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14 mars 2014 5 14 /03 /mars /2014 17:35
Canberra LHD Arrives in Sydney

The largest ship ever built for the Royal Australian Navy, Landing Helicopter Dock NUSHIP Canberra, entered Sydney Harbour for the first time during the contractor sea trials and testing program. (all photos : RAN)

 

14.03.2014 Defense Studies

An exciting milestone was realised yesterday when the first Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) ship currently being built for Defence, entered Sydney Harbour for the first time.

NUSHIP Canberra, the first of two LHDs being built for the Australian Defence Force entered Sydney after her first contractor trials and testing at sea.

The biggest ship ever built for Navy, she was a formidable sight as she proceeded into Fleet Base East, Sydney.

Defence Materiel Organisation’s LHD Project Manager, Captain Craig Bourke said the ship was visiting Sydney to use the dry dock.

 


“The ship is scheduled to undertake a commercial docking in the Dry Dock in Sydney, to receive a hull clean and final paint before proceeding to sea and returning to Williamstown to commence the final phase of Contractor sea trials involving communications and combat systems.

“The first set of Contractor sea trials have been focussed on tuning the propulsion system and testing and trialling the hull, mechanical and electrical systems of the vessel,” Captain Bourke said.

NUSHIP Canberra’s Commanding Officer, Captain Jonathan Sadleir said a number of the ship’s company were also embarked in the ship  to witness the first set of Contractor sea trials.
 


“The ship had representatives from all departments observing the trials, which has provided an excellent opportunity to build on their training and knowledge. NUSHIP Canberra chefs provided the meals for everyone onboard during the sea trials and did a great job.

"To see the ship come into Sydney today for the first time is a big milestone and is really exciting for the ship’s company,” Captain Sadleir said.

During her visit to Sydney, in addition to contractor work, the ship’s company will be carrying out important familiarisation and induction training in preparation to take responsibility when BAE Systems hand the ship over to Defence.

(RAN)

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14 mars 2014 5 14 /03 /mars /2014 08:35
J+S Ltd receive award from DSME for the supply of an integrated Torpedo Launcher System for the new Royal Thailand Navy Frigate

14.03.2014 Pacific Sentinel
 

Barnstaple, 12th March 2014 – J+S Ltd is pleased to announce that they have been selected by Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (DSME) as the suppliers of an integrated Torpedo Launcher System (TLS) for the New Royal Thailand Navy Frigate.
 
The contract was agreed upon in December 2013. The system will integrate with the ship’s Combat Management System (CMS) and Gyro compass. The J+S Ltd TLS is designed to fire a range of Mk44 and Mk 46 torpedoes and has the capability to be modified to fire the latest Mk54 torpedo.
 
Delivery will commence in March 2016 to DSME for installation on the new Frigate. Set-to-Work (STW) and Harbour Acceptance Trials (HAT) will follow leading to Sea Acceptance Trials (SAT) in 2017.
 
Andy Toms, Managing Director commented: “J+S Ltd is delighted and proud to receive this major contract from DSME. We are increasingly looking overseas for business growth opportunities and have identified East Asia and the ASEAN region of great potential. This order is a welcome boost to our Barnstaple based business and raises our profile internationally as an independent supplier of lightweight torpedo launchers.  We have supplied and supported similar systems to the UK Royal Navy for many years and look forward to developing a strong business relationship with DSME and the Royal Thailand Navy.”
 
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14 mars 2014 5 14 /03 /mars /2014 07:35
China to spend more on Navy, Air Force upgrade

 

Mar 13, 2014 brahmand.com

 

BEIJING (PTI): In a major strategic shift, China has for the first time decided to spend more from its USD 132 billion defence budget to upgrade navy and air force amid deepening conflict with Japan, South China Sea dispute and US military push into Asia-Pacific.

 

The shift in allocation of funds, changing the old pattern of their equal distribution among the three forces in the past was part of a blueprint drawn by China's new leadership headed by President Xi Jinping at a key meeting recently where big structural reforms for the country's military were finalised, official media here reported.

 

Significantly, Xi - in his meeting with defence delegates attending the annual session of the Parliament on Tuesday asked the 2.3 million-strong world's largest standing military to hasten modernisation, focussing on combat capability.

 

He also sent out a stern message to the countries with which China has territorial disputes.

 

"We expect peace, but we shall never give up efforts to maintain our legitimate rights, nor shall we compromise our core interests, no matter when or in what circumstances," he said.

 

He also hinted at permitting private sector in military hardware production.

 

Market can play bigger role in military modernisation to jointly create a highly effective development pattern that features army-civilian integration, he said.

 

His remarks followed a CCTV report stating that China opted to spend more money on naval upgrade in view of raising maritime disputes and the growing interests of Chinese military interests overseas, shifting the balance towards improving the capability of the navy and air force.

 

Under this, more money will be allocated to navy and its high-tech capability, the report said.

 

China last week allocated a whopping USD 132 billion for defence, a hike of 12.2 per cent in one of the highest in its two decade-long double-digit raise in military spending.

 

In the last few years, China commissioned its first aircraft carrier, with plans to build three more besides acquiring long-range capability to launch missile attack on rival aircraft carriers. Strategic analysts say this would largely limit the mobility of the US aircraft carriers, most of which were expected to be shifted to Asia-Pacific in the next few years under the Obama Administration's pivot to Asia.

 

The rapid development of Chinese Navy raised concerns in India as it becomes a major challenge to Indian Navy's own plan to emerge as strong blue-water navy with wide range of capabilities.

 

The huge increase in China's defence spending came in the first budget after Xi took over power last year emerging as the most powerful leader, heading the ruling Communist Party, the military and the presidency, unlike his predecessor, Hu Jintao who started his ten-year tenure only with the party and the presidency.

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13 mars 2014 4 13 /03 /mars /2014 19:20
US Navy Issues $698.9 M Contract Modification to LM for FY14 LCSs

 

 

Mar 11, 2014 ASDNews Source : Lockheed Martin Corporation

 

The U.S. Navy has issued a Lockheed Martin-led industry team a $698.9 million contract modification to add funding for construction of two Littoral Combat Ships (LCS) – the seventh and eighth in a 10-ship contract awarded in December 2010.

 

The contract modification is for construction of Indianapolis (LCS 17) and LCS 19, yet to be named. The first ship on this 2010 contract, the USS Milwaukee (LCS 5), was christened and launched in 2013, and is undergoing trials before delivery to the Navy in 2015. The future USS Detroit (LCS 7) will be christened and launched later this year. Little Rock (LCS 9), Sioux City (LCS 11) and Wichita (LCS 13) are all in various stages of construction, and Billings (LCS 15) will begin construction this year.

 

“Our industry team appreciates the U.S. Navy’s confidence in the LCS program as we continue down the learning curve to make these ships more capable and more affordable,” said Joe North, vice president of Littoral Ship Systems at Lockheed Martin’s Mission Systems and Training business. “We’ll continue to build best-in-class, cost effective ships for the Navy, supporting its need to defeat littoral threats and provide maritime access in critical waterways.”

 

Marinette Marine Corporation, a Fincantieri company, is building the ships in Marinette, Wis., with naval architect Gibbs & Cox of Arlington, Va., providing engineering support. Fincantieri has invested more than $74 million in the Marinette facility on upgrades that have increased efficiency and minimized energy consumption, an expansion that will allow for construction of more than two ships at a time, and process improvements that will speed up production.

 

Nearly 900 suppliers across 43 states are contributing to the Freedom-class LCS program.

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13 mars 2014 4 13 /03 /mars /2014 13:40
US, Romanian and Bulgarian navies start drills near Russian border

 

 

13 March 2014 naval-technology.com

 

The US Navy has reportedly begun military manoeuvres along with Romanian and Bulgarian navies near Russia's borders, fuelling tensions in the region.

 

The joint military training exercises are said to represent the US's resolve to protect its NATO allies, Reuters reports.

 

USS Truxtun, the US Navy's Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer with a crew of about 300 will take part in the drills, as well as Bulgarian naval frigate Drazki and three Romanian naval vessels, Bulgaria's defence ministry said in a statement.

 

The training exercise will not involve any live-firing and will be held off the Black Sea, across the water from the Crimean Peninsula, where Russian military groups have seized control from Ukrainian authorities.

 

"The goal of the exercise is to increase the operational compatibility within NATO members' navy vessels, to improve the mutual understanding and to increase the crews' preparedness at sea," the ministry said.

 

Meanwhile, US military fighter jets are scheduled to take part in joint air defence exercises in north Poland, with Poland's president set to review the manoeuvres.

 

The US said that the drills were planned before the Ukraine crisis, although both exercises are alleged support gestures for NATO members after Russia's intervention in Ukraine.

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13 mars 2014 4 13 /03 /mars /2014 12:50
Russie: le renseignement naval se déploie à 50 km de la Finlande

 

 

MOSCOU, 13 mars - RIA Novosti

 

Le régiment de guerre électronique de la flotte du Nord se déploie dans le village d'Alakourtti, dans la région de Mourmansk – soit à 50 km de la frontière finlandaise et 90 km de la mer Blanche, selon une source proche du commandement de la marine russe. Ce déploiement est plus lié à la conquête de l'Arctique par la Russie qu'avec une prévention des risques émanant de l'Occident, écrit jeudi le quotidien Izvestia.

 

La semaine dernière, la presse russe et finlandaise annonçait que deux garnisons seraient rétablies à Alakourtti, soit 3 000 militaires. La nature des unités n'a pas été officiellement annoncée mais une source proche du commandement de la marine explique qu'il s'agirait du retour d'un régiment de guerre électronique dans la région.

 

"Un détachement de guerre électronique de la marine s'y trouvait auparavant – chaque flotte, y compris de la mer Caspienne, en possède. Il avait ensuite été déplacé dans la région de Moscou. De nouveaux moyens techniques sont apparus aujourd'hui et le processus s'est inversé", explique la source.

 

Les militaires avaient quitté le village en 2009 et les sites d'infrastructure comme les bâtiments résidentiels avaient fermé leurs portes. A l'heure actuelle, un seul détachement de garde-frontières reste stationné à Alakourtti pour travailler au point de contrôle Salla. Selon la source, des équipements d'interception uniques devaient être conservés dans la garnison.

 

Alakourtti se trouve à 90 km de la mer Blanche et à 300 km de l'océan Arctique. Cependant, comme le soulignent les experts, les équipements radioélectroniques modernes détectent des stations situées à plusieurs milliers de kilomètres.

 

Le vice-amiral à la retraite Vladimir Zakharov a souligné que la marine devait faire de l'interception – par exemple, pour localiser les avions militaires étrangers. Sachant que ces unités peuvent être déployées loin des bases navales.

 

"Elles sont déployées à un endroit pratique pour travailler – cela signifie que les échanges radio passent bien à cet endroit. Chaque armée dispose d'une unité de renseignement, y compris la marine", a déclaré Vladimir Zakharov.

 

L'expert a également noté que les données interceptées étaient transmises aux QG de chaque armée, mais aussi aux structures centrales du ministère de la Défense.

 

"Les unités de guerre électronique de la marine interceptent les signaux, les décryptent et les utilisent. L'armée de l'air, l'armée de terre et la marine échangent des informations mais au final toutes les données sont traitées à Moscou par une unité spéciale chargée de l'analyse", explique Vladimir Zakharov.

 

Le président de l'Institut russe des évaluations stratégiques Alexandre Konovalov justifie le déploiement du renseignement de guerre électronique dans la région de Mourmansk par le contrôle des mouvements d'unités étrangères au nord et en Arctique.

 

"L'armée se régénère actuellement à travers l'Arctique. L'appartenance nationale de la Route maritime du nord et la navigation autour du Canada ne sont pas définies, selon certains pays. Le régiment de guerre électronique est indispensable dans cette région pour surveiller l'Otan et d'autres pays. Cela n'a rien à voir avec la défense antimissile. Il s'agit plutôt d'une protection renforcée de la flotte Arctique. Mourmansk et Severodvinsk sont stratégiquement importantes pour la Russie", a déclaré Alexandre Konovalov.

 

Le ministère russe de la Défense n'a fait aucun commentaire sur le retour des militaires à Alakourtti.

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13 mars 2014 4 13 /03 /mars /2014 11:55
Le BPC Mistral et la FLF La Fayette appareillent pour la mission Jeanne d’Arc 2014



13/03/2014 Marine nationale

 

Le 12 mars 2014, à Brest, l’amiral Bernard Rogel, chef d’état-major de la Marine, a présidé la cérémonie de départ de la Mission Jeanne d’Arc 2014.

 

Lors de cette cérémonie, l’amiral Rogel a rappelé aux 154 officiers élèves les enjeux de la mission qui les attend et ceux de leurs futures carrières d’officiers de marine. « Cette mission opérationnelle et, pour vous, officiers-élèves, ce début de carrière, intervient dans un contexte stratégique mondial en pleine évolution »a-t-il déclaré. Il a souligné la chance qu’ils ont d’être «formés à la meilleure école, (…), celle de l’insertion au sein d’un équipage formé et entraîné. »

 

Le BPC Mistral et la FLF La Fayette appareillent pour la mission Jeanne d’Arc 2014

À l’issue de la cérémonie, le groupe amphibie a appareillé pour débuter sa mission. Il sera pré-positionné stratégiquement en océan Atlantique où il conduira des opérations militaires et des actions de coopération bilatérale. A cette occasion, les officiers-élèves de la promotion 2011 de l’Ecole navale et des officiers étrangers effectueront leur premier déploiement opérationnel. Il s’agit pour ces jeunes officiers d’acquérir une stature de chef militaire et de marin, grâce à la pratique in situ du métier et à l’expérience de la prise de responsabilités.

Le groupe amphibie est composé du BPC Mistral et de la FLF La Fayette. A bord du BPC Mistral, un détachement de la flottille amphibie (Engins de débarquement), un détachement de l’escadrille 22S (Hélicoptère Alouette III) ainsi que plus de 200 soldats de l’Armée de Terre constituent la force de réaction embarquée.

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13 mars 2014 4 13 /03 /mars /2014 08:35
US Hits 'Provocative' China Move On Philippine Ships

 

Mar. 12, 2014 – Defense News (AFP)

 

WASHINGTON — The United States on Wednesday accused China of raising tensions by blocking two Philippines vessels as it urged freedom of navigation in the tense South China Sea.

 

The United States, a treaty-bound ally of Manila, said it was “troubled” by Sunday’s incident in which China prevented movement of two ships contracted by the Philippine navy to deliver supplies and troops to the disputed Second Thomas Shoal.

 

“This is a provocative move that raises tensions. Pending resolution of competing claims in the South China Sea, there should be no interference with the efforts of claimants to maintain the status quo,” State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said.

 

The Philippines on Tuesday summoned China’s charge d’affaires, accusing Beijing of a “clear and urgent threat” to Manila’s interests. Beijing countered that the ships “infringed China’s territorial sovereignty” and violated a 2002 declaration of conduct in the South China Sea.

 

The United States rejected China’s stance, saying that countries had the right to “regular resupply and rotation of personnel” to locations before the 2002 declaration.

 

The Second Thomas Shoal, which sits around 200 kilometers (125 miles) from the western Philippine island of Palawan, is claimed by the Philippines, China and Taiwan. Beijing calls it Ren’ai Reef.

 

Malaysia, Brunei and Vietnam claim other parts of the Spratly Islands, which lie near vital sea lanes and rich fishing grounds and are also believe to sit on vast mineral resources.

 

The United States, while saying it takes no position on the sovereignty of disputed territories, has been increasingly robust in its criticism of China. Last month, the United States challenged the legal basis for China’s claims over a vast area across the South China Sea.

 

The United States has been seeking to prevent China from taking more drastic action in the South China Sea. In November, China declared an Air Defense Identification Zone — requiring planes to report to Beijing — over a vast area in the East China Sea where it has a separate but intense feud over Japanese-administered islands.

 

Japan and the Philippines have accused China of making growing incursions to challenge their control over territories. US President Barack Obama will visit both Japan and the Philippines next month

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12 mars 2014 3 12 /03 /mars /2014 19:40
L'armée russe dotée de vedettes pilotées au moyen d'un joystick d'ici 2015

 

NIJNI NOVGOROD, 12 mars - RIA Novosti

 

L'armée russe sera dotée de vedettes du projet 23040 pilotées au moyen d'un joystick en 2014 et 2015, a annoncé mercredi l'usine Nijegorodski Teplokhod de Nijni Novgorod chargée de construire les vedettes.

 

"Notre calendrier de travail pour 2014 prévoit la construction de six vedettes pour la flottille russe de la Caspienne (Astrakhan) et de trois autres pour la flotte de la Baltique (Kronstadt). En 2015, nous construirons cinq autres vedettes pour la flotte de la Baltique", a indiqué l'usine dans un communiqué.

 

Deux vedettes sont déjà prêtes et seront mises à l'eau après le début de la navigation, deux autres vedettes sont en chantier.

 

A la différence des vedettes russes Flamingo (projet 1415) et leurs dérivés, les vedettes du projet 23040 sont dotées de moteurs plus puissants et sont mieux adaptées pour naviguer dans les glaces. Cela leur permet d'effectuer des missions à 50 milles de la côte. La vedette du projet 23040 peut servir de plateforme pour plongeurs, participer aux missions de recherche et de sauvetage, d'extinction d'incendies en mer, de renflouement de bateaux et aux opérations hydrotechniques à l'état de mer 3.

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12 mars 2014 3 12 /03 /mars /2014 18:50
Kongsberg Has Signed A Contract for Upgrade of the Royal Norwegian Navy’s (RNoN) Proteus Simulator Infrastructure

 

 

March 12, 2014 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Kongsberg; issued March 12, 2014)

 

The contract scope includes infrastructure upgrades and migration to a common PROTEUS simulation core for all the RNoN’s Kongsberg delivered simulators, new visual image generation, a generic HLA Evolved interface enabling further simulator participation in joint collaborative exercises and a new PROTEUS map centric instructor station.

 

The contract has a value of 49 MNOK and will be delivered to the RNoN training establishment KNM Tordenskjold at Haakonsvern naval base in 2016.

 

"This contract is the result of Kongsberg’s long and proven relationship with RNoN. RNoN’s decision to further upgrade and improve its PROTEUS based simulator infrastructure strengthens our position as supplier of simulator systems, and in this context this is a very important reference contract for Kongsberg", says Executive Vice President Leiv Inge Steig in Kongsberg Defence Systems.

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12 mars 2014 3 12 /03 /mars /2014 18:20
Sea Tests Loom For Gerald R. Ford Super-Carrier

 

11/03/2014 by Paul Fiddian - Armed Forces International's Lead Reporter

 

The very latest United States Navy aircraft carrier is about to start a two-plus year sea trials programmes, ahead of joining the naval power later this decade.

 

Equipped with state-of-the-art radar systems and the capability to launch both manned and unmanned aircraft types, the USS Gerald R. Ford spearheads a new class of aircraft carriers.

 

The Ford-class ships are the first all-new US Navy carriers in almost 50 years. The USS Gerald R. Ford itself was ceremoniously named last November and, all being well, it will be pressed into service in 2016. Prior to that, it faces 26 months at sea while all its systems are put through their paces. "We're kind of in the infancy stage of the test program, and the early returns are good", USN Rear Admiral Thomas Moore explained to the Daily Press, adding: "[but] we have a long way to go."

 

Ford Carrier Test Programme

 

The 26-month Ford carrier test programme is that long on account of the complex systems installed - more so than in any preceding US Navy carrier. They include enhanced propulsion and electromagnetic rails - a more efficient means of launching aircraft off the flight deck.

 

The USS Ford's weight is approaching 100,000 tonnes. Once in service, it will accommodate some 4,600 USN personnel and a maximum of 75 aircraft. It and the other Ford-class carriers will take over from the Nimitz-class carriers, whose days are now becoming numbered.

 

USS Gerald R. Ford

 

Compared to its direct predecessors, the USS Gerald R. Ford has more flight deck space, three elevators for aircraft and electrical power systems in place of the steam-powered systems currently in use

 

"On previous Nimitz-class carriers, you always had a cadre of sailors who had been on previous construction projects, and the systems were very, very familiar for them", added Rear Admiral Moore. "On the Ford, that's not the case, It's a new ship with a lot of new developmental systems."

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12 mars 2014 3 12 /03 /mars /2014 17:25
Brazil to build own aircraft carrier

 

 

Mar 11, 2014 ASDNews (AFP)

 

Brazil is planning to build its first aircraft carrier to replace its aging only model as part of a steady upgrade to its armed forces, Defense Minister Celso Amorim said Tuesday.

 

In recent years Brazil has purchased submarines, helicopters and supersonic aircraft via technology transfer agreements with the proviso that the hardware is made in Brazil.

 

"We are starting to think about a new aircraft carrier," Amorim told foreign correspondents in Brasilia, adding it was likely the new vessel was at least 15 years away.

 

"Our idea is for it to be built in Brazil, probably based on an existing blueprint... in the context of a technology transfer" in cooperation with a foreign firm, Amorim added.

 

Brazil commissioned its only current aircraft carrier, the Clemenceau class State of Sao Paulo, in 2000, though the French initially launched the vessel back in 1960.

 

In December, Brasilia agreed to purchase 36 Gripen NG fighter jets from Swedish firm Saab with Amorim stressing the Swedish-Brazilian nature of that project through a "real technology transfer."

 

Amorim said he would visit Sweden in early April to "discuss the details" of that contract, valued at a reported $4.5 billion, and also to determine if the Swedes can lend some Gripen until those from the deal are delivered from 2018.

 

The Swedes saw off competition from US giant Boeing and Dassault of France in order to land the deal and defense sources say Brazil may ultimately order as many as 160 Gripen NG by 2030.

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12 mars 2014 3 12 /03 /mars /2014 16:22
DCNS dresse le bilan des trois premières séries d’essais en mer de la frégate multimissions FREMM Normandie

 

10.03.2014 DCNS

 

La FREMM Normandie est rentrée à quai, samedi 8 mars, sur le site DCNS de Lorient, à l’issue de sa troisième série d’essais en mer. Cette frégate est la deuxième de la série commandée par la Direction générale de l’armement (DGA) au profit de la Marine nationale. L’OCCAR[1] est l’agence contractante du programme FREMM au nom de la France et de l’Italie.

 

Une nouvelle série d’essais d’une semaine au large des côtes bretonnes de la FREMM Normandie, s’est achevée samedi 8 mars. Ces quelques jours d’essais ont permis aux équipes DCNS de poursuivre la vérification des performances de la plateforme du navire ainsi que de certains senseurs de son système de combat. Deux premières phases d’essais de la frégate avaient déjà eu lieu en novembre 2012 et janvier 2013.

 

Concernant la plateforme, les essais se sont concentrés sur la propulsion et notamment sur le système hybride CODLOG (COmbined Diesel eLectric Or Gas). Ce système propulsif permet aux FREMM d’évoluer silencieusement à basse vitesse - grâce aux moteurs électriques – ou d’atteindre une vitesse supérieure à 27 nœuds grâce à la turbine à gaz du navire. En complément de ces essais de propulsion, les équipes DCNS ont procédé aux vérifications des systèmes de navigation (calculs de vitesse, position, cap) ou encore des centrales inertielles qui permettent un positionnement très précis du navire où qu’il soit sur les océans.

 

Ces essais a également permis à l’équipage de la Marine nationale et aux spécialistes DCNS de vérifier les performances des fonctionnalités de certains senseurs du système de combat, ou encore de la station de communication Syracuse.

 

Lors de ses précédents essais, en janvier, la frégate avait également effectué une première escale à Brest, qui avait permis de s’assurer du bon fonctionnement des interfaces entre la frégate et les installations portuaires en matière de communications avec la terre, d’accostage et de servitudes.

 

Actuellement la FREMM Normandie est à quai à Lorient pour différents travaux. Elle repartira en mer, dans quelques semaines, pour une nouvelle série d’essais.

 

Le programme FREMM : un programme majeur pour DCNS et ses partenaires.

Pour DCNS, le programme FREMM représente douze unités, soit onze pour la Marine nationale et une pour la Marine Royale du Maroc.

 

Pour rappel, en novembre 2012, DCNS a livré avec succès la FREMM Aquitaine, première unité de la série des frégates multimissions FREMM.

 

La deuxième unité du programme a été livrée à la Marine Royale du Maroc le 30 janvier 2014 conformément aux accords contractuels. Le navire arbore désormais son nom définitif : FREMM Mohammed VI.

 

DCNS mène actuellement à Lorient la construction de cinq autres frégates multimissions, à différents stades d’avancement :

 

- la FREMM Normandie, troisième unité de la série, a débuté ses essais en mer en octobre 2013 et sera livrée à la Marine nationale cette année ;

- la FREMM Provence a été mise à flot au mois de septembre 2013 ;

- les cinquième et sixième frégates de la série sont en cours d’assemblage ;

- la découpe de la première tôle de la septième a été effectuée fin 2013.

 

Caractéristiques techniques des FREMM

 

Fortement armés, les frégates FREMM mettent en œuvre, sous maîtrise d’œuvre DCNS, les systèmes d’armes et équipements les plus performants, tels que le radar multifonction Héraclès, le Missile de Croisière Naval, les missiles Aster et Exocet MM 40 ou encore les torpilles MU 90.

•           Longueur hors tout : 142 mètres

•           Largeur : 20 mètres

•           Déplacement : 6 000 tonnes

•           Vitesse maximale : 27 nœuds

•           Mise en œuvre : 108 personnes (détachement hélicoptère inclus)

•           Capacité de logement : 145 hommes et femmes

•           Autonomie : 6 000 nautiques à 15 nœuds

 

[1] (Organisation conjointe de coopération en matière d’armement)

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12 mars 2014 3 12 /03 /mars /2014 11:50
Mer Noire: début des manœuvres Bulgarie-Roumanie-USA

 

MOSCOU, 12 mars - RIA Novosti

 

Le commandement des forces navales bulgares a annoncé le début d'un exercice conjoint avec la Roumanie et les Etats-Unis en mer Noire.

Prévu pour mardi dernier, le lancement de cet exercice a été ajourné de 24 heures en raison de mauvaises conditions météorologiques.

Conçues pour assurer la sécurité en mer Noire, les manœuvres se dérouleront dans les eaux territoriales de la Roumanie, réunissant une frégate bulgare, trois bâtiments de guerre roumains et le destroyer américain USS Bush faisant partie d'un groupe aéronaval d'attaque formé autour du porte-avions USS George H.W.

L'USS Bush, qui opère dans la zone de responsabilité de la 6e Flotte américaine, possède un système d'alerte et défense Aegis doté d'antimissiles et de missiles de croisière Tomahawk.

Le commandement de l'US Navy a auparavant souligné que les manœuvres en mer Noire avaient été programmées avant les événements en Crimée, dont les autorités envisagent de tenir le 16 mars un référendum sur le statut politique de cette péninsule à majorité russophone.

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11 mars 2014 2 11 /03 /mars /2014 17:35
Navy Warships Project Heading for Cost Blowout

Hi-tech ... the Hobart Class Air Warfare destroyer. (image: News Corp Australia)

 

11.03.2014 Defense Studies

AN $8.5 billion taxpayer-funded “alliance’’ to build three hi-tech navy warships was a multi-tiered debacle, government auditors have found.

The Air Warfare Destroyer Alliance is running two years late, is $302 million over budget and is bleeding money at the rate of $1 million a week, according to well placed sources.

The auditors also revealed that the original premium for building the three ships in Australia rather than purchasing “off-the-shelf’’ overseas was $1 billion.

That is a 30 per cent taxpayer subsidy to the ship builders.

“The cost increase is likely to be significantly greater (than $302 million),’’ the document said.

The Australian National Audit Office (ANAO) report could spell the end for government ownership of the ASC shipyard in Adelaide and, according to government sources, it draws a line in the sand for the whole Australian naval shipbuilding industry.

“Defence and its industry advisers underestimated the risks associated with incorporating the design changes to Navantia’s F-104 design, exporting that design to Australia ... built at shipyards that lacked recent experience in warship building,’’ the audit report said.

The 320-page document slams the government’s defence purchasing agency, the Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO), and its management of an alliance that includes the government-owned Adelaide shipbuilder ASC and American defence giant Raytheon.

Under the alliance the DMO is both buyer and supplier.

“It was costing ASC, the lead ship builder, $1.60 to produce work that was originally estimated to cost $1,’’ the report said.

“It was not until 2013 that the Alliance put in place extensive key performance measures.’’

The Adelaide-based alliance began in 2007 and was the brainchild of the head of DMO Warren King.

The first ship, HMAS Hobart, was due for delivery to the navy this year but has been delayed until at least 2016.

The ships’ designer and hull-maker Spanish shipbuilder Navantia, the Melbourne-based block builder BAE Systems and the Newcastle-based Forgacs shipyard are all strongly criticised for a long list of failings, including dodgy block build practices and poor drawings.

The substandard drawings meant that many already installed watertight doors had to be moved 150mm so they could meet Australian safety standards.

One of the most damaging findings of the report appears on page 232 where the auditors reveal that 570 of 2,000 Chinese-made pipes were removed from the first ship, HMAS Hobart, because they were substandard and potentially dangerous.

“A supply chain failure led to the installation of defective pipes into the ship,’’ the report said.

The pipes were purchased by ASC — the company that wants to build the navy’s next generation submarine for more than $30 billion.

“They (ASC) haven’t done themselves any favours in justifying why they should build the new submarine,’’ a high-level source said.

The key lesson from the report is that Australian industry did not have the capability to undertake such a complex project.

This raises serious questions about whether or not governments should continue to prop-up Australian naval shipbuilders at high taxpayer premiums or buy off-the-shelf from more efficient overseas yards.

It is understood that the Abbott Government favours an Australian naval shipbuilding industry — but not at any cost.

The report was welcomed by Defence Minister David Johnston who agreed with its three recommendations to appoint a high-level project overseer and implement a new design review process and better performance monitoring.

KEY POINTS
* Air Warfare Destroyer two years late and $300 million over budget
* $1 billion premium for Australian build
* Risks under estimated
* ASC likely to be sold
* Naval shipbuilding under a cloud

(News)

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11 mars 2014 2 11 /03 /mars /2014 16:50
USS George H.W. Bush in Greece - photo US Navy

USS George H.W. Bush in Greece - photo US Navy

 

MOSCOU, 11 mars - RIA Novosti

 

L'exercice naval qui devait débuter mardi en mer Noir, réunissant la Bulgarie, la Roumanie et les Etats-Unis, a été différé d'un jour en raison des mauvaises conditions météorologiques, indique un communiqué mis en ligne sur le site du ministère bulgare de la Défense.

Conçu pour assurer la sécurité en mer Noire, cet exercice devait se tenir dans les eaux territoriales de la Roumanie. Il réunira une frégate bulgare, trois bâtiments de guerre roumains et le destroyer américain USS Truxtun équipé de missiles télécommandés. Ce dernier navire fait partie du groupe aéronaval d'attaque formé autour du porte-avions USS George H.W.

L'USS Truxtun, qui opère dans la zone de responsabilité de la 6e Flotte américaine, est un destroyer de classe Arleigh Burke. Il possède un système d'alerte et défense Aegis doté d'antimissiles et de missiles de croisière Tomahawk.

Le commandement de l'US Navy a auparavant souligné que les manœuvres en mer Noire avaient été programmées avant les événements en Crimée.

Cette péninsule peuplée principalement de Russes n'a pas reconnu la légitimité des nouvelles autorités installées à Kiev et a décidé d'organiser le 16 mars un référendum sur son futur statut politique.

Ce référendum a été qualifié d'illégitime par le nouveau gouvernement ukrainien, ainsi que par Londres et Washington.

Parallèlement à la présence navale bulgare, roumaine et américaine en mer Noire, l'armée de terre ukrainienne s'est massée à Kherson, aux abords de la Crimée.

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11 mars 2014 2 11 /03 /mars /2014 08:30
Austal building high speed support vessels for Middle East customer

 

 

HENDERSON, Australia, March 10 (UPI)

 

An unidentified Middle Eastern customer has contracted Australian shipbuilder Austal Limited to supply two high speed support vessels.

 

The contract is worth $124.9 million and includes provision of integrated logistics support, the company said.

 

"This contract reinforces the significant progress we have made in positioning Austal as a prime defense contractor," said Austal Chief Executive Officer Andrew Bellamy. "The contract also illustrates the growing recognition by international naval forces of the utility of high speed support vessels, following on from our 10-ship Joint High Speed Vessel contract for the U.S. Navy."

 

High speed support vessels are shallow draft ships for rapid intra-theater transport of medium-sized cargo payloads. JHSVs of the U.S. Navy will reach speeds of 35-45 knots. In addition to transport, the vessels can support helicopter operations and search-and-rescue operations.

 

Austal said under the contract, the vessels for the Middle Eastern customer will each be 236 feet long. Construction of the first will begin this year at its shipyard in Henderson in western Australia.

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10 mars 2014 1 10 /03 /mars /2014 19:45
Libyan rebels warn of 'war' if navy attacks oil tanker

 

10 March 2014 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Armed protesters in eastern Libya traded threats with the government on Sunday in a tense stand-off over the unauthorized sale of oil from a rebel-held port.

 

A North Korean-flagged tanker, the Morning Glory, docked on Saturday at the port of Es Sider and local daily al-Wasat said it had loaded $36 million of crude oil. Prime Minister Ali Zeidan has said the military will bomb the 37,000-tonne vessel if it tries to leave.

 

Officials said on Sunday that the navy and pro-government militias had dispatched boats to stop it from getting out. The rebels said any attack on the tanker would be "a declaration of war."

 

The escalating conflict over the country's oil wealth is a sign of mounting chaos in Libya, where the government has failed to rein in fighters who helped oust veteran ruler Muammar Gaddafi in 2011 and who now defy state authority.

 

The protesters, who also include former soldiers and ex-oil guards led by a former anti-Gaddafi commander, Ibrahim Jathran, have seized three eastern ports in the OPEC member country.

 

The Defence Ministry issued orders to the chief of staff, air force and navy to deal with the tanker. "The order authorizes the use of force and puts the responsibility for any resulting damage on the ship owner," it said in a statement.

 

"Several navy boats have been dispatched. Now the tanker's movements are under complete control and nobody can move it," said Culture Minister Habib al-Amin, who acts as informal government spokesman. "The tanker will stay where it is."

 

"All efforts are being undertaken to stop and seize the tanker, if necessary by a (military) strike, if it does not follow orders," he said, adding that state prosecutors would treat the loading of the crude as smuggling.

 

There was no sign of any immediate military action, but Libyan news websites showed some small boats close to a tanker which they said was the Morning Glory.

 

Libya has been trying to rebuild its army since Gaddafi's overthrow, but analysts say it is not yet a match for battle-hardened militias that fought in the eight-month uprising that toppled him.

 

WAR OF WORDS

 

Abb-Rabbo al-Barassi, self-declared prime minister of the rebel movement, warned against "harming any tanker or sending navy ships into the waters of Cyrenaica," according to a statement.

 

He was referring to the historic name of eastern Libya under King Idris, whom Gaddafi deposed in a 1969 coup. The protesters want a return to the Idris-era system under which oil revenues were shared between Libya's regions.

 

If the tanker was harmed, the statement said, "the response from Cyrenaica's defense forces, oil guards and revolutionaries will be decisive. Such a move would be a declaration of war."

 

In Tripoli, workers at a state oil firm that runs Es Sider port went on strike, urging the government to intervene because their colleagues were under duress from armed protesters.

 

"We are very angry at what is happening at Es Sider," said Salah Madari, an oil worker in the capital. "The port's control officer is being held at gunpoint," he said, adding that gunmen had also forced a pilot to guide the tanker into dock.

 

Jathran once led a brigade paid by the state to protect oil facilities. He turned against the government and seized Es Sider and two other ports with thousands of his men in August.

 

Tripoli has held indirect talks with Jathran, but fears his demand for a greater share of oil revenue for eastern Libya might lead to secession.

 

In January, the Libyan navy fired on a Maltese-flagged tanker that it said had tried to load oil from the protesters in Es Sider, successfully chasing it away.

 

It is very unusual for an oil tanker flagged in secretive North Korea to operate in the Mediterranean, shipping sources said. NOC says the tanker is owned by a Saudi company. It has changed ownership in the past few weeks and had previously been called Gulf Glory, according to a shipping source.

 

Libya's government has tried to end a wave of protests at oil ports and fields that have slashed oil output to 230,000 barrels per day (bpd) from 1.4 million bpd in July.

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10 mars 2014 1 10 /03 /mars /2014 18:55
OEF : le Jean Bart coordonne une opération de lutte contre le narcotrafic

 

 

10/03/2014 Sources : EMA

 

Le 7 mars 2014, une opération conjointe de la frégate anti-aérienne Jean Bart et de la frégate australienne Darwin, avec l’appui d’un avion de patrouille maritime Atlantique 2, a permis d’intercepter un skiff transportant 650 kg de résine de cannabis.

 

Le 7 mars 2014, l’hélicoptère Sea Hawk d’un navire australien de la TF 150, le Darwin, survole un skiff à l’apparence et au comportement suspects. Un avion de patrouille maritime Atlantique 2 présent dans la zone confirme par imagerie les soupçons formulés par l’équipage de l’hélicoptère. La FAA Jean Bart qui assure la coordination de cette action, en informe immédiatement le CTF 150. Ce dernier ordonne au  Darwin, qui patrouille dans la zone concernée, d’intercepter et de procéder à la visite du skiff suspect. L’équipe de visite australienne découvre alors 650 kg de résine de cannabis.

 

Les bâtiments français et australien, ainsi que l’Atlantique 2, ont mis en commun leur connaissance de la zone et la complémentarité de leurs capacités pour établir un dispositif efficace et conduire l’opération avec succès.

 

Dans le cadre de l’opération « Enduring Freedom » (OEF), la frégate antiaérienne Jean Bart est intégrée depuis le début du mois de mars 2014 à la Task Force 150 (TF 150), qui lutte contre le terrorisme et les trafics illicites sur une zone maritime qui s’étend de la mer Rouge au golfe d’Oman.

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10 mars 2014 1 10 /03 /mars /2014 17:55
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

 

 

10.03.2014 par Philippe Chapleau – Ligne de Défense

 

Changement de programme à Brest, mercredi. Ni le Premier ministre ni le ministre de la Défense n'assisteront au départ de la Mission Jeanne d'Arc 2014. Seul le chef d'état-major de la Marine sera présent dans le port finistérien pour assister à l'appareillage, à 16h, du BPC et de sa frégate d'accompagnement.

 

Le BPC et la frégate Lafayette arriveront mardi à Brest pour y embarquer les élèves officiers.

 

A noter que le 13 mars, à Belle-Ile, aura lieu un exercice amphibie, dans le cadre de la préparation opérationnelle du GTE. Un Eda-R sera mis à l'eau pour "beacher" les marsouins du groupement tactique embarqué.

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10 mars 2014 1 10 /03 /mars /2014 17:30
MEDOR : Interaction avec la marine libanaise

 

10/03/2014 Sources : EMA

 

Le 7 mars 2014, au large de Beyrouth, la frégate « Cassard » a effectué un exercice avec le patrouilleur « Sour » de la marine libanaise.

 

Dans le cadre de sa mission de patrouille en Méditerranée orientale, la frégate « Cassard » a effectué une série d’interactions avec les forces armées libanaises (FAL). Un exercice d’assistance incendie mobilisant une équipe de secours du « Cassard » a été envoyée sur le « Sour ». Les marins français et libanais ont ensuite effectué un exercice de tir sur « buts flottants » avec les mitrailleuses de calibre 12.7 mm et les canons de 20 mm. Quatre marins de chaque nationalité ont par ailleurs été accueillis simultanément à bord de chacun des navires.

 

Une délégation d’autorités civiles et militaires libanaises a pu rejoindre le « Cassard » grâce à l’hélicoptère du détachement de la flotille 36F embarqué sur la frégate française. Cette délégation comprenait notamment le commandant en chef de la marine libanaise, ainsi que  des autorités de l’ambassade de France et de la Mission militaire française au Liban. À l’issue de leur réunion de travail, les autorités libanaises ont confirmé l’intérêt de disposer d’une marine adaptée à la défense des intérêts vitaux d’un pays.

 

Dans le cadre de la résolution 1701, les militaires français de la Force Commander Reserve engagés dans le cadre du mandat de la FINUL participent à la montée en puissance des Forces armées libanaises, par le biais d’exercices, de patrouilles, de formations et d’entraînements conjoint réguliers.

MEDOR : Interaction avec la marine libanaiseMEDOR : Interaction avec la marine libanaiseMEDOR : Interaction avec la marine libanaise
MEDOR : Interaction avec la marine libanaise
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9 mars 2014 7 09 /03 /mars /2014 12:45
Exercise Ibsamar set for October

 

07 March 2014 by Kim Helfrich - defenceWeb

 

The fourth iteration of Exercise Ibsamar is set to start in October off South Africa’s southern and western coastlines.

 

Ships from the Brazilian and Indian navies will steam into Simon’s Town to join up with elements of the SA Navy ahead of the three nation exercise that is set to end in mid-November.

 

“The main planning conference for Ibsamar was held in Simon’s Town last month with details discussed and agreed,” Fleet media liaison officer Commander Adrian Dutton said, adding the exact number of foreign vessels, as well as South African ones, that will take part in the exercise could not be divulged “at this stage”.

 

“It is envisaged both the Brazilian and Indian contingents will berth at Cape Town’s V&A Waterfront after the exercise for crew rest and relaxation and interaction with the people of Cape Town,” he said.

 

There are currently no details available of the Navy’s other regular exercises with foreign navies – Atlasur, with the Argentinean, Uruguayan and Brazilian navies - but Dutton said the biannual Good Hope exercise with the German Navy has been scheduled for March next year. This will be the fifth time German naval vessels have been in South African waters for a joint exercise with the maritime arm of the SA National Defence Force (SANDF).

 

Unofficial sources indicate two of the Navy’s four Valour Class frigates - SAS Isandlwana and SAS Spioenkop – are currently operational. Two of the three Heroine class Type 209 submarines – SAS Charlotte Maxeke and SAS Queen Modjadji -  are operational.

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7 mars 2014 5 07 /03 /mars /2014 17:45
Corymbe: exercice franco-italien

 

 

07/03/2014 Sources : EMA

 

Le 27 février 2014, l'aviso "Commandant Birot", en mission Corymbe dans le Golfe de Guinée, a effectué un exercice conjoint avec des bâtiments de la Marine nationale Italienne.

 

Les deux commandants ont décidé d’axer leur travail sur un exercice de lutte anti-navire, des manœuvres aviation ainsi qu'un échange de personnel entre les bâtiments. L'interaction s'est conclue par le ravitaillement à la mer du "Commandant Birot" par le ravitailleur "Etna", avant que chacun ne reprenne sa route dans le cadre de sa mission nationale.

 

Corymbe est une mission de présence quasi permanente des forces armées françaises dans le golfe de Guinée, en place depuis 1990. Le dispositif est armé par un bâtiment de la Marine nationale qui peut être renforcé par des moyens terrestres et aéromobiles embarqués. Dans le cadre de cette mission, les militaires français sont en mesure de soutenir les opérations en cours dans la région ; de contribuer à d’éventuelles missions d’aide aux populations, de sécurisation ou d’évacuation de ressortissants; de réaliser des missions de coopération bilatérale avec les pays de la région, visant en particulier à soutenir la montée en puissance des marines africaines de la zone.

Corymbe: exercice franco-italien
Corymbe: exercice franco-italien
Corymbe: exercice franco-italien
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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 18:55
Premier essai en mer pour le navire "Mistral" destiné aux Russes à Saint-Nazaire

 

 

SAINT-NAZAIRE, 05 mars 2014 marine-oceans.com (AFP)

 

L'un des deux navires militaires de type "Mistral" vendus aux Russes par la France en 2011, le "Vladivostok", doit faire ses premiers essais en mer mercredi alors que la question de son avenir a été posée ces derniers jours du fait de la crise ukrainienne.

 

Et dépit du regain de tension entre les pays de l'Otan et la Russie avec la crise ukrainienne, le ministre des affaires étrangères Laurent Fabius a estimé lundi que la question de la suspension des contrats de livraison d'armes françaises à la Russie était prématurée.

 

"Nous n'en sommes pas là", a dit le ministre, interrogé sur une éventuelle suspension par Paris de la vente des deux bâtiments de projection et de commandement (BPC) de type "Mistral" à Moscou par la DCNS, qui en a sous-traité la construction aux chantiers STX de Saint-Nazaire.

 

Le "Vladivostok", baptisé en présence de l'état-major de la marine russe le 15 octobre 2013 lors de sa mise à flot, était en attente mercredi après-midi dans une immense écluse en bord de mer, où plusieurs dizaines de curieux venaient le voir, a constaté l'AFP.

 

Selon la direction du port de Saint-Nazaire, sa première sortie en mer pour des essais techniques doit démarrer peu après 18H00.

 

En dépit du nom "Vladivostok" écrit en caractères cyrilliques sur la coque, le navire n'a pas encore changé de pavillon: un drapeau français et un autre au nom de STX France sont les seuls à flotter au milieu de ses tourelles.

 

La moitié arrière du Vladivostok a été construite par les chantiers russes OSK de Saint-Petersbourg (Russie), tandis que STX France construisait l'avant pour DCNS. Les deux parties ont été assemblées à Saint-Nazaire en juillet 2013.

 

La livraison du "Vladivostok" est prévue fin 2014 et celle de son sistership le "Sebastopol", du nom de la ville de Crimée au coeur de la crise ukrainienne, fin 2016.

 

Aux termes du contrat entre la marine russe et DCNS, les deux futurs équipages de ces navires, soit 400 marins russes au total, sont attendus fin mai ou début juin à Saint-Nazaire pour y apprendre pendant six mois à manoeuvrer les BPC, avaient indiqué les deux partenaires en octobre 2013.

 

Trois premiers BPC, navires de 199 mètres et 22.000 tonnes pouvant se déplacer à une vitesse supérieure à 18 noeuds, le Mistral, le Tonnerre et le Dixmude, ont été livrés à la marine française entre 2006 et 2009.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 17:45
French frigate Nivose to visit Durban next week

 

05 March 2014 by defenceWeb

 

The French frigate Nivose will visit Durban for four days next week, highlighting the bilateral maritime cooperation between South Africa and France. Nivose is a regular visitor to South Africa and recently took part in Exercise Oxide off Mozambique last year.

 

The French Navy makes use of repair facilities in Durban, Cape Town and Mauritius, with the Nivose often calling on South African ports to restock her supplies and conduct maintenance. Nivose will be docked in Durban between March 12 and 15.

 

Nivose is stationed at Reunion. She carries out patrols in the Indian Ocean and in the Southern and Antarctic Lands, patrolling overseas maritime areas under French sovereignty and in the deep sea to protect France’s interests.

 

She is equipped with a Eurocopter Panther helicopter and is armed with MM38 Exocet missiles, a 100 mm and two 20 mm guns. The 93.5 metre long, 2 900 ton vessel is powered by four 2 200 hp diesel engines and three diesel generators and has a crew of 15 officers, 61 petty officers and 21 seamen. The vessel can stay continuously at sea for 50 days. Nivose is one of six ships of the Floreal class built by DCN and Chantiers de l'Atlantique between 1990 and 1993.

 

In accordance with a treaty between Australia and France, Nivose takes part in a cooperative fishing police and surveillance operation of French and Australian economic areas and every year Australian Customs Officers and Australian Fisheries Management Authority (AFMA) Fisheries Officers embark on board Nivose. In addition, Nivose supports the scientific missions based on Kerguelen, Crozet and Saint Paul and the French Austral islands.

 

France is hopeful of concluding a similar type of agreement with South Africa, whereby joint patrols will be conducted with customs and fisheries officials from each country aboard each other’s vessels. This will ensure that patrols are conducted efficiently and cost-effectively, with no duplication of patrol areas.

 

As fighting piracy has become a major issue, the French frigate was the first warship to participate to the European Union Naval Force’s Operation Atalanta in the Indian Ocean. Since 2008, Nivose has caught more than 80 suspected pirates aboard more than 25 skiffs during her five deployments.

 

Nivose also bolsters bilateral relations with regional powers through port visits and joint maritime exercises, such as Oxide with the South African Navy in 2011 and 2013.

 

Exercise Oxide was held between August 30 and September 6 off the coast of Maputo, Mozambique. Participants included Nivose and her Panther helicopter, the South African Navy frigate Isandlwana with its Super Lynx helicopter, the offshore patrol vessel Isaac Dyobha, the submarine Queen Modjaji, a C-130 Hercules, a C-47TP and an airborne rescue team.

 

Activities at sea included a submarine rescue exercise involving the Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre (MRCC) in Pretoria and the Centre Regional Operationnel de Surveillance et de Sauvetage (CROSS) of La Reunion.

 

This third edition of Oxide (the first was held in 2008) also included Mozambican armed forces, with Mozambican personnel embarking aboard Isandlwana.

 

Nivose is also involved in search and rescue operations. In May 2001 France and South Africa signed a bilateral agreement on maritime search and rescue in the Indian Ocean as France needed a partner to offset the weakness of some nations in the area (notably Madagascar and countries bordering the Mozambique Channel) and to deal with the large areas to be covered.

 

France and South Africa have recently conducted several joint search and rescue exercises, including the Marion Dufresne providing assistance to the South African fishing vessel El Shaddai near the Crozet Islands in September. On January 7 this year the two crew of the sinking French vessel Idefix was rescued off the Cape Town Coast. French and South African maritime rescue personnel hold regular meetings and exercises.

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