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4 novembre 2015 3 04 /11 /novembre /2015 17:20
LM-Built Systems Successfully Destroy Multiple Targets in Test of BMDS


Nov 2, 2015 ASDNews Source : Lockheed Martin


Aegis, THAAD, C2BMC Integrated for Successful Test


Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT), U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, U.S. Air Force, and the Missile Defense Agency successfully conducted a multifaceted operational test of the ballistic missile defense system (BMDS) that resulted in the successful intercepts of multiple air and missile targets launched within moments of one another. In the test, the Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) Weapon System   and the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System aboard the USS John Paul Jones (DDG 53) received support from a sensor command-and-control architecture that included an AN/TPY-2 radar, and the Command, Control, Battle Management and Communications ( C2BMC ) suite.

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22 mars 2015 7 22 /03 /mars /2015 07:40
Otan/Bouclier antimissile: un ambassadeur russe menace le Danemark

The Danish HDMS Hvidbjoernen (F 360), British HMS Chatam (F 87), and U.S. guided missile cruiser USS Cape St. George (CG 71) cruise in formation during the joint combined exercise BALTOPS 2002 - photo US Navy


Copenhague, 21 mars 2015 Marine & Océans (AFP)


L'ambassadeur russe au Danemark a averti samedi que la marine danoise serait visée si ce pays participait au système de bouclier antimissile de l'Otan, une déclaration jugée "inacceptable" par Copenhague.


"Je ne pense pas que les Danois comprennent parfaitement les conséquences de leur éventuel ralliement au système de défense promu par les Etats-Unis", a écrit l'ambassadeur Mikhail Vanin dans un article d'opinion paru dans le quotidien danois Jyllands-Posten.


"Si cela arrive, les navires de guerre danois deviendront les cibles des missiles nucléaires russes", a-t-il ajouté.


La Russie s'oppose au bouclier antimissile de l'Otan, lancé en 2010 et prévu pour être complètement opérationnel en 2025. Il vise à déployer des intercepteurs de missiles et de puissants radars en Méditerranée, Pologne et Roumanie.


Le Danemark a prévu de fournir une ou plusieurs frégates équipées de systèmes de radars antimissiles perfectionnés.


Le ministre des Affaires étrangères danois, Martin Lidegaard, a qualifié les propos de l'ambassadeur de "rhétorique inacceptable", "complètement hors de propos". "Personne ne devrait faire de menaces aussi sérieuses", a-t-il déclaré à l'agence de presse Ritzau.


Ces déclarations sont "très menaçantes et inutiles" puisque le bouclier antimissile est seulement une "alarme anti-intrusion", a commenté de son côté la présidente de la commission des Affaires étrangères au parlement danois, Mette Gjerskow.


"C'est une façon d'accentuer l'escalade verbale entre la Russie et l'Otan (...) mais ça ne change rien au fait que nous n'avons pas peur", a assuré à l'AFP Mme Gjerskow, estimant que les propos de l'ambassadeur s'adressaient aussi à l'opinion publique russe.


Les relations entre la Russie et les pays scandinaves se sont tendues ces dernières années avec la multiplication d'incursions de l'aviation militaire russe dans la région baltique.


Présenté comme une protection contre l'Iran ou la Corée du Nord, le projet de bouclier antimissile est depuis plusieurs années un grand sujet de discorde entre l'Otan et la Russie, qui le perçoit comme une menace pour sa sécurité.

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14 mars 2015 6 14 /03 /mars /2015 12:20
DDG 51 Modernization Program Meets Key Milestones


Mar 12, 2015 ASDNews Source : US Navy


The Navy's DDG 51 modernization program has met two key milestones Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) announced Dec. 22.

The milestones involve the successful installation and testing of the new Aegis baseline 9 combat system on two DDG 51 destroyers, and a hull, mechanical and electrical (HM&E) modernization to a third. The modernization program ensures Arleigh Burke-class ships keep pace with evolving threats while meeting service life requirements and future operational commitments.


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13 mars 2015 5 13 /03 /mars /2015 17:20
Standard Missile-3 Block IB

Standard Missile-3 Block IB


Mar 11, 2015 ASDNews Source : Raytheon


    Updates Make SM-3 More Lethal Against Advanced Threats


For the first time ever, Raytheon has begun enhancing Standard Missile-3 Block IBs with 'threat upgrade' software, giving the weapon's kill vehicle the ability to hunt down more complicated, more lethal targets.


Though exact details are classified, the ability to make improvements through software upgrades means combatant commanders can get increased ballistic missile defense capabilities without the time and expense associated with traditional disassembly or hardware replacement.


"We're proving it's possible to significantly improve the SM-3 Block IB's capability without having to go through the process of breaking apart the missile and then rebuilding again," Dr. Mitch Stevison, Standard Missile-3 senior program director. "Software updates are inherently less risky and extremely cost effective."


The Missile Defense Agency and the U.S. Navy plan to test an SM-3 Block IB enhanced with the new software in 2015.


The SM-3 Block IB's software updates were performed in Raytheon's Tucson, Ariz., Space Factory. Final assembly of the SM-3 takes place at Raytheon's Redstone Missile Integration Facility in Huntsville, Ala.


About the Standard Missile-3

SM-3s destroy incoming ballistic missile threats in space using nothing more than sheer impact, which is equivalent to a 10-ton truck traveling at 600 mph. The next-generation SM-3 Block IB incorporates an enhanced two-color infrared seeker and the Throttleable Divert and Attitude Control System, a mechanism that propels the missile toward incoming targets.

    More than 200 SM-3s have been delivered to the U.S. and Japan to date.

    SM-3 Block IB will be deployed ashore in 2015 in Romania.

    SM-3 Block IIA, co-developed with Japan, will have larger rocket motors and a bigger, more capable kinetic warhead. It's on track for deployment at sea and ashore in 2018.

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11 mars 2015 3 11 /03 /mars /2015 12:50
photo A Deluc  -Sirpa Marine

photo A Deluc -Sirpa Marine


March 9th, 2015  By - defencetalk.com


DCNS has been selected – as part of a multinational industrial team led by the US Company Leidos – to participate in the system engineering and the integration of the NATO Ballistic Missile Defence.

DCNS will provide its leading-edge expertise as a naval systems prime contractor to contribute both to the definition and specification and to the integration and test of the NATO Ballistic Missile Defence architectures. The single-award firm-fixed-price contract has a four-year base period of performance, two one-year options plus one eight-month option, and a total contract value of $77 million if all options are exercised.

NATO’s goal is to integrate existing and future national weapon systems, sensors, command and control systems with the NATO Battle Management Command Control Communications and Intelligence system to provide an active defence for the protection of the alliance territory and populations, as well as deployed military forces and critical assets, against a large spectrum of ballistic missiles threats.

The multinational team will assist in this effort by defining, specifying and testing and verifying the proposed NATO Ballistic Missile Defence architectures and requirements using an integration test bed that will be upgraded and operated under the contract.


“DCNS is the prime contractor for the FREMM Frigates – the most technologically advanced combat ships on the market – two of which will be dedicated to Air and Missile defence for the French Navy, and for the Horizon Frigates Combat Management System maintenance. These frigates are strong candidates to contribute to the future NATO BMD architectures.” said Pierre Legros, Senior Vice President, Programmes. “This success of DCNS clearly demonstrates the company’s continued commitment towards the most powerful technological solutions supporting the most advanced defence capabilities.”


Leidos Team is a multinational industrial consortium composed of Leidos (USA), a national security, health and engineering solutions company, prime contractor, Aselsan (Turkey), The Boeing Company (USA), DCNS (France), Parsons (USA), QinetiQ (United Kingdom), RIMPAC (Canada), Thales (Netherlands) and TMS (Germany).


DCNS designs and builds submarines and surface combatants, develops associated systems and infrastructure, and offers a full range of services to naval bases and shipyards. The DCNS Group generates annual revenues of €3.1 billion and employs 13130 people (2014 data)

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8 mars 2015 7 08 /03 /mars /2015 17:20
USS Sterett (DDG 104) - photo US Navy

USS Sterett (DDG 104) - photo US Navy


march 1, 2015 by Dr. Andrew J. Futter - missiledefensereview.org

In the past two decades, the US ballistic missile defence programme has tackled and overcome myriad technical challenges, engineering problems and political skeptics, and the notion and role of missile defence has now become normalized, accepted and essentially entrenched within US strategic and deterrence planning. Indeed, we have come a long way since the highly charged partisan debates and technological melee that characterized the 1980s and was embodied by Ronald Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). That said, the missile defence concept continues to face difficulties – most notably its impact on strategic arms control discussions – but also from the development of new cyber capabilities and particularly the growth and scale of hacking and cyber espionage. While the ability to discriminate between warheads and decoys and ensure that systems work quickly and accurately during an attack is one thing, the risk that key operational or technical secrets could have been stolen, or in a worse case scenario key systems might be in some way undermined, disrupted or disabled, is a significant problem that as yet has not been fully addressed in the debate. If a potential enemy can acquire enough information about how these systems work – let alone hack into them, “spoof” them or even cause damage – then there is a very real possibility that highly sophisticated BMD systems could be undermined or that an adversary will simply develop new ways to overwhelm them. Guarding sensitive information and highly complex BMD systems against cyber threats is therefore a fundamental challenge for those managing the US BMD programme, and arguably more important and pressing than many other “problems” that so often define the debate.


It may come as a surprise, but the “cyber” threat to US missile defence systems is far from a new phenomenon, in fact, the first known case of attempted cyber attack seeking to acquire sensitive secrets in this way can be traced back to the 1986 Cuckoo’s Egg episode when German hacker Markus Hess sought information on amongst other things the SDI for his KGB handlers. Hess successfully hacked into various classified US military and defence research computers and accessed a considerable amount of sensitive information.[1] Likewise, in 1989, the German hacker group “Chaos Computer Club” was also revealed as seeking to steal sensitive US defence secrets for the KGB. In the early 2000s, the Titan Rain attack, very likely sponsored by China, targeted the US Strategic Command and Sandia National Laboratories, and in 2004, another virus infected the classified intranet of the US Army Space and Missile Defense Command. A few years later the Russia-backed Buckshot Yankee attack directly targeted classified US defence networks, including those containing information on ballistic missile defence programmes, and more recently, the Chinese have been accused of hacking into US defence contractors searching for information on the PAC-3, Thaad, and Aegis programmes and on US regional missile defence plans for Asia, Europe and the Persian Gulf. What is more, between 2011 and 2012, Unit 61398 – a hacker organization funded by the Chinese PLA – are believed to have stolen large quantities of data from Israeli defence contractors regarding the Iron Dome and Arrow III missile defence programmes. Given the link between them, some of this information could have a bearing on US BMD programmes.


While this growing trend is clearly of concern, the implications of these attacks for the US ballistic missile defence programme are varied and nuanced – and the cyber challenge should therefore not be seen as homogenous. First of all it is unclear what types of information have been stolen – it is most likely to be insensitive data and documents (highly sensitive material is likely to be air-gapped and better protected) – but it is perfectly possible that more important and sensitive material has or could be targeted. In fact, many cyber espionage attacks resemble a “hoovering” approach – seeking to acquire any and all types of information and data – while only a few are deliberately targeted at specific systems and data. That said, some attacks are deliberately designed to search for vulnerabilities in these systems that might be exploited in the future. Second, the intentions behind these types of attacks are mixed, and range from simple hacking in order to see what is going on (as was probably the case with KGB attacks on the SDI in the 1980s); operations designed to steal data in order to help with building indigenous systems –i.e. in order to facilitate the development of missile defence programs, or that can be used to evade these systems in the future – for example learning about the algorithms that undergird the system or acquiring data about the way the kill vehicle works; right up to cyber activities designed to enable future attacks and even lay the foundation to sabotage these systems – such as was the case in the Olympic Games and Stuxnet cyber attacks against Iran. At least some of these scenarios raise significant questions about the future efficacy of various BMD systems, and add another layer to the debate about costs and effectiveness that has always been a contentious part of the BMD story.


In March last year, Vice Admiral James Syring, head of the US Missile Defense Agency, announced that the MDA was “working diligently to enhance the cybersecurity posture of missile defense networks, and improve the protection of missile defence information”[1] but cyber defence and security is unlikely to ever be perfect.  It is almost certain that potential US foes have gleaned some information on how US (and Israeli) BMD systems work, and while this may not yet be catastrophic, the importance of protecting these systems, the processes and hardware that facilitate them and the data they rely on will be fundamental as we go forward.  If this is not done, there will always be a risk that systems might be compromised, beaten or simply not work as expected.


* Dr. Futter is a Senior Lecturer in International Politics in the Department of Politics & International Relations at the University of Leicester. 

[1] See Clifford Stoll, “The cuckoo’s egg: tracking a spy through the maze of computer espionage”, (London, Doubleday: 1989)

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28 février 2015 6 28 /02 /février /2015 16:20
photo MDA

photo MDA


Feb 27, 2015 Spacewar.com  (XNA)


Washington DC - The U.S. military launched three suborbital rockets near-simultaneously Tuesday as part of a ballistic missile defense (BMD) test involving the Aegis weapon system.


The U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) said in a statement that the rockets were acquired and tracked by sailors aboard two Aegis BMD destroyers while a third destroyer participated in associated operations.


Using this data, the Aegis BMD ships then conducted simulated guided missile engagements with the Distributed Weighted Engagement Scheme (DWES) capability enabled to determine which ship is the preferred shooter, thereby reducing duplication of BMD engagements and missile expenditures while ensuring BMD threat coverage.


Since no guided missiles were launched, the test did not include an attempted intercept, and the MDA noted that the test was "successfully completed."


"This was the first flight test to assess the ability of the Aegis BMD 4.0 weapon system to simulate engagements of a raid consisting of three short-range, separating ballistic missile targets," the statement said. "This was also the first time Aegis BMD 4.0 ships used the DWES capability with live targets."


The rockets were launched between 2:30 a.m. and 2:31 a.m. EDT ( 0730 GMT and 0731 GMT) from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in the state of Virginia, the U.S. space agency said.


Aegis BMD, managed by the MDA and the U.S. Navy, is the naval component of the U.S. ballistic missile defense system.

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15 octobre 2014 3 15 /10 /octobre /2014 11:35
THAAD : Séoul et Washington échangent des informations sans parler de déploiement


WASHINGTON, 11 oct. (Yonhap)


La Corée du Sud et les Etats-Unis ont échangé des informations sur les caractéristiques clés du système THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense), un système de défense antimissile à haute altitude, mais n’ont pas discuté de la question de son déploiement sur le sol sud-coréen, a dit ce samedi l’ambassadeur de Séoul aux Etats-Unis, Ahn Ho-young.


«A ma connaissance, il y a eu des consultations sur le système lui-même», a affirmé le représentant diplomatique à des députés dans le cadre d’un audit parlementaire. «Mais il n’y a eu aucune discussion sur le déploiement d’une batterie THAAD sur la péninsule coréenne.» La Corée du Sud a seulement obtenu des informations sur le THAAD, a-t-il rapporté.


La possibilité d’un déploiement par les Etats-Unis d’une batterie THAAD en Corée du Sud est devenue un point sensible car certains jugent qu’un tel déploiement est une tentative américaine pour forcer son allié asiatique à se joindre à son système de défense antimissile.


Selon eux, il accroîtrait les tensions avec la Chine et la Russie car ces derniers pourraient se sentir menacés. Ces deux pays se sont déjà exprimés sur le sujet en disant être fermement opposés.


Le dossier a pris une autre ampleur après que le secrétaire adjoint à la Défense Robert Work a fait savoir au début du mois que les Etats-Unis étaient en train d’étudier cette éventualité avec le gouvernement sud-coréen.


Cette déclaration a été faite alors que Séoul avait assuré que Washington n’a jamais demandé officiellement le déploiement du système THAAD en Corée du Sud et qu’aucune discussion n’a été engagée.


Le ministère de la Défense sud-coréen avait confirmé ces informations et le Pentagone avait plus tard reconnu que les deux parties n’ont jamais eu d’échanges formels sur la question.


Cependant, cette semaine, le ministre de la Défense de Séoul,

a dit penser qu’un tel déploiement renforcerait la sécurité et la défense du pays.

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25 juin 2014 3 25 /06 /juin /2014 07:20
Tests Assess Performance of Ballistic Missile Defense


24.06.2014  U.S. Navy


Headlines for Tuesday,June 24, 2014: Tests Assess Performance of Ballistic Missile Defense; SECDEF's Military Health System Review Underway

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24 juin 2014 2 24 /06 /juin /2014 12:20
Sea-Based X-Band Radar platform (SBX-1)

Sea-Based X-Band Radar platform (SBX-1)


Jun 23, 2014 ASDNews Source : Missile Defense Agency


The Missile Defense Agency, U.S. Air Force 30th Space Wing, the Joint Functional Component Command, Integrated Missile Defense, U.S. Northern Command and the U.S. Navy completed an integrated exercise of the Ground-based Midcourse Defense (GMD) element of the nation’s Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS). During the test today, a long-range ground-based interceptor launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, intercepted an intermediate-range ballistic missile target launched from the U.S. Army’s Reagan Test Site on Kwajalein Atoll in the Republic of the Marshall Islands.


The test, designated Flight Test Ground-Based Interceptor-06b (FTG-06b), will provide the data necessary to assess the performance of numerous BMDS elements for homeland defense.


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6 avril 2014 7 06 /04 /avril /2014 20:50
Navy's European Missile Sites Move Forward


Apr. 6, 2014 By DAVID LARTER – Defense News


The military could speed up deployment of a land-based missile defense shield in Europe to hem in a resurgent Russia, the Navy 3-star in charge of the U.S. Missile Defense Agency said in early April.


Vice Adm. James Syring said it was possible to speed up the deployment of the second Aegis Ashore installation, planned for Poland in 2018, but such a move would require some help from Congress.


“We’d need some additional funds in the [fiscal year 2015] budget, and we’d need to move up the development of the [Standard Missile-3 Block ]IIA,” Syring said, referring to the faster, larger interceptor missile being developed for the Aegis Ashore system being built in Poland. The first site is being stood up in Romania and is slated to go live in 2015.


Raytheon is developing the SM3-IIA. It’s development is on track for a 2018 deployment, company spokesperson Heather Uberuaga said, but she declined to speculate on whether speeding up the development was possible.


Elaine Bunn, deputy assistant secretary of defense for nuclear and missile defense policy, said the missile shields in the Mediterranean and the planned deployment to Romania and Poland were designed to counter threats from Iran, not Russia.


Russia is banned from owning or developing medium- and intermediate-range missiles by a Reagan-era treaty. But U.S. intelligence has indicated that Russia may be violating the treaty and testing a new ground-launched cruise missile, according to a January report in the New York Times.


Russian President Vladimir Putin declared the treaty obsolete in 2007, though it has never been formally scrapped. Russia has vehemently objected to the deployment of missile shields in central Europe, even threatening to use “destructive force” if the shields are put in place.


The plan to deploy sea- and shore-based missile shields in Europe is part of the Obama administration’s plan to protect Europe from ballistic-missile attack.


The first Aegis Ashore site will be up and running by 2015 in Romania, followed by another installation in Poland in 2018.


They will complement the missile defense work provided by BMD-capable ships. As part of this, the Navy has begun moving four destroyers to Rota, Spain, to serve as in-theater BMD patrol assets. The Donald Cook arrived in February and will be joined by destroyers Ross, Porter and Carney over the next two years.


The Navy is now seeking sailors to man the Romania site, set to come online next year. The duty, especially the operational time, is sure to be demanding.


The Aegis Ashore sites will be run round-the-clock by three crews. Each shift has an 11-person watch team, including rates that typically work in a ship’s combat information center: fire control technicians, operations specialists, and cryptologic technicians (technical). One watch officer will oversee them.


Officials plan to deploy three of these specially trained watch teams for six months at a time. This will be an operational tour, similar to a ship’s cruise, and won’t come with permanent change-of-station orders or the possibility of bringing dependents to Romania.


All of the watch teams will be assigned to a stateside command and will deploy from there. Their workups are four months of indoctrination and team trainers, culminating in a BMD certification. The first watch teams will go through the trainers starting in early 2015 and are set to deploy in the early summer, Navy officials said.


The battery’s commanding officer, executive officer and command master chief will stay in Romania and oversee the rotating teams on yearlong orders

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3 avril 2014 4 03 /04 /avril /2014 19:20
Défense antimissile américaine : échecs et retards


03/04/2014 par Duncan Macrae – Air & Cosmos


L’agence américaine responsable du développement et du déploiement des systèmes de défense antimissile (MDA, pour Missile Defense Agency) en prend pour son grade. Dans un nouveau rapport qui fait le bilan des activités de la MDA pour l’année 2013, le GAO (équivalent américain de la Cour des Comptes) critique le manque de progrès dans la mise à niveau de certains composants du "bouclier" antimissile américain, notamment les système d’interception Aegis et GMD.


En ce qui concerne les intercepteurs SM-3 déployés sur les frégates Aegis pour contrer les missiles à courte et moyenne portée, le GAO s’interpelle quant au lancement de la production en série de la variante Block 1B, actuellement prévu en 2015. Le GAO souligne que, sur les trois tirs d’essai réalisés en 2013, il y a eu un échec dont les causes restent à déterminer. Et il rappelle que les responsables du programme évoquent un éventuel problème de conception du moteur du troisième étage, un moteur partagé avec la version SM-3 Block 1A déjà déployée.


Quant au système GMD (conçu pour intercepter des missiles balistiques à longue portée, actuellement déployé sur deux sites américains), le rapport note que ce programme affiche actuellement un retard de sept ans dans la réalisation d’un premier tir de la version amélioréé, CE-II ,avec interception rélle. Ce tir est actuellement programmé pour le troisième trimestre de l’année fiscale 2014. Le GAO note aussi l’échec, au mois de juillet 2013, d’un essai en vol du missile tel qu’il est déployé actuellement, pour des raisons qui restent à déterminer.


Le rapport fait état d’un certain nombre de tirs d’essai réussis au cours de l’année, notamment le premier essai opérationnel « régional » avec tirs simultanés de missiles Aegis et THAAD. Mais le bilan global est mitigé, et la facture est salée — un total de 100 Md$ investis dans la défense antimissile depuis 2004.

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5 mars 2014 3 05 /03 /mars /2014 13:20
Les Etats-Unis poursuivent le développement de la technologie contre les missiles balistiques



2014-03-05 xinhua


Les Etats-Unis continueront de développer les technologies et les équipements contre la menace croissante présentée par les missiles balistiques à travers le monde, a indiqué mardi un haut officier américain de défense.


Outre la République populaire démocratique de Corée (RPDC) et l'Iran, un nombre croissant de pays procèdent à des essais de missiles balistiques, a indiqué le vice-amiral de la Marine James Syring, directeur de l'Agence de défense antimissiles au ministère de américain la Défense.


"Et la capacité de ces missiles balistiques augmente elle aussi", a-t-il indiqué à la conférence sur les technologies et les exigences de défense, avant d'ajouter que son agence avait informé le Congrès des menaces auxquelles font face les Etats-Unis.


La démonstration par la RPDC de sa capacité à mettre une charge utile dans l'espace "compte pour quelque chose" et elle continue de se développer, a-t-il souligné.


L'examen préalable du budget fait par le secrétaire à la Défense Chuck Hagel soutiendra le renforcement de la défense du territoire, a-t-il rappelé.


Cela inclut le déploiement de 14 autres intercepteurs à Fort Greeley, en Alaska, qui seront mis en service d'ici fin 2017.


Il a ajouté que son agence envisageait également de déployer un radar supplémentaire dans la base de défense aérienne Kyogamisaki, au Japon.

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29 janvier 2014 3 29 /01 /janvier /2014 12:35
USA: 7th Fleet Ballistic Missile Team Supports JMSDF in Exercise Keen Edge



29 January 2014 By Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Toni Burton – Pacific Sentinel


YOKOSUKA, Japan - U.S. 7th Fleet, U.S. Forces Japan and Japan Self Defense Force (JMSDF) operators will hone their Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) skills in exercise Keen Edge 2014 which runs through Jan. 31.


Throughout the exercise, Japanese and U.S. headquarter staffs will simulate the tactical defensive steps that would be taken in the event of a crisis or contingency.


"The successful defense of Japanese and U.S. interests from unanticipated ballistic missile threats requires detailed planning, precision ship stationing and lightning quick reactions," said Lt. Cmdr. Matthew Klobukowski, 7th Fleet integrated air and missile defense officer. "BMD is one of the many missions the U.S. and Japan train for together."


Since 1986, the United States military and JMSDF have collaborated and planned a biennial joint-bilateral exercise referred to as Keen Edge.


"Keen Edge 14 helps the U.S. military and JMSDF build relationships ensuring we can work effectively together to defend Japan and U.S. forces based here. Our goal is to provide credible and tangible defensive combat power to ensure security and stability in the region." explained Klobukowski.


This year, Keen Edge will focus on the importance of bilateral coordination, force protection, host nation support, ballistic missile defense and non-combatant evacuation operations. More than 500 U.S. military personnel will participate in the exercise.


The exercise builds on recent Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense achievements such as the October 2013 intercept of a medium-range ballistic missile target over the Pacific Ocean by the Aegis BMD 4.0 Weapon System and a Standard Missile-3 (SM-3) Block IB guided missile, the 28th successful intercept in 34 flight test attempts for the Aegis BMD program since flight testing began in 2002.


Aegis BMD is the naval component of the MDA's Ballistic Missile Defense System. The Aegis BMD engagement capability defeats short- to intermediate-range, unitary and separating, midcourse-phase ballistic missile threats with the SM-3, as well as short-range ballistic missiles in the terminal phase with the Standard Missile-2 (SM-2) Block IV missile.


US Pacific Fleet

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15 décembre 2013 7 15 /12 /décembre /2013 11:50
source BBC

source BBC


MOSCOU, 13 décembre - RIA Novosti


L'Otan n'a pas rempli une seule des conditions posées par Moscou concernant le déploiement du système de défense antimissile en Europe, a déclaré le représentant de la Russie auprès de l'Alliance Alexandre Grouchko.


"Le dispositif qui sera mis en place en tant qu'élément du système mondial de défense antimissile - et je parle du segment européen de ce système - doit être proportionné aux menaces réelles, qui ne sont plus évidentes, car le problème iranien est résolu. Ce dispositif ne doit pas être physiquement capable d'intercepter les armes de dissuasion nucléaires russes. Ces deux conditions sont fondamentales pour notre coopération avec les Etats-Unis et l'Otan en matière de défense antimissile. Aucune d'entre elles n'est pour le moment remplie", a déclaré M. Grouchko.


Selon le diplomate, "ni un dialogue ni, à plus forte raison, une coopération ne seront possible dans le cadre du Conseil Russie-Otan tant que nos partenaires ne fourniront pas de garanties juridiques contraignantes attestant que le système en gestation ne sera pas en mesure de torpiller la stabilité stratégique".


Les Etats-Unis sont en train de déployer en Europe un bouclier antimissile comprenant des radars d'alerte haute fréquence et des missiles intercepteurs basés au sol et en mer. Selon les responsables américains, ce bouclier vise à protéger les Etats-Unis et leurs alliés européens contre les attaques balistiques et nucléaires qui pourraient émaner de "pays-voyous": la Corée du Nord et l'Iran.


Moscou demande aux Etats-Unis de signer un accord garantissant que la future capacité de défense antimissile balistique ne menacera pas les forces nucléaires russes. Washington refuse de conclure un tel document.


Selon le chef de la diplomatie russe Sergueï Lavrov, avec la conclusion des ententes sur le programme nucléaire iranien, la raison invoquée par l'Otan pour justifier le déploiement d'un système de défense antimissile en Europe a cessé d'exister.

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13 décembre 2013 5 13 /12 /décembre /2013 08:50
Source BBC

Source BBC


MOSCOU, 13 décembre - RIA Novosti


Les ententes avec l'Iran ayant modifié la situation géopolitique, l'Otan devrait modifier ses projets concernant le bouclier antimissile européen, a déclaré vendredi le vice-ministre russe des Affaires étrangères Alexeï Mechkov dans une interview accordée aux journalistes russes.


"Nous estimons que les ententes avec l'Iran créent une situation géopolitique complètement différente. Nous avons toujours entendu nos partenaires dire que la raison de leurs démarches visant la création du bouclier antimissile européen était leurs préoccupations concernant le programme nucléaire iranien. A présent, il nous semble que ces préoccupations sont en train de diminuer.  Il serait logique que cela se répercute sur les projets de l'Otan afin de créer le bouclier européen ainsi que sur l'ABM global américain. Nous verrons comment agiront nos partenaires", a indiqué le diplomate russe.


Les Etats-Unis et les autres pays de l'Otan, sous prétexte de défense contre une éventuelle attaque de missiles iraniens, ont annoncé leur intention d'installer un bouclier antimissile en Europe et de déployer ses éléments à proximité des frontières russes. Moscou estime que ces projets visent la Russie et que le bouclier européen est susceptible de détruire l'équilibre de forces stratégiques de dissuasion nucléaire entre la Russie et les Etats-Unis.

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9 décembre 2013 1 09 /12 /décembre /2013 17:50
Astrium, Raytheon team to compete for NATO ballistic missile defense work


TUCSON, Ariz., Dec. 9, 2013 /PRNewswire


Astrium, the world's second largest space company, and Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) signed a teaming agreement that formalizes the companies' plans to compete for the role as lead system engineers and integrators for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Ballistic Missile Defense Program.


NATO's BMD Program oversees the development and execution of ballistic missile defense capabilities, which expanded in 2012 to include the defense of European populations and territories.


"This transatlantic team has a proven, successful track record supporting national and NATO missile defense," said Yannick Devouassoux, Astrium's Head of Missile Defense and NATO Programmes. "The Astrium-Raytheon team will provide sound, innovative, and cost-effective solutions to help develop NATO's future ballistic missile defense capability."


The NATO BMD System Engineering and Integration contract will establish the contractual requirements for territorial defense, while helping create a NATO command and control network architecture for Europe. It will also provide a test infrastructure for the new architecture.


"With more than 30 years' experience in ballistic missiles development and production, ballistic battle analysis, and threat modeling, Astrium is a leader in European missile defense," said George Mavko, Raytheon Missile Systems' Director of European Missile Defense. "Combined with Raytheon's decades of experience in ballistic missile defense interceptors, radars and space sensors, this partnership will provide Europe the best, most affordable missile defense protection."


Once awarded, the contract will call for a 7-year period of performance with an estimated value of 67.6 million Euros (US $91 million).


About Raytheon

Raytheon Company, with 2012 sales of $24 billion and 68,000 employees worldwide, is a technology and innovation leader specializing in defense, security and civil markets throughout the world. With a history of innovation spanning 91 years, Raytheon provides state-of-the-art electronics, mission systems integration and other capabilities in the areas of sensing; effects; and command, control, communications and intelligence systems; as well as a broad range of mission support services. Raytheon is headquartered in Waltham, Mass. For more about Raytheon, visit us at www.raytheon.com and follow us on Twitter @Raytheon.

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27 novembre 2013 3 27 /11 /novembre /2013 08:35
Taiwan's BMD Radar Gives Unique Data on China

Distant Vision: Taiwan's sophisticated radar installation on Leshan Mountain can peer deep into China. (Federation of American Scientists)


Nov. 26, 2013 - By WENDELL MINNICK – Defense News


TAIPEI — Taiwan’s early warning radar (EWR) on the island’s west coast has gained the respect of just about everyone in the region — except China. And for good reason, sources say. It is the most “powerful radar in the world,” said a Taiwan defense industry source.


“Even the Americans don’t have anything close,” he said.


Sources debate the potential power of the radar, based on Leshan Mountain near the city of Hsinchu, but all agree it is a multifaceted, ultra high frequency (UHF) radar capable of tracking air-breathing targets — including cruise missiles — and ballistic missiles at 3,000 kilometers, depending on the target.


“It’s more of an intelligence collection system than a ballistic missile defense warning system,” said one US defense industry source. “Taiwan can see almost all of China’s significant Air Force sorties and exercises from this radar.”


The requirement for such a powerful surveillance platform came about at China’s instigation. During the 1995-96 Taiwan Strait missile crisis, China launched 10 DF-15 short-range ballistic missiles (SRBMs) into the waters north and south of the island. The intent was to discourage Taiwan from conducting its first democratic elections, but it failed.


The US responded by sending two aircraft carrier groups to the area as a show of support. At the time, China had approximately 350 DF-11/15 SRBMs, but today that number is about 1,100, according to Pentagon estimates.


Taiwan responded to the threat by procuring Patriot Advanced Capability-2 (PAC-2) ballistic missile defense systems with three fire units for $1.3 billion. The units were stationed around the capital city of Taipei, leaving much of the central and southern part of the island unprotected, except for an indigenous air defense missile system, the Tien Kung 2 (Sky Bow).


Elements in the Taiwan military and the Pentagon pushed Taiwan to proceed with the procurement of the PAC-3 system, but politics in Taiwan slowed progress on the deal until 2007, when the US released a “Patriot configuration 2 ground systems upgrade” for the older PAC-2s for $939 million.


In 2008, the US released 330 PAC-3 missiles, and in 2010, the US released an additional 114 PAC-3 missiles.


In 2000, the US government approved the sale of ballistic missile detection radar under the Surveillance Radar Program (SRP). Raytheon proposed an advanced UHF long-range EWR based on the AN/FPS-115 Pave Paws, and Lockheed offered the Medium Extended Air Defense System.


Raytheon won the $800 million contract in 2004 and began construction in 2009. Building delays due to landslides and technical issues forced Taiwan to agree to pay an additional $397 million in charges to finish the project.


Though there were loud complaints from Taiwan’s legislature and the Ministry of National Defense, the result was one of the “most unique radars ever built,” a Taiwan defense industry said.


Japan is attempting to catch up with the fielding of AN/TPY-2 long-range, X-Band air defense radars, which were originally designed as a ground-based mobile radar for the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system. A US defense industry source said the Japanese could be building an indigenous system similar to THAAD.


Also, Japan’s Mitsubishi and US-based Raytheon are jointly working a new Standard Missile for naval platforms, designated the SM-3 Block 2A.


Despite Japan’s best efforts, Taiwan’s EWR will continue to hold the prize for distance and azimuth for some time, sources said. The radar is capable of tracking 1,000 targets simultaneously.


In late 2012, shortly after going online, the radar managed to track the launch of a North Korean missile. The radar is visible on Google Earth at 24.499 North and 121.072 East. It is 170 kilometers from China’s coastline and directly across from China’s signal intelligence station at Dongjing Shan. This is significant because the radar reportedly has jamming capabilities.


During a war, China will do whatever it takes to destroy that radar.


“It’s not expected to last an hour during a war with China,” said one US defense industry source.


The question many are asking, of which no one can agree, is whether the US military, via the US Air Force’s Defense Security Program (DSP), has access to the data collected by the facility. DSP monitors ballistic missile launches and nuclear detonations.


One US defense industry analyst with close ties to Taiwan’s military said the DSP has access to it.


“The US gave Taiwan free access to DSP satellites for the last 10 years. So this is quid pro quo,” he said.


However, a former US government official said he was skeptical of any such arrangement.


“It’s unlikely that a formal arrangement between Taiwan and the US exists that involves Taiwan’s sharing of real-time radar data with the US,” he said. “The UHF radar system is much more than just ballistic missile early warning. And there are much better quid pro quos available. Main problem is US policy, which self-constrains substantive cooperation.”

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16 septembre 2013 1 16 /09 /septembre /2013 11:20
THAAD and Aegis BMD

THAAD and Aegis BMD

Sep 13, 2013 ASDNews Source : US Navy


The Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) Corona delivered its first quick-look analysis Sept. 13 of the Missile Defense Agency's (MDA) test earlier this week, kicking off the collaborative assessment process for the first operational test of the nation's Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS).


The test, named Flight Test Operational-01 (FTO-01), took place near the Army Kwajalein Atoll/Reagan Test Site and surrounding areas in the western Pacific and marked the first time combatants in different regions defended against near-simultaneous ballistic missile launches.


During the test, MDA successfully integrated Navy destroyer USS Decatur (DDG 73) with the Army's Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system and a space-based infrared detection system.


"This was a great feat for our Navy and the nation as we move toward an operational ballistic missile defense system," said Capt. Eric Ver Hage, commanding officer of NSWC Corona, a Naval Sea Systems Command field activity based in Norco. His command served as the lead analysis and assessment agent of the Navy's system in the test - Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) - providing missile telemetry and combat system data collection.


To conduct the test, MDA launched two medium-range ballistic missile targets in close sequence toward Kwajalein.


An Army-Navy/Transportable Radar Surveillance and Control (AN/TPY-2) radar detected the target and relayed track information to the Command and Control, Battle Management and Communications (C2BMC) system, which integrated, analyzed and synchronized combatants to formulate a real-time threat response among participating units.


The crew of Arleigh Burke-class destroyer Decatur provided the Navy's operational element, tracking and intercepting the first target missile with a missile of its own - a Standard Missile-3 (SM-3) Block IA. Soldiers from the Alpha Battery, 2nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment provided the Army's operational element, using the THAAD system to intercept the second target.


Aboard Decatur, NSWC Port Hueneme's Aegis BMD personnel extracted data from the ship's system, which subsequently traveled on Corona's innovative mini-Ku band satellite back to shore. The mini-Ku system cuts data transmission time by more than 95 percent from earlier versions, sending all missile telemetry and Aegis combat system data to the warfare center's Joint Warfare Assessment Laboratory (JWAL) where analysts from gathered to provide live monitoring of test data.


Initial data indicated the test elements performed as designed, but MDA officials have ongoing evaluations using the test data, starting with Corona's quick-look analysis.


"NSWC Corona will collaborate with the MDA Joint Analysis Team and Commander, Operational Test and Evaluation Force to provide an overall assessment of the BMDS from both an engineering and an operational perspective," said Tony Jones, NSWC Corona's Aegis BMD assessment lead.


As a core mission for the Navy, Aegis BMD capability defeats short- to intermediate-range ballistic missile threats with SM-3, as well as short-range ballistic missiles in the terminal phase with the Standard Missile-2 (SM-2).


Since the 1970s, Corona's sister division at NSWC Dahlgren has been intimately involved in the development, test, certification and fielding of almost every new baseline of the Aegis Weapon System (AWS), providing an integrated system that supports warfare on several fronts - air, surface, subsurface and strike.


At sea, the Navy has 28 Aegis BMD combatants - five Ticonderoga Class Cruisers and 23 Arleigh Burke-Class Destroyers - with 16 assigned to the Pacific Fleet and 12 to the Atlantic Fleet. MDA and the Navy plan to increase the number of BMD-capable ships to 30 by the end of 2013.


"As a former ship's captain, I'm excited by the positive results we're seeing," Ver Hage said. "Corona has been providing independent assessment of guided missile systems for nearly 50 years, and the progress our military is making toward building a comprehensive ballistic missile defense system is truly remarkable. It's an awesome capability we absolutely need."


As part of the Navy's Science and Engineering Enterprise, NSWC Corona leads the Navy in independent assessment, measurement and calibration standards and range systems engineering. The warfare center is home to three premier laboratories and assessment centers - the JWAL, the Measurement Science and Technology Lab, and the Daugherty Memorial Assessment Center -and employs approximately 2,000 scientists, engineers, technicians, and support personnel at its headquarters in Norco and at its detachment at Seal Beach, Calif.

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2 juin 2013 7 02 /06 /juin /2013 07:20
Pentagon Works To Expand Aegis BMD’s Reach

May 31st, 2013 by Kris Osborn  -defensetech.org


Stellar Avenger successful ballistic missile defense intercept.The Pentagon’s Missile Defense Agency and the U.S. Navy are developing next-generation Aegis ballistic missile defense (BMD) hardware and software along with a longer-range interceptor missile engineered to massively increase the protective envelope against intermediate and long-range ballistic missile threats, service officials said.


The Navy and Lockheed Martin are now developing and testing computer code for what’s called Aegis BMD 5.0 and 5.1 Weapons Systems, the next iterations of technology designed to provide Aegis destroyers and cruisers with advanced radar, intercept and signal processing capabilities, said Navy Capt. Jim Kilby, Deputy for Aegis BMD.


The hardware and software for these systems are now being tested and refined at a Combat Systems Engineering Development Site in Moorestown, N.J.


“The code is now in test. Instead of having a normal ballistic missile signal processor, 5.0 will have a multi-mission signal processor,” said Kilby. “Lockheed Martin is testing this code in the final stages right now for stability and endurance.”


Aegis BMD destroyers routinely patrol waters in the Pacific Ocean, using cutting-edge radar technology to scan the surrounding skies for potential missile threats.


These routine patrols, part of the U.S. Navy’s Pacific Fleet’s regular deployments and maritime security routines, have taken on additional importance in light of recently escalating tensions and potential threats emanating from North Korea.


“The purpose of the Aegis ships on patrol in the Pacific is a mission called Long Range Surveillance and Track and they act as sensors for homeland ballistic missile defense,” Kilby said. “In simple terms, their job is to provide an early detection of intercontinental ballistic missiles[ICBM] and provide fire control quality tracking data to the Ground-based Midcourse Defense system.”


This tracking data would enable Ground-based Interceptor (GBI) missiles, from either Fort Greeley, Alaska, or Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, to intercept the ICBM before it could reach targets in the United States, said Kilby.


Overall, this kind of scenarios speaks to the broader multi-layered aspects of the U.S. missile defense posture, Kilby explained.


In total, the Navy’s Pacific Fleet is home to 16 Aegis BMD ships.


“The capability our AEGIS Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) ships provide is in great demand. Longer, more frequent deployments have become more common. The Navy is busy. We expect to continue to be busy into the future as the operational requirements for our naval forces continues,” said Navy Lt.  Anthony Falvo, spokesman for the Navy’s Pacific Fleet.


Aegis BMD ships are known, in large measure, for their AN/SPY-1 radar system which surveys the surrounding atmosphere for potential threat objects in a 360-degree envelope, electronically scanning around the ship and up to high altitudes every twelve seconds, Navy officials indicated.


Then, once a threat is located by the radar, the ship’s MK 72 booster fires one of several possible Standard Missile-3’s out of what’s called a MK 41 Vertical Launch System, propelling the interceptor into space to collide with and destroy an approaching missile threat.


Aegis BMD Weapons Systems are designed in “increments” such that each new iteration is designed to build upon and add to substantial existing capability.  The new systems are engineered to build upon the progress of the recently tested Aegis BMD 4.0 Weapons System technology.


“4.0 has a ballistic missile signal processor called the BSP and the SM-3 Block IB has a two-color seeker. These two things give you more discrimination ability from the kill vehicle and more discrimination from a tracking or radar perspective,” he added.



Discrimination ability is described as having the technological capability to discern an incoming missile from surrounding debris, decoy objects or even fuel waste, Kilby explained.


Aegis BMD Weapons System 5.0 is now being integrated on the USS John Paul Jones, a guided-missile destroyer based at Naval Homeport, San Diego, Calif.


“The USS John Paul Jones has commercial-off-the-shelf computing technologies such as blade servers that are more similar to what is out in industry right now,” said William Doud, BMD special assistant.


In fact, the first sea trials involving the integration of an engineering load of Aegis BMD Weapons System 5.0 were completed earlier this month, a Navy official said.


“After the industrial portion of her availability ends this September, she [USS John Paul Jones] will have about a year of testing and certification trials to certify this combat system for installation in other ships,” the Navy source indicated.


Once complete in 2016, the Aegis BMD Weapons System 5.1 will be ready for installation, testing and certification aboard the USS John Paul Jones; Initial Operational Capability for Aegis BMD Weapons System 5.1 is currently slated for 2018, a Navy official said.


“The USS John Paul Jones will become the BMD test ship year from now,” Kilby added.


The Standard Missile-3 Block IIA interceptor, to be ready by 2018, is being designed to integrated with the Aegis BMD Weapons System 5.1; the missile will travel much further above the earth’s atmosphere compared to prior missiles and bring an improved ability to identify, discriminate and destroy incoming enemy ballistic missiles, said Kilby.


The SM-3 Block IIA, and it predecessor, the recently tested SM-3 Block IB, are designed to intercept intercontinental ballistic missiles during the Midcourse phase of their trajectory — essentially that period of time during which the missile is traveling through space above the earth’s atmosphere, Kilby explained.


The SM-3 Block IIA, currently being co-developed by the U.S. and Japan, has a 21-inch nose cone, large-diameter kinetic warhead and what’s called an advanced discrimination seeker, Kilby explained.


“The Block IIA has much more room for fuel and a bigger warhead. It goes faster and farther,” said Doud — comparing the SM-3 Block IIA to the SM-3 Block IB which recently intercepted a dummy warhead above the Pacific Ocean during a test-firing from the USS Lake Erie.


The May 15 test was conducted by Navy sailors aboard the USS Lake Erie, a guided-missile cruiser, which detected and tracked the missile with its on-board AN/SPY-1 radar, according to an MDA press statement.


The development of the SM-3 Block IIA and test of the MDA’s BMD system utilizing the Aegis Weapon System 4.0 as well as the SM-3 Block IB are also significant with regard to the Pentagon’s longer term Aegis Ashore program, referred to as a European Phased Adaptive Approach (PAA).


Both of the SM-3 Block IB and the SM-3 Block IIA missiles have a more advanced seeker and more advanced “Throttleable Divert/Attitude Control System (TDACS),” when compared with prior models of the missile such as the SM-3 Block 1A missile.


“Once it is ejected from the missile in space, the TDACS points the Kinetic Warhead’s (KW) IR sensor in the expected direction of the incoming ballistic missile, acquires it, and then diverts the KW so as to cause a hit-to-kill collision with the incoming threat missile,” a Navy official explained.


The Aegis Ashore plan calls for an effort to build and insert land-based SM-3 Block IB missiles at fixed sites in Romania and Poland, by 2015 and 2017, respectively.


The concept is for the “fixed” or land sites to work in tandem with Aegis ships within range in order to widen the BMD protective envelope across wider swaths of the globe, improving protection for the continental U.S. and key U.S. allies, Kilby explained.


“Aegis sites ashore and Aegis ships at sea will be connected via satellite data link and share both sensor and engagement data just as when ships are operating together at sea,” he said.

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18 avril 2013 4 18 /04 /avril /2013 12:15
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19 novembre 2012 1 19 /11 /novembre /2012 08:45



16 November 2012 DEBDAS KUNDU - dailypioneer.com


Hectic preparations for an interception exercise, Advance Air Defence (AAD), involving two ballistic missiles are underway at the Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur.


The exercise is likely to be carried out by the ITR DRDO unit next week between November 19 and 22 in the endo-atmospheric region within an altitude of around 15 km, sources said. This would be the eighth interceptor missile test and the sixth endo-atmospheric, below 20 km of altitude. A modified Prithvi missile acting would take off from the ITR while the killer supersonic interceptor missile would blast off from the Wheeler Island, Dhamra and destroy it.


The exercise under the Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) programme is being undertaken to protect India’s major installations from being targeted by hostile neighbours. Meanwhile the maiden launch of the sub-sonic cruise missile, Nirbhay, which was to be conducted  this month is delayed due to modifications brought in the launcher and likely to be carried out in next year January, said sources.

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6 février 2012 1 06 /02 /février /2012 08:25
Interceptor missile test on February 10 (India)


HYDERABAD, February 5, 2012 Y. Mallikarjun - thehindu.com


India's missile scientists are gearing to conduct an interceptor missile test on February 10 as part of the plans to deploy a two-layered Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) system.


This will be the seventh interceptor mission. The exercise is meant to test the capability of the system to kill incoming ballistic missiles with a range of 2,000-3,000 km. Of the six exercises held to date — the first was in November 2006 — five have been successful.


The proposed operation would be closer to the deployable configuration of the system for endo-atmospheric interception, according to Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) officials. During the upcoming mission, the interception of the target missile is planned at an altitude of 15 km in the endo-atmosphere. Four of the interceptor missile tests conducted so far have been in the endo-atmosphere, two in the exo-atmosphere.


Soon after the modified surface-to-surface target missile, Prithvi, is launched from Chandipur, an Advanced Air Defence (AAD) missile will take off from Wheeler Island to intercept and destroy the incoming projectile, which, after reaching a height of 100 km, will start descending.


Upon Prithvi's launch, the Long-Range Tracking Radars near Puri will start tracking the target. A little later, the Multi Functional Radars located near seaport town Paradip will detect and track the missile and provide data for the guidance computer. This will compute the flight path of the target missile and launch the interceptor at the right time. The interceptor computes the optimal path for the missile to hit the target. In the terminal phase, the radiofrequency seeker will track the target and enable the interceptor to home in on to the target.

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16 mai 2011 1 16 /05 /mai /2011 11:30



May 15, 2011, THE TIMES OF INDIA


NEW DELHI: India has started working on a network of air-defence systems which would be able to shoot down any enemy missile even at a distance of 5,000 kms, before it can enter the Indian air space.


The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has already developed a missile that can intercept an incoming aerial threat 2,000 kms away under the Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) System and is now working on the second phase.


Under the second phase, missiles are being designed and developed in a manner that would enable them to shoot down any incoming missile at a distance of 5,000 kms, DRDO chief V K Saraswat said here.


The 5,000 kms interceptor missile is targeted to be ready by 2016, he said.


"It is well on schedule and we are already on initial design and testing stage," Saraswat said.


"Presently, our missiles are designed to engage targets within 2,000 km range. Later on, we will be making 5,000 km range class of interceptor missiles. That will be Phase-II of the BMD system," he added.


Last July, DRDO successfully tested the Phase-I of the indigenously developed interceptor missile from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Wheeler Island off Orissa coast.


On possibility of any tie-up with the US or any other country for development of the BMD systems, Saraswat said, "Our process of international collaboration is only to accelerate our own development process. Whenever we feel the need of a new technology, we may go for collaborations."


On the US offering India the Aegis Missile Defence Systems, he said, "These are market forces and will always remain there. There would always be market forces trying to sell the available equipment. In India this is not just a R&D effort but an actual programme, so I don't think we should worry about this."


India is also developing the Long Range Tracking Radar (LRTR) for the BMD systems. While the radars used for the Phase-I experiments were built with equal partnership from Israel, the Phase-II will have 80 per cent indigenous component.


"Only some of the equipments and consultancy would be provided by Israel," Saraswat said.

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