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16 novembre 2015 1 16 /11 /novembre /2015 17:30
Chinese S-300 (HongQi 9 [HQ-9]) launcher during China's 60th anniversary parade, 2009. photo Jian Kang

Chinese S-300 (HongQi 9 [HQ-9]) launcher during China's 60th anniversary parade, 2009. photo Jian Kang


15.11.2015 45eNord.ca (AFP)
 

La Turquie a annulé un mégacontrat d’un montant de 3 milliards d’euros (4,29 milliards $ CAD) remporté il y a deux ans par la Chine pour équiper son armée de missiles sol-air, a indiqué dimanche à l’AFP une source proche du gouvernement turc.

 

« Cette décision a été récemment prise par le gouvernement », a déclaré cette source. Ce contrat attribué en 2013, à la surprise générale, à la firme China Precision Machinery Export-Import Corporation (CPMIEC), avait suscité l’ire des États-Unis.

L’information survient alors que la Turquie accueille dimanche et lundi à Antalya (sud) les dirigeants des pays du G-20, les plus riches de la planète, dont le président chinois Xi Jinping.

La Turquie a décidé d’annuler le projet, à la traîne notamment en raison de la réticence de la partie chinoise de partager une grande partie de sa technologie durant plusieurs mois de longues discussions, a rapporté la chaîne d’information CNN-Türk.

Pour l’heure, « Ankara projette de produire ses propres missiles avec le soutien d’un système d’armement mondialement reconnu », a affirmé la chaîne.

Ankara ne devra donc pas lancer un nouvel appel d’offres, un processus qui risque encore de prendre de longs mois, a-t-on précisé de source informée.

En 2013, sa décision de retenir une entreprise d’État chinoise avait provoqué la levée de boucliers des alliés de la Turquie au sein de l’Otan. Tous ont regretté l’absence de compatibilité du matériel chinois avec leurs propres systèmes et rappelé que CPMIEC faisait l’objet de sanctions de Washington pour avoir livré des armes à la Syrie et à l’Iran sous embargo.

Sous pression, Ankara a donc été contraint de revoir à plusieurs reprises sa position en repêchant les deux autres candidats de l’appel d’offres (les américains Raytheon et Lockheed Martin, et le consortium franco-italien Eurosam), priés de reformuler leurs propositions.

Au début de l’année 2014, la Turquie située dans une position géostratégique particulièrement instable et dangereuse, avait fait finalement savoir que son choix pour les missiles chinois n’est pas définitif et étendu à deux reprises le délai de soumission pour favoriser, semble-t-il, de nouvelles offres.

La Turquie envisage à la fois de renforcer sa protection contre des attaques aériennes ou de missiles, de diversifier ses fournitures d’équipements et de trouver des partenaires en vue de la coproduction d’armements.

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16 novembre 2015 1 16 /11 /novembre /2015 12:30
Ankara affirme avoir averti la France deux fois au sujet d'un des kamikazes de Paris

 

16 novembre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Antalya (Turquie) - La Turquie a mis en garde à deux reprises en un an la France au sujet d'un des militants jihadistes qui s'est fait exploser vendredi soir lors des attentats de Paris, mais assure n'avoir reçu aucune réponse, a déclaré à l'AFP un responsable gouvernemental turc.

 

La police turque a informé la police française deux fois, en décembre 2014 et juin 2015 au sujet d'Omar Ismaïl Mostefaï, un des assaillants de la salle de concert parisienne du Bataclan, a précisé ce responsable sous couvert de l'anonymat.

 

Nous n'avons toutefois jamais eu de retour de la France sur cette question, a-t-il poursuivi.

 

En octobre 2014, la Turquie a reçu une demande d'information de la France au sujet de quatre jihadistes présumés qui ne comprenait pas le nom du kamikaze présumé de Paris, selon cette source. La Turquie avait toutefois enquêté à son sujet car il était lié au groupe visé par les services français, a-t-elle ajouté.

 

Né dans la banlieue parisienne, Omar Ismaïl Mostefaï a participé à la prise d'otages sanglante du Bataclan avant de se faire exploser. Il a été identifié par son empreinte retrouvée sur un doigt sectionné.

 

Selon le procureur de Paris François Molins, il avait été condamné à plusieurs reprises pour des délits de droit commun et fiché pour sa radicalisation islamiste depuis 2010 mais n'avait jamais été impliqué dans un dossier terroriste.

 

Le responsable turc a indiqué que ce suspect était entré sur le territoire turc en 2013 par la province d'Edirne (nord-ouest), aux confins des frontières bulgare et grecque. Nous n'avons aucune trace de son départ du pays, a-t-il également indiqué.

 

Selon la même source, les autorités turques n'ont été sollicitées par la France sur le cas d'Omar Ismaïl Mostefaï qu'après la vague d'attaques, revendiquées par le groupe Etat islamique (EI), qui a fait au moins 129 morts vendredi soir à Paris.

 

Ce n'est qu'après les attaques de Paris que les autorités turques ont reçu une demande d'information de la France au sujet de Omar Ismaïl Mostefaï, a-t-il assuré.

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13 novembre 2015 5 13 /11 /novembre /2015 08:30
F-15E Strike Eagles arrive at Incirlik Air Base

A U.S. Air Force F-15E Strike Eagle departs RAF Lakenheath to support Operation Inherent Resolve, Nov. 12, 2015. Aircraft from the 48th Fighter Wing deployed to Incirlik Air Base, Turkey, to conduct counter-ISIL missions in Iraq and Syria. This dual-role fighter jet is designed to perform air-to-air and air-to-ground missions in all weather conditions. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Erin Trower)

 

November 12, 2015 EUCOM

 

STUTTGART, Germany — In a demonstration of our continued commitment to the fight against ISIL in Iraq and Syria, United States European Command directed the U.S. Air Force to deploy six F-15Es to Incirlik Air Base, Turkey.  The F-15Es from the 48th Fighter Wing based at Royal Air Force Lakenheath, England, arrived today at approximately 3:50 p.m. Eastern European Time (EET).  These aircraft will conduct counter-ISIL missions in Iraq and Syria in support of Operation Inherent Resolve.  These F-15Es join six F-15Cs currently deployed to Incirlik AB, also from the 48th Fighter Wing.  The F-15Cs are conducting combat air patrols in Turkish air space to help secure sovereign Turkish airspace.  Turkey and the U.S. are long-time NATO Allies and the U.S. Air Force has a long history of working closely with Turkey. As always, we are guests of the government of Turkey at Incirlik Air Base, and there are no plans for a more permanent U.S. presence at this location.  We will continue to work closely with our Turkish partners on supporting the sovereignty of Turkish airspace and our shared

efforts to degrade and destroy ISIL.  The U.S. and Turkey, as NATO allies, share a commitment to peace and stability in the region.

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9 novembre 2015 1 09 /11 /novembre /2015 12:30
USS Oliver Hazard Perry (FFG-7) - photo US Navy.jpg

USS Oliver Hazard Perry (FFG-7) - photo US Navy.jpg

 

November 8, 2015 By Burak Ege Bekdil and Aaron Mehta - Defense News

 

ANKARA, Turkey, and WASHINGTON — As the US continues to modify its strategy for Syria, Turkish officials are raising concerns that Washington is moving too slowly to provide its ally with needed military goods. Turkish officials are bristling at what they see as delays in the delivery of weapons and ammo that are needed to fight Kurdish militant groups, with several large orders stuck pending in the system. Among the orders that are held up is a major deal from February 2014 between Sikorsky and the Turkish government for the co-production of 109 utility helicopters. Another is a Turkish request to transfer three Oliver Hazard Perry frigates, two of them floatable and one for spare use, along with a military trailer, to the Turkish military. An official from a state-controlled Turkish defense company said that other US-made equipment and systems Turkey has asked the US to ship include combat UAVs, smart military supplies, frigates and military trailers.

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6 novembre 2015 5 06 /11 /novembre /2015 17:30
F-15Cs Arrive at Incirlik Air Base

U.S. Air Force F-15C Eagles depart RAF Lakenheath to support the combat air patrol mission in Turkey, Nov. 6, 2015. The six F-15Cs from the 48th Fighter Wing deployed to Incirlik in response to the Government of Turkey's request for support in securing the sovereignty of Turkish airspace. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman 1st Class Erin Babbis/Released)

 

6 November 2015 U.S. European Command (EUCOM)

 

STUTTGART, Germany – In a demonstration of our unwavering support for Turkish sovereignty and the collective security of the region, U.S. European Command has directed the U.S. Air Force to deploy six F-15s to Incirlik Air Base, Turkey.

 

The F-15Cs from the 48th Fighter Wing based at Royal Air Force Lakenheath, England, arrived at approximately 3:30 p.m. Eastern European Time (EET).These aircraft will conduct combat air patrols in Turkish air space.

 

This deployment of additional aircraft to Incirlik is in response to the Government of Turkey's request for support in securing the sovereignty of Turkish airspace. Turkey and the U.S. are long-time NATO Allies and the U.S. Air Force has a long history of working closely with Turkey. We are guests of the Government of Turkey at Incirlik Air Base, and there are no plans for a more permanent U.S. presence at this location.

 

We will continue to work closely with our Turkish partners on supporting the sovereignty of Turkish airspace and our shared efforts to degrade and destroy ISIL. The U.S. and Turkey, as NATO allies, share a commitment to peace and stability in the region.

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5 novembre 2015 4 05 /11 /novembre /2015 18:30
USAF F-15C Eagles (493rd Fighter Squadron) with Turkish Air Force F-16C Fighting Falcons - Anatolian Eagle 15, June 17, 2015, in Turkey - photo USAF

USAF F-15C Eagles (493rd Fighter Squadron) with Turkish Air Force F-16C Fighting Falcons - Anatolian Eagle 15, June 17, 2015, in Turkey - photo USAF

 

05 novembre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Istanbul - La Turquie envisage de lancer dans les prochains jours une offensive militaire contre l'organisation Etat islamique (EI), suspect n°1 du sanglant attentat d'Ankara le mois dernier, a affirmé mercredi le chef de la diplomatie turque Feridun Sinirlioglu.

 

Nous avons des plans pour agir militairement contre eux dans les prochains jours (...) vous allez voir, a déclaré M. Sinirlioglu lors d'une conférence sur l'avenir du Moyen-Orient à Erbil (Kurdistan irakien), cité par l'agence progouvernementale Anatolie.

 

Après des mois de pression de la part de ses alliés de l'Otan, Ankara a accepté l'été dernier de rejoindre la coalition militaire contre l'EI menée par les Etats-Unis, dont des avions décollent de la base aérienne d'Incirlik (sud de la Turquie).

 

L'armée turque, qui s'est engagée l'été dernier dans une guerre contre le terrorisme, a toutefois jusqu'à présent surtout concentré ses opérations sur les rebelles du Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan (PKK).

 

Depuis l'attentat suicide qui a fait 102 morts et plus de 500 blessés devant la gare centrale d'Ankara le 10 octobre, la police turque a toutefois multiplié les interpellations dans les milieux jihadistes en Turquie.

 

Selon le procureur d'Ankara, cette attaque, le plus meurtrière de l'histoire turque, a été commanditée par l'état-major de l'EI en Syrie.

 

Daech (acronyme arabe de l'EI) menace notre mode de vie et notre sécurité, a déclaré M. Sinirlioglu, nous devons tous faire front commun contre ce péril.

 

Même si la progression de Daech a été contenue grâce à l'effort international dont nous faisons partie, la menace est loin d'avoir disparu, a insisté le chef de la diplomatie turque.

 

M. Sinirlioglu n'a pas indiqué dans quel pays cette opération militaire pourrait avoir lieu.

 

Le ministre Sinirlioglu (...) n'a pas utilisé l'expression +opération terrestre+, a tenu à préciser le porte-parole du ministère des Affaires étrangères turc, Tanju Bilgiç, devant la presse, soulignant toutefois que toutes les options peuvent être évoquées.

 

Les propos du ministre interviennent alors que la Turquie doit accueillir les 15 et 16 novembre le sommet annuel des chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement du G20 à Antalya (sud).

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5 novembre 2015 4 05 /11 /novembre /2015 17:30
photo War is boring

photo War is boring

 

05.11.2015 Romandie.com (ats)

 

Les rebelles du Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan ont annoncé jeudi la fin de la suspension de leurs opérations militaires contre les forces de sécurité turques décrétée avant les législatives. Le scrutin a été remporté dimanche par le parti de Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

 

"La période de suspension unilatérale (des opérations militaires) est terminée au regard de la politique de guerre et des attaques de l'AKP (Parti de la justice et du développement, islamo-conservateur)", dit le PKK dans une déclaration diffusée par une agence de presse kurde. Le cessez-le-feu était en vigueur depuis le 10 octobre.

 

Et selon l'armée turque, 18 combattants du PKK ont été tués jeudi, ce qui porte au total à plus de 40 tués le bilan des affrontements dans le sud-est du pays depuis le début de la semaine.

 

Fort de la victoire de son parti dimanche, le président Recep Tayyip Erdogan s'est engagé à poursuivre la lutte contre les séparatistes jusqu'à ce qu'ils déposent les armes ou que le dernier d'entre eux soit "liquidé".

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3 novembre 2015 2 03 /11 /novembre /2015 12:30
L'aviation turque bombarde des bases des rebelles kurdes en Irak et en Turquie

 

03 novembre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Ankara - L'aviation turque a pilonné lundi les bases des rebelles kurdes situées dans le nord de l'Irak et dans le sud-est de la Turquie, pour la première fois depuis le triomphe du parti du président Recep Tayyip Erdogan aux législatives, a annoncé mardi l'armée.

 

Les caches et les emplacements d'armes de l'organisation terroriste (le Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan) (...) ont été anéantis lors d'une opération aérienne lundi, a déclaré l'état-major sur son site internet.

 

Ces frappes ont visé des cibles du PKK dans la province turque d'Hakkari (sud-est), située à la frontière de l'Irak, aussi bien que plusieurs bases du mouvement situés dans les montagnes de l'extrême nord du territoire irakien, selon la déclaration.

 

Ces bombardements sont intervenus au lendemain de la large victoire obtenue par le Parti de la justice et du développement (AKP, islamo-conservateur) aux législatives, où il a regagné contre tous les pronostics la majorité absolue des sièges au Parlement perdue à peine cinq mois plus tôt.

 

Pendant toute la campagne, le Premier ministre sortant et chef de l'AKP Ahmet Davutoglu et le président Erdogan ont fait campagne sur une ligne très ferme contre le PKK.

 

Les combats meurtriers entre le PKK et les forces de sécurité turques ont repris fin juillet dans le sud-est à majorité kurde de la Turquie, faisant de nombreuses victimes. Ils ont fait voler en éclat le fragile processus de paix engagé à l'automne 2012 pour mettre un terme à ce conflit, qui a fait plus de 40.000 morts depuis 1984.

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31 octobre 2015 6 31 /10 /octobre /2015 12:30
Turkey hopes to fly SOM-J in late 2016, targeting F-35 Block 4.2

 

26 October, 2015 By James Drew – FG

 

Washington DC  - Turkish missile maker Roketsan is hoping to fly its SOM-J cruise missile for the first time “possibly late next year” ahead of planned integration with the F-16 Block 40 by 2018 and the Lockheed Martin F-35 sometime later.

 

SOM-J is essentially a scaled-down version of Roketsan’s SOM (stand off missile), and sized for internal carriage on the F-35. SOM is already integrated with Turkey’s F-16 Block 40 and F-4E fighter jets, whereas the semi-armour-piercing SOM-J will become the nation’s cruise missile of choice once Ankara introduces the low-observable F-35 into its combat force. One company official, who spoke to Flightglobal at a recent US Army conference in Washington but declined to be named, says most of the SOM subsystems including the multi-mode seeker have already been tested and qualified and the new development effort its mostly about adapting the missile for internal carriage on the F-35, such as changing the outer mould line. He says the first flight could happen as soon as late 2016, and Turkey has requested integration with the F-35 as part of the planned Block 4.2 modernisation package. “We rely on our experience and our qualification results we already have with the existing system,” he says. “This is based on the existing design.”

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30 octobre 2015 5 30 /10 /octobre /2015 12:30
Turkey - Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM)

 

Oct 29, 2015 ASDNews Source : Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)

 

The State Department has made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to Turkey for Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM) and associated equipment, parts and logistical support for an estimated cost of $70 million. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale on October 28, 2015.

 

The Government of Turkey has requested a possible sale of Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) tail kits comprised of 400 GBU-31(V)1 for use with Mk84 bombs, 200 GBU-31(V)3 for use with BLU-109 bombs, 300 GBU-38 for use with Mk82 bombs, 100 GBU-54 Laser JDAM kits for use with Mk82 bombs, 200 BLU-109 Hard Target Penetrator Warheads, and1000 FMU-152A/B fuzes. Non-MDE includes containers, support equipment, spare and repair parts, integration, test equipment, publications and technical documentation, personnel training and training equipment, U.S. Government and contractor engineering and technical support, and other related elements of logistics support. The estimated cost is $70 million.

 

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28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 17:30
photo USAF

photo USAF

 

October 23, 2015 defencetalk.com (AFP)

 

The US Air Force recently lost control of two armed Predator drones in separate incidents in Turkey and Iraq, a US military official said Wednesday.

 

The Predators were both carrying air-to-surface Hellfire missiles when they crashed, but these were safely recovered along with the aircraft. In the first case on October 17, a Predator crew reported a “lost link and subsequent crash while the Predator was flying southeast of Baghdad,” military spokesman Colonel Steve Warren said. Local Iraqi police recovered the drone in the vicinity of Al-Kut. They returned the aircraft to US control and there were no injuries, Warren said. Then on October 19, a different Predator “crashed” in southern Turkey, Warren said. Local media have said it came down in Hatay.

 

Read more: http://www. defencetalk.com /two-armed-us-predator-drones-crash-in-iraq-turkey-65677/

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28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 08:30
The amphibious assault ship USS Kearsarge (LHD-3) will participate in Egemen 2015. U.S. Navy photo by Mate 3rd Class Jose E. Ponce.

The amphibious assault ship USS Kearsarge (LHD-3) will participate in Egemen 2015. U.S. Navy photo by Mate 3rd Class Jose E. Ponce.

 

Oct. 26, 2015 By Ryan Maass (UPI)

 

WASHINGTON, -- Amphibious forces from the U.S. Navy and Turkey began participating in Egemen 2015, a naval training exercise, on Saturday. The exercises will be planned by a combined Turkish-U.S. staff, and will include tactical level training ashore in addition to amphibious landing, and other elements of amphibious warfare. The U.S. will commit the USS Kearsarge and part of the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit to the exercise.

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27 octobre 2015 2 27 /10 /octobre /2015 12:30
L'armée turque a frappé les combattants kurdes de Syrie à deux reprises

 

27 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Ankara - L'armée turque a frappé à deux reprises récemment les positions des combattants kurdes de Syrie, a déclaré le Premier ministre turc Ahmet Davutoglu lors d'un entretien accordé lundi soir à la chaîne de télévision turque A Haber.

 

Nous avions prévenu que le PYD (Parti de l'union démocratique, Kurdes de Syrie) ne devait pas franchir (une limite) au-delà de l'ouest de l'Euphrate et nous avons frappé à deux reprises, a indiqué M. Davutoglu.

 

Lundi, les forces kurdes syriennes avaient accusé l'armée turque d'avoir visé leurs positions, une information qui n'avait pas été immédiatement confirmée par la Turquie.

 

Le gouvernement islamo-conservateur d'Ankara s'inquiète depuis des mois de la progression dans le nord de la Syrie des forces kurdes syriennes, proches du Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan (PKK) qui mène la rébellion depuis 1984 en Turquie.

 

Le week-end dernier, le président Recep Tayyip Erdogan a clairement mis en garde le PYD et ses miliciens des Unités de protection du peuple (YPG) contre toute volonté d'étendre leur contrôle dans le nord de la Syrie, le long de la frontière turque.

 

Tout ce qu'ils souhaitent, c'est s'emparer entièrement du nord de la Syrie (...) c'est une menace pour nous et il n'est pas possible pour la Turquie d'accepter cette menace, a déclaré le chef de l'Etat lors d'un discours public.

 

Soutenues par les Etats-Unis, les milices kurdes syriennes constituent le fer de lance des forces terrestres engagées contre les jihadistes en Syrie. Après la ville emblématique de Kobané en janvier, elles ont pris le contrôle de celle de Tall Abyad en juin.

 

La semaine dernière, elles ont annoncé avoir intégré Tall Abyad dans l'administration autonome qu'elles exercent sur la partie nord du territoire syrien.

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22 octobre 2015 4 22 /10 /octobre /2015 16:30
USAF A-10s deploy to Incirlik

 

22 October, 2015 By Arie Egozi – FG

 

Tel Aviv  - The US will accelerate its air operations in Syria against Islamic State militants by deploying the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II to Incirlik AFB in Turkey.

 

Russia has increased its military presence in Syria, and satellite images – including those from an Israeli satellite – show that it has based a number of squadrons of fighters and attack helicopters in the Middle East. Russian air strikes have led Washington to change its strategy in Syria, resulting in the deployment of the A-10s – an aircraft that is well-equipped to carry out missions against IS. Twelve A-10s that are usually based at Moody AFB in Georgia have reportedly been sent to Turkey. They will replace six USAF Lockheed Martin F-16s that were deployed from Aviano AFB in Italy in August. The A-10 was first deployed in the anti-IS fight in 2014.

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16 octobre 2015 5 16 /10 /octobre /2015 14:30
USAF F-15C Eagles (493rd Fighter Squadron) with Turkish Air Force F-16C Fighting Falcons - Archives USAF

USAF F-15C Eagles (493rd Fighter Squadron) with Turkish Air Force F-16C Fighting Falcons - Archives USAF

 

16 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Moscou - Tous les avions de chasse russes opérant en Syrie ont regagné leur base et tous les drones russes fonctionnent normalement, a assuré vendredi l'armée russe après que la Turquie eut annoncé avoir abattu un aéronef non identifié dans son espace aérien près de la frontière syrienne.

 

Tous les avions russes en Syrie ont regagné la base aérienne de Hmeimim après avoir rempli leurs tâches militaires. Les drones russes, qui surveillent la situation en Syrie et font du renseignement, fonctionnent normalement comme prévu, a affirmé le porte-parole du ministère russe de la Défense, Igor Konachenkov, cité par l'agence officielle TASS.

 

Des chasseurs turcs ont abattu vendredi un aéronef, dont le type et la nationalité d'origine n'ont pas été immédiatement précisés, qui avait violé l'espace aérien de la Turquie près de la frontière syrienne, selon un communiqué de l'armée turque.

 

L'aéronef a été abattu par des avions de l'armée turque après avoir été mis en garde à trois reprises, a précisé l'état-major turc.

 

Un responsable turc a ensuite indiqué à l'AFP que l'engin abattu était un drone.

 

La Turquie avait affirmé la semaine dernière avoir détecté plusieurs violations de son espace aérien par des avions de combat russes provoquant des tensions entre Moscou et Ankara.

 

Le 3 octobre, des avions turcs avaient ainsi intercepté un chasseur de l'armée de l'air russe et l'avaient forcé à faire demi-tour, selon l'armée turque. Mais selon Moscou, cette incursion avait été causée par les mauvaises conditions météo.

 

La Russie mène depuis le 30 septembre des frappes aériennes contre le groupe Etat islamique (EI) et les terroristes en Syrie.

 

La Turquie, membre de l'Otan, participe de son côté à des frappes aériennes d'une coalition internationale menée par les Etats-Unis qui visent également l'EI.

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16 octobre 2015 5 16 /10 /octobre /2015 05:30
Joint Operation Triton 2015 - Search and Rescue by Belgian navy photo Frontex

Joint Operation Triton 2015 - Search and Rescue by Belgian navy photo Frontex

 

16 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Bruxelles - La Commission européenne a annoncé dans la nuit de jeudi à vendredi qu'elle avait conclu un plan d'action commun avec la Turquie pour endiguer les flux migratoires, à l'issue d'un sommet des chefs d'Etats à Bruxelles.

 

Nous nous sommes mis d'accord sur le contenu exact de ce plan d'action, a indiqué le chef de l'exécutif européen, Jean-Claude Juncker, lors d'une conférence de presse dans la nuit de jeudi à vendredi.

 

Alors que diverses sources européennes ont fait état d'une demande de la Turquie d'une aide de 3 milliards d'euros, M. Juncker a indiqué que cet aspect du plan devait encore être négocié dans les jours qui viennent.

 

Nous saluons l'accord pour un plan d'action commun UE-Turquie, a indiqué de son côté Donald Tusk, le président du Conseil européen, instance qui réunit les chefs d'Etats et de gouvernement des 28 membres de l'UE.

 

C'est une étape majeure dans la gestion de la crise migratoire, a-t-il indiqué au nom des dirigeants européens réunis lors du sommet.

 

Le plan d'action conclu avec la Turquie comprend notamment une accélération des négociations pour faciliter l'octroi de visas aux ressortissants turcs voyageant dans l'UE, en échange d'une meilleure coopération de la Turquie pour endiguer les flux de migrants.

 

Mais ceci ne veut pas dire que nous renonçons aux critères de base qui sont la règle dans ce domaine, a dit M. Juncker, à l'issue d'un sommet européen à Bruxelles dans la nuit de jeudi à vendredi, ajoutant qu'une première évaluation des progrès dans les négociations sera réalisée au printemps 2016.

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 11:30
Admiral Bülent Bostanoğlu, making the first ceremonial welding - photo turkishnavy.net

Admiral Bülent Bostanoğlu, making the first ceremonial welding - photo turkishnavy.net

 

13 octobre 2015. Portail des Sous-Marins

 

Le chantier naval turc Gölcük Tersanesi Komutanl a débuté le 8 octobre la construction du sous-marin classique TCG Pirireis.

 

Le programme a connu de nombreux retards attribués à des raisons commerciales et techniques qui sont apparus après la signature en 2009 de l’accord entre la Turquie et ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS).

 

Cet accord prévoyait la livraison de 6 ensembles de composants pour la construction en Turquie de 6 sous-marins U-214.

 

Référence : Info Defensa (Espagne)

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14 octobre 2015 3 14 /10 /octobre /2015 07:30
Attentats en Turquie: Erdogan admet de probables fautes du pouvoir, pointe du doigt la Syrie

 

13 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Ankara - Le Président islamo-conservateur turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan a admis mardi de probables fautes du pouvoir dans l'attentat qui a coûté la vie à 97 personnes samedi à Ankara, affirmant que cette attaque, la plus meurtrière de l'histoire de la Turquie, trouvait ses origines en Syrie.

 

Il a dû sans conteste y avoir une faute, une défaillance à un certain moment. De quelle importance ? Ce sera clair après l'enquête, a dit M. Erdogan devant la presse, trois jours après l'attentat le plus meurtrier de l'histoire de la Turquie.

 

Dans ce contexte il a déclaré avoir ordonné une enquête spéciale sur d'éventuels dysfonctionnements au sein de l'Etat.

 

Pour apporter une perspective différente (...) j'ai ordonné une enquête sur cette attaque du Conseil d'inspection de l'Etat (DDK), a déclaré M. Erdogan lors d'un point de presse avec son homologue finlandais, Sauli Niinisto, en visite en Turquie.

 

Une défaillance des forces de l'ordre encadrant les participants d'une marche pour la paix, qui devait débuter devant la gare de la capitale turque où deux kamikazes se sont fait exploser, est évoquée depuis le drame.

 

En outre le parti pro-kurde HDP (parti de la démocratie des peuples), ennemi juré de M. Erdogan, avait accusé l'Etat turc d'être derrière l'attaque.

 

L'homme fort de Turquie a pointé du doigt la Syrie où cette attaque pourrait avoir été planifiée.

 

D'après les renseignements reçus (par la Turquie), cette attaque terroriste trouve ses origines en Syrie, a-t-il souligné tout en indiquant que toutes les options étaient étudiées, évoquant notamment la piste de la rébellion kurde du Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan (PKK).

 

Lundi, le Premier ministre turc Ahmet Davutoglu avait désigné le groupe de l'Etat islamique (EI) comme le principal suspect.

 

La Turquie fait part de la coalition internationale menée par les Etats-Unis pour lutter contre l'EI en Syrie.

 

M. Erdogan qui est sorti de son silence après cet attentat à l'occasion de ce point de presse, a de nouveau condamné un attentat terroriste lâche, exhortant le peuple turc à l'unité.

 

Les responsables seront poursuivis en justice, a assuré le chef de l'Etat turc, estimant que le drame constituait une épreuve que la Turquie devait traverser.

 

M. Erdogan qui dirige la Turquie depuis 2002, d'abord comme Premier ministre et ensuite chef de l'Etat depuis 2014, est accusé par ses détracteurs d'autoritarisme croissant.

 

Il a été interrogé sur ce point par un journaliste finlandais qui lui a demandé s'il était un dictateur.

 

Sèchement il lui a répondu: Si j'avais été un dictateur, vous n'auriez pas pu me poser cette question.

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photo Russia MoD

photo Russia MoD

 

October 11, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The Russian air support for the Syrian government forces has been effective, mainly because the Russians don’t care if civilians are in the way and get hurt. This is just as well because a lot of the Russian bombs are unguided. Russia does have GPS and laser guided bombs but not a lot of them. There are also many targets that can be destroyed just as easily with dumb bombs, especially if you are not concerned about dead civilians. The Russians are apparently shipping in thousands of unguided aircraft bombs, most (if not all) of them dating back to the Cold War (that ended in 1991). Syria, however is still using locally fabricated bombs and will probably continue to as Syrian helicopters are not equipped to drop aerial bombs. With Russian help the Syrian helicopter force will now increase but helicopters often make effective bombers. Since 2012 the Syrians have been dropping barrels filled with flammable liquids and explosives, rigged to explode when they hit the ground. This sort of thing is not unique to Syria and has been seen for years in Sudan where the government uses “barrel bombs” rolled out of transports and helicopters. These are not precision weapons, but if the target is a village or other residential area, they are accurate enough.  The Syrian barrel bombs have been used frequently against civilian targets like markets, mosques, hospitals, schools and apartment buildings. This has persuaded many anti-Assad Syrians to flee the country which is exactly what the government wants. Now many of these Syrian refugees are forcing their way into Europe, which is another win as far as the Assads are concerned.

 

Russian troops began arriving in late August and by mid-September began launching air strikes. That accelerated on October 9th and will continue to do so as more and more Russian cargo ships arrive with weapons, troops, ammunition and equipment. This increase in Russian military aid to Syria solves several problems for Russia. For one, it prevents the looming collapse of the Assad government, which has been losing territory at an accelerating rate in 2015 and is facing a collapse in morale among its forces and civilian supporters. Russia has been a staunch ally of the Assad dynasty since the 1970s. Iran cannot provide more aid, mainly because despite the July agreement to lift sanctions on Iran that does not go into effect until early 2016 and until then Iran is as broke as ever. But the arrival of the Russian troops does boost Iranian morale and willingness to send in more troops to act as advisors and trainers.

 

Russia is only sending a few thousand ground troops but these are some of the best troops Russia has and ISIL and the other Islamic terrorist rebels will suffer much heavier casualties if they clash with these Russians. All this will boost morale among troops and Syrian civilians in Assad territory and make it more likely that a Russian peace proposal that keeps the Assads in power, even if it means a partition of Syria, will be more acceptable to the world. Russia says it is sending only “volunteers”. This is a policy adopted in Ukraine, and for good reason. While “acting strong” is popular with most Russians, the risk of your own conscripted sons getting sent to Ukraine or Syria and killed or maimed is definitely not popular. To the dismay of Russian leaders it was found that even when young volunteer (“contract”) soldiers get hurt there is popular backlash. This despite government willingness to pay compensation (not a Russian tradition) to families of the dead as well as to disabled soldiers. Thus Russia has an incentive to rely a lot on tech and mercenaries (mainly supplied by Iran) to avoid Russian casualties.  That said the Russian force is not large (because Russian cannot afford a larger force) and they are depending on terror to help out. Russians make no secret of their indifference to civilian casualties and the use of terror against their enemies. ISIL sees this as more of a threat than the more high-tech and civilized Americans.

 

By mid-September Russia had brought in enough warplanes and troops to support and protect the airbase near the coast in Latakia province. Despite Russian talk about it all being about ISIL (al Qaeda in Iraq and the Levant), most of the attacks so far have been against the most immediate threats to the twenty percent of Syria that the Assad forces control. This means rebels who are trying to defeat the Assads and not, like ISIL, seeking to establish a worldwide Islamic religious dictatorship. To placate foreign criticism Russia did hint that a column might be sent east to threaten the ISIL capital Raqqa. That would certainly be possible but even the Russians realize that most of the ISIL gunmen in the east are based among the population outside Raqqa and while these fanatics would die in large numbers they would also be inflicting a lot of unwelcome casualties whoever the Russians had fighting on the ground. Nevertheless the Syrian government and their Iranian military advisors are examining the idea of sending a ground force of Syrian and mercenary (non-Russian) troops to Raqqa, assisted by ruthless Russian air power.

 

Russia wants to carry out a “heroic intervention” to defeat ISIL and earn some positive publicity. That sort of thing is badly needed as Russia is currently seen as a treacherous bully because of its aggression in Ukraine and elsewhere in East Europe. By the end of the year Russia expects to turn that around, even if some depict them as a treacherous and opportunistic hero. Smashing ISIL would nevertheless be praised and appreciated. It would also be seen as a defeat for America and affirmation of Russian might and loyalty to its allies. The main problem Russia faces is doing this with a minimum of Russian casualties. That means inspiring the Syrian military, the Hezbollah militia and Iranian mercenaries to do most of the dangerous work on the ground.

 

Russia admits that it is breaking the UN embargo to supply the Assad government with new weapons. That was clear as Russia announced the sale to Syria of another twelve MiG-29s. Only nine will be delivered by the end of 2016 and the last three will arrive in 2017. The Russia appears determined to immediately do a lot of rebuild what is left of the Syrian Air Force, which has suffered enormous (over 70 percent) losses since 2011. Russia has always provided tech and material (spare parts) support for this largely Russian fleet of warplanes and helicopters but not enough for the Syrians to keep more than 30 percent of the 370 aircraft and helicopters operational. The surge of Russian support will mean the Syrian Air Force can be rebuilt and thus be even more active. The 50 or so Russian aircraft in Syria consist of Su-34 and Su-30 fighter-bombers, Su-24M bombers and Su-25 ground attack aircraft as well as about a dozen armed helicopters. There are also many transport helicopters.

 

Turkey is threatening to shoot down Russian warplanes that continue to slip in and out of Turkish air space. Russia takes that threat seriously and apologized for several recent (October 3rd and 6th) incidents which appear to have been accidental. Russia says bad weather was at fault but the main problem is Syrian rebels operating close to the Turkish border and often crossing it unexpectedly. The Russian pilots will often lose track of the border when going after rebels who may have recently slipped across the border. There is another element in all this. Russia and Turkey are ancient enemies and Turkish public opinion backs using violence against Russian incursions, even accidental ones. Russia is in the process of increasing daily air strikes to a hundred or more a day but pilots are ordered to ensure that every sortie counts. This is especially true because the Russians have a big advantage over NATO here as the Syrian Army has lots of personnel who can speak Russian and are familiar with the procedures for calling in air strikes. So when the Russian pilots get a call for air support they know it is a confirmed target and the morale of the troops down there will soar if the Russian fighter-bombers can get the job done. This is what the Russian pilots are under orders to do. Russia could simply avoid rebels near the border but they know that the rebels would quickly exploit that.

 

In Syria additional Hezbollah, other Shia militia and Syrian Army forces are on the move in the northwest around Homs, Palmyra and Aleppo as well as in the south near the Israeli border. Rebel groups had recently gained territory in all these areas. This sudden counteroffensive is a direct result of the recent Russian intervention in Syria. This was very good news for Hezbollah and the Assad government. The Iran backed Hezbollah militia has been providing thousands of fighters inside Syria for the Iran backed Assad government but this has been increasingly unpopular among Hezbollah members and even more unpopular with Lebanese in general. That’s because Syria considers Lebanon a “lost province” and has always treated Lebanon badly. Hezbollah had to fight in Syria for the hated (by most Lebanese) Assad government because Iran has long been the main financial and military support for Hezbollah and demanded that Hezbollah send fighters to Syria. But Hezbollah leaders eventually told Iran that the Hezbollah operations (and casualties) in Syria were causing serious damage to the unity and effectiveness of Hezbollah in general. In fact, once it became clear that Russia was putting substantial combat forces in Syria, Hezbollah quietly informed Iran and the Assads that by the end of September Hezbollah would cease offensive operations in Syria and confine their participation to fighting Syrian rebel (especially Islamic terrorist groups) attempts to get into Lebanon. Decisions like this are very popular with most Lebanese and especially welcome by Hezbollah fighters, who always thought they had signed up mainly to defend Lebanon in general and the Shia minority of Lebanon in particular. Guarding the border is doing just that and will repair the damage to morale done because of combat operations inside Syria (and several thousand casualties suffered as a result). Now it is clear that Hezbollah, after receiving some additional weapons (including tanks) has been encouraged to do a little more. This appears to be something like pushing Syrian rebels much farther away from the Lebanese border as that would be tolerable to most Lebanese and help the Assad government as well. Putting Hezbollah forces on the Syrian border with Israel is also popular with many Lebanese, as long as the effort does not get a lot of Lebanese killed. Up north Iran is using thousands of foreign Shia volunteers it has armed, trained and paid. With Russian air support, as well as more sorties from Syrian warplanes (because of increased Russian aid) the pro-government forces are advancing. Many of the rebels, except for ISIL, have not experienced many air strikes this year, mainly because the U.S. led coalition aircraft have concentrated on ISIL. The Russians don’t much care about ISIL unless ISIL forces are in the way of the pro-government ground troops. American warplanes have been ordered to stay at least 30 kilometers away from any Russian aircraft and not interfere with Russian operations. This government offensive may not get far but it is off to an encouraging start and that is welcome news back in Iran. That’s largely because it is no secret in Iran that there are over a thousand Iranian trainers and advisors in Syria and these men have played a large role in keeping the Assad government from being destroyed by all the rebel Islamic terror groups constantly attacking since 2012. Officially Iran insists it has no military personnel in Syria, but there is a lot of evidence there, and in Iran, to contradict that claim. It is also widely believed (at least inside Iran) that Iran convinced Russia to intervene. This is in line with the ancient Iranian tradition of wisely using wartime diplomacy to create opportunities and turn defeats into victories. A senior Iranian general (Qassem Sulaimani, head of the Quds Force) is known to have made two semi-secret trips to the Russian capital recently.

 

The Russian intervention in Syria has caused Iraq to openly accuse the United States of being ineffective and unwilling to do what it takes to defeat ISIL. Iraqi leaders pointed out that over a year ago the U.S. and its Arab allies promised sufficient air support and other military assistance to defeat ISIL. That has not worked. Iraq believes the United States lacks the will to get the job done while Iran and Russia do have what it takes. Finally Iraq was considering asking Russia to extend its bombing campaign to attacks on ISIL in western Iraq and Mosul. This would involve allowing Russia to operate from Iraqi air bases. What is meant here but not being said is that Iraq disagrees with the American ROE (Rules of Engagement) which puts more emphasis on protecting civilians than in destroying the enemy. ISIL uses lots of human shields to protect its men and facilities from air attack. Russia and Arab air forces will bomb a target even if there are human shields present.

 

Russia has brought some of its new electronic jamming equipment to Syria and these are being used to jam ISIL and NATO communications. Some NATO radars and satellite signals are also being jammed. NATO is already familiar with some of these jammers, particularly the truck mounted Krasukha-4, which has been encountered in eastern Ukraine (Donbas).

 

Meanwhile Turkey continues to battle rebellious PKK Kurds in southeast Turkey and northern Iraq. The Kurdish government in northern Iraqi tolerates the Turkish air raids on PKK camps in remote areas and publicly denounces the PKK (although many Iraqi Kurds support the PKK goal of a Kurdish state formed from Kurdish populated parts of Iraq, Turkey, Iran and Syria).

 

October 10, 2015: In central Syria (Hama province) Syrian soldiers (assisted by Hezbollah and local Alawite militias) recaptured areas outside the city of Hama. This was aided by Russian and Syrian air strikes. Al Nusra has been fighting government forces in Hama since July in an effort to get into neighboring Latakia province. Latakia is a major center of government support because it is largely Alawites and where the Assad clan comes from.

In the southwest (Quneitra province) government and rebels have renewed their fighting. This is largely the result of the Russian intervention and Hezbollah agreeing to relax its new rule that all its gunmen would remain on or near the Lebanese border. The major target is the Southern Front rebels who are now on the defensive.

Meanwhile to the north ISIL took advantage of the growing Russian and Syrian pressure on al Nusra to attack and take control of some villages outside Aleppo. Russian air strikes on al Nusra forces was, in this case, a direct benefit to ISIL.

American and Russian officials met (via video conference) to work out procedures to avoid conflicts between NATO and Russian aircraft over Syria. These were described as “flight safety” discussions.

In Turkey two bombs went off in the capital near a demonstration by (mostly) Kurds calling for an end to fighting between the PKK (Turkish Kurdish separatist rebels) and Turkish security forces. Nearly a hundred people were killed and nearly 300 wounded. No one took responsibility for this. The Turks suspect either the PKK (that is hostile to Turkey and Kurds who do not support PKK) or ISIL (whose capital, Raqqa, is threatened by another Kurdish offensive by Syrian Kurds). Some Kurds suspect the government planted the bombs because most of the demonstrators were moderate Kurds whose votes in recent elections cost the current government a lot of political power.

 

October 9, 2015: There appeared rumors about a Russian MiG-29 being shot down by Turkish F-16s in northwest Syria after the MiG-29 violated Turkish air space. The rumors persisted over the weekend because no one would confirm or deny them. NATO did say they knew nothing about the incident and there were no pictures of the wreckage. Meanwhile Russia said it had launched 67 air strikes in the last 24 hours, the most in any one day since its forces first arrived in August. Previous to this Russia had been launching about ten air strikes a day. The surge today was mainly directed at targets in central Syria and the northwest (Hama, Latakia and Idlib provinces) as well as Raqqa province in the east.

There were also rumors that turned out to be true about more than twenty explosions in the ISIL capital of Raqqa. These were the result of air attacks by Russian aircraft on Raqqa. The Syrian government wants Russian help to capture Raqqa from ISIL before Syrian rebels (mainly the Syrian Kurds) do so. ISIL considers the Syrian Kurds less of a threat than the Russian backed Syrian military. That’s because the Kurds have Americans providing air support and the American ROE makes the use of civilians as human shields a very effective tactic. But that does not work against the Russians. So while civilians were forced to stay in Raqqa when there was a threat of American air strikes now that the Russian threat seems more likely ISIL is preparing to force civilians out of the city. The ISIL fear is that the city would undergo a siege and in a situation like that the civilians would be a burden, not a form of protection from air strikes.

 

October 8, 2015: In the north (outside Aleppo) a senior Iranian officer (Hossein Hamedani) was killed in combat. Hamedani was a general in the IRGC (Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps) and apparently in charge of coordination between the Syrian army and Iranian mercenaries (Shia volunteers from Iran and elsewhere who are paid, trained and armed by Iran) fighting for the Assads. Iran officially denies that IRGC personnel are in Syria but the deaths of senior IRGC officers are hard to keep quiet. The Iranian government said that Hamedani was simply visiting Syria.

 

American intelligence analysts believe that at least four of the 26 cruise missiles fired by Russian warships in the landlocked Caspian Sea at targets in Syria crashed in Iran. Both Russia and Iran deny this and insisted that all 26 missiles fired on the 7th hit their targets in Syria and that there were no civilian casualties.

 

Saudi Arabia has increased arms shipments to three Syrian rebel groups (Jaysh al Fatah, the Free Syrian Army and the Southern Front). None of these is known to be associated with al Qaeda or ISIL although these groups will sometimes trade (or surrender, if forced) weapons and ammo to al Nusra or ISIL groups. For this reason the United States is halting its program of training and arming the Free Syrian Army. The American efforts to aid Syrian rebels were always crippled by rules that prohibited aid to any rebels that might cooperate with Islamic terrorist rebel groups (especially those linked to al Qaeda or ISIL). The same criteria was used to select Syrians to train. Because so many Syrian rebels were Islamic radicals or eager to back Islamic terrorists because they were the most effective fighters, few suitable candidates could be found. It appears that the Americans are going to quietly copy from the Arab aid program that concentrates on rebel groups that share a hatred of ISIL. This means more aid for the Kurds, who are not attracted to Islamic radicalism despite being Sunni Moslems. The Kurds attribute this to their not being Arab. Russia is on the other side of this, not caring so much about ISIL right now and intent on destroying Syrian rebels no matter what their views on Islamic terrorism. It is estimated that so far only about ten percent of Russian air strikes have hit ISIL

 

October 7, 2015: Russian troops, operating about a hundred kilometers east of their main base at Latakia, used howitzers and rocket launchers to hit rebel targets outside the rebel held city of Hama. This was the first use of Russian controlled and operated artillery in Syria. About the same time Russian warships in the Caspian Sea launched 26 Klub (Kalibr) cruise missiles at rebel targets in Syria.

A Russian delegation has arrived in Israel for more talks about cooperation and coordination between Russian and Israeli military forces now that Russian troops and warplanes are operating inside Syria. An initial agreement was made on September 21st.

 

October 5, 2015: Several prominent Sunni clerics in Saudi Arabia have called for a jihad (holy war) against the Assad government of Syria as well as Russia and Iran. These conservative clerics have been known to praise Islamic terrorists in the past.

 

October 3, 2015: Local witnesses confirmed that ISIL had destroyed another ancient structure (a Roman Arch of Triumph) near Palmyra. ISIL took this central Syrian site (in Homs province) back in May and since August has been destroying ancient ruins. This was an ancient oasis city that was largely abandoned a century ago and now people live in nearby villages. Palmyra is a major tourist site and it was long feared that ISIL would destroy ruins for being un-Islamic.

 

October 2, 2015: In Iraq the fighting, mostly against ISIL, left 717 Iraqis (security forces and civilians) dead in September. This is about half what it was in August, largely because military operations against ISIL are stalled. On the plus side ISIL activity seems to be stalled as well, in part because ISIL is now more intent on dealing with the new Russian threat in Syria. Still Iraq was a lot less violent than neighboring Syria where the death toll was 76,000 in 2014. That’s over 91,000 dead during 2014 for the two countries where ISIL is most active. The death toll in Syria has risen more sharply than in Iraq. At the same time it is clear that ISIL, while still a threat, is no longer on the offensive anywhere.

 

September 30, 2015: Russia told foreign nations (especially NATO) to keep its aircraft out of Syrian air space. NATO refused and continued air operations over Syria as did Arab members of the American led air coalition. Russian warplanes also began their daily strikes on ground targets today and American aircraft did not interfere.

 

September 27, 2015: Israeli warplanes attacked Syrian Army units just across the border from Israel in Quneitra province because of recent rocket fire that had landed in Israel. These attacks remind Syrian commanders that such attacks have serious consequences. Often these attacks are accidents but when that is unclear, Israel retaliates, just to be certain that the other side understands.

Iraq announced that it had established an intelligence sharing arrangement with Iran, Syria and Russia and invited the United States to join.

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12 octobre 2015 1 12 /10 /octobre /2015 11:30
Ahmet Davutoglu - Turkey PM

Ahmet Davutoglu - Turkey PM

 

12.10.2015 Romandie.com (ats)

 

Les autorités turques considèrent l'Etat islamique comme le suspect numéro 1 de l'attentat-suicide qui a tué au moins 97 personnes samedi à Ankara. Le Premier ministre turc Ahmet Davutoglu a ajouté lundi que l'un des deux kamikazes était sur le point d'être identifié.

 

"Si l'on regarde la manière dont a été commise cette attaque, nous considérons les investigations sur Daech (l'acronyme arabe de l'EI) comme notre priorité", a déclaré M. Davutoglu lors d'un entretien accordé à la chaîne d'information turque NTV.

 

Le chef du gouvernement a encore déclaré que cet attentat était à ses yeux une tentative d'influer sur le cours des élections législatives anticipées prévues le 1er novembre. Les mesures nécessaires seront prises s'il avérait que des failles dans la sécurité aient pu contribuer à la réalisation de l'attentat, a-t-il ajouté.

 

De son côté, le Parti démocratique des peuples (HDP), formation pro-kurde qui s'estime visé par l'attentat de samedi, envisage d'annuler tous ses meetings de campagne en vue de ces élections pour des raisons de sécurité, a annoncé lundi un de ses porte-parole.

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10 octobre 2015 6 10 /10 /octobre /2015 11:30
Turkish Navy Landing ship TCG Bayraktar (L-402) launched

 

Oct 8, 2015 By Dylan Vosman – defence-blog.com

 

TCG Bayraktar (L-402) is a Turkish Navy landing ship, which was built in Turkey and launched in October 2015 The contract for the construction of a new LST’s was signed between Ministry of Defence and ADIK_Furtrans shipyard on 11 May 2011. The value of the contract is 370 million Euros. It took almost two years for the shipyard to find the 370 million Euro credit to cover the project as required by the contract. The first steel was cut on 14 May 2014 at ADİK Shipyard. The first ship is called as TCG Bayraktar replacing the old TCG Bayraktar, a LST-511 class landing ship which is out of commission. The new landing ships will have a crew of 129 and will carry 350 soldiers. The ships will have a citadel to protect the crew from effects of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. The closed parking area is 1100 square meters and the open deck parking area is 690 square meters sufficient for approximately 20 main battle tanks and between 24 – 60 vehicles. The armament consists of 2 single barreled 40mm Oto Melara guns, 2 Mk15 Phalanx CIWS, 2 machine guns on a stabilized remote-controlled chassis. The ships will have a Smart Mk2 3D air/surface search radar (which not common for an amphibious ship) 2 AselFLIR 300D EO director, torpedo counter measures systems, laser warning receiver and Link 16/22 system. All these sensors and weapons will be controlled by a 5 consoles of GENESIS CMS.

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USAF expands OIR mission in Turkey

 

DIYARBAKIR, Turkey, Oct. 8 (UPI)

 

The U.S. Air Force began staging small detachments of airmen and aircraft in Turkey to support personnel recovery missions in Syria and Iraq.

The U.S. Air Force has maintained a working relationship with its counterpart in Turkey, a NATO ally. U.S. Airmen stationed at the Diyarbakir Air Base, home to the Turkish air force's 8th Air Wing, are assigned to assist with the recovery of coalition personnel in the event they need assistance. The Airmen come from the 435th Contingency Response Group, part of the 435th Air Ground Operations Wing. Lt. Col. Ryan Barney, 435th CRG element commander, says the unit's mission is to "get in and out."

"The unique thing about this mission is the 435th CRG were the first troops on the ground; and we really depended on everyone and the defenders deployed with us for security as the building began," Barney said.

The unit arrived in August to begin building operating bases, and brought in some 680 tons of equipment.

"When the 435th CRG first arrived, there was nothing but a grassy field and a lot of boulders," Barney said. "By providing airfield ops, combat support and training, security, construction and mobile aircraft support, that field is now a 'bare base' and ready for the follow-on force to arrive."

The deployment comes as Turkish government officials grow more concerned with Russian operations in Syria, following recent violations of Turkish airspace. Russia continued its support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad by initiating airstrikes, purportedly against the Islamic State, Sunni militants also identified as Daesh and by the acronyms ISIS and ISIL.

Tanju Bilgiç, spokesperson of the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, issued a statement on the matter on Wednesday.

"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey strongly protested the violations of the Turkish airspace by the Russian Federation on 3 and 4 October 2015 to the Embassy of the Russian Federation in Ankara," the statement read.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg condemned the incursions, calling them "deliberate," a view shared by U.S. officials.

"I call on Russia to avoid escalating tensions with the alliance. Russia must de-conflict its military activities in Syria. I'm also concerned that Russia is not targeting [the Islamic State], but instead attacking the Syrian opposition and civilians."

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7 octobre 2015 3 07 /10 /octobre /2015 12:30
Su-34 bomber - photo Russia MoD

Su-34 bomber - photo Russia MoD

 

07 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Ankara - Le Premier ministre turc Ahmet Davutoglu a affirmé mercredi que seuls deux raids aériens russes avaient ciblé le groupe de l'Etat islamique (EI) en Syrie, et que la Turquie ne fera pas de concessions sur les violations russes de son espace aérien.

 

Seuls deux des 57 frappes de la Russie ont visé Daech (l'acronyme arabe de l'EI) et les autres l'opposition modérée en Syrie, soutenue par la Turquie et les Etats-Unis, alliés de l'Otan, a-t-il dit devant la presse. Ces chiffres proviennent des renseignements militaires turcs, a-t-il expliqué.

 

Si l'opposition syrienne est affaiblie, c'est Daech qui en sortira renforcé (...) S'il y a une lutte contre Daech faisons le ensemble, a-t-il dit dans des propos télévisés.

 

Le chef du gouvernement a en outre prévenu que la Turquie ne fera pas de concessions au sujet des violations de son espace aérien à la frontière syrienne par des chasseurs russes, qu'elle a dénoncées ces derniers jours.

 

Nous ne ferons pas de concessions en ce qui concerne la sécurité de nos frontières et de notre espace aérien, a-t-il déclaré devant la presse au sujet des tensions entre la Turquie et la Russie qui s'est militairement impliquée en Syrie.

 

M. Davutoglu a cependant souligné que la Turquie ne veut pas de tensions avec la Russie, avec laquelle elle a d'étroits rapports commerciaux mais en précisant que l'espace turc est aussi naturellement l'espace de l'Otan.

 

Nous discutons (des violations) avec la partie russe d'une manière franche et amicale (...) Nous attendons de la Russie qu'elle prenne en compte les inquiétudes sécuritaires de la Turquie, a-t-il ajouté.

 

La Turquie a dénoncé deux violations de son espace aérien lors du week-end par des avions russes et convoqué l'ambassadeur de Russie pour lui faire part de sa ferme protestation.

 

L'émissaire russe a une nouvelle fois été convoqué mardi au ministère des Affaires étrangères pour discuter de cette affaire, a indiqué mercredi un communiqué du ministère.

 

Les autorités turques sont prêtes à rencontrer les responsables militaires russes pour faire le point sur les mesures que Moscou serait prête à prendre pour éviter une répétition de ces incidents, a souligné le texte.

 

La diplomatie turque a toutefois démenti des informations selon lesquelles un groupe de travail serait constitué entre les parties.

 

Le ministère russe de la Défense a indiqué mercredi que des discussions étaient en cours avec les Turcs pour mettre en place un mécanisme afin d'éviter de tels incidents.

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5 octobre 2015 1 05 /10 /octobre /2015 19:30
photo Russia MoD

photo Russia MoD

 

05 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Moscou - L'incursion samedi d'un avion de chasse russe dans l'espace aérien turc n'a duré que quelques secondes et a été causée par les mauvaises conditions météo, a déclaré lundi le porte-parole du ministère russe de la Défense, le général Igor Konachenkov.

 

Un avion militaire russe Su-30 est entré pendant quelques secondes dans l'espace aérien turc, au cours d'une manoeuvre, au moment où il rentrait à son aérodrome, a indiqué M. Konachenkov, cité dans un communiqué du ministère.

 

Cet incident est le résultat de mauvaises conditions météorologiques dans cette zone. Il ne faut pas y voir un complot quelconque, a-t-il souligné.

 

Des éclaircissements appropriés ont été envoyés à la partie turque via l'attaché militaire de l'ambassade de Turquie à Moscou, a assuré l'officier.

 

Plus tôt, la Turquie avait annoncé que des F-16 de ses forces aériennes avaient intercepté un chasseur de l'armée de l'air russe et l'avaient contraint à faire demi-tour.

 

Les mesures nécessaires ont été prises afin d'empêcher de tels incidents à l'avenir, a souligné le général Konachenkov.

 

Il a par ailleurs affirmé que l'aviation russe présente en Syrie n'avait rien à voir avec le harcèlement dimanche de deux chasseurs F-16 de l'aviation turque par un MiG-29 non identifié à la hauteur de la frontière syrienne.

 

Il n'y a pas d'avions de ce type sur la base aérienne, utilisée par les forces russes en Syrie pour les frappes aériennes contre le groupe Etat islamique (EI), a-t-il dit.

 

L'Otan a mentionné deux violations de l'espace aérien turc par des avions de combat russes Soukhoï, samedi et dimanche, dans la région d'Hatay (sud de la Turquie), dans une déclaration commune diffusée après une réunion d'urgence lundi après-midi à Bruxelles.

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5 octobre 2015 1 05 /10 /octobre /2015 16:30
MiG-29 jet photo Vladimir Astapkovich - RIA Novosti

MiG-29 jet photo Vladimir Astapkovich - RIA Novosti

 

05 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Ankara - Deux chasseurs F-16 de l'aviation turque ont été harcelés dimanche lors d'une mission de patrouille par un MIG-29 non identifié à la hauteur de la frontière syrienne, a annoncé lundi l'armée turque sur son site internet.

 

Deux de nos F-16 faisant partie d'une patrouille de 10 avions ont été harcelés (..) pendant 5 minutes 40 secondes, a affirmé le communauté sans préciser si les avions étaient russes ou syriens.

 

Cet incident survient au lendemain d'un autre incident à cette frontière, lorsque des avions turcs ont intercepté un chasseur de l'armée de l'air russe et l'ont forcé à faire demi-tour.

 

L'ambassadeur de Russie à Ankara a été convoqué samedi et les autorités turques lui ont fait part de leur vive protestation à la suite de cet incident, selon un communiqué du ministère turc des Affaires étrangères.

 

Le secrétaire général de l'Otan, dont la Turquie est membre, Jens Stoltenberg, devait recevoir lundi à Bruxelles le chef de la diplomatie turque Feridun Sinirlioglu afin de discuter de la situation en Syrie après l'interception d'un chasseur russe dans l'espace aérien de la Turquie.

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