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3 décembre 2015 4 03 /12 /décembre /2015 17:30
German Bundeswehr to Deploy Surveillance Tornado Jets to Syria

While the UK has finally decided to deploy Tornado and Typhoon fighters to carry out air strikes in Syria, Germany is expected to only send Tornado reconnaissance variants but no offensive aircraft. (GE Mod photo)

December 3, 2015 defense-aerospace.com
(Source: Deutsche Welle German Radio; issued December 3, 2015)

The German military is expected to strengthen the alliance against the 'Islamic State' (IS) with six Tornado jets for surveillance missions. Up to 1,200 German soldiers are also be deployed for a year.

German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen (CDU) said that a combination of airstrikes and "local ground troops" was the most promising strategy in the fight against the self-declared "Islamic State" (IS).

The role of the six Tornado fighter jets to be sent by Germany is to provide more information on Syria. A refueling aircraft is also to be deployed, in addition to a warship, which will be sent to protect a French aircraft carrier.

No cooperation with Assad troops

In order to move forward on the issue of ground troops, however, von der Leyen said "one of the first aims must first be for the 1,200 armed groups in Syria to reach a ceasefire," adding that it was important to find forces in the region that were ready to go fight.

The defense minister stressed, however, that there would be no cooperation with troops under the command of Syrian President Bashar al- Assad.
Sign to France and Syria

According to von der Leyen, the aim of the military, which would be deployed in January, is to combat and curb IS, destroy their options to retreat and prevent militants from carrying out further terrorist attacks.

Germany's parliament, the Bundestag, is set to approve the mandate on Friday.
In light of November's Paris attacks, von der Leyen said Germany's military action should also be a clear signal to France and "to the people in Syria," that Germany is determined to join the fight against IS.

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13 novembre 2015 5 13 /11 /novembre /2015 08:30
The Long Arm: The "International" Squadron has Broken 3 Records


10.11.2015 Talya Yariv | Translation: Ohad Zeltzer Zubida & Ofri Aharon


During the "Red-Flag" training exercise in August, the "International" Squadron operating Boeing 707 aircraft broke multiple records. One of them is the farthest direct flight in the history of the IAF. "The record demonstrates the squadron's range of capabilities"


Farther, longer and stronger: The "International" Squadron aircrews, operating the Boeing 707, broke three records, led by the longest flight in IAF history, that was executed as a part of the transportation operation to and from the "Red-Flag" training exercise that took place in August in Nevada, USA.

The transportation operation to the exercise was a complicated mission that posed an opportunity to practice one of the air force's strategic missions: reaching every point on the globe.

"The records demonstrate the squadron's abilities", exclaims Lt. Col. Itamar, the squadron commander. "They show the range of possibilities the squadron can achieve when needed. They make the aircrews better, raise our confidence in our abilities and expand the range of our skills".


"Breaking a record is a show of capability"

The transportation operation from the USA to Israel at the end of the exercise was carefully planned, as were the stops made on the way. In the first leg of the journey, a malfunction was identified in one of the Boeing 707 aircraft and grounded it for a night for repairs, while the rest of the aircraft continued their journey to Israel.

In order to stick to the original plan, the operation's commanders decided that at the moment the jet will be flight-ready, it would be refueled with a larger quantity than usual and fly directly to Israel.

The approximately 6,000 mile flight was the record breaker and is the farthest flight ever conducted in the history of the IAF.

"There is no squadron that executed such a long flight with no stopovers", said Lt. Col. Itamar. "I see the breaking of the record as a demonstration of ability. The IAF knows that today, it has an aircraft that can takeoff in the heart of the United States and land in Israel and vice versa, this is an important achievement. The 707 landed in Nevatim Airbase without much fuel to spare, but safely and efficiently as we expected".


The Amount of Jets Refueled: Greater than Ever

Another record broken by the "International" Squadron during the "Red-Flag" training exercise was the amount of fuel administered by way of aerial refueling from the Boeing 707s to the F-15s and F-15Is during the transportation operation and the exercise. By the end of the exercise, the squadron reached an unprecedented amount of fuel administered to the fighter jets.

"The amount of fighter jets that passed through the transportation operation, meaning we refueled, was about 50% greater than we ever refueled in any other operation. The amount of fuel that we used during the two weeks of the exercise was equivalent to the amount of fuel the IAF uses every six months", he explained. "Because of the amount of jet fighters, we enlarged the amount of Boeing 707s. Until today, the largest amounts of Boeing 707s that have crossed the Atlantic Ocean simultaneously were three, but now, it's five".

The squadron's main mission which Aerial Refueling mission, is a complicated and unique mission, in which a "controlled collision" situation is conducted. Throughout the training, dozens of "collisions" of this kind were executed.

"In any other division, a collision between two planes would be considered an 'accident'. For us - it's a mission", explains Lt. Col. Itamar. "Like any other IAF mission we complete, we also emphasize lessons for personal improvement. We checked the operation while flying to the United States and made improvements the following morning. This explains why the transportation operation on the way back to Israel was even more professional".

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23 octobre 2015 5 23 /10 /octobre /2015 16:35
photo Boeing

photo Boeing


23 October, 2015 By James Drew – FG


Washington DC  - Just months after being rejected by South Korea and weeks after first flight, Boeing’s KC-46A has been selected by Japan to supplement the nation’s KC-767 tanker fleet.


The announcement came from Japanese defence minister Gen Nakatani on Friday, and constitutes a significant win for Boeing after a troubled start to the next-generation tanker development programme with the US Air Force. The Pegasus tanker can almost see the end of its development phase, after achieving first flight 25 September from Paine Field in Washington, following a roughly nine-month delay. According to Boeing, KC-46 is particularly attractive to Japan as it will be capable of refuelling the Japan Air Self-Defense Force’s planned fleet of Bell-Boeing MV-22 Osprey helicopters. Japan intends to procure three tankers for fielding in the 2020 time frame, at a cost of more ¥20.8 billion – about $173 million per tanker.

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16 octobre 2015 5 16 /10 /octobre /2015 06:20
KC-46 Demos its Aerial Refuelling Systems


Oct 14, 2015 ASDNews Source : Cobham


The KC-46A Pegasus notched another success this week when the systems at the heart of aerial refuelling were demonstrated on EMD-2 with the deployment of both drogue systems and the boom


On Thursday, EMD-2 successfully extended the drogue refuelling baskets from both the Centerline Drogue System, located on the belly of the fuselage, and from the Wing Aerial Refuelling Pods, located on the wing tips, for probe receiver aircraft.  On Friday, EMD-2 extended the boom, the telescoping tube which an operator on the tanker aircraft extends to receptacle-equipped receiver aircraft. "The core mission of Pegasus is to fuel the fight, so deploying the boom and drogues signals real progress toward demonstrating the ability to pass fuel in flight," said Brig. Gen. Duke Z. Richardson, Program Executive Officer for Tankers at the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center. "This sets the stage for the main act, which is hooking up to and refuelling an aircraft in flight." 


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8 octobre 2015 4 08 /10 /octobre /2015 11:20
Avion ravitailleur KC-46 de Boeing développé pour l’US Air Force qui en a commandé 179 – photo Boeing

Avion ravitailleur KC-46 de Boeing développé pour l’US Air Force qui en a commandé 179 – photo Boeing


07 octobre 2015 Par Julien Bonnet – Usine Nouvelle


Le futur ravitailleur de l’US Air Force, le KC-46 Pegasus de Boeing, a effectué son premier vol le 25 septembre dernier entre Everett et Seattle au nord-ouest des Etats-Unis. L’armée américaine en a commandé 179 exemplaires. Objectif : remplacer ses (KC-135) Stratotanker développés dans les années 50 et qui lui coûte plusieurs milliards de dollars chaque année pour les maintenir en service.

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17 septembre 2015 4 17 /09 /septembre /2015 16:20
A Boeing KC-46A tanker aircraft depicted in aerial refueling. Photo Boeing

A Boeing KC-46A tanker aircraft depicted in aerial refueling. Photo Boeing




As the budget deadline for fiscal year 2016 quickly approaches for U.S. lawmakers, the Pentagon reports operations under a continuing resolution may force the Air Force to end its contract with Boeing for the KC-46 tanker.

Under the current contract, Boeing supplements the cost for engineering and manufacturing for the tanker program, capped by the Air Force at $4.9 billion. Thus far, technical issues over the past 18 months have had Boeing paying $1.2 billion in tax overages. Should a continuing resolution continue, further services will require a waiver from Congress.

Top U.S. military officials have expressed concern over the potential end of the KC-46 contract.


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16 septembre 2015 3 16 /09 /septembre /2015 11:20
KC-46 Refueling Tanker to Make First Flight This Month


September 15, 2015 by Bryant Jordan - defensetech.org


The U.S. Air Force’s new KC-46A aerial refueling tanker made by Boeing Co. is scheduled to make its first flight on Sept. 25, a general said.


The date was announced Tuesday by Brig. Gen. Duke Richardson during the Air & Space Conference near Washington, D.C. The milestone for the eventual successor to the KC-135 and KC-10 was initially planned for the spring.


“Once that first flight occurs we’ll go into initial air worthiness,” he said. That means the second flight will begin testing the boom, hose and drogue systems, he said.


Richardson, the program executive officer for tankers with the Air Force Material Command at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, said the subsequent flights will involve a variety of aircraft flying with the KC-46 and culminate with actual refueling flights in January.


Sen. John McCain, a Republican from Arizona and chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said the recent cost overrun on the aircraft, known as the Pegasus and based on the 767 twin-engine commercial airliner, is “deeply unfortunate” and that he’s concerned about delays to the program.


McCain said he detailed the concerns in a recent letter to Defense Secretary Ashton Carter. He and Sen. Jack Reed, a Democrat from Rhode Island, sent a similar letter over issues with the Air Force’s new bomber program.


“While the recently announced cost overrun on the Air Force’s KC-46A tanker is deeply unfortunate, it is encouraging that the contractor, and not the taxpayer, will bear this expense,” McCain said.


“That said, the resulting delays to the program’s internal deadlines for completing key qualification and planned ground and flight testing activities are indicative of a program at risk of not meeting its planned delivery milestones,” he said.


Boeing plans to deliver the first 18 KC-46As to the Air Force by August 2017. The service estimates it will spend $49 billion to develop and build 149 of the planes to replace its aging fleet of KC-135s, according to Pentagon budget documents. Boeing forecasts an $80 billion global market for the new tankers, according to Trading Alpha.

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23 juillet 2015 4 23 /07 /juillet /2015 16:20
Boeing’s first KC-46 tanker test aircraft takes off from Paine Field, Washington, on its inaugural flight in Dec. 28, 2014.(Photo Paul Gordon/Boeing)

Boeing’s first KC-46 tanker test aircraft takes off from Paine Field, Washington, on its inaugural flight in Dec. 28, 2014.(Photo Paul Gordon/Boeing)


22.07.2015 LaTribune.fr


Boeing a enregistré une charge 536 millions de dollars lié à des problèmes de test du KC-46 et vu ses profits chuter de 33% au deuxième trimestre. Mais le groupe connait un chiffre d'affaire en hausse de 11%, sa plus forte croissance en deux ans grâce ses ventes d'avions de ligne.


Boeing a annoncé mercredi 22 juillet un bénéfice en baisse pour le deuxième trimestre, affecté par une lourde charge sur un projet d'avion ravitailleur militaire. Il est ainsi ressorti en baisse de 33% à 1,11 milliard de dollars (1,02 milliard d'euros), soit 1,59 dollar par action, au deuxième trimestre, contre 1,65 milliard, soit 2,24 dollars par action, un an auparavant.

Les profits réalisés sont toutefois meilleurs que prévu grâce à une demande toujours aussi forte pour les avions de ligne. Les livraisons d'avions de ligne du groupe américain d'aéronautique et de défense ont augmenté de 9% pour atteindre 197 appareils et son chiffre d'affaires a progressé de 11%, soit la plus forte hausse en deux ans, à 24,54 milliards de dollars.


Les charges s'accumulent pour le K-46

Les profits de Boeing ont été affectés par une charge après impôt de 536 millions de dollars sur ses comptes du deuxième trimestre, liée à des problèmes ayant émergé pendant les tests du circuit carburant de son avion de ravitaillement en vol KC-46 destiné à l'U.S. Air Force.

C'est la deuxième charge passée sur cet avion qui est l'un de ses plus gros projets dans l'aéronautique militaire, ce qui porte les charges totales après impôt sur ce projet à un peu plus de 800 millions de dollars et à près de 1,3 milliard avant impôts.



Suite de l'article

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30 juin 2015 2 30 /06 /juin /2015 16:35
A330 Multi-Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) - photo Airbus DS

A330 Multi-Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) - photo Airbus DS


30/06/2015 By: James Drew - FG


Airbus Defence & Space this week added South Korea to its growing list of A330 Multi-Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) operators after the nation downselected the tanker type over Boeing’s KC-46A Pegasus and Israel Aerospace Industries’ 767-based design.


South Korea’s Defense Acquisition Program Administration announced the selection decision on 30 June, citing the performance and price of the European tanker over the US and Israeli alternatives.


The $1.26 billion KC-X programme aims to deliver four tankers by 2019, and the selection of Airbus is an important victory for the company as it looks to an upcoming Japanese tanker competition.


Boeing had expressed confidence before the decision, touting estimates that the KC-46A it is developing for the US Air Force will cost 25% less to own and operate over its life-cycle compared with the A330 MRTT, despite being a more expensive aircraft up front. However, Airbus offers a much larger aircraft compared with the 767-based KC-46A, and it can carry 111t (245,000lb) of fuel and up to 300 troops.


“This contract will also allow Airbus Defence & Space to establish a long-term and sustainable cooperation with the Korean industry,” says company spokeswoman Maggie Bergsma. “We will carry out our contractual obligations faithfully and are looking forward to executing this programme in a timely and efficient way as we have done with other A330 MRTT contracts.


“The decision means that the A330 MRTT has won every tanker competition outside of the United States since it entered the market, and has now been selected by nine nations plus the European Defence Agency.”


The decision to go with a European supplier shows that South Korea is prepared to break from the tradition of buying American military hardware, following multi-billion-dollar commitments last year to procure the Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter and three Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk unmanned air vehicles.


"While we are disappointed with this decision, we remain committed to our partnerships in Korea,” says Boeing spokesman Chick Ramey.


Boeing’s KC-46 programme is running behind schedule, and is yet to conduct the first full-up KC-46A tanker flight. The first 767-2C engineering and manufacturing development aircraft recently flew an airworthiness test fitted with a boom and wing aerial refuelling pods. Still, Boeing can claim the largest base customer, the US Air Force, with 176 orders expected initially and potentially up to 400 as the aging KC-135 is retired.


Meanwhile, Airbus already has 35 solid orders on its books from six countries, and has delivered more than 24 aircraft to date. The tanker has also been selected by India (six aircraft) and Qatar (two). France is boosting its tanker order to 12, and the European Defence Agency is exploring options to acquire several aircraft that would be operated jointly.


One of Boeing’s biggest selling points was interoperability with the US fleet. The KC-46 will be certified to refuel more than 64 receiver types at little or no cost to the foreign customer, Boeing says.


However, Korea is not alone in the Pacific. The Royal Australia Air Force – which operates Super Hornets and, soon, F-35As – was the tanker type’s launch customer and it has already completed several refuelling certifications.


Singapore has also ordered six aircraft, and in Europe and the Middle East – Korea would dovetail on the established MRTT programmes of the UK, France, Saudi Arabia and UAE.

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30 juin 2015 2 30 /06 /juin /2015 11:35
A330 MRTT photo Airbus DS

A330 MRTT photo Airbus DS


30 juin 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)


Séoul - Airbus Defence and Space a remporté un contrat de 1,33 milliard de dollars US (1,19 milliard d'euros) avec la Corée du Sud pour l'achat de quatre avions A330 MRTT, a annoncé mardi le ministère sud-coréen de la Défense.


Selon les termes de ce contrat, Airbus livrera ces appareils de transport et de ravitaillement d'ici à 2019, a précisé dans un communiqué l'agence d'acquisition des matériels militaires dépendant du ministère de la Défense.


L'A330 était en concurrence avec le KC-46A de l'avionneur américain Boeing, a-t-il ajouté.


La France a acquis 12 MRTT (Multi-Role TankerTransport), des appareils conçus sur la base des long-courriers A330-200, maillon clé dans le déploiement de bombardiers stratégiques et plus généralement dans les missions aéroportées de longue distance.


Les forces armées sud-coréennes, et en particulier l'armée de l'Air, se fournissent traditionnellement auprès des constructeurs américains, expression de la longue alliance militaire entre Séoul et Washington depuis la guerre de Corée.


Les groupes européens, Airbus en tête, ont cependant décroché d'importants contrats ces dernières années.


Dernier en date, celui signé en mars par Airbus Helicopters avec Korea Aerospace Industries pour le développement et la fabrication de plus de 300 appareils civils et militaires, qui rapportera au constructeur européen 1,5 milliard d'euros sur 20 ans.

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24 mai 2015 7 24 /05 /mai /2015 11:30
photo Armée de l'Air

photo Armée de l'Air

Crédit : Etat-major des armées / armée de l’Air

Avril 2015, dans le ciel irakien, ravitaillement en vol d’une patrouille de Mirage 2000D auprès d’un avion ravitailleur américain de la coalition.

Lancée depuis le 19 septembre 2014, l’opération Chammal mobilise 700 militaires. Elle vise, à la demande du gouvernement irakien et en coordination avec les alliés de la France présents dans la région, à assurer un soutien aérien aux forces irakiennes dans la lutte contre le groupe terroriste autoproclamé Daech.


Reportage photos

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24 mars 2015 2 24 /03 /mars /2015 12:25
IAI's first B767 MMTT conversion was the 'Jupiter' currently operated by the Colombian Air Force (FACH).

IAI's first B767 MMTT conversion was the 'Jupiter' currently operated by the Colombian Air Force (FACH).


Mar 2015 By: Arie Egozi - FG


Tel Aviv - After long delays, the Brazilian government has allocated the required budget for the purchase of three converted Boeing 767-300s that will serve as aerial tankers. The conversions will be performed by Israel Aerospace Industries.


IAI was selected for the contract in 2013, but the elections in Brazil last October had frozen the process, which remained slow even after the formation of a new government.


According to sources in Brazil, the air force increased its pressure, by claiming that the capability to refuel aircraft in the air and to also transport forces and equipment is its top priority.


The service has already retired a previous fleet of four KC-137 tankers, which were adapted from the Boeing 707, and now has just two Lockheed Martin KC-130H/M aircraft operational in this role.


At least one of the 767s will be converted by IAI's Bedek division, with the others to be completed in Brazil by TAP subsidiary TAP Manutenção e Engenharia Brasil, under its supervision. The work will include equipping the aircraft with wing-mounted hose and drogue refuelling pods.


Brazilian sources say they already have the tail numbers of the three 767s that will be converted. After the contract is signed IAI will purchase the aircraft and begin the conversion process.


IAI declines to comment on the fact that the programme has received the green light from the Brazilian government.

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23 mars 2015 1 23 /03 /mars /2015 12:50
Millimeterarbeit - Luftbetankung eines Awacs Flugzeuges

23 mars 2015 Quelle: Redaktion der Bundeswehr 03/2015 15E15402


Rendezvous in 8.000 Metern Höhe: Ein AWACS (Airborne Warning & Control System) -Flugzeug der NATO nähert sich einem amerikanischem Tankflugzeug bis auf wenige Meter. Die Piloten müssen manuell genau Kurs halten, um den Tankrüssel richtig platzieren zu können. Danach fließen rund 20.000 Liter Kerosin in die AWACS-Maschine.


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18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 08:35
A330 MRTT photo Airbus DS

A330 MRTT photo Airbus DS


Mar 14, 2015 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Korea Herald; published Mar 13, 2015)


South Korea has postponed the introduction of aerial refueling tankers by about a year until 2018 due to a delayed process of selecting a successful bidder, government officials and industry sources here said Friday.


The 1.4 trillion won ($1.26 billion) project to purchase four refueling tankers has drawn interest from three aerospace giants: Europe's Airbus Defense and Space, Boeing of the United States and Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) of Israel.


The Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA), South Korea's state arms procurer, had planned to choose the winning bidder by the end of last year, but the process has been delayed due mainly to gaps in offsets of defense trade terms, according to industry sources.


Offsets in defense trade encompass a range of industrial compensation arrangements required by foreign governments as a condition of the purchase of defense articles and services from a non-domestic source.


"We will resume negotiations with the candidates next week," said a DAPA official, requesting anonymity. "After wrapping up the talks and bidding process by the end of next month, we will make a contractor selection in June."


The delay in the selection process has subsequently caused the military's schedule of putting the tankers into service to be postponed from 2017 to 2018, a defense ministry official said.


"But we are to deploy all four tankers by 2019 as planned -- two in 2018 and two in 2019," the official noted.


The use of tankers allows the fighter jets to stay airborne for an extra hour and carry more weapons. The greater payload is made possible because the jets can take off with less fuel, thereby lightening their weight. (Yonhap)

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16 mars 2015 1 16 /03 /mars /2015 12:55
Projet MRTT - Plan Unis pour "Faire Face"

13 mars 2015 Armée de l'Air


Dans le cadre du plan stratégique Unis pour "Faire Face", le colonel Tantet est chef du projet MRTT. Il évoque l'arrivée dans les forces aériennes françaises de l'Airbus A330, surnommé "Phénix". Il est aussi question de l'impact sur le personnel et les infrastructures qui accueilleront le remplaçant à terme du Boeing C135.

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10 février 2015 2 10 /02 /février /2015 12:50
Second European Tanker Training on the scope


21 January 2015 by Norbert Thomas - EATC


After its great success last year, the EATC together with the EDA and Eindhoven Airbase are about to run the 2nd European Air-to-Air Refuelling training, EART 2015.


Participating agencies and - nations had sent their subject matter experts to Eindhoven in order to discuss planning issues, setting the pace for this year’s EART exercise, which will be conducted from 13 to 24 April 2015 and will see tanker aircraft from France (Boeing (K)C-135 FR), Italy (Boeing KC-767A), Germany (Airbus A310 MRTT) and the Netherlands (McDonnel Douglas KDC-10). So far in discussion is also a fifth tanker from a further non-European country in a kind of observer status.

EART is an excellent training opportunity within Europe to operate missions with dedicated AAR scenarios embedded in Frisian Flag, a highly recognized fighter exercise that runs parallel from Dutch Airbase Leeuwarden in the North of the Netherlands. The EART training concept is made by EATC and performed by Eindhoven Airbase.


Find more about the European Air-to-Air Refuelling Training at our EART website.

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23 janvier 2015 5 23 /01 /janvier /2015 12:40
La Russie construit de nouveaux avions ravitailleurs

Ilyushin Il-78 simulating aerial refueling with a Tu-95MS during the Victory Day Parade in Moscow on 9 May 2009 Photo Sergey Ashmarin


22.011.2015 Vassili Kachine - La Voix de la Russie


Le ministère de la Défense de Russie a conclu avec la Compagnie aéronautique unifiée russe (OAK) un contrat d'achat de deux premiers ravitailleurs construits sur la base de la version cargo de l'avion à large fuselage russe Iliouchine Il-96. Selon un expert du Centre d'analyse des stratégies et des technologies, cette décision suppose que le futur avion à large fuselage russo-chinois pourrait se décliner en versions militaires.


Le ravitailleur construit sur la base de l'Iliouchine Il-96 s'appellera Il-96-400TZ. Il doit être en état de ravitailler les avions en 65 tonnes de kérosène à une distance de 3 500 km de sa base. De cette façon ses capacités sont largement supérieures à celles d'Iliouchine Il-78 utilisé par les forces aériennes de Russie et, depuis peu, par l'armée de l'air chinoise.


L'Iliouchine Il-78 embarque 60-65 tonnes de carburant pour une distance de 1 000 km. A une distance de 2 500 km, le ravitaillement diminue jusqu'à 32-36 tonnes. Sa version modernisée est capable de ravitailler les avions à une plus grande distance allant jusqu'à 4 000 km, mais sa capacité de ravitaillement baisse également jusqu'à 32-36 tonnes.


Un ravitailleur plus puissant et lourd convient mieux pour assurer les activités de l'aviation embarquée. En plus, il peut être utilisé d'une manière efficace pour ravitailler des avions lourds tels que les bombardiers stratégiques et les avions volant à de grandes distances, plus particulièrement sur d'autres continents pour participer à des exercices conjoints.


La Russie a pratiquement cessé de construire les avions de ligne Il-96, mais elle construit sur leur base des avions spéciaux, plus particulièrement les avions de communication ou des postes de commandement volants. C'est l'unique avion de ligne à large fuselage construit en dehors des Etats-Unis et de l'Europe de l'Ouest.


En 2015, la Russie et la Chine entameront en commun l'avant-projet d'un avion de ligne à large fuselage. Selon le ministère russe de l'Industrie et du Commerce, l'avion conjoint pourrait décoller pour la première fois en 2021 ou en 2022 et son exploitation commerciale pourrait commencer vers 2025.


La Chine a récemment acheté à l'Ukraine un certain nombre (pas plus de trois) de ravitailleurs Il-78. En plus elle dispose de plusieurs bombariers H-6 transformés en ravitailleurs. Le développement des capacités de ravitaillement en vol est une priorité pour les forces aériennes chinoises. Les avions de types nouveaux sont dotés d'équipements appropriés et les unités aériennes d'élite organisent des entraînements avec plusieurs ravitaillements pendant un seul vol.


En attendant la Chine se propose d'utiliser en tant que ravitailleur son futur avion militaire de transport Y-20. Sa construction en série doit commencer beaucoup avant que celle de l'avion à large fuselage russo-chinois. La Chine a déjà organisé la production des dispositifs de ravitaillement qui copient le système russe UPAZ-1. Un certain nombre de ces ravitailleurs sera évidemment construit avant 2025.


Dans une perspective plus lointaine, la construction de ravitailleurs et de certains autres types d'avions spéciaux, notamment des avions de détection, sur la base de l'avion à large fuselage conjoint pourrait être raisonnable. L'avion de transport militaire n'est pas la plate-forme optimale pour un ravitailleur. Les avions de transport sont développés de la façon à faciliter les travaux de transbordement ou le parachutage et à accroître au maximum les performances de décollage et d'atterrissage pour transporter des frets sur les aérodromes avancés. Les ravitailleurs n'en ont pas besoin, c'est pouroquoi en Occident ils sont constuits le plus souvent sur la base des avions de ligne. Pour la Chine un ravitailleur plus lourd et puissant pourrait être particulièrement utile car cela étendra la zone d'action de l'aviation chinoise au-dessus de l'océan Pacifique.

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7 janvier 2015 3 07 /01 /janvier /2015 12:20
Typhoon FGR4 air to air refuel EX Red Flag

7 janv. 2015 Royal Air Force


The deployment by 1(F) Squadron across the Atlantic continues. The 6000 mile journey to Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada would not be possible without the support of a pair of Voyager air-refuelling tanker aircraft.#RAFRedFlag

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7 janvier 2015 3 07 /01 /janvier /2015 08:20
Premier vol du ravitailleur KC-46 de Boeing

Avion ravitailleur KC-46 de Boeing développé pour l’US Air Force qui en a commandé 179 – photo Boeing


30 décembre 2014 Aerobuzz.fr


Boeing annonce que l’avion-ravitailleur KC-46 a effectué son premier vol, le 28 décembre 2014, à Paine Field (Washington). L’avion, un Boeing 767-2C qui a volé 3 heures et 32 minutes, sera doté de ses systèmes militaires après certification. Ce premier vol s’inscrit dans le programme de l’avion ravitailleur de nouvelle génération destiné à l’US Air Force. Le contrat a été remporté par Boeing en 2011 après un épique combat à rebondissements multiples mené contre Airbus et son A330 MRTT.


Boeing prévoit d’utiliser 4 avions d’essais : deux 767-2C et deux KC-46A. Les 767-2C seront utilisés pour la certification de la version cargo, avant de recevoir les systèmes de ravitaillement en vol. Dans le même temps, les KC-46, entièrement équipés, seront utilisés pour les certifications militaire et civile (FAA). Boeing doit livrer à l’US Air Force, les 18 premiers KC-46 en 2017. Le contrat total porte sur 179 avions.

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12 août 2014 2 12 /08 /août /2014 07:30
Kuwait receives first KC-130J tanker


6 Aug 2014 By: Craig Hoyle - FG


Lockheed Martin has delivered its first of three KC-130J tanker/transports to the Kuwait air force, providing the service with a new air-to-air refuelling capability.


Carrying the registration KAF 326, the short-fuselage aircraft will be followed by another two contained within a production order signed in 2010. These are to be handed over before the end of this year, according to Flightglobal’s Ascend Fleets database.

Kuwait also has options on a further five Rolls-Royce AE2100D3-powered KC-130Js. It will use the type for tasks including supporting operations with its Boeing F/A-18C combat aircraft.

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11 août 2014 1 11 /08 /août /2014 16:30
source fijione.tv

source fijione.tv


August 11, 2014: Strategy Page


The Iraqi government recently scored a victory in their campaign to prevent the Kurds in the north from selling any more of the oil the Kurds are now pumping and shipping out via Turkey. This win came in the United States where lawyers representing Iraq convinced an American court to block the sale of a million barrels of Kurdish oil in the United States. As of August 1 st this leaves a tanker carrying a million barrels of Kurdish oil stranded in a Texas port while lawyers representing Iraq and the Kurds continue to argue over whether the autonomous Kurds of northern Iraq can actually own and can sell oil pumped from Kurdish controlled oil fields. The U.S. court, for the moment, agrees with Iraq that all oil pumped in Iraq (which the autonomous Kurdish territory is still technically part of) is owned by the Iraqi government. The Kurds point out that the share of Iraq oil income promised them has been plundered by corrupt Arab politicians in the Iraqi government and that the only way to get their fair share is to pump it, ship it and sell it themselves. The Kurds currently have three tankers at sea filled with their oil but the Iraqi government has lawyers standing by to halt any sale of this oil.


The Kurds had hoped that the Iraqi government would relent because in June, when Iraq asked the Kurds to send some of their troops south to fight ISIL Islamic terrorists forces threatening to march on Baghdad, the Kurds did move south. But the Kurds want the Shia dominated Iraq government to stop opposing Kurdish efforts to export and sell oil pumped within the Kurdish controlled areas of northern Iraq. The Arab Iraqis, for the moment, do not believe Kurdish military assistance is worth that high a price.


In April 2013 Iraqi Kurds sold their first shipment of Kurdish oil (produced in oil fields developed by Kurds in Kurdish controlled territory.) This oil was trucked across the border to Turkey and sold for $22 million. The Iraqi government loudly protested this independent oil operation but the Iraqi armed forces were not powerful enough to stop the Kurds.


It was back in 2012 that the Kurdish government in northern Iraq announced that they would begin exporting oil via a pipeline through Turkey by 2013 and then ship it to buyers worldwide. The Iraqi government insisted that this would not happen. This is an Arab/Kurd conflict, part of a struggle that goes back thousands of years. The Kurds are relying on Turkish support, and in return are cooperating with Turkish efforts to deal with Turkish PKK Kurdish separatists, who have bases in northern Iraq. While the PKK goal of a separate Kurdish state is popular with most Kurds (even in northern Iraq), the survival of the autonomous Kurdish region in northern Iraq is considered more crucial, for now.


Iraq is producing 3.5 million barrels of oil a day, more than the Saddam ever achieved. Iraqi oil production had been stuck at 2.5 million barrels a day since the 1980s (production had peaked in the late 1970s at four million barrels a day). Iraqi has nine percent of the world's oil reserves, but decades of war and mismanagement had prevented necessary maintenance and construction in the oil fields. For the last few years the oil regions have been safe for foreign oil production companies to bring in their experts, and cash, in to get the job done, so Iraqi production has been steadily increasing. The goal is ten million barrels a day by the end of the decade. The Kurds plan to start exporting 80,000 barrels a day in by 2014, largely with the help of Turkish investors. Kurdish production is currently 120,000 barrels a day. The remaining problem is how to deal with the corruption that has diverted so much oil income into the pockets of thieving politicians and government officials. In Iraq, corruption is like the weather; everyone talks about it but not enough people do anything about it.

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10 août 2014 7 10 /08 /août /2014 11:20
Pease ANGB Selected to Receive KC-46A Pegasus


Aug 6, 2014 ASDNews Source : US Air Force


Air Force officials announced Aug. 6, Pease Air National Guard Base, New Hampshire as the Air Force's first Air National Guard-led KC-46A Pegasus main operating base.


"The KC-46A Pegasus aerial tanker remains one of our top acquisition priorities. Making a final basing decision is an important step in recapitalizing the tanker fleet," said Secretary of the Air Force Deborah Lee James. "We will begin to replace our aging tanker fleet in 2016, but even when the program is complete in 2028 we will have replaced less than half of the current tanker fleet and will still be flying over 200 half-century-old KC-135s."


Read more

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18 juillet 2014 5 18 /07 /juillet /2014 16:50
All Royal Air Force MRTT enter service on schedule


Tuesday 15 July - Norbert Thomas - EATC


According to the official Royal Air Force news, the largest aircraft of the RAF air transport (AT) fleet, the Airbus A 330 MRTT “Voyager”, flew into Farnborough yesterday morning for the start of the International Farnborough Air Show - and with the British MoD confirming all nine aircraft have now been delivered to the RAF: on time and on budget.

Therewith the British Air Force contains the most modern - multirole - air transport fleet within Europe – although EATC is also about to replace some strategic AT-aircraft in the midterm future: Starting 2017 with assigned French and Spanish Airbus A330 (enhanced) MRTT.

EATC’s strategic fleet is actually composed of two Dutch KDC-10, five German A310 and A310 MRTT, two French A 340 and three A310, one Belgian Airbus A321 as well as three Spanish B 707 to be taken over under EATC operational command (OPCON) by the end of this year. Assuming Italy will join the EATC, the use of four KC-767A becomes a likely enhancement.  

After A400M Transfer of Authority (ToA)
EATC is right now more focusing on the tactical issue of its assigned fleet, as the reliable but also old Transall and Hercules face their end of duty in the upcoming years - while the first both French A400M have already faced the ToA from France towards EATC OPCON and now need to be introduced within the assigned tactical EATC fleet - in parallel contain their testing at the French Multinational Entry into Service Team (MEST).
After the first A400M have already been in mission abroad and taken part at several exercises, EATC’s functional division starts focusing on the next nations the aircraft is to be delivered to: first German A400M is planned to be handed over to the German Air Force this fall, the first Spanish aircraft will be delivered early 2016 under the SOC 2 (standard operational clearance) - to be able to fulfill enhanced tactical missions and additional performances. With the constant introduction of the A400M aircraft by then the tactical fleet of EATC will get dramatically younger.

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17 juillet 2014 4 17 /07 /juillet /2014 12:50
Airbus A330 MRTT tanker aircraft refuels Airbus A400M


16/7/2014 Airbus DS


First “wet contacts” conducted in latest trials.


Airbus Defence and Space has performed the first air-to-air refuelling of the Airbus A400M new generation airlifter from the A330 MRTT Multi Role Transport Tanker. In the course of four flights, by day and night, in southern Spain, the A400M received more than 80 tons of fuel in 100 “wet contacts” from a Royal Air Force Voyager version of the A330 MRTT using the tanker´s Fuselage Refuelling Unit. The trials follow dry contacts conducted in an earlier test-phase and support the A400M´s capability to conduct extremely long-range non-stop deployments. The photo shows the two aircraft framed by the wing of an F-18 chase aircraft.

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15 juillet 2014 2 15 /07 /juillet /2014 16:20
Avion ravitailleur : le KC-46 de Boeing devrait coûter plus cher


15 juillet 2014 Usinenouvelle.com


Boeing pourrait devoir assumer des coûts de développement nettement supérieurs à ses prévisions pour le KC-46, le futur avion ravitailleur de l'armée de l'air américaine, même si le contrat prévoit que le constructeur assume seul ces dépassements, a déclaré le responsables des achats du Pentagone.


Frank Kendall, secrétaire adjoint à la Défense des Etats-Unis, a déclaré à des journalistes dimanche soir que le programme évoluait convenablement mais que plusieurs événements imprévus se traduisaient par une augmentation de son coût.


Boeing et le Pentagone sont en désaccord sur le montant du dépassement potentiel, notamment parce que le constructeur estime que les coûts des essais en vol seront inférieurs aux prévisions de l'administration.


"Nous nous attendons bien à un dépassement que Boeing devra assumer", a dit Frank Kendall. "C'est simplement une question d'amplitude du dépassement. Nous considérons que le chiffre sera nettement plus élevé qu'ils ne l'ont admis jusqu'à présent."


Boeing n'a pas fait de commentaire dans l'immédiat sur le montant du dépassement.

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