motor, state-of-the-art avionics, 5th generation 'On Board Computer' distributed architecture, highly accurate Ring Laser Gyro-based inertial navigation system (RINS), reliable redundant micro navigation system and the re-entry kit shield that withstands temperature with more than 4000 degree celsius ensuring that avionics function normally by maintaining an inside temperature less than 50 degrees celcius.
 
 
AGNI-IV – The 4000 km range nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-IV was successfully flight tested on 19 Sep 2012.  The long-range missile propelled by composite rocket motor technology was tested for its cool capability.  Launched from road mobile launcher, it reached the predefined target in about 20 minutes.
 
 
With Agni-I, Agni-II, Agni-III and Prithvi P-II surface to surface missile and also its naval version Dhanush already in the arsenal of the Indian Armed Forces, the missile from the production lots were flight tested by the Armed Forces as part of training exercises to ensure defence preparedness. Thus, Agni-I, India's 700 km range ballistic missile had its flight tests on 13 July and 12 Dec 2012. The 2000 km range ballistice missile Agni-II and Agni-III with a range of 3000 km were test fired on 09 Aug and 21 Sept 2012 respectively. The 350 km range surface-to-surface strategic missile Prithvi (P-II) was successfully flight tested on 25 Aug and 04 Oct 2012 from ITR Chandipur, Odisha.  While its naval version Dhanush was test fired from a naval ship off the coast of Balasore, Odisha on 05 Oct 2012.  The tests were like textbook launches meeting all mission objectives and the missiles reached the target points with high accuracy. BrahMos Block III version with advanced guidance algorithm was flight tested on 28 Mar 2012 from ITR Balasore.  The missile flew through the designated 290 kms distance at Mach 2.8 and achieved high precision with steep dive.
 
 
BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENCE (BMD)

DRDO has developed a two-layer Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) capability against missiles with range upto 2000 km class. Both the exo and endo atmospheric interception have been demonstrated with direct hits leading to disintegration of target missile.
 
 
The Interceptor Missile AAD launched by the Scientists of DRDO on 23 Nov 2012 from Wheeler's Island, Odisha, successfully destroyed the incoming Ballistic Missile at an altitude of 15 Kms. The target missile, a modified version of Prithvi, mimicking the enemy's ballistic missile, was launched from Launch Complex III, Chandipur. Long Range Radar and MFC Radar located far away could detect the Missile from take-off and tracked it through its entire path. The total trajectory of the incoming Missile was continuously estimated by the guidance computer and subsequently the AAD Missile was launched at an appropriate time to counter and kill the ballistic missile.  
 
 
In this mission, a special feature of intercepting multiple target with multiple interceptor was demonstrated successfully. The complete Radar Systems, Communication Networks, Launch Computers, Target update Systems and state of the art Avionics have been completely proven in this Mission.
 
 
AKASH AIR DEFENCE SYSTEM - Induction and productionisation of Akash, the medium range air defence system with multi-target, multi directional capability is another shining achievement. The production value of Akash missile systems ordered by Army and Air Force is over Rs 23,000 crores. Orders for two Army regiments and six Air Force Squadrons are under execution.
 
 
LONG RANGE SURFACE-TO-AIR MISSILE (LRSAM) - Control and Navigation Tests (CNT) for LRSAM, a joint development Programme between DRDO and Israel Aerospace Industry (IAI), to develop an Advanced Naval Air Defence System for Indian Navy) were conducted on 16th and 18th July 2012. All Planned mission objectives were fully met in both the tests. The missiles showed good navigation and control performance. DRDO is the Prime Development Agency and IAI the design authority for supply, installation and final acceptance.
 
 
NAG ANTI-TANK MISSILE -  the fire and forget anti-tank missile with top attack capability is another important missile developed by DRDO. Its helicopter mounted version, Helina, underwent 2 successful flights from ground launcher proving full range of the missile.
 
 
LIGHT COMBAT AIRCRAFT–NAVY (LCA-Navy) - had its first flight on 27th April 2012 followed by flights during month of Jun/Jul 2012. Initial Operation Clearance of this aircraft is expected by Dec 2014. LCA, country's first indigenous modern Light Combat Aircraft with four variants (air force, Navy and their trainer versions), is a precision weapon launch platform to carry a range of Air to Air missile, unguided rockets and bombs.  The aircraft is integrated with advanced cockpit, digital avionics and weapons interface, to provide effective point and shoot capability with quick turnaround time.  A Shore based Test facility (SBTF); one of its kind in Asia and third in the world; developed by DRDO at Naval Air Station INS Hansa, Goa is now ready for use. Besides testing of LCA-Navy, the test facility will also be used for training of pilots on LCA - Navy and MiG29K aircraft.
 
 
AIRBORNE EARLY WARNING AND CONTROL SYSTEM (AEW&C) -  In a landmark event the first EMB-145I  aircraft fully modified for the indigenous Airborne Early Warning and Control System (AEW&C) landed on Indian soil at CABS (Centre for Airborne Systems, Bangalore, a DRDO laboratory) on 23 Aug 2012.
 
 
UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES (UAVs) - There have been significant achievements in the field of UAVs.  NISHANT, with its ground control system has been made ready for the Army after confirmatory trials.  An indigenous Wankel rotary engine has been developed by DRDO jointly with NAL, Bangalore, for powering UAVs like NISHANT. Rotary engine technology, especially suited for such applications, is the first of its kind in India.  Orders for Lakshya II pilotless target aircraft; capable of flying in sea skimming mode and tree top heights; are expected from the Services after successful demonstration to them. Similarly, UAV Rustom-I, a forerunner to Mediun Altitude Long Range (MALE) UAV Rustom-2, had series of successful trials. Indigenously designed  and  developed  RUSTOM-1 underwent series of successful test flights.  This UAV has the potential to be used for military missions like Reconnaissance, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, Target Designation, Communications Relay, Battle Damage Assessment and Signal  Intelligence.  A mini UAV -'NETRA', especially suited for Low intensity conflict operations was inducted by the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). 'NETRA' has four high speed propellers allowing it to take off and land vertically. Similarly a fixed wing mini UAV for low intensity conflict was demonstrated to security forces at various locations for surveillance within the range of 10 kms. It is also useful in reconnaissance over hills.
 
 
ELECTRONIC WARFARE - There has been a significant achievement in the Electronic Warfare Area which includes integration and testing of country's first indigenous active array radar, operationalisation of Combat Information Decision Support System (CIDSS) and development and testing of laser based ordnance Disposal System and advanced Laser Guided Bomb Tester.  The initial development of Indira-1, a short range 2D system has now been extended to high power 3D system like 3D Central Acquisition Radar and Weapon Locating Radar (WLR) based on phased array.  The DRDOs radar warning receivers have been selected to upgrade most of Indian Air Force aircrafts like MiG 21, MiG 29, SU 30MKI, MiG 27 and Jaguars.
 
 
MBT ARJUN MK-II - Arjun Mk-II the advanced version of India's first main battle tank Arjun, commenced its user trials in record time of 2 yrs. The Arjun Mk-II incorporates 89 improvements over the Arjun Mk-I, of which, two regiments are already in service.
 
 
Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for Smerch Rockets - Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a Joint Venture with M/s Rosoboronexport, Russia and M/s Splav "SPA", Russia to manufacture five versions of Smerch Rockets based on the technology received from Russia. The Smerch Rockets are technologically superior having a range of 70-80- kms. With formation of this Joint Venture, a new Chapter in the Indo-Russian Friendship has commenced.
 
 
Joint Venture for Multi-role Transport Aircraft (MTA) - Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL), the aerospace major, signed the Preliminary Design Phase (PDP) Contract on 12 October 2012 with the United Aircraft Corporation - Transport Aircraft (UAC-TA), the Russian partner and their JV-Multirole Transport Aircraft Ltd (MTAL) for the Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA) project as a follow on contract of the General Contract signed between the three parties in May 2012. "With this HAL and UAC-TA will start the preliminary designwork immediately at Moscow.
 
 
CAPACITY BUILDING THROUGH INDUCTIONS/ACQUISITIONS

Mi-17 V5 helicopter was inducted into the Indian Air Force (IAF) on 17 February 2012. This helicopter falls in the category of armed helicopter, with substantial and effective firepower with the latest and more powerful engines that will greatly enhance its payload carriage capability at higher altitudes. Mi-17 V5,  an upgrade of Mi-17 in the medium-lift category, is equipped with  state-of-the-art avionics and on-board Navigation Systems.  It is a glass cockpit variant; the first of its kind to get inducted into the IAF.  It has onboard weather radar, state of the art autopilot and is compatible with the latest Generation (Gen-III) Night vision Goggles.  With this, the helicopter can undertake all-weather, day and night operations in any kind of terrain. The helicopter is also equipped with a Bambi-Bucket that can be used for fire fighting.  It is also fitted with a powerful winch–a feature useful in the Disaster Relief Operations in restricted areas where landing is not possible.

Indian Navy inducted INS Chakra to its under water fleet on 04th April 2012 at Vishakhapatnam.  Defence Minister Shri AK Antony inducted the submarine into the fleet of Eastern Naval Command.  This four plus generation Russian origin submarine is capable of fulfilling multiple roles and will go a long way in strengthening Navy's blue water operating capability.
 
 
The third of the follow-on class indigenous stealth frigate INS Sahyadri was commissioned on 21 July 2012 at Mazagaon Dock Limited, Mumbai by the Defence Minister Shri AK Antony. Conceived and designed by Indian Navy Design Team this Shivalik class frigate will be mainstay frigate of the Navy in the 21st Century.
 
 
The First and Second of the three Talwar-class stealth frigates Teg and Tarkash constructed at Yantar Shipyard, Kalinigrad Russia were inducted into Indian Navy on 27 April and 09 November 2012 respectively by the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Southern Naval Command.  These multi-role stealth frigate with advanced combat suits are fitted with formidable array of weapons and sensors onboard the Ship including the super-sonic BrahMos missile system and advance surface-to-air missile system.
 
 
To provide a boost to coastal security Indian Coast Guard Ship H-187, the first of the series of twelve Air Cushion Vehicles (ACVs), was commissioned at Okha on 11 June 2012 by Vice Admiral MP Muralidharan, DG Coast Guard.  The 21 meter long ACV (hovercraft) designed and built by Griffen Haverwork Limited (GHL), UK displaces 31 tonnes and can achieve a maximum speed of 45 knots.  The ACV is capable of undertaking multi-farious tasks such as surveillance, interdiction, search and rescue  and responding assistance to small boats / crafts in distress at Sea.
 
 
Indian Coast Guard Ship 'Samudra Paheredar', the second of the series of three Pollution Control Vessels (PCVs) being built by M/s ABG Shipyard, Surat was commissioned by Admiral Nirmal Verma, the then Chief of the Naval Staff in July 2012. The 95m long indigenous PCV displaces 4300 tonnes and can achieve a maximum speed of 20.5 knots with an endurance of 6500 nautical miles. The ship's primary role is pollution response at sea and is equipped with the most advanced and sophisticated pollution response and control equipment for mitigating oil spills, which include containment equipment like hi-sprint booms and river booms, recovery devices like skimmers and side sweeping arms. The ship is capable of unhindered oil recovery operations with storage tank capacity of 500 KL in addition to inflatable barges. The ship is installed with modern Integrated Platform Management System and Power Management System, which makes it unique for unmanned machinery operations. It is also fitted with Dynamic Positioning System for fire fighting and pollution response operations and an infra-red surveillance system for night surveillance.
 
 
The Indian Coast Guard Ship Rani Abbakka, the 1st of a series of five Inshore Patrol Vessel (IPV) built at M/s HSL, was commissioned at Visakhapatnam by the then Minister of State for Defence Dr. MM Pallam Raju, on 20 Jan 2012. The 50 meter indigenous IPV displaces 300 tonnes and can achieve a maximum speed of 31.5 Knots with an endurance of 1500 nautical miles. The special features of the ship include an Integrated Bridge System (IBS), Machinery Control System (IMCS), and an indigenously built Gun Mount with Fire Control System. The ship is designed to carry one Rigid Inflatable Boat and two Geminis for Search and Rescue, Law Enforcement and Maritime Patrol.
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11 décembre 2012 2 11 /12 /décembre /2012 11:35

AAD LAUNCHED (1)-23 nov 2012 source Livefist

 

December 5, 2012: Strategy Page

 

On November 24th India held more tests of its ABM (Anti-Ballistic Missile) system. This one involved intercepting multiple incoming ballistic missiles and was declared a success. As a result of this, and several other successful tests earlier this year, Indian missile development officials believe their anti-missile system is ready for mass production and deployment. This would provide some Indian cities protection from Pakistani or Chinese ballistic missiles.

 

The Indian system uses two types of interceptors. The Prithvi Air Defense (PAD) missile is the larger of the two and is used for high altitude (50-80 kilometers up) interception. The short range Advanced Air Defense (AAD) missile is used for low altitude (up to 30 kilometers) intercepts. The two missiles, in conjunction with a radar system based on the Israeli Green Pine (used with the Arrow anti-missile missile), provide defense from ballistic missiles fired as far as 5,000 kilometers away. A third interceptor, the PDV, is a hypersonic missile that can take down missiles as high as 150 kilometers and is still in development. India is the fifth nation to develop such anti-missile technology.

 

The Indian system has been in development for over a decade. Ten years ago India ordered two Israeli Green Pine anti-ballistic missile radars. That equipment was used six years ago in a successful Indian test, where one ballistic missile was fired at another "incoming" one. The Israeli Green Pine radar was originally developed for Israel's Arrow anti-ballistic missile system. Arrow was built, in cooperation with the United States, to defend Israel from Iranian and Syrian ballistic missiles. India has since developed, with Israel, the Swordfish radar, which has similar capabilities to the Green Pine and has been operational for two years. Swordfish is part of a system that integrates data from satellites and other sources in order to detect and track incoming missiles.

 

The interceptor missiles and the fire control systems were designed and built in India, although more Israeli technology may have been purchased to speed things along. India wanted to buy the entire Israeli Arrow system but the United States refused to allow the sale (which involved a lot of American technology). The Indian ABM system wasn’t supposed to become operational for another two years. But the developers believe it is ready now and are asking parliament for money to start building systems to defend places like New Delhi (where parliament is). Even so, it’s doubtful that the ABM system would be operational, even if just around New Delhi, by 2014. Then there is the question of just how effective the India ABM system really is. India has a shabby reputation with developing weapons. Projects go on for decades without ever producing operational weapons. But joint-ventures with other countries (like Russia, France, and Israel) have been more successful. Israel is believed to be more heavily involved in this ABM than official pronouncements indicate. If so, this would be a good thing, even if the Indians don’t like to publicize it.

 

China and Pakistan could only defeat the Indian ABM defenses by firing more missiles at the same time than the Indians could handle. It's also possible to equip warheads with decoys in an attempt to get the interceptor missile to miss. Israel has technology designed to deal with these decoys and India can probably purchase that. But against an overwhelming number of incoming missiles, some are going to get through.

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29 novembre 2012 4 29 /11 /novembre /2012 08:25

AAD LAUNCHED (1)-23 nov 2012 source Livefist

 

28.11.2012, Guéorgui Vanetsov, Rédaction en ligne - La Voix de la Russie

 

L'Inde développe depuis plusieurs années son programme de défense antimissile. Le lancement réussi du missile intercepteur AAD de construction indienne depuis le polygone de l'île de Wheeler en est une nouvelle confirmation. Le missile a détruit une cible à une altitude de 15 km au-dessus du golfe de Bengale.

 

La cible, une modification du missile sol-sol Prithvi, a été lancée depuis le polygone de l'Etat d'Orissa. Pendant les essais, les spécialistes de Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) ont testé pour la première fois la configuration du vol du missile intercepteur. En outre, ils ont testé les capacités du missile intercepteur sur un simulateur électronique spécial. Ils ont simulé le vol d'un missile lancé à une distance de 1 500 km et sa destruction à une altitude de 120 km.

 

L'Inde, pourra-t-elle créer et déployer son système de défense antimissile en 2015, date qu'elle s'est fixée? La tâche est extrémement compliquée, estime Piotr Topytchkanov, expert au Centre Carnegie de Moscou :

 

« Cela nécessite des investissements immenses. D'autant plus que l'Inde ne possède pas des radars et un système d'alerte spatiale sur une attaque de missiles depuis l'espace. A l'heure actuelle, seuls deux satellites indiens se trouvent sur l'orbite, dont un seul a une vocation purement militaire. Il est peu probable que ces moyens permettent de détecter le lancement d'un missile, sans parler de plusieurs. Le système sera-t-il efficace contre une attaque depuis le Pakistan, principal sujet de préoccupation pour l'Inde? Pour l'Inde cela revêt d'autant plus d'importance que le vol d'un missile lancé depuis le Pakistan vers une cible sur son territoire ne dure que quelques minutes ».

 

Les Etats-Unis s'évertuent à mettre à profit les difficultés indiennes. Ils proposent avec insistance à l'Inde leur bouclier antimissile manifestant leur empressement d'aider à mettre en place un système de défense antimissile. Cependant l'Inde fait montre de réserve eu égard à une telle coopération, préférant se fier à ses propres forces en la matière. New Delhi ne veut pas être attachée aux plans géopolitiques américains en Asie. Car une tâche majeure des Etats-Unis est la dissuasion de la Chine. Dans ce cas, la coopération avec les Etats-Unis dans le domaine de la défense antimissile signifierait la destruction d'une confiance fragile entre l'Inde et la Chine à peine amorcée et à laquelle l'Inde tient vivement.

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28 novembre 2012 3 28 /11 /novembre /2012 13:55

INS Arihant

 

27th November 2012 By Hemant Kumar Rout  - newindianexpress.com

 

After the successful trial of AD interceptor missile, DRDO is readying for the developmental trial of submarine- launched ballistic missile K-15 from an underwater platform off the Andhra Pradesh coast in the second week of December.

 

The much awaited test, scheduled for the last week of November, was postponed owing to inclement weather triggered by a deep depression in Bay of Bengal early this month. DRDO scientists are reportedly contemplating two trials of K-15, one from a pontoon (replica of a submarine) and another from a submarine.

 

Defence sources said the nuclear capable missile will be tested for the first time from a submarine positioned undersea off  Visakhapatnam coast. If everything goes as planned, the missile will be fired any time between December 6 and 8.

 

The DRDO is eyeing for the successful trial of the missile as few countries have the triad of firing nuclear-tipped missiles from air, land and undersea. The other countries, which have the capability include Russia, the USA, France, Britain  and China.

 

 “Scientists are working over time and constantly cross-checking the system, including the launch platform. We want to achieve near-zero circular error probability (CEP) accuracy,” said a defence scientist.

 

The indigenously developed K-15 missile is about 10 metres in length and about a metre in diameter. Its launch weight is about 10 tonnes. This missile uses solid propellant and can carry a conventional payload of about 500 kg to one tonne and also be fitted with tactical nuclear warhead. After its induction, the missile will equip the country’s first nuclear-powered submarine ANS Arihant.

 

Reports said the K-series missile programme formally began in 2004 as PJ-08 as a tribute to the then DRDO chief and former President APJ Abdul Kalam. The solid-fuel missile had a modest 150-km range but over the years, the missile steadily grew to achieve its desired 700-km range.

 

“The hybrid K-15 combines aspects of both cruise and ballistic missiles, which use multiple-stage rockets to exit the atmosphere and re-enter in a parabolic trajectory. It flies in hypersonic speed. Launched underwater, the K-15 surges to the surface and is the world’s best weapon in this class,” the scientist said.

 

The K-15 is one of the most ambitious projects of the DRDO. After its successful induction, the DRDO would go for the developmental trials of its longer-range K-4 missile to strengthen its undersea attacks. Apart from the K-15, India has the submarine version of BrahMos supersonic cruise missile in its arsenal.

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23 novembre 2012 5 23 /11 /novembre /2012 17:45

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-agSeD0s4qpw/UK9r3uUe2DI/AAAAAAAARqQ/Ov0pIz-KMaQ/s1600/AAD%2BLAUNCHED%2B%25282%2529-794430.JPG

 

November 23, 2012 by Shiv Aroor - LIVEFIST

 

DRDO Statement: The Interceptor Missile AAD launched by the Scientists of DRDO from Wheeler's Island, Odisha successfully destroyed the incoming Ballistic Missile at an altitude of 15 Kms. The interception took place at 12.52hrs. The target missile, a modified version of Prithvi, mimicking the enemy's ballistic missile, was launched from Launch Complex III, Chandipur. Long Range Radar and MFC Radar located far away could detect the Missile from take-off and tracked it through its entire path. The total trajectory of the incoming Missile was continuously estimated by the guidance computer and subsequently the AAD Missile was launched at an appropriate time to counter and kill the ballistic missile.

 

The Ring Laser Gyro based Navigation System in Target, Fibre Optic Gyro based INS in Interceptor, Onboard computers, Guidance systems, Actuation Systems and the critical RF Seekers used for the terminal phase have performed excellently. The AAD Missile system initially guided by Inertial Navigation system was continuously getting update of the target position by the Radar through a data link.  The Radio Frequency (RF) seeker tracked the Missile & Onboard computer guided the Missile towards the Target Missile and hit the target. The Radio Proximity Fuse (RPF) exploded the warhead thereby destroying the target missile completely.

 

In this mission, a special feature of intercepting multiple target with multiple interceptor was demonstrated successfully. An electronic target with a range of 1500 Kms was launched and the Radars picked up the target missile, tracked the target missile subsequently & launched an electronic interceptor missile. This electronic interceptor missile destroyed the electronic target missile at an altitude of 120 Kms. All the four missiles were tracked by the Radars and all the guidance and launch computers operated in full operational mode for handling multiple targets with multiple interceptor.  All the four missiles were in the sky simultaneously and both the interceptions took place near simultaneously.  This has proved the capability of DRDO to handle multiple targets with multiple interceptors simultaneously. The complete Radar Systems, Communication Networks, Launch Computers, Target update Systems and state of the art Avionics have been completely proven in this Mission.

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23 novembre 2012 5 23 /11 /novembre /2012 12:42

Advanced Air Defense (AAD) interceptor

 

November 23, 2012, zeenews.india.com

 

Balasore (Odisha): India on Friday successfully test-fired an indigenously developed supersonic interceptor missile, capable of destroying a hostile ballistic missile, from a test range off the Odisha coast.

 

"At around 12.52 hours, the interceptor hit the target missile successfully at an altitude of about 15 kilometres," DRDO spokesman Ravi Kumar Gupta said.

 

India is working towards development of a multi-layer Ballistic Missile Defence system.

 

The test was conducted to validate various parameters of the interceptor in flight mode, said a defence source.

 

The hostile ballistic missile, a modified surface- to-surface 'Prithvi', mimicking an incoming enemy weapon, first lifted off from a mobile launcher at around 12.52 hours from the launch complex-3 of integrated test range (ITR) at Chandipur-on-Sea, about 15 km from here.

 

Within about four minutes, the interceptor, Advanced Air Defence (AAD) missile positioned at Wheeler Island, about 70 km from Chandipur, after getting signals from tracking radars, roared through its trajectory to destroy the incoming missile mid-air, in an "endo-atmospheric" altitude, defence sources said.

 

"The 'kill' effect of the interceptor is being ascertained by analysing data from multiple tracking sources," a Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) scientist said soon after the test was carried out.

 

The interceptor is a 7.5-metre-long single-stage solid rocket propelled guided missile equipped with a navigation system, a hi-tech computer and an electro-mechanical activator, the sources said.

 

The interceptor missile had its own mobile launcher, secure data link for interception, independent tracking and homing capabilities, besides sophisticated radars, the sources added.

 

The previous trial conducted on February 10, 2012 from the same base was successful.

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21 novembre 2012 3 21 /11 /novembre /2012 17:35

iranarsenal 280909 source khaleejtimes.com

 

21.11.2012 Romandie.com

 

TEHERAN (Sipa-AP) -- L'Iran a fourni aux combattants du Hamas à Gaza la technologie nécessaire à la production propre de missiles à longue portée, sans livraisons directes, a déclaré le général Mohammad Ali Jafari, à la tête des Gardiens de la révolution.

 

D'après ses propos rapportés mercredi par l'agence de presse semi-officielle ISNA, l'Iran a offert ces capacités à Gaza pour que les missiles soient produits "rapidement".

 

Jusqu'à présent, l'Iran niait avoir livré directement des missiles Fajr-5 au Hamas. Ce sont ces missiles qui ont été envoyés près de Tel Aviv et de Jérusalem.

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19 novembre 2012 1 19 /11 /novembre /2012 08:45

DRDO-logo

 

16 November 2012 DEBDAS KUNDU - dailypioneer.com

 

Hectic preparations for an interception exercise, Advance Air Defence (AAD), involving two ballistic missiles are underway at the Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur.

 

The exercise is likely to be carried out by the ITR DRDO unit next week between November 19 and 22 in the endo-atmospheric region within an altitude of around 15 km, sources said. This would be the eighth interceptor missile test and the sixth endo-atmospheric, below 20 km of altitude. A modified Prithvi missile acting would take off from the ITR while the killer supersonic interceptor missile would blast off from the Wheeler Island, Dhamra and destroy it.

 

The exercise under the Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) programme is being undertaken to protect India’s major installations from being targeted by hostile neighbours. Meanwhile the maiden launch of the sub-sonic cruise missile, Nirbhay, which was to be conducted  this month is delayed due to modifications brought in the launcher and likely to be carried out in next year January, said sources.

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17 novembre 2012 6 17 /11 /novembre /2012 22:35

iron dome photo IDF

 

Nov. 17, 2012 - By BARBARA OPALL-ROME  Defense News

 

Simulations Meet Reality Amid Cross-Border Escalations

 

TEL AVIV — The largest Israel-U.S. air defense drill concluded last week under combat conditions as simulations and preplanned live fire were conducted amid actual rocket salvos from Gaza and escalation along Israel’s long-dormant border with Syria.

 

Multifront engagement scenarios designed for the thousands of U.S. and Israeli forces participating in Austere Challenge 2012 grew exceedingly realistic in the closing days of the biennial drill, as operators and joint task force commanders from U.S. European Command (EUCOM) witnessed at least four operational intercepts by the Israeli Iron Dome.

 

By the time the drill culminated Nov. 12 with live fire from U.S. Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (Pac-3) missiles, more than 120 rockets — including extended-range Grads — had been fired at the Israeli homefront, forcing hundreds of thousands of residents within 40 kilometers of the border into shelters. On Nov. 14, a day after the drill officially concluded, the Israeli military launched “Operation Pillar of Defense,” a widespread aerial campaign aimed at reducing the rocket and missile threat from Gaza.

 

In parallel, Israeli forces last week fired their first shots into Syria since the 1973 war in response to stray shells from the ongoing Syrian civil war that landed in the Israeli-annexed Golan Heights.

 

Israeli military spokesman Brig. Gen. Yoav Mordechai said the two separate engagements with Syria — warning shots Nov. 11 and a direct hit on a Syrian artillery launcher Nov. 12 — offered a clear message to Syrian President Bashar Assad that Israel would not tolerate spillover from internal Syrian clashes into Israeli territory.

 

At week’s end, as most of the 1,000 or so U.S. military personnel stationed in Israel for the drill were making their way back to Germany, Israel’s Northern Command remained on high alert for threats from Syria. Down south, Iron Dome batteries were activated against the rocket threat while the Israel Air Force intensified airstrikes against weapon storage sites, smuggling tunnels and other targets throughout the Hamas-administered Gaza Strip.

 

“These are very difficult days [which require] further bilateral cooperation in defense against future missile threats, as well as persistent operations against Hamas and the Iranian terror threat in Gaza, which is likely to intensify and expand,” Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak told reporters.

 

Barak hailed the Austere Challenge drill for underscoring the deep cooperation between the two militaries and for bolstering Israeli deterrence.

 

In a press call before the drill, U.S. Air Force Lt. Gen. Craig Franklin, commander of the Third Air Force and regional air defense commander for EUCOM, said the $30 million drill, known as AC12, marked the largest in the history of U.S.-Israeli strategic cooperation. It involved Pac-3 batteries, an Aegis cruiser, the U.S.-operated AN/TPY-2 X-band radar deployed here and advanced communications links enabling simulated joint task force operations.

 

Overall, more than 3,500 U.S. military personnel, from multiple locations across Europe and the Mediterranean and in Israel, took part in the drill, which involved a logistics-centric deployment phase, extensive simulated joint task force operations against salvos on multiple fronts and Patriot live fire against simulated targets.

 

The Israeli contribution was estimated at 30 million shekels ($76.4 million). It involved nearly 2,000 personnel and all layers of Israel’s planned multitiered active defense intercepting network, including the Arrow, Iron Dome, Patriot and Pac-2, used against air-breathing targets, and command-and-control elements of the developmental David’s Sling.

 

Franklin insisted the scenarios simulating salvo attacks on multiple fronts were notional and “not related to any particular recent world event.”

 

Nevertheless, representatives from both countries said last week’s barrage of Gaza-launched rockets, combined with fire across the Syrian border, injected real-life urgency to simulated joint operations.

 

“AC12 took place in a realistic threat environment, to say the least. Many of us will remember it as the nexus between simulation and actual combat,” an Israel Air Force officer said.

 

In the coming weeks, U.S. and Israeli officers will conduct post-drill evaluations and apply key lessons to the planning of the next major bilateral drill, scheduled for 2014.

 

Israel Air Force Brig. Gen. Doron Gavish, recently retired air defense commander, said the drill and ongoing exercises between drills were strategically significant in honing the ability of both countries to operate jointly against evolving threats.

 

“We’re not waiting for every other year to exercise together. Today we have a standing relationship with all the commanders, and we conduct a lot of small-scale training on a regular basis,” Gavish said.

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16 novembre 2012 5 16 /11 /novembre /2012 12:30

Defense.gov News Adm. Mullen departs the PLA Navy submarine

 

November 14, 2012 China Military News

 

2012-11-13 ( from popularmechanics.com and by Joe Pappalardo)  — The U.S. government is reporting that China, after decades of trying, is on the verge of fielding a true underwater leg of its nuclear deterrent, with new long-range missiles tipped with nuclear weapons on board its fleet of new long-range submarines. And that could transform the Pacific into a tense militarized zone reminiscent of the Atlantic during the Cold War.

 

On November 14 the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission will release its annual report to Congress, and that report will contain some sobering language about new Julang-2 missiles China plans to field in two years. (Drafts of the report, created by a Congressional mandate, have already been leaked.)

 

According to the report, JIN-class submarines, two of which have already been put to sea, would carry nuclear tipped missiles. Naval intelligence documents estimate five such submarines will be ready for service. The submarines and the JL-2 missile combination will give Chinese forces “a near-continuous at-sea strategic deterrent,” according to the report, and Beijing is “on the cusp of attaining a credible nuclear triad of land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles, submarine-launched ballistic missiles, and air-dropped nuclear bombs.”

 

The Pentagon has watched warily as China has ramped up its submarine fleet, which helps the nation secure its economically vital sea lanes and protect its coastlines from incursion. China has quiet, diesel–electric submarines to lay mines and shoot missiles during combat close to their shores. But the larger, nuclear-powered subs are a newer acquisition, and arming them with nukes poses a different kind of threat to the United States and global powers such as Russia and India.

 

Sub-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs) are hard to spot until they shoot, making them the ideal second-strike weapon in a nuclear exchange. The Pentagon knows where all of China’s ICBM silos are and could wipe them out in a preemptive nuke strike if the nations came to blows. But subs need to be identified, tracked, and sunk. So, having submarines with nukes in their firing tubes makes China a more credible nuclear threat. That threat backs up every diplomatic, geopolitical, and military action of the government—a government whose goals are often at odds with those of the U.S. government.

 

What will the U.S. do about this new threat?

 

There will be some underwater cat-and-mouse games played in the Pacific. U.S. submarines will likely be waiting when American satellites spot a Chinese sub leaving the port. (Those subs will be visible in the shallows between Yulin Naval Base and deep water.) “Some U.S. attack submarines probably will follow the Chinese submarines if and when they deploy,” says Hans Kristensen, an analyst with the Federation of American Scientists. “Part of those operations will be to learn more about noise level and operational patterns.”

 

The range of the JL-2 is about 4500 miles. That means the sub’s missiles can’t target the continental United States from the Chinese coast. They could hit Los Angeles from a position 1000 miles west of Hawaii, while Washington, D.C., would be in range only if the submarine could sneak its way to a position about 1500 miles from the West Coast.

 

That’s the trick for these subs: surviving outside Chinese waters. Japan and America have assets in the Pacific that could detect submarines; a Chinese skipper would have to hide from them to get close enough to take a shot at the continental United States. And Christensen cites Office of Naval Intelligence reports that say the JIN submarines are less stealthy than Russian submarines built two decades ago. “They are too noisy to slip through U.S. antisubmarine networks,” he says. “The U.S. submarine community trained for more than 60 years to track nuclear-powered ballistic submarines . . . Given that record, I’d be surprise if China’s would live for long in a war. To me, they would be sitting ducks.”

 

However, American antisubmarine capabilities have waned since the Cold War. The United States will be decreasing its number of attack submarines, but those that remain will be operating in the Pacific—the Pentagon has already deployed more attack subs to Guam and Hawaii. The Littoral Combat Ship, a troubled Navy program, is expected to have antisubmarine capabilities, but those ships (as the name implies) are made to dominate shallow water.

 

Furthermore, last week news leaked that the Navy plans to cut nearly one-quarter of its highly specialized multi-intelligence aircraft in the next few years, including the P3C Orion sub-hunting airplane. It does have sub-tracking replacements coming online, such as the P-8A Poseidon, a converted 747 that can drop sonobuoys to detect subs, and torpedoes to sink them. But coverage may be thin. The Navy will have only about 50 P-8As to do the job formerly done by 200 P-3Cs.

 

During the Cold War, the Navy tracked Soviet subs using a network of underwater microphones called the Sound Surveillance System (SOSUS). This is still functioning, albeit with fewer sensors, in the Pacific. The Pentagon is working on next-generation tracking technology that could help mitigate the China sub threat. The Distributed Agile Submarine Hunting program, run by DARPA, is creating a maritime version of a satellite. These robotic listening posts could operate in shallow or deep water, and possibly follow enemy subs once they’d been detected.

 

The last-ditch defense against these missile threats are ground-based interceptors in Alaska, built to thwart an ICBM launch from North Korea. They could target the warheads fired from a submarine, Kristensen says, if the warheads were launched from far enough away.

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31 octobre 2012 3 31 /10 /octobre /2012 11:30

photos-01.jpg

 

31/10/2012 Michel Cabirol – Latribune.fr

 

Fin 2010, la France a promis de livrer 100 missiles antichars HOT au Liban. Une promesse de Nicolas Sarkozy qui semble aujourd'hui embarrasser Paris. Beyrouth a récemment rafraichi la mémoire de la France en la lui rappelant.

 

Chose promise, chose due? Pas toujours... même entre les Etats. Et c'est bien le cas de la France, qui a pourtant promis fin 2010 au Liban de lui céder une centaine de missiles antichars HOT (40.000 euros l'exemplaire environ) en vue d'équiper les huit hélicoptères Gazelle de l'armée de l'air du pays du Cèdre, des appareils cédés par les Emirats arabes unis (EAU). C'était une promesse de Nicolas Sarkozy. L'ancien Premier ministre, François Fillon, avait lui-même confirmé officiellement la décision du Chef de l'Etat. "Notre coopération militaire avec le Liban contribue à l'indépendance et la stabilité du pays et est conforme à la résolution 1701 du Conseil de sécurité" des Nations unies, avait alors expliqué de son côté le ministère des Affaires étrangères dans un communiqué. "Elle vise à soutenir, en conformité avec des règles de procédures bien établies, les autorités du Liban et son armée qui est la seule légitime pour assurer la défense du pays. Elle a aussi pour objectif de favoriser le renforcement de la présence de l'armée au Sud-Liban et de sa coopération avec la FINUL (Force intérimaire des Nations unies au Liban) conformément à la 1701″, avait ajouté le texte du Quai d'Orsay.

 

Deux ans après, le Liban attend toujours les missiles promis

 

Deux ans après, le Liban n'a toujours rien reçu. Et se rappelle au bon souvenir de la France, qui est semble-t-il aujourd'hui embarrassée par la promesse de Nicolas Sarkozy. "Le Liban a formulé une demande à la France pour l'acquisition d'une centaine de missiles, même si nous comprenons que le moment n'est pas idéal aujourd'hui pour obtenir satisfaction des autorités françaises", a expliqué début octobre au Sénat l'ambassadeur du Liban en France, son excellence Boutros Assaker, auditionné dans le cadre de la situation en Syrie. En clair, la situation chez l'un des grands voisins du Liban incite à la plus grande prudence de Paris. Mais faut-il rappeler que Damas s'opposait à cette cession. Tout comme d'ailleurs Israël, qui craint de voir cet armement finir entre les mains du mouvement chiite du Hezbollah. D'où semble-t-il les hésitations de Paris qui doit faire face aux pressions israéliennes et... américaines.

 

Les autorités libanaises ont également présenté "plusieurs demandes aux autorités françaises visant à renforcer la coopération et à améliorer les équipements, par exemple concernant les munitions ou la réparation des vieux tanks donnés à l'armée libanaise par les Etats-Unis", a souligné l'ambassadeur du Liban en France. La visite en septembre dernier au Liban du ministre de la Défense, Jean-Yves Le Drian, pourrait accélérer certains dossiers. La cession des missiles HOT entre dans un cadre plus global d'aide à l'armée libanaise, explique-t-on à l'Hôtel de Brienne. Ce qui implique une étude attentive et minutieuse de cette vente. Mais "on va continuer à les aider", assure-t-on à La Tribune. Au ministère des Affaires étrangères, on précise simplement que Paris examine les demandes libanaises, qui doivent notamment passer par les fameuses CIEEMG, la commission interministérielle pour l'étude des exportations de matériels de guerre (une commission interministérielle, qui examine les demandes d'agrément préalable en vue d'une exportation de matériels de guerre ou matériels assimilés). Le dossier des missiles HOT n'est d'ailleurs pas encore passé en commission interministérielle pour l'étude des exportations de matériels de guerre (CIEEMG).

 

Plus de 2,5 milliards de dollars pour l'achat d'armes

 

Le gouvernement libanais a aujourd'hui de l'argent pour équiper et moderniser son armée. Ce qu'il n'avait pas auparavant (21 millions d'euros par an pour les investissements consacrés aux armements). Il a décidé de consacrer une enveloppe de 1,6 milliard de dollars à l'achat de nouveaux équipements pour l'armée libanaise, a indiqué Boutros Assaker. "Un programme d'aide américain prévoit aussi une enveloppe d'un milliard de dollars", a-t-il également précisé. Et le Premier ministre libanais a récemment lancé d'une conférence de donateurs pour aider l'armée libanaise et, précisément, à améliorer son équipement. "Lors de sa prochaine visite en France, le Premier ministre libanais soulèvera cette question avec les autorités françaises", a annoncé l'ambassadeur. Et d'insister: "comment la France peut-elle aider le Liban à se prémunir contre les risques d'une contagion de la crise syrienne? Cela passe par le soutien à la politique de distanciation du gouvernement libanais et l'aide à l'armée libanaise.

 

Le Premier ministre libanais, Najib Mikati, aura-t-il plus de chance de convaincre Paris -une visite est prévue en principe fin novembre, selon la situation dans la région- d'aider enfin son pays en lui livrant les armes demandées, que le président libanais Michel Sleimane en visite en juillet à Paris. Il avait alors rencontré François Hollande et avait lui aussi évoqué la livraison de 100 missiles HOT, qui avait été un des équipements emblématiques de l'armée française... durant la première guerre du Golfe en 1991. Il avait été largement utilisé contre les chars de Saddam Hussein, durant l'opération "Tempête du Désert". Plus récemment, l'armée française a tiré plus de 400 missiles HOT en Libye pendant l'opération Harmattan et une vingtaine en Côte d'Ivoire. Interrogé pour connaître l'état des stocks du HOT de l'armée française, le ministère de la Défense n'a pas souhaité communiquer. Le missilier MBDA ne fabrique d'ailleurs plus ce missile. 

 

Un accord de défense entre la France et le Liban

 

Présente depuis 1978 au Liban, la France est le cinquième pays contributeur de la FINUL avec près de 900 soldats. La grande majorité arme la Force Commander Reserve (FCR) qui est en mesure d'agir en moins de trois heures au profit de tous les contingents déployés sur l'ensemble de la zone d'action de la FINUL, dans le cadre de la résolution 1701. La FCR se compose d'une compagnie d'infanterie, équipée du véhicule blindé de combat d'infanterie (VBCI) de Nexter, d'un escadron d'éclairage et d'investigation, équipé de VBL, d'une section de défense sol-air très courte portée, équipée de Mistral (MBDA), d'une batterie de radars Cobra (EADS, Thales, Lockheed Martin). Elle comporte également une unité de commandement et d'appui, qui comprend notamment un peloton de circulation routière et une section du génie.

 

Dans l'esprit de cette contribution, la France a souhaité mettre en place un accord de coopération dans le domaine de la défense entre les deux pays. "L'objectif général auquel il répond est de contribuer à la montée en puissance de l'armée libanaise afin de lui permettre de garantir la sécurité intérieure du pays et de devenir, pour les autorités politiques, un outil de défense crédible face à une ennemi extérieur", expliquait d'ailleurs le rapport du sénateur PS de l'Ain, Jacques Berthou, publié en 2010. De son côté, l'ancien député UMP de Saône-et-Loire, Jean-Marc Nesme, précisait dans son rapport que "la France a la volonté de renforcer l'armée libanaise pour restaurer l'autorité de l'Etat libanais". Au total, l'armée libanaise compte 75.000 hommes, dont 45.000 à 60.000 dans les forces terrestres, pour un budget annuel de 412 millions d'euros, dont 80% consacrés aux dépenses de fonctionnement). Au-delà rappelait Jacques Berthou, "c'est un accord important destiné à fortifier la relation privilégiée que nous avons avec le Liban".

 

Une armée à recontruire

 

Quels sont les besoins pour l'armée libanaise? Selon le rapport sénatorial, elle a besoin d'acquérir avant tout autre chose son "autonomie". "En parallèle, l'acquisition d'équipements modernes, notamment dans le domaine de l'appui air-sol, figure désormais de façon logique parmi les priorités", a évalué Jacques Berthou. Pour sa part, Jean-Marc Nesme constatait que "l'armée, dont la valeur professionnelle des personnels a été maintes fois constatée, est sous-équipée pour assumer ses missions en raison de budgets d'investissement très faibles et ne peut espérer en cas de conflit réduire les milices, notamment celle du Hezbollah". Entre 2006 et 2009, la France s'est engagée dans des cessions gratuites de matériels pour un montant de plus de 16 millions d'euros.

 

En plus de 80 VAB en train d'être modernisés par Renault Trucks Défense, "l'armée de terre possède une variété d'équipements d'artillerie et de systèmes de missiles sol-sol, mais ils sont souvent anciens", détaillait Jean-Marc Nesme. Quant aux forces navales, prises en charge par les Allemands, notamment, elles ne disposent essentiellement d'unités légères (patrouilleurs, engins de débarquement...). Enfin, l'armée de l'air, qui n'a pas d'avions de combat, ni de bombardiers, ne dispose que d'hélicoptères, dont huit Gazelle. Elle a également des Puma et surtout des Bell UH-1H Huey américains (23 machines). Le Liban est "inapte à protéger son espace aérien face aux incursions d'Israël", notait Jean-Marc Nesme, qui estimait que cet accord de coopération pouvait "avoir des conséquences commerciales importantes".

 

La France n'est pas le seul allié du Liban

 

A défaut d'une aide de la France, le Liban se tournera vers ses autres alliés. Il entretient des relations militaires avec les Etats-Unis, qui versent 150 millions de dollars par an, une aide suspendue en août 2010 en raison des incidents à l'été 2009 à la frontière libano-israélienne. L'Italie, l'Allemagne ainsi que l'Arabie saoudite et les Emirats arabes unis ont également des liens avec Beyrouth. L'Iran a enfin entrepris en 2010 des démarches pour offrir son assistance militaire... Ce qui est explosif dans la région.

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29 octobre 2012 1 29 /10 /octobre /2012 18:00

http://www.defense.gouv.fr/var/dicod/storage/images/base-de-medias/images/dga/images-format-une/missiles/mdcn-version-sous-marine/2048460-1-fre-FR/mdcn-version-sous-marine.jpg

photo DGA

 

29/10/2012 by Paul Fiddian - Armed Forces International's Lead Reporter

 

A new long-range cruise missile for the French Navy's been test-launched by DGA - the French Government defence procurement agency tasked with managing, developing and acquiring new military technologies for the country's armed forces.

 

For the first time, the MBDA SCALP Naval cruise missile was launched from a platform positioned underwater, representing the submarines that, in future years, will be equipped with the new weapon.

 

Quoting DGA officials, MBDA subsequently confirmed in a press release that the SCALP firing served to achieve ‘all test objectives...notably the validation of the GPS guidance mode in the terminal phase.'

 

SCALP Naval Cruise Missile

 

Known also as the MdCN (Missile de Croisière Naval), the SCALP Naval cruise missile is a variant of the air-launched Storm Shadow, which has been in service for a decade. With a top speed of Mach 0.8 and a 250 mile range, Storm Shadow's so far been ordered by six nations including Saudi Arabia and Italy and it equips a range of combat jets, including the Dassault Rafale, Tornado GR4 and IDS, Mirage 2000 and Saab JAS-39 Gripen.

 

Compared to its predecessor, the SCALP Naval cruise missile is specifically designed for the maritime arena, is booster-launched to help it surge through the waves and has a much longer range of up to 1,000 kilometres.

 

In French Navy service, it'll be carried by both Barracuda class submarines and FREMM multipurpose frigates, going into operation in 2014. Six-point-five metres long, the SCALP Naval cruise missile weighs 1,400 kilograms and, while designed first and foremost for the French Navy, the Greek Navy has emerged as a potential first export customer.

 

SCALP Missile Test Launch

 

‘With its range of some several hundred kilometers, MdCN is able to strike targets deep within enemy territory', MBDA stated in its SCALP missile test launch press release.

 

‘Embarked on warships positioned safely on-station for extended periods in international waters, either overtly (surface frigates) or discretely (submerged submarines), MdCN is ideal for missions calling for the destruction of strategically high value infrastructure targets.'

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25 octobre 2012 4 25 /10 /octobre /2012 06:40
First Submarine-Launched BrahMos Missile to Fly This Year

25.102012 Pacific Sentinel

 

First launch of submarine-based Russian-Indian cruise missile BrahMos will be carried out by the end of the current year, director of BrahMos Aerospace Dr. Sivathanu Pillai told ARMS-TASS at the 23-rd international exhibition Euronaval-2012. 
 
"We're going to perform the first submarine-based version of the missile by underwater testing platform by the end of the current year", Pillai said. 
 
As for him, that test launch will be a significant milestone in the BrahMos program, because right after that Indian Navy is to decide whether to arm India's prospective non-nuclear submarine with those missiles. 
 
According to a representative of the Rubin Design Bureau, Russia is ready to offer Amur-1650 submarine armed with either Club or BrahMos missile system.
 
Read the full story at RusNavy
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24 octobre 2012 3 24 /10 /octobre /2012 13:52

http://www.defense.gouv.fr/var/dicod/storage/images/base-de-medias/images/air/dossiers/2012/airex-bapex-volcanex/logo-de-l-exercice/2006999-1-fre-FR/logo-de-l-exercice.jpg

 

23 octobre 2012 Audrey BENZAKEN - lunion.presse.fr

 

Elle n'a jamais aussi bien porté son nom. Au cœur d'un exercice aérien d'une envergure inédite, la base militaire de Séchault est le théâtre d'une simulation de crise internationale avec évacuation de population.

 

BRANLE-BAS de combat jusqu'à la fin de la semaine à Séchault. Depuis une dizaine de jours, la base militaire est le théâtre d'une simulation de crise internationale au cœur de l'exercice Airex 2012.

 

« Le scénario imaginé est celui d'un conflit armé entre deux États à la suite de la découverte de pétrole dans une poche revendiquée par l'un mais qui appartient à l'autre », explique le capitaine Jean-Marie Le Douarin, officier de communication et relations internationales. « Face à cette situation, Airex 2012 est un exercice multinational d'ensemble qui met en œuvre trois volets : une opération aérienne réelle comportant l'activité de nuit, le déploiement d'une base opérationnelle protégée par une force multinationale et une vaste opération d'évacuation de ressortissants avec le soutien sanitaire associé. »

 

Huit nations rassemblées

 

Et autant dire que l'armée de l'air et le Groupe aérien européen, à l'origine de l'opération, n'ont pas lésiné sur les moyens déployés, avec la bagatelle de 1.400 militaires participants, dont 42 % d'étrangers venus d'Italie, Espagne, Belgique, Allemagne, Suède, Royaume-Uni et Pays-Bas.

 

« En première semaine, toutes les équipes ont pu travailler sur le terrain et apprendre à se connaître et l'exercice vise à coordonner l'ensemble des moyens humains et matériels interalliés, qui sont complémentaires », souligne le lieutenant-colonel Olivier Ribette, commandant des opérations de défenses et protection.

 

« À la suite de l'opération Unified Protector au-dessus de la Libye qui s'est terminée l'an passé (et visait à empêcher l'usage de la force aérienne libyenne sur la population), on a tiré les enseignements de cette opération et cet exercice multinational permet de les mettre en application et d'améliorer les processus », précise le capitaine François Nolot, officier de communication.

 

Sur place, la logistique donne le tournis. Tentes et matériels ont été déployés en divers endroits pour accueillir les différentes cellules, du poste de commandement à la surveillance du site, en passant par les analyses de données et communications, ou autres cantine, dortoirs et encore hôpital de campagne.

 

campagne-de-guerre-electronique-01.jpg

 

Notons que l'exercice intègre aussi la mise en œuvre du dispositif d'arme sol-air de moyenne portée Samp Mamba, de protection contre toutes les menaces aériennes dans un rayon de 80 km.

 

« Le site de Séchault est très approprié. On dispose de l'espace nécessaire et son environnement permet à l'exercice de se dérouler avec un grand réalisme, et sans trop affecter la population locale », souligne le capitaine Le Douarin.

 

La manœuvre n'est tout de même pas passée totalement inaperçue dans le secteur, vu les moyens aériens mobilisés, dont une cinquantaine d'avions de chasse et autres ravitailleurs et avions de transports. Admettons que quand un Mirage met les gaz, les tympans ont du mal à le snober…

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22 octobre 2012 1 22 /10 /octobre /2012 17:55

Agni V Launch

The Agni-V is based on the Agni-III, shown here

during its fourth test flight. (Photo: DRDO)

 

October 22, 2012 By Debak Das, Research Intern / Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) – defpro.com

 

Missile testing is currently at an all time high in South Asia. The Indian Navy’s successful test of the supersonic BrahMos cruise missile on 6 October 2012, was the third missile test this month with at least another test (the indigenously built Nirbhay cruise missile) expected in October. The flurry of missile tests in the last few months conducted by both India and Pakistan indicates a competition of one-upmanship that may have negative consequences for strategic stability in the region. In this context, it is important to ascertain what kinds of danger are posed by the testing of such strategic and non-strategic missiles. Can persistent missile testing in the region contain the potential to destabilise South Asian strategic stability?

 

MISSILES TESTED

 

The year 2012 has reportedly seen India acquire ICBM (Inter Continental Ballistic Missile) and SLBM (Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile) capacity with the successful testing of the Agni V and the Sagarika/K-15. The Agni V’s declared range of 5000 kms though does not technically qualify it to be an ICBM. Nevertheless, Pakistan and China have not been silent spectators. Pakistan’s response to the Agni V was the intermediate range ballistic missile Shaheen 1A. But the more recent test of the nuclear capable Hatf-VII Babur stealth cruise missile is a more worrying development from the Indian perspective. The Hatf-VII not only possesses the capacity to penetrate advanced air defence systems and ballistic missile defence systems but its range of 700kms also makes this low flying terrain hugging stealth missile a major threat to a large part of North India.

 

The Indian response to the challenge laid down by the Hatf-VII has been the BrahMos cruise missile that has been jointly developed by the Engineering Research and Production Association of Russia with the Indian DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organisation). The latest version of the BrahMos tested this week was an anti ship missile that flies at a speed of Mach 2.8 and is designed to hit all classes of warships. The Tribune reports that the Talwar class frigate INS Teg, from which the test was conducted has already been armed with this type of missile and two other frigates from the same class – INS Tarkash and INS Trikand shall also be armed with the missile in vertical launch mode.

 

Meanwhile, according to DRDO Director General, V.K.Saraswat, the turbo jet powered 1000km range subsonic cruise missile, Nirbhay is also ready to be tested this month. This missile shall reportedly possess loitering capability, making it possible to change its target after being fired.

 

RECENT MISSILE TESTS IN SOUTH ASIA (SINCE AGNI V)*

 

• 19 April

- Missile: Agni V

- Type: ICBM (3-10 MIRV)

- Range: 5000km + (Chinese dispute, 8000km)

- Payload: 1500kg

- Nuclear: Yes

 

• 25 April

- Missile: Shaheen IA

- Type: IRBM

- Range: 2500-3000km (estd) (officially not released)

- Payload: 200-300kg (Nuclear Warhead), 500-600kg (Conventional)

- Nuclear: Yes

 

• 25 August

- Missile: Prithvi II

- Type: SRBM (user trial by Army)

- Range: 5000km + (Chinese dispute, 8000km)

- Payload: 500kg (Nuclear and Conventional)

- Nuclear: Yes

 

• 17 September

- Missile: Hatf VII Babur

- Type: Cruise Missile (Stealth)

- Range: 700km

- Payload: 450kg (Nuclear and Conventional)

- Nuclear: Yes

 

• 19 September

- Missile: Agni IV

- Type: IRBM

- Range: 4000km

- Payload: 1 Tonne Nuclear Warhead

- Nuclear: Yes

 

• 21 September

- Missile: Agni III

- Type: IRBM

- Range: 3000km

- Payload: 1.5 Tonnes (Nuclear and Conventional)

- Nuclear: Yes

 

• 4 October

- Missile: Prithvi II (User trial by the Army)

- Type: SRBM

- Range: 350km

- Payload: 500kg (Nuclear and Conventional)

- Nuclear: Yes

 

• 5 October

- Missile: Dhanush (Sea Variant of the Prithvi)

- Type: SRBM

- Range: 350km

- Payload: 500kg (Nuclear and Conventional)

- Nuclear: Yes

 

• 6 October

- Missile: BrahMos

- Type: Cruise Missile (Super Sonic)

- Range: 290km

- Payload: 300kg

- Nuclear: No

 

• Expected in November

- Missile: Nirbhay

- Type: Cruise Missile (Sub Sonic)

- Range: 1000km

- Payload: Undisclosed

- Nuclear: -

 

IMPLICATIONS FOR STRATEGIC STABILITY

 

Missile testing ostensibly showcases technological development and strength. But the way India and Pakistan have generated visibility for their respective missile development programmes is a definite case of both the defence establishments trying to ‘outflex’ each other.

 

These developments are not favourable to South Asian strategic stability, which is precariously balanced on the notion of nuclear deterrence. The recent spate of non strategic weapons tests can only destabilise the region. Indian superiority over Pakistan’s conventional military strength has been hitherto undisputed. The entry of the Hatf-VII changes this equation by making a huge part of North Indian territory vulnerable to attack in a more cost effective manner than building ballistic missiles.

 

Indian knee jerk responses, having already tested the 4000km range Agni IV ballistic missile and the BrahMos in October, as well as the expected test of the Nirbhay is sure to coax Pakistan into reciprocating. The frequent reminder of one’s capability to penetrate the other’s defences is not a healthy or intelligent roadmap towards attaining or maintaining strategic stability. It is believed though, that this is a part of a larger strategy by India to lure Pakistan into a ‘race’ that the latter can neither win, nor economically support. If that is indeed the case, Indian policy makers must be reminded that an economically drained Pakistan, plunged headlong towards internal instability is not in the best interests of Indian security. As the dominant South Asian power too, Indian actions should be responsibly guided towards larger regional stability. Accentuating the security dilemma does not fit that bill.

 

____

*This is a list collated with information available from public sources. The details of some of the payloads and ranges are meant to be indicative and not exact. Certain Missiles have been tested multiple times. The list only indicated the last date of test.

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12 octobre 2012 5 12 /10 /octobre /2012 11:50
BrahMos to Test Submarine-Launch Missile by Year-End

MOSCOW, October 12 (RIA Novosti)

 

BrahMos, the Russian-Indian supersonic cruise missile joint venture, is to test-fire their anti-ship missile from a submarine platform by year-end, the  Russian partner NPO Mashninostroyenie said Friday.

 

"We need a test-launch by the end of the year," said the company's Deputy General Director Alexander Dergachev. "A decision will be made on whether the weapon can be accepted for service with the Indian Navy, dependent on the outcome," he added.

 

The test will be a single demonstration firing from a submerged raft, he said. "When an operational carrier has been chosen, then further trials will continue," he said.

 

BrahMos, set up in 1998, produces three variants of the BrahMos missile, based on the NPO Mashinostroyenie 3M55 Yakhont (NATO SS-N-26) supersonic cruise missile already in service with Russia's Armed Forces.

 

The Indian Army has already taken delivery of the land-launched variant. The Navy already has the ship-launched missiles on ten vessels, Dergachev said. The Indian Air Force will also use the weapon, from an upgraded batch of 42 Sukhoi Su-30MKI strike fighters it is expected to order later this year, Russia's Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov said earlier this week in Delhi.

 

"The missile had a range of 300 kilometers (180 miles), and will be vertically-launched by a gas generator in its launch container, which will eject the weapon by gas pressure, after which it will reach Mach two," he said.

 

BrahMos can fly as low as 30 feet (10 m) or attack its target from a high angle, combined with supersonic speed and evasive maneuvering. BrahMos can carry a conventional warhead of up to 300 kg (660 lbs).

 

Earlier this week, Russian daily Izvestia quoted defense industry sources as saying India has uprated its BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles by installing the advanced satellite navigation systems from Russia's Kh-555 and Kh-101 strategic long-range cruise missiles, adding GPS-GLONASS technology to the existing doppler-inertial platform.

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5 octobre 2012 5 05 /10 /octobre /2012 14:42

Dhanush13Dec20093.JPG

 

NEW DELHI, 5 octobre - RIA Novosti

 

L'armée indienne a testé vendredi avec succès un missile balistique naval Dhanush capable de porter une charge nucléaire, rapporte l'agence de presse IANS.

 

Le missile a été tiré depuis un navire dans le golfe du Bengale, au large de l'Etat d'Orissa (est).

 

D'une portée de tir maximale de 350 km, le missile Dhanush constitue l'équivalent maritime du Prithvi-II et est capable de transporter une charge de 500 kg, y compris une tête nucléaire.

 

Le 4 octobre, l'Inde a réussi le tir d'essai d'un missile balistique Prithvi-II.

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5 octobre 2012 5 05 /10 /octobre /2012 07:15

Prithvi (P-II)

 

Oct. 5, 2012 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Indian Ministry of Defence; issued Oct. 4, 2012)

 

The Army’s Strategic Forces Command (SFC) fired the 350 km range Prithvi missile today from the range facility at Chandipur, off the Odisha coast.The entire trajectory of the missile was tracked by a battery of sophisticated radars, telemetry observation stations, electro-optic instruments and naval ships.

 

The Prithvi missile is equipped with advanced high accuracy navigation system and guided by an innovative guidance scheme. The improved Circular Error Probability (CEP) achieved is a testimony to the efficacy of this missile system.

 

A senior member of the Prithvi team said, the flight “most importantly, conveys our preparedness to meet any eventuality” The mission “fully validated our operational readiness”.

 

With this launch the Army’s Strategic Forces Command has successfully carried out in operational conditions launches of all the variants of Prithvi and Agni missiles.

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4 octobre 2012 4 04 /10 /octobre /2012 12:45

Prithvi--P-II-.jpg

Prithvi (P-II), archives

 

NEW DELHI, 4 octobre - RIA Novosti

 

L'armée indienne a testé jeudi avec succès un missile balistique Prithvi-II capable de porter une charge nucléaire, rapporte l'agence de presse IANS.

 

Le missile a été tiré depuis le site de Chandipur, dans l'Etat d'Orissa (est).

 

Le Prithvi-II a une portée de tir maximale de 350 km et il est capable de transporter une charge de 500 kg, y compris une tête nucléaire.

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4 octobre 2012 4 04 /10 /octobre /2012 12:25

prithvi1

 

October 3, 2012 by Ritu Sharma - defenceexpress

 

Surface to Surface, Ballistic Missile Prithvi-II, with a range of 350 Kms, was successfully flight tested at 9.10 A.M, from Launch Complex at ITR (Integrated Test Range), Chandipur in Balasore district of Odisha.  The DRDO developed Prithvi-II Missile is already inducted into the Armed Forces. The Strategic Force Command (SFC) has launched the Missile as part of exercise. All the mission objectives have been fully met.

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26 septembre 2012 3 26 /09 /septembre /2012 17:25

système de défense anti-missiles Arrow 3

 

Tel Aviv, Israel (UPI) Sep 25, 2012 Spacewar.com

 

The crucial first test-firing of Israel's Arrow-3 interceptor missile, designed to destroy ballistic weapons, reportedly has been postponed despite efforts to boost the Jewish state's missile defenses amid threats of pre-emptive strikes against Iran.

 

The development of the Arrow-3 program, which is being carried out by state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries and Boeing of the United States, is a year behind schedule.

 

The first full-scale test, firing the two-stage missile against a simulated target, had been planned for this month but the U.S. weekly Space News reported the flight has been postponed until the end of the year.

 

IAI declined to say what the problem is but Israel's Globes business daily reported that it appears to be serious because the test missile has been returned to IAI for unspecified repairs from the launch site at Palmachim Air Base on the Mediterranean coast south of Tel Aviv.

 

Israel's national news agency reported in August that the new Block 4 generation of interceptors, radars and technologies for synchronizing Arrow-3 with U.S. systems is being installed in Israeli batteries, a process that could take some time.

 

Arrow-3, largely funded by the United States since the program was launched in 1988, is designed to intercept long-range ballistic missiles, which for the Israelis these days means Iranian or Syrian weapons.

 

It will be the top level of a four-tier missile defense shield, Israel's most advanced anti-missile system, able to intercept hostile missiles in space outside Earth's atmosphere. It will be able to engage at altitudes double that of the Arrow-2, the current mainstay for covering against ballistic missiles, using detachable warheads that become killer satellites that seek out targets and crash into them.

 

This highly maneuverable system uses a lighter missile than Arrow-2, not only extending Arrow-3's operational altitude but the missile's range as well.

 

The Israeli military's website says the mobile Arrow interceptors include a number of sensors able to identify and intercept incoming missiles with extreme accuracy. These are hooked into long-range, ground-based Super Green Pine radar systems which can identify and track missiles and a new missile control center linking the Arrow batteries, collectively known as the "Defensive Sword" unit.

 

The semi-mobile radar unit is an advanced version of the EL/M-2080 Green Pine system used in Arrow-1 and 2. It's built by Elta, a subsidiary of IAI's Electronics Group. The various components are controlled by the mobile Citron Tree battle management center, built by Israel's Tadiran Electronics.

 

Since all these components are mobile to one degree or another, the system as a whole is more likely to survive pre-emptive strikes than fixed systems.

 

Arrow-3 is due to become operational in 2014 but it's not clear whether the current problems will delay that.

 

Arrow-1 was deployed in 2001 and replaced by Arrow-2. That system remains operational and will be maintain as a backup for Arrow 3, doubling Israel's chances of nailing hostile ballistic missiles.

 

The new variant is considered to be a far more advanced weapon than the U.S. MIM-104 Patriot, a long-range air-defense system built by Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems.

 

Israel's air defense shield has been integrated with U.S. systems during recent joint exercises to combat missile attacks.

 

Overall responsibility for Arrow lies with the U.S. Missile Defense Organization in Washington and the Israeli Defense Ministry in Tel Aviv.

 

IAI's MLM Division is the prime contractor. Apart from Boeing, which manufactures some 35 percent of the missile, key U.S. subcontractors include Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control, which makes the radar seeker, and Raytheon, which produces the infrared seeker.

 

Boeing is expected to produce at least half of the Arrow-3 interceptors in the United States, with Israel handling the integration.

 

It sees prospects for export deals, something both Boeing and IAI are keen to promote as foreign sales of weapons systems have become of paramount importance to defense contractors amid widespread defense cutbacks.

 

India would like to buy an Arrow battery and purchased a Green Pine radar system in 2001. South Korea's also reported to be interested.

 

However, so far the Americans have blocked export initiatives, citing concerns regarding the Missile Technology Control Regime that limits the proliferation of ballistic missile technology.

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13 septembre 2012 4 13 /09 /septembre /2012 07:50
Polish Defence Official Attends Missile Defence Conference

 

September 12, 2012 defpro.com

 

Berlin | On 10 September Under-Secretary of State in the Ministry of Defence (MOD) for Defence Policy Robert Kupiecki participated in annual international conference Multinational Ballistic Missile Defence Conference on missile defence organised by the US - Missile Defence Agency and Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

 

This year's - 25th edition of the conference took place in Berlin. Over 400 delegates from several states and representatives of armament industry participated in it.

 

In his address Minister Robert Kupiecki emphasised Poland's engagement in the development of missile defence systems both in national dimension - in the context of planned modernisation of the air defence system including gaining missile defence capabilities and in NATO dimension - building the allied common system as well as in the context of cooperation with the US - deploying the US installation on the territory of Poland.

 

Participation of representatives of Polish Ministry of Defence every year at the conference and inviting Minister Robert Kupiecki to give a speech during this year's edition underscores Poland's presence in the group of states noticing the rising significance of air and missile defence systems for international security.

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