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7 mai 2013 2 07 /05 /mai /2013 16:30
Turkey's Otokar Unveils New Tracked Vehicle

May. 7, 2013 - By BURAK EGE BEKDIL – Defense news

 

ANKARA — Turkey’s leading armored vehicles manufacturer, Otokar, has revealed what it views as the most strategic indigenous vehicle ever developed by a local company, a tracked armored tactical vehicle, the Tulpar.

 

Analysts said that once the Tulpar has hit serial production, it would end Turkey’s dependence on imported tracked vehicles. But they also say the Tulpar may have to find export markets rather than win huge domestic orders.

 

“The Tulpar is a vehicle the Turkish military needed in large quantities. But the current peace process with Kurdish insurgents will probably mean less local demand than potentially foreign demand for a vehicle like this,” said one London-based analyst.

 

After three decades of civil strife with its autonomy-seeking Kurdish minority and nearly 40,000 deaths, the Turkish government earlier this year launched ambitious peace talks with the militant Kurds. The Kurdish separatist PKK promised to withdraw from Turkish territory as of May 8 in return for broader political rights and constitutional recognition. Turkey, the US and the EU recognize the PKK as a terrorist entity.

 

“The Tulpar is a strategic product for the Turkish military. It is designed to fight all anti-tank assets along with the new-generation tanks Turkey will possess,” Serdar Gorguc, general manager for Otokar, told reporters.

 

The Tulpar boasts an advanced ballistic and mine resistant body and modular armor technology. It can carry an entire infantry squad.

 

Otokar unveiled last year the country’s first national main mattle tank, the Altay, with top government officials promising the program would be completed “one or two years” ahead of time.

 

In 2008, Otokar signed a $500 million contract with the country’s procurement office, the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries. Under the deal, Otokar will finish building four prototypes of the Altay this year, two years ahead of the original schedule. The four prototypes will undergo performance tests throughout 2013.

 

The SSM selected South Korea’s Hyundai Rotem for overall technical support. Turkey’s Aselsan was chosen as the fire control system and command, control and communications system subcontractor. Also, state-owned MKEK was selected as the subcontractor for the 120mm primary weapon, and Roketsan was tasked with the job to provide the armor.

 

Procurement officials said the serial-production agreement for the Altay would be effective probably in 2017, and together with the expected foreign orders, a first batch of at least 200 tanks is expected to be produced. The Altay probably will be the world’s most modern tank in the 60-ton category by then, Turkish procurement officials say.

 

Otokar also produces several other armored vehicles, the best known being the Cobra, a four-wheel-drive vehicle, used for reconnaissance and area control purposes by the Turkish security forces and the armies of several other countries.

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25 avril 2013 4 25 /04 /avril /2013 07:35
hélicoptère Mi-8

hélicoptère Mi-8

 

MOSCOU, 24 avril - RIA Novosti

 

Des chefs de tribus locaux négocient la libération des otages - un Russe, un Kirghiz, sept Turcs et un Afghan - pris par les talibans dimanche en Afghanistan, rapporte mercredi l'agence Pajwak.
 
"Les chefs de tribus ont été autorisés à s'entretenir avec les otages", a déclaré Abdul Wali Wakil, chef du Conseil provincial du Logar, province dans laquelle un hélicoptère civil Mi-8 a effectué dimanche soir un atterrissage d'urgence.
 
Ayant confirmé la tenue de négociations entre les chefs de tribus locaux et les insurgés, il a précisé qu'un des otages, un Turc, avait reçu des médicaments via les négociateurs car il semblait souffrir de problèmes cardiaques. 
 
Selon le porte-parole du gouvernement de la province du Logar, Din Mohammad Darvish, la partie afghane est somme toute optimiste quant à un dénouement heureux de l'incident, mais il est trop tôt pour dire quand les prisonniers pourraient être relâchés.
 
Un hélicoptère civil Mi-8 reliant Khost à Kaboul a effectué dimanche soir un atterrissage d'urgence dans la province afghane du Logar (est) en raison d'une météo défavorable. Les forces de sécurité afghanes ont retrouvé l'hélicoptère vide. Les talibans ont déclaré avoir kidnappé les passagers et les membres d'équipage de l'appareil. Il s'agit du plus important enlèvement d'étrangers au cours des six dernières années en Afghanistan.

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24 avril 2013 3 24 /04 /avril /2013 18:30
MIM 104 Patriot System der Bundeswehr photo Darkhone

MIM 104 Patriot System der Bundeswehr photo Darkhone

MOSCOU, 24 avril - RIA Novosti

 

Les batteries de missiles anti-aériens Patriot déployées dans le sud-est de la Turquie en vue de protéger le pays contre d'éventuelles attaques depuis le territoire syrien ne remplissent pas leur mission, rapporte le journal syrien Watan citant des experts en la matière.

D'après l'analyste du think-tank turc EDAM Aaron Stein, le rayon d'action des missiles implantés en Turquie ne couvre pas une importante partie du sud-ouest de la Turquie et ne permet pas de protéger la province du Hatay, limitrophe de la Syrie.

Selon M.Stein, les batteries de Patriot ne peuvent protéger que les villes où elles sont stationnées, ainsi que leurs alentours immédiats.

"Le Hatay, qui accueille des réfugiés syriens et a été à plusieurs reprises visé par les forces du régime syrien, en dépit de sa position dangereuse, n'est pas protégé contre les missiles chargés d'agents chimiques, qui peuvent être tirés depuis la Syrie", a indiqué l'expert.

Pour sa part, l'expert américain Michael Vice, qui s'est rendu dans la région la semaine dernière, a indiqué au quotidien que l'Allemagne et les Pays-Bas avaient été "réticents" à envoyer leurs militaires à la frontière syro-turque, et que la seule mission de ces derniers consistait à protéger les infrastructures de l'Otan dans la base aérienne d'Incirlik.

En février dernier, les forces de l'Otan ont achevé le déploiement de missiles Patriot acheminés des Etats-Unis, des Pays-Bas et d'Allemagne sur le territoire turc. L'Alliance a installé les missiles sur demande d'Ankara qui avait exprimé son inquiétude face à une éventuelle frappe balistique en provenance de Syrie.

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24 avril 2013 3 24 /04 /avril /2013 07:30
photo Nato

photo Nato

BRUXELLES, 23 avril - RIA Novosti

 

L'Otan a élaboré des plans pour assurer une protection efficace de la Turquie en cas d'attaques de la part de la Syrie, a déclaré mardi le secrétaire général de l'Alliance Anders Fogh Rasmussen lors d'une réunion du Conseil de l'Otan au niveau des ministres des Affaires étrangères à Bruxelles.

 

"Nous ne commentons jamais notre planning spécial, mais je peux vous assurer que nous sommes prêts à défendre, à protéger nos alliés, en l'occurrence la Turquie. Tous nos plans sont en place pour assurer une protection efficace de la Turquie", a indiqué M.Rasmussen devant les journalistes.

 

Le secrétaire général a toutefois tenu à souligner qu'un règlement politique était la seule bonne voie pour désamorcer la crise en Syrie.

 

Le conflit en Syrie a fait plus de 70.000 morts et des centaines de milliers de réfugiés depuis mars 2011, selon l'Onu. Les rebelles syriens bénéficient d'un soutien étranger. Damas affirme que des milliers de mercenaires étrangers, y compris des commandos de groupes terroristes, combattent dans les rangs de l'opposition armée. L'Occident ne cesse d'insister sur le départ du président Bachar el-Assad.

 

En février dernier, les forces de l'Otan ont achevé le déploiement de missiles Patriot acheminés des Etats-Unis, des Pays-Bas et d'Allemagne sur le territoire turc. L'Alliance a installé les missiles sur demande d'Ankara qui avait exprimé son inquiétude face à une éventuelle frappe balistique en provenance de Syrie, pays voisin.

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24 avril 2013 3 24 /04 /avril /2013 07:30
Umtas Long Range Antitank Missile

Umtas Long Range Antitank Missile

Apr. 22, 2013 - By BURAK EGE BEKDIL – Defense news

 

Development of 'National Systems' Moves at Full Speed

 

ANKARA — Hardly a day passes without a Turkish defense company proudly announcing that it has designed, developed and produced a weapon system the country would normally buy off-the-shelf from a foreign supplier. The most recent indigenously developed Turkish weapon is an anti-tank missile, the UMTAS.

 

Turkish military officials are anxiously awaiting the first serial production and delivery of the UMTAS.

 

“After years of going from one foreign supplier to another, we are happy to have our companies providing us with national solutions,” a senior Army official said.

 

Procurement officials said the UMTAS has recently undergone several successful field tests.

 

“This system can quickly find foreign buyers and mark an impressive transformation [of Turkey] from an import-dependent country into an exporting one,” one procurement official said. “It is relatively low-cost and reliable.”

 

State-owned missile maker Roketsan initiated the long-range anti-tank UMTAS missile project in efforts, first, to meet local demand from the Turkish Armed Forces, and later to export it, especially to countries in the region.

 

The UMTAS, with its infrared imaging and laser-seeker options, is an anti-tank missile with a range of 8 kilometers to be used in air-to-ground and ground-to-ground operations.

 

Roketsan officials said the system is going through further tests for technical properties and compatibility with environmental conditions. Thus far, the system has completed ballistic-missile tests and controlled-missile tests, and its sub-system design has been finished, they said.

 

The UMTAS is considered the official anti-tank system for the T-129, the helicopter gunship Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) is co-producing with Italian-British AgustaWestland in a US $3.2 billion project. It also can be integrated into the Anka, Turkey’s first locally developed unmanned aircraft. Other potential platforms to be outfitted with the UMTAS are armored land vehicles and naval vessels.

 

Roketsan officials said they plan to develop the L-UMTAS, the same anti-tank missile with laser seeker warheads and missiles using high-explosive particles.

 

In February, Roketsan said it won a contract from the United Arab Emirates to sell its laser-guided rocket system, known as the Cirit, under a contract worth $196.2 million. The deal comes as Turkey seeks to boost arms exports to Arabian Gulf countries. The Emirati Army is the first foreign customer for the Cirit system.

 

The Cirit is one of several programs launched by Turkey to equip the Army’s T-129, AH-1P Cobra and AH-1W Super Cobra attack helicopters with low-cost precision strike capabilities. The 70 mm rocket has a range of 8 kilometers.

 

French-German company Eurocopter selected the Cirit for a test and integration program to equip the Eurocopter EC635. Roketsan is also producing canisters for Lockheed Martin’s Patriot Advanced Capability-3 missile.

 

Analysts say the commercial development of the Anka boosted Turkish defense manufacturing.

 

“The Anka is the first aerial platform totally designed, developed and manufactured by Turkish engineering. It has a symbolic importance,” said Ceyhun Ozguven, an Ankara-based analyst.

 

The Anka has a 56-foot wingspan, a top speed of 75 knots and a maximum altitude of 30,000 feet. It completed military testing in late January and is set for serial production. Turkey aims to export the drone around the region, with the Egyptian government reportedly considering an order.

 

With the Anka headed for serial production, TAI has already begun developing an armed version of the drone called the Anka +A that will be outfitted with Cirit missiles .

 

On March 6, Turkey’s President Abdullah Gul showed the Anka to Jordan’s King Abdullah, along with other military products, such as the T-129 and the Hurkus, a basic trainer aircraft TAI is developing. In 2012, Turkey exported about $1.2 billion worth of defense equipment, a 35.7 percent rise over 2011. The main export destinations were the US, UAE and Saudi Arabia. The industry is aiming for $2 billion in exports by 2016.

 

Turkey’s procurement office, the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (SSM), has a regional office in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, for overseeing and coordinating export activities in the region.

 

Other Turkish weapons include the Altay tank, a $400 million project developed and produced by privately owned armored vehicles maker Otokar. South Korea’s Hyundai Rotem and Turkey’s Roketsan and Aselsan, a state-owned military communications and electronics company, are among the project’s sub-contractors. Also, last month Aselsan said it successfully developed the country’s first indigenous identification friend or foe (IFF) system and delivered the first prototypes to the Turkish military

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22 avril 2013 1 22 /04 /avril /2013 22:16
Accident d'hélicoptère: au moins huit étrangers au mains des talibans

22 avril 2013 19h50 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

PULI ALAM (Afghanistan) - Les insurgés talibans détiennent au moins neuf personnes, principalement des Turcs, voyageant dans un hélicoptère civil qui a fait un atterrissage d'urgence dans l'est de l'Afghanistan en raison d'une météo défavorable, ont indiqué lundi des responsables locaux.

 

Dans un communiqué publié sur leur site internet, les talibans, qui exagèrent régulièrement le bilan de leurs actions, ont indiqué de leur côté détenir 11 étrangers appartenant à l'armée américaine, dont deux traducteurs, capturés vivants et transférés vers la région la plus sûre du pays.

 

L'hélicoptère a fait un atterrissage d'urgence dimanche soir dans la province du Logar, située dans l'est du pays et au sud de la capitale Kaboul, a dit le numéro deux de la police provinciale, Rais Khan Sadeq.

 

Les forces de sécurité ont trouvé l'hélicoptère, mais pas les neuf personnes à bord. Elles ont été capturées par les talibans, a dit à l'AFP ce responsable afghan.

 

Les personnes capturées sont un Afghan et huit Turcs, a précisé Din Mohammad Darvish, porte-parole du gouvernement provincial, une information confirmée par d'autres responsables locaux qui avaient fait état plus tôt lundi de neuf Turcs et aucun Afghan enlevés.

 

Les talibans affirment avoir cerné l'hélicoptère puis l'avoir incendié.

 

Les forces étrangères, en se dissociant de l'hélicoptère, tentent de faire passer les prisonniers pour des civils mais leurs dénégations sont vaines car toutes les personnes capturées portent l'uniforme de l'armée américaine, ont-il assuré.

 

Hamidullah Hamid, le gouverneur du district d'Azra, où l'hélicoptère s'est posé, a confirmé que les neuf personnes à bord avaient été capturées par les talibans. Et des chefs de tribus locaux tentaient lundi de convaincre les insurgés de libérer ces neuf personnes, ont indiqué à l'AFP des sources locales requérant l'anonymat.

 

L'ambassade turque (à Kaboul) mène des discussions intensives avec les autorités afghanes pour localiser les personnes enlevées, a dit à l'AFP une source diplomatique turque.

 

Nous espérons que nos ressortissants seront libérés le plus vite possible et qu'ils pourront regagner en toute sécurité les régions où ils travaillent, a déclaré à Ankara le vice-Premier ministre turc Bülent Arinç.

 

L'appareil avait décollé de Khost, ville de l'est afghan près de la frontière pakistanaise où ces employés turcs travaillaient à la construction d'une route, en direction de la capitale Kaboul, a ajouté ce responsable.

 

Un porte-parole du transporteur aérien local Khorasan Cargo Airlines a quant à lui indiqué à l'AFP que sept Turcs, et non huit, étaient à bord de l'hélicoptère de fabrication russe MI-8, ainsi que deux Russes, le pilote et un ingénieur, et un Afghan.

 

L'hélicoptère s'est posé d'urgence dans le Logar en raison d'une averse intense, a ajouté ce responsable disant ne pas savoir où se trouvaient l'équipage et les passagers de ce vol.

 

Un porte-parole de la force de l'Otan en Afghanistan (Isaf) a confirmé de son côté que cet hélicoptère civil ne faisait pas partie de la flotte de la coalition occidentale.

 

La Turquie, membre de l'Otan et dont la population est très majoritairement musulmane, dispose d'environ 1.850 soldats en Afghanistan, déployés principalement à Kaboul. Ceux-ci ne participent pas aux combats et sont cantonnés à des missions de patrouille.

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18 avril 2013 4 18 /04 /avril /2013 12:15

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17 avril 2013 3 17 /04 /avril /2013 17:35

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13 juillet 2012 5 13 /07 /juillet /2012 12:20

Predator over Afghanistan photo USAF

 

13 July 2012 defenceweb.co.za (Reuters)

 

Having revolutionized warfare for the United States in the last 15 years, unmanned aerial drones are going global as the number of countries building and operating them soars.

 

Until now, such systems have largely been the exclusive purview of the U.S. and a handful of allies. Washington allowed Britain, Italy and Turkey to buy U.S.-built drones and operate them usually alongside U.S. forces, but largely rejected requests from other nations keen to acquire the same capability.

 

But that is quickly changing. U.S. firm General Atomics expects to make its first sales of an unarmed version of its Predator drones this year, with Latin America and the Middle East seen to be particularly fertile markets, Reuters reports.

 

"There has been very considerable international interest," retired U.S. Navy Rear Admiral Christopher Ames, now director of international strategic development for the company, told Reuters at this week's Farnborough International Airshow.

 

Flanked by video screens showing the firm's products in action in Iraq, Afghanistan and tracking pirates over the Indian Ocean, Ames said their combat record spoke for itself.

 

Not only were human air crew not put at risk, he said, but use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) also offered huge savings in fuel and personnel costs over conventional manned aircraft.

 

"The nations that have been operating with us in coalition... have seen what it can do in practice," he said.. "Their conviction goes beyond what marketing hype can provide."

 

Privately owned San Diego-based General Atomics was one of the pioneers of early drone technology, operating them first in the Balkans in the 1990s. While the Israeli military has long embraced unmanned aircraft, recruiting specialists directly from model aircraft clubs, other air forces including that of the United States were initially distinctly skeptical.

 

But the wars that followed the attacks of September 11, 2001 changed all that. In Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia and elsewhere, U.S. forces have become increasingly reliant on drones ranging from tiny aircraft operated by infantrymen to those that can fly hundreds or even thousands of miles and stay aloft over 24 hours.

 

Under the presidency of Barack Obama in particular, they have often been the weapon of choice for targeted killings of leading al Qaeda militants, as well as a favorite tool for long-range spy flights over potentially unfriendly countries.

 

The winding down of combat operations in Afghanistan may reduce the current level of U.S. drone demand, industry executives say. But the global market, they suspect, is only beginning to hot up.

 

Until now, Washington has remained able to exercise considerable control over even those drones it has sold abroad. Britain's Royal Air Force, for example, bases the pilots flying its drones over Afghanistan at a U.S. air force base in Nevada alongside their U.S. counterparts.

 

That, experts say, cannot last.

 

DRONES PRIDE OF PLACE

 

"In the future, if you're a moderately serious air force... you're going to want to have at least a medium-level endurance drone with the capability to mount reconnaissance and probably deploy weapons," says Douglas Barrie, a senior fellow for aerospace at London's International Institute for Strategic Studies. "It also may or may not be stealthy... We are only at the very beginning of that now."

 

With aircraft such as Predator, the much longer-range Global Hawk built by Northrop Grumman Corp and the top-secret and stealthy Lockheed Martin Sentinel -- one of which crashed and was captured on an apparent mission over Iran last year -- the United States remains by far the leader of the pack.

 

But perhaps inevitably, the gap is closing.

 

At this year's Farnborough Air Show, almost every major international aircraft maker brought with them their own latest drone. Outside its large chalet, Britain's BAE Systems displayed its long-range Taranis stealth UAV prototype in prime position alongside its Hawk trainer -- the aircraft used by the RAF's Red Arrows display team -- as well as a World War Two-era Spitfire.

 

"What we're looking at is effectively jumping straight to the next generation," said Martin Rowe-Wilcocks, BAE head of international business development for future combat air systems. "We're able to look at those systems that are already in service and learn from them."

 

Israel has long sold small unarmed drones to a range of countries, but other producers are also muscling in. Russian news agency RIA Novosti reported in April that Russia hoped to fly its first prototype domestically produced armed drone as soon as 2014.

 

China has made it clear it is interested in building similar systems, and both countries are expected to have done what they can to persuade Tehran to share its captured Sentinel.

 

As demand but also international competition rises, some U.S. firms worry Washington's attempts to slow the spread of drone technology may leave it falling behind.

 

Diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks show several countries including United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia asking U.S. officials to buy armed drones but being rebuffed.

 

Washington says its commitments to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), a non-binding international agreement designed to limit the spread of long-range precision weaponry, restrict drone export.

 

U.S. FIRMS DISADVANTAGED?

 

Industry leaders warn that could see the U.S. drone sector going the way of its commercial satellite production, effectively strangled by export controls seen as effectively killing its dominance of the sector just as new rivals emerge.

 

"The unmanned area is growing by leaps and bounds," says Marion Blakey, president of the Aerospace Industries Association. "The Missile Technology Control Regime is something that really needs to be addressed because it's disadvantaging U.S. industry."

 

The export-variant Predator, General Atomics says, should deal with some of those concerns. It will have no "hard points" to attach missiles and would be deliberately engineered to make adding new weaponry impossible, it says.

 

Retailing at $3-4 million an item, the unarmed export drone is way cheaper than most equivalent aircraft, Ames said.

 

"There are countries that for a long time have been asking for Predator," he said. "It (the export variant) opens that up to us."

 

Other U.S. defense firms are also investing growing quantities of their own money in new and innovative UAVs. Boeing recently test-flew its prototype "Phantom Eye", a high-altitude drone capable of staying airborne for days at a time.

 

Even if foreign markets remain sometimes off-limits, the Pentagon is seen as still keen to expand the use of drones into new areas. Lockheed Martin says it is investing in unmanned technologies and plans to compete for a future U.S. Navy contract to build a next-generation drone that will operate from aircraft carriers.

 

That contest is also likely to include Northrop Grumman Corp, maker of the X-47B, a U.S. Navy program that is demonstrating some of the initial capabilities that would be packed on the future carrier drones.

 

Officials say Britain is also increasingly interested in naval drones to operate from carriers as well as a range of smaller warships. But BAE's Rowe-Wilcocks says the real growth area will ultimately be the civilian sector.

 

Within a decade or so, he believes unmanned aircraft will routinely operate in European air space, providing surveillance for law enforcement agencies, maritime patrol and a host of other functions.

 

"The test will be whether the public will accept unmanned aircraft overhead in the way they accept those with someone in the cockpit," he says. "At this stage, I think we're more or less there technologically. It is really going to be a regulatory and particularly cultural challenge."

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30 janvier 2012 1 30 /01 /janvier /2012 08:30
First T-129 to be delivered in April


Jan 28 2012 trdefence.com

Head of the Turkish Undersecretariat for Defence Industries  (SSM), Mr. Murad Bayar, has announced that the first of the highly anticipated T-129 ATAK helicopters is set to be delivered to Turkish Land Forces in April, government’s semi-official Anatolian News Agency (AA) reported.

T-129 is Turkey’s re-configured and nationalized mid-weight attack helicopter based on the Italian A-129 Mangusta by Agusta-Westland. It features an improved engine that increases both the range and flight ceiling of the helicopter, an indigenous mission computer designed by Turkish electronics powerhouse Aselsan, improved avionics and sensor suites, as well as various foreign and domestic missile systems boosting a newly added air-to-air guided attack capability.

Turkish Armed Forces will receive a total of 4 T-129 attack helicopters in 2012, and 5 in 2013. Rest of the order, totalling 51 gunships in various configurations, will be delievered through 2017.

Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) is the prime contractor of the project and is responsible for the production of airframes and integration of subsystems into the helicopters. Aselsan is the main developer of electronics, mission computer, navigation, communication and sensor systems.

Bayar said that T-129 is technologically among the world’s top attack helicopters, and as a true multirole platform, will serve Turkey’s needs in all theaters of operation.

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25 décembre 2011 7 25 /12 /décembre /2011 21:09
Israël a annulé un contrat sur des systèmes radars à la Turquie (médias)

 

25 décembre 2011 - Armenews.com

 

Le ministère israélien de la Défense a ordonné d’annuler un important contrat de fourniture à la Turquie de systèmes radars équipant des avions, ont indiqué jeudi les médias israéliens.

 

Selon les médias qui citent un responsable du ministère de la Défense ayant requis l’anonymat, le contrat signé en 2009 avec la Turquie par la société israélienne Elbit Systems et les Industries aériennes israéliennes porte sur un montant de 140 millions de dollars (107 millions d’euros).

 

Interrogé par l’AFP sur les raisons de cette annulation, le ministère de la Défense a indiqué qu’il “n’a pas pour habitude de s’expliquer sur ses décisions (...) qui sont prises sur une base professionnelle en vertu de considérations sécuritaires et diplomatiques“.

 

Le journal en ligne Ynet a pour sa part estimé que le ministère de la Défense avait décidé d’annuler ce contrat, de crainte qu’Ankara ne transfère ces équipements ultra-sophistiqués à des tiers qui lui sont hostiles.

 

Selon la première chaîne publique de la télévision israélienne, Israël s’inquiète surtout d’un rapprochement entre la nouvelle hiérarchie militaire à Ankara et l’Iran.

 

Tous les autres contrats d’armes conclus par Israël et la Turquie sont maintenus, a précisé la télévision.

 

Les relations entre Israël et la Turquie, jadis florissantes, y compris dans le domaine de la coopération militaire, se sont considérablement dégradées, notamment après un raid meurtrier israélien contre un ferry turc qui tentait de briser le blocus de Gaza en mai 2010.

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7 septembre 2011 3 07 /09 /septembre /2011 05:55

http://french.ruvr.ru/data/2011/09/06/1254382042/4022038396_a94fc365ae_o.jpg

 

6.09.2011 Konstantin Bogdanov -- french.ruvr.ru

 

Un radar américain sera installé en Turquie où, très probablement, il commencera à suivre les lancements de missiles sur le territoire iranien et ne pourra pas être utilisé contre les forces stratégiques russes. Cependant, le système global américain de défense antimissile (ABM) comporte toujours un risque pour la Russie.

L’ABM américain se dote d’un nouveau radar

 

Une station radar en cours de création par les Etats-Unis et l’OTAN sera déployée en Turquie, a déclaré vendredi le porte-parole du ministère turc des Affaires étrangères Selçuk Ünal. 
"Le déploiement de cet élément de l’ABM en Turquie sera une contribution de notre pays au système de défense développé dans le cadre de la nouvelle stratégie de l’OTAN et renforcera le potentiel de défense de l'Alliance et de notre système national de défense", a-t-il fait remarquer.

 

Pour autant qu’on puisse en juger actuellement, il s’agit de variations sur le thème du radar centimétrique AN/TPY-2 intégré dans le complexe américain THAAD destiné à l'interception endo-atmosphérique des missiles de moyenne portée. Le radar couvre un rayon d’environ 1.000 kilomètres.

 

La particularité de cette station est qu’hormis la transmission des paramètres au complexe de tir THAAD destiné à détruire les ogives lancées, elle peut être utilisée comme une sorte de "point d’observation" avancé dans la structure projetée du nouvel ABM américain (ce qu’on appelle le régime Forward-based mode). Dans ce cas, le radar est utilisé pour une détection précoce des lancements de missiles et la détermination des éléments de leurs trajectoires.

Dans quelle direction le radar sera-t-il orienté?

 

Le site prévu pour le déploiement de la station radar réduit rapidement le cercle des "ennemis éventuels" de la région sud-européennes de l’ABM américain. Selon les médias turcs, il est question des régions sud-est de la Turquie.

Le radar ne pourra pratiquement pas fonctionner contre la Russie à partir de cette position : premièrement, sur le plan purement théorique sa portée suffira jusqu'à Novorossiïsk, et deuxièmement, la crête du Caucase et les montagnes à l’est de la chaîne pontique empêcheront fortement le radar de surveiller la situation au-dessus du territoire russe, même s’il était déployé sur l’un des sommets autour du lac Van.

 

Sans parler du fait que dans ce secteur il est inutile de surveiller quoi que ce soit qui soit lié aux lancements des missiles stratégiques russes. Ils sont déployés au nord-ouest de Russie, dans sa région centrale et en Sibérie, et leurs trajectoires opérationnelles sont dirigées vers le nord, au-dessus des régions polaires et le Groenland.

 

De plus, et surtout, même en supposant que ce radar soit capable de détecter quelque chose qu’il ne devrait pas voir (par exemple, des lancements hypothétiques de missiles tactiques au-dessus de l’Abkhazie et de l’Ossétie du Sud en cas de nouveau conflit au sud de la crête du Caucase), les Américains ne pourraient rien en faire. Les vecteurs pour antimissiles en Géorgie pourraient convenir, mais la possibilité de leur déploiement dans les conditions actuelles est très faible.

 

Vendredi, Dmitri Rogozine, représentant permanent de la Russie auprès de l’OTAN, a annoncé que le radar turc ne représentait aucune menace pour la Russie. Par contre, deux Etats de la région devraient s’en inquiéter: l’Iran et la Syrie.

 

Si la Syrie ne dispose pas de missiles capables d’atteindre le territoire européen (et a peu de chances de s’en procurer à moyen terme), l’Iran est sur le point de créer de tels systèmes. Et ses principales bases de missiles connues du public sont situées à l’ouest et au nord-ouest du pays (près de Khorramabad et Tabriz), et le lancement d’un missile serait certainement détecté par la nouvelle station radar américaine. 

Mise au point de la politique générale

 

La logique du déploiement d’un radar en Turquie renforce l’orientation ouverte anti-iranienne de la composante européenne de l’ABM américain (ce qui a été ouvertement annoncé).

 

Au début des années 2000, l’administration républicaine misait sur le déploiement des éléments de l'ABM en République tchèque et en Pologne, où ils pouvaient seulement menacer les missiles Topol tirés à partir des régions nord-ouest de Russie.

 

Avec l’arrivée à la Maison blanche de l’équipe de Barack Obama, le concept de l’ABM européen a changé : les plans de déploiement des vecteurs ABM ont changé au profit du sud de la Roumanie, et un radar devait être déployé en Bulgarie ou (comme ce sera certainement le cas) en Turquie.

 

Ainsi, le flanc sud de la composante européenne de l’ABM américain a été dessiné dans l’ensemble. Désormais, on peut affirmer que dans cette configuration il s’agit effectivement de la protection de l’Europe contre d'éventuelles attaques de missiles en provenance du Moyen-Orient.

 

Les missiles d’un ennemi éventuel lancés contre les pays européens passeront au-dessus de la Turquie et les éléments de leurs trajectoires seront détectés par le radar turc. Ensuite, les intercepteurs roumains traiteront les ogives au-dessus des Balkans.

La mosaïque complexe de l’ABM global

 

En comparaison avec les plans annoncés par Washington une dizaine d’années auparavant, le fond général du problème de l’ABM européen a perdu son caractère franchement antirusse. Cependant, les risques pour la Russie demeurent.

 

L’architecture de l’ABM américain global, dans sa forme sous laquelle il sera créé, assure une souplesse sans précédent des systèmes de ciblage et de guidage des systèmes d’attaque. En fait, il est prévu que toutes les composantes de l’ABM (les radars navals et les intercepteurs embarqués sur les navires) soient capables de se déplacer et, en cas de menace, d’adopter la configuration nécessaire au Pentagone.

 

Ainsi, une source haut placée au Pentagone a déclaré au The Wall Street Journal que la décision de déployer le radar en Turquie avait été prise à la fin de l’année dernière. Toutefois, afin d’éviter d’exacerber les relations déjà complexes dans la région, selon la source, il a été décidé que le radar américain identique, déployé en Israël et intégré à l’ABM, ne recevrait aucune information à partir du radar turc.

 

Ankara est réellement préoccupé par les tensions possibles dans la région et se prononce contre la création de l’ABM régional intégré basé sur ces deux radars. Toutefois, on ignore comment les Américains garantiront l’absence d'échange d’informations si l’architecture de l’ABM global prévoit un échange transparent de données (dans l’idéal à l’échelle planétaire).

 

L’ABM israélien sera probablement exclu de ce schéma, mais la facilité avec laquelle il est possible de mettre ces radars en liaison confirme le caractère éphémère des garanties avancées par les militaires américains.

Les problèmes similaires préoccupent la Russie.

 

Admettons que la probabilité de la destruction des missiles Topol tirés dans le nord-ouest de la Russie au-dessus de la mer de Norvège est relativement faible : la phase d’accélération sera déjà terminée ce qui compliquera l’interception. Mais à partir des mêmes positions les croiseurs américains de classe Ticonderoga pourront détruire les missiles navals russes pendant la phase de lancement depuis les sous-marins dans la mer de Barents.

 

Or c’est une grave menace : les missiles nucléaires navals étaient toujours considérés comme une arme de représailles (dans les années 70 on les qualifiés des "tueurs de villes" en raison de leur précision relativement faible), et l’annulation de leur potentiel de riposte pourrait pousser encore plus les politiques irresponsable à effectuer une première frappe de "désarmement" contre les forces nucléaires russes. Notamment dans le contexte de la future mise hors service des silos lourds de production soviétique, et d’une situation pour l’instant floue concernant le rythme de leur replacement par de nouveaux systèmes.

 

La situation s’avère complexe. D’une part, le déploiement de la composante sud de l’ABM en Turquie et en Roumanie ne présente aucune menace pour la Russie. D’autre part, la mise en place de la mosaïque colossale de l’ABM américain global comporte certains risques potentiels pour les forces stratégiques russes.

 

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16 juillet 2011 6 16 /07 /juillet /2011 05:50

http://www.defencetalk.com/pictures/data/4833/IM000695.JPG

photo defencetalk.com

 

Jul 13 2011 trdefence.com

 

Roketsan is completing development of a trio of guided anti-armour weapons

 

Turkish Land Forces Command is the main customer, but the missiles will be marketed for exports

 

Since the mid-1990s Turkey’s Roketsan has firmly established itself in the design, development and production of unguided surface-to-surface rockets. During the past decade, however, the company has ventured into the more complex and demanding guided-weapons business with the development of three anti-armour systems.

 

All three are being manufactured under contract to the Turkish Land Forces Command (TLFC) with Roketsan as the prime contractor, and will also be offered on the export market. Several other Turkish companies are involved in the programmes, including Aselsan.

 

Cirit

 

In 2004 Roketsan began development of a 2.75-inch semi-active laser-guided missile (SALGM) called Cirit, which was originally the name of a Turkish cavalry-rooted sport played for many centuries. It was also sometimes called Jereed, meaning ‘Javelin’ – also the name of the Raytheon-Lockheed Martin man-portable fire-and-forget anti-tank guided weapon [ATGW] system. Cirit was intended to provide the TLFC’s AH-1P Cobra and AH-1W Super Cobra attack helicopters with a precision attack capability.

 

Rather than upgrading its existing 2.75-inch unguided rocket, Roketsan elected to develop a new missile that could be launched from MIL-STD-810 F- and MIL-STD-464 A-compatible M- and LAU-series launchers, which are widely deployed.

 

Cirit has an overall length of 1.9 m and a launch weight of 15 kg. Minimum range is 1,500 m and maximum range is 8,000 m.

 

The SALGM has a conventional layout, with a passive SAL seeker installed in the nose, surmounting the control unit with four swing-out control surfaces, which is in turn followed by the guidance section and power source.

 

Further back is the multipurpose warhead, which provides a combined anti-armour, anti-personnel and incendiary effect. According to Roketsan, this is optimised to neutralise high-value soft or semi-hardened targets.

 

The rear of the SALGM contains the rocket motor, which is insensitive munition (IM)-compliant and has a reduced smoke signature. It is connected to the rear section by a roll bearing that enables it to rotate in flight.

 

There are four small stabilising surfaces at the very rear of the missile immediately in front of the exhaust nozzle.

 

During deployment, the gunner designates the target prior to launch, after which the rocket relies on a MEMS (micro electromechanical system)-type inertial measurement unit in combination with terminal laser homing.

 

According to Roketsan, Cirit has a high probability of hit on a 3×3 m target at maximum range.

 

First tests of Cirit were carried out in 2006, with development and flight qualification completed in 2008. Low-rate initial production has already commenced and will ramp up to full-rate production in 2012.

 

The company says that nearly 100 Cirit missiles of different configurations were launched during the extensive development and qualification tests. These included ballistic, control and guidance test missiles, plus qualification missiles.

 

As the SALGM is longer than the M- and LAU-series pods, Roketsan has developed a new launch pod and a new canister in which Cirit is delivered as an all-up round. The latter is loaded into either a two- or a four-round launch pod, which is more robust against environmental conditions than a standard launcher and easier to load and unload.

 

Cirit can additionally be fired from a ‘smart’ launcher, which has a MIL-STD-1760 interface. This can hold two or four SALGMs and contains all of the control electronics, enabling it to be rapidly integrated onto a number of helicopters that are required only to have a MIL-STD-1760 interface.

 

Roketsan signed an agreement with Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) in May 2011 for the integration of its Cirit Smart Launcher System on the T-129 attack helicopter, to enable data transfer between the missile and the helicopter launch platform.

 

Also in May, Roketsan signed a memorandum of understanding with Eurocopter for integration of Cirit on the EC635 helicopter, tests of which are planned for an unknown date.

 

UMTAS

 

Development of the UMTAS (Uzun Menzilli Tanksavar Fuze Sistemi) long-range air-launched ATGW began in 2005 with the Turkish Undersecretary of National Defence’s award to Roketsan of an initial TRY50 million (USD30.53 million), 26-month Phase I study contract. Phase I covered concept work, including subsystems such as missile propulsion, guidance and warhead.

 

The ATGW will be the main armament of TAI’s T-129 attack helicopter, which is a further development of the AgustaWestland A129 Mangusta. It is expected that 51 T-129s will be built to supplement the currently deployed AH-1P and AH-1W attack helicopters used by the TLFC.

 

The UMTAS missile is 1.8 m long and 16 cm in diameter. Launch weight is 37.5 kg and range is 500-8,000 m.

 

Roketsan received the Phase II contract in mid-2008. First helicopter trial launches have taken place from an AH-1P, which is being used as a testbed for the programme. Safe separation and jettison tests have also been carried out.

 

The launcher has a military-standard interface and weighs 60 kg. The T-129 attack helicopter would typically carry two launchers, each with four UMTAS missiles, and two launch pods with two or four Cirit 2.75-inch missiles each.

 

Aselsan has developed a pedestal-type launcher with four UMTAS missiles in the ready-to-launch position. This could be installed on fast attack craft or patrol boats.

 

In addition to lock-on-before-launch and lock-on-after-launch operational modes, UMTAS can be used against masked targets. The firing envelope enables an off-boresight target engagement.

 

UMTAS has completed ballistic and control test firings and is undergoing guided firing tests.

 

Although the first application of UMTAS will be airborne, it is also suitable for some land- and sea-based platforms.

 

OMTAS

 

A new weapon known as OMTAS (Orta Menzilli Tanksavar Sistemi) portable medium-range ATGW has grown out of UMTAS and shares several of its subsystems. These include: a nose-mounted uncooled imaging infrared (IIR) seeker developed by Aselsan; a tandem HEAT warhead optimised against targets fitted with explosive reactive armour (ERA) – the first warhead neutralises the ERA, thereby clearing a path for the larger main charge; a duplex RF datalink for uplink-downlink between the user and missile command; and other electronic subsystems.

 

Roketsan received an initial Phase I design contract for the OMTAS ATGW in April 2007, which it fulfilled by the end of 2009.

 

The system consists of a missile in its launch tube and a tripod with associated control unit and sighting unit (SU), the latter two systems together weighing about 55 kg.

 

The OMTAS missile has an overall length of 1.68 m and the same 16 cm diameter as UMTAS, but is slightly lighter at 35 kg, including launch tube. It has four flip-out control surfaces at the very rear and six flip-out wings about two thirds of the way down from the nose.

 

It has a minimum range of 200 m and maximum range of more than 4,000 m. Its solid-propellant HTPB (hydroxy terminate polybutadiene) rocket motor – also developed by Roketsan – is IM-compliant.

 

The SU features a thermal camera, TV camera, digital magnetic compass and laser rangefinder. It can be removed and used as a standalone observation device, providing an all-weather target battlefield surveillance capability.

 

OMTAS can be launched from within a confined space. It has fire-and-forget and fire-and-update modes of operation, as well as direct-attack and top-attack options for masked targets.

 

Although the first version of OMTAS will be tripod mounted, the ATGW can also be integrated onto tracked and wheeled platforms. During transportation and field deployment each end of the launch tube is fitted with a protective cover.

 

According to Roketsan, first missiles have already been successfully test fired without the IIR seeker and all-up firings are due in 2012, with design freeze scheduled for late 2012.

 

Ballistic performance trials have also been completed, as well as control and guidance characteristics using control test vehicles.

 

Full-scale development (Phase II) is still in progress in line with the original schedule, with qualification expected to take place in 2013 and production (Phase III) to commence in 2014.

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22 juin 2011 3 22 /06 /juin /2011 20:05
EADS: nouvel accord de coopération avec TAI

 

22 juin 2011 CercleFinance.com

 

EADS a signé, via ses divisions Cassidian et Astrium, un protocole d'accord en vue d'une coopération avec Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI), dans le cadre du salon du Bourget.

 

Cet accord concerne des activités en Turquie, en Allemagne, en France, au Royaume Uni et en Espagne. Il porte notamment sur l'étude d'opportunités de collaboration dans le domaine des véhicules aériens sans pilotes (programmes UAV).

 

Pour rappel, un autre accord avait été signé le mois dernier à Istanbul entre Cassidian et TAI pour coopérer sur le programme de drone Talarion.

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6 juin 2011 1 06 /06 /juin /2011 18:05
Turkey nears deal for US heavy lift helicopters
A US Army CH- 47D Chinook helicopter

 

June 6, 2011 ÜMİT ENGİNSOY Hürriyet Daily News

 

ANKARA - Turkey has neared a deal with the United States to buy six Boeing-made CH-47 heavy lift military transport helicopters, worth over $300 million, a senior procurement official said at the weekend.

 

The Defense Security Cooperation Agency, or DSCA, the Pentagon's body coordinating weapons sales, notified Congress of a potential sale of a total of 14 CH-47F heavy lift helicopters in December 2009, and Congress' permission came later that month.

 

But because of financial constraints, the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries, or SSM, Turkey's procurement agency, wanted to buy only six CH-47Fs, all for the Army, leaving a decision for the remaining eight platforms to the future. Contract negotiations among the SSM, the U.S. government and Boeing were launched last year.

 

"Now the contract talks almost have come to an end, and are expected to be concluded very soon. The total price is expected to be over $300 million," the procurement official told Hürriyet Daily News. "After the helicopters begin to arrive, we plan to make some modifications on them according to suit our specific needs."

 

The six CH-47F Chinooks will be the first heavy lift helicopters in the Turkish Army's inventory. Their deliveries are expected to begin in 2013.

 

Developed in the late 1960s, the Chinooks have been exported to many countries, including Australia, Britain, Canada, Egypt, Greece, Italy, Japan, Morocco, the Netherlands, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and the United Arab Emirates.

 

The Chinooks have been successfully operated in combat conditions in several wars and armed conflicts.

 

Other helicopter programs

 

Heavy lift platforms are only one of the several major helicopter deals Turkey has concluded or was still seeking.

In 2008 and 2010, Turkey signed two contracts worth billions of dollars with the Italian AgustaWestland for joint manufacture of 60 T-129 attack helicopters for the Army, Turkish versions of the company's AW-129 chopper.

 

Earlier this year, Turkey chose the U.S. Sikorsky Aircraft for joint production of a first batch of 109 T-70 utility helicopters, Turkish versions of the firm's S-70i Black Hawk International.

 

Next year, Turkey is expected to choose a foreign partner for joint manufacture and marketing of hundreds of light utility helicopters, weighing between 4,500 kilograms and 5,500 kilograms.

 

Heavy lift military transport helicopters are much larger versions of utility helicopters. The Chinook is a twin-engine, twin-rotor helicopter. The counter-rotating rotors eliminate the need for an anti-torque vertical rotor, allowing all power to be used for lift and thrust.

 

The CH-47F is the upgraded version of the CH-47D, and is the latest model in this helicopter family. It can carry up to 60 troops and personnel.

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16 mai 2011 1 16 /05 /mai /2011 18:00

http://www.spacedaily.com/images-lg/eads-talarion-uav-lg.jpg 

 

May 16, 2011 Paris, France(SPX)

 

A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed between Cassidian on behalf of EADS Deutschland GmbH and Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc. (TAI) to establish a close collaboration in the Talarion programme. The MoU was signed during an official ceremony at the 10th International Defence Industry Fair (IDEF) held in Istanbul.

 

Signed in the presence of Murad Bayar, The Honourable Undersecretary for Defence Industries and Thomas Kossendey, Germany's Deputy Defence Minister, this new agreement further reinforces the presence of Turkey in Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) multinational collaborative programmes.

 

Talarion is the European programme for a next-generation Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) advanced Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) to fulfil the requirements initially placed by France, Germany and Spain for future unmanned long endurance surveillance and reconnaissance missions. The novel aspect of this approach is a modular design and the integration of the UAV in a network-enabled operations scenario.

 

Turkey has always advocated to participate in this major European programme with the Undersecretariat for Defence Industries (SSM) agreeing significant investment and integration in the Talarion prototype programme team by major companies of the Turkish industry led by TAI (Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc.).

 

The prototype will be the first development standard following an interactive design approach. First flight of the prototype is scheduled for 2014. To achieve this goal, Cassidian has created a dedicated co-located plateau phase with engineers from France, Spain, Turkey and Germany including main suppliers. Today around 160 engineers are working in the Talarion plateau.

 

Being the first Unmanned Aerial System that will operate within civil airspace, Talarion can be used for a variety of security missions amongst others such as anti-piracy, drug control, border protection and ecological and natural crisis management.

 

"Cassidian is very pleased and honored to welcome TAI as part of the Talarion Team", said Bernhard Gerwert, Chief Executive Officer of Cassidian Air Systems, adding : "This next-generation MALE UAS is of outmost importance since it will fulfill government security missions and commercial activities which are not accessible to current solutions and their derivatives. With this industrial commitment we strongly believe that the potential customers will decide soon to support this unique product."

 

"We look forward to the progress of this programme which offers the highest performance of its class, incorporating the most modern modular sensor suite and data links" explained Muharrem Dortkasli, Chief Executive Officer and President, Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc. adding : "TAI is very proud to integrate such a challenging breakthrough, paving the way to a new generation of operational capabilities ."

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