Overblog Suivre ce blog
Administration Créer mon blog
30 octobre 2015 5 30 /10 /octobre /2015 12:20
LDUUV-INP. Photo credit ONR

LDUUV-INP. Photo credit ONR

 

Oct. 28, 2015 By Ryan Maass (UPI)

 

WASHINGTON -- U.S. Navy Secretary Ray Mabus announced plans to deploy a squadron of underwater drones by 2020. The squadron will include the Large Displacement Unmanned Underwater Vehicle, or LDUUV, a 10-foot-long unmanned submarine. The vehicle is still under development, but it is expected to be fitted for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions.

Read more

Repost 0
30 octobre 2015 5 30 /10 /octobre /2015 12:20
Naval Air: Reapers Go To Sea

 

October 25, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The American firm that makes the 1.1 ton Predator and 4.7 ton Reaper UAVs is developing a maritime patrol kit for the Reaper. It takes about 12 hours to install the maritime patrol kit which includes maritime search radar, sonobuoys and the ability to transmit data collected by the sonobuoy sonar back to land or airborne analysts for further processing. Also carried are Hellfire missiles that can be used against surfaced submarines or small warships. The maritime reaper would be able to fly to a spot more than 3,000 kilometers off shore, patrol the area for up to ten hours and then return. This new maritime patrol kit was developed in an effort to get a contract with the British Royal Navy to provide maritime patrol UAVs the British are seeking. This would provide a maritime patrol at less than half the cost of the larger U.S. Navy RQ-4B Triton UAV.

 

The Reaper already has some experience with maritime reconnaissance. In 2009 several MQ-9s were sent to the Seychelles (a group of 115 islands 1,500 kilometers from the east African coast) to aid in the anti-piracy patrol. This apparently was successful enough to encourage further work in this area. At the same time Israel was using a Predator size UAVs (the Heron) equipped with a synthetic aperture radar and onboard software to provide automatic detection, classification and tracking of what is down there on the waters off the Israeli coast. Human operators ashore, or on a ship or in an aircraft, are alerted if they want to double check something the software was programmed to consider suspicious. Operators used video cameras on the Heron to determine exactly what was down there. Also carried are sensors that track the sea state (how choppy it is). Israel still uses this version and has sold some to India.

 

Meanwhile the U.S. Navy has five of the 13 ton RQ-4B Triton UAVs in service since 2012. These are modified RQ-4B (Global Hawk) UAVs that began operational testing in 2010. The Triton was assigned to operating with a carrier task force at sea. Circling above the task force at 22,500 meters (70,000 feet), Triton monitored sea traffic off the Iranian coast and the Straits of Hormuz. Anything suspicious was checked out by carrier or land based aircraft, or nearby warships. The Triton aircraft can fly a 24 hour sortie every three days. The first production Triton was delivered in late 2012. In 2009, the first year of Triton testing consisted of 60 flights and over 1,000 hours in the air. The flights were over land and sea areas, even though the UAV sensors are designed mainly to perform maritime reconnaissance.

 

The Navy is buying the Tritons for over $60 million each. This version is larger (wingspan is 5 meters/15 feet larger, at 42.2 meters/131 feet, and it's nine percent longer at 15.5 meters/48 feet) than the A model and can carry more equipment. To support that, there's a new generator that produces 150 percent more electrical power. The RQ-4 has a range of over 22,000 kilometers and a cruising speed of 650 kilometers an hour.

 

The first three RQ-4Bs entered service in 2006. At 13 tons the Global Hawk is the size of a commuter airliner (like the Embraer ERJ 145) but costs nearly twice as much. Global Hawk can be equipped with much more powerful and expensive sensors, which more than double the cost of the aircraft. These "spy satellite quality" sensors (especially AESA radar) are usually worth the expense because they enable the UAV, flying at over 20,000 meters (62,000 feet), to get a sharp picture of all the territory it can see from that altitude. The B version is a lot more reliable. Early A models tended to fail and crash at the rate of once every thousand flight hours.

Repost 0
30 octobre 2015 5 30 /10 /octobre /2015 08:45
US Training Niger Army to Resist Boko Haram

 

October 28, 2015  Carla Babb - VOA

 

PENTAGON— American soldiers have begun training units of Niger's army at the edge of the Sahara Desert, in what a U.S. official calls a “new wave” of military support for African states battling Boko Haram militants. More training will follow for national armies in Cameroon, Nigeria and Chad, the official told VOA, speaking on condition of anonymity. Extremists from Boko Haram are based in northeastern Nigeria, but they have carried out notorious attacks throughout the Lake Chad region - Niger, Chad, Cameroon and Nigeria. Training in Niger began on October 19 at Agadez, the largest city in central Niger, once a center for caravans crossing the Sahara. The Niamey government requested the U.S. mission to Niger, U.S. Africa Command spokesman Chuck Prichard told VOA Wednesday.

Read more

Repost 0
30 octobre 2015 5 30 /10 /octobre /2015 08:40
Il-38N photo Alex Beltyukov

Il-38N photo Alex Beltyukov

 

October 24, 2015: Strategy Page

 

On its Pacific coast Russia is deploying, for the first time, its new IL-38N maritime patrol aircraft. These aircraft will operate from two bases. Since 2014 new crews have been training off the north coast (the Arctic Ocean) an area in western Russia that has climate and sea conditions most similar to the Pacific coast. The new crews need a lot of time in the air to get the most from the new and quite powerful electronic sensors the aircraft has. The Russian Navy has been receiving the IL-38N since 2011 but only at the rate of one every few months.

 

This was all part of a program to take elderly IL-38s and upgrade them to the IL-38N standard. This was all the navy could afford as a new maritime patrol aircraft would be too expensive. The Russian Navy only had about 18 IL-38s operational to begin with and that’s all that will be upgraded. The upgrade program is nearly complete. Now there are additional upgrades available for the IL-38N, mostly to the sensors and other electronics.

 

The IL-38N is a four engine aircraft roughly equivalent to the American P-3s. However the IL-38s have not had their sensors and communications equipment updated since the late 1980s. In addition only 59 were built in the first time, between 1967 and 1972. In addition to the 18 Russian IL-38s this upgrade was also been installed on five Indian IL-38s back in 2003. That was more of a chore than expected and it took until 2010 to get the upgrade working reliably. Getting the upgrade for more Russian aircraft was mainly a matter of finishing all the debugging and then getting the money. The Il-38N upgrade was first proposed in the 1980s, but the end of the Cold War and a shortage of money in the 1990s delayed work for decades.

 

The latest upgrades enable the aircraft to detect ships within 320 kilometers. There is also a new thermal (heat) sensor, more powerful computers, and increased capability in all sensors. In 2014 Russia used the new sensors in the IL-38N to map magnetism and gravity in the Arctic Ocean. Such data, when used to update Russian maps of the underwater “climate” make sonar (underwater radar using sound) and MAD (detecting submerged subs based on how these metallic objects disturb the magnetism in the water) more accurate. The frigid waters off Russia’s north coast have different properties (as far as submarine detection sensors go) than warmer water in the temperate or tropical areas. The water off the Pacific coast is also cold and the weather, in general, is probably the worst on the planet. Only the North Atlantic comes close.

 

Il-38Ns can detect surface vessels and aircraft and submarines up to 150 kilometers away using radar and over 300 kilometers away if the other aircraft or ships are broadcasting (radio or radar). Sensors carried include a synthetic aperture/inverse synthetic aperture radar (for night and fog operations), high-resolution FLIR (forward-looking infrared), LLTV (low light television) camera, ESM (electronic support measures) system, and a MAD (magnetic anomaly detector). The aircraft can carry anti-ship missiles, in addition to torpedoes, bombs, depth charges, and electronic decoys.

 

The Il-38N is a 63 ton, four engine turboprop aircraft with a crew of ten, endurance of about ten hours, and it can carry nine tons of weapons. The 63 ton American P-3 has very similar characteristics. Russia built 176 Il-38s while the U.S. built over 600 P-3s. Most IL-38s were built in the early 1960s and have long since worn out and been scrapped or lost to accidents. Meanwhile the Indians are replacing their Il-38s with the new American P-8, a twin engine jet based on the American B-737 transport. The P-8s are replacing all the American P-3s as well. This was the type of aircraft the Russians could not afford and apparently still cannot afford.

Repost 0
30 octobre 2015 5 30 /10 /octobre /2015 08:30
Procurement: Iraq Prefers The More Expensive American Stuff

 

October 29, 2015: Strategy Page

 

Iraq is buying a lot more armored vehicles. While Russia offers cheaper prices and faster delivery the Iraqis prefer to buy American. Since mid-2014 Iraq has ordered 1,000 armored M1151A1 HMMWVs (hummers) from the United States. Even before ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) captured Mosul in June 2014 Iraq had ordered 200 M1151A1s at a cost of $505,000 each. This included a ring mounted 12.7mm (.50 caliber) machine-gun, maintenance equipment, training and warranties. The M1151 is a hummer built to handle the additional weight of armor protection. Thus one of the key changes in the M1151 is a stronger suspension and a larger engine (a 6.5 liter turbo-diesel). This allows the vehicle to easily handle an additional 680 kg (1,500 pounds) of armor. More importantly, the armor is easily installed, or taken off. This allows the hummers to operate more efficiently without the armor when the threat of attack is much reduced. The M1151 also has some armor underneath. This is not a lot of protection against mines and roadside bombs, but it is better than none. The M1151 is basically an armored car, with a crew of four and a payload of one ton (plus two tons that can be towed.) Top speed is 80 kilometers an hour and a max range (on one tank, on roads) of 480 kilometers. All the armored protection is good against 7.62mm machine-guns and rifles, bombs, landmines and nearby bursting shells of up to 155mm. The M1151 hummer also comes with Vehicle Emergency Escape (VEE) Windows. These are bulletproof windows with a latch system. It takes about five seconds to turn the latches and push the window forward. This enables troops to get out of vehicles that have rolled over, or gone into the water, and jammed the doors. If the vehicle catches fire, either from an accident or roadside bomb, the VEE has already proved to be a lifesaver since it was introduced in 2007. The M1151 was developed in 2005 based on experience in Iraq. The M1151A1 has become the preferred HMMWV model in areas where there is a lot of violence.

 

Iraq has also ordered 175 M1A1 tanks, 15 M88A2 tank recovery vehicles (that can tow disabled M1 tanks off the battlefield) and numerous accessories and support equipment and spare parts. When ISIL made its unexpected advance in 2014 the Iraqi Army had already equipped one of its armored divisions with M-1 tanks. In 2008 Iraq ordered 140 M1A1-SA tanks, along with over a hundred support vehicles (for maintenance and transportation, like 35 tank transporters). The request includes training and technical support, for a total contract cost of over $2 billion. The tanks were delivered by 2011. Since mid-2014 Iraq has lost about a third of their 140 M1s. Some were captured but most were abandoned when damaged or because they broke down and the Iraqis could not get them going again.

 

The M1A1-SA (Situational Awareness") is equipped with features that the U.S. Army developed in 2006. The M1A1-SA includes the latest thermal (FLIR, or heat sensing) sights, a special engine air filter system developed to deal the abundant sand and dust in Iraq, the telephone on the rear fender, which allows accompanying infantry to communicate with the crew, and numerous small improvements.

 

There are several items the Iraqi SA tanks will not get, that those used by American troops do have. These include no depleted uranium armor, no ERA (Explosive Reactive Armor) on the absence of some other features meant to protect against anti-tank missiles. Also missing is Blue Force Tracker (a U.S. satellite tracking system that shows the location of all American vehicles and aircraft in the vicinity.)

 

Iraq is not the first Arab country to operate the M1 tank. Egypt, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia already operate over 1,600 of them, and Egypt has built hundreds of them (mainly using components imported from the U.S., but with some locally made parts). All the other Arab users have at least some of the latest model (M1A2 SEP).  The Arab users of the M1 have been very happy with their American tanks. This satisfaction increased when they saw how the M-1 performed in Iraq. While most Arabs deplored U.S. operations there, Arab tank officers and M-1 crewmen were quietly pleased that their tanks appeared invulnerable, and able to assist the infantry in any kind of fight. Iraqi army officers have spoken to fellow Arab officers who have used the M-1, and were told this was the way to go.

 

Despite the removal of some features, the Iraqis are glad to have their M-1s. Since 2003 Iraqis have been very impressed by the U.S. military. Although the U.S. initially advised the Iraqis to expand upon their use of Russian equipment (which they had been using for over three decades) the Iraqis insisted on adopting U.S. gear and tactics. Thus Iraqi troops wear similar uniforms, and use many identical weapons and items of equipment. Iraqi soldiers, especially the younger ones, imitate American moves to the point that, in the field, U.S. troops sometimes have to look closely to determine if the G.I. down the street is American or Iraqi.

Repost 0
30 octobre 2015 5 30 /10 /octobre /2015 08:20
MC-12 Liberty taking off from Beale AFB, 25 January 2013 photo USAF

MC-12 Liberty taking off from Beale AFB, 25 January 2013 photo USAF

 

October 25, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The U.S. Air Force is giving away its 41 RC-12W electronic reconnaissance aircraft. These were acquired by the air force starting in 2008 to deal with the shortage of Predator UAVs in Iraq and Afghanistan. Now eleven RC-12Ws are going to the army, 26 to SOCOM and four to another (not named) agency. The air force does not usually give fixed wing aircraft to the army, which is one reason most of the RC-12Ws went to SOCOM. But there was still demand for the RC-12W and the air force is trying to cut expenses.

 

The MC-12s were quite useful and could stay in the air for up to eight hours per sortie. Not quite what the Predator can do (over 20 hours per sortie) but good enough to help meet the demand. The MC-12 has advantages over UAVs. It can carry over a ton of sensors, several times what a Predator can haul. The MC-12 can fly higher (11 kilometers/35,000 feet) and is faster (over 500 kilometers an hour, versus 215 for the Predator). The MC-12s cost about $20 million each, more than twice what a Predator goes for. The MC-12's crew consists of two pilots and two equipment operators. Since 2009 the air force MC-12Ws flew 79,000 combat sorties averaging about five hours each. The sensors and operators enabled ground troops to kill or capture over 8,000 Islamic terrorists along with hundreds of terrorist hideouts, bomb workshops or storage sites. 

 

The MC-12 was based on one of the most widely used, but largely unknown, military transport aircraft; the King Air twin-turboprop. There are nearly 300 in military service and it’s not surprising that most people think of the King Air as a civilian aircraft because most of the 6,000 built since the 1960s have been for commercial not military use. Yet over the decades more than a thousand King Airs have been bought, often second-hand by the military because the price was right and the King Air could get the job done.

 

The U.S. military has often used the King Air for ISTAR (Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, and Reconnaissance) work as the MC-12 or as transports (the C-12 Huron) and electronic warfare (RC-12) aircraft. There are so many King Airs out there that the military often buys used ones because they are so much cheaper and still get the job done.

 

The RC-12W electronic warfare version is crammed with vidcams, electronic sensors, jammers, and radios. This aircraft (Ceasar, for Communications Electronic Attack with Surveillance And Reconnaissance) can spend hours circling an Afghan battleground, keeping troops on the ground aware of enemy walkie-talkie and cell phone use, including location of these devices and translations of what is being discussed. The enemy is vaguely aware of what this militarized King Air can do but have no better way to communicate. Thus the few Caesar equipped aircraft sent to Afghanistan have proved very useful for the American and British troops that use them.

 

Military use of the King Air arose in the United States (where manufacturer Beechcraft is located) in the early 1970s, when the U.S. Army adopted the King Air as the RC-12 and then used it for a wide variety of intelligence missions ever since.

 

The current King Air 350 is a 5.6 ton, twin engine aircraft that evolved from the first King Airs that showed up in the 1960s as a 5.3 ton aircraft that could carry 13 passengers. In the 1960s a much improved 5.6 ton version called, until the 1990s, the Super King Air was introduced. The Super King Air is simply a slightly larger and more capable version of the original King Air.

 

The military and civilian users both admired the simplicity and sturdiness of the design. The only other civilian aircraft on the top ten list of military transports is the single engine Cessna 208. Beechcraft and Cessna are now combined into the same light aircraft division of Textron and individual models like the King Air and Cessna 208 will continue to be built and sold under the same names.

Repost 0
30 octobre 2015 5 30 /10 /octobre /2015 08:20
photo NORAD

photo NORAD

 

Oct 29, 2015 by NORAD

 

PETERSON AIR FORCE BASE, Colo. – This morning, recovery operations commenced for the Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System (JLENS) fire control radar system aerostat.

Wednesday, at approximately noon EDT, the aerostat detached from its mooring station at Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland. Around 4 p.m. EDT the aerostat grounded itself in a rugged, wooded area in northeast Pennsylvania. The aerostat landed in two separate but nearby sections; the tail and main body are separated by a quarter-mile. JLENS personnel in conjuction with Pennsylvania Army National Guard and Pennsylvania State Police secured the site, while a technical recovery team of military and civilian experts from Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, deployed to the site.

After the fire control radar system aerostat detatched, the surveillance aerostat was immediately lowered and secured as a precaution.

An emergency operations center has been established in Pennsylvania and the crash sites are being assessed. Recovery efforts are underway.

The Army has initiated an investigation to determine the cause of the incident. There is no indication that it may have been cyber or terrorist-related. The investigation will look at every aspect of how this incident occurred. 

For questions regarding the recovery process contact the Continental U.S. NORAD Region (CONR) at  850-283-8080. For general questions about the incident contact North American Aerospace Defense Command and U.S. Northern Command Public Affairs.

JLENS is a supporting program of the Army and Joint Integrated Air and Missile Defense, providing persistent, over-the-horizon radar surveillance and fire control quality data on Army and Joint Networks.  It enables protection from a wide variety of threats to include manned and unmanned aircraft, cruise missiles, and surface moving targets like swarming boats and tanks. 

NORAD is the bi-national Canadian and American command that provides maritime warning, aerospace warning and aerospace control for Canada and the United States. The command has three subordinate regional headquarters: the Alaskan NORAD Region at Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska; the Canadian NORAD Region at Canadian Forces Base Winnipeg, Manitoba; and the Continental NORAD Region at Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla.

For more information about NORAD, refer to http://www.norad.mil.

Follow us on Facebook at http://www.facebook.com/noradnorthcom.

Repost 0
29 octobre 2015 4 29 /10 /octobre /2015 22:35
(Oct. 29, 2015) The Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser USS Chancellorsville (CG 52) steams along the port side of Military Sealift Command dry cargo and ammunition ship USNS Wally Schirra (T-AKE 8) during a replenishment-at-sea with the U.S. Navy's only forward-deployed aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76). Ronald Reagan and its embarked air wing, Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 5, provide a combat-ready force that protects and defends the collective maritime interests of the U.S. and its allies and partners in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Nathan Burke/Released)

(Oct. 29, 2015) The Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser USS Chancellorsville (CG 52) steams along the port side of Military Sealift Command dry cargo and ammunition ship USNS Wally Schirra (T-AKE 8) during a replenishment-at-sea with the U.S. Navy's only forward-deployed aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76). Ronald Reagan and its embarked air wing, Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 5, provide a combat-ready force that protects and defends the collective maritime interests of the U.S. and its allies and partners in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Nathan Burke/Released)

 

29 octobre 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Washington - Deux avions russes ont été interceptés mardi (bien mardi en heure locale) par des avions de chasse américains et sud-coréens alors qu'ils s'approchaient du porte-avions américain USS Ronald Reagan en mer du Japon, a-t-on appris jeudi auprès de la Maison Blanche et du Pentagone.

 

Le Ronald Reagan a lancé quatre chasseurs F/A 18 pour intercepter et escorter les avions russes, a indiqué le capitaine de vaisseau Jeff Davis, porte-parole du Pentagone, en précisant que les appareils russes s'étaient approchés à environ un mille du porte-avions.

 

Les deux avions TU-142 Bear, d'imposants quadrimoteurs de surveillance maritime et de lutte anti sous-marine, volaient à environ 500 pieds (150 mètres), a précisé le porte-parole.

 

Rien n'indiquait que les deux avions posaient une menace immédiate mais c'est une procédure opérationnelle standard pour les avions américains d'escorter tout appareil volant à proximité des navires américains, a déclaré le porte-parole.

 

Ce genre d'incident n'arrive pas fréquemment mais cela est déjà arrivé, a ajouté le capitaine de vaisseau.

 

Il a aussi indiqué qu'un navire escortant le porte-avions avait tenté d'entrer en contact par radio avec les avions russes, mais sans succès.

 

Le porte-parole de la Maison Blanche Josh Earnest a de son côté précisé que l'incident s'était produit lors d'un exercice associant la marine américaine et l'armée sud-coréenne.

 

Ces avions russes ont d'abord été interceptés par les avions militaires sud-coréens qui opéraient dans la région, a-t-il précisé.

 

Le porte-parole de la Maison Blanche a aussi souligné que l'interception s'était déroulée dans les eaux internationales, à la différence d'autres incidents récents survenus dans l'espace aérien de la Turquie ou des pays Baltes.

 

Elle n'a pas donné lieu à une confrontation significative, a-t-il précisé.

 

Les interceptions d'avions russes se sont multipliées en Europe après la montée de tension avec la Russie, suite à l'annexion de la Crimée et la crise en Ukraine.

 

Avions russes et américains se sont aussi croisés dans le ciel syrien après le début de la campagne de bombardements russes en Syrie le 30 septembre.

 

Moscou et Washington ont signé le 10 octobre un mémorandum pour mettre en place des procédures afin d'éviter que ces rencontres dans le ciel syrien ne dégénèrent en collision ou incidents armés.

 

Ce memorandum prévoit une procédure de communication entre les deux centres de commandements des opérations aériennes, russe et américain, selon le capitaine de vaisseau Jeff Davis.

 

Mais cette procédure n'a pas eu à servir depuis qu'elle a été mise en place, a précisé Jeff Davis.

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 17:55
OPEX Apr 2015 photo ECPAD - Armée de Terre - Marine Nationale - Armée de l'Air

OPEX Apr 2015 photo ECPAD - Armée de Terre - Marine Nationale - Armée de l'Air

 

28/10/2015 direction des affaires juridiques du ministère de la Défense

 

La direction des affaires juridiques du ministère de la Défense organise un colloque intitulé « Droit et Opex » le lundi 2 et mardi 3 novembre 2015 à l'Hexagone Balard.

 

Les opérationnels militaires sont aujourd’hui confrontés à deux tendances lourdes, mises en exergue dans les livres blancs sur la défense et la sécurité nationale de 2008 et 2013, de nature à déstabiliser et fragiliser en profondeur leurs modes d’actions et marges de manoeuvres. Les contours des menaces pesant sur la Défense nationale et la sécurité mondiale sont brouillés alors que, parallèlement, les exigences de transparence et de « normalisation » des opérations militaires sont fortes.

Dans un contexte de niveau d’engagement des forces françaises élevé et diversifié depuis les années 2000, la direction des affaires juridiques du ministère de la Défense organise un colloque intitulé « Droit et Opex » visant à échanger sur la manière dont le droit permet aux forces armées de relever ce double défi, tout en sécurisant leurs actions et en protégeant les soldats.

 

Le colloque propose une réflexion autour de deux thématiques :

- Combattre et poursuivre l’adversaire aujourd’hui : les différentes branches du droit international, européen et interne en vigueur apportent-elles un cadre juridique satisfaisant à l'action de nos forces ? Doivent-elles évoluer ou être complétées ? Alors que les frontières entre menace intérieure et menace extérieure s’effacent, le droit interne, le droit européen et le droit international public parviennent-ils à se concilier pour faire en sorte d’offrir aux forces armées des bases légales cohérentes entre elles pour combattre et poursuivre efficacement les menaces en dehors du territoire national ?

- Protéger et indemniser le combattant : comment le droit s’adapte-t-il pour répondre à l’exigence croissante et légitime de transparence tout en garantissant aux militaires et à l’institution un cadre protecteur indispensable à l’efficacité de leur action ?

 

Programme

Le colloque «Droit et OPEX» a pour objectif de faire le point sur les questions juridiques complexes que soulèvent les opérations extérieures d’aujourd’hui : le cadre juridique, l’usage de la force, l’articulation réponse militaire/réponse judiciaire, la conciliation entre le droit international humanitaire et les droits de l’homme, la qualification du terroriste… Il permet également de présenter les progrès récents en matière de prise en compte des spécificités de l’action militaire et de la nécessaire protection des militaires déployés.

A télécharger ICI

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 17:30
photo USAF

photo USAF

 

October 23, 2015 defencetalk.com (AFP)

 

The US Air Force recently lost control of two armed Predator drones in separate incidents in Turkey and Iraq, a US military official said Wednesday.

 

The Predators were both carrying air-to-surface Hellfire missiles when they crashed, but these were safely recovered along with the aircraft. In the first case on October 17, a Predator crew reported a “lost link and subsequent crash while the Predator was flying southeast of Baghdad,” military spokesman Colonel Steve Warren said. Local Iraqi police recovered the drone in the vicinity of Al-Kut. They returned the aircraft to US control and there were no injuries, Warren said. Then on October 19, a different Predator “crashed” in southern Turkey, Warren said. Local media have said it came down in Hatay.

 

Read more: http://www. defencetalk.com /two-armed-us-predator-drones-crash-in-iraq-turkey-65677/

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 17:20
Lance ballistic missile - photo US Army

Lance ballistic missile - photo US Army

 

October 24, 2015 David Axe - War is boring

 

Military didn't know old Lance rockets were in storage igloos in Alabama

 

For 30 years starting in 1962, the U.S. Army deployed Lance ballistic missiles in Europe to deter Soviet attack. Twenty feet long and weighing a ton and a half, an atomic-tipped Lance could zoom 75 miles at Mach 3 and explode with a force of up to 100 kilotons of TNT. The Army retired its last Lances in 1992 … and ultimately lost track of 27 of them at Redstone Arsenal in Alabama, according to WAAY T.V.

Read more

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 13:20
photo 355th Fighter Wing

photo 355th Fighter Wing

 

October 23, 2015

 

Officials downplay planned fly-off between warplanes

 

Several weeks ago, the Project on Government Oversight announced its cautious optimism upon learning the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation planned to conduct a close air support fly-off between the proven A-10 and the yet-to-be proved F-35.

The cautious aspect of that optimism has been proven to be warranted. Under questioning by Rep. Martha McSally, an Arizona Republican and former A-10 pilot, F-35 program executive officer Lt. Gen. Christopher Bogdan dismissed the idea of a comparative test as irrelevant. The exchange occurred during a House Armed Services subcommittee hearing on updates to the Joint Strike Fighter program.

Bogdan’s remarks echo earlier comments by Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Mark Welsh, who described the proposed test as a “silly exercise.”

Michael Gilmore, Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, said in late August, “The comparison tests on the close-air support mission will reveal how well the F-35 performs and whether there are gaps, or improvements in capability, compared to the A-10.”

Read more

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 13:20
CH-53K is a monster machine - photo Sikorsky

CH-53K is a monster machine - photo Sikorsky

 

October 27, 2015 by David Axe - warisboring.com

 

The first prototype of the CH-53K transport helicopter that Sikorsky is building for the U.S. Marine Corps took off on its debut flight at the company’s facility in Florida on Oct. 27. Sikorsky is building 200 CH-53Ks at a total cost of up to $23 billion to replace the Marines’ depleted force of around 150 CH-53E transports, which do the heavy aerial lifting for the Marines’ combat battalions. The triple-engine, seven-blade CH-53K will be, by far, the West’s most powerful helicopter, able to haul 18 tons of external cargo 110 miles — twice as much as the CH-53E can carry.

Read more

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 12:35
Park demande que la durée de développement de l’avion de chasse sud-coréen soit respectée

 

SEOUL, 27 oct. (Yonhap)

 

La présidente Park Geun-hye a demandé ce mardi à l’Administration du programme d’acquisition de défense (DAPA) de s’assurer que le chasseur sud-coréen soit développé dans les délais prévus, a fait savoir la DAPA.

 

Le président de la DAPA Chang Myoung-jin a indiqué que la présidente a fait cette recommandation après qu’il lui a présenté le projet de développement des avions de chasse, doté d’un budget de 18.000 milliards de wons (15,9 milliards de dollars). Ces avions devraient être fabriqués d’ici 2025.

 

Les Etats-Unis ont récemment refusé le transfert de quatre technologies sur les 25 que le constructeur Lockheed Martin avait initialement proposées à la Corée du Sud. Ce transfert de technologie était une condition de l’achat par Séoul de 40 avions de chasse F-35 Lightning II.

 

Le conseiller à la sécurité nationale Kim Kwan-jin a affirmé la semaine dernière que la Corée du Sud est capable de développer les quatre technologies manquantes, à savoir un radar à balayage électronique actif, un système infrarouge de détection et de poursuite, un pod de ciblage optique et un brouilleur de fréquences radio.

 

La DAPA et le fabriquant de matériel de défense local LIG Nex 1 comptent mettre au point le radar à balayage électronique actif d’ici 2021. Une source de la DAPA a fait savoir que l’organisation cherchera l’assistance d’Israël, de la Grande-Bretagne et de la Suède lors du développement du radar.

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 12:20
SNC finishing development on pilot vision system

 

SPARKS, Nev. (October 23, 2015) - by Sierra Nevada Corporation

 

Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) has been awarded a task order for the next phase of development for its Degraded Visual Environment Pilotage System (DVEPS). The indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity (IDIQ) contract with the United States Special Operations Command Technology Applications Contracting Office was initially awarded in 2013 to increase the safety of military aircrews worldwide.

SNC’s DVE Pilotage System will allow pilots to safely operate in degraded visual environments such as brownout, smoke, sand, snow, rain and fog conditions through the use of a multi-sensor, see-through imaging system that provides real-time, high-resolution fused imagery of the terrain and obstacles. This multi-aircraft, game-changing technology will increase aircrew situational awareness of obstacles throughout all phases of flight including people, power lines, ditches, mountains, rocks and other obstacles, reducing loss of life and equipment.

SNC was competitively selected for the third phase task order following a successful airborne test of its DVEPS program at the Yuma Proving Grounds in Arizona in June 2015. This airborne test demonstrated SNC’s ability to fuse multi-sensor data into real-time, high-fidelity imagery during operations in DVE conditions. The final contract phase includes Integrated System Development/Demonstration, Low-Rate Production and Qualification testing. The effort will begin in fiscal year 2016 with Developmental Flight Testing, leading to a Milestone C decision followed by Low-Rate Initial Production to support Qualification and Operational Testing.

“It is a great honor to have been selected for the third phase of this important life-saving and mission enabling program that will provide agile, flexible and economical technology to our country’s military.” said Greg Cox, corporate vice president for SNC’s Communication, Navigation and Surveillance/Air Traffic Management business area  “DVEPS combines unmatched performance in a reduced Size, Weight and Power (SWaP) envelope, creating a superior system that was unavailable at the start of the program. We look forward to finalizing this phase of the contract, leading to a Full-Rate Production decision in fiscal year 2017/2018.”

 

About Sierra Nevada Corporation
Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC), headquartered in Sparks, Nevada, delivers technology and teams designed to connect and protect, through innovative solutions in aircraft, aerospace, electronics, cyber and avionics. With a track record of success spanning five decades, SNC has been honored as one of America’s fastest-growing private companies, “The Top Woman-owned Federal Contractor in the U.S.,” and among “The World’s Top 10 Most Innovative Companies in Space.” SNC operates under the leadership of President Eren Ozmen and CEO Fatih Ozmen, with a workforce of more than 3,000 personnel in 33 locations in 18 states and business divisions in England, Germany and Turkey.

For more information on SNC visit http://www.sncorp.com/ and follow us at Facebook/Sierra Nevada Corporation. Sierra Nevada Corporation and SNC are trademarks of Sierra Nevada Corporation.

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 12:20
Le futur bombardier stratégique américain LRS-B de l’US Air Force pourrait ressembler au B2 de Northrop Grumman

Le futur bombardier stratégique américain LRS-B de l’US Air Force pourrait ressembler au B2 de Northrop Grumman

 

28.10.2015 par Aerobuzz.fr

 

L’US Air Force a annoncé le 27 octobre 2015 qu’elle avait choisi Northrop Grumman pour construire son futur bombardier stratégique à long rayon d’action (LRS-B ou Long-Range Strike Bomber). Elle n’a pas retenu la proposition du consortium Boeing / Lockheed Martin qui a maintenant 100 jours pour faire appel de cette décision. Le contrat d’un montant estimé à 80 milliards de dollar porte sur la fourniture d’une centaine d’appareils dont le prix final d’acquisition a été fixé à 564 millions de dollars pièces. Sur les 80 Md$, dans un premier temps, 21,4 sont destinés au développement, à l’outil de production et à une première série de 21 avions.

Suite de l'article

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 12:20
photo Lockheed Martin

photo Lockheed Martin

 

27/10/2015 par George de Bonadona - Air & Cosmos

 

Le programme F-35 pourrait être malmené au Canada, allié pourtant indéfectible des Etats-Unis. Justin Trudeau, qui a été élu Premier ministre le 19 octobre, a fait la promesse que son pays se retirerait du programme F-35. Bien que le jeune fils de Pierre Elliott Trudeau n’ait pas encore pris ses fonctions, Washington a déjà manœuvré pour empêcher le Canada de quitter le couteux programme.  Car si Ottawa abandonne le programme de recherche et développement et l’achat des 65 appareils, Washington espère compenser cette perte par l’augmentation du prix d’achat unitaire de 1 million de dollars pour les autres pays acquéreurs. C’est ce qu’a déclaré le chef du programme F-35 au Pentagone, le Lieutenant Général Chris Bogdan de l’U.S. Air Force.

Suite de l’article

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 12:20
photo Lockheed Martin

photo Lockheed Martin


27 oct. 2015 by Lockheed Martin

 

The Perceptor Dual Sensor Gimbal is the smallest dual sensor gimbal on the market, featuring a lightweight electro-optic and infrared camera set that is capable of high precision 360-degree continuous panning and automated target tracking.

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 08:35
T-50 aircrafts, co-developed by KAI and Lockheed Martin. Photo KAI

T-50 aircrafts, co-developed by KAI and Lockheed Martin. Photo KAI

 

Oct. 26, 2015 By Richard Tomkins (UPI)

 

SEOUL -- The United States is reportedly blocking a $400 million plan by South Korea to sell KAI T-50 Golden Eagle trainer jets to Uzbekistan. The aircraft, co-developed in 2006 with Lockheed Martin, uses Lockheed Martin technologies -- including avionics -- and as such requires permission under the U.S. Arms Export Control Act for its sale to other countries. The Korea Times , quoting unidentified sources, says that permission has been refused.

Read more

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 08:30
The amphibious assault ship USS Kearsarge (LHD-3) will participate in Egemen 2015. U.S. Navy photo by Mate 3rd Class Jose E. Ponce.

The amphibious assault ship USS Kearsarge (LHD-3) will participate in Egemen 2015. U.S. Navy photo by Mate 3rd Class Jose E. Ponce.

 

Oct. 26, 2015 By Ryan Maass (UPI)

 

WASHINGTON, -- Amphibious forces from the U.S. Navy and Turkey began participating in Egemen 2015, a naval training exercise, on Saturday. The exercises will be planned by a combined Turkish-U.S. staff, and will include tactical level training ashore in addition to amphibious landing, and other elements of amphibious warfare. The U.S. will commit the USS Kearsarge and part of the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit to the exercise.

Read more

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 08:20
Long Range Discrimination Radar (LRDR)

Long Range Discrimination Radar (LRDR)

 

Moorestown, N.J., Oct. 26, 2015 – by Lockheed Martin

 

The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) awarded a team, led by Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT), a contract to develop, build and test the Long Range Discrimination Radar (LRDR). The radar system will support a layered ballistic missile defense strategy to protect the U.S. homeland from ballistic missile attacks.

The nine-year contract, with options, will have the potential contract value of approximately $784 million. Work on the contract will be primarily performed in New Jersey, Alaska, Alabama, Florida, and New York.

LRDR is a high-powered S-Band radar incorporating solid-state gallium nitride (GaN) components and will be capable of discriminating threats at extreme distances. LRDR is a key component of the MDA’s Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) that will provide acquisition, tracking, and discrimination data to enable separate defense systems to lock on and engage ballistic missile threats, a capability that stems from Lockheed Martin’s decades of experience in creating ballistic missile defense systems for the U.S. and allied governments.

“The U.S. has a limited number of ground-based interceptors to detect threats, yet the number of potential missile threats - and countermeasures used to hide those threats - is growing,” said Carl Bannar, vice president of Lockheed Martin’s Integrated Warfare Systems and Sensors business. “Our offering meets the MDA’s vision for LRDR by pairing innovative radar discrimination capability with proven ballistic missile defense algorithms.”

This MDA selection builds upon the U.S. government’s long-term investment in S-Band radar, ground-based radar, and systems integration, as evident in such Lockheed Martin technologies as the Aegis Combat System, Space Fence, and Aegis Ashore. Since 2012, Lockheed Martin has offered solid state ground-based S-Band radar utilizing an Open GaN Foundry model that leverages relationships with strategic suppliers.

“Our mature, scalable, GaN-based S-Band technology was ideally suited for this high performance ballistic missile defense application,” Bannar said. “LRDR represents the latest evolution in ground-based radar and ballistic missile defense.”

When constructed, LRDR will consist of a solid-state, active electronically-scanned antenna, and the facility to house and operate this radar antenna. Lockheed Martin’s proposed LRDR system will be built on an aggressive timeline ready for operational testing in Clear Air Force Station, Alaska by 2020.

Lockheed Martin has developed a team of corporate partners to meet the challenges of the LRDR program, including deciBel research (Huntsville, AL), Amec Foster Wheeler (Alpharetta, GA), ASRC Federal (Barrow, AK), IERUS Technologies (Huntsville, AL), PENTA Research (Huntsville, AL), and Davidson Technologies (Huntsville, AL).

For additional information, visit our website:  www.lockheedmartin.com/lrdr

 

About Lockheed Martin
Headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, Lockheed Martin is a global security and aerospace company that employs approximately 112,000 people worldwide and is principally engaged in the research, design, development, manufacture, integration and sustainment of advanced technology systems, products and services. The Corporation’s net sales for 2014 were $45.6 billion.

Repost 0
28 octobre 2015 3 28 /10 /octobre /2015 08:20
Le directeur de la CIA, John Brennan (Council on Foreign Relatiions)

Le directeur de la CIA, John Brennan (Council on Foreign Relatiions)


26.10.2015 45e Nord.ca (AFP)
 

Le directeur de la CIA John Brennan s’est dit mardi « scandalisé » et « préoccupé » par le piratage des ses emails personnels et a nié avoir violé ses obligations de sécurité.

 

La publication de certains emails personnels a pu laisser penser « que j’avais fait quelque chose de mal ou d’inapproprié » en terme de sécurité mais « ce n’était certainement pas le cas », a-t-il déclaré lors d’une conférence sur le renseignement à Washington.

L’organisation WikiLeaks a publié la semaine dernière plusieurs documents provenant du compte email personnel de John Brennan datés d’entre 2007 et 2009, avant sa prise de fonction au sommet de l’agence américaine du renseignement.

Mardi, le directeur de la CIA n’a donné aucun détails sur la manière dont des pirates avaient eu accès à ses emails personnels.

Il s’est borné à expliquer que bien qu’étant « un responsable gouvernemental », il avait « aussi une famille, des amis, des factures à payer, des choses à faire dans la vie quotidienne ».

Et « la manière de communiquer aujourd’hui se fait par Internet », a-t-il souligné.

Il a jugé disproportionné le traitement médiatique de l’affaire.

« Parfois il y a cette soif de rendre les choses plus sexy qu’elles ne le sont et de les faire gonfler hors de proportion », a-t-il dit.

« C’est faire la publicité d’une activité criminelle et disséminer des informations qui je pense sont inappropriées », a-t-il dit.

WikiLeaks avait notamment mis en ligne un court mémo sur l’Iran, accompagné de recommandations, adressé à l’époque au président-élu devant prendre ses fonctions en janvier 2009.

On trouve également sur son site deux documents datés de 2008 parlant de la torture, notamment une copie de loi examinée au Sénat et listant les pratiques interdites, comme la simulation de noyade (waterboarding) ou les fausses exécutions.

WikiLeaks a mis en outre en ligne une copie d’un document d’une cinquantaine de pages censé avoir été rempli par John Brennan en 2008, contenant de nombreuses informations personnelles, lors du processus de vérification de ses antécédents pour être autorisé à accéder aux informations sensibles.

John Brennan est directeur de la CIA depuis 2013.

La publication de ses e-mails était survenue quelques jours après qu’un pirate informatique se présentant comme un adolescent américain avait affirmé au tabloïd New York Post être entré dans la boîte email du directeur de la CIA et s’être emparé d’informations personnelles.

Repost 0
27 octobre 2015 2 27 /10 /octobre /2015 17:30
LCS (photo Lockheed Martin)

LCS (photo Lockheed Martin)

 

25/10/2015 Par Michel Cabirol  - LaTribune.fr

 

Les Etats-Unis vont vendre quatre frégates de type LCS (Lockheed Martin) à l'Arabie Saoudite pour un montant de 11,25 milliards de dollars.

 

Entre la France et les Etats-Unis, il n'y a pas photo en Arabie Saoudite. Quand Paris se bat depuis des mois et des mois pour vendre une trentaine de patrouilleurs pour 600 millions de dollars, Washington vise quant à lui des contrats de plus de 10 milliards de dollars. Car Ryad est prêt à acheter aux Etats-Unis quatre frégates dérivées du programme Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), des bâtiments de combat multi-missions (Multimission Surface Combatant), qui sont fabriqués par Lockheed Martin, ainsi que l'armement associé, pour un montant total de 11,25 milliards de dollars, dont 4,3 milliards pour le support. Et dire que les deux pays sont brouillés en raison de la politique arabe de Washington...

D'ailleurs le ministère de la Défense américain (DoD) est déterminé à approuver cette  vente FMS (Foreign Miliary Sales), une procédure de vente d'Etat à Etat. Cette vente va "améliorer la sécurité d'un partenaire régional stratégique, qui a été et reste une force importante de stabilité politique et de progrès économique au Proche-Orient", a précisé  l'Agence de défense, de sécurité et de coopération (DSCA). En guerre contre le Yémen soutenu par Téhéran, Ryad souhaite moderniser sa flotte au moment où les tensions s'accroissent très fortement dans la région, notamment dans le Golfe persique où les navires saoudiens sont confrontés aux bateaux iraniens à l'est du royaume.

 

De nombreux missiles à bord

La commande entre les deux alliés "brouillés" concernerait 532 missiles tactiques anti-aériens RIM-162 ESSM (Evolved Sea Sparrow Missiles) de Raytheon, dont 128 installés sur les quatre navires de guerre. En outre, les Multimission Surface Combatant (MMSC) seront dotés de 48 missiles anti-navires de type RGM-84 Harpoon Block II Missiles, de Boeing dont 32 installés et 16 destinés à des entraînements. Soit deux lanceurs par navire.

Repost 0
27 octobre 2015 2 27 /10 /octobre /2015 17:20
Boeing and Lockheed Martin Statement on U.S. Air Force Long Range Strike-Bomber Decision

 

WASHINGTON, Oct. 27, 2015 – Boeing.com

 

Boeing [NYSE: BA] and Lockheed Martin [NYSE: LMT] today released the following statement on the U.S. Air Force’s decision to award Northrop Grumman the Long Range Strike-Bomber contract:

 

The Boeing and Lockheed Martin team is disappointed by today’s announcement. We will have further discussions with our customer before determining our next steps. We are interested in knowing how the competition was scored in terms of price and risk, as we believe that the combination of Boeing and Lockheed Martin offers unparalleled experience, capability and resources for this critically important recapitalization program.

 

Boeing is the world’s largest aerospace company and leading manufacturer of commercial airplanes and defense, space and security systems. In addition, Boeing supports airlines and U.S. and allied government customers in more than 150 countries. The company’s products and tailored services include commercial and military aircraft, satellites, weapons, electronic and defense systems, launch systems, advanced information and communication systems, and performance-based logistics and training. Boeing employs more than 165,000 people across the United States and in more than 65 countries. Company revenues for 2014 were more than $90 billion. Follow us on Twitter: @Boeing.

 

Headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, Lockheed Martin is a global security and aerospace company that employs approximately 112,000 people worldwide and is principally engaged in the research, design, development, manufacture, integration and sustainment of advanced technology systems, products and services. The Corporation’s net sales for 2014 were $45.6 billion.

Repost 0
27 octobre 2015 2 27 /10 /octobre /2015 12:50
Suisse: baisse des exportations de matériel de guerre sur 9 mois en 2015

 

27.10.2015 Romandie.com (AWP)

 

Zurich (awp) - Les exportations de matériel de guerre suisse ont reculé sur les neuf premiers mois 2015, comparé à la même période il y a un an, a annoncé mardi l'Administration fédérale des douanes (AFD). Le recul a été particulièrement marqué pour l'Allemagne et les Etats-Unis, mais la Confédération a augmenté ses ventes vers l'Afrique du Sud et l'Inde notamment.

 

Les ventes à l'international de matériel de guerre par la Suisse ont baissé de 8,8% à 314 mio CHF entre janvier et septembre, a précisé l'AFD dans un communiqué.

 

Le repli a été particulièrement marqué pour le premier client d'armement helvétique. L'Allemagne a ainsi réduit ses achats de 28,1% à 84,5 mio CHF. Les ventes vers l'Indonésie ont quant à elles chuté de 19,2% à 43,1 mio, suivi par les Etats-Unis avec une baisse de 15,8% à 20,8 mio et l'Italie (-42,4% à 19,5 mio).

 

Les exportations vers le Royaume-Uni sont par contre restées quasiment stables à 18,3 mio CHF. La Roumanie est quant à elle venue s'ajouter comme nouveau client avec des achats de 12,7 mio.

 

Les pays émergents figurent parmi les bons clients de la Confédération. Les ventes vers l'Inde ont ainsi effectué un bond, passant de 0,3 mio CHF sur les neuf premiers mois 2014 à 26,1 mio sur la même période en 2015. Elles se sont également envolées vers le Brésil à 15,4 mio contre 3,3 mio précédemment et vers l'Afrique du Sud (13,1 mio contre 1,2 mio).

Repost 0

Présentation

  • : RP Defense
  • RP Defense
  • : Web review defence industry - Revue du web industrie de défense - company information - news in France, Europe and elsewhere ...
  • Contact

Recherche

Articles Récents

Categories