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2 avril 2015 4 02 /04 /avril /2015 16:50
The Limits of Epistemic Communities: EU Security Agencies


Published: 31 March 2015 by Mai'a K. Davis Cross (1,2)

Submitted: 30 May 2014 | In Revised Form: 13 September 2014 | Accepted: 29 September 2014

 

Abstract
This article examines the cases of the European Defence Agency (EDA) and EU Intelligence Analysis Centre (IntCen) to argue that although they are comprised of high-level security experts, they do not constitute epistemic communities. Research on other groups of security experts based in Brussels has shown that epistemic communities of diplomats, military experts, security researchers, and civilian crisis management experts, among others, have been able to influ-ence the trajectory of security integration by virtue of their shared knowledge. Importantly, these security epistemic communities have been shown to significantly impact outcomes of EU security policy beyond what would be expected by looking only at member-states’ initial preferences. In exploring two examples of “non-cases” that are at the same time very similar to the other examples, the author seeks to shed light on why some expert groups do not form epis-temic communities, and how this changes the nature of their influence. In so doing, the goal is to sharpen the parame-ters of what constitutes epistemic communities, and to add to our understanding of why they emerge. The argument advanced in this article is that institutional context and the nature of the profession matter as preconditions for epis-temic community emergence.

 

1 Department of Political Science, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
2 ARENA—Centre for European Studies, University of Oslo, 0318 Oslo, Norway; E-Mail: maia.cross [at] rena.uio.no

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