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4 mars 2015 3 04 /03 /mars /2015 17:45
Amani Africa ll work session

Amani Africa ll work session

 

04 March 2015 by Kim Helfrich – defenceWeb

 

Lesotho’s political instability has seen South Africa step into the breach to host the next stage of preparation for the much delayed African Standby Force (ASF).

 

The field training exercise Amani Africa ll was originally supposed to have been hosted by Lesotho last October but this was put on hold as a result of political turmoil in that country. South Africa was proposed and accepted as an alternate venue.

 

This saw a four day long technical work session at the Army College in Thaba Tshwane. It started last Thursday and ended on Tuesday.

 

A core planning team composed of an AU (African Union) element and the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) came to South Africa’s military capital for the work session. It was led by Major General (ret) Samaila Lliya of Nigeria, Exercise Amani Africa ll Exercise Director. His support team included Brigadier General Paulo Francisco of Angola, Amani Africa ll Chief of Staff.

 

The planning session for Amani Africa ll, set down for the SA Army Combat Training Centre in October/November this year, was chaired by Rear Admiral (JG) Patrick Duze from the SA National Defence Force’s Joint Operations Division. SANDF officers representing the force’s arms of service and divisions also attended.

 

“SADC is hosting the Exercise, originally planned to have been conducted in the Kingdom of Lesotho late last year. Unfortunately, the political and security situation in Lesotho affected implementation of Exercise Amani Africa II timelines. This meant some critical activities planned for the host country to pave the way for the conduct of Amani Africa ll could not be undertaken in 2014 which necessitated a change of date,” Captain (SAN) Jaco Theunissen of Joint Operations said.

 

“South Africa has offered to host the Amani Africa ll field training exercise. This will pave the way for implementation of the remainder of the exercise cycle activities. SADC has requested the exercise be conducted in October/November.”

 

The planning session saw five main activities successfully undertaken. They were a political strategic retreat; AU, regional economic communities (RECs) and regional member states planning meeting; drafting a main events list and a main incident list; an evaluation seminar and strategic and mission headquarters training sessions.

 

“All objectives set for the technical work session were met and planning is well underway for a purposeful field training exercise that will be conducted efficiently and effectively,” Theunissen said adding the work session was one of the exercise activities that could not be staged in the original host country due to the unstable political situation in the mountain kingdom where voters went to the polls last week.

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3 mars 2015 2 03 /03 /mars /2015 17:30
The Mbombe 6x6 armored vehicle to be assembled in Jordan for its military. Photo: Paramount Group

The Mbombe 6x6 armored vehicle to be assembled in Jordan for its military. Photo: Paramount Group


ABU DHABI, United Arab Emirates, Feb. 26 (UPI)

 

Jordan has become the first customer for the Mbombe 6x6 armored infantry combat vehicle from South Africa's Paramount Group.

The initial 50 vehicles for the Jordanian armed forces will be assembled in Jordan by KADDB, or the King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau, which will also produce some components for it.

Additional details of the deal, including its monetary value, were not disclosed.


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2 mars 2015 1 02 /03 /mars /2015 17:45
Spycables: Greenpeace demande des comptes au gouvernement sud-africain

 

27-02-2015 Par RFI

 

L'organisation de défense de l'environnement Greenpeace veut savoir pourquoi son directeur a été surveillé par les services de renseignement. C'est ce qu'a révélé un document secret publié par al-Jazeera. Depuis le début de la semaine, la chaîne qatarienne dévoile des documents de plusieurs agences de renseignement, dont les services secrets sud-africains.

 

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2 mars 2015 1 02 /03 /mars /2015 17:25
Cuban mechanics in SA to help build SANDF capacity

 

02 March 2015 by defenceWeb

 

South African military mechanics are working alongside Cubans in terms of an agreement between the two countries, the Department of Defence (DoD) has confirmed.

 

Reports late last month indicated about 100 Cuban mechanics arrived in South Africa at the same time as a group of engineers who will work on improving and upgrading South Africa’s fast deteriorating water supply and reticulation infrastructure.

 

The Cuban mechanics are in South Africa as part of a technical agreement between the SA National Defence Force (SANDF) and the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces under an existing military to military agreement, said Department of Defence (DoD) head of communications, Siphiwe Dlamini.

 

“A technical advisory team made out (sic) of technicians from the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces is assisting the SANDF to service and maintain the South African military vehicles (Samil) and build internal technical capacity,” he said in a statement.

 

The Cubans have been deployed to various bases across the country. It is believed there are now Cuban military mechanics working in Bloemfontein, Potchefstroom and Wallmansthal, north of Pretoria.

 

The first inkling that Cuban diesel mechanics were in South Africa as part of Operation Caribbean, said to be running at a provisional budget of R200 million, was made public by Afrikaans daily Beeld late last month. The newspaper also disclosed that the mechanics had arrived in South Africa at the same time as the water engineers. They are here under a three year contract which can be extended.

 

According to Dlamini the importing of Cuban expertise on military vehicles and with diesel experience will help “create an internal pool of technical skills in the SANDF. This will enable the defence force to properly service and maintain its vehicles. Since the arrival of the Cuban mechanics there has been a markedly increased manner in the servicing of vehicles (sic)”.

 

He added it was “a known fact” the SANDF has had numerous problems with maintenance of vehicles at “very high cost with little benefit”.

 

“Through this agreement the SANDF will be able to develop its own internal capacity and save on costs whilst bringing up its vehicle serviceability.

 

“More importantly the SANDF will be able to build internal capacity to ensure the serviceability of its vehicles in operational areas where it has been facing serious challenges which had a negative impact on the reimbursement from the United Nations.”

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27 février 2015 5 27 /02 /février /2015 16:45
FS Floréal - photo Marine Nationale

FS Floréal - photo Marine Nationale

 

27 February 2015 by Kim Helfrich - defenceWeb

 

The quiet buzz around Simon’s Town in anticipation of Exercise Good Hope goes up in the decibel level on Monday when a gun salute marks the start of the bi-national exercise between the South African and German navies.

 

Between Monday and Friday, March 27, when the end exercise happens, German and South African warships and aircraft, fixed and rotary-winged, will take part in numerous exercises, both at sea and in port.

 

This is the sixth edition of the Good Hope exercise and the tasks set for participants range from navigation and transit exercises through to air defence, gunnery, surface, tactical, electronic warfare and casualty evacuation. Replenishment at sea (RAS) is another task, in which the German navy supply ship Berlin will be the major roleplayer. The firefighting skills of both navies will also be put to the test during a simulated harbour fire.

 

The maritime arm of the SA National Defence Force (SANDF) will have two platforms in action for the duration of the exercise. They are the Valour Class frigate, SAS Spioenkop (F147), under the command of Captain (SAN) Mark Boucher, and the Heroine Class submarine, SAS Manthatisi (S101), under the command of Commander Russell Beattie. The SA Air Force’s (SAAF) contribution comes in the form of Super Lynx embarked aboard the frigate and a pair of Oryx medium transport helicopters. All three are 22 Squadron assets and they will be joined by a 35 Squadron C-47TP.

 

Apart from the Berlin, other platforms in the German navy contingent are the three frigates Hessen (flagship), Karlsruhe and Brandenburg. Each has a maritime helicopter aboard.

 

The German participants in the exercise will take two breaks from maritime warfare activities for open days at the V&A Waterfront in Cape Town on March 13 and 14 and will also be in harbour at Simon’s town for the Navy Festival from March 20 to 22.

 

In addition to the four German vessels, South Africa will at the same time be hosting naval vessels from the United Kingdom and France. The Royal Navy’s Daring class destroyer HMS Dragon and supply vessel RFA Gold Rover have been visiting Simon’s Town and will call at Cape Town on March 4, while the French Navy patrol frigate FS Floreal will arrive on March 6.

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26 février 2015 4 26 /02 /février /2015 17:40
Kondor-E 1 - NPO Mashinostroyeniya

Kondor-E 1 - NPO Mashinostroyeniya

 

26 February 2015 by Kim Helfrich - defenceWeb

 

Another apparent revelation by the Al Jazeera/Guardian Spy Cables has led long-time spy satellite seeker after the truth, David Maynier, to ask whether the State Security Agency (SSA) was collecting intelligence on a Defence Intelligence satellite surveillance programme.

 

Maynier, who heads up the opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) party’s defence portfolio in Parliament and is also deputy shadow minister in intelligence matters, said the most recent release of information by the Al Jazeera investigative unit showed alleged “extensive co-operation” between Russia and South Africa on a secret satellite surveillance programme.

 

“A South African Secret Service, now State Security Agency (Foreign Branch), ‘Intelligence Information Report’ dated August 28, 2012, and classified ‘Top Secret’ reveals significant new information on strategic co-operation between Russia and South Africa.

 

“The SSA’s information report reveals for the first time: that Russia and South Africa were co-operating on a secret satellite surveillance programme, codenamed Project Condor; that the satellite surveillance programme was to be used for strategic military purposes; that the satellite surveillance programme would eventually culminate in the launch of a satellite by Russia on behalf of South Africa; that the aim was eventually to integrate the Russian and South African satellite surveillance programmes to provide wider coverage; and that 30 Russian technicians were working on the satellite surveillance programme in South Africa.

 

“Until now there has been no information about ‘Project Condor’ in the public domain,” he said adding the satellite launch reference “almost certainly” refers to Defence Intelligence’s R1.4 billion Kondor-E synthetic aperture radar satellite, “launched on or about December 19 last year under the codename Project Flute”.

 

“Bizarrely, it appears SSA could have been collecting intelligence about a Defence Intelligence satellite surveillance programme.

 

“We cannot confirm all the information in the report is accurate but it certainly suggests co-operation between Russia and South Africa on the satellite surveillance programme appears to have been more advanced and carried out on a larger scale, than previously thought,” Maynier said.

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26 février 2015 4 26 /02 /février /2015 12:45
Weaponised Seeker 400 at IDEX 2015 Picture Sam Basch - defenceWeb

Weaponised Seeker 400 at IDEX 2015 Picture Sam Basch - defenceWeb

 

24 February 2015 by defenceWeb

 

Denel Dynamics showed an armed version of its Seeker 400 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) for the first time at the IDEX show currently underway in Abu Dhabi.

 

Sello Ntsihlele, UAV general manager of the company in the Denel Group specialising in UAVs and missiles, told the IDEX show daily that a final series of recent flight trials of the Seeker 400 system cleared it for production this year.

 

“The system is being offered in both a ‘clean’ ISR [Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance]-only and an armed reconnaissance version designated Snyper,” he said.

 

“The latest trials involved the full gamut of performance tests, including range and altitude, safety, endurance and functional payload. This brought us to the baseline as specified by the client, allowing us to head for production.”

 

The Seeker 400 is the latest and most advanced of Denel Dynamics’ UAV portfolio, with an operating altitude of 18 000ft, 16 hours endurance and a cruising speed of 150 km/h. With a payload capacity of 100 kg it can carry dual payloads comprising synthetic aperture radar, optronics turret and digital video system for different tactical missions.

 

The Seeker 400 builds on the heritage of the smaller Seeker 200, derived from the Seeker II, which had significant export success. Both versions are on display at IDEX.

 

“By aligning the design with international specifications for an armed surveillance UAV, we can offer Snyper with four Impi-S missiles. That still allows for a 40 kg payload, typically the Goshawk II HD from Airbus DS Optronics, although we are still optimising Snyper’s structure,” Ntsihlele told the IDEX daily publication.

 

The Impi-S is derived from the proven Denel Dynamics short-range (5 000 m) Ingwe and long-range (10 000 m) Mokopa anti-armour missiles.

 

According to Ntsihlele, potential international clients have indicated a preference for the existing Denel Dynamics forward tactical ground station, despite a smaller ground station being available for ease of transport. The tactical ground station typically more than doubles the line-of- sight range of the aircraft – up to 750 km in the case of Seeker 400.

 

The IDEX show daily, produced by IHS Jane’s, suggested that the South African Air Force has ordered the type. However, at the time of publication the SAAF had not responded to a request for comment on the possible UAV acquisition or whether 10 Squadron, which operated the Kentron Seeker RPV in the late 80s, will be re-activated.

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24 février 2015 2 24 /02 /février /2015 17:45
German Navy vessels make port call in Angola

 

24 February 2015 by defenceWeb

 

Three German Navy vessels, due to take part in Exercise Good Hope with the South African Navy next month, have berthed in Angola as part of their journey around Africa.

 

The vessels arrived in Luanda on Saturday, having sailed from Wilhelmshaven on 27 January. They will sail around the coast of Africa, through the Suez Canal and to the Mediterranean before returning to Wilhelmshaven in June, according to the German embassy in Angola, and are due to depart Angola today.

 

The ships form part of the European’s country annual training cruise EAV 2015 but they are also hosting a number of German companies who are exhibiting their products aboard one of the vessels, the Hessen.

 

The vessels took part in Exercise Obangame Express in the Gulf of Guinea on their way down the West Coast and will take part in Exercise Good Hope VI with the South African Navy next month. They will also contribute to the European Union’s anti-piracy Operation Atalanta in the Gulf of Aden region.

 

The ships include the Sachsen class frigate FGS Hessen; the Bremen class frigate FGS Karlsruhe; the Type 702 Berlin class supply vessel FGS Berlin; and the Brandenburg class frigate FGS Brandenburg. The Berlin can be used as a command platform for joint operations and as a floating hospital and carries two helicopters. Although the three frigates docked in Angola, the Berlin remained at sea.

 

The German embassy said the port visit follows a visit by Angolan defence minister Joao Goncalves Lourenco to Germany in November last year during which he signed an agreement with his German counterpart Dr Ursula von der Leyen regarding defence co-operation. German Ambassador Rainer Muller on Friday said that 18 Angolan military personnel have benefited from training in Germany, under the cooperation agreement between the two countries.

 

The German vessels are due to enter South African territorial waters on March 1 and sail into Simon’s Town on March 2 and will do harbour training with elements of the SA Navy until March 12 as part of Exercise Good Hope. This date has been set aside for a harbour visit to Cape Town with March 13 and 14 earmarked as open days.

 

All four German maritime platforms, the frigates each carrying a Sea Lynx helicopter, will participate in tasks ranging from search and rescue through to boarding and gunnery with a South African Valour Class frigate and one of the Heroine Class Type 209 submarines.

 

The Germans will take a welcome break from maritime action from March 20 to 22 when they will participate in the Navy Festival, a highlight of the Navy calendar before the end of the exercise and departure from Simon’s Town on March 23.

 

The aim of Good Hope is to strengthen military, particularly maritime, co-operation between the two countries via the sharing of maritime expertise.

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24 février 2015 2 24 /02 /février /2015 17:30
Iraq buys Husky 2G route clearance vehicles

 

23 February 2015 by defenceWeb

 

The Iraqi Ministry of Defence has purchased Husky 2G route clearance vehicles from DCD Protected Mobility in a deal worth more than R200 million, DCD has announced.

 

DCD Protected Mobility told defenceWeb that the contract will be completed by the end of March this year. It was awarded to Critical Solutions International (CSI), DCD Protected Mobility’s marketing partner responsible for selling, distributing and supporting DCD’s product worldwide.

 

“This procurement represents a critical enhancement of Iraq's route clearance mission and its ability to maintain freedom of manoeuvre and oppose ISIS and other forces within Iraq,” said Andrew Mears, DCD Protected Mobility Business Executive: Defence. "We are honoured to have been awarded this contract and are looking forward to working with the Iraqi Ministry of Defence to fully support this programme and any future requirements. The Iraqi government has determined that the Husky 2G is essential to defeating IED and mine threats and represents a noteworthy investment in saving lives and enhancing the capability of this significant new customer, the Iraqi military."

 

Over the past decade, the Husky family of vehicles has saved countless lives around the globe. Responding to the need for longer mission duration and enhanced detection capability, the Husky 2G two-operator variant was originally developed and delivered to the US Army. The addition of a second operator allows the Husky driver to focus on vehicle control and situational awareness, while the second operator monitors and analyses the advanced sensor systems and operational environment. The US Army recognised this life-saving vehicle design with an Innovation of the Year Award for 2010.

 

The Husky 2G is equipped with the NIITEK MMDS Ground Penetrating Radar and the FASCAN interrogation arm used to interrogate suspected mines and IEDs. It is also equipped with the TORC Robotics 360 Situational Awareness camera system and QinetiQ North Americas QNET, which provides the vehicle with lightweight protection from rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs). The upgraded Husky 2G features additional power and has the capability for future integration of additional sensors and enhancements, according to DCD.

 

The Husky vehicle-mounted mine detection system (VMMD), previously known as the Chubby system, was developed in the 1970s for the South African Defence Force to clear roads of mines in Namibia and Angola. The system comprises of two Husky vehicles: the first acts as a Mine Detection Vehicle (MDV) (previously a Meerkat). The second vehicle (a Husky) tows a mine-detonating trailer.

 

The South African Army uses the Meerkat while the Husky system is being used by Canada, the USA, UK, France, Australia, Angola, Kenya, Uganda, Spain and Turkey. The Husky system had taken 7 000 hits in combat in Iraq and Afghanistan, with no mine or improvised explosive device fatalities.

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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 17:45
Cyberspace: new frontiers for gender violence
 

11 February 2015 by ISS

 

Recent years have seen an important shift in how security is prioritised, with an emphasis on threats in cyberspace. Last year, the Sony Corporation hack drew attention worldwide, challenging perceptions of state governance and security in cyberspace.

The estimated financial cost of cybercrime worldwide exceeds US$445 billion annually. For individuals, the loss of private and sensitive information is particularly concerning, and a recent poll in the United States (US) shows that Americans fear breaches in cyber security more than any other ‘traditional’ crimes.

Africa has not been immune to increased cybercrime either, with countries such as Nigeria, Kenya and South Africa fast becoming hubs of cybercrime activity.

 

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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 08:45
Lynx from the Royal Navy’s 226 Flight - photo Dean Wingrin defenceWeb

Lynx from the Royal Navy’s 226 Flight - photo Dean Wingrin defenceWeb

 

12 February 2015 by defenceWeb

The South African Air Force’s 22 Squadron, flying Super Lynx and Oryx helicopters for the SA Navy, is hosting a Lynx from the Royal Navy’s 226 Flight. The helicopter is embarked with the destroyer HMS Dragon currently visiting South Africa. Click here to view the gallery.

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12 février 2015 4 12 /02 /février /2015 18:45
photo Guy Martin - defenceWeb

photo Guy Martin - defenceWeb

 

12 February 2015 by Kim Helfrich - defenceWeb

 

The week starting February 23 will see SANDF Joint Operations headquarters become a hive of high level activity when planning for the African Union Amani Africa II field training exercise gets underway.

 

The exercise was originally set to take place in Lesotho last October but was put on hold due to changes in the mountain kingdom’s political situation. The AU said at the time it hoped to stage the exercise in South Africa in March 2015.

 

A joint communique issued earlier this month by the AU/UN following a joint task force (JTF) meeting of the two bodies in Addis Ababa said South Africa will at some time this year host the Amani Africa ll field training exercise.

 

“The JTF agreed to continue to co-operate in the area of peacekeeping based on the principles of shared responsibility, value addition and complementarity. In this regard, the meeting welcomed the ongoing UN review of peace operations and progress in the operationalisation of the African Standby Force (ASF) and the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises (ACIRC),” the communique stated.

 

Joint Operations Captain (SAN) Jaco Theunissen told defenceWeb the exercise would take place in October and “the most likely venue” would be the SA Army Combat Training Centre at Lohatla in the Northern Cape.

 

“This is not cast in stone and depending on the requirements decided on for the exercise the location could change to another with infrastructure more suitable for the scenario,” he said, adding the exercise dates would also be finalised during the five day planning session in Thaba Tshwane.

 

Last year the SA National Defence Force’s annual force preparation exercise Seboka at Lohatla took on a different image when it became South Africa’s most visible training preparation yet for the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises (ACIRC), a standby force to serve until such time as the long-awaited Au African Standby Force (ASF) can be mobilised and deployed.

 

Indications are the South African exercise will focus on airlift and communication capabilities to and from AU headquarters in Addis Ababa. There are also expected to be smaller tactical exercises with objectives put to troops on the ground during which command and control of forces as well as inter-operability between forces from different countries will be tested.

 

The phrase “Amani Africa” means “peace in Africa” in Kiswahili and is the over-arching name given to exercises aimed at developing the ASF to full operational capability.

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9 février 2015 1 09 /02 /février /2015 17:45
No South African military assets deployed in battle against Boko Haram

 

09 February 2015 by defenceWeb

 

South Africa has not deployed any military assets to assist the Chadian Defence Force in its pursuit of Boko Haram.

 

Siphiwe Dlamini, head of communications for the Department of Defence, said the SA National Defence Force (SANDF) was “dismayed and distances itself from reports claiming the SA Air Force (SAAF) has provided air cover to the Chadian Defence Force”.

 

“The reports are speculative, misleading, baseless and without substance. For the record, the SANDF has not deployed any of its personnel or any of its military assets in that area or region,” he said adding all South African military deployments are “sanctioned and authorised in accordance to (sic) strict procedures guided by our Constitution and government”.

 

The denial follows a call last week by the UN Security Council for central and west African countries to improve regional military co-ordination to more effectively combat Boko Haram militants in northern Nigeria.

 

Boko Haram has become the main security threat facing Nigeria, Africa's biggest economy and top oil producer, and increasingly threatens neighbouring countries.

 

The African Union (AU) has authorised a 7 500 force with troops from Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Benin to fight the Islamist militants.

 

The Security Council welcomed a meeting held in Cameroon last Thursday where details of the African Union force and its deployment and modus operandi were held. Diplomats have indicated once full details of the force, its composition and rules of engagement are known, the AU is likely to request UN Security Council support for it.

 

In another development around the ongoing planning and fighting against Boko Haram, France last week sent advisors to the Nigerian border with Niger to help co-ordinate military action by the regional powers which have committed to fighting the Islamist group. Chad has committed 2 500 soldiers to the battle against Boko Haram.

 

Boko Haram insurgents seek to create an Islamist emirate in northern Nigeria. The group is said to have killed at least 10 000 people last year.

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6 février 2015 5 06 /02 /février /2015 08:45
South Africa to host next AU summit

 

04 February 2015 by defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

South Africa will host the next African Union summit.South Africa will host the 25th African Union assembly in Johannesburg in June or July 2015, the Presidency said on Sunday.

 

This was declared at the end of the 24th AU Summit concluded on Saturday after deliberation on a number of issues and the Adoption of Agenda 2063, a vision and action plan towards a prosperous and peaceful Africa.

 

President Jacob Zuma led the South African delegation to the summit where Zimbabwe was elected chair of the union for this year.

 

The AU Summit was held under the theme “Year of Women Empowerment and Development towards Africa’s Agenda 2063”.

 

The summit also focused on peace and security matters and the escalation of terrorism in parts of the continent, and the endorsement and adoption of Agenda 2063, whose 10-year action plan will be adopted at the next AU Summit.

 

The summit also looked at the AU’s coordinated response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, as well as development and administrative-related issues with regard to the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) and on alternative sources of financing the AU and its programmes.

 

During the summit, the AU Peace and Security Council met to discuss security on the continent, focusing on the situation in the Great Lakes Region, South Sudan and the threat posed by Boko Haram in Nigeria and the surrounding countries.

 

As a member of the Peace and Security Council, President Zuma participated in the meeting of the council.

 

The growth and threat of terrorism by Boko Haram in certain parts of the continent was discussed.

 

President Zuma indicated that the countries of the Lake Chad Basin (Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria and Niger) established a multinational force and sought endorsement from the AU.

 

“The council endorsed the establishment of this multinational force and decided that the requisite financial and material resources be provided for this mechanism,” said President Zuma.

 

With regard to the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, a special meeting of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) took place on the margins of the summit to consider the current developments in the DRC and the Great Lakes Region.

 

The matter was also discussed at summit level, where it was decided that the negative forces in the region must be disarmed as a matter of priority.

 

President Zuma stated that the operationalisation and time frame for the disarmament, demobilisation, reintegration and repatriation of these negative forces were one of the key issues during discussions.

 

Focus on South Sudan, Ebola

 

On the current developments in South Sudan, President Zuma said member states of the Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) met on the side-lines of the AU Summit in an attempt to finalise the agreement related to the modalities on how the government of South Sudan would be structured.

 

“A report on the situation in South Sudan will be presented to the AU Peace and Security Council once negotiations, which are at a delicate stage at the moment, are concluded,” said President Zuma.

 

The summit also reviewed the ongoing progress made in addressing the Ebola outbreak in West Africa (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone).

 

In this light, the summit reiterated the need to urgently establish the African Centre for Disease Control and Prevention as a result of this epidemic.

 

It was agreed that this centre, which will coordinate medical research on the continent, should be operationalised this year.

 

President Zuma elaborated on the AU Summit’s deliberations on the issue of alternative sources of financing the African Union.

 

It had been agreed that assessed contributions will need to be adapted according to the GDPs of member states. Domestic sources of funding will be the prerogative of each member State according to their own financial structures.

 

President Zuma stressed that it was imperative that the AU independently fund and implement its own programmes without conditions.

 

In this regard, President Zuma stated that in order to ensure the financial independence of the AU, the summit established the AU Foundation, which is a mechanism to raise funds by member states and in partnership with business.

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5 février 2015 4 05 /02 /février /2015 19:45
South Africa to host ASF field training exercise this year

 

04 February 2015 by defenceWeb

 

South Africa will, at some time this year, host the Amani Africa ll field training exercise as part of making the AU African Standby Force (ASF) operational.

 

This emerged from a communique issued following the 10th meeting of the AU/UN Joint Task Force (JTF) on Peace and Security in Addis Ababa earlier this month.

 

“The JTF agreed to continue to co-operate in the area of peacekeeping based on the principles of shared responsibility, value addition and complementarity. In this regard, the meeting welcomed the ongoing UN review of peace operations and progress in the operationalisation of the African Standby Force (ASF) and the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises (ACIRC),” the communique stated.

 

The JTF welcomed the full operational capability reached by the East African Standby Force Co-ordinating Mechanism (EASFCOM) in November last year.

 

It also welcomed steps taken towards making the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises (ACIRC) operational and what the JTF termed, “the ongoing process of harmonisation of both concepts”.

 

“All concerned are encouraged to take the necessary steps to ensure the full operational capability for the ASF is achieved by 2015,” the communique said, adding there was a need for sustained and focused international support for both forces.

 

“The JTF agreed to work towards the successful holding of the Amani Africa ll field training exercise in South Africa in the course of 2015 and other related activities as well as intensifying strategic and institutional engagement toward enhanced co-ordinated support.”

 

The Amani Africa ll field exercise was originally to have been hosted by Lesotho last year but was delayed following political upheavals. South African Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa heads a SADC team tasked with bringing political stability back to the landlocked kingdom. No alternative dates or venues have been given for the exercise by the AU Peace and Security Organ.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 08:45
SAAF at 95 falls short of 1998 Defence Review’s equipment recommendations

 

03 February 2015 by Kim Helfrich - defenceWeb

 

Last Friday the SA Air Force (SAAF) officially marked its 95th anniversary as part of the annual Air Force Day parade with a flypast of mostly Air Force Museum aircraft taking centre stage due to limited funding and aircraft availability.

 

Brigadier General Marthie Visser, Director: Corporate Staff Services, said the use almost exclusively of SAAF Museum aircraft was also a great way to showcase the air force’s history.

 

The issue of funding is a long-running one not only with the air force but also the other arms of service of the SA National Defence Force (SANDF). Taking specifically the airborne arm into account it is pertinent to look at what was recommended by the 1998 Defence Review as far as force design options for the SAAF are concerned.

 

This was part of a presentation made to the Seriti Commission of Inquiry by SAAF Deputy Chief, Major General Gerald Malinga, during the public hearings into allegations of corruption during the 1998 Arms Deal.

 

That Review, not to be confused with the current one on which Parliament’s Joint Standing Committee on Defence and Military Veterans is seeking public input, recommended 32 medium jet fighters and 16 light fighters for the SAAF.

 

Instead the SAAF, as part of the Strategic Defence Procurement Packages (SDPP), acquired 26 Gripen jet fighters and 24 Hawk Mk 120 Lead-In Fighter Trainers.

 

The proposed figure for reconnaissance aircraft in the 1998 Review was 32 made up of 16 light reconnaissance aircraft, six long range maritime patrol aircraft and 10 short range maritime patrol aircraft. Another proposed addition was for a squadron of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

 

At present the only true reconnaissance aircraft available to the SAAF are the handful of ageing C-47TPs operated by 35 Squadron. 41 Squadron’s 208 Caravans, King Airs and PC-12s can also be used for this tasking but are utilised more in the transport role for both cargo and people.

 

The 1998 Review said a total of 44 transport aircraft would meet SAAF needs. This presumably included the medium airlift capacity of 28 Squadron’s more than 50 year-old C-130BZs as well as 41 Squadron and 44 Squadron (C-212 Aviocar). At the moment the SAAF has nine C-130BZs, three C212s, 7 C-47TPs, four King Airs, ten Caravans and one PC-12 in its inventory for a total of 34 transport aircraft.

 

The 1998 Review recommendation of 12 combat support helicopters is currently in service minus one Rooivalk, written off following an accident.

 

As far as maritime helicopters are concerned, according to the Review Malinga quoted in his presentation to the Seriti Commission called for five aircraft. Currently the SAAF operates four Super Lynx maritime helicopters from AFB Ysterplaat-based 22 Squadron.

 

The 1998 Review wanted the air force to have 96 transport helicopters. Exact figures are not available but 15, 17, 19 and 22 Squadrons as well as 87 Helicopter Flying School at AFB Bloemspruit operate either Oryx, Agusta A109 and BK-177 or a combination of these types. Approximately 39 Oryx, 29 A109 and six BK-117s are in the inventory for a total of 74 helicopters.

 

In-flight refuelling and electronic warfare would have seen the SAAF operate five specialist aircraft in these roles if the Review was fully accepted. Today it has zero in-flight refuelling capability, with the electronic warfare and refuelling Boeing 707s retired.

 

VIP and VVIP transport should by now, in the 1998 Review, have been the responsibility of nine aircraft. 21 Squadron today operates the Boeing BBJ, a pair of ageing Falcons and a Cessna Citation.

 

Addressing the Air Force Day parade, SAAF Chief, Lieutenant General Zakes Msimang, did not specifically mention acquisitions except when he referred to “capacity building and the enhancement of the air force’s capabilities”.

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29 janvier 2015 4 29 /01 /janvier /2015 08:45
Defence Review short-changed time-wise by Parliamentary committee

 

 

28 January 2015 by Kim Helfrich - defenceWeb

 

There does not appear to be any real urgency regarding the Defence Review and its need to progress through the Parliamentary process enabling at least a start to be made on reversing the downward spiral of the South African military.

 

The latest example of tardiness can be found in the programme of the Joint Standing Committee on Defence for the first part of the 2015 Parliamentary work year.

 

The Parliamentary Programme Framework provides for a committee period between January 27 and February 11 for Parliamentary committees, such as defence, to meet and conduct oversight visits.

 

In essence it boils down to the Framework making time available for the various Parliamentary committees to work.

 

“It means 10 days, spanning 80 hours, of meetings could have been scheduled for the Joint Standing Committee on Defence to consider aspects of the Defence Review, by agreement the committee’s top priority. Sadly, not a single meeting has been scheduled for the committee period,” said David Maynier, opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) party shadow defence and military veterans minister.

 

The Defence Review was completed at the request of then Defence Minister, Lindiwe Sisulu, by Roelf Meyer and his team for tabling in Parliament late in 2012. A change of Minister ensured this did not happen and when current Minister, Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula, eventually tabled the document in Parliament last July, its title was changed to reflect it as the 2014 Defence Review and not the 2012 Defence Review.

 

Among others, the Review stated the SANDF was “in a critical state of decline, characterised by force imbalance between capabilities; block obsolescence and unaffordability of many of its main operating systems; a disproportionate tooth-to-tail ratio; the inability to meet current standing defence commitments and the lack of critical mobility”.

 

Taking another excerpt from the Review (“even with an immediate intervention it could take at least five years to arrest the decline and another five to develop a limited and sustainable defence capability”) to illustrate the need to get on with the job as far as turning the SANDF around Maynier points out “there is an element of urgency”.

 

“Every day wasted talking about the Defence Review, rather the implementing it, accelerates the decline of the SANDF.”

 

He is not happy about the manner in which the Joint Standing Committee intends to deal with the Review.

 

“Its current rubberstamp programmes envisage dealing with the 344 page document, based on 435 stakeholder meetings and 76 public submissions at a cost of nearly R11 million to the taxpayer in three meetings. These meetings are set to last 10.5 hours and will take place between February 20 and March 5.”

 

He has proposed an alternative of 18 meetings including briefings on military preparedness, downsizing and rightsizing, acquisition priorities and affordability of Review proposals.

 

“In the end it is a disgrace that the SANDF is being held hostage by lazy and disinterested MPs serving on the Joint Standing Committee on Defence,” Maynier said this week.

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28 janvier 2015 3 28 /01 /janvier /2015 17:45
Four German warships steaming to South Africa for Exercise Good Hope

 

28 January 2015 by Kim Helfrich - defenceWeb

 

The German Navy commitment to the 2015 edition of Exercise Good Hope is not confined to three frigates and a fleet auxiliary vessel. Its Chief, Vice Admiral Andreas Krause, will also be in Simon’s Town for part of the bi-national exercise.

 

On March 1 the frigates Hessen (flagship), Karlsruhe and Brandenburg accompanied by the Type 702 supply ship, Berlin, will enter South African territorial waters. The ships form part of the European’s country annual training cruise – EAV 2015 – and left Wilhelmshaven on Tuesday this week.

 

They are scheduled to enter Simon’s Town on March 2 and will do harbour training with elements of the SA Navy until March 12. This has been set aside for a harbour visit to Cape Town with March 13 and 14 earmarked as open days.

 

All four German maritime platforms, the frigates each carrying a Sea Lynx helicopter, will participate in tasks ranging from search and rescue through to boarding and gunnery with a South African Valour Class frigate and one of the Heroine Class Type 209 submarines.

 

Details of exact taskings to be practised during the exercise have not yet been released.

 

The Germans will take a welcome break from maritime action from March 20 to 22 when they will participate in the Navy Festival, a highlight of the Navy calendar before the end of the exercise and departure from Simon’s Town on March 23.

 

In addition to a Valour Class frigate and Type 209 submarine, the South African Navy is also expected to contribute one of the revamped strikecraft now serving as offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) as well as a Maritime Reaction Squadron (MRS) team for the exercise.

 

The airborne arm of the SANDF has committed a 35 Squadron C-47TP maritime surveillance aircraft, an embarked Super Lynx (22 Squadron), a pair of Oryx medium transport helicopters (also from 22 Squadron) and “two fighter jets” for the exercise.

 

A Special Forces team will support the Navy MRS team while the SA Military Health Service (SAMHS) will provide medical task teams in addition to medical personnel aboard the various Navy platforms.

 

The aim of Good Hope is to strengthen military, particularly maritime, co-operation between the two countries via the sharing of maritime expertise.

 

The last exercise staged in 2012 saw the SA Navy put two of its Valour Class frigates – SAS Amatola and SAS Isandlwana – to sea along with the submarine SAS Queen Modjadji.

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21 janvier 2015 3 21 /01 /janvier /2015 08:45
South African Air Force Day parade

 

13 January 2015 by Kim Helfrich - defenceWeb

 

Friday, January 30, is Air Force Day and the South African Air Force (SAAF) will use AFB Waterkloof in Centurion to mark the start of its 95 years of existence, making it one of the world’s oldest independent air forces.

The annual Air Force Day parade is held on the Friday closest to February 1, acknowledged as the day when what is now the SAAF came into being in 1920. That was the date when Colonel Pierre van Ryneveld was appointed Director: Air Services with instructions to establish an air force for the then Union of South Africa.

The following year saw a site at Zwartkop (just east of what is now Thaba Tshwane and was then Roberts Heights before becoming Voortrekkerhoogte) selected as the fledgling force’s first aerodrome. AFB Zwartkop is today still a working base and is home to 17 Squadron and the SAAF Museum.

Brigadier General Marthie Visser said the final programme for SAAF 95 was still being worked on as far as format and the sequence of events was concerned. She was, however, hopeful a special SAAF 95 logo would be unveiled during the Air Force Day parade.

The closing date for 95th anniversary logo submissions is January 21 which leaves the judging panel only seven working days to decide on a winner.


No details of the January 30 parade have yet been made public but it is customary for the airborne arm of the SA National Defence Force (SANDF) to use the event to showcase as many of the aircraft it has in service as possible. In past years Gripen and Hawk jets have been the highlight of the flypast with Oryx, Agusta and Rooivalk helicopters taking part as well as transport aircraft ranging from the C-130BZ down to the Cessna 208 Caravan.

Traditionally the parade provides an opportunity for the Chief of the Air Force, Lieutenant General Zakes Msimang, to give an overview of what the SAAF plans for the year ahead as well as reflecting on the achievements of the previous year.

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21 janvier 2015 3 21 /01 /janvier /2015 07:45
Damen successfully builds two FCS 5009 patrol vessels in South Africa

 

16 January 2015 naval-technology.com

 

Damen Shipyards Cape Town (DSCT) has successfully completed construction on two FCS 5009 patrol vessels in South Africa.

Another Damen vessel of the same class is currently operational with the Cape Verdean Coast Guard.

Damen Africa sales manager Friso Visser said: "The versatile FCS 5009 patrol boats have consistently shown themselves to be an ideal solution for patrolling an exclusive economic zone (EEZ).

"They have low operational costs, are very fuel efficient, have a competitive purchase price and, crucially, are easy to maintain.

"Overall, they provide a reasonable total cost of ownership, making them attractive to countries that have a requirement to patrol an EEZ."

The two new vessels are designed to be equipped with Sea Rogue weaponry, which includes a system with a 20mm cannon forward of the wheelhouse and two 12.7mm Browning guns.

Capable of being operated by a hand controller, the Sea Rogue boasts an accurate target-tracking feature and can be installed in collaboration with manufacturer Reutech.

DSCT chairman Sam Montsi said: "The FCS 5009 is deliverable in two formats. It can be either a fast crew supply ship or a security patrol vessel.

"They are also the first in their class to be outfitted with MTU engines that offer a lighter weight-to-power ratio for increased speed."

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20 janvier 2015 2 20 /01 /janvier /2015 17:45
Gender transformation a challenge for Armour Formation Reserves

 

20 January 2015 by defenceWeb

 

There are some who may ask why transformation is still an agenda item in the SA National Defence Force (SANDF) after 21 years and one answer is to be found in the Armour Formation where ergonomics ensures one size doesn’t fit all.

 

“It’s not easy to meet the female representative targets prescribed by gender policy,” said Lieutenant Colonel Philip Coetzer, SO1 Reserves of the Army Armour Formation.

 

“Accommodation of personal safety and convenience for different gender is a challenge. One-piece versus two-piece fire resistant overalls is an example but however creative one would like to be, the safety and survival of personnel is a non-negotiable.

 

“Physical power of the upper part of the body for handling and carrying equipment and ammunition makes it difficult for smaller or female soldiers, who would rather prefer another military division to the hard and rough armour milieu. This has implications for gender transformation in general,” he pointed out.

 

Taking the analogy of sport, Coetzer asked whether his formation would rather see “rugby forward types” go to other formations.

 

“Not necessarily, but at the same time it must be understood that tall female netball players will experience combat vehicles being just as uncomfortable and challenging.”

 

He sees the pool of suitable candidates for the Armour Formation (Reserve Force) shrinking and maintains it will impact on continued transformation in the Formation.

 

“The utilisation of women as armoured soldiers in the Reserve Force has to be put into perspective. Almost 40% of the current available number of combat vehicles can presently be fully manned only with women from Armour Reserves. In other words the utilisation of women as drivers, gunners, crew and troop commanders for tanks and Rooikat combat teams is a necessity.”

 

Overall Coetzer maintains the Reserve component of the Armour Formation, which has been actively working on transformation for the last 10 years, has made progress especially in the management process.

 

He is adamant one of the major hurdles still to be faced is an improved feed of newcomers to the ranks of the Formation.

 

“It is virtually impossible to implement racial and/or gender transformation without an improved feeder source of new recruits.”

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12 janvier 2015 1 12 /01 /janvier /2015 12:45
Tanzania flying Seeker observation aircraft

 

12 January 2015 by defenceWeb

 

Images have emerged confirming the Tanzania People’s Defence Force Air Wing as an operator of the Seabird Seeker light surveillance aircraft.

 

An article in Aero Australia magazine noted that by 2009, “Seekers had flown some 11 000 hours including 5 000 on surveillance and patrol duty, and were operating in Australia, Azerbaijan, Jordan, Iraq, South Africa, Tanzania, the United Arab Emirates and the USA.”

 

However, it was not clear how many aircraft were flying in Tanzania and it was only after a music video appeared last year that a Tanzanian Seeker was seen for the first time, in the music video entitled Jeshi La Wananchi Tanzania by Jay Moe, Juma Nature and Professor Jay.

 

The video shows SB7L-360 Seeker JW-9704, which, according to IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly, could indicate that four aircraft have been delivered. Wescam’s MX-10 video/infrared sensor turret has been demonstrated on the Seeker and appears to be fitted to the Tanzanian example.

 

The Seeker is produced by Seabird Aviation in Australia and Seabird Aviation Jordan.

 

In 2006 a Jordanian example was supplied to South Africa (JY-SE1). In September 2004 the Paramount Group ordered five Seeker SB7L-360 surveillance aircraft from Seabird Aviation Jordan, with options for a further five units. In September 2006 Jane’s information group reported that Seabird Aviation Jordan had appointed Paramount as the exclusive distributor of the Seeker SB7 observation aircraft in western, central, southern and east Africa and central Asia.

 

It is believed that four of the aircraft sent to South Africa were subsequently supplied to the Ghana Police Service. The fifth aircraft was set to remain with the Paramount Group in South Africa as a demonstrator aircraft representing Seabird Aviation Jordan in the central and southern African region but it appears it is this aircraft that was donated to SANParks to combat rhino poaching in the Kruger National Park in late 2012.

 

Paramount confirmed to defenceWeb that it did not supply Seekers to Tanzania. The aircraft most likely come from Jordan.

 

The Seeker is powered by a 168 hp Lycoming engine driving a pusher propeller and features a pod and boom layout with excellent visibility from the cockpit to support its surveillance role. It has good low speed and loiter capabilities, as it can loiter at a speed of 120 km/h. Maximum speed is 200 km/h. Endurance is up to six and a half hours.

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11 décembre 2014 4 11 /12 /décembre /2014 08:45
AHRLAC logs 50 incident-free flying hours

 

09 December 2014 by defenceWeb

 

AHRLAC, the first military manned fixed wing aircraft fully designed, tested and developed in South Africa, has completed 50 hours of incident-free test flying from Wonderboom Airport.

 

The Advanced High-Performance Reconnaissance Light Aircraft is another offering for the South African and African defence and security sectors from the Paramount Group, the largest privately owned defence and aerospace company on the continent.

 

The 50 hour milestone was reached with 55 flights since July at the airport north of Pretoria. The flight test programme is expanding the aircraft’s flight envelope in key performance areas including handling, airframe systems, centre of gravity, performance ranges and rough field capabilities.

 

Commenting on the achievement Paramount chief executive Ivor Ichikowitz said: “This is a proud moment for Paramount and the AHRLAC team of engineers and technicians who have invested so much of their creativity, energy and ‘can-do’ mentality to develop this aircraft. It is also a proud moment for South Africa and the rest of the African continent to showcase our aerospace capability through innovative design, technologies and manufacturing processes”.

 

Test flight team leader Blokkies Joubert said AHRLAC had proven itself to be reliable with a rugged, solid feel.

 

“The aircraft’s performance has matched all our initial predictions closely and its systems have performed as they should. AHRLAC has shown itself to be predictable, intuitive and easy to fly, a true testament to the aerodynamic work done in the early stages of development. Control inputs in flight are light and direct, with a very accurate and quick response,” Joubert said.

 

The aircraft addresses a key industry need by performing the combined tasks that previously required four separately configured aircraft. It integrates designs from surveillance platforms and reconnaissance aircraft with the ability to carry surveillance, weapons, radar and electronic warfare systems. This has brought advanced operational solutions, historically requiring more costly aircraft or complex unmanned aerial surveillance systems.

 

“Operationally, the aircraft is reliable and easy to fly and maintain. AHRLAC’s predictable nature, remarkable exterior view and the ease with which it responds are outstanding features. Every member of the development team believes AHRLAC is the best answer to the problems it was designed to solve. The first 50 flight hours thus far have reinforced this,” Joubert added.

 

Ichikowitz believes AHRLAC is a ground-breaking example of what Africa is capable of producing and will be a key solution to bolster Africa’s capability to deal with its security issues. AHRLAC, he said, is not only a solution for Africa, but for defence forces around the world, whether from developing countries or from nations with advanced and sophisticated defence capabilities.

 

The aircraft was designed and built by a team of 60 engineers and technicians. One of the most innovative aspects of the construction phase is that 98% of all 6 000 parts of the airframe were designed and produced locally by the engineering team. Since the launch of the project in September 2011, the team spent 315 000 labour hours completing detailed designs and manufacturing the first prototype.

 

“AHRLAC is creating the next generation of engineers on the continent and is an excellent reflection of the capabilities of African engineers. There are a number of skills challenges in South Africa and beyond our borders but the progress made by local engineers has put them at the forefront of global aerospace innovation. Their joint expertise has turned them into pathfinders, who are proudly setting new milestones, through continuous innovation that we can export to the world,” Ichikowitz said.

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11 décembre 2014 4 11 /12 /décembre /2014 08:25
Rippel Effect producing more IGS-4S sights for Colombia


10 december 2014 by defenceWeb

South African company Rippel Effect Systems has landed another contract for IGS-4S day/night sights for the Colombian Army which has now standardised on this item of equipment from Rippel for all its cavalry requirements.

The company expects to complete installation on the whole Colombian Cascavel armoured combat vehicle fleet during next year.

The IGS-4S was launched as a Rippel product two years ago and the technology is licensed from South African firm Vision 24 Observation Systems. The model selected by Colombia is the IGS-4S compact video sighting system, which can be utilised in conjunction with various vehicle-mounted weapons in calibres ranging from 7.62 mm to 125 mm. The system provides the operator with a 24/7 below-armour observation and ranging capability to fire the weapon in all weather conditions, low visibility and darkness.

Rippel Effect said the IGS-4S accommodates multiple sensors tailored to suit user requirements and weapon choice. As a single system it can be pre-programmed with ballistic aiming marks for any weapon and the various types of ammunition for the selected weapon. IGS-4S has the additional ability to range distance to target. It has a laser rangefinder, day camera, uncooled thermal imaging and multi-function screen, which displays aim points and system parameters, as well as controls for the thermal camera. The system is optimised for installation in small vehicles where space is of prime consideration.

Chief Executive of Rippel Effect, Fritz Visser said there are good prospects for the sight, which is being marketed internationally. Particular focus is on the Cascavel series of armoured vehicles.

The company has developed a video bore sighting device as well as a day/night sight, the VK-RSS-02, that can be used with the secondary weapon on armoured vehicles (such as the 7.62 machine gun on the Cascavel). Both the bore-sight and the VK-RSS-02 integrate seamlessly with the IGS-4S System. The video bore sight makes bore sighting possible by one person from inside the vehicle. The VK-RSS-02 makes it possible to use the secondary weapon from below-armour. The VK-RSS-02 can also be used as hand-held thermal imaging device.

Rippel Effect is known for its series of 40 mm grenade launchers and is focusing on three main products: its new less lethal six-shot multiple grenade launcher RLL37/38 which will be marketed in association with two of the world’s foremost less lethal ammunition manufacturers - Condor of Brazil and ALS of the US; the XRGL40 extended range 40 mm MGL and IGS-4S targeting and sighting system. The XRGL40 can fire low velocity, medium velocity and less lethal ammunition with very low port pressures, including rubber, ball, soft-nose, illuminating and smoke grenades. The 5 kg XRGL40 fires a 220 gram medium velocity projectile to a range of 800 metres, versus 375 metres for low velocity ammunition.

Designed as a true multi-role weapon system, it comes with the GR40 smart multi-velocity sight, which allows the soldier to fire 40 mm ammunition with different ballistic profiles from the same weapon - both 40x46 mm low-velocity and 40x51 mm medium-velocity grenades and also the latest less-lethal rounds.

Rippel Effect started marketing the six shot XRGL40 in 2011/12 and in the last two years has managed to sell the XRGL40 extended range 40mm MGL to eight different countries, the extended range 40mm MGL System is now operational in the Middle East, Latin America and Far East. The XRGL40 is also used in 40 x 51mm extended range ammunition development programs by RDM (South Africa), Diehl BGT Defence (Germany), Energetics Technologies Ltd (UK) and Indumil (Colombia).

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24 octobre 2014 5 24 /10 /octobre /2014 16:45
SALON AAD 2014 (base aérienne Waterkloof - Pretoria)

 

01/10/2014 by SITTA

 

Le salon AAD 2014 a ouvert ses portes le 17 septembre pour se terminer par un show aérien les 20 et 21 septembre. Les organisateurs ont semble t-il avant tout souhaité fêter les 20 ans d’existence du salon. De nombreuses nouveautés ont été exposées et dans le même temps de nouveaux producteurs étrangers ont présenté leur matériel. Ainsi l’Ouganda, la Namibie, la Lituanie, l’Australie ou encore les Émirats-Arabes-Unis se sont investis dans ce salon qui confirme qu’il demeure, comme le disent les organisateurs, le salon majeur d’Afrique dans les domaines terrestre, aérien et marin. Ainsi c’est plus de 300 exposants, en majorité sud africains qui présentaient leurs nouveautés. Plus de 15 pavillons nationaux dont, pour les plus importants, les États-Unis, la Russie, la Chine, l’Italie, l’Allemagne, l’Inde ou le Pakistan.

Point de détail qui a son importance, le groupe PARAMOUNT a souhaité placer le salon sous la protection du robot PARABOT, géant de près de 10 m et pesant une tonne.

Si le salon tendait à démontrer l’ensemble des savoirs faire technologiques dans les domaines terre air et mer, les tendances sud africaines sont restées axées sur ce qu’ils produisent de mieux, c’est-à-dire les blindés, les munitions et les drones. De plus l’Afrique du Sud démontre encore une fois toute l’étendue de son savoir au travers de bureaux de recherche et de développement. Enfin plusieurs exposants ont pu démontrer qu’il était possible de produire des matériels compétitifs et efficaces mais dans des couts plus qu’abordables.

 

Véhicule ORIBI (DCD - Afrique du Sud)

Le groupe sud africain a présenté en exclusivité le 18 septembre son nouveau véhicule de gamme MUT (Medium sized Utility Truck) : l’ORIBI. Ce véhicule 4X4 est le fruit d’un partenariat du groupe DCD avec la compagnie sud-africaine HISTOMART, le tout sur fonds propres. Le véhicule est monté sur un châssis italien BREMACH et doté d’un moteur également italien IVECO de 200 chevaux environ. Sa vitesse est donnée pour 100 km/h pour une autonomie maximale de 600 km. S’il existe en plusieurs versions telles ambulance, transport, cargo, citerne pour aéronef, le camion présenté était en version transport de personnel (trois places en cabine et cinq places en caisse. L’ORIBI est décliné en trois longueurs : 2,6 m, 3,1 m et 3,54 m. ce véhicule bas cout peut cependant recevoir de nombreuses options comme le gonflage centralisé des roues ou une carapace blindée. L’ORIBI est destiné aux marchés militaires et civils. Ses possibilités en tout terrain étant d’un niveau élevé selon le producteur, le véhicule n’aura pas de difficulté à être rapidement vendu notamment sur le continent africain.

 

Oribi (Afrique du sud)

 

Blindé MBOMBE 6X6 (PARAMOUNT- Afrique du Sud)

La dernière version du blindé MBOMBE a été présentée à grands renforts de publicité, y compris au travers de la réplique d’un robot de type Transformer dénommé PARABOT. Un lien fort semble lier ce blindé, en tout cas son nom, avec la protection du rhinocéros sud-africain. A coté de cette tendance humaniste, plusieurs informations parlent d’une troisième version de MBOMBE 8X8 qui entrerait alors en concurrence directe avec le BADGER de chez DENEL. Il faut avant tout prendre en compte que les blindés 6X6 ne sont pas légion, notamment au niveau des productions sud-africaines, spécialisées dans les véhicules 4X4 et depuis peu 8X8. Le MBOMBE a été construit en adaptant toutes les améliorations possibles en termes de protection et de mobilité pour un blindé prévu pour être employé sur le continent africain.

MBOMBE 6x6 (Afrique du Sud)

 

Véhicule 6X6 REVA VI ARV (REVA - Afrique du Sud)

Plusieurs blindés REVA étaient présentés lors du salon sud africain, parmi lesquels les REVAambulance et REVA VI ARV (Armoured Recovery Vehicle). Les caractéristiques relatives à ce dernier sont élogieuses, notamment en ce qui concerne ses capacités. Un engin 6x6 capable de tracter plus lourd que sa propre masse (18 tonnes) lui confère une puissance importante. Son moteur de 370 chevaux (boite à 10 vitesses) lui permet de rouler à une vitesse de 100 km/h. le REVA ARV est doté de deux réservoirs de carburant de 200 l chacun mais également de deux réservoirs d’eau d’une contenance de 50 l. Ce véhicule de dépannage peut opérer en protégeant son équipage, son niveau de protection balistique étant annoncé en B7 et 4B pour ce qui est de la protection ventrale.

Le groupe REVA démontre l’étendue de ses capacités en disposant de véhicules dédiés à toutes les missions (reconnaissance, soutien, dépannage…). Ainsi dans le cadre des programmes majeurs de véhicules multi rôles sur châssis unique, la compagnie sud africaine se place dans le peloton de tête.

 

REVA VI ARV (Afrique du Sud)

 

Véhicule 4X4 REVA Ambulance (REVA - Afrique du Sud)

Autre version de blindé REVA, l’ambulance est montée sur un châssis REVA V. Le véhicule conserve les mêmes capacités techniques (motorisation, franchissement, protection) que les versions initiales mais a été adapté aux missions de soutien de l’homme. Capable de transporter deux blessés allongés et deux assis, voire huit blessés assis, ce véhicule est en mesure de suivre les unités mobiles sur le terrain et ainsi les soutenir au plus près.

Son moteur diesel de 170 chevaux lui permet d’atteindre 100 km/h pour une autonomie de 500 km. Comme les autres véhicules de la marque, la version ambulance peut être dotée de nombreuses options.

REVA V AMBULANCE (Afrique du Sud)

Le représentant du groupe REVA était heureux d’annoncer que plus de 700 véhicules REVA III et REVA V étaient d’ores et déjà vendus. Dans un même temps plusieurs panneaux présentaient les capacités de protection des blindés au travers d’images relatives à des attaques EEI en Thaïlande en 2012 et 2013, mais également au Yémen.

 

Véhicule MK3 (Windhoeker MashinenFabrik - Namibie)

Il est rare de pouvoir observer les groupes industriels et les productions en provenance de Namibie. Le groupe WMF présentait deux véhicules : l’AGRALE et le MK3. Ce dernier est une production en collaboration avec le groupe italien IVECO. L’aspect extérieur semble similaire aux productions sud africaines. Le groupe namibien veut au travers de ces présentations démontrer leur savoir faire, même si un partenariat avec le groupe IVECO semble obligatoire. Les capacités technico-opérationnelles sont de niveau équivalent aux productions les plus connues : elles peuvent être comparées à un véhicule reconnu « combat proven » comme le RG-31 ou le REVA. Le groupe WMF pourrait par ces productions, être un concurrent si petit soit il sur le marché africain.

MK 3 (Namibie)

 

Véhicule CASSPIR NG 2000 (DENEL - Afrique du Sud)

DENEL est peut être le groupe industriel de défense le plus important, en tout cas en Afrique. Il reste encore l’un des leaders dans la construction de véhicules blindés. Le groupe présentait la dernière évolution du célèbre blindé CASSPIR. Cette version existe en trois versions : le NG2000, NG2000A et NG2000B(production en partenariat avec la Chine). Les modernisations ont été opérées sur la motorisation (moteur diesel et boite 8 vitesses), l’habitabilité et la protection balistique (réévaluée au niveau 3). Sa caisse mono coque reste une référence pour la production des autres blindés de type MRAP. Pour exemple, la caisse a été évaluée en protection ventrale avec une charge de 14 kg. Les versions NG2000 et NG2000 B ambulance étaient présentée. La version ambulance est produite en partenariat avec le groupe sud africain MECHEM. Les trois premières ambulances viennent d’être livrées au profit des forces de l’ONU présentes en Somalie (AMISOM). D’autres CASSPIR NG2000 ont été livrés au Sud-Soudan.

CASSPIR NG 2000 (Afrique du Sud)

 

Véhicule 6X6 MENGSHI (DFM - Chine)

Le groupe chinois, qui d’ailleurs n’était pas regroupé au sein du pavillon chinois, présentait la version 6X6 du MENGSHI. La version 4X4 avait été présentée lors du salon INTERPOLITEX 2013. Les exposants chinois sont parmi les plus présents en Afrique mais la présence des véhicules MENGSHI ne correspondait pas à la tendance actuelle plus axée sur les véhicules MRAP. Cette tendance a été prise en compte par le groupe DFM qui n’oubliait pas de présenter les autres véhicules 4X4 produits par ses usines. Le MENGSHI 6X6 est un véhicule surprenant: l’espace entre le premier et le deuxième essieu est de 3,30 m et pour ce qui est de l’espace intérieur, les places assises au milieu du véhicule sont très espacés (4 places au centre du véhicule et deux aux portes arrière. Entre elles l’espace est dédié au transport du fret. Pour la partie « armement » seul un tourelleau situé à l’avant droit du véhicule permet de protéger l’équipage. Enfin les baies latérales arrière sont coulissantes sur rail, et il faut noter l’absence de meurtrière.

MENGSHI 6x6 (Chine)

 

Blindé ML-3 en version antichar (DCD - Afrique du Sud)

Le groupe sud africain présentait son MRAP ML-3 (Mountain Lion) dans sa  version antichar. La tourelle ALRRT-4M armée de 4 missiles INGWE à guidage laser a déjà été observée sur VBL lors du salon IDEX en 2007 et sur blindé chinois VN-1 lors d’AAD2012. Le ML-3 comme nombre de MRAPde dernière génération reprend l’ensemble des points forts de cette gamme de véhicules, à savoir une protection élevée, une mobilité supérieure et une adaptation permanente aux besoins des clients.

Le groupe DCD spécialisé dans la protection balistique, présentait dans le même temps le blindé SPRINGBUCK équipé quant à lui d’une colonne de tir missile antichar INGWE avec une rampe. Ce système de tir n’est pas automatique et le tireur doit sortir la partie haute de son corps pour utiliser le poste de tir antichar. Il semble que le groupe sud africain ait fait l’effort sur la problématique antichar.

Enfin, DCD présentait également son véhicule de détection de mines et d’EEI HUSKY, la référence du groupe ainsi qu’un drone terrestre le TESTUDO, destiné à la détection et à la destruction de mines terrestres, mais également à la mise en sécurité de bâtiments, à la reconnaissance et à la surveillance de zones.

 

ML 3 INGWE (Afrique du Sud)

 

Blindé 4X4 MAMBA Mk5 MAGIRUS-DEUTZ (OSPREA - Afrique du Sud)

Le groupe sud africain présentait une version modernisée du célèbre MRAP 4X4 MAMBA. Ce groupe est spécialisé dans la remise à niveau, la reconstruction et la revente de blindés. Cependant ce véhicule est le fruit d’une collaboration avec le groupe allemand MAGIRUSDEUTZ, une autre version existe en coopération avec le groupe italien IVECO. La version présentée est annoncée comme la dernière génération de MRAP sur le marché. Le design a été repensé, le blindé a été remotorisé (moteur, transmission et suspensions DEUTZ) et une part importante des nouveautés en termes de mobilité et de protection peut être installée. Le MAMBA peut monter son niveau de protection balistique et anti blast à niveau 4. Sa possibilité d’emport atteint près de 6 tonnes pour une vitesse maximale de plus de 110 km/h. Le groupe OSPREA met en avant les possibilités de revalorisation de blindés pour les placer à un niveau opérationnel compétitif en prenant en compte les couts et la problématique énergétique. Ce qui revient à dire qu’il est sans doute mieux de vendre des produits revalorisés que du neuf. En tout état de cause, le groupe OSPREA est l’un des leader dans ce domaine et il soutient ardemment les forces africaines de l’ONU en Afrique.

MAMBA MK 5 (Afrique du Sud)

 

Blindé MRAP 4X4 RG-21 (BAE System - Afrique du Sud)

Le groupe BAE System/Afrique du Sud présentait pour la première fois le dernier né de la famille RG déjà fort connue et très répandue dans le monde : le RG-21. Le premier point sur lequel les représentants de BAE ont insisté est le cout de la construction du blindé et de la rentabilité qu’il représente quant à sa maintenance. En résumé il s’agit d’un blindé low cost qui conserve les mêmes capacités en termes de mobilité et de protection. Le blindé est monté à partir d’un châssis italien de la marque IVECO. Le niveau de mobilité du blindé reste de très haut niveau. BAE System/Afrique du Sud a repris l’ensemble des moyens de protection les plus performants pour les adapter au véhicule. Ainsi le véhicule résiste à une charge de 21 kg sous la roue et 14 kg en ventral. Le soutien du RG-21 est très facile. Le groupe BAE entend vendre ce blindé à une part importante de l’Afrique, qui connait déjà les capacités opérationnelles des autres blindés de la famille et qui n’aurait pas besoin d’un matériels hyper sophistiqué mais qui déplace et protège son équipage avec une assurance maximale.

 

RG 21 (Afrique du Sud)

 

Camion 6X4 ASTRA HD9 64-48 (IMPALA- Ouganda)

Le camion de gamme civile de dernière génération HD9 était présent sur le salon, présenté par son dépositaire en Afrique, le groupe ougandais IMPALA. Pour l’heure, cette gamme de camion est destinée au marché civil, mais une acquisition par les forces armées ne serait pas à exclure. Si le camion est de marque italienne ASTRA, le châssis est un modèle IVECO également italien. La version 6X4 64-48 est dotée d’un moteur F3B de 480 chevaux à géométrie variable. Le véhicule exposé était en version benne, mais il existe en de multiples versions, notamment dans la partie cargo et transport logistique.

Astra HD 9 64-48 (Ouganda)

 

MRAP 4X4 NYOKA (IMPALA- Ouganda)

Il faut noter que le groupe ougandais IMPALA associé avec la société sud africaine TWIGA, produit plusieurs véhicules ainsi que des optiques, et est également spécialisé dans la reconstruction de matériels. Le blindé de type MRAP NYOKA est l’un des produits majeurs de la société. Ce blindé ressemble fort à d’autres productions, notamment sud africaines, comme les NYALA et autre RG-31. Equipé d’un moteur MERCEDES BENZ de 124 chevaux, le NYOKA est destiné essentiellement au transport de personnel et aux opérations de maintien de l’ordre. II transporte jusqu’à 11 personnes ou une tonne de fret. Ce matériel est en service au sein des forces ougandaises et notamment celles stationnées en Somalie au profit de l’AMISOM.

NYOKA (Ouganda)

 

Consortium PAMODZI-FAW (Afrique du Sud / Chine)

Le salon AAD 2014 a permis de découvrir un nouveau consortium, cette fois sino-africain avec le regroupement de la compagnie chinoise FAW spécialisée dans la production de camions civils et militaires et le groupe sud africain PAMODZI. Le groupe chinois entre dans le capital à hauteur de 49%. L’entreprise sera implantée dans la région du Cap et a annoncé son intention de produire en moyenne 5 000 véhicules par an. Le premier client de ces productions devrait être l’Afrique du Sud qui souhaite moderniser son parc logistique et remplacer les vieux SAMIL. La concurrence sera cependant rude avec l’entrée sur le marché africain des groupes allemands RHEINMETAL et MERCEDES BENZ et italien IVECO. Deux camions, les derniers modèles du groupe chinois étaient présentés à cette occasion, le premier en version 4X4 et l’autre en version 6X6.

PAMODZI FAW (Chine/Afrique du Sud)

 

Tourelle 1 homme LCT-MC (DENEL - Afrique du Sud)

Le groupe sud africain a présenté en exclusivité le 17 septembre sa tourelle 1-homme LCT-MC(Light Combat Turret-Multi Caliber). Cette tourelle est destinée à être montée sur véhicule blindés 6X6 comme le CASSPIR. L’accent a été mis sur la simplicité, la modularité et le cout. Cette tourelle est beaucoup moins chère qu’une tourelle télé opérée et son emploi est très simple. La tourelle accepte les mitrailleuses SS77 de 7,62 mm, de 12,7 mm mais aussi les canons de 20 mm GA1 et les lance-grenades automatiques de 40 mm. Elle est protégée contre les munitions perforantes. La LCT est opérationnelle sur 360° en gisement et de -12 à +45° en site. Elle reçoit, en termes de moyens optiques, un module complet monté sur le coté droit. Ce module comprend une lunette jour à trois champ, une lunette thermique et un télémètre laser permettant au tireur de tirer rapidement avec un maximum de précision.

DENEL LCT MC (Afrique du Sud)

Le délai pour modifier l’armement est très court et sa mise en œuvre est immédiate. La tourelle est un concept sur fonds propres et la société DENEL, qui vient de terminer les essais technico opérationnels attend la première commande avant de lancer la production.

 

Blindé 8X8 ST-1 105 mm (NORINCO - Chine)

Le blindé 8X8 ST-1 était présenté, sous forme de maquette, par le groupe chinois NORINCO.  Une étiquette posée sur la maquette le présentait comme le SH-5 ce qui ne semble pas correspondre aux différentes brochures émises par la compagnie chinoise. La version « DESTROYER » initiale était montée sur châssis 6X6. Ce blindé 8X8 est équipé d’une tourelle capable de tirer toutes les munitions de 105 mm mais également le missile antichar de 105 mm de production chinoise jusqu’à 5 000 m. les capacités moteur du blindé font de ce nouveau système un véhicule d’appui efficace, et avec ce concept la Chine peut s’affirmer être un concurrent sérieux pour les véhicules occidentaux équipé de ce même type de tourelle. Les premières informations concernant ce blindé ont été délivrées lors du salon EUROSATORY 2014.

 ST 1 (Chine)

 

Lance-roquettes SLR SHOCKER-1 (POLYTECHNOLOGIES INC. - Chine)

AAD 2014 a été l’occasion d’observer pour la première fois le lance-roquettes consommable SLR (Shoulder Launched Rocket) dénommé SHOKER-1. D’aspect extérieur il ressemble au système déjà observé DZJ-08 mais se veut résolument moderne, et a été optimisé pour être employé dans les zones urbaines, être tiré en espace clos (une contre masse empêche la projection de blast et de fragments en arrière) en amenuisant les effets collatéraux (projection des fragments à moins de 7 m). Sa munition est de type anti-infrastructure. Ses performances se résument à des destructions de portes blindées ou d’ouvertures et à des tirs contre des véhicules légèrement blindés. Pour exemple, la roquette fonctionne après avoir perforé un mur d’une épaisseur de 12 cm.

Le constructeur affirme que la trajectoire de la munition est optimale, malgré la forme de la roquette, grâce aux ailettes de stabilisation. La portée de tir va de 25 m à près de 200 m .

SLR SHOCKER (Chine)

 

Système optique ATS-60 (ASELSAN - Turquie)

Le groupe turc ASELSAN possède une succursale en Afrique du Sud. Cette dernière présentait un nombre important de moyen d’observation à intensification de lumière mais aussi en thermique. Plusieurs lunettes thermiques et systèmes optiques ont été présentés notamment les PERI EYE destinées aux véhicules blindés et aux chars de bataille, la caméra ATS-60 et la lunette SAGER produite pour être montée entre autres sur le poste de tir antichar russe KORNET. La lunette ressemble dans son architecture extérieure aux lunettes 1PN79 russes. Cette lunette de 7 kg est active en moins de 7 minutes et fonctionne dans la bande 3 – 5 µm.

SAGER (Turquie)

 

Lunette thermique 1PN79M-3 (KBP - Russie)

La dernière évolution de la lunette thermique russe 1PN79 était présentée, montée sur son poste de tir missile KORNET. Cette version a été modernisée et offre des possibilités bien supérieures à la version initiale. La bouteille cryogénique a été remplacée par une machine à froid intégrée dans la lunette, ce qui allège les mises en service et les remises en fonctionnement. Les performances de la lunette ont été améliorées de manière à être employées par la version longue portée du système missile, le KORNET EM, ainsi la version initiale permettait de tirer à près de 3 500 m alors que la version M-3 permet de prendre en compte des cibles à près de 8 km. En mode continue, la lunette fonctionne au moins 1,5 heure et il faut moins de 7 minutes pour la mettre en fonction.

1 PN 79 M 3 (Russie)

 

Dispositif anti-émeute LRAD STORM-500 (COPATROL-ELCOME - EAU)

La compagnie présentait son système complet anti émeute STORM 500. Capable d’envoyer des sons jusqu’à 2 000 m, il émet également un bruit strident  de plus de 149 dB à 1 m et plus de 88 dB à près de 650 m. ce système LRAD est couplé à un moyen de recherche infrarouge et à un système de détection laser. Ce matériel est destiné essentiellement aux unités de maintien de l’ordre mais peut également être employé dans des missions de PsyOpssur les théâtres d’opération. Le système peut être monté sur véhicule blindé comme sur trépied, l’inconvénient de ce dernier sera lié à la masse totale du système. Au contraire d’un autre système similaire observé sur le salon (NL RWS du groupe sud africain ARE), le STORM 500 n’est pas équipé de moyen de dispersion de foule.

STORM 500 (EAU)

D’après le producteur, le STORM 500 a été testé et approuvé lors de missions de maintien de l’ordre. A noter que la société ELCOME est spécialisée et reconnue dans le domaine des radars de surveillance et de détection pour plateformes fixes, aéroportuaires, et destinés aux missions de défense côtière.

 

Fusil de tireur d’élite multi calibre AXMC (ACCURACY - Royaume Uni)

Le représentant sud africain de la marque britannique ACCURACY présentait entre autres sa dernière production à savoir le fusil pour tireur d’élite AXMC, « MC » signifiant Multi Calibre. Cette arme peut, en inter-changeant plusieurs pièces comme le canon, la culasse et le chargeur,  tirer des cartouches de calibre .300 MAG, .308 WIN et .338 LAP MAG. L’échange de calibre s’opère dans un minimum de temps. En version « .338 », le chargeur contient 10 cartouches. Comme pour les autres armes dans cette configuration, toutes les facilités d’emploi comme la mise en place de rails Picatinny, d’un bipied modulaire et de moyens optiques en version Clip-On ont été mises en place. Cette arme quoique que récente est déjà comme celles qui ont précédé une référence pour les utilisateurs, en grande partie appartenant aux forces de police. Autre détail qui a son importance, l’arme tient dans une valise de taille réduite, une fois le canon dévissé et la crosse repliée, ce qui est un avantage certain dans le transport notamment et la discrétion. A la question posée sur les opportunités de production future de fusils anti-matériels de gros calibre (20 mm par exemple), la réponse n’a pas été négative, ce qui laisse présager de nouvelles productions par le groupe britannique.

AXMC (Royaume-Uni)

 

Lance-grenades RLL 37/38 (RIPPEL - Afrique du Sud)

Le stand RIPPEL présentait pour la première fois le lance-grenades RLL 37/38 destiné aux opérations de maintien de l’ordre. RLL signifie d’ailleurs « RIPPEL Less Lethal ». Ce système comporte plusieurs particularités. Il peut être modifié en modifiant le canon et en changeant le barillet de passer de 38 mm à 40 mm. Cette configuration permet de passer de missions de maintien de l’ordre et de l’emploi de grenades encartouchées en Gomme, fumigène ou incapacitantes à des munitions plus vulnérantes avec le 40 mm. La portée de tir dépend de la munition employée. Le RLL 37/38 est ambidextre et même le levier d’armement peut être changé de coté. Une petite mollette permet de pivoter le barillet pour le recharger plus rapidement. D’un poids minimaliste (moins de 4 kg) et d’un encombrement réduit par l’apport d’une crosse télescopique, ce système n’est pas encore en service mais la société annonce déjà que plusieurs clients sont d’ores et déjà fortement intéressés, comme les États-unis.

RIPPEL RLL 37/38 (Afrique du Sud)

 

Système d’aide au tir mortier PAM-16 (INKWAZI Software Solution - Afrique du Sud)

Le bureau d’étude sud africain INKWAZI Software Solution présentait le PAM-16 (Precision Azimuth Measurement). Ce module électronique est monté de manière très rapide et permet de régler un mortier après avoir reçu toutes les informations nécessaires. Le module est équipé d’une batterie autonome et d’un GPS qui indique à l’utilisateur sa position et lui permet d’orienter le tube en gisement et en site. L’erreur de calcul étant quasi nulle, l’impact de la munition devrait correspondre à la position reçue. L’ensemble des tests a déjà été effectué sur des mortiers de 60 mm, et ceux correspondant au calibre 81 mm devraient avoir lieu vers le mois d’octobre 2014. Ce module simple d’emploi et peu couteux apportera en tout cas efficacité de tir pour les utilisateurs et cout modéré quant à l’emploi réduit de munitions.

PAM 16 (Afrique du Sud)

 

Drone aérien SWIFT (S-PLANE - Afrique du Sud)

Quelques stands de drones étaient présents lors de cette édition 2014, parmi lesquels le groupe sud africain S-PLANE. Le groupe présentait son dernier concept modulaire UAS (Unmanned Aerial System) SWIFT. Ce drone d’une envergure de 7,5 m et actionné par un moteur UEL AR-741 rotatif placé à l’arrière du vecteur (réservoir de 75 l au centre du vecteur), est en réalité le porteur de sous ensembles mis en place très rapidement en lien avec les missions demandées. Ainsi nombre de modules « X-Series » peuvent être montés sous le ventre au centre du vecteur mais également à l’arrière. Les missions dévolues au SWIFT vont de la surveillance jour/nuit avec la mise en place de moyens optiques, à l’écoute, à la recherche radar ou même au brouillage. Son autonomie de vol, d’environ 12 heures selon le chargement permet d’effectuer ces missions sans difficulté. Les ingénieurs en charge de cet UAS ont pris en compte les problématiques liées à l’Afrique du Sud (surveillance aux frontières, contrôle des cotes, renseignement) et le SWIFT semble correspondre à leur besoin.

SWIFT (Afrique du Sud)

 

Radar mobile GCA-23LM (AMC - Afrique du Sud / Ukraine / Lituanie)

C’est la première présentation de matériels organisée par le tout nouveau consortium regroupant trois pays : l’Afrique du Sud, l’Ukraine et la Lituanie. Plusieurs systèmes étaient présentés, comme le système antichar ukrainien SKIF, des moyens optiques et de communication et le radar mobile de surveillance aérienne GCA-23LM. Ce radar initialement monté sur châssis ukrainien KRAZ était cette fois monté sur châssis italien IVECO. Les capacités de travail du radar restent cependant inchangées. Il est en mesure de détecter un aéronef de 2 500 m à 150 km avec une probabilité d’erreur de 150 m à distance maximale. il peut également prendre en compte les coordonnées de vol du vecteur et envoyer ses éléments aux batteries de défense anti aérienne. Ce système travaille en bande L. Le délai de mise en œuvre, déploiement de l’antenne compris, est inférieur à 15 minutes. Ce système est en service, au moins en Ukraine et en Lituanie.

GCA 23 LM (Afrique du Sud/Ukraine/Lituanie)

 

Groupe CSIR (Afrique du Sud)

Le groupe CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research) a vu le jour en 1945. Cet Institut est un support permanent dans les recherches nationales sud-africaines et contribue a développer dans un grand nombre de domaines : aéronautique, radar, guerre électronique, protection balistique et contre les blast, optique et optronique, soutien technologique aux opérations spéciales, espace, environnement…Plusieurs partenariats existent entre ce conseil supérieur et des entreprises de défense locales. C’est le cas du groupe DENEL, important producteur de munitions, qui assure une relation permanente avec le CSIR dans l’étude des protections balistiques. En plus d’effectuer des recherches visant à développer les systèmes futurs, le groupe produit des concepts, tels des drones, des blindages, des lasers…

Focus sur la partie menace des explosifs

Le CSIR est le maitre d’œuvre national dans la lutte contre les effets des explosifs et des EEI. Ses recherches portent sur la détection d’explosifs, leur neutralisation et la protection contre les effets de blast et de projection. Le CSIR commence toute recherche par une analyse poussée de la menace, avant d’en délimiter les critères à appliquer. Des recherches sur les projectiles, qu’ils soient sous forme de CGN (Charge génératrice de Noyau) ou EFP (Explosively Formed Projectile) ou sous forme de charge creuse, sont effectuées sans cesse pour tenter de trouver les solutions pour s’en protéger au maximum

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