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21 novembre 2013 4 21 /11 /novembre /2013 08:35
The Indian Army's BrahMos missiles mounted on mobile autonomous launchers

The Indian Army's BrahMos missiles mounted on mobile autonomous launchers


19 November 2013 army-technology.com


The Indian Army has successfully test launched an advanced variant of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile at the Pokhran test range in Rajasthan, India.


Launched from a mobile autonomous launcher (MAL), the BrahMos Block III variant followed the prespecified trajectory and successfully pierced the designated ''concrete structure at bull's eye'', Press Trust of India reported.


Unnamed BrahMos officials were quoted by the news agency as saying: ''The Block III variant of BrahMos with deep penetration capability is fitted with a new guidance system, and the launch by the army has successfully validated the deep penetration capability of the supersonic cruise missile system against hardened targets.''


Two regiments of the Block III variant, which has demonstrated its supersonic steep dive with precision strike capability in mountain operations, has already been inducted by the army in its inventory, whereas induction of the third regiment is currently underway.

"The launch by the army has successfully validated the deep penetration capability of the supersonic cruise missile system against hardened targets."


Developed by BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture between India's DRDO and Russian NPO Mashinostroyenia, BrahMos is a 290km range stealth supersonic cruise missile, designed for launch from land, ship, submarines and air platforms.


Based on the Russian-built P-800 Oniks / Yakhont supersonic anti-ship cruise missile, the missile has a speed of Mach 2.8, which equates to nearly three times the speed of sound, and can carry a conventional warhead of up to 300kg.


Powered by a solid propellant rocket, BrahMos features a liquid-fuelled ramjet to sustain supersonic cruise, and is capable of intercepting surface targets by flying as low as 10m above the ground, even in mountainous terrain and hills.


The BrahMos is already in service with the Indian Army and Navy, while flight tests of the air-version are expected to be soon carried out by the Indian Air Force (IAF).

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27 mai 2013 1 27 /05 /mai /2013 18:30
Russia Always Delivers

May 27, 2013: Strategy Page


Russia recently delivered more of its Yakhont (officially 3M55E, NATO ID is SSN-26) anti-ship missiles to Syria. This is a new version with a much improved guidance system. Israel fears that some of these missiles will be sent to Hezbollah who might use them against Israeli ships or offshore natural gas field platform facilities. Israel is trying to persuade Russia to stop delivering the missiles but Russia is reluctant to halt these shipments. Iran appears to be paying for this, so the loss of income would be felt in Russia.

A bastion battery comprises eight twin-missile mobile launchers, command and control vehicles and logistics support trucks.

A bastion battery comprises eight twin-missile mobile launchers, command and control vehicles and logistics support trucks.

This sort of thing has been going on for a while. Two years ago Russia delivered 72 Yakhonts and 18 of the mobile ground launchers (each carrying two missiles) to Syria. Also included were five battery command vehicles. Typically a Yakhont battery consists of one of these vehicles, four launchers and several more trucks carrying security and maintenance personnel and equipment. The 2011 shipment cost $300 million dollars. The missiles can be stored in their launch containers for seven years before they require major components replacements and refurbishment to stay operational. Yakhonts have a range of 300 kilometers and are very hard to stop. Syria accounted for seven percent of Russian arms exports in 2011, and Russia wanted to show that they always deliver. Russia was also building a naval base at the Syrian port of Tartus.  At this point Russia says it is simply delivering weapons ordered before the civil war began two years ago.


The shipment of Yakhont missiles to Syria two years ago came after four years of haggling and efforts by Israel and the United States to block the sale. Apparently the missiles were already paid for before delivery. Russia was happy for any sale and seemed particularly anxious for Yakhont to get some combat experience.


Yakhont was under development throughout the 1990s, but was delayed by lack of funds. By 2011 it was in production, and the Russia was energetically seeking export sales. The Yakhont uses a liquid-fuel ramjet and travels at speeds of over 2,000 kilometers an hour (using a high altitude cruise and a low-altitude approach; if it travels entirely at low altitude the range is cut to 120km). When the missile arrives in the area where the target is supposed to be, it turns on its radar and goes for the kill. Israel is the only one in the region the Yakhonts would be used against. However, because Iran is supplying (unofficially) the cash for the missiles, there is also the risk that some of the Yakhonts would end up in Iran for use against numerous targets in the Persian Gulf.


Syria is getting the ground based Yakhont which can use truck mounted or fixed launchers, with up to 36 missiles supported by a land based search radar and helicopter mounted radars (to locate targets over the horizon). Once a target has been identified and located, one or two missiles are programmed with that location and launched. The Yakhont is a 8.9 meter (27.6 foot) long, three ton missile with a 300 kg (660 pound) warhead.


An improved version of the Yakhont, the PJ-10 BrahMos missile, was developed for India. This is a 9.4 meter (29 foot) long and 670mm diameter missile. Lacking money to finish Yakhont development and begin production, the Russian manufacturer eventually made a deal with India to get it done. India put up most of the $240 million needed to finally complete two decades of development, an effort which produced the long delayed Yakhont, and more capable BrahMos.


The PJ-10 is being built in Russia and India, with the Russians assisting India in setting up manufacturing facilities for cruise missile components. Efforts are being made to export up to 2,000, but no one has placed an order yet. Russia and India are encouraged enough to invest in BrahMos 2, which will use a scramjet, instead of a ramjet, in the second stage. This would double speed, and make the missile much more difficult to defend against.

BRAHMOS LAUNCH- Test March 04, 2012 source Livefist

BRAHMOS LAUNCH- Test March 04, 2012 source Livefist

The 3.2 ton BrahMos has a range of 300 kilometers and a 300 kg warhead. Perhaps the most striking characteristic is its high speed, literally faster (at up to a kilometer per second) than a rifle bullet. The high price of each missile, about $2.3 million, restricts the number of countries that can afford it. The weapon entered service with the Indian navy in 2005. The maximum speed of 3,000 kilometers an hour makes it harder to intercept, and means it takes five minutes or less to reach its target. The air launched version weighs 2.5 tons, the others, three tons or more.

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13 juillet 2012 5 13 /07 /juillet /2012 18:49
Israeli navy eyes new missile systems


TEL AVIV, Israel, July 13 (UPI)


The Israeli navy is looking for new long- and short-range missiles systems to support major ground offensives, senior officers say, a strong indication amphibious operations are being planned for Lebanon, Syria or the Gaza Strip if a new war erupts.


Planners are currently in talks with Israel's defense industry and the Jerusalem Post reports they're looking closely at Israel Military Industries' 160mm Accular GPS-guided system that has a range of 25 miles.


The navy also wants longer range missile systems that will allow it to provide fire support for large ground offensives, and to hammer enemy bases or radar stations.


"These missiles will give us the ability to play a more influential role," a senior navy commander said.


The navy has not conducted a major amphibious operation since landing troops on the coast of south Lebanon during the initial phase of the June 1982 invasion of Israel's northern neighbor.


But it's currently undergoing a transformation from a largely coast patrol force to a full-blown deep-water navy with strategic capabilities.


This is largely due to the 1998-2000 purchase of three German-built Dolphin-class submarines that are reputedly capable of launching nuclear-armed missiles. Iran is considered their primary target.


Three more Dolphins, more advanced than the three currently in service, are being built and scheduled for delivery between 2013 and 2016.


The entire fleet of the 1,925-ton subs, built by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Weft of Kiel, should be operational by 2017.


As Israeli naval operations expand into the Arabian Sea and the Red Sea, as well in the eastern Mediterranean where Syria has given the Russian Navy's Black Sea Fleet a base at Tartus, navy chiefs are pressing for at least two new major missile-armed surface combatants to protect Israel's vital shipping lanes.


These vessels would reinforce the current surface fleet of three Sa'ar-5 and eight Sa'ar-4.5 class corvettes.


An estimated 90 percent of all goods arriving in Israel come by sea, as do 90 percent of military hardware and security-relayed imports.


Plans to purchase new warships have fallen through because of funding problem, which have been exacerbated by the introduction of severe defense cutbacks for 2012-13.


One proposal has been to buy designs from Germany's Blohm + Voss shipbuilders and construct the vessels at the Israel Shipyards in Haifa, the navy's main base north of Tel Aviv on Israel's Mediterranean coast.


Israel Shipyards, a private concern, already builds the navy's Shaldag-class patrol boats. Another option is to build the new vessels in South Korea.


The navy also wants new patrol craft to protect the natural gas fields recently discovered offshore, and which would be tempting targets for Iran, Syria or Hezbollah.


According to Israel's Globes business daily, the navy is after "fast, long endurance patrol boats ... with large crews, a range of weaponry, state-of-the-art search and warning systems, and helicopter landing pads."


These vessels would have to patrol a wide area of sea, about the size of Israel itself, as the gas infrastructure expands.


Syria and Hezbollah are known to have anti-ship missiles, many provided by Iran and Russia, that are capable of hitting fixed offshore target inside Israel's exclusive economic zone in the Mediterranean.


Hezbollah hit an Israel corvette off Lebanon in the opening days of the 2006 war with the Jewish state using a Chinese-designed C-802 missile.


The vessel was severely damaged. Another of the radar-guided missiles sank a passing Moroccan freighter


Israel is currently conducting a major upgrading of its armed forces amid growing concerns it will be involved in a new war with Iran and Hezbollah, and possibly Syria and even Egypt as well.


It's anticipating seaborne infiltration from Lebanon and Egypt's Sinai Peninsula in the Mediterranean and in the Red Sea, as well as attacks on its emerging gas infrastructure.


"Israel is concerned ... that Hezbollah will try to blockade it by attacking civilian cargo ships," observed the Post's defense editor, Yaacov Katz.


"Stopping ships sailing here would have economic and security ramifications and is therefore the first and primary challenge we will need to confront," a senior naval officer said.


The navy's concerns were heightened earlier this year when Russia delivered supersonic Yakhont anti-ship missiles to Syria. These have a range of some 20 miles and are capable of sinking large vessels.

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