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16 novembre 2015 1 16 /11 /novembre /2015 17:20
Artist’s Concept courtesy of DARPA

Artist’s Concept courtesy of DARPA


November 9, 2015 by Richard A. Burgess,Managing Editor, Seapower Magazine


The unmanned surface vessel designed to track and trail submarines is expected to begin builder’s trials in January or February.

The Anti-Submarine Warfare Continuous Trail Unmanned Vessel (ACTUCV), under development by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), also is being eyed for other tasks, Scott Littlefield, program manager of its DARPA’s Tactical Technology Office, said Oct. 27 during the Association of Unmanned Vehicle Systems International conference.

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12 novembre 2015 4 12 /11 /novembre /2015 17:20
Executive Technical Advisor Gill A. Pratt with President Akio Toyoda photo Toyota

Executive Technical Advisor Gill A. Pratt with President Akio Toyoda photo Toyota


09 novembre 2015 par  Jacques Marouani - electroniques.biz


L'investissement initial d'un milliard de dollars au cours des cinq prochaines années servira à mettre en place les deux sites prévus - l'un près de l'université de Stanford en Californie, l'autre à proximité du Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - et à les doter en personnel (environ 200 salariés)


Le numéro un japonais de l'automobile, Toyota, vient d'annoncer la création aux Etats-Unis d'une société de R&D spécialisée dans l'intelligence artificielle et la robotique, dans laquelle il va investir un milliard de dollars en 5 ans.


Cette nouvelle structure, Toyota Research Institute, dont le siège sera situé dans la Silicon Valley, devra aider à combler le fossé entre la recherche fondamentale et le développement de produits, a expliqué Toyota dans un communiqué diffusé à l'ouverture d'une conférence de presse du Pdg Akio Toyoda à Tokyo.


Toyota Research Institute, qui doit voir le jour en janvier 2016, sera dirigée par Gill Pratt, un spécialiste de la robotique qui travaillait jusqu'à récemment au sein de l'agence américaine des projets de recherche avancée sur la défense (DARPA).


L'investissement initial d'un milliard de dollars au cours des cinq prochaines années servira à mettre en place les deux sites prévus - l'un près de l'université de Stanford en Californie, l'autre à proximité du Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - et à les doter en personnel (environ 200 salariés).


Dans la même optique, Toyota avait dévoilé début septembre un partenariat avec ces deux prestigieuses universités américaines, avec à la clé un investisserment de 50 millions de dollars sur cinq ans également.

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12 novembre 2015 4 12 /11 /novembre /2015 08:20
Persistent Close Air Support (PCAS)

Persistent Close Air Support (PCAS)


Nov 8, 2015 ASDNews Source : Raytheon


Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) has successfully completed the flight test phase of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)'s Persistent Close Air Support (PCAS) program.


PCAS is a package of technologies designed to speed close air support to soldiers on the battlefield, enabling ground troops, Joint Terminal Attack Controllers (JTACs) and combat aircrews to share real-time situational awareness and weapons systems data. Executed in three phases, the four-and-a-half year program included flight testing during the first six months of 2015.


"The PCAS program was able to reduce close air support response times from nearly one hour to less than six minutes," said Tom Bussing , Raytheon vice president of Advanced Missile Systems. "By speeding critical information to decision makers, PCAS could save lives in the battlespace."


During the U.S. Marine Corps' Talon Reach V exercise in March, the program demonstrated end-to-end, fully digital weapons release of a Griffin missile from a modified MV-22 Osprey tiltrotor aircraft. In May, an A-10C Thunderbolt II attack aircraft and a joint terminal attack controller (JTAC) on the ground, both using PCAS' real-time digital communications and situational awareness capabilities, successfully employed 10 GPS- and laser-guided weapons in a second series of flight tests.


The PCAS system is designed to be platform-, digital radio-, sensor-, and weapons-class agnostic, and to be portable from platform to platform. The two main parts of the system are PCAS-Air, which consists of smart launcher electronics and a pilot tablet, and PCAS-Ground, which comprises the equipment used by the JTAC.


Raytheon is the systems integrator for PCAS. The company leads an industry team comprised of Rockwell Collins, General Electric, BAE Systems, Northrop Grumman and 5-D Systems. Raytheon brings its expertise in overall systems integration, weapons, aircraft integration and unmanned aircraft system ground control stations to PCAS.


As part of its conclusion of the program, DARPA is now focusing on transitioning PCAS technology demonstrated on both the A-10C and the MV-22 to different military platforms. DARPA is also working with the Army on other PCAS transition activity relevant to ground forces and manned and unmanned aircraft.

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4 novembre 2015 3 04 /11 /novembre /2015 08:20
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Awards Leidos Prime Contract


RESTON, Va., Nov. 3, 2015 /PRNewswire


Solutions Company to Provide Research and Development in Support of the Shared Spectrum Access for Radar and Communications Program


Leidos (NYSE: LDOS), a national security, health, and engineering solutions company, was awarded a prime contract by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to provide research and development in support of Phase 2 for the Shared Spectrum Access for Radar and Communications (SSPARC) program. The single-award cost-plus fixed-fee contract has an eleven month base period of performance, an eleven month option, and a total contract value of approximately $14 million, if the option is exercised. Work will be performed primarily in Arlington, Va.

The SSPARC program seeks to improve radar and communications capabilities through spectrum sharing. In Phase 1 of the SSPARC effort the Leidos team proved, via a high-fidelity end-to-end simulation, that the minimum distance from military radar that commercial wireless may operate can be reduced 50x.  Two innovative interference mitigation mechanisms, coordinated frequency hopping and mainbeam avoidance were developed to allow shorter minimum stand-off distances. In Phase 2 of the contract, Leidos will perform laboratory testing and a field demonstration to validate the technology using real-time software with physical radar and communications systems.  If successful, the algorithms developed will allow increased radio frequency spectrum availability for both radar and communications systems, which is currently a significant operational constraint.

"We look forward to providing DARPA with real-time radio frequency management expertise to assist with the expansion of spectrum sharing between radar, military radios, and commercial wireless systems," said Leidos Group President, John Fratamico.  

About Leidos
Leidos is a science and technology solutions leader working to address some of the world's toughest challenges in national security, health and engineering. The Company's 19,000 employees support vital missions for government and the commercial sector, develop innovative solutions to drive better outcomes and defend our digital and physical infrastructure from 'new world' threats. Headquartered in Reston, Virginia, Leidos reported annual revenues of approximately $5.06 billion for its fiscal year ended January 30, 2015. For more information, visit www.Leidos.com

Statements in this announcement, other than historical data and information, constitute forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause our actual results, performance, achievements, or industry results to be very different from the results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Some of these factors include, but are not limited to, the risk factors set forth in the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended January 30, 2015, and other such filings that Leidos makes with the SEC from time to time. Due to such uncertainties and risks, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof.

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8 octobre 2015 4 08 /10 /octobre /2015 07:20
photo Lockheed Martin

photo Lockheed Martin


05 October, 2015 BY: James Drew – FG


Washington DC - Lockheed Martin’s F-35 has not yet seen combat, but already the defence manufacturer is exploring “concepts” for installing and employing a high-power fibre laser weapon on the new-generation combat jet for shooting down missiles and other airborne threats.


The company believes it finally has the right technology to produce modular and scalable fibre laser weapons for trucks, ships and aircraft, and a high-power, 60kW example will enter production for the US Army later this month. The F-35 has been in development since 2001 and only recently was declared fit for combat with the US Marine Corps. However, Lockheed’s Rob Afzal says company engineers are already thinking about how a laser weapon system could fit onto the supersonic stealth fighter and its usefulness in combat. “Absolutely, we’re looking at concepts for the integration of a laser weapon onto the F-35,” the Lockheed senior fellow for laser and sensor systems said at a media briefing 5 October. “We’re also looking at the utility and doing models and calculations so you would understand the utility of a leaser weapon system in the F-35.”


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30 septembre 2015 3 30 /09 /septembre /2015 16:20
TALONS System Mimics a Mast as Tall as a Skyscraper


Sep 25, 2015 (SPX)


Washington DC - DARPA's Towed Airborne Lift of Naval Systems (TALONS) research effort recently demonstrated a prototype of a low-cost, fully automated parafoil system designed to extend maritime vessels' long-distance communications and improve their domain awareness. Towed behind boats or ships, TALONS could carry intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance and communications payloads of up to 150 pounds between 500 and 1,500 feet in altitude-many times higher than current ships' masts-and greatly extend the equipment's range and effectiveness.


DARPA has successfully tested a TALONS prototype that can be deployed by hand from smaller boats, or by mast from larger ships. Before open-water testing, TALONS' rapid development began with land-based testing near Tucson, Arizona, in June 2014, followed by mock-up testing and measurement near Assateague Island National Seashore in Virginia in December of that year.


TALONS R and D began bench-testing the system in March 2015. Field testing on the water started in early May, and ran through June near Baltimore, Maryland, and Virginia Beach, Virginia. More than 20 TALONS flights were launched over that period, testing the system under various wind conditions and developing TALONS for different platforms.


In the Chesapeake Bay near Baltimore, the TALONS team improved hand-deployment techniques for smaller boats and sent the system up to 500 feet in altitude, tuning and programming automatic launch-and-recovery and autopilot systems. The Virginia Beach demonstration occurred several miles offshore and used a mast-deployment technique that extended TALONS' reach to 1,000 feet in altitude to display the system's utility for larger ships.


TALONS is part of DARPA's Phase 1 research for Tern, a joint program between DARPA and the U.S. Navy's Office of Naval Research. Following successful testing, DARPA may transition TALONS technology to the U.S. Navy.

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1 juillet 2015 3 01 /07 /juillet /2015 11:20
photo DARPA

photo DARPA


Jun. 30, 2015 Jeremy Bender - uk.businessinsider.com


The US Navy is currently testing a robotic ship that would be able to autonomously hunt enemy diesel submarines. Originally conceived as a DARPA project, the Anti-Submarine Warfare Continuous Trail Unmanned Vessel (ACTUV) is designed to hunt the next generation of nearly silent enemy diesel submarines.


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17 juin 2015 3 17 /06 /juin /2015 16:20
DARPA Robotics Challenge Final Event Compilation

16 juin 2015 by DARPA


2015 DARPA Robotics Challenge Final Event Compilation video. See a fun video compiled from the whole event.

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7 juin 2015 7 07 /06 /juin /2015 11:20
DARPA Robotics Challenge Finals 2015

5 juin 2015 by DARPA


The DARPA Robotics Challenge Finals take place June 5-6 at the Fairplex in Pomona, Calif. DARPA will stream produced footage of the event throughout the day. Video will be sent on an approximately two-minute delay to avoid influencing team performance.

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28 avril 2015 2 28 /04 /avril /2015 11:20
 EXACTO Live-Fire Tests, February 2015

27 avr. 2015 by DARPA


DARPA’s Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordnance (EXACTO) program, which developed a self-steering bullet to increase hit rates for difficult, long-distance shots, completed in February its most successful round of live-fire tests to date. An experienced shooter using the technology demonstration system repeatedly hit moving and evading targets. Additionally, a novice shooter using the system for the first time hit a moving target.

This video shows EXACTO rounds maneuvering in flight to hit targets that are moving and accelerating. EXACTO’s specially designed ammunition and real-time optical guidance system help track and direct projectiles to their targets by compensating for weather, wind, target movement and other factors that can impede successful hits.

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1 avril 2015 3 01 /04 /avril /2015 07:20
New Concept for Air Warfare

31 mars 2015 by DARPA


DARPA's System of Systems (SoS) Integration Technology and Experimentation (SoSITE) program aims to develop and demonstrate concepts for maintaining air superiority through novel SoS architectures--combinations of aircraft, weapons, sensors and mission systems--that distribute air warfare capabilities across a large number of interoperable manned and unmanned platforms.

The vision is to integrate new technologies and airborne systems with existing systems more quickly and at lower cost than near-peer adversaries can counter them.

SoSITE is being developed by DARPA's Strategic Technology Office.

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29 mars 2015 7 29 /03 /mars /2015 11:20
ACTUV Concept Video

27 mars 2015 DARPA


DARPA’s Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Continuous Trail Unmanned Vessel (ACTUV) seeks to develop a new type of independently deployed unmanned surface vessel (USV) that would track adversaries’ ultra-quiet diesel-electric submarines over thousands of miles at a fraction of current costs. ACTUV would operate under sparse remote supervisory control and safely follow the maritime “rules of the road” for collision avoidance known as COLREGS.

ACTUV Concept Video
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18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 08:20
Concept design for the SilentHawk hybrid-electric motorcycle - photo Logos Technlogies

Concept design for the SilentHawk hybrid-electric motorcycle - photo Logos Technlogies


March 16, 2015 By Joe Gould – Defense News


WASHINGTON — Picture a small team of US special operators racing quietly through the night on stealth motorcycles, cruising over rugged terrain to catch enemy fighters completely unawares.


That is the scenario Virginia-based Logos Technologies envisions as it develops its hybrid-electric motorcycle SilentHawk on behalf of a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) project started in 2014. Logos, teamed with Alta Motors, is developing a prototype for their phase II Small Business Innovation Research award from DARPA.


Once the prototyping phase is complete, the next phase could see the military replace motorcycles in service, such as the Kawasaki M1030 M1. DARPA anticipates Marines, soldiers and special operations forces will buy it, and there could also be a substantial commercial market.


Logos' hybrid-electric propulsion system, originally designed for an unmanned aircraft, is integrated into Alta Motors' RedShift MX electric motocross bike. Logos is also known for its Kestrel wide-area persistent surveillance system, used by the US military in Afghanistan.


The quiet, all-wheel drive bike would run on an all-electric motor, gasoline or JP-8. Its total range is intended to be 120 miles on fuel and 50 miles on the battery or silent mode, and it would maintain speeds above 50 mph for long distances, on a flat dirt road.


Developers envision a small special operations team being dropped off by a small helicopter or V-22 Osprey, then closing with their target in the bike's silent mode. They might take the target and stealthily rendezvous at a second landing zone.


From an outpost in Afghanistan, for instance, the bikes could be used to avoid predictable routes and evade ambushes by traveling though woods or terrain that would be impassible in a four-wheel vehicle.


"You're trying to create uncertainty for the enemy about your location, and you make it difficult for them by being quiet, or by them being unable to determine where you are, especially when you operate at night," said Wade Pulliam, manager of advanced concepts for Logos Technologies.


The bike's combustion engine would be loud as 75 decibels, but in silent mode, would have to operate at 55 decibels — considered a stretch goal, Pulliam said.


Having an engine that is powerful, yet compact enough to fit on the bike, with a battery, was a challenge. The Alta battery pack itself is compact at 180 watt-hours per kilogram, which is comparable to a laptop battery, and still rugged.


The key to the design is that the bike's hybrid-electric unit fits under the seat and can be attached or detached from the rest of the bike in 30 minutes. That allows operators in the field to swap from a hybrid-electric version to electric-only version for short-range, all-silent missions.


The team tested regenerative braking, meaning it converts its kinetic energy to charge the battery, a boon on rough terrain, when braking is frequent. In the design phase, it was tested on the real wheel, but with an all-wheel drive prototype, Pulliam expects to see an improvement.


"In off-road conditions you see a real benefit," he said.

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8 mars 2015 7 08 /03 /mars /2015 08:20
25 teams to participate in DARPA Robotics Challenge Finals

To qualify for the DRC Finals, the new teams had to submit videos showing successful completion of five sample tasks: engage an emergency shut-off switch, get up from a prone position, locomote ten meters without falling, pass over a barrier, and rotate a circular valve 360 degrees.


Mar 06, 2015 (SPX)


Washington DC - The international robotics community has turned out in force for the DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) Finals, a competition of robots and their human supervisors to be held June 5-6, 2015, at Fairplex in Pomona, Calif., outside of Los Angeles. In the competition, human-robot teams will be tested on capabilities that could enable them to provide assistance in future natural and man-made disasters.


Fourteen new teams from Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, the People's Republic of China, South Korea, and the United States qualified to join 11 previously announced teams. In total, 25 teams will now vie for a chance to win one of three cash prizes totaling $3.5 million at the DRC Finals.


"We're excited to see so much international interest in the DARPA Robotics Challenge Finals," said Gill Pratt, program manager for the DRC. "The diverse participation indicates not only a general interest in robotics, but also the priority many governments are placing on furthering robotic technology. As this technology becomes increasingly global, cooperating with the United States in areas where there is mutual concern, such as disaster response and homeland security, stands to benefit every country involved.


"We're looking forward to seeing how the teams ensure the robustness of their robots against falls, strategically manage battery power, and build enough partial autonomy into the robots to complete the challenge tasks despite DARPA deliberately degrading the communication links between robots and operators," said Pratt.


To qualify for the DRC Finals, the new teams had to submit videos showing successful completion of five sample tasks: engage an emergency shut-off switch, get up from a prone position, locomote ten meters without falling, pass over a barrier, and rotate a circular valve 360 degrees.


"There will be roughly 15 different commercial and custom physical robot forms demonstrated at the DRC Finals," said Pratt. "Although seven teams will use the upgraded Atlas robot from Boston Dynamics, it's each team's unique software, user interface, and strategy that will distinguish them and push the technology forward."


In tandem with the DRC, DARPA is sponsoring the Robots4Us contest, which asks U.S. high school students to prepare 2- to 3-minute videos describing their vision of the roles they'd like to see robots play in future society. Up to five individual winners (with chaperones) will be selected to receive a trip to attend the DRC Finals in person and participate in a panel discussion before an audience of media, engineers, and industry leaders. The deadline for entries is April 1, and rules for the contest can be found here.


The DRC Finals event is free and open to the public and media. In addition to the competition, an on-site robotics exposition (DRC Expo) will showcase technology related to disaster response, robotics, and unmanned aerial systems, and include an overview of DARPA's mission and legacy.

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7 mars 2015 6 07 /03 /mars /2015 23:35
source komplettie

source komplettie


March 6, 2015: Strategy Page


The U.S. recently revealed that in October Afghan and American commandos raided a remote village where a much-sought al Qaeda leader was reported to be hiding out. The raid was a success, but even more important than the al Qaeda leader was the capture of his laptop computer, intact. After years of fighting Islamic terrorists the U.S. has learned the importance of quickly examining such finds and exploiting information found.


For over a decade now the U.S. Department of Defense has urged American firms for help in developing better tools for quickly analyzing captured electronic data (cell phones, storage devices, and specialized military electronics). Since 2006 the military has been using similar tools developed for police departments. For example, in 2007 troops began taking a hacker analysis tool (COFEE, or Computer Online Forensic Evidence Extractor) with them on raids in Iraq. Microsoft developed COFEE for the police and military, followed by a similar tool that enables a non-hacker to analyze wireless network activity and determine which targets can be attacked with a variety of hacker tools and weapons. Since the late 1990s DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) has been developing similar technologies. Details don’t get released, as that would aid potential targets.


In addition to data extraction and analysis devices the troops can carry with them on raids, there has also been an increase in the intel analysis capabilities at all levels (battalion up to the very top). This was the result of adapting tools (mainly software) and techniques from the commercial BI (Business Intelligence) industry, which has developed a lot of powerful research and marketing tools that have direct military application. This is all very geeky but the simple description is software that can quickly find patterns to huge quantities of data or activity. Thus the urgency with which troops grab enemy laptops or even large piles of paper records (even al Qaeda keeps lots of records). The troops know that quickly putting this stuff through a scanner followed by translation and analytics software will usually produce some new suspects to go after and often a current address as well.


The October raid was apparently rapidly exploited using these analysis tools in conjunction with huge databases of known Islamic terrorists and their methods. This led to a noticeable increase in similar raids for the rest of 2014. The military kept quiet about what was behind this spike and were relieved when most media pundits decided this was the result of a decision by the U.S. government to “unleash” American special operations troops in Afghanistan. When the military finally revealed the real reason behind all those additional raids they also described the October laptop as nearly as valuable as the computers and documents seized in the 2011 Osama bin Laden raid.


After October the data in that laptop led to more raids on al Qaeda and Taliban targets, mainly because the data identified a lot of key al Qaeda people and what they did. That provided links to the Taliban and other terrorist organizations. The people identified were usually already known and there was existing data on where they were. By using the BI tools on the new data a lot of new connections were uncovered which also provided a list of people who had key jobs (and probably carried around valuable information in their heads or in their electronics devices.) Capturing these people alive was particularly important because the October laptop contained data that made it easier to interrogate the captured terrorists (because the interrogators already knew the answers to many of the questions they were asking and thus could quickly determine if the subject was lying.)


Finally, the capture of this laptop came right after a new president was elected in Afghanistan, who quickly lifted all the restrictions his predecessor had placed on night raids. The laptop also contained a lot of data on al Qaeda operations in Pakistan and that led to more UAV reconnaissance and missile attacks on key al Qaeda personnel there.

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3 mars 2015 2 03 /03 /mars /2015 08:20
21st-century DARPA Tool Could Work Against ISIL


WASHINGTON, March 2, 2015 By Cheryl -  Pellerin - DoD News


Today’s national security landscape challenges the Defense Department with threats ranging from low-tech, lone-wolf terrorists and high-tech peer adversaries to extremist groups that use both approaches, like the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant; the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency prepares for them all.


DARPA Director Dr. Arati Prabhakar spoke here recently with CNN defense correspondent Barbara Starr at the First Annual Future of War Conference. “My first tour at DARPA was in the Cold War, and at that time [we] worked against the one monolithic existential threat and everything else was just sort of backseat,” Prabhakar said. “We don't really have the luxury of dealing with [just] one kind of national security threat today,” she added.


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2 mars 2015 1 02 /03 /mars /2015 12:20
LRASM Completes 3rd Successful Flight Test


ORLANDO, Fla., Feb. 19, 2015by Lockheed Martin



The Long Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM) built by Lockheed Martin achieved a third successful air-launched flight test, with the missile performing as expected during low altitude flight.

The test, conducted on Feb. 4, was in support of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy joint-service LRASM program.   

Flying over the Sea Range at Point Mugu, California, a U.S. Air Force B-1B bomber from the 337th Test and Evaluation Squadron at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, released the LRASM prototype, which navigated through planned waypoints receiving in-flight targeting updates from the weapon data link.

“LRASM continues to prove its maturity and capabilities in this flight test program,” said Mike Fleming, LRASM air launch program director at Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control. “This much-needed weapon seeks to provide a new capability that would enable deep strike in previously denied battle environments.”

LRASM is a precision-guided anti-ship standoff missile leveraging the successful Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile Extended Range (JASSM-ER) heritage, and is designed to meet the needs of U.S. Navy and Air Force warfighters in a robust anti-access/area-denial threat environment. JASSM-ER, which recently completed its operational test program, provides a significant number of parts and assembly-process synergies with LRASM, resulting in cost savings for the U.S. Navy and Air Force Offensive Anti-Surface Warfare programs.

The tactically representative LRASM is built on the same award-winning production line in Pike County, Alabama, as JASSM-ER, demonstrating manufacturing and technology readiness levels sufficient to enter the engineering, manufacturing and development phase and to meet urgent operational needs.

Headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, Lockheed Martin is a global security and aerospace company that employs approximately 112,000 people worldwide and is principally engaged in the research, design, development, manufacture, integration and sustainment of advanced technology systems, products and services. The Corporation’s net sales for 2014 were $45.6 billion.

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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 12:20
Squad X Core Technology – the Warfighter’s information superiority

DARPA plans to introduce lightweight, integrated systems that will provide dismounted infantry squads unprecedented awareness, adaptability and flexibility in complex environments. The SXCT projevct will demonstrate how Soldiers and Marines can intuitively understand and control their complex mission environments - DARPA artist concept.


Feb 10, 2015 Defence-Update


Warfighters in aircraft, on ships and in ground vehicles have benefited tremendously from technological advances in recent decades, with advanced capabilities ranging from real-time situational awareness to precision armaments. But many of these benefits depend on equipment with substantial size, weight and power requirements, and so have remained unavailable to dismounted infantry squads who must carry all their equipment themselves. This gap leaves squad members without the degree of real-time situational awareness and support for decision-making that warfighters typically experience while on board aircraft and ships and in vehicles.

“We are working towards advanced capabilities that would make dismounted infantry squads more adaptable, safe and effective”


DARPA’s new ‘Squad X Core Technologies’ (SXCT) program aims to address this challenge and ensure that dismounted infantry squads maintain uncontested tactical superiority over potential adversaries without being overburdened by cumbersome hardware. The goal is to speed the development of new, lightweight, integrated systems that provide infantry squads unprecedented awareness, adaptability and flexibility in complex environments, and enable dismounted Soldiers and Marines to more intuitively understand and control their complex mission environments.

SXCT aims to help dismounted infantry squads have deep awareness of what’s around them, detect threats from farther away and, when necessary, engage adversaries more quickly and precisely than ever before,” said Maj. Christopher Orlowski, DARPA program manager. “We are working towards advanced capabilities that would make dismounted infantry squads more adaptable, safe and effective.”

SXCT is seeking to introduce overwhelming tactical superiority at the small-unit level by enabling squad members to more quickly and effectively collect, synthesize and share data about their fellow members, their environment and potential threats without increasing physical or cognitive burdens.

Among the areas included in the program are:

  • Precision Engagement: Precisely engage threats out to 0.6 mile (1,000 meters), while maintaining compatibility with infantry weapon systems and without imposing weight or operational burdens that would negatively affect mission effectiveness
  • Non-Kinetic Engagement: Disrupt enemy command and control, communications and use of unmanned assets at a squad-relevant operational pace (walking with occasional bursts of speed)
  • Squad Sensing: Detect potential threats out to 0.6 mile (1,000 meters) at a squad-relevant operational pace
  • Squad Autonomy: Increase squad members’ real-time knowledge of their own and teammates’ locations to less than 20 feet (6 meters) in GPS-denied environments through collaboration with embedded unmanned air and ground systems

Specifically, Squad X plans to focus on providing:

  • Integrated access to and control of mobile sensors, including full-motion streaming video
  • A three-dimensional common operating picture
  • The ability to organically locate and identify friendly forces and threat locations in near real time
  • In previous request the agency also requested proposals for other focus areas including sensing technologies for warfighter health and operational status and non-optical and distributed sensing solutions.

Studies commissioned by Squad X program are to define the critical issues in Squad X implementation. The agency is also looking at critical infrastructure components such as radios, networking, computing applications, sensing, autonomous systems and size weight and power (SWaP). Integration Studies should also address Squad X architecture and integration approach. The goal is to establish an open, common, commercially extensible, government-owned architecture; defining key interfaces and standards; outlining the technology integration plan.

DARPA has scheduled a Proposers Day on Friday, February 27, 2015 to discuss the program with potential participants. In addition to the regular performers the agency invited ‘non-traditional performers’, including small businesses, academic and research institutions and first-time government contractors to participate. Special Notice document announcing the Proposers Day and describing the specific capabilities sought is available here.

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13 février 2015 5 13 /02 /février /2015 08:20
La Darpa veut mettre des satellites en orbite avec des avions de chasse


09 février 2015 Par Julien Bergounhoux - Usinenouvelle.com


La Darpa, l'agence américaine de R&D dédiée à la défense, a dévoilé une vidéo du programme Alasa, qui vise à mettre en orbite de petits satellites grâce à des lancements effectués depuis des avions de chasse.


L'un des grands défis de l'industrie spatiale est la réduction des coûts de lancement dans l'espace. A l'heure actuelle, même les lancements les moins chers, comme ceux de SpaceX, atteignent des sommes de 55 millions de dollars (48 millions d'euros). Et chaque lancement doit être prévu des mois à l'avance, et partir de centres spécifiques. Dans ce contexte, il n'existe aucun accès rapide et à faible coût pour mettre une petite charge en orbite terrestre basse. Ces satellites doivent attendre de pouvoir passer comme charge secondaire sur de plus gros lancements.

Le programme Alasa (Airborne Launch Assist Space Access), ou "accès à l'espace assisté par lancement aérien"), est conçu par la Darpa pour répondre à ces besoins. Son approche innovante se base sur l'utilisation d'un avion de chasse pour emmener un petit lanceur à une haute altitude (supérieure à 15 000 m), qui lui-même emporterait ensuite un microsatellite de 45 kg en orbite terrestre basse.


Vidéo illustrant le déroulement d'un lancement Alasa


L'agence travaille sur ce projet depuis 2011. Ce type de lancement, similaire à la technologie que poursuit Virgin Galactic ou aux missiles anti-satellites développés par les Etats-Unis pendant la guerre froide, a plusieurs avantages. D'abord un coût réduit, de moins d'un million de dollars, car l'avion de chasse fait office de premier étage réutilisable. Ensuite un délai de lancement très court, de seulement 24 heures au maximum, car l'avion ne nécessiterait pas de modifications particulières pour emporter sa charge. Enfin, la capacité à effectuer ce type de lancement depuis quasiment n'importe quelle base aérienne, partout dans le monde. La Darpa est pour le moment dans "une phase rigoureuse de tests de nouvelles technologies" pour faire de ce programme une réalité.

En parallèle, la Darpa étudie la mise en place de lancements de satellites (d'un poids allant jusqu'à 2 300 kg) à moins de 5 millions de dollars au travers du programme d'avion spatial hypersonique XS-1. L'US Air Force effectue elle aussi des essais depuis plusieurs années sur un véhicule spatial sans pilote, le X37-B. Quant à l'Europe, elle s'apprête à tester le 11 février un prototype de véhicule spatial capable de retourner sur Terre : le IXV (Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle).

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19 décembre 2014 5 19 /12 /décembre /2014 08:20
U.S. military wants bullets that can change direction after being fired


December 16, 2014 by David Pugliese


New .50-caliber bullets that can change direction after they have been fired could soon make U.S. military snipers more deadly, the American publication, the Stars and Stripes reports.


More from the Stars and Stripes article:

The EXACTO program — or Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordnance — is being developed by California’s Teledyne Scientific & Imaging, LLC at the behest of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, according to a DARPA video posted on YouTube.



Read more


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18 décembre 2014 4 18 /12 /décembre /2014 13:20
Kaprica selected to boost US military’s vehicle security


18 December 2014 army-technology.com


Kaprica Security has secured a contract to strengthen US military vehicle and related connected car security systems.


Awarded by Department of Defense (DOD), the $270,000 contract requires the company to develop technology for the construction of high-security software systems over the next year.


The contract forms part of US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's (DARPA) high-assurance cyber military systems (HACMS) programme, which will be executed in collaboration with Galois.


Advanced Mobility Academic Research Center president Daniel Mintz said: "Kaprica's partnership with DARPA is an important step in understanding and helping to meet software-related security threats not only to government vehicles, but for a variety of consumer products including cars and light trucks.


"DARPA's investment in the field of vehicle security underlines the growing reliance throughout government and private industry on internet-based systems.


"Kaprica's understanding of cyber-attack techniques has allowed them to take a leadership position in developing systems to meet ever-increasing internet security threats."


Kaprica CEO Douglas Britton said: "Government and industry are both faced with major issues related to privacy, safety and security.


"We believe our work with DARPA eventually will lead to improvements in the security and reliability of tomorrow's cars and trucks.


"Vehicle control systems need state of the art defensive technologies such as Runtime Application Self Protection (RASP).


"Kaprica's RunSafe™, a RASP programme, keeps cyber attackers from capitalising on system vulnerabilities without the need for lengthy code rewrites."


HACMS programme aims to create technology for the construction of high-assurance cyber-physical systems, which are found in vehicles and other modern technology systems. This ranges from traditional data centres and networks to smartphones, tablets and other aspects included in the internet of things.


The technology would be applicable to both defense and commercial communities, enabling high-assurance military systems ranging from unmanned vehicles to weapons systems, satellites, and command and control devices for the military.

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12 novembre 2014 3 12 /11 /novembre /2014 07:20
Pentagon Seeks Aircraft-based Drones for Future Missions


Nov. 11, 2014 By RAY LOCKER, USA TODAY – Defense News


The Pentagon is looking for ways to base multiple unmanned drones aboard larger aircraft, from which the drones will depart and return after they fly intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions in hard-to-reach areas, according to a new request from the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).


The request for information released over the weekend seeks drones that would be based on larger aircraft, such as B-52 or B-1 bombers or C-130 transport planes, to cite a few examples. The smaller drones would then fly from the larger planes, conduct their missions and return to the aircraft, which would then be able to fly away from potentially contested airspace.


“The agency envisions a large aircraft that, with minimal modification, could launch and recover multiple small unmanned systems from a standoff distance,” the request for information says.


Drones are continuing to play a larger role in US military and intelligence operations, including flights over Africa and the Middle East in search of terrorist groups.


DARPA’s latest request is part of a series of research programs aimed at developing aircraft and weapons that will enable US forces to cover large distances to get to coastal and other regions that are often protected by rival forces.


Earlier this year, DARPA released requests for long-range, anti-ship missiles that would break down the defenses of potential rivals such as China and Iran, as well as underwater drones that would be based aboard larger submarines. Another DARPA plan would enable multiple drones to communicate with each other autonomously without a central station on the ground.

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25 septembre 2014 4 25 /09 /septembre /2014 16:35
AUS: Space Surveillance Telescope facilities a step closer


25 September 2014 Pacific Sentinel


A $63 million facilities project to support the Defence Space Surveillance Telescope has been referred to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Public Works, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence the Hon Darren Chester MP announced today.


The project, at the Harold E Holt Naval Communications Station in Exmouth, WA, involves the construction of a telescope enclosure facility and associated supporting infrastructure, including roads.


The new facility will enable the installation and commissioning of the US Space Surveillance Telescope, currently located in New Mexico, USA.


The project will significantly improve the ADF’s space situational awareness and be linked into the US global Space Surveillance Network.



“When complete, the telescope will provide the Australian Defence Force with an enhanced space surveillance capability in cooperation with the United States Department of Defense,” Mr Chester said.


“Space is becoming increasingly congested, with active satellites and discarded space junk posing a collision risk to space assets. Space situational awareness will give the operators of space-based capabilities the ability to anticipate the influence of other space objects and take action to ensure continued and unimpeded operations of space vehicles.”


Subject to Parliamentary approval, construction is expected to begin in early 2015 and be completed by mid-2016.



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12 septembre 2014 5 12 /09 /septembre /2014 11:20
Agile And Deadly: Vision For The Future US Army Combat Vehicle

The GXV should be able to reach 95 percent of all terrain, according to goals set by the program.


Sep. 10, 2014 - By KEVIN LILLEY – Defense News


A new research program aims to get the next-generation ground combat vehicle off the drawing board.

And if the drawings of it by an Army civilian are any indication, future soldiers could be riding in a lightweight, agile, easy-to-deploy platform ripped straight from the pages of a graphic novel.

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency announced the launch of the Ground X-Vehicle Technology program last month, but in May, a report called “GXV Operational Vignettes” went out from the Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center. It includes more than two dozen pages of drawings from James Scott, with TARDEC’s advanced concepts team, offering views of a possible GXV design in a variety of scenarios:

■ Swiveling its turret after somehow “sensing” an enemy sniper, then dispatching most of the building that housed the sni­per.

■ Descending into the war zone via airdrop — eight stored in a single C-17 — and transporting up to 96 soldiers over uneven terrain and through urban environments thanks in part to four independent tracks that can maneuver like wheels.

■ Deflecting incoming ordnance with “movable armor” and stopping a rocket-propelled grenade in midair via an unnamed weapons system.

A TARDEC spokesman confirmed the drawings were part of the Army’s contribution to the DARPA effort and referred all questions to DARPA. A DARPA public affairs contact for the program, who did not wish to be named, said in an email that all available information about GXV-T is on the DARPA website.

Sept. 5 marked a Proposers Day event for the program in DARPA’s offices outside Washington, DC, which was attended by Paul Decker, TARDEC’s deputy program manager for GXV.

The event served to educate possible stakeholders in the project’s requirements, according to a DARPA news release. Those include producing a vehicle that’s 50 percent smaller and lighter than “today’s armored fighting vehicles” and requires half the crew; is twice as fast; can access 95 percent of terrain and has “reduced signatures that enable adversaries to detect and engage vehicles.”

That last part may have led to media reports touting the military’s new “stealth tank,” but beyond reducing detectability, DARPA officials hope to make the vehicle stronger by making sure it can identify and avoid enemy attacks.

“It’s about breaking the ‘more armor’ paradigm,” Kevin Massey, DARPA program manager, said in the release. “We plan to pursue groundbreaking fundamental research and development to help make future armored fighting vehicles significantly more mobile, effective, safe and affordable.”

It’s too early to say what vehicles the GXV might replace, if any, when it would reach even the earliest stages of production, or even whether the designs will resemble the final product — DARPA-generated concept art includes a vehicle with large wheels instead of tracks, for example.

TARDEC, which provides the technological backbone for all Army and Marine ground vehicles, would continue its involvement with the project long past the sketch stages, though DARPA will be in charge of the initial contract awards, which are planned for April 2015 or sooner, according to the news release

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9 septembre 2014 2 09 /09 /septembre /2014 11:20
DARPA Looks into the Future of Armoured Vehicles


September 07, 2014 by Think Defence


DARPA has released a video showing the Ground X-Vehicle Technology (GXV-T) Agility Combat Simulation concept. A vehicle that can Dodge, Duck, Dip, Dive, Dodge

DARPA - Ground X-Vehicle Technology (GXV-T) Agility Combat Simulation

GXV-T Envisions Future Armored Ground Vehicles that Could Sprint, Dodge and Shield Their Way Out of Danger.


One of the key goals of DARPA's Ground X-Vehicle Technology (GXV-T) program is improving the survivability of ground-based armored fighting vehicles by increasing vehicle agility. Vehicle agility involves the ability to autonomously avoid incoming threats, either by rapidly moving out of the way or reconfiguring the vehicle so incoming threats have a low probability of hitting and penetrating—all without injuring the occupants in the process. This concept video illustrates three of many potential approaches: active repositioning of armor, burst acceleration and suspensions that would enable the vehicle to dodge.


Ground-based armored fighting vehicles and their occupants have traditionally relied on armor and maneuverability for protection. The amount of armor needed for today’s threat environments, however, is becoming increasingly burdensome and ineffective against ever-improving weaponry. GXV-T seeks to develop revolutionary technologies to enable a layered approach to protection that would use less armor more strategically and improve vehicles’ ability to avoid detection, engagement and hits by adversaries. Such capabilities would enable smaller, faster vehicles in the future to more efficiently and cost-effectively tackle varied and unpredictable combat situations.

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