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7 octobre 2011 5 07 /10 /octobre /2011 06:55



Russia has now sold nearly 1,000 AL-31 engines to China,

where they power J-10 and J-11 fighters.

(Photo: Vladimir Karnozov)


October 3, 2011 by Vladimir Karnozov - AIN Defense Perspective »


China has placed additional orders for Russian AL-31-series fighter engines. State arms trade agency Rosoboronexport clinched two big contracts earlier this year. One is for more than 150 AL-31Fs as replacements for earlier engines of same type that power the Su-27/Su-30MKK/MK2 fighters, that are designated J-11 in China. Engines under this contract will be assembled by the Ufa-based UMPO factory.


The second contract is for more than 120 AL-31FN engines to power newly built Chengdu J-10 fighters. Engines under this contract are already being delivered, from the Moscow-based Salut plant.


Speaking to AIN at the Aviation Expo 2011 in Beijing, Salut general director Vladislav Masalov said that negotiations continue on a second batch of nearly 140 AL-31FNs and that a follow-on contract is expected to be signed in October. 


Masalov further said that the grand total of Salut-made AL-31 series engines in China “is nearing one thousand units.” To serve them, Salut has established partnerships with Limin Corp. and Tyan Li company in Chengdu on deliveries and manufacturing of spare parts for both the AL-31F and the AL-31FN. Russia has also agreed to provide all necessary maintenance and repair documentation to the Chinese partners. Salut faces many issues pertaining to ramping up production to fill these big Chinese orders, Masalov said. This year the company must increase its production output by 30 to 40 percent to fulfill the Chinese contracts. “Certainly there is some pressure on us, with bottlenecks being metal and vendor items,” Masalov said.


Meanwhile, Salut is negotiating the sale of another 40 AL-31FM1 engines to the Russian Air Force for the Su-27SM upgrade. Twelve have already been ordered. Talks to supply AL-31FM2 versions for the Su-34 continue, Masalov said.

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7 octobre 2011 5 07 /10 /octobre /2011 06:10



MOSCOW, October 6 (RIA Novosti)


Russian President Dmitry Medvedev ratified agreements on Thursday concluded last year with Abkhazia and South Ossetia, under which Moscow will set up military bases in the breakaway republics.


The treaties allow Russia to operate military bases in Abkhazia and South Ossetia for an initial term of 49 years, with possible extensions for an additional 15 years.


The parliament's lower house, the State Duma, ratified the agreement on September 22 and the upper house followed suit on September 28. Georgia's Foreign Ministry has condemned the move as an illegal and irresponsible legitimization of the Russian military presence in the separatist regions.


The Russian President also posthumously awarded late Abkhaz leader Sergei Bagapsh the Order of Courage for his efforts to “stabilize the situation in South Caucasus.”


Russia recognized Abkhazia and South Ossetia in 2008, following a five-day war with Georgia. The war began when Georgia attacked South Ossetia, where most residents are Russian passport holders. Russia's decision has been condemned by many nations. Georgia considers the two regions part of its sovereign territory.


Besides Russia, the republics' independence has also been recognized by Nicaragua and Venezuela, as well as the tiny Pacific nations of Nauru, Vanuatu and Tuvalu.


Last week, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov reiterated Russia's readiness to act as a guarantor of non-use of force agreements between Georgia and its breakaway republics. Speaking during the 66th session of the UN General Assembly in New York, he said Russia was "determined to do everything possible" to avert another war in the Caucasus similar to the one that occurred in August 2008.


Russia earlier presented a draft resolution to the UN Security Council calling for an agreement on the non-use of force between Georgia and Abkhazia. The initiative was blocked by Western nations seeking a comprehensive peace deal that stipulated the return of Georgian refugees to Abkhazia.

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6 octobre 2011 4 06 /10 /octobre /2011 18:35


source guardian.co.uk


2011-10-06 (China Military News cited from guardian.co.uk)


Russia's security service has revealed that it arrested a suspected Chinese spy who posed as a translator while seeking sensitive information on an anti-aircraft system.


The man, identified as Tun Sheniyun, was arrested on 28 October last year, the federal security service (FSB) said in a statement cited by RIA-Novosti news agency.


It was unclear why the FSB disclosed the arrest on Wednesday, less than one week before the prime minister, Vladimir Putin, travels to China on an official visit.


The alleged spy was acting "under the guise of a translator of official delegations", the statement said.


He had "attempted to obtain technological and maintenance documents on the S-300 anti-aircraft missile system from Russian citizens for money", it added. That information is a state secret, it said.


Prosecutors sent the case to court on Tuesday, the statement said. Tun faces charges of attempted espionage.


Last year, Russia delivered 15 S-300 systems to China, a popular Soviet-era arms export, as part of a deal signed several years earlier. Yet Beijing has recently turned to more modern systems.


Putin's two-day visit to China next Tuesday will be his first foreign trip since he announced his planned return to the Russian presidency next year.


Ruslan Pukhov, director of the centre for analysis of strategies and technologies, a defence thinktank in Moscow, said: "They [the Chinese] are trying to copy this system illegally. They've already copied a whole series of our weapons.


"They're trying to clone the S-300, to serve their interests and also to export. As I understand it, it's not all working out. They probably wanted extra documentation to better deal with this task of reverse engineering."


A report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri) released this week warned that the Sino-Russian relationship was growing increasingly uneasy given China's international rise.


"In the coming years, while relations will remain close at the diplomatic level, the two cornerstones of the partnership over the past two decades – military and energy co-operation – are crumbling," the thinktank wrote. "As a result, Russia's significance to China will continue to diminish."


It said that while more than 90% of China's major conventional weapons imports came from Russia between 1991 and 2010, the volume of imports had declined dramatically in the last five years.


In part, that reflected the development of its own arms industry and the fact that Russia could not meet some of the new demands of the People's Liberation Army as it developed, said Dr Paul Holtom, director of the Sipri arms transfers programme and one of the report's authors.


Original Full Report

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6 octobre 2011 4 06 /10 /octobre /2011 17:55



October 6th, 2011 By Indian Government News, DEFENCE TALK


In a spirit of a cooperation and understanding, India and Russia held their annual meeting to review the defence ties in Moscow on Tuesday (04 Oct 2011) and expressed “readiness to take all necessary measures to further expand the cooperation on a mutually beneficial basis.”


In a Protocol signed after the Eleventh meeting of the India-Russia Inter-governmental Commission on Military Technical, co-chaired by the Defence Minister Shri AK Antony and his Russian counterpart Mr AE Serdyukov, the two sides noted with satisfaction that that during the period under review various diligent steps have been taken “to deepen interaction in the development of defence technologies, modernization of military equipment and joint manufacture of military-purpose products.”


“Such cooperation involves the strengthening of interactions between the Armed Forces, defense industry enterprises and research agencies of the two countries,” the Protocol noted.


Visibly happy at the outcome, Shri Antony told a group of Indian journalists shortly after the talks: “Distinct improvements have taken place in the pace of progress of many critical projects in the last one year. We value our friendship a great deal. Together we would like to consolidate our relationship and take it forward”.


At the talks, the Indian delegation included the Defence Secretary Shri Shashikant Sharma, Secretary Defence Production Shri Shekhar Aggarwal, Indian Ambassador Shri Ajai Malhotra, Lt Gen MS Buttar, Air Marshal RK Sharma, Vice Admiral NN Kumar, Chief Controller of Research & Development of DRDO Dr. Avinash Chander, CMD Hindustan Aeronautics Limited Shri Ashok Nayak and DG Acquisition Shri Vivek Rae.


Speaking at the meeting, Shri Antony said India-Russia defence relationship has grown both in content and scope over the years. He said India highly values the time tested, strong and multi- faceted relationship with Russia.


‘There is a strong impulse, both at the level of the Government and among the people of India to further strengthen our special strategic partnership which is based on mutual trust and complimentarity of interests. The world in general and our region in particular, are witnessing significant developments which have an impact on regional and global security. In the evolving scenario, the special strategic partnership between our two countries assumes even greater significance. Both our countries must continue to strengthen our joint efforts to address these challenges’.


Listing some of the projects where both sides have put in years of effort to bring success, hri Antony said, ‘The project for joint development and production of the Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft, BrahMos missile system, licensed production in India of T-90 tanks and SU-30 MKI aircraft are proud examples of our strong relationship. We are sure that the success of these projects would be models for the implementation of several other projects of mutual interest’, he said.


Referring to planned delivery of Aircraft Carrier INS Vikramaditya, Shri Antony said, ‘We are keenly awaiting the induction of the Aircraft Carrier into the Indian Navy. This project has attracted considerable public attention in India. We hope that the induction will take place, on schedule, by end 2012. We also hope that all activities on the MiG-29K are completed to achieve synchronization with the aircraft carrier’.


Nevertheless, Shri Antony drew the attention of the Russian side to the vexing issue of delayed export clearances for vital repair equipment for already contracted weapons systems. This has been affecting supplies of defence equipment and spares.


The Russian side assured the Indian side that the matter was receiving attention at highest levels in the Russian Government and efforts would made to institutionalize measures to avoid such delays in future.


Shri Antony expressed India’s concern at the tardy progress made in the design and development of the Multi-Role Transport Aircraft (MTA). The two sides agreed to accelerate the progress of this Project and they would be meeting later this month.


With regard to the Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA), being jointly designed and developed by India and Russia, both sides noted that the first stage of the preliminary design contract has been successfully completed and the second stage of the PD Contract is to be finalised before September, 2012. The training programme for the Indian engineers covering nearly 20 courses was completed in July, 2011. Both sides agreed to continue discussions for finalization of the R&D contract as per the agreed time lines of the general contract signed in December, 2008.


In his address, the Russian Defence Minister Mr Serdyukov described India-Russia defence tie as a ‘stable and promising relationship’. During the discussion, the Russian side spoke about their views on offsets. The Indian side informed that the Indian offset guidelines are presently under revision.


Regional security situation was also discussed by the two sides

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6 octobre 2011 4 06 /10 /octobre /2011 16:50



MOSCOW, October 6 (RIA Novosti)


Russia’s new Severodvinsk nuclear-powered attack submarine has successfully completed initial sea trials by builder Sevmash, a Russian shipyard said on Thursday.


“The trial was successful. Tests of the ship’s systems were held as scheduled,” Sevmash ship-building company said in a statement.


The Russian Navy will receive its first Severodvinsk nuclear submarine in late 2011. Sevmash is planning to build a total of six submarines of this class.



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6 octobre 2011 4 06 /10 /octobre /2011 12:56



MOSCOW, October 6 (RIA Novosti)


Russia warned on Thursday it may stop cooperation with the United States on a missile shield in Europe.

In a statement, the Foreign Ministry in Moscow condemned Washington for making far-reaching decisions “without collective discussion” and ignoring the opinions of all interested parties.


“If this continues, then the chance created at the NATO-Russia summit in Lisbon to turn anti-missile defense from an area of confrontation to an area of cooperation may be lost,” the ministry said.


Russia gave the warning after the United States and Spain announced an agreement on Wednesday to deploy a number of U.S. Navy cruisers in Spain as part of the nascent missile defense scheme.


The Foreign Ministry said the deployment of the anti-missile ships at Rota on the Spanish coast raised concerns about the “significant build-up of U.S. missile potential in the European zone.”


“Not only do we see no readiness on the part of the U.S. administration to address Russia’s concerns about the key issue of guaranteeing that the future system will not be aimed at Russia’s strategic nuclear arsenal, we also note the tendency to increasingly expand treat the deployment areas of the U.S. anti-missile systems.”


NATO chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen said the new system is expected to become fully operational in 2018.

Rasmussen said he “would not be surprised” if there were further additions to the scheme in the coming months.

Romania agreed to host U.S. missile interceptors last month.


Washington scrapped a previous missile shield, based in Poland and the Czech Republic, which had angered Russia.

Moscow has agreed to cooperate on the new plan, but warned it may withdraw if it is not made a full partner in the U.S.-led shield.


Earlier this week, U.S. Ambassador to Moscow John Beyrle said Moscow and Washington are expected to sign a deal to exchange data on the European defenses at a NATO summit in Chicago next year.

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6 octobre 2011 4 06 /10 /octobre /2011 11:30



MOSCOU, 5 octobre - RIA Novosti


Le patrouilleur Smetlivy, rattaché à la Flotte russe de la mer Noire, appareillera prochainement pour la Méditerranée en vue de prendre part à l'exercice naval russo-italien IONIEX-2011, a annoncé mercredi aux journalistes un porte parole du ministère russe de la Défense, le capitaine de vaisseau Viatcheslav Troukhatchev.

"Le patrouilleur Smetlivy achève les préparatifs d'un long voyage en Méditerranée où il participera à l'exercice russo-italien IONIEX-2011", a déclaré le porte-parole.

"La date exacte de l'exercice est pour le moment inconnue. On sait seulement qu'il aura lieu à la fin de l'année", a indiqué M. Troukhatchev.

L'exercice IONIEX se déroule régulièrement au large de l'Italie dans le cadre de la coopération entre les forces navales russes et italiennes.

En 2010, il s'est tenu au large de la Sicile, réunissant les frégates italiennes Artiglieri et Aliseo, et deux navires russes: le patrouilleur Ladny et le remorqueur de sauvetage Shakhtar.

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5 octobre 2011 3 05 /10 /octobre /2011 18:05


An-70 military transport aircraft


KIEV, October 5 (RIA Novosti)


The Ukrainian Air Force will take delivery of three An-70 military transport aircraft, Defense Minister Mikhaylo Yezhel said on Wednesday.


The first plane will be delivered "in the very near future," he said.


Asked whether Ukraine would be able to make An-70s without Russia, the minister said: "It's already making them."


He stressed, however, that he did not mean series production and this was a question not for the Defense Ministry, but for the Antonov design bureau.


The An-70 is a medium-range turboprop military transport plane developed by Ukraine's Antonov design bureau. The Antonov company first tested a prototype of the An-70 in 1994, but a lack of funding, and political disputes between Moscow and Kiev have prevented series production.


Antonov decided to proceed with self-funding.


The first plane was lost during its fourth flight in February 1995 in a mid-air collision that killed the seven crewmembers.


In 2002, Russia and Ukraine agreed on a 50-50 risk-sharing production deal, but in April 2006 Russia announced its complete withdrawal from the project.

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5 octobre 2011 3 05 /10 /octobre /2011 16:55



October 5th, 2011 By RIA Novosti on Wednesday, DEFENCE TALK


A Russian nuclear submarine in which 20 people died during a 2008 sea trial will be leased to India in mid-November, a source in the Russian defense industry said on Tuesday.


The delivery will make India only the sixth to operate nuclear-powered submarines, after France, China, Russia, UK and USA.


The Nerpa was to have been leased in 2008 but the transfer was put on hold following a fatal accident three years ago when a freon gas fire suppressant system was accidentally set off.


The industry source said all the defects "will have been eliminated before November, after which the Nerpa will be transferred to Delhi."


In late September a jury dropped negligence charges against the Nerpa's captain, Dmitry Lavrentyev, and engineer Dmitry Grobov, who were charged with professional negligence resulting in death or injury for allegedly setting off the sub's fire safety system "without authorization and for no reason,"


Seventeen of the dead were civilians, killed when fire-suppressant freon gas was released during sea trials in the Sea of Japan in November 2008.


Another 21 people were injured, in Russia's worst naval accident since the sinking of the Kursk nuclear submarine in 2000.


The Nerpa was undergoing shakedown trials and had 208 people aboard, nearly three times its normal complement.


A former senior medical officer with the Pacific Fleet alleged in May the Nerpa's firefighting system contained a "lethal" mixture of freon and trichloroethylene - a commonly used industrial solvent which is highly toxic and corrosive - rather than pure freon.


Workers at the Amur Shipyard, where the submarine was built, said in an open letter in the same month that Lavrentyev and Grobov were "scapegoats" and that the disaster was the result of "corruption and disintegration of the military-industrial sector."


The $650 million lease contract for the Nerpa was signed in 2004.

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5 octobre 2011 3 05 /10 /octobre /2011 12:00


source rusnavy.com


5 octobre 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS


Le bureau d’études russe Lazurit, situé à Nizhniy Novgorod, a testé une nouvelle capsule de survie pour sous-marins. La capsule est conçue pour des essais en immersion profonde de sous-marins et sera utilisée pour sauver les équipages d’essai en cas d’accident. Des capsules seront aussi installées pour sauver l’équipage normal.


Les capsules normales ne peuvent accueillir que des sous-mariniers. Lors des essais à la mer, il y a aussi des experts des chantiers navals, des inspecteurs militaires. Selon une source du chantier Zvezdochka, la capsule a été installée sur un sou-marin, et est déjà revenue au chantier Zvezdochka pour être équipée et terminée.


Actuellement, le chantier équipe la capsule d’un système de ventilation, de matériel électrique et de systèmes de décompression.


Aucune date de mise en service n’a été indiquée.


Référence : RusNavy (Russie)

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5 octobre 2011 3 05 /10 /octobre /2011 11:40



5 octobre 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS


Le K-410 Smolensk (Projet 949A Antey, classe Oscar II) affecté à la flotte du Nord est arrivé à la fin du mois de septembre à Severodvinsk pour gagner les installations de Zvezdotchka où il devrait rentrer en IPER. La modenisation prévue du Smolensk fait suite à celle du K-119 Voronezh réalisée également par Zvezdotchka.


Référence : RusNavy Intelligence

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5 octobre 2011 3 05 /10 /octobre /2011 07:25
The new upgrade of Russian T-90 main battle tank unveils at Russian Expo Arms 2011.


New T-90S at Russian Expo Arms 2011


October 2, 2011, armyrecognition.com


At the Defence Exhibition of Nizhny Tagil, REA 2011 (Russian Expo Arms 2011 ), which held from the 8 to 11 September 2011, Russian defence industry unveils a new upgrade version of the T-90 main battle tank, the T-90S.






The T-90S can fire anti-tank guided missile. The system is intended to engage tanks fitted with ERA (explosive reactive armour) as well as low-flying air targets such as helicopters, at a range of up to 5km. For explosion and fire safety reasons some ammunition allowance is stowed in a special hull rear section.


The T-90S is motorized with a new V-92S2F engine which reduces the fuel consumption, and he is also more powerful. The new T-90S can run at a maximum speed of 60 km/h on road.


To increase the protection of the tank, the T-90S is fitted with new armor plates to each side of the hull, to protect the suspension against anti-tank rockets. The rear side of the hull is equipped with wire cage armor, same as for the turret. A new three sets of armor are mounted at the front of the turret.


Actually a new Russian main tank is under development under the name of “Armata




Future view of Russian main battle tank Armata

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5 octobre 2011 3 05 /10 /octobre /2011 07:20



MOSCOW, October 5 (RIA Novosti)


Russia's Space Forces will carry out 14 launches of various carrier rockets until the end of 2011, SF commander Lt. Gen. Oleg Ostapenko said.


"About 14 launches will be carried out from the Plesetsk and Baikonur space centers," Ostapenko told reporters on Tuesday.


He added that the list includes test launches of ballistic missiles and scheduled space launches.


Earlier reports indicated that the SF would be responsible for the launch of at least three additional Glonass-M satellites by the end of 2011 to complete the Glonass satellite navigation grouping.


Russia currently has a total of 28 Glonass satellites in orbit, although only 23 of them are operational.


The complete Glonass grouping must have 24 operational and 2-3 reserve satellites for the Glonass network to operate with global coverage.

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5 octobre 2011 3 05 /10 /octobre /2011 07:15


Earlier generation S-400 air defense system

MOSCOW, October 5 (RIA Novosti) Sergey Razbakov, Sergey Beznosov


The development of Russia's formidable S-500 air defense system is lagging behind schedule by at least two years, the Izvestia daily said on Wednesday citing a defense industry source.


According to the source, the first prototypes will be ready and tested by 2015, while the deliveries to the Russian army could start in 2017 at the earliest.


"The production cycle of this system is about two years. Therefore, even if the prototypes are ready by 2015, the military will not receive production models earlier than in 2017," the source said.


A source in the Russian Defense Ministry confirmed that the earlier announced schedule of S-500 deliveries in 2015 was "too optimistic," as the prototypes should have already been undergoing field tests to meet the deadlines.


The S-500, a long-range air defense missile system, is expected to become the backbone of a unified aerospace defense system being formed in Russia.


The system is expected to have an extended range of up to 600 km (over 370 miles) and simultaneously engage up to 10 targets.


The Russian military has demanded that the system must be capable of intercepting ballistic missiles and hypersonic cruise missiles and plans to order at least ten S-500 battalions for the future Russian Aerospace Defense.

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5 octobre 2011 3 05 /10 /octobre /2011 07:00


Commander of Russian Space Forces Lt. Gen. Oleg Ostapenko


MOSCOW, October 5 (RIA Novosti)


Russia is negotiating the extension of the lease of the Gabala missile early-warning radar in Azerbaijan, Commander of the Russian Space Forces Lt. Gen. Oleg Ostapenko said.


The radar, located near the town of Minchegaur, 120 kilometers (75 miles) from the capital Baku, was leased to Russia for 10 years in 2002. The lease expires on December 24, 2012.


"Talks are under way about a possibility of lease extension. Azerbaijan has put forward certain proposals, which are now being studied," Ostapenko told reporters on Tuesday.


Russia pays the annual Gabala rent of $7 million to Azerbaijan under the current agreement.


According to various sources, Baku is asking for a higher rent, a compensation for environmental impact on the area, and wider employment opportunities for Azeri citizens servicing the Russian personnel at the radar facility, as part of the new agreement.


The Gabala radar, also known as the Daryal Information and Analytical Center, is an important element of the Russian missile defense network.


The radar has been operational since early 1985. Russia says that with its range of 6,000 kilometers (3,700 miles), it is the most powerful in the region and can detect any missile launches in Asia, the Middle East and most parts of Africa.

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5 octobre 2011 3 05 /10 /octobre /2011 05:55



MOSCOU, 4 octobre - RIA Novosti


Moscou et Kiev mènent des négociations sur la mise en place d'un système conjoint de défense antimissile, a annoncé mardi aux journalistes le commandant des Troupes spatiales russes, le général Oleg Ostapenko.

"Des négociations sont en cours avec l'Ukraine pour accomplir en commun des tâches liées à la défense antimissile", a déclaré le général.

Interrogé sur une éventuelle utilisation des radars ukrainiens de Sébastopol et de Moukatchevo, M.Ostapenko les a qualifiés d'obsolètes.

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4 octobre 2011 2 04 /10 /octobre /2011 18:25



MOSCOW, October 4 (RIA Novosti)


Russia and Ukraine are currently in talks on a joint missile defense system, Space Forces commander Lt. Gen. Oleg Ostapenko said on Tuesday.


"We are currently in talks with the Ukrainian side on jointly resolving missile defense objectives," Ostapenko said.


He added that Russia had no plans to resume the use of early-warning radar stations in Ukraine's Sevastopol and Mukachyovo, as they were "obsolete."

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4 octobre 2011 2 04 /10 /octobre /2011 16:50


Russian missile cruiser Varyag


VLADIVOSTOK, October 4 (RIA Novosti)


The Russian and the United States navies will carry out joint anti-terrorism exercises in late October near the Mariana Islands, a Russian Pacific Fleet spokesman said.


Exercise Pacific Eagle will simulate Russian and U.S. ships liberating a vessel seized by terrorists.


The U.S. Navy's guided missile destroyer USS Fitzgerald, which will take part in the drills, left Russian Far Eastern port of Vladivostok on Tuesday after a four-day port visit.


"The scenario of the upcoming Pacific Eagle anti-terrorism exercises was discussed in detail during the Fitzgerald's visit," Capt. 1st Rank Roman Martov said, adding Russian will send Pacific Fleet vessels including the guided missile cruiser Varyag to the exercise.


USS Fitzgerald (DDG 62) is an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer. Named after Vietnam War hero U.S. Navy Lt. William Charles Fitzgerald, it was laid down on February 9, 1993 and commissioned on October 14, 1995.



U.S. Navy's guided missile destroyer USS Fitzgerald

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4 octobre 2011 2 04 /10 /octobre /2011 12:30



VLADIVOSTOK, 4 octobre - RIA Novosti


La Flotte russe du Pacifique et une délégation militaire américaine en visite d'affaires à Vladivostok (Extrême-Orient russe) ont convenu de mener fin octobre des exercices antiterroristes conjoints au large des îles Mariannes (Pacifique), a annoncé mardi à RIA Novosti le porte-parole du commandant de la Flotte, Roman Martov.


"Au cours de la visite de la délégation américaine, nous avons évoqué en détail le scénario des prochains exercices antiterroristes "Aigle du Pacifique". Ils se tiendront fin octobre près des îles Mariannes. Un détachement de navires de la Flotte du Pacifique conduit par le croiseur lance-missiles Variag a mis le cap sur le lieu indiqué et y arrivera quelques jours avant le début des manœuvres", a indiqué l'interlocuteur de l'agence.


Plusieurs scénarios seront mis en place lors des manœuvres, notamment la libération d'un navire civil tombé entre les mains de terroristes.


M. Martov a en outre indiqué que les marins américains et de la Flotte du Pacifique entretenaient des contacts professionnels permanents. Les parties échangent régulièrement des visites et organisent des exercices antiterroristes conjoints.

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4 octobre 2011 2 04 /10 /octobre /2011 07:35



SNLE du type Typhoon

crédits : Marine russe


04/10/2011 MER et MARINE


Le ministère russe de la Défense dément les rumeurs selon lesquelles la marine pourrait désarmer, d'ici 2014, ses sous-marins nucléaires lanceurs d'engins du type Typhoon. Reste que l'avenir de ces bâtiments demeure incertain. Sur les six Typhoon construits, seuls trois existent encore (les trois autres ont été désarmés en 1996 et 1998). Mis en service en 1981, le Dmitry Donskoy, qui a été refondu afin de servir aux essais du missile balistique Bulava, destiné aux nouveaux SNLE du Type Borey, a achevé sa mission, le Yury Dolgoruky, tête de série des SNLE russes de nouvelle génération, étant désormais capable de tirer ses propres missiles. Il sera d'ailleurs admis au service actif dans la flotte du Pacifique d'ici la fin de l'année. Quant aux deux autres Typhoon, les Arkhangelsk (1987) et Sever Stal (1989) ils ont été placés en réserve à Severodvinsk en attendant une éventuelle modernisation. L'adoption d'une dotation complète de Bulava ne semblant pas possible techniquement (et/ou financièrement), les Typhoon sont aujourd'hui comme des tigres sans croc. Car les missiles balistiques SS-N-20 qu'ils mettaient en oeuvre à l'origine ne sont plus en service. La question demeure donc de savoir quoi faire de ces SNLE. L'une des pistes envisagées est de les transformer, à l'image de quatre anciens SNLE américains du type Ohio, en sous-marins lance-missiles de croisière capables aussi de déployer une importante force de commandos.


Pour mémoire, les Typhoon, rendus célèbres par le film A la poursuite d'Octobre Rouge, sont les plus gros sous-marins du monde. Longs de 172.8 mètres pour une largeur de 23.3 mètres, ils affichaient un déplacement à pleine charge de 33.800 tonnes. Armés par 179 hommes d'équipage et pouvant atteindre la vitesse de 26 noeuds en plongée, ils pouvaient mettre en oeuvre, lorsqu'ils étaient en service, 20 missiles SS-N-20, 22 torpilles et missiles antinavire, ainsi que 8 missiles antiaériens.

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4 octobre 2011 2 04 /10 /octobre /2011 07:00



3 October, 2011 By Vladimir Solovyev and Aleksandr Gabuyev – RT.com


Practically no chances left to reach an agreement on missile defense


Kommersant learned that the United States has offered Russia to sign an agreement on cooperation in the sphere of defense technologies, including creating two centers which will not only work on analyzing information about missile launches in third countries, but also make joint decisions on ways to respond to real missile threats. In Moscow, according to Kommersant’s sources, these proposals were received with skepticism. Meanwhile, a source in the Kremlin told Kommersant:


“There is no chance to come to an agreement. Now we either need to create our own missile defense, or build up the nuclear forces.”


After Russia’s proposals to create a sectorial anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system with NATO were rejected by the US and Europe, the West decided to take a reciprocal step. Kommersant learned that Moscow and Washington began discussing several US defense initiatives, including those related to ABM defense. They involve Russia’s proposal to sign a defense cooperation agreement, which not only provisions information exchange, but also exchange of technologies. The fact that the parties are indeed considering this idea was confirmed to Kommersant by the US ambassador to Russia, John Byerly.


Another US initiative deals directly with cooperation in the sphere of missile defense – namely, creating two centers. One of the centers is intended by Washington to process and analyze Russian and US information on missile launches. The second center is designed to allow Russia and the US to act cooperatively in the event a missile launch is detected in a third country. Byerly has even predicted the date on which a missile defense agreement will be reached between Moscow and Washington: next year, at the Russia-NATO summit in Chicago.


In Russia, meanwhile, the chances of coming to an agreement with the US are not regarded with quite as much optimism. The US initiatives have appeared at a time when Russia seems to have lost hope in the possibility of reaching a compromise on missile defense. A high-ranking Kremlin official answered Kommersant’s question of whether or not it was possible to agree on this issue by frankly saying that such possibilities have been exhausted.


“There is no chance to come to an agreement,” the Kremlin official told Kommersant. “We offered to join forces and create a joint AMB defense. They suggested information exchange. We disagree [with this approach]. Now we either need to create our own missile defense, or build up the nuclear forces.”


However, despite this fact, Russian negotiators argue that they will try reaching an agreement until the very last moment.


“The dialogue on missile defense with the United States is faced with great difficulties,” Russia’s deputy foreign affairs minister, Sergey Ryabkov, told Kommersant. “The parties’ positions contain a wide range of elements, which are hard to bring to a common denominator.”


He acknowledged the receipt of the US proposals on joint centers as well as on defense technologies, saying that it is still too early to talk about their adoption by Moscow.


“Issues related to cooperation are considered by the Foreign Affairs Ministry as well as the defense agencies,” said Ryabkov. “The proposal to create joint centers has been made, for which we are grateful to the US. But having cooperation without a foundation is impossible.”


According to Ryabkov, in order to start working together there needs to be legal safeguards against Russia’s strategic nuclear forces becoming a target of the US missile defense – a guarantee which the US administration is not ready to provide. As for the agreement on cooperation in the sphere of defense technologies, according to the deputy foreign affairs minister, here it is also far from the final stage.


“The draft agreement is being discussed,” he said. “We are not at the beginning stages, but in the midst of negotiations. It will not be ready before Hawaii [the November 12-13 APEC summit in Honolulu, where the US and Russian presidents have been scheduled to meet].”


The need to continue negotiations has also been expressed by Russia’s permanent envoy to NATO, Dmitry Rogozin.


“The topic has not been exhausted, and while there is still a possibility, we will continue trying to reach an agreement,” the permanent envoy told Kommersant. “Until NATO passes the point of no return, we will continue to engage in talks with our partners.”


However, the diplomat is not particularly impressed with the recent US proposals.


“I have the impression that the US is interested in Russia’s groundwork developments, where we are still advancing and where we are ahead,” he said, referring to Washington’s suggestion to sign an agreement on defense technologies. “They do not want to share the information that interests us, but want to obtain the information that interests them. Meanwhile, we support the idea of parity.”


As for missile defense negotiations, the permanent envoy says that Moscow will continue to insist on safeguards.


“No matter how long the thread stretches, there is an end,” Rogozin said. “They will either have to give us some long-term credible assurances that the ABM defense is not aimed against us, or they will need to tell us that they are not giving us any guarantees whatsoever. So far, we have been hearing assurances and pats on the back… ‘Hey guys, it’s not against you.’ But it could also be said, ‘Guys, it is for you.’”

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3 octobre 2011 1 03 /10 /octobre /2011 11:50



MOSCOW, September 30 (RIA Novosti)


A high-ranking source in the Russian Defense Ministry has denied rumors of a planned scrapping of Typhoon class strategic submarines in the near future.


Several media sources reported recently that the Russian military had decided to scrap the world's largest nuclear-powered subs by 2014.


"The Defense Ministry has not made such a decision. The submarines remain in service with the Navy," the official told RIA Novosti on Thursday.


The Typhoon class submarines entered service with the Soviet Navy in the 1980s. Three of the six vessels built are still in use.


The Dmitry Donskoy submarine has been modernized as a test platform for Russia's new Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile and will remain in this capacity for a long time, the source said.


Two reserve vessels, the Arkhangelsk and the Severstal, are awaiting overhaul at a naval base in Severodvinsk in northern Russia.


"The problem is that they do not have the arsenal of R-39 [SS-N-20 Sturgeon] submarine-launched ballistic missiles anymore, as the production of these missiles in Ukraine stopped in 1991," the source said.


The Typhoon class subs have a maximum displacement of 33,800 tons and were built to carry 20 SS-N-20 SLBMs, all of which have been retired.


Nevertheless, these subs will most likely be modernized to carry new-generation sea-based cruise missiles to match the U.S. Ohio-class submarines.


The Typhoons will be replaced in the future with the new Borey class strategic submarines, which will be equipped with Bulava missiles.

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3 octobre 2011 1 03 /10 /octobre /2011 05:45



30 Sep 2011 By CHRISTOPHER P. CAVAS DefenseNews


Russia's enormous Typhoon-class ballistic missile submarines, made famous by Tom Clancy in "The Hunt For Red October," will soon be no more.


The last three Project 941 Akula-class strategic missile submarines - known in the west as Typhoons - will be taken out of service by 2014 and scrapped, reports the Russian news service Izvestia.


In its online edition, Izvestia reported Sept. 29 that Russian Defense Ministry sources said the three nuclear-powered ships, all completed in the 1980s, are bulkier and harder to maintain than new Borei-class Project 995 submarines.


The news contradicts Russian Navy commander Adm. Vladimir Vysotsky's statement, reported May 7, 2010, by Ria Novosti, that the submarines would remain in service until 2019. "They have good modernization potential," Ria Novosti quoted Vysotsky as saying at that time.


At 563 feet long, the Typhoons are the largest submarines ever built. They displace about 18,500 tons on the surface, and dive at 26,500 tons, according to Jane's Fighting Ships; other sources report the submerged displacement as high as 33,800 tons. The ships feature several pressure hulls, with the main body consisting of two side-by-side circular pressure hulls, each nearly the size of a Delta-class missile submarine.


Borei-class submarines are 558 feet long but displace 14,720 tons surfaced, 19,400 tons under water.


American Ohio-class ballistic missile submarines are 560 feet long, displace 16,764 tons on the surface and dive at 18,750 tons.


The Typhoons are the only Russian submarines to carry the S-N-20 RSM 52 missiles. The Borei is designed for the new Bulava 30 missile, while smaller Delta III and Delta IV-class submarines each carry different missiles.


The three remaining Typhoons are the Arkhangelsk (TK 17), Severstal (TK 20) and Dimitry Donskov (TK 208).


Three other Typhoon-class ships, Simbirsk (TK 12), TK 13 and TK 202, already have been taken out of service and reportedly scrapped. Another, TK 210, was never completed.


Izvestia reported on Sept. 30 that Russia's only aircraft carrier, the Admiral Kuznetsov, is being readied for another Mediterranean cruise - a voyage which may be the ship's last operational mission.


In the same story, however, Izvestia reported that the Defense Ministry has made no announcement "to write off Kuznetsov any time soon."


The 58,500-ton Kuznetsov was placed in service at the end of 1990 after more then eight years under construction, and is the only full-deck carrier ever built by the Russian Navy. The ship has spent most of its career tied up, and has made only three oceanic voyages. The most recent cruise was to the Mediterranean in 2008-2009, when the ship visited Syria.


The Kuznetsov's sistership, Varyag, was never completed by the Russians, and sold to China in 2001. The Chinese have been working to complete the ex-Varyag, which went to sea for the first time under its own power in August for four days of engineering trials.


The Kuznetsov is a more advanced and capable design than the modified Kiev-class carrier Admiral Gorshkov, still being rebuilt for India as the Vikramaditya.


The Kuznetsov has often put to sea without a full complement of aircraft. Izvestia reported the General Staff of the Russian Navy as saying the air group for the upcoming Mediterranean cruise would, include eight Su-33 jet fighter, several MiG-29K jets, and "a couple" Ka-27 anti-submarine helicopters from the 279th Shipborne Fighter Aviation Regiment.


This would be the first at-sea deployment of the MiG-29K from the ship, which conducted trials with the fighter in 2009.

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2 octobre 2011 7 02 /10 /octobre /2011 11:50



September 30, 2011– Hürriyet - TRDEFENCE


Russia is sending its northern fleet led by the country’s only aircraft carrier, the “Admiral Kuznetsov,” to the Mediterranean Sea for exercises, daily Hürriyet reported on its website Thursday.


The Kuznetsov will sail the waters in the Barents Sea for a week and carry out drills there first, the report said.


The carrier will then start a three-month voyage to the Mediterranean Sea via the Northeast Atlantic. It will be joined by anti-submarine ship “Admiral Chabanenko” and other vessels.


It was not yet decided which ports the ships would visit but it was possible that the fleet could take part in military exercises with fleets of other countries in the region while it is in the Mediterranean.


The last time the Admiral Kuznetsov sailed in Mediterranean waters was in the winter of 2008-2009, when it visited ports in Turkey and Syria.

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30 septembre 2011 5 30 /09 /septembre /2011 07:50



MOSCOU, 29 septembre - RIA Novosti


Le sous-marin nucléaire Toula, rattaché à la Flotte du Nord, a tiré jeudi avec succès un missile balistique Laïner depuis la mer de Barents en direction du polygone de Koura, au Kamtchatka (Extrême-Orient russe), a annoncé le porte-parole du ministère de la Défense, le colonel Igor Konachenkov.

"Le tir s'est déroulé normalement. Au moment prévu, les têtes  du missile ont atteint leur cible sur le polygone", a-t-il précisé. 

Le missile de stationnement naval Laïner est un missile balistique de dernière génération muni d'une ogive à charges multiples. Il est plus puissant que le Boulava qui doit équiper prochainement des sous-marins nucléaires russes.

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