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15 décembre 2013 7 15 /12 /décembre /2013 10:50
Défense européenne : quand le Caïman dévore les budgets

 

15 Décembre 2013 franceinfo.fr

 

Le prochain Conseil européen, les 18 et 19 décembre 2013 à Bruxelles, sera consacré notamment à la politique de sécurité et de défense commune. Les opérations récentes en Afrique, Libye, Mali et maintenant Centrafrique, ont mis en évidence de grosses lacunes dans ce domaine. Un reportage de Corinne Fugler.

 

La France est partie toute seule en Centrafrique parce qu'il était urgent d'intervenir et aussi parce qu'il semblait difficile de monter rapidement une opération multinationale. Le député UMP Arnaud Danjean préside au Parlement européen la sous-commission "sécurité et défense". Il dénonce le manque de langage commun et rêve pour l'Europe d'une politique de défense à géométrie variable. Inutile de chercher un consensus à 28, il faut laisser aux états l'opportunité de s'impliquer dans les conflits selon leurs moyens. Ainsi un petit pays comme l'Estonie n'est pas en mesure de fournir beaucoup d'hommes mais peut apporter ses compétences en matière de cyberdéfense.

 

Un drone européen

 

Ce sommet ne suffira pas à bâtir une défense européenne mais il pourrait contribuer à renforcer l'industrie militaire européenne, en standardisant les équipements, par exemple. Ainsi l'hélicoptère européen de transport de troupes NH90, le Caïman, est fabriqué en plus de 20 versions, pour satisfaire tous les états-majors. Les uns réclament un marchepied plus bas, les autres une cabine plus haute, les fabricants sont donc obligés de multiplier les options. Le député chrétien démocrate allemand Michaël Gahler dénonce ces facéties nationales, qu'il juge contreproductives. Acheter un même modèle à plusieurs permet de réaliser de substantielles économies.

 

L'Europe a aussi besoin de drones. Elle accuse un gros retard dans ce domaine. Elle s'appuie pour le moment sur la technologie américaine ou israélienne. Arnaud Danjean préconise le lancement de programmes spécifiques pour apporter aux armées du continent de nouveaux outils d'observation. L'enjeu économique est fort : l'industrie européenne de la défense fait travailler 400.000 personnes. Elle génère aussi près d'un million d'emplois indirects.

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6 décembre 2013 5 06 /12 /décembre /2013 13:50
PSC and EUMS heads discussed Defence Summit - Subcommittee on Security and Defence

06-12-2013 SEDE

 

On 27 November 2013 the SEDE subcommittee exchanged views on the diplomatic and military stocktake following the FAC Defence and ahead of the European Council on Defence with Walter Stevens, Chair of the Political and Security Committee and Lieutenant General Wolfgang Wosolsobe, Director General of the EU Military Staff.

 

Further information meeting documents

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6 décembre 2013 5 06 /12 /décembre /2013 12:50
Resolution on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) - Subcommittee on Security and Defence

06-12-2013 SEDE

 

On 2 December 2013 the SEDE subcommittee debated the draft motion for a resolution on the ratification of the Arms Trade Treaty, by Rapporteur Arnaud Danjean (EPP).

 

Further information meeting documents

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6 décembre 2013 5 06 /12 /décembre /2013 12:50
Draft report on Anti-Missile Shield for Europe - Subcommittee on Security and Defence

06-12-2013 SEDE

 

27 November 2013 the SEDE subcommittee debated the draft report on “An anti-missile shield for Europe and its political and strategic implications”, by Rapporteur Sampo Terho (EFD).

 
Further information Meeting documents
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5 décembre 2013 4 05 /12 /décembre /2013 08:50
European CSDP: Cost of Non-Europe Report - EAVA

 

November 28, 2013, European Union, 2013 - EP

 

The report 'Preparing for Complexity - The European Parliament in 2025', presented by the Secretary General of the European Parliament in January 2013, identified the core set of problematic issues in defence policy as a) duplication, b) lack of a common strategic view and c) lack of a clear vision for the future. The purpose of this paper is to develop these considerations and to focus on the benefits of greater cooperation at European level. Setting out the economic argument of the added value of Europe in defence, and the current cost to the Member States of ‘non-Europe’, can highlight the need to build on the structures, systems and under-utilised legal bases that have been put in place in recent years. Cost of Non-Europe reports examine policy areas or sectors of strategic importance where the possibilities for greater efficiency or the realisation of a 'public good' through common action at EU level are potentially significant. The case for more Europe is perhaps more compelling in defence than in almost any other policy area, given that no single Member State can achieve an optimal level of security without cooperation. The costs involved go beyond the purely economic, and include political and opportunity costs.

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4 décembre 2013 3 04 /12 /décembre /2013 10:50
European Council on Security and Defence, 19-20 December 2013 - Subcommittee on Security and Defence

04-12-2013 SEDE

 

As part of its contribution towards the December Defence Summit, the European Parliament adopted the SEDE reports on the Implementation of CSDP (Rapporteur: Maria Eleni Koppa, S&D) and the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base (Rapporteur: Michael Gahler, EPP) on 21 November 2013 (see hereunder for the adopted texts).

You can also follow the preparations by the other institutions and the results of the European Council from the special website.


Further information
Report on the implementation of CSDP (Rapporteur: Maria Eleni Koppa, S&D)
Report on the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base (Rapporteur: Michael Gahler, EPP)
 

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29 novembre 2013 5 29 /11 /novembre /2013 11:50
Resolution on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) - Subcommittee on Security and Defence

29-11-2013 SEDE

 

The SEDE subcommittee will debate the draft motion for a resolution on the ratification of the Arms Trade Treaty, by Rapporteur Arnaud Danjean (EPP).

 
When: 2 December 2013     

Further information meeting documents
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28 novembre 2013 4 28 /11 /novembre /2013 19:50
EU's Galileo satellite navigation program photo European Space Agency

EU's Galileo satellite navigation program photo European Space Agency

Thursday, November 28, 2013, SEDE

 

The SEDE subcommittee will exchange views on Space and CSDP with Philippe Brunet, Director and coordinator for space and security industry, DG ENTR, European Commission and Tomaž Lovrenčič, Director, EU Satellite Centre (EU SATCEN).

 

When : 2 December 2013     


Further information meeting documents

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25 novembre 2013 1 25 /11 /novembre /2013 13:50
Draft report on Anti-Missile Shield for Europe - Subcommittee on Security and Defence

 

25-11-2013 SEDE

 

The SEDE subcommittee will debate the draft report on “An anti-missile shield for Europe and its political and strategic implications”, by Rapporteur Sampo Terho (EFD).

 

When: 27 November 2013

 


Further information meeting documents

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25 novembre 2013 1 25 /11 /novembre /2013 13:50
Combatting piracy in the Gulf of Guinea - Subcommittee on Security and Defence

 

25-11-2013 SEDE
 
The SEDE subcommittee will exchange of views with representatives of the EEAS and DG Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid on Combatting piracy in the Gulf of Guinea.  
 
 
When : 27 November 2013       

Further information meeting documents
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25 novembre 2013 1 25 /11 /novembre /2013 13:50
PSC and EUMS heads discuss Defence Summit - Subcommittee on Security and Defence

 

25-11-2013 SEDE

 

The SEDE subcommittee will exchange views on the diplomatic and military stocktake following the FAC Defence and ahead of the European Council on Defence with Walter Stevens, Chair of the Political and Security Committee and Lieutenant General Wolfgang Wosolsobe, Director General of the EU Military Staff.
 
When : 27 November 2013      

Further information meeting documents
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21 novembre 2013 4 21 /11 /novembre /2013 17:50
Missile defence: state of play - SEDE

21-11-2013 SEDE

 

The SEDE subcommittee will hold an exchange of views with Roberto Zadra, Head of the Ballistic Missile Defence Section, NATO and Nikolay Korchunov, Acting Permanent Representative of Russia to NATO, on the state of play of missile defence.

 

When: 27 November 2013


Further information meeting documents

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20 novembre 2013 3 20 /11 /novembre /2013 17:50
Subcommittee on Security and Defence Meeting 27 November 2013

Source SEDE(2013)1127_1

 

1.         Adoption of agenda

2.         Approval of minutes of meeting of:

  • 14 October 2013                                                                      PV – PE521.642v01-00

3.         Chair’s announcements

With the Council and Commission and EEAS

4.         Combatting piracy in the Gulf of Guinea
- Exchange of views with representatives of the EEAS and DG Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid

5.         Missile defence: state of play
Exchange of views with:
- Roberto Zadra, Head of the Ballistic Missile Defence Section, NATO
- Nikolay Korchunov, Acting Permanent Representative of Russia to NATO

6.         An anti-missile shield for Europe and its political and strategic implications

            AFET/7/13425

                        2013/2170(INI)         

Rapporteur:

Sampo Terho (EFD)

PR – PE521.746v01-00

Responsible:

AFET –

 
  • Consideration of draft report
  • Deadline for tabling amendments: 7 January 2014, 12.00

7.         After the FAC Defence and before the European Council on Defence and Security – A Diplomatic and Military Stocktake
Exchange of views with:
- Walter Stevens, Chair of the Political and Security Committee
- Lieutenant General Wolfgang Wosolsobe, Director General of the EU Military Staff

8.         Any other business

9.         Next meeting(s)

  • 2 December 2013, 15.00 – 18.30 (Brussels)
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30 octobre 2013 3 30 /10 /octobre /2013 08:50
The opportunities for SMEs in an integrated European defence industry: the European Council on Defence and beyond

05-11-2013 Security and Defence

 

The opportunities for SMEs in an integrated European defence industry: the European Council on Defence and beyond

 

Draft programme

  • common.download.document Draft programme
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29 octobre 2013 2 29 /10 /octobre /2013 20:50
Public hearing on SMEs in an integrated European defence industry
source SEDE
 
The SEDE subcommittee will hold a public hearing on "The opportunities of SMEs in an integrated European defence industry: the European Council on Defence and beyond" with experts and academics.
 
When: 5 November 2013

 

Further information meeting documents
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29 octobre 2013 2 29 /10 /octobre /2013 20:50
Future of European Defence Debate
24.10.2013 SEDE
 
The SEDE subcommittee and the Foreign Affairs Committee together with the Chairs of the relevant Committees of the National Parliaments will exchange views on the future of European Defence in view of the December European Council.
 
When: 5 November 2013       

 

Further information meeting documents
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29 octobre 2013 2 29 /10 /octobre /2013 20:50
Future of European Defence Debate
24.10.2013 SEDE
 
The SEDE subcommittee and the Foreign Affairs Committee together with the Chairs of the relevant Committees of the National Parliaments will exchange views on the future of European Defence in view of the December European Council.
 
When: 5 November 2013       

 

Further information meeting documents
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18 octobre 2013 5 18 /10 /octobre /2013 11:50
Lithuania Calls for EU To Update Security Strategy

At right, Juozas Olekas, Lithuania's defense minister, speaks Monday during a hearing at the European Parliament. At left is Arnaud Danjean, chairman of the parliament's Security and Defence Subcommittee. (Lithuanian Ministry of National Defense)

 

Oct. 17, 2013 - By JULIAN HALE – Defense News

 

BRUSSELS — Lithuania, the current holder of the EU’s rotating presidency, wants EU leaders meeting at a summit here in December to begin updating the EU’s 10-year-old security strategy by, among other things, including cybersecurity and energy security.

 

It also wants to see the decline in Europe’s defense spending and EU partnerships in security and defense addressed at the summit.

 

“Over the past 10 years, the world outside Europe has become more unsafe, more volatile and more radical. Meanwhile, Europe itself has become more introverted, politically less ambitious and militarily less able to deal with emerging security challenges, even in neighboring territories,” Lithuanian Defense Minister Juozas Olekas told members of the European Parliament in a speech Monday.

 

“In the review of the strategy, Europeans will need to think well beyond the problems in our vicinity. We cannot ignore the fact that the US, which over decades was deploying considerable forces in Western Europe will, in the future, focus increasingly on other parts of the world.” Olekas said. “Therefore, Europe will need to rethink its global role, including the role of military force within its strategy.”

 

He added that cybersecurity and energy security “are conspicuous by their absence in the current strategy,” and yet “are the ones which are currently the most pressing for Lithuania and a number of other European countries.”

 

NATO has a Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence in Tallinn, Estonia, and an Energy Security Centre in Vilnius, Lithuania.

 

“The establishment of these centers is a reflection of the growing security threats in our region and beyond,” he said.

 

Olekas said he wants to see EU leaders discuss cybersecurity and energy security issues in greater depth at the EU summit in December.

 

“Their distinguishing feature is complexity. This means that the response to threats of this nature must also be complex — ranging from regulation, standard-setting and targeted investments to active diplomacy, deterrents and responses,” he said.

 

“The European Union, with its expertise, political and economic leverages, and with its institutions, is currently better placed than anyone to take the lead in dealing with such non-military issues as cyber threats and energy insecurity.” he said. “Naturally, problems of this kind can only be solved in close cooperation with other countries and organizations, not least NATO. … I would like to hope that also in this area, the December European Council will set ambitious guidelines for the European Union.”

 

With regard to EU partnerships in the field of security and defense, he bemoaned the fact that “there is no regular security dialogue between the European Union and its neighbors, let alone military cooperation programs.”

 

In this context, he described the use of the paid services of private companies to compensate for capability shortfalls without turning to partners first as “another deeply flawed practice in EU operations.

 

“Thus, the European Union Training Mission in Mali recently hired medical evacuation helicopters, at a cost of €2.5 million for six months. Next year, we are likely to pay over €5 million for this service,” Olekas said. “And yet, the European Union has not once approached its partners who have such capabilities and who might be able to provide them on much better terms.”

 

Referring to European Defence Agency data that says EU defense spending dropped by 10 percent from 2005 to 2010 and by as much again from 2010 to 2013, he warned that “left unfettered, this process will have profound and far-reaching consequences not just for the European defense industry, but also for Europe’s position in the world. There is no getting away from the fact that the December European Council will have to pay considerable attention to defense funding issues.”

 

Olekas also played down expectations in terms of new projects arising from the December EU summit.

 

“These days, when European countries [including Lithuania] refer to the ‘development of military capabilities,’ we are actually talking not so much about development, but rather about the management of decline. Therefore, any talk of, and calls for, the December meeting of EU national leaders to announce new, ambitious projects and initiatives cannot be really taken seriously.

 

“Countering the decline in actual defense spending could be an ambitious enough objective for national leaders to set themselves for the moment,” he added.

 

The Lithuanian defense minister also argued energy costs could be sharply reduced through more efficient technologies and processes.

 

“Savings made in the more efficient running of military barracks, using less fuel-thirsty vehicles or renewable resources, could be invested into the required military capabilities,” he said.

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9 octobre 2013 3 09 /10 /octobre /2013 16:45
SEDE debates EU Border Assistance Mission in Libya
08-10-2013 SEDE

 

The SEDE subcommittee will exchange views with Col. Antti Hartikainen, Head of Mission, and Hansjörg Haber, Civilian Operations Commander and Director of CPCC, on EUBAM Libya.
 
When : 14 October 2013, 16:00-17:00

Further information
meeting documents
 
 
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8 octobre 2013 2 08 /10 /octobre /2013 16:50
SEDE examines amendments to European Defence Industrial Base report
08-10-2013 SEDE

 

The SEDE subcommittee will discuss the amendments to the draft report on the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base by Rapporteur Michael Gahler, EPP.
 
When : 14 October 2013, 17:00-18:30

Further information
meeting documents
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2 octobre 2013 3 02 /10 /octobre /2013 11:50
Strasbourg-Lisbon-Chicago: NATO Quo Vadis? - SEDE
19-08-2013 Source European Union, 2013 - EP
 
The past three summits of NATO in Strasbourg / Kehl (2009), Lisbon (2010) and Chicago (2012) have addressed rather turbulent developments in the alliance's strategic environment, requiring it to adapt to new situations faster than ever before. NATO's structures have been revised several times, and from the 16 headquarters with 20 000 staff in the 1990s only 7 will survive, with less than 9 000 staff. Territorial defence, once key element of NATO's defence posture, will mainly consist of missile and cyber defence, and - perhaps - critical infrastructure protection. So far, NATO has become much more focused on sustainable high-end operations abroad, but the perspective of more such action is rather unlikely. With the financial crisis and the concentration of the US on its security interests on their pacific coast, the European allies are required to do more for European security. Previous such attempts in the 1990s 'drowned' during the war on terror; NATO and the EU now need to emerge in a true and mutually benefiting cooperation. With the arrival of the Lisbon treaty abolishing the pillar divides between the security and defence policy and the other Union policies, the EU can play its security role thoroughly. The Treaty on European Union requires the 'progressive framing of common Union defence policy'. This process, however, is all but well underway. It is unclear if the forthcoming European Council on defence matters in December 2013 will put this issue on its strategic agenda. The model of NATO, on which the EU treaties are based since Maastricht and Amsterdam, refers to a NATO that has significantly changed since. This is why reflecting on this matter becomes more important than ever before.
 

 
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30 septembre 2013 1 30 /09 /septembre /2013 13:30
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24 septembre 2013 2 24 /09 /septembre /2013 15:30
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20 septembre 2013 5 20 /09 /septembre /2013 07:50
SEDE welcomes Belgian Defence Minister
19.09.2013 SEDE
 
The SEDE subcommittee will hold an exchange of views with Pieter de Crem, Minister of Defence of Belgium, in view of the December defence summit.
 
When: 26 September 2013, 9:30-11:00

 

Further information
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12 septembre 2013 4 12 /09 /septembre /2013 12:50
SEDE debates the European Defence Industrial Base

 

The SEDE subcommittee will discuss the draft report on the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base by Rapporteur Michael Gahler (EPP).
 
When : 18 September 2013, 9:30-13:00       

Further information meeting documents
Organisation des industries de défense en Europe source ead-minerve.fr

Organisation des industries de défense en Europe source ead-minerve.fr

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