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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 08:50
 Photo BAE Systems

Photo BAE Systems

 

02/02/2015 Richard de Silva - DefenceIQ


According to a new study, there may be a need for investment in a “more offensive” surface warfare strategy, given the evolving global threat environment and the spectrum of utility for systems such as long-range missiles, directed energy and electromagnetic rail guns.

 

The research, conducted by Washington D.C.-based Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (CSBA), recommended that the U.S. Navy not only invests further in these systems but looks to increase their impact by restructuring the surface fleet and embracing new tactics. It argues that controlling the waters in the coming years will play a particularly vital role in strategic defence, not least because of the increasing opportunity of interoperation between naval, air, land and space assets.

Analysts are looking towards the mid-2020s as a make-or-break deadline, a period in which it is envisaged that there will be a global focus on anti-access/area-denial. A2/AD has already been causing strategic pressures in the Persian Gulf, the East China Sea, and other waters that require multinational port access, shipping routes or military patrols. When done correctly, the tactic can prevent troops from landing by sea or limit the range at which surface vessels can support forces inshore.

In tandem, there is a renewed focus among many nations on the growing threat of ballistic missiles. Spurred further by the conflict in Ukraine, fears that were last at their height during the Cold War have returned, but since this time, anti-missile strategic focus has centred primarily on asymmetric threats, such as counter-rocket, artillery and mortar (C-RAM) systems.

A great deal of interest now lies on the US Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) system, comprising a network of warships designed to intercept ballistic missiles post-boost phase and prior to reentry. Latest tests (as of November 2014) conducted by the Missile Defense Agency in the Pacific with recent upgrades have been reported as successful.

It is interesting to note that China has also identified a need to develop its seaborne missile capability and has announced that its own version of Aegis is also to expand with plans to launch eight new warships (Types 052C and 052D) to augment its ten existing destroyers and new aircraft carrier. Construction is to begin this year.

Most recently, the US Navy sees the deployment of two additional Aegis destroyers (F-100) in Spain his year as providing a “significant deterrent”, according to remarks made to Sputnik News Agency. A representative of US Naval Forces Europe stated that the placement of the vessels maximised “their operational flexibility for missions in the Atlantic and Mediterranean” while further enabling rapid response to any crisis.

The F100 Álvaro de Bazán class multi-role frigate is one of the few non-US warships to carry the Aegis Combat System and its associated AN/SPY-1 radar, along with ballistic resistant steel in the hull and anti-vibration power plants. Other nations to carry the honour are Japan, South Korea and Norway.

Captain Manuel Martinez-Ruiz, programme director for the F-100 (as well as overseeing the impending introduction of the F-110 frigates) – believes the vessels are up to the task of dealing with a range of threats in the coming years and have already demonstrated their value as an AEGIS component during recent exercises.

“The Spanish Navy’s F-100 Frigates have shown excellent AAW capabilities since the commissioning of F-101 Alvaro de Bazán in 2001, and having participated in numerous NATO, US and UNO Coalition operations,” Martinez-Ruiz told Defence IQ.

“On the other hand, frigate F-104 Mendez Nuñez had a limited BMS&T (ballistic missile defense surveillance and tracking) role at FTM-12 (Flight Test Maritime-12) while  Alvaro de Bazan conducted some interoperability tests during Maritime Theatre Missile Defence events during Combat Systems Ship's Qualification Trials. Recently, the F-100 C2 capabilities have been improved through Joint Range Extension.”

“While I consider land based asymmetric threats to be something to pay attention to in the future at the tactical level, I believe ballistic missile defence threats – both current and emerging – are something that impacts us on a more strategic and political level, and involves much more complex action among our agencies and nations. What is clear however is that the Spanish Navy’s future ships, such as the F-110 frigates, will be focused more on countering asymmetric threats.”

As technology evolves, the opportunities for surface warship capabilities are ever-increasing as long as the R&D funding can keep up. Of course, with rising complexities, new challenges also rear their heads, particularly when it comes to introducing new systems into an existing family of systems and then testing them within the parameters of a realistic scenario.

“I think the biggest challenge is to be able to characterise anti-aircraft warfare and BMD threats in order to operate them in a coordinated way by improving ‘detect-control-engage’ technology,” Martin-Ruiz explained. “The need to face emerging BMD and AAW threats at force level in this way requires an improved C2 architecture, sensor-to-shooter technology, as well as mission planning capabilities. Also, increasing radar sensitivity with electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM) capabilities will be the next hurdle for radar technology.”

The field is further complicated by the increasingly urgent need to ensure that multinational systems are integrated alongside standardised methods and tactics, a situation that can only be achieved through continued multilateral naval exercises.

“That will be extremely important in the coming years,” Martinez-Ruiz confirms, “as will the need to increase interoperability among NATO and allied forces. New protocols such as JRE-C and more robust data link capabilities with images and progressive streaming video transmission mechanisms (for example, JPEG2000 based on wavelets) are possibly required to face asymmetric and emerging threats. There are some exciting multinational projects underway now such as NATO’s Smart Defence project and the MTMD forum in which our Navy is interested.”

 

Martinez-Ruiz will be briefing the delegation at this year’s Integrated Air and Missile Defenceconference (Seville, Spain, 16-18 March). He identified a specific set of focuses with which he hopes those attending will truly engage. These include European initiatives on AIMD, threat assessment and mission planning, characterisation of emerging threats, technology for asymmetric threats, and discussion on mission modules and UAVs.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 08:35
Surface Forces: China Perfects A New 30mm Anti-Missile Defense

 

January 13, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The Chinese Type 1130 multibarrel autocannon has been confirmed as the final production version of what was previously called the Type 1030. The 1130 has 11 barrels (one more than the 1030) and two magazines carrying over 1280 rounds of ammo. That is enough to engage over 40 targets before needing a reload. Top rate of fire is 10,000 rounds a minute (166 per second). This robotic weapon is radar controlled and, when turned on, automatically fires at incoming targets while under software control. It is similar in function to the U.S. Phalanx. The 1130 has five times more ammo ready-to-fire than the 1030 along with many refinements added during years of development. Because of its size, weight and large power requirements the Type 1130 is only installed on carriers and large destroyers.

 

This new weapon was first spotted in 2011 when the new Chinese aircraft carrier, the Liaoning (formerly Varyag) was seen with at least two of the then-new “Type 1030” automatic cannon systems. The Type 1030 appeared to be an upgraded (to ten barrels) model of the older Type 730 (seven barrel) and Type 630 (six barrel), close-in anti-missile automatic cannon. All fire 30mm shells at incoming anti-ship missiles, aircraft or anything else deemed a danger to the ship. The 1030 turned out to be still in development and the final version was the 1130.

 

Also seen on the Liaoning in 2011 were four 18 cell launcher for FL-3000N anti-missile missiles. The FL-3000N is similar to the American RAM anti-missile missile system, except that they come in 24 missile and 18 missile launchers and are less accurate. FL-3000N was only introduced in 2008, and uses smaller missiles than RAM. The FL-3000N missiles have a max range of nine kilometers (about half that for very fast incoming missiles). The 120mm, two meter long missiles use a similar guidance system to RAM, but are not as agile in flight.

 

Missiles are increasingly preferred over cannon for short range anti-missile defense. Thus over the last decade, the U.S. Navy Phalanx 20mm autocannon anti-missile system has been more frequently replaced by SeaRAM. What's interesting about this is that SeaRAM is basically the Phalanx system, with the 20mm gun replaced with a box of eleven RAM (RIM-116 "Rolling Air Frame") missiles. The Phalanx was developed in the 1970s, and entered service in 1977 (about the same time as the original Russian Type 630).

 

RAM was developed in the 1980s, and didn't enter service until 1993. RAM has a longer range (7.5 kilometers) than the Phalanx (2-3 kilometers, or 3.5 kilometers for the 30mm weapons) and was originally designed to be aimed using the ship's fire control systems. Phalanx, on the other hand, has its own radar and fire control system and, once turned on, will automatically fire at any incoming missiles. The latest Type 630/730/1130 operate the same way. This is necessary, as some anti-ship missiles travel at over a 500 meters a second. With SeaRAM, you've got a little more time, and can knock down the incoming missile farther from the ship. This is important, because it was feared that a large, very fast anti-ship missile (which the Russians prefer, and sell to foreigners), even when shot up by Phalanx, might still end up having parts of it slam into the target ship. Since SeaRAM has eleven missiles ready to fire, it can also engage several targets at once, something the Phalanx could not do.

 

The RAM missiles are 127mm in diameter, three meters (9.3 feet) long and weigh 73.6 kg (162 pounds) each. The terminal guidance system is heat seeking. Basically, it uses the rocket motor and warhead from the Sidewinder air-to-air missile, and the guidance system from the Stinger shoulder fired anti-aircraft missile. SeaRAM missiles cost about $450,000 each, which is probably at least 50 percent more than the FL-3000N missiles. SeaRAM is meant to provide protection for combat support ships that normally have no defenses, or at least no combat radars and fire control system. The new LCS will use the SeaRAM as well.

 

Like most modern carriers, the only weapons carried are anti-missile systems like Type 1130 and FL-3000N, plus some heavy machine-guns (which are often kept inside the ship, and mounted outside only when needed.) However, Russian practice was been to sometimes install long range anti-ship missiles as well. China may also do this with Shi Lang.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 07:35
photo Rafael

photo Rafael

 

2 February, 2015 By Arie Egozi - FG

 

At this stage in its procurement process, the Indian air force wants Israeli-made air-to-air missiles to hang under the wings of its new fighter aircraft. The Indian government has yet to make the final selection between the French Dassault Rafale and the Russian Sukhoi Su-30. But all indications are that there is a consensus among professionals about the air-to-air weapon. If the SU-30 is eventually selected to be the backbone of the Indian air force, the intention of New Delhi is to equip it with two Israeli-made, combat-proven air-to-air missiles. Both are manufactured by Rafael: one is the Python 5, a fifth-generation air-to-air missile; and the other is the Derby active radar missile.

 

Read more

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 07:35
HAL to integrate Brahmos missile with IAF Su-30MKI jets by next month

The air-launched version of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile at MAKS2009 in Russia. Photo Allocer

 

2 February 2015 airforce-technology.com

 

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is reportedly set to equip the Indian Air Force's (IAF) Su-30MKI fighter jets with the air-launched version of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile by March.

 

HAL chairman RK Tyagi was quoted by Indo-Asian News Service as saying that two of IAF Su-30MKI jets are being integrated with the missile at the company's facility in Nashik, Maharashtra.

 

Tyagi added: "We have also recently conducted the critical ground vibration test (GVT) on a Sukhoi to modify it for carrying the missile under its fuselage for combat role.

 

"The vibration tests were conducted in nine configurations to assess the dynamic behaviour of the modified Sukhoi platform."

 

HAL director S Subrahmanyan said, according to The Times of India: "The initial requirement is for two Su-30MKIs with BrahMos.

 

"The first one will fly in March and we will take up the second one in line."

 

The air-launched variant is called BrahMos-A. It will use air breathing scramjet propulsion technology aboard IAF Su-30MKI fighters to enhance their conventional offensive capabilities.

 

In October 2012, the Indian Cabinet Committee on Security cleared a Rs60bn ($1.1bn) proposal for the acquisition of 200 BrahMos air-launched variants.

 

Forty-two 42 Su-30MKIs have been earmarked by the IAF has earmarked for structural and software modifications to carry 216 missiles.

 

The BrahMos is built by Brahmos Aerospace in a joint venture between India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia's NPO Mashinostroyenia. It is a stealth supersonic cruise missile designed for launch from land, ship, submarines, and air platforms.

 

The solid propellant rocket-powered missile is capable of travelling at a speed of Mach 2.8. It can intercept surface targets by flying as low as 10m above the ground, even in mountainous terrain and hillocks, and has already been inducted by the Indian Army and Navy.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 06:50
F-16C/D Jastrząb fighter

F-16C/D Jastrząb fighter

 

January 31, 2015 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Defence24.com Poland; published January 31, 2015)

 

Poland’s Armament Inspectorate has started a tender to acquire AMRAAM training missiles, and 200 guided and 300 unguided bombs for the Lockheed Martin F-16C/D Jastrząb fighters stationed at the Łask AB. Final offer placing deadline expires on 2nd March this year.

 

This is yet another armament bundle for the aircraft based at the 32nd Tactical Air Base.

 

The tender is to make it possible to realize the following purchases:

-- 32 practice CTAM-120C AMRAAM missiles,

-- 100 GPS-guided GBU-38 JDAM Bombs (based on Mk. 82 500 lbs. bombs),

-- 100 laser guided GBU-12 bombs (also based on the Mk.82 bombs) ,

-- 200 Mk. 84 unguided bombs (1000 lbs.),

-- 100 Mk.82 bombs and

-- 3000 CXU-3A/B practice bomb signal cartridges, which are used to indicate the hit point of the dummy bombs.

 

The final part of the tender is to involve up to 5 bidders, who are experienced in provision of such supplies, and have at least 5 years of experience gathered within the European Union.

 

95% of the assessment of the offers is based on the price, while the remaining 5% are to be based on maintenance services.

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3 février 2015 2 03 /02 /février /2015 20:50
MBDA : une année commerciale record en 2014 sous le signe de l'Union Jack

Premier contrat export pour le missile air-air Meteor développé par le missilier MBDA en Arabie Saoudite en 2014 (photo MBDA)

 

03/02/2015 Michel Cabirol – LaTribune.fr

 

MBDA va-t-il à nouveau battre son record de commandes en 2014 ? C'est possible car le missilier, tout comme en 2013, a réalisé 4 milliards d'euros de prises de commandes, dont une majeure en Arabie Saoudite (contrat Meteor).

 

Bis repetita pour MBDA au niveau commercial. Après avoir réussi une belle année en 2013 (4 milliards d'euros, dont 2,2 milliards à l'export), le missilier européen a réédité l'année dernière sa performance commerciale. Et ce en dépit de quelques déceptions de prises de commandes attendues en 2014. Selon plusieurs sources concordantes, MBDA a toutefois réussi à engranger environ 4 milliards d'euros de commandes, dont un peu plus de 2 milliards à l'export. Des commandes qui concernent essentiellement des missiles de fabrication britannique.

En tout cas, cette performance va à nouveau ravir le PDG de MBDA, Antoine Bouvier, qui avait fixé pour 2013 un objectif à ses troupes commerciales d'avoir un ratio chiffre d'affaires, prises de commandes (le fameux book to bill) supérieur à 1. Et bingo, le groupe y parvient deux années consécutives alors que le carnet de commandes déclinait inexorablement depuis 2009. Il était même passé en 2012 pour la première fois depuis la création de MBDA en 2001 sous la barre symbolique des 10 milliards d'euros (9,8 milliards). En 2009, le carnet s'élevait à 12 milliards, déjà en net retrait par rapport à 2003 (14,8 milliards).

Seule ombre au tableau, le chiffre d'affaires de MBDA devrait être à la baisse en raison des efforts consentis (réduction des livraisons négociée avec la direction générale de l'armement) par Antoine Bouvier en vue de préserver l'avenir avec le développement de nouveaux programmes : Missile terrestre de nouvelle génération (MMP), Anti Navire Léger (ANL), CAMM, un missile britannique qui répondra aux besoins futurs des marines, forces terrestres et forces aériennes en matière de défense anti-aérienne.

 

Arabie saoudite : un contrat Meteor qui fait du bien

Longtemps, les équipes du patron de l'export Jean-Luc Lamothe se sont rongées les ongles, attendant la mise en vigueur d'un contrat qui fait passer l'année du bon côté ou pas. Ce ne donc sera ni T-Loramids (Air Defence en Turquie), estimé à 3 à 4 milliards d'euros, ni le programme polonais Wisla (environ 4 milliards), ni un contrat export Rafale avec la panoplie de missiles MBDA, ni bien sûr SRSAM (Air Defence en Inde), un programme en perdition... Selon des sources concordantes, la bonne surprise est venue en fin d'année d'Arabie Saoudite, qui a équipé ses Eurofighter fournis par BAE Systems de missiles air-air Meteor, un contrat estimé à un plus de 1 milliard d'euros. C'est d'ailleurs le premier contrat export du Meteor.

Une nouvelle fois l'Arabie Saoudite est venue sauver l'année commerciale de MBDA. En 2013, le missilier y avait gagné cinq contrats, selon nos informations. Notamment BAE Systems avait choisi le missilier européen pour fournir à l'armée de l'air saoudienne le missile air-sol britannique le Dual-Mode Brimstone. En outre, il équipera l'armée de l'air saoudienne un lot supplémentaire de missiles de croisière Storm Shadow. Soit environ une commande évaluée pour MBDA à 500 millions d'euros.

 

Enfin un contrat en Inde

Outre l'Arabie saoudite, MBDA a enfin obtenu en Inde en début d'année un contrat attendu pendant très longtemps. New Delhi a mis en vigueur un contrat estimé à 428 millions de dollars en vue d'équiper les vieux Jaguar de l'armée de l'air indienne de missiles britanniques air-air de courte portée Asraam. Outre le SR-SAM (Short Range Surface to Air Missile), un missile sol-air de nouvelle génération co-développé et coproduit en Inde avec Bharat Dynamics Limited, le missilier a plus d'une trentaine de campagnes en cours actuellement en Inde dont celles concernant MMRCA (Scalp, Meteor...).

Enfin, MBDA a obtenu plusieurs autres contrats de taille plus modeste. Notamment deux  nouvelles commandes pour le missile britannique surface-air Sea Ceptor à la marine brésilienne et néo-zélandaise après la Grande-Bretagne. MBDA a également vendu ses installations de tir (50 millions d'euros environ) sur les quatre corvettes vendues par DCNS à l'Égypte. Enfin, le Chili et le Maroc ont passé des petites commandes en vue de compléter leurs armements.

 

Deux déceptions commerciales

Au rang des déceptions commerciales, il y a bien sûr le programme SR-SAM en Inde, qui semble en mauvaise posture pour MBDA alors que cela fait trois ans que les négociations sont pourtant terminées, depuis décembre 2011. Mais le nouveau gouvernement indien pourrait annuler le programme SRSAM (Short Range Surface to Air Missile) faute de trouver un financement. Ce missile sol-air de nouvelle génération devait être co-développé avec la DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) et coproduit en Inde avec Bharat Dynamics Limited.

Par ailleurs, le missilier comptait beaucoup en France sur le programme AT4 CS, un programme de lance-roquette, destinés à la Marine et aux armées de Terre et de l'Air. Un matériel qui venait parfaitement compléter la trame missile-roquette de MBDA, selon la stratégie définie par Antoine Bouvier. Mais finalement, après avoir beaucoup pataugé, le missilier, associé à l'espagnol Instalaza a perdu face au suédois Saab, associé à Nexter. La première commande s'élève à 32 millions d'euros, mais le contrat, toutes options comprises jusqu'à 2024, pourrait monter jusqu'à 220 millions d'euros. En outre, Antoine Bouvier voulait avec ce contrat faire entrer l'Espagne dans la galaxie MBDA à travers Instalaza. Echec et mat...

 

Des commandes domestiques en demi-teinte

S'agissant des commandes nationales, MBDA a obtenu fin mars 2014 après quelques péripéties la signature de la phase de développement et de production du programme de missile FASGW(H)/ANL (Future Anti Surface Guided Weapon (Heavy)/Anti Navire Léger). Ce contrat d'un montant d'environ 600 millions d'euros est financé conjointement par la France et le Royaume-Uni. Cette nouvelle phase de travaux vient poursuivre les étapes de faisabilité et de conception financées conjointement par les deux nations depuis 2009.

En outre, le missilier a signé un contrat d'étude de près 50 millions d'euros (36 millions de livres) avec le ministère de la Défense britannique pour adapter le système CAMM à l'environnement terrestre. MBDA propose à l'armée de terre une variante, appelée Future Local Area Air Defence System (FLAADS Land). Enfin, le missilier a signé de très nombreux contrat de supports et de maintien en condition opérationnel avec les armées françaises, britanniques, italiennes et allemandes.

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2 février 2015 1 02 /02 /février /2015 17:35
Pakistan flight tests Air Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM) Ra’ad

 

February 2nd, 2015 defencetalk.com

 

Pakistan on Monday conducted a successful flight test of the indigenously developed Air Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM) “Ra’ad”, said an Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) press release.

 

The Ra’ad missile, with a range of 350 km, enables Pakistan to achieve ‘strategic standoff capability’ on land and at sea.

 

“Cruise Technology” is extremely complex and has been developed by only a few countries in the world. The state of the art Ra’ad Cruise Missile with stealth capabilities is a low altitude, terrain hugging missile with high maneuverability; can deliver nuclear and conventional warheads with pin point accuracy.

 

Director General Strategic Plans Division, Lieutenant General Zubair Mahmood Hayat, while congratulating the scientists and engineers on achieving yet another milestone of historic significance, termed it a major step towards strengthening Pakistan’s full spectrum credible minimum deterrence capability. Pakistan’s strategic pursuits are aimed at achieving strategic stability in the region, he said.

 

He appreciated the technical prowess, dedication and commitment of scientists who contributed whole heartedly to make this launch a success.

 

He showed his full confidence over operational preparedness of strategic forces including employment and deployment concepts, refinement and training of all ranks in operational and technical domains.

 

The successful launch has been commended by President Mamnoon Hussain and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, who have congratulated the scientists and engineers on their outstanding achievement.

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29 janvier 2015 4 29 /01 /janvier /2015 08:20
L’USAF étudie un nouveau missile pour son prochain bombardier (LRS-B)

L’équipe du laboratoire de Sandia assemble un modèle 3D du futur LRSO en mars 2014 (source Sandia National Laboratories)

 

29 janvier 2015 Info-Aviation

 

Le général en charge des forces nucléaires Stephen Wilson a confié aux journalistes que l’US Air Force travaille sur un missile de croisière LRSO (Long-Range Standoff) pour armer la future flotte de bombardiers américains LRS-B (Long-Range Strike Bomber).

 

« Nous aurons besoin d’un missile qui peut pénétrer les défenses aériennes les plus sophistiquées. », a déclaré le général Stephen Wilson. Il a ajouté qu’une variante conventionnelle du LRSO serait construite après qu’une version à tête nucléaire soit d’abord développée. Le général a expliqué que l’US Air Force a terminé son analyse des solutions de remplacement (AoA) et attend déasormais la décision du Pentagone pour commencer l’acquisition. L’US Air Force a étudié « une variété d’options – avec des capacités différentes, et des vitesses différentes », a t-il ajouté. « Nous avons limité notre analyse aux technologies que nous maîtrisons actuellement. Mais je ne peux pas entrer dans les détails. »

 

Suite de l’article

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28 janvier 2015 3 28 /01 /janvier /2015 12:40
Missile russe Sarmat: une charge utile de 10 tonnes (Défense)

 

MOSCOU, 26 janvier - RIA Novosti
 

Une version du nouveau missile balistique intercontinental lourd russe Sarmat pourra transporter une charge utile de 10 tonnes dans n'importe quel point du globe, a annoncé le vice-ministre russe de la Défense Iouri Borissov.

"Nous avons déjà fabriqué certains éléments du missile conformément au calendrier des travaux", a ajouté M.Borissov sur les ondes de la radio russe RSN.

Les Troupes balistiques stratégiques russes (RVSN) seront dotées de missiles Sarmat entre 2018 et 2020.

Par ailleurs, M.Borissov a noté que la Russie cherche à prolonger la durée d'exploitation des missiles balistiques intercontinentaux RS-20V Voevoda, les plus puissants missiles au monde connus en Occident sous le nom de SS-18 Satan.

Le missile intercontinental Sarmat aura un poids de 100 tonnes. Il est destiné à remplacer le célèbre RS-20V Voevoda.

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28 janvier 2015 3 28 /01 /janvier /2015 12:30
S-300 pour l'Iran: Téhéran attend la livraison (ambassadeur)

 

MOSCOU, 27 janvier - RIA Novosti

 

L'Iran s'attend à ce que la Russie lui livre les systèmes antiaériens S-300 conformément au contrat signé en 2007, a déclaré mardi à RIA Novosti l'ambassadeur iranien à Moscou Mehdi Sanai.

 

"L'Iran estime toujours que le contrat pour la livraison des S-300 était légitime et ne faisait pas l'objet de sanctions. Primo, il a été signé avant l'imposition de ces sanctions, secundo, il s'agit d'un système défensif et non offensif", a fait savoir le diplomate.

 

Selon lui, la République islamique estime que la récente visite à Téhéran du ministre russe de la Défense Sergueï Choïgou constitue "un signal positif" qui laisse espérer que la livraison des systèmes antiaériens aura finalement lieu.

 

Le 20 janvier dernier, la Russie et l'Iran ont signé un accord intergouvernemental de coopération militaire. Selon le général-colonel Leonid Ivachov, président du Centre international d'analyse géopolitique, ce document devrait jeter les bases d’une reprise de négociations concernant la livraison de systèmes S-300 à l'Iran.

 

En 2007, Moscou et Téhéran ont conclu un contrat engageant la Russie à fournir cinq batteries de missiles antiaériens S-300 pour un montant d'environ 800 millions de dollars. Cependant, l'exécution du contrat a été suspendue en septembre 2010 par le président russe de l'époque Dmitri Medvedev en application de la résolution 1929 du Conseil de sécurité de l'Onu, qui interdisait de fournir des armements offensifs à Téhéran.

 

Convaincue de la validité du contrat, la partie iranienne a fait appel à l'arbitrage international, réclamant quatre milliards de dollars d'indemnités.

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27 janvier 2015 2 27 /01 /janvier /2015 17:30
Iran Reinvents Cruise Missiles

 

January 27, 2015: Strategy Page

 

In December 2014 Iran held military exercises in which it claimed it had converted one of its UAVs into a “suicide drone” and successfully tested it. The story behind this story is far more interesting. This suicide drone is actually a cruise missile and is based on what Iran claims is a copy of the American ScanEagle UAV. This is a low-tech, commercially available UAV that contains no classified components. In early 2013 Iran released photos of their new production facility producing copies of ScanEagle. But Iran did not present any of the completed “Yasir” (as they called their version of ScanEagle) UAVs. Iran could have built a ScanEagle clone without copying from one they had obtained (either from a crash or the black market). The ScanEagle assembly line picture could have simply been Photoshopped, a technique Iran has been caught using numerous times. The Iranian version was said to have a range of 200 kilometers max altitude of 2,900 meters and max endurance of eight hours. By replacing the surveillance equipment and much of the fuel with explosives Iran would have a short range (a hundred kilometers or so) cruise missile with over a 10 kg (over 22 pounds) of explosives that could, in theory, hit anything within range. That is if it can get past the air defenses. Most Western air defense systems have been upgraded to detect UAVs and low flying cruise missiles.

 

Actually, defenses against cruise missiles go back over 70 years. Cruise Missiles have been around for that long. The first one appeared during World War II as the German V-1 "Buzz Bomb". The British developed a number of countermeasures. It was the Israelis that began using TV-equipped UAVs in combat during the 1980s. At the same time it was the United States that reinvented the buzz bomb as the modern cruise missile in the 1980s. A decade later the Americans borrowed from the Israelis to create their own UAVs for surveillance.

 

Yasir first appeared in December 2012 when Iran insisted it had captured a U.S. Navy ScanEagle UAV and copied it. The U.S. said none of its ScanEagles were missing. Iran then released a photo of the captured ScanEagle. But the photo showed a ScanEagle without military markings that appeared to have been reassembled after a crash. The U.S. did reveal that several ScanEagles had been lost over the last few years (due to communications or mechanical failures) in Afghanistan and the Persian Gulf and the wreckage was not recovered. This is where Iran might have obtained their ScanEagle (perhaps via fishermen who haulded it in and took it to the black market). In any event, stunts like this are mainly for raising morale among Iranian civilians depressed over economic problems. It doesn’t really matter what the U.S. says or does.

 

A ScanEagle weighs 19 kg (40 pounds), has a 3.2 meter (ten foot) wingspan, and uses day and night video cameras. This makes it easier for the UAV, flying over land or water, to spot small speed boats or individual vehicles. The commercial version of ScanEagle has been in service since the 1990s to help high seas fishing ships find schools of fish to go after. Cruising speed is 110 kilometers an hour. The ScanEagle can stay in the air for up to 15 hours per flight and fly as high as 5 kilometers (16,000 feet). The aircraft carries an optical system that is stabilized to keep the cameras focused on an object while the UAV moves. The UAV can operate at least a hundred kilometers from the ground controller. The ScanEagle is launched from a catapult and landed via a wing hook that catches a rope hanging from a 16 meter (fifty foot) pole. This makes it possible to operate the UAV from the helicopter pad on the stern (rear) of a warship or any open space on a seagoing fishing ship. Each ScanEagle costs about $100,000 and is still widely used by commercial fishing, ocean survey, and research ships, as well as military organizations in several countries. ScanEagle has been in military service since 2005.

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21 janvier 2015 3 21 /01 /janvier /2015 17:35
Missile BrahMos: 1er tir d'essai depuis un chasseur Sukhoi prévu pour mars

 

MOSCOU, 21 janvier - RIA Novosti

 

Le premier tir d'essai d'un missile russo-indien BrahMos depuis un chasseur indien Sukhoi Su-30MKI se tiendra en mars prochain, a annoncé mercredi à Moscou Alexandre Dergatchev, PDG adjoint de l'entreprise Mashinostroyenie, concepteur russe du missile.

"Nous avons lancé les essais en vol du chasseur Su-30MKI avec une maquette du missile BrahMos. Les pilotes s'entraînent à effectuer certains éléments de décollage et d'atterrissage. Le premier tir d'essai du missile depuis l'avion est programmé pour mars 2015", a indiqué M.Dergatchev.

Selon lui, deux avions modernisés Su-30MKI participent aux tests.

L'armée de l'air indienne se dotera d'avions Su-30MKI équipés de missiles BrahMos en 2016 conformément au contrat russo-indien.

Utilisé par l'armée indienne depuis 2005, BrahMos est un missile de croisière supersonique à propergol solide pesant 2,55 tonnes. Sa version originale est longue de 8,3 mètres pour 0,67 m de diamètre. Doté d'une ogive de 200 à 300 kg, le BrahMos est capable de neutraliser les cibles à une distance de 290 km. L'Inde a déjà testé ses versions terrestre et navale et compte en équiper les chasseurs Su-30MKI.

BrahMos est un acronyme composé des premières syllabes du fleuve indien Brahmapoutre et de la rivière russe Moskova.

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21 janvier 2015 3 21 /01 /janvier /2015 08:50
AW129 Mangusta - Toplite photo AgustaWestland

AW129 Mangusta - Toplite photo AgustaWestland

 

18/01/2015 psk.blog.24heures.ch

 

AgustaWestland termine la phase de modernisation de son hélicoptère de combat AW129 « Mangusta » avec l’adaptation d’un nouveau système de détection électro-optique, qui pourra notamment mettre en oeuvre le missile « Spike-NLOS ».

 

Lire l’article

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20 janvier 2015 2 20 /01 /janvier /2015 13:40
photo Sergei Mamontov RIA Novosti.

photo Sergei Mamontov RIA Novosti.

 

MOSCOU, 19 janvier - RIA Novosti

 

L'armée russe se dotera massivement de missiles hypersoniques d'ici 2030-2040, a annoncé lundi à Moscou Boris Obnossov, directeur du consortium russe Missiles tactiques. 

"Le programme comprend plusieurs étapes. A mon avis, il donnera des résultats dès la prochaine décennie et l'armée passera aux armes hypersoniques pendant les années 2030 et 2040", a indiqué M.Obnossov dans une interview au magazine Défense de Russie.

Le responsable avait déclaré en novembre dernier que les premiers missiles hypersoniques destinés aux avions russes seraient conçus d'ici 2020.

Selon lui, le problème principal des concepteurs d'armes hypersoniques consiste à créer de matériaux capables de résister à des températures élevées pendant le vol hypersonique. Mais il faut en outre créer de nouveaux moteurs et équipements de bord.

"Je crois que nous sommes plutôt à niveau avec les Etats-Unis (dans le domaine de la conception d'armes hypersoniques), mais il y a toujours un risque d'être en retard. Nous menons donc des travaux très sérieux dans ce secteur", a noté M.Obnossov.

Créé en 2002, le consortium Missiles tactiques réunit 26 entreprises qui produisent des missiles, des bombes guidées et des armes embarquées.

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20 janvier 2015 2 20 /01 /janvier /2015 12:30
Israel deploys Iron Dome missile defense battery and additional troops on border with Syria

 

January 20, 2015 armyrecognition.com

 

Israel deployed an Iron Dome missile defense battery along its northern border with Syria and planned a high-level security meeting in anticipation of retaliation for an airstrike that killed Lebanese Hezbollah militants and an Iranian general, Israel Radio reported.

 

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18 janvier 2015 7 18 /01 /janvier /2015 08:40
Russia Will Test Launch Iskander-M Missiles During March Drills

 

Jan 16, 2015 Spacewar.com  (Sputnik)

 

Moscow, Russia - Also known as SS-26 Stone, the Iskander is a powerful missile strike system with "quasi-ballistic" capability in use by the Russian Ground Forces.

 

Two missile battalions of the Central Military District (CMD) will test launch a number of Iskander-M tactical ballistic missiles during exercises in southern Russia in March, CMD spokesperson Col. Yaroslav Roshupkin said Thursday.

 

"In early March, after the completion of military training courses, the full-size unit will take part in combat launching exercises at the Kapustin Yar testing range," Roshupkin said.

 

The spokesperson added that two CMD missile force battalions have arrived at a testing range in Astrakhan Region to undergo an Iskander-M command and control training course ahead of the drills.

 

The units were fully equipped with Iskander-M theater ballistic missile complexes last November.

 

Following tactical drills, the missile forces are expected to return to their home base in Orenburg Region, which is fitted with the infrastructure needed to house the Iskander-M complexes, Roshupkin said.

 

Also known as SS-26 Stone, the Iskander is a powerful missile strike system with "quasi-ballistic" capability in use by the Russian Ground Forces. The missiles have a range of 400 km (250 miles) and can reportedly carry conventional and nuclear warheads.

 

Tests of the system were successfully carried out in 2007 and it is supplied by the Mashinostroyenia military-industrial corporation under a 2011 contract with the Russian Defense Ministry.

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18 janvier 2015 7 18 /01 /janvier /2015 08:20
photo US Navy

photo US Navy

 

Jan 15, 2015 Spacewar.com  (UPI)

 

The U.S. Navy has authorized the use of long-range multi-role SM-6 missiles by more ships in the fleet equipped with the Aegis Combat Weapons System.

 

Raytheon, the missile's manufacturer, said the authorization affects more than 35 ships with the Aegis baseline 5.3 and 3.A.0 system series.

 

"SM-6 is the longest range integrated air and missile defense interceptor deployed, and its multi-role capabilities are unprecedented," said Mike Campisi, Raytheon's Standard Missile-6 senior program director. "Its use is transforming how we define fleet defense."

 

The SM-6 is a surface-to-air supersonic missile. It is designed to defeat manned and unmanned aerial vehicles, fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft and anti-ship cruise missiles in flight. It features active and semi-active guidance, advanced fuzing techniques and signal processing and guidance control capabilities.

 

Raytheon assembles the weapon at its facility at the Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Ala.

 

Details on any ramp up in production of the missiles were not disclosed by the company.

 

Aegis is a naval weapons system that integrates computer and radar technology to track and guide weapons to targets.

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16 janvier 2015 5 16 /01 /janvier /2015 12:55
photo DGA

photo DGA

 

16/01/2015 Sources : Marine nationale

 

Le 13 janvier 2015, en coordination avec la DGA, la frégate de défense aérienne Chevalier Paul a effectué un tir de missile surface-air Aster 30.

 

Alors que le groupe aéronaval (GAN) constitué autour du Charles de Gaulle s’apprête à rejoindre l’océan Indien pour assurer une mission de présence opérationnelle et de pré-positionnement dans cette zone stratégique pour la France, l’ensemble de l’équipage du Chevalier Paul a orienté tous ses efforts en vue de la réalisation de ce tir Aster.

 

Le scénario consistait à explorer les limites du domaine de discrimination du système d’armes de la FDA afin d’identifier, entre deux pistes très proches,  un aéronef ami et un ennemi, puis d’engager ce-dernier. Ce tir a permis de confirmer les qualités exceptionnelles du système de défense aérienne de zone des FDA. Ceci permettant aux frégates de défense aériennes Forbin et Chevalier Paul, de conforter leur place parmi les meilleurs bâtiments anti-aériens.

 

Fort de cette réussite, le Chevalier Paul et son hélicoptère embarqué Caïman Marine, sont parés à assurer l’escorte du GAN dans le cadre de la mission Arromanches.

 

Frégate de défense aérienne, le Chevalier Paul est un condensé de technologies et de capacités militaires de pointe. Escorte préférentielle des porte-avions, que ce soit le Charles de Gaulle ou, très régulièrement, les porte-avions américains, le Chevalier Paul assume toutes les missions de protection, de l’escorte rapprochée à la maîtrise élargie de l’espace aéromaritime.

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15 janvier 2015 4 15 /01 /janvier /2015 17:40
Russia to Merge Air, Space Forces in 2015

 

Jan 14, 2015 Spacewar.com (Sputnik)

 

Moscow, Russia - Russia will create an Air-Space Force from the merger of its Air Force and Space Forces in 2015, the country's Armed Forces General Staff chief, Valery Gerasimov, said Tuesday.

 

"A new type of armed forces will be created in 2015, the Air-Space Forces, by combining two already existing types of military armed forces: the Air Force and Space Forces," Gerasimov said.

 

Earlier it was reported that Russia would combine these two military forces in 2016.

 

According to Gerasimov, the military is working to develop a reliable layered missile defense system in space, and to deploy newest radars.

 

The establishment of the Air-Space Forces has been widely discussed in the press in recent years, but such rumors were always denied by the authorities. Last summer, Russian Air Force commander-in-chief Lt. Gen. Viktor Bondarev confirmed the creation of the new force.

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14 janvier 2015 3 14 /01 /janvier /2015 08:20
MEADS Ready For Transition to European Follow-On Programs
 

ORLANDO, Fla., Jan. 7, 2015 – Lockheed Martin

 

The tri-national Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS) program enters 2015 as a candidate for next-generation air and missile defense requirements in both Germany and Poland.

MEADS is a primary candidate for the German Taktisches Luftverteidigungssystem (TLVS), a new generation of air and missile defense that requires a flexible architecture based on strong networking capabilities. MEADS is also expected to become the basis of a national defense system in Italy. Formal decisions are expected from Germany and Italy early this year, and a follow‐on plan is being developed for transition.

In December, the Polish Armament Inspectorate also announced that MEADS International will participate in technical discussions for the Narew short-range air defense system. The Narew system will be capable of destroying aircraft, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles.

“We have built and tested a new generation of networked air and missile defense radars, launchers and battle managers,” said MEADS International executive vice president Volker Weidemann. “MEADS is now ready for continuation programs in Germany and Italy, and for Poland’s Narew program.”

In December 2014, the MEADS program completed a formal contract review with evaluators from Germany, Italy and the United States. The review completed a recent series of achievements that began with a successful first-ever dual-intercept test at White Sands Missile Range in 2013.

  •  In March 2014, the MEADS Mode 5 Identification Friend or Foe subsystem gained final certification for including Mode 5 (L2) capability.
  • In July 2014, at Pratica di Mare Air Force Base in Italy, MEADS demonstrated unique capabilities to network with other systems and radars, share a common integrated air picture, dynamically match interceptors to targets, and to move workload among battle managers.
  • In August 2014, a MEADS Multifunction Fire Control Radar also demonstrated capabilities related to tracking and canceling of jammer signals; searching, cueing and tracking in ground clutter; and successful target classification.

The U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development and Engineering Command has also held a separate review to respond to interest within the Department of Defense in leveraging MEADS technology. MEADS represents a $4 billion effort to develop, implement and prove next-generation air and missile defense system technology.

“The nations recognize the need for a more versatile capability in air and missile defense,” said NAMEADSMA general manager Gregory Kee. “MEADS is designed to be flexible, agile and lethal against the evolving threats our adversaries are developing.”

MEADS is designed to defend up to eight times the coverage area with far fewer system assets with significantly reduced demand for deployed personnel and equipment and for airlift. MEADS is also designed for high reliability and needs fewer personnel to operate.

MEADS International, a multinational joint venture headquartered in Orlando, Florida, is the prime contractor for the MEADS system. Major subcontractors and joint venture partners are MBDA in Italy and Germany, and Lockheed Martin in the United States.

The MEADS program management agency NAMEADSMA is located in Huntsville, Alabama.

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12 janvier 2015 1 12 /01 /janvier /2015 12:35
China Downplays Capabilities of New Type-055 Guided Missile Destroyer

 

January 12th, 2015 defencetalk.com

 

The U.S. media recently reported that the new type-055 guided missile destroyer of the Navy of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLAN) and the U.S. Aegis warship are on a par with each other in terms of power and strength and that the type-055 destroyer is one of the five weapons China might use to change rules of the game in the future.

 

However, Yin Zhuo, a Chinese military expert, said in an interview that the so-called type-055 destroyer is not the world’s largest guided missile destroyer and speculation that it will change the rules of the game is just an exaggeration.

 

Previously, U.S. media reported that the PLAN’s type-055 destroyer has a displacement of 10,000 tons and can carry 128 anti-ship cruise missiles, anti-aircraft missiles and ship-to-ground attack cruise missiles. It can be even equipped with electromagnetic guns and laser weapons. The type-055 destroyer is able to carry out in-depth strikes through cruise missiles and also protect its taskforce through the control of airspace.

 

The U.S. media even believed that judging from its huge volume, strong arm system and advanced sensing equipment, the type-055 destroyer will meet or exceed the capability of “Aegis” destroyer which is current deployed by the U.S. and its allies in the Pacific.

 

Yin Zhuo said that the type-055 destroyer is not the world’s largest destroyer. In terms of tonnage, although the type-055 has a lot of advantages over the type-052C and the type-052D, it is certainly not the largest destroyer in the world.

 

Currently, the displacement of Russia’s Modern-class destroyer and Udaloy-class destroyer has reached 8,000 to 9,000 tons. The displacement of Japan’s Atago-class destroyer is over 9,000 tons and the U.S. DDG-1000 destroyer has a displacement of 12,000 tons.

 

The Type 055 destroyer can in no way change the rules of the game in the future.

 

Yin argued that “the interpretation of the type-055 new missile destroyer by Western media was excessive. Since the World War II, the emergence of nuclear weapons transformed conventional war into nuclear war; the emergence of the aircraft carrier has shifted the leading role in water battle from fleet to aviation personnel. These two forms of weapons have changed the war significantly. At present, relying solely on the destroyer could not change the rules of war. Even the DDG-1000 destroyer of the U.S. cannot change that.”

 

Some Western media reported that the type-055 destroyer might have some new operational capabilities and it has the ability to attack air, land and other ships. These are important to improving the capability of the PLAN.

 

Yin Zhuo believed that the type-055 destroyer is equivalent to the U.S. Arleigh Burke-class destroyer or Japan’s Atago-class destroyer. The type-055 destroyer is equipped with digital phased radar, similar to the U.S. and Japanese destroyers at the technical level. Meanwhile, the type-055 destroyer has large tonnage and thus can carry more weapons. If the Western media is correct, its payload will be about one hundred pieces.

 

Yin Zhuo also expressed that the type-055 destroyer might welcome a new power system. If the warship is equipped with new-concept weapons, a whole dynamic electric power system commanded by computers will be introduced. Because launching new-concept weapons including laser weapons and electromagnetic guns requires enormous energy within a short period of time. Using digital all-electric propulsion will be a revolutionary change for the PLAN.

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9 janvier 2015 5 09 /01 /janvier /2015 08:20
ATacMS photo US Army

ATacMS photo US Army

 

08/01/2015 - by Paul Fiddian - Armed Forces International Reporter

 

Lockheed Martin has been tasked with upgrading the United States Army's Tactical Missile System to ensure elements of it can't explode post-strike. The US aerospace/defence contractor will work on eliminating the chance of unexploded ordnance being left over once a target has been hit: a potential danger to allied forces in the area and, similarly, localised civilian populations.

 

Lockheed Martin will both develop and test new hardware for the missile - this set to go into production from 2016 onwards.

 

The Army Tactical Missile System (ATacMS) surface-to-surface weapon has been produced in several variants. The initial MGM-140A-Block 1 has since given way to the MGM-140B-Block 1A and latest MGM-168 ATacMS-Block IVA model. This latest version began flight testing in spring 2001, went into production the following year and, equipped with a 230 kg warhead, has a 300+ kilometre range.

 

Tactical Missile System

 

According to Lockheed Martin, as a tactical long-range surface-to-surface precision strike platform, ATacMS is comparable to nothing else in current US Army service. Since having made its operational debut, the Tactical Missile System has subsequently been launched close to 600 times - the system having shown ‘extremely high rates of accuracy and reliability' on every occasion.

 

Besides the United States, other current or future ATacMS operators comprise Bahrain, Greece, the Republic of China, South Korea, Turkey and the UAE.

 

ATacMS Upgrades

 

Fully compatible with the MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System) launchers range, each ATacMS consists of hundreds of sub-munitions. To date, some 3,700 have left Lockheed Martin's facilities - with the firm's Texas and Arkansas plants set to carry out the Tactical Missile System upgrade work now required.

 

"ATacMS is extremely reliable and effective, and has proven itself over and over again in combat", explains Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control's Tactical Missiles vice president, Ken Musculus. "These upgrades ensure ATacMS is ready to meet our customers' needs now and in the future."

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7 janvier 2015 3 07 /01 /janvier /2015 12:30
Turkey’s Defense industry committee expected to discuss long-range missile project

 

Jan. 6, 2015 hurriyetdailynews.com

Turkey’s Defense Industry Executive Committee is expected to discuss a long-range anti-missile deal at its first 2015 meeting on Jan. 7 under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu.
The main topic of the meeting will be the long-range air and anti-missile deal for which negotiations are continuing with China, the United States and Europe.

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18 décembre 2014 4 18 /12 /décembre /2014 12:40
Missile balistique intercontinental Topol-M photo RIA Novosti

Missile balistique intercontinental Topol-M photo RIA Novosti

 

MOSCOU, 16 décembre - RIA Novosti

 

400 missiles nucléaires sont en service opérationnel en Russie, a annoncé mardi à Moscou le commandant des Troupes balistiques stratégiques russes (RVSN) Sergueï Karakaïev.

 

"Les Troupes balistiques stratégiques regroupent les deux tiers des ogives nucléaires des forces stratégiques russes. Au total, près de 400 missiles équipés d'ogives de combat sont en service opérationnel en Russie", a indiqué le général Karakaïev.

 

Selon lui, les missiles en silos représentent près de 70% du potentiel nucléaire des RVSN.

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18 décembre 2014 4 18 /12 /décembre /2014 08:30
Un missile Arrow 3 missile lancé en test (photo U.S. Missile Defense Agency)

Un missile Arrow 3 missile lancé en test (photo U.S. Missile Defense Agency)

 

17 décembre 2014 timesofisrael.com (AFP)

 

Le nouveau système de défense antimissile, Arrow 3 a été testé mardi, mais il n’a pas pu être testé en condition réelle

 

Israël a procédé mardi au test d’un nouveau système de défense antimissiles, Arrow 3, mais a dû renoncer à expérimenter dans des conditions réelles ses capacités à intercepter un engin supposé hostile, selon un responsable du ministère de la Défense cité dans la presse.

 

Israël avait prévu d’intercepter pour la première fois avec Arrow 3, un système israélo-américain, un missile factice tiré au-dessus de la Méditerranée.

 

Mais « les conditions n’ayant pas été réunies et en fonction de nos critères, nous avons décidé de ne pas lancer l’intercepteur Arrow 3″, a dit Yaïr Ramati, haut responsable du ministère cité sur le site internet du quotidien Jerusalem Post.

 

« Une panne est survenue au cours du test du missile ennemi qui devait servir de cible, pour des raisons inconnues », a rapporté le site d’information Wallaafpa, citant des experts de l’industrie militaire.

 

Le ministère de la Défense a simplement indiqué, dans un communiqué, qu’un missile d’interception avait « été lancé avec succès et suivi par le système Arrow dans le cadre du programme de tests menés avec l’Agence américaine de défense antimissiles ».

 

Le lancement du projet Arrow remonte à 1988, dans le cadre du programme antibalistique américain connu sous le nom de « Star Wars ». Il a été accéléré après le bombardement du territoire israélien par des missiles Scud irakiens durant la première guerre du Golfe, en 1991.

 

Le Arrow et ses différentes versions sont l’une des quatre composantes du projet « Homa » (« muraille » en hébreu) qui vise à protéger Israël des attaques de missiles et roquettes. Israël cherche en particulier à se protéger d’une menace iranienne.

 

Le programme Arrow, en partie financé par les Etats-Unis, a été conçu et réalisé par Israel Aerospace Indutries avec Boeing, et les entreprises israéliennes Elta et Elbit-Elisra.

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