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1 octobre 2013 2 01 /10 /octobre /2013 07:30
US Concerned by Turkey’s Choice of Chinese Missile

Sept. 30, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Reuters; published Sept. 28, 2013)


U.S. Concerned About Turkey's Choice of Chinese Missile System (excerpt)

The United States said on Saturday it had expressed serious concerns to Turkey over its decision to co-produce a long-range air and missile defense system with a Chinese firm under U.S. sanctions.

Turkey, a member of the NATO military alliance, announced this week that it had chosen the FD-2000 missile defense system from China Precision Machinery Import and Export Corp, or CPMIEC, over rival systems from Russian, U.S. and European firms.

CPMIEC is under U.S. sanctions for violations of the Iran, North Korea and Syria Nonproliferation Act.

"We have conveyed our serious concerns about the Turkish government's contract discussions with a U.S.-sanctioned company for a missile defense system that will not be inter-operable with NATO systems or collective defense capabilities," a State Department spokeswoman said.

"Our discussions on this issue will continue." (end of excerpt)

Click here for the full story, on the Reuters website.

(EDITOR’S NOTE: Sources in Turkey say that the reasons for choosing the Chinese missile over its competitors include its reportedly 25% lower acquisition cost and much lower running costs; the possibility of incorporating Turkish systems and subsystems; and the fear that US-supplied missiles might be incapacitated if used against Israeli missiles.)

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30 septembre 2013 1 30 /09 /septembre /2013 11:30
Chinese S-300 (HongQi 9 [HQ-9]) launcher during China's 60th anniversary parade, 2009. photo Jian Kang

Chinese S-300 (HongQi 9 [HQ-9]) launcher during China's 60th anniversary parade, 2009. photo Jian Kang

27/09/2013 by Paul Fiddian - Armed Forces International's Lead Reporter


Turkey has selected China's CPMIEC firm to co-manufacture its long-range ground-based air defence system, thereby eliminating Russian, European and US companies from a $4 billion co-development contract.


Turkey's air defence system choice was made public on 26 September by the country's Defense Minister, Ismet Yilmaz, who at the same time confirmed the termination of a ship-building contract through which six new corvettes would have been delivered to the Turkish Navy.


Right now, Turkey doesn't have an extended-range missile defence system in operation but, via its NATO membership, does have Patriot systems deployed there.


CPMIEC's winning offering is the HQ-9 system. It was up against the Patriot (offered by Lockheed Martin and Raytheon), the S-300 (Rosoboronexport) and the SAMP/T Aster 30 (Eurosam).


Turkish Air Defence Contract


Responding to the Turkish air defence contract choice, Raytheon seemed to express disappointment. "NATO has long supported the system, deploying Patriots in five aligned countries and, in 2012, providing a requested Patriot deployment to Turkey", said representative Mike Doble. "Given this strong performance, we hope to have an opportunity to debrief and learn more about this decision."


About six months ago, CPMIEC had sanctions imposed on it by the United Nations in connection with Iran, North Korea and Syria Nonproliferation Act violations. It is not known precisely what these violations involved but this wasn't the first time the firm had found itself in that situation.


HQ-9 Missile System


The HQ-9 missile defence system has been in production since the 1980s. The missile itself boasts an inertial guidance system, has a horizontal range of up to 200 kilometres and travels at Mach 4.2. It is launched by a Taian TAS5380 8×8 TEL (transporter erector launcher) vehicle.


In 2012, China was the world's fifth-largest arms exporter with a five per cent market share, according to SIPRI (the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). The lion's share of its arms exports involved sales to Pakistan, SIPRI stated.

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29 septembre 2013 7 29 /09 /septembre /2013 11:30
DCA pour la Turquie: la Chine remporte un appel d'offres de 4 Mds EUR

MOSCOU, 27 septembre - RIA Novosti


Les constructeurs russes, américains et européens ont été devancés par le groupe chinois CPMIEC qui a remporté un appel d'offres pour la livraison de missiles sol-air longue portée lancé par la Turquie, annonce vendredi le quotidien Hurriyet Daily News.


En 2009, la Turquie a lancé un appel d'offres de quatre milliards de dollars pour la livraison de missiles sol-air. Quatre constructeurs y ont pris part, dont le groupe américain Raytheon & Lockheed Martin, le franco-italien EuroSam, le chinois CPMIEC et le russe Rosoboronexport.


Lors de cet appel d'offres, Rosoboronexport a proposé son système de missiles sol-air S-300. La Turquie lui a proposé d'acquérir des S-400, mais Moscou a décliné cette proposition.


Le quotidien turc indique qu'en février dernier, les autorités américaines ont imposé des sanctions à l'encontre de CPIEC, accusé de livrer des armes à l'Iran, la Syrie et la Corée du Nord.

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27 septembre 2013 5 27 /09 /septembre /2013 11:30
Défense aérienne : la Turquie met KO Américains et Européens

Chinese S-300 (HongQi 9 [HQ-9]) launcher during China's 60th anniversary parade, 2009. photo Jian Kang


26/09/2013 Michel Cabirol – LaTribune.fr


Pourtant membre de l'OTAN, la Turquie a choisi un groupe chinois, CPMIEC, pour la fourniture d'un système de défense aérienne stratégique pour Ankara. Un contrat évalué à 4 milliards de dollars. C'est une énorme gifle pour les américains Raytheon et Lockheed Martin ainsi que les français MBDA et Thales.


C'est une énorme surprise... et un choix totalement incompréhensible au regard des alliances internationales. La Chine a remporté jeudi un appel d'offres de 4 milliards de dollars lancé par la Turquie portant sur l'acquisition de systèmes de missiles anti-aériens et de missiles de longue portée. Le sous-secrétariat de l'Industrie de la Défense (SSM) a "décidé d'entamer les pourparlers avec la compagnie CPMIEC de la République populaire de Chine pour la production conjointe des systèmes et de leurs missiles en Turquie sur le prix négocié", selon un communiqué.


C'est aussi un énorme claque pour le consortium américain formé par Raytheon et Lockheed Martin mais aussi pour le groupe franco-italien Eurosam (MBDA et Thales) et à un degré moindre le russe Rosoboronexport. Cela risque de tanguer les jours prochains entre Ankara et Washington. Pourquoi un tel choix ? Selon le magazine "Defence News", les Chinois auraient proposé à Ankara trois milliards de dollars, un prix défiant toute concurrence pour un contrat estimé pourtant à 4 milliards de dollars


La Turquie pays membre de l'OTAN


Pourtant, en janvier, l'Otan avait commencé à déployer des missiles sol-air Patriot pour protéger la Turquie d'un éventuel débordement du conflit syrien. Les batteries de missiles Patriot, destinées à assurer la défense du territoire turc contre les avions et les missiles à courte portée, ont été fournies par les Etats-Unis, l'Allemagne et les Pays-Bas.


Thales et MBDA espéraient beaucoup en Turquie. D'autant qu'il existait de nombreux contacts à haut niveau entre les deux pays. François Hollande avait d'ailleurs récemment rencontré son homologue turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, pour lui proposer une visite d'Etat.

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23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 11:30
Air Force Commander General Akin Ozturk

Air Force Commander General Akin Ozturk

Sept 22, 2013 Spacewar.com (AFP)


Ankara - Turkey's air force on Sunday paid tribute to the crew who shot down a Syrian military helicopter which it said had violated Turkish airspace.


Air Force Commander General Akin Ozturk has "honoured the personnel who applied rules of engagement toward a Syrian helicopter which refused to leave the airspace last week despite warnings," the air force command said in a statement.


Turkish warplanes on Monday downed the Syrian helicopter which Ankara said was detected two kilometres (about a mile) inside Turkish airspace.


Turkey changed its rules of engagement after the downing of one of its fighter jets by the Syrian air force in June 2012.


The government had warned that any military approach from Syria on the Turkish border would be considered a threat.


Relations between once close allies Damascus and Ankara have deteriorated since the outbreak of the Syrian conflict in March 2011.


The long and volatile border between the two countries has become increasingly tense, with a number of incidents in the area, which prompted NATO to station Patriot missile batteries there for defencive purposes.

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23 septembre 2013 1 23 /09 /septembre /2013 07:30
Turkey Could Face Huge Fighter Bill

In addition to an indigenous fighter under development locally, Turkey plans to buy 100 F-35A fighter jets. (Lockheed Martin)


Sep. 22, 2013 By BURAK EGE BEKDIL – Defense news


ANKARA — Turkish ambitions to develop and build the first ever made-in-Turkey fighter aircraft and at the same time buy a new generation, multinational combat jet may go beyond Turkey’s financing capacity, industry sources and experts said.


They said Turkey could face a US $50 billion bill in the next few decades if it decides to go ahead with now maturing plans to build an indigenous fighter jet and order scores of the US-led, multinational F-35 joint strike fighter in a parallel move.


“The [local] fighter program has not yet won the final green light from the government, but if it does, Turkish budget planners will have to sit down and find ways to finance both this ambition and the JSF program,” said one senior western aerospace official.


Procurement officials earlier said Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan would make the final decision on whether Turkey should skip to a next level in its pre-conceptual design work for the Turkish fighter, a program dubbed the TF-X.


Turkey’s ultimate decision-maker on procurement, the Defense Industry Executive Committee, chaired by Erdogan, is expected to make a decision this year.


Industry sources took a ministerial statement on a civilian project as an indication of a positive decision on the TF-X. Transport Minister Binali Yildirim told reporters Sept. 3 that a plan for the design, development and production of a Turkish civilian aircraft, with 60 to 120 seats, had been submitted to the cabinet for approval.


Defense industry officials estimate that building eight prototypes to be produced under the TF-X would cost Ankara over $10 billion. “Any figure in the range of $11-13 billion would be realistic,” an aviation official said.


His guess for the final Turkish order if the entire program succeeded is nearly 200 aircraft. “We target $100 million per aircraft,” he said. “I think 200 is a realistic figure given our aging fleet of aircraft that will phase out in the decades ahead.”


That means Turkey will have to spend $31-33 billion for the Turkish fighter it hopes to design, develop and manufacture. But independent analysts say this can be an over-optimistic calculation.


“We know that Turkey’s plans do not include developing an engine for the Turkish fighter. Moreover, I think $100 million per aircraft is too optimistic given Turkey’s technological constraints, its high-cost industry and the fact that a newcomer [into the fighter industry] like Turkey would always suffer setbacks and trials and errors during the entire process.”


Turkey has been in talks with Sweden’s Saab for pre-conceptual design work for the country’s first national fighter jet. Saab makes the JAS 39 Gripen, a lightweight single-engine multirole fighter. It was designed to replace the Saab 35 Draken and 37 Viggen in the Swedish Air Force. The Gripen is powered by the Volvo-Flygmotor RM12 engine, a derivative of the General Electric F404, and has a top speed of Mach 2.


Turkey hopes that under the TF-X program, it can fly the Turkish fighter by 2023, the centennial of the republic. Turkey’s aerospace powerhouse, TAI, has been debating three designs.


Meanwhile, Turkey, whose present fighter fleet is made up of US-made aircraft, also plans to buy the F-35.


Most of Turkey’s fleet of F-16 fighters, being modernized by Lockheed Martin, and the F-35s are open to US technological influence. Only its older F-4 aircraft, modernized by Israel, and its oldest F-16s, being modernized by Turkey, are free from this influence. But these older aircraft are expected to be decommissioned around 2020.


Turkey’s defense procurement officials have said that Ankara intends to buy around 100 F-35s. Defense analysts estimate the cost of the entire JSF program to Turkey to be around $16 billion, bringing Turkey’s fighter budget up to $50 billion together with the TF-X.

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19 septembre 2013 4 19 /09 /septembre /2013 07:30
Syrie : al-Qaïda s'empare de la ville d'Aazaz à la frontière turque

19 septembre 2013 Par RFI Avec Paul Khalifeh, correspondant à Beyrouth


En Syrie, al-Qaïda et l'ASL se livrent à une guerre sans merci.


Des jihadistes d'al-Qaïda ont décrété le couvre-feu dans la ville d'Aazaz, près d'Alep, après en avoir chassé l'Armée syrienne libre au prix de violents combats qui ont fait des dizaines de victimes. Al-Qaïda tente aussi d'évincer l'ASL de la ville de Deir Ezzor, non loin de l'Irak. La Syrie est désormais en proie à une guerre triangulaire où tout le monde s'entretue.


Suite de l’article

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19 septembre 2013 4 19 /09 /septembre /2013 07:30
Altay tank nov 2012

Altay tank nov 2012

Sep. 18, 2013 - By BURAK EGE BEKDIL – Defense News


ANKARA — Despite their differences over the July coup in Egypt, Turkey and Saudi Arabia have ratified a defense industry cooperation agreement..


According to the agreement, which took effect Sept. 11, Turkey and Saudi Arabia “aim to increase cooperation in the defense industry by improving the industry capabilities of both countries through more effective collaboration on the development, production and procurement of goods and services in the defense industry and the related technical and logistical support fields.”


The agreement had been signed in May and was pending parliamentary approval.


The agreement will remain in force for five years and it should be extended automatically for successive one-year periods. Last year, the Turkish parliament also approved a deal with Saudi Arabia regarding cooperation in the training of military personnel.


On a political level, Turkey and Saudi Arabia have cooperated to support the rebels fighting Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime, which both countries said must be removed. But Ankara and Riyadh differ in their Egypt policies. Turkey has been a fierce opponent of the military coup that ousted Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi in July, while the Saudi kingdom has been supporting the military-backed government there.


Industry experts here say the cooperation accord between Turkey and Saudi Arabia could facilitate Turkey’s future exports of naval vessels, assault boats, armored vehicles and unmanned aerial vehicles to Saudi Arabia. The Arab kingdom also has shown an interest in the Altay, Turkey’s first indigenous new-generation battle tank now in the prototype production and testing stage.

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18 septembre 2013 3 18 /09 /septembre /2013 17:45
Multi-national training to rebuild Libyan Army

18 September 2013 by Oscar Nkala - defenceWeb


The Bulgarian and United States governments have signed an agreement paving the way for joint training of up to 8 000 Libyan Army soldiers, on a rotational basis, at two Bulgarian military bases run by the two nations as international efforts to rebuild Libya’s post-war army intensify.


The agreement comes two weeks after Britain, Italy, Turkey and France agreed to provide professional military training for up to 7 000 more Libyan soldiers, bringing the number of soldiers earmarked for training abroad over the next eight years to 15 000.



Bulgarian Defence minister Angel Nayednov told local media in the capital Sofia batches of between 150 and 200 Libyan soldiers will be trained on a rotational basis in the US-Bulgarian bases at Novo Selo and Graf Ignatievo.


Naydenov said although his government approved the US request for the hosting and training of Libyan troops, the two countries still have to work out the finer details of the programme.


“This is a bilateral proposal which is also being discussed within the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and could be expected to become part of NATO’s mission for post-war reconstruction of Libya,” said the minister.


In terms of the initial proposal, US and Bulgarian instructors will train between 150 and 200 Libyan soldiers on a rotational basis over the next five to eight years. This agreement follows those entered into by Italy, Turkey and Britain to train a further 7 000 Libyan Army soldiers in their respective countries.


A spokesman for Libyan Army Chief of Staff Colonel Ali Sheikhi told local media up to 360 soldiers will be sent in batches for training abroad as part of an international military assistance plan for rebuilding the Libyan armed forces.


He said the details of the programme were initially negotiated between Prime Minister Ali Zeidan and representatives of the three European governments in June. “It has been agreed with Italy, Turkey, France and Britain to train ground army units for three months for each group,” the spokesman said.


The programme is expected to start shortly with the first batch of 360 Libyan Army soldiers headed for training in Italy on September 27 where they will attend professional military courses for up to three months. The army said the soldiers would be trained in basic infantry skills and military leadership at a British Army location in Cambridgeshire.

Britain has agreed to train a total of 2 000 Libyan soldiers while France, Italy and Turkey will share the remaining 5 000 soldiers earmarked for EU training. Sheikhi said the Libyan government is currently engaged in discussions with the governments of Turkey, Italy and Britain to increase the number of trainees and the length of their courses.

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17 septembre 2013 2 17 /09 /septembre /2013 07:30
Anka May Lose Its Engine

Sep 17 2013 trdefence.com


Chinese Avic’s acquisition of German Thielert, leaves the first Turkishmade drone, the Anka, without an engine. Turkish officials are worried that buying of Thielert, engines supplier of Anka, may delay the project.


It looked entirely like any other business takeover between the Chinese and Germans with no relevance to Turkey. But the news that a Chinese group had acquired the troubled German maker of aircraft engines means Turkey must now find a new engine supplier for its first indigenous unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), the Anka.


Turkish officials and the Anka team are now worried that Chinese group Avic International’s acquisition of Thielert, a bankrupt German maker of diesel engines for aircraft may further delay the Anka which would otherwise have been powered by Thielert’s Centurion engine.


Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) which develops the Anka had ordered the Centurion for a batch of 10 aircraft. Now TAI must look elsewhere to find a new engine to power the Anka.


The ANKA is a medium-altitude long-endurance MALE-category drone. Such UAVs usually operate for 24 hours at an altitude of 10,000 feet.


ANKA, meaning Phoenix in English, is the first MALE-type UAV to be produced by TAI. One of the prototypes crashed during a test flight in September but several other flight tests have been carried out successfully.


ANKA+, another version of the ANKA, calls for an armed vehicle, using a rocket attached to its body and sensors.


An engine maybe developed to replace


“An immediate replacement could be a difficult task,” a TAI official said. “We may, though, ask TEI (TAI’s sister company that manufactures engine parts) to develop an engine for the Anka.” Both TAI and TEI (Turkish Engine Industries) are owned by a military support fund.


The engine problem occurred at a time when defense procurement authorities are preparing to sign a contract for the acquisition of 10 ANKAs. Separately, the Turkish police force is also preparing to place an order for the Anka.


Before the engine snag, another problem had delayed the Anka program. A locally-developed electro optical sensor, by military electronics firm Aselsan, did not fit Anka’s specifications and TAI was mulling to opt for a foreign pod.


Avic said in August that it was merging Thielert into its Continental Motors division and was giving up military business. Deliveries had stopped, the state-run Chinese company announced.


Thielert was supplying engines for aircraft including a U.S. Army version of the General Atomics Predator. General Atomics has acquired the engine data package and intends to continue production and support.


Satellite-controled version of ANKA


The ANKA had successfully passed acceptance tests late in January. The final, decisive tests on Jan. 20-21 involved a full endurance, 18-hour flight, successful auto landing, data link performance at a distance of 200 km (approx. 120 miles) under winds up to 45 knots, and night take-offs and landings. The ANKA has so far did more than 150 flight hours. There is a possibility that TAI could develop a satellite-controlled version of the ANKA, company officials say.


A defense industry expert said that finding a new engine supplier may not resolve the entire problem. “Any new engine will have to be fitted into the Anka which was designed for the Thielert engine. This will require new (engine) integration work. New tests should also be done,” he said.

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16 septembre 2013 1 16 /09 /septembre /2013 22:30
Hélicoptère syrien abattu à la frontière turc (capture d'écran RP Defense)

Hélicoptère syrien abattu à la frontière turc (capture d'écran RP Defense)

16/09/2013 par Jacques N. Godbout - 45eNord.ca


L’armée de l’air turque a abattu un hélicoptère syrien aujourd’hui à la frontière après que l’hélicoptère ait violé l’espace aérien turc, a déclaré le vice-premier ministre Bülent Arınç, rapporte le quotidien turc Hurriyet.


«Un hélicoptère militaire syrien qui s’est égaré deux kilomètres dans l’espace aérien turc a été averti à plusieurs reprises avant d’être abattu missiles tirés par un avion de chasse turc », a déclaré le vice-premier ministre turc aujourd’hui au sortir d’une réunion du Cabinet.


Des rapports antérieurs disaient que l’hélicoptère avait explosé en l’air et que l’explosion était visible dans le district de Hatay’s Yayladağı.


Il semble que l’hélicoptère était également déjà la cible de combattants des forces rebelles au moment où il a été abattu par l’aviation turque.


Des avions militaires turcs qui ont décollés de la base de Malatya ont tiré sur le hélicoptère syrien M-17, après qu’il eut continué de violer l’espace aérien turc, malgré les avertissements répétés.


L »hélicoptère s’est ensuite écrasé du côté syrien, a aussi précisé le vice-premier ministre turc.


«Il [l'hélicoptère] violé la frontière de la Turquie à deux kilomètres. Il a été averti à plusieurs reprises par des éléments de la défense aérienne. À la suite de la violation, il a été déterminé qu’il est tombé en territoire syrien après avoir été abattu à 14h25 par un missile par nos avions décollant de Malatya», a déclaré Bülent Arınç.


L’état-major des forces armées turques a pour sa part confirmé les propos de M. Arinç, précisant dans un communiqué que l’appareil syrien avait été repéré par la station de contrôle de Diyarbakir (sud-est) alors qu’il était à 26 milles marins (48 kilomètres) de la frontière turque et mis en garde jusqu’à ce qu’il soit à cinq milles marins (environ 9 kilomètres) de la ligne de démarcation.


«Malgré tout, l’hélicoptère syrien a continué de s’approcher de l’espace aérien turc», a affirmé l’état-major, indiquant que l’appareil avait violé l’espace aérien turc à la hauteur du poste-frontière de Güveççi, dans la province de Hatay (sud).


«Il est tombé en territoire syrien à un kilomètre de la frontière après avoir été frappé par un de nos deux F-16 placés en état d’alerte dans la région», a ajouté l’état-major.


Un groupe de militaires turcs a été dépêchés sur la zone après l’incident.


Le vice-premier ministre turc a aussi souligné quant à lui que l’initiative prise par les Forces armées turques (TSK) d’abattre l’hélicoptère syrien était fondée sur les règles d’engagement avec la Syrie.


Les règles d’engagement turcs ont été changé après que la Syrie eut abattu un avion turc en Juin 2012. Les autorités turques n’ont pas annoncé publiquement les détails des nouvelles règles d’engagement, mais certains rapports ont affirmé les forces turques avaient ordre de tirer tiraient sur les forces syriennes lorsqu’elles s’approchaient à moins de cinq kilomètres de la frontière turque du côté syrien.


En octobre de la même année (2012) un obus avait tué cinq civils dans le quartier Akçakale, dans la province de Sanliurfa.

Pour protéger la Turquie, les États-Unis, les Pays-Bas et l’Allemagne ont déployé sous l’égide de l’OTAN des batteries de sol-air missiles Patriot et des centaines de soldats le long de la frontière syrienne en Turquie méridionale, à la demande d’Ankara.


Les deux pilotes, qui seraient éjectés de l’avion avant l’explosion, auraient été tués par les forces de l’opposition après l’atterrissage en toute sécurité sur le terrain, selon l’agence de presse turc Doğan., mais l’Observatoire Syrien des Droits de l’Homme, pour sa part, affirme plutôt que l’un de ses deux pilotes, qui ont réussi à s’éjecter, avait été fait prisonnier par les rebelles alors que le sort de l’autre restait inconnu.


Quant à l’agence officielle syrienne SANA, elle ne fait aucune mention de l’événement.


Le gouvernement du premier ministre Recep Tayyip Erdogan soutient la rébellion syrienne depuis le début il y a deux ans et demi de la révolte en Syrie et milite ouvertement pour la chute de Bachar Al-Assad.

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16 septembre 2013 1 16 /09 /septembre /2013 18:00
La Turquie a abattu un hélicoptère syrien

16 septembre 201318h29 Romandie.com (AFP)


ANKARA - La Turquie a abattu lundi un hélicoptère militaire syrien qui avait violé son espace aérien, a déclaré le vice-Premier ministre turc Bulent Arinc.


Un hélicoptère MI-17 syrien a été détecté dans l'espace aérien turc à 14h20 (11h20 GMT), a dit M. Arinc à des journalistes.


Il a été averti de manière répétée par notre défense aérienne, mais comme la violation (de l'espace aérien turc) continuait, il est tombé en territoire syrien à 14h25 (11h25 GMT) après avoir été touché par des missiles tirés par nos avions, a déclaré le responsable turc.


La chute d'un hélicoptère de l'armée syrienne près de la frontière avait été annoncée auparavant par l'Observatoire syrien des droits de l'homme (OSDH).


M. Arinc a ajouté qu'il ne disposait pas d'informations sur le sort de l'hélicoptère parce que l'appareil était tombé en territoire syrien.


Depuis le début il y a deux ans et demi de la révolte en Syrie contre le pouvoir du président Bachar al-Assad, le gouvernement du Premier ministre Recep Tayyip Erdogan, jusqu'alors allié de la Syrie, s'est retourné contre elle. M. Erdogan milite ouvertement pour la chute du président Assad et soutient la rébellion syrienne.


Le directeur de l'OSDH, Rami Abdel Rahmane, a déclaré à l'AFP que l'hélicoptère était tombé en territoire syrien. Il a ajouté que l'un de ses deux pilotes, qui ont réussi à s'éjecter, avait été fait prisonnier par les rebelles alors que le sort de l'autre restait inconnu.


Des agences de presse turques ont confirmé que l'hélicoptère était tombé du côté syrien de la frontière.


Depuis le début du conflit, les rebelles ont abattu des avions et des hélicoptères militaires syriens.


L'armée syrienne a abattu en juin 2012 un avion turc en affirmant qu'il avait violé son espace aérien.

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12 septembre 2013 4 12 /09 /septembre /2013 07:30
Turkey Launches Missile Warning System Competition

Sep. 11, 2013 - by BURAK EGE BEKDIL – Defense News


ANKARA — Turkey’s defense procurement office, the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (SSM) has launched a competition to acquire hundreds of missile warning systems (MWS) for the Turkish Air Force’s fixed-wing platforms.


SSM at the end of August issued a request for proposals in order to “gather general information on potential suppliers of the MWS in the market; have an idea of availability of the required MWS; investigate and clarify the system and sub-system based technical details and requirements; define logistics support requirements for the system as a part of the request for proposal preparation effort.


Only MWS manufacturers can receive the document until Sept. 16, SSM said. The responses to the request should be delivered to SSM on or before Oct. 11.


Procurement officials said if Turkey decided to outfit only its F-16 fleet with the MWS, it would mean business for more than 200 aircraft.


“An initial batch would probably be purchased off-the-shelf from a foreign manufacturer, but the rest could be produced locally under license,” the official said.


Military electronics manufacturer Aselsan, Turkey’s biggest defense firm, has produced missile warning systems under German license for Turkish helicopters.


Industry sources said SSM will seek imaging infrared sensor technology for the new program.

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10 septembre 2013 2 10 /09 /septembre /2013 11:30
photo Niitek

photo Niitek

Sep 10, 2013 ASDNews Source : Chemring Group PLC


NIITEK®, Inc., a subsidiary of the Chemring Group PLC ("Chemring"), and now Chemring Sensors & Electronic Systems (CSES) announced today that the Turkish Army has made a purchase of the two-operator Husky Mine Detection System (HMDS) to lead its route clearance patrols and provide minefield clearance capability. The NIITEK® HMDS is a multi-panel high-performance Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) system which functions on manned, blast resistant vehicles that provide rapid ability to scope out anti-vehicular landmines and other explosive hazards on main supply routes and additional open areas as needed. This is Turkey’s first acquisition of the HMDS and represents a critical enhancement in the mine and Improvised Explosive Device (IED) detection, interrogation, and clearance capabilities for the Turkish military. The NIITEK® Ground Penetrating Radar is now in use with the U.S., Canadian, Australian, and Spanish Militaries.


This equipment is a significant leap forward in Turkish Army mine detection capability. Three of the four two-seat variant Husky 2G vehicles sold to Turkey feature the NIITEK® Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and the fourth Husky 2G features a robotic arm. Additionally, the Turkish Army procured two R-VISOR robots mounted on the QinetiQ TALON® featuring a NIITEK® GPR and Metal Detector. The robots clear footpaths as well as areas not accessible to the much larger HMDS. Delivery was completed August 2013 in Turkey. The contract includes installation, training, and logistics support. NIITEK®, along with its partners Critical Solutions International (CSI), sales lead for the Husky 2G manufactured in South Africa, and IPA Defence, a Turkish based company as the main contractor in this project, representing NIITEK® & CSI and QinetiQ North America, received the order in May 2013.


“We have been working closely with IPA and CSI to assist the Turkish Government establish an enhanced route and area clearance capability because of the threats that exist on their southern borders; we look to further support this capacity as it is established across their military.” said Tom Thebes, CSES Acting President. “The NIITEK® GPR is a critical component in the war against mines and IEDs and this award represents a significant step in supporting the international Counter-IED mission and the ultimate goal of saving lives.”

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9 septembre 2013 1 09 /09 /septembre /2013 07:30
La Turquie dépêche des avions de combat vers la frontière syrienne

ANKARA, 8 septembre - RIA Novosti


Six avions militaires turcs F-16 ont été dépêchés dimanche vers la frontière syrienne en mission de reconnaissance, rapporte le journal turc Sabah.

Les F-16 stationnés dans la province de Diyarbakir (sud-est) ont pour mission de détecter des déplacements le long de la frontière. Selon le quotidien, les pilotes des avions sont autorisés à ouvrir le feu en cas de nécessité.

Dans l'attente d'une éventuelle intervention militaire en Syrie voisine, Ankara renforce les mesures de sécurité à la frontière turco-syrienne. A l'heure actuelle, 15.000 soldats de l'armée de terre turque, environ 450 chars et véhicules blindés, ainsi que plus de 150 mitrailleuses lourdes ont été transférés vers la région

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6 septembre 2013 5 06 /09 /septembre /2013 06:30
Turkey Reinforces Syria Border as Erdogan Backs US Attack

September 6th, 2013 defencetalk.com


Turkey deployed tanks and anti-aircraft guns to reinforce its military units on the Syrian border, as the U.S. considers strikes against Syria.


Convoys carrying tanks and rocket-launchers headed to border areas in Hatay, Gaziantep and Sanliurfa provinces today and yesterday, according to Hurriyet newspaper and Anatolia news agency. Tanks, missile launchers and anti-aircraft guns on hilltops near the border town of Kilis were aimed Syria, state-run TRT television said. F-16s, tanker and cargo planes as well as at least one drone landed at southern Incirlik Air Base, Anatolia said.


Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who has expressed a willingness to join any international coalition against Syria, yesterday vowed to respond to any attack from its southern neighbor. He spoke after Syrian Deputy Foreign Minister Faisal al-Mekdad was cited by the Wall Street Journal as saying that Syria will strike U.S. allies Israel, Jordan and Turkey if the Obama administration attacks his country over its alleged use of chemical weapons on Aug. 21.

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5 septembre 2013 4 05 /09 /septembre /2013 17:30
Turkish Army orders CSI's Husky Mark III mine detectors

A Husky mine detection vehicle parked at the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico, US. Photo US Army.


5 September 2013 army-technology.com


Critical Solutions International (CSI) has received a contract for supply of its two-operator Husky Mark III vehicle mounted mine detectors (VMMDs) to the Turkish Army.


Awarded to CSI's distributor IPA Defence and its strategic partner DCD Protected Mobility, the unspecified contract covers the supply of four Husky vehicles to help enhance mine and improvised explosive device (IED) detection, interrogation and clearance capabilities of the Turkish military.


Vehicles supplied under the contract will be fitted with several mission equipment packages, such as the Fassi M20AL lightweight composite interrogation arm, QinetiQ-NA-built rocket-propelled grenade net protection system (Q-Net), as well as a 360° situational awareness camera system, jointly manufactured by CSI and Torc Robotics.


CSI's CEO, Mike McCormack, said the Husky vehicle selection represents Turkish government's significant investment in saving lives and improving the capability of the national army.


''The two-operator Husky vehicle, equipped with the Fassi Interrogation Arm, Q-Net and a 360° camera system provides the essential technology for threat detection and interrogation, and will help protect the lives of service members and civilians,'' McCormack said.


''The IED is also not limited to recent US theatres of combat operations and international militaries are increasingly recognising the need to have this life-saving advanced detection capability.''


The Husky MK III VMMD is a single occupant mine-resistant landmine and IED detection vehicle, designed to enable rapid and efficient route clearance by creating safe passage for military convoys and civilian vehicles in both rural and urban environments.


An upgraded version of Husky VMMD, Husky MK III features a V-shaped hull to deflect any blast away from the operator and is also capable of rolling over a pressure-sensitive explosive device without triggering an explosion.


More than 500 Husky MK III vehicles have been used to date for operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.

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30 août 2013 5 30 /08 /août /2013 16:30
Turkey on Alert for Possible Syrian Chemical Attack

Aug. 30, 2013 By BURAK EGE BEKDIL  - Defense News


ANKARA — Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan held critical meetings Thursday with top security officials to discuss measures to counter a possible chemical weapons attack from neighboring Syria, officials said.


Chief of General Staff Necdet Ozel, Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, Interior Minister Muammer Guler, Defense Minister Ismet Yilmaz and Intelligence Chief Hakan Fidan were among those at the three-hour meeting, the officials said.


The meeting came as the United States, Britain and France take steps for military action against Syria.


The Turkish military has also issued an alert warning about possible chemical attacks from Syria, military officials said.


A U.N. inspection team is continuing its investigation into a reported chemical attack on the outskirts of Damascus, which could be the turning point in the two-and-a-half-year conflict. The team is expected to complete its report Saturday.


Meanwhile in Washington, White House spokesman Josh Earnest said the U.S. is committed to Turkey’s defense against any possible Syrian attack.


Asked by journalists about Washington’s response in the event of a Syrian chemical weapons attack against Turkey, Jordan or Israel, Earnest said the U.S.’s priority was the protection of international norms, Turkish and international news services reported.


“We have a defense agreement with Turkey. We have a commitment to protect our ally Turkey,” he said.


He also added that the U.S. has a similar commitment with Israel. “Our relations with Jordan are a little different, but it’s a critical partner in the region,” Earnest said.

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29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 07:30
Syrie: l'armée turque placée en état d'alerte

MOSCOU, 28 août - RIA Novosti


La Turquie a placé mercredi ses forces armées en état d'alerte et a pris les dispositions nécessaires pour défendre ses citoyens en cas d'intervention militaire étrangère en Syrie, a annoncé l'agence Reuters, citant le chef de la diplomatie turque Ahmed Davutoglu.


Une décision analogue a été adoptée mercredi par Bagdad. Selon le premier ministre irakien Nouri al-Maliki, les forces armées du pays ont été mises en état d'alerte en prévision de frappes aériennes sur Damas.


La situation en Syrie est entrée dans une phase critique le 21 août, date à laquelle les médias hostiles au président Bachar el-Assad ont fait état de l'utilisation d'armes chimiques par les troupes gouvernementales dans la région de Damas. Selon les rebelles, cette attaque présumée pourrait avoir fait 1.300 morts.


Mardi soir, un porte-parole de la Maison Blanche a annoncé que le président Barack Obama réfléchissait toujours aux mesures qui devaient servir de réponse à cette attaque. Bien que la décision de frapper la Syrie ne soit pas encore adoptée, le Pentagone affirme que plusieurs scénarios sont à l'étude, y compris une "réaction de force".


Certains pays occidentaux, dont les Etats-Unis, la Grande-Bretagne et la France, ont profité de cette information non confirmée pour appeler ouvertement à une intervention militaire en Syrie sans aval du Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU.

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29 août 2013 4 29 /08 /août /2013 07:30
Turkey's Defense Exports Up 9 Percent for Year to Date

Aug. 28, 2013 - By BURAK EGE BEKDIL – Defense News


ANKARA — Turkey’s defense industry exports in the seven months ending in July reached $781 million, an all-time high for the period, and may be on course to set a record for the year, according to industry officials.


The export contracts signed during the first seven months of the year mark a 9 percent increase from the same period in 2012, according to Latif Aral Alis, chairman of Turkey’s Defense and Aerospace Industry Exporters’ Association.


He said aircraft and helicopter parts accounted for most of this year’s exports. Top buyers of Turkish-made equipment were the US and former Soviet republics in Central Asia. Other major export items were armored vehicles, vessels and fast boats, missiles, rockets and launch platforms, light weapons and ammunition, electronic systems (radio, command-and-control systems, simulators, sensors and application software), logistics support products (kitchen, hospital, clothing materials), and engineering and technology transfer services, Alis said.


The Turkish industry is aiming for a record high $1.5 billion in exports for the year.


“The export performance in the first seven months of the year was very promising for achieving the annual target,” Alis said.


Another promising figure was Turkey’s cumulative research and development spending, which has reached $772 million this year, also a record.


“This is due to investments in high-value and intensive know-how programs,” Alis said.


The Turkish defense industry is aiming for $4 billion in production and $2 billion in exports in 2016. As various national made-in-Turkey programs reach serial production stage after 2016, Turkey will reach for an ambitious defense and aerospace export target of $25 billion in 2023, according to Alis.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 16:30
Airbus Military A400M flies in Turkish Air Force colours

28/8/2013 Airbus Military


The first production Airbus Military A400M new generation airlifter for the Turkish Air Force (TAF) has been painted and flown for the first time in its new markings. The aircraft is the first of ten ordered by Turkey and will be delivered in the coming weeks.

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28 août 2013 3 28 /08 /août /2013 11:30
Turkey to spend $600 mln on assault boats

August/28/2013 Burak BEKDİL -  Hürriyet Daily News


Turkey is planing to spend $600 million to buy 10 new assault boats and had initiated a contest for the program, defense sector sources have said


Defense procurement officials expect a number of local shipyards are expected to race for Turkey’s $600-million worth assault boat purchase program. The design and manufacturing of the boats will be local, they have said.

Turkey is expected to spend more than half a billion dollars on a batch of new assault boats, defense sources have said.


Turkey’s defense procurement authorities recently launched a new competition for the acquisition of 10 new assault boats, a program dubbed the “Turkish-type assault boat.”


Officials and defense industry sources agree that the proposed program would cost Turkey nearly $600 million.


Defense procurement officials said an official request for information for the contract was issued at the end of July. “This will be a major contest for mostly local shipyards but there will be a foreign contest too,” one official said. “The design and manufacturing will be local, hence the tag ‘Turkish-type assault boat.’”


Industry sources expect competition among local shipyards RMK Marine, Yonca-Onuk, Dearsan and Istanbul Shipyards.


The program will be managed by STM, a government-owned defense industry engineering and consultation company. STM, under authorization from the procurement agency, the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (SSM) had carried out feasibility studies for the assault boat program between 2008 and 2010.


Under the plan, local shipyards will compete for the design and manufacturing work. State-owned defense companies Aselsan and Havelsan will compete for the warfare system and state-owned missile maker Roketsan will produce the weapons systems.


Foreign companies will be asked to bid for main propulsion and steering systems. The deadline to reply to the request for information is Sept. 13, 2013.


Tender for local warship to be remade


ANKARA / ISTANBUL - A tender for Turkey’s national warship program (MİLGEM) will reportedly be rearranged following a report by the prime ministry’s inspection office stating that the original tender’s result was not in the public interest, local daily Star reported yesterday. Seven companies, including Koç Holding’s RMK Marine, the winner of the first tender, have been called upon to offer their prices.


However, officials from the Undersecretaries for the Defense Industry declined to comment to the Daily News on the issue.


The Defense Industry Executive Committee particularly called upon two companies, RMK Marine and Dearsan, to take part in the tender, after finding that they had already applied for another prominent shipyard in Istanbul at the beginning of the year. RMK Marine was selected in January by the committee to build six follow-on Milgem-class corvettes.


Construction of the first Milgem project ship, the Heybeliada, was completed in 2008, while the second ship, the Büyükada, is still under way.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 16:30
Turkey ready to support military intervention against Syria without mandate of UN Security Council

August 27, 2013 armyrecognition.com


Turkey will join any international coalition in the event of a military invasion to the Syrian Arab Republic. This was stated by Ahmet Davutoglu, Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs. It seems that Ankara is very zealous in this regard. The Turkish authorities are ready to support a military intervention even without the mandate of the UN Security Council.


According to Davutoglu, in the absence of a unanimous decision within the framework of a UN Security Council meeting, there will be other options for resolving the conflict.


A U.S. military intervention in the Syrian conflict is becoming more likely. The pretext is the use of chemical weapons in the suburbs of Damascus on August 21st. Washington hurried to place the responsibility for the attack on the government troops.


Turkey, a NATO member bordering Syria, has emerged as one of Assad's most vocal critics during the two-and-a-half year conflict, sheltering half a million refugees and allowing Syrian rebels to organise on its soil.


As a regional power-player and the Islamic world’s sole NATO member, Turkey is likely to play a significant role in any prospective US-backed strike against Damascus.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 11:30
Altay MBT - Photo Savunma ve havacilik

Altay MBT - Photo Savunma ve havacilik

27.08.2013 par Guillaume Belan (FOB)

La Turquie s’est lancée dans un important programme de modernisation de ses forces armées. Avec un budget prévisionnel de 150 milliards de dollars sur 25 ans, « Force 2014 » vise non seulement à moderniser les capacités des armées mais également à assurer l’essor de l’industrie nationale turque. 


La modernisation de l’outil de défense turc, financée à hauteur de 28% du budget alloué à la Défense, révèle la nouvelle politique militaro-industrielle d’Ankara, qui vise à réduire sa dépendance à l’égard des pays étrangers, États-Unis et Israël en tête, tout en développant une politique industrielle sur les marchés à l’export très agressive. Une stratégie qui s’est avérée payante: en 2012, l’industrie militaire turque a réalisé 4,3 milliards de dollars de chiffre d’affaires et a totalisé des exportations pour 1,3 milliard de dollars; lesquelles ont bondi de près de 35 % en l’espace d’un an. L’objectif est désormais d’atteindre les 2 milliards de dollars pour 2016-2017.


L’armée de terre : une priorité


la Turquie a toujours accordé une grande importance à son armée de terre, qui aligne pas moins de 390 000 hommes et femmes, ce qui fait d’elle la deuxième force terrestre otanienne, de par ses effectifs après celle des Etats-Unis. La modernisation de la Türk Kara Kuvvetleri concerne tout les systèmes d’armes, du fusils d’assaut au char de bataille, en passant par le génie. L’industrie nationale est très fortement impliquée dans l’effort de modernisation de la composante terrestre des forces armées turques, devenant de facto, un des grands exportateurs mondiaux de systèmes d’armes. En seulement quelques années…


Les Blindés lourds

Le programme le plus emblématique demeure le développement du char Altay, du nom du général Fahrettin Altay, héros de la guerre d’indépendance turque, dont FOB s’est déjà fait l’écho ici.

Altay MBT - photo Otokar

Altay MBT - photo Otokar

Relevons la participation sud-coréenne à ce programme, basée sur l’expérience accumulée par Hyundai Rotem avec le développement de son char K-2 Black Panther, ainsi celle allemande, qui fournit à la fois le moteur turbo diesel MTU de 1 500 chevaux et le canon Rheinmetall de 120/55 mm produit sous licence par MKEK (Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu). Le programme Altay, qui s’est vu attribué un contrat initial de 500 millions de dollars pour le développement et la réalisation de quatre prototypes, prévoit la livraison à l’armée turque d’un premier lot de 250 chars lourds à partir de 2016. Les besoins exprimés portent sur un millier d’engins, destinés à remplacer, à terme, les quelques 2 300 chars M-48 et M-60 actuellement en service. En parallèle, Ankara maintiendra en service un millier de chars allemands Leopard modernisés (package Next Generation de Aselsan) et M-60T (package « Sabra » de Israel Military Industries).




En ce qui concerne les véhicules de combat d’infanteries chenillés, la Türk Kara Kuvvetleri a déjà mis en service un engin blindé réalisé par FNSS, joint venture créée en 1988 entre NUROL Holding et BAE Systems pour le développement d’une nouvelle famille de véhicules blindés : l’ACV-300. Fabriqué pour l’armée turque à partir de 1992 en plusieurs versions (transport/tourelle de 25 mm/ missile antichar TOW), le blindés a déjà été vendu à l’export (250 à la Malaise et 136 aux Emirats Arabes Unis).


Les véhicules légers

La modernisation de l’armée de terre turque

Même ambitions en ce qui concerne le parc blindé léger à roues. Là aussi, l’industrie nationale (Otokar et FNSS) a développé divers programmes. Le Pars de FNSS, un blindé 6×6 ou 8×8, dont un millier d’exemplaires en été commandés par la Türk Kara Kuvvetleri, ainsi que 50 en version amphibie par le corps d’infanterie de marine rattachée à  la Türk Deniz Kuvvetleri. Même agressivité sur le marché export, grâce à des prix très contenus : 257 engins ont été commandés par la Malaisie dans le cadre d’un contrat évalué à 559 millions de dollars, avec la participation de Thales (relire l’article de FOB sur ce sujet ici)


Kobra II d’Otokar

Kobra II d’Otokar

Quant aux blindés légers 4×4 (classe 8-10 tonnes), les militaires turcs ont exprimé un besoin pour 2700 nouveaux véhicules tactiques blindés. Le grand gagnant est le Kobra d’Otokar, dérivé du “Humvee” américain (avec pourtant de faux airs de VBL !), et a été commandé à plus de 1 200 exemplaires (les premières livraison sont intervenues en 1997). Autre véhicule commandé : l’Akrep (scorpion), un tout-terrain protégé, dérivé du Land Rover Defender 110, réalisé sous licence par Otokar (plus de 10 000 exemplaires produits et largement exportés), dont une version reconnaissance dédiés aux opérations spéciales, appelée Engerek (vipère), commandées à plus de 500 exemplaires.


Un MRAP turc


Kirpi - BMC

Kirpi - BMC

En 2009, suite au retour sur expérience du théâtre afghan et afin de disposer de véhicules capables de faire face aux menaces de type asymétrique, les Türk Kara Kuvvetleri ont commandé 468 véhicules 4×4 MRAP (résistant aux mines) Kirpi (hérisson), produits depuis 2010 par BMC de Izmir, avec l’assistance de l’industriel israélien Hatehof. Ces engins sont destinés pour l’essentiel à remplacer les BTR-60/80 russes, achetés dans les années 90, ainsi que les Dragoon, dérivés des Cadillac Cage Commando V-150. Récemment, les militaires turques ont exprimé également un besoin pour 336 véhicules NBC. Pour ce contrat, deux véhicules « made in » Turquie sont en lice: le 6×6 Edjer (dragon) de Nurol Makina, dont 26 exemplaires en version transport de troupe ont déjà été vendus à la Géorgie en 2007, et le 6×6 ARMA d’Otokar, qui existe également en version 8×8.


Artillerie et missiles

En ce qui concerne l’artillerie, l’armé turque a déjà renouvelé une grande partie de son parc automoteurs avec la mise en service de 248 obusiers de 155/52 mm K-9 Firtina (tempête) d’origine sud-coréenne, commandés en 2001 dans le cadre d’un contrat de 1,2 milliards de dollars et livrés entre 2004 et 2011. Ces automoteurs d’artillerie ont été utilisés au Kurdistan contre le PKK ainsi qu’en représailles contre la Syrie suite à des tirs contre le territoire turc en octobre 2012. Pour ce qui est des pièces tractées et des lance-roquettes, les Türk Kara Kuvvetleri  continuent leur programme de mise en service d’obusiers de 155/52 mm Panter de production nationale et de la version locale fabriquée sous licence du lance-roquettes multiples WS-1 chinois de 302 mm. Le programme national Toros (taureau) pour l’introduction d’un nouveau système lance-roquettes de 230 et 260 mm semble, en revanche, rencontrer quelques problèmes. 


UMTAS anti-tank missile

UMTAS anti-tank missile

Côté missile, l’armée turque souhaitait remplacer ses systèmes antichars (TOW, MILAN, Cobra, Hellfire, etc.). Ici, la modernisation a fait largement appel à l’achat sur étagère, à savoir l’Eryx de MBDA avec un nouveau contrat pour 632 lanceurs signé en 2012, ou bien avec les russes comme le Kornet E (commande pour 80 postes de tir et 800 missiles livrés en 2009-2010). Peut-être afin de laisser le temps à l’industrie nationale de faire son chemin, car l’industrie turque poursuit plusieurs programmes de développement pour le compte de l’armée turque, comme Roketsan avec son système antichar de 160 mm UMTAS/OMTAS. Rappelons que le missilier et munitionnaire national Roketsan a développé également une roquette de 70 mm à guidage laser Cirit (javelot) utilisée, notamment, par l’hélicoptère de combat AT-129.

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27 août 2013 2 27 /08 /août /2013 11:25
Brazil and Turkey Create Groups to Study Defense Development Projects

Joint development of a fifth-generation fighter, and production in Brazil of Turkey’s T-129 gunship, are just two of the defense cooperation efforts that Brazil and Turkey have agreed to explore. (TAI photo)


Aug. 23, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Brazil Ministry of Defence; issued Aug. 22, 2013)

(Issued in Portuguese only; edited unofficial translation by defense-aerospace.com)


ANKARA --- Brazil and Turkey will strengthen bilateral cooperation in defense through the creation of five working groups to study partnerships in the naval, aeronautics, space, command and control and cyber defense fields.


The decision is the result of an official trip this week by Defense Minister Celso Amorim,


Over three days, Amorim and his entourage met with Turkish political, military and corporate executives in Ankara. The decision to create working groups was taken after talks between Amorim and the Minister of National Defence of Turkey, Ismet Yilmaz.


The groups will consist of civil and military representatives of both governments, and should also count on the participation of defense manufacturers from both countries. In the coming weeks, it is expected that dates should be agreed for inaugural technical meetings, which take place in Brazil and Turkey before the end of this year.


Defense cooperation with Turkey is based on the central idea that the two countries -- nations with similar levels of development, with no conflicts of interest and pursuing increasing participation in the international arena -- have much to gain from the development of common projects, both economically and strategically. "Our relationship has already achieved the status of strategic partnership. The defense industry of my country has carried out major projects and we are ready to cooperate," Ismet Yilmaz told Amorim during a meeting at the Defense Ministry in Ankara.


Joint projects


In the naval area, the teams will study the feasibility of exchanging information and the possible joint development of escort ships, like frigates and corvettes. Turkey has designed and built a corvette whose requirements and characteristics are of interest to Brazil. Brazil also has a local corvette design that served as the basis for the construction of a new class of Navy corvettes, the Barroso. This group will also discuss possible cooperation in fields such as sensors electronic warfare.


The aeronautics group will focus on aircraft, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAVs) projects. Turkey has undertaken military attack helicopter and UAV projects using nationally-developed avionics, and also has experience in integrating and manufacturing parts and components of civil and military aircraft. Brazil, for its part, is also developing UAVs and, through Embraer, has extensive experience in the manufacture of both civil and military aircraft.


The idea is to discuss partnership opportunities in this segment, essentially for dual-use (civil and military) aircraft, including negotiations on Turkey’s plan, now in initial development, to develop a 5th-generation fighter. In this field, one of the possibilities to be studied is the assembly of Turkish helicopters in Brazil and of Brazilian aircraft in Turkey.


The space group will address the possibility of cooperation on launch systems and satellite (sensing and communications). Command and control will have a central focus on military communications (with possible civilian applications), through a technology called Software Defined Radio (SDR). Brazil is interested in developing this technology, which will, among other things, provide significant gains for direct communications between the Brazilian armed forces, thereby improving their performance, for example, in military operations.


The fifth group will address the area of cyber defense, based on the experience gained so far by the military forces of the two nations. Brazil will send a delegation to attend the International Cyber Warfare and Security that Turkey will organize in November in Ankara.


Other partnerships


Besides the creation of working groups, the two defense ministers also agreed to strengthen partnerships in other areas of defense. Amorim and Yilmaz, who was in Brazil on an official visit last year, agreed to increase cross-enrollment in military schools, so as to foster exchanges between officers and enlisted men of the two nations. "I consider it very important to strengthen this cooperation," said the Turkish minister.


Also discussed was the possibility of opening new spaces in courses in peacekeeping operations and combating terrorism, an area where Turkish forces have extensive experience.


Celso Amorim also held important meetings with some of the leading Turkish political leaders.




The Brazilian delegation included, among others, general officers of the Department of Defense Products (Seprod), the Joint Staff of the Armed Forces (EMCFA) and Navy of Brazil, General Aderico Mattioli, Brigadier Nilson Carminati and Admiral Antonio Carlos Frade Carneiro.

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