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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 07:40
Russia claims it's in the early stages of developing an aircraft carrier that can hold 100 planes

 

Feb. 10, 2015, Jeremy Bender - uk.businessinsider.com

 

Russia's government-owned Krylov State Research Center is on its way towards developing Russia's latest aircraft carrier, according to Russian media. 

The aircraft carrier is in a very rudimentary stage of its development. It's still under conceptual testing in Krylov's laboratory.

But if the tests prove successful and the carrier's design is deemed plausible, the research center will follow through with a 1:1 scale metal mock-up of the carrier (China may have just constructed its own mock-up of a new carrier). 


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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 07:40
BPC Vladivostok photo Marine Nationale

BPC Vladivostok photo Marine Nationale


12.02.2015 LesEchos.fr

 

Selon les médias russes, la France pourrait finalement autoriser la livraison de deux navires Mistral, suspendue en novembre dernier. Une information démentie par le chef de l’Etat à l’issue du sommet européen.

L’accord de paix trouvé jeudi matin à Minsk ne va pas pour autant débloquer la livraison des navires Mistral à la Russie, comme l’ont indiqué jeudi les médias russes. Une information démentie par François Hollande, qui a jugé lors du sommet européen que « les conditions ne sont toujours pas réunies ». « Les conditions ne sont toujours pas réunies. Elles le seront je l’espère un jour », a-t-il déclaré à l’issue du sommet européen. « Il est clair que si tout se mettait en place » pour le règlement de la crise ukrainienne, « des mesures seraient prises au niveau européen pour alléger les sanctions » et « la France pourrait s’inscrire dans ce processus », mais « nous n’en sommes pas encore là », a dit le président.

En novembre dernier la France avait décidé de suspendre la livraison du Mistral en représailles des actions menées par Moscou en Ukraine. Hollande avait alors imposé deux conditions nécessaires à la livraison : un cessez-le-feu observé par tous et une preuve tangible d’un règlement politique sur le conflit en Ukraine. Pour mémoire, le contrat avait été signé sous la présidence Sarkozy en 2011 et prévoyait la fourniture de 2 porte-hélicoptères pour 1,2 milliard d’euros.

Cette suspension avait été sans précédent pour l’industrie militaire française depuis une décision du général de Gaulle au détriment d’Israël en 1967. La Russie a-t-elle réclamé des compensations ? Ce n’est pas très clair. En novembre, Moscou avait indiqué qu’il ne comptait pas poursuivre la France « pour l’instant » auprès d’une cour d’arbitrage internationale. En décembre, François Hollande avait également semblé vouloir apaiser les relations et avait plaidé pour une « désescalade » des sanctions européennes contre la Russie.

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11 février 2015 3 11 /02 /février /2015 07:35
Indian Navy Wants 6 New Indian-built Missile Corvettes

 

08.02.2015 by Livefist
 

Designated the Next Generation Missile Vessel (NGMV) programme, the Indian Navy has officially announced interest in procuring six new Indian-built missile corvettes primarily as surface warfare vessels.
 

The navy puts down the capabilities it is looking for from the NDMVs as "Surface warfare capabilities, low RADAR, acoustic, magnetic and IR signature, high endurance and credible AMD/AA capability." The navy's RFI, leaves out specifics of displacement, though it appears that it could be looking for 2,000-2,500 ton vessel class -- smaller than the brand new Kamorta-class ASW corvettes that began inductions last year, but significantly larger than the Indian-built Kora and Khukri class of surface warfare corvettes.

 

The requirement comes with an ambitious weapons complement requirement: eight SSMs, a point defence missile system (the Barak is currently the only PDMS in Indian Navy service), an MR Gun system ("with stealth features having range not less than 15 km and capability to carry out Surface to surface, surface to air and Anti Missile Defence (AMD) engagements should be fitted. It should have the facility to be remoted using Fire Control Radars (FCR) as well as EO (Electro-Optical) sight."), and a CIWS.

 

The NGMV competition has exciting implications, drawing out a possible bid that takes private sector builders beyond the patrol vessel capabilities that many have been competing to provide so far and move into the realm of frontline warshipping.

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10 février 2015 2 10 /02 /février /2015 17:55
Helena Landing Craft - photo Chantier Gléhen

Helena Landing Craft - photo Chantier Gléhen

 

08.02.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense

 

Le chantier Gléhen de Douarnenez va réaliser une embarcation destinée à la Marine nationale. Cette EIH (embarcation d'instruction à l'hélitreuillage) est capable de maintenir une vitesse de 15 nœuds. Ses missions sont les suivantes:
- instruction à l’hélitreuillage,
- entraînement des plongeurs,
- soutien à l’entraînement à la survie en mer,
- mobilité.

L’EIH est armée par un équipage de deux personnes et accueille vingt-cinq personnes de type personnel spécial. L’EIH accueille six personnes en timonerie, dispose d’une salle de réunion pour six personnes, d’un abri « humide » pour douze plongeurs. L’EIH n’assure pas de fonction d’hébergement ou de restauration et n’effectue que des sorties à la journée.

 

Voir l'article de Ludovic Le Signor.

Pour l'instruction à l'hélitreuillage, une embarcation de 24 m en construction chez Gléhen
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9 février 2015 1 09 /02 /février /2015 20:45
OPV 190 MKII

OPV 190 MKII

 

9 février 2015 par ActuNautique.com

 

Le chantier sablais Océa vient de signer la vente d'un patrouilleur de 60m de long, qui lui ouvre la porte d'un nouveau marché, celui des patrouilleurs hauturiers.

 

C'est une belle commande que vient d'engranger le chantier naval Ocea, avec la vente d'un patrouilleur hauturier de 60m de long au Sénégal, qui lui ouvre de facto un nouveau segment de marché, à savoir celui des grosses unités militaires.

 

Ocea était en effet jusqu'à présent plutôt spécialisés sur les patrouilleurs de 20 à 30m de long. Cette commande vient donc élargir son positionnement sur un terrain occupé par Kership (DCNS et Piriou) et les CMN notamment.

 

Elle concrétise la stratégie du groupe vendéen de développer son offre sur des unités de 40 à 60 m, stratégie couronnée de succès avec la vente de 3 navires océanographiques, deux OPV 190 de 60m pour l'Indonésie et un OPV 130 de 40m pour le Koweit.

 

Le patrouilleur commandé par le Sénégal consiste dans un OPV 190 MKII. Il mesure 58m de long pour 9,40m de large. Sa livraison est prévue pour l'automne 2016.

 

Construit en aluminium, cet OPV offre une vitesse maximale de 24 noeuds pour une autonomie de 5500 milles à 12 noeuds, sa vitesse de croisère. Il dispose d'ailerons stabilisateurs, associés à une carène conçue pour des conditions de navigation difficiles, avec un tirant d'eau réduit de 2.30m.

 

Armé par un équipage de 24 marins, et OPV, qui peut accueillir 32 personnes supplémentaires, est destiné à la surveillance et la protection des eaux territoriales et de la  ZEE du pays.

 

En particulier la police des pêches, mais aussi la lutte contre les différents traffics et la piraterie.

 

Il est également conçu pour participer à des opérations de sauvetage - il dispose pour cela de canonos à eau contre les incendies - et de lutte contre la pollution.

 

Côté armement, ce patrouilleur hauturier disposera d'un canon télé-opéré, situé sur l'avant, et de deux mitrailleuses situées sur chaque bord. Il mettra en oeuvre deux semi-rigides de 7,50m de long, stockés sur son arrière, destinés aux équipes de visite ou à des commandos.

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9 février 2015 1 09 /02 /février /2015 17:50
Kongsberg to supply sonar and multibeam systems for Swedish submarines

Kongsberg's SA9510S sonar will help detect mines, obstacles and the seafloor. Photof Kongsberg Maritime AS.

 

28 January 2015 naval-technology.com

 

Kongsberg's Maritime hydroacoustic package has been selected by Saab for integration on two Swedish Navy A19 submarines.

 

As part of the contract, Kongsberg will deliver SA9510S mine avoidance and navigation sonar, as well as its EM 2040 Dual RX multibeam echosounder.

 

Capable of generating target warnings or alarms with required time available to execute an avoidance manoeuvre, the SA9510S sonar detect mines, obstacles and the seafloor.

 

The sonar also delivers information to crew for bottom navigation purposes and submerged navigation, and can perform mine-seeking missions.

 

Kongsberg Maritime Naval sonar product sales manager Thomas Hostvedt Dahle said: "With this sonar solution selected for both the Swedish submarines and Norwegian submarines, Kongsberg Maritime will have delivered active navigation sonars to the two leading submarine nations specialising in operation in shallow water.

 

"This contract features our state-of-the-art navigation and avoidance sonar, in addition to our flagship multibeam system."

 

The contract also includes the delivery of an improved version of EM2040 Dual RX multibeam echosounder system with two TX-transmitters and two RX-receivers.

 

The echosounder is used for mapping in shallow areas at higher speeds and provides A19 crews with precise survey information and enhanced range performance at improved resolutions.

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9 février 2015 1 09 /02 /février /2015 17:50
Tide-class MARS tankers. Photo BMT Defence Services.

Tide-class MARS tankers. Photo BMT Defence Services.

 

28 January 2015 naval-technology.com

 

A&P Group has been awarded a £15m contract by the UK Ministry of Defence to add high-end military capabilities to four new Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) tankers.

 

UK Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne said that the contract will create new jobs in Falmouth, UK, and provide job security to many others.

 

He said: "It is only because we have a long-term economic plan that we are able to make these big investment decisions here in the south-west to help the region develop and maintain its position as a world-class hub for defence and cyber security services."

 

Called MARS, the four Tide-class tankers are being built by Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering, and will replace the existing fleet of single-hulled tankers.

 

The tankers, consisting of Tidespring, Tiderace, Tidesurge and Tideforce, will deliver fuel, water, spare parts and other supplies.

 

The first 37,000t tanker is expected to be delivered in October, with the final vessel set for delivery by April 2017.

 

Upon being commissioned, they will support deployed amphibious, land and air forces near to the shore and future integration of upgrades and new technology.

 

UK Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology Philip Dunne said: "The vital customisation work being done in the UK on the Tide-class tankers will enhance these vessels with state of the art equipment, including communications systems, ballistic protection and upgrading to allow [a] quick fit of self-defensive weapons.

 

"This investment will provide the RFA with a world-class tanker capability, which in turn will benefit the Royal Navy by supporting its current and future warships on operations around the globe, including the Queen Elizabeth-class carriers."

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9 février 2015 1 09 /02 /février /2015 17:20
USS George Washington (CVN 73) Photo US Navy.

USS George Washington (CVN 73) Photo US Navy.

 

5 February 2015 naval-technology.com

 

The US Navy has awarded a contract to Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII) for advance planning of the refuelling and complex overhaul (RCOH) work on the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS George Washington (CVN 73).

 

The latest $224m modified contract will finance the planning work for the RCOH and purchase long-lead materials, including pumps, breakers, valves and steel, to support the fabrication of structural units.

 

Newport News Shipbuilding in-service aircraft carrier programmes vice-president Chris Miner said: "The company has worked closely with our navy partners, performing ship checks and selected planning tasks associated with the defuelling of the ship.

 

"This contract award allows us to move beyond defuelling and plan all the work associated with a full RCOH, which underscores the navy's continued commitment to ensuring this great national asset remains in the fleet and operational for another 25 years."

 

 

Work will be performed at HII's Newport News Shipbuilding unit, which has previously undetaken RCOH work on the initial four Nimitz-class ships.

 

USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72), the fifth vessel, is 60% complete and set for delivery in 2016.

 

RCOH involves refuelling of the reactors and refurbishing more than 2,300 compartments, 600 tanks and hundreds of distributive systems.

 

The project also involves an upgrade to the food service areas, aircraft launch and recovery systems, combat systems and its island.

 

HII started defuelling work on USS George Washington, which is scheduled for completion by July, last year.

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9 février 2015 1 09 /02 /février /2015 17:20
Construction continues on US Navy's John Warner submarine

USS John Warner during its final outfitting, testing and crew certification phase at Newport News Shipbuilding's submarine pier. Photo: courtesy of Ricky Thompson / HII.

 

4 February 2015 naval-technology.com

 

Construction work on the US Navy's latest Virginia-class submarine John Warner (SSN 785) is 96% complete.

 

The submarine is currently undergoing final outfitting, testing and crew certification phases at Huntington Ingalls Industries' (HII) Newport News Shipbuilding unit.

 

On schedule for delivery later this year, the submarine will undergo initial sea trials, including a series of operational assessments to demonstrate its capabilities.

 

Newport News Shipbuilding submarines and fleet support vice-president Jim Hughes said: "This is a special milestone for the shipbuilders and the crew.

 

"From now on, this ship will take on the personality of her crew as they move aboard. For the shipbuilders, it marks significant progress toward delivery and reminds us that we are not only building a warship, but a home for these sailors as they work to protect our country."

 

John Warner, which is the 12th Virginia-class submarine, is being constructed in compliance with navy requirements.

 

The vessel has sophisticated technology to improve firepower, manoeuvrability and stealth.

 

With a displacement of 7,800t, hull length of 377ft and a diameter of 34ft, Virginia-class submarines are capable of cruising at a maximum speed of more than 25k and can dive more than 800ft deep. They can also stay submerged for approximately three months at a time.

 

The vessels can be armed with Mark 48 advanced capability torpedoes, Tomahawk land-attack missiles and unmanned underwater vehicles, and can be used for anti-submarine, surface-ship warfare and special operations support.

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8 février 2015 7 08 /02 /février /2015 20:30
Kership reçoit la commande des 30 patrouilleurs destinés à l'Arabie Saoudite

 

5 février 2015 par ActuNautique.com

 

C'est un secret de polichinelle, mais cette information est dans toute les bouches, sur le salon Euromaritime.

Et pourtant, les deux associés au sein de Kership, les chantier DCNS et Piriou ont affirmé ne pas être au courant de cette information, qui leur aurait cependant été notifiée par l'Odas, société créée par l'Etat français pour gérer certains marchés d'armement export.

Dans le cadre des 30 patrouilleurs de 30m commandés par le royaume saoudien, plusieurs chantiers ou groupements étaient en lice, Kership (DCNS et Piriou), mais aussi le tandem Ocea-Couach, spécialisé dans ce type de navires depuis toujours.

Au final, c'est donc Kership qui se voit attribuée la commande par l'Odas, ce qui représente une première pour ce tandem, qui n'a encore jamais construit de patrouilleurs aussi petits, DCNS étant plutôt spécialisé dans les unités de 50m et Piriou étant assez récent dans le naval militaire, avec les trois B2M signés pour la Marine Nationale, un quatrième à l'export, et un bâtiment de formation des marines étrangères, construit pour la DCI et stationné à Concarneau.

A terme de ce contrat, les 30 patrouilleurs seront construits chez Piriou et aménagés chez DCNS.

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7 février 2015 6 07 /02 /février /2015 08:20
Littoral Combat Ship 2014 Highlights


6 févr. 2015 Lockheed Martin

 

The U.S. Navy’s Freedom class littoral combat ship, a revolutionary surface combatant being built by a Lockheed Martin team achieved multiple operational and production milestones in 2014. Following USS Freedom’s return from deployment, the team laid the keel for LCS 11; christened and launch LCS 7; and deployed USS Fort Worth on a 16-month deployment to Southeast Asia. The LCS team is delivering on its commitment to building the agile, affordable next generation warships that the U.S. Navy needs.

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6 février 2015 5 06 /02 /février /2015 17:50
Sortie d’arrêt technique pour l’aviso CDT Bouan

 

4 février 2015 par Aviso CDT Bouan

 

Le 30 octobre 2014, dans le cadre d’un arrêt technique de trois mois, l’aviso « Commandant Bouan » a été mis en cale sèche dans le grand bassin Vauban Nord-Est à Toulon. Sous la houlette du titulaire du contrat d’entretien des avisos, CNN/MCO, les marins du bâtiment assistés d’organismes extérieurs ont consacré cette période à la conduite de nombreux travaux d’entretien, de réparation et de modernisation parmi lesquels on peut mentionner la visite des lignes d’arbres propulsives, la mise à niveau des moyens de transmission (OMAR HF HD) et des réseaux IP (RIFAN II) et la visite totale de l’un des trois diesels alternateur.

 

Dans une livrée immaculée, le « Commandant Bouan » a repris la mer à la fin du mois de janvier afin de conduire de nombreux essais de bon fonctionnement. Selon le commandant, les marins attendaient avec impatience ces premiers jours de mer afin de se réapproprier leur bâtiment et mesurer l’ampleur et les bienfaits des travaux récemment accomplis.

 

Le « Commandant Bouan » est de nouveau apte à assumer l’ensemble de ses missions et partira très prochainement pour assurer la relève de l’aviso « Lieutenant de vaisseau Lavallée » dans le cadre de la mission « Corymbe »

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 12:30
Submarines: Another Dolphin For Israel

 

January 13, 2015: Strategy Page

 

In September 2014 Israel received the fourth of six Dolphin class submarines from Germany. This the first of three new Dolphins that have a fuel cell based AIP (Air Independent Propulsion) system which enables them to stay under water for over a week at a time. The Dolphins in general are also very quiet, and very difficult to hunt down and destroy. The first three Dolphins didn't have the AIP system.

 

Germany continues to build Dolphin class boats for Israel, with the next one due to arrive in 2015 and the last one in 2019. The first three arrived in 1998-2000. The second three Dolphins cost about $650 million each, with Germany picking up a third of the cost on two of them. The first two Dolphins were paid for by Germany, as was most of the cost of the third one. This is more of German reparations for World War II atrocities against Jews.

 

The three older boats have since been upgraded to include larger fuel capacity, converting more torpedo tubes to the larger 650mm size, and installing new electronics. The fuel and torpedo tube mods appear to have something to do with stationing the subs off the coast of Iran. Larger torpedo tubes allow the subs to carry longer range missiles. The larger fuel capacity makes it easier to move Dolphins from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean. Although Israel has a naval base on the Red Sea, Egypt, until 2012, did not allowed Israeli subs to use the Suez Canal. So the Dolphins were modified to go around Africa, if they had to.

 

As built the Dolphins could stay at sea for about 40 days (moving at about 14 kilometers an hour, on the surface, for up to 8,000 kilometers). Larger fuel capacity extended range to over 10,000 kilometers and endurance to about 50 days. The 1,625 ton Dolphins can carry 16 torpedoes or missiles and have ten forward torpedo tubes (four of them the larger 650mm/26 inch size). The Dolphins are considered the most modern non-nuclear subs in the world. The first three cost $320 million each. All have a crew of 35 and can dive to a depth of more than 200 meters (660 feet). The Dolphin design is based on the German 209 class subs but has been so heavily modified that it is considered a different class and only Israel has them.

 

In early 2014 Israel revealed that in 2013 its submarines spent 58 percent of their time at sea on combat missions while the rest of the time was spent for training. Israel currently has four Dolphin class subs in service. The Israelis also admitted that their subs sometimes go far (to Iran and the Red Sea) from their bases on missions. Give that Israel is not at war with anyone with a navy, these missions are probably related to collecting information on the ships and ports of potential enemies. That would include Syria, Lebanon, Iran, Sudan and so on. The navy revealed that the subs undertook 54 “special operations” in 2013 and that was a big increase from previous years.

 

No details were given on what the special operations were but based on what kind of surveillance operations Israel has conducted in the past and what U.S. subs did in that area during the Cold War. The Israeli subs have probably been using their passive (listen only) sonar to collect information about ports and warships as well as deploying and retrieving larger electronic sensors placed underwater near where enemy ships operate. Israel may also be tapping underwater communications cables. For some of these operations the Israelis would use divers carried on the subs as passengers. Israel has a small force of naval special operations troops similar to the American SEALS and the British SBS.

 

All of the Israeli subs are built in Germany, where the local media periodically pretends to be appalled at what the Israelis actually do with these subs. Thus back in 2012 revelations in German media that the Dolphin class boats were equipped in Germany with a special hydraulic ejection (from torpedo tubes) systems for launching missiles with nuclear warheads caused a stir. This was actually misleading, as well as being old news. The Dolphin class subs have long had the ability to launch Harpoon anti-ship missiles and longer range cruise missiles from the torpedo tubes. It makes no difference if the warhead has high-explosives or a nuclear bomb in it. For over a decade Israel and Germany played down this capability. For example shortly after September 11, 2001 Israel denied that it had submarines capable of firing cruise missiles equipped with nuclear warheads. But the U.S. navy had reported spotting such missiles being tested by an Israeli sub in the Indian Ocean before 2001.

 

In 2000 it was widely reported that Dolphin class subs were being equipped with nuclear weapons. The 135 kilometer range Harpoon missiles were alleged to have been modified to carry a nuclear warhead and Israel. It was also asserted that Israel was developing a submarine launched 350 kilometer range cruise missile. Both of these weapons were launched from the subs torpedo tubes. Since then Israel has developed a new cruise missile, with a range of 1,500 kilometers and carrying a 200 kiloton nuclear warhead. These nuclear equipped subs were to provide an extra degree of security as all other Israeli nuclear weapons were in land bases and, in theory, could be wiped out by a surprise missile attack. A nuclear missile equipped submarine at sea would be much more difficult to find.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 12:30
Surface Forces: Saar 6 From Germany

 

January 20, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Germany has agreed to build four offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) for Israel. Exact specifications were not released but apparently the design is based on the Meko 100, a 1,600 ton warship that has been built in many different versions. Israel wants the Germans to build what amounts to a larger version of their successful Saar family of warships for about $146 million each. This includes a large “genocide guilt” discount. Right now the largest Saar ships are the three 1,075 ton Saar 5s.

 

In 2013 Israel announced another largest model of its four decade old Saar family of small surface warships. This new one, Saar 72, was aimed at the export market. The Saar 72 is an 800 ton ship with a crew of fifty (and accommodations for 20 more commandos or other specialists). It is 72 meters (223 feet) long, stealthy, and designed to accommodate electronics built into the blended, radar evading, superstructure. The Saar 72 carries a helicopter, an automated 76mm gun, eight anti-ship (or land target) missiles, and over a dozen anti-aircraft missiles. Top speed is 55 kilometers an hour. This “corvette” variant can stay out for 21 days at a time (cruising at 32 kilometers an hour). The Saar 72 design can accommodate many different configurations. That would include fewer weapons and longer range for an OPV (offshore patrol vessel) to more accommodations and storage space for commando operations. The four new German ships will apparently be the corvette sized (under 2,000 tons) Saar model that the Israeli navy has long wanted but has not been able to get the money to build.

 

Since the early 1970s Israel has built 36 Saar type ships. These evolved from the Saar 1, 2, and 3 classes of fast missile boats (all under 250 tons). These boats were variants on older German designs. The Saar 4 was a unique Israeli design for a 450 ton warship armed with eight anti-ship missiles, a Phalanx anti-missile 20mm autocannon and a 76mm gun, plus a rather complete set of electronics for a ship of that size. These could stay out for about ten days at a time, had a top speed of 60 kilometers an hour, a crew of 45, and entered service in 1972. In 1980 the first of ten Saar 4.5 class vessels arrived. These were 490 ton ships that were similar to the Saar 4 but a bit larger and improved in many ways. They were 61.7 meters (203 feet) long. Armament varied but for the eight used by the Israeli navy it was eight anti-ship missiles, 32 anti-aircraft missiles, a Phalanx anti-missile 20mm autocannon, a 25mm autocannon or a 76mm gun, two 20mm autocannon, two 12.7mm machine-guns, a helicopter, and an extensive set of electronics (for a ship of that size).

 

Despite intense lobbying from the navy and some politicians in 2005 Israel dropped plans for some much larger ships, including a 13,000-ton helicopter assault ship, a 4,000-ton frigate comparable to the American LCS, and a 2,750-ton corvette that would have been equipped with the Aegis combat system. Instead more Dolphin-class submarines and three Saar 5 class corvettes were bought.

 

The Israeli Navy is the smallest of the combat arms, with a peacetime strength of some 9,000 sailors. The Israeli Air Force has over 32,500 active-duty personnel and 54,000 reservists; the Israeli Army boasts 125,000 active-duty personnel and 600,000 reserves. The navy always loses the battle over defense budgets and has to make do with not very much.

 

The three Saar 5 class corvettes (also referred to as the Eliat class) were, because of their size, built in the United States. The 1,075-ton vessels are 85.6 meters (281 feet) long and carry an impressive amount of firepower: 64 Barak surface-to-air missiles, eight Harpoon (or Gabriel) anti-ship missiles, two triple 12.75-inch torpedo tubes firing Mk 46 torpedoes, two 25mm Sea Vulcans, a 20mm Phalanx CIWS (for destroying incoming missiles), and a helicopter. Top speed is 61 kilometers per hour and there are only 74 crew members. These vessels entered service in 1993 and 1994. They are still perhaps the best surface combatants in the region. The new German “Saar 6” ships will probably be larger and more power versions of the Saar 5.

 

Currently the Israelis have 15 Saar type ships in service (three Saar 5, ten Saar 4.5, and two Saar 4). Most of the Saar 4s were retired, sold off, or converted to Saar 4.5.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 08:50
Type 26 Global Combat Ship (GCS)

Type 26 Global Combat Ship (GCS)

 

January 30, 2015 by Think Defence

 

The Throughout the evolution of the Type 26 Frigate there has been a great deal of discussion and speculation about it’s export potential. Brazil, Australia, New Zealand and even the US have been linked with the Type 26 and yet not a great deal has been forthcoming.

The emergence of the Type 26 coincided with a new approach from the MoD that placed ‘exportability’ into the decision making process for investment in bespoke design and development. The general concept put forward by the MoD was if the nation is investing large chunks of cash in designs from scratch it had better have some export potential or else it wouldn’t be authorised.

This approach was included in the National Security Through Technology strategy published in 2012, click here to read.

In the past, the MOD has sometimes set its equipment requirements so high that the resulting systems exceeded any potential export customer’s needs or budget. As highlighted in the SDSR, we believe one way to increase the UK’s share of global defence exports is to consider export-related issues early in the MOD’s own acquisition cycle, while ensuring that our Armed Forces continue to receive the equipment capabilities and support they need. This approach was strongly supported in the Green Paper consultation responses.

There are some major equipment projects that will never be exported, Successor and Astute for example, or some crypto as another. For others, the discussion centred on how operational capabilities could be maintained whist still offering the same equipment for export in a competitive global market. It was recognised that exportability could not be tacked on at the end of the development cycle but had to be integral to the process from start to finish. Techniques such as modularity, open system exploitation and parallel development.

It also raised the prospect of compromising on specification in order to make equipment more exportable.

the MOD will adjust programmes, having considered the qualitative and quantitative benefits to be gained from exports, underpinned by robust market analysis of customer requirements in potential export markets.

A recent FOI release included a 2014 report from DSTL titled Embedding Exportability in the MoD which has a very interesting section on the Type 26, drawing a comparison between that and the Complex Weapons portfolio approach that has already seen some export success with the Common Anti Air Modular Missile (CAMM)

On Type 26 it said;

The Type 26 project team made an attempt at implementing exportability by identifying and consulting potential international partners/customers early in the projects lifecycle. This aspect was successful but did not occur early enough and there wasn’t a real appetite to compromise on UK requirements to accommodate export customers. The premise of achieving exports of the platform was also based on flawed market intelligence, leading to a poor export strategy.

Click here to read the full document, it is fascinating and complex subject with no easy soundbite solutions but at least on T26, the additional information is very interesting. It raises the same question the MoD has been grappling with for a very long time, should it compromise equipment specification (and thus, arguably operational effectiveness) for better exportability which offers the prospect of larger volume and lower overall programme cost. Or put another way, the balance between cost, specification and quantity.

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2 février 2015 1 02 /02 /février /2015 13:35
Chine: le secret du 2e porte-avions de nouveau éventé

 

Pékin, 2 fév 2015 Marine et Océans (AFP)

 

L'armée chinoise se garde absolument d'admettre qu'elle construit un second porte-avions, mais ce secret a été de nouveau brièvement éventé par l'annonce qu'une entreprise avait remporté un marché pour équiper le futur navire.

 

Le fabricant de câbles Jiangsu Shangshang a "remporté le contrat pour le deuxième porte-avions chinois", s'est félicité durant le week-end un journal de Changzhou, en reprenant une information également publiée sur le compte officiel de microblogs de cette ville de l'est.

 

Les deux communiqués ont été effacés, mais pas assez vite: la nouvelle a été relayée par les réseaux sociaux chinois, de nombreux internautes la considérant comme une première confirmation sérieuse du chantier entouré de rumeurs.

 

Le premier porte-avions chinois, le "Liaoning", admis au service actif en septembre 2012, est issu d'un bâtiment inachevé vendu en 1998 par l'Ukraine.

 

Pour son deuxième porte-avions, l'Armée populaire de libération (APL) veut relever le défi d'une construction 100% nationale. Un chantier emblématique qu'elle entoure de black-out, selon sa tradition d'opacité concernant ses programmes d'armement.

 

Mais le secret a déjà été entamé à plusieurs reprises, notamment par Wang Min, secrétaire du Parti communiste de la province du Liaoning, qui avait évoqué en janvier 2014 le chantier dans sa province. Ses propos, non destinés à être publiés, avaient été rapportés sur des sites d'information.

 

Des hauts responsables militaires chinois ont aussi fait part de l'intention de Pékin de se doter de plusieurs porte-avions, mais sans fournir de détails.

 

En s'équipant de porte-avions, outil de projection de puissance par excellence, la Chine selon les experts assume le risque d'écorner l'image qu'elle veut donner d'elle-même: celle d'un pays qui s'arme uniquement pour se défendre, sans prétendre à l'hégémonie.

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28 janvier 2015 3 28 /01 /janvier /2015 12:55
PLG - credits DGA

PLG - credits DGA

 

28/01/2015 Michel Cabirol – LaTribune.fr

 

Les chantiers navals français - Kership, Ocea, CMN et Socarenam - ont réussi un très beau début d'année 2015 sur le plan commercial dans le domaine militaire.

 

Très joli tir groupé sur le plan commercial pour les chantiers navals militaires français, qui ont engrangé en janvier plusieurs commandes intéressantes sur le plan national et surtout à l'export. C'est le cas de Socarenam, d'Ocea, de CMN et de Kership, la filiale commune entre DCNS et Piriou. Une belle série qui a commencé avec le chantier de Boulogne-sur-mer, qui a été sélectionné par la direction générale de l'armement (DGA) pour la réalisation de deux patrouilleurs légers guyanais (PLG) destinés à la Marine nationale. Ces navires sont dédiés aux missions de souveraineté et de protection des intérêts français dans la zone maritime Antilles-Guyane, en particulier le Centre Spatial Guyanais.

En outre, la DGA a également sélectionné Socarenam pour une commande de 21 vedettes de liaison trans-rades destinées aux ports militaires (Brest, Toulon, Cherbourg et outremer). Enfin, le chantier naval s'est vu notifier un contrat d'un patrouilleur de 53 mètres de long par la douane française, baptisé "Jean-François Deniau". Ce navire, qui sera le plus important de la flotte de la douane,  est financé à 90 % par l'Agence européenne pour la gestion de la coopération opérationnelle aux frontières extérieures des États membres de l'Union européenne, FronTières extérieures.

 

Kership, sélectionné par l'Arabie Saoudite

Kership, la co-entreprise formée en 2013 par DCNS et Piriou a été choisie par le prince Salmane, le ministre de la Défense d'Arabie Saoudite et prince héritier de la dynastie saoudienne pour fabriquer entre 25 et 30 patrouilleurs de 30 mètres. Soit un contrat estimé à 500 millions d'euros. En outre, une quinzaine de bateaux supplémentaires seraient en option. L'Arabie Saoudite et Kership vont négocier en 2015 le contrat. En outre, Kership a gagné un contrat fin octobre auprès du ministère de la Défense du Gabon pour la construction d'un OPV 50 (Offshore Patrol Vessel), un patrouilleur hauturier de 58 mètres, ainsi que la modernisation d'une Combattante la Gracieuse au profit de la marine gabonaise. Soit un contrat total de l'ordre de 26 millions d'euros.

Ocea n'est pas en reste. Le chantier des Sables d'Olonne a vendu un patrouilleur hauturier, OPV 190 MKII de 58 mètres au Sénégal. En outre, la municipalité des Sables d'Olonne envisage de créer une formation de garde-côte pour les clients d'Ocea. Enfin, CMN a vendu au Mozambique trois nouveaux patrouilleurs HSI 32 supplémentaires, qui étaient en option. Enfin, le chantier naval de Cherbourg attend toujours la mise en vigueur du contrat tripartite entre l'Arabie Saoudite (le pays qui finance), le Liban (pays utilisateur) et la France (le vendeur) portant sur la vente de trois patrouilleurs du type Combattante FS56 armés par un système surface-air à très courte portée Simbad-RC de MBDA, ainsi qu'une formation et un support de cinq ans. Soit une commande évaluée à environ 250 millions d'euros.

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27 janvier 2015 2 27 /01 /janvier /2015 19:55
BPC Sebastopol - photo RP Defense

BPC Sebastopol - photo RP Defense

 

Saint-Nazaire, 27 jan 2015 Marine et Océans (AFP)

 

Le projet de vente des chantiers navals STX de Saint-Nazaire par son actionnaire coréen est "toujours existant", a affirmé mardi le directeur général de STX France, Laurent Castaing.

 

"STX nous a récemment demandé de remettre à jour le dossier de vente (...). Le processus de vente est toujours existant", a expliqué M. Castaing à la presse, à l'issue d'une visite de l'Oasis 3, le plus gros paquebot du monde, actuellement en construction à Saint-Nazaire et dont la livraison est prévue en avril 2016.

 

Aucun repreneur potentiel n'a à ce jour "visité" les chantiers navals, a-t-il précisé.

 

En mai 2014, la Korea Development Bank (KDB), qui possède la majorité du groupe sud-coréen STX, actionnaire principal des chantiers navals de Saint-Nazaire, avait fait réaliser une plaquette pour démarcher les investisseurs, dans le but de céder ses filiales européennes.

 

Les trois chantiers navals finlandais de STX Europe ont été vendus courant 2014, dans le cadre de ce plan de restructuration.

 

STX France est détenu à 66,6% par STX Europe (filiale du sud-coréen STX) et à 33,3% par l'État français, qui dispose d'un droit de veto.

 

Le ministre des Finances Michel Sapin avait déclaré le 12 décembre que l'Italie avait manifesté de "l'intérêt" pour une entrée au capital de la société STX France, mais il n'y a "pas eu de visite d'Italiens" à Saint-Nazaire, a répété M. Castaing.

 

Le nom du constructeur naval italien Fincantieri a plusieurs fois été mentionné dans la presse transalpine, sans confirmation du groupe italien.

 

Si aucun acquéreur ne se présentait pour le rachat de STX France, il y a toujours "une issue possible, celle du statu quo", a souligné Laurent Castaing.

 

STX France, qui a lourdement investi ces dernières années, notamment en se dotant d'un portique géant qui permet de construire des paquebots de la classe "Oasis" mais aussi plusieurs paquebots plus petits en même temps, a un carnet de commandes rempli jusqu'à 2019-2020 et fait travailler actuellement 6.000 personnes, dont 2.400 salariés.

 

Outre deux paquebots de la classe "Oasis" pour l'américain Royal Caribbean (RCCL), le constructeur naval va commencer courant 2015 la construction du premier des deux paquebots de la dernière commande de l'italo-suisse MSC Croisières.

 

Par ailleurs sous-traitants de DCNS pour la réalisation de deux navires de guerre "Mistral", les chantiers sont en train d'achever la construction du second, le Sébastopol, livrable à l'automne 2015. La livraison à la Russie du premier, le Vladivostok, est toujours suspendue en raison de la crise ukrainienne.

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27 janvier 2015 2 27 /01 /janvier /2015 13:20
photo Irving Shipbuilding

photo Irving Shipbuilding

 

27 January 2015 naval-technology.com

 

The Canadian Government has awarded a $2.3bn DeWolf-class arctic offshore patrol ships (AOPS) construction contract to Nova Scotia-based Irving Shipbuilding.

 

The agreement, which is for six vessels, marks the start of the construction phase of the national shipbuilding procurement strategy (NSPS).

 

Canada Public Works and Government Services Minister Diane Finley said: "I am pleased to be here to mark the award of this important contract.

 

"It will sustain an estimated 1,000 jobs right here in Halifax and many more at suppliers across Canada. This is further proof that our shipbuilding strategy is bringing jobs and prosperity to communities on our coastlines and across the country."

 

Designed to play a critical role in protecting Canada's offshore sovereignty in the Atlantic, Pacific and the Arctic, the new DeWolf-class AOPS will be equipped with advanced sensors and will operate and support the new Cyclone naval helicopters.

 

The vessels will be capable of operating in ice up to 1m thick and sustain operations for up to four months.

 

Canada National Defence Minister Rob Nicholson said: "Our government is committed to ensuring that the Canadian Armed Forces and the Royal Canadian Navy have the equipment needed to monitor and defend Canadian waters, and to contribute to international naval operations well into the 21st century.

 

"The AOPS will better enable the navy to assert and enforce sovereignty in Canadian waters, including in the Arctic."

 

Construction of an initial block for the first AOPS is scheduled to take place later this year, with full production starting in September.

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23 janvier 2015 5 23 /01 /janvier /2015 12:54
Le siège social de DCNS à Paris (Crédits DCNS)

Le siège social de DCNS à Paris (Crédits DCNS)

 

23/01/2015, Michel Cabirol – LaTribune.fr

 

Le groupe naval devrait enregistrer des pertes de 300 millions d'euros en 2014. La contribution de DCNS à l'EBIT de Thales qui est actionnaire à hauteur de 35%, sera négative d'environ 100 millions d'euros.

 

Ce n'est pas une surprise. DCNS, dont Thales est actionnaire à hauteur de 35%, estime  que l'exercice 2014 devrait se solder par une perte nette de l'ordre de 300 millions d'euros, compte tenu de l'enregistrement de charges et provisions complémentaires, ainsi que l'avait révélé "La Tribune". Le groupe naval a mené au cours des derniers mois un examen approfondi de la situation financière et contractuelle de plusieurs activités et programmes complexes qui connaissent des difficultés. Les principales conclusions de ces audits ont été communiquées aux instances de gouvernance de DCNS.

Pour Thales, qui consolide DCNS par mise en équivalence, la contribution de DCNS à l'EBIT du groupe d'électronique "serait ainsi négative d'environ 100 millions d'euros sur l'exercice 2014, contre une contribution attendue proche de l'équilibre (et une contribution positive de 40 M€ en 2013)", a expliqué Thales dans un communiqué publié ce vendredi. Hors cet impact exceptionnel, Thales confirme que sa performance en 2014 devrait être conforme aux objectifs annoncés d'une stabilité des prises de commandes et du chiffre d'affaires et d'une progression de 5 à 7% de l'EBIT. La publication des comptes consolidés de l'exercice 2014 arrêtés par le conseil d'administration est prévue le 26 février 2015

 

Le nucléaire civil plombe DCNS

Sur la base des éléments fournis au comité central d'entreprise (CCE), les difficultés sur certains programmes se concentrent dans les activités de diversification dans l'énergie, essentiellement dans le nucléaire civil. L'ampleur des difficultés d'exécution rencontrées par DCNS depuis 2013 devrait conduire "à revoir significativement à la hausse les coûts à terminaison des projets en cours", notamment le réacteur de recherche Jules Horowitz pour le Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA), a expliqué Thales.

Sur les programmes navals, les audits ont mis en évidence une augmentation des coûts à terminaison, tout particulièrement sur le programme de sous-marins nucléaires d'attaque Barracuda pour la France.

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21 janvier 2015 3 21 /01 /janvier /2015 17:45
Senegal orders offshore patrol vessel

 

21 January 2015 by defenceWeb

 

Senegal has ordered a 58 metre offshore patrol vessel from France’s OCEA, as it prepares to take delivery of a 45 metre vessel from STX.

 

The OPV 190 Mk II vessel will be delivered to Senegal’s navy in late 2016, according to Mer et Marine. Rumours of a possible acquisition surfaced in mid-2014.

 

Senegal’s vessel will be made in three segments at the Ocea site in Fontenay-le-Comte and transferred to Les Sables d’Olonne for final assembly.

 

The OPV 190 is a 58 m (190 foot) long, 9.4 metre wide vessel made from aluminium for less corrosion and lighter weight. Its shallow draft (2.3 metres) allows operation close to the shore. It has a crew of 30 but can take 24 passengers on board. Range is between 4 and 5 000 km at 12 knots, while maximum speed is 30 knots. Endurance is three weeks.

 

OCEA says the vessel can be used for missions such as law enforcement, exclusive economic zone (EEZ) surveillance, immigration control, search and rescue, anti-smuggling, disaster relief, fisheries patrol, anti-piracy etc.

 

For the offshore patrol vessel (OPV) role the ship can be equipped with sensors and weapons such as machineguns and cannons as well as two 7.5 metre speedboats, lowered into the water via davits. Various options are available for different missions, such as a holding cell, water cannons etc.

 

The acquisition of the OCEA OPV comes as Senegal’s new 45 metre vessel Kedougou undergoes sea trials ahead of delivery. The vessel was launched by French shipyard STX Lorient in October last year and was seen undergoing sea trials in December. Senegal ordered the OPV from Raidco Marine, which subcontracted construction to the STX Lorient shipyard.

 

The Kedougou is 45.6 metres long, 8.4 metres wide and crewed by 17, with the option of accommodating four to eight passengers such as special forces personnel. The vessel has a steel hull and aluminium superstructure. It is powered by two Cummins engines developing 1 940 kW. Endurance is ten days with a range of 2 000 nautical miles. It is able to launch two small boats.

 

Senegalese Navy Commander Serigne Fallou Diouf at the launch said the new vessel was part of the country’s plan to renew its naval fleet and allow the maritime arm of service to carry out missions such as fisheries inspection, fighting drug trafficking and piracy.

 

As part of its expansion process, Senegal’s Navy in the third quarter of 2013 took delivery of the Ferlo, a Raidco RPB 33 offshore patrol vessel. The 33 metre long vessel can accommodate a crew of 17 and travel 1 500 miles at 15 knots for an endurance of one week at sea, although top speed is over 40 knots. Armament includes a 20 mm cannon and two 12.7 mm machineguns and a boat can be launched from its stern.

 

Senegal has ordered vessels from OCEA in the past, placing an order for four FPB 98 Mk I patrol boats in October 2012.

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21 janvier 2015 3 21 /01 /janvier /2015 08:35
Chinese Navy commissions new Huanggang missile destroyer

"The new destroyer is equipped with 32 HQ-16 radar-guided, surface-to-air missiles."

 

19 January 2015 naval-technology.com

 

The Chinese Navy has commissioned a new 4,000t Huanggang guided-missile destroyer at Zhoushan Port in Zhejiang province.

 

The latest Huanggang-class Type 054A multirole frigate is claimed to be capable of attacking vessels and submarines, and will improve the medium-to-high altitude air defence potential of the army's East Sea Fleet.

 

Huanggang-class vessels have long-range detection and air defence capabilities, as well as a full displacement of more than 4,000t, Xinhua reported.

 

The new destroyer is equipped with 32 HQ-16 radar-guided, surface-to-air missiles and eight YJ-83 eagle strike, infrared and radar-guided, anti-ship missiles, which are capable of supersonic travel.

 

Towed-radar array sonar enhances submarine detection, with the systems tracked several kilometres behind a vessel, away from its own noise sources.

 

A Type 1130 close-in weapon system, which consists of 11 30mm calibre guns that have a potential fire of between 9,000 to 11,000 rounds per minute, has been installed.

 

The frigate's anti-submarine capabilities reportedly surpass that of China's Type 052C and Type 052D destroyers.

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21 janvier 2015 3 21 /01 /janvier /2015 07:45
Damen successfully builds two FCS 5009 patrol vessels in South Africa

 

16 January 2015 naval-technology.com

 

Damen Shipyards Cape Town (DSCT) has successfully completed construction on two FCS 5009 patrol vessels in South Africa.

Another Damen vessel of the same class is currently operational with the Cape Verdean Coast Guard.

Damen Africa sales manager Friso Visser said: "The versatile FCS 5009 patrol boats have consistently shown themselves to be an ideal solution for patrolling an exclusive economic zone (EEZ).

"They have low operational costs, are very fuel efficient, have a competitive purchase price and, crucially, are easy to maintain.

"Overall, they provide a reasonable total cost of ownership, making them attractive to countries that have a requirement to patrol an EEZ."

The two new vessels are designed to be equipped with Sea Rogue weaponry, which includes a system with a 20mm cannon forward of the wheelhouse and two 12.7mm Browning guns.

Capable of being operated by a hand controller, the Sea Rogue boasts an accurate target-tracking feature and can be installed in collaboration with manufacturer Reutech.

DSCT chairman Sam Montsi said: "The FCS 5009 is deliverable in two formats. It can be either a fast crew supply ship or a security patrol vessel.

"They are also the first in their class to be outfitted with MTU engines that offer a lighter weight-to-power ratio for increased speed."

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21 janvier 2015 3 21 /01 /janvier /2015 07:20
photo US Navy

photo US Navy

 

16 January 2015 naval-technology.com

 

The US Navy has confirmed plans to rename 20 modified littoral combat ships (LCS) as frigates.

US Navy Secretary Ray Mabus said: "It is going to be the same ship, same programme of record, just with an appropriate and traditional name.

"One of the requirements of the small surface combatant task force was to have a ship with frigate-like capabilities.

"Well, if it is like a frigate, why don't we call it a frigate?"

The new designation of the FF label will apply to all LCS that are upgraded with additional weapons, sensors and combat systems such as retrofitted vessels.

However, hull numbers could stay as they are.

Future ships will also be eligible for the new designation, with 32 vessels set to be reclassified if and when they are equipped with additional weapons.

The decision comes as the US Navy retires the last of its legacy frigate vessels, including USS Kauffman, which is on its last deployment.

The navy is also reportedly considering changing the designation of the several other vessels such as joint high-speed vessels, mobile landing platforms and the afloat forward-staging base.

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18 janvier 2015 7 18 /01 /janvier /2015 08:40
BPC Vladivostok photo RP Defense

BPC Vladivostok photo RP Defense

 

15 janvier 2015 par Jacques N. Godbout – 45eNord.ca

 

Au cours des six prochains mois, Moscou pourrait déposer une plainte contre Paris pour la non-livraison du Vladivostok, le premier des deux bâtiments de guerre de classe Mistral commandés par la Russie à la France, a annoncé ce jeudi 15 le ministre russe de la Défense Sergueï Choïgou, rapporte l’agence officielle russe Ria-Novosti.

 

Le contrat pour la livraison de porte-hélicoptères Mistral à Moscou serait rompu si Paris ne livrait pas le premier bâtiment fin janvier, écrit pour sa part le même jour le quotidien russe Novye Izvestia, qui rappelle en outre, pour sa part, que plusieurs militaires russes estiment que le Mistral n’est pas n’est pas un ajout essentiel aux forces navales russes.

 

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