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5 mars 2015 4 05 /03 /mars /2015 16:30
Merkava Mk4 tank equipped with the Trophy active protection system

Merkava Mk4 tank equipped with the Trophy active protection system


4 mars 2015 JSSNews


Le ministère de la Défense vient de doubler le nombre de ses commandes de pièces détachées pour ses tanks Merkava, ainsi que pour les véhicules blindés Namer.


Ces achats sont faits alors que le gouvernement est en train de passer de nouvelles commandes pour la fabrication de Merkava MK IV et de Namer APC. Plusieurs tanks et véhicules opérationnels utilisés pendant la dernière opération de Gaza ont été partiellement endommagés et Israël veut prévoir des pièces de secours en cas de conflit violent dans les prochains mois.


« Chaque tank Merkava Mk IV nécessite environ un million de pièces, » selon le Ministère de la défense.


Les usines qui fabriquent des pièces pour le Namer et le Merkava sont situées à Kiryat Shmona, Mitzpe Ramon et Migdal Ha’emek. Et entre les commandes reçues et celles qui devraient être signées dans les prochains jours, la somme totale de ces achats devrait s’élever à plusieurs dizaines de millions de dollars.


Ainsi, Urdan Metal and Castings Industries Ltd, qui équipe les tanks et les APC, vient de recevoir une commande de 16 millions de shekels.


Simat Industries, qui produit des sièges pour les équipages et les planchers pour des tanks, ainsi que des fortifications diverses, viennent de recevoir eux-aussi de nouvelles grosses commandes.


Tamor SMR Ltd., qui produit des systèmes de carburant et d’entretien pour le Merkava, a vu une augmentation de 20% de ses commandes.


Namer APC

Namer APC

Quelque 200 usines produisent des pièces pour les Merkava et Namer à travers le pays. Au total, près de 10.000 personnes sont employés directement ou indirectement pour fabriquer ces véhicules. Selon les chiffres du ministère de la Défense, 92% des pièces Merkava sont produites par les industries israéliennes de défense.

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14 février 2012 2 14 /02 /février /2012 08:05
Israel's spending cuts hits defense sector


TEL AVIV, Israel, Feb. 13 (UPI)


Israel's military says major cuts in defense spending will hit air-defense missile systems being developed by Israel Aerospace Industries and others and halt production of the Merkava Mark 4 tank and the new Namer armored personnel carrier.


Israeli Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz last week ordered commanders to prepare for what The Jerusalem Post calls "a near-shutdown of the military in two months" because of cutbacks demanded by the Finance Ministry.


The Globes business daily said 700 career officers and senior non-commissioned officers in all service branches will be sacked over the next few months because of the cutbacks of an initial $800 million for fiscal 2012, with more expected.


"A number of strategic projects will be harmed," the Post quoted a senior officer as saying.


"We're canceling all kinds of exercises, from division-level down to battalion level," said another who attended Gantz's meeting of the top brass, from colonel on up.


"We won't be able to call up reserves and even when we hold exercises we'll be limited in the amount of live ammunition we can use."


The Post has also reported that the army "has decided to suspend all future orders of the new Merkava tanks and Namer APCs."


The 65-ton Merkava, which entered service in 1978, is designed by the Merkava Tank Office and assembled by the Israel Ordnance Corps.


Among the key contractors involved in production are Elta, which supplies electronic sensors and infra-red optics; Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, which makes the Trophy active protection systems to counter rockets and missiles; and El-Op an Elisa, the optics and laser warning system.


The Namer, in which the U.S. Army has shown interest, is based on the Merkava Mark 4 chassis and is intended as the Israel army's main fighting vehicle. The decision to develop the new APC, which is said to have improved reinforced steel protection, was made after the 2006 war with Hezbollah in which Israeli armor took heavy losses from anti-tank missiles.


All told, orders for components from 200 Israeli companies will be canceled.


Other strategic projects that are being affected are the Iron Dome missile-defense system designed by Rafael to intercept short-range missiles and artillery rounds.


The development of the David's Sling system, designed to shoot down medium-range missiles, and the Arrow-3 missile which is intended to target ballistic missiles outside Earth's atmosphere, are also likely to be affected.


David's sling is being built by Rafael. The long-range Arrow is being developed by state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries, flagship of Israel's defense sector.


The United States, which has paid half of the $3 billion cost of developing the Arrow system, agreed in 2011 to fork up $235 million for Arrow-3 and David's Sling development.


But the Israelis say 1.3-ton Arrow-3, the country's main defense against Iranian Shehab-3 intermediate-range ballistic missiles, will need $3.9 billion for the Arrow program over the next few years.


Gantz and Defense Ministry Director General Udi Shani are to meet with Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu in the coming weeks in a bid to secure additional funds to allow the military to implement its new five-year procurement plan.


That plan is undergoing major changes these days.


The Post reported that it "was supposed to continue the upgrade of recent years to the military's ground forces and at the same time improve its strategic capabilities with the procurement of additional F-35 stealth fighter jets and also lead to a boost in Israel's cyberwarfare capabilities."


In October 2010, Israel ordered an initial batch of 20 of F-35s from Lockheed Martin at a cost of $2.75 billion.


Given development problems and hefty cost over-runs, Israel may not take delivery of the first F-35s until 2017, two years later than anticipated.


Ultimately, Israel wants 75 of the fifth-generation fighters to maintain its long-held aerial superiority in the Middle East.


But with the budget cutbacks on top of Lockheed Martin's troubles, the air force has been examining the alternative of buying second-hand Boeing F-15s from the U.S. Air Force to fill the gap.


The five-year plan was formulated on the premise that Israel would have to fight a multi-front war sometime in the next few years and one in which the planned four-tier missile-defense shield would be a vital component.

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