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2 septembre 2013 1 02 /09 /septembre /2013 16:35
Asie du Nord-est: Moscou prône un système de sécurité collective

MOSCOU, 2 septembre - RIA Novosti

 

La Russie envisage de ranimer la discussion sur la mise en place d'un système de sécurité collective dans l'Asie du nord-est, a déclaré lundi le ministre russe des Affaires étrangères Sergueï Lavrov, précisant que cette discussion devait s'inscrire dans le contexte de négociations à six sur le problème nucléaire de Pyongyang.

 

"Un groupe de travail a été créé. La Russie en est le coordinateur. Nous utiliserons ce statut pour ranimer ces discussions", a indiqué M. Lavrov dans une intervention devant les professeurs et les étudiants de l'Institut des relations internationales de Moscou.

 

La Corée du Nord s'est proclamée puissance nucléaire en 2005 et a effectué des tests nucléaires en 2006 et 2009, suscitant une vague de protestations de la communauté internationale. Ce comportement de Pyongyang a contraint le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU à décréter des sanctions à son encontre.

 

Les négociations à six réunissant la Russie, la Chine, le Japon, les Etats-Unis et les deux Corées ont été lancées en 2003 en vue d'amener Pyongyang à abandonner ses programmes nucléaire et balistique. Elles ont été suspendues en 2009 sur fond de détérioration des relations entre les deux Etats coréens.

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1 septembre 2013 7 01 /09 /septembre /2013 11:35
Taiwan Builds Killer Catamaran

August 30, 2013: Strategy Page

 

 building a class of twin hull (catamaran) patrol ships that are very fast and very heavily armed. The WPC (High Efficiency Wave Piercing Catamaran) type ships are under 1,000 tons, 60.4 meters (180 feet) long and have a top speed of 68 kilometers an hour. The crew of 34 operates several weapons systems, including eight anti-ship missiles (Hsiung-feng 2 and 3 models) a 76mm cannon, a 20mm anti-missile autocannon and four 12.7mm machine-guns. There is no anti-aircraft system (other than some shoulder fired missiles) and no helicopter hanger (but a rear deck that a helicopter can operate from). The waterjet propulsion system makes for a very maneuverable ship. Sufficient supplies are carried for patrols of up to a week.

 

The anti-ship missiles are designed and built in Taiwan. The 6.1 meter (19 foot) long Hsiung-feng 3 weighs 1.5 tons (with a 181 kg/400 pound warhead) and has a top speed of 2300 kilometers an hour. Max range is 130 kilometers. It uses inertial and GPS guidance to get to the general vicinity of the target, then several other sensors to lock on to a specific ship and hit it. Hsiung Feng 2 anti-ship missiles (subsonic speed, range of 160 kilometers, half the weight of the Hsiung Feng 3) have a less advanced guidance system.

 

The WPC type ships are part of a program to replace older patrol craft with newer and more effective designs. Three years ago Taiwan commissioned the first of 21 Kuang Hua-6 (KH-6) guided missile patrol boats. These 34.2 meter (106 foot) long, seven meter (22 foot) wide, 170 ton ships have a crew of 19. They are armed with four Hsiung Feng 2 anti-ship missiles, a 20mm autocannon, two 7.62mm machine-guns and two decoy (for incoming missiles) launchers. Top speed is 55 kilometers an hour. At cruising speed of 22 kilometers an hour, the ships can stay at sea for about two days at a time. The other twenty KH-6s are all in service now. The KH-6s replace thirty older, and smaller (57 ton) Hai Ou class boats. These patrol boats guard the coast, and especially the 180 kilometers wide Taiwan Straits that separate China and Taiwan.

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31 août 2013 6 31 /08 /août /2013 11:35
Lawmaker: Taiwan Plans To Buy 2 Frigates From US

Aug. 30, 2013 – Defense News (AFP)

 

TAIPEI — Taiwan plans to purchase two warships from the United States as part of its efforts to modernize its forces against a perceived military threat from China, a lawmaker said Friday.

 

The defense ministry has listed Tw $5.6 billion (US $187 million) in its 2014 and 2015 budgets to buy two Perry-class frigates from the US Navy, said lawmaker Lin Yu-fang, citing defense budgets submitted to the parliament.

 

The ministry aimed to buy two rather than four Perry-class frigates, as previously reported by the media, to replace some of its Knox-class frigates that were retired, Lin said.

 

Ties between Taiwan and former rival China have improved markedly since Ma Ying-jeou became the island’s president in 2008 on a China-friendly platform. He was elected for a second term last year.

 

However, China still claims sovereignty over self-ruled Taiwan and has repeatedly threatened to invade should the island declare formal independence, prompting Taipei to seek more advanced weapons, largely from the US.

 

In 2001, then-President George W. Bush approved the sale of eight conventional submarines as part of Washington’s most comprehensive arms package for the island since 1992.

 

President Barack Obama’s administration has approved more than $12 billion in sales and equipment upgrades but has held off on Taiwan’s requests to buy new F-16 fighter jets, a step against which China has repeatedly warned.

 

Taiwanese defense officials were not immediately available to comment on the planned purchase.

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30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 07:45
Gambia receives boats donated from Taiwan

28 August 2013 by defenceWeb

 

The Gambian Navy on Friday took delivery of three boats donated by the Taiwanese government, providing a major boost to the country’s small navy. Taiwan donated another four patrol boats in 2009.

 

Vice President Isatou Njie Saidy received the boats at the Gambia Ports Authority wharf in Banjul, on behalf of President Yahya Jammeh. After Taiwanese ambassador Samuel Chen handed over the vessels, he said the delivery was “fitting and timely for obvious reasons”.

 

“As a country, we will continue to ensure that our territorial waters are well-protected, together with our marine resources, and address banditry at sea as well as deter or punish the criminals,” she is quoted by local publication The Point as saying.

 

Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou agreed on the donation during a visit to the Gambia in April last year, to replace the four 50 ton Dvora class (called Hai Ou – Seagull – in Taiwan) fast patrol boats Taiwan donated to the country in 2009. One was seriously damaged, precipitating the donation of the new vessels. The Dvora class patrol boats will now be used for training, according to Hsu Mien-sheng, Director-General of Taiwan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Department of African Affairs.

 

The eight ton vessels are 10 metres long, armed with a 12.7 mm machinegun and are powered by twin 115 horsepower outboard engines giving a top speed of 80 km/h and an endurance of two hours at full throttle. They were refurbished prior to delivery to Africa and christened GN Berre Kuntu, GN Kenyeh Kenyeh Jamango and GN Sanimentereng.

 

Taiwan sent a team of four instructors to train Navy personnel prior to delivery.

 

They are a major boost to The Gambia’s small navy, which comprises of a couple of ex-Spanish fast patrol boats and a single Peterson-type patrol boat.

 

The three vessels are expected to help The Gambia combat drug trafficking, smuggling, piracy, illegal fishing and other maritime threats. "We hope this will promote safety, security and freedom of the sea," ambassador Chen said. “Defending the territorial integrity of The Gambia and creating a stable and viable economic environment promotes national development and economic growth.”

 

“These threats such as piracy, narcotic drugs trafficking, illegal fishing, human trafficking and smuggling of goods in the maritime environment continues to affect the security and stability of the sub-region,” said Comodore Madani Senghore, Commander of The Gambia Navy. “The nature and design of the boats would also enable us to conduct search and rescue operations in narrow channels and shallow waters,” he added.

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12 juillet 2013 5 12 /07 /juillet /2013 16:35
F-35A in-flight missile launch of an AIM-120 June 5, 2013. (Courtesy F-35 Program Office)

F-35A in-flight missile launch of an AIM-120 June 5, 2013. (Courtesy F-35 Program Office)

July 11, 2013 Source: China News Agency

 

WASHINGTON --- A delegation from the Taiwan-US Inter-Parliamentary Amity Association of Taiwan's Legislature said Wednesday in Washington that Taiwan wants to purchase advanced F-35 fighter jets that best suit its defense needs.

 

Kuomintang (KMT) Legislator and Association Chairman Lin Yu-fang briefed reporters in Washington after the delegation's meeting at the Pentagon with David Helvey, deputy assistant secretary of defense for East Asia, to discuss Taiwan's needs for advanced defense weaponry.

 

The delegation members, in their capacity as the Republic of China (ROC) lawmakers, also met with Gregory Kausner, deputy assistant secretary of state for regional security and arms transfers, at the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) Washington Headquarters, according to Lin.

 

The lawmakers said Taiwan needs more advanced fighter jets and submarines to enhance its defense, and also needs to gain more international space.

 

Lin said Taiwan will continue to push for the purchase of F-35 fighters from the U.S. but should also consider buying a reasonable number of F-16C/D jets to replace Taiwan's aging F-5s, which are expected to be phased out in the next few years.

 

When the United States agreed to upgrade Taiwan's current fleet of F-16A/B fighter jets in September 2011, it effectively ruled out the sale of the next-generation F-35s, according to Lin.

 

It would be ideal if Taiwan could purchase the new fighters, which are capable of vertical and short take-off and landing, Lin said.

 

But even if the U.S. approves the sale, the global waiting list is so long that it would take 15-20 years for Taiwan's order to be delivered, he added.

 

While in Washington, the delegation also met with members of the U.S. Congress including Sen. Benjamin Cardin, chairman of the East Asian & Pacific Affairs Subcommittee, and Rep. Ed Royce, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.

 

Earlier in New York, the delegation met more than a dozen of the permanent representatives to the United Nations of Taiwan's allies at the U.N. headquarters.

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30 mai 2013 4 30 /05 /mai /2013 11:35
Report: Taiwan To Open New Cyberwar Unit

May. 29, 2013 – Defense News (AFP)

 

TAIPEI — Taiwan is preparing to launch a fourth cyberwar unit, a local newspaper reported Wednesday, in response to what it claims is a growing security threat from Chinese hackers.

 

The new unit is scheduled to open July 1 and will work to counter cyber attacks on government websites, said the Taipei-based newspaper United Evening News.

 

It will bring to four the number of Taiwanese military units assigned to cyberwar and information-related tasks, added the paper.

 

The defense ministry declined to comment on the report.

 

Taiwanese government websites have frequently come under cyber attack from China, usually during disputes between the two sides, military authorities say.

 

In the six months to June last year, hackers launched more than one million attacks on the website of Taiwan’s National Security Bureau (NSB), the Liberty Times reported.

 

The NSB did not reveal how many of the attacks came from China while saying all hacking attempts were blocked.

 

But the bureau described the perceived cyber threat from the mainland as “very severe” when asked to evaluate it in parliament two months ago.

 

“China’s cyberwar capabilities were organised by the military and government units, using Internet viruses to attack Taiwan’s government, economic and military websites,” it said in a report cited by the Liberty Times.

 

However ties between Taipei and Beijing have improved markedly since Ma Ying-jeou of the China-friendly Kuomintang party came to power in 2008 on a platform of ramping up trade and tourism links with the mainland.

 

Ma was reelected in January 2012 for a second and final four-year term.

 

Yet China still considers Taiwan part of its territory awaiting reunification, by force if necessary, even though the island has ruled itself for more than 60 years after their split in 1949 at the end of a civil war.

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28 mai 2013 2 28 /05 /mai /2013 12:35
La Marine chinoise tape sur les nerfs de ses voisins

MOSCOU, 28 mai - RIA Novosti

 

La Chine a organisé ses plus grandes manœuvres militaires depuis trois ans, près des îles Paracels et Spratleys revendiquées par six pays, écrit le quotidien Nezavissimaïa gazeta du 28 mai 2013.

En 2010, Pékin avait mené des exercices similaires pour contrarier les USA. A l'époque l'Amérique avait riposté en envoyant dans la mer Jaune le porte-avions George Washington pour des manœuvres conjointes avec la Corée du Sud.

Cette fois l'envoi des navires chinois visait à mettre en garde les Etats-Unis et leur allié – les Philippines. Ces dernières se servent en effet des protestations diplomatiques pour pousser Pékin à renoncer aux revendications de l'archipel des Spratleys (les Nansha en chinois). Et Washington, qui soutient les Philippines, a envoyé dans la région litigieuse son porte-avions Nimitz.

Le colonel chinois à la retraite Yue Gang pense que ces manœuvres visent à monter aux Philippines que Pékin maintiendra une position intransigeante dans le litige territorial.

Cependant Pavel Kamennov, expert à l'Institut russe de l'Extrême-Orient, pense que ces exercices ne sont pas associés uniquement au conflit en mer de Chine méridionale. "Pendant le 18ème congrès du parti communiste chinois, le secrétaire général Xi Jinping a donné la directive de transformer la Chine en puissance maritime. Elle l’est déjà grâce à sa flotte commerciale mais étant donné que le président américain Barack Obama a déclaré que l'Asie-Pacifique deviendrait le centre des efforts militaires des USA, la Chine devait réagir de façon appropriée", analyse-t-il.

Pour l'instant, la Chine est en retard sur les Etats-Unis dans des secteurs tels que les systèmes de surveillance, des communications, de contrôle et d'interaction entre divers armements. Mais elle dispose déjà de toutes les armes d'une marine moderne – flotte sous-marine, sous-marins nucléaires lanceurs d'engins (SNLE), destroyers dotés de missiles guidés surface-surface. Une partie est d'origine russe.

Sur fond de confrontation potentielle entre deux grandes puissances, la politique de Taïwan concernant le litige maritime paraît un facteur insignifiant. Mais ce n'est pas le cas. Les autorités de l’île ont annoncé que la souveraineté de l'archipel des Spratleys leur revenait.

Auparavant les pêcheurs taïwanais travaillaient dans les eaux proclamées zone économique exclusive par Taïwan et les Philippines. Mais les militaires philippins ont violemment réprimé cette pratique en ouvrant le feu sur une goélette taïwanaise. Un pêcheur a été tué. Taïwan a exigé des excuses et a rappelé qu'il contrôlait la plus grande île de l'archipel, où se situe une unité militaire taïwanaise.

Les Etats-Unis ont déclaré qu'ils regrettaient de voir leurs deux partenaires militaires se quereller et Pékin a approuvé les actes de Taïwan.

Taïwan ne renonce pas à sa politique autonome. Il a passé un accord avec le Japon afin que les pêcheurs taïwanais puissent pêcher dans la zone économique japonaise autour des îles Senkaku, en mer de Chine orientale, également revendiquées par la Chine. Cette fois, Pékin n’a pas approuvé.

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27 mai 2013 1 27 /05 /mai /2013 11:35
Time Running Out for Taiwan if Russia Releases S-400 SAM

 

 

May. 25, 2013 By WENDELL MINNICK – Defense News

 

TAIPEI — Taiwan faces tough choices over future defense decisions as China’s air defense network continues to grow beyond its shores.

 

At present, China’s land-based mobile air defense missile systems, HQ-9 and S-300, can reach only a small sliver of northwestern Taiwan. Though a clear advantage during a war over control of the middle line of the Taiwan Strait, it is not complete air dominance of the island itself.

 

However, with the planned purchase of the 400-kilometer-range Russian S-400 surface-to-air missile (SAM) system, China will for the first time have complete air defense coverage of Taiwan.

 

Ongoing negotiations with the Chinese on S-400 were confirmed by Russian officials last year, said Vasily Kashin, a researcher with Moscow’s Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies.

 

“This may be one reason that Taiwan is no longer pushing hard for fourth-generation F-16 replacements,” said Ian Easton, China military specialist at the Project 2049 Institute. Taiwan knows that by 2023, it will need F-35 Joint Strike Fighters. If the US refuses to sell them to Taiwan, as it did with the F-16C/Ds, Taiwan’s “only other option is to engage in a sharp ramp-up of cruise missile production and deploy ballistic missiles as well.”

 

Taiwan does have other options that include improving its electronic warfare capabilities, he said. “Also, it’s important to remember that Taiwan’s territory extends right up to the Chinese coast. Taiwan has missile, rocket and other weapons systems capable of engaging SAM networks from the Dongyin, Matzu and Kinmen island groups right off the coast of Fujian province.”

 

Taiwan’s military could use these islands as staging grounds for the insertion of special operations forces, Easton said. These forces include the 101 Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion (“Army Frogmen”), Airborne Special Service Company and Special Forces Command, which consists of the 862 and 871 Airborne Groups. The Taiwan Marine Corps has the Amphibious Reconnaissance Patrol.

 

“As such, if the Chinese move the S-400s too close to the coast, they are going to be in peril,” he said.

 

“Militarily, the deployment of S-300 PMU2 at the opposite side of the strait already puts considerable stress on Taiwan fighter pilots, and now with introduction of the more modernized S-400 SAM, which sooner or later would follow the S-300 PMU2 pattern of deployment in Fujian province,” will make the situation even worse for Taiwan fighter pilots, said York Chen, a former member of Taiwan’s National Security Council.

 

“When S-400s work together with Chinese land- and sea-based fighters, the Chinese will have more confidence in sustaining airspace dominance over the Taiwan theater, thus depriving any organized resistance by the Taiwan Air Force and deterring the American intervention,” Chen said. It is time the US seriously rethinks Taiwan’s export request for the AGM-88 high-speed anti-radiation missile for its F-16s, he said.

 

A sale of the S-400 could go forward in 2017 at the earliest, but so far, there has been no news on any results, or about a memorandum of understanding signing, Kashin said. It is also unclear how many systems the Chinese want to buy.

 

“The key issue is that S-400 producer Almaz-Antey is overloaded with orders from the Russian military and some foreign customers,” Kashin said. “In the past, Russian officials have said that the SAMs’ delivery can take place only after Almaz-Antey fulfills the main contracts with the Russian Ministry of Defense, sometime after 2017. Even if there is fast progress in negotiations, and the Russians agree to revise the 2017 deadline, the delivery will take some time because of production capacity shortages at Almaz-Antey.”

 

The S-400 has implications not just for Taiwan, but also for India, Japan and the US.

 

Recognizing that future wars will be missile-centric, China’s potential acquisition of S-400 SAMs would represent an important move because these systems allow for ballistic-missile defense capabilities that it lacks, Easton said. “For this reason, it could lead to an arms race with India, which relies upon ballistic missiles to deter China.”

 

The S-400 also will cover the Japanese-controlled Senkaku Islands, which China also claims as the Diaoyu Islands.

 

For the US, the implications are less serious, Easton said. “We designed F-22s and F-35s with these types of air defense challengers in mind.”

 

Nonetheless, air superiority is eroding in the western Pacific due to a lack of hardened air bases on Okinawa, he said. “When you combine soft US air bases with hard Chinese air defense systems, the picture doesn’t look good.”

 

More broadly, assuming trends continue, the future air defense environment is going to be highly conducive to drone warfare, Easton said, noting the recent test flight of the X-47B unmanned combat aerial system concept demonstrator May 14 off the US aircraft carrier George H.W. Bush.

 

“Why send manned aircraft into threat environments so high that even elite pilots refer to their missions as one-way trips? And why spend the extra money and reduce endurance and payloads when you can pilot aerial vehicles remotely or allow them to run semi-autonomously for far greater effect?” Easton said.

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7 mai 2013 2 07 /05 /mai /2013 17:35
Japan, Taiwan Upgrade Strike Capability

May. 6, 2013 By WENDELL MINNICK and PAUL KALLENDER-UMEZU    Defense News

 

TAIPEI AND TOKYO — Japan’s main movements on precision strike involve upgrading its Mitsubishi F-2 fighter jet fleet with Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) capability, and working on a more accurate surface-to-surface missile.

 

Taiwan, meanwhile, is pushing forward on a variety of secret missile programs designed to punish mainland China for daring to cross the center line of the Taiwan Strait. These include a new land-attack cruise missile, medium-range ballistic missile, and two new anti-ship missiles powered by ramjets.

 

Japan is focused on deterring and defending against raids by foreign guerrillas and special operations forces, with JDAMs considered a useful tool against such forces. Since 2011, the Air Self-Defense Force (ASDF) has been steadily adding JDAM capability to its F-2 fighter, spending ¥2.1 billion (US $21.4 million) to equip 12 fighters with JDAM kits in 2011, ¥2.8 billion in 2012 for 20 fighters, and ¥1.3 billion this year to equip an undisclosed number of F-2s.

 

Defense Ministry spokesman Takaaki Ohno said the MoD plans to equip its F-2s with what it calls “JDAM capability.”

 

Unconfirmed Japanese press reports say the JDAM kits are for Mk-82 225-kilogram bombs. Japan’s fleet of F-2s also carries a range of free-fall bombs with GCS-1 IIR seeker heads. The ASDF’s fleet consists of 63 F-2s and about 150 Mitsubishi F-15J and 45 F-15DJ Eagles, and it still flies around 80 aging Phantom F-4s of various stripes.

 

The MoD is spending ¥1.3 billion to develop a surface-to-surface missile with improved guidance and extended range to succeed the Type-90 surface-to-surface missile. To reduce cost, the missile will be developed based on the Ground Self-Defense Force’s Type-12 surface-to-ship missile. The missile can be guided by updated target information from helicopters. The Type-90 ship-to-ship missile is a 260-kilogram solid-propellant and ship-launched variant of the turbojet engine-propelled 150-200 kilometer range SSM-1.

Japan, Taiwan Upgrade Strike Capability

Taiwan's Missile Confusion

 

In Taiwan, the Cloud Peak missile program is a land-based, supersonic, anti-ship missile system, according to a Taiwan defense analyst with close ties to the Ministry of National Defense (MND).The news is contrary to previous media reports that Cloud Peak is the same as the medium-range ballistic-missile (MRBM) program or that it is the new land-attack cruise missile (LACM).

 

The MND did not respond to requests for further program information.

 

The defense analyst said the MRBM project exists but is a separate program.

 

“Don’t know its current project name. It’s been changed many times since the early 2000s, when it was originally known as Ti Ching, which literally meant ‘Distant Pacified,’ ” which is traditionally associated with barbarians to the far west of China, the analyst said.

 

Cloud Peak is an extended-range supersonic anti-ship cruise missile, based on a much enlarged version of the Hsiung Feng-3 anti-ship missile, intended to be land-based and used against invasion fleets from China’s southeastern coast, he said.

 

“In fact, this is the production project name for the system formerly known by the code name for its base construction project: Hsiang Yang or Xiangyang,” he said.

 

The Cloud Peak’s range and payload capabilities fall well under Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) Category 1 limitations, “so I doubt it would attract significant US opposition just yet,” he said.

 

The MTCR is a voluntary partnership among nations to stop the proliferation of missile technology allowing for payloads of 500 kilograms and a range of 300 kilometers.

 

The Taiwan source said the Obama administration wants to distance itself from major new Taiwan arms sales and “has been urging Taiwan to go asymmetric.” The US government will “basically try to stay out of Taiwan’s way, so long as Taipei keeps any such counterstrike projects low-key.”

 

Despite Taiwan’s best efforts to develop precision strike weapons, the source said Taiwan could not defeat an all-out Chinese attack.

 

China has roughly 1,500 Dong Feng 11/15 short-range ballistic missiles targeting the island and an unknown number of LACMs, according to Pentagon estimates.

 

Taiwan has also begun fielding its first LACM, the Hsiung Feng 2E. The Missile Command’s 601 Group has three squadrons of the system deployed in ground-mobile launchers. In photos widely published throughout the Internet, the launchers are painted pastel blue and disguised as “Red Bird Express” delivery trucks.

 

Taiwan’s Navy has begun fielding its first ramjet supersonic anti-ship missile, the Hsiung Feng 3, aboard its Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates, and might also deploy it on the Lafayette and Knox-class frigates, MND sources said. Known as the “carrier killer,” it has a range of 150 to 200 kilometers.

 

The objective is “to complicate Chinese strategic calculations by raising the strategic uncertainty of military action against the island, to disrupt the tempo of People’s Liberation Army operations, thereby mitigating their intended effects and affording Taiwan more time to seek outside assistance/intervention,” the Taiwan defense analyst said

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