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16 janvier 2014 4 16 /01 /janvier /2014 18:45
The NNS Andoni Seaward Defence Boat

The NNS Andoni Seaward Defence Boat



16 January 2014 by Guy Martin - defenceWeb


The Nigerian government is planning to cut its defence budget after a decade of increases, but security continues to receive the most funding as the Boko Haram insurgency continues and the armed forces continue to expand.


Nigeria’s defence budget will drop from N364.2 billion ($2.3 billion) last year to N340.3 billion ($2.1 billion) in 2014 according to the Nigerian Budget Office – a 6.5% reduction in funding. Furthermore, the proposed budget drops defence from 12.1% of overall government spending to 7.8% between 2013 and 2014, according to IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly.


Under the proposed 2014 budget, the Nigerian Army will receive N132.7 billion ($830 million), the Navy N70.1 billion ($440 million) and the Air Force N73.2 billion ($460 million). Another N64.3 billion ($400 million) will be allocated across the board, including for missions and deployments.


The Nigerian Navy has been allocated N5.2 billion ($32 million) for the two new offshore patrol vessels being procured from China while the Nigerian Army was allocated N100 million ($600 000) for the ongoing production of armoured personnel carriers by the Nigerian Army Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (this almost certainly refers to the locally produced Igirigi). The Nigerian Air Force has been allocated N1.8 billion ($11.2 million) for the acquisition of six Mi-35M attack helicopters. In addition, N1.3 million ($8 000) has been allocated for the reactivation of L-39ZA jet trainers, many of which are grounded.


The Defence Industries Corporation of Nigeria (DICON) has been allocated N1.9 billion ($11.9 million) for 2014, including N450 million ($2.8 million) for the installation, procurement and operation of a new 7.62x39 mm ammunition production line as Nigeria seeks to grow its domestic defence industry.


In total, N845 billion ($5.29 billion) was provided for recurrent and service-wide votes for the security sector, including the armed forces (N306 billion/$1.92 billion), police (N286 billion/$1.79 billion), National Security Advisor’s office (N67 billion/$420 million) and paramilitary services. In total, the security cluster received the lion’s share of the national budget, followed by education.


Once approved, the 2014 defence budget will mark the first decrease in defence spending since around 2006, as between 2007 and 2013 Nigerian defence expenditure grew by 20.6%, according to IHS Jane’s, which points out the new budget will result in a 12.7% reduction of spending in real terms.

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10 janvier 2014 5 10 /01 /janvier /2014 08:45
Boko Haram - Nigéria (Photo Gabonews)

Boko Haram - Nigéria (Photo Gabonews)



Maiduguri, Nigeria Jan 09, 2014 Spacewar.com (AFP)


Nigeria's military on Thursday said they had killed as many as 38 Boko Haram fighters during counter-insurgency operations in the country's northeast.


Army spokesman Colonel Muhammad Dole said troops on patrol foiled a planned attack on local residents and a military camp in Damboa, Borno state, in the early hours, and inflicted "heavy casualties".


"While the encounter lasted, 38 Boko Haram terrorists were killed and some fled with various degrees of injuries," the officer said in an emailed statement, adding that three vehicles were destroyed.


One of the vehicles was found to have cylinders and improvised explosive devices. Weapons and ammunition, including machine guns, were also recovered, he said.


One soldier was killed and two others were injured in the encounter, he said.


"Combined ground troops and Nigerian Air Force aircraft are tactically pursuing the fleeing terrorists in the ongoing operation in the general area of Damboa and surrounding villages," Dole added.


Damboa is nearly 90 kilometres (55 miles) southwest of the Borno state capital, Maiduguri.


Boko Haram, deemed a terrorist organisation by the United States, has been fighting a bloody insurgency in Nigeria's north since 2009, attacking schools which follow a "Western" curriculum and churches as well as military and police targets.


Nigeria's government in May last year imposed a state of emergency in Borno and two other neighbouring states, Yobe and Adamawa, in an attempt to stem the violence, which has claimed thousands of lives.


Parliament approved the extension of special measures late last year, although the focus of attacks and military operations has largely shifted to remote, rural areas of Borno near the border with Cameroon.


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7 décembre 2013 6 07 /12 /décembre /2013 12:45
Nigeria: Boko Haram Considers Everyone The Enemy


December 6, 2013: Strategy Page


Boko Haram may have been forced into the countryside, but they have not lost their ability to attack. Because of the growing number of soldiers, police and local volunteers in the northeast Boko Haram has adapted and they now attack whoever they can, which means most of their victims are civilians and Moslems. This indicates that Boko Haram now considers most of the civilian population hostile to them. The Islamic terrorists do try and concentrate their attacks against Christians and civilians known to support the volunteer anti-terrorist militias, but generally any civilian will do once the Boko Haram gunmen are out and about. In addition to raids on towns and villages, Boko Haram also likes to set up false military roadblocks (using uniforms stolen from living or dead soldiers and police) and murder any civilians who come along. Sometimes Moslems are spared, but usually everyone dies and their possessions, especially vehicles, are stolen. 


So far this year some 900 Christians have been killed in Nigeria by Moslems. Most of these dead are in the northeast but over a third have died in Central Nigeria where Moslem nomads have been pushing south for decades and have been raiding the largely Christian natives in order to obtain access to more water and grazing land. Thus last month 34 Christians were killed in the northeast while over 40 died in Central Nigeria (Plateau state). The government has promised increased security around Christmas, because Islamic terrorists like to make large attacks on Christian holidays. One reason there has not been more anti-Moslem attacks in the Christian south is because nearly all Moslem religious leaders have condemned Boko Haram, often accusing them of not being Moslems but just deranged killers. These denunciations are convincing to most Christians, who also note that most Boko Haram victims in the Moslem north are Moslem and that many Moslems up there have joined anti-Boko Haram militias. A growing number of Christians are fleeing the north, especially if they still have family down south.


One of the disadvantages of driving Boko Haram out of the cities is that the Islamic terrorists can now set up camps across the borders in Cameroon. Chad and Niger. These three nations have far less numerous security forces and Boko Haram tends to behave on the other side of the border so as to avoid antagonizing the local tribes and security forces. So it’s up to Nigeria to greatly improve surveillance on its side of the border and still leaves a lot of the thinly populated border area unwatched most of the time. There are additional problems with the fact that over 70,000 Nigerian civilians have fled to these two countries to escape the Boko Haram violence. The government is discussing getting some help with this from the United States in for form of American UAVs.


Piracy off the coast continues to be a problem as some of the pirates now go after locals in addition to the better guarded foreign ships and oil company service boats. Robbing the locals won’t make you rich but it’s easier and safer than the foreign owned ships. The navy has responded with more patrol boats and naval bases on the coast and more patrols and quicker reaction to pirate attacks. But so far there are more pirates entering the business than are being taken out by the navy and police.


December 3, 2013: In the northeast (Maiduguri) the curfew was reduced to 11 hours so people could continue their lives. Cell phone networks were also turned back on after having been shut down since May. This was seen as necessary to make it more difficult for Boko Haram raiding parties to move about undetected. Most people in the area are hostile to Boko Haram (although they agree with the Islamic terrorists’ hostility to corrupt and ineffective government).


December 1, 2013: In the northeast (Maiduguri) Boko Haram attacked the air force facility at the main airport outside the city. Over twenty air force personnel were killed and five helicopters and aircraft destroyed. The attackers lost over twenty men. The air force said that three of the “damaged” aircraft were not in service anyway. Flight operations at the airport were halted for a few hours and a 24 hour curfew was declared in Maiduguri because the attack on the airport was just one of many attacks around the city by up to 300 Boko Haram men.


November 29, 2013: In the northeast (Borno state) Boko Haram attacked a rural village, killed 17 people and burned down dozens of buildings and vehicles. Two of the attackers were killed by a pro-government militia.


November 28, 2013: In the northeast (Borno state) the air force bombed a Boko Haram camp in a forest and killed over a dozen of the Islamic terrorists.


November 26, 2013: Tribal violence continues in central Nigeria (Plateau State) as Moslem gunmen attacked four villages killing at least 37 people and destroying much property. Most of the victims were Berom, a tribe that has been in the area for centuries. The governor of Plateau state is Beron. Moslem nomadic Fulani tribesmen have been fighting with Christian and pagan farmers outside the city of Jos for years. The violence has gotten worse now and there have been over a thousand casualties so far this year. Boko Haram has recently claimed involvement, but that appears to be marginal. The Fulani have long claimed that the government was sending Christian police to persecute them because of their religion (not because they were constantly attacking Christian farmers). The settled (farming) tribes have been there a long time and in the last few decades more Fulani have come south looking for pasturage and water for their herds and have increasingly used force to get what they want.

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5 décembre 2013 4 05 /12 /décembre /2013 08:45
West African piracy to double next year?



12/04/2013  Defence IQ Press


What to do about the troubling rise in piracy off the West African coast in the Gulf of Guinea? While East Africa’s piracy problem – most notably in Somalia – has been addressed after years of conflict and unrest, the seas off the coast of Nigeria, Togo, Ghana and neighbouring countries are presenting a new challenge for counter-piracy operators.


With piracy off the West African coast set to double next year, James Fisher, chief executive of Paramount Naval Systems, said, “Criminal organisations now see coastal assets in west Africa as soft targets. The result is that the waters of the Gulf of Guinea are now the most dangerous in Africa for merchant shipping.”


According to Defenceweb, Fisher warned that piracy could set back Africa’s economic development for decades unless tackled now.


“West African nations are rapidly developing oil and gas infrastructure to capitalise on existing assets and exploit new offshore discoveries. These assets can serve as the driver of long-term economic development in these countries, boosting industry, creating thousands of jobs and bringing billions of dollars of foreign investment.


“Unless tackled quickly and effectively piracy could do serious damage to West Africa’s oil and gas industry, slowing development for years to come.


“The solution is not to seek international help to solve these African problems, but to build African solutions to them. The development of a strong African shipbuilding industry means it is possible for African nations to find African solutions to the threat of piracy,” he said.


If piracy off the Nigerian coast is not to hasten the expansion of well connected, armed, motivated and radical criminal groups in Africa the problem must be addressed at the root and not with the pirates at sea. The only way this can come about is if international governments and organisations commit to information sharing within a framework of greater regional cooperation to identify and weed out the “kingpins” behind the piracy problem.

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3 décembre 2013 2 03 /12 /décembre /2013 17:45
Nigeria interested in buying Super Tucanos

A Mauritanian Super Tucano


29 November 2013 by Guy Martin – defenceWeb


The Nigerian Air Force is considering buying Super Tucano trainer and light attack aircraft from Brazilian manufacturer Embraer.


Nigerian Vice President Namadi Sambo expressed interest in purchasing the Super Tucano during a meeting with his Brazilian counterpart Michel Temer earlier this week.


Sambo and Temer held talks on bilateral relations between Nigeria and Brazil, and announced the creation of working groups on security and defence, amongst other areas, reports Xinhua. An agreement on intelligence sharing, particularly regarding drug-related crimes, will be signed soon. The two parties also discussed the possibility of repatriating 377 Nigerian prisoners in Brazil.


Brazil and Nigeria also discussed other possibilities for cooperation in fields such as trade, agriculture, mining, culture and energy. Trade between Nigeria and Brazil has grown from $1.6 billion in 2002 to $9.1 billion last year, Temer said.


Brazil and Nigeria have enjoyed warm defence relations – for example, in September 2012 the Brazilian Navy offshore patrol vessel (OPV) Amazonas (P120) visited Nigeria and conducted training with Nigerian personnel and vessels. Earlier this year Brazil’s new OPV Araguari (P122) visited Nigeria on its way home from the United Kingdom. Apart from Nigeria, it also visited Cape Verde, Cameroon, Sao Tome and Principe and Equatorial Guinea.


Nigeria has a strong requirement for an aircraft like the Super Tucano as it battles the domestic Boko Haram insurgency and also deploys combat aircraft to foreign countries on peacekeeping operations. The country is expected to vastly increase its defence spending over the coming years, and according to a recent Strategic Defence Intelligence report, the Nigerian defence market will go from $2.3 billion this year to $4.4 billion by 2018.


Piracy and oil smuggling in the Gulf of Guinea and a contribution to peacekeeping operations are expected to drive the country's military expenditure to register a growth rate of 13.62% over the next five years. The domestic Boko Haram insurgency is also expected to drive Nigeria’s security needs. The country’s growth in military expenditure will be assisted by the country's stable economic growth over the forecast period, which will a see rise in defence expenditure as a percentage of GDP from 0.8% in 2013 to 1.1% in 2018, according to the report.


“The growing threat from Boko Haram and other extremist groups in northeastern states, and drug trafficking are expected to drive the Nigerian government's investments in homeland security over the forecast period. Police modernization and homeland security infrastructure developments are expected to be primary areas for investment by the government,” the report noted.


Nigeria can be expected to buy military hardware such as naval helicopters, fighters, patrol vessels, and armoured personnel carriers over the next five years, mainly from foreign suppliers.


African Super Tucanos


Embraer has recorded a number of orders for its Super Tucano from African countries, which see it as a low cost light attack aircraft that can also be used as a trainer. On the continent, the Super Tucano has been ordered by Angola, Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal. Embraer is highly optimistic about future orders for the type from Africa.


Angola officially received its first three of six Super Tucanos in July this year and is using them for border surveillance, attack and pilot training. Burkina Faso was the first African country to take delivery of a Super Tucano, receiving three aircraft in September 2011 for border patrol missions. In October last year Mauritania received their first aircraft, featuring sensor turrets for surveillance duties, although they will also be used for counter-insurgency missions.


In April Senegal bought three A-29 Super Tucanos as well as a training system for pilots and mechanics. It will use the aircraft for border surveillance and internal security duties.


Over a dozen global customers have purchased the A-29 Super Tucano. The fleet has surpassed 180 000 flight hours and 28 000 combat hours, according to Embraer.


The A-29 Super Tucano is capable of performing a broad range of missions that include light attack, aerial surveillance and interception, and counter-insurgency.


The Super Tucano is equipped with a variety of sensors and equipment, including an electo-optical/infrared system with laser designator, night vision goggles, secure communications and data-link package.


Armament comprises one .50-caliber machinegun in each wing. Five hardpoints can carry a maximum external load of 1 550 kilograms (3 420 lb). Weapons options include gun pods, bombs, rocket pods, and (on the two outboard stations) air-to-air missiles.

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3 décembre 2013 2 03 /12 /décembre /2013 17:45
Islamists attack military bases in northeast Nigeria



03 December 2013 defenceWeb (Reuters)


Nigerian authorities imposed a 24-hour curfew in the main northeastern city of Maiduguri on Monday after Islamist militants attacked an air force base and army sites overnight, the military said.


Baba Ahmed Jidda, a spokesman for the government of Borno State, of which Maiduguri is the capital, announced the curfew in a statement, but gave no details of the attacks and did not say if they had caused casualties.


The Nigerian military has periodically imposed curfews on Maiduguri, birthplace of the Boko Haram insurgency that is the gravest threat to Africa's top oil producer. But it is rare for the state government to make such an announcement.


Nigerian defense headquarters spokesman Brigadier General Chris Olukolade later said in a statement that security forces had repelled attacks by "daring terrorists".


"Military locations such as Nigerian Air Force Base and some Nigerian Army locations in Maiduguri were targeted," he said.


Three disused aircraft and two helicopters were damaged. Flights to and from Maiduguri airport, which is near the air force base, had been disrupted but had now resumed, he said.


Residents recounted fierce fighting overnight.


"My family and I could not sleep till daybreak because the shooting continued till about 8 a.m.," Haruna Ali told Reuters at the scene, where Borno state governor Kassim Shettima was surveying the aftermath of the violence.


"We are going to replace all buildings destroyed by the insurgents even if they destroy them a hundred times," Shettima declared, walking past a burnt-out fuel truck. "I know we shall overcome ... the Satanic ideology of this group."


In May, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Borno and two other states, ordering an all-out offensive against the Islamist group fighting to establish an Islamic state in Nigeria. Africa's most populous country is split roughly evenly between Christians and Muslims.


Nigeria has used air power to bomb suspected Boko Haram bases, including a strike on Friday that the military said might have killed more than 50 insurgents in one of their main bases in Gwoza.


Initially the offensive appeared to temper the violence as soldiers wrested back control of towns, cities and stretches of semi-desert in the northeast from the militants.


But Boko Haram's fighters have survived many assaults during the 4-1/2-year-old insurgency. After retreating this year to remoter areas, including the forested Gwoza hills near Cameroon, they have mounted deadly counter-attacks and stepped up killings of civilians they accuse of collaborating with the authorities

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3 décembre 2013 2 03 /12 /décembre /2013 17:45
The first Seaward Defence Boat of the Nigerian Navy NNS Andoni.

The first Seaward Defence Boat of the Nigerian Navy NNS Andoni.



02 December 2013 by Guy Martin - defenceWeb


The Nigerian Navy will take delivery of a number of new vessels next year as it attempts to reduce maritime crime, oil theft and attacks on ships, according to its recently released Strategic Guidance document.


Vice Admiral Dele J Ezeoba, Chief of Naval Staff, said that on assuming office in October 2012, he was committed to repositioning the Nigerian Navy, improving capability for internal security and policing the Gulf of Guinea. As a result, a first Chief of Naval Staff Strategic Guidance document (CNS SG-01) was issued in October last year.


According to Ezeoba, 90% of SG-01’s objectives have been completed. Significant progress has been made on fleet reactivation and recapitalisation, with the availability of operational vessels increasing from 35% to 70% within a year, according to SG-02, released late last month.


Over the last year the Nigerian Navy took delivery of three OCEA patrol boats, three Manta Fast Patrol Boats and two Shaldag patrol craft. Construction is ongoing on two Chinese offshore patrol vessels, one of which will be built in China and the other to be completed at the Naval Shipyard in Nigeria. Nigeria’s naval dockyard is also building a 38 metre Seaward Defence Boat. The Navy is also refitting the NNS Ekun fast attack craft, NNS Ohue and NNS Barama minesweepers and will soon refit the NNS Yola and NNS Brass patrol craft. In addition, three inshore patrol craft will be reactivated.


On the operational side, the Nigerian Navy continued with patrols and reactivated a number of Regional Maritime Awareness Capability Centres and is setting up new sites to improve its maritime domain awareness. Operational successes listed for the previous year up to October 2013 included the apprehension of 33 vessels and 2 278 suspects over oil theft, the destruction of 2 417 illegal oil refineries, 137 barges and 2 032 boats, according to SG-02.


While Ezeoba said that the Navy can be proud of its achievements over the last year, there is room for improvement, hence the creation of SG-02. The Navy wants to clamp down on problems like oil theft, illegal oil bunkering, piracy, robbery at sea and attacks on ships. Ezeoba stated that solving these problems is necessary for Nigeria’s economic prosperity, as it relies heavily on its offshore and onshore oil reserves.


Strategic Guidance 02 expands on the previous document’s objectives, notably improving Navy capacity and domestic and regional security. Short term goals to be accomplished in the next six months include acquiring five K13 inshore patrol vessels, ensuring operational availability of at least four Navy helicopters, establishing a Fishery Protection Patrol Squadron in collaboration with the agriculture ministry, Nimasa and other stakeholders, and improving Navy logistics and training.


Medium term goals (over the next 12 months) include the acquisition of the ex-US Coast Guard cutter USCGC Gallatin, the completion and commissioning of the first Chinese-built OPV and domestic assembly of the second Chinese OPV, commissioning of the second domestic Seaward Defence Boat, completion of the refit of NNS Brass and NNS Yola and the refit of the frigate NNS Aradu, the fast attack craft NNS Siri, Ayam and Damisa. The refit of the fast patrol boat NNS Ekpe, Ekun and minesweepers NNS Ohue and NNS Barama are also expected to be completed in this period.


“All hands must be on deck to ensure the attainment of the objectives set out in this Strategic Guidance 02 in fulfilment of the desired end state of defending and protecting Nigeria’s territorial integrity whilst contributing to the economic prosperity and national development of Nigeria,” Ezeoba concluded.

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3 décembre 2013 2 03 /12 /décembre /2013 17:45
Nigeria says kills more than 50 Islamist insurgents in airstrike (2 dec.)



02 December 2013 defenceWeb (Reuters)


Nigeria's military said on Friday that it may have killed more than 50 Islamist insurgents in an airstrike on one of their main bases in the northeast of the country.


The latest strikes on Thursday targeted Boko Haram sect hideouts in the Gwoza hills, near the border with Cameroon.


In May, the military stepped up an offensive against the Islamist group, which is fighting to establish an Islamic state in Nigeria, Africa's most populous country split roughly evenly between Christians and Muslims. President Jonathan declared a state of emergency and ordered in extra troops.


"We had intelligence that Boko Haram were still hiding somewhere around the Bita bush. Some villagers alerted us," Colonel Muhammad Dole, spokesman for Nigerian forces in the northeast, told Reuters.


"We may even have killed more than that 51 because the pilot didn't capture the images at that time. Our troops are on ground in the area now," he added, declining to give details of the aircraft used.


The military often reports large death tolls among Islamists in fighting but rarely acknowledges significant casualties on its side. It is usually impossible to verify the casualty figures.


The House of Representatives, the lower chamber of Nigeria's federal parliament, last week approved a six-month extension of a state of emergency in areas where the offensive is going on.


Initially, Jonathan's military campaign tempered violence as soldiers wrested back control of towns, cities and stretches of semi-desert in the northeast.


But the insurgents have proved resilient. Boko Haram fighters retreated into semi-arid land near the northern border with Niger and steep forested hills near Cameroon, from where they have mounted deadly counter-attacks and have intensified killings of civilians.

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28 novembre 2013 4 28 /11 /novembre /2013 18:45
Frappes aériennes sur des camps de Boko Haram


28 novembre 2013 Romandie.com (AFP)


MAIDUGURI (Nigeria) - L'armée nigériane a annoncé jeudi avoir mené des frappes aériennes contre des camps du groupe islamiste armé Boko Haram dans le nord-est du pays, tuant de nombreux insurgés.


Les bombardements, qui ont eu lieu dimanche, ont visé la zone de Sambisa, dans l'Etat de Borno (nord-est). Cette zone est considérée comme un fief des islamistes et est une des principales cibles stratégiques de l'opération d'envergure lancée au printemps par l'armée nigéranne pour tenter d'éradiquer le groupe Boko Haram.


Nos hommes ont identifié et détruit des camps de terroristes dans la zone de Sambisa et l'opération a été un grand succès, a déclaré le porte-parole de l'armée dans cette zone, Mohammed Dole, devant des journalistes à Maiduguri, capitale de l'Etat de Borno.


Je ne peux pas vous dire exactement combien de terroristes ont été tués (...) Beaucoup d'entre eux ont été tués pendant les frappes aériennes qui, selon nous, ont été précises, a ajouté le porte-parole.


Des dizaines d'hommes de Boko Haram auraient été tués au cours de ces frappes, a indiqué une source militaire s'exprimant sous couvert d'anonymat.


Un habitant de Sambisa, Bintu James, a déclaré devant des journalistes à Maiduguri que les raids aériens ont démarré la nuit et ont duré jusqu'à lundi matin.


Le gouvernement nigérian a lancé en mai une vaste offensive pour tenter de mettre fin à l'insurrection du groupe islamiste, qui dure depuis quatre ans et a fait des milliers de morts. L'état d'urgence dans trois Etats du nord-est du Nigeria a été prolongé pour six mois.


Boko Haram a revendiqué vendredi dernier l'enlèvement au Cameroun voisin d'un prêtre catholique français, le père Georges Vandenbeusch.


Ces derniers mois, les attaques attribuées à Boko Haram ont fait plusieurs centaines de morts civiles.


L'offensive lancée par le gouvernement nigérian contre les islamistes les a chassés des grands centres urbains mais les attaques ont continué dans les villages isolés.


Boko Haram, classée comme organisation terroriste par les Etats-Unis la semaine dernière, revendique la création d'un Etat islamique dans le nord du Nigeria, majoritairement musulman.

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26 novembre 2013 2 26 /11 /novembre /2013 17:45
A Shaldag fast patrol boat

A Shaldag fast patrol boat



26 November 2013 by Oscar Nkala - defenceWeb


The Nigerian Navy (NN) has taken delivery of three new 17 metre-long Manta Mk II ASD Littoral Interceptors and one new 25 metre-long Shaldag Mk II Fast Patrol Craft to help the force battle rampant maritime crime.


The four boats were commissioned into service at the NNS Beecroft Naval Base on Victoria Island in Lagos last week by NN Chief of Naval Staff Vice Admiral Dele Ezeoba. The commissioning event also included a tour of the facility where the navy is building the country's second locally-made warship, a 38 metre-long Seaward Defence Boat (SDB), due for delivery in June next year.


The NN now has 22 of the 17 metre-long Manta Mk II ASD Littoral Interceptors while the number of Israeli-made Shaldag Fast Patrol Craft (FPC) vessels has increased to five. The first two Shaldag FPCs were delivered in 2009 while two more were commissioned into service in February this year.


The Shaldag design is in service with the Israeli Navy and other customers in Europe, Asia and Africa. It was developed and built by Israel Shipyards Ltd in the late 1980s but upgraded over the years based on combat experience. The type is powered by two diesel engines driving two water jets, which give an acceleration time to 40 knots of 40 seconds. The Shaldag Mk II has a length of 24.8 metres, a displacement of 58 tons and a range of 650 nautical miles.


Standard equipment on most Shaldag versions includes an X-band surveillance/navigation radar and electro-optical sensor system for day and night surveillance. A number of armament options are available, including fore and aft deck guns, and heavy machineguns on the fly bridge. The guns can be remotely controlled (such as the 23/25 mm Typhoon and 12.7/7.62 mm Mini-Typhoon) or manually operated. In addition, a 20-23 mm naval gun can be mounted on the rear gun mount or four to eight short range missiles can be carried.


The Suncraft International Manta Mk II is powered by two 1 200 hp diesel engines, giving a top speed between 45 and 50 knots. The 16.5 metre long vessels feature ballistic protection, carry a crew of six and have a range of 250 nautical miles at 35 knots.


The Nigerian government has scaled up the promotion of local defence procurement for the army, air force, navy and the police in a bid to spur the growth of the local defence industry.


Ezeoba said due to the success of the localisation programme, the NN factory has now developed the capacity to manufacture vessels ranging between 10 and 50 metres in length. "The Nigerian Navy will no longer buy a ship of between 10 and 50 meters in size, because we have the capacity and capability to build them in our dockyard," he said.


He said the navy will start manufacturing warships and commercial vessels for the African market. Nigeria has also ordered two 1 800 ton P-18N offshore patrol vessels from the China Ship Building and Offshore International Co Ltd. The Type 056 platform vessels, which feature flight decks and aircraft hangars, are expected to be delivered between April and May 2014.


In August this year, the Nigerian Navy contracted Kelvin Hughes Surveillance to fit the vessels with tactical navigation and situational awareness radar systems.


Nigeria has also ordered two new OCEA FPB 98 Mk.II Coastal Patrol Craft and is expected to take delivery of two more ex-US Coastguard vessels, USNS John McDonnell and USCGC Gallatin, in due course.

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18 octobre 2013 5 18 /10 /octobre /2013 11:20
Tchad, Chili, Lituanie, Nigeria et Arabie saoudite élus au Conseil de sécurité


17/10/2013 par Jacques N. Godbout – 45eNord.ca


L’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies a élu jeudi le Tchad, le Chili, la Lituanie, le Nigeria et l’Arabie saoudite en tant que membres non permanents du Conseil de sécurité, pour un mandat de deux ans à compter du 1er janvier 2014, rapporte le service d’information de l’ONU.


Les cinq pays ont obtenu la majorité requise des deux tiers des 193 États membres présents et votants à l’Assemblée.


Élu au premier tour à bulletins secrets, ils remplaceront l’Azerbaïdjan, le Guatemala, le Maroc, le Pakistan et le Togo, dont le mandat expire à la fin de cette année.


Les cinq membres permanents du Conseil de sécurité, tous dotés du droit de veto, sont la Chine, la France, la Fédération de Russie, le Royaume-Uni et les États-Unis.


Membres non permanents du Conseil, l’Argentine, l’Australie, le Luxembourg, la République de Corée et le Rwanda continueront pour leur part d’y siéger jusqu’à la fin 2014.


En vertu de la Charte des Nations Unies, rappelle l’ONU, le Conseil a la responsabilité principale du maintien de la paix et de la sécurité au niveau international et tous les États membres sont tenus de se conformer à ses décisions.


Dans certains cas, ses 15 membres peuvent imposer des sanctions ou même autoriser le recours à la force en cas d’acte d’agression ou face à une menace imminente à la paix internationale.


Il faut noter que certains des nouveaux arrivants ont des intérêts particuliers dans des dossiers suivis de près par le Conseil.


C’est le cas de l’Arabie saoudite, qui soutient l’opposition armée au régime de Bachar al-Assad et se pose en rival régional de Téhéran.


Par ailleurs, le Tchad et le Nigeria participent quant à eux à la Minusma, la mission de stabilisation de l’ONU au Mali.

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10 octobre 2013 4 10 /10 /octobre /2013 07:45
Nigeria drops Russians' arms charges

8 October 2013 BBC Africa


A Nigerian court has dropped arms trafficking charges against seven Russian sailors a year after they were arrested.


The remaining eight of those charged were acquitted earlier this year.


The BBC's Will Ross in Lagos says it is not clear why it has taken so long for all 15 sailors to be cleared.


He says the case has focused attention on the increasingly dangerous waters off West Africa's coast and the spread of illegal arms in the region.


The navy had said 14 assault rifles and several thousand rounds of ammunition were found on board MV Myre Seadiver last October.


Our correspondent says that during the trial, it never became clear why the Russian sailors had been carrying the weapons.


Piracy has become a major problem in the Gulf of Guinea, and it is possible that the Russian men had the weapons for their own protection or that the ship was being used as a floating arsenal to safeguard other vessels, he says.


Carrying weapons at sea can lead to legal problems.


In 2010 when piracy was at its peak off the east coast of Africa, the Eritrean government accused several British security guards of terrorism and sabotage after finding them with weapons inside that country's territorial waters.


In West Africa, oil tankers are particularly at risk from attack.


Many companies now pay private security firms or even the Nigerian military for protection.


The fact that ships have even been attacked as they are moored outside Lagos port has led to some suspicion that members of the military are involved in the lucrative racket of stealing fuel, our correspondent says.

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19 septembre 2013 4 19 /09 /septembre /2013 07:45
Assaut contre Boko Haram à Maiduguri

18 septembre, 2013 – BBC Afrique


L'armée nigériane a lancé un assaut contre des militants de la secte Boko Haram, ce qui a donné lieu à un échange de tirs dans l'Etat de Borno situé au nord-est du pays.


Les affrontements auraient fait des dizaines de morts des deux côtés.


L'armée, qui dit avoir perdu 16 soldats, affirme qu'elle a tué 150 islamistes affiliés à la secte.


Elle ajoute que huit autres éléments dans ses rangs sont portés disparus.


Toutefois, selon les informations des médias locaux, l'armée aurait accusé une perte plus lourde : une centaine de morts.


Bashir Abdullahi, journaliste au bureau de la BBC au Nigeria, relève que ces incidents sont indicateur du fait que les forces armées nigérianes sont loin d'avoir affaibli Boko Haram.


Il souligne que l'armée a l'habitude de minimiser ses pertes.


Selon le porte-parole de l'armée, Ibrahim Attahiru, une base de Boko Haram sous haute surveillance située dans la forêt de Kasiya a essuyé des raids.


C'est la première fois que l'opinion est mise au courant des détails d'un affrontement avec Boko Haram.


"C'était un camp d'insurgés hautement fortifié avec des armes lourdes," a déclaré Ibrahim Attahiru.


Plusieurs milliers de personnes ont été tuées au Nigeria depuis que Boko Haram a lancé son mouvement d'insurrection en 2009, motivé par la volonté de créer un Etat islamique dans le nord du Nigeria, à majorité musulmane.


Un état d'urgence a été décrété en mai dernier dans l'Etat de Borno et dans deux autres Etats voisins, et des milliers de soldats ont été envoyés en renfort dans la région.


Des groupes d'auto-défense locaux ont vu le jour pour aider à contrecarrer les militants, mais beaucoup de ces volontaires ont été tués au cours des dernières semaines.


Le mois dernier, l'armée a annoncé avoir tué le chef de Boko Haram Abubakar Shekau, mais cela n'a pas été confirmé et les attaques des militants se sont poursuivies.

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18 septembre 2013 3 18 /09 /septembre /2013 06:45
Boko Haram - Nigéria (Photo Gabonews)

Boko Haram - Nigéria (Photo Gabonews)

17 septembre 2013 secret-difa3.


C'et le site Nigerian PremiumTimes qui donne l'info en exclusivité, 40 soldats sont tombés sous les balles de terroristes du groupe Boko Haram affilié à Al Qaida, 65 sont portés disparus. Ces pertes énormes sont dues à une opération anti-terroriste mal planifiée qui a mené une compagnie entière à l'abattoir.


Le site nous explique que le détachement appartenant à la 134 bataillon de la 12 éme brigade, revenait d'une mission de reconnaissance dans une région isolée du Nord du Nigeria, les résultats de mission ont été probants dans la mesure où plusieurs camps terroristes ont été identifiés. Au retour, les officiers de cette compagnie ont informé immédiatement leur hiérarchie de leur volonté d'attaquer rapidement les position djihadistes et ont réclamés un bombardement préalable des positions identifiées et un appuie aérien.


L'Etat-major Nigerian qui n'a pas déclenché de soutien aérien n'a pas cru bon de prévenir les militaires sur le terrain qui se dirigeaient sur les positions terroristes.


Outre le nombre élevé de victimes, les terroristes ont réussi à s'emparer d'un important lot d'armes et d'équipements.


En août passé, une attaque surprise d'un groupe appartenant à l'organisation terroriste Boko Haram, contre une caserne dans la localité de Mallam Fatori (Etat de Borno Nord du Nigeria), avait fait 20 morts. Depuis cinq ans, l'Etat le plus peuplé d'Afrique subit le diktat de terroristes djihadistes appartenant à la nébuleuse Al Qaida. Des centaines de morts et des milliers de déplacés ont été enregistrés depuis le début du conflit au Nord du Nigeria.

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19 août 2013 1 19 /08 /août /2013 16:45
Clashes between Nigerian army and Boko Haram kill 18

19 August 2013 defenceWeb (Reuters)


Clashes between soldiers and members of Islamist sect Boko Haram have killed 18 people in northeast Nigeria, a military source and officials said.


Boko Haram, which wants to impose Islamic law in Nigeria's north, and other spin-off Islamist groups have become the biggest threat to stability in Africa's top oil exporter.


Suspected members of Boko Haram killed 11 people in an attack on Damboa town in Borno state on Thursday, shooting at soldiers, burning shops and killing civilians, a military source said, asking not to be named because he was not authorized to give official statements, Reuters reports.


"More troops have been dispatched to the area to confront the insurgents. They sneaked away towards the bush leading to parts of Yobe and Gombe States," the source said.


Around 50 gunmen in cars and motorbikes stormed the rural town, forcing hundreds of residents to flee to hide in nearby farms, locals said.


In neighboring Gombe state, police officers killed seven members of Boko Haram in a two-hour gun fight in the early hours of Friday, Gombe Police Spokesman Fwaje Atajiri told reporters.


President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in mid-May and launched an offensive against the group in its stronghold in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states in the northeast.


The insurgency was initially weakened but remains active and there has been an uptick in violence in the past month.


Boko Haram's main targets are security forces or government officials. It has also carried out several attacks on Christian and Muslim worshippers, as well as schools and markets.

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24 juin 2013 1 24 /06 /juin /2013 17:45
Thuraya sat-map

Thuraya sat-map

20 June 2013 defenceWeb (Reuters)


Nigeria's military banned the use of Thuraya satellite phones in northeastern Borno state, a step it said was designed to stop Islamist militants communicating.


President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Borno and two other states on May 14, ordering extra troops in to try to crush Islamist sect Boko Haram, whose insurgency against has killed thousands of people in the past three years.


Authorities cut the mobile network in Borno state in the same week to disrupt Boko Haram's operations, Reuters reports.


It is the most determined offensive yet against Boko Haram, whose nickname translates as "Western education is sinful" and whose struggle to carve an Islamic state out of religiously-mixed Nigeria has destabilised Africa's top oil producer.


Borno state military spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Sagir Musa said the ban was imposed after evidence emerged that Boko Haram used satellite phones to coordinate attacks on civilians, including in two school attacks in the past week.


Suspected Islamist militants fired on a school in Maiduguri on Tuesday, killing nine students.. The attack followed one in the city of Damaturu, also under a state of emergency, that killed seven pupils and two teachers.


"Effective from 19th June 2013, the JTF imposes a ban on the use and sales of Thuraya phones and accessories," Musa said in a statement handed out to journalists. "Anyone seen with Thuraya phones, recharge cards and accessories will be arrested."


The move will make it even more difficult for journalists to report from the conflict zone, something press freedom groups say Nigeria's military has been trying to do anyway.


Nigerian forces say their offensive has enabled them to wrest back control of the remote northeast from Boko Haram. They say they have destroyed important bases and arrested more than 150 suspected insurgents.


But critics take the latest attacks as evidence that Boko Haram will prove almost impossible to stamp out using pure military means, since they inhabit a vast, semi-desert area with porous borders with Chad, Cameroon and Niger.

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20 juin 2013 4 20 /06 /juin /2013 12:45
West Africa piracy surge endangering commodities shipping

19 June 2013 defenceWeb (Reuters)


Pirate attacks off West Africa's mineral-rich Gulf of Guinea have almost doubled from last year and threaten to increase the costs and jeopardise the shipping of commodities from the region.


The Gulf of Guinea, which includes Nigeria, Ghana and Ivory Coast, is a major source of oil and cocoa and increasingly metals for world markets, although international navies are not actively engaged in counter-piracy missions in the region.


Unlike waters off Somalia and the Horn of Africa, where ships can transit past at high speed with armed guards on board, many vessels have to anchor off West African coastal nations, with little protection, making them a soft target for criminals, Reuters reports.


A study published on Tuesday showed piracy in the Gulf of Guinea cost the world economy between $740 million and $950 million last year and that figure is expected to grow in 2013.


Kaija Hurlburt of advocacy group Oceans Beyond Piracy (OBP), which co-authored the report, said the type of vessels attacked had become more diverse. "The impact on the commercial trade sector is a problem," she said.


A separate study by OBP earlier this year estimated the cost of Somali piracy fell 12.5 percent in 2012 to $5.7 billion-$6.1 billion, helped by vigorous navy action, the deployment of private armed security guards and defensive measures on ships.


In contrast, the World Bank in April estimated Somali piracy may still cost the world economy about $18 billion a year.


Data from watchdog the International Maritime Bureau, another of the latest study's authors, showed attacks in the Gulf of Guinea for the year to date reached 67 incidents, versus 34 in the same period last year. These included five attacks off Togo, versus five in the same period last year.


Apart from the fear of increasingly violent attacks in the Gulf of Guinea, the study said seafarers were concerned that authorities in the region could not be relied upon.


"We had a 'port inspection' and they took eight tins of paint, two coils of rope, and several bottles of whiskey," one seafarer said in the report. "If the 'authorities' do this, who do we rely on for help?"




Last week the Joint War Committee, which groups syndicate members from the Lloyd's Market Association (LMA) as well as representatives from London's insurance company market, added Togo to its list of high risk areas for merchant shipping, which already includes Nigeria and Benin.


"We were recognising the trend of increased risk to the assets the market insures," LMA senior executive Neil Roberts told Reuters. "All the reports indicate the situation will continue for a while. We need to be alive to that as insurers."


The study, which was also put together by industry alliance the Maritime Piracy Humanitarian Response Programme, estimated the total insurance cost for the Gulf of Guinea last year was between $423 million to $437 million.


"We expect, especially with the expansion of the high risk zone by the Joint War Committee, that is going to lead to a higher cost of insurance," said OBP's Hurlburt.


"We have already seen a greater number of kidnappings for ransoms," she said. "There might be a higher cost for private security as we move forward."


Analysts say while Somali gangs have focused on capturing vessels to extract ransom money, criminality in West Africa, including oil theft, poses more complex problems.

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6 juin 2013 4 06 /06 /juin /2013 07:45
Le groupe Ansaru dans une vidéo datée de décembre 2012 (Photo: Archives/Ansaru)

Le groupe Ansaru dans une vidéo datée de décembre 2012 (Photo: Archives/Ansaru)

05/06/2013 par Sara Teodosio – 45eNord.ca


Le président du Nigéria, Goodluck Jonathan, a officiellement interdit mardi les activités des groupes islamistes Boko Haram et Ansaru.


Le bureau du président a déclaré dans un communiqué que «le président Goodluck Jonathan a formellement ratifié l’interdiction de Boko Haram et autorisé la publication d’un ordre déclarant que les activités du groupe sont illégales et constituent des actes de terrorisme». Cette mesure vise également le groupe Ansaru précise le communiqué.


Ansaru, considéré comme une faction du groupe Boko Haram, serait notamment impliqué dans des affaires d’enlèvement, dont le rapt en 2011 dans l’État de Kebbi (nord-ouest) d’un Britannique et d’un Italien tués le 8 mars 2012 et l’enlèvement en décembre 2012 dans l’État de Katsina (nord) d’un ingénieur français. Il serait également responsable de la mort de centaines de personnes dans des attaques menées dans le nord et dans le centre du pays depuis 2009.


Les activités des deux groupes tombent désormais sous le coup de la loi antiterroriste et toute personne en rapport avec ces groupes pourra être poursuivie et condamnée au regard de celle-ci. Ainsi, un individu apportant ou sollicitant une aide, notamment financière et logistique, pourra être condamné à «pas moins de vingt ans» d’emprisonnement.


Après avoir déclaré, le 14 mai à la télévision nationale, que les actions de Boko Haram «équivalent à une déclaration de guerre et à une tentative délibérée d’ébranler l’État nigérian et de menacer son intégrité territoriale», le président avait annoncé une vaste offensive dans le nord-est du pays pour tenter de stopper les violences du groupe.


Depuis lundi, la tête du chef présumé de Boko Haram, Abubakar Shekau est mise à prix. Washington offre sept millions de dollars de récompense pour toute information conduisant à sa capture.

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30 mai 2013 4 30 /05 /mai /2013 21:30
Le Nigeria affirme avoir découvert une cellule du Hezbollah

30 mai 2013 Romandie.com (AFP)


KANO (Nigeria) - Les services de sécurité nigérians ont affirmé jeudi avoir découvert une cellule du Hezbollah dans une maison à Kano (nord), où des ressortissants libanais avaient caché des armes devant servir à des attaques contre des cibles israéliennes et occidentales au Nigeria.


Le responsable des services de renseignement de l'Etat de Kano, Bassey Etang, a déclaré devant des journalistes que le propriétaire du local où la cache d'armes a été découverte entretenait des liens avec le Hezbollah et que cette maison abritait une cellule du mouvement chiite libanais.


Ceci est l'oeuvre du Hezbollah. Ce que nous venons juste de découvrir c'est une cellule du Hezbollah et ce que vous avez vu, c'est un arsenal du Hezbollah, a-t-il dit sans toutefois apporter les preuves de ces accusations.


Les armes devaient servir à viser des intérêts israéliens et occidentaux au Nigeria, a ajouté M. Etang, dirigeant local du Département de la sécurité d'Etat (DSS), le plus important des services de renseignement.


Dans un communiqué distinct, l'armée a affirmé que le compound (résidence qui compte plusieurs villas) abritait une cellule terroriste liée au Hezbollah.


Dans l'arsenal découvert, il y avait des armes anti-chars, des lance-roquettes, des mines anti-chars et anti-personnelles, selon l'armée. En outre, trois Libanais ont été arrêtés en lien avec cette affaire et un quatrième suspect est en fuite, après une solide enquête anti-terroriste menée ces derniers mois.


Des journalistes ont été conduits dans ce compound dans le quartier huppé de Bompai. La cache y était creusée sous une chambre.


A Jérusalem, des responsables israéliens de la sécurité ayant requis l'anonymat ont déclaré à l'AFP que le Nigeria était un lieu de destination pour le terrorisme chiite et la mouvance jihadiste mondiale qui intensifient leurs activités en Afrique.


Ces responsables ont affirmé que la cellule démantelée faisait partie d'une campagne terroriste chiite contre des cibles occidentales et israéliennes qui se développe dans le monde entier depuis un certain nombre d'années.


Les services de sécurité israéliens n'excluent pas que des membres de cette cellule aient opéré pour le compte du Hezbollah dans d'autres Etats africains comme la Sierra Leone, la Côte d'Ivoire, le Bénin et le Ghana.


Le Nigeria est confronté depuis des années à une insurrection armée dans le nord du pays, menée par le groupe islamiste armé Boko Haram.


L'armée mène une vaste offensive contre ces insurgés dans le nord-est où l'état d'urgence a été décrété. Selon l'ONG Human Rights Watch, les attaques menées par Boko Haram et la répression ont fait 3.600 morts depuis 2009.


Des enquêtes sont toujours en cours pour déterminer si les ressortissants libanais sont réellement liés à Boko Haram, a déclaré le responsable du renseignement.


Selon des experts, Boko Haram est avant tout un groupe nigérian qui a pu nouer des liens avec la branche d'Al-Qaïda au Maghreb et en Afrique de l'Ouest.


Selon l'armée, l'un des suspects libanais, Mustafa Fawaz, a été arrêté le 16 mai et ses aveux ont permis d'identifier d'autres membres du réseau terroriste étranger.


Cet homme serait, selon certaines sources, le dirigeant d'un supermarché et d'un parc d'attractions Wonderland à Abuja. Un employé répondant au téléphone dans ce parc a déclaré à l'AFP que M. Fawaz n'avait pas été vu au bureau cette semaine.


Un second suspect, Abdullah Tahini, a été arrêté plusieurs jours après, en essayant d'embarquer de Kano sur un vol pour Beyrouth, selon l'armée. Le troisième Libanais, Talal Roda, a été arrêté à Kano le 26 mai. Et le quatrième homme, présenté comme un suspect, Fauzi Fawad, est en fuite.


Le plus haut responsable de l'armée à Kano, le général Iliyasu Abba, a expliqué aux journalistes que cette affaire avait suscité beaucoup d'intérêt national.


En février, le DSS a annoncé avoir découvert une cellule militante qui recevait des instructions d'agents iraniens cherchant à attaquer des cibles israéliennes et occidentales au Nigeria.

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28 mai 2013 2 28 /05 /mai /2013 22:45
Les forces armées nigérianes tentent actuellement d’encercler les islamistes de Boko Haram dans l’est du Nigéria (Photo: Archives/Gabonews)

Les forces armées nigérianes tentent actuellement d’encercler les islamistes de Boko Haram dans l’est du Nigéria (Photo: Archives/Gabonews)

28/05/2013 par Sara Teodosio – 45eNord.ca


L’armée nigériane déclare avoir tué trois combattants du groupe islamiste Boko Haram dans le nord du pays, près de la ville de Maiduguri.

À son tour, le chef présumé de Boko Haram, Abubakar Shekau, affirme dans une vidéo, visionnée par l’AFP ce mardi, que son groupe a enregistré plusieurs victoires et ne déplore que peu de pertes depuis l’offensive armée lancée contre son groupe le 15 mai dernier à l’appel du président Goodluck Jonathan.

Le 14 mai, un état d’exception avait été décrété par le président nigérian dans les États Borno, Yobe et Adamawa, dans le nord du pays, suite aux offensives de Boko Haram contre des objectifs gouvernementaux.

Le Nigéria est le pays le plus peuplé d'Afrique avec une population de plus de 162 millions d'habitants. Malgré une production de pétrole importante il demeure relativement pauvre (illustration: Clicplanet)

Le Nigéria est le pays le plus peuplé d’Afrique avec une population de plus de 162 millions d’habitants. Malgré une production de pétrole importante il demeure relativement pauvre (illustration: Clicplanet)

Partie de la stratégie de l’armée face au aux islamistes de Boko Haram, les services de téléphonie portable ont été fermés dans la région nord est du pays afin d’empêcher le groupe de coordonner ses attaques par téléphone ou messages sms, pratique dont il est réputé, a expliqué à l’AFP une source sécuritaire de haut rang.

La population ne dispose donc d’aucun moyen de communication, le réseau de téléphone fixe étant peu développé. À Maidguri, les habitants vivent le conflit au quotidien.

Boko Haram a été fondé en 2002 à Maiduguri, lieu des affrontements. Groupe voulant instaurer la charia au Nigéria, Shekau appelle dans la vidéo les islamistes de plusieurs pays du monde dont l’Afghanistan, le Pakistan et l’Irak à participer à la lutte pour la création d’un Etat islamique au Nigéria.

Le conflit qui oppose Boko Haram et l’armée aurait fait 3600 morts depuis 2009 selon l’ONG Human Rights Watch.

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21 mai 2013 2 21 /05 /mai /2013 11:45
source defenseWebc

source defenseWebc

21/05/2013 45eNord.ca (AFP)


L’armée nigériane a annoncé lundi avoir repris cinq localités aux islamistes dans l’État de Borno (nord-est) et elle a décidé d’envoyer mille hommes en renfort, au sixième jour de l’offensive contre les insurgés de Boko Haram dans cette région.


L’armée a «sécurisé les environs de New Marte, Hausari, Krenoa, Wulgo et Chikun Ngulalo après avoir détruit toutes les bases terroristes situées autour de ces localités (…) et assure la protection et la liberté» des habitants, a déclaré le général Olukolade, porte-parole de l’armée nigériane, dans un communiqué.

Toutes ces localités sont situées à proximité de la frontière camerounaise et étaient considérés comme des fiefs du groupe islamiste.

Des milliers de Nigérians ont fui vers des villages du nord du Cameroun.

«Depuis que le Nigeria a décrété l’état d’urgence, ils viennent ici (…) à la moindre détonation», a affirmé à l’AFP lundi une source sécuritaire camerounaise, soulignant que ce sont «des milliers» de Nigérians qui sont arrivés dans l’arrondissement de Fotokol (nord) depuis la semaine dernière


Lorsqu’il a décrété le 14 mai l’état d’urgence dans les États voisins de Borno, Yobe et Adamawa, le président Goodluck Jonathan a reconnu que les insurgés avaient pris le contrôle de certaines zones d’où ils avaient retiré le drapeau nigérian et chassé les représentants de l’État.

Selon les témoignages recueillis précédemment par l’AFP auprès d’habitants, New Marte et Krenoa avaient été les cibles de frappes aériennes par l’armée nigériane, au début de l’offensive la semaine dernière.

Parallèlement, «le siège des armées a approuvé le déploiement de 1 000 soldats supplémentaires dans l’État d’Adamawa et 200 d’entre eux sont déjà arrivés à Yola», la capitale, a déclaré à l’AFP le Lieutenant Ja’Afar Nuhu, porte-parole de l’armée dans cet État.

«Ces soldats supplémentaires vont être déployés dans des zones de tensions dans lesquelles ont eu lieu des attaques terroristes», a-t-il précisé.

L’armée a déclaré dimanche que «les terroristes délogés (étaient) en déroute». Mais une source sécuritaire a confié à l’AFP sous couvert d’anonymat que «l’opération n’est pas aussi facile que prévu».

À Maiduguri, capitale de l’État de Borno et fief historique de Boko Haram, où un couvre-feu permanent est en vigueur dans 12 quartiers, les patrouilles militaires se sont intensifié, lundi, des soldats tiraient en l’air depuis leur véhicule pour libérer le chemin à leur passage, selon des habitants.

L’armée a annoncé lundi y avoir arrêté «environ 120 terroristes alors qu’ils organisaient l’enterrement d’un de leurs commandants» tué la veille.

Les activités commerciales ont presque totalement cessé dans cette ville de plus d’un million d’habitants, a constaté un journaliste de l’AFP, et les gens se sont plaint d’avoir de plus en plus de mal à gagner de quoi vivre.

«Je vends de l’igname, d’habitude je gagne au moins 5 000 nairas (environ 33 $) par jour mais les ventes ont chuté depuis jeudi», s’est inquiété Ba-Kaka Kolo. «Hier, j’en ai vendu à crédit parce qu’un client m’a dit ne plus avoir d’argent».

«On voulait que Boko Haram soit stoppé, mais ce couvre-feu et le blocage des routes affectent notre économie», a-t-il regretté.

Pour couper toute possibilité de ravitaillement des islamistes, l’armée impose un blocus de la région. Conséquence, le prix des denrées grimpe à Maiduguri et dans les localités du nord de Borno, les camions de marchandises ne pouvant circuler librement à l’entrée et à la sortie de la ville.

Jusqu’à présent, l’offensive a fait «quelques dizaines» de morts parmi les insurgés et 3 victimes parmi les soldats, selon l’armée. Il est difficile de vérifier ces informations de source indépendante, et de mesurer l’impact du conflit sur la population civile, car les liaisons téléphoniques sont coupées dans les États de Yobe et Borno.

Les forces de l’ordre nigérianes ont souvent été accusées de violation des droits de l’homme et d’abus envers les civils, au cours de leur répression de l’insurrection islamiste.

Selon l’ONG Human Rights Watch, les attaques de Boko Haram et la répression de l’insurrection par les forces de sécurité ont fait 3 600 morts depuis 2009.

En 2009, l’armée avait pilonné plusieurs quartiers de Maiduguri pendant une vaste opération contre les islamistes, qui avait fait plus de 800 morts dans toute la région.

À lire aussi:

Nigéria: l’ONU s’en mêle et menace Boko Haram de poursuites pour crimes contre l’humanité >>

Nigéria: frappes aériennes et encerclement pour affaiblir les islamistes de Boko Haram >>

L’armée nigériane lance un assaut contre les islamistes de Boko Haram >>

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16 mai 2013 4 16 /05 /mai /2013 12:59
Nigeria: l'armée lance son offensive contre les islamistes dans le nord-est

16 mai 2013 13h36 Romandie.com (AFP)


KANO (Nigeria) - L'armée nigérianne a commencé son assaut contre des camps d' islamistes de Boko Haram dans un parc naturel du Nord Est, région où elle a déployé 2.000 soldats dans le but de reconquérir des zones tenues par les insurgés, a déclaré jeudi à l'AFP une source militaire.


Nos hommes ont mené une offensive contre des camps terroristes dans la réserve de Sambisa (dans l'Etat de Borno), a déclaré une source militaire à l'AFP sous couvert d'anonymat. Pour l'instant 2.000 soldats ont été déployés dans l'Etat de Borno, a-t-il précisé, sans donner de détails sur les effectifs déployés dans les deux autres Etats concernés par cette opération.

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7 mai 2013 2 07 /05 /mai /2013 12:45
source beegeagle

source beegeagle

7 May 2013 BBC Africa


A Nigerian warplane involved in operations against militant Islamists in Mali has crashed in Niger, killing two pilots, the army has said.


These are the first casualties Nigeria has suffered after deploying troops in January to fight the militants.


Mechanical failure was likely to have caused the fighter jet to crash near Mali's border while it was on a non-combat mission, reports say.


International forces uses Niger as an airbase for operations in Mali.


France has started to withdraw some of its 4,500 troops from Mali, hoping that African forces will take over the campaign to fight the militants.


'Routine flight'


The UN Security Council passed a resolution in April to incorporate the 6,000-strong African force in Mali into a UN force numbering 11,200.


Chad and Nigeria form the bulk of the African troops in Mali.


Nigerian Air Force spokesman Commodore Yusuf Anas told Reuters news agency that an investigation was underway to establish the cause of the crash.


"They were on a normal routine flight about 60km (37 miles) west of Niamey when something happened," he told Reuters.


Army sources in Niger ruled out the possibility that the jet had been shot at, saying it was not in "enemy territory".


French and African troops have driven the militants out of northern cities and towns in Mali - including Timbuktu and Gao - since combat operations started in January.


But some fighters have retreated to desert hideouts in the vast region, from where they launch isolated attacks against French and Malian forces.


The al-Qaeda-linked militants took advantage of a coup in Mali in March 2012 to extend their control across the north of Mali.


France intervened, saying Mali could become a "terrorist state" that threatened global security.

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24 avril 2013 3 24 /04 /avril /2013 07:45

23 avril 2013 Guysen News International


Des soldats tchadiens et nigériens ont participé à l’attaque menée la semaine dernière par l’armée nigériane contre des combattants islamistes de la secte Boko Haram dans la ville nigériane de Baga, sur les rives du lac Tchad, a-t-on appris mardi de sources militaires dans les trois pays. Le porte-parole des forces de défense nigérianes, le général Chris Olukolade, a toutefois affirmé que les soldats tchadiens et nigériens n’avaient pas été directement engagés dans les combats.

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24 avril 2013 3 24 /04 /avril /2013 07:45
Baga clashes: Nigeria army seizes heavy weapons

23 April 2013 BBC Africa


Nigeria's army has said it seized rocket-propelled grenades during last week's fighting in Baga - believed to have been one of the first times Boko Haram has used heavy weapons.


It says 37 people were killed, while others maintain at least 185 died.


The army says 30 members of the Boko Haram Islamist group, one soldier and six civilians died.


The Red Cross has backed local officials who say the figure is higher but they have not been into the town.


An army statement said three rocket-propelled grenade launchers had been recovered, along with bomb-making material.


The previous most deadly incident of the three-year Boko Haram uprising came last year when at least 160 people were killed in co-ordinated bomb attacks in the northern city of Kano.


The group is fighting to install Islamic law in the predominantly Muslim north of Nigeria.


'Military siege'


Baga is close to the border with both Chad and Niger and a multinational force from the three countries was attacked, its commander Brig Gen Austin Edokpaye said.


The Red Cross is still trying to gain access to the town to help those affected by the violence, national co-ordinator Umar Mariaga told the AFP news agency.


Local MP Isa Lawan told the BBC Hausa service that "what happened is Baga is sad and beyond description".


"We have already started despatching relief materials, including building materials and food stuff. We want to make sure that people get the necessary assistance to start rebuilding their homes."


He said there were "many versions of what happened. Everyone tells his own version. So no-one is sure which version to believe.


"Many people died. But the figure of casualties given by the people of Baga is 185."


A resident who did not want to be named told AFP:


"Baga is still under military siege... The town is at a standstill, with little food and water, which has forced even those of us that stayed behind to start leaving."


One unnamed rescue official said that 40% of the town had been destroyed by fire following the clashes.


But Brig Gen Edokpaye disputed this, saying Boko Haram's weapons had exploded, causing "fire to about 30 thatched houses in the predominantly fishing community".


He said that five militants had been arrested.


Many of the town's residents fled during the clashes and say they returned to find their homes burnt to the ground.


Bodies were still being found and buried on Monday, two of the town's inhabitants told BBC Hausa.


One eyewitness told the BBC that the fighting started when gunmen entered a video-viewing centre, looking for a man, who then fled.


The militants opened fire, attracting the attention of nearby soldiers, who were initially overpowered, before returning with reinforcements, leading to a fierce gunbattle, he said.


Correspondents note that the Nigerian military often plays down the number of people killed in clashes with militants.


Communications with parts of northern Nigeria are difficult since mobile phone masts were destroyed by militants.

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