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12 septembre 2011 1 12 /09 /septembre /2011 06:10

http://www.aeroweb-fr.net/uploads/media/small/2011/15/1119.jpg 

Embraer KC-390 – photo Embraer

 

10 septembre 2011 par Nicolas Perron Aeroweb-fr.net

 

Le constructeur brésilien Embraer a annoncé le nom de trois autres fournisseurs importants pour son nouvel appareil de transport et ravitaillement militaire, le KC-390.

 

Cobham, Selex Galileo et AEL Sistemas s’ajoutent donc à la liste de fournisseurs internationaux de l’appareil cargo de moyenne capacité qui pourra également ravitailler d’autres aéronefs en vol. L’entrée en service est prévue pour 2015. 

 

AEL Sistemas


AEL Sistemas, de Porto Alegre au Brésil, a été sélectionné pour concevoir et fournir l’ordinateur de mission. L'ordinateur de mission procure la puissance de calcul nécessaire pour héberger le logiciel responsable de l'intégration des systèmes de mission importants, comme le radar tactique, le système d'autoprotection, de liaison de données et le calcul des points de parachutage.

 

«Nous sommes très heureux d'avoir été choisi par Embraer pour fournir l’ordinateur de mission du KC-390», a commenté Vitor Neves, vice-président des opérations d’AEL. « C'est encore un autre jalon dans la longue et fructueuse relation entre AEL et Embraer, et nous croyons que cette nouvelle sélection de renforcer davantage la coopération entre les deux sociétés », a-t-il conclu.

 

Selex Galileo


Selex Galileo, entreprise italienne filiale de Finmeccanica et leader de l’électronique militaire, fournira son radar tactique T-20 Gabbiano. 

 

« Nous travaillons avec Embraer sur un certain nombre de programmes aéroportés, et nous sommes particulièrement fiers de la sélection de ce radar perfectionné en tant que base pour le nouvel avion de transport militaire d’Embraer. Le KC-390 est prêt à jouer un rôle clé dans le marché du transport aérien tactique et nous sommes heureux de faire partie de ce programme », a déclaré Fabrizio Giulianini, PDG de SELEX Galileo. 

 

Cobham


Cobham, de Dorset en Angleterre, fournira les nacelles de ravitaillement sous voilure. L’entreprise est très expérimentée dans ce domaine avec plus de 2000 appareils équipés dont des C-130, des Boeing 707, des KC-10 et plus récemment les A330 MRTT commandés par la RAF.

 

Iain Gibson, vice-président de Cobham Mission Equipment, a déclaré: « Cobham est heureux d’être sélectionné par Embraer et la Force aérienne brésilienne pour fournir les nacelles de ravitaillement sous voilure du KC-390. Cela représente un important programme pour Cobham, suivant un processus rigoureux d'appel d'offres concurrentiel servant à souligner la position de l'entreprise comme leader mondial dans la fourniture de tels systèmes. »

 

Il y a quelques semaines, Embraer a annoncé le choix de la motorisation et plus tôt au printemps, plusieurs autres fournisseurs ont été dévoilés. D’ici la fin de l’année, la définition de l’appareil  sera gelé et le constructeur pourra ensuite débuter la conception et la fabrication des composantes de l’appareil pour son entrée en service en 2015.

L’Embraer KC-390 est un avion de transport militaire bimoteur de taille moyenne. Avec la capacité de ravitailler et d’être ravitaillé en vol, il pourra transporter 16 tonnes en mode tactique ou 23 tonnes en mode logistique. Son autonomie sera de 1400 milles nautiques à pleine charge en mode logistique.

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12 septembre 2011 1 12 /09 /septembre /2011 05:50

http://www.opex360.com/images/kc390-20090908.jpg

source opex360.com

 

11 Sep 2011 By ANDREW CHUTER DefenseNews

 

Embraer has increased its hold in the Brazilian defense sector by taking a 25 percent stake in AEL, the Elbit Systems local operation as part of a deal for the two companies to collaborate on development of unmanned systems.

 

The defense and security arm of Embraer announced earlier this year it would acquire a share in AEL along with partnering in the development and production of unmanned air systems.

 

To date, though, it has not revealed the size of the stake. That changed late last week when Embraer announced it had formalized its tie-up with the Israeli company to set up an unmanned air systems development and manufacturing operation known as Harpia Sistemas.

 

Embaer Defense and Security will take a 51 percent stake in Harpia, with AEL taking the remainder. In the second part of the tie-up, Embraer has acquired a 25 percent stake in its unmanned air systems partner.

 

Based in Porto Alegre, AEL has been a significant supplier of avionics and other equipment for the Brazilian military going back more than 20 years. Deals have included equipment for the Super Tucano trainer and light attack aircraft and a modernization of the air force's F-5M fighters.

 

AEl is also a supplier of systems to the new KC-390 airlifter and tanker now under development by Embraer.

 

The Brazilian company announced Sept. 8 that AEL was selected to supply the aircraft's mission computer. Embraer also said late last week it chose wing-mounted aerial refueling pods by British company Cobham and the Gabbiano T-20 tactical radar from Selex Galileo of Italy.

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10 septembre 2011 6 10 /09 /septembre /2011 08:00

http://www.opex360.com/images/kc390-20090908.jpg

source opex360.com

 

Sep 9, 2011 ASDNews Source : Embraer - Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (NYSE: ERJ)

 

São José dos Campos - Embraer Defense and Security has selected AEL Sistemas S.A., of Porto Alegre, in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, to supply the mission computer for the KC-390 military airlifter and tanker jet, which is advancing well, as it moves through its development stages.

 

"The complexity of Embraer's innovative, hi-tech KC-390 requires world-class suppliers," said Eduardo Bonini Santos Pinto, Sr. Vice President Operations & COO, Embraer Defense and Security. "In light of that need, our long-standing partner, AEL, again meets the Company's stringent criteria, which are based on perceived market needs."

 

The mission computer to be provided by AEL for the KC-390 aircraft will consolidate a successful partnership in providing mission computers for other Embraer programs, such as the Super Tucano, A-1M, and F-5BR. The computer will provide the required computational power to host the software responsible for integrating important mission systems, like tactical radar, self-protection system, data-link, and the airdrop release point calculation. Such additional features as robustness, flexibility and scalability were fundamental for choosing AEL to supply the mission computer for the KC-390 Program.

 

"We are very pleased to have been selected by Embraer to supply the mission processor for the KC-390," commented Vitor Neves, AEL Vice President, Operations. "This is yet another milestone in the long and fruitful relationship between AEL and Embraer, and we believe that this new selection will further strengthen the cooperation between both companies."

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9 septembre 2011 5 09 /09 /septembre /2011 12:20

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Sep 9, 2011 ASDNews Source : Embraer - Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (NYSE: ERJ)

 

São José dos Campos - Embraer Defense and Security has chosen Cobham, with headquarters in Dorset, England, to supply the wing-mounted aerial refueling pods for the KC-390 military airlifter and tanker jet.

 

"Embraer's innovative KC-390 airlifter and tanker jet requires stringent criteria to be met by its suppliers," said Eduardo Bonini Santos Pinto, Sr. Vice President Operations & COO, Embraer Defense and Security. "Cobham's vast aerospace experience and more than 75-year history bring proven expertise and products for the quality Embraer pursues."

 

The aerial refueling pods are sophisticated devices installed underneath the wings and allow fuel transfer from the KC-390 to the receiver aircraft during the air-to-air refueling operations. Fuel transfer is accomplished via a retractable hose, at the end of which is fitted a drogue and fuel coupling which provides the connection to the probe of the receiver aircraft. After refueling, the hose and drogue is rewound and stored in the pod. The whole operation is controlled and monitored by the tanker crew via control panels and video cameras.

 

Following the announcement, Iain Gibson, Vice President of Cobham Mission Equipment said: "Cobham Mission Equipment is delighted with the news of its selection by Embraer and the Brazilian Air Force to provide the wing-mounted air refueling pod solution for the KC-390. This represents a significant program to Cobham Mission Equipment, following a rigorous competitive tendering process serving to underline the company's position as the world leader in providing such systems. We are proud to be a supply partner to Embraer and are confident that our pods will provide an excellent air-to-air refueling capability for the KC-390."

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8 septembre 2011 4 08 /09 /septembre /2011 17:10

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September 08, 2011 SHEPARD GROUP Source: Elbit Systems

 

Elbit Systems announced today, further to the announcement dated April 13, 2011, that its Brazilian subsidiary AEL Sistemas S.A. ("AEL") signed several related agreements with Embraer Defesa e Segurança S.A. ("Embraer Defesa"), a subsidiary of Embraer S.A.

 

Under the agreements, the parties established a joint company, Harpia Sistemas S.A ("Harpia"), in which Embraer Defesa owns 51% and AEL owns the remaining 49%. The new company, based in Brasilia, will be engaged in the areas of unmanned aircraft systems, avionics systems and simulators, as well as contractor logistics support in these areas, for the Brazilian market as well as other markets to be determined in the future. Mr. Rodrigo Fantom will be appointed as the CEO of Harpia.

 

In addition, pursuant to the agreements, Embraer Defesa acquired a 25% interest in AEL.

 

Luiz Carlos Aguiar, President of Embraer Defesa said: "The creation of Harpia is in perfect alignment with Brazil's national defense strategy and it will be an important instrument for meeting the needs of the armed and the security forces. Furthermore, the potential for dual application of unmanned aerial systems and the technology generated through it must also be highlighted."

 

Joseph Ackerman, President and CEO of Elbit Systems, stated: "The establishment of this jointly-owned company is a significant step for Elbit Systems and AEL, marking another milestone in our long-term operations in Brazil, a market which we consider of the utmost importance. These transactions take the collaboration between Embraer Defesa and AEL to new heights, which we are confident, will be of mutual benefit to both of our companies as well as to the Brazilian customers."

 

Shlomo Erez, President of AEL, commented: "We are very excited with Embraer Defesa's decision to invest in AEL and our establishment of the jointly owned company, which attests to the high level of satisfaction and mutual trust that our companies have nurtured throughout many years of collaboration."

 

Elbit Systems and Embraer, with the support of AEL, have a successful track record of cooperative relationships. AEL was one of the first suppliers of systems for the turboprop Tucano basic trainer and the subsonic fighter AMX, aircraft manufactured by Embraer in the 1980s and 1990s. Currently, AEL provides the avionics for the turboprop light attack and advanced training Super Tucano, as well as the avionics of the F-5M fighter, modernized by Embraer for the Brazilian Air Force (FAB).

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7 septembre 2011 3 07 /09 /septembre /2011 17:05

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-D6Mivzl6_bE/TmdG_7VA1DI/AAAAAAAAKWY/RwP_dyHhYpk/s400/ASTROS_AV-TM_DID.jpg

 

Astros AV-TM, a high precision cruise missiles with a range of 300 kilometers (photo : Defense Industry Daily)

 

31.08.2011 DEFENSE STUDIES


Brazil releases funds to develop surface to surface missile system for the Army

 

The Brazilian government gave a clear signal Monday that is intends to advance in the consolidation of a defense industry in the country. A decree signed by President Dilma Rousseff releases 45 million Real in funds for the launching of the Astros Project 2020 to equip the Brazilian army.

 

The project with a total value of almost 1.1 billion Real provides for the acquisition of the most advanced surface to surface missile launch system developed in Brazil. The Astros 2020 is an evolved version of the Astros II, the best selling product manufactured by Avibras Aerospace.

 

Exported to many countries the Astros (Artillery SaTuration ROcket System) is considered a market-leader among the small and highly competitive group of manufacturers of such systems.

 

Altogether the project includes the purchase of 49 vehicles by the Brazilian army divided into three batteries: 18 launch vehicles, 18 ammo re-supply vehicles, three fire control units, three weather stations, three recovery vehicles and three armoured command and control vehicles for each battery and another final vehicle for integrated command and control.

 

The main advantage of the new concept is the incorporation of the AV-TM, a high precision cruise missiles with a range of 300 kilometers. Unlike the rockets, which have a ballistic trajectory, defined from the impulse they receive at launch, this missile is guided and its trajectory can be controlled. Another important advance is the in the electronics system which is entirely digital.

 

 

Astros II MLRS (photo : Militaryphotos)

 

The Astros II are normally grouped in artillery batteries consisting on average of about 13 vehicles: 6 of them are Astros II launchers, 6 are rocket resupply trucks and one a special radar-equipped vehicle controlling the fire control system. The launcher is capable of firing rockets of different calibers armed with a range of warheads.


The Astros II artillery system entered service with the Brazilian Army in 1983. The system is battle proven, having been used in action by the Iraqi Army in the Gulf Wars. In the 1980s, Avibrás sold an estimated sixty-six Astros II artillery systems to Iraq. Iraq also built the Sajil-60 which is a license-built version of the Brazilian SS-60. Sixty Astros II were sold to Saudi Arabia and an unspecified number sold to Bahrain and Qatar. Total sales of the Astros II between 1982 and 1987 reached one billion dollars.

This fact made the Astros II multiple rocket launcher the most profitable weapon produced by Avibrás.

 

In the 1980s and early 1990s, Avibrás worked almost exclusively with the manufacturing of rockets and multiple-launch rocket systems (MLRS), such as the Astros II, in addition to developing antitank and anti-ship missiles. At its peak, Avibrás employed 6,000 people; later it would be reduced to 900 people in the early 1990s as the arms industry demand fell. Even so, in the first Gulf War in 1991, the Astros II was successfully used by Saudi Arabia against Iraq. Years later, the Astros II system helped Angola to defeat the UNITA rebels.

(MercoPress)
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7 septembre 2011 3 07 /09 /septembre /2011 12:10

http://defenseindex.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/vbtp_ut30br1.jpg

source defense-update.com

 

September 7, 2011 defpro.com

 

Haifa, Israel | Elbit Systems Ltd. announced today that it has successfully concluded customer acceptance tests of first 30mm unmanned turret UT30BR, integrated into the Brazilian IVECO 6X6 Guarani vehicle.

 

The unmanned turret was fielded at CAEx (the Brazilian Army's Marambaia testing facility in Rio de Janeiro), testing all its operational functions as well as firing both static and moving targets. The tests were successfully completed, complying to all requirements and to the customer's full satisfaction.

 

In 2009, after a bid between world leading turrets manufacturers, Elbit Systems was selected to supply unmanned turrets to the Brazilian Army's Land Forces. This multi-year program holds great potential to the company in terms of future procurement.

 

Earlier this year (2011), Elbit Systems' Brazilian subsidiary, AEL SISTEMAS SA, ("AEL") was awarded a framework contract, for the supply of UT30BR 30 mm Unmanned Turrets to the Brazilian Army’s Land Forces, as part of the Guarani Project.

 

Elbit Systems' unmanned turret is a complete system, incorporating a 30mm automatic cannon, a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, a Laser Warning System (LWS), commander panoramic sight and smoke grenade launchers. In addition to the aforementioned elements, Elbit Systems' unmanned turret is fully dual axis stabilized and combines an automatic target tracker.

 

The unmanned turret features Elbit Systems' proprietary technology, answering a suitable solution to the asymmetric warfare challenges. The unique design, operated from within the crew compartment without exposure to external hazards, is based on extensive battlefield experience in full scale and low intensity conflicts, and attests to Elbit Systems' leadership in the field of turret and fire control systems.

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7 septembre 2011 3 07 /09 /septembre /2011 11:25

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source defense.gouv.fr

 

07 septembre 2011 par Rémy Maucourt - usinenouvelle.com

 

Comment Boeing compte-t'il vendre ses avions Super Hornet à l'armée brésilienne ? Les derniers mémos publiés par Wikileaks donnent de nouvelles informations sur la stratégie employée par les diplomates américains pour décrédibiliser le Rafale de Dassault.

 

"Les Français proposent un appareil moins performant et plus cher." Dans la bataille commerciale autour de la fourniture d'avions de chasse au Brésil, les Américains ne font pas dans la demie mesure et affirment leur certitude quant à la supériorité de leur offre.

 

Il faut dire que l'enjeu est important. Le Brésil compte renouveler l'ensemble de la flotte de chasseurs de son armée pour un contrat évalué entre 4 et 7 milliards de dollars. Un appel d'offres, baptisé FX2, est en cours.

 

Sont encore en lice sur ce marché : la Suède, avec le Gripen NG de Saab, les Etats-Unis avec le Super Hornet de Boeing et la France, qui propose le Rafale de Dassault. Brasilia devrait choisir l'un ou l'autre début 2012.

 

Wikileaks a diffusé la semaine dernière l'ensemble des mémos diplomatiques à sa disposition. Plusieurs documents émis par l'ambassade des USA dans la capitale brésilienne évoquent l'appel d'offres FX2. Le problème des Américains est le suivant : depuis le début, l'offre française est considérée comme favorite.

 

Un des documents les plus intéressants que nous avons pu examiner sur le sujet est baptisé "Brazil's Fighter Purchase: Endgame Strategy"  (littéralement : "Achat de chasseurs par le Brésil : stratégie de fin de partie"). Classé secret, il a été rédigé le 19 mai 2009 en ces termes : "Le F18 Super Hornet de Boeing est toujours perçu par beaucoup de Brésiliens comme deuxième ou troisième choix pour l'appel d'offres." La stratégie proposée par l'ambassade peut alors se résumer ainsi : "dépasser nos handicaps politiques pour permettre à la supériorité du Super Hornet d'être le facteur déterminant."

 

Les transferts de technologies au coeur du dossier

 

A la fin du mémo, un paragraphe intitulé "attaquer l'offre française" traite d'un handicap important de la candidature américaine : les transferts de technologies. Comment les diplomates comptent-ils "éroder l'avance française" ? "La première étape consistera à rappeler aux Brésiliens que leur intérêt pour le Rafale est basé sur l'idée que les Etats-Unis ne leur transfèreront pas de technologie."

 

Des autorisations spécifiques ont été accordées pour accentuer les transferts au Brésil. Le diplomate affirme également que l'exportation du Rafale nécessitera des licences américaines. "Depuis quelques mois, l'argumentaire commercial français est basé sur l'affirmation trompeuse que leur avion ne contient que des éléments français. Ce n'est pas le cas.", souligne le mémo.

 

L'ambassade américaine a également remarqué que les liens personnels entre les présidents Nicolas Sarkozy et Lula ont joué un grand rôle. "Le gouvernement américain est perçu par la plupart des Brésiliens comme assez tiède dans le soutien de son offre. C'est un handicap critique dans une société brésilienne qui considère les relations personnelles comme une base pour le business." La réponse proposée est simple : "l'ambassade croit que des appels téléphoniques entre les présidents Obama et Lula [...] pourraient améliorer significativement notre position."

 

Ajoutons à cela, le leadership mondial des Etats-Unis qui n'est pas toujours perçu comme un bon argument. "Lula est réticent à acheter un avion américain", peut-on lire dans cet autre document publié en janvier 2010. "Il est possible que l'intérêt pour l'offre américaine ne soit qu'un levier pour influer sur l'offre française."

 

Le plus récent des documents disponibles, celui de janvier 2010, se termine sur ces mots : "De notre point de vue, nos chances de remporter la compétition FX2 sont réelles. Nous savons que le Super Hornet a reçu la meilleure évaluation technique [...] et a été choisi par les opérateurs. Il reste le plus formidable obstacle : convaincre Lula."

 

Et le principal problème des Etats-Unis était bien Lula, président du Brésil jusqu'en 2010. L'arrivée de Dilma Roussef à la tête du pays est donc une bonne nouvelle pour les Américains. Début 2012, nous saurons si cela suffira pour battre le Rafale.

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7 septembre 2011 3 07 /09 /septembre /2011 06:40

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/05/Flag_of_Brazil.svg/720px-Flag_of_Brazil.svg.png

 

BRASILIA, Brazil, Sept. 6 (UPI)

 

Brazil and Argentina are in talks to work out the details of a contract that will see the Brazilian defense industry recondition missiles in the Argentine armed forces' inventory.

 

Argentina has been exploring ways of modernizing its armed forces despite budgetary constraints as it struggles to allocate funds for what experts say will be a massive long-term program requiring huge investment.

 

Modernization of Argentine armed forces was put on hold after Argentina's defeat at the hands of Britain in the 74-day war over the Falkland Islands in 1982. Argentina's failed attempt to seize the islands led to a major upheaval that ousted the military from power and made way for democratic rule.

 

However, many years of economic dislocation took a toll on successive elected governments, a challenge that confronts President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner before the Oct. 23 presidential election.

 

Brazilian participation in the Argentine armed forces' modernization is seen by military analysts as a compromise solution for a cash-strapped military that has received only a fraction of funds it has requested over the years.

 

Brazilian Defense Minister Celso Amorim visited Buenos Aires for talks with Argentine counterpart Arturo Puricelli to build on discussions earlier and also to promote military collaboration within the framework of the Union of South American Nations.

 

The 3-year-old Unasur has been seeking to raise its profile as a defense pact with the authority to have a say in regional military and security issues and ties between member countries and the rest of the world. Unasur members are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. Mexico and Panama are observers in the group that seeks to evolve as a cross between the European Union and NATO.

 

Amorim said current discussions centered on Brazilian technology being adapted to recondition an unspecified number of missiles bought by Argentina from various sources.

 

Brazil is also interested in seeking Argentine help with its aim of developing its own and a regional space program. The government is investing billions into reviving a military manufacturing industry that became dormant after Brazil shed military dictatorship that had ruled the country from March 31, 1964 to March 15, 1985.

 

Argentine Defense Minister Arturo Puricelli recently proposed the creation of a South American Space Agency within Unasur's framework modeled after the European Space Agency with a nod to NASA.

 

The timing of the discussions is significant for Brazil, which marks Wednesday as the anniversary of the country's independence from the Kingdom of Portugal in 1822.

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7 septembre 2011 3 07 /09 /septembre /2011 06:05

http://www.amerique24.com/photo/art/default/3247825-4651136.jpg?v=1315330536

 

6 Septembre 2011 - amerique24.com

 

Juan Carlos Pinzón, 39 ans, est le nouveau ministre de la défense de la Colombie.

 

Il a pris ses fonctions hier, lors d’une cérémonie officielle. 4ème producteur de pétrole d’amérique latine, la Colombie est au centre des critiques car la sécurité se dégrade face aux attaques répétées des rebelles marxistes. Pinzon a une formation d’économiste (il a travaillé pour Citibank) et il était auparavant l’adjoint du précédent ministre de la défense. Pinzon est conscient de la tâche qui l’attend.

 

« Nous sommes à un moment clé de la bataille que nous menons. Nous devons être innovants et prêts à répondre aux défis de nos opposants. L’ordre que j’ai reçu du président est simple : nous devons obtenir des résultats. » Présent à la cérémonie d’investiture, le président Juan Manuel Santos a rappelé « que l’ennemi était affaibli mais pas encore défait. Le nombre de terroristes que nous avons abattu a progressé de 20% en un an. »

 

Si la sécurité s’est considérablement améliorée en Colombie depuis une décennie grâce à l’aide des Etats-Unis pour éradiquer la production de cocaïne, les gangs et les guerillas marxistes continuent de mener la vie dure dans certaines régions du pays. Le président Santos a pris en main les rênes du pays il y a un an, succédant au populaire Alvaro Uribe. Aujourd’hui, la popularité de Santos diminue car les colombiens ont le sentiment que l’insécurité progresse.

 

Au niveau économique, la Colombie se porte bien, avec l’un des plus forts taux de croissance de la région. Pinzon estime qu’il faut utiliser les nouvelles technologies pour renforcer la sécurité en Colombie : « le trafic de drogue est un véritable fléau dans notre pays. Il est la source de tous les crimes commis ici et nous devons mettre tous les moyens pour y mettre fin. Nous allons sécuriser les frontières et avoir une capacité de défense que tout état démocratique doit avoir. J’ai la responsabilité d’une équipe de 440 000 hommes et femmes pour réussir ce combat."

 

Pinzon est accessoirement le fils d’un général et marié à la fille d’un officier de l’armée.

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5 septembre 2011 1 05 /09 /septembre /2011 12:40

http://www.meretmarine.com/objets/500/4429.jpg

source meretmarine.com

 

5 septembre 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Le sous-marin chilien Carrera est arrivé le 1er septembre à San Diego pour participer au programme d’entraînement “Diesel Electric Submarine Initiative” (DESI) aux côtés de bâtiments de l’US Navy.

 

Le programme DESI est un partenariat qui permet à la marine américaine et à ses partenaires de travailler ensemble pour s’entraîner et tester des capacités dans la lutte sous-marine, au travers d’engagements tactiques et d’essais de systèmes d’armes.

 

« Le programme DESI nous permet de nous entraîner ensemble et d’améliorer notre capacité à lutter contre la menace des sous-marins classiques, » indique le contre-amiral Jack Hines, adjoint au commandant de la 3è Flotte. « Nous avons depuis longtemps un partenariat avec la marine chilienne, et la venue du Carrera est la preuve de cette relation. Nos relations et notre interopérabilité avec nos alliés et partenaires internationaux sont indispensables pour notre succès dans l’environnement maritime. »

 

Ce partenariat permet le développement d’une marine plus forte et met en place des étapes historiques entre les Etats-Unis et des pays comme le Chili. D’autres pays, comme la Colombie, le Brésil et le Pérou, sont des partenaires du programme DESI.

 

« C’est une excellent opportunité, pour les 2 marines, de s’entraîner ensemble, » indique le Cmdr. Carlos Schnaidt, le commandant du Carrera. « Nous allons nous entraîner avec la meilleure marine au monde, en faisant face aux différentes menaces d’aujourd’hui. Ce sera un défi pour les 2 marines, mais mon équipage et moi, nous sommes prêts à participer aux exercices d’entraînement. »

 

C’est la 4è fois qu’un sous-marin chilien participe au programme DESI, mais c’est la première fois que le Carrera fait escale à San Diego et participe avec la 3è Flotte à des exercices sur la côte Pacifique.

 

Pendant qu’ils seront à San Diego, les marins chiliens seront logés avec leurs homologues américains. Ils pourront aussi visiter la ville de San Diego et rencontrer des marins américains pendant des fêtes organisées en leur honneur.

 

Référence : US Navy

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5 septembre 2011 1 05 /09 /septembre /2011 11:45

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September 5, 2011 U.S. Southern Command News Release – defpro.com

 

SANTIAGO, Chile | Military and civilian defense leaders from a dozen Western Hemisphere nations met here from Aug. 31 until Sept. 1 to discuss future military support for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief missions in the region.

 

The leaders gathered during the 3rd Annual South American Defense Chiefs Conference, co-hosted by the Joint Staff of the Chilean Armed Forces and U.S. Southern Command.

 

U.S. and Chilean representatives were joined by counterparts from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, as well as observers from U.S. Northern Command, the Inter-American Defense Board and Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies.

 

Chilean Defense Minister Andrés Allamand joined Air Force Gen. Douglas Fraser, Southcom’s commander, and Lt. Gen. Hernán Mardones, chief of the Chilean Armed Forces, in delivering opening remarks during the event commencement.

 

This year’s conference included briefings, roundtable discussions and meetings focused on improving collaboration and coordination among regional defense forces assisting civilian agencies during international relief missions.

 

The focus of this year’s conference supports an initiative announced by senior civilian defense leaders in November 2010 during the IX Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas held in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. The initiative calls for the development of a common-technology platform to facilitate information sharing and a military assistance collaboration cell to enhance the interoperability of regional armed forces supporting civilian emergency response agencies in future humanitarian assistance and disaster relief missions.

 

In response to the ministerial announcement, regional defense leaders and experts conducted working groups in Lima, Peru, and San Jose, Costa Rica, to develop a framework and explore implementation options for the initiative.

 

“This conference will allow us to support the multinational military coordination efforts of the working groups,” Fraser told attendees prior to the start of the conference.

 

With that aim, participants also examined lessons learned during prior missions, explored improvement opportunities, and considered recommendations to further the goals of the Santa Cruz conference initiative.

 

Air Force Brig. Gen. Steven Shepro, director of Southcom’s strategy, policy and plans directorate, briefed attendees on U.S. humanitarian assistance and disaster relief collaboration efforts and described the varying levels of interagency and multinational integration observed during past operations.

 

“The folks in the field naturally jump into coordination and collaboration,” Shepro explained, adding that similar cooperation and coordination at the operational and strategic levels -- where interagency and multinational planners are often geographically separated -- is more challenging to jumpstart.

 

Because a common technology platform would facilitate greater information sharing and potentially improve coordination and collaboration at all levels, many conference participants expressed their support for further developing the concept and implementing it during future exercises and operations.

 

Though exactly what the platform will look like and how it will be managed has yet to be determined, the working groups have identified what users will want, Shepro said.

 

“I think the consensus of the [working] groups … is that it be participant based … and meet their level of comfort to report what assets they can provide and to provide their understanding of the situation,” he said.

 

Speaking to his counterparts about the Santa Cruz meeting’s agreement to establish a military assistance coordination cell, Fraser shared his perspective about the cell’s potential role in future multinational humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations. Fraser proposed that the cell not be permanent, but have protocols allowing for its activation and deployment to support militaries in countries impacted by disasters when their government’s request for international assistance includes military components.

 

“Dealing with a disaster within a country is a full-time job for each of us,” Fraser said. “And to have a cell that can take some of the load off, but provide capacity as required, is very beneficial.”

 

Ideas and recommendations proposed in this year’s South American Defense Chiefs Conference will be shared with future working groups, who will use the input to formulate proposals for regional defense ministers to consider during the next conference in 2012.

 

The South American Defense Chiefs Conference is one of three regional security conferences sponsored by Southcom each year to provide forums for dialogue and exchanges among defense and security leaders from the Caribbean, Central America and South America.

 

This year’s conference in Santiago follows previous conferences with defense and security leaders from Central America and the Caribbean in San Pedro, Belize and Port of Spain, Trinidad.

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5 septembre 2011 1 05 /09 /septembre /2011 07:10

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2 septembre 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS

 

Le sous-marin argentin San Juan se trouve au complexe industriel naval argentin (CINAR) accomplissant la dernière étape de son grand carénage qui, à cause de son étendue et de sa profondeur technique, lui rendront les performances et les capacités pour lesquelles il était conçu à l’origine. En terme de complexité, cette opération se situe au même niveau qu’une véritable construction de sous-marin neuf.

 

Parmi les nombreuses opérations effectuées, les 4 moteurs diesel MTU et les 4 génératrices électriques Siemens ont été remplacées. Ce remplacement a nécessité de découper la coque entre le compartiment machines et celui du moteur de propulsion.

 

Actuellement, les techniciens effectuent la réunion et la soudure de la coque épaisse. Cette opération, effectuée selon la norme MIL-STD 1688 SH, doit garantir que la structure moléculaire de l’acier HY-80 ne sera pas modifiée dans la zone de la soudure. Cette opération devait être terminée à la fin aout 2011.

 

Pendant le grand carénage, les batteries du sous-marin ont aussi été remplacées. Cette opération a été effectuée en partenariat avec Hawker Alemania (ex Varta). La phase finale de l’assemblage des éléments de batteries a été effectuée en Argentine, une opération entièrement manuelle, accomplie selon les mêmes critères qu’en Allemagne et avec la même garantie de qualité.

 

Après cette dernière étape, le San Juan pourra commencer des essais à la mer d’une durée de 2 mois, prévus pour le début de l’année prochaine.

 

Référence : Base Naval (Argentine)

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31 août 2011 3 31 /08 /août /2011 17:40

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31/08/11 SOURCE:Flight International

 

With the second of an initial two Mil Mi-171E transport helicopters having recently been accepted by its air force, Argentina's defence ministry has exercised an option to acquire three more.

 

Air force commander Brig Gen Normando Constantino has disclosed that negotiations to purchase two locally-based Bell 412EPs have entered their final phase. The acquisition would bolster the service's currently seven-strong fleet of Bell 212s, he said.

 

Meanwhile, Argentina's defence ministry is understood to be examining the purchase of an undisclosed number of additional Mi-171s to meet an army heavy-lift helicopter requirement.

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30 août 2011 2 30 /08 /août /2011 17:20

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August 29, 2011 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Netherlands Ministry of Defence; issued August 29, 2011)

(Issued in Dutch only; unofficial translation by defense-aerospace.com)

 

Five F-16 fighters today took off from Volkel air base on their delivery flight to Chile. The aircraft are part of a sales agreement signed between the two governments on June 8, 2009.

 

The first two batches of F-16s, for a total of 12 aircraft, were delivered in November 2010 and April 2011. In total, six F-16s were to be delivered today, but one could not leave on time and will follow tomorrow.

 

The 18 fighter planes sold to Chile are one result of the defense policy measures decided in 2007. These opted to free up additional money for defence in the form of proceeds from the sale of defense equipment. This applies in particular to artillery pieces, combat tanks and fighter planes.

 

The number of combat aircraft in the Netherlands with these sales decreased from 105 to 87 with 14 for training. In 2006, Chile had already purchased 18 F-16s following Dutch military cuts stemming from the 2003 Budget Letter.

 

Additional Cuts

 

It has meanwhile become clear that the 18 F-16s, which are to be retired under the latest round of defense cuts, will also be divested.

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30 août 2011 2 30 /08 /août /2011 17:15

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source defense-aerospace.com

 

Brazil’s Astro 2020 program is an improved version of the Avibras Astro II (above), but will launch AV-TM cruise missiles with a range of up to 300 kilometers.

 

Aug. 30, 2011 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Brazilian Ministry of Defence; issued Aug. 26, 2011)

(Issued in Portuguese only; unofficial translation by)

 

BRASÍLIA --- The Federal Government gave a clear signal yesterday that it intends to pursue the consolidation of a defense industrial base in the country. A decree signed by President of the Republic Dilma Rousseff released additional credit of R $ 45 million to launch the Astros Project 2020, aimed to equip the Brazilian Army.

 

The project, which has total value of 1.09 billion reals, provides for the acquisition of the most advanced surface-to-surface missile launch system developed in-country. The Astros 2020 is an evolved version of the Astros II, the best-selling product manufactured by Avibras Aerospace. Exported to many countries, the Astros system is considered a market-leader among the small, select and highly competitive group of manufacturers of such systems.

 

Altogether, the project includes the acquisition of 49 vehicles for the Army, divided into three batteries: 18 launch vehicles, 18 ammunition resupply vehicles, three fire control units, three weather stations, three recovery vehicles and three armored command and control vehicles for each battery and another, final vehicle for integrated command and control.

 

The main advantage of the new concept is the incorporation of the AV-TM, a high-precision cruise missile with a range of 300 km. Unlike the rockets - which have a ballistic trajectory, defined from the impulse they receive at launch – this missile is guided and its trajectory can be controlled. Another important advance is in the system’s electronics, which is now entirely digital.

 

In addition to signaling a willingness to carry forward the armed forces modernization process, the acquisition of the Astros 2020 is seen as a major financial recovery point for Avibras. The company applied in July 2008 for protection under the bankruptcy regime. Later, it agreed a financial restructuring with the Federal Government, which involves the refinancing of debt. The purchase of the launcher rocket system is another step towards the improvement of economic and financial company.

 

The recovery of Avibras has a strategic dimension for the Brazilian defense industry. Besides the ability to export their products, the company will develop skilled labor. The maintenance of intellectual capital signals interest in the production of defense material with exclusively Brazilian technology.

 

Finally, the launch of the program is seen as a way to promote future exports and to improve Brazil’s trade balance, as export customers require that the system is adopted by at least one of the armed forces of Brazil.

 

The total investment in the Project Astros 2010 will be carried out over six years, from 2011 to 2016.

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29 août 2011 1 29 /08 /août /2011 12:30

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August 29, 2011 Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class (SW) Steve Smith, Southern Seas 2011 Public Affairs / NNS – defpro.com

 

PANAMA CITY, Panama | The guided-missile frigate USS Thach (FFG 43) arrived in Panama City, Panama, for the conclusion of PANAMAX 2011, a multinational exercise focusing on the defense of the Panama Canal Aug. 25.

 

Thach participated in final exercise briefings and a closing ceremony after nearly two weeks of operations with the navies of Canada, Chile, Ecuador and Peru, which made up the exercise's Pacific Task Force.

 

The at-sea portion of the exercise was divided into two main phases. The first phase provided the ships with a series of events to increase interoperability, communications and seamanship.

 

"This portion of PANAMAX exercised our voice reporting procedures, ship-handling skills and practiced our boarding teams," said Cmdr. Jeff Scudder, Thach's commanding officer. "These types of events also allow for the multinational task force to get comfortable working together and build trust at the start of the exercise."

 

During the second phase, the Pacific Task Force was charged with maintaining maritime domain awareness with a series of scenario-based events focused on the security of the Panama Canal.

 

"Each ship was given a sector to patrol at the western approaches to the Panama Canal," said Lt. Cmdr. Ronnie Mangsat, Thach's executive officer. "During these patrols, the task force ships conducted surveillance, queried vessels entering their sector and conducted maritime interdiction operations using visit, board, search and seizure (VBSS) teams.

 

Thach also hosted several sailors from the navies of Canada, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru during different exercise evolutions. The sailors spent their time touring the ship, observing a refueling at sea and working directly as part of Thach's role in the exercise scenarios.

 

"It was truly a great experience to work with such a close and professional group of Sailors," said Colombian navy Lt. Diana Tovar Correa. "They spent the past eight days learning how the U.S. Navy operates. I will be able to takes these ideas and procedures back to the Colombian navy."

 

While in Panama City, Thach Sailors participated in the final exercise briefings, which covered lessons learned and the impact of this year's exercises.

 

"The collective defense of the Panama Canal, exercised during PANAMAX, fosters cooperation, interoperability among partner navies and builds trust among participating nations, which directly contributes to regional security," said Scudder. "Each Sailor on Thach is an important part of this because they are the ones executing the missions we are assigned, such as maintaining awareness in the maritime commons and conducting VBSS operations."

 

PANAMAX 2011 is an annual U.S. Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM)-sponsored exercise that focuses on ensuring the defense of the Panama Canal, one of the most strategically and economically crucial pieces of infrastructure in the world. The exercise includes 3,500 personnel and 22 vessels from 17 nations and is conducted off the coasts of Panama and in U.S. locations.

 

U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command and U.S. 4th Fleet supports USSOUTHCOM joint and combined full-spectrum military operations by providing principally sea-based, forward presence to ensure freedom of maneuver in the maritime domain, to foster and sustain cooperative relationships with international partners and to fully exploit the sea as maneuver space in order to enhance regional security and promote peace, stability, and prosperity in the Caribbean, Central and South American regions.

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29 août 2011 1 29 /08 /août /2011 12:25

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Aug 29, 2011 ASDNews Source : Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)

 

WASHINGTON, August 25, 2011 - The Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress today of a possible Foreign Military Sale to the Government of Peru for four MK57 MOD 10 NATO SEASPARROW Surface Missile Systems (NSSMS) and associated equipment, parts, training and logistical support worth an estimated $50 million.

 

The Government of Peru has requested a possible sale of four each MK57 MOD 10 NATO SEASPARROW Surface Missile Systems (NSSMS) without RIM-7 missiles, MK57 Installation and Check Out (INCO) Kits, spare and repair parts, support and test equipment, publications and technical documentation, personnel training, U.S. Government (USG) and contractor engineering, technical and logistics support services, and other related elements of logistical and program support. The estimated cost is $50 million.

Related Research on ASDReports.com:

Australian Air Defense Programs Market - Revenue Opportunities and Stakeholder Mapping

 

This proposed sale will contribute to the foreign policy and national security of the United States by helping to improve the security of Peru which has been, and continues to be, an important force for political stability and economic progress in South America.

 

The proposed sale will improve Peru's capability to meet current and future threats of enemy anti-ship weapons. Peru will use the enhanced capability of the MK57 MOD 10 NSSMS on its four LUPO class (aka Aguirre) Class frigates purchased from Italy in 2004. The frigates have MK57 MOD 2 NATO SEASPARROW Systems modified to fire the ASPIDE air defense missile. The systems retain the ability to fire the RIM-7 SEASPARROW missile, and Peru intends to move from the ASPIDE missile to the RIM-7 SEASPARROW in a future purchase. Peru, which already has MK 57 Missile Systems, will have no difficulty absorbing these additional systems into its inventory.

 

The proposed sale of this equipment will not alter the basic military balance in the region.

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26 août 2011 5 26 /08 /août /2011 11:30

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MOSCOW, August 26 (RIA Novosti)

 

Moscow is ready to loan Venezuela $4 billion on purchases of military equipment, Russia's Kommersant newspaper said on Friday citing a diplomatic source.

 

"Russia is ready to loan money to Venezuela," the source said. "Considering the current election campaign in the country, this loan would mean the opportunity to support our key ally in the region."

 

Venezuelan Minister of Finance and Planning Jorge Giordani is expected to visit Russia in the near future to discuss the conditions of the loan with Russian officials.

 

Earlier reports indicated that Caracas may ask Russia for an additional $6.5 billion on the development of infrastructure in the oil-rich Latin American country.

 

Between 2005 and 2007 Venezuela reached deals to buy $4-billion worth of arms from Russia, including Sukhoi fighter jets, combat helicopters, and guns. Chavez' government also secured a $2.2-billion loan in 2010 to purchase Russian T-72 tanks and S-300 air defense systems.

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26 août 2011 5 26 /08 /août /2011 06:00

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source armyrecognition.com

 

25/08/2011 Par Liu Ying, Chine Nouvelle (Xinhua)

 

Le président vénézuélien Hugo Chavez a déclaré mercredi que la coopération militaire avec la Russie aidera à renforcer la capacité défensive de son pays.

 

"Cette coopération nous a mené au renforcement de notre capacité défensive", a indiqué M. Chavez à la presse après avoir rencontré le ministre russe des Affaires étrangères Sergueï Lavrov.

 

Les deux pays renforceront leur coopération dans les domaines technologiques et militaires. Le Venezuela va installer un système de défense moderne basé sur la technologie russe.

 

M. Chavez a confirmé que son administration est en train de négocier un crédit de 4 milliards de dollars avec la Russie pour soutenir la coopération dans les domaines militaire, énergétique et industriel.

 

M. Lavrov a souligné que la Russie soutenait le processus d'intégration de la région de l'Amérique latine.

 

"Nous nous intéressons dans un monde polycentrique, avec une architecture plus solide, soutenant les centres économiques dont le centre de l'Amérique latine", a déclaré M. Lavrov, arrivé mardi à Caracas.

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25 août 2011 4 25 /08 /août /2011 06:20

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photo US DoD

 

SANTIAGO, Chile, Aug. 24 (UPI)

 

Chile will spend $7 million as part of its long-standing plan to build a mechanized artillery battalion in which refurbished U.S.-made howitzers will play a significant part.

 

Chile has been canvassing for the U.S. artillery-related systems to join its inventory for the planned battalion and was granted clearance for the move as far back as 2009.

 

However, it's taken the process all this time to reach the present level and it may still be a while before the refurbished howitzer units enter the Chilean armed services.

 

The Chilean request centers on 24 of the BAE Systems' M109 tracked self-propelled howitzers, 24 of which the Latin American country already owns. It also includes necessities such as shells, tracking radars and accompanying personnel carriers.

 

Chile has two models of the M109 self-propelled howitzer in service and the new order is likely to double its available fleet to a total of 48, a Pentagon announcement said.

 

Chile's current stock of 24 M109s is comprised of KAWEST versions, which were upgraded by Switzerland's RUAG and sold to Chile at the end of 2004.

 

The Swiss upgrades included an L47 gun with assisted range of 22 miles and three-round burst capability over 15 seconds, six crew members instead of eight, carriage of 40 rounds and 64 charges, improved electrical systems, an integrated inertial navigation and positioning system, day and night capability, and added protection against fire, nuclear electro-magnetic pulse radiation and nuclear, biological and chemical threats.

 

The new approximately $7 million firm-fixed-price contract for BAE Systems Land and Armaments, L.P., will cover only a dozen of the additional 24 howitzers acquired by Chile, indicating work on the other dozen was already completed.

 

The order was believed to include one batch of 12 M-109A3 and one of a dozen M-109A5 howitzers.

 

A Pentagon announcement said the new contract will modify an existing contract to refurbish 12 M109A+ self-propelled howitzers at the BAE York, Pa., facility with an estimated completion date of Nov. 30, 2012. It didn't say which of the two models would undergo the upgrade.

 

Chile is investing heavily to modernize its ground, air and naval forces with the focus on improving capability for command, control and communications.

 

It recently acquired Hermes 900 unmanned aerial vehicles to help support land and coastal operations. Last year Chile bought the General Dynamics portable MIDS-JTRS/HMS radios and has expressed interest in purchasing at least three units of a Forward Area Air Defense Command and Control system from Northrop Grumman.

 

Chile also wants to replace its single Condor or Phalcon airborne early warning radar aircraft and has been reviewing the C-295 AEW from Airbus Military and Israel Aerospace Industries, Jane's Defense Weekly reported.

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24 août 2011 3 24 /08 /août /2011 12:25

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source flightglobal.com

 

August 24, 2011 (Issued in Portuguese. Unofficial translation by defense-aerospace.com)- defpro.com

 

One of the highlights of Brazil's Operation Agate is the operational premiere of the Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPV) Hermes 450. This unmanned aerial vehicle has already generated results: During the operation, A-29 Super Tucano fighters destroyed a clandestine runway after thorough reconnaissance work by the RQ-450, the new name of the RPV operated by the Brazilian Air Force.

 

In just a few hours flying, the RQ-450 collected all the information required for the attack mission.

 

"We knew many details of the target and even noted that there were no people on site, so we could safely drop our bombs," said Lt. Col. Richard Laux, commander of the First Squadron of the Twelfth Aviation Group (1 º / 12 º GAV). Also called the Horus Squadron, this is the first military unit in Brazil to use this type of aircraft.

 

The clandestine runway was 1,600 meters long and is located on the border between Brazil and Colombia, a region known as the “dog's head.” Four A-29 fighters took off from an Air Force advanced Super Tucano detachment in Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira (AM) to carry out the attack. We used eight 230 kg bombs, enough to prevent landings or takeoffs even by small aircraft.

 

All reconnaissance missions were coordinated from the control center, where a pilot and a systems operator follow the flight of the RQ-450. The equipment is almost entirely automatic, but the pilot manages all stages of the mission. "I can just put a coordinate, or determine a route, but if I want to fly it manually I can take control of the flight," said Lt. Col. Laux.

 

The screens are dominated by information sent by the sensors, usually a color camera with zoom and an image system for infra-red. "For each activity there is an ideal detector," said Lt. Col. Laux. The on-board equipment allows people to be located even if they are under the tree canopy and, depending on distance, to determine whether they are armed or not. "In certain situations, the aircraft is capable of detecting actions that have already happened, by detecting, for example, several hours later the heat that an aircraft generated in a given location," added the commander.

 

During Operation Agatha, the Horus Squadron moved to a landing strip hidden in the jungle. From there, the RQ-450 operates over a vast area of the region. With a range of up to 16 hours, the plane – barely six meters long – carries out reconnaissance, surveillance, search and intelligence missions. All information is transmitted in real time to command centers in Manaus and Brasilia.

 

The main advantages of using a remotely piloted aircraft are to allow a mission lasting several hours, with a rotation of crews on the ground station. In addition to fatigue, the military also stay away from any threat that may exist, such as hostile fire. The RPV is also silent and difficult to locate. And, if necessary, the entire support structure and the RQ-450 itself can also be quickly flown to another location.

 

Operation Agatha began on August 7 and involves the Army, Navy, Air Force and other government agencies such as the Federal Police, IBAMA and the IRS. The operation is aimed at curbing illegal activities such as drug trafficking, environmental crimes, illegal mining and smuggling in the border region between Brazil and Colombia. More than 3,000 personnel were involved in these operations.

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21 août 2011 7 21 /08 /août /2011 17:35

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1a/Flag_of_Argentina.svg/800px-Flag_of_Argentina.svg.png

 

BUENOS AIRES, Aug. 19 (UPI)

 

Argentina has set a five-year program for increased defense acquisitions as part of a long-term government agenda to modernize its armed forces and refurbish the country's outmoded equipment and weapons arsenals.

 

The projected rise in defense expenditure was on the cards after President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner decreed in July an ambitious operation, "North Shield," to combat narcotics trafficking, seen as a major cause of social dislocation and loss of productivity.

 

Fernandez said the operation would focus on eliminating drug-related problems in northern Argentina, where chronic addiction, illicit sale of narcotics among the young and vulnerable and trafficking within and outside the country have produced devastating economic and social results.

 

"North Shield" aims to strengthen the Argentine forces' surveillance of the land, sea and air spaces, particularly in the northern region.

 

Buying for defense and military refurbishment is a complex political issue in Argentina, mainly because of the past military rulers' role in brutal suppression of Argentine citizens, decades of human rights violations by governments dominated by the military and extra-judicial killings in full knowledge of or in connivance with the military.

 

Although democratic order has been restored, despite frequent controversy over the governance style of the president, skepticism remains over her campaign for pushing for Argentine sovereignty over the British-ruled Falkland Islands, which Fernandez calls Malvinas.

 

A military-led Argentine invasion of the islands in 1984 sparked a 74-day conflict that caused deaths of more than 1,000 people, including Falklanders and Argentine and British military personnel. Argentina signed a formal surrender to Britain before retreat, but in 1994 added its Falklands sovereignty claim to its revised constitution.

 

Ricardo Burzaco, analyst and director of the Mercosur Defense and Security magazine, said Argentina was determined to improve the state of its defense infrastructure but the present plans would not amount to a sufficient increase in defense acquisitions.

 

Argentina has been shopping around and has been offered military equipment and hardware on easy terms by China and European suppliers. Russia has indicated it will extend favorable credit terms to Buenos Aires and replace mostly obsolete U.S. equipment with its own inventories.

 

Burzaco indicated any acquisitions under the program might fall short of the Argentine military's real needs, which are diverse and widespread across all sectors, requiring vast expenditure.

 

Argentina's military was one of the best equipped in the region as early as the 1950s and developed its own jet fighters. More recently it faced sharper expenditure cutbacks than most other Latin American armed forces. Real military spending declined after Argentina's Falklands defeat. Despite recent increases, the defense budget stands at around $3 billion.

 

Fernandez, who is seeking re-election in Argentina's Oct. 23 election, wants the Union of South American Nations to work toward building a new defense paradigm, moving away from their image of the oppressors, to ensure the member states' military resources are harnessed for public good, economic and social cohesion.

 

Unasur, an intergovernmental union linking Mercosur and the Andean Community trade blocs, includes Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela as members and Mexico and Panama as observers.

 

 

Latin American states last year called for institutionalized transparency in all member-states' weapons buying programs, a proposal welcomed with varying degrees of warmth by Unasur members.

 

Large-scale military spending by Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Venezuela led to calls by the United States and regional leaders to curb an arms race in Latin America.

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19 août 2011 5 19 /08 /août /2011 16:55

http://www.defenceweb.co.za/images/stories/Cheetah_SAAF_400.jpg

 

19 August 2011 by defenceWeb

 

On Monday one of the ex-South African Air Force Cheetahs sold to Ecuador experienced an in-flight incident that injured one of the pilots, prompting Denel to send a team of investigators to the country to find out what went wrong.

 

"Denel Aviation confirms that one of the 12 Cheetah supersonic fighter aircraft sold to the Air Force of Ecuador in 2010 experienced an in-flight incident on Monday in Taura," Denel Group spokesperson Sinah Phochana said yesterday.

 

"The FAE Ecuadorian pilot, Major Galo Álvarez, suffered light injuries and was taken to the naval hospital, where he is recovering."

 

"Denel's thoughts are with Major Álvarez and his family and the company wishes him a prompt and full recovery," she said.

 

The Mail & Guardian reports her as being unable to confirm accounts that Alvarez suffered facial injuries due to cockpit decompression. However, Ecuadorian media say part of the ejection seat exploded, damaging the cockpit and injuring Alvarez’s face.

 

After the incident, Denel test pilot Mike Weingartz, who was seated in the rear cockpit, was able to bring the aircraft safely back to Taura Air Base.

 

Doctors on Wednesday said Alvarez was out of danger and that his face was getting better. He will remain in hospital for at least a week and will then take a month off work.

 

Monday’s flight was part of acceptance testing of the first Ecuadorian Cheetahs. Deliveries of the first three disassembled aircraft were completed on May 31, after arriving by sea from South Africa.

 

Flight testing was due to end yesterday, after which Denel would continue delivering the other aircraft, according to Ecuadorian media. However, on Tuesday the FAE suspended Cheetah deliveries until the investigation into the incident concludes.

 

Denel's aviation chief executive, Mike Kgobe, said he had dispatched a team of investigators to probe the incident. Phochana said the team was expected to arrive in Ecuador yesterday.

 

In December last year, Denel Aviation, Armscor and the South African Air Force jointly sold 12 Cheetahs to Ecuador for US$78.4 million. Both single seat and dual seat Cheetah form part of the Ecuadorian package, with ten Cheetah C and two Cheetah D being included in the package.

 

The deal provides for five years of support in addition to the acquisition of the aircraft, support equipment, spares and training. Kgobe affirmed that the cost of the initial acquisition is US$43.4 million and South African industry would receive a further US$7 million per annum for support. “The deal has a benefit for the specialist South African support industry which cannot be underestimated. Their involvement is crucial to ensuring the delivery and support success of the programme over the support period,” Kgobe said.

 

According to the Commander in Chief of the Fuerza Aerea Ecuatoriana (FAE), Brigadier General Leonardo Barreiro, the modernised South African aircraft would replace the twelve obsolete Mirage F1 fighters which the FAE has operated since 1979 and have completed their useful life.

 

The FAE has 13 Kfir C.2 and TC.2 (single and duel-seat aircraft respectively) in service, from 18 obtained directly from Israel. At least eight have already been upgraded to the latest Kfir C.10 version, known in Ecuador as the Kfir CE.

 

According to the FAE, the Cheetah is compatible in their electronics and weapons systems with the Israeli Kfir CE and will thus complement their supersonic fleet.

 

The SAAF started the withdrawal of the Cheetah aircraft in the late 1990’s, with the retired aircraft utilised to support the remaining aircraft. The final aircraft were only to be retired once all the Swedish Gripens purchased under the Strategic Defence package acquisition programme had been delivered in 2012. However, the remaining 11 Cheetah C single-seat and five Cheetah D dual-seat aircraft were phased out in April 2008 to save costs. The Gripens are still in the process of being delivered, with the final delivery expected in 2012.

 

The Cheetah upgrade of the French Mirage III was developed by Denel Aviation and is based on the Israeli Kfir fighter, itself a development of the Mirage III. The modernisation consisted of a complete renovation of the airframe, implementation of fixed canards, two new weapon points on the wings, a new in-flight refuelling intake, new ejection seats and a more powerful engine. It also included more sophisticated avionics, radar and self protection.

 

Work on the first conversion began in April 1983. The type was officially unveiled to the public on July 16, 1986, although it was only declared operational the next year. Thirty-eight C-models, 16 D-models and 16 E-variants were remanufactured. In October 2003 Chile bought five Cheetah Es as spare parts sources for their ENAER Pantera aircraft. (These are Mirage 50s upgraded with Israeli assistance to Kfir standard.)

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19 août 2011 5 19 /08 /août /2011 06:30

http://fr.rian.ru/images/19000/42/190004292.jpg

 

MOSCOU, 18 août - RIA Novosti

 

Les armes russes livrées en Amérique latines sont purement défensives, a déclaré jeudi le porte-parole du ministère russe des Affaires étrangères Alexandre Loukachevitch, en prévision de la visite du chef de la diplomatie russe Sergueï Lavrov en Amérique latine.

 

"Les armements exportés par la Russie (dans cette région) ne sont pas offensifs. Ces armes ont des caractéristiques techniques purement défensives", a indiqué M.Loukachevitch dans une interview à RIA Novosti.

 

Il a ainsi commenté les avis de certains observateurs selon lesquels la Russie contribuait à la "militarisation" de l'Amérique latine et des Caraïbes en livrant notamment des armes au Venezuela et à d'autres pays de la région.

 

Le ministre russe des Affaires étrangères Sergueï Lavrov effectuera des visites officielles au Salvador, au Pérou et au Venezuela du 21 au 25 août.

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