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28 décembre 2015 1 28 /12 /décembre /2015 12:30
Une batterie du système anti-missile Dôme de Fer, au sud d'Israël, en 2012 - photo IDF

Une batterie du système anti-missile Dôme de Fer, au sud d'Israël, en 2012 - photo IDF

 

27.12.2015 i24news.tv
 

Yair Ramati, chef de l'Organisation israélienne des missiles de défense, a été évincé pour infractions sérieuses liées à la sécurité de l'information a déclaré dimanche le ministère de la Défense, Moshe Ya'alon, selon le quotidien israélien Maariv.

Ramati a occupé ce poste pendant quatre ans, et a supervisé le développement et la construction du système de défense "Dôme de fer", "la fronde David, ainsi que du système antimissile "arrow", et a récemment dirigé une série d'expériences sur ces systèmes.

"Ramati a contribué largement à l'établissement de la défense", a déclaré le ministre de la défense.

"Nous lui souhaitons une bonne continuation", a-t-il ajouté, sans apporter plus de détails sur les raisons de son éviction.

Ramati avait déclaré au mois décembre que le système antimissile "Fronde de David" avait réussi ses derniers tests en Israël et devrait être prêt à être déployé en 2016 dans le cadre des efforts de l'Etat hébreu à se défendre face aux menaces régionales.

Ce système d'interception d'engins à moyenne portée, développé avec le soutien des Etats-Unis, doit être remis à l'armée de l'air israélienne "à la fin du premier trimestre 2016", a déclaré Yair Ramati.

La "Fronde de David" représente un système intermédiaire entre celui appelé "Arrow 2", doté de missiles antimissile à longue portée, et les batteries d'interception de roquettes à courte portée "Dôme de fer".

Il a été développé par Rafael Advanced Defence Systems, un groupe israélien spécialisé dans l'armement, et la compagnie américaine Raytheon.

Israël avait déjà annoncé le 10 décembre avoir procédé avec succès à l'interception d'un missile factice au-dessus de la Méditerranée avec son système antimissile Arrow 3, développé avec les Etats-Unis.

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2 avril 2015 4 02 /04 /avril /2015 11:30
Stunner missile (Photo Rafael)

Stunner missile (Photo Rafael)

 

April 1, 2015 By Barbara Opall-Rome – Defense News

 

TEL AVIV — Israel's Missile Defense Organization (IMDO) on Wednesday declared its successful completion of a third series of intercept tests for the Stunner missile.

 

Developed by state-owned Rafael and Raytheon, the US-Israel-funded interceptor is part of Israel's planned David's Sling active defense system.

 

"In the past few days, we conducted a series of tests. After evaluating all the data, we're defining the series as a full success," said Yair Ramati, IMDO director.

 

In an interview Wednesday, Ramati said the tests were conducted against targets representative of the long-range rockets and short-range missiles that David's Sling is designed to defend against.

 

He added that IMDO and the Pentagon's Missile Defense Agency are planning a fourth series of flight tests this year, after which the Israel Air Force should be prepared to declare initial operating capability.

 

Israel plans to deploy David's Sling as its newest layer of active defenses above Iron Dome — operationally proven against Katyusha and Grad-type rockets — and below Arrow-2, which is designed to intercept Scud- and Shihad-class tactical ballistic missiles.

 

Arrow-3, a joint US-Israel Upper Tier interceptor, will comprise Israel's highest layer of active defense and aims to destroy advanced, potentially nuclear-tipped ballistic missiles outside of Earth's atmosphere.

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8 janvier 2014 3 08 /01 /janvier /2014 12:30
Israël teste le système anti-missile Arrow 3 pendant la visite de Kerry

 

03 janvier 2014 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

JERUSALEM - Israël a procédé vendredi avec succès à un deuxième test de son système Arrow 3, mis au point avec les Etats-Unis pour intercepter les missiles balistiques, a indiqué un porte-parole du ministère de la Défense.

 

Cet essai a eu lieu en pleine visite du secrétaire d'Etat américain John Kerry en Israël et dans les Territoires palestiniens, où il s'efforce de faire avancer le processus de paix.

 

Un deuxième test en vol de l'intercepteur Arrow 3 a été mené avec succès (...) au-dessus de la mer Méditerranée le matin, a précisé le ministère dans un communiqué. Il a effectué une trajectoire extra-atmosphérique dans l'espace, conformément aux plans.

 

Le Premier ministre israélien Benjamin Netanyahu, qui a revu M. Kerry vendredi après une première série d'entretiens jeudi, a salué la réussite de l'essai du système Arrow 3, fruit de la coopération israélo-américaine.

 

De son côté, le sénateur républicain John McCain, en visite en Israël et proche de la droite au pouvoir, a qualifié le test de succès historique.

 

M. McCain a estimé que ce système défensif atteste amplement (...) du meilleur de la technologie israélienne et américaine.

 

Arrow 3 (Hetz en hébreu), testé une première fois en février 2013, comporte un radar qui détecte les missiles, puis transmet les informations à un centre de contrôle, lequel déclenche le lancement d'un missile après avoir analysé et calculé la trajectoire de celui à intercepter.

 

Il est en partie financé par les Etats-Unis, avec notamment la participation de l'avionneur Boeing.

 

Le lancement du projet Arrow remonte à 1988, dans le cadre du programme antibalistique américain connu sous le nom de Star Wars. Il a été accéléré après le bombardement du territoire israélien par des missiles Scud irakiens durant la première guerre du Golfe, en 1991.

 

Israël accuse en outre l'Iran de vouloir se doter de l'arme atomique, et craint qu'il équipe ses missiles balistiques de têtes nucléaires, ce que dément Téhéran.

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8 janvier 2014 3 08 /01 /janvier /2014 08:30
Israel moves closer to anti-missile shield with Arrow 3 test

 

TEL AVIV, Israel, Jan. 6 (UPI)

 

Israel's latest test-firing of its high-altitude Arrow 3 anti-ballistic missile system marks a major step toward the Jewish state's plan to build a multilayer missile defense shield against everything from Iranian intermediate-range ballistic weapons to home-made rockets built by Palestinian militants.

 

The Arrow, under development by state-run Israel Aerospace Industries and the Boeing Co. of the United States, will be Israel's primary defense against ballistic missiles when it's declared operational. That's currently expected to be some time in 2015.

 

The system's upgraded missile underwent its second flight test Friday over the eastern Mediterranean although it did not involve an interception, officials reported.

 

The test took place at the Palmahim air force base on the coast south of Tel Aviv. The two-stage Arrow reached its operational altitude outside Earth's atmosphere where it is designed to shoot down ballistic missiles high enough to disintegrate chemical, biological or nuclear warheads.

 

Yair Ramati, head of the Israel Missile Defense Organization, said the test, which was attended by U.S. officials, involved the solid-fuel exo-atmosphere interceptor jettisoning its booster rocket.

 

"The kill vehicle continued to fly in space and conducted various maneuvers ... for a couple of minutes" using thrust vectors, Ramati reported.

 

The interceptors do not carry explosives, but destroy their targets by ramming them at closing speeds of thousands of feet per second and vaporizing them.

 

The Arrow 3 system will constitute the topmost tier of the planned Homa -- Hebrew for The Wall -- defense shield and will be dedicated to intercepting ballistic missiles held by Iran, the embattled Syrian regime of President Bashar Assad, and, increasingly, Hezbollah in Lebanon.

 

U.S. officials are reported to believe Hezbollah, which is backed Tehran and Damascus, is smuggling the components of advanced missile systems into Lebanon from Syria where the systems were delivered by Russia in the last two years to build up their arsenal of long-range weapons capable of hitting anywhere in Israel.

 

Shipments already in Lebanon are believed to include several supersonic P-800 Yakhont anti-ship missiles. Seventy-two of these weapons were delivered to Syria in 2012-13.

 

The Yakhont, considered the most advanced missile of its type in the world, "represents a new type of threat," Vice Adm. Eliezer Maron, Israel's former navy commander, warned Sunday, since defense systems to counter such missiles are subsonic.

 

He said Israel has defenses in place against the sea-skimming Yakhont, but gave no details. The Israelis say their offshore natural gas fields likely would be a prime target for the Yakhont.

 

The 33-month-old civil war in Syria has raised questions about Assad's control over his military's Russian Scud B and C ballistic missiles. Israel estimates the regime, which is decommissioning its chemical weapons, has used about half of its several dozen Scuds against rebel forces.

 

Arrow 3, which underwent its first flight test Feb. 25, 2012, is the latest variant of the system IAI, flagship of Israel's defense industry, which has been developing it with the Americans since 1988 at a cost well in excess of $1 billion.

 

Arrow 1 was first deployed in 2000. Arrow 2, with at least two batteries operational, will back up Arrow 3 at lower altitudes when the new variant becomes operational, picking off any ballistic missiles that get through the first line of defense in space.

 

The next tier down in the missile shield is the David's Sling system defense under development by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and the U.S. Raytheon Co. to counter medium-range missiles and rockets.

 

The bottom layer is Rafael's upgraded Iron Dome system, primarily designed to intercept short-range rockets.

 

It was deployed in early 2012 and the Israeli military boasts it has destroyed 84.6 percent of the targets it engaged in clashes with Palestinian militants.

 

That claim has been questioned by some Israeli missile experts, who say it has been highly inflated to boost the morale of Israelis who have been repeatedly warned they face the prospects of sustained weeks-long missile bombardment by their adversaries if a new war breaks out.

 

This has fueled concerns the multi-tier defense system might not be able to cope with a major missile attack on all fronts, which single-interception trials cannot simulate.

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21 novembre 2013 4 21 /11 /novembre /2013 08:30
Successful Interception Test for David’s Sling Air & Missile Defense System

David’s Sling System Stunner Missile intercept target during inaugural flight test. Photo: U.S. Missile Defense Agency

 

November 20, 2013 defense-update.com

 

The Israel Missile Defense Organization (IMDO) and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) completed a successful intercept test of the David’s Sling Weapon System (DSWS) against a short-range ballistic missile today, Wednesday, November 20, 2013.

 

This is the second intercept test of the Stunner interceptor for the DSWS, The intercept test was conducted at a test range in southern Israel.

 

The first intercept test this year was performed in February, when RAFAEL validated the maturity of the David’s Sling system, scoring a direct hit on a rocket simulating a live medium range rocket.

David's Sling System Stunner Missile during a intercept test at the Israeli Negev desert. Photo: U.S. MDA

 

Today, at 7:30, the target missile was launched, IAI-Elta’s Multi Mission Radar (MMR) successfully detected and tracked the target and transferred target flight information to the ‘Golden Almond’ BMC (battle management control system), developed by Elisra-Elbit Systems. The Stunner interceptor successfully performed its planned trajectory and destroyed the target missile.

 

David’s Sling is designed as an additional layer of defense against ballistic missiles, to add interception opportunities to the joint U.S.-Israel Arrow Weapon System and to improve the active defense architecture of the State of Israel against missile threats.

 

The successful test is a major milestone in the development of the David’s Sling Weapon System and provides confidence in future Israeli capabilities to defeat the developing ballistic missile threat.

RAFAEL is the prime contractor and development authority with Raytheon the leading subcontractor and US program lead.

 

More testing, leading toward operational fielding by the year 2015 will follow today’s intercept

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