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11 septembre 2012 2 11 /09 /septembre /2012 07:25



MUNICH, Germany, Sept. 10 (UPI)


Germany's telecommunications equipment company Rohde and Schwarz will supply airborne transceivers for Embraer's KC-390 military transport.


Under the award from Brazil's Embraer Defense and Security, R&S will deliver its M3AR software-defined VHF/UHF airborne transceiver, which features encryption and frequency-hopping capabilities.


The first units will be delivered by next year for KC-390 development prototypes, K&S said.


Brazil's Embraer is developing the medium-lift aircraft specifically for the country's air force, which plans a fleet of 28 KC-390s. Embraer also plans to build an additional 32 of the planes for use by regional customers.


Each aircraft will be outfitted with two VHF/UHF transceivers.


R&S didn't disclose the value of the contract but said that with the order more than 6,000 of its M3AR units have been sold to customers around the world.


The M3AR is in use on aircraft such as the A400M by Airbus Military, the Eurofighter and the F-16.

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7 septembre 2012 5 07 /09 /septembre /2012 07:45

cyber warfare


KINGSTON, Jamaica, Sept. 6 (UPI)


The Caribbean region is preparing for an upsurge in cybersecurity expansion as Internet safety concerns in Latin America push regional leaders toward urgent reviews of online business and government operations.


The growth in the sector is a two-way traffic and a timely boon to global cybersecurity companies disappointed by slow upturn in Europe, analysts said. Recent cutbacks in U.S. defense expenditure and an increasing reluctance of U.S. corporations to allocate more funds to cybersecurity have driven many Internet businesses to look for greener pastures.


U.S. cybersecurity manufacturers, up against competition from East Asia, are increasingly keen to develop export markets in areas where local competition is small and local demands for wide-ranging technology transfers are less stringent.


In Latin America, Brazil has taken the lead in trying to extract exacting technology transfer deals and hasn't hesitated to turn away foreign firms that demur when asked to share technologies as part of deals.


In the Caribbean, where cybersecurity markets are only beginning to open up, both businesses and governments are keen to build capacity on the best possible financial terms instead of insisting on sharing of technologies as their first preference.


U.S. firm Niksun Inc., a world leader in real-time and forensics-based cybersecurity and network monitoring solutions, announced it has entered the Caribbean and Latin America to develop new business.


The company, which has headquarters in Princeton, N.J., hosted a customer and partner event in Puerto Rico last month.


Niksun supplies the U.S. and other government agencies and large enterprises with products and services to monitor the performance of networks and fight cyberattacks.


Caribbean security authorities issued repeated warnings over the spillover effect of organized crime and narcotics rings hounded out of Colombia and Mexico in recent crackdowns in the two countries.


Caribbean governments are finding they are less equipped than Latin American countries in fighting sophisticated criminal organizations using airplanes, submersibles and disaffected militant groups to trade in narcotics, weapons and, in some cases, aspiring migrants.


Niksun says it now has a presence in the Caribbean and Central America, Mexico and Brazil and plans to open other sales offices in the region. Several other cybersecurity companies have indicated they want to explore business opportunities in the area.


The company is touting its security and performance management solutions dealing with capture, detection, analytics data and proactive prevention of cybercrime.


U.S. Army Gen. Keith Alexander, head of the U.S. Cyber Command, stated at an American Enterprise Institute seminar in July the number of cyberattacks against U.S. infrastructure from 2009-11 grew 17-fold.


In 2011, the number of cyberattacks increased 44 percent and malware increased by 60 percent, he said, citing research data.


"As Caribbean and Latin American economies grow, the prospect of financial gain from cyberattacks is drawing organized gangs into the region," The Gleaner newspaper in Jamaica warned.


"The issue is not being taken more seriously as the region's relatively fragile infrastructure makes whole economies particularly vulnerable," said David Jessop, managing director of the Caribbean Council, a U.K. organization that advises British territories and Caribbean countries in the region.


Jessop said in an article for The Gleaner Web site, "For the most part, governments and security agencies in the region seem not have considered in any depth this vulnerability and its implications or developed detailed planning to respond to any serious attack."


The Caribbean is one of the world's fastest growing regions for Internet usage. Internet World Stats said about 28.7 percent of the Caribbean population of 41.4 million uses the Internet.

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7 septembre 2012 5 07 /09 /septembre /2012 07:25



Sep 6, 2012 ASDNews Source : Embraer - Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A


The Brazilian Air Force (FAB) and Embraer Defense and Security concluded, in August, the preliminary design review of the military transport jet aircraft KC-390 development project. The contractual event, one of the program’s relevant milestones, took place at Embraer facilities in Eugênio de Melo, from August 20th to 29th.


Throughout the event, Embraer presented to the Air Force Command the technical characteristics of the project’s solutions adopted for structural and aircraft systems, including the definitions of the main components and their interfaces, demonstrating that the project has reached its expected maturity at the current phase.


“We are quite pleased with the results and we are sure that the project is on the right track”, said Colonel-Engineer Sergio Carneiro, Project KC-390 Manager at FAB. “We checked all the main aspects of the aircraft’s project and the KC-390 meets the Brazilian Air Force’s expectations.”


As part of the project design review, an evaluation of the cockpit’s ergonomics was also performed, with the participation of Air Force Command military personnel, featuring 1st Lieutenant-Aviator Joyce de Souza Conceição, of the 1st/1st Transport Group. Lieutenant-Aviator Joyce de Souza is the first woman pilot to evaluate the KC-390’s cockpit.


“The discussions with the Air Force were very productive and we are pleased with the result of this work”, said Paulo Gastão Silva, Director of the KC-390 Program at Embraer. “We have a very qualified and motivated team on this project and we will keep working hard to satisfy our customer.”


The next major contractual event will be the project’s critical design review, when the project’s maturity will be verified for prototype manufacturing.


Equipped with the most advanced mission and flight systems, the KC-390 is the largest aircraft ever built by the Brazilian aircraft industry and will establish a new standard for mid-sized military transport aircraft, in terms of performance and load capacity.

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5 septembre 2012 3 05 /09 /septembre /2012 12:42

A Mi-35M of the Brazilian Armed Forces


Sep. 5, 2012 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: RIA Novosti; published Sep. 3, 2012)


MOSCOW --- Russia has delivered the next batch of Mi-35M Hind E attack helicopters to Brazil and will complete the contract by the end of the year, a military trade think tank said on Monday.


A total of 12 helicopters are to be delivered under a 2008 contract worth $150 million.


“The latest three machines were delivered on August 29,” said Igor Korotchenko, head of the Moscow-based Center for Analysis of Global Arms Trade.


“Brazil will receive the remaining three helicopters before the end of the year and the 2008 contract will be completed.”


The Mi-35M is an export version of the Mi-24 Hind that was used extensively in Afghanistan. The Mi-24/35 is unique among dedicated attack helicopters insofar as it can carry a load of troops, in addition to performing its offensive role.


The Sao Paulo-based newspaper Valor Economico previously reported that the Mi-35s would be used in the Amazon region, in conjunction with Brazil's Embraer land and ground surveillance jets.


The Amazon region borders both Venezuela and Colombia, and is a prime location for transnational narco-terrorists and drug traffickers.

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14 août 2012 2 14 /08 /août /2012 17:40

KC-390 military transport aircraft source asdnews


Aug 14, 2012 ASDNews Source : Cobham Plc


    Contract Worth Up To US$30 M


Cobham has been awarded a contract by Embraer Defense and Security worth some $30 million, to develop and supply the Auxiliary Fuselage Fuel Tank (AFFT) for the KC-390 tanker aircraft.


Cobham’s AFFT will enable the aircraft’s core mission capabilities, including increased range for search and rescue operations and maximised fuel offload for air-to-air refuelling. The Brazilian Air Force is the launch customer for the KC-390, which is scheduled to enter service in 2015. Embraer expects to secure significant additional orders for the KC-390 from export customers.


Selection by Embraer follows a comprehensive competitive process and reflects Cobham's unrivalled experience in the design, development and delivery of aircraft fuel tank systems. Cobham has delivered more than one million tanks of all kinds to customers around the world and will supply Embraer with a state-of-the-art tank system optimised for weight, while still providing for quick removal and re-installation.


Following the selection announcement, Iain Gibson, vice president of Cobham Mission Equipment said: "Cobham is delighted with its selection by Embraer and the Brazilian Air Force to supply the Auxiliary Fuselage Fuel Tank for the KC-390. This award consolidates our position on the aircraft, building on the earlier selection of our wing aerial refuelling pods, nose radome and aerial refuelling probe."


In 2011, Embraer awarded Cobham a contract in excess of US$60 million to develop and supply the KC-390 programme with Wing Aerial Refuelling Pods. Cobham has also been selected to provide the aircraft with aerial refuelling probes and to design and manufacture the aircraft’s nose radomes.

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14 août 2012 2 14 /08 /août /2012 09:33



12th Aug SUMAN SHARMA - sunday-guardian.com


Sales stopped after a 2009 crash, negotiation is on for increased pricing .


NEW DELHI - The biggest customer of the indigenously made Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) Dhruv outside the Indian armed forces is Ecuador, with which India is negotiating price for further orders after supplying the initial five helicopters, after which there has been no movement especially after one crashed in 2009. India has sold surveillance helicopters to Ecuador, not the weaponised combat ones.


Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is the manufacturer of the helicopters, and after the ALH sold to the Ecuadorian Air Force crashed in October 2009, the process slowed India's plans of exporting these home-made choppers. The order was for seven aircraft for 50 million dollars in 2008, out of which five were delivered. HAL has an office in Ecuador. Inquiries showed that the crash was due to the pilot's error, after which the Bangalore-based Helicopter Academy to Train by Simulation of Flying (HATSOFF) decided to train Ecuadorian Air Force pilots, to prepare them for emergencies.


After Ecuador got its helicopters under the first order in 2008, the price of the helicopter has gone up from $8 million per piece to $12 million per piece. The increased price is because of upgradation. The negotiation is about the pricing.


The Ecuadorian defence attaché in Delhi is in talks with the Ministry of Defence (MoD). The Indian defence attaché in Chile, who also looks after Ecuador is discussing from the Indian side. The earlier Ecuadorian requirement of seven choppers has not yet been fulfilled, and there is a further requirement of more choppers, said a Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) source. Also last year a defence delegation from Ecuador visited India to discuss the matter.


An MEA source told this newspaper, "Indian armed forces' requirements are so huge, which HAL finds difficult to meet. Only after that they'll be in a position to export."


Other countries that have imported these helicopters, though in small numbers, are Israel and Nepal, while Surinam and Turkey have also shown interest.


Another Latin American country which showed interest in the chopper was Chile. But HAL's ALH Dhruv lost the contract to American Bell Helicopter, a Textron Inc. company, to provide 12 helicopters to the Chilean Air Force in 2008, before which Bell had been disqualified by India for a contract to replace its Chetaks and Cheetahs in the Indian Army on technical grounds based on trials in Leh in 2006. An MEA source said that there has been no word from Chile after that.


The Indian Army has three squadrons of the ALH, in Manasbal, Nasik and Bangalore and there is plan of having one operational squadron in high altitude area comprising the weaponised Dhruv.


The French missile-making company MBDA has conducted successful tests of Dhruv's weaponisation by testing its Mistral twin-tube missile in Leh. Four such packs would be mounted on the chopper. The indigenous DRDO too has developed Helina missile for the helicopter, for which launchers have been cleared.


Two TM 333 2B2 engines power the helicopter, but HAL has been trying to fly it with the new, indigenous and more powerful Shakti engine.The operational validation of the ALH had been completed in 2009, with the new Shakti engine.

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12 août 2012 7 12 /08 /août /2012 18:50



Brazil has signed a contract for initial production of the Guarani wheeled armored vehicle, of which it plans to buy over 2,000 in the next 20 years. (Photo: Iveco)


August 12, 2012 defpro.com


BRASILIA | The Brazilian Army and Iveco signed on Tuesday afternoon the contract for the purchase of 86 VBTP MR wheeled armored personnel carriers, better known as Guarani. The ceremony took place in the Hall of Honor of the Brazilian Ministry of Defense and was attended by Minister Celso Amorim.


The signing takes place four days after publication in the Official Gazette, the authorization to manufacture a batch of experimental evaluation vehicles, Lot Experiment Doctrinal (LED) of the new armored vehicles, which will allow the restructuring of the Brazilian Army's mechanized forces. The overall value of this initial batch is approximately 240 million Brazilian reals.


These 86 vehicles allow Iveco, the prime contractor, to start production, in anticipation of the Army’s planned acquisition of 2,044 vehicles. The initial Guarani vehicles will be used by infantry and cavalry units of the land force, which will carry out operational trials of the product. Eventually, Guarani is expected to be delivered to the Army at a rate of about 100 units per year over the next 20 years.




During the ceremony, the President of Iveco Latin America, Marco Mazzu, said that he was proud to participate in the "renaissance of the defense industry in Brazil." Minister Celso Amorim, in turn, said the start of production of the Guarani marks the implementation of the Defence Organization and Equipment Plan (PAED). He said that it is noteworthy that "the PAED is becoming reality," and that its implementation will contribute to strengthen the Brazilian defense industry.


Amorim also noted that 48 of 86 vehicles under the contract were included in the Growth Acceleration Program (PAC) financing facilities of the Federal Government. Altogether, the Ministry of Defence will receive 1.527 billion reals’ worth of PAC equipment. In addition to the 40 Guarani vehicles, the funds will be used for purchase of 4170 trucks and 30 Astros 2020 missile launch Vehicles. The transfer of the funds money was authorized in late June, through a Provisional Measure signed by President Rousseff.




Developed with Brazilian technology through a joint project between the Army Technology Center and Iveco, part of the Fiat Industrial Group, the Guarani is a six-wheel drive amphibious vehicle that will serve as the basis for a new family of armored multimission vehicles capable of carrying out reconnaissance and fire support missions.


The new vehicle weighs 18 metric tonnes and will replace the Urutu and Cascavel wheeled armoured vehicles developed in the 1970s by the former Engesa. The main feature of the Guarani is its modular design, allowing the incorporation of different turrets, weapons, sensors and communications systems on the same hull.


By its versatility, the project has attracted the interest of neighbouring countries that are also preparing to re-equip their militaries. During the first half of the year, there were preliminary talks with Argentina, which may initially buy 14 vehicles for use in joint peace-keeping missions with Chile.


The new vehicles will be produced at the factory entirely dedicated to the project, within Iveco’s industrial complex at Sete Lagoas (Mato Grosso state). To date, a single prototype has been officially delivered for testing to the Army Evaluation Center. The large-scale production of the Guarani should begin in early 2013.


According to the forecast of the Brazilian Army, seven armored vehicles will be ready by December this year. They are part of a total of a 16-vehicles pilot batch project. The Operational Experimentation Batch should comprise 38 vehicles by July 2013, and the remaining 48 by July 2014.


According to Iveco, production begins with a proportion of local content above 60%. When the plant is operating at full capacity, it will involve a supply chain in Brazil of about 110 direct and 600 indirect suppliers.


In addition to Minister Celso Amorim and the President of Iveco Latin America, Marco Mazzu, the ceremony of signing the contract was also attended by the Army commander, General Enzo Peri, the Chief of Joint Staff of Armed Forces (EMCFA), General Jose Carlos De Nardi, the head of the Department of Science and Technology of the Army, General James Sinclair Mayer, the Italian ambassador in Brazil, Gherardo La Francesca, and representatives of Iveco, as well as civil and military authorities.


(Issued in Portuguese only; unofficial translation by defense-aerospace.com)

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10 août 2012 5 10 /08 /août /2012 12:30

le-rafale credits MBDA Dassault Aviation


10 août 2012 Par Elodie Vallerey – USINE NOUVELLE


Dans une interview, le ministre brésilien de la Défense Celso Amorim annonce le report sine die de l'appel d'offres concernant l'achat d'avions de chasse, dont le Rafale français.


Alors que la décision de l'Etat brésilien concernant son équipement en chasseurs était attendue pour juin, la crise économique oblige la présidente Dilma Roussef à reporter "à une date ultérieure" la finalisation de l'appel d'offres pour l'achat de 36 appareils.


"Le projet n'est pas abandonné. Une décision sera prise quand le moment viendra. Mais, à ce jour, je ne préfère pas donner une date", a confié Celso Amorim, le ministre brésilien de la Défense, dans une interview au Wall Street Journal le 9 août. "La situation économique a pris un tournant moins favorable qu'attendu et elle requiert de la prudence", a-t-il poursuivi.


Dans cet appel d'offres, le Rafale du constructeur français Dassault Aviation est en concurrence avec le Gripen du suédois Saab et le F/A-18 Super Hornet de l'Américain Boeing pour ce marché évalué à 5 milliards de dollars.


Le gouvernement brésilien a envoyé une lettre en juin aux trois constructeurs, leur demandant d'étendre leurs propositions de jets jusqu'à décembre prochain.


"Je ne suis en pourparlers avec aucune des entreprises concernées pour le moment", a assuré le ministre Amorim. "Ce qui n'exclut pas que je rencontre l'une ou l'autre dans mon bureau prochainement", a-t-il précisé.


La question n'est pas 'qui', mais 'quand'


En 2010, l'ex-président brésilien Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva et Nicolas Sarkozy avaient fait une déclaration conjointe, assurant que le Brésil était entré en négociations exclusives pour l'acquisition de Rafale. Peu après, le gouvernement de Brasilia avait botté en touche, affirmant que la compétition était toujours ouverte aux concurrents du Rafale. Lula avait finalement reporté la prise de décision sur sa successeure Dilma Roussef.


"Aujourd'hui, je ne peux pas affirmer qu'une entreprise est plus favorite que l'autre. La question primordiale est 'quand allons-nous prendre la décision', et à ce moment-là, nous regarderons à nouveau les offres proposées", a tempéré Celso Amorim auprès du quotidien économique américain. "Nous avons besoin de rééquiper notre flotte, mais cela doit être fait en adéquation avec les possibilités du Brésil".

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10 août 2012 5 10 /08 /août /2012 09:16

Rafale photo2 Sirpa Air


10.08.2012 Boursier.com


Le renouvellement de la flotte de jets de combats brésiliens attendra. Le gouvernement du pays a repoussé l'acquisition d'appareils de dernière génération, arguant des conditions économiques qui modifiaient les priorités. Dans un entretien au 'Wall Street Journal', le Ministre de la Défense, Celso Amorim, a malgré tout indiqué que le projet "n'est pas abandonné" et qu'une décision sera prise le "moment venu", c'est-à-dire pas dans un futur proche. "Aujourd'hui, je préfère ne pas donner de date", a d'ailleurs précisé l'interlocuteur du quotidien financier américain. Fin juin, la presse locale avait propagé la rumeur d'un décalage du calendrier.


Le contrat brésilien est une arlésienne de plus dans un secteur qui raffole de ce genre de scenario, du moins du côté des donneurs d'ordres et beaucoup moins, cela va de soi, de celui des industriels. Dassault Aviation et son 'Rafale', Saab et son 'Gripen' et Boeing et son 'F/A18 Super Hornet' s'étaient disputé l'appel d'offres, que le français pensait avoir gagné.


Le Brésil cherche à commander 36 jets de combat, pour une ardoise qui dépassera les 3 milliards d'euros, hors services et maintenance. D'importants transferts de technologie sont envisagés par les prétendants afin de décrocher le contrat.

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9 août 2012 4 09 /08 /août /2012 19:41


OPV Amazonas departs Portsmouth


9 August 2012 baesystems.com/


Portsmouth, United Kingdom: Amazonas, the first of three BAE Systems built Ocean Patrol Vessels being delivered the Brazilian Navy, departed the UK for Rio de Janeiro this morning after her crew completed a rigorous programme of Flag Officer Sea Training with the Royal Navy off the South coast.



Supported by a team from BAE Systems, the crew’s extensive training programme included navigation and duty watch training, as well as development and familiarisation of operational procedures for safety and security in areas including material assessment of the ship, emergency exercises and machinery breakdown drills. The crew also completed boarding operations and anti-piracy exercises and tactics to ensure Amazonas returns to Brazil safely and fully prepared for the demanding operational role ahead.


Nigel Stewart, Commercial Director of BAE Systems Maritime, said: “Saying farewell to the first ship in the Amazonas class is a significant stage in our ongoing relationship with the Brazilian Navy and is a source of great pride to those who worked on her. We look forward to continuing our work with the Brazilian Navy to deliver the next two Ocean Patrol Vessels Apa and Araguari over the coming months.”


Lieutenant-Commander Giovani Corrêa, Brazilian Navy’s Commanding Officer of Amazonas, said: “The ship has proved herself to be a highly capable vessel and her crew are looking forward to the challenges of her first ocean voyage as we head to her new home in Brazil. The FOST training was a great success and allowed us to learn more about the Royal Navy’s procedures as we continually develop our own for this new class of ship.”


Following her departure from HM Naval Base Portsmouth, Amazonas will complete a series of diplomatic visits in Europe and Africa before arriving in Rio de Janeiro in October. On arrival in Brazil, Amazonas and her crew will undergo an operational assessment before joining the Brazilian fleet. They will then take part in further sea training with Comissão de Inspeção e Assessoria de Adestramento (the Commission for Inspecting and Advising Procedures) or CIAsA, which is designed to further ensure the ship is ready to begin her role of maritime security, search and rescue, and humanitarian relief operations.


The FOST training forms part of a £133 million contract for the supply of the three Ocean Patrol Vessels and ancillary support services announced in January. The contract also includes a manufacturing licence to enable further vessels of the same class to be constructed in Brazil, helping to support the country’s naval re-equipment programme and strengthen its maritime industrial capability.


First of class Amazonas was constructed at BAE Systems’ Portsmouth facility. Her sister ships Apa and Araguari were built at the company’s Scotstoun shipyard on the Clyde and are expected to be delivered to the Brazilian Navy in December 2012 and April 2013 respectively. Seven members of the Brazilian Navy will stay in Portsmouth to oversee the delivery of the remaining two ships in the Amazonas class, with the crew for the second ship expected to arrive in the UK later this year.


The Ocean Patrol Vessels will provide Brazil with enhanced maritime capability. With a 30mm cannon and two 25mm guns, as well as two rigid inflatable boats and a helicopter flight deck capable of landing a medium-sized helicopter, the ships are ideal for performing maritime security in Brazil’s territorial waters, including the protection of the country’s oil and gas reserves. The vessels accommodate a crew of 80, with additional accommodation for 40 embarked troops or passengers and ample deck space for container storage.

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9 août 2012 4 09 /08 /août /2012 07:35

kc-390 source air-cosmos.com


STEVENAGE, England, Aug. 8 (UPI)


Nose radomes for use on a Brazilian military transport are to be designed and manufactured by Cobham Antenna Systems of Britain.


The contract for the radomes was received from Embraer S.A.


They will be used on the KC-390, a medium-sized, twin-engine jet transport being developed by Embraer for the Brazilian air force.


In addition to transporting troops and cargo, the KC-390 will have an aerial refueling capability.


"We look forward to building upon the relationship between Embraer S.A. and Cobham, first established on the AMX Fighter program," said Fred Cahill, vice president of Cobham Antenna Systems.


"We expect to perform preliminary and detailed design activities this year, with manufacturing of prototypes and qualification during 2013 in readiness for first flight of the prototype in March 2014."


Radomes are enclosures that protect microwave or radar antennas. Cobham manufactures a wide range of radomes, which are installed on military and civilian aircraft.

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8 août 2012 3 08 /08 /août /2012 17:50

SuperTucano photo Embraer


Aug 08, 2012 by Siva Govindasamy - FG


São Paulo - Embraer is confident that its A-29 Super Tucano will win the US Air Force light air support contest, even though an earlier selection of the type was overturned in January.


A decision is expected in January 2013 and Luiz Carlos Aguiar, chief executive of Embraer's Defense and Security division, says that the Brazilian airframer's offer remains compliant with US laws. He is confident about its prospects in the competition, pointing out that Embraer has invested significantly in the USA through its business jet production line in Melbourne, Florida, and its first engineering centre outside Brazil.


"We know that internal politics could have an impact, but we are compliant with the laws," he says. "We are going to generate a lot of jobs in the USA. We have been present in the USA for a long time and are investing even more into the country."


The new tender, issued in May, has already pushed back the potential delivery dates to around 2014, two years later than expected. The aircraft are destined for Afghanistan's nascent air force.


Aguiar says that apart from Indonesia, which has ordered 16 Super Tucanos - receiving the first four in a ceremony on 6 August - other Asia-Pacific countries such as the Philippines and Thailand are also potential customers for the type.


Regarding the in-development KC-390 cargo aircraft, he says that the joint definition phase is expected to be completed by early next year. After that, Embraer expects to fix the price of the aircraft and sign firm contracts in the first quarter of 2013.


The company will not add any more developmental partners other than Argentina, the Czech Republic and Portugal. However, it is open to establishing an assembly line for the KC-390 cargo aircraft outside Brazil if it makes sense for a big customer, although Aguiar stresses that any such decision is still a long way off.


"We need to study this step by step, case by case," he says. "As a defence company, we must have an open mind to these things. It may be more complicated to just get a company from another country to become a supplier, and so we may need to offer final assembly."


Embraer briefed officials from Indonesia, which operates a fleet of older Lockheed Martin C-130s, on the programme. It is also keen to sign up other potential export customers, but Aguiar says that the priority is to complete the joint definition phase and fix a price. Negotiations with existing customers and marketing for future ones can then begin in earnest, he adds.

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8 août 2012 3 08 /08 /août /2012 16:50



7 Aug 2012 By Stephanie Levy - FG


Washington DC - The Ecuadorian Navy has been trying to develop its own autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) to combat piracy for the past two years. Research director Eduardo Cadena says researchers have been working off the hypothesis that pirates have been attaching their own underwater vehicles to Ecuadorian ships, but by the time a manned vessel can investigate, the pirates' vehicle has detached and navigated away.


"We want to use another autonomous underwater vehicle to detect the pirates," Cadena says. With the help of an unmanned system, Cadena estimates the Navy would be able to respond to pirate threats in less than an hour.


At an educational session Monday, Cadena also presented the Ecuadorian Navy's work on its own unmanned surface vessel. Using exclusively commercial off-the-shelf materials, researchers developed and tested a unmanned surface vehicle (USV) that can autonomously navigate shallow waters and perform surveillance and reconnaissance missions.


"Under ideal conditions, the USV can detect installations occulted by high-density vegetation," Cadena said in the presentation. "Basically, you can't see the robot, but the robot can see you."


Cadena says the Navy will use the lessons learned from testing the USV as they develop an AUV without technical assistance from other countries. "But we have problems with maintenance since it's very expensive in our economy," he says.

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1 août 2012 3 01 /08 /août /2012 07:05



July 19, 2012 defpro.com


MEXICO | Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said on Thursday he is interested in buying Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker-E multirole fighter jets from Russia to enhance his country’s defense capabilities.


“I have already sent a statement to the government of Russia that we are ready to consider buying in the next few years Su-35 fighters to modernize and enhance our defense powers,” Venezuela’s national radio quoted Chavez as saying.


The president said that the issues of security, defense and the development of the country should be the priority for the government of Venezuela within the frames of the national independence provision.


“This independence, the well protected and guaranteed one, will give us a possibility to build new Venezuela, new Fatherland and to reach new horizons,” he added.


The Su-35, powered by two 117S engines with thrust vectoring, combines high maneuverability and the capability to effectively engage several air targets simultaneously using both guided and unguided missiles and weapon systems.


The aircraft has been touted as "4++ generation using fifth-generation technology." (RIA Novosti)

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18 juillet 2012 3 18 /07 /juillet /2012 17:10

Coat of arms of Brazil.svg


Jul 17, 2012 Spacewar.com (UPI)


Rio De Janeiro - Brazil is offering manufacturing and building firms special perks to diversify into defense production as part of its plan to capture a greater share of global military sales.


Brazilian government investment and subsidies have pushed the nation's aviation and defense industries to the forefront of regional production in those sectors.


Officials say Brazil's share of the global aviation, defense and security markets remains small and they want to see greater participation from the Brazilian industrial sector. The global defense market is estimated to exceed $1.5 trillion.


Essentially the government of President Dilma Rousseff wants firms to diversify -- not switch -- production through the creation of subsidiaries and additional units, officials said.


Generous credit terms and tax breaks are on offer to companies that follow the government's guidelines, the daily newspaper O Globo reported.


Many of the incentives are covered in Law 12,958, passed in March, which set out special conditions and tax advantages.


Aviation group Embraer is the lead producer of aircraft in Brazil and has moved swiftly from executive jets and small transport planes into manufacturing military aircraft, with large tactical transport aircraft next in line for development.


Embraer's Super Tucano light aircraft has emerged as a serious competitor to rival firms in North America, Europe including Russia and East Asia.


O Globo said several major Brazilian companies active in the areas of civil construction and engineering and infrastructure have already responded to the government. Besides Embraer, companies now busy diversifying include Andrade Gutierrez, Engevix, OAS, Odebrecht and Queiroz Galvao.


Odebrecht is involved with a $4.8 billion Brazilian navy program to build a nuclear-powered submarine combining French technology with Brazilian parts.


The Brazilian Association of the Defense and Security Materials Industry, also known as Abimde, estimates the country has the potential to earn at least $7 billion a year from defense exports by 2030.


The Synergy group, the owner of Avianca and Taca airlines, and Camargo Correa are negotiating with potential foreign partners to enter the market, O Globo said.


Other aviation and defense firms that are active in the field, Helibras, Avibras and CBC have built international connections and partnerships.


Brazil's domestic aviation and defense market, on an upswing, is seen by government planners as a starting point for targeted marketing for new lines of defense hardware and software produced locally.


The Brazilian armed forces are to spend $35 billion on procurement by 2015.

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17 juillet 2012 2 17 /07 /juillet /2012 17:10



LA GUAIRA, Venezuela, July 16 (UPI)


Venezuela says it sees the Mercosur trade bloc as an emergent military power in Latin America and will pursue plans for integrating its defense manufacturing capacity with Argentina's military industries as a first step in that direction.


Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez made the declaration at a Military University ceremony days after his senior defense aide signed agreements with Argentina on integrating the countries' defense industries.


Both countries have ambitions to develop defense industries, vying with Brazil's advanced and sophisticated aerospace and military manufacturing.


It isn't at all clear if either side has a significant existing capacity but, of the two, Argentina has more advanced capacity with a significant footprint in nuclear power generation and related nuclear technologies.


Venezuela was only recently confirmed as a full member of Mercosur after several years of a delay caused by other members' criticism of Chavez's populist style of government and reluctance to ratify the country's membership.


Chavez said Venezuela's defense accords with Argentina would be a step toward "the necessary strategic integration of the armed forces in the framework of Mercosur and turning the bloc into a military power."


There was no immediate Argentine government comment on the declaration by Chavez.


Chavez used the public address to repeat his support for Argentina's claim over Falkland Islands, a British overseas territory.


He said Mercosur was "an important strategic alliance" with an "immense offensive, dissuasive capacity."


Last Friday ministers from Argentina and Venezuela met aboard an Argentine ship in La Guaira and signed a memorandum of understanding on pooling resources for developing their military manufacturing technologies as part of the "necessary strategic integration of the armed forces in the framework of Mercosur."


Chavez said such integration was needed "to help defend our resources, combat colonialism."


However, he said, this had to be done by establishing "a zone of democracy where never again will there be military coups, or invasion or imperialisms, but also a space where only our peoples in their most pure democratic expression and through legitimate governments can decide their future."


Mercosur suspended Paraguay after the Paraguayan Congress voted to impeach Fernando Lugo and remove him from presidency, replacing him with Federico Franco as president. Mercosur called the impeachment and Lugo's ouster a coup, a stance that was supported by the Union of South American States.


Critics of Chavez in several member countries were unwilling to have Venezuela confirmed as full member because they feared his entry will signal a shift toward a populist radicalization of Mercosur.


Venezuela's long-delayed confirmation as full member became possible only after Mercosur suspended Paraguay, whose legislation had been obstructing Venezuela's admission. Even supporters of Venezuela's membership say they would have preferred Venezuela's admission in strict observance of Mercosur's constitution.


The way Venezuela was admitted into Mercosur showed that the general rule of consensus was bypassed, critics say.


Former Brazilian President Fernando Enrique Cardoso told Veja magazine he regarded as serious "the incorporation of Venezuela to Mercosur in the absence of Paraguay. All Mercosur decisions are by consensus, which means the participation of all members."

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17 juillet 2012 2 17 /07 /juillet /2012 13:47

Rafale photo2 Sirpa Air


07/16/2012 Andrew Elwell- defenceiq.com


Brazil has pushed back its decision to award the $7 billion contract for 36 next generation fighters by six months, according to an Air Force statement sent to AFP. This is the fourth time Brazil has extended the bidding window.


The fighters still under consideration are Dassault’s Rafale, which recently got the nod from the Indian government for its $20 billion MMRCA (medium multi-role combat aircraft) programme; Saab’s Gripen aircraft; and Boeing’s F/A-18 Super Hornet.


For some time the Rafale was thought to be the preferred option for the Brazilian Air Force as Dassault was willing to offer an unrestricted technology transfer if it won the contract. However, the Super Hornet is reported to be the cheaper option and Boeing has recently made some concessions on how much technology it is willing to transfer.


According to Brazil’s O Estado de S. Paulo newspaper, Boeing’s Vice President of the F/A-18 programme, Mike Gibbons, said Brazilian companies would have the “opportunity to construct components for the new Super Hornets and other future projects of Boeing.”


Further to this Boeing has recently struck a deal with Brazil’s aerospace giant Embraer to jointly work on the KC-390, a military transport and refuelling jet due in service 2016.


The six month extension, with bids now due by the end of December, could work in Boeing’s favour as the balance seems to be shifting away from the Rafale.


A recent report on Brazil’s defence industry indicates that aircraft imports account for 45.5% of its entire defence procurement allocation.


KC-390 military transport aircraft source asdnews

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17 juillet 2012 2 17 /07 /juillet /2012 12:54



July 16, 2012 U.S. 4th Fleet Public Affairs / NNS – defpro.com


BOGOTA, Colombia | Rear Adm. Sinclair Harris, commander, U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command and U.S. 4th Fleet (COMUSNAVSO/C4F) attended a military power seminar at the Colombian War College in Bogota, Colombia, July 12.

During the seminar, Harris spoke to participants about interoperability between the U.S. and Colombian forces, and interdiction capabilities within the coastal waters of Colombia.

"As militaries, we bring certain unique capabilities to deal with transnational organized crime," said Harris. "We are effective planners, able to deconstruct problems into their component parts and create appropriate campaign plans to deal with each component."

The purpose of the seminar was to explore the key elements of the use of military power in the maritime and littoral environment and its impact on national strategy, security and defense. The seminar also focused on air power and the growing need for aerospace technology and capacity.

"As Sailors we are well aware of the role played by major trading routes that crisscross our seas and oceans," said Harris. "And throughout this region we face the man-made scourge of transnational criminal organizations engaged in all manner of lucrative illicit activities, trafficking in drugs, weapons, money, and people."

U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command and U.S. 4th Fleet (COMUSNAVSO/C4F) supports USSOUTHCOM joint and combined full-spectrum military operations by providing principally sea-based, forward presence to ensure freedom of maneuver in the maritime domain, to foster and sustain cooperative relationships with international partners and to fully exploit the sea as maneuver space in order to enhance regional security and promote peace, stability, and prosperity in the Caribbean, Central and South American regions.

For more information, visit www.public.navy.mil/comusnavso-c4f, on Facebook at www.facebook.com/NAVSOUS4thflt, or on Twitter at www.twitter.com/navsous4thflt.

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16 juillet 2012 1 16 /07 /juillet /2012 16:50

Rafale photo2 Sirpa Air



16 juillet 2012 Par Elodie Vallerey – USINE NOUVELLE


Alors que Brasilia annonçait en février sa probable commande de 36 avions de combat de Dassault, l'Américain Boeing fait une nouvelle offre afin de décrocher le marché.


La guerre des contrats fait rage dans le secteur de l'aviation militaire. Alors que le Brésil s'était déclaré en faveur de l'achat de Rafales français en février dernier, il pourrait changer son fusil d'épaule avec la nouvelle offre proposée par le constructeur américain Boeing.


La firme de Chicago propose de transférer au Brésil davantage de technologie si le pays se décidait à équiper son armée de l'air d'avions de combat F-18 Super Hornet, a rapporté le 15 juillet un journal local.


Le vice-président du programme F/A-18 de Boeing, Mike Gibbons, a fait savoir que son groupe offrerait aux entreprises brésiliennes "l'opportunité de construire des composants pour les nouveaux Super Hornets et pour d'autres projets de Boeing à venir", rapporte le quotidien O Estado de S. Paulo.


En mars, on apprenait de sources gouvernementales française et brésilienne que Brasilia opterait très probablement pour le Rafale du français Dassault Aviation. Pour ce projet portant sur 36 avions de combat, d'une valeur de plusieurs milliards de dollars, Dassault propose un généreux transfert de technologie.


Mais depuis 2011, Boeing a cherché à faire pencher la balance en sa faveur en renforçant ses liens commerciaux avec le Brésil. Pour preuve, Boeing et le constructeur aéronautique brésilien Embraer ont notamment annoncé en juin leur intention de collaborer sur le développement du KC-390, un avion de transport militaire et de ravitaillement.

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16 juillet 2012 1 16 /07 /juillet /2012 05:31

le-rafale credits MBDA Dassault


15 juillet investir.fr (Reuters)


SAO PAULO, - L'américain Boeing propose de transférer au Brésil davantage de technologie si le pays décide d'équiper son armée de l'air d'avions de combat F-18 Super Hornet, rapporte dimanche un journal local.


Le vice-président du programme F/A-18 de Boeing, Mike Gibbons, a fait savoir que son groupe offrerait aux entreprises brésiliennes "l'opportunité de construire des composants pour les nouveaux Super Hornets et pour d'autres projets de Boeing à venir", rapporte le journal O Estado de S. Paulo.


Il n'a pas donné plus de précisions sur le transfert de technologie élargi que Boeing proposait désormais au Brésil.


En février, on apprenait de sources gouvernementales française et brésilienne que Brasilia opterait très probablement pour le Rafale du français Dassault Aviation. Pour ce projet portant sur 36 avions de combat, d'une valeur de plusieurs milliards de dollars, Dassault propose un généreux transfert de technologie.


Mais depuis 2011, Boeing a cherché à faire pencher la balance en sa faveur en renforçant ses liens commerciaux avec le Brésil. Boeing et le constructeur aéronautique brésilien Embraer ont notamment annoncé en juin leur intention de collaborer sur le développement du KC-390 d'Embraer, un avion de transport militaire et de ravitaillement.


(Reese Ewing, Natalie Huet pour le service français)

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11 juillet 2012 3 11 /07 /juillet /2012 12:20



July 11, 2012 defpro.com


FARNBOROUGH AIR SHOW, London, UK | Sikorsky Aerospace Services (SAS) today announced the expansion of an existing contract that doubles the size of the in-country maintenance support team for the Colombian Army UH-60 BLACK HAWK fleet. The Colombian Army Aviation – part of the Army’s Combined Arms Team – has acquired Scheduled and Unscheduled Maintenance Services for its fleet of UH-60 helicopters to ensure sustained support for operations mandated by the Colombian Army. Forty-two Sikorsky-trained technicians will perform Phase Maintenance Inspections and 120-hour inspections at the Aviation Maintenance Base in Tolemaida. The ongoing maintenance contract is renewable annually. Sikorsky Aerospace Services (SAS) is the aftermarket division of Sikorsky Aircraft Corp., a subsidiary of United Technologies Corp.


“Colombia – with the fourth-largest BLACK HAWK fleet in the world – is an important anchor customer in Latin America. Our ability to augment in-country support continues to improve the operational readiness of the Colombian Armed Services,” said Steve Bohlman, Director, Commercial and International Military Customer Support. “Additionally, we are on the verge of inaugurating the S-70 BLACK HAWK Helicopter Training Facility at the Colombian Air Force Base in Melgar. These pursuits further SAS’ commitment to customers in the region. We remain focused on providing support capabilities directly where our customers operate.”


Requisite maintenance services for the fleet will be executed by the Sikorsky Team whose OEM expertise will assure that operational readiness is a priority. The technical and tactical characteristics of the UH-60L fleet provide the mobility and penetration required by the Colombian Army to successfully execute a variety of dynamic missions. In pursuit of national order and security, the UH-60L fleet performs air assault, reconnaissance, supply and other missions.

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11 juillet 2012 3 11 /07 /juillet /2012 07:35

SuperTucano photo Embraer


FARNBOROUGH, United Kingdom, July 10, 2012 - boeing.mediaroom.com


Embraer and Boeing today at the Farnborough Airshow announced an agreement that further enhances the collaboration between the two companies and brings additional capabilities to Embraer's A-29 Super Tucano through new weapons integration developments to meet future customer requirements.


The new weapons integration capacity enhances the solution presented to the U.S. Air Force Light Air Support (LAS) program by not only meeting program requirements, but exceeding them in ways that are important to the customer.


"This new capability will take advantage of the versatility of the Super Tucano and will benefit our campaign in the United States," said Luiz Carlos Aguiar, president of Embraer Defesa & Segurança. "With more than eight years in service and more than 160 aircraft delivered, the Super Tucano is a proven platform. The aircraft's performance, operational effectiveness and costs to operate and maintain are well defined and documented."


Today's announcement follows the April signing of a broad cooperation agreement between Boeing and Embraer that established an important relationship between two of the world's largest aerospace companies to cooperate in ways that enhance aircraft efficiency and safety, research and technology and sustainable aviation biofuels to create value for both companies and their customers.


"This agreement enables integration of Boeing products on a highly affordable turboprop aircraft that offers unique close air support capabilities to customers worldwide," said Dennis Muilenburg, president and CEO of Boeing Defense, Space & Security. "Boeing direct attack weapons are combat-proven and in inventory with the U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy, and 27 international military customers."


On June 26, Boeing and Embraer announced a collaboration on the KC-390 program to share some specific technical knowledge and evaluate markets where they may join efforts for medium-lift military transport opportunities.


To date, the Super Tucano fleet has logged more than 157,000 flight hours, including 23,000 combat hours, with no combat losses. The aircraft also is certified for more than 130 munitions configurations. It has been selected by 10 customers around the world.

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11 juillet 2012 3 11 /07 /juillet /2012 07:20

submarino nuclear-brasileiro


10 juillet 2012 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS


La cérémonie de lancement du projet de sous-marin à propulsion nucléaire brésilien s’est déroulée dans l’auditorium principal du Centre Technologique de la Marine à Sao Paulo, en présence du commandant de la marine, l’amiral d’escadre Julio Soares de Moura Neto, du directeur général des matériels de la marine, l’amiral d’escadre Arthur Pires Ramos, et du coordonnateur général du programme, l’amiral d’escadre José Alberto Accioly Fregelli.


Cet événement constitue une étape importante pour le “Programme de Développement de Sous-Marins” (PROSUB), dans le cadre duquel sera développé le sous-marin nucléaire brésilien.


Le contrat signé entre la marine brésilienne et DCNS, tout en excluant la partie nucléaire de l’usine de propulsion, comprend aussi la construction d’un chantier et d’une base navals, dans la région d’Itaguaí (Río de Janeiro), et de 4 sous-marins classiques de type Scorpène-BR.


L’un des bénéfices attendus par le Brésil, est le renforcement de l’industrie nationale. C’est la raison pour laquelle priorité a été donnée à la qualification technique des professionnels brésiliens qui travaillent au projet, garantissant au Brésil la capacité à l’avenir de développer et de construire ses propres sous-marins de manière indépendante.


Cette année, le programme a déjà franchi un pas important avec l’inauguration de la première des 4 usines de production d’hexafluorure d’uranium, et du Centre d’entrainement nucléaire de Sorocaba, ce qui représente la maitrise du cycle du combustible nucléaire.


Référence :Info Defensa (Espagne)

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10 juillet 2012 2 10 /07 /juillet /2012 11:30

kc-390 source air-cosmos.com


10 juillet 2012 Thierry Dubois à Farnborough – Aerobuzz.fr


Avec le KC-390, son premier avion de transport tactique, le constructeur brésilien Embraer, vise le remplacement des C-130 Hercules. Le récent accord de commercialisation conclu avec Boeing devrait faciliter la pénétration de ce vaste marché.


Embraer va bientôt geler la conception de son premier avion de transport militaire, le KC-390, destiné aux missions tactiques. Bien que le premier vol soit prévu pour bientôt (2014), certains détails restent flous. Le programme semble en tous cas bien financé, grâce au gouvernement brésilien qui fournit la majeure partie des 1,8 milliards d’euro nécessaires.


Le KC-390 fera essentiellement du transport de fret, de troupes et du ravitaillement en vol. Les 23 tonnes de charge offerte correspondent à 64 parachutistes, 80 soldats, un hélicoptère ou des véhicules blindés légers. Quant à la capacité de ravitaillement, elle se fonde sur deux réservoirs internes amovibles. Le KC-390 lui-même pourra être ravitaillé en vol.


Six pays ont signé des lettres d’intention pour un total de 60 avions. Il s’agit du Brésil (28), de la Colombie (12), de l’Argentine (6), du Portugal (6), du Chili (6) et de la République Tchèque (2). Les Argentins, les Portugais et les Tchèques sont aussi devenus des partenaires industriels du programme. La France, qui avait exprimé un besoin d’une douzaine d’appareils, n’a rien signé. Paris attend que le Brésil commande le Rafale.


Le financement de 1,8 Md€ court jusqu’à la fin 2014. C’est alors que le KC-390 est censé faire son premier vol. La phase financée du développement comprend deux prototypes et l’outillage de production. A partir de 2015, Embraer compte recevoir des paiements partiels de ses clients. Les premières livraisons à l’armée de l’Air brésilienne sont attendues en 2016.


Les caractéristiques préliminaires diffusées en 2010 indiquaient une distance franchissable proche de 2 600 km à la masse maximale. Ces chiffres devraient être précisés prochainement. Au premier trimestre 2013, le constructeur de São José dos Campos commencera à faire des propositions fermes, avec prix et spécifications à la clé. Le programme est aujourd’hui en phase de « définition commune ». Il occupe 180 ingénieurs de 50 sociétés, regroupés dans les bureaux d’études d’Embraer. En outre, le Brésilien a signé le 26 juin avec Boeing un accord sur le KC-390. Il s’agit notamment de « mettre en commun certaines technologies. » C’est la première concrétisation d’un protocole d’accord plus large (et assez vague) conclu en avril.


Le Brésil fournit plus de 90 % du financement et les Tchèques et les Argentins fournissent le reste. Pour un montant fixe, Embraer est censé livrer l’avion à l’heure et avec les performances attendues. Tout retard au-delà de 2014 devra être financé par le constructeur. Et le gouvernement pourra refuser la livraison d’un avion moins performant qu’annoncé.


Embraer a choisi ses fournisseurs. Le consortium IAE équipera le KC-390 de deux turboréacteurs V2500. Ce genre d’avion utilise pourtant, d’habitude, des turbopropulseurs. Les hélices donnent en effet des distances de décollage plus courtes. Cette fois, c’est la « productivité », selon le mot d’Embraer, qui prime. Le Brésil est un pays vaste. Les temps de parcours sont d’autant plus importants et la vitesse supérieure (Mach 0.80) procurée par les réacteurs fait la différence. Autre technologie relativement nouvelle sur un avion de transport militaire, le KC-390 emploiera des commandes de vol électriques.


En termes de prévisions de marché, les dirigeants d’Embraer envisagent 700 avions d’ici à 2025. L’accord avec Boeing comprend d’ailleurs un volet « commercialisation ». Il s’agit principalement de remplacer des Lockheed Martin C-130 Hercules. Embraer se contenterait de 17 à 18 % des 700. Soit 120 KC-390 environ. La ligne d’assemblage livrerait alors huit à 10 avions par an.

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9 juillet 2012 1 09 /07 /juillet /2012 08:04

Rafale photo2 Sirpa Air


07/07/2012 latribune.fr


L'armée de l'air brésilienne a souhaité prolonger de six mois l'étude des propositions financières concernant l'appel d'offres pour l'achat de 36 avions de chasse. Le Rafale français, le Super Hornet américain et le Gripen suédois sont sur les rangs.


L'armée de l'air brésilienne a demandé aux trois concurrents français, américain et suédois de renouveler leur intérêt pour l'appel d'offre portant sur l'achat de 36 avions de chasse, selon des sources concordantes.


Dans une note envoyée à l'AFP, l'armée de l'air indique qu'il s'agit d'une "procédure normale" de solliciter la prorogation des propositions financières pour étude par le gouvernement tant que le processus de sélection n'est pas terminé.


Le Rafale du français Dassault est en compétition avec le F/A-18 Super Hornet de l'américain Boeing et le Gripen NG du suédois Saab pour emporter ce contrat de cinq milliards de dollars.


L'armée de l'air brésilienne demande tous les six mois aux concurrents de renouveler leur intérêt pour l'appel d'offre. Le dernier en date s'achevait le 30 juin, le prochain court jusqu'à la fin de l'année.


La quatrième prorogation


Le directeur de la filiale Brésil de Dassault, Jean-Marc Merialdo, a précisé à l'AFP qu'il "s'agit de la quatrième prorogation pour une durée de six mois".


"C'est purement administratif, cela n'a aucune autre signification", a-t-il souligné.


Après plusieurs reports dus à des coupes budgétaires, le Brésil doit désigner cette année le vainqueur de l'appel d'offre.


Le Brésil exige un transfert de technologie total pour construire sur place l'appareil, avec la possibilité de le vendre ensuite sur le marché régional. Sur ce point, le Rafale est clairement le mieux placé, le gouvernement français s'étant engagé à un transfert "sans restriction" et les Brésiliens étant méfiants sur la possibilité des Etats-Unis de faire de même en dépit de leurs engagements, selon les analystes.


En revanche, les Etats-Unis offrent, avec le F-18, le meilleur prix.

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