Overblog Suivre ce blog
Administration Créer mon blog
15 juin 2015 1 15 /06 /juin /2015 07:40
La Russie et l’Ukraine, un an après l’annexion de la Crimée - La lettre de l'IRSEM n°3 - 2015


10/06/2015  par IRSEM

 

La Lettre de l'IRSEM est notre lettre d'information. Chaque mois, chercheurs résidents et invités y présentent un dossier stratégique, des chroniques et points d'actualité.
 

La lettre de l'IRSEM n°3 - 2015

 

Dossier stratégique : La Russie et l’Ukraine, un an après l’annexion de la Crimée

 

La lettre de l'IRSEM n°2 - 2015
Dossier stratégique : La diplomatie proactive des pays du Conseil de Coopéra-tion du Golfe au Moyen-Orient

La lettre de l'IRSEM n°1 - 2015
Dossier stratégique : Risques et défis internationaux

 

2014 - La lettre de l'IRSEM

La lettre de l'IRSEM n°8 - 2014
Dossier stratégique : Sécurité globale et surprises stratégiques en Europe

La lettre de l'IRSEM n°7 - 2014
Dossier stratégique : La Syrie : Quelles perspectives pour une sortie de crise ?

La lettre de l'IRSEM n°6 - 2014
Dossier stratégique : La politique étrangère et de défense de la Chine :  Une nouvelle étape?

La lettre de l'IRSEM n° 5 - 2014

La Lettre de l'IRSEM n°4 - 2014
Dossier stratégique : Quelles stratégies étatiques dans le monde arabe face au jihadisme?

La Lettre de l'IRSEM N°3 - 2014
Dossier stratégique: La Pologne, un acteur de la défense européenne

Version en polonais du dossier stratégique

La Lettre de l'IRSEM N°2 - 2014

La Lettre de l'IRSEM N°1 (2,02 Mo)

 

Afin de recevoir par mail notre newsletter mensuelle, la Lettre de l'IRSEM, merci de nous préciser :
- vos noms, prénoms, grade, fonction, organisme, et adresse mail, à partir du lien ci-dessous :

Repost 0
12 juin 2015 5 12 /06 /juin /2015 16:40
Crédit photo Min. Def Kazakhstan

Crédit photo Min. Def Kazakhstan

 

12 juin, 2015 Youri Obraztsov (FOB)

 

Mi-avril, la Russie et le Kazakhstan ont signé une série d’accords qui modifient les conditions d’utilisation des terrains militaires kazakhs par l’armée russe. À la demande du Kazakhstan, la taille de ces terrains a été fortement réduite. Ainsi, la Russie perd plus d’1,6 million d’hectares (16 000 km²). Cela concerne surtout le 929e Centre d’essais aériens du ministère de la Défense russe, dont les dimensions étaient restées inchangées depuis l’époque de l’Union soviétique.

 

Les terres libérées seront utilisées pour l’extraction de richesses naturelles, l’agriculture, ainsi qu’à la construction d’une autoroute Samara-Tchimkent, qui fait partie des voies de communication internationales « Europe-Chine occidentale ».

 

Le terme « optimisation », officiellement employé lors de la signature par les autorités russes, est le même mis en avant par toutes les armées occidentales lors de diverses réductions, et qui cache généralement une perte de capacité.

 

Avec cette restitution de terres au Kazakhstan, Moscou réduit de 4 millions de dollars la location annuelle de terrains militaires, qui passent de 23,49 à 19,36 millions de dollars, un prix bien symbolique vu leur importance stratégique.

Repost 0
10 juin 2015 3 10 /06 /juin /2015 16:40
RAF Typhoon of 6 Squadron from 121 Expeditionary Air Wing deployed in Estonia intercepts Russian Il-20 Coot A electronic surveillance aircraft - photo RAF.jpg

RAF Typhoon of 6 Squadron from 121 Expeditionary Air Wing deployed in Estonia intercepts Russian Il-20 Coot A electronic surveillance aircraft - photo RAF.jpg


10 June 2015 by Royal Air Force
 

RAF Typhoons made a “two-in-one” interception, launching to find and identify Russian aircraft in two different places over the Baltic Sea as part of the NATO Baltic Air Policing mission for Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

 

A pair of Typhoons were scrambled this morning from Ämari Air base in Estonia to intercept an unknown aircraft tracking the Baltic airspace without having filed a flight plan. Having identified it as an Il-20M Coot A surveillance aircraft, they were then re-tasked whilst still airborne to check out another aircraft. It was seen to be an An-26 Curl transport aircraft going north from Kaliningrad.

These two intercepts resulted from close teamwork between the Estonian Air Force and the RAF Air Surveillance and Control System (ASACS) detachment at Ämari. ASACS detachment commander, Flight Lieutenant Paul “Griff” Griffin explained: “The Estonian controllers will have seen it on their radar picture. They evaluate speed, heading, height and whether it has a flight plan. They give it an appropriate ID coloured according to their assessment of its intent. We saw this one show up in a sea of green.”

He continued: “My job as the 121 EAW representative is to provide input to NATO’s Combined Air Operations Centre at Uedem in Germany. It’s almost like a bidding process. Every unit identifies what they can do. In this case the Typhoons were given a ‘Yes’ and one of the Estonians hit the ‘Scramble’ button. As our aircraft get in the air, it’s my job to vector them on. Steering them left, right, faster, slower to get them behind the unknown aircraft.”

Sgt Chris Ashcroft, in the ASACS detachment takes-up the story: “My part is to generate the air picture – so it can be seen in the cockpit to increase the situational awareness of the Typhoon pilots. It takes a bit of training to ensure they have the right footprint visible”.

Interception of two aircraft on the same sortie demonstrates the flexible capability of the RAF Typhoons in policing Baltic airspace and making it safer for civilian air traffic. Detachment Commander, Wing Commander Stu Smiley said: “As we enter our second month of policing the Baltic airspace, this is the fourth intercept tasking we have had. It’s much as expected. Today’s double intercept easily demonstrates the capability we bring to the mission”.

Flt Lt Griffin simply summed it up: “ It’s a bit like waiting for a bus. You wait so long and then two turn up at once. But we are trained to do that.”

An-26 Curl transport aircraft - photo RAF.jpg

An-26 Curl transport aircraft - photo RAF.jpg

Repost 0
5 juin 2015 5 05 /06 /juin /2015 11:40
Mil MI-26T2

Mil MI-26T2

 

June 4, 2015: Strategy Page

 

 In May 2015 Russian announced that production of an upgraded Mi-26 (Halo) transport helicopter has started. In 2011 the new model, the Mi-26T2, made its first flight and Russia began looking for export customers. In 2014 Algeria agreed to buy six of them. Earlier the Russian Air Force ordered 22 Mi-26T2s and paid to have twenty older Mi-26s upgraded to the Mi-26T2 standard. In 2010 China agreed to build the Mi-26 under license but that project is stalled.

 

The original 49 ton Mi-26 entered service in 1983 and production continued into the 1990s, with 322 built for military and commercial customers. This model could haul 20 tons 550 kilometers or 15 tons for 900 kilometers. The Mi-26 can also carry up to 60 troops or 30 stretchers. The Mi-26T2 weighs 56 tons and has about 25 percent better performance than the original Mi-26 as well as being more reliable.

 

The Mi-26 is similar to the American CH-53E and the Mi-26T2 is more like CH-53K. The CH-53 is a contemporary of the original Mi-26 and used mainly by the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps. The new CH-53K is 16 percent heavier (at 42.3 tons) than the current CH-53E and able to carry nearly twice as much (13.5 tons). The CH-53K will be much easier to maintain and cost about half as much per flight hour to operate. Thus, the CH-53 can haul cargo at half the cost but at half the speed. Russia has similar goals with the Mi-26 and Mi-26T2.

Repost 0
5 juin 2015 5 05 /06 /juin /2015 07:50
Poland increases military spending in response to Russia's belligerence

 

31 May 2015 By Matthew Day, Warsaw - TheTelegraph

 

The defence budget will increase by 18 per cent meaning that it will achieve Nato target of spending two per cent of GDP income on defence

 

Poland has responded to Russia's belligerence by raising its defence budget by 18 per cent, achieving the biggest increase in military spending of any country in Europe. Haunted by memories of Soviet invasion, Poland is set to join the handful of Nato members who meet the alliance's target of investing at least two per cent of national income in defence.

 

Read more

Repost 0
4 juin 2015 4 04 /06 /juin /2015 14:40
 Ukraine: Porochenko met en garde contre le risque d'une reprise des combats

 

04 juin 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Kiev - L'Ukraine a mis en garde jeudi contre la menace gigantesque d'une reprise des attaques des rebelles au lendemain d'une flambée de violence qui a fait 26 morts dans l'est du pays, selon un nouveau bilan, la Russie avertissant de son côté que le processus de paix risquait de voler en éclats.

Les combats de mercredi ont été les plus violents en Ukraine depuis la reprise par les rebelles du noeud ferroviaire stratégique de Debaltseve, à mi-chemin des bastions séparatistes de Donetsk et de Lougansk, peu après l'entrée en vigueur du cessez-le-feu le 15 février.

La menace d'une reprise d'actions militaires de grande envergure des groupuscules terroristes russes demeure gigantesque, a déclaré M. Porochenko, lors de son adresse annuelle au Parlement ukrainien, affirmant que plus de 9.000 soldats russes se trouvaient actuellement en Ukraine.

L'Union européenne a fait écho à ces propos, estimant que l'escalade des combats la veille, considérée comme la plus grave violation du cessez-le-feu depuis février, risquait d'enclencher une nouvelle spirale de violences.

Alors que les rebelles ont nié toute implication dans l'offensive près de Mariinka, à une vingtaine de kilomètres de Donetsk, la Russie, accusée par l'Ukraine et par les Occidentaux de soutenir et d'armer les séparatistes prorusses, a pour sa part dénoncé des provocations ukrainiennes. Elle s'est aussi dite préoccupée quant à l'avenir des accords de Minsk 2, signés le 12 février.

Ces derniers sont en permanence menacés de voler en éclats à cause des actes des autorités de Kiev, a déclaré le ministre russe des affaires étrangères Sergueï Lavrov, cité par l'agence Interfax.

 

- Mouvement d'armes lourdes -

Kiev a accusé les rebelles d'avoir déclenché une offensive majeure avec plus de 10 chars et 1.000 hommes contre leurs positions à Mariinka mercredi à l'aube.

Dans un rapport publié mercredi soir, l'Organisation pour la sécurité et la coopération en Europe (OSCE) a indiqué avoir observé le mouvement d'un grand nombre d'armes lourdes dans les territoires contrôlés par la République populaire de Donetsk, généralement vers l'ouest de la ligne de front, près de Mariinka, avant et durant les combats.

L'OSCE a précisé avoir notamment vu huit véhicules blindés se diriger vers l'ouest, dont quatre étaient des chars, ainsi qu'un camion militaire transportant une pièce d'artillerie de calibre 122 millimètres ou encore une colonne d'infanterie.

La mission, basée à Donetsk, a de plus rapporté avoir entendu environ 100 tirs sortants d'artillerie, lancés depuis une zone située entre 1 et 5 kilomètres de Donetsk à l'aube mercredi , ainsi que des tirs sortants de lance-roquettes multiples Grad. Selon l'OSCE, les tirs sortants se sont poursuivis par la suite, et des tirs entrants ont ensuite également été entendus. Le calme était revenu dans la soirée, a précisé l'OSCE.

Les armes de calibre supérieur à 100 millimètres auraient normalement dû être retirées de la ligne de front selon les accords de Minsk 2.

L'état-major ukrainien a admis mercredi que ses troupes avaient rapporté de telles armes sur la ligne de front pour contrer l'attaque rebelle. Selon le président Porochenko, ces armes ont déjà été retirées de la ligne de front.

 

- 'Toute nouvelle attaque est inacceptable' -

Le bilan des affrontements s'élève pour l'instant à au moins 26 morts. Un représentant de la République populaire autoproclamée de Donetsk, Edouard Bassourine, a déclaré à l'AFP que 16 rebelles et 5 civils avaient été tués ces dernières 24 heures. De son côté, Iouri Birioukov, un proche conseiller du président ukrainien Petro Porochenko, a fait état de cinq soldats tués, sur sa page Facebook.

Cette flambée des violences fait craindre que les accords de Minsk, qui visaient à mettre fin à une crise qui a conduit à une confrontation sans précédent depuis la Guerre froide entre la Russie et les Occidentaux, ne volent en éclat. Le conflit dans l'Est a déjà fait plus de 6.400 morts depuis son déclenchement en avril 2014.

Nous sommes préoccupés par les informations faisant état de combats hier à Mariinka. Ils doivent cesser immédiatement, a réagi le ministère français des Affaires étrangères.

Mercredi soir, la diplomatie américaine avait déjà qualifié d'inacceptable toute nouvelle attaque ou acte d'agression de la part des forces russo-séparatistes.

Repost 0
4 juin 2015 4 04 /06 /juin /2015 12:40
Le processus de paix en Ukraine risque de voler en éclats

 

04 juin 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Moscou - Le processus de paix dans l'est de l'Ukraine, où un conflit armé oppose les forces régulières aux séparatistes prorusses, risque de voler en éclats à cause des actes de Kiev, a accusé jeudi le chef de la diplomatie russe Sergueï Lavrov.

 

Les accords de paix de Minsk 2, signés le 12 février, sont en permanence menacés de voler en éclats à cause des actes des autorités de Kiev qui tentent d'échapper à leurs obligations d'établir un dialogue direct avec les séparatistes, a déclaré M. Lavrov, cité par l'agence Interfax, lors d'une conférence sur la sécurité à Moscou.

 

Il a déploré une grave crise intérieure en Ukraine où au moins 24 personnes ont péri dans les combats au cours des dernières 24 heures, selon des bilans des autorités ukrainiennes et des séparatistes.

 

Des tentatives de déstabiliser la situation et de provoquer les tensions sont évidentes, a déclaré pour sa part le porte-parole du Kremlin, Dmitri Peskov, en affirmant que ces actes provocateurs sont organisés par les forces ukrainiennes.

 

La partie ukrainienne a déjà pris à plusieurs reprises des mesures visant à faire monter la tension, a-t-il déclaré, cité par l'agence publique Ria-Novosti.

 

Nous sommes très préoccupés par une nouvelle répétition de ces activités, a souligné M. Peskov.

 

Le gouvernement ukrainien a accusé mercredi les rebelles d'avoir lancé, malgré la trêve en vigueur, une offensive majeure près de Mariinka, à une vingtaine de kilomètres de Donetsk.

 

Les rebelles ont eux nié ces accusations mais ont confirmé la tenue de combats près de cette localité.

 

Il s'agit des plus importants affrontements depuis la reprise par les rebelles du noeud ferroviaire stratégique de Debaltseve, à mi-chemin entre les bastions séparatistes de Donetsk et de Lougansk, peu après l'entrée en vigueur du cessez-le-feu le 15 février, à la suite des accords de paix de Minsk.

 

Le conflit armé entre Kiev et les séparatistes prorusses a fait plus de 6.400 morts depuis avril 2014, selon l'ONU.

Repost 0
4 juin 2015 4 04 /06 /juin /2015 07:50
Information Warfare: NATO Is Lost In Cyberspace

 

May 30, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Tiny Estonia (population 1.3 million) has formed a Cyber War militia because Russia keeps threatening another major Cyber War offensive. Despite its small size Estonia is the most technically advanced (on a per-capita basis) nation in East Europe and was able to recruit several hundred skilled volunteers who are hard at work pooling their knowledge and skills to better handle more Cyber War aggression from Russia.

 

Estonia borders Russia and is a member of NATO. That last bit makes Russia reluctant to come in with tanks to take over like they did twice in the 1940s. Russia made a major effort to crush Estonia via major Internet based attacks in 2007. Estonia survived that “invasion” but admitted that this sort of Russian aggression caused great financial harm to Estonia. In the wake of these Russian Cyber War attacks Estonia demanded that the UN and NATO declare this sort of thing terrorism and dealt with accordingly. NATO tried to be helpful, but that wasn’t enough. The UN was even less helpful as the UN has a hard time getting anything done when Russia is involved because Russia is one of the handful of founding members that has a veto.

 

NATO did make an effort and in 2008 established a Cyber Defense Center in Estonia. This was the most tangible NATO response to Estonian calls for NATO to declare Cyber War on Russia. NATO agreed to discuss the issue but never took any action against Russia. The Cyber Defense Center was a consolation prize and studies Cyber War techniques and incidents and attempts to coordinate efforts by other NATO members to create Cyber War defenses and offensive weapons. NATO say that this appears to have deterred Russia from making another Cyber War attack. The Estonians are not so sure as Russia went ahead and invaded Georgia (a nation of four million in the Caucasus) in 2008 and Ukraine in 2014 and still makes very public threats against Estonia.

 

  Cyber Wars have actually been going on since the late 1990s and they are getting worse. It started in the 1990s as individuals attacked the web sites in other nations because of diplomatic disputes. This was usually stirred up by some international incident. India and Pakistan went at it several times, and Arabs and Israelis have been trashing each other’s web sites for years. The Arabs backed off at first, mainly because the Israeli hackers are much more effective. But in the last few years the Arabs have acquired more skills and are back at it. Chinese and Taiwanese hackers go at each other periodically, and in 2001, Chinese and American hackers clashed because of a collision off the Chinese coast between an American reconnaissance aircraft and a Chinese fighter. That was just the beginning for China, which now regularly makes major hacking attacks on the U.S. and other NATO members.

 

Since 2005 these Cyber Wars have escalated from web site defacing and shutting down sites with massive amounts of junk traffic (DDOS attacks), to elaborate espionage efforts against American military networks. The attackers are believed to be Chinese, and some American military commanders are calling for a more active defense (namely, a counterattack) to deal with the matter.

 

The Russian attacks against Estonia were the result of Estonia moving a statue, honoring Russian World War II soldiers, from the center of the capital, to a military cemetery in the countryside. The Estonians always saw the statue as a reminder of half a century of Russian occupation and oppression. Russia saw the statue move as an insult to the efforts of Russian soldiers to liberate Estonia and enable the Russians to occupy the place for half a century. The basic problem here is that most Russians don't see their Soviet era ancestors as evil people, despite the millions of Russians and non-Russians killed by the Soviet secret police. The Russians are very proud of their defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, ignoring the fact that the Soviet government was just biding its time before it launched its own invasion of Germany and Europe in general.

 

While many Russians would have backed a military attack on Estonia to retaliate for the insult by an ungrateful neighbor, this approach was seen as imprudent. Estonia is part of NATO and an attack on one NATO member is considered an attack on all. It's because of this Russian threat that Estonia was so eager to get into NATO. The Russians, however, believe that massive Cyber War attacks will not trigger a NATO response. They were so sure of this, that some of the early DDOS attacks were easily traced back to computers owned by the Russian government. When that got out, the attacks stopped for a few days, and then resumed from what appear to be illegal botnets. Maybe some legal botnets as well. Russian language message boards were full of useful information on how to join the holy war against evil Estonia. There's no indication that any Russians are afraid of a visit from the Russian cyber-police for any damage they might do to Estonia. And the damage has been significant, amounting to millions of dollars. While no one has been injured, Estonia is insisting that this attack, by Russia, should trigger the mutual defense provisions of the NATO treaty. It didn't, but it was a reminder to all that Cyber War is very real except when it comes time to fight back.

Repost 0
3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:40
The Curse Of GLONASS

 

May 28, 2015: Strategy Page

 

A recent cell phone photo from inside a Russian Su-24 fighter cockpit was meant to show the fighter refueling with a Russian Il-76 aerial tanker. But it also showed an American commercial (Garmin) handheld GPS device sitting in handmade cradle placed in front of the pilot. Such improvised GPS receivers were common in Western warplanes in the late 1990s, before they all got GPS built into their navigation systems. Russia has not been able to upgrade the navigation systems on all their older aircraft and improvisations like this are allowed, but not officially publicized.

 

The Russian Air Force is adapting as best it can to two decades of sharply reduced budgets. That means the elderly Su-24 (first introduced in the mid-1970s) has had to wait longer than expected for a replacement. So far Russia has only been able to buy 60 of the new Su-34 light bombers to replace the Su-24. The Su-34 had its first flight in 1990 and finally entered service in early 2014. While most nations using Su-24s have retired them by now mainly because it was so expensive to operate and maintain them. With all the budget shortages the Russians improvised, because even the refurbished Su-24s usually lacked built in satellite navigation devices. That’s because Russia wanted its air force to have its forces use a Russian built satellite navigation system. This is called GLONASS and without much publicity was Russia was quick to copy the American GPS system even before the Cold War ended and the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991.

 

GLONASS was at full strength (24 satellites) in 1995. But the end of the Cold War meant the end of the regular financing for GLONASS. Maintaining the system required launching replacement satellites every 5-7 years. With no money that was not possible and by the end of 2002 only seven GLONASS birds were still operational. However, the Russian economy recovered at about the same time. This made possible rebuilding the GLONASS network. By the end of 2007 there were 18 GLONASS satellites active. Russia had 24 GLONASS satellites in orbit by 2011, and the system was fully operational in 2012. It is widely used in Russia and most smart phones adapted for the Russian market have GLONASS.

 

The money for GLONASS is coming from a Russian government that does not want to be dependent on the American controlled GPS system. But the money is only there because of high oil prices. Most GLONASS receivers in use are actually combined GPS/GLONASS receivers. Russia has put billions of dollars into GLONASS since 2012 to keep the system fully operational. The problem now is money, because of the lower oil prices and growing economic sanctions there may not be enough money to maintain the satellite network. GLONASS will be probably be declared an essential system and the money found. But something will have to be sacrificed and new aircraft for the Russian Air Force is more vulnerable to cuts than GLONASS.

Repost 0
3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 16:35
3M14E Sizzler / Klub LACM (Novator)

3M14E Sizzler / Klub LACM (Novator)

 

May 31, 2015: Strategy Page

 

China is making angru noises to the UN, Vietnam and Russia about the little publicized Russian sale of Klub submarine launched cruise missiles to Vietnam. China wasn’t happy about Russia selling Vietnam six Kilo class diesel electric submarines in 2009. Russia and Vietnam were quiet about the sale of 50 Klub missiles but the news eventually got out, in part because 28 of the Klub missiles have already been delivered, along with three of the Kilos. Another two Kilos are being delivered in 2015 and the last one will be completed in 2016 about the same time the rest of the Klub missiles arrive. Vietnam is one the many nations in the region threatened by Chinese claims to most of the South China Sea and given the long (over a thousand years) hostility between China and Vietnam, there is understandable fear that, even in defeat, Vietnam would use Klub missiles for one last attack on China.

 

The Russian 3M54 (also known as the SS-N-27, Sizzler or Klub) anti-ship missiles can also be aimed at targets on land and that’s what really bothers the Chinese. Klub is now used on Indian, Algerian and Vietnamese subs and is considered very effective. But it was not always that way.  India (a major customer for the Klub) has feuded with the Russians in the past because of repeated failures of the Klub during six test firings in 2007. These missile tests were carried out off the Russian coast, using an Indian Kilo class submarine, INS Sindhuvijay. That boat had gone to Russia in 2006 for upgrades. India refused to pay for the upgrades, or take back the sub, until Russia fixed the problems with the missiles (which it eventually did).

 

Weighing two tons, and fired from a 533mm (21 inch) torpedo tube on a Kilo class sub, the 3M54 has a 200 kg (440 pound) warhead. The anti-ship version has a range of 300 kilometers, but speeds up to 3,000 kilometers an hour during its last minute or so of flight. There are also air launched and ship launched versions. The land attack version does away with the high speed final approach feature and that makes possible a larger 400 kg (880 pound) warhead.

 

What makes the 3M54 particularly dangerous when attacking ships is that during its final approach, which begins when the missile is about 15 kilometers from its target, the missile speeds up. Up to that point, the missile travels at an altitude of about 30 meters (a hundred feet). This makes the missile more difficult to detect. That plus the high speed final approach means that it covers that last fifteen kilometers in less than twenty seconds. This makes it more difficult for current anti-missile weapons to take it down.

 

The 3M54 Klub is similar to earlier, Cold War era Russian anti-ship missiles, like the 3M80 ("Sunburn") and P700 ("Shipwreck") which entered service at the end of the Cold War. These missiles are considered "carrier killers," but it's not known how many of them would have to hit a carrier to knock it out of action, much less sink it. Moreover, Russian missiles have little combat experience, and a reputation for erratic performance. Quality control was never a Soviet strength, but the Russians are getting better, at least in the civilian sector. The military manufacturers appear to have been slower to adapt. It is believed that Chinese warships have no effective defense against missile like Klub, which why they are so outspoken about Russia selling them to Vietnam. 

 

The Kilos weigh 2,300 tons (surface displacement), have six torpedo tubes and a crew of 52. They can travel about 700 kilometers under water at a quiet speed of about five kilometers an hour. Top speed underwater is 32 kilometers an hour. Kilos carry 18 torpedoes or Klub anti-ship or cruise missiles (launched underwater from the torpedo tubes.) Kilos can stay at sea 45 days at a time. It can travel at periscope depth (using a snorkel device to bring in air) for 12,000 kilometers at 12 kilometers an hour. The combination of quietness and cruise missiles makes Kilo very dangerous to American carriers. North Korea, China, India, Indonesia, Romania, Algeria, Vietnam and Iran have also bought Kilos. The main reason for purchasing Kilos is that they cost about half what equivalent Western subs go for. Kilos are very similar to the world-standard diesel submarine, the 1800-ton German Type 209.

Repost 0
30 mai 2015 6 30 /05 /mai /2015 16:40
La Russie renforce sa flotte de Tu-160

 

30 mai 2015 par Info-Aviation

 

Le ministère russe de la Défense compte acheter près de 50 nouveaux bombardiers lanceurs de missiles Tu-160, surnommés « Cygne blanc », ce qui permettra de tripler la flotte russe de bombardiers stratégiques.

 

Le Tu-160 est un bombardier nucléaire qui peut replier ses ailes rappelant celles d’un cygne et fondre sur ses cibles à grande vitesse.

 

C’est aussi un avion supersonique doté d’ailes à géométrie variable et l’avion de combat le plus lourd au monde.

 

A l’heure actuelle, l’armée russe compte une quinzaine d’appareils de ce genre. La plupart d’entre eux subissent une modernisation annoncée en 2012. La Russie développe également un bombardier stratégique de cinquième génération, le PAK DA, qui doit effectuer son premier vol en 2019 et équiper les forces aériennes en 2023-2025.

 

Récemment, le commandant en chef de l’Armée de l’air russe Viktor Bondarev a déclaré que décision avait été prise de relancer la production des bombardiers Tu-160, une initiative qui fait suite à la demande du ministre russe de la Défense Sergueï Choïgou d’étudier les possibilités des entreprises russes dans ce domaine.

 

L’avion Tu-160 était produit de 1984 à 1992. Pendant les années de production 34 appareils, dont 19 appartiennent aujourd’hui à l’Ukraine, ont été mis en service.

Repost 0
27 mai 2015 3 27 /05 /mai /2015 16:40
Les médias étrangers ont salué le nouveau char russe T-14 « Armata »

Le nouveau char russe T-14 a dépassé le Léopard 2 allemand et l’Abrams américain par sa technologie (plateforme chenillée, tourelle plate, capsule blindée d’équipage, canons mitrailleurs télécommandés, station radar de guidage des obus, nouveau type d’acier et de céramique du blindage)

 

27 avril, 2015 Aleksandar Le Comte - Les réflexions d'Arès

 

La première apparition officielle du nouveau char russe T-14 « Armata » en public se produira le 9 mai 2015, lors de la parade militaire de Moscou commémorant le Jour de la Victoire. Les médias étrangers ne cessent d’aborder ce thème depuis des mois. Le magazine illustré allemand Stern a même publié un article le 31 Mars 2015 intitulé « Une nouvelle arme-miracle de Poutine ».

 

 

En cette matière, les Allemands ont décidé de rassembler toutes les informations à caractère secret concernant ce char. Outre l’unique vidéo provenant de Nizhny Tagil, de nombreuses vidéos-animations amateurs faites par informatique sur l’aspect supposé de ce char que les Allemands ont qualifiée de « Wunderwaffe ». Les conclusions et les notations vont bon train, et il faut le noter que la création ex-nihilo d’un nouveau modèle de char de combat de base est une grande rareté pour la plupart des armées du monde. Le « Leopard-2 » est le char principal de la Bundeswehr — créé il y a plus de 35 ans, le M1 « Abrams » américain n’est pas plus jeune. Parmi les modèles existants de véhicules de combat occidentaux, il y a toujours des refit ou un certain nombre d’améliorations, mais la conception de base ancienne.

 

Une attention particulière des articles est accordée au canon de 120-mm, qui d’après les rumeurs, surpassera l’un des meilleurs armements de char au monde – à savoir, l’arme du char allemand Leopard-2. Les médias allemands méticuleux n’ont pas non plus ignoré la tourelle plate inhabitée T-14 « Armata ».

 

La plus grande différence fondamentale caractérisant ce nouveau char est qu’aucun des membres de son équipage ne sera placé dans la tourelle et, par conséquent, ne sera pas exposé à un risque accru. Selon divers témoignages, les deux ou trois membres de l’équipage seront protégés dans une capsule spéciale située dans la partie avant de la machine. L’équipage sera mieux protégé que dans tous les autres chars au monde (Source : Stern)

 

L’éloge du char russe ne se termine pas là, puisque les observateurs américains ont également fait l’éloge du nouveau char, de sa mobilité, et de la plateforme technique de son système de chenille, blindage ultramoderne à base d’acier et de céramique.

 

« Imaginez que vous êtes responsable de la flotte d’une brigade de chars, et que vous avez des châssis chenillés différents, alors, vous devez garder en réserve une quantité suffisante de pièces de rechange, puis enseigner aux personnels l’assemblage de toutes les pièces sur chaque châssis différent. Or, il est beaucoup plus facile de prévoir le succès d’une réparation et sa mise en œuvre lorsque vous n’avez plus qu’à vous soucier que d’un seul type de châssis », a commenté l’expert américain sur la technologie russe Charles Bartlay sur ce même portail.

 

 Rappelons que divers autres modèles de matériel militaire sont à l’étude pour la plate-forme T-14 « Armata », telle que la pièce d’artillerie automotrice 2S35 « Coalition-SV », ainsi que le futur véhicule de combat d’infanterie russe T-15.

Repost 0
21 mai 2015 4 21 /05 /mai /2015 18:50
Open Skies - planned aircraft flights in UK airspace

 

,

 

There has been lots of media coverage of unannounced Russian aircraft being intercepted by RAF Typhoon fighter jets in recent weeks. Today, the flight of a Russian military Antonov aircraft over the UK this weekend has also attracted lots of media attention.

Quick Reaction Alert (QRA) flights by RAF Typhoons are scrambled in response to unidentified aircraft approaching the UK. These are in direct contrast to flights by foreign militaries under an international ‘Open Skies’ agreement which take off from the UK and have RAF personnel on board.

This weekend’s Antonov flight was one such Open Skies flight. Pilot Officer Leo Collins, who works in the Arms Control and Counter Proliferation team at the MOD and was on the flight, outlines the facts.

I work as part of a team which basically looks after the wide range of international conventional arms control agreements and confidence building measures that the UK is party to. One of the long-standing treaties we administer is called ‘Open Skies’ which came into force in January 2002 and currently has 34 signatory nations.



Open Skies establishes a program of unarmed aerial surveillance flights over the territory of its participants and is aimed at building confidence and familiarity through participation in over flights. It was under this agreement that the Russian military deployed an Antonov 30 (unarmed photography aircraft) to RAF Brize Norton in Oxfordshire and it was there that I joined the aircraft, with several of my RAF colleagues, to monitor the flight as it flew across the UK.



The flight in question was pretty routine. The route was first pre-approved by the MOD and RAF and then flown as per the flight plan. Such sorties are commonplace, reciprocal and have been going on for many years. Indeed, at the same time as we were hosting the Russians, representatives from the RAF were conducting a similar flight over Russia.



When Open Skies flights occur over the UK, we always have RAF representatives onboard – and the UK always gets to see all the photos which were taken on the flight.



So why do we do it? The opportunity to observe each others’ territories is invaluable for transparency and the development of international trust between nations. In addition, aside from observing their work in the sky, we also get to interact professionally and to learn more about the culture of the nation in question; in this instance interacting with our Russian counterparts.



So, was this a dark and shady intelligence gathering exercise mounted by our enemies? No - instead it was a hugely valuable and professional experience for both nations – and long may that continue.

Repost 0
20 mai 2015 3 20 /05 /mai /2015 07:35
Northern Distribution Network credit Stratfor

Northern Distribution Network credit Stratfor

 

May 19, 2015 RT.com

 

Russian PM Dmitry Medvedev has revoked a decree that allowed delivery of NATO military equipment to Afghanistan through Russian territory.

 

According to the official document, signed by Medvedev and published on Monday, all previous decisions on NATO cargo transit to Afghanistan have now been revoked. This includes an act allowing delivery of military hardware and equipment via rail, motor vehicles, or through Russian airspace.

 

The Russian Foreign Ministry has been ordered to inform all the countries involved.

 

Transit of military cargo to Afghanistan through Russia was permitted after a 2001 UN Security Council resolution. The document established an International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan, and called on all countries to support the NATO-led security mission. In 2008 Russia signed a decree allowing ISAF cargo to pass through its territory.

 

In 2014, Washington announced that the military operation in Afghanistan was over. The US-led coalition has pulled out most of its forces and the Afghan military has assumed full responsibility for national security. However, while the 2001 resolution has been terminated, some 13,000 ISAF troops will remain in Afghanistan until the end of 2016 to oversee local forces and provide training on counter-terror operations.

Repost 0
18 mai 2015 1 18 /05 /mai /2015 06:40
Le BPC Vladivostok et le Smolniy à Saint-Nazaire - photo RP Defense

Le BPC Vladivostok et le Smolniy à Saint-Nazaire - photo RP Defense

 

15.05.2015 sputniknews.com

 

Deputy director from the Russian Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation said that Paris and Moscow are holding consultations over the situation of the Mistral-class helicopter carrier ships that were not delivered to Russia and expect to reach an agreement by the end of May.

 

LIMA (Sputnik) – Paris and Moscow are holding consultations over the situation of the Mistral-class helicopter carrier ships that were not delivered to Russia and expect to reach an agreement by the end of May, a deputy director from the Russian Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation told RIA Novosti on Friday.

 

“Consultations are being held currently with France on settling the situation within the frameworks of agreements reached between the presidents of Russia and France. We’re expecting results at the end of May,” Anatoly Punchuk said.

 

He said that the negotiations process on the Mistrals are being held with mutual understanding and are showing some positive trends.

 

“According to our assessments, the French side is set on a mutually acceptable solution to the situation at hand,” Punchuk added.

 

Russia and France struck a $1.5-billion deal for two Mistral-class ships in 2011. The first ship was scheduled to be handed over to Russia in November 2014, but the ceremony was postponed. French President Francois Hollande halted the delivery, citing Moscow's alleged interference in the Ukrainian crisis.

 

Russia has repeatedly dismissed allegations of involvement in the Ukraine conflict as groundless and criticized France for not executing its contractual obligations.

 

On April 22, Hollande said Paris would refund Moscow in the event of non-delivery of the warships.

 

Earlier on Friday, the Russian Kommersant newspaper reported that Paris has sent proposals to Moscow on terminating the contract. According to the proposals, Paris will pay back $865 million if Russia consents to authorizing the sale of the ships to a third party.

Repost 0
16 mai 2015 6 16 /05 /mai /2015 16:40
La Russie construit un nouveau porte-avions

 

16 mai 2015 Info-Aviation

 

Le Centre d’Etat de Recherche Krylovsky (KRSC) a développé un nouveau concept de porte-avions lourd polyvalent appelé Projet 23000E ou Shtorm.

La Russie va renforcer sa force de projection navale avec un nouveau porte-avions dont un modèle réduit sera présenté pour la première fois au Salon international de la défense maritime qui se déroule à Saint-Pétersbourg du 1er au 5 juillet 2015, a annoncé Valery Polyakov, directeur adjoint du KRSC.

« Le porte-avions polyvalent 23000E est conçu pour mener des opérations dans des zones océaniques éloignées, engager des cibles ennemies d’origines terrestres et maritimes, assurer la stabilité opérationnelle des forces navales russes, protéger les troupes de débarquement, et leur fournir une défense anti-aérienne, » a ajouté Mr Polyakov.

La conception prévoit un tonnage compris entre 90 000 et 100 000 tonnes, une dimension de 330 m de long sur 40 m de large, et un tirant de 11 m. Il aura une vitesse de pointe de 30 noeuds, une autonomie de 120 jours, un équipage de 4000 à 5000 personnes, et pourra résister en vitesse de croisière à des forces en mer de 6 à 7. Sa propulsion sera assurée par une centrale électrique conventionnelle, mais qui pourrait être remplacée par un réacteur nucléaire.

Le porte-avions embarquera un groupe aérien de 80 à 90 avions comprenant des MiG-P29K et des versions navalisées du nouveau chasseur furtif PAK FA T-50, ainsi que des hélicoptères Ka-27.

Le pont disposera d’un pont d’envol oblique et de quatre positions de lancement : deux par des rampes en saut à ski et deux via des catapultes électromagnétiques. Un ensemble de dispositifs d’arrêt est inclus dans la conception qui prévoit également deux tours de contrôle.

La défense du navire sera assurée par quatre systèmes de missiles anti-aériens et des armements anti-torpille.

Le complexe de soutien électronique comprend des capteurs intégrés, avec un radar à balayage électronique, un système de guerre électronique et un système de communication.

Mr Polyakov a souligné que ces spécifications de base sont sujettes à des adaptations et des modifications selon les demandes des clients potentiels (armement, communication, propulsion) puisque le 23000E sera également proposé à l’exportation.

Repost 0
30 avril 2015 4 30 /04 /avril /2015 16:40
Les médias étrangers ont salué le nouveau char russe T-14 « Armata »

Le nouveau char russe T-14 a dépassé le Léopard 2 allemand et l’Abrams américain par sa technologie (plateforme chenillée, tourelle plate, capsule blindée d’équipage, canons mitrailleurs télécommandés, station radar de guidage des obus, nouveau type d’acier et de céramique du blindage)

 

27 avril, 2015 Aleksandar Le Comte - Les réflexions d'Arès

 

La première apparition officielle du nouveau char russe T-14 « Armata » en public se produira le 9 mai 2015, lors de la parade militaire de Moscou commémorant le Jour de la Victoire. Les médias étrangers ne cessent d’aborder ce thème depuis des mois. Le magazine illustré allemand Stern a même publié un article le 31 Mars 2015 intitulé « Une nouvelle arme-miracle de Poutine ».

 

En cette matière, les Allemands ont décidé de rassembler toutes les informations à caractère secret concernant ce char. Outre l’unique vidéo provenant de Nizhny Tagil, de nombreuses vidéos-animations amateurs faites par informatique sur l’aspect supposé de ce char que les Allemands ont qualifiée de « Wunderwaffe ». Les conclusions et les notations vont bon train, et il faut le noter que la création ex-nihilo d’un nouveau modèle de char de combat de base est une grande rareté pour la plupart des armées du monde. Le « Leopard-2 » est le char principal de la Bundeswehr — créé il y a plus de 35 ans, le M1 « Abrams » américain n’est pas plus jeune. Parmi les modèles existants de véhicules de combat occidentaux, il y a toujours des refit ou un certain nombre d’améliorations, mais la conception de base ancienne.

 

Une attention particulière des articles est accordée au canon de 120-mm, qui d’après les rumeurs, surpassera l’un des meilleurs armements de char au monde – à savoir, l’arme du char allemand Leopard-2. Les médias allemands méticuleux n’ont pas non plus ignoré la tourelle plate inhabitée T-14 « Armata ».

 

La plus grande différence fondamentale caractérisant ce nouveau char est qu’aucun des membres de son équipage ne sera placé dans la tourelle et, par conséquent, ne sera pas exposé à un risque accru. Selon divers témoignages, les deux ou trois membres de l’équipage seront protégés dans une capsule spéciale située dans la partie avant de la machine. L’équipage sera mieux protégé que dans tous les autres chars au monde (Source : Stern)

 

L’éloge du char russe ne se termine pas là, puisque les observateurs américains ont également fait l’éloge du nouveau char, de sa mobilité, et de la plateforme technique de son système de chenille, blindage ultramoderne à base d’acier et de céramique.

 

« Imaginez que vous êtes responsable de la flotte d’une brigade de chars, et que vous avez des châssis chenillés différents, alors, vous devez garder en réserve une quantité suffisante de pièces de rechange, puis enseigner aux personnels l’assemblage de toutes les pièces sur chaque châssis différent. Or, il est beaucoup plus facile de prévoir le succès d’une réparation et sa mise en œuvre lorsque vous n’avez plus qu’à vous soucier que d’un seul type de châssis », a commenté l’expert américain sur la technologie russe Charles Bartlay sur ce même portail.

 

Rappelons que divers autres modèles de matériel militaire sont à l’étude pour la plate-forme T-14 « Armata », telle que la pièce d’artillerie automotrice 2S35 « Coalition-SV », ainsi que le futur véhicule de combat d’infanterie russe T-15.

Repost 0
29 avril 2015 3 29 /04 /avril /2015 10:50
Coup de semonce de la Finlande contre un sous-marin non identifié

 

29-04-2015 Par RFI

 

La marine finlandaise a repéré mardi un objet sous-marin dans ses eaux territoriales et a tiré un coup de semonce. Il pourrait s'agir d'un sous-marin russe.

 

L'activité militaire russe en mer Baltique s'est accrue depuis quelques mois et c'est dans ce contexte que la Défense finlandaise a informé qu'un objet sous-marin avait été repéré dans ses eaux territoriales.

 

« Une mission de reconnaissance a été conduite avec des navires en surface, puis une deuxième observation dans la zone de recherche » et « du fait des observations, un coup de semonce a été tiré au moyen de bombes sous-marines d'avertissement », a déclaré le ministre finlandais de la Défense. Il a précisé qu'il s'agissait de bombes qui émettent un bruit sourd mais ne causent pas de dommages directs. Le but de l'opération était de montrer qu'une activité « suspecte » avait bien été repérée.

 

La Finlande a une très longue frontière avec la Russie voisine, avec laquelle elle a essayé de maintenir de bonnes relations depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Mais récemment, Helsinki a annoncé l'intensification de sa coopération avec d'autres pays nordiques, en particulier avec la Suède.

 

En octobre dernier, la Suède avait recherché pendant plus d'une semaine, mais sans succès, un sous-marin observé à plusieurs reprises dans ses eaux territoriales.

Repost 0
21 avril 2015 2 21 /04 /avril /2015 16:40
BPC Sebastopol photo Grigory Sysoev - Sputnik

BPC Sebastopol photo Grigory Sysoev - Sputnik

 

22/04/2015 latribune.fr 

 

Toutes les hypothèses seront évoquées lors de la rencontre de vendredi avec Poutine, a assuré le président français. Il a toutefois réaffirmé que, "pour l'instant, la livraison des deux navires de guerre à Moscou n'est pas possible".

 

Pour François Hollande, il n'y a pas de raison de se prendre la tête:

"Si les bateaux ne sont pas livrés, je ne vois pas comment ils peuvent être payés, c'est quand même un principe assez simple", a-t-il affirmé mercredi 22 avril.

Le président de la République française répondait ainsi à Vladimir Poutine au sujet du contrat de vente de deux navires de guerre Mistral conclu en juin 2011 entre Paris et Moscou et suspendu en novembre par la France en raison de la crise ukrainienne.

Le 16 avril, le chef de l'Etat russe avait en effet signifié que la Russie entendait être remboursée par Paris des sommes déjà versées. Expliquant qu'il n'avait pour autant pas "l'intention d'exiger des pénalités excessives" pour la rupture de ce contrat évalué à près de 1,2 milliard d'euros, le chef de l'Etat russe avait déclaré:

"Je pars du principe que les autorités françaises, les Français, étant des gens corrects, ils nous rendront l'argent."

 

"Exactement le même langage"avec la Russie

"Nous évoquerons toutes les hypothèses", a affirmé François Hollande évoquant sa rencontre prévue pour vendredi avec Poutine à Erevan. "Selon les différentes hypothèses, vous aurez paiement ou remboursement", a-t-il expliqué à la presse, précisant:

"Soit vous livrez et vous êtes payés, soit vous ne livrez pas et vous devez rembourser ce qui a été payé et, en tout cas, vous ne pouvez pas demander à être payés en plus".

"De ce point de vue-là, avec le président Poutine, nous sommes parfaitement au clair", a insisté François Hollande pour qui "avec la Russie, c'est exactement le même langage".

Le président français, qui a ainsi admis pour la première fois que Paris pourrait ainsi être amené à rembourser Moscou, n'a toutefois pas manqué de souligner:

"Pour l'instant, je l'ai dit, la livraison du Mistral n'est pas possible".

Repost 0
13 avril 2015 1 13 /04 /avril /2015 16:50
Rear Admiral Anders Grenstad photo sverigesradio.se

Rear Admiral Anders Grenstad photo sverigesradio.se

 

13 Apr 2015 thelocal.se

 

UPDATED: A suspected submarine spotted in the Stockholm archipelago a week after Sweden's extensive hunt for Russian underwater vessels last autumn was only a civilian boat, Sweden's Armed Forces have now said. But they remain convinced that the first sighting was a small foreign sub.

 

 

On October 31st 2014, retired naval officer Sven Olof Kviman snapped a picture of what looked like a 20-30 metre long, black submarine in waters just outside Lidingö in Stockholm. The incident has remained unconfirmed, but has been classed by the military as a “potential” submarine.

But Rear Admiral Anders Grenstad has now told Swedish newspapers that the Armed Forces reported to the Swedish government last Wednesday that the suspected underwater vessel was in fact only a civilian “working boat”.

 

Read more

Repost 0
8 avril 2015 3 08 /04 /avril /2015 11:40
Le sous-marin nucléaire en feu sur le chantier naval de Zvezdotchka, dans le nord du pays, le 7 avril. photo RT.com

Le sous-marin nucléaire en feu sur le chantier naval de Zvezdotchka, dans le nord du pays, le 7 avril. photo RT.com

 

08.04.2015 Le Monde.fr

 

L'incendie qui s'était déclaré mardi 7 avril dans l' après-midi dans un sous-marin nucléaire russe en dans le port de Severodvinsk, dans la mer de Barents, a été éteint, selon les chantiers navals où il se trouvait. Le feu s'était déclaré au niveau du 9e compartiment, à l'arrière du sous-marin à propulsion nucléaire Orel – de classe Oscar II selon les codes OTAN – alors qu'étaient effectués des travaux de soudure, a expliqué un porte-parole de l'Union des constructeurs navals, Ilia Jitomirski. Après plusieurs heures de lutte contre l'incendie, les pompiers avaient dû se résoudre à noyer le dock avec de l'eau de mer pour éteindre le feu, une opération fastidieuse qui ne s'est achevée que trois heures plus tard. Signe du sérieux de l'incident, l'amiral Viktor Chirkov, chef d'état-major de la marine russe, s'est rendu sur place, rejoignant plusieurs hauts responsables de la marine militaire.

 

Suite de l’article

Repost 0
4 avril 2015 6 04 /04 /avril /2015 11:40
More than 100,000 people will visit Army-2015

 

31 Mar 2015 by Rostec

 

More than 500 military-industrial companies will participate in the forum

 

The International Military-Technical Forum Army-2015 will be held June 16-19, 2015, in the Moscow region. More than 500 companies are expected to present their products at the exhibition. According to organizers, over the course of four days, more than 100,000 guests, as well as representatives of the military-diplomatic corps of more than 100 countries, will visit the forum and exposition.

The Russian Defense Ministry is facilitating the forum, the first it has organized on this scale.

The forum seeks to facilitate all necessary conditions for reaching technical and technological solutions for the production of weapons, as well as military and special equipment, and to create a positive image for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

Many leading enterprises and holdings companies of Russia’s military-industrial complex have already confirmed their participation in the Army-2015 forum, including: Rosoboronexport, United Aircraft Corporation, Russian Helicopters, United Engine Corporation, holdings of Ruselectronics, High Precision Systems, and others. Leading Russian research institutes, civil and military institutions of higher education, as well as a number of large foreign companies that produce military equipment, are also expected to participate.

In the city of Kubinka, Patriot Park of Culture and Leisure of the Russian Armed Forces is under construction and will be home to an aviation sector that features airplanes, helicopters, weapons, and military equipment for aerospace and defense troops. At least 43 pieces of equipment will be housed here, which will also be a demonstration site for military and aerobatic flights from the teams Russian Knights, Swifts, and Golden Eagles.

Demonstrations will also take place at land and water sectors, where visitors can see tanks, self-propelled guns, armored personnel carriers and battle vehicles, modern automotive and robotic equipment, and unmanned systems. In total, 75 pieces of equipment will be housed here. Sample units will fire on simulated enemies and overcome land obstacles on a test track, or water obstacles on a hydraulic course constructed specially for this event.

The business part of the forum will consist of round tables and training workshops with the participation of representatives of the military administration. In addition, several dozen sections of the Scientific and Technical Council of the Russian Ministry of Defense will be organized. Experts will discuss topics including the development of robotic systems for military use, control of troops, the simulation of weapons and combat operations, and issues regarding national security in the Arctic.

Meetings of the highest level, including those with representatives of foreign delegations, are planned to take place during the forum.

“I am confident that the possibility of direct communication with leading experts and an exchange of views on future design decisions of breakthrough technologies and their practical applications will promote the development of military thought and strengthen international military-technical cooperation,” said Sergey Shoigu, Russian Defense Minister.



Construction and installation is currently underway at Patriot Park for a year-round exhibition of arms and military equipment. According to the Defense Minister, this area will be able to compete with the largest military exhibitions around the world.

The park has an area of 5,414 hectares. It will be divided into five main areas: exhibition halls, museum exhibits, demonstration sites for modern models of equipment and weapons, military-historical reconstruction, and a cultural and recreational area.

Patriot Park is estimated to be able to accommodate 20,000 people a day. Visitors will be able to do more than see the exhibits. Beginning in June of this year, they will have the opportunity to purchase military vehicles, along with various types of uniforms and equipment.

It may be recalled that an agreement to establish an exhibition site to display weapons and military and special equipment at Patriot Park was signed in December 2014 by Sergey Chemezov, CEO of Rostec Corporation, Sergey Shoigu, Russian Defense Minister and Army General, Denis Manturov, Russian Minister of Industry and Trade, and Andrey Vorobyov, Moscow Region Governor.

Repost 0
3 avril 2015 5 03 /04 /avril /2015 16:40
Kalashnikov will increase the level of investment by a billion rubles

CEO of Concern Kalashnikov, Aleksey Krivoruchko, spoke in an interview with Vesti.ru about how sanctions have affected the work of the company, which, despite the sanctions being in place, has managed to increase its production capacity, and about the newly reshaped global geography of the weapons purchasing market.

 

02.04.2015 by Rostec

 

CEO of the Concern Aleksey Krivoruchko discussed how it was possible to increase production under sanctions


 

 

 

- Earlier you mentioned the launch of boats and drones. What is the volume of investment in these areas?

- The amount of investment will be approximately 700-800 million rubles for the two companies. We purchase a share in the assets of the already existing companies, which are promising and already present in the market. We believe this investment will be very promising, since it is an area that we are seriously pursuing.

 

- In your opinion, why is there such an interest in these particular areas?

- With regard to the boats, this niche is still quite reasonably free. They are light, small boats, and we believe that this niche is going to develop further, both for the Defense Ministry and for other customers, including those in the civil field. And also, we are considering installing weapons of our production on these boats.

 

Our program will increase due to currency exchange rates. Originally it stood at 5 billion rubles. Now it will be no less than 6 billion rubles

CEO OF CONCERN KALASHNIKOV ALEKSEY KRIVORUCHKO

 

- As far as boats and drones go, who are your main customers?

- We are currently working on exporting boats and drones, and we hope and believe that there will be many export orders.

 

- Who else are you looking at as potential buyers in the long term?

- There’s EMERCOM, and Customs who were buying and will continue to buy, and, of course, the Ministry of the Interior. Therefore, we believe that there is a great potential for development.

 

- What kind of return on these investments do you expect?

- We expect to fully recoup this investment within three years.

 

- Our experts believe the way for the Concern to reach its past capacity is now possible by expanding and updating the range. What other projects can be expected in the near future?

- Our primary area of activity, is, of course, small arms of various calibers, and we are conducting more development in this field, with already more than 40 works in progress, and many of these works we will showcase this year at the "Russian Army" Expo in the Maritime Defense hall of the exhibition. Therefore, we have a lot to do, and you are absolutely right, without modern, new developments, it is, of course, hard to expand to larger volumes of production and sales, including abroad. The investment program, which was around 5 billion rubles, will increase in the overall amount, primarily due to currency exchange rates. And we now know that it will be an investment of at least 6 billion rubles. Approximately one and a half billion has been invested last year, and about one and a half billion will also be invested this year, meaning that, in regards to the investment program, we are not making any reductions. So far, we have a situation that allows us to save on all volumes.

 

We have no personnel reductions, and instead have increased production by more than half this year, compared to 2014.

CEO OF CONCERN KALASHNIKOV ALEKSEY KRIVORUCHKO

 

- Are there any other areas for reducing costs, as far as you know, within the company?

- The Concern has a lot of experience in reducing costs, due to the fact that for many years there was no new technology, or for that matter, new equipment. And today we already have a great example: we changed out 30 machines for one machine, which is much more technologically advanced. And, of course, there is the transition to new technology when it comes to metals that can save tens or even hundreds of percentage points in costs. This is one of the key areas where we are seeing positive results.

 

- So, as it turns out, you are reducing costs through investment and through the purchase of new equipment?

- Partly so, even though up to now the Concern has been profitable, but it is impossible to acquire new machines and technologies without making the necessary investment. However, for now it has a strong effect, and today we were able to increase production by more than double over the previous year, in comparison to 2013, proving that, in that regard, it is working.

 

- So the main effect is already visible. But what is the main result that you are aiming for?

- We are planning very seriously to reduce our costs, both in production and overhead costs. We expect to finalize our investment program in 2017.

 

- Nowadays, many companies are trying to reduce personnel, how do you see your future staffing concerns?

- We are not planning any reductions, there are even jobs available for hiring - mainly for workers. We were able to expand the overall enterprise by expanding our exports. We have our orders. We have a large order from the Defense Ministry, and therefore, we have no plans to implement cuts, and instead, we expect a production increase even two times greater than the growth of 2014.

 

- How have sanctions affected the work of Kalashnikov Concern and what results have you achieved during 2014 ?

- They really had a huge affect upon us. Of all the companies that were targeted on the sanctions list, we were the only one that had almost 80 percent of products that were exported to the United States market - they were our civilian weapon sales. For us, this was certainly a serious blow. But thanks to the work with our colleagues at Rosoboronexport and other companies, we were to completely replace these volumes. And as I said, in 2014, we increased the volume almost two-fold compared to 2013 - despite the sanctions. So this is one of our, let's say, problem areas.

The second issue, which is also connected with the sanctions, it that it has become difficult to obtain foreign exchange transfers from customers. Banks are afraid to cooperate with us, which created a number of difficulties.

And the third area, which is also affected by the sanctions, is the supply of equipment. Equipment from European or other manufacturers. You may buy equipment from a European manufacturer, and then, for reasons beyond you, they refuse to supply spare parts or other services. For us, this was, of course, a bit of a kick and a lesson learned, so now we go to Russian manufacturers for machine tools, and as of right now, the industry is actively developing. We also work with Asian producers.

 

- Some people believe that 100 percent import substitution is impossible. As far as the Concern goes, do you imagine making it happen?

- In our case, thankfully, it is entirely possible to pull it off, thanks to our partners in Asia. To date, we have had cases of refusal to supply equipment, and it is only caused a negative impact in regards to the image of those companies.

 

Almost 80% of the products were shipped to the United States, so the sanctions and closing of this market was a serious blow for us, but we were able to completely replace these volumes

CEO OF CONCERN KALASHNIKOV ALEKSEY KRIVORUCHKO

 

- What is the current ratio between imported and domestic equipment?

- Not all equipment is made in Russia - but around 15-20% we purchase from Russian and Belorussian manufacturers.

 

- At what prices are you now having to buy imported components and how have they changed after the imposition of sanctions?

- In rubles, it is certainly more expensive, but these are very good quality products, which are still much cheaper than the European ones.

 

- You say that previously Kalashnikov Concern had 80 percent of its sales coming from the United States. Who became the new buyer that filled the void?

- A year ago, we had 80 percent civilian weapons being sold. Then, due to the ban, we had to reorient our civilian market, and, of course, we had to refocus our strategy and production. And today we have realigned 80 percent of our production to military weapons. In this area, the main customers are Africa and the Middle East, as well as South East Asia, Latin America, and the countries where we have been able to significantly increase sales by working with Rosoboronexport.

 

- When you were talking about drones and boats, you mentioned purchasing of companies. Do you have any such purchases planned for the future?

-Indeed, these options are not excluded - they are definitely being considered fully. We have already conducted a detailed study of purchasing abroad, however, because of the sanctions, we have suspended it for now and hope that it will soon come back online.

 

- What are the financial goals and objectives of Kalashnikov Concern for 2015?

- As you already know from the Company’s reporting statement for 2014, we carried a net profit. It was relatively small at 88 million rubles, but this was a very positive result, considering the imposition of sanctions. This year we plan to significantly increase net income and revenue, so we have great confidence in the future.

 

- Significantly, by how much?

- We have a number of contracts that we have to implement. There are a number of difficulties involved, but we are planning for an increase of up to 15 billion rubles in the near future, compared to 4 billion in the past.

Repost 0
3 avril 2015 5 03 /04 /avril /2015 11:40
Photo FB Цаплиенко

Photo FB Цаплиенко

 

April 1, 2015: Strategy page

 

 One of the many reasons NATO believes the Russians are actively involved in the fighting in eastern Ukraine (Donbas) is the presence of Russian electronic warfare equipment. Not just Cold War era stuff (which Ukraine inherited some of when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991) but equipment NATO knows was developed in the 1990s or later. This Russian gear has greatly aided the rebels, who have neither captured any advanced Ukrainian electronic warfare equipment or possess the number of electronic warfare experts needed to operate the equipment needed to explain the amount of jamming and eavesdropping the rebels are being supported with. Thus the rebels can jam or eavesdrop on all manner of Ukrainian communications (cell phones, military communications and control equipment for UAVs and anything else operated remotely) and jam those communications as well.

 

Ukraine has asked NATO for electronic warfare support and there has been no publicity about the result. That could mean that some NATO nations responded, quietly, mainly for the opportunity to get a better understanding of the latest Russian electronic warfare gear under combat conditions. That is important because Russia exports a lot of this equipment. The Russians don’t mind making their electronic warfare tech more vulnerable to theft because Russian manufacturers need the money to stay in business. NATO would simply like to know more about the latest Russian gear, just in case.

Repost 0
2 avril 2015 4 02 /04 /avril /2015 16:50
Defence spending 2014: the big picture

 

According to the 2015 Military Balance, published recently by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), global defence expenditure hit historic highs in 2014. With a total of $1.604 trillion spent, the overall increase is largely attributable to three regions: Asia, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), and Russia and the post-Soviet space.

This growth has been accompanied by more assertive, if not overtly belligerent actions by some states in their respective environments, in turn triggering military build-ups at regional level.

 

Download document

Repost 0

Présentation

  • : RP Defense
  • RP Defense
  • : Web review defence industry - Revue du web industrie de défense - company information - news in France, Europe and elsewhere ...
  • Contact

Recherche

Articles Récents

Categories