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12 novembre 2015 4 12 /11 /novembre /2015 17:45
Kenyan forces say flush out suspected Islamist militants in forest

 

12 November 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Kenyan security forces have destroyed five camps used by suspected militants linked to the Somali Islamist group al Shabaab in a sweep of a forest on the north coast, a commander in charge of the operation said.

 

The army and police launched the operation two months ago in Boni Forest, close to the Somali border, to flush out militants it believed were using the area to launch strikes in Kenya.

 

Al Shabaab has been behind a spate of attacks on Kenya in the past two years, including an assault on Nairobi's Westgate shopping mall that killed 67 people and a raid on Garissa university in the northeast that killed almost 150.

 

The militants also launched several attacks in 2014 that left more than 100 dead in Lamu County region, an area that includes Boni forest.

 

"The combined security units discovered five different al Shabaab hideouts inside the forest," the head of the operation, James Ole Serian, told Reuters. "The hideouts have already been destroyed and the weapons handed to the government."

 

The militants themselves fled when the operation was launched on Sept. 11 and none were arrested in the raids, he said. But several people in the surrounding area, mostly Kenyans, had been detained on suspicion of having links to the group, he added.

 

"You will be seeing some of them in court soon," he said.

 

Military planes and helicopters have been sweeping the area since the operation began and local residents have reported sporadic sounds of gunfire and blasts from the area.

 

“We are not leaving the Boni forest anytime soon until we ascertain that every terror element in the forest has been cleared," Serian said, adding the operation could take more than the three months originally planned.

 

Officials said at least 3,000 people living near the forest were forced to leave so the operation could go ahead.

 

In the port city of Mombasa, further south, a regional official said security forces were on alert for suspected militants who had fled Boni Forest area. Security forces have also set up road blocks between Lamu and Mombasa.

 

"We are very alert and have the names of some of them," Mombasa County Commissioner Nelson Marwa said.

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12 novembre 2015 4 12 /11 /novembre /2015 08:45
US offers rewards in hunt for Somalia's al-Shabab leaders

 

11.11.2015 by BBC Africa

 

The US government is offering $27m (£18m) in rewards for information on the whereabouts of six leaders of the Somalia-based al-Shabab group.

 

The highest reward is $6m for the group's leader Abu Ubaidah. He replaced Ahmed Abdi Godane, who was killed in a US drone strike last year. Among those being hunted is Mahad Karate, also known as Abdirahman Mohamed Warsame, believed to be a key player in the attack on a Kenyan university which killed 148 people.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 06:45
EDA provides satellite communications services for EUTM Somalia


Mogadishu - 13 October, 2015 European Defence Agency
 

As of 1 October, the European Defence Agency (EDA) has taken over the provision of Satellite Communications (SatCom) services for the EU Training Mission (EUTM) in Somalia.

 

EUTM Somalia is the first CSDP military mission to draw on the option of the Agency to cover its requirement for SatCom services. Earlier this year, Athena - the mechanism established to finance CSDP military operations - joined the Agency’s EU SatCom Market as part of its efforts to improve the procurement process of the different operations. 

Through the Agency, the mission benefits from a strategic link between Somalia and Europe. The services include rental, shipping and installation of a C-band remote terminal in Mogadishu International Airport as well as a high data rate unclassified satellite link with anchoring in Europe. The services include also 24/7 technical support and on site-intervention if required.

In the coming months, the Agency will also take over the provision of Mobile Satellite Services for the operations EUNAVFOR Atalanta, EUTM Mali and EUTM Somalia as well as ATHENA Central.

Speaking about the cooperation, Brigadier General Antonio Maggi, EUTM Somalia Operation Commander said: “Thanks to the excellent cooperation between the EUTM J6 team, EDA and the contractor, EUTM Somalia will benefit from a reliable and secure connection with Europe for its Command and Control chain.”

EDA’s Chief Executive, Jorge Domecq added: “Supporting CSDP operations is one of the core missions of the EDA. I am confident this first example will pave the way for other CSDP military operations to make extensive use of all the support the Agency can provide.”
 

EUTM Somalia

On 10 April 2010, the European Union launched a military training mission in Somalia (EUTM Somalia) in order to contribute to strengthening the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the institutions of Somalia. This support is part of the EU's comprehensive engagement in Somalia, which aims to support stabilising the country and to respond to the needs of the Somali people.

Since 2010, EUTM Somalia has contributed to the training of approximately 3,600 Somali soldiers with a focus on the training of Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs), Junior Officers, specialists and trainers. 
 

EU SatCom Market

Within the EU SatCom Market project, EDA acts as the central purchasing body on behalf of the contributing members. It purchases the services from a commercial provider. The project uses a ‘pay-per-use’ model, so members do not have to contribute with regular fees, instead they only pay for what they order. Since May 2013, 24 orders have been passed for a total value of around €4 million. Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxemburg, Portugal, Romania, the United Kingdom and the Athena Mechanism are members of the project. Further participation is open to all EDA participating Member States as well as all entities entitled to take part in Agency activities.
 

The Athena Mechanism

Athena is the mechanism established to administer the financing of the common costs of European Union operations having military or defence implications governed by Council Decision 2015/528/CFSP. The Council Decision allows for arrangements to be signed with union bodies to facilitate procurement in operations in the most cost-effective manner.

 

More information

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6 octobre 2015 2 06 /10 /octobre /2015 16:45
General Rodriguez commander of U.S. Africa Command

General Rodriguez commander of U.S. Africa Command

 

05 October 2015 by Africom - defenceWeb

 

The commander of U.S. Africa Command, U.S. Army Gen. David Rodriguez, finished a weeklong trip to Djibouti, Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda with U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for African Affairs Amanda Dory Oct. 2. Dory and Rodriguez met with officials in each country to discuss how AFRICOM and the U.S. Department of Defense can continue to help partner nations strengthen their military capacity.  “Defense cooperation is one of our core missions at U.S. Africa Command because we know that partnering with African states and regional organizations to constantly improve their capabilities and knowledge is important in addressing shared security challenges,” Rodriguez said.

 

Legions of Merit for AMISOM Support

Rodriguez also presented the Legion of Merit to six officers from the Uganda People’s Defence Force Sept. 30. The recipients are among less than 200 foreign citizens who’ve received the U.S. award and the first from Uganda. The awards specifically recognized the Ugandan officers for contributing to the African Union Mission in Somalia, known as AMISOM, which is charged with reducing the threat of violent extremist organizations like al-Shabbab. First deployed in March 2007, the AMISOM military component has achieved significant territorial gains against the al-Qaeda-affiliated terror group al-Shabaab.  “Continued support to AMISOM is one of the important multinational efforts in place today. As a result of improved security, the Somali people and government have greater opportunities to make progress in the development of governance and economic institutions,” Rodriguez said. In 2014, the Ugandan People’s Defense Force liberated the port city of Barawe, Somalia, cutting off al-Shabaab’s access to what was a base and source of revenue. The UPDF also foiled a major al-Shabaab terrorist attack in Kampala. In Kenya, Rodriguez and Dory oversaw the formal establishment of the Massachusetts National Guard as the U.S. military partner for Kenya as part of the Defense Department’s State Partnership Program Oct. 1. The State Partnership Program is a coordinated effort between the Defense Department, the Department of State, the National Guard Bureau and the combatant commands where the partnered efforts occur.  “Our shared objective is to build professional militaries that, not only are capable of delivering on security priorities, but also respect human rights and adhere to the rule of law,” Rodriguez said. The partnership between the Massachusetts National Guard and Kenya is one of 12 ongoing state partnerships in Africa.  “AFRICOM recognizes the importance of partnership. A stable Africa ultimately means greater opportunities for collaboration toward shared goals and values that bind all our countries together,” Rodriguez said.

 

Recognizing Partner Efforts

During the trip Rodriguez also discussed how partner militaries in Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia support regional security:

Djiboutian training for the Somali National Army has strengthened Somalia’s capacity to defend its government and its people from al-Shabaab. In addition, Djibouti hosts Camp Lemonnier, the sole enduring presence for the U.S. military in Africa.

The Ethiopian National Defense Force contributes troops in support of United Nations peacekeeping forces worldwide, making it the fourth largest contributor globally and the largest in Africa.

With support from the U.S. Department of State and Department of Defense, the Somali Armed Forces continue to make progress in partnership with AMISOM to secure ungoverned space, defeat al-Shabaab, and create the conditions for a peaceful Somalia.

Rodriguez said Africa is home to some of the fastest growing economies in the world, and global leaders are increasingly recognizing the power of Africa’s diversity in people, resources and economies.

 “The link between security and prosperity is undeniable. For this reason, President Obama also identified building defense capacity among African partners as essential to advancing peace and security on the continent. As it works to meet these challenges, Africa is full of opportunity and promise and is becoming a major international player in world security,” Rodriguez added.

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4 octobre 2015 7 04 /10 /octobre /2015 11:45
A Scan Eagle UAV

A Scan Eagle UAV

 

02 October 2015 by defenceWeb

 

Five African countries will receive 62 armoured personnel carriers manufactured by Mack Defense of the United States under a contract awarded by the United States Army in support of US Africa Command, while another six countries will receive Oskosh military trucks and two will receive Scan Eagle UAVs.

 

The US Department of Defence announced the armoured vehicle contract on 25 September, which will see Mack Defense of Allentown, Pennsylvania, supplying the vehicles to Cameroon, Ethiopia, Somalia, Tunisia and Uganda.

 

The firm fixed-price foreign military sales contract is worth $24 974 528 and covers armoured personnel carriers in both left-hand and right-hand drive as well as common spare parts.

 

Work will be performed in France with an estimated completion date of 30 December 2016. Bids were solicited via the Internet with seven received. Army Contracting Command, Warren, Michigan, is the contracting activity.

 

In July the United States Army announced it would seek between 19 and 400 new armoured personnel carriers for the US military’s Africa Command. The presolicitation notice posted on the Federal Business Opportunities (FBO) website, stated that the vehicles should be 2015 or later year models and have a minimum seating capacity for ten passengers. They should also have B7 360-degree ballistic protection (against armour piercing 7.62 mm rounds), 4x4 drivetrain with a V-hull chassis design, manual transmission, mechanically-controlled, high-sulphur (5,000 ppm) diesel engine in both left-hand drive and right-hand drive and operator manuals in English and French or Arabic.

 

The estimated three-year combined vehicle quantities in year one are 155, year two 125, and year three 120.

 

Also on 25 September the US Department of Defense announced it had awarded Oshkosh Defense LLC a $21 774 963 modification to an existing foreign military sales contract for Djibouti, Jordan, Kenya, Tunisia, Uganda and Ethiopia for an additional 84 Medium Tactical Vehicle trucks and 59 B-kits (supplemental armour).

 

The estimated completion date of the truck contract is 28 February 2017.

 

Oskosh offers its Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles in a variety of configurations, such as five ton tractor, 8.8 ton Load Handling System, 4x4 and 6x6 cargo, ten ton dump truck and five ton wrecker.

 

One of the other contracts awarded late last month include the delivery of one Insitu Scan Eagle unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) system (comprising multiple aircraft) to Kenya and another to Cameroon. In-country work will be carried out in Nanyuki in central Kenya and the Cameroonian port city of Doula. Both contracts are expected to be completed by September 2016.

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29 juin 2015 1 29 /06 /juin /2015 15:45
Al-Shabab kills Somali soldiers in attack on army base

 

29.06.2015 BBC Africa

 

Al-Shabab militants have killed at least five soldiers in an overnight attack on an army base in the southern Somali port of Kismayo.

 

Islamist fighters beheaded some of the captured Somali soldiers after briefly taking over the camp, witnesses told AFP news agency.

At least 50 Burundian soldiers died last week in an al-Shabab attack on an African Union military base.

Al-Shabab is battling Somalia's government for control of the country.

The African Union Mission in Somalia (Amisom) has more than 20,000 troops in the country.

Amisom is now withdrawing from some of its smaller outposts in southern Somalia, residents have told the BBC Somali service.

Amisom has not commented on the reports.

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3 juin 2015 3 03 /06 /juin /2015 17:45
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

 

03/06/2015 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Alors qu’il patrouillait au large des côtes somaliennes, le bâtiment de commandement et de ravitaillement (BCR) Var, navire de commandement de la Combined Task Force (CTF) 150, a rejoint deux bâtiments espagnols de la force européenne de lutte contre la piraterie Atalante (TF 465), afin de les ravitailler en carburant, leur permettant ainsi de poursuivre leur déploiement opérationnel.

 

Le 27 mai 2015, tôt dans la matinée, le transport de chalands de débarquement (TCD) Galicia, navire-amiral de la TF 465, et le patrouilleur hauturier Infanta Cristina, également intégré dans la force, se sont présentés pour effectuer un ravitaillement double à la mer avec le BCR Var. Ces manœuvres sont particulièrement exigeantes du fait de la nature très différente des bâtiments engagés, tant par leur tonnage que leur manœuvrabilité. En effet, elles nécessitent que les bâtiments conservent exactement le même cap et la même vitesse pendant plusieurs heures, requérant une attention de tous les instants de la part des équipes de navigation. Du fait de la bonne maîtrise des procédures communes par les différents équipages, ce double ravitaillement s’est déroulé sans accroc, malgré une mer bien formée et des conditions de navigation difficiles, démontrant une fois de plus l’interopérabilité entre les marines alliées.

 

Le Galicia a également profité de cette séquence de ravitaillement pour entraîner l’équipage de son hélicoptère Sea King à des manœuvres de transport de charge et de treuillage depuis la plateforme hélicoptère du Var. A l’issue de ces différentes interactions, les trois bâtiments ont repris leur route respective afin de poursuivre leurs opérations de patrouille, le Varau profit de la CTF-150, le Galicia et l’Infanta Cristina au sein de la force européenne Atalante.

 

La France assure le commandement de la CTF-150 depuis le 6 avril 2015, et ce pour la neuvième fois depuis sa création en 2001. Mise en place à la suite des attentats du 11 septembre 2001, la CTF-150, placée sous commandement des Combined Maritime Forces (CMF), rassemble une coalition de 18 nations qui fournissent des moyens navals et aériens pour assurer la permanence de la mission. Elle est l’une des trois Task Forces des CMF, sous commandement américain, avec la CTF-151, engagée dans la lutte contre la piraterie, et la CTF-152, assurant la sécurité maritime du golfe arabo-persique. Aujourd’hui, trente nations sont engagées dans la coalition.

photo Marine Nationalephoto Marine Nationale
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale

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19 mars 2015 4 19 /03 /mars /2015 12:44
Al-Shabab fighters outside Mogadishu, Somalia (Archive)

Al-Shabab fighters outside Mogadishu, Somalia (Archive)

 

18 March 2015 BBC Africa

 

The US defence department has confirmed that it has killed an al-Shabab leader, Adan Garar.

 

The Pentagon says the militant was hit by a drone equipped with Hellfire missiles in southern Somalia last Friday. Garar was a suspect in the 2013 Westgate Mall attack in Nairobi that left 67 people dead. The US believes Garar was overseeing operations that "target US persons and other Western interests". He was a member of the security and intelligence wing and a "key operative responsible for coordinating al-Shabab's external operations", according to the Pentagon.

 

Continue reading

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18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 12:45
A donated Cessna 208B Caravan

A donated Cessna 208B Caravan

 

17 March 2015 by defenceWeb

 

The US government has donated two Cessna 208B Caravan light aircraft to the Uganda People's Defence Force (UPDF) Air Wing to support the Ugandan contingent battling Al Shabaab militants in Somalia.

 

The aircraft were handed over by Deputy Chief of Mission at the US Embassy in Kampala, Patricia Mahoney, on March 16 at Entebbe Airport.

 

The aircraft, worth $15 million including spare parts and training, were donated by the US Department of Defence and will be deployed to the main UPDF Air Wing air base in the northern city of Gulu from where they will support the hybrid African Union/United Nations Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) according to a statement from the US embassy in Kampala to local newspaper New Vision. They will be used for transport, medical evacuation and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance flights over Somalia.

 

“The donation aims at increasing Uganda’s national air forces’ capacity to conduct AMISOM counter-terrorism operations. These aircraft will enhance the capacity of Uganda’s air forces to provide mobility, reconnaissance, and evacuation support,” US ambassador to Uganda Scott Delis said.

 

In addition to donating the Caravans, the US government is considering replacing the three Mi-24 helicopters that crashed on Mount Kenya on their way to Somalia in August 2012, according to the chief of Uganda’s military, General Katumba Wamala. “We have been having these discussions and they have hinted on the possibility of replacing them with their own kind of aircraft,” Wamala is quoted by The Monitor as saying.

 

The Caravan handover comes a month after the US government donated eight armoured Toyota Land Cruiser vehicles to the UPDF. They were handed over on February 20 by Lieutenant Colonel Giff Haddock of the US Army on behalf of the US Ambassador to Uganda.

 

Earlier this year the UPDF and Burundian contingents of AMISOM received 20 Cougar Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles from the US Combined Joint Task Force–Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) as part of measures to boost the force protection capabilities of AMISOM. The MRAPS were donated under the Excess Defense Articles programme. The vehicles were used to replace 20 South African-made Casspir armoured personnel carriers which had been in use since 2010.

 

The United States has promised to deliver additional MRAPS to Uganda.

 

Uganda joins a growing list of African militaries to benefit from the US Army's continental counter-terrorism programme. So far, Mauritania and Niger have each taken delivery of at least two Cessna 208B Caravans. The US has also contracted Cessna to deliver aircraft to the Kenyan Defence Force (KDF).

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 17:45
A Somali MAV 5

A Somali MAV 5

 

09 March 2015 by defenceWeb

 

The Italian government has donated 54 vehicles to the Somali National Army as part of efforts to strengthen its ability to combat al Shabaab militants and other security challenges.

 

The vehicles were received by General Dahir Adan, chief of the Somali National Army (SNA) on March 5 at Mogadishu’s port after arriving by ship. Also present at the handover was Colonel Bernardo Mencaraglia, Commander Italian National Support Element (IT-NSE), European Union Training Mission (EUTM) Somalia.

 

Garowe Online reports that the equipment will be used by the armed forces, intelligence service and police. The shipment includes trucks and MAV 5 light armoured vehicles, based on the IVECO 40.10 and capable of carrying six personnel.

 

Mencaraglia said the vehicles were donated in line with previous commitments. For example, in April 2014, Italy delivered 30 vehicles to the Somali Police Corps in the first instalment of materiel donated by the Italian ministry of defence to Somalia’s armed forces.

 

The donations are part of Italy’s commitment to safeguarding peace and stability in Somalia. Italy is strongly committed in the European Union Training Mission in Somalia. After four years in Uganda it redeployed to Mogadishu in 2014. The current strength of 130 personnel represents 11 nations and forms an integral part of the EU Horn of Africa strategic plan, proving a variety of military capabilities for the development of Somali security forces.

 

EUTM Somalia provides military advice to the MoD/Defence General Staff and basic/specialist training to the Somali National Army and as of October 2014 had planned and conducted 18 training courses at Jazeera Training Camp, training almost 1 500 Somalis.

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27 février 2015 5 27 /02 /février /2015 08:45
EUTM commander warns of possible failure in Somali army training programme

 

26 February 2015 by Oscar Nkala - defenceWeb

 

The outgoing commander of the European Union Training Mission (EUTM) in Somalia, Brigadier General Massimo Mingiardi, says the mission will fail to achieve its objectives of setting up, training and equiping a professional Somali National Army (SNA) unless the US and European Union make the long term funding commitment needed to achieve the mission's objectives.

 

Addressing reporters at EU headquarters in Brussels last week, Mingiardi said he notes that a lot of work that has been done in training the Somali army over the past few years but there remains a possibility of failure due to a lack of long term commitments from the principal programme funders:

 

"I have been satisfied with the results so far but they are not enough..It would be very naïve to say we could have solved the problems of Somalia in the last year - not after 22 years of civil war.

 

"We are on a good track but the West needs a long-term commitment. Otherwise, or else we will commit the same mistakes made in other parts of Africa or the Middle East," he said.

 

Mingiardi said the training programme faces severe shortages of basic training equipment while the continued absence of proper barracks, military uniforms and central authority in the form of a Ministry of Defence severely hampers the work of the mission and compromises its outcomes.

 

"To provide training without the basic equipment doesn't work. We have to do more. For example, during the last course we administered to 100 soldiers, not one of them received a uniform. They attended the course in civilian clothes and flip-flops!

 

"If we want to see any improvement, the only path before us is to provide them the equipment they need for training as well. We're also trying to help the Somalis rebuild their MoD [Ministry of Defence], but without more money I don't think we can achieve the desired results. One of my first priorities would be to re-build barracks, which would enable the soldiers to better control the armoury," the Italian Army general said.

 

The commander wants the EUR2.5 million pledged to the EUTM this year to be used for the acquisition of non-lethal military supplies such as camouflage uniforms and the construction of barracks and other cantonments.

 

He said this will improve the morale and basic living standards of the newly trained soldiers. The EUTM was set up in 2011 to support the rebuilding of a Somali army after the installation of a new UN-backed government in Mogadishu.

 

The programme was initially run from Uganda but was transfered to Mogadishu with the stabilisation of the military/security situation in late 2013. More than 250 Somali soldiers, including special forces elements, have been trained by the programme which ends next year.

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15 février 2015 7 15 /02 /février /2015 12:45
U.S. Army M-ATV

U.S. Army M-ATV

 

February 11, 2015: Strategy page

 

The United States is providing the 21,000 AU (African Union) peacekeepers in Somalia with twenty MRAP (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected) vehicles to provide peacekeepers with additional protection while patrolling areas where mines and roadside bombs are still a problem. These MRAPs will replace older (late 1980s vintage) and lighter Casspir vehicles. These are from South Africa which is where the modern MRAP design was invented and for over a decade Casspir vehicles were among the best MRAP type vehicles you could get.

 

The U.S. is apparently providing a much newer design, the M-ATV (MRAP-All Terrain Vehicle) to the Somalia peacekeepers. These are refurbished after service in Afghanistan and more can be sent if needed. M-ATV is a 15 ton, 4x4 (with independent wheel suspension) armored vehicle. Payload is 1.8 tons, and it can carry five passengers (including a gunner). Top speed is 105 kilometers an hour, and road range on internal fuel is 515 kilometers. The M-ATV is slightly larger than a hummer. An M-ATV costs about $800,000, not including transportation. It cost about $150,000 each to fly one into Afghanistan.

 

The M-ATV design was heavily influenced by earlier American experience in Iraq and Afghanistan. This includes much better off road capabilities. After 2009 several thousand M-ATVs were sent to Afghanistan and troops found that the M-ATV can safely handle a lot of cross country travel that would be dangerous for a conventional MRAP. But, like taking a tracked vehicle (like a tank) off road, you can't just drive it anywhere. Even a tracked vehicle will flip, or lose a track (hit an obstacle that will tear the tracks from the wheels) if you don't drive carefully. Same deal with the M-ATV. Off the road, this is a more stable and forgiving MRAP, and commanders are coming up with new tactics to take advantage of it. The enemy can no longer assume all MRAPs will stay on the road.

 

The M-ATV design improved on the fact that all other MRAPs were, after all, just heavy trucks. The basic MRAP capsule design produces a high center of gravity that makes the vehicles prone to flipping over easily. They are also large vehicles, causing maneuverability problems when going through narrow streets. Most MRAPs don't have a lot of torque, being somewhat underpowered for their size. And, being wheeled vehicles, they are not very good at cross country movement (especially considering the high center of gravity.) The M-ATV was designed to deal with all of these problems.

 

The rush to get MRAPs to Afghanistan is all about reducing casualties. Anyone in these vehicles is much less likely to be killed by a roadside bomb. The math is simple. If all the troops who encountered these bombs were in a MRAP, casualties would be about 65 percent less. About two-thirds of all casualties in Afghanistan are from roadside bombs. Thus these vehicles reduced overall casualties by about a third.

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8 février 2015 7 08 /02 /février /2015 20:45
La Turquie renouvelle la mission anti-piraterie de sa marine au large de la Somalie

 

04-02-2015 Par : LIANG Chen - French.china.org.cn

 

Le Parlement turc a adopté mardi une motion prolongeant d'une année supplémentaire la mission assurée par la marine turque dans le cadre de la campagne internationale de lutte contre la piraterie dans le golfe d'Aden.

 

En 2009, le Parlement turc avait autorisé le gouvernement à envoyer des unités des forces navales turques dans le golfe d'Aden et dans les zones maritimes avoisinantes pour contribuer à la campagne de lutte contre la piraterie menée par l'OTAN conformément à la résolution du Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU adoptée en 2008.

 

La mission a déjà été prorogée à plusieurs reprises. Dans le cadre de cette mission, la marine turque est chargée de protéger les navires marchands turcs naviguant dans le golfe d'Aden et au large des côtes somaliennes, où ils sont souvent pris pour cibles par des pirates.

 

Lors des discussions sur la question au Parlement ce mardi, Ahmet Berat Conkar, député du Parti de la justice et du développement (AKP, au pouvoir), a indiqué qu'au cours des 26 opérations menées au total depuis 2009, la marine turque a contrecarré les agissements de 179 pirates dans la région

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 07:45
EU Training Mission in Somalia gets new mission commander

 

3/2/2015 EU source: Council Ref: CL15-014EN

 

Summary: 3 February 2015, Brussels - Brigadier General Antonio Maggi has been appointed new Mission Commander for the EU Training Mission in Somalia (EUTM Somalia).

 

General Maggi, from Italy, takes up his duties on 8 March 2015. He will succeed Brigadier General Massimo Mingiardi, who had been in the position since December 2013.

EUTM Somalia, launched in spring 2010, is part of the EU's comprehensive approach for a stable, democratic and prosperous Somalia and embedded in the EU strategic framework for the Horn of Africa. It has contributed to training over 4.000 Somali troops so far, with a special focus on officers, specialists and trainers. 

The mission delivers political and strategic advice to the Somali ministry of defence and the chief of defence forces on security sector development. It also advises on military training so as to lay the foundations of a Somali-owned military training system. Since January 2014, the mission has been based in Mogadishu, Somalia.

The decision was taken by the Council's Political and Security Committee.

                                                                                                              

 

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21 décembre 2014 7 21 /12 /décembre /2014 19:45
Somalie: retrait des soldats sierra-léonais

Sierra Leonian troops conduct a foot patrol near the city of Kismayo in Southern Somalia - photo AMISOM

 

21.12.2014 BBC Afrique

 

L’UA a décidé de remplacer les soldats sierra-léonais partis de la Somalie par des forces en provenance d’autres pays, en raison de la présence de la fièvre Ebola dans leur pays.

 

Plus de 800 soldats sierra-léonais ont quitté la Somalie, où ils étaient en mission pour l’Union africaine.

La plupart d’entre eux étaient en poste au port de Kismayo, dans le sud de la Somalie.

Le départ des soldats sierra-léonais avait été retardé de presque six mois, car un de leurs compatriotes censés les remplacer avait été infecté par le virus Ebola.

La Sierra-Leone, la Guinée et le Liberia sont les pays les plus touchés par l’épidémie de fièvre Ebola, qui a fait au moins sept mille morts en Afrique de l’Ouest, de fin 2013 à nos jours, selon un décompte de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS).

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19 décembre 2014 5 19 /12 /décembre /2014 07:45
Somali pirates are "not defeated but dormant," says Puntland's Minister for Maritime Transport

 

12/15/2014 Defence IQ Press
 

Hon. Abdalla Jama Saleh is the Minister of Maritime Transport, Ports and Counter Piracy for Puntland. He is charged with leading the country’s counter piracy efforts by working with the international community to fight piracy inland and along the coast of Puntland. He spoke to Defence IQ about the decline of piracy off the Somali coast and how that has given rise to new maritime challenges in the Gulf of Aden…

 

Defence IQ: Piracy in the Gulf of Aden has fallen dramatically in the last few years – what are the main reasons for this? What have been the key lessons learned during this period?

 

Hon. Adballa Jama: The success against piracy is down to cooperation between at us and the international community. We fought with the pirates inland at their hideouts and points of gathering.  We used force on certain occasions; we used religious guidance by preachers stating that piracy is forbidden and any income directly or indirectly is illegitimate and absolutely forbidden. We successfully reached the point that they could not buy properties or marry with the piracy money. Besides that anybody caught by the international armada was given a long prison term. The international navy presence in the area was a major factor too.

 

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16 décembre 2014 2 16 /12 /décembre /2014 08:45
Al-Shabab fighters outside Mogadishu, Somalia (Archive)

Al-Shabab fighters outside Mogadishu, Somalia (Archive)

December 15, 2014: Strategy Page

More and more al Shabaab groups are leaving central Somalia and heading for the Kenyan border, where they have access to the large number of Somali refugees (in well supplied Kenyan camps) and ethnic Somalis long resident in northern Kenya. These Somali Kenyans are easier to convince or coerce into cooperating with the Islamic terrorists than the Kenyans belonging to one of the many black African tribes native to East Africa south of Somalia. Al Shabaab is still angry at Kenya for sending troops into southern Kenya and, with the aid of local clan militias, set up a new government in the area that had long been under al Shabaab control. Traditionally Somalis invade Kenya not the other way around and the fact that the Kenyans got away with their “invasion” of southern Somali still annoys al Shabaab (and a lot of other Somalis.) So al Shabaab is moving south for revenge as well as to get away from peacekeepers, anti-al Shabaab militias and the trained soldiers the government now has available. The al Shabaab forces along the border are not yet strong enough to go to war with the Kenyan Army and the local Somali militias, but terrorism is another matter. So groups of al Shabaab gunmen have been crossing the border and murdering non-Moslem civilians they come across. This has angered Kenyans who are demanding that their government do something. In response Kenyan warplanes have bombed suspected al Shabaab camps and Kenyan troops are aggressively seeking out al Shabaab men on both sides of the border. Despite that there is panic among non-Moslem Kenyans living near the Somali border and thousands are leaving.

Kenya currently has 3,000 troops on the Somali side of the border and even more on the Kenyan side (in addition to police). The government is apparently going to send more troops and police to the Somali border and Kenyans up there who are ethnic Somalis are being asked to help. Some do, but many do not and a few actually support al Shabaab. At the moment the Kenyan security forces are held in low esteem by most Kenyans and political and military leaders are under a lot of pressure to actually do something.

The UN and other foreign aid groups gave become increasingly strident about foreign donors not providing enough money to deal with growing food shortages in Somalia. So far only about a third of the money (over 800 million) needed to handle the coming food crisis has been pledged. There are 20 percent more Somalis in need of aid this year than last. Foreign donors are reluctant to spend a lot of money on Somali aid because over the last two decades so much aid has been stolen by Islamic terrorists, warlords, bandits and whatever passes for government. The drought in 2011 killed a quarter of a million, largely because al Shabaab banned the “un-Islamic” food aid from those needing it. But the donor nations note that the aid groups play down the theft and subsequent investigations revealed this and the fact that the aid groups simply paid off the thieves, often with a portion of the aid. Donor nations want better security before they provide all that is demanded.

The major problem in Somalia has long been corruption and when this problem is actually measured Somali finds that it has the dubious distinction of being best at something they would rather not be. Thus a recent international study found Somalia one of the three most corrupt nations in the world. Corruption in this Transparency International Corruption Perception Index is measured on a 1 (most corrupt) to 100 (not corrupt) scale. The three most corrupt nations have a rating of 8 (Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia) and the least corrupt are 91 (New Zealand and Denmark). A look at this index each year adds an element of reality to official government pronouncements. African nations are the most corrupt, followed by Middle Eastern ones.

Somalia also excels at terrorist violence. A recent terrorism survey (Global Terrorism Index) found that five nations (Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria and Syria, in that order) accounted for 80 percent of all terrorism related deaths in 2013 and even more in 2014. Four Islamic terrorist organizations (ISIL, al Qaeda, Boko Haram and the Taliban) account for nearly 70 percent of all terrorist deaths. Many of the lesser terror groups are also Islamic. In fact, of the top ten nations by terrorist activity (Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria, Syria, India, Somalia, Yemen, Philippines and Thailand) only India and the Philippines had a significant minority of terrorist deaths that were not carried out by Moslems. In those two countries the minority terrorists were leftist rebels who had not noticed the collapse of radical socialism in 1989. Meanwhile the rapid growth in Islamic terrorism violence caused the total number of terrorist acts to increase 44 percent in 2013 over 2012. Al Shabaab does what it can to keep Somalia competitive.

December 14, 2014: In Mogadishu al Shabaab fired several mortar shells at the largest peacekeeper base in the country. There were no casualties. This was apparently retaliation for an operation earlier in the day that arrested 200 men suspected of belonging to or supporting al Shabaab.

December 13, 2014: In central Somalia (Galguduud province) fifteen people (five soldiers and ten Sufi militiamen) died when troops drove the Sufi militia out of a village they had occupied. Since late 2011 Sufi militiamen have been again fighting al Shabaab gunmen in central Somalia. In the first eight months after the Sufi Ahlu Suna Waljama militia went to war with al Shabaab, the Islamic terrorists lost control of most key towns they held in central Somalia. Sufis are believers in a more mystical and peaceful form of Islam, and are looked down on by many radical Sunni groups. But the Somali Sufis got tired of being harassed by al Shabaab, and in 2008 began to arm and organize themselves for defense. In 2010 the Sufi militias became allies with the TNG (Transitional National Government) and Ethiopia, which keeps lots of troops on their Somali border, occasionally crossing into Somalia in order to discourage al Shabaab from raiding into Ethiopia. Since 2013 there has been growing friction between local Sufi leaders and the officials the national government has sent to set up local government. The Sufi complain that they are being ignored and taken advantage of. The corruption of the government officials doesn’t help either.

December 12, 2014: In the Bakool area (175 kilometers north of Mogadishu) seven women have been killed because of an al Shabaab effort to intimidate soldiers. It began last week when al Shabaab kidnapped and beheaded the wife of a local soldier and another woman who cooked for the soldiers. In revenge soldiers seized ten women they believed were married to al Shabaab members and began killing them. Five of the ten were killed before tribal elders showed up and persuaded the soldiers to stop.

December 6, 2014: In Mogadishu parliament voted (153 to 80) to remove the current prime minister from power and thus give the president another chance to find a prime minister who will do what the president tells him. The dismissed prime minister and the president have been openly feuding for months over who gets appointed to senior positions. This is not about appointing the most effective officials, but the ones who will steal the most for the president or prime minister (the two most powerful politicians currently in government.) A recent UN study found that many officials will steal over 70 percent of the government funds they have control over.

December 5, 2014: In the central Somalia town of Baidoa al Shabaab set off a car bomb in a crowd and another bomb in a café that killed 15 and wounded three times as many.

December 4, 2014: One of Kenya’s F-5 jet fighters crashed on its way back from a bombing mission along the Somali border. Al Shabaab claimed to have shot down the fighter but the pilot reported mechanical problems before the jet went down. Kenya has obtained 29 F-5s since the late 1970s and about twenty are still in service and several more are being refurbished. Fifteen F-5s were recently refurbished after being obtained from Jordan. The F-5s is a 12 ton fighter roughly similar to the 1950s era MiG-21, and is a contemporary of that Russian fighter. The F-5 was built mainly for export to nations that could not afford the top-line Western fighters, but did not want the MiG-21s. The F-5 is normally armed with two 20mm cannon, and three tons of missiles and bombs. Introduced in 1962, over 2,200 were built before production ended in 1987.

December 3, 2014: In Mogadishu an al Shabaab suicide car bomber attacked a UN convoy killing four people (all security guards or civilian bystanders). The UN personnel were safe within armored trucks that are used to transport them from the heavily guarded UN compound to the equally well guarded airport.

Just across the border in Kenya (Garissa) someone threw a grenade into a café and wounding two people.

December 2, 2014: Just across the border in Kenya (outside Mandera) al Shabaab killed 36 non-Moslem workers at a quarry. As a result of this atrocity the Kenyan president fired his Interior Minister and the head of the national police promptly retired. Later in the day gunmen attacked a pub near the Somali border, killing one customer and wounding three others. Al Shabaab is violently opposed to alcoholic beverages and all sorts of other things (like school for girls).

November 26, 2014: The EU (European Union) agreed to keep its 128 military trainers in Mogadishu for another year. In 2014 the EU instructors trained 1,200 Somali troops and expects to train the same number in 2015.

November 24, 2014: Many Kenyans doubt their government’s claims that security forces quickly killed over a hundred al Shabaab men in the wake of the Mandera massacre. Al Shabaab denies that they suffered any losses and the government simply says that air force warplanes bombed al Shabaab camps along the Somali border while ground troops pursued and caught some of the Mandera killers. If that is so, Kenyans wonder why there are not photos or prisoners shown to prove it. Kenyans are losing faith in their security forces.

November 22, 2014: Just across the border in Kenya (outside Mandera) al Shabaab gunmen stopped a bus and killed 28 non-Moslem passengers, while leaving the Moslem passengers unharmed.

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4 novembre 2014 2 04 /11 /novembre /2014 17:45
Fighting piracy off the coast of Somalia: lessons learned from the Contact Group

 

28 October 2014 by Thierry Tardy - Report No20

 

One of the priorities of the 2014 EU Chairmanship of the Contact Group on ­Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) has been to adequately document the lessons learned from the Contact Group. This includes both the unfiltered accounts of people affected by piracy or involved in the fight against piracy and the more academic, analytical work whose aim is to generate conclusions, observations and recommendations. To achieve the objective of documenting the CGPCS lessons learned, a CGPCS Lessons Learned Consortium was established in 2013 consisting of the EU Institute for Security Studies (EUISS), Cardiff University and Oceans Beyond Piracy. These three organisations have initiated and developed several work strands to ensure that the lessons learned from the Contact Group are not only preserved for future students, scholars and practitioners, but also placed in a broader societal and intellectual framework, allowing for further analysis and study.

This report is one of the core products of the CGPCS Lessons Learned Project. The EUISS has brought together a number of authors who have been involved in the ­CGPCS from the outset to document the genesis and evolution of the Contact Group since its inception in 2009. These contributions offer an overview of the work of the Contact Group and illustrate the road the CGPCS stakeholders have travelled together as well as the manner in which the international counter-piracy strategy has evolved.

 

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27 octobre 2014 1 27 /10 /octobre /2014 17:45
FFDj : retour du Falcon 50 déployé à Djibouti en mission de surveillance et renseignement

 

27/10/2014 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Le 26 octobre 2014, le Falcon 50 de la flottille 24F de la Marine nationale déployé à Djibouti afin de participer aux missions de surveillance planifiées au profit de la mission européenne de lutte contre la piraterie Atalante, est rentré en France.

 

Au cours de son déploiement sur la base aérienne 188 à Djibouti, le Falcon 50 a effectué une quinzaine de missions de surveillance et de renseignement au large des côtes somaliennes au profit de la lutte contre la piraterie menée dans le cadre de l’opération Atalante.

 

Lors d’une mission de surveillance, les cinq membres d’équipage occupent chacun une fonction bien définie. Le pilote, secondé de son chef de bord, ajuste le vol en fonction des paramètres et des besoins fournis par l’équipage. Le radariste signale les objectifs et intercepte les signaux. L’opérateur de vol suit le positionnement des navires, et le radiographiste effectue les prises de vues et échange en direct avec le commandement d’Atalante.

 

Polyvalent, l’équipage assure également l’exploitation technique et l’analyse des images des objectifs terrestres et maritimes après le vol. L’équipage avec son Falcon contribue pleinement à la lutte contre la piraterie aux côtés des alliés européens dans une zone dont la superficie est aussi vaste que l’Europe. Son action s’inscrit dans un dispositif plus large. D’autres avions de patrouille maritime basés à Djibouti et aux Seychelles patrouillent dans la corne de l’Afrique ainsi que dans l’océan Indien tout au long de l’année.

 

En conformité avec le traité de coopération de défense signé en 2011 avec la république de Djibouti, les FFDj constituent une base opérationnelle avancée en Afrique de l’Est. Elles participent ainsi au dispositif militaire français prépositionné permettant de disposer d’un réservoir de forces pouvant être projetées rapidement en cas de crise. Par ailleurs, les FFDj bénéficient d'une capacité d’entraînement permanente, avec comme principal « outil » le centre d’entraînement au combat et d’aguerrissement au désert de Djibouti (CECAD) qui accueille des unités permanentes ou en mission de courte durée des FFDj, des unités ou écoles de métropole, ainsi que les forces armées djiboutiennes et étrangères.

FFDj : retour du Falcon 50 déployé à Djibouti en mission de surveillance et renseignementFFDj : retour du Falcon 50 déployé à Djibouti en mission de surveillance et renseignement
FFDj : retour du Falcon 50 déployé à Djibouti en mission de surveillance et renseignement
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22 octobre 2014 3 22 /10 /octobre /2014 16:45
Photos ADC H. Receveur - AAir

Photos ADC H. Receveur - AAir

 

21/10/2014 Sources : État-major des Armées

 

Les 14 et 21 octobre 2014, 60 garde-côtes somaliens ont bénéficié d’une formation « sécurité incendie » dispensée par les marins-pompiers de la base navale (BN) sur l’emprise marine des forces françaises stationnées à Djibouti (FFDj) dans le cadre de l’opération EUCAP NESTOR ¹.

 

Cette formation initiale de lutte contre l’incendie s’est déroulée en deux phases :

    la première abordait la lutte contre le feu (utilisation des extincteurs et accessoires, tenues de protection…) ;

    la seconde était centrée sur le contrôle des dommages à bord d’un bâtiment ou d’une embarcation et l’utilisation d’une pompe d’épuisement contre les voies d’eau.

 

Les instructeurs français ont conçu des supports pédagogiques spécialement à l’attention des élèves non francophones de cette formation. Dorénavant, les garde-côtes somaliens seront en mesure de réagir de façon adaptée en cas d’incendie à bord d'un bâtiment, ou d'une embarcation (spécificités du feu et des voies d'eau).

Les activités de formation destinées à renforcer la fonction de garde-côtes s’inscrivent dans une approche beaucoup plus globale de résolution de la crise en Somalie. L’opération EUCAP NESTOR est une mission civile de l’Union Européenne (UE), renforcée d’une expertise militaire. Son objectif est d’assister le développement et l’amélioration continue de la sécurité maritime des pays de  la corne de l’Afrique et de l’océan Indien.

 

Les FFDj contribuent ponctuellement au développement des capacités régionales par le biais des formations au profit d’autres nations de la région. Au premier semestre 2014, elles ont déjà dispensé ce type de cours au profit d'EUCAP NESTOR.

 

En conformité avec le traité de coopération de défense signé en 2011 avec la république de Djibouti, les FFDj constituent une base opérationnelle avancée en Afrique de l’Est. A ce titre, elles participent au dispositif militaire français prépositionné permettant de disposer d’un réservoir de forces pouvant être projetées rapidement en cas de crise.

 

1 Lancée en juillet 2012, EUCAP NESTOR est une mission civile de l’UE à laquelle contribuent 16 pays de l’UE et la Norvège. Son objectif est d’assister le développement et l’amélioration de la sécurité maritime des pays de la corne de l’Afrique et de l’Ouest de l’océan Indien.

FFDJ : action de formation au profit des garde-côtes somaliensFFDJ : action de formation au profit des garde-côtes somaliens
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6 octobre 2014 1 06 /10 /octobre /2014 12:45
Amisom et armée somalienne sécurisent Barawe, calme, après son abandon par les shebab

 

Mogadiscio, 6 oct 2014 Marine et Oceans (AFP)

 

L'armée somalienne et les troupes de la force de l'Union africaine en Somalie (Amisom) sécurisaient lundi la localité portuaire de Barawe, "capitale" de fait des islamistes shebab, reprise dimanche.

 

C'est la première fois que la ville est sous contrôle d'une autorité centrale somalienne depuis 1991 et la chute du régime autoritaire du président Siad Barre qui a plongé le pays dans le chaos et l'a livré aux milices de chefs de guerre, aux gangs criminels et aux groupes islamistes.

 

"Les shebab ne sont plus à Barawe", a déclaré lundi aux habitants Abdirisak Khalif Elmi, un des chefs de l'armée somalienne, les appelant à soutenir le gouvernement somalien.

 

Des tanks et des véhicules blindés patrouillaient dans la ville lundi, selon des habitants. Les combattants shebab avaient commencé à évacuer Barawe dès vendredi face à l'avancée de l'armée somalienne et de l'Amisom.

 

Certains soldats ont fouillé les maisons à la recherche d'armes, tandis que le gros des troupes installaient leurs bases à la sortie de la ville, selon le gouverneur de la province de Basse-Shabelle, Abdukadir Mohamed Nur.

 

"Les opérations pour assurer la sécurité sont en cours", a-t-il déclaré à l'AFP par téléphone.

 

Selon Ali Nurow, un habitant, des "tanks et d'autres véhicules blindés sont entrés ce (lundi) matin et des maisons ont été perquisitionnées, ils ont visé des maisons où vivaient des chefs shebab".

 

"La situation est calme et il n'y a pas de combat, seulement des tirs intenses en l'air de la part de troupes somaliennes et de l'Amisom, quand ils sont réentrés dans la ville", lundi, a déclaré de son côté à l'AFP un autre habitant, Isak Mohamed.

 

La prise de Barawe est un nouveau coup dur pour les shebab, un mois après la mort de leur chef suprême Ahmed Abdi "Godane", tué début septembre par une frappe américaine. Outre l'aspect symbolique de la prise de leur "capitale" de fait, les shebab perdent avec le port de Barawe, plateforme d'où ils exportaient du charbon de bois vers les pays du Golfe, l'une de leurs principales sources de revenus.

 

"La Somalie s'éveille à un futur plus radieux", a estimé le représentant spécial de l'ONU, Nick Kay, sur Twitter.

 

Barawe était l'objectif principal avoué de l'opération "Océan Indien", lancé fin août par l'armée somalienne et l'Amisom et qui a déjà permis de reprendre une dizaine de localités du centre et du sud de la Somalie aux shebab.

 

Selon l'Amisom, dont les effectifs ont été portés en janvier à 22.000 hommes, Barawe est tombée dimanche, "sans grande résistance" de la part des shebab, qui confrontés à une puissance de feu supérieure de l'Amisom, ont abandonné sans combattre l'essentiel de leurs bastions du sud et du centre de la Somalie.

 

Depuis qu'ils ont été chassés de Mogadiscio en août 2011, les islamistes ont essuyé une série ininterrompue de défaites militaires face à l'Amisom. Ils ont abandonné le combat conventionnel pour les actions de guérilla et les attentats, parfois spectaculaires notamment à Mogadiscio ou au Kenya et à Djibouti qui fournissent des troupes à l'Amisom.

 

Ils contrôlent néanmoins toujours de larges zones rurales et des axes routiers reliant les localités aux mains de l'Amisom et de l'armée somalienne, et restent une sérieuse menace pour la sécurité de la Somalie et de la région, selon les experts.

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4 octobre 2014 6 04 /10 /octobre /2014 20:45
photo Amisom

photo Amisom

 

04.10.2014 BBC Afrique

 

L'armée somalienne a affirmé samedi avoir chassé les islamistes shebab de la ville côtière d'Adale dans le sud du pays.

 

Les islamistes shebab auraient abandonné la ville après une offensive conjointe de l'armée somalienne et de la force de l'union africaine (Amisom) lancée la veille. C'est la première victoire des troupes gouvernementales appuyées par l’Amisom en moins de 24 heures.

 

Suite de l’article

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4 octobre 2014 6 04 /10 /octobre /2014 20:45
Somalia's al-Shabab 'withdrawing from key Barawe base'

 

3 October 2014 BBC Africa

 

Al-Qaeda-aligned militants are withdrawing from their last major stronghold on Somalia's southern coast, residents in Barawe have told the BBC.

 

They said that al-Shabab battle-wagons loaded with their weapons had been leaving since the morning. African Union forces and Somali government troops have been closing in on the town - an official says they are about 20km (12 miles) away. Barawe is in a strategic position 200km south of the capital.

 

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13 septembre 2014 6 13 /09 /septembre /2014 17:45
La France a coopéré avec Washington dans l'élimination du chef des chebab somaliens
 

 

 

François Hollande a coopéré avec les États-Unis dans l'élimination lundi du chef des chebab somaliens, annonce l'entrourage du chef de l'État.

Selon une information du Point vendredi, le président français aurait ordonné l'envoi d'informations de la DGSE au Pentagone permettant de tuer ce chef terroriste. L'entourage de Hollande assure que Hollande a appuyé "la coopération en matière de renseignement et de coordination". "Cela n'a pas été une opération française sur le terrain, nous n'étions pas dans l'intervention", a précisé l'entourage de François Hollande.

Ahmed Abdi "Godane" a été tué lundi 1er septembre lors d'une frappe aérienne américaine dans le sud de Mogadiscio. "Godane" était à l'origine de l'enlèvement, le 14 juillet 2009, de deux agents de la DGSE, rappelle Le Point. "Le premier, connu sous le pseudonyme de Marc Aubrière, était parvenu à s'évader, mais le second, Denis Allex, avait été détenu dans des conditions barbares", souligne l'hebdomadaire. Une opération militaire française conduite le 11 janvier 2013 pour tenter de le libérer avait échoué. L'otage et deux membres du commando avaient été tués, ainsi qu'au moins 17 chebab.

Dans un communiqué, la Maison-Blanche avait relevé lundi que cette opération visant à l'élimination de "Godane" constituait "l'aboutissement d'années de labeur des services de renseignement, de l'armée et des forces de maintien de l'ordre". Aucun soldat américain au sol n'a été impliqué dans l'opération.

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6 septembre 2014 6 06 /09 /septembre /2014 22:45
Oumar Abou Oubaïda, nouveau chef des shebabs somaliens

 

06-09-2014 par RFI

 

Les islamistes shebabs somaliens ont confirmé ce samedi 6 septembre au soir la mort de leur chef Ahmed Abdi Godane. Ils annoncent également avoir nommé un nouveau chef, Oumar Abou Oubaïda.

 

Il s'agit, selon un communiqué mis en ligne par SITE - le site américain de surveillance des sites islamistes -, de Cheikh Ahmed Oumar, également connu sous le nom de Abou Oubaïda.

 

Il succède donc à Ahmed Abdi Godane, dont les shebabs confirment la mort dans une frappe américaine avec deux de ses camarades. Les islamistes somaliens renouvellent dans ce même communiqué leur allégeance à al-Qaïda. Et surtout ils promettent de se venger.

 

Une vengeance qui ne fait guère de doute pour les autorités somaliennes. Bien qu'affaiblie militairement, la milice jihadiste conserve une immense capacité de nuisance. Le 31 août dernier, par exemple, des terroristes faisaient exploser une voiture piégée dans l'enceinte même des services de renseignement avant de déclencher une fusillade avec les policiers. En juillet dernier, les shebabs lançaient une attaque contre les bâtiments de la présidence somalienne. Autant dire qu'ils ont parfaitement la capacité de frapper la capitale et le coeur du pouvoir à tout moment.

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