Overblog
Suivre ce blog Administration + Créer mon blog
3 octobre 2015 6 03 /10 /octobre /2015 12:20
Des Casques bleus de la FINUL au sud du Liban. Photo FINUL/Pasqual Gorriz

Des Casques bleus de la FINUL au sud du Liban. Photo FINUL/Pasqual Gorriz

 

1 octobre 2015 – source ONU

 

Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, a appelé jeudi les Etats membres à prendre les mesures nécessaires pour renforcer les opérations de paix des Nations Unies et à contribuer davantage à leur financement.

« Malgré les progrès rendus possibles par les Nations Unies, nous savons que beaucoup trop de gens continuent de souffrir de la guerre, de l'oppression politique et des violations des droits de l'homme », a déclaré M. Ban lors d'un débat thématique de haut niveau organisé au siège de l'ONU, à New York, en marge du débat général de la 70ème Assemblée générale de l'Organisation.

« Les disputes qui couvaient depuis longtemps ont éclaté au grand jour ; les conflits armés sont d'une durée de plus en plus longue ; la violence fait son apparition dans des endroits considérés pendant longtemps comme stables ; et des extrémistes non étatiques et groupes terroristes ont étendu leur portée », a-t-il regretté.

Le Secrétaire général a rappelé que plus de 128.000 personnes sont actuellement déployées au sein de missions de maintien de la paix ou de missions politiques spéciales de l'ONU, soit plus que jamais auparavant.

« Nos mécanismes pour répondre à l'instabilité et à la fragilité ont atteint leurs limites », a constaté le chef de l'ONU lors de l'évènement, qui portait sur la décision de l'Assemblée générale de commémorer le 70ème anniversaire de l'Organisation sur le thème du maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationale.

M. Ban a rappelé que des examens fondamentaux sont en cours afin d'évaluer les opérations de maintien de la paix de l'ONU, mais aussi l'architecture de consolidation de la paix de l'Organisation et la mise en œuvre de la résolution 1325 du Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU sur la participation des femmes dans les processus de paix.

« Dans les mois à venir, je présenterai à l'Assemblée générale un plan pour renforcer nos efforts pour prévenir l'extrémisme violent. Le Sommet humanitaire mondiale à Istanbul en mai 2016 sera l'occasion essentielle de renforcer notre effort commun pour sauver des vies et soulager la souffrance.

 

« Et le Programme de développement durable à l'horizon 2030 récemment adopté a des liens étroits avec la paix et la sécurité, y compris son Objectif 16 sur la construction de sociétés inclusives avec des institutions responsables et un accès à la justice », a rappelé le Secrétaire général.

M. Ban a noté l'existence de quatre éléments communs à ces différents évènements : une plus grande importance accordée à la prévention, la médiation et la résolution pacifique des différends et des griefs ; le renforcement de consolidation de la paix, afin de maintenir la paix et prévenir le cycle de la violence dans les sociétés sortant d'un conflit ; la prise en compte des causes des conflits, y compris par une attention accrue accordée aux violations des droits de l'homme, qui sont souvent des signes avant-coureurs d'un conflit à venir ; et l'apport de ressources adaptées.

En conséquence, le Secrétaire général a demandé à la communauté internationale de contribuer financièrement à la prévention des conflits et au financement du Fonds pour la consolidation de la paix.

« Les deux sont chroniquement sous-financés, mais un investissement modeste aujourd'hui peut épargner des interventions beaucoup plus coûteuses demain », a affirmé M. Ban, tout en demandant à l'Assemblée générale de prendre rapidement des mesures en réponse au rapport qu'il lui a remis sur l'avenir des opérations de paix des Nations Unies.

Partager cet article

Repost0
18 septembre 2015 5 18 /09 /septembre /2015 07:45
Des Casques bleus de la Mission des Nations Unies au Libéria (MINUL). Photo MINUL Staton hiver

Des Casques bleus de la Mission des Nations Unies au Libéria (MINUL). Photo MINUL Staton hiver

 

17 septembre 2015 – source ONU

 

Le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU a adopté jeudi une résolution prorogeant le mandat de la Mission des Nations Unies au Libéria (MINUL) jusqu'au 30 septembre 2016, y compris en matière de protection des civils, de soutien à la réforme judiciaire et des forces de sécurité du pays, de promotion des droits de l'homme et de protection du personnel des Nations Unies.

Dans ce texte, les membres du Conseil demandent également au gouvernement libérien et à la MINUL d'intensifier leurs efforts en vue d'une rétrocession aux autorités nationales des compétences en matière de sécurité actuellement exercées par la Mission.

Le Conseil espère que le gouvernement libérien assumera pleinement l'ensemble de ses compétences au plus tard d'ici le 30 juin 2016, date fixée pour la fin de la transition en matière de sécurité.

Dans cette perspective, le Conseil décide de ramener de 3.590 à 1.240 personnes l'effectif militaire et de 1.515 à 606 personnes l'effectif de police de la MINUL, d'ici au 30 juin 2016.

Le Conseil des 15 membres affirme en outre son intention d'envisager d'ici au 15 décembre 2016 un éventuel retrait de la MINUL et le passage à une présence des Nations Unies permettant de continuer d'aider le gouvernement libérien à consolider la paix.

A cet égard, les membres du Conseil prient le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, d'organiser une mission d'évaluation au Libéria en vue de formuler des recommandations d'ici le 15 novembre 2016 au sujet d'un possible retrait de la Mission.

Partager cet article

Repost0
14 septembre 2015 1 14 /09 /septembre /2015 16:45
photo U.N.

photo U.N.

 

14 September 2015 by Africa Defense Forum

 

With unmanned aircraft changing the dynamics of warfare, it should come as no surprise that the technology is changing peacekeeping as well.

 

Since the end of 2013, the United Nations has used unmanned aerial vehicles, also known as UAVs and drones, to fly over the volatile eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The 5-meter-long Selex ES Falco drones monitor remote regions that U.N. peacekeeping troops can’t reach. The drones, equipped with cameras, heat-signature equipment and night-vision technology, can conduct surveillance in the dark and detect movement below a thick tree canopy — a new frontier in intelligence-gathering. The drones patrol the eastern border at a low altitude, monitoring rebels and militia, and also track illegal mining in the region. The DRC mission known by the acronym MONUSCO is the first time the U.N. has used drones for peacekeeping. Although the sophisticated UAVs aren’t cheap, they are becoming more affordable. The initial cost of the two-drone mission was estimated at $15 million per year, or about 1 percent of the mission’s annual budget. The mission has since added three more drones, although one of them crashed in October 2014. “They provide a very good bang for the buck,” a U.N. official told FoxNews.com. “When you are thinly spread in the region, these UAVs provide an extra set of eyes for our peacekeepers in the DRC.” Drone use in the military is here to stay. As of early 2012, at least 10 African countries had established some type of drone program.

 

Read more

Partager cet article

Repost0
2 septembre 2015 3 02 /09 /septembre /2015 07:20
Peacekeeping: Curing The Cure That Failed

 

August 31, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The UN is rethinking its approach to peacekeeping operations. What was once a small force, which mainly monitored areas where peace had been worked out, the UN now finds itself with a lot more peacekeepers and many of them under fire. After the Cold War ended in 1991 the changes began. After 2000 the UN peacekeeper force expanded from 20,000 to over 120,000. This was complicated by the growing use of Islamic terrorism against UN personnel. That meant it had become more dangerous to be a peacekeeper. Despite the increasing Islamic terror attacks the UN's peacekeeping army suffers less than a hundred combat deaths a year. More than ten times that number are wounded, injured in accidents, or disabled by disease. The peacekeeper combat fatalities come out to 90-110 per 100,000 troops per year. In Afghanistan foreign troops lost about 350-450 in 2012. At the peak of the fighting (2005-7) in Iraq, the losses were 500-600 per 100,000. The rate for U.S. troops in Vietnam and World War II was about 1,500 per 100,000 troops. So the UN peacekeepers are often seeing some considerable violence but at less than a third of the rate of troops in actual contemporary wars and much less than in 20th century conflicts. Still, it’s a lot more violent than Cold War era peacekeeping.

 

But it’s not the casualties that are causing the biggest problem but the increase in deliberate attacks and, to put it bluntly, the use of terror against the peacekeepers. This has made more countries reluctant to supply peacekeepers, especially Moslem countries, whose troops are accused of being heretics (and not just “enemies of Islam”) by Islamic terrorists and their many supporters among the Moslem population under peacekeeper protection. Most of the peacekeepers have come from South Asia (Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal) and most of these are Moslem. Pakistan has been one of the most frequent contributors, sending nearly 150,000 troops to over forty UN peacekeeping operations in 23 countries over the last half century. The Pakistani troops suffered a death rate of 92 per 100,000 but it could have been worse were not the South Asian troops among the best trained and most professional in the UN force.

 

It’s not just the growing terrorism that is causing difficulty in getting more troops for peacekeeping duty. While the casualties have something to do with this, corruption and lack of success are more often discouraging countries from contributing. The corruption angle is interesting, as it pertains both to the corruption within the UN bureaucracy and the corrupt atmosphere the peacekeepers operate in and often succumb to. Then there is the criticism of how the UN manages these missions. Casualties are expected but the contributing countries feel a lot of their troop losses are the result of restrictive UN rules that limit what peacekeepers can do. This, in turn, is believed most responsible for a lack of success for the peacekeeping missions.

 

In addition India and Pakistan are not happy with the lack of volunteers from other major nations. The chief reasons for that are the same ones annoying the current peacekeepers (corruption and restrictive rules of engagement). In addition, the major military powers (with the exception of China and Russia) feel they already contribute quite a lot in the form of money to pay the peacekeepers. And the contributors are also upset at the lack of results. A growing number of UN members, including many who contribute little money and no personnel for peacekeeping are coming to realize that the original goals (keeping the peace) are often not met and the peacekeepers will never turn into a military organization that will be able to impose peace. While the UN likes to condemn (bad behavior) and demand that people behave, most member states do not support trying to create a UN police force with real enforcement capabilities. None of the major world powers supports this either. So there is growing pressure to look for other ways to deal with seeming endless supply of new hotspots needing to be cooled down, much less all the older ones that are still smoldering.

 

Over the last decade the UN has spent $7-10 billion a year on 13-20 peacekeeping operations supported each year. Most of the money comes from the West but a lot of it comes from wealthy (usually because of oil) Moslem nations. To Islamic terrorists that makes the peacekeepers lackeys of the non-Moslem West and Arab “enemies of Islam”. The money pays for the peacekeepers and a smaller support staff. It's actually a pretty cheap way of keeping some conflicts under control or at least out of the headlines. The causes of the unrest may not be resolved by peacekeepers but at least the problem is contained and doesn't bother the rest of the world too much. This is an increasingly unpopular approach to peacekeeping and now even the UN bureaucracy is being forced to consider changes. Fewer UN members back the policy of sending peacekeepers to where they are not wanted (by the local government, usually a bad one that is often the cause of the trouble in the first place) and use some UN approved violence to go after the people responsible for the local mess and end the seemingly endless violence in some areas. This sort of thing seems fine in theory but does not always work in practice.

 

Meanwhile most of the money is going to a few large peacekeeping operations. Three of the largest get over half the cash and for over a decade this has been Congo, Darfur (western Sudan), and southern Sudan. Africa has the largest number of "failed states" on the planet and, as such, is most in need of outside security assistance. The Middle East is also a source of much unrest. But there the problem isn't a lack of government, just bad government. Most Middle Eastern nations are run by tyrants, who have created police states that at least keep anarchy at bay and peacekeepers out.

 

Religion has become a touchy subject. While Islamic radicalism is more of a problem to fellow Moslems than it is to infidels (non-Moslems), most Middle Eastern governments avoid blaming Islam for these problems. Since it's increasing difficult to pin the blame on "colonialism" or "crusaders," the Middle Eastern nations encourage other UN members to just stay away from the religious angle altogether. This has made it difficult to deal with peacekeeping issues in Moslem nations, since religion usually plays a part in creating the problem. To the UN, this is just another diplomatic problem to be dealt with, although not very well.

 

But overall the troops and money that keep all the peacekeeping going are in danger of fading away. Frantic diplomacy is underway by the UN to try and makes things all better, but success is not assured and every year there’s the same drama as cash shortages threaten to shut down many peacekeeping operations.

Partager cet article

Repost0
16 juin 2015 2 16 /06 /juin /2015 11:30
photo EMA / Armée de Terre

photo EMA / Armée de Terre

 

12/06/2015 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Le 29 mai 2015, les casques bleus ont commémorés les 70 ans de peacekeeping (gardiens de la paix). 39 contingents de la FINUL étaient présents en cette journée internationale sur la place d’arme du HQ (head quarter) de Naqoura. De nombreuses autorités locales, des Forces armées libanaises, des Forces de sécurité et des membres de la communauté internationale étaient également conviées.

 

Fiers de leur engagement au Liban dans le cadre de la mission Daman, les nombreux militaires français ont arboré le drapeau tricolore sous le soleil du Levant. La musique a retenti, les drapeaux se sont dressés au passage en revue du général Portolano, Force commander de la FINUL. Emotions garanties pour le lieutenant Anne-Laure, chef de section SIC (systèmes d’information et de communications) et porte drapeau, et pour tous les transmetteurs qui composent la garde.

 

Pour les 308 peackeepers de la FINUL qui ont donné leur vie dans l’accomplissement de leur devoir au Sud-Liban, pour toutes les femmes et les hommes qui ont servi au sein des Opérations de maintien de la paix, gardons la mémoire.

 

Présente depuis 1978 au Liban, la France est l’un des principaux pays contributeurs de la FINUL, avec près de 900 soldats déployés en permanence. La grande majorité d’entre eux arme la FCR qui est directement placée sous les ordres du général commandant la FINUL et est en mesure d’agir au profit de tous les contingents déployés sur l’ensemble de la zone d’action de la FINUL, dans le cadre de la résolution 1701. Le volet naval de cette mission comporte en permanence plusieurs frégates déployées en force constituée (la Task Force 448). Leur mission : surveiller les approches maritimes du Liban, et empêcher l’introduction d’armes par la mer.

photo EMA / Armée de Terrephoto EMA / Armée de Terre
photo EMA / Armée de Terre

photo EMA / Armée de Terre

Partager cet article

Repost0
7 juin 2015 7 07 /06 /juin /2015 11:45
Africa Peacekeeping Program (AFRICAP): le contrat de 2009 prolongé de trois mois


05.06.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense
 

Le contrat AFRICAP 2009 qui devait prendre fin en ce milieu d'année a été prolongé de trois mois (jusqu'en septembre) au profit des sociétés PAE, DynCorp, AECOM, Protection Stratégies, en attendant la mise en place de l'AFRICAP 2015.

 

Pour lire l'appel d'offres du 15 janvier dernier pour le prochain AFRICAP, cliquer ici.

 

L'enveloppe pour ces trois mois supplémentaires n'a pas été dévoilée. Mais un document américain précise que, pour l'instant, la valeurs des marchés passés dans le cadre de l'AFRICAP 2009 est d'un milliard de dollars.

 

AFRICAP et ACOTA. Il est particulièrement ironique que les Etats-Unis aient mis en place deux programmes phare (AFRICAP et ACOTA dont on attend toujours l'appel d'offres) en matière de préparation aux opérations de maintien de la paix alors que ce pays ne contribue que très marginalement à la fourniture d'effectifs pour ce type d'opération. Certes financièrement, c'est l'inverse, mais dans ma logique, ça importe peu. Je m'explique: il est tout aussi ironique que le DoS et le DoD entraînent ou fassent entraîner les contingents africains de casques bleus (Onu) et de casques verts (UA) alors que l'expérience en matière d'OMP des personnels affectés à ces programmes de formation est quasi inexistante.

Ce constat n'est pas nouveau mais il mérite d'être refait alors que Washington (et le DoS en particulier) renégocie avec des prestataires privés les programmes AFRICAP (Africa Peacekeeping Program) et ACOTA (Africa Contingency Operations and Training Assistance).

Les militaires et employés fédéraux, ainsi que les contractors des ESSD comme DynCorp ou AECOM, n'ont guère d'expérience dans le maintien de la paix. Leur approche est très "offensive", alors qu'elle devrait s'inscrire dans la posture onusienne du peacekeeping. Et leur palmarès, en matière de formation, ne leur vaut pas que des éloges.

En fait, cet habillage "OMP" permet aux DoS et DoD de légitimer, auprès du Congrès en particulier, des programmes de formation et de dotation des armées africaines en vue d'un large éventail de missions dont la lutte anti-terroriste. Qui s'en plaindra? Seulement les entreprises privées qui tentent réellement de former des cadres et des soldats aux OMP et de leur faire prendre consciences des exigences éthiques, morales et bien sûr opérationnelles. Ces entreprises, elles ne sont pas US, et c'est malheureux pour des raisons de moyens et de capacités. Elles sont européennes et elles mériteraient d'être plus ouvertement appuyées par les autorités des pays où elles sont installées (France, Allemagne en particluier).

Partager cet article

Repost0
3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:45
Journée Internationale des Casques Bleus des Nations Unis


29 mai 2015 par MINUSMA

 

Depuis le 1er juillet 2013, les Casques bleus de la Mission Multidimensionnelle Intégrée des Nations Unies pour la Stabilisation au Mali (MINUSMA) sont sur le terrain pour sécuriser le Mali et protéger les civils. Ils accompagnent les efforts de paix et font tout ce qui est humainement possible pour préserver et sauver des vies. Soutenus par la communauté internationale et la population malienne, la MINUSMA est sur le terrain pour réussir la paix.


La Journée internationale des Casques Bleus des Nations Unies, célébrée le 29 mai, rend hommage aux hommes et femmes qui servent sous le drapeau onusien à travers le monde.
Cette Journée nous donne aussi l'occasion d'honorer la mémoire de plus de 3.200 Casques bleus de l'ONU qui ont perdu la vie au service de la cause de la paix depuis la création des missions de maintien de la paix. Pour la MINUSMA, le bilan est lourd : 35 tombés au champ d’honneur et 155 blessés.

Partager cet article

Repost0
3 avril 2015 5 03 /04 /avril /2015 07:45
South African continental peacekeeping deployments extended for another year

 

01 April 2015 by Kim Helfrich - defenceWeb

 

President Jacob Zuma wearing his SA National Defence Force (SANDF) commander-in-chief hat has committed South Africa to more than R1,4 billion in expenditure over the next 12 months on three separate out-of-country military deployments.

 

None of the three – to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Sudan and in the Mozambique Channel – are new. All three see South African airmen, medics, sailors and soldiers stand alongside uniformed counterparts from Africa and other parts on the world in either peace support or peacekeeping missions (DRC and Sudan) and keeping territorial waters safe from pirates (Mozambique).

 

Zuma yesterday (March 31) informed Parliament of the “extended employment of troops” according to a statement issued by the Presidency.

 

A total of 1,388 SANDF members will find themselves in the DRC between now and March 31 next year serving “in fulfilment of international obligations of the Republic of South Africa towards the United Nations”. The Presidential statement indicates all will be part of the Force Intervention Brigade (FIB), operating under the MONUSCO umbrella in the strife-torn central African country. According to the UN there are currently 1,322 uniformed South Africans in the overall MONUSCO mission.

 

The cost of the DRC deployment is R909,687,562.

 

The SANDF will between now and March 31 next year ensure 850 SANDF members find themselves in Darfur, Sudan, as part of the hybrid AU/UN UNAMID force. This deployment is also “in fulfilment of international obligations” and will cost R369,079,895 for the 12 months.

 

South Africa’s third and final military commitment outside own borders is the Southern African Development community (SADC) counter-piracy tasking Operation Copper.

 

“Two hundred and 20 members of the SANDF were employed to monitor and deter piracy and other related illegal maritime activities along the Southern African coast of the Indian Ocean. They were employed for the period for the period April 1, 2014 to March 31, 2015 and the employment has now been extended to March 31, 2016,” the statement said.

 

South Africa is the lead country in this deployment supplying a naval platform as well as aerial support and the associated manpower. The next 12 months of Operation Copper cost R 127,027,773.

 

The UN mission in the DRC – MONUSCO - is the largest of its 16 peacekeeping missions internationally with troop, police and military expert contributions coming from 55 countries. There are currently 21,067 of these in the DRC at present according to the latest UN statistics. Countries are literally an A (Algeria) to Z (Zambia).

 

In Sudan, South Africans find themselves alongside soldiers, police and military experts from 43 other countries in a total combined AU/UN force of 15,863. UN statistics indicate there are currently 783 South African soldiers in the country.

Partager cet article

Repost0
26 février 2015 4 26 /02 /février /2015 20:45
La MINUSMA patrouille dans la region de Mopti


26 févr. 2015 MINUSMA

 

La région de Mopti fut le point de départ de l’intervention internationale pour la libération des régions nord du Mali.
Ici, les nombreuses patrouilles de la MINUSMA participent à la sécurisation des villes et des populations. Cette population durement éprouvée par les évènements de 2012 est très sensible à présence de ces Casques bleus.
A Konan, ville où tout a commencé le 9 janvier 2013, une colonne de véhicules djihadistes lourdement armés tenta de descendre plus au sud. L’armée malienne avec le soutien de la force serval les stoppèrent leur avancé.
Désormais, dans ces localités, la MINUSMA sécurise chaque semaine la foire hebdomadaire. Une présence des hommes et des véhicules blancs des Nations Unies qui rassurent tout le monde. Les autorités administratives et politiques, la population, les jeunes et les femmes tous ont réaffirmé leur joie de voir le marché ainsi protégé

Partager cet article

Repost0
7 juillet 2014 1 07 /07 /juillet /2014 16:45
Paul Koffi Koffi, ministre de la Défense : “Nous sommes aptes pour les interventions internationales”

 

05.07.2014 news.abidjan.net


Le ministre en charge de la Défense, Paul Koffi Koffi, a affirmé, hier à Akouédo, que les Forces républicaines de Côte d’Ivoire disposent d’une capacité opérationnelle pour participer aux opérations de maintien de paix.

Les Forces républicaines de Côte d’Ivoires (Frci) disposent de rudiments nécessaires pour participer aux opérations de maintien de paix, selon Paul Koffi Koffi, ministre auprès du président de la République, chargé de la Défense. Il a fait cette déclaration, hier, à la caserne militaire d’Akouédo, lors de la cérémonie de sortie de la 27ème promotion baptisée Guy Frédéric Assa, des élèves sous-officiers de l’Ecole nationale des sous-officiers d’active (Ensoa). « Nous sommes aptes à participer au maintien de paix dans le cadre de la force internationale, onusienne ou régionale… Nous y sommes déjà au Mali et nous sommes prêts à aller ailleurs, si le besoin se fait sentir », a-t-il déclaré. A l’en croire, l’armée nationale a retrouvé ses marques après plus d’une décennie de crise sociopolitique. «  En trois ans, l’armée est en en train de se reconstruire, le commandement est assis et tout le monde est au travail. Tout cela grâce à la volonté du président de la République, Alassane Ouattara », a-t-il ajouté, devant de nombreuses personnalités politiques et militaires dont la ministre de la Communication, Affoussiata Bamba-Lamine, le chef d’état-major, SoumaÏla Bakayoko et le commandant de la marine, le contre-amiral Djakaridja Konaté. Avant lui, le commandant de l’école, Dem Aly Justin, a rappelé les valeurs qui caractérisent les soldats. « Vous devrez défendre le drapeau, même au péril de votre vie. Affichez toujours dans la discipline et dans le respect votre dévouement pour le drapeau, même quand vient le sacrifice suprême », a-t-il exhorté. Soumaïla Bakayoko a, pour sa part, rappelé la mission régalienne de la Grande muette. « Vous devez  garantir la défense du territoire national, assurer la sécurité des Ivoiriens ainsi que leurs biens », a-t-il conseillé, en se félicitant de la baisse du taux de criminalité dans le pays. « Nous sommes heureux de constater que le niveau de sécurité s’est fortement amélioré», s’est-il félicité. Faut-il le préciser, cette promotion est composée de 261 élèves sous-officiers dont 8 filles portant le grade de sergent. Le public a eu droit, en marge de la cérémonie, à un exercice de méthode de neutralisation des actes de grand banditisme, notamment le terrorisme, le phénomène de coupeurs de route et le comportement des soldats dans le cadre des opérations de maintien de paix.
 

Partager cet article

Repost0
3 juillet 2014 4 03 /07 /juillet /2014 12:50
Blocage du budget des casques bleus: pour 500 $ de plus

 

03-07-2014 Karim Lebhour correspondant à New York - RFI

 

Le budget pour les casques bleus est bloqué à l’ONU par une dispute entre pays du nord et pays du sud. Les uns réclament plus d’argent, les autres ne veulent pas payer, alors que les opérations de maintien de la paix de l’ONU n’ont jamais été aussi nombreuses.

 

Lire l’article

Partager cet article

Repost0
14 mai 2014 3 14 /05 /mai /2014 07:45
Falco photo Léa Lisa Westerhoff - RFI

Falco photo Léa Lisa Westerhoff - RFI

 

 

13 May 2014 defenceWeb

 

The United Nations has shelved plans to deploy surveillance drones as part of its peacekeeping mission in Ivory Coast due to improved security, but is now seeking a company to provide the unarmed aircraft for its peacekeeping mission in Mali.

 

The United Nations wants to expand its use of unmanned aerial vehicles after it successfully deployed the aircraft for the first time in December - to aid U.N. peacekeepers in Democratic Republic of Congo.

 

It has called for companies to submit expressions of interest to provide surveillance drones for Mali, based in the northern towns of Timbuktu and Gao. The deadline is Wednesday, according to the request by the United Nations.

 

"It is expected that contracts will be for a period of 3 years," it said. "UAV capability should provide long endurance and be able to fly long range to a point of interest, loiter on patrol and return to base."

 

Al Qaeda-linked fighters hijacked a rebellion by Tuareg separatists in the Mali's desert north after a 2012 army coup.

 

France began an intervention more than a year ago which scattered the insurgents across Mali and into neighboring countries, but in recent months the Islamist groups have stepped up their operations.

 

A U.N. peacekeeping force, known as MINUSMA, assumed authority on July 1 from a U.N.-backed African force in Mali. But while the U.N. Security Council mandated a 12,600-strong force, there are only some 7,500 troops on the ground.

 

In Ivory Coast the United Nations is gradually reducing the size of its peacekeeping force. The world's top cocoa grower is emerging from a decade of political turmoil that ended in a brief post-election civil war in 2011 when former president Laurent Gbagbo rejected the victory of rival Alassane Ouattara.

 

"The deployment of UAVs in (Ivory Coast) may no longer be warranted due to changed operational requirements and an improved security situation," said one U.N. peacekeeping official familiar with the issue.

 

"Their deployment has been put on hold until further notice and consultations with the government continue," he said.

 

The West African country had asked the United Nations to consider deploying drones along its border with Liberia to offset the planned reduction in peacekeepers. Western Ivory Coast had been the target of deadly raids blamed on supporters of Gbagbo.

 

Ivory Coast's defense minister, Paul Koffi Koffi, told Reuters that a final decision on the deployment of the surveillance drones by the United Nations would likely be made in June.

 

"There were some differences of opinion, but it is still in discussion," he said.

Partager cet article

Repost0
24 mars 2014 1 24 /03 /mars /2014 16:45
U.N. official says 'terrifying' level of hatred in Central African Republic

 

 

24 March 2014 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Hatred between Christians and Muslims in Central African Republic has reached a "terrifying level", the U.N.'s top human rights official said on Thursday, warning that atrocities were being carried out with impunity.

 

Navi Pillay, U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, appealed to the international community to urgently provide troops for a proposed 12,000-strong U.N. peacekeeping mission to halt crimes which she said included acts of cannibalism and decapitation of children.

 

France has deployed 2,000 troops to its former colony to support a 6,000-strong African Union peacekeeping mission but they have been unable to stamp out the violence in the large, sparsely populated nation of 4.5 million people.

 

"The inter-communal hatred remains at a terrifying level, as evidenced by the extraordinarily vicious nature of the killings," Pillay told a news conference. "There is ... almost total impunity: no justice, no law and order apart from that provided by foreign troops."

 

Thousands have been killed since the Seleka, a coalition of mostly Muslim northern rebels, seized power a year ago in the southern capital Bangui and launched a campaign of looting, torture and killing in the majority Christian country.

 

That triggered a wave of reprisals by the 'anti-Balaka' Christian militia last year which has driven tens of thousands of Muslims from Bangui, the south and west of the country.

 

During a two day visit, Pillay held talks with interim President Catherine Samba-Panza, who took office after Seleka leader Michel Djotodia resigned in January under international pressure. Government officials frankly admitted there was no functioning army or police, no justice system and no means of holding those responsible for violence, she said.

 

"People apprehended with blood on their machetes and severed body parts in their hands have been allowed to go free because there is nowhere to detain them and no means to charge them with the crimes they have clearly committed," Pillay said.

 

BREEDING GROUND FOR EXTREMISM

 

Around 15,000 Muslims are still trapped in Bangui and other areas in the north, north-west and south of the country, protected by international forces, Pillay said.

 

While large scale massacres appeared to have stopped, thanks largely to the foreign troops, killings continue on a daily basis, mostly by the 'anti-balaka' militia. Pillay said some of the militia were mutating into criminal gangs, targeting Christians and other non-Muslims indiscriminately.

 

The United Nations estimates some 650,000 people have been displaced within Central African Republic, while nearly 300,000 have fled to neighboring states. U.N. agencies have reported a sharp rise in rape and sexual violence in the camps.

 

With the rainy season approaching next month and farmers unable to plant their crops, aid groups warn that the humanitarian crisis may worsen.

 

Pillay urged donors to quickly provide funding for a $551 million humanitarian appeal, which she said was only one-fifth financed, warning that the international community should learn the lessons of inter-communal crises in the Balkans and Rwanda.

 

"If we get it wrong again, by failing to support this country wholeheartedly in its time of need, we risk decades of instability and the creation of a new and fertile breeding ground for religious extremism, not just in CAR but in the wider region," she said.

 

France accused the European Union of shirking its responsibility for international security last week after E.U. officials said member states had not pledged enough troops and equipment for a planned 1,000-strong force. Brussels now hopes to deploy the forces by the end of next month.

 

"How many more children have to be decapitated, how many more women and girls will be raped, how many more acts of cannibalism must there be, before we really sit up and pay attention?" Pillay said.

Partager cet article

Repost0
16 mars 2014 7 16 /03 /mars /2014 12:30
Turkey's Otokar Wins Armored Vehicle Contract From UN

The UN is buying Cobra armored vehicles from Turkish company Otokar for use on peacekeeping missions. (Otokar)

 

Mar. 6, 2014 - By BURAK EGE BEKDIL – Defense News

 

ANKARA — Turkey’s leading armored vehicles manufacturer, Otokar, has said that it won a $24.6 million contract from the United Nations.

 

In a news release March 6, Otokar said the contract was for an unspecified number of the company’s Cobra vehicles. The UN will use the Cobras in peacekeeping operations, the company said.

 

Cobra, used by the armies of 15 different countries, is Otokar’s best known vehicle. Turkish security forces use the four-wheel-drive Cobra for reconnaissance and area control.

 

Otokar reported 40 percent growth in 2013, with exports of $117 million.

 

The company also is the developer of the Altay, Turkey’s first indigenous, new-generation main battle tank. In 2008, Otokar signed a $500 million contract with the Turkish procurement office, the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries, to produce four prototypes under the Altay program.

Partager cet article

Repost0
5 février 2014 3 05 /02 /février /2014 17:20
Les Etats-Unis et l'Italie signent un accord sur la formation conjointe pour les opérations de maintien de la paix

 

2014-02-04 xinhua

 

Le département de la Défense américain et la gendarmerie nationale italienne, les carabiniers, ont signé lundi un protocole d'accord pour promouvoir l'entraînement et la formation conjointes de leurs troupes pour les opérations de maintien de la paix.

 

Il s'agirait du premier accord de ce type signé entre la Défense américain et les carabiniers, a commenté Frank DiGiovanni, chargé des ressources humaines et de la formation des troupes au Département de la Défense des Etats-Unis.

 

"Ce nouveau protocole (...) a un objectif très productif pour promouvoir la paix et la stabilité dans les régions du monde qui sont en proie aux tensions", a indiqué Frederick Vollrath, secrétaire adjoint du bureau des ressources humaines et de la formation du Département de la Défense.

 

Ilio Ciceri, chef d'état-major des carabiniers, a affirmé que le soutien et la position des Etats-Unis étaient une source de "grande fierté" pour son pays.

 

"L'utilisation de nos techniques de formation et de déploiement sur le terrain a toujours joui d'un soutien et d'une appréciation extraordinaires de la part des commandants américains", a-t-il rappelé.

 

L'accord, qui est entré en vigueur immédiatement après sa signature, a une validité de cinq ans.

Partager cet article

Repost0
13 décembre 2013 5 13 /12 /décembre /2013 12:40
Russian Military to Recruit 500,000 Professional Soldiers by 2022

 

December 12th, 2013 defencetalk.com (RIA Novosti)

 

Russia’s military will have 500,000 soldiers serving on professional contracts within a decade, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said Tuesday.

 

Half of the armed forces will be made up of professional service personnel by 2022 under plans to shift away from conscripts and more than double the number of contract soldiers from the present 220,000.

 

But Shoigu also acknowledged at an expanded meeting of the Defense Ministry Board that Russia’s armed forces are currently short of nearly one in five troops.

 

“At present, the Russian military has 82 percent of the required manpower,” Shoigu said.

 

“We have prioritized full manning of airborne, special forces, naval infantry and peacekeeping units, including those involved in ensuring security during the Winter Olympics in Sochi.”

 

Russia is undertaking major reform of the military that includes plans to spend $650 billion by 2020 on new equipment and a transition from a conscript army to a largely professional force.

 

But it has struggled with a shortage of recruits as a result of draft dodging and a shrinking pool of eligible conscripts. Draft evasion and demographic decline have forced the Defense Ministry to halve the number of conscripts in five consecutive recruitment periods since autumn 2011.

 

The military needs to enrol about 300,000 men during each draft to keep the number of personnel at the required level of 1 million. All Russian men between the ages of 18 and 27 are obliged by law to perform one year of military service.

 

Shoigu said the Defense Ministry would continue the practice of large-scale snap-alert drills in 2014 to check the combat readiness of the armed forces.

 

The Russian military has held six surprise inspections of combat readiness and most of the 750 planned army-level exercises since the beginning of this year.

 

Shoigu said the exercises helped create a realistic picture of the current state of the Russian armed forces and adjust arms procurement plans for various branches of the military.

Partager cet article

Repost0
14 novembre 2013 4 14 /11 /novembre /2013 12:40
CSTO general secretary Nikolai Bordyuzha

CSTO general secretary Nikolai Bordyuzha

 

MOSCOW, November 14 (RIA Novosti)

 

The head of the Moscow-led Collective Security Treaty Organization said Thursday that the military bloc should boost its peacekeeping capabilities in response to developing internal threats.

 

CSTO general secretary Nikolai Bordyuzha said he saw a particular danger coming from countries on the geographic fringes of the bloc, a clear reference to Afghanistan.

 

“The need for an effective peacekeeping mechanism is dictated by the difficult international situation that has unfolded in many regions of the world, including areas not far from the CSTO’s area of responsibility,” Bordyuzha told a security conference in Moscow.

 

“The vicinity of a so-called arc of instability to our border creates a genuine danger,” he said.

 

He said potential threats were numerous and ranged from attacks by citizens of former Soviet states that had received terrorist training overseas to the proliferation of extremist ideas, weapons and ammunition in CSTO member states.

 

CSTO Joint Staff chief Alexander Studenikin said at the same conference that around 3,600 police, military and medical staff have been allocated to handling peacekeeping responsibilities within the organization. He said many of those selected for the job have undergone training abroad and have direct experience in peacekeeping work.

 

The CSTO, a body roughly analogous to NATO, currently has six members states, all of them former Soviet republics – Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan.

 

The focus of the organization’s activities has consisted since its inception in the 1990s on fighting drug proliferation and counteracting terrorism risks.

Partager cet article

Repost0
4 novembre 2013 1 04 /11 /novembre /2013 08:45
Source korpscommandotroepen.nl

Source korpscommandotroepen.nl

 

November 1, 2013. David Pugliese Defence Watch

 

THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) – The Dutch government is sending 368 troops to join a U.N. peacekeeping force in the conflict-torn West African nation of Mali, Prime Minister Mark Rutte announced Friday.

 

In a letter sent to Parliament, Foreign Minister Frans Timmermans said the Dutch contingent will include 220 troops, including 90 special forces commandos, who will take part in intelligence gathering and operate four Apache helicopters. Ten police officers and a small group of civilian support staff also will join the mission.

 

Sending soldiers to U.N. peacekeeping missions is an emotionally charged decision for the Dutch, who suffered a national trauma when the country’s soldiers were unable to prevent Bosnian Serb forces from storming the Srebrenica enclave in Bosnia in July 1995, and killing some 8,000 Muslim men and boys in the worst massacre on European soil since World War II.

 

Rutte said the decision to deploy Dutch troops was a tough one, but that “all lessons from previous missions have been learned.”

Partager cet article

Repost0
17 octobre 2013 4 17 /10 /octobre /2013 16:45
UN peace force in Mali 'needs troops and equipment'

16 October 2013 BBC Africa

 

The United Nations has appealed for more troops and equipment for its peacekeeping force in Mali.

 

The UN force, which took over security duties in July, has less than half of its mandated strength of more than 12,000 military personnel.

 

Bert Koenders, the UN's special representative to Mali, said recent attacks had been a "wake-up call".

 

He said the force, known as Minusma, needed more resources in order to stabilise the north of the country.

 

French forces led an operation to oust Islamist militants from the region in January.

 

A presidential election was held in Mali in July but militant attacks have resumed in the north where separatist Tuareg rebels and Islamist fighters are based.

 

Protect civilians

 

A suicide bomb attack hit the northern city of Timbuktu on 28 September and an Islamist group fired shells into Gao on 7 October.

 

"We are faced with numerous challenges," Bert Koenders told the UN Security Council.

 

"The mission lacks critical enablers - such as helicopters - to facilitate rapid deployment and access to remote areas to ensure the protection of civilians. Troop generation will have to accelerate."

 

The UN peacekeeping force was dealt a further blow in August by the withdrawal of a large Nigerian contingent who returned home to tackle their own Islamist insurgency.

 

This left Minusma with less than 6,000 troops. It is due to reach full strength with 12,640 uniformed personnel by December.

 

The UN force is replacing French troops, which intervened in January when Islamist militants threatened to march on the capital Bamako.

 

An al-Qaeda group and its allies extended their control of the north of Mali following a coup in March 2012 but they have since been forces out of the region's major cities such as Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu.

Partager cet article

Repost0
30 septembre 2013 1 30 /09 /septembre /2013 16:45
"EU support to UN and AU Peacekeeping Operations" - SEDE

30.09.2013 SEDE
 

On 25 September the SEDE subcommittee held a public hearing on "EU support to United Nations and African Union Peacekeeping Operations" with experts and academics, in view of the upcoming report on the subject.
 

Partager cet article

Repost0
13 février 2013 3 13 /02 /février /2013 20:10
EU Defence Ministers renew their commitment to support UN Peacekeeping

 

13/2/2013 EU source: Council Ref: CL13-016EN

 

Summary: 13 February 2013, Dublin - The Informal meeting of EU Defence Ministers concluded this afternoon in Dublin Castle. The meeting, which is one of the Informal meetings of the Irish Presidency, was chaired by Minister for Justice, Equality and Defence, Alan Shatter TD., on behalf of Baroness Catherine Ashton, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission.

 

The Ministers discussed a range of issues including the upcoming European Council on Defence, Mali, the Horn of Africa and Partnerships between the EU and the United Nations.

 

Ministers also had the benefit of the presence of the Secretary General of NATO Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen and the Under-Secretary General in the Department of Peacekeeping Operations Mr. Herve Ladsous, representing the UN, for the first time, at an EU Defence Ministers meeting.

 

In relation to the European Council on Defence in December, Ministers agreed that this forum would provide them with the opportunity to increase the effectiveness, visibility and impact of Common Security and Defence Policy.

 

Minister Shatter commented:

 

"I consider the discussions that took place over the past two days reflect a renewed impetus for developing military capacity for the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy". He went on to say that "much work remains to be done, specifically in relation to European Council on Defence and I also hope that I will see some new dynamism reflected in a renewed commitment by EU Member States to re-engage with the UN and to support UN Peacekeeping through the provision of the necessary military capabilities, when and where needed. There is a unity of approach from all sides, that view defence as critical to the security of the people of Europe and indeed security in the world.  We need to safeguard those who cannot defend themselves and ensure that we have the requisite defence capabilities to this end".

 

Ministers had a detailed exchange of views in relation to Mali and received a briefing from the Mission Commander Brigadier General Francois Lecointre. The broad consensus arising from the meeting was that this Mission will impact greatly on the prevention of terrorism in the region and safeguard Europe and its citizens in the future.

 

In relation to the agenda item concerning Operations, Ministers received a briefing from Brigadier General Gerald Ahern of the Irish Defence Forces, who is the current Mission Commander for the EU Training Mission in Somalia.  Also, Rear Admiral Robert Tarrant, the newly appointed Operation Commander, gave an update on EUNAVFOR Atalanta. Ministers congratulated the Commanders on the progress that all are making in their respective missions.

 

Partnerships, in particular, between the EU and the United Nations, were the final item for discussion.  This is a priority in the Defence area during the Irish Presidency and this discussion was a natural successor to a very successful seminar held recently, in Dublin Castle, on the subject of Regional Organisations support for the UN. This topic, afforded EU Ministers of Defence and Mr. Ladsous, Under Secretary General, Department of Peacekeeping Operations in the United Nations, the opportunity to discuss how to foster more effective co-operation and build partnerships in order to enhance the effectiveness of UN Peacekeeping operations. Minister Shatter said "we need to overcome the lack of political will in using the EU's military capabilities so as we do the right thing when people are in danger.  It is incumbent on all of us to defend those who require it and we must remember that the Common Security and Defence Policy is there to save peoples' lives. CSDP matters."

 

In relation to the Informal meeting itself, the Minister said, "The meeting of Defence Ministers is extremely important in enabling Member States shape the evolution of the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy, both strategically and operationally. There is great enthusiasm and commitment from all Member States to work together on issues of concern at both national and international level. I am sure that this enthusiasm will remain for the duration of Ireland's Presidency and beyond".

Partager cet article

Repost0
7 mars 2012 3 07 /03 /mars /2012 18:15
Russian Peacekeepers End S.Sudan Mission

 

 

MOSCOW, March 7 (RIA Novosti)

 

As the Russian air group in South Sudan ends its mission all the equipment will be withdrawn within a week, Russian Defense Ministry spokesman Vladimir Drik said on Wednesday.

 

All Russian soldiers and helicopters will leave the African country by the end of this week, he added.

 

The move follows a Russian presidential decree after the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) ended on July 11, 2011.

 

Russia currently has eight helicopters and 120 personnel servicing the UNMISS.

 

A series of recent tribal clashes in the country, which just won its independence six months ago, is believed to have left some 3,000 people dead, according to local officials.

Partager cet article

Repost0

Présentation

  • : RP Defense
  • : Web review defence industry - Revue du web industrie de défense - company information - news in France, Europe and elsewhere ...
  • Contact

Recherche

Articles Récents

Categories