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4 septembre 2013 3 04 /09 /septembre /2013 07:50
EU Parliament Members Call for 'Rewrite' of Defense Priorities

Sep. 3, 2013 - by JULIAN HALE – Defense News

 

BRUSSELS — A group of center-right members of the European Parliament (MEPs) is calling for the European Union to define its security and defense priorities in the run-up to a key EU defense meeting in December.

 

In a joint policy paper made public here on Tuesday, the European People’s Party group coordinator in the European Parliament’s Subcommittee on Security and Defence, Michael Gahler of Germany, demanded a comprehensive defense review with the aim of pooling key procurement projects by EU member states. The paper also was signed by Subcommittee Chairman Arnaud Danjean of France and Vice Chairman Krzysztof Lisek of Poland.

 

Among a slew of proposals, the paper calls for EU heads of state to commit themselves to launching the preparation of an EU White Book on Security and Defence in defining the union’s security interests, prioritizing its strategic objectives and linking these with operational deployments.

 

“A European white book is the No. 1 priority to allow capability and defense planning processes. It would amount to a rewrite of the European security strategy, including the EU member states that joined the EU in 2004,” said Martin Michelot, a research and program officer at the German Marshall Fund think tank in Paris. The countries that joined the EU in 2004 include the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Malta and Cyprus.

 

France is keen on it, he added, as are the 2004 EU entrants because the strategy was written without their strategic priorities in mind.

 

“The European security strategy needs to be revised before there can be any agreement on European defense planning processes,” he said.

 

Although Michelot said he does not expect a consensus at the December summit on the need to have a white book, he argued that a European defense planning process is needed and that there should be incentives, whether positive or negative, for EU countries to report their defense planning processes in Brussels.

 

“The best thing to come out of the summit would be a compromise to revise the European security strategy,” he said. “EU heads of state need to recognize the EU as a security provider, and not as a security consumer.

 

“There are a lot of emerging security challenges for Europe that the US is no longer willing to shoulder alone,” Michelot said. “European strategic independence is required if the EU wants to preserve its autonomy in the current strategic context.”

 

One passage in the paper hints at the possibility, raised before, of a two-speed defense policy in which some EU countries go ahead without the others, known in the Brussels jargon as “permanent structured cooperation.”

 

“Despite continued initiatives and projects in the field of European capability developments, no real progress is visible,” Michelot said. “All loose ends of different capability development initiatives have to be put under one overarching umbrella.

 

“Therefore, it is high time that the heads of state and government activate the ‘permanent structured cooperation,’ ” he said. “Such activation should lead to a European defense review process and to the coordination of the national defense planning processes at EU level. From a European perspective, it is not efficient if member states cut defense budgets and reform their armed forces [while] unilaterally disregarding parallel efforts of European partners.

 

“France is willing to be the engine of European defense cooperation, but it needs others to follow it,” Michelot added.

 

Asked which countries might follow, he said, “The number one country is Poland, which is looking to sign a bilateral defense treaty with France; the number two is Germany; and then come the Scandinavian countries, which have shown willingness to support French operations. The UK has stronger affinities with NATO.”

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4 septembre 2013 3 04 /09 /septembre /2013 06:50
Cheaper, better, more efficient: bringing European defence policy into the 21st Century
September 3, 2013 - eppgroup.eu
 

Leading EPP Group Members in the European Parliament's Subcommittee on Security and Defence (SEDE) today issued a call for a complete overhaul of the EU's defence policy. In a joint policy paper made public today, the EPP Group Coordinator in the SEDE Committee and European Parliament Rapporteur on defence policy, Michael Gahler MEP (Germany), Subcommittee Chairman Arnaud Danjean MEP (France) and Vice-Chairman Krzysztof Lisek MEP (Poland) demanded a comprehensive defence review at EU level with the aim of pooling key defence procurement projects by Member States and establishing a permanent EU civilian and military headquarters with its own chain of command. They also call for an EU White Paper defining the EU's key security and defence priorities as well as for the establishment of a genuine common market for defence procurement. Their position paper represents an important parliamentary contribution to the debate on the future of the EU's security and defence policy which will be the key topic at the December European Council.

 

"Deepening the EU's security and defence co-operation will help slash procurement costs and allow the EU to react faster to international crises. Our aim is a security and defence policy that is cheaper for the taxpayer and more efficient at the same time", Gahler, Danjean and Lisek said. "We need nothing less than a complete overhaul to bring Europe’s security and defence policy into the 21st Century and make sure the European Union is equipped for the international challenges it faces despite the budget cuts we have seen at national level".

 

The goals and policy steps formulated in today's policy paper include:

  • A comprehensive defence review to provide an overview of national defence capabilities and future projects;
  • Establishing a better link between civilian and military capabilities and personnel for EU missions;
  • Setting up permanent EU headquarters for civilian and military missions;
  • Defining the EU's security and defence priorities by launching an EU White Paper;
  • Creating a genuine defence equipment market by abolishing exemptions from internal market rules.

 

Next steps: Mid-September, the EPP Group will organise a meeting with Claude-France Arnould, Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency, on ‘The Preparations of the EU Summit on Security and Defence’. The European Parliament's Rapporteur on the European defence base, Michael Gahler MEP, will present his Report to the Subcommittee on Security and Defence in September. The Report is due to be adopted before the December European Council, dedicated to CSDP issues.

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3 septembre 2013 2 03 /09 /septembre /2013 20:03
La fessée ne suffit pas (Danjean)

sept 3, 2013 by Thomas Le Bihan (BRUXELLES2)

 

Arnaud Danjean – qui préside la commission « Sécurité et Défense » au Parlement européen – est sceptique. Une intervention limitée ne servirait pas à grand chose. « Sans dire que je le soutiendrais, il serait plus cohérent, en cas de frappes, de frapper réellement et d’atteindre les forces syriennes ». « S’il s’agit juste de donner la fessée à Bachar… »

 

Des précédents inutiles

 

Pour justifier sa position, il reprend les exemples « des frappes début 1995 en Bosnie, de l’Irak qui a continué à pourrir jusqu’en 2003 » où l’intervention réduite des occidentaux, n’avait pas réglé les problèmes, ni changé la donne. « Quand nous avons frappé les camps d’entrainement d’Al Qaida en Afghanistan, cela ne les a pas empêché de planifier dans ces mêmes camps les attaques du 11 septembre. » Il met aussi le doigt là où ça fait mal en posant la question de l’après-frappes. « Si le lendemain des frappes, Bachar commet un massacre mais à l’arme conventionnelle, qu’est ce que nous faisons? ».

 

Suite de l’article

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25 juillet 2013 4 25 /07 /juillet /2013 09:37
« L'industrie de Défense, un atout stratégique pour l'Europe » par Arnaud Danjean, député européen

24 juillet 2013 creusot-infos.com

 

« La communication sur l'industrie de sécurité et de défense présentée aujourd'hui par la Commission Européenne est une contribution importante au débat qui doit s'engager à tous les niveaux en vue du sommet européen de décembre » a déclaré mercredi l’eurodéputé UMP-PPE Arnaud Danjean, président de la sous-commission Sécurité et défense du Parlement européen.

 

« Ce texte, préparé par les commissaires Barnier et Tajani,  que la sous-commission Défense du Parlement européen avait auditionnés récemment, met en évidence l'atout stratégique que constitue l'industrie de défense européenne, tant sur les plans économiques que technologiques et opérationnels » a indiqué Arnaud Danjean.

 

« Je suis particulièrement satisfait de voir figurer explicitement, à plusieurs reprises  dans la communication, la notion d'autonomie stratégique, à savoir la nécessité pour les Européens de pouvoir décider et agir sans dépendre des capacités de pays tiers.

 

Ceci suppose que l'Union européenne identifie des capacités et technologies-clefs dans lesquelles des investissements européens pourront intervenir, et pour lesquels le contrôle des chaines d'approvisionnement sera assuré. Voir ces priorités explicitement reconnues par la Commission est rassurant, tant il est important que les spécificités du secteur de la Défense soient reconnues et s'inscrivent dans la vision plus large d'une Europe acteur de sa propre sécurité » a-t-il poursuivi.  

 

« La possibilité d'acquisition, par l'UE, de certaines capacités civilo-militaires, ainsi que les investissements communautaires possibles dans la recherche et le développement de ces technologies duales, sont des pistes prometteuses ».

 

« La Commission européenne se fixe ainsi des objectifs légitimes dans la limite de ses compétences. Il reste à espérer que les Etats-Membres, qui conservent l'essentiel des responsabilités en matière de défense, prennent pleinement conscience de la menace de déclassement stratégique du continent européen et s'accordent sur les priorités politiques et capacitaires pour enrayer cette tendance dramatique » a conclu Arnaud Danjean.

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4 juillet 2013 4 04 /07 /juillet /2013 11:50
SEDE exchange of views on Afghanistan
04.07.2013 SEDE
 
The SEDE subcommittee will exchange views with Karl Åke Roghe, Head of the EU Police Mission in Afghanistan, on the situation in the country.
 
When: 10 July 2013, 15:00-16:00  

 

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4 juillet 2013 4 04 /07 /juillet /2013 07:50
SEDE debates with the Spanish Defence Minister
03.07.2013 SEDE
 
The SEDE subcommittee together with the Foreign Affairs committee will exchange views with Pedro Morenés Eulate, Minister of Defence of Spain.
 
When: 10 July 2013, 16:00-17:30                    

 

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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 21:50
Galileo FM3 satellite

Galileo FM3 satellite

03.07.2013 SEDE
 
The SEDE subcommittee will debate the draft opinion on EU Space Industrial Policy, Releasing the potential for Growth in the Space Sector (Rapporteur: Tarja Cronberg, Greens/EFA).
 
When: 10 July 2013, 17:30-18:30  

 

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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 21:35
Missile Defence in Europe: Strategic, Political and Industrial Implications
03.07.2013 SEDE
 
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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 21:29
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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 21:28
Rafale (front) and Typhoon fighter jets flying over the western Scottish countryside – Picture RAF 2012

Rafale (front) and Typhoon fighter jets flying over the western Scottish countryside – Picture RAF 2012

03.07.2013 SEDE
 
The SEDE subcommittee will exchange views with General Jean-Georges Brévot, Mr David Marshall and Dr Georges Bridel of the Air and Space Academy in Toulouse on the future of the European combat aircraft industry.
 
When: 10 July 2013, 9:30-11:00 

 

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3 juillet 2013 3 03 /07 /juillet /2013 12:50
Subcommittee on Security and Defence Meeting - 10 July 2013

Brussels -10 July 2013, 9.30 – 13.00 DRAFT AGENDA SEDE(2013)0710_1

 

10 July 2013, 9.30 – 13.00

1.         Adoption of agenda

2.         Approval of minutes of meetings of:

  • 20 May 2013                                                                            PV – PE513.232v01-00
  • 27 May 2013                                                                            PV – PE513.238v01-00
  • 3 June 2013                                                                              PV – PE513.323v01-00

3.         Chair’s announcements

With the Council and Commission and EEAS

4.         The future of the European combat aircraft industry
- Exchange of views with General Jean-Georges Brévot, David Marshall and Georges Bridel of the Air and Space Academy, Toulouse

5.         The implementation of the Common Security and Defence Policy (based on the Annual Report from the Council to the European Parliament on the Common Foreign and Security Policy).

            AFET/7/12812

                        2013/2105(INI)         

Rapporteur:

Maria Eleni Koppa (S&D)

 

Responsible:

AFET –

 
  • First exchange of views

                Workshop with experts (see separate programme)

10 July 2013, 15.00 – 16.00

6.         Situation in Afghanistan
- Exchange of views with Karl Åke Roghe, Head of Mission, EUPOL Afghanistan

* * *

10 July 2013, 16.00 – 17.30

Jointly with the Committee on Foreign Affairs

7.         Exchange of views with D. Pedro Morenés Eulate, Minister of Defence of Spain

* * *

10 July 2013, 17.30 – 18.30

8.         EU Space Industrial Policy, releasing the Potential for Growth in the Space Sector

            AFET/7/12757

                        2013/2092(INI)          COM(2013)0108

Rapporteur for the opinion:

Tarja Cronberg (Verts/ALE)

 

Responsible:

ITRE –

Angelika Niebler (PPE)

 

       
 
  • Consideration of draft opinion

9.         Any other business

10.       Next meeting(s)

  • 18 September 2013, 9.30 – 13.00 and 15.00 – 18.30 (Brussels)
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1 juillet 2013 1 01 /07 /juillet /2013 15:50
The implementation of the Common Security and Defence Policy

10-07-2013 Security and Defence

 

Draft Programme

  • common.download.document Draft Programme
 

Registration Form

  • common.download.document Registration Form
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14 juin 2013 5 14 /06 /juin /2013 07:50
White Book on EU Security and Defence - Subcommittee on Security and Defence
13.06.2013Source : © European Union
 
The SEDE subcommittee hold a meeting with experts and academics on the White Book on EU Security and Defence.
 
When : 19 June 2013, 15:30-17:00             

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meeting documents
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13 juin 2013 4 13 /06 /juin /2013 10:50
Cybersecurity Strategy and Defence Industrial Base debates in SEDE - Subcommittee on Security and Defence
13-06-2013 Source : © European Union, 2013 - EP

 

The SEDE subcommittee will exchange views on the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base with its rapporteur Michael Gahler (EPP) and on the EU Cybersecurity Strategy.
 
When : 19 June 2013, 15:15-18:30

Further information
meeting documents
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12 juin 2013 3 12 /06 /juin /2013 11:50
Draft agenda - 19 June 2013 - Subcommittee on Security and Defence

12.06.2013 Source : © European Union, 2013 - EP

 

1. Adoption of agenda

 

2. Approval of minutes of meeting of:

24-25 April 2013 PV – PE510.500v01-00

16 May 2013 PV – PE510.826v01-00

 

3.  Chair’s announcements

With the Council and Commission and EEAS

 

4. The European Defence Technological and Industrial Base

Rapporteur: Michael Gahler (PPE)

· Exchange of views

 

5. Academic reflections on the White Book on EU Security and Defence

Exchange of views with:

- Pr. Irnerio Seminatore, President, "Institut Européen des Relations Internationales" (IERI)

- General Eric Dell'Aria

- Ambassador Pierre Morel

- Ambassador Joachim Bitterlich

- Daniel Keohane, Head of Strategic Affairs, European Think Tank for Global Action (FRIDE)

 

6. Cybersecurity Strategy of the European Union: an open, safe and secure cyberspace

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11 juin 2013 2 11 /06 /juin /2013 18:50
Exchange of Views with SEDE Members
Brussels | Jun 10, 2013 European Defence Agency
 
Claude-France Arnould, Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency and General Jean-Paul Paloméros, Supreme Allied Commander Transformation, NATO were invited to jointly brief the members of the European Parliament’s security and defence subcommittee on 3 June. 


In her introduction, Claude-France Arnould stressed the need for greater effectiveness of defence cooperation in the context of defence budget cuts. She specified that investment in Research & Development, attention to security of supply and increased synergies between community and defence policies were crucial. Claude-France Arnould also mentioned some of the Agency’s Pooling & Sharing initiatives which successfully close European defence capability gaps in areas such as air-to-air refuelling, governmental satellite communications and traffic insertion of remotely piloted aircraft systems. General Paloméros stressed the strategic ties between EDA and NATO SACT in improving defence capabilities; key areas of common interest were air-to-air refuelling and future solutions for remotely piloted aircraft systems. He also insisted that Europe needed to increasingly become a security provider rather than just a security user.
 

Members of the European Parliament were in the following exchange of views interested in the state of preparation for the upcoming European Council dealing with defence topics; Arnaud Danjean, chairman of the subcommittee, highlighted the importance of Pooling & Sharing and showed concern for the involvement of all Member States in cooperative programmes and the full commitment of Member States to defence cooperation. 

 

More information:

Claude-France Arnould, directeur de l'AED et Le général Palomeros, NATO SACT reçus en sous-commission Sécurité et Défense EP - source AD

Claude-France Arnould, directeur de l'AED et Le général Palomeros, NATO SACT reçus en sous-commission Sécurité et Défense EP - source AD

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10 juin 2013 1 10 /06 /juin /2013 12:50
Public hearing on the European defence industry strategy - SEDE

27-05-2013 Security and Defence

 

Programme

  • common.download.document Programme
 

Presentations and speeches

  • common.download.document Presentation by Jan PIE, Secretary General, Swedish Security and Defence Industry Association
  • common.download.document Statement by Jan PIE, Secretary General, Swedish Security and Defence Industry Association
  • common.download.document Presentation by Christian MÖLLING, German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP)

 

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29 mai 2013 3 29 /05 /mai /2013 11:50
Building European military capabilities
29.05.2013 SEDE
 
The SEDE subcommittee will exchange views with Claude-France Arnould, European Defence Agency Chief Executive, and General Jean-Paul Paloméros, NATO Supreme Allied Commander Transformation, on building European military capabilities.
 
When: 3 June 2013, 15:30-17:00       

 

 

Further information

meeting documents

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27 mai 2013 1 27 /05 /mai /2013 18:50
SEDE hearing on European defence industry strategy - 27 May 2013
The SEDE subcommittee will hold a public hearing on the European defence industry strategy with CEOs of key European defence companies and other experts.
             
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27 mai 2013 1 27 /05 /mai /2013 18:50
Report on EU military structures - SEDE 27 May 2013
The SEDE subcommittee will consider the amendments to the draft report on the EU's military structures: state of play and future prospects (rapporteur: Marietta Giannakou, EPP).  
       
Further information

meeting documents

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7 mai 2013 2 07 /05 /mai /2013 18:50
Draft agenda - 16 May 2013 - Subcommittee on Security and Defence

 

Meeting Thursday 16 May 2013, 10.00 – 13.00

Brussels - Room: Altiero Spinelli (1G-2)

1.         Adoption of agenda

2.         Chair’s announcements

 

With the Council and Commission and EEAS

Jointly with the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Development

3.         Exchange of views with Dioncounda TRAORÉ, Interim President of Mali

* * *

Jointly with the Committee on Foreign Affairs

4.         Presentation of the Committee on Foreign Affairs' and the Subcommittee on Security and Defence's study on the positions of Russia and China in the UN Security Council in the light of recent crisis

* * *

5.         EU's military structures: state of play and future prospects

            AFET/7/11451

                        2012/2319(INI)         

Rapporteur:

Marietta Giannakou (PPE)

PR – PE506.335v01-00
AM – PE508.239v01-00

Responsible:

AFET –

 
  • Further consideration of draft report
  • Consideration of amendments

6.         Any other business

7.         Next meeting(s)

  • 20 May 2013, 19.15 – 20.45 (Strasbourg)
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11 avril 2013 4 11 /04 /avril /2013 16:35

http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8546/8637950626_623e2689d7_b.jpg

 

Brussels | Apr 11, 2013 European Defence Agency

 

A delegation of the Security and Defence Subcommittee of the European Parliament, including MEPs Arnaud Danjean (chairman), Tunne Kelam, Ioan Mircea Pascu, Johannes van Baalen and Charles Tannock , visited EDA on 11 April 2013. 
 

Members received presentations on the Agency’s work regarding implications of the Single European ATM Sky Research (SESAR) programme for the military and on Air-to-Air Refuelling. Claude-France Arnould, EDA Chief Executive, later discussed with the MEPs other topics such as support to crisis management, civil-military synergies in research & technology and cooperation with third parties. 

More information
  • The European Parliament Subcommittee for Security and Defence website
  • Pictures of the visit are available on Flickr
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8 avril 2013 1 08 /04 /avril /2013 21:39

http://fbcdn-sphotos-g-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-ash3/526989_358837770894485_1616637007_n.jpg

 

08.04.2013 maliactu.net

 

Les responsables maliens sont « tétanisés » par la perspective du retrait des forces françaises, qui devrait débuter fin avril, a déclaré lundi Arnaud Danjean, le président français de la sous-commission Défense du Parlement Européen, au retour d’une mission à Bamako.

 

« L’annonce du retrait français est vécue très difficilement au Mali. Elle provoque beaucoup de craintes chez les partenaires africains et chez les Maliens, qui semblent tétanisés par cette perspective », a souligné M. Danjean devant la presse à Bruxelles.

 

L’eurodéputé UMP a indiqué comprendre « le message sur le retrait » du président François Hollande, qui a annoncé que les opérations de rapatriement des 4.000 soldats débuteraient fin avril. Mais, a-t-il ajouté, « l’articulation entre les calendriers militaire et politique va être problématique », car « il y a de sérieux doutes sur la faisabilité » d’organiser les élections en juillet, comme s’y sont engagés les autorités maliennes.

 

A l’issue d’une mission d’une semaine, M. Danjean s’est déclaré « très frappé par l’état de déliquescence de l’Etat malien », dont les responsables « ne semblent pas prendre la mesure de leur tache ».

 

De plus, ces élites restent « tétanisées » face au capitaine Amadou Haya Sanogo, qui avait renversé en mars 2012 le président Amadou Toumani Touré. « Son degré de nuisance reste considérable » malgré la volonté de tous de « le marginaliser », souligne l’eurodéputé, en prévenant que Sanogo pourrait « être tenté de capitaliser sur le retrait français ».

 

M. Danjean a par ailleurs été impressionné par « le travail absolument remarquable des forces françaises » engagées au Mali, qui ont réussi à « casser la colonne vertébrale d’Aqmi », l’un des mouvements jihadistes actifs dans le nord Mali. « La menace n’est cependant pas éteinte », selon lui.

 

Il a également estimé que la mission de formation l’armée malienne lancée début avril par l’Union européenne « a rapidement trouvé ses marques » mais qu’elle devra probablement être prolongée au delà de son mandat initial, fixé à la mi-2014.

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22 mars 2013 5 22 /03 /mars /2013 16:50
European Defence Matters

Brussels | Mar 22, 2013 European Defence Agency

 

Five hundred key decision makers from the European Union defence community, including Member States, European institutions, research bodies, think-tanks, industry and the media, along with 17 high-level speakers, met at the annual conference of the European Defence Agency (EDA) yesterday in Brussels to discuss how Europe can enhance its capabilities at a time of decreasing defence budgets.

 

http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8508/8578981321_0e0402f779.jpg

Claude-France Arnould, Chief Executive of the EDA

 

“When in November 2011 Defence Ministers approved eleven Pooling & Sharing priorities they sent a clear signal that, in times of austerity, complex operations and highly advanced technology, acting together is essential if Europe is to preserve and develop the capabilities it requires,” said Claude-France Arnould, Chief Executive of the EDA, introducing the event.

 

The European Council will discuss defence topics during its December 2013 summit; conference speakers and delegates agreed that this meeting will have to take critical decisions on finance and empowering European institutions to speed initiatives such as Pooling & Sharing if Europe is to meet its defence and security commitments.

 

But the gap between the political rhetoric on cooperation and the speed with which it is being introduced by national administrations was a key feature of the  debate at the EDA annual conference, entitled “European Defence Matters.” 

Capability gap

http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8241/8580081414_48710bd6de.jpg

Cathy Ashton, head of the EDA

 

“We face critical capability gaps,” according to Cathy Ashton, head of the EDA, who underlined what could be done through successful EU cooperation in defence. She also mentioned the efforts of EU operations, such as seeing piracy drop by 95% over the last three years in Somalia, while over 3,000 Somali troops have been trained.

 

http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8506/8578981535_bb9b15be63.jpg

Mr Van Rompuy, President of the European Council

 

“If current trends continue by 2017 we risk losing 17% of the European expenditures since the economic crisis started,” said Mr Van Rompuy, President of the European Council. It was a strong message echoed by many speakers, with serious consequences for the European defence industrial base. “My main concern is not so much CSDP as such or “EU defence”, but rather the state of defence in Europe. That's how Presidents and Prime Ministers look at these issues together” declared President Van Rompuy. “The same goes for their joint responsibility for our continent's defence; there also, decisions in one country, will affect others. There is too little public awareness of this, and in that respect precisely, Presidents and Prime Ministers are uniquely placed to convince a wider public opinion, and thereby to set things into motion. (…) Upon receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo last December, [European leaders] said the European Union stands by those in pursuit of peace and human dignity. To fulfil such responsibilities, we should make sure we have the means at our disposal.”

 

“For the defence dimension of our discussion in December, for me the important thing is to make concrete progress on three key issues: (1) priorities for future investment and equipment procurement; (2) strengthening our industrial base, so that it remains competitive and innovative; (3) and finally, the preparation and availability of forces.” stated the President of the European Union.

Industrial base

http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8109/8580082008_9ab0ac92cd.jpg

Tom Enders, Chief Executive of EADS

 

According to Tom Enders, Chief Executive of EADS, unless serious action is taken Europe risks losing key elements of its defence industrial base as skilled personnel either leave or transfer to civil industry. “We are facing a challenge of political drift,” said Mr Enders, “it is unlikely that EADS which was formed in 1999 could be created in 2013.”

 

http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8523/8580081660_9506b45338.jpg

Mr Danjean, chairman of Subcommittee on Security and

Defence- EU Parliament

 

“The biggest threat to European defence today is shrinking budgets. We need some light from Heads of States.” said Mr Danjean. So what are the options? According to Claude France Arnould, Chief Executive of the EDA it would be unrealistic to expect a 20% increase in the budget of the EDA - but if more Member States came forward to support  individual Pooling & Sharing programmes that would be an excellent start.  “Money is not just the only sign of support,” said Ms Arnould.  

 

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Mr Klich, Senator of the Republic of Poland

 

Concurring with Tom Enders saying that more money should be given to EDA, Mr Klich, Senator of the Republic of Poland and former Minister of Defence also stated “But I have doubts about the current budget of the EDA”, suggesting that as the EDA was the only European organisation actively working to increase defence cooperation it would need more resources to undertake its role.

Success in cooperation

http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8249/8578981431_7f2d23a6c1.jpg

General de Rousiers, Chairman of the EUMC

 

Many speakers pointed out some of the success stories of what has been achieved through cooperation in recent years. General de Rousiers, Chairman of the Military Committee of the EU, gave the example of the European air transport command which had been created in a relatively short time and the working being undertaken to exploit civil observation satellite assets for military operations. “Pooling & Sharing is one of the greatest European defence achievements of the last two to three years,” said Mr Klich.

 

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Mr Missiroli, Director of the EUISS

 

The priorities for European defence leaders were also discussed – Mr Missiroli, Director of the European Institute for Security Studies suggested these were securing the European homeland, securing the European neighbouring areas, securing global commerce and ensuring access to energy. Delegates also discussed the “quick wins” which the European Council could sanction such as improving military access to space resources, coordinating cyber defence activities, opening access to remotely piloted air systems (RPAS) in the European sky and developing air to air capabilities through Pooling & Sharing.

 

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General Palomeros, NATO’s SACT

 

“Cooperation between NATO ACT and EDA is essential and well-functioning” said General Palomeros, NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander Transformation. “There is a pressing need to balance defence commitments from both sides of the Atlantic, and European partners will need to deliver their full share in capabilities.” In some areas, such as developing a single European requirement for an RPAS MALE system, European defence departments have already missed the boat, but in others, such as the A400M military transport, consolidated capability requirements had delivered positive results.

 

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Mr Krystowski, CEO of Poland’s BUMAR group

 

But not all European states faced the same problems. Mr Krystowski, CEO of Poland’s BUMAR group clearly said some states in central and Eastern Europe had different defence priorities to those in the West and a more vibrant economy which should be taken into account.

Task force on defence

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Mr Calleja, Director General of the Enterprise and Industry

Directorate General

 

A critical input into the Council’s meeting later this year will come from the European Commission’s task force looking at bolstering the continent’s defence industrial and technological sector. Mr Calleja, Director General of the Enterprise and Industry Directorate General of the European Commission underlined some of the priorities already identified by the task force, including enhancing the common security and defence policy, building a strong industrial base, strengthening the internal defence market, developing an industrial base to include SMEs and their access to finance and improving R&T levels of funding. Another priority was energy conservation. “Europe’s military spends around €1 billion a year on energy,” he said, “the same as a small European state.” 

 

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Peter Round, Director Capabilities

 

Despite the problems the EDA has made significant progress over the last year in meeting capability gaps through Pooling & Sharing, said Peter Round, Director Capabilities at the agency. Ten Member States are now working on a joint procurement programme to acquire urgently needed air-to-air refuelling assets in the long-term. A further procurement initiative was underway to access satellite communications services from the civil sector for a range of operational needs. Another multi-national initiative has been launched to provide medical hospitals for troops in the field.

 

“We must now close the gap between rhetoric and reality” concluded Claude-France Arnould. 

 

More information:
  • Alan Shatter: Speech EDA Conference
  • Speech by Herman Van Rompuy, Council President
  • Speech by Catherine Ashton, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs & Security Policy, Vice-President of the European Commission and Head of the European Defence Agency.
  • Welcome by Claude-France Arnould
  • Pictures on Flickr
  • Event summary on Storify
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31 janvier 2013 4 31 /01 /janvier /2013 23:24
Mali: "Je regrette que les groupes tactiques de l'UE ne soient pas déployés" A. Danjean président de la SEDE

31-01-2013 - 18:08 Sécurité et défense - REF. : 20130125STO05492

 

L'appel de la France au soutien pour sa campagne contre les militants islamistes au Mali a reçu une réponse inégale des autres Etats membres. Bien que l'UE ait proposé de former l'armée malienne, la sous-commission parlementaire de la sécurité et de la défense souhaiterait un recours aux groupements tactiques, unités militaires rapidement mobilisables par l'UE pour une intervention internationale. Arnaud Danjean, député démocrate chrétien français, nous a donné son avis sur la situation.

 

Pourquoi la sous-commission de la sécurité et de la défense prône-t-elle le déploiement des groupements tactiques de l'UE au Mali? L'UE ne devrait-elle pas également offrir un autre type de soutien?

 

On peut envisager beaucoup de types de soutiens. Mais ces groupes tactiques avec leur flexibilité constituaient, quand ils ont été instaurés, l'outil le plus adapté pour répondre rapidement à une crise. Le Parlement européen, comme tous les observateurs, a pu constater que ces groupes n'ont jamais été utilisés: ils sont restés un instrument virtuel. Cet instrument aurait été particulièrement adapté pour répondre à une crise comme celle du Mali.

 

J'ajoute que le groupe tactique actuellement en alerte est constitué des 3 pays de Weimar: France, Pologne et Allemagne. Ces trois pays prônent une relance de l'Europe de la défense et veulent se montrer assez ambitieux en la matière. Je regrette que l'un des instruments de l'Europe de la défense qu'ils avaient la possibilité de mettre en œuvre n'ait pas été sollicité.

 

Avons-nous besoin d'une réponse militaire commune de la part de l'Union européenne face aux menaces communes?

 

Oui, je pense que c'est la raison d'être principale de la politique européenne de sécurité et de défense: offrir une réponse commune, à chacun selon ses possibilités. Les 27 Etats membres ont des capacités militaires très hétérogènes, il n'empêche que chacun doit pouvoir contribuer à la hauteur de ses moyens. Je regrette d'ailleurs que, de plus en plus, les missions effectuées dans le cadre de cette politique de sécurité et de défense commune impliquent un nombre de plus en plus restreint de pays contributeurs.

 

La crise constitue-t-elle un frein ou un incitant à la création d'une véritable politique européenne de la défense?

 

Les deux: nous aimerions qu'elle constitue une stimulation pour les pays qui sont tous confrontés à la crise budgétaire, qui voient diminuer les moyens alloués à la défense. Malheureusement je constate surtout pour l'instant que c'est un frein ; je dois dire de façon assez pessimiste que je ne vois pas quelles sont les initiatives en cours qui pourraient nous permettre de sortir de cette situation.

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