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6 septembre 2013 5 06 /09 /septembre /2013 07:25
A-1M subsonic attack aircraft - photo Brazilian air force

A-1M subsonic attack aircraft - photo Brazilian air force

Sept. 5, 2013 by  Dave Majumdar – FG


Washington DC - Embraer has delivered the first modernised A-1M subsonic attack aircraft to the Brazilian air force in Gavião Peixoto.


"The A-1 fighter jets are fundamental elements for the defence of Brazil, including its territorial coastal waters," says Gen Juniti Saito, the service's commander. "We have been very successful in using this aircraft on such highly complex operations as the Cruzex and Red Flag exercises. Its modernisation presents a big gain in capability," he adds.


The A-1M programme provides for the upgrade of 43 AMX jets, which were originally developed under a joint Italian-Brazilian venture. So far, 16 aircraft have been inducted into Embraer's facilities for refurbishment.


The modernisation package includes new navigation systems, weapons, oxygen generators, multimode radar and electronic countermeasures. The new hardware is coupled with structural refurbishment that will extend the type's life until 2025

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 07:25
L’armée de l’air brésilienne reçoit son premier A-1 modernisé

04.09.2013 Helen Chachaty - journal-aviation.com


La Força Aérea Brasileira a réceptionné son premier chasseur A-1M modernisé hier, lors d’une cérémonie qui s’est tenue sur le site industriel d’Embraer à Gavião Peixoto, près de São Paulo. C’est le premier exemplaire du programme qui prévoit la rénovation et la modernisation des 43 chasseurs subsoniques AMX. Seize avions se trouvent actuellement à l’usine d’Embraer pour être modernisés.


Plusieurs nouveaux équipements sont intégrés aux A-1M : systèmes de navigation, armement, génération d’oxygène, radar multimodes, contremesures électroniques, similaires à ceux présents sur les F-5M et les A-29 Super Tucano. Le programme de modernisation devrait permettre aux avions d’être opérationnels jusqu’en 2025.

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2 septembre 2013 1 02 /09 /septembre /2013 11:25
Affaire Prism : les présidents mexicain et brésilien espionnés

02.09.2013 Le Monde.fr


Les communications de la présidente brésilienne Dilma Rousseff et du président mexicain Enrique Peña Nieto ont été espionnées par les Etats-Unis, a révélé dimanche 1er septembre la télévision Globo du Brésil, documents des services secrets américains à l'appui.


La chaîne de télévision a présenté un fichier révélé par l'informaticien américain Edward Snowden, datant de juin 2012 et intitulé "Infiltration intelligente de données, étude de cas du Brésil et du Mexique".


Dans ce document, l'Agence nationale de sécurité américaine (NSA) cherche notamment à avoir "une meilleure compréhension des méthodes de communication et des interlocuteurs" de Mme Rousseff et de ses collaborateurs grâce à un programme qui permet d'accéder à tous les contenus visités par la présidente brésilienne sur le Net.


Suite de l’article

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2 septembre 2013 1 02 /09 /septembre /2013 07:25
Brazil, Pakistan Look To Expand Industrial Ties

Sep. 1, 2013 By USMAN ANSARI   – Defense News 


ISLAMABAD — Brazil and Pakistan have begun to explore ways to expand their defense industrial relations.


The move could broaden the market for Brazilian arms and help Pakistan widen the range of its defense suppliers, analysts said.


Brazil’s ambassador to Pakistan, Alfredo Leoni, and Pakistan’s federal minister for defense production, Tanveer Hussain, met here in early August to discuss the increased cooperation.


“The scope of relations between the two countries is quite vast. The need is to collaborate, extend support and establish relations in areas of defense production,” Leoni told the Associated Press of Pakistan.


Brazil has a generally more high-tech defense industry than Pakistan, but observers say greater industry cooperation could be mutually beneficial.


“Brazil-Pakistan defense ties seem to be driven by a commercial interest, but have a broader political-strategic side,” said Antônio Sampaio, a research analyst for Latin American issues at the International Institute for Strategic Studies.


“Brazilian interest in the Pakistani defense market fits into Brasilia’s broad strategy of securing buyers for the country’s growing defense industry,” he said, which is “a strategic priority to stimulate a technologically advanced base for economic growth.”


New programs such as the Embraer-led KC-390 airlifter give Brazil a pressing reason to expand its markets, Sampaio said.


Pakistan is also “a key emerging country, acting in several international arenas that Brazil sees as strategically important for its foreign goals,” he said.


Improving commercial and political ties with such states “is a key objective as [Brazil] seeks a greater influence in world affairs,” he said. “In this front, the sheer volume of trade between Brazil and Pakistan is considered low (less than US $300 million in 2012), although it has grown rapidly in recent years.”


Trevor Taylor, a professorial fellow at the Royal United Services Institute and expert in defense industries, said it is natural for the two countries to to improve defense relations.


“Pakistan is not under any UN or EU conventional arms embargo and there is therefore no reason why Brazil, which is trying to build a significant range of defense industrial capabilities with only a limited national defense budget, should not seek to market in Pakistan,” he said. “Brazil will presumably be wary, however, of offering things that might put at risk its nuclear submarine cooperation with France and the success of its commercial aircraft business in Western markets.”


Taylor thinks Pakistan’s motives are more straightforward: “Pakistan for its part must be interested in widening its range of defense suppliers while not damaging its ties with China.”


Brazil, Pakistan Look To Expand Industrial Ties

Pakistan’s most high-profile purchase from Brazil thus far is a 2008 deal for 100 Mectron MAR-1 anti-radiation missiles to equip Pakistan’s Mirage and JF-17 Thunder fighter aircraft. Deliveries are underway and the missile has already been integrated onto Mirage.


Usman Shabbir, an analyst with the Pakistan Military Consortium, said another missile may be in Pakistan’s sights already.


“I am sure we will see the A-Darter short-range missile in [Pakistan Air Force] service once production commences in 2014,” he said. The missile is being developed by Mectron in cooperation with South Africa’s Denel Dynamics.


Shabbir said it may be some time, however, before Brazil can offer a greater variety of defense products that would interest Pakistan.


“Pakistan, on the other hand, can supply anything from small arms and ammo to tactical and medium range UAVs,” he said.


Analyst and former Australian defense attaché to Islamabad Brian Cloughley said that although the recent meeting was likely more of a “courtesy call,” the two countries’ defense industrial relationship will improve in time, and small arms may be a way to start for Pakistan.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 11:25
Mexico Orders Fourth Damen Patrol Boat

Aug. 23, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Damen Shipyards Group; issued Aug. 22, 2013)


Fourth Damen Stan Patrol for Mexican Navy


In the first week of August the Mexican Navy (Secretaria de Marina) and Damen Shipyards Group signed a contract for a fourth Damen Stan Patrol 4207. The Dutch ship design and shipbuilding company will supply the Mexican Navy with the design and material package with which ASTIMAR 1 (the Mexican Navy yard in Tampico) will build the patrol vessel.


In addition, Damen will assist ASTIMAR 1 with technical support in order to optimize the delivery time and quality of the vessel.


The Damen Stan Patrol 4207 is designed to perform patrol duties in coastal areas and the economic exclusive zone. Other clients who operate similar vessels in the region include navies and coast guards of Jamaica, Barbados, the Dutch Caribbean, Honduras, the Canadian Coast Guard and the US Coast Guard. The USCG recently received five Fast Response Cutters for the Sentinel Class, out of a series of 58, which are based on the same Damen Stan Patrol design.


Two previous patrol vessels, ARM Tenochtitlan (PC-331) and ARM Teotihuacan (PC-332) are already deployed by the Mexican Navy.


This Mexican patrol vessel is the fourth of this class to be built in Mexico. As with other clients, Damen puts its DTC-program (Damen Technical Cooperation) to use. This service is offered to both young and experienced shipyards and aims, if and when the client so desires, to develop their shipbuilding capabilities with respect to Damen vessels. With technical, operational and logistical assistance Damen shares its extensive knowledge on shipbuilding with many yards worldwide.



Damen Shipyards Group (est. 1927) operates more than 55 shipyards, repair yards and related companies worldwide. Damen employs 8,000 people in 35 countries, has delivered over 5,000 vessels since 1969 and delivers some 150 vessels annually to worldwide customers. Based on its unique, standardised ship-design concept and short delivery times, Damen is able to guarantee consistent quality.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 11:25
Brazil and Turkey Create Groups to Study Defense Development Projects

Joint development of a fifth-generation fighter, and production in Brazil of Turkey’s T-129 gunship, are just two of the defense cooperation efforts that Brazil and Turkey have agreed to explore. (TAI photo)


Aug. 23, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Brazil Ministry of Defence; issued Aug. 22, 2013)

(Issued in Portuguese only; edited unofficial translation by defense-aerospace.com)


ANKARA --- Brazil and Turkey will strengthen bilateral cooperation in defense through the creation of five working groups to study partnerships in the naval, aeronautics, space, command and control and cyber defense fields.


The decision is the result of an official trip this week by Defense Minister Celso Amorim,


Over three days, Amorim and his entourage met with Turkish political, military and corporate executives in Ankara. The decision to create working groups was taken after talks between Amorim and the Minister of National Defence of Turkey, Ismet Yilmaz.


The groups will consist of civil and military representatives of both governments, and should also count on the participation of defense manufacturers from both countries. In the coming weeks, it is expected that dates should be agreed for inaugural technical meetings, which take place in Brazil and Turkey before the end of this year.


Defense cooperation with Turkey is based on the central idea that the two countries -- nations with similar levels of development, with no conflicts of interest and pursuing increasing participation in the international arena -- have much to gain from the development of common projects, both economically and strategically. "Our relationship has already achieved the status of strategic partnership. The defense industry of my country has carried out major projects and we are ready to cooperate," Ismet Yilmaz told Amorim during a meeting at the Defense Ministry in Ankara.


Joint projects


In the naval area, the teams will study the feasibility of exchanging information and the possible joint development of escort ships, like frigates and corvettes. Turkey has designed and built a corvette whose requirements and characteristics are of interest to Brazil. Brazil also has a local corvette design that served as the basis for the construction of a new class of Navy corvettes, the Barroso. This group will also discuss possible cooperation in fields such as sensors electronic warfare.


The aeronautics group will focus on aircraft, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAVs) projects. Turkey has undertaken military attack helicopter and UAV projects using nationally-developed avionics, and also has experience in integrating and manufacturing parts and components of civil and military aircraft. Brazil, for its part, is also developing UAVs and, through Embraer, has extensive experience in the manufacture of both civil and military aircraft.


The idea is to discuss partnership opportunities in this segment, essentially for dual-use (civil and military) aircraft, including negotiations on Turkey’s plan, now in initial development, to develop a 5th-generation fighter. In this field, one of the possibilities to be studied is the assembly of Turkish helicopters in Brazil and of Brazilian aircraft in Turkey.


The space group will address the possibility of cooperation on launch systems and satellite (sensing and communications). Command and control will have a central focus on military communications (with possible civilian applications), through a technology called Software Defined Radio (SDR). Brazil is interested in developing this technology, which will, among other things, provide significant gains for direct communications between the Brazilian armed forces, thereby improving their performance, for example, in military operations.


The fifth group will address the area of cyber defense, based on the experience gained so far by the military forces of the two nations. Brazil will send a delegation to attend the International Cyber Warfare and Security that Turkey will organize in November in Ankara.


Other partnerships


Besides the creation of working groups, the two defense ministers also agreed to strengthen partnerships in other areas of defense. Amorim and Yilmaz, who was in Brazil on an official visit last year, agreed to increase cross-enrollment in military schools, so as to foster exchanges between officers and enlisted men of the two nations. "I consider it very important to strengthen this cooperation," said the Turkish minister.


Also discussed was the possibility of opening new spaces in courses in peacekeeping operations and combating terrorism, an area where Turkish forces have extensive experience.


Celso Amorim also held important meetings with some of the leading Turkish political leaders.




The Brazilian delegation included, among others, general officers of the Department of Defense Products (Seprod), the Joint Staff of the Armed Forces (EMCFA) and Navy of Brazil, General Aderico Mattioli, Brigadier Nilson Carminati and Admiral Antonio Carlos Frade Carneiro.

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22 août 2013 4 22 /08 /août /2013 14:25
Colombian Army Acquires 28 Additional COMMANDO Armored Personnel Carriers from Textron Marine & Land Systems

August 22, 2013 (Marketwired )


NEW ORLEANS, LA - Textron Marine & Land Systems (TM&LS), an operating unit of Textron Systems, a Textron Inc. (NYSE: TXT) company, announced today a $31.6 million contract award from the U.S. Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command (TACOM) to provide 28 COMMANDOTM Advanced Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs), with 40mm/.50 cal remote turrets, to the Colombian Army (COLAR). Initial APC deliveries to the U.S. Army, for shipping to Colombia, are expected to begin in November, with all vehicles scheduled to be completed and transferred by April 2014.


The contract also includes repair services on two damaged Armored Personnel Carriers in the COLAR's inventory, which consists of 39 COMMANDO Advanced APCs in operation with its Armored Cavalry units. These repairs will coincide with vehicle support service work on COLAR APCs awarded to TM&LS earlier this year.


Since fielding its APCs in May 2010, the COLAR has employed them extensively while combating internal revolutionary forces in Colombia. These vehicles have provided the mobility, protection and firepower needed to meet all COLAR tactical armored vehicle requirements.


"Our Colombian Army customer values the performance, operator protection and reliability they have experienced with our COMMANDO APCs during more than three years of demanding operations," said Textron Marine & Land Systems Senior Vice President and General Manager Tom Walmsley. "We're pleased to be growing this relationship and providing the Colombian Army with this important asset for its Cavalry units."


The COMMANDO Advanced APC is an extended version of the Armored Security Vehicle, combat proven by the U.S. Army and other militaries in locations including Afghanistan and Iraq for more than 10 years. The APC's additional two feet in length and six inches in internal height allow greater troop carrying capacity. These vehicles offer excellent on-road and off-road mobility, enabling them to operate in urban, jungle, desert and mountainous terrain. Crew protection is reinforced with a V-shaped hull bottom and 360-degree protection from direct fire.


Rigorously tested and proven in the toughest environments, the COMMANDO family of vehicles offers a range of protection options, unmatched on-road/off-road mobility and ample firepower. TM&LS produces four lines of COMMANDO four-wheeled vehicles - COMMANDO Utility, COMMANDO Advanced, COMMANDO Select and COMMANDO Elite.


As an end-to-end armored vehicle provider, TM&LS offers customers a wide range of COMMANDO products and services. Within the COMMANDO family of vehicle lines, TM&LS has recently developed an enhanced recapitalization solution for HMMWVs, a 4x4 mortar vehicle, and command and control integration. Coordinated logistics support ensures proper fielding, training, maintenance and related services throughout each vehicle's life cycle. 


About Textron Marine & Land Systems

Textron Marine & Land Systems designs, produces and supports advanced wheeled combat vehicles and cutting-edge maritime craft used by U.S. and international armed forces, as well as civilian entities around the globe. Its COMMANDO family of armored vehicles offers a full range of vehicle options delivering enhanced survivability, mobility, lethality and sustainability. Textron Marine & Land Systems' innovative turret technology and related subsystems also deliver outstanding performance and reliability. Its strategic business, MillenWorks, operates an Engineering Center of Excellence with a reputation as a highly sought-after solution center, which designs and develops advanced mobility solutions for demanding on- and off-road applications. Textron Marine & Land Systems is an operating unit of Textron Systems. More information is available at www.textronmarineandland.com.


About Textron Systems

Textron Systems has been providing innovative solutions to the defense, homeland security and aerospace communities for more than 50 years. Headquartered in Providence, R.I., the company is known for its unmanned aircraft systems, advanced marine craft, armored vehicles, intelligent battlefield and surveillance systems, intelligence software solutions, precision smart weapons, piston engines, test and training systems, and total life cycle sustainment and operational services. Textron Systems includes AAI Logistics & Technical Services, AAI Test & Training, AAI Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Aerosonde, ESL Defence, Lycoming Engines, Medical Numerics, MillenWorks, Overwatch, Textron Defense Systems and Textron Marine & Land Systems. More information is available at www.textronsystems.com.


About Textron Inc.

Textron Inc. is a multi-industry company that leverages its global network of aircraft, defense, industrial and finance businesses to provide customers with innovative solutions and services. Textron is known around the world for its powerful brands such as Bell Helicopter, Cessna Aircraft Company, Jacobsen, Kautex, Lycoming, E-Z-GO, Greenlee, and Textron Systems. More information is available at www.textron.com


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Colombian Army Acquires 28 Additional COMMANDO Armored Personnel Carriers from Textron Marine & Land Systems
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22 juillet 2013 1 22 /07 /juillet /2013 08:25
Cuba: le navire nord-coréen transportait aussi deux avions de chasse soviétiques

22/07/2013 Par LEXPRESS.fr (AFP)


Le navire nord-coréen, arraisonné par les autorités panaméennes alors qu'il quittait Cuba, ne transportait pas seulement des composants de missiles usagés mais aussi deux avions de chasse en état de marche.


Les autorités panaméennes ont découvert deux avions de chasse soviétiques MiG-21 à bord du navire nord-coréen intercepté ce mois-ci alors qu'il tentait de passer par le canal de Panama après son départ de Cuba. 

Les avions supersoniques ont été trouvés à côté de missiles et autres pièces d'armement cachées dans une cargaison de sucre, ce qui pourrait constituer une violation des embargos sur la Corée du Nord décidés par l'ONU. Cuba a affirmé que la cargaison ne contient que des armes "obsolètes" que le pays communiste envoyait à son allié nord-coréen pour qu'elles soient rénovées puis renvoyées. 

Les experts de l'ONU sur les sanctions ont prévu de se rendre à Panama pour inspecter la cargaison le 5 août

"Apparemment ces avions étaient utilisés puisqu'ils contenaient du carburant", a déclaré le président Panaméen Ricardo Martinelli pendant une visite dans le port de Manzanillo, où le navire est en train d'être déchargé. L'équipage de 35 hommes du navire baptisé Chon Gang battant pavillon nord-coréen, a été arrêté et pourrait être accusé de trafic d'armes.

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11 juillet 2013 4 11 /07 /juillet /2013 07:25
nsa-portable photo Pawel Kopczynski

nsa-portable photo Pawel Kopczynski

11 juillet 2013 Romandie.com (AFP)


MEXICO - Le Mexique enquête sur un rapport selon lequel son précédent gouvernement avait autorisé les Etats-Unis à installer sur son territoire un système d'interception des appels téléphoniques et des communications par internet, a indiqué mercredi un porte-parole gouvernemental.


Le président mexicain Enrique Peña Nieto a jugé mercredi soir qu'il serait totalement inacceptable que les Etats-Unis aient espionné des usagers de télécommunications en territoire mexicain, lors d'un événement dans l'Etat du Chihuahua (nord), selon le site internet du quotidien La Jornada.


Le président mexicain a toutefois indiqué que pour le moment il n'y a pas les conditions pour altérer le climat de respect et de cordialité que nous avons établi avec le gouvernement des Etats-Unis.


Le journal Excelsior avait affirmé dans son édition de mercredi que l'ex-président conservateur Felipe Calderon (2006-2012) avait passé un accord avec le Département d'Etat américain en 2007, autorisant l'installation au Mexique d'un système permettant l'interception, le traitement, l'analyse et le stockage d'appels téléphoniques, de courriers électroniques ou de conversations sur le web.


Le ministère mexicain de la Justice examine les documents et une enquête est en cours pour déterminer si un acte illégal a été commis, a indiqué le porte-parole du ministère de l'Intérieur, Eduardo Sanchez, lors d'une conférence de presse.


Selon le rapport publié par Excelsior, le système fonctionnait sous le contrôle de la défunte Agence fédérale d'investigation (AFI) et du ministère mexicain de la Justice, au nom du combat contre le trafic de drogue et le terrorisme.


L'équipement avait été vendu par Verint System au gouvernement américain pour un montant de 3 millions de dollars, ce qui implique, selon le journal, que les Etats-Unis avait accès à l'information en provenant.


Nous allons vérifier si le contrat existe et dans quelles conditions il se trouve, a dit le porte-parole.


L'administration de Calderon avait été marquée par une coopération étroite avec les Etats-Unis dans la lutte contre les cartels de la drogue.


Le président mexicain Enrique Peña Nieto, investi en décembre, s'est engagé a poursuivre sa coopération avec le Etats-Unis dans ce domaine, mais avec une différence importante : toutes les agences américaines doivent dorénavant passer par le filtre du puissant ministère mexicain de l'Intérieur, alors qu'auparavant elles pouvaient traiter directement avec leurs homologues mexicaines.


Le gouvernement mexicain avait exigé mardi des Etats-Unis une information complète sur les cas supposés d'espionnage de pays latino-américains, révélés par le quotidien brésilien O Globo. Ce journal citait des documents provenant de l'ex-consultant du renseignement américain Edward Snowden.

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10 juillet 2013 3 10 /07 /juillet /2013 11:35
JF-17 : l’Argentine va s’associer à la Chine

10 juillet 2013 Info-Aviation


Des représentants de la FAdeA (Argentine aerospace company Fabrica Argentina de Aviones) ont confié lors du salon du Bourget 2013 qu’ils avaient eu plusieurs discussions avec des responsables chinois sur la co-production éventuelle du chasseur multirôle JF-17/FC-1 de la Chengdu Aircraft Corporation.


L’accord est loin d’être conclu. Les responsables de la FAdeA sont notamment confrontés aux problèmes du « transfert de technologie ». Néanmoins, ces discussions sont une première tentative formelle qui pourrait conduire à la co-production d’un chasseur chinois moderne en Amérique latine.


Les responsables de la FAdeA ont ajouté que la version co-produite en Argentine pourrait être appelée « Pulqui-III », en référence au Pulqui-II qui fut le premier chasseur à réaction conçu par l’ingénieur allemand Kurt Tamk pour le gouvernement de Juan Peron en 1950.


Démarré en Chine à la fin des années 80 sous le nom FC-1, le programme JF-17 est devenu un projet de chasseur sino-pakistanais en 1999 visant à réduire la dépendance du Pakistan à l’égard des entreprises occidentales pour les avions de combat de pointe. L’objectif est de mettre en service un chasseur léger multirôle d’un faible coût (moins de 20 millions de dollars) mais équipé d’une électronique moderne. Ce positionnement répond à un marché que l’Occident a dominé, mais a presque abandonné au cours des dernières décennies.

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2 juillet 2013 2 02 /07 /juillet /2013 16:25
Le Sargento Aldea à son départ de Toulon - crédits Mer et Marine Jean-Louis Venne

Le Sargento Aldea à son départ de Toulon - crédits Mer et Marine Jean-Louis Venne

SANTIAGO, Chile, July 1 (UPI


The Chilean navy is on track to buy another reconditioned amphibious multirole assault vessel from France, Chilean defense media reported.


Purchase of the Sirocco 12,000-ton vessel was delayed through 2012 and this year as the Chilean navy considered various options for equipping Chile's year-old Amphibious Expeditionary Brigade. The force eventually will have at least 1,400 troops in its ranks and an unspecified number of ships, helicopters and armored vehicles.


President Sebastian Pinera and aides see the expeditionary force as a prestige addition to the military infrastructure, to be used for a range of missions from disaster relief to international peacekeeping under U.N. auspices.


In 2011 Chile acquired another Sirocco multirole ship from France, previously called the Foudre. The vessel was renamed Sargento Aldea after it entered Chilean naval service and heralded the launch of the Amphibious Expeditionary Brigade.


Chilean officials have not yet discussed details of the second purchase. The Foudre was sold to Chile for $80 million but it's far from clear if the same price will apply to the second ship. The Foudre was involved in an incident while pursuing French military operations in west Africa in 2009. On Jan. 17 that year, one of the ship's helicopters crashed off the coast of Gabon, killing eight French military personnel. Casualties during the ship's previous operations in Ivory Coast and during the NATO operations in Yugoslavia were not discussed.


The Sargento Aidea operates out of Valparaiso, Chile's historic transit point for ships operating between the Pacific and the Atlantic via the Magellan Strait. The waterway has assumed strategic importance for Chile as it projects its military and political presence in the Antarctic and surrounding regions.


Official consideration of the second purchase was also held up amid leadership changes in the Chilean navy. This month Adm. Enrique Larranaga Martin took over as the new naval chief, replacing Admiral Edmundo Gonzalez-Robles. Military analysts say with that change at the top the stage was set for completing the purchase.


The French navy plans to retire an amphibious assault ship later this year.


Progress on the Amphibious Expeditionary Brigade has been slow. The Sargento Aidea still is being refurbished and may add more helicopters to its inventory. At full capacity, the Foudre-class vessel can carry up to seven helicopters, about 100 armored vehicles and transport up to 450 troops, Chile's Defense and Military blog said on its website.


Chile regards the amphibious ships as valuable to its program of developing patrol duties along the Pacific coast, enhancing the ship's role as a hospital on the move to cater for outlying inhabitants along the coast and perform other peacetime security duties.


There are plans also to acquire more helicopters and armored vehicles.


Chile would be able to move its Amphibious Expeditionary Brigade many thousands of miles, and be able to support it with armor and logistical units, the blog said.


"But the brigade still would lack one of the key elements of a true blue water navy: warplanes," it said. Chile has no plans to acquire vertical-takeoff planes such as Harriers to give its marines an air-attack or air-superiority arm. Instead, the brigade is being built to serve as a peacekeeping force, though it certainly could be used in case of armed conflict.


Former Navy Commander Adm. Gonzalez-Robles said the Foudre's purchase was more than a new acquisition.


"What we are doing is recovering the capacity we lost when Valdivia after fifteen years in service was decommissioned," he said, citing the former U.S. Navy ship acquired by Chile in 1995 and retired in January 2011.


Earlier Chile bought a 42,000-ton tanker, Andrew J. Higgins, from the U.S. Navy. Renamed Almirante Montt the vessel replaced AO-53 Araucano, which was decommissioned after 40 years of service.

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26 juin 2013 3 26 /06 /juin /2013 10:25
L'Otan se rapproche de la Colombie, une première pour l'Amérique latine

25/6/13 LaCroix.com (AFP)


L'Otan a conclu mardi un accord d'échange d'informations avec la Colombie, une initiative inédite entre l'Alliance de l'Atlantique nord et un pays d'Amérique latine qui pourrait déboucher sur une coopération plus poussée.


Cet accord, signé à l'occasion de la visite du ministre colombien de la Défense, Juan Carlos Pinzon Bueno, au siège de l'Otan à Bruxelles, "permettra à l'Otan et à la Colombie d'examiner la possibilité de coopérer et de se consulter dans les domaines d'intérêts communs", selon un communiqué. Les forces colombiennes pourront ainsi participer à des exercices menés par l'Otan.


"En tant qu'Alliance démocratique, nous sommes honorés lorsque des pays partageant des valeurs communes se rapprochent de nous", a déclaré le secrétaire général adjoint de l'Otan, Alexander Vershbow.


M. Pinzon a affirmé que l'objectif de la Colombie n'était pas "de faire partie de l'Otan" mais d'"apprendre de l'Otan" et de "partager" des expériences, notamment dans la lutte anti-drogue ou anti-terroriste.


En mai, l'annonce par le président colombien Juan Manuel Santos de la perspective d'un rapprochement avec l'Alliance, au sein de laquelle les Etats-Unis jouent un rôle dominant, avait provoqué de vives réactions de la part de plusieurs dirigeants latinos-américains de gauche.


L'Otan avait alors affirmé qu'une adhésion de la Colombie était impossible car elle ne répondait "pas aux critères d'adhésion" à l'Alliance, dont le traité établit que celle-ci "est ouverte aux pays de la région de l'Atlantique nord".


L'Otan, qui compte actuellement 28 pays membres, a développé des partenariats avec de nombreux pays, certains très éloignés comme l'Australie ou la Mongolie.

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16 juin 2013 7 16 /06 /juin /2013 23:26
RP Defense at Paris Air Show - Salon du Bourget

Next weeK, RP Defense will be at Paris Air Show 2013.

Defence and aerospace industries web review will be lighter.

You can follow me on twitter : @RPDefense

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11 juin 2013 2 11 /06 /juin /2013 16:25
SuperTucano photo Embraer

SuperTucano photo Embraer

Jun. 11 , 2013 by Dave Majumdar – FG


Washington DC - Embraer will display its A-29 Super Tucano at the Paris air show for the first time, a top company official says. The aircraft will not fly, but will be on static display.


"We are going to bring our Super Tucano to Le Bourget," says Luiz Carlos Aguiar, chief executive of Embraer Defense and Security. "This is the first time in history the airplane will be there."


The A-29 that will be on display at Paris is an aircraft destined for Mauritania, Aguiar says. The nation has so far taken deliver of two light-attack aircraft from a three-unit order signed in March 2012.


Aguiar says it is important for Embraer to showcase the Super Tucano after the company's victory over Beechcraft's AT-6 during the US Air Force's Light Air Support (LAS) contest. While the 20 aircraft that are to be delivered for the LAS contract are for Afghanistan rather than for the USAF's own use, the service's selection is an important endorsement of the Super Tucano's capabilities.


"After our win in the US, it seems to me that the interest from other countries is increasing," Aguiar says. "We expect to have more sales of the A-29."


There have already been two new customers for the aircraft since the LAS selection: Guatemala and Senegal, he notes. Moreover, there is growing interest in the Super Tucano in Africa, Asia and Latin America. So far, Embraer has delivered 175 Super Tucanos out of a total order book for 216 aircraft, and the company hopes to add more sales.


Currently, Embraer builds 12 Super Tucanos per year, but Aguiar expects production to ramp up to 20 per annum in the future. The company will have the capacity to build 24 additional aircraft per year at its new US-based facility in Florida, Aguiar says. The first example to be built in the USA will start assembly towards the end of 2013 and will be delivered by June 2014, he adds.


Meanwhile, Embraer is making headway on its other flagship project, the KC-390 tanker/transport. Engineering drawings have been released to component suppliers and parts for the first two prototypes are under construction, says Aguiar, who adds that the company expects to make a big announcement about the programme during the Paris air show.

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10 juin 2013 1 10 /06 /juin /2013 16:25
Une section de l’avant du premier sous-marin classique brésilien -  Marine Brésilienne

Une section de l’avant du premier sous-marin classique brésilien - Marine Brésilienne

10 juin 2013 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS


Le 1er juin, des sections avant, construites en France, du 1er sous-marin classique brésilien, sont arrivées à Rio de Janeiro. Les pièces, d’un poids de 220 t, 25 m de long et 12 m de haut, ont été transportées du port de Sepetiba, vers les installations de Nuclebrás Equipamentos Pesados (Nuclep).


Ensuite, elles ont été transportées par la route vers l’Unidade de Fabricação de Estruturas Metálicas (UFEM), où les sections 1 et 2 de ce sous-marin seront fabriquées. Le contre-amiral Sydney dos Santos Neves, gestionnaire du programme, a indiqué que cela marquait la matérialisation du transfert de technologies de la France vers le Brésil.


« Rien ne sera plus construit en France. Le reste de la construction des coques des sous-marins sera effectué au Brésil. Les sections 1 et 2 ont déjà commencé à être construites. La section de qualification, qui habilite à la fabrication, est déjà en phase finale de conclusion à Nuclep, » a affirmé l’amiral Neves.


Les sections 3 et 4 du premier sous-marin classique, fabriquées en partenariat avec la France, a été construites en 3 ans. 255 stagiaires de différentes entreprises brésiliennes ont participé à la construction : Itaguaí Construções Navais (ICN) et Nuclebrás Equipamentos Pesados (Nuclep), ainsi que des ingénieurs, des techniciens et des opérateurs de la marine brésilienne. Pendant cette période, 140 cours de formation ont été administrés dans les différents domaines de connaissance.


« C’est un événement marquant : grâce à ce transfert de technologie, il sera possible de construire au Brésil les coques des sous-marins 2, 3 et 4, » souligne l’amiral Neves.


Le 28 juin, le ministre brésilien de la défense, Celso Amorim, accompagné du commandant de la marine, l’amiral d’escadre Julio Soares de Moura Neto, visitera l’UFEM pour voir une section avant du premier sous-marin classique construit en partenariat avec la France.


Référence : Marine Brésilienne

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7 juin 2013 5 07 /06 /juin /2013 11:25
Chile to buy surplus U.S. armored amphibious vehicles

SANTIAGO, Chile, June 6 (UPI)


Chile will buy surplus U.S. stock of a dozen AAV7 armored amphibious vehicles for its new sea-borne Amphibious Expeditionary Brigade, defense industry media reported.


Officials say the vehicles are being acquired from excess inventory of U.S. stockpiles but will be upgraded before they are put into service. The cost of the AAV7 acquisition was not mentioned.


The upgrade is likely to be carried out by BAE Systems' Global Combat Systems unit, Defense Market Intelligence and Chile's Defense and Military blog reported. Independent comment on the acquisition and upgrade was not immediately available.


The first of the AAV7s is set to be delivered in 2014 after the upgrade, likely to involve installation of more powerful engines. Chile's purchase includes 10 AAVP7 A1 troop transports, one AAVC7 command vehicle and one AAVR7 recovery vehicle, the reports said.


Manufactured by U.S. Combat Systems, the AAV-7A1 is the current amphibious troop transport of the U.S. Marine Corps.


The vehicles, once commissioned, will be part of a 1,400-strong brigade Chile operates aboard its Sargento Aldea multirole assault ship, acquired from France in a $80 million deal. The Sargento Aldea previously operated in the French navy as the Foudre and served allied forces in NATO Yugoslavia operations in 1992-93 and French military action in Ivory Coast.


Analysts said the tracked AAV7 could work well with the Sargento Aldea and other Chilean navy vessels but might not be suitable for peacekeeping missions requiring faster, wheeled vehicles.


It was not immediately clear if the BAE upgrade would extend to weaponry.


A standard AAV7 is usually equipped with a .50-caliber machine gun and a 40mm grenade launcher.


Chile is also looking into acquiring new helicopters, landing craft and other hardware for its armed forces.


The Chilean military, recently spotlighted for its alleged failure to spend enough of its allocations channeled through the copper export tax and other financial instruments, is aiming to catch up with military advances made by South American neighbors Brazil and Argentina.


However, the military is also hamstrung by low response to its recruitment drive. Chile's economic growth has opened new career opportunities and turned the military into an employer of last resort.


The armed forces enlistment numbers are set to be the lowest this year since 2007, the Santiago Times reported.


The number of Chileans volunteering to join the military is down 21 percent from 2012 and is the lowest since the rules on military service were reformed in 2007, the newspaper said on its website.


"The explanation for the decrease is similar to previous years, as we have been a country with full employment and a wide range of educational opportunities," Armed Forces Undersecretary Alfonso Vargas told La Tercera newspaper. "There has been a strong competition that has changed the landscape."


Chile's economy has continued to grow by more than 5 percent each year since 2009 and the average unemployment rate is 6.4 percent, the Santiago Times said, citing 2012 data.


The military announced new incentives including higher pay, bonuses and scholarships as part of the effort to reverse falling recruitment.

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6 juin 2013 4 06 /06 /juin /2013 06:25
photo Jean Ponsignon AerobuzzFr

photo Jean Ponsignon AerobuzzFr

05/06/2013 L'Expansion.com


La présidente du Brésil, Dilma Roussef, pencherait en faveur du F 18 de Boeing pour équiper son armée de l'air à l'issue d'une recontre avec le vice-président américain Joe Biden. Ce qui signerait le glas des espoirs de Dassault et de son Rafale.


Coup dur pour le Rafale. Encore favori au Brésil il y a un an, l'avion de combat de Dassault verrait ses espoirs de contrat s'éloigner au profit du F-18 de Boeing. La rencontre mardi du vice-président américain Joe Biden et de la présidente brésilienne Dilma Roussef aurait été déterminante, croit savoir l'agence de presse Reuters, qui cite des responsables brésiliens anaonymes.


Le Brésil craignait que le Congrès américain ne s'oppose au contrat afin d'éviter tout transfert de technologie militaire en direction du pays le plus peuplé d'Amérique Latine dont les positions sur l'Iran ou le Venezuela ont parfois énervé certains parlementaires US. Mais Joe Biden aurait donné des assurances qu'il n'en serait rien. Résultat, un contrat portant sur 36 avions de chasse pour un montant de quatre milliards de dollars semble bien parti pour tomber dans l'escarcelle de Boeing. Des commandes supplémentaires pourraient même s'y s'ajouter.


Les sources de Reuters ont toutefois précisé que la présidente brésilienne n'avait pas encore pris de décision définitive. Le calendrier exact de l'annonce n'est pas non plus connu. Dassault et le suédois Saab, également sur les rangs, ne sont donc pas officiellement hors course. Mais l'Inde apparaît plus que jamais comme le plus sûr espoir du Rafale pour décrocher enfin son premier contrat à l'étranger.


Problème, la négociation était au point mort en mai. La vente de quelque126 appareils achoppait sur le refus du français d'assumer la responsabilité des appareils assemblés sur place dans le cadre d'un transfert de technologie. Le contrat, évalué entre 12 et 20 milliards de dollars, stipule que les 18 premiers exemplaires doivent être construits en France et les 108 restants assemblés sous licence en Inde.

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6 juin 2013 4 06 /06 /juin /2013 06:25
NATO Rules Out Colombia Membership

Jun. 4, 2013 Defense News (AFP)


BRUSSELS — Colombia cannot be considered for NATO membership but the alliance is exploring ways of boosting ties with the country, a NATO official said Tuesday after an uproar in Latin America over the possibility.


Colombia “does not meet the geographically limited membership criteria,” the official said, noting that the NATO Treaty “states that membership is open to states in the North Atlantic area.”


At the weekend, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos said his country would sign a cooperation agreement this month with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization with a view ultimately to membership.


On Monday, a senior US State Department official, Roberta Jacobson, said “our goal is certainly to support Colombia as being a capable and strong member of lots of different international organizations, and that might well include NATO.”


This appeared to go too far for Colombia’s neighbors, with Bolivian President Evo Morales calling the move a “provocation” and a threat to “anti-imperialist” countries such as Bolivia, Venezuela, Nicaragua or Ecuador.


The NATO official said Tuesday the military alliance was “aware of Colombia’s interest to develop cooperation with NATO” but that there was “no immediate plan for establishing a formal partnership.”


Instead, “we are exploring the possibility of carrying out specific activities together,” the official said, citing an accord to allow the exchange of classified information with Colombia.


“The accord would be a precursor for any possible future cooperation with Colombia that allies develop through NATO,” the official added.


NATO counts 28 members in Europe and North America but has a string of security cooperation and partnership accords with many countries, such as Australia and Mongolia, but none in Latin America.

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3 juin 2013 1 03 /06 /juin /2013 07:25
Venezuela launches drones built with Iran's technical assistance

Jun 2, 2013 presstv.ir


Venezuela has launched drones produced with Iran’s technical assistance in an effort to step up the fight against drug trafficking in the Latin American country.


Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro made the announcement during a ceremony, stating that the drones will be used to monitor Venezuela's borders.


Late Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said in January 2012 that his country had manufactured its first unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), dubbed Arpia-001 (Harpy-001), in cooperation with Iranian experts.


The UAV has a 100-kilometer (60-mile) sweep and can fly solo for some 90 minutes and reach an altitude of 3,000 meters (9,000 feet).


Iran has made important breakthroughs in its defense sector in recent years and attained self-sufficiency in producing important military equipment and systems.


Iran unveiled its latest indigenous UAV, a reconnaissance and combat drone dubbed Hamaseh (Epic) in May 2013.


On December 17, 2012, Commander of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC)’s Navy Rear Admiral Ali Fadavi said Iran had launched the production line of ScanEagle drones.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 07:25
Agustin Oscar Rossi

Agustin Oscar Rossi

May. 31, 2013 Defense News (AFP)


BUENOS AIRES — Argentine President Cristina Kirchner reshuffled part of her cabinet late Thursday, appointing new defense and security ministers, her spokesman said.


National Deputy Agustin Oscar Rossi, who leads the ruling Front for Victory block in the lower chamber, will replace Arturo Puricelli as defense minister in the surprise move, spokesman Alfredo Scoccimarro told reporters.


Puricelli, in turn, will replace Security Minister Nilda Garre, who will be nominated as ambassador to the Organization of American States.


Kirchner was elected in 2007 and won a second term in 2011 with 54 percent of the vote.

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28 mai 2013 2 28 /05 /mai /2013 18:25
Brazilian KC-137 crashes on take-off in Haiti, none injured

May. 28, 2013 By Stephen Trimble - FG


Washington DC - A Brazilian air force KC-137 crashed on 26 May with no injuries to the 141 people aboard while attempting to take-off from the Toussaint Louverture International Airport in Port au Prince, Haiti.


The Brazilian air force released a statement saying only that a "technical problem" caused the KC-137 to exit the runway around 15:30 Brasilia local time.


The aircraft was loaded with 131 Brazilian troops who were returning to Brazil after a six-month deployment in support of the United Nations stabilisation mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH).


The UN force said in a news release that the runway overrun caused the aircraft's landing gear to collapse. Other news reports in Brazil quoted local airport officials saying that one of the converted Boeing 707's four engines exploded moments after take-off, and the gear collapsed after the flight crew cut power and fuel to land the heavily-loaded aircraft on the runway.


The airport was shut down to commercial aircraft for several hours before the KC-137 was removed from the tarmac.


Brazilian air force officials have launched an investigation of the crash.


Brazil's two KC-137 tanker transports were built as airliners in the 1960s, but entered service with the Brazilian air force in 1986. Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) was selected two months ago by the air force to convert two Boeing 767-300ER airliners into aerial refuelling transports to replace the KC-137s.

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24 mai 2013 5 24 /05 /mai /2013 16:25
La Russie va moderniser les MiG-29 du Pérou

24 mai 2013 Info-Aviation


Le 20 mai, Konstantin Biryulin, le chef adjoint du Service de la coopération militaro-technique fédérale de la Russie, a annoncé que son pays allait signer un contrat de modernisation des MiG-29 péruviens d’ici la fin du mois de mai 2013.


En 1997, la Biélorussie a vendu 20 MiG-29S au Pérou. Onze ans plus tard, le Pérou a signé un contrat avec la Russie pour moderniser huit avions à la norme MiG-29SMT. Ce travail a été achevé en 2012. Il reste donc une dizaine de MiG à moderniser.


Le Pérou est traditionnellement tourné vers la Russie pour se fournir en armes et pas seulement pour des avions de combat. Lima négocie également pour l’achat de camions Kamaz, de chars T-90, d’hélicoptères Mi-17 et des systèmes de défense aérienne à basse altitude Pantsir.


En février 2013, l’Espagne aurait offert de vendre au Pérou 18 chasseurs Eurofighter d’occasion pour environ 45 millions d’euros l’unité.


Le problème du Pérou, c’est que leur flotte de chasseurs est vieillissante. Lima a déjà dépensé 106 millions de dollars pour moderniser 8 MiG-29, mais la facture sera plus élevée pour moderniser les 9-11 autres restants. Une autre dépense de 140 millions de dollars a servi à remettre en état leurs Mirage 2000, et 9 des 12 unités ont terminé le programme, mais ils sont encore bien en deçà des capacités du Mirage 2000-5. Quoiqu’il en soit, ni les MiG ni les Mirage ne sont prévus pour durer après 2025.


Le gouvernement du Pérou envisage donc d’autres options comme l’Eurofighter Typhoon, le Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, le Dassault Rafale, le Gripen de Saab, le MiG-35 ou le Sukhoi Su-30/35. Mais les chasseurs russes sont les seuls avions compatibles avec les stocks actuels de missiles du Pérou.


Les Eurofighter de l’Espagne affichent une moyenne de 600 heures de vol, ce qui signifie qu’ils pourraient voler encore 20 ans, voire plus avec au taux d’utilisation modérée. Mais les premières versions avaient des capacités d’attaque au sol très limitées.

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24 mai 2013 5 24 /05 /mai /2013 16:25
Marché latino-américain des armes: 50 mds USD d'ici 10 ans (Moscou)

LIMA (Pérou), 18 mai - RIA Novosti


Au cours des dix prochaines années, la capacité du marché latino-américain des armes pourrait atteindre près de 50 milliards de dollars, et la Russie cherche à s'imposer sur ce marché, a annoncé samedi à RIA Novosti Sergueï Goreslavski, responsable du géant public russe de l'armement Rostech.
"Selon nos estimations, la capacité du marché des armes en Amérique latine se chiffrera à environ 50 milliards de dollars d'ici dix ans", a indiqué M. Goreslavski qui conduit la délégation de Rostech au salon international de la technologie pour la défense SITDEF 2013. Le salon se déroule du 15 au 19 mai à Lima.
Selon le responsable de Rostech, la Russie doit déployer des efforts énergiques pour renforcer ses positions sur ce marché.
Parmi les clients potentiels, il a  cité le  Venezuela, le Pérou, le Brésil, l'Argentine et le Mexique.
"Ces pays sont intéressés en premier lieu par nos hélicoptères et nos systèmes de défense antiaérienne", a indiqué M. Goreslavski.

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23 mai 2013 4 23 /05 /mai /2013 11:25
Système antiaérien Pantsir-S

Système antiaérien Pantsir-S

LIMA (Pérou), 19 mai - RIA Novosti


L'Agence russe d'exportation d'armements (Rosoboronexport) souhaite livrer en dehors des appels d'offres des chasseurs de type Su-35 et des systèmes de DCA Pantsir au Brésil, a déclaré Sergueï Ladygine, chef de la délégation russe au salon international de la technologie pour la défense SITDEF 2013 qui se déroule à Lima. 


"Bien que la Russie soit sortie de cet appel d'offres, nous avons fait en parallèle une proposition à la partie brésilienne de participer en dehors des appels d'offres avec nos systèmes Pantsir et chasseurs Su-35. Notre proposition est en train d'être examinée", a précisé M.Ladygine. 


Ce dernier a ajouté que la Russie était prête à transmettre aux Brésiliens l'ensemble des technologies de la production du Su-35, y compris des éléments des technologies dites de 5e génération.



La Russie est sortie en 2009 de l'appel d'offres brésilien pour lequel elle concourrait espérant y placer son chasseur Su-35.  

La Russie souhaite livrer des chasseurs Su-35 et des systèmes de DCA au Brésil
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22 mai 2013 3 22 /05 /mai /2013 12:25
Gripen EF Photo Stefan Kalm - saabgroup.com

Gripen EF Photo Stefan Kalm - saabgroup.com



Swedish manufacturer Saab is upgrading its bid for Brazil's long-delayed FX-2 jet fighter purchase plan, even as it weighs challenges from formidable rivals Boeing and France's Dassault.


Saab is one of the three leading contenders for Brazil's jet fighter replacement program, said to be worth $6 billion-8 billion but wants to make sure its jet will compete successfully for roles in both the Brazilian air force and navy.


Boeing's F/A-18 Super Hornet and Dassault's Rafale-M have already demonstrated their multirole fighter capabilities extend from air force to naval operations. Saab ran tests on a naval version of its Gripen NG with the aim to show that its jet, if successful in the FX-2 competition, will be equal to the tasks demanded of an all-rounder combat aircraft.


The three companies have invested millions in positioning themselves for a Brazilian decision on the FX-2 acquisition program, which is no nearer the crunch time than it was at when Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff put off consideration of the project last year.


Brazil's FX-2 jet fighter acquisition program coincides with a vigorous campaign by the government and local defense industry to develop indigenous aviation industry.


The long delay in the FX-2 program has fed speculation that Brazil may push off again a decision on buying new jet fighters to replace its aging MiG planes. There are also signs the government in backing Brazilian industry initiatives to develop manufacturing capability related to the jet fighter program as much as possible.


Brazil's Embraer has advanced aviation manufacturing capacity that moved over a few years from executive jet making to light attack aircraft and tactical transport and airborne jet refueling systems. But Embraer is many years from developing a jet fighter all on its own.


Saab remains serious about its "Sea Gripen NG" and has been working on the idea since their May 2011 announcement, Defense Industry Daily said on its website.


The Brazilian navy is expected to buy its own fighters to equip a new aircraft carrier and will expect its aircraft to be the same type as those to be chosen by the air force at the end of the FX-2 competition.


That prospect has pitted Saab against proven naval fighters Boeing's F/A-18 Super Hornet and Dassault's Rafale-M. The plane maker recently organized a test flight for its JAS-39D "to verify the design's basic suitability for naval conversion," Defense Industry Daily said.


Besides Brazil, Saab identified future demand for naval fighters in countries like India, Italy and the United Kingdom which, in the coming years will be commissioning new aircraft carriers in their navies, Saab's Gripen blog said.


"According to Saab, there is a real and viable market for this type of aircraft," former Brazilian naval aviator Romulo Sobral said in the blog post.


Aiming this market, the company is developing a naval version of JAS-39 Gripen, called "Sea Gripen," which aims to be a variant of its Gripen NG contender in Brazil's FX-2 program.

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