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30 juin 2015 2 30 /06 /juin /2015 11:45
photo USMC

photo USMC

 

29.06.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense

 

La CooperatiVe Security Location de Libreville a été activée pendant deux semaines avec le déploiement d'une unité des marines de la Special-Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force Crisis Response-Africa. Venus de Moron (Espagne), 200 militaires appuyés par quatre Osprey et deux KC-130J de ravitaillement ont manœuvrés au Gabon pour tester les capacités expéditionnaires américaines en Afrique de l'Ouest.

Dans un post du 12 mai, j'avais abordé la question des CSL (lire ici) dont 11 existeraient en Afrique. Libreville, le CSL a été activé par une vingtaine de marines qui géré la logistique nécessaire à la projection des troupes de projection et de leurs vecteurs.

Les marines ont aussi entraînés des militaires et des gendarmes gabonais.

Des détails en anglais sur le CSL du Gabon ici.

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26 juin 2015 5 26 /06 /juin /2015 07:54
Bois de Belleau, Aisne - Photo Emmanuel Mas (ECPAD)

Bois de Belleau, Aisne - Photo Emmanuel Mas (ECPAD)


26.06.2015 source SHD

 

26 juin 1683 : bombardement d’Alger. Louis XIV ordonne à l’amiral Duquesne de bombarder le port d’Alger (à 2 reprises) afin de délivrer un message clair au Dey Hassan qui soutient la piraterie maritime en Méditerranée. Les puissances européennes, en conflit sur le continent, n’ont pas beaucoup de moyens à consacrer au contrôle de la Méditerranée si bien que les actes de piraterie finissent par coûter cher en hommes, navires et marchandises. Les Anglais bombardent Tripoli en 1675 incitant les pirates et corsaires à privilégier les cibles françaises. En 1682, un navire français de la royale est capturé et son équipage vendu comme esclave. Le bombardement du port par Duquesne et ses galiotes à bombes (mortiers) permet de libérer des esclaves et d’entamer des pourparlers qui provoquent malheureusement une révolution de palais, laquelle ordonne… la reprise de la piraterie et l’exécution du consul français à Alger, le père Jean Le Vacher. Celui-ci est attaché devant la bouche du canon Baba-Merzoug qui le pulvérise. 16 autres français sont ainsi exécutés. Le canon Baba-Merzoug ou la Consulaire est exposé depuis 1833 à l’arsenal de Brest.

 

26 juin 1745 : prise de Cap Breton (actuel Canada). L’ile royale ou du Cap Breton est française depuis sa prise de possession par Jacques Cartier en 1534. Située à l’embouchure du Saint Laurent, dans des eaux poissonneuses et près de la Nouvelle Angleterre, l’ile a une position stratégique qu’envient les Anglais. Après un siège de 6 semaines, Louisbourg, principal port de l’ile, se rend aux Anglais.

Note RP Defense : voir La colonie française de l'Île-Royale (Louisbourg)

 

26 juin 1794 : bataille de Fleurus (Belgique actuelle). Les Français battent les coalisés. Le 8 messidor an II, sur ce même champ de bataille de Fleurus, près de Charleroi, où, le duc de Luxembourg a écrasé les Hollandais le 1er juillet 1690, l'armée de Sambre et Meuse commandée par Jourdan résiste aux assauts des coalisés (Autriche, Angleterre, Hanovre) commandés par le prince de Saxe-Cobourg. La bataille a lieu toute la journée sous un soleil brûlant, et, par endroits, au milieu de véritables incendies, les moissons ayant pris feu. Après plusieurs assauts frontaux infructueux, les coalisés laissent à Jourdan le champ de bataille, qui a bénéficié des informations transmises grâce aux observations du capitaine Coutelle, embarqué à bord d'un ballon captif. L'armée française, à bout de forces et de munitions n'engage pas la poursuite. Le lendemain, les coalisés abandonnent la Belgique et battent en retraite. Les Autrichiens perdent définitivement le contrôle de cette région. Le corps expéditionnaire anglais est rembarqué.

 

26 juin 1889 : création du poste de Bangui (actuelle Rep. Centrafricaine). Avec 22 tirailleurs, Albert Dolisie, lieutenant-gouverneur du Congo fonde un poste qui va devenir la capitale de la Centrafrique.

 

26 juin 1918 : fin des combats du bois Belleau (Aisne). La 4ème brigade de Marines (2ème US infantry division) a pris le bois de Belleau après presque un mois de combats très meurtriers. C’est le combat fondateur du corps des US Marines, toujours célébré aujourd’hui.

Note RP Defense :voir  LE MUSEE DE LA MEMOIRE DE BELLEAU 1914 - 1918

 

26 juin 1918 : les premiers obus du Parizer Geschutz tombent sur Paris. Moins connu que la grosse Bertha, le canon projetait tout de même des obus de 210 mm avec une vitesse initiale de 1600 m/s… à 100 km. Les contraintes sur cette arme étaient telles qu’il fallait à la pièce un tube neuf tous les 50 coups. C’est la propagande allemande sur la grosse Bertha qui conduit la presse française de l’époque à attribuer les bombardements parisiens à la désormais célèbre Grosse Bertha. Cette dernière a contribué par sa puissance (150 ou 80 tonnes selon le modèle, tirant des obus de 1160kg et d’un calibre de 420 mm) à la reddition des places de Namur, Lièges, Bruxelles et Manonviller.

 

26 juin 1945 : signature de la charte des Nations Unies (Etats-Unis - San Francisco)

 

26 juin 1948 : début du pont aérien (Berlin).

Les Soviétiques interdisent la libre circulation des biens et des marchandises entre les zones d'occupation alliées et Berlin pour sanctionner leur refus de se plier au régime d'occupation que Staline impose progressivement en Europe de l'Est. Les Etats-Unis déclenchent alors un gigantesque pont aérien qui va durer près d'un an et permettre à la partie Ouest de Berlin de survivre. Plus de 275 000 vols acheminent environ 2,5 millions de tonnes de marchandises  pendant le blocus de Berlin et évitent ainsi que les alliés de la veille ne s'affrontent directement. 15 ans plus tard, jour pour jour, le président Kennedy en visite commémorative à Berlin lance son fameux « Ich bin ein Berliner ».

 

Note RP Defense :

voir Le pont aérien (26 juin 1948 au 30 septembre 1949)

voir Le pont aérien de Berlin 1948/1949

 

26 juin 1977 : proclamation d’indépendance de Djibouti.

 

26 juin 1980 : VGE annonce le développement de la bombe N. Lors d’une conférence de presse le président Valéry Giscard d’Estaing rappelle qu’il a lancé en 1976 l’étude de faisabilité de la bombe à neutrons et qu’il engage maintenant le processus de développement après la réussite des essais. La bombe N entrait dans la panoplie des armes tactiques puis préstratégiques. L’annonce de VGE coïncide avec la décision de créer un lanceur stratégique mobile (système Hadès) qui viendrait remplacer le système Pluton.

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12 juin 2015 5 12 /06 /juin /2015 16:55
Marines et légionnaires posent ensemble sur un VBCI du 2ème REI (photo armée de Terre)

Marines et légionnaires posent ensemble sur un VBCI du 2ème REI (photo armée de Terre)

 

12 juin, 2015 Pierre Brassart (FOB)

 

Il y a quelques semaines, les légionnaires du 2ème REI recevaient quelques-uns de leurs homologues du corps des Marines américain pour un exercice commun organisé dans le camp des Garrigues. La 6e brigade légère blindée (BLB) a depuis longtemps lié d’étroits liens avec la 2nd US Marines division qui est la division de l’USMC affectée sur la façade atlantique des USA et donc en contact direct avec l’Europe.

 

La 6ème BLB est une des deux brigades de l’armée de Terre à vocation amphibie, avec la 9ème BIMA. Cet entrainement a été une occasion pour les légionnaires de montrer aux Marines leurs tout nouveaux VBCI qu’ils ont reçus au début de l’année. Les Marines risquent eux d’encore attendre avant de recevoir leurs nouveaux véhicules blindés.

 

Jusqu’ici, l’USMC est toujours équipé d’AAV-7 pour l’assaut amphibie et de LAV-25 pour la reconnaissance et le transport de troupe. Le programme de remplacement des AAV-7, l’EFV (Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle) n’a pas abouti et a été remplacé par l’Amphibious Combat Vehicle qui avance lentement et le Marine Personnel Carrier, devant remplacer les LAV, n’est pas plus avancé.

 

En matière de nouveautés, le corps des Marines n’est cependant pas en reste ces dernières semaines dans le domaine aéronaval. Pour la première fois, 6 F-35B ont été embarqués sur un navire amphibie de l’US Navy, l’USS Wasp (LHD-1), qui avait également été le premier à accueillir un appontage de F-35B. Entre le 18 et le 29 mai, les pilotes de l’USMC ont réalisé plus de 100 décollages et appontages sur le bâtiment.

 

Ce premier test opérationnel a également été marqué par un autre évènement. Pour la première fois, un MV-22 Osprey a transporté un turboréacteur F-135 (celui équipant le F-35). Cette manœuvre représente une étape importante pour l’US Navy vu qu’elle compte bien remplacer ses vénérables C-2 Greyhound avec de nouveaux V-22.

Les Marines ont eu l’occasion d’examiner les VBCI français (Photo armée de Terre)

Les Marines ont eu l’occasion d’examiner les VBCI français (Photo armée de Terre)

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27 mai 2015 3 27 /05 /mai /2015 16:35
FANC : participation du COMSUP à un séminaire sur l’amphibie

 

27/05/2015 Sources : État-major des armées

 

Du 17 au 21 mai 2015, le général de Revel, commandant supérieur des forces armées en Nouvelle-Calédonie (COMSUP FANC), a participé au« PACOM Amphibious Leaders’ Symposium » (PALS) à Honolulu.

 

Le général de Revel, accompagné du lieutenant – colonel Courtiau (officier de liaison au commandement pacifique américain basé à Quantico, PACOM), a représenté le chef d’état-major de l’armée de Terre (CEMAT) à l’occasion de ce séminaire qui regroupait les CEMAT ou les représentants des corps amphibies de 22 nations : Australie, Bangladesh, Cambodge, Canada, Chili, Colombie, Etats-Unis, Indonésie, Japon, Malaisie, Mexique, Nouvelle-Zélande, Pérou, Philippines, Corée du sud, Singapour, Sri-Lanka, Taiwan, Thaïlande, Tonga, Grande Bretagne et Vietnam.

 

Organisé par l’USMC (United States Marine Corps), ce séminaire visait principalement à échanger sur les connaissances de chaque force dans le domaine de l’amphibie, à établir un bilan capacitaire de l’amphibie dans le Pacifique et à développer des actions de coopération régionale.

 

Après une première journée consacrée aux présentations des moyens de chaque pays et à la nécessité d’une coopération amphibie multinationale dans le Pacifique, les participants ont pu assister à différentes démonstrations dynamiques (assaut amphibie, logistique amphibie et concept de seabasing 1) le deuxième jour. La dernière journée était consacrée à des travaux de réflexion organisés en groupe de travail sur un scénario d'intervention amphibie en coalition au profit d'un Etat victime d'une catastrophe naturelle doublée d'une déstabilisation par des groupes armés.

 

Dans le cadre de leurs missions les FANC participent aux activités de coopération régionale et entretiennent des relations privilégiées avec l’ensemble des nations présentes sur le théâtre Pacifique où ils constituent, avec les forces armées en Polynésie Françaises (FAPF) le principal point d’appui de nos forces armées.

 

Les FANC ont pour principale mission d’assurer la souveraineté de la France dans leur zone de responsabilité, d’animer la coopération régionale et d’entretenir des relations privilégiées avec l’ensemble des pays riverains de la zone pacifique. Enfin, les FANC engagent régulièrement leurs moyens pour des opérations d’aide aux populations, en appui des autres services de l’Etat.

 

1 Seabasing : concept développé par USMC et la Navy, qui vise à utiliser les bâtiments de la Marine pour constituer au large une base logistique, et s’affranchir des menaces et contraintes pesant sur les bases établies à terre. Ces ports en mer doivent permettre, grâce à l’établissement de quais flottants, de décharger sélectivement en mer les stocks prépositionnés sur des navires (24 navires dans le Pacifique), pour équiper ou recompléter d’autres navires ou unités. Le seabasing comprend des stocks de tous les services (USMC, Army, Air Force).

photo USMCphoto USMCphoto USMC
photo USMC

photo USMC

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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 23:20
An undated photo of a UH-60 Blackhawk assigned to the 1-244th Assault Helicopter Battalion in Hammond, La.

An undated photo of a UH-60 Blackhawk assigned to the 1-244th Assault Helicopter Battalion in Hammond, La.

 

11 mars 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Washington - Onze militaires américains sont présumés morts après l'accident d'un hélicoptère sur le littoral de Floride (sud-est), lors d'un exercice militaire mardi soir, a-t-on appris de sources militaires mercredi.

 

Nos pensées et nos prières vont à ces militaires et à leurs familles, a indiqué le ministre de la Défense Ashton Carter au début d'une conférence de presse mercredi avec le ministre de la Défense britannique, Michael Fallon.

 

Le président Barack Obama a appelé les généraux commandant les deux unités auxquelles appartenaient les militaires, les forces spéciales des Marines, et la Garde nationale de Louisiane, pour faire part de son soutien aux militaires et à leurs familles, a indiqué de son côté le porte-parole de la Maison Blanche, Josh Earnest.

 

Le président a exprimé sa confiance qu'il y aurait une enquête détaillée et exhaustive sur l'accident et ses causes, a précisé le porte-parole.

 

Sept Marines et quatre membres d'équipage se trouvaient à bord de l'UH-60 Black Hawk de la Guarde nationale de Louisiane, dont l'armée a perdu la trace mardi vers 20H30 (00H30 GMT) près de la base militaire d'Eglin (Floride, sud-est), plongée dans un épais brouillard.

 

Un second hélicoptère, qui était en exercice avec le premier, est rentré à la base militaire.

 

Les recherches se sont concentrées sur la lagune de Santa Rosa, sur la côte de Floride bordant le golfe du Mexique.

 

Les équipes de recherche ont découvert des débris de l'aéronef vers 02H00 mercredi matin (06H00 GMT).

 

Les gardes-côtes américains ont mené les opérations de recherche, qui étaient toujours en cours vers 19H30 GMT mercredi.

 

Les deux hélicoptères participaient à un exercice de routine avec des forces spéciales des Marines du camp Lejeune, de Caroline du Nord, selon la base aérienne d'Eglin.

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6 mars 2015 5 06 /03 /mars /2015 08:20
Weapons: Marines Get Glocked

 

March 5, 2015: Strategy Page

 

U.S. Marine Corps special operations (MARSOC) operators now have official permission to use the Glock 19 pistol in place of the standard M9. There are many reasons for MARSOC buying all these new pistols. The Glock 19 is lighter (at .595 kg/1.31 pounds empty) and smaller (174mm/6.85 inches) than the M9, which is a 914 g (2.1 pound empty), 217mm (8.5 inch) long weapon that has a 125mm (4.9 inch) barrel. Both are 9mm weapons with a magazine that holds 15 rounds.

 

In the 1980s the M9 replaced the World War I era M1911 .45 (11.4mm) caliber ACP. This is a 1.1 kg (2.44 pounds empty), 210mm (8.25 inch) long weapon with a 127mm (5 inch) barrel and a 7 round magazine. Both 9mm and 11.4mm pistols are only accurate at up to about 50 meters. The M1911 had more hitting power, while the 9mm weapons are a bit more accurate. Loaded, each pistol weighs about 230 g (half a pound) more. The Glock 19 is considered more rugged and easier to “handle” although some marines still yearn to have the 11.4mm pistol again.

 

It’s not just MARSOC as all the services have been trying to replace the Beretta M9 9mm pistol. The air force tried to replace the M9 back in 2007 and was ordered by the Department of Defense to back off. But now the services have a more compelling argument. The army, in particular, is finding the many of its oldest M9s are, literally, breaking. Some components (especially the barrels, frames and locking blocks) tend to break on older, especially heavily used, weapons. Since September 11, 2001 the army has used its M9s a lot. There are also a host of other problems, like the shape (too awkward for some users), trigger pull (too heavy) and lack of a Picatinny rail for easily mounting accessories. The safety switch is in an awkward position and troops in combat often accidentally put the safety on when cocking the pistol. That can be fatal (for the user) in combat. More modern designs have something more efficient (and less of a dirt catcher) than the open-slide and spent cartridge ejection system of the M9. Another sign of the times is that the M9 is not equipped to screw on a silencer, an accessory that is more commonly used these days. Despite all these problems the Department of Defense refuses to replace the M9 although SOCOM has been able to do what it always does and obtain whatever weapons it believes it need.

 

Most of the problems with the M9 result from the fact that it is a design that is over three decades old. Pistol technology has improved a lot since the late 1970s and that can be seen in the pistols that are popular with police forces. Cops can often buy their own pistols and tend to get the most modern, but proven in action, models. Thus many troops in the combat zone leave the M9 they were issued back at the base and go into the field with a 9mm pistol they bought themselves. This has often been a Glock 19, which has long been a police favorite and popular with troops in other countries. Many armies do not replace pistols as frequently as police forces, or special operations troops. But in Afghanistan and Iraq regular combat troops used pistols a lot, and the M9 was showing its age. As you can see, it’s not just the wear and tear, it’s also obsolescence in the face of advances in pistol design.

 

Meanwhile in 2012 the army had to order another 100,000 M9 9mm pistols, each costing $640. This was just to replace the M9s that were falling apart. The U.S. military (mostly the army) already has over 600,000 M9s and that purchase keeps the M9 in service at least until the end of the decade. The U.S. military adopted the 9mm pistol in 1985 largely to standardize ammunition with NATO and to replace the M911 .45 caliber (11.4mm) pistol with something smaller and lighter. All other NATO states used 9mm for pistols. At the time it was noted that most 9mm pistols were carried by officers and support personnel, who rarely used them, in combat or otherwise. Many American combat veterans disagreed with the switch to a 9mm pistol, but that advice was ignored.

 

But times have changed. Since 2001 American troops in Iraq and Afghanistan discovered, through combat experience, what types of weapons worked best at close range to take down the enemy. It was the same with SWAT teams and commandos all over the world. When conducting a raid and finding yourself up close and personal with someone trying to kill you, there is a need for a heavy caliber pistol or a shotgun (firing 00 shot or slugs). The premier pistol for ensuring you take down someone is still the .45 caliber (11.4mm) or .40 caliber (10mm, but only with a heavy bullet) pistols. There is also a .50 caliber (12.7mm) pistol, but only very large people can handle this one. The 11.4 and 10mm pistols are light and handy, compared to assault rifles or shotguns, and have a long history of quickly taking down an armed and determined foe.

 

SOCOM (Special Operations Command) came into being a few years after the M9 was adopted and immediately began planning to bring back .45 pistols for its commandos. Actually, many Special Forces and SEAL operators never gave up using the .45, as it was the ideal pistol for many commando operations. SOCOM had its own budget and was allowed to adopt a number of 11.4mm pistols for its personnel. The U.S. Marine Corps ordered 12,000 11.4mm caliber pistols (for $1,900 each), mainly for use by its SOCOM and recon troops. The MARSOC (Marine Special Operations Command) troops have, like the army, navy, and air force components of SOCOM, quietly replaced most of their 9mm pistols with 11.4mms. For several years the marines supplied their special operations troops with older M1911 model .45s, refurbished (or built from scrounged up parts) in a marine-run facility.

 

In the 1990s, SOCOM adopted the Heckler and Koch Mk 23 SOCOM model. This is a 1.47 kg (3.2 pound) 11.4mm pistol with a 12-round magazine and the ability to use a silencer. It is expensive, at $2,400 each. Loaded with a silencer and laser aiming device the Mk23 weighs 2.29 kg (5 pounds). The Mk23 is a precision weapon, capable of accurate fire at 50 meters (51mm/two inch shot groups). The Mk 23 is for offensive operations while the lighter and cheaper USP Tactical model was later introduced for personal protection and other duties not requiring the heavier Mk 23.

 

As the U.S. Army Special Forces discovered, if you are well trained and know what you are doing you should carry a pistol, in addition to your rifle. Not the official issue M9 9mm pistol but something with a bit more stopping power. The Special Forces prefer new model 11.4mm pistols, although 10mm weapons are also popular. The reason for this is that you are most likely to be using the pistol indoors, where your target is going to be really close. You want to knock him down quickly, before he can get at you with a knife or even his hands. Many troops are getting their own larger caliber pistols and most commanders have been lenient on this issue.

 

The army and air force do not have the same needs as SOCOM and simply want a 9mm pistol with fewer flaws and more of the latest pistol tech than the existing M9. MARSOC ordered the Glock 19 for marines who did not need a heavier pistol but wanted something better than the M9.

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5 mars 2015 4 05 /03 /mars /2015 12:20
Harriers Go Digital: New technology allows Marine aircraft to expand mission

 

Mar 3, 2015 ASDNews Source : Naval Air Systems Command

 

A  U.S. Marine Corps AV-8B Harrier flew its first mission with the new BRU-70/A Digital Improved Triple Ejector Rack (DITER) in support of the U.S.-led campaign against ISIS in January.

A single aircraft delivered 50 percent of the Laser Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM) used during the insurgent airstrike due to the new rack.

 

Read more

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3 mars 2015 2 03 /03 /mars /2015 15:55
photo Armée de Terre

photo Armée de Terre

 

03/03/2015 LTN M. Simonnot-Virbel – Armée de Terre

 

Découvrez dans cette vidéo qui sont les dix  ‪blessés de guerre qui participent aux Marine Corps Trials cette année ! Du 4 au 14 mars 2015, en exclusivité avec la cellule d’aide aux blessés de l’armée de Terre (CABAT) et Terre Fraternité, encouragez-les lors de la compétition !

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2 mars 2015 1 02 /03 /mars /2015 17:20
Les blessés de l'Armée de Terre aux Marine Corps Trials


02/03/2015 Marine Corps Trials

 

Du 4 au 14 mars 2015, en exclusivité avec la cellule d’aide aux blessés de l’armée de Terre (CABAT) et Terre Fraternité, encouragez nos blessés de guerre aux Marine Corps Trials !

 

10 soldats blessés se rendront en Californie pour une compétition sportive internationale où tir à l’arc, natation, athlétisme et bien d’autres sports rythmeront cet événement tout en sueur !

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28 février 2015 6 28 /02 /février /2015 15:45
French 3rd Maine Artillery Regiment members provide over watch during a bilateral close air support training exercise in Arta, Djibouti, Feb. 4, 2015

French 3rd Maine Artillery Regiment members provide over watch during a bilateral close air support training exercise in Arta, Djibouti, Feb. 4, 2015

 

27.02.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense

 

La lecture des sites web des cousins d'outre-Atlantique réserve parfois de bonnes surprises.

Sur le site du CJTF-HoA (Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa) a été mis en ligne un article, en date du 23 février, intitulé: "CAS training prepares coalition forces for future operations".

L'article est à lire ici.

On y apprend qu'entre le 31 janvier et le 4 février, à Djibouti, des JTAC de la 24th MEU et du 3e RAMa ont œuvré ensemble au profit d'hélicoptères HH-60 Pave Hawks et de Rafale-M. Précision: les JTAC français provenaient aussi du 40e RA et du COS.

Au menu: des exercices de CAS (close air support) et de SAR (search and rescue). Interviewé par les Américains, un pilote britannique, le Lt. Cmdr. Ian Sloan (entre anglophones, c'est plus facile). Ce capitaine de corvette est actuellement détaché au sein de la 11F et vole sur SEM. Le site navynews.co.uk lui a d'ailleurs consacré en décembre dernier une double page (à voir ici).

"This is the first significant stop that we've made, conducting a live firing exercise in coordination with the U.S., preparing the French Naval Airway pilots for upcoming operations," a-t-il déclaré, anticipant l'entrée en guerre du GAN lundi.

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27 février 2015 5 27 /02 /février /2015 08:45
photo USAF

photo USAF

Joint terminal attack controllers from the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s Maritime Raid Force and French 3rd Maine Artillery Regiment observe the exercise during a bilateral close air support training exercise in Arta, Djibouti, Feb. 4, 2015. The event was part of a scheduled bilateral CAS exercise between a contingent of MEU Marines and French soldiers and sailors. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Kevin Iinuma)

 

Arta, Djibouti, February 24, 2015 By Staff Sgt. Kevin Iinuma - CJTF-HOA

 

French and U.S. coalition forces conducted a live and simulated close air support exercise in Arta, Djibouti, Jan. 31-Feb. 4, 2015.

 

The five-day event involved the U.S. 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit and the French 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment joint terminal attack controllers guiding U.S. Air Force HH-60 Pave Hawks and French Air Force Rafale-M multirole combat fighters to specified targets during the day and night CAS exercise.

 

"This is the first significant stop that we've made, conducting a live firing exercise in coordination with the U.S., preparing the French Naval Airway pilots for upcoming operations," said Lt. Cmdr. Ian Sloan, British Royal Navy exchange pilot to the French Naval Airway.

 

To increase partner nation interoperability, each exercise day was separated into three sections with two aircraft guided by both nations' JTACs, illustrating the different operating conditions they may encounter in future operations.

 

These exercises introduced both military partners to integrating and refining work tactics for time-sensitive procedures. A JTAC instructor evaluated the teams in locating targets on different terrain and communication skills between one another.  This exercise ensured that all aerial munitions called in by coalition JTACs and delivered by both nations' aircraft were on target and on time.

 

According to Sloan, it is easy to conduct training inside your comfort zone when you are doing it in a familiar environment.  However, working with coalition nations using different languages and procedures, in unfamiliar terrain, is when the real benefits come out of the training/exercise/event.

 

English was the designated language for both U.S. and French forces, their conduct of all CAS missions became successful by working through the language barriers and completing specific directions that are unique to each country.  Communication challenges included different military language being used over the radio from both nations and the available light.

 

"There were mostly similarities controlling the aircraft, especially procedural control," said U.S. Marine 1st Lt. Ashley McMillan, 24th MEU senior air director and Air Support Element officer-in-charge. "It can only be done one way. It's almost like having a universal language, the pilots knew what to expect from the JTAC and exactly what they had to do."

 

By the end of the exercise, both JTAC parties gained valuable experiences by working through friction points during the exercise, in turn helping strengthen relations and improving security amongst participating partner nations.

 

"It's always a benefit to train with our coalition partners, and any opportunity you get to do that is worth taking," said Sloan. "Even if you think you have learned all the lessons and you're on top of your game, there is always something to take away from the way other people do business."

 

The 24th MEU is currently embarked on the ships of the Iwo Jima Amphibious Ready Group and deployed to maintain regional security in the U.S. 5th Fleet area of operations.

photo USAF
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26 février 2015 4 26 /02 /février /2015 15:45
Weapons Co. conducts TRAP exercise with French forces photo USMC

Weapons Co. conducts TRAP exercise with French forces photo USMC

Marines with Weapons Company, Battalion Landing Team 3rd Battalion, 6th Marine Regiment, 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit, run to security positions during a Tactical Recovery of Aircraft and Personnel drill in Djibouti, Feb. 2, 2015. During the TRAP training event, the MEU teamed up with French Marines and Sailors. The MEU is embarked on the ships of the Iwo Jima Amphibious Ready Group and deployed to maintain regional security in the U.S. 5th Fleet area of operations. (U.S. Marine Corps photo by Cpl. Joey Mendez/Released)

 

25 February 2015 by CJTF-HOA - defenceWeb

 

French and U.S. coalition forces conducted a live and simulated close air support (CAS) exercise in Arta, Djibouti, between January 31 and February 4.

 

The five-day event involved the U.S. 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit and the French 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment joint terminal attack controllers guiding U.S. Air Force HH-60 Pave Hawks and French Air Force Rafale-M multirole combat fighters to specified targets during the day and night CAS exercise.

 

"This is the first significant stop that we've made, conducting a live firing exercise in coordination with the U.S., preparing the French Naval Air Arm pilots for upcoming operations," said Lt. Cmdr. Ian Sloan, British Royal Navy exchange pilot to the French Naval Air Arm.

 

To increase partner nation interoperability, each exercise day was separated into three sections with two aircraft guided by both nations' JTACs (Joint Terminal Attack Controllers), illustrating the different operating conditions they may encounter in future operations.

 

These exercises introduced both military partners to integrating and refining work tactics for time-sensitive procedures, Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) said. A JTAC instructor evaluated the teams in locating targets on different terrain and communication skills between one another. This exercise ensured that all aerial munitions called in by coalition JTACs and delivered by both nations' aircraft were on target and on time.

 

According to Sloan, it is easy to conduct training inside your comfort zone when you are doing it in a familiar environment. However, working with coalition nations using different languages and procedures, in unfamiliar terrain, is when the real benefits come out of the training/exercise/event.

 

English was the designated language for both U.S. and French forces, their conduct of all CAS missions became successful by working through the language barriers and completing specific directions that are unique to each country. Communication challenges included different military language being used over the radio from both nations and the available light.

 

"There were mostly similarities controlling the aircraft, especially procedural control," said U.S. Marine 1st Lt. Ashley McMillan, 24th MEU senior air director and Air Support Element officer-in-charge. "It can only be done one way. It's almost like having a universal language, the pilots knew what to expect from the JTAC and exactly what they had to do."

 

By the end of the exercise, both JTAC parties gained valuable experiences by working through friction points during the exercise, in turn helping strengthen relations and improving security amongst participating partner nations.

 

"It's always a benefit to train with our coalition partners, and any opportunity you get to do that is worth taking," said Sloan. "Even if you think you have learned all the lessons and you're on top of your game, there is always something to take away from the way other people do business."

 

The 24th MEU is currently embarked on the ships of the Iwo Jima Amphibious Ready Group and deployed to maintain regional security in the U.S. 5th Fleet area of operations.

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25 février 2015 3 25 /02 /février /2015 12:35
Discover Iwo Jima


24 févr. 2015 US Air Force

 

Airmen from the 18th Wing at Kadena Air Base recently toured Iwo Jima. The expedition was lead by 18th Wing Historian Steven Ove and the 18th Operations Group Deputy Commander Col. Paul Johnson. Follow along as they tour the historic island.

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24 février 2015 2 24 /02 /février /2015 17:35
Ghosts of Iwo Jima

 

20 févr. 2015 US Navy

 

Deafening silence.

Snow lightly dusts the branches of the Christmas trees on this cold, gray Galloway, New Jersey morning.

The rows are neatly lined - this is a farm, after all. Its principle crop is Christmas trees. However, its true purpose seems to be the sale of home and family, of comfort, of peace and safety ... of silence.

A sharp, shrill metallic buzz slices the early morning tranquility. It sounds like a chainsaw at first, but soon reveals itself as a four-wheeled, all-terrain vehicle.

Wally Kaenzig sits at the helm, gleefully carving a path through the fresh-fallen snow.

He laughs - zipping around with the wild abandon of youth. Wally is 94 years old.

If anyone has earned the right to laugh, it's Wally. He spent 26 days in hell.

Wally is a survivor of Iwo Jima.

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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 12:20
Squad X Core Technology – the Warfighter’s information superiority

DARPA plans to introduce lightweight, integrated systems that will provide dismounted infantry squads unprecedented awareness, adaptability and flexibility in complex environments. The SXCT projevct will demonstrate how Soldiers and Marines can intuitively understand and control their complex mission environments - DARPA artist concept.

 

Feb 10, 2015 Defence-Update

 

Warfighters in aircraft, on ships and in ground vehicles have benefited tremendously from technological advances in recent decades, with advanced capabilities ranging from real-time situational awareness to precision armaments. But many of these benefits depend on equipment with substantial size, weight and power requirements, and so have remained unavailable to dismounted infantry squads who must carry all their equipment themselves. This gap leaves squad members without the degree of real-time situational awareness and support for decision-making that warfighters typically experience while on board aircraft and ships and in vehicles.

“We are working towards advanced capabilities that would make dismounted infantry squads more adaptable, safe and effective”

 

DARPA’s new ‘Squad X Core Technologies’ (SXCT) program aims to address this challenge and ensure that dismounted infantry squads maintain uncontested tactical superiority over potential adversaries without being overburdened by cumbersome hardware. The goal is to speed the development of new, lightweight, integrated systems that provide infantry squads unprecedented awareness, adaptability and flexibility in complex environments, and enable dismounted Soldiers and Marines to more intuitively understand and control their complex mission environments.

SXCT aims to help dismounted infantry squads have deep awareness of what’s around them, detect threats from farther away and, when necessary, engage adversaries more quickly and precisely than ever before,” said Maj. Christopher Orlowski, DARPA program manager. “We are working towards advanced capabilities that would make dismounted infantry squads more adaptable, safe and effective.”

SXCT is seeking to introduce overwhelming tactical superiority at the small-unit level by enabling squad members to more quickly and effectively collect, synthesize and share data about their fellow members, their environment and potential threats without increasing physical or cognitive burdens.

Among the areas included in the program are:

  • Precision Engagement: Precisely engage threats out to 0.6 mile (1,000 meters), while maintaining compatibility with infantry weapon systems and without imposing weight or operational burdens that would negatively affect mission effectiveness
  • Non-Kinetic Engagement: Disrupt enemy command and control, communications and use of unmanned assets at a squad-relevant operational pace (walking with occasional bursts of speed)
  • Squad Sensing: Detect potential threats out to 0.6 mile (1,000 meters) at a squad-relevant operational pace
  • Squad Autonomy: Increase squad members’ real-time knowledge of their own and teammates’ locations to less than 20 feet (6 meters) in GPS-denied environments through collaboration with embedded unmanned air and ground systems

Specifically, Squad X plans to focus on providing:

  • Integrated access to and control of mobile sensors, including full-motion streaming video
  • A three-dimensional common operating picture
  • The ability to organically locate and identify friendly forces and threat locations in near real time
  • In previous request the agency also requested proposals for other focus areas including sensing technologies for warfighter health and operational status and non-optical and distributed sensing solutions.

Studies commissioned by Squad X program are to define the critical issues in Squad X implementation. The agency is also looking at critical infrastructure components such as radios, networking, computing applications, sensing, autonomous systems and size weight and power (SWaP). Integration Studies should also address Squad X architecture and integration approach. The goal is to establish an open, common, commercially extensible, government-owned architecture; defining key interfaces and standards; outlining the technology integration plan.

DARPA has scheduled a Proposers Day on Friday, February 27, 2015 to discuss the program with potential participants. In addition to the regular performers the agency invited ‘non-traditional performers’, including small businesses, academic and research institutions and first-time government contractors to participate. Special Notice document announcing the Proposers Day and describing the specific capabilities sought is available here.

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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 06:30
Ain al-Asad base source libertynews

Ain al-Asad base source libertynews

 

13 February 2015 BBC Middle East

 

Islamic State (IS) militants have launched an attack on a town in Iraq's Anbar province, close to an airbase that is home to some 300 US marines.

 

The militants attacked the town of al-Baghdadi, 5km (three miles) from the Ain al-Asad base, where the US forces are training Iraqi troops.

Heavy fighting was reported around the town, west of Anbar's capital, Ramadi.

The US is spearheading an air campaign against the militants, who seized large parts of Iraq and Syria last year.

The US military says its aircraft carried out several strikes on IS positions in Iraq on Thursday, mostly concentrated around the Iraqi towns of Mosul and Kirkuk.

IS militants advanced upon al-Baghdadi early on Thursday, according to Reuters news agency, sparking fierce clashes with Iraqi government forces.

A Pentagon spokeswoman, quoted by Reuters, said there had not been any direct attack on the nearby air base.

It is unclear if the militants are in control of al-Baghdadi.

The London-based Al-Sharqiyah News channel reports that IS militants were repelled in the area by Iraqi security and tribal forces, backed by US jets.

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4 février 2015 3 04 /02 /février /2015 12:20
Air Weapons: Upgrading Harvest Hawk

 

January 8, 2015: Strategy Page

 

The U.S. Marine Corps has decided to buy only six Harvest Hawk kits instead of nine. Each of these kits can be used to quickly turn one of ten modified KC-130J transports into a gunship. Meanwhile the marines are also upgrading all their Harvest Hawk kits with new or improved software and electronics (mainly for sensors and communications). Such upgrades have been coming regularly since the first Harvest Hawk kit arrived in Afghanistan in 2010. The marines are also upgrading the KC-130Js already modified to use Harvest Hawk. For example in 2012 the first KC-130J got a modified rear door (the Derringer Door) that enables missiles to be fired, and the missile launcher reloaded, without first depressurizing the aircraft and lowering the rear ramp. This solved a major problem because initially you had to lower the rear door to fire missiles and reload the launchers. Since the aircraft usually operated at high altitude (6,400 meters/20,000 feet) the crew had to put on oxygen masks and it took time to depressurize the cargo bay and lower the rear ramp. The new door has ten launch tubes that can be used (for firing or reloading) while the ramp is closed.

 

The KC-130J is the latest, and largest, marine version of the C-130 transport used for aerial refueling. But the KC-130J can also carry cargo and weapons (bombs and missiles) hung from the wings or fired from inside. This last capability is for the Harvest Hawk version of the KC-130J. This "instant gunship" system enables weapons and sensors to be quickly rolled into a C-130 transport and hooked up. This takes a few hours and turns the C-130 into a gunship (similar in capabilities existing AC-130 gunships). The sensor package consists of day/night vidcams with magnification capability. The weapons currently consist of ten Griffin missile launchers plus four Hellfires and at least four Viper Strike hanging from the wings.

 

Viper Strike is a 914mm (36 inch) long unpowered glider. The 130mm diameter (with the wings folded) weapon weighs 20 kg (44 pounds). Because the Viper Strike comes straight down, it is better suited for urban warfare. Its warhead weighs only 1.8 kg (four pounds), and less than half of that is explosives. This means less damage to nearby civilians, but still powerful and accurate enough to destroy its target. A laser designator makes the Viper Strike accurate enough to hit an automobile, or a foxhole.

 

Griffin is a 20.5 kg (45 pounds) glide bomb that has a 5.9 kg (13 pound) warhead. Griffin has a greater range (15 kilometers) than Hellfire because of pop-out wings that allow it to glide after launch. Griffin uses laser, GPS, and inertial guidance. The Hellfire II missile has been around a lot longer, weighs 48.2 kg (106 pounds), carries a 9 kg (20 pound) warhead, and has a range of 8,000 meters.

 

The big thing with gunships is their sensors, not their weapons. Operating at night the gunships can see what is going on below in great detail. Using onboard weapons gunships can immediately engage targets. But with the appearance of smart bombs (GPS and laser guided), aerial weapons are more available to hit any target that is found. So Harvest Hawk would be able to hit targets that were "time sensitive" (had to be hit before they got away) but could also call on smart bombs or laser guided missiles for targets that weren't going anywhere right away. Most of what Harvest Hawk did in Afghanistan was look for roadside bombs or the guys who plant them. The marines wanted to track the bomb planters back to their base and then take out an entire roadside bomb operation. This worked quite well and Harvest Hawk may be returning to Iraq to use what it learned in Afghanistan.

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27 janvier 2015 2 27 /01 /janvier /2015 17:45
US negotiating with Spain to have permanent Marine force for Africa

 

26 January 2015 defenceWeb (Reuters)

 

Spain has started negotiating with the United States to increase the number of US troops at an air base in the south of the country and host a permanent US Marine intervention force for Africa.

 

The Spanish government on Friday said it was ready to extend an agreement for troops to be stationed at Moron de la Frontera near Seville.

 

In March 2014, Spain agreed to an increase in U.S. troops to 850 from 500 at Moron to help support coalition operations against Islamist insurgents in north and west Africa. That agreement expires in April this year, Reuters reports.

 

The Spanish government approved negotiations to amend the two countries' 1988 defence accord, Deputy Prime Minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria said after a cabinet meeting last week, according to Agence France Presse. Negotiations will discuss hosting the deployment indefinitely.

 

U.S. authorities have also used Moron as well as Spain's Rota naval base near Cadiz as part of an operation to combat the current Ebola epidemic in West Africa.

 

Moron Air Base has been used jointly by Spanish and U.S. air forces since 1953. It served as a springboard for U.S.-led coalition forces in the 1991 Gulf War.

 

The US Marine force was first stationed at Moron in April 2013 after a deadly attack on the US consulate in Benghazi, Libya, in 2012. Its temporary status was renewed last year.

 

Its duties in Africa include protecting embassies, rescuing military personnel and evacuating civilians or intervening in conflicts and humanitarian crises. The force is made up of 800 Marines plus air support, including MV-22 Ospreys.

 

Spanish newspaper El Pais reported that the new agreement could increase the strength of the contingent to 3,000 personnel if needed.

 

The force operates under the orders of the US military's Africa command, based in Germany.

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26 janvier 2015 1 26 /01 /janvier /2015 12:35
The Combined Arms: Artillery Exercise in New Zealand

23 janv. 2015 NZ Defence Forces

Watch how the artillery, infantry, radar and UAV work together in this multinational military exercise. The units from the New Zealand Army, United States Marine Corps and United States Army came together in Exercise Kiwi Koru to test the Combined Arms aspect of war fighting.

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22 janvier 2015 4 22 /01 /janvier /2015 08:20
Air Force Warrior Games Team 2015


21 janv. 2015 US Air Force

 

The Warrior Games are an adaptive sports competition featuring more than 200 wounded, ill and injured service members and veterans competing in seven sports (archery, cycling, shooting, sitting volleyball, swimming, track and field and wheelchair basketball). Athletes represent the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force and Special Operations.

 

Air Force Warrior Games Team 2015 : Facebook Page

 

2014 Warrior Games : Facebook Page

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20 janvier 2015 2 20 /01 /janvier /2015 12:20
More questions about F-35 performance

 

January 19, 2015 David Pugliese

 

Flawed software will hobble the first of Lockheed Martin’s F-35 fighters to be called combat-ready, limiting the plane’s ability to drop bombs, share data with other aircraft and track enemy radar, Tony Capaccio of Bloomberg news service writes.

He noted that finding is from the Defense Department’s chief weapons tester found.

The U.S. Marine Corps plans to declare its version of the F-35 (different from the version Canada hopes to buy) ready for limited combat as soon as July, according to the Bloomberg report.

 

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19 décembre 2014 5 19 /12 /décembre /2014 08:20
M1110 40mmx46 DayNight Trainer cartridge

M1110 40mmx46 DayNight Trainer cartridge

 

18 December 2014 naval-technology.com

 

Rheinmetall Munitions has won three framework contracts from the US Navy and the US Marine Corps (USMC) for the delivery of advanced infantry and screening smoke munitions.

 

The three IDIQ framework contracts, worth $127.8m and running through 2019, comprise one for the delivery of M1110 40 x 46mm day/night training cartridge and two for 66mm vehicle-launched screening smoke grenades.

 

To be built at the company's Camden facility in Arkansas, initial deliveries of 40mm ammunition are scheduled to commence in mid-2015.

 

However, the 66mm grenades ordered by both the USMC and the US Navy will be built at the Rheinmetall's Neuenburg plant in Germany.

 

Already eligible for deployment by the Marine Corps, the M1110 40 x 46mm low-velocity (LV) cartridge is mainly aimed at allowing infantry forces to conduct live fire training at night, as well as in all weather and range conditions.

 

Currently deployed by global militaries, including the US, the UK and several other Nato countries, Rheinmetall's family of 66mm smoke grenades are claimed to be the world's most advanced screening and obscuration munitions for vehicle protection.

 

Rheinmetall's 66mm smoke grenades use a composition of red phosphorus (RP) that offers effective and durable screening effects in both the visual and infrared bands and secures combat vehicles from observation and laser illuminators, targeting devices and rangefinders.

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17 décembre 2014 3 17 /12 /décembre /2014 12:20
Photos By: Cpl. Jeraco Jenkins USMC

Photos By: Cpl. Jeraco Jenkins USMC


09.12.2014 Jean-Dominique Merchet
 

64 Marines américains sont venus, du 1er au 5 décembre, s'entraîner au «contrôle de foules» avec les gendarmes à Saint-Astier, le centre de formation spécialisé dans le maintien de l'ordre. Ces Marines du 2ème régiment de Camp Lejeune sont affectés, pour six mois, à une nouvelle unité de l'USMC, la Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force for Crisis Response (SPMAGTF-CR), basée à Moron en Espagne. Cette unité, créée à la suite de l'attaque de l'ambassade américaine de Tripoli en semtembre 2012, a pour mission le renforcement, dans l'urgence, de la protection des ambassades américaines en Afrique et l'évacuation des ressortissants en cas de crise. Elle est mise à la disposition de l'US Africa Command et dispose de ses propres moyens aériens, notamment des MV-22 Osprey.

Avec les gendarmes de Saint-Astier, les Marines ont bénéficié d'un retour d'expérience sur la République centrafricaine et d'une formation au contrôle de foules. Les techniques de renforcement d'ambassades et d'évacuation de ressortissants ont été abordées.

Le SPMAGTF-CR était déjà venu s'entraîner avec la Légion étrangère, en juillet dernier.

 

Note RP Defense : voir U.S. Marines, French Gendarmes conduct crowd and riot control training

Des Marines s'entraînent avec les gendarmes de Saint-Astier
Des Marines s'entraînent avec les gendarmes de Saint-Astier
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9 décembre 2014 2 09 /12 /décembre /2014 18:50
Managing COIN expectations: Why modern militaries struggle with insurgency

 

11/26/2014 by Tom Wein - DefenceIQ

 

As Britain and America have discovered in recent years, countering an insurgency is one of the toughest challenges a military can face. Even the best trained forces in the world, assisted by the world’s most advanced intelligence support, struggle. We should not expect current counterinsurgent conflicts – such as that in Northeast Nigeria – to be any simpler.

 

Indeed, a recent fascinating analysis by Lieutenant Matt Williams of the U.S. Marine Corps has shown just how difficult it can be. His paper, in The Journal of Military Operations, analyses a dataset of past campaigns to ascertain the resources required to achieve different probabilities of victory. To achieve even the unacceptably low probability of success of 50%, one must deploy 15.6 troops per 1000 members of the population. For a more palatable 90% likelihood of victory, 67.2 troops are required per 1000. For context, in Iraq, Coalition and Iraqi Security Forces combined, even after the Surge, never accounted for more than 19.1 troops per thousand.

All of which goes to show that asymmetric warfare is an unusually resource-intensive, unusually demanding business. It is still more so when an enemy has bases across borders to fall back on, and is prepared to adopt the most extreme of tactics.

One of the best examples of that in recent years has been Nigeria, where improvements in military effectiveness have not yet brought victory. The Nigerian Army has struggled, it is true, but that should not be a surprise. All forces do, and they are faced in Boko Haram with a hideously inventive enemy, which has considerable freedom of movement and all the usual assets which make an insurgency so difficult to combat.

The particular challenges posed by countering insurgencies have been attested to by nearly all the leading theorists and commanders. In John Nagl’s famous, controversial phrase, it is the “graduate level of war.” The idea is echoed in the drier prose of the U.S. Army and Marine Corps’ Field Manual FM 3-24 on Counterinsurgency, which describes such wars as presenting a “complex and often unfamiliar set of missions and considerations.”  

So why is it so difficult? It is difficult because it is fundamentally different from the missions most modern armies are prepared for, and because of the particular characteristics that give rise to most insurgencies.

FM 3-24 also notes that counterinsurgency “requires Soldiers and Marines to employ a mix of familiar combat tasks and skills more often associated with nonmilitary agencies.” That point – that counterinsurgency is not only more difficult than, but also fundamentally different from interstate kinetic warfare – is another which echoes throughout the literature. In an earlier age, C.E. Callwell, an officer of the imperial British Army, wrote that, “The conditions of small wars are so diversified, the enemy’s mode of fighting is often so peculiar, and the theaters of operations present such singular features, that irregular warfare must generally be carried out on a method totally different from the stereotyped system.” This is crucially important because it takes time to retrain an entire army. One of the most remarkable military transformations of the modern era is that of the American army in Iraq, whose conversion into counterinsurgency-ready structures and methods happened at an astonishing pace in 2005-2007, once its commanders had accepted the necessity of change. They still lost, and few forces could match that pace of change. As anyone who has worked in Whitehall or in any other government bureaucracy knows, institutional changes are sometimes less like turning oil tankers and more like moving mountains.

Another important reason for the challenges of such wars is that they are rarely the calculated decision of a single leader, whose power base can be directly threatened. More often, they grow out of longstanding tensions, disenfranchisement and malgovernance. Even the best military effort can only create space to fix these problems, and can never defeat the insurgency alone – yet at the same time, even the most skilled political effort will need time to build trust and convert hearts and minds. The fight in Northeast Nigeria is once again an example of this; military results could and should be better, but they are not so bad as is often reported by the unreasonable standards of a press which has not faced the peculiar challenges of counterinsurgency combat.

One need not look far to find examples of insurgencies in which the state lost, and insurgencies in which it took the state many decades to win. It took Britain three decades to conclude peace in Northern Ireland, Colombia has been fighting the FARC since 1964, and America’s enthusiasm for counterinsurgent wars has usually been quelled long before the insurgencies have been. In short, counterinsurgencies do not conform to the timelines that the press or electorates prefer. Even the right strategy takes years to have effect, and even the most advanced militaries struggle to fight them. Manage your expectations.

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8 décembre 2014 1 08 /12 /décembre /2014 17:35
Un pilote de Harrier raconte sa guerre d’Afghanistan

 

6 décembre 2014 par Bruno Rivière – Aerobuzz.fr

 

Dans « Cauchemar en Afghanistan » (éditions JPO), le major Michael Franzak du corps des Marines des Etats-Unis, raconte avec franchise et simplicité son année passée à faire la guerre dans le ciel afghan aux commande de son Harrier… Une année de cauchemar.

 

C’est sur la base aérienne américaine de Bagram, coincée entre les massifs montagneux de l’Hindou Kouch dont les sommets s’élèvent à près de 7000 mètres, et à quelques dizaines de kilomètres au nord de Kaboul, que l’escadron d’attaque VMA-513 va stationner pendant un an, entre la fin de 2002 et la fin de 2003. Avec leurs six jets de combat mono-réacteur AV-8B Harrier, les « Flying Nightmares  » (cauchemars volants) – surnom de l’escadron – les pilotes américains vont multiplier les missions quotidiennes de surveillance, de reconnaissance et d’attaque.

 

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