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19 juillet 2011 2 19 /07 /juillet /2011 06:35
Thales Alenia Space Italia awarded lead mandate for MUSIS-CIL Program

July 18, 2011 defpro.com


Cannes | Thales Alenia Space Italia announces the signature of a contract with OCCAR-EA (Organization for Joint Armament Co-operation) for the study phase for the definition and feasibility of the Multinational Space-based Imaging System (MUSIS) Federated Activities program. OCCAR-EA acted on behalf of the French and Italian Ministries of Defense, and awarded the contract to a Temporary Grouping of Companies made up of Astrium France and Thales Alenia Space France, led by Thales Alenia Space Italia.


The study is aimed at defining a Common Interoperability Layer (CIL) between the Ground Segments of the Italian COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation and the French CSO (Optical Space Component) high resolution optical system. The two defense ministries will be guaranteed access to both systems through this common interoperability, providing them with multi-sensor observation capabilities (SAR and Optical).


This approach has several objectives:

- guarantee mutual access for Italy and France to both SAR and high- and very-high resolution optical satellite capabilities, at the same time ensuring suitable mutual confidentiality requirements.

- reduce life cycle costs through the development of common user interfaces providing access for both national systems;

- ensure full consistency and compatibility with the development plans of the respective national programs.


The development of the CIL is part of the broader MUSIS program, which calls for a federation of several national systems endowed with complementary observation capabilities. Italy will contribute to this program by building, under the responsibility of the Italian Space Agency and the Ministry of Defense, two satellites equipped with radar sensors (with active SAR antenna) called COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation.


Although primarily designed to meet Italy and France's program and operational needs, the development of CIL will also give other countries interested in the MUSIS program access to the CSG and CSO systems and possibly extend its functions to other federated space components.


With the start of the MUSIS – CIL project, France and Italy, which have collaborated in the defense and space sector for decades, further strengthen their profitable bilateral relationship, putting it in an even European broader context where they can achieve their respective objectives and attain a common goal.


The COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation system represents the technological evolution of COSMO-SkyMed, made up of a constellation of four satellites., With cutting edge global technology, the system “watches” our planet day and night and under any atmospheric condition thanks to the high resolution X-band radar systems. Thales Alenia Space is the prime contractor, with responsibility for the entire system, including the Space and Ground Segment. COSMO-SkyMed is managed by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) within the scope of an ASI/Defense joint Program Office and is the first completely dual project developed worldwide.


CSO (Composante Spatiale Optique – optical space component) is the follow-on to the Helios 2 French programme for which Thales Alenia Space will supply the very-high-resolution optical imaging instrument.

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5 juillet 2011 2 05 /07 /juillet /2011 21:00


source telegraph.co.uk

Annual Space Conference organized by SWF and IFRI

The conference will provide snapshot of the current governance situation of space programs and issues in three panels. The first one  will cover space governance after the Lisbon Treaty, assessing the overall policy and institutional consequences of the Treaty and providing analysis on the structural framework of European space governance. The second panel will look in more details at the governance issues of the Galileo and GMES programs. The last panel will be dedicated to the governance of security-related space programs, emphasizing both the role of specific institutions (EDA, EEAS) and the development of concrete programs (SSA, MUSIS). Last but not least, a keynote speaker will address the current diplomatic activity around the adoption of an international Code of Conduct in space.

8:30 – Registration and coffee
9:00-9:15 – The basics of European space governance
Christophe VENET, Research Associate to the Space Policy Program, Ifri
9:15-10:45 – Panel 1: European space governance after the Lisbon Treaty
The first panel will explore structural issues: the institutional interplay between the various European stakeholders, the implications of the Lisbon Treaty in terms of policy, the place of national actors in the European governance scheme and the burning topic of sustainable funding.

Moderator: Agnieszka LUKASZCZYK, Space Policy Consultant, Secure World Foundation
Policy implications of the Lisbon Treaty and governance evolutions
Gaëlle MICHELIER, Policy Officer, Space Policy & Coordination Unit, Enterprise and Industry DG, European Commission
What is the future role for national space agencies?
Jan KOLAR, Director, Czech Space Office
How to make space systems financially sustainable?
Maria BUZDUGAN, Legal Officer, EU satellite navigation programs: Legal, Financial and Institutional Aspects, Enterprise and Industry DG, European Commission
The legal framework of space activities in Europe
Tanja MASSON-ZWAAN, Deputy Director, International Institute of Air & Space Law, Leiden University
10:45-11:00 – Coffee break
11:00-12:30 – Panel 2: Governance issues for specific programs
The second panel will address the future governance perspectives of both Galileo and GMES as well as the issue of the future of procurement rules in Europe.

Moderator: TBC

Procurement rules: towards a third way?
Rik HANSEN, Research Fellow, Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, Leuven Catholic University
The future governance architecture of Galileo
Gérard BRACHET, Consultant in space policy, Vice-President of the International Astronautical Federation
GMES: which governance scheme after 2013?
Josef ASCHBACHER, Head, GMES Space Office, ESA
12:30-14:00 – Buffet lunch
14:00-14:30 – Keynote speech on the Code of Conduct for outer space activities
How is the international community warming up to the EU proposal?
Personal Representative on non-proliferation of WMD, European External Action Service
14:30-16:00 – Panel 3: The governance of Space & Security in Europe
The last panel will focus on Space & Security issues, addressing both institutional issues (the future role of the European Defence Agency (EDA) and the European External Action Service (EEAS) regarding space) and specific programs (MUSIS and SSA). 

Moderator: Laurence NARDON, Head of the Space Policy Program, Ifri

A growing role for EDA in space
Claude-France ARNOULD, Executive Director, European Defence Agency (TBC)
The use of space by the EEAS
Nicolas GROS-VERHEYDE, Journalist, author and editor of the blog Bruxelles2

MUSIS: The promises and limitations of multilateral cooperation endeavors
Olivier JEHIN, Editor of Europe Diplomacy and Defence, Ifri
16:00-16h30 – Wrap up of the day
Michael SIMPSON, Senior Program Manager, Secure World Foundation

Lieu : Conseil Central de l'Economie, avenue de la Joyeuse Entrée 17-21, Brussels
Organisateurs : contact: breux@ifri.org


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5 juillet 2011 2 05 /07 /juillet /2011 18:01


credit Astrium


July 5, 2011 defpro.com


Bonn | In the frame of the space programme MUSIS, OCCAR-EA awarded a 9-month contract to the three co-contractors Thales Alenia Space Italia, EADS Astrium France, and Thales Alenia Space France.


MUSIS (MUltinational Space-based Imaging System) is a collaborative programme for surveillance, reconnaissance and observation comprising several European military or dual-use satellite constellations of the next generation and complementing one another. Among these constellations, the space system CSG (Cosmo SkyMed Seconda Generazione) is under development in Italy and will generate radar images; CSO (Composante Spatiale Optique), the MUSIS space component realised under the leadership of France, will acquire optical pictures.


Sponsored by France and Italy, the MUSIS Federating Activities (FA) aim to interconnect the space systems mentioned above and guarantee mutual access by national users. The MUSIS FA Phase B–1 study is concerned with the preliminary definition of a “Common Interoperability Layer” bridging the gap between the national ground segments.


The possible participation of other MUSIS Nations in subsequent phases of these federating activities may be coordinated through the European Defence Agency, in the frame of the “EDA MUSIS Cat B Programme.”

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20 juin 2011 1 20 /06 /juin /2011 11:55
Pharos, portail d’accès à l’ensemble des ressources spatiales



20/06/2011 Domitille Bertrand


Dans le domaine du renseignement d’origine spatiale, la France fait un nouveau pas, en se dotant du portail hôte d’accès au renseignement de l’observation spatiale (Pharos). Il permet de fédérer l’accès aux images de satellites européens d’observation de la Terre utilisés dans le cadre d‘opérations militaires et de renseignement.


« Jusqu’à maintenant, lorsque les forces françaises avaient besoin d’une vue satellite, pour de la veille stratégique ou un besoin tactique, elles en faisaient la demande au centre militaire d’observation par satellites (CMOS), à Creil. Une fois la requête traitée par le CMOS, les images étaient gravées sur DVD puis expédiées au demandeur. Et, pour chaque demande, il fallait analyser sur les segments sol (systèmes qui regroupent tous les moyens nécessaires à l’envoi, à la réception et aux traitements des données échangées entre les satellites et la Terre) des différents satellites, quel serait le meilleur à utiliser, en fonction de leurs heures de passage au-dessus de la zone à observer, des conditions météo et bien sûr du type d’image - radar, infrarouge… - demandé », explique Harold Hoff, architecte-concepteur d’ensemble du programme SSO (segment sol d’observation) à la direction générale de l’armement (DGA).


A partir de juin 2011, les requêtes et les recherches des usagers seront toutes rassemblées sur un système unique : Pharos, le portail hôte d’accès au renseignement de l’observation spatiale. « Parmi les avantages notoires, il faut bien évidemment souligner un gain de temps immense, puisque les images pourront être commandées directement depuis un théâtre d’opération extérieure où elles seront diffusées par voie électronique une fois produites » souligne Harold Hoff. Les données pourront également être archivées et partagées en ligne par toute la communauté Pharos (cette communauté regroupe les différentes armées et les services de renseignement français) reliée au système, ce qui permettra de disposer immédiatement d’images déjà produites ou d’éviter des commandes multiples sur une même zone.


« Simplifier le recours aux images satellites, en fédérant les données »


La France a accès à plusieurs systèmes d’imagerie satellite, systèmes complémentaires aux caractéristiques différentes :

- dans le domaine optique, on retrouve les satellites à très haute résolution Hélios qui seront complétés dès 2012 par le premier des deux satellites Pléiades, système à vocation civile et militaire ;

- dans le domaine de l’imagerie radar, des partenariats ont été mis en place avec l’Italie et avec l’Allemagne pour avoir accès à leurs systèmes nationaux, respectivement Cosmo-SkyMed et SAR-Lupe.


Ces deux systèmes satellitaires ont une même vocation : outils essentiels aux forces, ils permettent d’accéder à des renseignements stratégiques, en obtenant par exemple des éléments sur des positions, des capacités ou des matériels ennemis. Cependant, ils sont très différents : les satellites optiques sont comparables à des appareils photo numériques ultra-performants. Ils ont pour avantage de donner des images exploitables immédiatement, avec pour seule contrainte que l’observation soit réalisée de jour et en l’absence de couverture nuageuse (éventuellement de nuit pour les images infrarouges). À l’inverse, les satellites radar effectuent des prises de vues de jour comme de nuit, quelle que soit la météo sur la zone observée. De plus, ils sont plus difficiles à leurrer. Par contre, l’exploitation des images radar nécessite l’intervention d’un interprète d’images bien entrainé et disposant d’outils (poste d’exploitation) adaptés.


Un système franco-français


Si le cœur du Pharos est implanté lui aussi au CMOS à Creil, 18 cellules distantes sont réparties sur tout le territoire national et 16 cellules sont prêtes à être projetées sur des théâtres d’opérations extérieures. Ces cellules, constituées d’un serveur et d’un poste de travail, sont reliées entre elles grâce à une connexion sécurisée et chiffrée. Plus de 600 Go de données, issues de la production des segments sol, seront intégrées chaque jour dans Pharos. « Dès la fin de la phase finale de vérification prévue courant juin 2011 le porte-avions Charles-de-Gaulle pourra accéder à cette capacité au moyen de la station projetable qu’il a embarquée » ajoute Harold Hoff.


Le portail Pharos sera présenté au salon du Bourget 2011 comme un atout majeur dans le domaine du renseignement d’origine spatiale. Néanmoins, ce dernier né d’un travail commun entre l’état-major des armées (EMA), la DGA et les industriels Cassidian et Astrium (tous deux du groupe EADS) restera bien un système franco-français : « Nous touchons ici au domaine du renseignement ; les images, photos, documents commandés et archivés seront pour la plupart classés secret-défense.  Il en va de la sécurité des forces ! »

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13 juin 2011 1 13 /06 /juin /2011 18:00
India Has The Tech To Develop Orbital Weapon For Space Warfare


June 12, 2011 defencenews.in


India's Defence Research and Development Organisation has the technology to develop & place weapons into space. If that is so, then India will be capable of putting it's most advance weapon systems into earth's orbit and then use them to strike targets in Space or on Earth.


India's Defence Research and Development Organisation has the technology to develop & place weapons into space. If that is so, then India will be capable of putting it's most advance weapon systems into earth's orbit and then use them to strike targets in Space or on Earth. Such orbital weapon will also lessen the chance of detection or interception by enemy forces before actual strike.


The DRDO has the technology and building blocks to develop these advance Orbital Weapons. Sources in DRDO have said that, "If we can place a satellite into earth orbit then we can also place weapon into Earth's orbit. But DRDO will not be developing any such weapon, as India is against the weaponisation of space.


Officials at DRDO have said that in the longer term, it is necessary to have that capability but stressed that the Indian programme, if any would be purely defensive in nature.


Last year in February 2010, India's renowned defence scientist and DRDO chief Dr V. K. Saraswat confirmed that India possesses anti satellite technology and that India's Agni-III missile has propulsion system, which can be used to propel a kill vehicle in the orbit.


Space treaty prohibits placing nuclear weapon or weapons of mass destruction in space but it is not against putting weapons into space. The Peoples Republic of China has already violated the treaty by actually killing a satellite in space on 11 January 2007.


So the next step for DRDO is to develop orbital weapons, which could stay in space as long as required while orbiting Earth or Moon and the same can be activated and delivered whenever required.


India is developing a very robust Ballistic Missile Defence System. DRDO's Hyderabad Lab Research Centre Imarat (RCI) has won this year's much coveted 'Silicon Trophy'. The DRDO claims that any nation having Ballistic missile defence system technology should have the technology building blocks to build orbital weapons as well.


Weaponsiation of space is different from militarization of space. India is not against militarization of space. Like many developed countries, who have their military satellites, India is also to launch military satellites in space. This year Indian Navy's Naval Communication Satellites will also go up. Then, a satellite for IAF will be placed in orbit followed by a satellite for the Indian Army. Protecting assets in space will be a great challenge in coming years and that's when the question of Orbital Weapons will arise.

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7 juin 2011 2 07 /06 /juin /2011 17:10


TEL AVIV, Israel, June 6 (UPI)

Israel's High-Tech Industry Association has signed a memorandum of understanding with its Indian counterpart to boost cooperation in advanced technology, a move that will undoubtedly increase the Jewish state's burgeoning defense sales to India.

The Jerusalem Post reports that industry executives see the accord with the Confederation of Indian Industry, signed June 1, leading to a convergence of "Israel's innovative prowess with India's huge and talented pool of human resources."

Trade between Israel and India -- one Jewish, one Hindu, both locked in conflict with Islamist terror groups -- hit $47 billion in 2010, with India moving into second place among the Jewish state's export markets.

That didn't include defense sales on more than $1 billion annually. India is engaged in a top-to-bottom upgrade and expansion of its armed forces.

This includes massive spending on combat aircraft and building up naval forces to project Indian power across the Indian Ocean, a vital energy and trade route between the Middle East and Asia.

"Increased arms spending has created a natural market for Israeli military technology such as unmanned aerial vehicles and airborne early warning radar systems," the Post said.

In recent years, Israel has consolidated defense links with India into a strategic relationship.

On April 20, 2009, India launched its 650-pound RISAT-2 satellite, built by state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries and carrying the same multi-spectral aperture radar as the Tecstar-1 satellite developed for Israel's military.

The Indians, with Israeli help, fast-tracked vital surveillance systems in the wake of the attack by Islamic extremists on Mumbai, India's commercial hub, in November 2008 in which 166 people were killed, five of them Israelis.

In January 2009, India took delivery of the first of three Phalcon all-weather AWACS, also built by IAI, the flagship of Israel's defense industry, under a $1.1 billion deal. The radar system, produced by Israel's Elta Industries, is built around the Russian-built Ilyushin Il-76 aircraft. Delivery was advanced by two months following the carnage in Mumbai.

The Phalcons made India the first state in South Asia to have advanced multi-sensor AWACs capable of providing tactical surveillance or multiple airborne and surface targets and able to gather signals intelligence.

As part of the Phalcon deal, the Israelis disclosed they would establish five factories in India to produce artillery shells, a project reportedly worth $250 million.

Ties like this will likely deepen through the high-tech accord because of an Indian requirement that local components account for 30 percent of any contract.

Israeli firms generally focus on developing cutting-edge software and worldwide exports in 2010 totaled around $29 billion.

Given the fast-growing markets emerging in India and China, the high-tech accord is tailor-made for Israel's export-heavy economy. The two countries are already discussing an agreement to remove trade barriers.

The Israelis are focusing on the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, home of the fast-growing software center at Hyderabad.

It is close to signing an agreement with Matimop of Israel, a government agency that facilitates multinational research and development projects.

Andhra Pradesh is becoming a high-tech industries powerhouse, with software exports of $8 billion in 2010.

Missiles are a key Israel-India connection, and that requires intensive high-tech cooperation.

In 2008, India signed a $4.1 billion deal to purchase a shore-based and seaborne anti-missile air-defense system based on Israel's Barak long-range naval weapon built by IAI.

In August that year, New Delhi signed a $2.5 billion contract with IAI and Israel's Rafael armaments company to jointly develop an advanced version of the Spyder surface-to-air missile.

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