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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 18:30
photos EMA

photos EMA

 

12/03/2015 Sources : État-major des armées  

 

Cette semaine, la force Chammal a réalisé 57 missions aériennes au-dessus de l’Irak, lesquelles ont abouti à six frappes au sol dans les régions de Fallujah, Kirkouk et Mossoul

 

L’une de ces frappes a notamment permis la destruction d’un véhicule suicide, un camion blindé rempli d’explosifs, stationné sur une route, qui avait pour but d’exploser au prochain passage des forces de sécurité irakiennes.

 

Par ailleurs, le 8 mars, le général d’armée Pierre de Villiers, chef d’état-major des armées, a accueilli son homologue américain, le général Marin Dempsey, à bord du porte-avions Charles de Gaulle engagé dans la lutte contre Daech en Irak.

 

Lancée depuis le 19 septembre 214, l’opération Chammal mobilise 3 000 militaires. Elle vise, à la demande du gouvernement irakien et en coordination avec les alliés de la France présents dans la région, à assurer un soutien aérien aux forces irakiennes dans la lutte contre le groupe terroriste autoproclamé Daech. Le dispositif complet est actuellement structuré autour de douze avions de chasse de l’armée de l’Air (six Rafale et six Mirage 2000D), d’un avion ravitailleur C-135FR, d’un avion de patrouille maritime Atlantique 2, et du groupe aéronaval composé notamment du porte-avions Charles de Gaulle avec à bord 12 Rafale Marines et 9 Super Etendard modernisés, ainsi que d’un avion de guet aérien avancé embarqué 1 E2C Hawkey.

Chammal : point de situation au 12 marsChammal : point de situation au 12 mars
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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 17:55
photo EMA

photo EMA

 

12 March 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

France is increasing its West African counter-insurgency force to support regional forces fighting Nigerian Islamist militant group Boko Haram, Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said on Wednesday.

 

France has headquartered its more than 3,000-strong Sahel counter-insurgency force, Barkhane, in the Chadian capital N'Djamena, some 50 km (30 miles) from the Nigerian border.

 

Until now those troops have largely been tasked with tracking al Qaeda-linked militants spanning across the Sahara from Mauritania in the west and southern Libya in the east.

 

"We will slightly increase the numbers on Barkhane," Le Drian told reporters without giving specific details.

 

He said the troops would provide support to forces fighting around Lake Chad, where Boko Haram has in recent months increasingly threatened regional countries.

 

Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Benin have mobilised forces this year to help Nigeria defeat Boko Haram after it seized territory and staged cross-border attacks.

 

"We do not intend to take part in the fighting," Le Drian said.

 

Paris has, however, already sent about 40 military advisers to Niger's southern border with Nigeria to help coordinate military action by the regional powers fighting Boko Haram and has been operating reconnaissance missions near the Nigerian border and sharing intelligence.

 

It is expected to reduce its 2,000 strong contingent in Central African Republic to deploy more to Barkhane, defence and military sources have said.

 

France, which has the U.N. Security Council presidency in March, is also pushing for a resolution by early April that would back a 10,000-strong African force to fight Boko Haram, providing it crucial financing to carry out operations

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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 17:45
Boko Haram (Mar 2015) - credits BBC

Boko Haram (Mar 2015) - credits BBC

 

12 March 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

The United States supports the creation of a West African force of up to 10,000 troops to fight Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram, a U.S. defence official said on Wednesday.

 

The 54-nation African Union has approved the force and has asked the United Nations to endorse it urgently, after attacks by the group in northeastern Nigeria and neighbouring Chad, Niger and Cameroon as it seeks to carve out an Islamic state.

 

U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defence for African Affairs Amanda J. Dory said on a visit to Cameroon that Washington, one of five veto-holding members of the U.N. Security Council, would back a U.N. resolution.

 

"The U.S. is providing diplomatic support in terms of engagement in the U.N. Security Council for the awaited resolution authorising the deployment of a Multinational Joint Task Force by the African Union against Boko Haram," she told state radio.

 

If approved, the new force would receive U.N. funding and would be likely to result in a bigger and better resourced operation than the offensive currently being mounted against the militants by Nigeria and its neighbours.

 

Boko Haram has killed thousands of people in northeastern Nigeria in its six-year insurgency and last week pledged allegiance to the Islamic State which has created a self-declared caliphate in parts of Iraq and Syria.

 

However, a perception that Nigeria was failing to deal with the militants alone, and a growing number of cross-border attacks, prompted Nigeria, Chad, Niger, Cameroon to launch their existing operation to try to contain the militants.

 

Nigeria government spokesman Mike Omeri said on Wednesday that Nigeria and its allies had recovered a total of 36 towns from Boko Haram.

 

Diplomats said the African Union Peace and Security Council was due to discuss on Thursday the text of a possible resolution that could then be circulated to the 15 U.N. Security Council members.

 

Chad's U.N. Ambassador Mahamat Cherif has said he hoped the council could vote on a resolution by end-March.

 

France, which holds the rotating presidency of the Security Council, has been seeking to rally support for the resolution in time for a vote by early April, diplomats said.

 

The United States has already helped Cameroon's army security equipment to fight Boko Haram and France is increasing its own West African counter-insurgency force to support regional troops fighting Boko Haram.

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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 13:30
Chammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en Jordanie

 

12/03/2015 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Les femmes militaires déployées en Jordanie dans le cadre de l’opération Chammal sont mises à l’honneur. Elles nous racontent leur différents parcours et nous livrent leurs impressions.

 

Au sein du détachement de protection projeté en Jordanie, le caporal-chef Tania (CLC) est le seul personnel féminin. Ce militaire du rang a rejoint les Commandos Parachutistes de l’Air n°20 (CPA 20) en 1999 et est devenu l’une des premières femmes commandos en CPA. Pour l’opération Chammal, elle est intégrée au sein d’une équipe d’une quinzaine de commandos, et s’occupe avec eux de la protection du personnel, des infrastructures et des aéronefs français. Suivant un cycle opérationnel régulier, elle participe aussi aux groupes de protection et d’intervention (GPI) mis en place pour sécuriser le camp français.

 

Arrivée sur le théâtre jordanien mi-février 2015, la sergent-chef Laëtitia est responsable des différents travaux de la cellule chancellerie. Ce sous-officier dynamique s’est porté volontaire pour cette première opération extérieure avec le soutien de son époux. « Je suis partie avec quelques appréhensions sur les opérations extérieures mais dès mon arrivée elles ont été totalement effacées ».  Travaillant au sein de l’état-major fonctionnel du détachement air, elle souligne que « les relations y sont très cordiales et respectueuses. L’ambiance entre les collègues est très bonne ». Elle s’est habituée très rapidement à ce rythme de vie et de travail différent de la base aérienne de Cazaux où elle travaille à la cellule relations publiques.

 

Au sein du personnel navigant, on retrouve l’aspirant surnommé « Sissi », qui fait partie de l’escadron 2/3 Champagne et qui est sous-chef navigateur. Cet officier de 29 ans effectue aujourd’hui sa 2ème opération extérieure. Elle est, sur le théâtre, la seule femme personnel naviguant : « En escadron, nous ne sommes pas beaucoup de femmes, j’ai donc l’habitude d’être entourée d’hommes. En opération comme en France, il n’y a aucun rejet, ou aucun sentiment de protection venant de mes collègues parce que je suis un personnel féminin. » Pour l’opération Chammal, Sissi se retrouve au sein d’une équipe d’une vingtaine de pilotes et navigateurs. « Ce sont tous de très bons collègues et quand je suis avec eux, il n’y a aucune gêne dans les discussions. Je ne me sens absolument pas exclue. Et comme on dit : Dans les armées, il n’y a pas de distinctions il n’y a que des militaires ; c’est tout à fait vrai pour ma part ». 

 

La SGC Anne-Sophie travaille à la cellule renseignement des Mirage 2000D, dans une équipe de six personnes où elle est la seule femme. Interprétateur photos, elle est en charge de préparer, entre autres, les missions pour les équipages en insérant dans leur tablette (UMPC) tous les points intéressants et importants sur la zone qui sera survolée. Au retour de vol et en cas de tir, elle crée le compte rendu de tir reprenant tous les éléments de la mission en y insérant les photos des positions tirées. En poste sur la base aérienne 188 de Djibouti depuis 4 ans, elle travaille au sein de l’escadron 3/11 Corse où elle prépare aussi les briefings et les instructions sur le matériel de reconnaissance. En tant que femme militaire, Anne-Sophie explique : « je n’ai jamais eu aucun soucis à travailler avec des hommes, tant que le travail est fait c’est le principal ». Elle ajoute : « pour l’opération Chammal, nous travaillons dans une très bonne ambiance. Les relations avec les équipages  se passent très bien. Ce qu’il faut avant tout c’est qu’on puisse répondre à leurs attentes, qu’on soit un homme ou une femme. »

 

Lancée depuis le 19 septembre 214, l’opération Chammal mobilise 3 000 militaires. Elle vise, à la demande du gouvernement irakien et en coordination avec les alliées de la France présents dans la région, à assurer un soutien aérien aux forces irakiennes dans la lutte contre le groupe terroriste autoproclamé Daech. Le dispositif complet est actuellement structuré autour de douze avions de chasse de l’armée de l’Air (six Rafale et six Mirage 2000D), d’un avion ravitailleur C-135 FR, d’un avion de patrouille maritime Atlantique 2, et du groupe aéronaval.

Chammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en JordanieChammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en Jordanie
Chammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en Jordanie
Chammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en JordanieChammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en JordanieChammal : portraits de femmes au sein du détachement air projeté en Jordanie
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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 07:55
photo Armée de Terre

photo Armée de Terre

 

11/03/2015 Par lefigaro.fr (AFP, AP, Reuters)

 

Le chef de l'Etat a annoncé le maintien des 10.000 militaires déployés dans le cadre du dispositif Sentinelle «au minimum jusqu'au début de l'été». Il a également déclaré qu'il y aurait encore moins de postes supprimés dans l'armée.

 

Les mesures exceptionnelles prises dans le cadre du plan Vigipirate deployé après les attentats de janvier vont êtres conservées. François Hollande a décidé de «maintenir l'engagement des armées sur le territoire national à hauteur de 10.000 militaires» en «soutien» des forces du ministère de l'Intérieur, a déclaré mercredi l'Élysée, à l'issue d'un Conseil de défense. Lors d'une conférence de presse, le ministre de la Défense Jean-Yves Le Drian a précisé que le dispositif Sentinelle sera maintenu «au minimum jusqu'au début de l'été, date à laquelle il sera réévalué».

«7000 d'entre eux sont déployés dans la durée, principalement pour la surveillance et la protection de sites à caractère confessionnel particulièrement menacés», a précisé la présidence, deux mois après les attaques djihadistes de début janvier qui ont fait 17 morts à Paris et dans la région parisienne. Près de la moitié des 682 sites protégés par l'armée se trouvent en Ile-de-France (330), a relevé M. Le Drian, le niveau «alerte attentats» étant décrété dans la région parisienne et les Alpes-Maritimes, le reste de l'Hexagone relevant de la «vigilance renforcée».

Le maintien du dispositif, dont le coût est estimé à un million d'euros par jour, s'accompagnera d'une diminution supplémentaire des suppressions de postes dans l'armée. Le chef de l'Etat a demandé «d'en tirer toutes les conséquences en termes d'adaptation des effectifs du ministère de la Défense, au-delà des 7500 postes dont il avait déjà décidé le maintien le 21 janvier dernier». Un «travail (qui) sera réalisé dans le cadre de l'actualisation de la loi de programmation militaire».

 

Moins d'emplois supprimés dans l'armée

François Hollande souhaite, poursuit le communiqué de l'Élysée, que «les mesures nécessaires» soient prises «pour adapter l'organisation des armées à cette évolution de leur mission et leur permettre d'apporter une protection adaptée à l'évolution des menaces et aux besoins de protection des Français».

Le 21 janvier, à l'issue d'un précédent Conseil de défense réuni à l'Elysée, le chef de l'État avait annoncé que 7500 emplois de moins que prévu seraient supprimés sur la période 2015-2019 au sein des armées, leur donnant un peu de répit après une série de restructurations massives.

Les réductions d'effectifs devaient être ainsi inférieures de 30% au projet initial, qui prévoyait un total de 26.000 suppressions de postes, dont 7500 par an en 2015, 2016 et 2017 et 3500 en 2018. Dès cette année, le nombre de suppressions de postes doit être ramené à environ 6000.

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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 20:57
photo Ministère de la Défense

photo Ministère de la Défense

 

11 mars 2015 Christophe FORCARI - Liberation.fr

 

Le ministre de la Défense, Jean-Yves Le Drian, a présenté une mise à jour de la loi de programmation militaire, notamment pour faire face aux menaces terroristes.

 

Face aux menaces terroristes, la loi de programmation militaire a plus que jamais besoin d’une «réactualisation». Celle-ci devrait être débattue à l’Assemblée nationale en juin prochain. Ce mercredi, le ministre de la Défense, Jean-Yves Le Drian, a présenté les grands axes stratégiques de cette mise à jour devant le chef d’Etat-major des armées, le général Pierre de Villiers. Avec à la clé, une hausse du budget consacré à la défense. Sans que le locataire de l’hôtel de Brienne ne précise son montant. Le budget de l’année 2015 d’un montant de 31,4 milliards, lui, reste «sanctuarisé».

Le matin même, un conseil de défense s’était tenu à l’Elysée. Le maintien de l’opération «sentinelle» jusqu’à l’été prochain avec la mobilisation d’un peu plus de 10 000 hommes sur le territoire national va entraîner une révision à la baisse de la suppression des 34 000 postes initialement prévue. Lors de sa conférence presse, le 5 février dernier, le président de la République avait déjà annoncé le maintien de 7 500 postes. Mais le chef de l’Etat veut également que les forces armées soient en mesure de déployer 7 000 hommes pour assurer des missions de protection sur le territoire national. Actuellement l’opération «sentinelle» assure la protection de 682 sites en métropole dont 604 à caractère religieux.

 

Suite de l’article

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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 17:30
Syria: The Accountants Always Win In The End

Syria Situation Report  March 2-10, 2015 credits ISW

 

March 11, 2015: Strategy Page

 

ISIL is having problems with its foreign recruits. Many of them arrive with the intention of simply living in an “Islamic state” not fighting to expand that state. ISIL tried to accommodate the foreigners, lest they return home and report unfavorably about life in ISIL controlled territory. This led to foreign recruits getting better treatment (housing, food, access to “wives” and all manner of creature comforts. This, naturally, led to resentment by local (Syria and Iraq) recruits. That led to more locals deserting, joining the growing number of foreigners who simply walked away. Or tried to walk away as in late 20134 ISIL began accusing those who left of desertion and jailing or executing them. This inspired more (but better planned) desertions and growing dissent within both the ranks and among commanders. ISIL does want skilled foreigners in their caliphate but most of the foreign volunteers have no useful skills and ISIL seeks to use them as fighters or suicide bombers. Few people with useful skills are eager to join ISIL.

 

Internal criticism is not the only problem ISIL is facing in 2015. ISIL has recently suffered prominent defeats in Iraq and Syria as well as continued rebellions in both countries. Even the Syrian Army is retaking ground from ISIL. The Kurds are defeating ISIL forces outside Kobane in Syria and near the Iraq border. In Iraq Kurds, Iraqi soldiers and Sunni and Shia militias are both stopping ISIL attacks and pushing back ISIL forces outside of Mosul, Kirkuk and Tikrit. An offensive to retake Mosul is expected before June. Meanwhile air attacks not only continue but are more frequent and more damaging. This makes it more difficult to stockpile supplies or move large numbers of gunmen quickly. More leaders are being found and killed by these air attacks. Important economic targets like oil refineries are being destroyed. Inside the ISIL run “caliphate” (eastern Syria and western Iraq) there are growing shortages of everything and ISIL is finding that conquest is easier than running an economy. The economic problems fuel the rebellions and desertions and it’s a vicious circle that is destroying ISIL from within. The problem with ISIL is that so far it has solved its supply (logistical) problems via looting. But there has been no new conquests to loot for over six months and the stockpiles of plunder taken in 2014 is nearly exhausted. It’s another example of the old military maxim, “amateurs study tactics while professionals study logistics.” The accountants always win in the end.

 

The forces arrayed against ISIL have a better grasp of the logistical problems and have done something with that awareness. Thus Kurdish and Iraqi forces operating along the border with Syria have cut the best supply routes between Syria and Iraq. ISIL can still move between these two areas but with greater difficulty (using more fuel and time to do so). Taking longer to travel puts ISIL more at greater risk of attack by coalition warplanes. Worse, it becomes impractical to move essential supplies (especially food and fuel) between Iraq and Syria. The increasingly effective air attacks have also made ISIL more paranoid. This has led to greater scrutiny of foreign recruits. That resulted in a recent video showing a 10 year old ISIL “cub” shooting a kneeling foreigner in the head with a pistol. The executed man was a 19 year old Israeli Arab accused of spying for Israel. That is not completely unlikely but the Israelis don’t usually recruits men this young or unreliable. The executed man was reported by his family to have joined ISIL in October 2014. His family opposed the move and stayed in touch via sell phone and the Internet. In early 2015 the family discovered that their son had been imprisoned by ISIL for trying to leave. Apparently someone at ISIL thought they could make something of this by accusing the teenager of espionage and executing him on video. ISIL is all about grabbing media attention but in this case they are not doing much to increase recruitment among Israeli Arabs or Palestinians. Other ISIL deserters have even worse situations. Many locals serving with ISIL who desert are already deserters from the Syrian security forces and those with families living in Syrian government controlled areas have nowhere to go and are subject to arrest and execution by both ISIL and the Syrian government. Most of these men join the growing number of Syrians leaving the country and heading for refugee camps in Turkey, Lebanon or Jordan.

 

The coalition air offensive has carried out over 2,600 air strikes since August 2014 and used over 3,000 smart bombs and missiles in those attacks. Even more worrisome is the increasingly aggressive anti-ISIL actions of neighboring nations. Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan have increased border security and in Lebanon the army has forced ISIL and other rebel groups out of bases they set up in Lebanon and back into Syria. Worse the Lebanese followed up this with more troops on the border in fortified camps. In other words the Lebanese are preparing to confront any attempts by Syrian rebels to move back into Syria. While the Jordanians are enraged and more active because ISIL murdered one of their F-16 pilots in January by burning him to death the Turks are more concerned with Kurdish separatism than any threat from ISIL or any other Islamic terrorists. The Turks have been dealing (often using great brutality) with murderous Arabs for centuries and the Arabs remember all that. As a result ISIL does not make any effort to expand into Turkey. For the Turks, their ugly treatment of Arabs in the past is still useful because many Arabs fear that the Turks would go all old school on them if sufficiently provoked.

 

Meanwhile the coalition assembled by the United States in mid-2014 continues to have problems because the Arab members cannot agree with each other on how to deal with ISIL. Some countries, like Qatar, have many citizens and leaders who approve of Islamic terrorism (although not ISIL, which even al Qaeda condemns). Arab oil states in the Persian Gulf are more concerned with Iran than with ISIL and criticize the United States for not sending ground troops back to Iraq to take care of ISIL. Many Arabs blame the United States for al Qaeda and ISIL despite the fact that such violent, xenophobic Islamic terror groups have been around for centuries, and the less violence majority of Moslems has never mustered the will to deal with this recurring problem once and for all.

 

ISIL also has to worry about some of its allies. In the last year ISIL has persuaded many Syrian Islamic terrorist rebels to switch sides. These Islamic terrorists joined the fight against ISIL in early 2014 but eventually agreed to put aside their differences and join ISIL in destroying the Assad government. These new allies still hate and wish to destroy ISIL, and now find that the Assad government has not been weakened much by this alliance and the Syrian Army is again on the offensive. The coalition air strikes, which should be directed at the Assads were instead concentrating on ISIL and those groups associated with ISIL. Thus a major ally of ISIL, al Qaeda affiliate al Nusra, recently lost its leader to a recent coalition air strike. There have been more air strikes this year, after ISIL released a video of a captured Jordanian pilot being burned to death. Groups like al Nusra, which used to get a lot of cash and other aid from wealthy Arab fans in Gulf oil states saw that disappear because of the grisly execution video. ISIL now has to plan for the growing possibility that al Nusra will change sides again, because ISIL is beginning to look like a loser and that is a death sentence for Islamic terrorists. As the popular Islamic saying goes; “God wills it.” This describes fortune as well as failure, the blessed as well as the cursed.

 

ISIL savagery has led many of the minorities (especially Christians) that it loves to torment to stand and fight rather than flee. Thus in the northeast Christian militias have gotten stronger and joined forces with their sometimes (in the past) Kurdish allies to fight the common enemy. This is in response to a sharp increase in ISIL anti-Christian violence in late 2014. Many Christians are sticking around and fighting in part because ISIL has kidnapped over 200 local Christians (and some Kurds as well) in the last few months and is offering to return them for ransoms (cash or captive ISIL men or weapons). The cash ransoms demanded are not large (under $2,000 per person) but ISIL would rather get captives and weapons back. ISIL has growing shortages of cash, recruits and weapons. But many Christians and Kurds who have already lost kin do not want to make any deals with ISIL and would rather just kill the Islamic terrorists. Since the Kurds have air support, they are very good at that and ISIL is increasingly reluctant to get tied down in battles with Kurds. In addition to being skilled and disciplined fighters, the Kurds can eventually depend on help from above if a battle with ISIL drags on too long. But even the Syrian troops are betting better, apparently because of training, weapons and advice they are getting from Iran. The Lebanese Hezbollah are similarly unlikely to run away when they run into ISIL. The good old days of simply terrifying your opponent into fleeing appear to be over. In this case the good old days really were better, at least for ISIL.

 

On the Syrian border Israel is working more with Syrian rebels (except ISIL) to help stop Iran from establishing a presence in the area so they can launch attacks into Israel. Iranians have been bragging about doing this and Iran has sent more senior officers to work with Hezbollah and the Syrian Army efforts to clear all the rebels away from the Israeli border. Iran is also bringing in thousands of additional Iranian volunteers to join rebel militias in the fight against the rebels. Naturally the rebels oppose this Iranian effort and now see Israel as an ally. Israel has provided support for some rebels with the understanding that the rebels would not attack Israel and would help prevent anyone else from doing so. Thus Israel stays in contact with some Syrian rebels across its border, provides medical treatment (for over 2,000 rebels and civilians so far) and attacks Hezbollah and Syrian Army targets when there is any fire into Israel from the Syrian side. The rebels often provide Israel with data on where hidden Syrian Army or Hezbollah units are, providing Israeli warplanes and artillery with precise and conformed targets. While some of these “cooperative rebels” are Islamic radicals and will eventually turn on Israel if given a chance, for the moment the policy is “the enemy of my enemy is my friend.”

 

March 5, 2015:  ISIL ally al Nusra admitted that their supreme leader died of wounds he suffered in a recent coalition air strike on a meeting of al Nusra leaders near the Turkish border. Some lower ranking leaders were also killed.

 

March 4, 2015: The Hazm Movement, one of the few Islamic rebel groups that were not allied with ISIL or al Qaeda, officially dissolved. Hazm has been at war with al Nusra since late 2014, after years of growing tensions. In the end there were only a few hundred Hazm members left. At its peak in 2012-13 Hazm had ten times that. Al Nusra and ISIL continued to fight Hazm outside Aleppo and near the Turkish border (Idib province). Hazm had long received American weapons although many of these were seized by al Nusra when Hazm was forced to retreat in 2014.  Despite the loss of Hazm the Syrian Army is still holding onto recent gains around Aleppo.

 

UN efforts to get the army and rebels to agree to cease fires to allow humanitarian aid to get in continue to be rejected, even though the fighting is stalled. The Syrian government was so annoyed at UN efforts to make deals with the Islamic terrorist rebels (without informing the Assads) that they recently expelled three UN officials, just the make the point that the Syrian government is still around. Yet the UN remains quite hostile to the Assads who are seen as little better than ISIL when it comes to mistreatment of civilians. The UN believes that Syrian air and artillery attacks have been the major cause of civilian deaths. The UN estimates that over 7,000 civilians have died in Syria in the last year and over 80 percent of those deaths were caused by the Syrian government (which has lots of artillery and a functioning air force).

 

March 2, 2015: Israel claims that Syria has transferred some long range (700 kilometers) SCUD ballistic missiles to Hezbollah. These missiles carry a half ton high-explosive warhead. These SCUDs are actually North Korean variants on the original Russian SCUD that have a smaller warhead to enable longer range. Syria is giving them to Hezbollah to free up troops who have been guarding them and to avoid the risk of them getting captured. Israel has an anti-missile defense system that can stop these Scuds, as well as the other long range (about 200 kilometers) rockets Hezbollah has received from Iran and Syria.

 

March 1, 2015: In February about 1,100 Iraqis died from terrorist related violence. That’s about 20 percent less than January, when nearly 1,400 died. The Iraq death toll for all of 2014 was about 15,600. That’s a big jump from 2013 when the death toll was 8,900 for all of Iraq and only ten percent of those were terrorists while the majority were Shia civilians. Previously the worst year was 2007, when nearly 18,000 died. Then as now the main cause of the mayhem and murder was Sunni fanatics who want to run the country as a Sunni dictatorship. Still Iraq was a lot less violent than neighboring Syria where the 2014 death toll was 76,000. That’s over 91,000 dead in the two countries where ISIL is most active. The death toll in Syria continues to rise, even as it is declining in Iraq.

 

February 21, 2015:  Hundreds of Turkish troops advanced into Syria to evacuate 38 Turkish soldiers guarding the grave of one of the founders of the Ottoman Empire. The grave site was increasingly threatened by nearby ISIL gunmen. Rather than send more troops to defend the grave site (27 kilometers from the Turkish border) the honored corpse was moved to a site 200 meters inside Syria. The previous site was established in 1973 when the nearby original site was covered by a lake created by a newly built dam. Syria agreed to this arrangement, which is protected by international treaty. This latest move was very unpopular inside Turkey, where disdain for Arabs is not hidden.

 

February 20, 2015: Russian intelligence officials believe that about 1,700 Russian citizens (mainly Moslems from the Caucasus and Central Asia) are fighting for ISIL in Syria and Iraq. Russia believes this is about ten percent of ISIL strength.

 

February 19, 2015: Turkey and the United States formally agreed to (and finally signed) a deal that has Turkey hosting and assisting in the training of Syrian rebels. The U.S. has so far screened nearly 2,000 Syrian rebels to be sent to training at camps in Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. Those selected are believed much less likely to be radicalized and the United States hopes to have 3,000 trained and in action by the end of 2015. Such screening is difficult but the Americans had help from Saudi Arabia, which has had more success in that respect. The American effort is criticized for being too slow and producing too few armed and trained fighters to make a difference. At the moment American government policy limits what U.S. counter-terrorism efforts can do. Under these conditions the Americans plan to use their reliable rebels to call in air strikes and provide accurate information of what is going on inside Syria. This decision is based on the success the U.S. has had with the Kurds. Thus the Americans are trying to find equally reliable Arab rebels in Syria to call in air strikes. Using contacts the Kurds have developed over the years the U.S. is seeking small teams of Arab rebels who can be taught how to call in airstrikes. These teams will be equipped with armed (with a machine-gun) pickup trucks and the special radios and sent them back to Syria. This is risky, as all it takes is one rogue air strike team to get the wrong people killed and cause a diplomatic and media mess. This is considered a worthwhile risk because, as the experience with the Kurds has shown, the ISIL fighters are often sloppy during combat (because so many ISIL fighters have little training or combat experience) and that provides excellent opportunities for a single smart bomb to cause enormous (and demoralizing and often decisive) casualties. This is what happened at Kobane, where even ISIL had to admit they got beat, big time because of all those air strikes.

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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 14:30
credits BBC MidEast

credits BBC MidEast

 

11-03-2015 Par RFI

 

Après dix jours d’intenses combats, et après après avoir repris al-Alam, un faubourg situé au nord de Tikrit, mardi, l’armée d'Irak et les milices chiites ont réussi une première incursion dans Tikrit, l'ancien fief de Saddam Hussein contrôlé par l’organisation Etat islamique. Chasser les jihadistes de cette ville reste leur principal objectif.

 

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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 12:55
Les démoctraties face au terrorisme. Comment sauvegarder notre modèle ?


source IHEDN

 

Les débats de l'Actu du 27 mars 2015

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 21:30
photo Marine Nationale

photo Marine Nationale


SOUTHWEST ASIA, March 10, 2015 – From a Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve News Release

 

U.S. and coalition military forces have continued to attack Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant terrorists in Syria and Iraq, Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve officials reported today.

Officials reported details of the latest strikes, which took place between 8 a.m. yesterday and 8 a.m. today, local time, noting that assessments of results are based on initial reports.

 

Airstrikes in Syria

Fighter, bomber and remotely piloted aircraft conducted four airstrikes near Kobani, which struck four ISIL tactical units and destroyed nine ISIL fighting positions and an ISIL vehicle.

 

Airstrikes in Iraq

Attack, fighter and remotely piloted aircraft conducted eight airstrikes in Iraq:

-- Near Fallujah, three airstrikes struck two ISIL large tactical units and destroyed three ISIL vehicles.

-- Near Kirkuk, four airstrikes struck three ISIL large tactical units, an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed five ISIL fighting positions, four ISIL buildings, three ISIL vehicles, three ISIL vehicle bombs, an ISIL culvert crossing and an ISIL heavy machine gun.

-- Near Mosul, an airstrike suppressed an ISIL vehicle.

 

Part of Operation Inherent Resolve

The strikes were conducted as part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the operation to eliminate the ISIL terrorist group and the threat they pose to Iraq, Syria, the region, and the wider international community. The destruction of ISIL targets in Syria and Iraq further limits the terrorist group's ability to project terror and conduct operations, officials said.

Coalition nations conducting airstrikes in Iraq include the United States, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Coalition nations conducting airstrikes in Syria include the United States, Bahrain, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 17:45
photo DLAO 5 - Ministère de la Défense

photo DLAO 5 - Ministère de la Défense

 

10/03/2015 Sources : Etat-major des armées

 

Les 26 et 27 février 2015, dans le cadre de l’opération Barkhane, le Détachement de liaison et d’appui opérationnel (DLAO) de Tessalit a mené une patrouille conjointe avec la MINUSMA dans la région de Tessalit, au Mali.

 

L’objectif de la mission était la reconnaissance et le contrôle d’éventuelles zones de départ de tirs indirects pouvant atteindre la Plateforme désert relais (PfDR) de Tessalit, tout en effectuant la reconnaissance et la sécurisation de plusieurs axes de communication.

 

Trente militaires français et une section de militaires tchadiens ont ainsi réalisé une patrouille au départ de Tessalit pour rejoindre la ville d’Udzhieshit, située un peu plus au Nord. Les informations recueillies lors de cette mission ont permis une optimisation de la sécurité d’un convoi logistique menée par la force Barkhane dans la région. Les soldats de la MINUSMA et du DLAO ont également eu l’occasion d’entretenir et de développer des contacts avec les habitants et les autorités locales, facilités par les aides médicales menées régulièrement par le DLAO et la MINUSMA au profit de la population.

 

Composés d’une trentaine de soldats, les DLAO sont placés au plus près des forces maliennes et de la MINUSMA. Ils coordonnent et assurent des missions aux côtés des forces partenaires dans leur zone d’opération, en leur apportant notamment des appuis spécialisés (guidage aérien, santé), tout en accompagnant et conseillant au quotidien les forces armées maliennes dans l’exécution de leurs missions.

 

L’opération Barkhane regroupe 3 000 militaires dont la mission, en partenariat avec les pays du G5 Sahel, consiste à lutter contre les groupes armées terroristes pouvant agir dans la bande sahélo-saharienne.

photo DLAO 5 - Ministère de la Défense
photo DLAO 5 - Ministère de la Défense
photo DLAO 5 - Ministère de la Défense

photo DLAO 5 - Ministère de la Défense

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 17:45
Chad soldiers killed as Boko Haram lose Nigerian towns

 

10 March 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

About ten Chadian soldiers died in fighting to free two towns in northern Nigeria previously held by Boko Haram, the first gains against the militants made in a joint offensive launched with Niger at the weekend, military sources said on Monday.

 

About 30 Nigerien and Chadian soldiers were wounded in clashes over Malam Fatouri and Damasak, a day after thousands of troops crossed the border to retake areas held by the Sunni Islamist group, whose insurgency has forced Nigeria to delay an election and neighbours to mobilise their armies.

 

A Chadian officer, who asked not to be named, said about ten Chadian soldiers were killed and 20 wounded in fighting to liberate the towns. There was no official comment from Chad's army.

 

"We have kicked the enemy out of these areas and they are now under our control," one of the Niger military sources said.

 

Damasak, the town furthest into Nigeria, is 10 km (6 miles) south of the Niger border, where Niger and Chadian troops have been massing in recent weeks ahead of the offensive.

 

A medical source in Diffa, the capital of the Niger region which borders Boko Haram's heartland in Nigeria's northeast, said 30 wounded soldiers had been admitted to the town's hospital.

 

The Niger military source said about 300 Boko Haram militants had been killed. There was no official confirmation of the toll and it was not possible to verify the figure.

 

"We had permission from Nigeria for this action," the source said. There was no immediate comment from Nigeria, which has launched its own offensive against the militants, whose gains forced Nigeria to delay elections that were due in February.

 

Boko Haram's 6-year insurgency, who aims to carve out a caliphate in Nigeria's northeast, has killed thousands. The group has pledged allegiance to Islamic State, which rules a self-declared caliphate in parts of Iraq and Syria, according to an audio clip posted online on Saturday.

 

Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Benin have this year mobilised forces to help Nigeria defeat the group after it seized swathes of territory and mounting cross-border attacks.

 

Nigeria and its neighbours have been working to pull together plans and rules of engagement for a regional force of 8,700 troops but cooperation between the region's armies has been strained at times.

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 17:45
U.N. delays approval of Libya request for weapons, jets

 

10 March 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

.At least eight United Nations Security Council members delayed approval on Monday of a request by Libya to import weapons, tanks, jets and helicopters to take on Islamic State militants and monitor its borders, diplomats said.

 

Spain - supported by Lithuania, Chile, New Zealand, Britain, France, Angola and the United States - placed a so-called "hold" on the request to the Security Council committee that oversees an arms embargo imposed on the North African state in 2011, said council diplomats, speaking on condition of anonymity.

 

"Spain would appreciate further information on the point of origin of the weapons requested and the arrangements established for transportation," the Spanish U.N. mission wrote to the chair of the committee in a note seen by Reuters.

 

Libya wants to import 150 tanks, two dozen fighter jets, seven attack helicopters, tens of thousands of assault rifles and grenade launchers and millions of rounds of ammunition from Ukraine, Serbia and Czech Republic.

 

If agreement is not reached to lift the hold, it could leave the request in limbo indefinitely. The 15-member committee works on the basis of consensus.

 

The internationally recognised government is allowed to import arms with approval of the committee. Libya said it needs the weapons and equipment to take on Islamist militants and to control borders.

 

"Without strengthening the air force we cannot do anything about it," Libya's U.N. Ambassador Ibrahim Dabbashi told Reuters, adding that he was disappointed by the delay.

 

U.N. sanctions monitors say they are concerned that if the committee approves the request, then some of the weapons and equipment could be diverted to militia groups.

 

"Spain is also deeply concerned about the major threat to international peace and security posed by the proliferation of weapons in the region," the Spanish U.N. mission said.

 

Libya's internationally recognised government has operated out of the east since a rival armed faction called Libya Dawn took over Tripoli in fighting last year and set up its own administration.

 

The rival governments are battling for control of Libya four years after Muammar Gaddafi was ousted. The chaos has allowed Islamic State and Ansar al-Sharia militants to strengthen their foothold in Libya, an OPEC member.

 

Libya has called for the arms embargo on the government to be lifted entirely. The council committee has long urged Libya to improve monitoring of its weapons over concerns that arms were being diverted to militant groups

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 17:45
(Archives / defenceWeb)

(Archives / defenceWeb)

 

10 March 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Spain said on Tuesday it has dismantled a militant Islamic cell in its North African enclave of Ceuta that it claims was ready to attack either Spain or other targets in Europe.

 

Police arrested two suspected militants as part of a wider security operation that began in January, the Interior Ministry said.

 

"The cell neutralised today, as opposed to others dismantled, doesn't follow the same pattern of radicalisation, recruitment and sending of activists to organised jihadist organisations in conflict zones," the Ministry said in a statement.

 

"This group was clearly operational and consisted of individuals who were already radicalised and prepared for a possible attack, in our own country or those nearby."

 

The two male suspects in Ceuta, on the Moroccan coast, included a Spanish and Moroccan national and were arrested as part of the same police investigation that led to the arrest of four people in January, the ministry said.

 

The six detained in the two operations presented profiles similar to those involved in the attacks in Paris on Jan. 7 and 8, the ministry added.

 

Spain has made more than 20 arrests of suspected Islamic militants since September.

 

Western nations have become increasingly worried about the risk of young people becoming radicalised by militants in North Africa and the Middle East and returning home to launch attacks.

 

A Moroccan woman who is a Spanish resident was arrested on Sunday on suspicion of attempting to join Islamic State fighters in Syria.

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 14:45
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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 13:45
L'EI recrute-t-il au Nigeria?

 

10.03.2015 BBC Afrique

 

Le fils de l'ancien président de la Cour suprême nigériane est suspecté d'avoir rejoint l'organisation Etat islamique.

 

L’information a été confirmée par l'ambassade turque, qui aurait délivré un visa au jeune homme.

La nouvelle a été accueillie avec stupeur par la famille d’Ibrahim Lawal Uwais.

Selon ses proches, Uwais condamnait avec la plus grande force les violences meurtrières commises par Boko Haram au Nigeria.

Agé d'une quarantaine d'années, il aurait quitté le Nigeria pour le Moyen Orient avec ses deux femmes et ses quatre enfants le mois dernier.

Le département nigérian de la Sécurité d'Etat a dit suivre ce dossier.

C'est un membre de la belle-famille d’Uwais qui, alerté par l'une de ses épouses, a rendu public sa disparition.

On ne sait pas ce qui a déclenché ce potentiel ralliement à L'EI.

Les autorités nigérianes essayent ces derniers temps d'attirer l'attention des parents sur les risques de radicalisation de leurs enfants via les réseaux sociaux.

C'est la deuxième fois qu'un fils de la grande bourgeoisie nigériane est accusé de vouloir combattre au nom d'un groupe islamiste étranger.

En 2008, Umar Farouk Muttalab, dont le géniteur est un grand banquier nigérian, avait tenté de faire sauter un vol Amsterdam-Detroit au nom d'Al-Qaïda.

Son père, choqué par la radicalisation de son fils, avait d'ailleurs alerté l'ambassade américaine d'Abuja, la capitale nigériane, peu de temps avant la tentative d'attentat.

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 13:45
Reportage - Aux avant-postes de l’opération Barkhane

Fort de Madama, Nord Niger - photo Thomas Goisque

 

10 Mars 2015 Par Frédéric Pons – V.A.

 

Terrain. En première ligne face aux djihadistes, les soldats français combattent sur un territoire immense, jusqu’aux frontières de la Libye et de l’Algérie. Une guerre sans répit, bourrée de pièges.

 

Le ciel est d’une pureté absolue, la luminosité intense. Un vent sec et froid pique la peau et gerce les lèvres. « Le pays du vent qui rend fou », disent les Africains. Sur cet immense plateau de sable parsemé de falaises de grès, rien n’arrête l’harmattan. Même pas le minuscule fort de Madama, qui émerge des dunes, au milieu de nulle part, à plus de trois heures d’avion au nord-est de Niamey, la capitale du Niger. L’amplitude thermique sera une nouvelle fois énorme : elle est parfois de près de 40 degrés entre le jour et la nuit.

 

Suite de l’article

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10 mars 2015 2 10 /03 /mars /2015 13:30
Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga target Islamic State in Kirkuk

 

9 March 2015 BBC MidEast

 

Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga forces, backed by US air strikes, have launched an offensive against Islamic State (IS) militants in oil-rich Kirkuk province.

 

The Peshmerga reportedly began advancing along a frontline south-west of the provincial capital on Monday. Their hold over Kirkuk - consolidated when Iraq's army fled an IS advance last summer - has come under fresh attack from IS this year. IS has also sent fighters to repel an Iraqi assault on the city of Tikrit. Iraqi troops and Shia militias are attempting to drive IS jihadists from Tikrit, the Sunni Arab hometown of former dictator Saddam Hussein. The BBC has learnt that militants from Mosul, the largest city under IS control in Iraq, have been diverted to fend off the assault on Tikrit.

 

Continue reading the main story            

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 19:30
Commentary: Apply Desert Storm Lessons to Islamic State Campaign

US Air Force aircraft of the 4th Fighter Wing (F-16A, F-15C and F-15E) fly over Kuwaiti oil fires, set by the retreating Iraqi army during Operation Desert Storm in 1991.

 

March 9, 2015 By Gen. John Michael Loh (Ret.)Defense News

 

Feb. 28 marked the 24th anniversary of the end of the first Gulf War, Desert Storm, the only major war since World War II that ended in victory for the US, with all objectives met. Desert Storm is also notable for its remarkably short duration, only 42 days.

 

These facts stand in sharp contrast to our two major wars waged since then in Iraq and Afghanistan, both lasting more than a decade after the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, which initiated them, and both marked by unclear military objectives and endless nation-building.

 

Now, we are engaged in an adjunct of the Iraq war against the Islamic State group, a war also notable for its lack of clear objectives and seemingly endless duration. To defeat this enemy, the US needs to adopt the same kind of strategy and mindset used so effectively in 1991.

 

What made Desert Storm so short and so effective were the clear military objectives laid down by President George H.W. Bush, the military strategy put together in the Pentagon leading with massive air power, and the leadership of Army Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf and Air Force Gen. Chuck Horner in directing the plan with relentless pounding by airpower, day and night for a month, allowing "boots on the ground" to finish the job in just four days.

 

The result of this intense application of airpower followed by swift ground action was total victory; quickly, decisively, with overwhelming force and few casualties. This is the way modern wars should be fought.

 

Islamic State forces are deployed differently and are more scattered than were the Iraqi forces in Desert Storm. They control a larger area than the Kuwaiti theater. But the principles of applying intense air attacks and swift ground offensives are the same. Yet, we are fighting Islamic State with a misapplication of airpower, dribbling a few air attacks here and there with no clear objective other than to "degrade" the enemy.

 

The contrast between Desert Storm and the war against the Islamic State group could not be more stark. President Bush clearly enunciated the military objectives for Desert Storm: Evict Iraqi forces from Kuwait, incapacitate Iraq's leadership and military capability, and defend Saudi Arabia from Iraqi invasion. In short, get in, win and get out, leaving no occupation forces.

 

He left the military strategy and campaign plan to the generals and did not interfere. They put together a massive around-the-clock air campaign simultaneously attacking military targets in and around Baghdad and air attacks against Iraqi forces in Kuwait. And the plan deployed overwhelming ground forces to ensure they could quickly destroy the remaining "elite" Iraqi Republican Guard forces, free Kuwait and set the Iraqi military back for at least 10 years.

 

The plan worked as designed. The one-two punch of intense airpower followed by overwhelming ground forces, then withdrawal from occupied territory, was the right strategy.

 

What followed the conclusion of hostilities was not an attempt at regime change and nation-building, but rather the imposition of effective "no-fly" zones throughout Iraq; Southern Watch from bases in Saudi Arabia, and Northern Watch from bases in Turkey.

 

Around-the-clock surveillance detected any military flights, movement of ground military vehicles and tracking of US aircraft by ground radars. Any movement or tracking was met with immediate, lethal attacks. The no-fly zones were effective, low-cost and without casualties for the 10 years they were in effect.

 

Since Desert Storm, we have lost sight of the importance of clearly defined military objectives and building a campaign strategy to win quickly and decisively with airmen and soldiers working together. It is not too late to put together the same combination to win against the Islamic State group. The scenario is different, but the principles of warfare remain the same. The result may well be not just winning quickly and decisively, but the basis for deterring future IS-like movements. But the current approach against the Islamic State group will lead to neither victory nor deterrence, just endless, piecemeal warfare.

 

We should change course now, apply the lessons of Desert Storm, go on offense, and take the lead in the air and on the ground in the fight against the Islamic State group — to win.

 

* Gen. John Michael Loh, retired, is a former US Air Force vice chief of staff and former commander of Air Combat Command. He consults for several defense contractors.

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 17:45
Nigeria: soldats nigériens et tchadiens reprennent Damasak à Boko Haram

 

9 mars 2015 45eNord.ca (AFP)

 

Les armées nigérienne et tchadienne, qui mènent depuis dimanche une offensive d’envergure dans le nord-est du Nigeria contre Boko Haram, ont repris la ville de Damasak, que les islamistes nigérians tenaient depuis novembre, a indiqué lundi une source sécuritaire tchadienne.

 

« L’offensive a permis de prendre le contrôle de Damasak », ville nigériane située à une centaine de kilomètres de la rive ouest du lac Tchad, a déclaré cette source.

Selon elle, quelque 200 combattants du groupe extrémiste ont été tués dimanche, pour 10 tués et 20 blessés parmi les soldats tchadiens.

« Damasak est reprise par la coalition après de violents combats », a confirmé un officiel nigérien à Diffa, capitale du Sud-Est nigérien située à une trentaine de kilomètres de Damasak.

Un haut responsable civil de Diffa a de son côté fait état de pertes humaines très élevées dans les rangs de Boko Haram.

Ni le gouvernement ni l’armée du Niger n’ont pour l’instant fait de déclarations sur cette prise importante.

Boko Haram s’était emparé de Damasak le 24 novembre dernier, tuant une cinquantaine de personnes et en poussant 3.000 autres à fuir, selon le Haut commissariat aux réfugiés de l’ONU.

Les combattants islamistes avaient infiltré la ville en se déguisant en marchands et en dissimulant leurs armes dans des cartons de marchandises. Les soldats nigérians s’étaient alors enfuis au Niger voisin avec une partie de la population, avait raconté un parlementaire nigérian à l’époque.

Les armées du Niger et du Tchad mènent depuis dimanche une vaste offensive terrestre et aérienne contre Boko Haram dans le nord-est du Nigeria, à partir du sud-est du Niger voisin.

La radio privée nigérienne Anfani, basée à Diffa, a dénombré « plus de 200 véhicules » militaires partis en convoi vers le Nigeria: « des tout-terrains équipés de mitrailleuses, des chars, des ambulances, des citernes d’eau et des camions de transport de logistique ».

Des milliers de soldats nigériens et tchadiens étaient positionnés depuis plus d’un mois en posture défensive dans la province nigérienne de Diffa, sous le feu de Boko Haram.

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A Somali MAV 5

A Somali MAV 5

 

09 March 2015 by defenceWeb

 

The Italian government has donated 54 vehicles to the Somali National Army as part of efforts to strengthen its ability to combat al Shabaab militants and other security challenges.

 

The vehicles were received by General Dahir Adan, chief of the Somali National Army (SNA) on March 5 at Mogadishu’s port after arriving by ship. Also present at the handover was Colonel Bernardo Mencaraglia, Commander Italian National Support Element (IT-NSE), European Union Training Mission (EUTM) Somalia.

 

Garowe Online reports that the equipment will be used by the armed forces, intelligence service and police. The shipment includes trucks and MAV 5 light armoured vehicles, based on the IVECO 40.10 and capable of carrying six personnel.

 

Mencaraglia said the vehicles were donated in line with previous commitments. For example, in April 2014, Italy delivered 30 vehicles to the Somali Police Corps in the first instalment of materiel donated by the Italian ministry of defence to Somalia’s armed forces.

 

The donations are part of Italy’s commitment to safeguarding peace and stability in Somalia. Italy is strongly committed in the European Union Training Mission in Somalia. After four years in Uganda it redeployed to Mogadishu in 2014. The current strength of 130 personnel represents 11 nations and forms an integral part of the EU Horn of Africa strategic plan, proving a variety of military capabilities for the development of Somali security forces.

 

EUTM Somalia provides military advice to the MoD/Defence General Staff and basic/specialist training to the Somali National Army and as of October 2014 had planned and conducted 18 training courses at Jazeera Training Camp, training almost 1 500 Somalis.

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 17:30
An Egyptian MiG-21

An Egyptian MiG-21

 

09 March 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Egyptian military air strikes have killed 25 Islamist militants in Northern Sinai over the last two days, security sources said, targeting an insurgency that seeks to topple the Cairo government.

 

On Friday, air raids hit two houses south of the Sinai town of Sheikh Zuweid, killing 10 militants from Ansar Beit al-Maqdis - which renamed itself Sinai Province after pledging allegiance to Islamic State - the sources said.

 

At least 14 other militants were injured in the strikes. On Thursday, 15 militants were killed when air strikes hit three homes south of Sheikh Zuweid. Reuters could not immediately verify accounts of the attacks and the army spokesman was not immediately available for comment.

 

North Sinai is the epicentre of an Islamist militant insurgency that has killed hundreds of police and soldiers since then army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi ousted Islamist president Mohamed Mursi in July 2013 after mass protests against his rule.

 

Egypt has launched a crackdown in Sinai and systematically repressed Muslim Brotherhood supporters and other political opponents across the country. The Brotherhood says it is committed to peaceful activism.

 

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 14:45
photo EMA

photo EMA

 

09 March 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

France and Mali have agreed to new measures to reinforce security in Mali in the wake of an attack that killed five people at a restaurant in Bamako, the French presidency said in a statement on Saturday.

 

"The two presidents decided common measures to reinforce security in Mali," the statement said after French President Francois Hollande spoke to his Malian counterpart.

 

It did not specify how the measures would be strengthened.

 

France has more than 3,000 troops in West Africa as part of a counter-insurgency force targeting al-Qaeda linked militants.

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 13:45
(weo 2005)

(weo 2005)

Depuis plusieurs semaines, la Libye est le théâtre d'une série d'attaques revendiquées ou attribuées au groupe djihadiste EI qui contrôle des pans entiers de territoire en Syrie et en Irak.

 

09.03.2015 Le Monde.fr

 

Neuf personnes – quatre Philippins, deux Bangladeshis, un Ghanéen, un Tchèque et un Autrichien – ont été enlevés lors d'une attaque vendredi 6 mars contre le champ pétrolier Al-Ghani, dans le sud de la Libye, ont annoncé lundi les autorités philippines. L'attaque a été imputée aux djihadistes du groupe Etat islamique (EI), qui a fait huit morts parmi les gardes. Le porte-parole du ministère des affaires étrangères philippin, qui s'appuyait sur un rapport de l'ambassade des Philippines en Libye, a déclaré qu'il n'était pas en mesure de confirmer l'identité des ravisseurs, ajoutant qu'aucune demande n'avait été formulée par les ravisseurs.

 

Suite de l’article

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9 mars 2015 1 09 /03 /mars /2015 13:30
Islamic State conflict: Deadly strike on Syria refinery

Video posted by Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently purportedly showing fireball in sky after air strike on oil refinery outside Tal Abyad, Syria (8 March 2015)

 

9 March 2015 BBC MidEast

 

At least 14 people have been killed in US-led coalition air strikes on an oil refinery in northern Syria run by Islamic State (IS), activists say.

 

Refinery workers and jihadist militants were among those who died in the raid on the facility outside Tal Abyad. One activist group posted a video purportedly showing a fireball rising into the night sky after the attack. Captured refineries and oil fields have played a key role in fuelling Islamic State's advance across Syria and Iraq. Last year, the group may have earned as much as $100m (£66m) from the sale of oil and oil products to local smugglers who, in turn, sell them to the Syrian government and merchants in neighbouring countries. However, US officials say the group's ability to use oil as a source of revenue is now believed to be diminishing due to the air strikes.

 

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