Overblog
Suivre ce blog Administration + Créer mon blog
6 février 2014 4 06 /02 /février /2014 17:50
EDA And ESA Sign DeSIRE II Project Arrangement
 

Brussels - 06 February, 2014 European Defence Agency

 

Through their 2011 Administrative Arrangement and active policy and programmatic coordination, the European Defence Agency (EDA) and European Space Agency (ESA), have today agreed to pursue their cooperation in the domain of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) with the signature of the DeSIRE II Project Arrangement.

This cooperation is the result of the successful DeSIRE I project carried out in 2012 and 2013, through which EDA and ESA demonstrated the use of satellites enabling the insertion of RPAS in Europe. This project effectively demonstrated that RPAS complemented by satellites can be safely inserted in non-segregated airspace and thus fulfil user needs in maritime surveillance services.

Following respective approval processes, EDA’s Chief Executive Claude-France Arnould and Magali Vaissiere, ESA Director of Telecommunications and Integrated Applications, have today concluded the signature of the next step of this cooperation. DeSIRE II will demonstrate that services, such as environment and maritime surveillance applications, can be rendered with RPAS flying beyond radio line of sight through the use of safe and secure satellite-based command and control data links. 

This demonstration project will also seek to illustrate the benefits of the integration of space assets, such as communication satellites, navigation satellites and Earth observation satellites, with terrestrial infrastructure for enabling new services. It will further tackle the implementation of an initial set of elements for air traffic management and related safety issues in order to support the evolution of air traffic insertion regulations and standards.

DeSIRE II is expected to be a bridging phase towards more cooperation between ESA and EDA on RPAS applications and capability developments.

 

More information

Partager cet article

Repost0
17 décembre 2013 2 17 /12 /décembre /2013 13:50
photo EDA

photo EDA

Claude-France Arnould, la directrice exécutive de l'Agence européenne de défense (AED), estime que l'Union européenne risque de perdre son industrie de défense si elle ne s'engage pas rapidement dans des programmes de coopération militaire concrets.

 

17-12-2013 par Emmanuel Jarry - nouvelobs.com

 

PARIS (Reuters) - L'Union européenne risque de perdre son industrie de défense si elle ne s'engage pas rapidement dans des programmes de coopération militaire concrets, déclare la directrice exécutive de l'agence européenne chargée de coordonner ces efforts.

 

Les dirigeants européens ont prévu de débattre de leur politique de défense jeudi, lors de l'ultime Conseil européen de 2013, ce qui ne s'est plus vraiment produit depuis 2005, explique Claude-France Arnould dans une interview à Reuters.

 

Les ministres de la Défense des pays membres de l'AED (les Vingt-Huit moins le Danemark) se sont accordés en novembre sur le lancement de quatre programmes de coopération prioritaires pour l'UE : ravitaillement en vol, drones de reconnaissance, communications par satellite et cyberdéfense.

 

Ils ont invité la Commission européenne à renforcer dans ces domaines les synergies entre les programmes civils et militaires pour s'appuyer sur le développement de technologies duales.

 

La patronne de l'Agence européenne de défense (AED), un organisme de 120 experts qui fête ses dix années d'existence, attend du Conseil européen "l'impulsion politique" nécessaire.

 

L'idée d'origine de l'AED est de mutualiser les moyens pour éviter que de nombreux pays lancent les mêmes programmes - de blindés, d'avions de combat ou d'hélicoptères - au moment où les budgets de la défense se réduisent, seuls la France, la Pologne et le Royaume-Uni étant proches, dans l'Union européenne, de l'objectif d'y consacrer environ 2% de leur PIB.

 

Claude-France Arnould souhaite que l'on se concentre désormais sur les programmes d'avenir dans l'espoir d'enclencher une dynamique vertueuse dans les autres domaines.

 

"Nous attendons un engagement des chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement sur les quatre programmes", explique-t-elle. "Pour qu'ils deviennent une réalité, des arbitrages nationaux doivent être faits en ce sens et les ressources allouées."

 

PRÉPARER L'AVENIR

 

Elle ne cache pas que l'évaluation de leur coût et de leur financement constitueront une difficulté et un enjeu de la discussion mais récuse l'idée, défendue par la Commission européenne, qu'il soit possible de "faire plus avec moins".

 

"Personne ne peut sérieusement considérer que le contexte stratégique dans lequel nous sommes nous permet de réduire nos moyens de sécurité et de défense" dit-elle.

 

"Il y a un message très clair du partenaire américain : 'soyez capable de faire votre part en matière de défense et ne comptez plus sur nous pour le faire à votre place, c'est-à-dire pour fournir 80% des capacités de ravitaillement en vol ou de renseignement'", ajoute-t-elle.

 

Il ne s'agit pas d'ignorer la crise financière et ses conséquences mais de donner une priorité à la "préparation de l'avenir", fait encore valoir la directrice de l'AED.

 

Elle invite les dirigeants européens à tenir compte de l'apport de l'industrie de défense à l'emploi, la croissance et d'innovation : 750.000 emplois directs et indirects dans l'UE, dont la suppression serait une perte d'"autonomie stratégique".

 

"Le drame serait de se réveiller de la crise financière guéris mais en ayant perdu entre-temps toute notre capacité industrielle et technologique de défense", explique la directrice de l'AED, selon qui cela ne manquera pas de se produire "si l'on continue sur la tendance actuelle".

 

"Le cri d'alarme des industriels est vraiment à prendre tout à fait au sérieux. Pour certains d'entre eux, la solution c'est de quitter le secteur de la défense", ajoute-t-elle.

 

Le président exécutif d'EADS, Thomas Enders, a d'ores et déjà prévenu que le groupe aéronautique européen ne pourrait "faire l'économie (...) de suppressions d'emplois" dans ses filiales de l'industrie de défense.

 

Pour Claude-France Arnould, une condition du succès des programmes de coopération est qu'ils bénéficient à l'ensemble des Etats membres - une allusion à la Pologne, notamment, très soucieuse de l'avenir de sa propre industrie de défense.

 

INCITER À LA COOPÉRATION

 

Mais si la survie d'une industrie de défense européenne - et de l'idée d'Europe de la Défense - passe par cette coopération sur des programme concrets, "on n'y arrivera pas sans incitation financière", ajoute la directrice de l'AED.

 

Elle attend donc des Vingt-Huit qu'ils se penchent jeudi sur "les éléments financiers et fiscaux qui peuvent inciter à la coopération" et qu'ils donnent mandat au Haut représentant de l'UE pour les Affaires étrangères, à l'AED ou à la Commission européenne d'en étudier les modalités.

 

Selon Claude-France Arnould, les conclusions du Conseil européen pourraient évoquer un tel mandat.

 

Elle cite parmi les pistes envisageables des exonérations de TVA pour les programmes de coopération ou la constitution d'un "pool" pour l'acquisition d'équipements de défense.

 

"Il faut un vrai examen de ce qui est possible avec une clause de rendez-vous devant les chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement à aussi court terme que possible", ajoute Claude-France Arnould, selon qui il faut "faire travailler ensemble les communautés de la défense et des finances" sur ce dossier.

 

Cette coopération suppose aussi un effort de rationalisation et d'harmonisation des besoins des pays de l'UE qui, jusqu'ici, ne va pas nécessairement de soi - il y aurait ainsi 23 versions différentes de l'hélicoptère de transport NH90.

 

"Il ne faut pas recommencer ce qu'on a fait pour l'avion de combat, avoir trois rivaux européens (le Rafale français, le Gripen suédois et l'Eurofighter Typhoon) en compétition avec le F16 et le F35 américains", souligne Claude-France Arnould.

Partager cet article

Repost0
19 novembre 2013 2 19 /11 /novembre /2013 17:29
Defence Ministers Commit to Capability Programmes

 

Brussels | Nov 19, 2013 EU Defence Agency

 

At the meeting of the European Defence Agency’s Steering Board, Defence Ministers today committed to the launch of four programmes and their associated roadmaps in order to address critical shortfalls identified in recent operations. Increased cooperation in the areas of Air-to-Air Refuelling (AAR), Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS), Governmental Satellite Communication and Cyber Defence as well as support to industry including SMEs with a focus on research & innovation and military airworthiness certification result from the meeting. They will also constitute a contribution of Defence Ministers to the European Council in December addressing defence and security issues. 

 

The objective of the EDA Steering Board on 19 November was to finalise Defence Ministers’ contribution to the European Council in December as regards capabilities and industry. Against the backdrop of constrained defence budgets, the focus is on the preparation of the capabilities of tomorrow through cooperation, supported by a healthy and competitive industry as well as technology.

“The discussion by Heads of State and Government at the forthcoming European Council is of utmost importance for European defence. We need recognition at the highest political level that defence – considering the diversity of threats and challenges – is a priority. In view of today’s constrained financial situation, this effort for defence must be fully efficient which implies cooperation and searching for synergies. Clearly, we cannot do ‘more with less’”, said Claude-France Arnould. 

EDA developed proposals to further enhance the development of defence capabilities and to support Europe’s defence industry. Defence Ministers today endorsed these proposals and committed to programmes and their associated roadmaps in the areas of AAR, RPAS, Governmental Satellite Communication and Cyber Defence. They also supported measures to support European defence research and innovation and industry, including SMEs. 
 

Air-to-Air Refuelling

Air-to-air refuelling (AAR) is a critical enabler for air power projection and it is required to enable sustained air combat operations. Recent operations have demonstrated an important European capability gap in this area. EDA has thus developed a global approach with three objectives: increase overall capacity; reduce fragmentation of the fleet; and optimise the use of assets. The Agency together with the Member States is engaged in four work strands to close this important capability gap, of which the most important for the future is the acquisition of a European strategic Multi-Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) capability from 2020. This builds on the Letter of Intent signed by nine Member States (BE, EL, ES, FR, HU, LU, PL, PT, NL) and NO at the Steering Board in November 2012. Work is led by NL. Synergies with other such capabilities are key to maximum efficiency; France is offering support from its own planned acquisitions, the UK Voyager is also an important contribution to this capability.
 

Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS)

RPAS have proven their value in the military sphere in recent operations demonstrating their operational capacities, particularly for surveillance and information gathering. Defence Ministers endorsed a roadmap on RPAS which aims at laying the foundations for a European solution in the 2020-2025 timeframe. The roadmap includes four actions: 

  • RPAS Certification. In the context of the Military Airworthiness Forum, the Agency is exploring together with national authorities and the European Aviation Safety Agency how to streamline the certification process for military RPAS on the European level. 

  • Signature of a Joint Investment Programme on RPAS for Air Traffic Insertion. The programme will focus on technological priorities such as sense and avoid, taxi, automatic take-off and landing, air traffic management interfaces, safe automated monitoring and decision architecture. These demonstration projects will be complementary to the activities of the European Commission in support of RPAS in order to seek synergies. Eight Member States (AT, BE, CZ, DE, ES, FR, IT, UK) signed the programme during the Steering Board. 

  • Future European RPAS MALE Programme. Defence Ministers today endorsed the Common Staff Target for Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) RPAS as the basis for those Member States which intend to participate in any future project to develop a Common Staff Requirement; in this context Ministers tasked EDA to prepare the launch of a Category B project.

  • Establishment of a MALE RPAS community. The objective of this community is to exchange information as well as to identify and facilitate cooperation among Member States which currently operate or plan to operate RPAS. At the Steering Board meeting on 19 November 2013 seven Member States (FR, DE, EL, ES, IT, NL, and PL) signed a Letter of Intent to join the Community.

 

Governmental Satellite Communications

Satellite communications have become critical elements for defence, security, humanitarian, emergency response or diplomatic communications. They are a key enabler for civil and military missions/operations in particular in remote and austere environments with little or no infrastructure. Additionally, there is strong potential for a dual-use cooperative approach. The objective of EDA’s proposal for Governmental Satellite Communications (GOVSATCOM) is to prepare the next generation in the 2025 timeframe. In close cooperation with Member States, the European Commission and the European Space Agency, the programme includes (i) establishing a GOVSATCOM Operators User Group of the five Member States (DE, ES, FR, IT, UK) that operate systems; (ii) identifying and producing Common Staff Targets for future mission requirements; (iii) on this basis, undertake a gap analysis and an updated Strategic Research Agenda; (iv) coordinating civil and military requirements; and (v) preparing a Category B project for Member States interested in due course.

 

Cyber Defence

On Cyber Defence, EDA was tasked to develop, in close coordination with Member States, EEAS and the European Commission, a comprehensive roadmap for strengthening Cyber Defence Capabilities. Based on the work already commenced by EDA, the main elements of the roadmap are training, improving cyber situational awareness, improving civil/military cooperation, the protection of EU assets during missions and operations and technological aspects.

 

Support to industry

Defence industry in Europe, including SMEs, underpins the development of the capabilities of tomorrow. Research and innovation and certification provide strong industrial leverage. In this regard, Ministers agreed to support research and innovation in Europe through prioritisation (list of European critical defence technologies), through exploring new instruments for investing in critical technologies and greater synergies with EU instruments. Special attention is given to supporting SMEs.
 

Airworthiness

The development of a full suite of harmonised European Military Airworthiness Requirements (EMARs), together with mutual recognition between participating Member States is a ‘key enabler’ to reduce defence expenditure. At the same time it contributes to an improved and more competitive European defence aerospace industry. The implementation of the EMARS into national regulations will unlock benefits for both Member States and industry to reduce aircraft support and certification costs (for both future and legacy platforms). It will also enable an open European market for the ‘Pooling & Sharing’ of aircraft maintenance resources, enhance ‘test and evaluation’ activities and significantly drive down the duplication of effort between and within Member States. Defence Ministers signed a Political Declaration on Certification and Airworthiness to achieve long-term results. The Agency is also tasked to prepare, in close coordination with Member States, the European framework conditions for certifying RPAS.

 

 

More information

Partager cet article

Repost0
21 juin 2013 5 21 /06 /juin /2013 07:50
EUROCONTROL and European Defence Agency Strengthen Military Dimension of European ATM
Paris | Jun 20, 2013 European Defence Agency
 
EUROCONTROL and the European Defence Agency (EDA) have strengthened in front of the aerospace & military community their ongoing relationship, defining a joint list of key priorities for the implementation of the Single European Sky in the military aviation sector. Areas of action include remotely piloted aircraft systems, coordination of SESAR deployment and satellite telecommunications.

The overall aim of the agreement, which was signed on 19 June at the Paris Air Show Le Bourget by Mr Frank Brenner, Director General of EUROCONTROL and Mme Claude France Arnould, Chief Executive of EDA is to ensure improved coordination and cooperation between civil and military air traffic resulting in the construction of a Single Sky in Europe for both military and civil air transport.

Under the terms of the arrangement, the two Agencies will cooperate closely in the following areas:

• Support to Single European Sky implementation, on operational aspects, (training, certification, development of an Advanced Flexible Use of Airspace Concept, considering ground ATM and airborne side, etc.);
• Military coordination in SESAR Deployment;
• Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS).

This cooperation may also extend to radiofrequency spectrum management, satellite-based applications and research and technology aspects.

“As a civil-military organisation, EUROCONTROL is fully committed through this new promising collaboration to increasing our collaboration with EDA to help the military community to be fully integrated in the Single European Sky. These arrangements also set up an optimum environment for the implementation of SESAR technology”, declared Frank Brenner, Director General of EUROCONTROL;

“This agreement will bring together the expertise of EUROCONTROL in civil military ATM coordination and EDA’s in developing and improving military capabilities. We share the common goal to support our respective Member States’ Ministries of Defence and to enable their air forces to keep their combat readiness while training and operating in a reshaped environment”, said Claude-France Arnould, Chief Executive of the European Defence Agency.

The two Agencies have been working together since 2008 and have, in particular been focusing on supporting their respective Member States on relevant military matters regarding Single European Sky implementation, including its technological pillar SESAR.
 

Partager cet article

Repost0
26 avril 2013 5 26 /04 /avril /2013 11:43
Successful ESA-EDA Flight Demonstration on RPAS Insertion into Civil Airspace

26.04.2013 European Defence Agency
 

San Javier Air Base (Murcia) was selected to conduct the trials and demonstrate that satellite communications are suitable to operate Remotely Piloted  Aircraft Systems (RPASs) and integrate them into civil airspace.

The DeSIRE project (Demonstration of Satellites enabling the Insertion of RPAS in Europe) is funded by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Defence Agency (EDA) within an initiative to support the utilisation of RPAS complemented by satellites for commercial and governmental applications.

To undertake this project the consultancy and technology multinational Indra (Spain) leads a European industrial consortium formed by AT-One (Germany and the Netherlands), SES ASTRA (Luxembourg), Thales Alenia Space (Italy and France) and CIRA (Italy).

Test Flights

DESIRE has undertaken a series of test flights to demonstrate the role of satellite communications for integrating in civil and military airspace RPAS flight Beyond Line of Sight (BLOS). The concepts and applicable procedures were defined in the precursor feasibility studies. In particular, the flight completed this Wednesday provided a generic terrestrial and maritime surveillance service, demonstrating the dual use of RPAS. 

In the presence of the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, Francisco Javier García-Arnaiz, an aircraft without a pilot on board took off from the San Javier runway at 11:00 a.m. on Wednesday 24 April and completed a 6-hour flight in civil and military airspace. The operation was timed to coincide with civil and military flights operating from the base, which shares its facilities with Murcia Airport.

After take-off, the aircraft switched from its Line of Sight (LOS) data link, to its satellite data link, capable to operate Beyond Line of Sight (BLOS), and started its operational mission in segregated airspace, sending to the ground, by means of the satellite data link, the signals from its on-board sensors.

The RPA then climbed to 20,000 feet (6,096 m), entering airspace class C, managed by AENA, the Spanish Air Navigation Service Provider (ANSP), from Barcelona Control Centre. The pilot of the RPA, located at the Ground Control Station, followed all the indications issued by the AENA air traffic controllers, acting like any other civil or military aircraft. The difference is that the pilot was not on board and the radio communication with the control centre was transmitted from the aircraft to the operator via satellite.

During this phase of the flight, a manned aircraft from the Air Force Academy approached the RPA, simulating frontal and 90º collision trajectories. The pilots of the two aircraft followed the separation instructions issued by the air traffic controllers, demonstrating the safe operation of remotely piloted aircraft even in an emergency situation such as the separation of two aircraft on a collision course.

Situational Awareness

Throughout the exercise, the data of SACTA, AENA's air traffic control system based on secondary radars, was available to the pilot of the RPA in the Ground Control Station, enabling him to improve the situational awareness of nearby aircraft, with more details and precision than an on-board pilot would have. A radar located on board the RPA was also used to detect surrounding traffic and the data were transmitted to the pilot through the satellite link. The aim was to define and test the air traffic control and operation procedures applicable to a remotely piloted aircraft and to evaluate the safety of the satellite link and the reaction capacity of the aircraft's ground pilot, both in routine operation and in emergency situations.

All the information collected in these tests will be analysed and compared with the safety requirements being established by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and the operational requirements being set by EUROCONTROL.

During the flight, the payload data collected from the sensors on-board the aircraft (AIS receiver, radar and video) were transmitted in real-time to the Ground Control Station and further processed to enable ships’ detection and identification.

The execution of the project was possible thanks to the collaboration of the Spanish Air Force, which allowed the use of San Javier Air Academy facilities for the demonstration. Staff from the Air Force UAS School, sited in Matacan (Salamanca), supervised the operation of the RPA and San Javier military air controllers managed its take-offs and landings and its operations in military airspace. The RPA was granted an Airworthiness Experimental Certificate (AEC) by INTA to guarantee the safety of the system, under the envisaged operational conditions. AENA and AESA collaborated for the part of the flight to take place in civil class C airspace and the definition of the tests and of the applicable air traffic control and safety procedures.

 

The civil future of RPAS

The development of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems originated in a defence context. However, their utilisation for civil and security purposes has significant commercial potential.

Possible uses include fire fighting; highway control; electricity line, critical infrastructures and border surveillance; environmental protection surveillance; management of emergencies and even goods transport.

The take up of RPAS exploitation for civil and security use would also enable the dual use logic to take full advantage of RPAS cost reduction.

Current legislation does not provide a harmonised framework in Europe for enabling RPAS to fly in civil airspace, in particular Beyond Line of Sight (BLOS). This situation is curbing their use and application in the civil sphere thus making it difficult for the European industry to develop the technologies and equipment that will make their use possible in the future. The demonstration undertaken within the DeSIRE project aims at establishing an agreed set of requirements that could serve as a basis for the future definition of the regulatory framework for RPAS Air Traffic Integration in Europe.

The DeSIRE project is part of the joint initiative undertaken by EDA and ESA, which follows a number of activities and projects initiated by the two agencies in the RPAS domain. Among these, the Air4All Study and MIDCAS project managed by EDA and the SINUE and ESPRIT studies managed by ESA.

 

More information:

Partager cet article

Repost0
24 avril 2013 3 24 /04 /avril /2013 16:54
EDA Hosts EUMC Informal Meeting

Brussels | Apr 24, 2013 European Defence Agency

 

The European Defence Agency today hosted an informal meeting of the EU Military Committee (EUMC) to discuss key projects and programmes in the run up of the European Council: Air-to-Air Refuelling, RPAS, cyber defence and SESAR.

 

Ways to implement the code of conduct on Pooling and Sharing have also been addressed, as well as the use of the capability development plan to identify and implement the capability priorities. Exchanges will continue during the meeting of Chiefs of Defence scheduled for 16 May 2013.

Partager cet article

Repost0
18 avril 2013 4 18 /04 /avril /2013 11:03

Partager cet article

Repost0

Présentation

  • : RP Defense
  • : Web review defence industry - Revue du web industrie de défense - company information - news in France, Europe and elsewhere ...
  • Contact

Recherche

Articles Récents

Categories