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23 juin 2014 1 23 /06 /juin /2014 18:55
Hercule V3 photo RB3D

Hercule V3 photo RB3D

 

20/06/2014 Par Julien Bergounhoux

 

Le premier exosquelette français, Hercule, est exposé en ce moment au salon Eurosatory 2014 par son fabricant RB3D. Il est décliné en deux versions : l'une civile, à destination de l'industrie, et l'autre militaire, développée en partenariat avec la DGA et conçue pour déployer plus de puissance et procurer une meilleure protection aux forces armées.

 

RB3D, une PME bourguignonne spécialisée dans l’assistance à l'effort, a présenté le prototype de la version militaire de son exosquelette Hercule au salon Eurosatory 2014. Aurélie Riglet, chef de projet exosquelettes chez RB3D, était présente sur place et nous en a appris un peu plus sur ce projet innovant 100 % français.

 

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17 juin 2014 2 17 /06 /juin /2014 16:40
La Russie équipera ses sous-marins de robots de combat

 

SEVERODVINSK, 17 juin - RIA Novosti

 

Les sous-marins russes de cinquième génération seront équipés de robots de combat, a déclaré mardi aux journalistes le commandant en chef de la Marine russe, l'amiral Viktor Tchirkov.

 

"A l'avenir, les capacités de combat des sous-marins nucléaires et non nucléaires polyvalents seront renforcées grâce à l'intégration de systèmes robotiques", a indiqué l'amiral lors de la cérémonie de montée des couleurs à bord du sous-marin nucléaire polyvalent Severodvinsk.

 

Selon M.Tchirkov, la réalisation de ces projets permettra à la Russie d'éviter un retard technologique et de se doter de sous-marins répondant aux exigences les plus modernes.

 

A l'heure actuelle, les forces navales russes sont en train de recevoir des sous-marins de quatrième génération. Il s'agit de sous-marins polyvalents du projet 885 (code Iassen) et d'appareils stratégiques 955 (code Boreï).

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30 avril 2014 3 30 /04 /avril /2014 16:55
Revue de la gendarmerie nationale n°249 en ligne !


30/04/2014 Sirpa gendarmerie

 

« Le progrès, trop robot pour être vrai ! ». La Revue de la gendarmerie nationale dont le dossier central est consacré aux technologies nouvelles, est en ligne. Vous pouvez la consulter dès à présent ou la télécharger sur notre site Internet.

 

Pour ceux qui ne la connaissent pas, la Revue de la gendarmerie nationale est un trimestriel à caractère scientifique, avec des dossiers de fond traitant des thématiques sécuritaires actuelles.

 

Au sommaire de ce numéro, vous pourrez lire des articles comme « L'homme et le robot, des partenaires au cœur du conflit », « Les véhicules de demain » ou encore « Les produits de marquage »mais aussi « L'impression 3D, enjeux et perspective ».

 

Le prochain dossier portera sur les investigations criminelles.

 

Depuis le numéro 241, les revues sont consultables sur le site Internet de la gendarmerie.

 

 

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20 mars 2014 4 20 /03 /mars /2014 17:55
Robots de combat et morale : anticiper sur la responsabilité

 

20.03.2014 CESA

 

La technique est désormais omniprésente sur les théâtres d’opérations comme elle l’est dans le quotidien de chacun. Un premier constat essentiel s’impose : la course en avant de la technique, qu’elle soit considérée comme positive ou non, est irréversible. La question de savoir si les outils à notre disposition sont moraux ou immoraux est vaine ; en revanche, il est plus pertinent de s’interroger sur les conséquences à long terme de l’évolution et de l’emploi des techniques.

 

Retrouvez l’intégralité de cet article du Capitaine Emmanuel Goffi, extrait du dernier numéro de Penser les ailes françaises au format PDF

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12 mars 2014 3 12 /03 /mars /2014 20:40
Russie: des robots protégeront des sites balistiques

 

MOSCOU, 12 mars - RIA Novosti

 

Les Troupes balistiques stratégiques russes (RVSN) utiliseront des robots pour protéger leurs sites stratégiques à partir de 2014, a annoncé mercredi à Moscou le porte-parole des Troupes Dmitri Andreïev.

 

"En mars, les Troupes balistiques stratégiques ont commencé à étudier la possibilité d'utiliser des robots à vocation militaire pour protéger les sites appartenant aux Troupes RVSN", a indiqué le porte-parole.

 

Cette année, les Troupes ont procédé à la modernisation des systèmes de protection de cinq sites stratégiques en les équipant notamment de robots mobiles.

 

Selon le porte-parole, les robots mobiles sont destinés à effectuer des missions de reconnaissance, d'appui-feu des troupes, à détecter et détruire des cibles fixes et mobiles, à patrouiller et protéger des sites importants en tant qu'éléments de systèmes de protection automatisés.

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12 mars 2014 3 12 /03 /mars /2014 18:20
DARPA Awards Charles River Analytics $5.7 M

 

Mar 11, 2014 ASDNews Source : Charles River Analytics

 

    To Advance Machine Learning through Probabilistic Programming

 

Charles River Analytics Inc. a developer of intelligent systems solutions, has announced a contract awarded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to extend the capabilities of machine learning. Charles River is leveraging probabilistic programming to create a powerful new machine learning system under the Automated Probabilistic Programming Representation and Inference Languages (APPRIL) program. The broad agency announcement contract was awarded as part of DARPA’s Probabilistic Programming for Advancing Machine Learning (PPAML) program. The contract is valued at over $5.7 million over a forty-six month period.

 

Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence that focuses on programming computer systems to automatically learn, act, and improve with experience. It has led to developments such as more effective web searches, an improved understanding of the human genome, and even improved robots.

 

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14 novembre 2013 4 14 /11 /novembre /2013 12:50
'Killer Robots' could be outlawed

BAE Systems' Taranis, a semi-autonomous unmanned warplane, that will use stealth technology and can fly intercontinental missions and attack both aerial and ground targets

 

14 Nov 2013 By Harriet Alexander - telegraph.co.uk

 

'Killer Robots' could be made illegal if campaigners in Geneva succeed in persuading a UN committee, meeting on Thursday and Friday, to open an investigation into their development

 

The first steps towards the outlawing of "killer robots" could be taken on Thursday, as a UN committee meets to decide whether to investigate banning the controversial technology.

Campaigners are hoping that representatives from 117 states gathering for a two-day annual meeting in Geneva will agree to an inquiry into the development of the machines, which they say pose a serious threat to the world.

"People initially accused us of being in some kind of fantasy world," said Noel Sharkey, professor of artificial intelligence and robotics at Sheffield University, and one of the founders of the Stop the Killer Robots coalition. "But now they have realised that significant developments are already under way.

"At the moment we already have drones, which are supervised by humans – I have a lot of issues with these, but they can be used in compliance with international law.

"What we are talking about however is fully-automated machines that can select targets and kill them without any human intervention. And that is something we should all be very worried about."

The UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) brings together representatives to discuss issues such as the use of chemical gases and landmines.

France is currently chair of the organisation, and campaigners are hopeful that Ambassador Jean-Hughes Simon-Michel, chairman of the CCW, will persuade delegates to support an inquiry. Just one veto to the proposal, however, would prevent it being discussed.

No country has admitted to developing this kind of technology – although Oliver Sprague, Amnesty International UK's Arms Programme Director, said that Britain, the US and Israel were the countries thought to be furthest down the road of development.

"We are not talking about Terminator-style robots," said Mr Sprague. "It is most likely to be a drone – or something even more mundane, like a row of computer banks that look through the data, find the target and then call in the order for an attack.

"The UK has said that we would never develop systems that operate without a level of human control. But what does that mean? It could be as little as someone keeping a vague eye on a series of computer monitors."

The campaigners maintain that there is a well-founded fear that computer-controlled devices could "go rogue" – or be hacked, jammed or copied by terrorists. They also say that we should not hand decisions over whether something is right and wrong to machines.

 

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14 juin 2013 5 14 /06 /juin /2013 07:20
Pentagon Project Seeks to Build Autonomous Robots

June 13, 2013 by Kris Osborn - defensetech.org

 

The U.S. Defense Department has launched a research initiative aimed at potentially building autonomous robots in a few years — machines increasingly able to perform a greater range of tasks without human intervention.

 

“The projects that were selected cut across at the fundamental cutting edge of the science of autonomy,” Alan Shaffer, acting assistant secretary of defense for research and engineering, said in an interview with Military​.com.

 

The pilot, called the Autonomous Research Pilot Initiative, is designed to inspire young scientists to innovate, research and develop next-generation levels of autonomy for ground, air and underwater robotic systems, said Shaffer.

 

The Pentagon has awarded about $45 million to seven teams of government researchers, each tasked with solving a problem in the areas of robotics and autonomy. It encourages collaboration among scientists from military research facilities such as the Army Research Lab, Naval Research Lab and Air Force Research Lab, among others.

 

“We have challenged our in-house government researchers to come up with topics that will help us better understand how to do autonomous systems,” Shaffer said. “We’re giving them a really hard problem, funding it and then letting them go do actual work in a strategically important area.

 

The research seeks to develop new algorithms to increase a system’s level of autonomy so, for example, robots could interact with one another and share or “network” information in real time.

 

Researchers also want to improve sensors such that autonomous systems can move and react to obstacles more quickly. The goal is to link autonomous systems to one another such that they can respond to other moving objects in a fast-paced dynamic environment.

 

For instance, the research explores the potential of deploying small “swarms” of miniature unmanned aerial vehicles able to work in tandem with other manned and unmanned systems.

 

Each of the seven research focus areas has a particular title describing the area of inquiry. One is titled, “Autonomy for Air Combat Missions: Mixed Human/UAV Teams.”

 

This approach may help to massively increase the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities over a certain area by blanketing it with miniature drones able to talk to one another, as well as manned and unmanned ground assets.

 

“With a flock of smaller, less expensive UAVs, you have a more resilient ISR capability because even if an adversary shoots down one of them, the rest of the swarm can continue on with their mission,” Shaffer said.

 

Research into autonomy is on the brink of such breakthroughs, one analyst said.

 

“Autonomy gives you many things such as safety and increased reliability,” Daniel Goure, vice president of the Lexington Institute, a Virginia-based think tank, said. “Autonomy also allows you to expand mission roles for various systems. For instance, can you program it to find certain things through recognition software and then continuously track something?”

 

Developing systems to autonomously share sensor data with one another in real time is a big part of the next generation research. For instance, what if UAVs could send ISR data to bomb-hunting ground robots thousands of feet below, alerting them to a potential hazard?

 

“When you think about autonomy, think of it as the fusing of sensors with algorithms and actions,” Shaffer said. “When we deploy troops, we rely on things in different domains. How do you get a UAV to interact with perhaps a ground robot and have it go investigate something? Let’s say you have a UAV flying around and it notices some disturbed earth in Afghanistan. Can you then send the signal for a ground robot to go interrogate and find out if there is an IED there? That is a hard problem.”

 

Another research area, “Exploiting Priming Effects in Autonomous Cognitive Systems,” seeks to build algorithms such that a robot or machine can perceive the surrounding environment like a bird or an ant might perceive its surroundings, Shaffer said.

 

The multidisciplinary research draws upon the expertise of computer scientists, neurologists, even biologists. Birds, for instance, engage is “swarming” behavior, which can provide useful insights for scientists looking to engineer swarms of mini-UAVs, Shaffer said.

 

“If you bring in biomimetics, you are trying to model a bird’s brain or an ant’s brain – and look at how they perceive the world around them. The idea is to provide the algorithms that would allow an autonomous system to complete a mission,” Shaffer said.

 

Another research category, “Autonomous Squad Member” is an effort by the military’s research labs, including the Navy Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence, to improve the reasoning, understanding and perception of ground robotic vehicles. Armored trucks may be able to employ acoustic and optical sensors to receive cues, input and information about roadside bombs, known as improvised explosive devices, or IEDs.

 

“Different types of IEDs will have different signatures and be receptive to different types of sensors,” Shaffer said. “If it is command wire, you can detect the wire through effectively detecting the electromagnetic field along the wire. If it is a buried metallic device, you may need ground penetrating radar. How about having these operate together?”

 

Yet another research category, “Autonomy for Adaptive Collaborative Sensing,” is geared toward locating targets more quickly, though it won’t focus on the autonomous use of weapons, given the U.S. doctrine requiring a “man-in-the-loop” when it comes to the use of force, Shaffer said.

 

Overall, the project is aimed using technology to lighten the workload of humans, in some cases decreasing manpower requirements or literally the amount of gear infantry soldiers must carry on patrols, Shaffer said.

 

“One thing you will find is that scientists don’t really work for money – scientists work to solve problems,” h e said. “These are solid projects. At the end of the time period, we will have the intellectual property either to go to a prototype or provide the information to industry.”

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