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27 mars 2015 5 27 /03 /mars /2015 12:50
Joint statement by French Minister of Defence Jean-Yves Le Drian and EDA Chief Executive Jorge Domecq


Paris, 26 March 2015. Ministère de la Défense


Jean-Yves Le Drian, French Minister of Defence and Jorge Domecq, Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency (EDA) met today to discuss French participation in EDA projects as well as preparations of the European Council discussion on defence in June 2015.


 “The European Defence Agency has an essential role to play for enabling defence cooperation in Europe and facilitating synergies with EU policies: EDA has a key role to play for example in the preparation and implementation of the CSDP related Preparatory Action. I welcome the work achieved to set up a multinational fleet of tankers, and the activities pursued in air traffic insertion in support of the MALE RPAS programme we run together with Germany and Italy. France will fully support the new EDA Chief Executive it his duty”said French Minister of Defence.


“The European Defence Agency is an instrument at the service of Member States. We support them in filling pressing capability shortfalls, in coordinating research and technology on a European level and we ensure that military interests are taken into account in wider EU policies such as Single European Sky. I am committed to answering to the expectations set by Member States and to avoid duplication of efforts. Our key priority is the preparation of the European Council next June, which should give a boost to defence cooperation and to defence industry across Europe.”, said Jorge Domecq during the meeting with Minister Le Drian.


The visit is part of a series of visits by Mr. Domecq to all EDA Member States following his appointment as EDA Chief Executive and ahead of the Ministerial Steering Board on 18 May 2015. So far, Mr. Domecq visited Spain, Lithuania, Latvia, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Germany, Portugal, the Netherlands, and Ireland.

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25 mars 2015 3 25 /03 /mars /2015 17:55
photo Dassault Aviation

photo Dassault Aviation


24 mars 2015 par Gil Roy – Aerobuzz.fr


Le 26 février dernier, le Neuron a réalisé son centième vol dans le ciel de Provence, clôturant ainsi la première phase de ses essais dynamiques. Dans un communiqué, la DGA et Dassault se sont bien évidemment félicités des résultats obtenus. Mais de quoi s’agit-il exactement ?


On se souvient que le Neuron a volé pour la première fois de puis la base aérienne d’Istres le 1er décembre 2012. L’appareil représente une réponse européenne à un défi américain, qui est de mettre en vol d’ici quelques années des avions de combat sans pilote (alias UCAV, pour Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle). Il n’est pas certain que ce soit une bonne idée, une fois de plus la technique précédant le besoin, mais dans le doute, les Européens ont décidé de ne pas s’abstenir et se sont mis à courir derrière le lièvre yankee. Pourquoi pas…


Suite de larticle

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24 mars 2015 2 24 /03 /mars /2015 21:45
Drone Reaper. Photo Armée de l'Air

Drone Reaper. Photo Armée de l'Air


24/03/2015 par Emmanuel Huberdeau – Air & Cosmos


C'est une première pour l'armée de l'Air. Un drone MQ-9 Reaper a été utilisé pour désigner, au laser, une cible au profit d'une bombe GBU larguée depuis un chasseur français. L'opération a eu lieu dans la bande sahélo saharienne dans le cadre de l'opération Barkhane.


Un détachement de l'escadron 1/33 « Belfort » comprenant deux drones Reaper et deux drones Harfang est actuellement déployé à Niamey en soutien de l'opération Barkhane. Un troisième drone Reaper a été commandé et devrait venir renforcer l'opération Barkhane au mois d'avril. Jusqu'à présent, ces drones étaient principalement utilisés pour des missions de renseignement. Le groupement « chasse » de Barkhane comprend trois (et bientôt quatre) Rafale et trois Mirage 2000D.


Suite de l’article

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22 mars 2015 7 22 /03 /mars /2015 12:20
USAF funds sense-and-avoid technology development

The Air Force is funding development of sense-and-avoid systems for remotely piloted aircraft, such as this MQ-9 Reaper. USAF photo:Staff Sgt. Brian Ferguson


WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB, Ohio, March 20 By Richard Tomkins (UPI)


The U.S. Air Force has given funding to an Ohio company to research and develop electro-optical sensors for sense-and-avoid systems for airborne remotely piloted vehicles.


The U.S. Air Force reports it is providing nearly $1.5 million in SBIR funding for development and maturation of sense-and-avoid technology for remotely piloted aircraft.


The funding, through its Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer program, was given to Defense Research Associates Inc. of Ohio, whose research focuses on electro-optical sensors for detecting and tracking potential obstacles to remotely piloted vehicles in flight, The Air Force said.


The company's research is expected to uncover other technologies to improve SAA systems and prepare them for transition to engineering and manufacturing development and initial low-rate production.


"In addition to the SBIR funding, this program leverages more than $2 million in additional funding from the Airborne Sense and Avoid program, managed by the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base," the Air Force said. "These funds will help ensure the Phase II effort graduates into a Phase III program that successfully transitions its technologies into military or private sector."

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20 mars 2015 5 20 /03 /mars /2015 12:50
photo UK MoD

photo UK MoD


March 19, 2015 By: Beth Stevenson – FG


London - An arms transfer study from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) claims that only the UK and Nigeria have been the recipients of armed unmanned air vehicles, despite “widespread interest” in their acquisition.

The numbers of importers and exporters of both armed and unarmed UAVs has “grown significantly” over the past 15 years, SIPRI says, and between the period of 2010 to 2014, 35 countries and the UN acquired 429 UAVs that weigh more than 25kg.

The USA and Israel are the main suppliers, although Austria, France, Germany, Iran, Italy, South Africa and Sweden all exported UAVS, says SIPRI in its “Trends in International Arms Transfers, 2014” paper, released on 16 March.


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20 mars 2015 5 20 /03 /mars /2015 12:30
Credits Israel Defense

Credits Israel Defense


March 19, 2015 By: Arie Egozi – FG


Tel Aviv - Israel's defence ministry is trying to create a "formula" that will allow the nation's unmanned air system manufacturers to sell their products in Poland.

Warsaw is soliciting bids for 12 systems of middle-range tactical UAS and 15 systems of mini-UAS for its armed forces. Initial bids were made last month, with further stages to follow. The Polish defence ministry wants to sign a deal in early 2016.

At this stage, the official position of the Polish government is to make an effort to buy systems via local companies, but the armed forces are pressing for proven systems, which will bring Israeli manufacturers into the competition – either directly or indirectly.


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19 mars 2015 4 19 /03 /mars /2015 12:44
Al-Shabab fighters outside Mogadishu, Somalia (Archive)

Al-Shabab fighters outside Mogadishu, Somalia (Archive)


18 March 2015 BBC Africa


The US defence department has confirmed that it has killed an al-Shabab leader, Adan Garar.


The Pentagon says the militant was hit by a drone equipped with Hellfire missiles in southern Somalia last Friday. Garar was a suspect in the 2013 Westgate Mall attack in Nairobi that left 67 people dead. The US believes Garar was overseeing operations that "target US persons and other Western interests". He was a member of the security and intelligence wing and a "key operative responsible for coordinating al-Shabab's external operations", according to the Pentagon.


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19 mars 2015 4 19 /03 /mars /2015 08:30
photo Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA)

photo Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA)


March 19, 2015 By: Beth Stevenson - FG


Images released by the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA) depict a crashed General Atomics Aeronautical Systems unmanned air vehicle, which it claims was shot down over Latakia in Syria on 17 March. The “hostile UAV”, believed to be a US Air Force MQ-1 Predator, was brought down by a Syrian air defence system, and Syrian authorities are said to be carrying out investigations “to verify the side which the drone is affiliated to”.


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19 mars 2015 4 19 /03 /mars /2015 08:20
US Army Orders 19 Gray Eagle UAVs


Mar 18, 2015 defense-aerospace.com

 (Source: US Department of Defense; issued Mar 16, 2015)


Pentagon Contract Announcement


General Atomics Aeronautical Systems Inc., Poway, California, was awarded a $132,660,931 modification (P00022) to contract W58RGZ-13-C-0109 to acquire 19 Gray Eagle unmanned aircraft, 19 SATCOM Air Data Terminals, one lot of initial spares, and one lot of ground support equipment .


Fiscal 2014 other procurement (Army) funds in the amount of $132,660,931 were obligated at the time of the award. Estimated completion date is May 31, 2017. Work will be performed in Poway, California.


Army Contracting Command, Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, is the contracting activity.

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18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 18:30
Officials: US Bombs ISIS Drone in Iraq


March 18, 2015 Defense News (AFP)


WASHINGTON — US warplanes have bombed a small drone used by Islamic State extremists in Iraq, marking the first time American-led forces had targeted an unmanned aircraft flown by the jihadists, officials said Wednesday.


The strike took place on Tuesday near the western city of Fallujah, destroying "a remotely piloted aircraft" and a vehicle with the IS forces, according to a statement from the US military command overseeing the campaign against the group.


The drone, used for battlefield surveillance, was "small-scale" and not a sophisticated aircraft equivalent to some US-made robotic planes that can fly at high altitudes or launch missiles, US defense officials said.


After flying the drone for a short period, Islamic State militants placed it on a vehicle. American aircraft then struck the vehicle near Fallujah, officials said.


The United States relies heavily on its own fleet of drones for air operations in Iraq and Syria, using them to bomb targets as well as provide intelligence on IS movements on the ground.


The Syrian regime said Tuesday it had shot down an American drone near the coastal province of Latakia and Pentagon officials acknowledged that a robotic aircraft had lost contact in the area.


The airstrike on the IS drone was among 11 carried out by US-led aircraft in Iraq and two conducted in Syria on Tuesday and Wednesday morning.


The strikes included five air raids near the western town of Ramadi in Iraq, with two IS-held bridges targeted along with a sniper position, an excavator and an IS "tactical unit," the military statement said.

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18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 17:35
G-Star unmanned air system - photo Innocon

G-Star unmanned air system - photo Innocon


11 Mar 2015 by: Arie Egozi - FG


The G-Star unmanned air system jointly developed and marketed by Israeli manufacturer Innocon and G-Force Composites from Thailand has completed qualification test flights at 10,000ft and performed automatic take-off and landing at its 200kg (440lb) maximum weight.

A tactical UAS with a wingspan of 8m (26ft), the G-Star has a current flight endurance of 10h, although an effort is under way to increase this to 15h.


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18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 17:20
photo General Atomics

photo General Atomics


Mar 16, 2015 ASDNews Source : General Atomics


    Predator/Gray Eagle Series Also Sets Record for 2014 Flight Hours


General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. (GA-ASI), a leading manufacturer of Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) systems, radars, and electro-optic and related mission systems solutions, today announced that its Predator® B/MQ-9 Reaper® RPA fleet has achieved a historic milestone of one million cumulative flight hours, with almost 90-percent of all missions flown in combat.

Additionally, GA-ASI announced that its Predator/Gray Eagle®-series aircraft family set a company record and historic industry feat in 2014: over 500,000 flight hours flown, which is the equivalent of flying 1,370 hours around-the-clock every day.


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18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 12:45
Maroc/Etats-Unis : Des drones américains pour l'armée marocaine ?


17.03.2015 Par El Hadji Mamadou Gueye - yabiladi.com


Alors que les F-16 de l’armée marocaine participent actuellement aux combats menés contre Daesh, le royaume pourrait bénéficier de nouvelles armes américaines. Il figure en tout cas sur une liste très réduite de pays susceptibles d’être les premiers acheteurs de drones US types MQ-9 Reaper et Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk.


L’armée marocaine a récemment déployé ses F-16 (de fabrication américaine) pour participer aux combats menés par un groupe de pays contre l’organisation "Etat Islamique" en Irak et en Syrie. Le Maroc et les Etats-Unis pourraient même franchir une nouveau cap dans leur coopération militaire puisque le Maroc est sur une liste très réduite de pays qui pourraient être les premiers bénéficiaires des drones américains.

En effet, selon le journal National Interest, le royaume serait parmi les cinq premiers pays au monde à recevoir des drones US types MQ-9 Reaper et le Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk, fabriqués par General Atomics. Il figure dans cette liste avec l’Inde, le Brésil ou encore le Canada et Singapour.


Surveiller les groupes terroristes au Mali, Libye, Algérie

Ces drones, selon la même source, pourraient être utiles dans la surveillance des frontières maroco-algériennes, notamment dans les zones où s’activent des groupes extrémistes. National Interest explique que le royaume est situé dans une région qui est en proie à des mouvements fondamentalistes islamiques qui doivent être combattus, faisant ainsi référence au Mali, à la Libye et une partie de l’Algérie. 

Outre les Lockheed Martin F-16, l’armée marocaine exploite d’autres équipements américains tels que les drones non armés Predator XP et avait aussi acquis en 2014 de nouveaux lots de missiles pour les F-16. Mais si l’accord est conclu, il pourrait disposer de drones armés pour surveiller les mouvements de groupes terroristes.

En 2014, le Maroc avait également acheté trois drones au fabricant français Dassault. Il s'agit de drones Heron TP de fabrication israélienne (Israel Aerospace Industries), capables de « mener des missions de reconnaissance et de collecte d’informations à plus de 40 000 pieds, et dotés d'une autonomie de vol de 36 heures ». Compte tenu de sa taille, le Heron TP peut transporter différents équipements : radars, détecteurs, des caméras, missiles...

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17 mars 2015 2 17 /03 /mars /2015 21:30
L'armée de l'air syrienne a abattu un drone américain


17 mars 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)


Damas - L'armée de l'air syrienne a abattu un drone américain qui survolait la région de Lattaquié dans le nord-ouest du pays, a affirmé mardi l'agence de presse officielle syrienne Sana.


L'armée de l'air syrienne a abattu un avion de surveillance américain hostile au nord de Lattaquié, a-t-elle assuré sans autre précision dans l'immédiat.


Ce serait la première fois que Damas frappe un appareil américain dans son espace aérien depuis qu'une coalition internationale dirigée par les Etats-Unis a débuté une campagne de frappes contre le groupe jihadiste Etat islamique (EI) dans le pays en septembre 2014.


La Syrie, qui ne participe pas aux frappes de la coalition, n'avait jusqu'ici engagé aucune action contre les appareils de la coalition circulant dans son espace aérien.


Le ministre syrien des Affaires étrangères avait indiqué l'an passé que Washington s'était engagé à ce que les frappes ne visent pas l'armée syrienne.


Les raids de la coalition se sont essentiellement concentrés sur les provinces d'Alep et de Raqqa, où l'EI compte des bastions. Mais ils ont aussi visé l'EI ailleurs dans le pays, de même que des membres du Front Al-Nosra, la branche syrienne d'Al-Qaïda.


Les jihadistes de l'EI sont quasi absents de la province de Lattaquié, selon l'Observatoire syrien des droits de l'Homme (OSDH). Mais des combattants du Front Al-Nosra sont actifs dans cette région côtière, qui abrite le village d'origine de la famille du président Bachar al-Assad et est une place forte de la communauté alaouite, la confession du chef de l'Etat.

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17 mars 2015 2 17 /03 /mars /2015 12:35
Pakistan Successfully Tests Its First Armed Drones

A Pakistani Army Burraq unmanned aerial vehicle fires a Barq laser-guided missile during a March 13 firing demonstration near Rawalpindi. This photo was probably circulated by Pakistan’s Inter-Service Public Relations. (Pakistan MoD photo)


Mar 14, 2015 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: Sputnik News; published Mar 13, 2015)


Drones are taking on a more ever-present role in the world and changing the way wars are fought. On Friday, Pakistan successfully tested its first military UAV.


According to a statement released by the Pakistani army, its military has just tested its own indigenously developed, armed drones. The unmanned aircraft come equipped with laser-guided missiles and will be deployed against terrorists along the country’s northwestern border with Afghanistan.


While the republic had already acquired surveillance drones, the new armed models highlight a major leap in technological achievement. The UAVs have been named Burraq, after the flying horse familiar in Islamic tradition.


Asim Bajwal of Inter Services Public Relations witnessed the test with Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif, and according to Bajwal, both men were very satisfied with the results. Raheel called the event "a great national achievement."


Despite repeated requests for the United States to supply the Pakistani military with armed UAV’s, the American government has consistently denied the appeals.


As such, the development of unmanned aerial vehicles has been a longtime goal of the Pakistani military, which has complained about US drones targeting jihadists through its airspace. Many of these strikes have killed civilians.


According to an analysis conducted by human rights group Reprieve in January, US drones searching for four terrorists killed as many as 221 innocent civilians. The Bureau of Investigative Journalism claims that the CIA has conducted 413 strikes in Pakistan since 2004.


Pakistan stepped up its efforts to combat terrorism within its borders after a brutal attack by the Taliban last year. Over 130 children were murdered in a school in the northwest region of Peshawar. That assault also led to a reinstatement of the death penalty in Pakistan.

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16 mars 2015 1 16 /03 /mars /2015 17:20
Photo US Air Force

Photo US Air Force


March 16, 2015 Dave Majumdar - nationalinterest.org


America has an opportunity to export its expertise.


Last month, the U.S. State Department unveiled new export guidelines for commercial and military unmanned aircraft—colloquially known as drones. While ostensibly holding firm to the U.S. government’s adherence to the voluntary Missile Control Technology Regime, the new policy would allow the export of drones with ranges greater than 300 kilometers and a payload of more than 500 kilograms on “rare occasions.”

The new policy formalizes the de facto arrangement that already existed, which allows the U.S. government to currently export machines like the General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper and the Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk. But perhaps more significantly, it sets up a standard for the export of commercial drones—imposing restrictions on the sale of those machines.

With the door more or less open to a wide range of sales to foreign operators—here are five countries that might benefit from U.S. drone technology.


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15 mars 2015 7 15 /03 /mars /2015 12:25
photo INVAP

photo INVAP


March 11, 2015 Spacewar.com (AFP)


Buenos Aires - Argentina will manufacture locally designed military drones, according to an announcement Tuesday in the official government gazette.


Argentina plans to use the drones, expected to fly as long as 12-20 hours, on its ships in searches at sea.


The program has an initial investment of 238 million dollars, the gazette said. The government contract is with state-owned INVAP, which makes complex technological products, and is owned by Rio Negro province.


INVAP designed Argentina's first communications satellite which was launched in October.


Dubbed ARSAT-1, it was Latin America's first to be built with homegrown technology.

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13 mars 2015 5 13 /03 /mars /2015 17:40
Chirok aircraft serves as prototype for the new machine - photo Rostec

Chirok aircraft serves as prototype for the new machine - photo Rostec


10 March 2015 by Rostec


Russian experts will create a 2-ton multi-purpose aircraft with air-cushion support. The 750-kilogram Chirok drone designed by the United Engineering Corporation is used as a prototype for the new machine.


As of now, theoretical study of elements and nodes of the machine weighing more than two tons, which was designed on the basis of the existing 750-kilogram Chirok drone, was implemented. It uses the same technology, but the large apparatus must surpass its "little" counterpart with regards to a number of characteristics. According to TASS, the development initiative project is ready to be implemented, and it is quite possible that the prototype will be manufactured.


Interestingly, the new machine will be able to operate in both unmanned and manned modes. In particular, it will be capable of transporting people to hard-to-reach areas.


According to TASS, the prototype is designed using foreign engines, but in the future, they can be replaced by the domestic counterparts. The prototype will be designed following the flight testing of the "little" Chirok, if the project receives the necessary financial support.


So far, the first full-size Chirok model weighing 750 kilograms was built. It will be presented at the MAKS air show in 2015.   The same year, Chirok aircraft with air-cushion support will make its first flight.


Chirok was designed by the Moscow Scientific Research Institute of Radio Engineering. It can take off without a runway, almost from any surface, including sand, loose snow, or soil. The drone is designed to monitor the ground or water surface, as well as for transportation of various cargo.


The drone can go up to 6 thousand meters in the air, and the range of its flight is 2,500 km. After the necessary modifications, Chirok will be capable of carrying bombs, missiles and precision-guided missiles. It is planned that the military will be able to use the drone for reconnaissance and attacks.

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13 mars 2015 5 13 /03 /mars /2015 12:50
nEuron - photo Dassault Aviation - G. Gosset

nEuron - photo Dassault Aviation - G. Gosset


Mar 13, 2015 defense-unmanned.com

(Source: Defense-Aerospace.com; published Mar 12, 2015)

PARIS --- Three European nations will sign an agreement at the Paris air show in June to jointly fund initial studies for a Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) unmanned aerial vehicle, French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said here March 11.

France, Germany and Italy will follow up by awarding a study contract in December to an industry group formed by Airbus Defence and Space, Dassault Aviation and Alenia Aermacchi.

The initial contract is valued at a few dozen millions of euros. Ultimately, if the program progresses as planned, the nations plan to obtain an operational reconnaissance UAV by 2025.

“Our effort in the field of surveillance drones and ISR will increase with, already this year, the launch of studies of the future European drone, with Germany and Italy, that France envisions for about 2025, ,” Le Drian said here during a March 11 press conference.

An Italian defense official confirmed the agreement, which has not yet been made public in Italy, however adding “we will see whether it ultimately leads to a development program.”

The three companies have been calling for such a government initiative for over two years, and in May 2013 took the unusual step of issuing a joint statement calling on their governments to “launch a European MALE program.…to support the capability needs of European armed forces while optimizing the difficult budgetary situation through pooling of research and development funding.”

The companies have a double goal: to maintain the know-how and expertise of their military aircraft design offices, now that they have mostly completed work on current fighters, and to recover the UAV business that is now going to their US competitors – France and Italy operate General Atomics Predator or Reaper UAVs, like the UK, the Netherlands has just decided to buy some while Spain is also weighing buying some.

“Originally, [our] idea was to prevent the procurement of Reaper drones by European governments,” but this didn’t work, Dassault Aviation CEO Eric Trappier said here during a separate March 11 press conference. “We’ve been working on this project for a long time, and we think we can develop a drone to replace the Reaper, which is an interim solution. We have asked our governments to state that an operational requirement exists, and we will be able to reply to that requirement.”

In parallel, France is however continuing to boost its Reaper force, which is seeing intensive use in Africa, where it is supporting French and allied troops operating in Mali. France is due to receive a third Reaper aircraft in April, and will order a follow-on batch of three additional aircraft in August, according to a planning document released by Le Drian.

“We are asking for a contract from the three governments covering initial studies,” Trappier said. “Initially, it’s a question of a few dozen million euros, although it will cost more once development is launched.”

The three companies set out the details of their proposal in a second joint statement issued in June 2014, in which they proposed “a Definition Phase which has been prepared by joint development teams of Airbus Defence and Space, Dassault Aviation and Alenia Aermacchi and which is backed by an industrial agreement on workshare and a cooperative agreement to start the MALE2020 program.”

The broad lines of the industry proposal have been retained, although the initial operational capability has slipped to 2025.

One of the trickier problems to be solved is the integration of the future MALE UAV into general air traffic, Trappier said. The inability to fly in unrestricted airspace is one of the reasons for which Germany canceled the EuroHawk program – a variant of Global Hawk fitted with a German sensor package – after spending several hundred million euros on its development.

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13 mars 2015 5 13 /03 /mars /2015 12:20
RQ-4B model - photo USAF

RQ-4B model - photo USAF


Mar 11, 2015 ASDNews Source : US Air Force


U.S. Air Forces Central Command Public Affairs  -- Shortly before dawn Mar. 7, an RQ-4 Global Hawk embarked on an Operation Inherent Resolve mission that sent the aircraft soaring past the 10,000 flying hour milestone at an undisclosed location in Southwest Asia.


RQ-4 Global Hawk aircraft 2019, or "A2019", was the first block 20 and first RQ-4B model to arrive here on Oct. 16, 2010. It's the first Global Hawk to reach 10,000 hour flying milestone. During its service, the aircraft has been providing support to warfighters by relaying communications between people and aircraft as well as enabling airstrikes on the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant/Da'esh forces.


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13 mars 2015 5 13 /03 /mars /2015 08:50
Guide d'utilisation des drones en Europe


12.03.2015 Romandie.com (ats)


L'agence européenne de sécurité aérienne (AESA) a annoncé jeudi travailler sur l'élaboration d'une nouvelle réglementation pour l'utilisation des drones civils. Elle tiendra compte de leur catégorie, de leur usage et donc des risques qu'ils peuvent engendrer.

"Baptisé 'Concept of operation' (concept d'utilisation opérationnelle), cette nouvelle approche prévoit une réglementation graduée afin d'intégrer les engins volants pilotés à distance dans l'espace aérien européen", a indiqué l'AESA dans un communiqué.


Sites sensibles

Trois catégories seront définies, la dernière étant relative aux drones de loisirs. Ces derniers ne feront pas l'objet de réglementation particulière, à l'exception de l'interdiction de survol de certaines zones comme les villes ou les sites sensibles.

"Les législations sont très variables d'un pays à l'autre en Europe. Dans certains cas, elles peuvent être relativement restrictives (licences individuelles, autorisation obligatoire pour certaines utilisations), dans d'autres, elles sont quasiment inexistantes", a expliqué un porte-parole de l'AESA. Il y a donc urgence à harmoniser la législation à mesure que l'usage des drones se popularise.


Utilisateurs entendus

Des propositions concrètes seront présentées à la Commission européenne en décembre pour les drones de loisirs, a ajouté le porte-parole. Il a précisé qu'il n'y avait en revanche pas de calendrier précis pour les autres types de drones, compte tenu des nombreuses parties prenantes à la réflexion.

"Ce concept est le premier résultat tangible de la nouvelle approche au sein de l'AESA qui consiste à écouter en premier lieu les utilisateurs avant d'élaborer les réglementations en fonction des risques encourus", a commenté Patrick Ky, directeur de l'AESA.

En France par exemple, l'usage des drones est d'ores et déjà réglementé depuis 2012. Ils doivent voler à moins de 150 mètres d'altitude pour ne pas faire courir de risque au trafic aérien. Le cadre réglementaire définit en outre quatre scénarios et autorisations éventuelles requises, suivant le poids du drone, le rayon d'action, l'altitude, le vol à vue ou hors vue du pilote, la zone survolée, notamment.

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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 15:55
Vol en patrouille photo Dassault Aviation - K. Tokunaga

Vol en patrouille photo Dassault Aviation - K. Tokunaga


12/03/2015 Michel Cabirol - LaTribune.fr


Le ministre de la Défense souhaite lancer un drone MALE européen. Il voudrait signer un accord de principe sur le lancement des études de ce type de drone. En Europe, le Reaper américain a fait une OPA sur ce marché.


La route est encore longue et surtout très incertaine en matière de drone MALE (Moyenne altitude longue endurance) européen. Mais le ministre de la Défense Jean-Yves Le Drian fait preuve d'une bonne volonté pour gagner ce pari. En tout cas, les études de ce futur drone MALE de nouvelle génération seront lancées cette année, avec un accord de principe dès le salon aéronautique du Bourget, a annoncé mercredi Jean-Yves Le Drian.

"Notre effort en matière de drones de surveillance et d'ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance, ndlr) devrait être accentué, avec notamment, dès cette année, le lancement des études relatives au futur drone européen, que la France envisage à l'horizon 2025 avec l'Allemagne et l'Italie", a-t-il déclaré lors d'une conférence de presse.

Quand une telle décision sera-t-elle prise? "Le Salon du Bourget, au mois de juin, constituera un autre rendez-vous majeur pour nos industries de défense. Ce sera d'ailleurs un jalon important sur le chemin de la réalisation du drone européen, puisque nous signerons à cette occasion un accord de principe sur le lancement des études", a précisé le ministre. En juin 2013, Jean-Yves Le Drian, au moment où il avait annoncé son choix d'acheter des drones américains Reaper, avait expliqué qu'à plus longue échéance, il fallait "préparer avec les Européens le drone MALE de troisième génération". On y est mais existe-t-il un marché?

A l'époque, Jean-Yves Le Drian avait évalué le marché à 30 ou 40 drones en Europe. Selon lui, la Pologne pourrait à terme avoir besoin de ce type de drones, qu'utilisent déjà l'Allemagne, la France, la Grande-Bretagne et l'Italie. Pour autant, certains observateurs restent sceptiques sur la constitution d'une filière industrielle : le marché européen, déjà difficile à unifier, reste trop étroit et un drone MALE est un programme relativement modeste pour accepter de nombreux partenaires.


Un projet européen

Ce projet de drone MALE européen est porté par Airbus Group, Dassault Aviation et Alenia Aermacchi (groupe Finmeccanica) qui ont soumis en mai dernier aux gouvernements français, allemand et italien une proposition concrète pour construire ensemble un drone militaire d'ici à 2020, un marché dominé par les États-Unis et Israël. Les trois groupes européens d'aéronautique avaient en juin 2013 fait part de leur volonté de coopérer pour fabriquer un drone MALE  de nouvelle génération.

"Non seulement un tel programme conjoint satisferait les besoins des forces armées européennes, mais en outre il surmonterait les difficultés budgétaires actuelles par la mise en commun des ressources allouées à la recherche et au développement", avaient souligné les trois partenaires.

Lors de la présentation de ses résultats annuels mercredi, Dassault Aviation a évoqué dans ses faits marquants "le début des discussions avec les ministères de la Défense français, allemand et italien en vue de la phase de définition d'un programme de drone MALE européen, sur la base de la proposition" élaborée avec ses deux partenaires, sans plus de précision.


Le Reaper, le drone MALE européen

Pour autant, les industriels et les nations européennes ont échoué pendant plus de dix ans à s'entendre sur un projet commun de drone MALE, avec pour conséquence la domination du Reaper en Europe, où il équipe déjà la Grande Bretagne, l'Italie et la France. Acet égard, Jean-Yves Le Drian a indiqué mercredi que la France allait recevoir au mois d'avril un troisième drone Reaper et en commander trois supplémentaires à l'été.

Lors d'un sommet consacré à la Défense en décembre 2013, les Européens avaient souligné l'urgence du besoin de drones pour les pays européens, mais les baisses des budgets militaires n'ont pas jusqu'ici permis de débloquer les crédits pour développer un tel projet de drone. Et l'avenir est très sombre notamment en Grande-Bretagne et en Italie où des coupes dans les budgets de défense sont à prévoir... Pour le drone MALE européen, le chemin est encore très incertain.

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12 mars 2015 4 12 /03 /mars /2015 08:40
US to increase military aid to Ukraine including Humvees and drones


11 Mar 2015 By Peter Foster, Washington and agencies


Michael Fallon, the Defence Secretary, says Britain also planning to increase its assistance


The US announced it was stepping up non-lethal military assistance to Ukraine on Wednesday with a $75m (£50m) package that includes armoured Humvees and surveillance drones. The moves come as US and Nato officials report that Russia has continued to move men and materiel, including tanks, into eastern Ukraine since the February 12 ceasefire that was brokered in Minsk by Germany and France. The US also announced new economic sanctions to be targeted at officials in the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic in Ukraine as well as the Russian National Commercial Bank and a nationalist Russian group. The new measures will be accompanied by a US$5 billion credit from the International Monetary Fund which is expected in the coming days but falls far short of the demands from more hawkish members of the US Congress to provide lethal aide to Kiev. Mr Obama has resisted pressure from Congress and several senior officials in his administration, including his defence secretary, Ashton Carter, and secretary of state, John Kerry, to provide lethal support to Ukraine’s embattled armed forces.


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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 16:55
photo Thales Alenia Space

photo Thales Alenia Space


11 mars 2015 12:36 par Jacques Marouani - electroniques.biz


Emmanuel Macron, ministre de l’Economie, de l’Industrie et du Numérique, et Alain Vidalies, secrétaire d'Etat chargé des Transports, ont réuni lundi 9 mars, les chefs de projet des trois plans de la Nouvelle France Industrielle du secteur aéronautique et spatial : « Dirigeables & Drones », « Avion électrique » et « Satellite à propulsion électrique ».


Après la table-ronde « Usine du futur » organisée le 14 novembre dernier sur le site d’Aerolia à Méaulte dans la Somme et la réunion du 19 décembre sur six plans de la transition énergétique et écologique, la troisième réunion de travail portant les "34 plans de la Nouvelle France Industrielle, a porté sur les trois thématiques dédiées au secteur aéronautique et spatial : « Dirigeables & Drones », « Avion électrique » et « Satellite à propulsion électrique ».


A l’occasion de cette réunion, Emmanuel Macron, ministre de l’Economie, de l’Industrie et du Numérique, et Alain Vidalies, secrétaire d'Etat chargé des Transports, ont salué le travail réalisé par les chefs de projet présents.


A propos des drones, il est nécesaire de structurer cette filière en pleine expansion (multiplication par 13 du nombre d’opérateurs en 2 ans et déjà 2 500 emplois). Un conseil pour les drones civils a été mis en place en début d’année. Des travaux sont engagés sur le volet réglementaire, la feuille de route technologique et le développement export de la filière française. Un projet technologique fédérateur pourrait être lancé avant la fin de l’année 2015.


Concernant les dirigeables , deux projets ont été labellisés à ce stade, le projet de dirigeable stratosphérique « Stratobus » porté par Thales Alenia Space et le projet de dirigeable charges lourdes « DCL » de Flying Whales. L’année 2015 sera décisive pour boucler le tour de table financier de ces deux projets.


Dans le domaine de l'avion électrique, la version 1.1 de l’e-Fan devrait effectuer la traversée de la Manche quelques jours avant le salon du Bourget, qui verra la présentation de la maquette à l’échelle 1 de la v2 de l’e-Fan. L’Etat a décidé, fin 2014, d’apporter son soutien à la conception préliminaire de l’e-Fan à hauteur de 5,1 M€ sur 18 mois.


Enfin, pour ce qui est du satellite à propulsion électrique, les champions français de la filière spatiale, qui doivent faire face à la concurrence américaine, obtiendront un soutien de l’Etatà hauteur de 73M€. Le lancement du satellite E172B, qui viendra valider la nouvelle plateforme Eurostar d’Airbus D&S et le moteur à propulsion électrique de Snecma (groupe Safran) est planifié pour avril 2017 au plus tard.

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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 13:50
photo  EU2015LV

photo EU2015LV


March 6, 2015 defense-unmanned.com

(Source: Aerospace and Defence Industries Association of Europe; issued March 5, 2015)


ASD Welcomes EU Initiative On Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems


RIGA, Latvia --- On the occasion of the High Level Conference on civil Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems organised by the Latvian EU Presidency in Riga on 5-6 March 2015, the AeroSpace and Defence Industries Associations (ASD) welcome the intention of the EU Commission to move forward with a joint European action plan to open the (civil) Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) market.


“RPAS will be huge potential market of future aviation contributing to an estimated employment of 150 000 direct jobs in 2050 , innovation and growth in Europe. In the future, many applications could be developed both in terms of fixed wing aircraft and rotorcraft. Moreover, important technological spin offs could be created to improve efficiency and safety for manned aviation,” said Jan Pie, ASD Secretary General.


Speaking in the name of ASD, Mr Alberto Pietra, Business Development Director at Selex ES, delivered the keynote speech, highlighting the importance of making progress on the insertion of all categories of RPAS into controlled airspace without reducing safety and airspace capacity. Mr Pietra also drew the attention to the fact that Industry was prepared to play a leading role in terms of technology development provided that the right framework is put in place in terms of safety regulation and EU public funding for R&D. ASD in particular stressed the need for Industry to be fully involved in all safety rulemaking initiatives and the need to increase the amount of public funding for R&D beyond the funds currently allocated to SESAR 2020.


ASD represents the Aeronautics, Space, Security and Defence industries in Europe. Based in Brussels, the organisation’s membership today comprises 15 major European aerospace and defence companies and 27 member associations in 20 countries. These industries reach a turnover of 197.3 billion euros, invest 20 billion euros in R&D, employ more than 778,000 people and counts over 3000 companies, 80000 suppliers, many of which are SMEs.

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