Suivre ce blog Administration + Créer mon blog
30 juillet 2015 4 30 /07 /juillet /2015 11:45
Le général nigérian Iliya Abbah désigné chef de la force multinationale contre Boko Haram


30 juillet 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)


Abuja - Le Nigeria a désigné le général Iliya Abbah pour diriger la force militaire régionale chargée de combattre les insurgés islamistes de Boko Haram, a annoncé l'armée nigériane jeudi.


M. Abbah, musulman originaire du nord du Nigeria, a été responsable des opérations dans le delta du Niger, une région pétrolifère stratégique dans le sud du Nigeria, a expliqué le porte-parole de l'armée nigériane, Chris Olukolade.


Avant d'y être envoyé, il avait dirigé la deuxième brigade de l'armée nigérianne basée dans la grande ville de Kano (nord).


Cet officier d'infanterie a également appartenu au contingent nigérian dépêché au Darfour dans le cadre des opérations de maintien de la paix, a confié à l'AFP un de ses proches.


Jusqu'à sa nouvelle affectation, Iliyah Abbah occupait le poste de secrétariat militaire de l'armée, à qui il incombe de gérer les affectations, les promotions et les retraites au sein de l'institution.


La Force d'intervention conjointe multinationale (MNJTF), à laquelle doivent participer le Nigeria, le Niger, le Tchad, le Cameroun et le Bénin, doit compter 8.700 hommes au total et a son siège à N'Djamena, au Tchad. Elle remplace la coalition formée par le Nigeria, le Tchad, le Niger et le Cameroun, qui a remporté une série de succès contre Boko Haram depuis février sans toutefois parvenir à neutraliser les islamistes.


La MNJTF devrait entrer en action rapidement, a indiqué M. Olukolade, mais peu de détails ont été communiqués sur la nature spécifique de la nouvelle force régionale, faisant craindre des délais quant à son déploiement.


Elle est toutefois annoncée comme étant plus efficace que la coalition précédente, parfois mal coordonnée dans ses actions sur le terrain.


L'insurrection de Boko Haram et sa répression parfois aveugle par l'armée ont fait plus de 15.000 morts au Nigeria depuis 2009, essentiellement dans le Nord majoritairement musulman.


Le groupe armé a intensifié ses attaques depuis l'entrée en fonction fin mai du nouveau président nigérian Muhammadu Buhari, faisant plus de 800 morts en deux mois.


Le président Buhari se trouve actuellement au Cameroun pour des discussions sur les meilleurs moyens de contrer la menace régionale croissante de Boko Haram, dont il a fait une priorité de son mandat.


La présidence nigériane a expliqué que les entretiens de M. Buhari avec son homologue camerounais Paul Biya s'inscrivaient dans le cadre de l'action en cours pour construire une coalition régionale plus efficace contre Boko Haram.


Le président nigérian a déjà visité le Tchad et le Niger voisins, qui comme le Cameroun ont subi de sanglantes attaques des islamistes sur leurs territoires.


M. Buhari est attendu samedi au Bénin, dernier membre de la force régionale.

Partager cet article
18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 12:45
ISS: What does the Boko Haram-ISIS alliance mean for terrorism in Africa?


17 March 2015 by Martin Ewi, Senior Researcher, Transnational Threats and International Crime Division, ISS Pretoria - defenceWeb


On 7 March, Abubakar Shekau – the leader of the feared Nigerian terrorist group, Boko Haram, opened a new page in the history of the group when he announced his allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the self-proclaimed ‘caliph’ and leader of the Islamic State (IS, also known as ISIS or ISIL).


Al-Baghdadi’s acceptance of Shekau’s bay’ah, or pledge of allegiance, has formalised the alliance between two of the world’s most ruthless terrorist organisations. Boko Haram joins a growing number of extremist groups in Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia that have since the beginning of 2014 voluntarily given up their independence by proclaiming the supreme authority of ISIS. Shekau, however, is known for his uncompromising views, raising questions as to how he would respond to orders from al-Baghdadi.


The practice of giving bay’ah has become common among African terrorist groups and is often mistaken to be a sign of weakness or imminent demise. Many factors – including strategic, organisational, leadership and ideological reasons – may account for a group’s decision to pledge loyalty to another.


The Nigerian government has viewed the recent development as a sign that Boko Haram has been defeated as a result of intensified military reprisals, which would pave the way for the postponed elections to take place on 28 March.


Boko Haram is officially known as Jama'atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda'awati wal-Jihad, or People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet's Teachings and Jihad. Indeed the fight against the group has seen some solid achievements in recent weeks, including the liberation of territories that had fallen under their control in Nigeria and Cameroon. Boko Haram has also been resorting to increasingly desperate tactics, such as suicide bombings (often involving children and young girls), using livestock as shields and forced kidnappings for recruitment, which could be indicative of its declining popularity.


While it is true that some progress has been made in containing Boko Haram, it would be misleading to take Shekau’s pledge of allegiance to ISIS as a sign of defeat, as Boko Haram has continued to perpetrate deadly attacks. There were already hints of a future alliance with ISIS in June last year when Shekau congratulated al-Baghdadi and pledged support for his declaration of a ‘Caliphate’. At the time, Boko Haram was believed to be at its peak.


The group’s tactics have since become increasingly similar to those used by ISIS, as demonstrated by its excessive use of violence and its desire to establish an Islamic Caliphate through the conquering and controlling of territories, which was not previously part of the group’s practices. Boko Haram also began to practise brutal and dramatic public executions, which have become the hallmarks of ISIS.


This new alliance with ISIS not only confirms Shekau as an opportunist, but also as an unreliable partner. This is not the first time that Shekau has pledged allegiance to a foreign terrorist group. In 2011, Boko Haram officially joined the ranks of al-Qaeda-affiliated groups in an initiation that was completed with the August bombing of the United Nations Headquarters in Abuja, in which 23 people died and several others were injured.


Joining al-Qaeda also brought about a paradigm shift in the group’s philosophy and modus operandi – particularly in tactical terms. Boko Haram started carrying out al-Qaeda style simultaneous attacks and suicide bombings, kidnapping foreigners, threating the United States of America and other western countries, as well as participating in other jihadist operations – such as in northern Mali.


The merger can also be seen as a personal victory for Shekau, whose propensity for violence matches that of al-Baghdadi. For the past several years Boko Haram has been plagued by in fighting, essentially between the so-called ‘Yusufiyyas’ in the group – those who want to preserve the philosophy and doctrine of Boko Haram’s founder, Mohammed Yusuf – and Shekau hardliners. Yusufiyyas are believed to be less violent and pro al-Qaeda, while the pro-Shekau militants within the group are the most violent.


When Shekau began to show his open support for ISIS, along with an intention to create a Caliphate, the Yusufiyyas opposed him and distanced themselves from the doctrine. Khalid Al-Barnawi, one of the group’s leaders, decried it as Shekau’s ‘misguided adventurism,’ calling him ‘a clear enemy of the jihad.’ Since the pledge of allegiance, nothing else has been heard from the group and none of the group’s other leaders have come forward to oppose the merger.


As ISIS’ biggest partner in Africa, the alliance is likely to give Boko Haram a new continental influence. It could however, also alienate Boko Haram from its support bases in northern Nigeria and the region. Strategically, the new alliance will secure new funding, arms and foreign fighters from around the world for Boko Haram.


For ISIS, the alliance will facilitate its African expansion, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, and strengthen al-Baghdadi’s global legitimacy and influence. Boko Haram may also provide an important front for ISIS to attack countries taking part in Obama's international coalition, set up to ‘degrade and destroy’ the terror group.


The alliance does not augur well for the ongoing regional campaign to contain Boko Haram, as the Islamist sect could get more sophisticated, posing serious operational and tactical challenges to the African Union (AU)-approved multinational joint task force (MNJTF).


This underscores a need for greater coordination among the frontline countries, and for the rapid deployment of the envisaged 10 000 MNJTF troops to maximise recent gains and prevent foreign assistance to Boko Haram.


The Peace and Security Council of the AU may wish to consider a summit-level meeting to declare a no-fly zone for non-commercial and non-military aircraft in the region, and to request states to ensure that no military goods exported to Cameroon, Chad, Niger or Nigeria end up in the hands of Boko Haram.


The international community should also intensify non-military responses. These include community programmes and strong national criminal justice institutions to eliminate the culture of impunity, and ensure that the millions of Boko Haram victims get justice. In this light, the International Criminal Court should expedite the process of indicting those responsible for mass atrocities in northern Nigeria, including Boko Haram’s leaders.

Partager cet article
3 mars 2015 2 03 /03 /mars /2015 15:45
Boko Haram: Can regional force beat Nigeria's militant Islamists?


3 March 2015 Thomas Fessy BBC News


At last, Nigeria and its neighbours - Chad, Niger, Cameroon and Benin - seem to have a plan for their Multi-National Joint Task Force (MNJTF) to fight Boko Haram's Islamist militants. This plan should be approved by the African Union through a vote on Tuesday.


Read full article

Partager cet article


  • : RP Defense
  • : Web review defence industry - Revue du web industrie de défense - company information - news in France, Europe and elsewhere ...
  • Contact


Articles Récents