Overblog
Suivre ce blog Administration + Créer mon blog
12 novembre 2015 4 12 /11 /novembre /2015 07:20
DynCorp fait la "une" avec ses pertes: deux tués en Jordanie et des résultats trimestriels dans le rouge


10.11.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense
 

Les deux contractors US tués lors de la fusillade de Jordanie appartiennent à la firme DynCorp. Le porte-parole du DoS (State Dept) l'a confirmé hier soir.

DynCorp et quatre autres sociétés américaines: Justice Services International, MPRI qui appartient à L3C, PAE Government Services, Civilian Police International ont été retenues en 2011 par le Département d'Etat dans le cadre de l'ex-programme CIVPOL devenu le "Criminal Justice Program Support" (CJPS). Voir l'avis d'attribution de 2011 ici.

DynCorp déploie actuellement du personnel dans le cadre du "Palestine Task Order" d'une valeur annuelle de 10 millions de dollars. La firme US recrutait encore, il y a quelques jours, des agents pour ses "mobile training teams" (voir ici) qui ont la responsabilité du programme de formation des Palestiniens.

Par ailleurs, DynCorp a dévoilé hier ses résultats trimestriels (voir ici). Du mieux mais pas fameux... Pour le 3e quarter 2015, le CA a été de 479,8 millions de dollars (540,3 pour la même période en 2014) et les pertes de 15,7 millions (71,5 millions pour la même période en 2014).

Ces résultats laissent espérer un CA annuel de l'ordre de "1,89 à 1,93 milliards de dollars" selon Lou Von Thaer, le CEO de DynCorp. On se souviendra que le CA de 2014 était de 2,3 milliards et celui de 2013 de 3,3 milliards.

Les revenus de DynLogistics dégringolent toujours; seul DynAviation retrouvent des couleurs, son CA pour le 3e quarter étant de 313 millions (contre 293, il y a un an).

Partager cet article

Repost0
6 octobre 2015 2 06 /10 /octobre /2015 07:20
Iraqi soldiers of the Taji Military Complex's Non Commissioned Officer Academy - photo US DoD

Iraqi soldiers of the Taji Military Complex's Non Commissioned Officer Academy - photo US DoD


05.10.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense
 

Syrie: 500 millions
Afrique: 600 millions
Afghanistan: 65 milliards
Irak: 25 milliards

Ce sont les sommes dépensées, ces dernières années, par le DoS et le DoD américains pour la formation des armées étrangères. Pour un résultat "misérable", de l'aveu même d'un officiel US.

"Our track record at building security forces over the past 15 years is miserable," a reconnu Karl W. Eikenberry,  ancien général et ex-ambassadeur des USA en Afghanistan. Il faut reconnaître que ces dernières semaines, les succès ne sont pas en rendez-vous: la débandade des rebelles syriens, et celle des Afghans de Kunduz, plombent le palmarès déjà pas très glorieux.

C'est à lire dans le dans le New York Times ici. Le titre: "Billions From U.S. Fail to Sustain Foreign Forces".

Tout ça ne veut pas dire que nous, Français, Européens..., ferions mieux. Mais pour moins, on ne ferait pas pire.

Partager cet article

Repost0
23 juin 2015 2 23 /06 /juin /2015 11:20
Le DoD a diffusé son "Law of War Manuel"


16.06.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense
 

C'est une première pour le ministère américain de la Défense (le doD): il vient de publier son "manuel de droit de la guerre" (1204 pages à télécharger ici).

 

Comme le dit son préfacier, ce manuel a des prédécesseurs (aussi bien américains qu'étrangers, comme le Manual of the Law of Armed Conflict du Ministry of Defence britannique de 2004) mais l'effort est inédit puisque cet ouvrage reflète la position du DoD et non plus d'une armée spécifique (du genre de l'Army Field Manuel 217-10).

 

Dans son chapitre IV, ce manuel dresse la liste des "acteurs" et y inclut les mercenaires, les journalistes, les ONG, les équipages civils des navires affrêtés, les personnels (armés on non) des ESSD etc.

 

On notera aussi le chapitre XVI sur les cyber-operations.

 

Bien sûr, ce n'est pas un livre de chevet (sauf pour les juristes qui ont des insomnies) mais c'est sacrément intéressant pour cerner la posture intellectuelle US quant au droit de la guerre.

Partager cet article

Repost0
7 juin 2015 7 07 /06 /juin /2015 11:45
Africa Peacekeeping Program (AFRICAP): le contrat de 2009 prolongé de trois mois


05.06.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense
 

Le contrat AFRICAP 2009 qui devait prendre fin en ce milieu d'année a été prolongé de trois mois (jusqu'en septembre) au profit des sociétés PAE, DynCorp, AECOM, Protection Stratégies, en attendant la mise en place de l'AFRICAP 2015.

 

Pour lire l'appel d'offres du 15 janvier dernier pour le prochain AFRICAP, cliquer ici.

 

L'enveloppe pour ces trois mois supplémentaires n'a pas été dévoilée. Mais un document américain précise que, pour l'instant, la valeurs des marchés passés dans le cadre de l'AFRICAP 2009 est d'un milliard de dollars.

 

AFRICAP et ACOTA. Il est particulièrement ironique que les Etats-Unis aient mis en place deux programmes phare (AFRICAP et ACOTA dont on attend toujours l'appel d'offres) en matière de préparation aux opérations de maintien de la paix alors que ce pays ne contribue que très marginalement à la fourniture d'effectifs pour ce type d'opération. Certes financièrement, c'est l'inverse, mais dans ma logique, ça importe peu. Je m'explique: il est tout aussi ironique que le DoS et le DoD entraînent ou fassent entraîner les contingents africains de casques bleus (Onu) et de casques verts (UA) alors que l'expérience en matière d'OMP des personnels affectés à ces programmes de formation est quasi inexistante.

Ce constat n'est pas nouveau mais il mérite d'être refait alors que Washington (et le DoS en particulier) renégocie avec des prestataires privés les programmes AFRICAP (Africa Peacekeeping Program) et ACOTA (Africa Contingency Operations and Training Assistance).

Les militaires et employés fédéraux, ainsi que les contractors des ESSD comme DynCorp ou AECOM, n'ont guère d'expérience dans le maintien de la paix. Leur approche est très "offensive", alors qu'elle devrait s'inscrire dans la posture onusienne du peacekeeping. Et leur palmarès, en matière de formation, ne leur vaut pas que des éloges.

En fait, cet habillage "OMP" permet aux DoS et DoD de légitimer, auprès du Congrès en particulier, des programmes de formation et de dotation des armées africaines en vue d'un large éventail de missions dont la lutte anti-terroriste. Qui s'en plaindra? Seulement les entreprises privées qui tentent réellement de former des cadres et des soldats aux OMP et de leur faire prendre consciences des exigences éthiques, morales et bien sûr opérationnelles. Ces entreprises, elles ne sont pas US, et c'est malheureux pour des raisons de moyens et de capacités. Elles sont européennes et elles mériteraient d'être plus ouvertement appuyées par les autorités des pays où elles sont installées (France, Allemagne en particluier).

Partager cet article

Repost0
22 mars 2015 7 22 /03 /mars /2015 15:20
Le commandement des Marines américains appelle à la vigilance après des menaces de l'EI

 

22 mars 2015 Romandie.com (AFP)

 

Washington - Le commandement des Marines américains a appelé dimanche ses personnels à la vigilance après la publication d'une liste de 100 militaires américains à abattre par un groupe se réclamant de l'Etat islamique (EI).

 

La vigilance et la protection de la force restent une priorité pour les commandants et leurs personnels, a déclaré dans un communiqué le lieutenant-colonel John Waldwell, du corps des Marines. Il est recommandé aux Marines et membres de leurs familles de vérifier leurs profils en ligne afin de (...) limiter l'accès aux informations personnelles, a-t-il ajouté.

 

Cet avertissement fait suite à la publication sur internet d'un appel au meurtre de 100 militaires américains, comprenant leurs noms et adresses supposés ainsi que des photos, selon le centre américain de surveillance des sites islamistes (SITE).

 

Le groupe à l'origine de cette publication se présente comme la Division des hackers de l'Etat islamique et affirme avoir piraté ces informations sur des serveurs, bases de données et emails du gouvernement.

 

Selon le groupe, les 100 militaires ciblés ont participé à la guerre contre l'EI en Syrie, en Irak et au Yémen.

 

Interrogés par le New York Times, le département américain de la Défense et le FBI ont dit être informés de ces menaces et avoir ouvert une enquête.

 

Toutefois, selon une source militaire citée par le journal, la plupart des informations publiées pouvaient être accessibles au public et les serveurs du gouvernement ne semblent pas avoir été piratés.

 

Par ailleurs, certains des personnels qui figurent sur la liste publiée n'ont pas été impliqués dans les frappes aériennes menées contre l'EI par la coalition internationale dirigée par les Etats-Unis, ont indiqué des responsables au journal.

 

Ces derniers mois, plusieurs médias et institutions américaines ont été piratés par des hackers se réclamant de l'EI. En janvier, ils avaient ainsi brièvement pris le contrôle des comptes Twitter et YouTube du commandement militaire américain au Moyen-Orient (Centcom), une intrusion embarrassante pour l'armée américaine en pleine guerre contre l'EI en Syrie et Irak.

Partager cet article

Repost0
18 mars 2015 3 18 /03 /mars /2015 17:20
DoD to Boost Modernization of Weapons, Capabilities

 

Mar 17, 2015 ASDNews Source : AFPS

 

This year, the Defense Department will move aggressively to reverse the trend of chronic underinvestment in weapons and capabilities, the deputy defense secretary said here today.

 

Bob Work spoke this morning about defense modernization and the department’s proposed fiscal year 2016 budget before an audience attending the McAleese/Credit Suisse Defense Programs Conference.

The bottom line, he said in prepared remarks, is that “because of budget uncertainty and restrictions imposed by Congress, and because of our unrelenting focus on the readiness of forward deployed forces, we're chronically underinvesting in new weapons and capabilities.”

Work added, “That should give all of us pause because our technological dominance is no longer assured.”

 

Modernization = Technological Superiority

The U.S. military’s technological superiority is directly related to its modernization accounts, the deputy secretary said, so this year the department is moving to redress the long-deferred modernization to stay ahead of competitors and potential aggressor nations.

Work said the White House has helped by approving about $21 billion in added requirements over the Future Years Defense Program.

“This came with added funding, which has allowed us to make targeted investments in space control and launch capabilities, missile defense, cyber, and advanced sensors, communications, and munitions -– all of which are critical for power projection in contested environments,” he said.

The White House also added funding to help the department modernize its aging nuclear deterrent force, Work said.

 

Supporting Ongoing Operations

The department’s fiscal 2016 base budget request is $534 billion, or $36 billion above the FY16 sequestration caps, he said, adding that it’s “only the first year of a five-year Future Years Defense Program. When considering fiscal years 2016 through 2020, our planned program is approximately $154 billion over the sequestration caps.”

The department also is asking for $51 billion in overseas contingency operations funding, Work said, “to support our campaign against the extremist [Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant], ongoing operations in Afghanistan, and other operations in the Central Command area of responsibility.”

The global demand for U.S. forces remains high, particularly for deployable headquarters units, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance assets, missile defense, and naval and aerospace forces. The global operating tempo also remains high, he added.

Together, the deputy secretary said, these requests provide funding needed to recover readiness over the next several years, invest in long-deferred recapitalization and modernization, and meet global demands placed on the military by the National Security Strategy.

 

The Ragged Edge

 “The leaders of this department believe firmly that any significant reduction in funding below what is in the president's budget, or a broad denial of the reform initiatives that we have proposed to Congress, would mean the risks to our defense strategy would become unmanageable,” the deputy secretary said.

 “Quite frankly,” he added, “we’re at the ragged edge of what is manageable.”

Adding to the pressure on defense systems, potential competitors are developing capabilities that challenge the U.S. military in all domains that put space assets and the command and control system at risk, Work said.

 “We see several nations developing capabilities that threaten to erode our long-assured technological overmatch and our ability to project power,” he added.

These include new and advanced anti-ship and anti-air missiles, and new counter-space, cyber, electronic warfare, undersea and air attack capabilities, Work said.

 

Erosion of Technical Superiority

In some areas, he added, “we see levels of new weapons development that we haven’t seen since the mid-1980s, near the peak of the Soviet Union’s surge in Cold War defense spending.”

The department, Work said, is addressing the erosion of U.S. technological superiority through the Defense Innovation Initiative, a broad effort to improve business operations and find innovative ways to sustain and advance America’s military dominance for the 21st century.

 “The DII’s leading focus is to identify, develop and field breakthrough technologies and systems,” he said, “and to develop innovative operational concepts to help us use our current capabilities in new and creative ways.”

The ultimate aim is to help craft a third offset strategy, he added.

 

Third Offset Strategy

After World War II the United States used nuclear weapons development to offset Soviet numerical and geographic advantage in the central front, and again changed the game in the 1970s and 1980s with networked precision strike, stealth and surveillance for conventional forces, Work explained.

Now, he said, “we will seek to identify new technologies and concepts that will keep the operational advantage firmly in the hands of America’s conventional forces, today and in the future.”

Central to the effort is a new Long-Range Research & Development Planning Program, the deputy secretary said.

The LRRDP was created to identify weapons and systems in the force that can be used in more innovative ways, promising technologies that can be pulled forward and long-range science and technology investments that can be made now for a future payoff.

 

Invitation to the Table

Technologies that might be associated with a new offset strategy are being driven by the commercial sector, he said.

These include robotics; autonomous operating, guidance and control systems; visualization; biotechnology; miniaturization; advanced computing and big data; and additive manufacturing like 3-D printing.

 “The third offset strategy is an open invitation for everyone to come to the table … to creatively disrupt our defense ecosystem. Because we'll either creatively disrupt ourselves or be disrupted by someone else,” Work said.

 

Game-changing New Technologies

Funding dedicated to the effort includes the department’s annual $12 billion in science and technology accounts, and the FY 2016 budget request creates a reserve account to resource projects expected to emerge from the DII, he said.

 “The FY 2016 budget submission also invests in some fantastic, potentially game-changing new technologies that we can more quickly get into the force,” Work added, “as well as longer-range research efforts.”

Over the Future Years Defense Program, for example, the department is investing $149 million in unmanned undersea vehicles, $77 million in advanced sea mines, $473 million in high-speed strike weapons, $706 million in rail gun technology, and $239 million in high-energy lasers.

And, he said, a new Aerospace Innovation Initiative will bring people together to develop a wide range of advanced aeronautical capabilities to maintain U.S. military air dominance.

 

Solving Operational Challenges

Work said the department’s innovation must be “broad-based and rooted in realistic war gaming –- a big priority of mine -– more experimentation, and new concept and leadership development to enable our people to adapt to situations we can’t yet imagine.”

The third offset strategy is looking to solve specific operational challenges, the deputy secretary said, using the electromagnetic spectrum as an example.

“Electronic Warfare is often regarded as a combat enabler, but more and more it is at the actual forefront of any conflict,” he said. “To ensure we remain ahead in this increasingly important space, today I’m signing out a memo that establishes an Electronic Warfare, or EW, Programs Council.”

 

Electronic Warfare Programs Council

The senior-level oversight council will have the lead in establishing and coordinating DoD’s EW policy and will be co-chaired by Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics Frank Kendall and Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Navy Adm. James A. Winnefeld Jr., he said.

Compared to the platforms that carry EW suites, the deputy secretary added, it is a relatively small investment but has the potential for a very high payoff.

“Our potential competitors seek to contest the EW space, an area where we retain a decided lead,” Work said. “But that lead is tenuous, and we believe that there has been insufficient focus on EW across the department.”

 

Partager cet article

Repost0
6 mars 2015 5 06 /03 /mars /2015 08:20
Le CENTCOM veut déployer davantage de civils de la Défense en opex

Bob Perry (Civilian Expeditionary Workforce) and Capt. Christian Thompson assess the damage done to a high voltage electrical line while deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom in July 2007.

 

05.03.2015 par Philippe Chapleau - Lignes de Défense

Le Centcom (Central Command) recherche des volontaires parmi les civils du DoD pour aller en Afghanistan, en Irak, au Koweït et au Qatar et pourvoir des postes "critiques" dans des bases des forces américaines ou otaniennes.

La liste des domaines est variée (santé, sécurité, administration, maintenance, logistique, comptabilité...) et longue, comme le précise un récent communiqué de presse: "Safety and occupational health management; fire protection and prevention; recreation specialist; equal employment opportunity; miscellaneous administration and program; miscellaneous clerk and assistant; program management; logistics management; accounting; auditing; general engineering; engineering technical; construction control technical; civil engineering; survey technical; environmental engineering; mechanical engineering; electrical engineering; general attorney; procurement clerical and technician; production control; housing management; operations research; facility operations services; general inspection; investigation, enforcement and compliance; general supply; transportation operations; carpentry; maintenance mechanic; and engineering equipment operating."

 

Des avantages? Une prime de 35% (après 42 jours de déploiement cependant), des primes de risques (35% aussi), des heures supplémentaires (10% de nuit, 25% le dimanche)... Exemple: pour un salaire CONUS (Continental US) de 4 704,80$, le salaire OCONUS (Outside continental US) serait de 11 197,08$, ainsi que le montrent les données publiées sur le site Civilian Deployment Experience (à consulter ici). Globalement, le taux horaire passe de 40,58$ à 78,76$.

Serait-ce une façon de moins compter sur les contractors du privé? En opex (contingency operation), les salaires des civils américains se valent; ce qui est plus cher, c'est ce que facture l'entreprise à son client fédéral.

Ou bien serait-ce un moyen de réduire les coupes dans les effectifs civils du DoD?

Partager cet article

Repost0
15 juillet 2014 2 15 /07 /juillet /2014 07:20
L-ATV vehicle Photo Oshkosh Corporation

L-ATV vehicle Photo Oshkosh Corporation

 

13.07.2014 Oshkosh

 

OSHKOSH, Wis. -- Oshkosh Defense, a division of Oshkosh Corporation (NYSE: OSK), reached a milestone in the U.S. Department of Defense’s (DoD’s) Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) program by completing Net-Ready testing with the Oshkosh Light Combat Tactical All-Terrain Vehicle (L-ATV).

 

“We are pleased that our JLTV has demonstrated its capability to transfer critical data from onboard systems to external networks during this testing and evaluation process,” said U.S. Marine Corps Colonel (Retired), John Bryant, senior vice president, Defense Programs for Oshkosh Defense. “This is another important milestone in what has been an exemplary procurement program by the DoD, which will provide the protection and mobility our service men and women need for future missions.”

 

A core element in developing the next-generation light vehicle is fully supporting the execution of operational activities and information exchanges identified in DoD Enterprise Architecture, while satisfying the JLTV’s technical requirements for the transition to Net-Centric military operations. Oshkosh recently completed this testing at the Electronic Proving Grounds at Fort Huachuca, Arizona – the United States Army’s developmental test center for Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Cyber and Intelligence (C5I) capabilities.

 

Oshkosh Defense has successfully completed every milestone to date throughout the JLTV program’s Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) phase, including the design understanding review, manufacturing readiness review and on-time delivery of 22 prototype vehicles 12 months after the start of the EMD phase. As an Original Equipment Manufacturer, Oshkosh has an in-house team of C4ISR experts who designed the C4ISR solution for the fully integrated JLTV EMD prototype vehicles it has delivered for the program.

 

Oshkosh is providing vehicle training and support throughout the 14 months of robust military testing during the EMD phase. The JLTV is expected to fill a significant capability gap that exists between larger MRAP vehicles and the aging High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWV) fleet.

 

Leveraging a 97-year history of innovation, Oshkosh has developed a state-of-the-art vehicle that redefines protection, extreme off-road mobility and the very meaning of the term “mission-ready.”

Partager cet article

Repost0
10 avril 2014 4 10 /04 /avril /2014 07:20
Alion Wins $17.7M Contract to Help Department of Defense (DoD) Defeat Emerging IED Threats and Hazards

 

McLean, VA — April 8, 2014 — Alion Science and Technology

 

Technology Solutions Company to Support DoD’s Countermine Division with R&D, Testing and Engineering Expertise

 

Alion Science and Technology, a global engineering, technology and operational solutions company, has been awarded a $17.7 million task order to provide the Department of Defense (DoD) with engineering and science and technology expertise to help defeat improvised explosive device (IED) threats against troops in theater and throughout the world.

Alion will support conception, prototyping, improving and experimenting with technologies, devices and systems, bringing next-generation capabilities to counter IED hazards. This includes improving Warfighters’ situational awareness, enabling Soldiers to better identify, defeat and bypass explosive threats.

“The services we will provide under the task order will enable the DoD to detect and neutralize explosive hazards wherever our forces are deployed,” said Terri Spoonhour, Alion Senior Vice President and Distributed Simulation Group Manager. “This will ultimately save lives and ensure our units accomplish their critical missions.”

The DoD develops systems for military applications that detect and neutralize mines, mine fields and unexploded ordnance. Technology development focuses on personnel protection, handheld detectors, wide area detection, mechanical clearance, vegetation clearance and mine awareness.

 

WSTIAC, operated by Alion, is one of nine Department of Defense (DoD) Information Analysis Centers (IACs) sponsored by the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC). The IACs house libraries of information that are focused on specific technology areas, in addition to providing technical expertise in these areas. DTIC is headquartered at Fort Belvoir, VA, and serves the DoD by providing access to scientific and technical information for DoD personnel and contractors, including researchers, designers and engineers. WSTIAC’s work is sponsored by the DTIC, ATTN: DTIC-I, 8725 John J. Kingman Rd., Ste. 0944, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6218.

 

Partager cet article

Repost0
4 avril 2014 5 04 /04 /avril /2014 07:20
DoD Sends Congress $36B Wish List, But Passage Unlikely

The US Air Force requested 12 General Atomics Reapers in the unfunded list.

 

Apr. 3, 2014 - By MARCUS WEISGERBER  - Defense News


 

WASHINGTON — The US military services have sent Congress wish lists that include $36 billion in priority items that were not included in the Pentagon’s 2015 budget proposal.

But actual passage of the lists seems unlikely.

The lists are very similar to the White House’s Opportunity, Growth and Security Initiative (OGSI), which includes $26 billion in defense items not included in the Defense Department’s $496 billion spending request.

Some of the overlap items include:

■ Two Air Force Lockheed Martin F-35 joint strike fighters ($372 million).

■ 10 Air Force Lockheed C-130Js, five MC-130J and five HC-130J variants ($1 billion).

■ 12 General Atomics Reapers ($192 million).

■ Eight Boeing P-8 maritime patrol aircraft ($1.1 billion)

■ Two Boeing CH-47 Chinook helicopters, according to Bloomberg (about $100 million).

■ 28 Sikorsky Black Hawk helicopters, according to Bloomberg (about $500 million).

■ One Northrop Grumman E-2D command-and-control plane ($146 million).

■ One Lockheed KC-130J tanker for the Marine Corps ($75 million).

But the service wish lists include other procurement items, including:

■ $200 million for the Air Force Combat Rescue Helicopter program.

■ $2.1 billion for 22 Boeing EA-18 Growler jamming aircraft for the Navy.

■ $720 million for 10 C-130J for the Air National Guard.

■ $1 billion for six F-35, five F-35Cs and one F-35B for the Marine Corps.

The wish lists also include tens of billions of dollars for upgrades, maintenance and construction projects, that have been reduced or deferred due to lower defense spending levels imposed by defense budget caps or cuts by sequestration.

Rep. Buck McKeon, R-Calif., chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, requested the lists from the services this year. The Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Army National Guard and Air National Guard all sent the list to him this week. Defense News obtained all of the lists except the Army’s.

The top lines figures for each wish list are:

■ Army, $10.6 billion, according to Bloomberg.

■ Navy, $10.6 billion.

■ Marine Corps, $2.5 billion.

■ Air Force, $8 billion.

■ Army National Guard, $1.5 billion.

■ Air National Guard, $2.6 billion.

But the chances of any of the items in these wish lists and OGSI getting approved is slim, since defense spending is capped at $496 billion.

“It is not going to happen,” said Gordon Adams, a Stimson Center analyst who ran defense budgeting during the Clinton administration.

During a roundtable with reporters on Thursday, McKeon was asked what kind of chance the $26 billion OSGI had of passage. He made a “zero” gesture with his fingers.

“We already did the budget this year,” he said.

Lawmakers are unwilling to renegotiate the spending caps established in the two-year budget deal struck late last year by Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., and Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., Adams said.

“This is political three-ring circus, but it’s not budgeting,” Adams said. “The thing that really concerns me about it is that it totally undermines planning discipline in the Pentagon.”

DoD submitted a five-year spending plan to Congress that exceeds the spending caps between 2016 and 2019 by $115 billion.

The wish lists submitted to Congress this week — called unfunded priorities or unfunded requirements — were a flashback to last decade when the services would send lawmakers lists totaling tens-of-billions of dollars.

At its high point, the Air Force submitted a $20 billion wish list of items desired by service brass, at a time when military spending, already at an all-time high.

Then-Defense Secretary Robert Gates truncated the lists substantially during his tenure at the Pentagon to the point where they were no longer produced in 2013.

Unlike in prior years, the National Guard submitted unfunded lists this year.

Partager cet article

Repost0
6 novembre 2013 3 06 /11 /novembre /2013 18:20
Le potentiel militaire US menacé par les coupes budgétaires (Pentagone)

 

WASHINGTON, 5 novembre - RIA Novosti

 

Les réductions actuelles du budget fédéral des Etats-Unis risquent d'affecter le potentiel militaire du pays, estime le se secrétaire américain à la Défense Chuck Hagel.

 

"Les réductions actuelles - rigoureuses, brutales et substantielles - risquent de provoquer une dégradation de nos capacités militaires", a déclaré M. Hagel dans un discours prononcé mardi au Centre d'études stratégiques et internationales de Washington lors d'une réunion organisée dans le cadre de la Conférence de Munich sur la sécurité.

 

M. Hagel a rappelé que dans le cadre des coupes budgétaires en vigueur depuis mars, les dépenses du Pentagone seraient réduites de 500 milliards de dollars au cours des dix prochaines années et ce, en plus d'une réduction de 487 milliards approuvée auparavant.

 

Faute de budget normal, le Pentagone aura du mal à planifier ses opérations, a affirmé M. Hagel. Il a également cité les domaines dans lesquels le département de la Défense envisage faire des économies. Selon M. Hagel, les Etats-Unis doivent créer des unités plus mobiles et plus souples dotées d'effectifs moins importants, privilégier les unités de combat sur les garnisons et empêcher une hausse incontrôlable des dépenses.

 

Malgré ces réductions, le budget militaire des Etats-Unis constitue toujours environ 40% des dépenses mondiales dans ce domaine.

Partager cet article

Repost0
11 octobre 2013 5 11 /10 /octobre /2013 11:20
Le numéro deux de la Défense américaine, Ashton Carter, quittera le Pentagone en décembre

Le Secrétaire adjoint à la Défense, Ashton Carter, avec des soldats et gardiens de la paix ougandais à la base de Kisenyi en Ouganda le 23 juillet 2013 (sergent Aaron Hostutler, U.S. Marine Corps)

 

11/10/2013 par Jacques N. Godbout – 45eNord.ca

 

Le Secrétaire à la Défense Chuck Hagel a annoncé que le numéro deux du Pentagone, Ashton Carter, qui occupait le poste de Secrétaire adjoint à la Défense depuis 2011, quittera le Département américain de la Défense le 4 décembre.

 

Ancien professeur à Harvard (nord-est des États-Unis), diplômé d’un doctorat en physique théorique à l’université d’Oxford (Royaume-Uni), Ashton Carter a déjà travaillé au Pentagone sous le président Bill Clinton dans les années 1990 et est considéré comme un expert en contrôle des armes.

 

Mais c’est surtout depuis le début de l’administration Obama qu’Ashton Carter a occupé des postes de toute première importance au Département américain de la Défense.

 

Il a été notamment Secrétaire à la Défense pour les technologies, l’ acquisition et la logistique sous le Secrétaire à la Défense Robert M. Gates, avant de devenir numéro deux du ministère.

 

Contrairement à bien des Secrétaires adjoints avant lui, qui travaillaient plutôt dans l’ombre, Ashton Carter s’est retrouvé souvent à l’avant-scène.

 

C’est, par exemple, lui qui a mené l’enquête sur la fusillade dans l’immeuble de la Navy le mois dernier à Washington où un tireur fou a abattu douze personnes.

 

Le porte-parole du Pentagone, George Little, a déclaré que la décision de Carter de quitter était la sienne et que la sienne, mais d’anciens responsables du Pentagone et certains médias ont évoqué des tensions entre Hagel et Carter.

 

Sous Leon Panetta, le prédécesseur du Secrétaire actuel, Ashton Carter disposait de davantage d’autonomie, ont rapporté certains médias, dont, notamment, la prestigieuse revue américaine Foreign Plolicy.

 

Carter avait même été considéré comme un candidat potentiel pour succéder à Leon Panetta.

 

Toutefois, Chuck Hagel avait défini de manière plus limitée le rôle d’Ashton Carter, qui était dorénavant limité surtout au budget de la défense.

 

D’ailleurs, à propos de la paralysie de l’État fédéral en raison de l’impasse budgétaire, le Secrétaire adjoint à la Défense n’avait pas mâché ses mots, la qualifiant il y a deux semaines de «perturbatrice et stupide».

 

Dans un communiqué publié jeudi 10 octobre, l’actuel Secrétaire à la Défense, Chuck Hagel, a dit qu’il a rencontré [ jeudi matin] Carter et accepté à contrecœur sa décision de démissionner.»

 

Hagel a dit de Carter qu’il a été un Secrétaire adjoint extraordinairement fidèle et efficace qui a constamment fourni un soutien exceptionnel: «Il possède une connaissance inégalée de toutes les facettes de la défense de l’Amérique , après avoir travaillé directement et indirectement avec onze Secrétaires à la Défense au cours de sa carrière légendaire», a-t-il aussi déclaré.

 

Chuck Hagel a remercié Carter d’être resté son adjoint et de l’avoir aidé à se mettre au diapason à un moment difficile dans la vie du Département américain de la Défense .

 

«J’ai continuellement fait appel à Ash pour m’aider à relever les défis les plus difficiles auxquels est confronté le ministère de la Défense», a ajouté le Secrétaire à la Défense. «J’ai particulièrement apprécié son travail à la tête du Strategic Choices and Management Review , qui a placé le département dans une position beaucoup plus forte pour traverser une période d’incertitude budgétaire sans précédent.»

Partager cet article

Repost0
25 septembre 2013 3 25 /09 /septembre /2013 17:20
DoD to Shrink JIEDDO, Realign ISR Task Force

Sep. 24, 2013  MARCUS WEISGERBER - c4isrnet.com

 

WASHINGTON — The Pentagon plans to shrink its organization tasked with defeating roadside bombs and reorganize other quick-reaction task forces born out of more than a decade of counterinsurgency operations in Afghanistan and Iraq.

 

The decision by senior U.S. Defense Department officials to truncate the Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) and realign the Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) Task Force comes after a year of debate over how to institutionalize these entities.

 

The reorganizations were set in motion by Deputy Defense Secretary Ashton Carter in a memo earlier this month.

 

DoD officials had been contemplating three options for JIEDDO’s future: Eliminate the organization; break up its duties among the military services through a process called disaggregation; or restructure JIEDDO into a smaller office within the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD).

 

JIEDDO’s mission will continue to evolve, a defense official said. The organization’s “evolution will continue to support DoD efforts to retain a flexible and an agile force and also the ability to respond to urgent warfighter needs as they may arise.”

 

Defense officials are still determining the specifics of the downsizing, and the final path forward is still to be determined and pending the budget review process.

 

Senior JIEDDO officials, during a recent visit to Afghanistan, said the organization will be smaller but should maintain some of its most important capabilities, according to a DoD press article.

 

“If you look at the mission statement for JIEDDO, it’s to defeat the IED as a weapon of strategic influence,” Maj. Gen. Patrick Higgins, JIEDDO’s deputy director, said in the article. “Now I’m not ready to come out yet and say ‘mission accomplished,’ but if you look at the work over the last decade of war, what we have done in Iraq and what we are in the process of doing here, that is demonstratively proven.”

 

JIEDDO officials must submit a drawdown plan to OSD in the their 2015 budget proposal. JIEDDO should reach its lower staff level in 2017.

 

As for the ISR Task Force, Michael Vickers, the undersecretary for intelligence, must submit a plan to align the organization as a “permanent entity” within his directorate.

 

“The transitioned organization will be staffed appropriately to enable rapid fielding of new ISR capabilities in support of global warfighter requirement,” Carter wrote in a memo.

 

In addition, Pentagon Comptroller Robert Hale and the head of the Joint Rapid Acquisition Cell have been tasked with institutionalizing the funding process for urgent battlefield needs.

Partager cet article

Repost0
19 avril 2013 5 19 /04 /avril /2013 07:20
Science, Technology Remain Critical, DoD Official Says

April 17, 2013 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: U.S Air Force; issued April 17, 2013)

 

Science, Technology Remain Critical, Official Says

 

WASHINGTON --- Despite fiscal uncertainty, science and technology remain critical elements in mitigating emerging threats against the United States, a Defense Department official told Congress yesterday.

 

Alan Shaffer, the acting assistant secretary of defense for research and engineering, pledged to continue a focus on programs such as electronic warfare, counter-space, cyber, and counter-weapons of mass destruction to meet U.S. national security goals.

 

"The challenge is clear. The president and the secretary of defense depend on defense research and engineering to make key contributions to the defense of our nation," Shaffer told the House Armed Services Committee's subcommittee on intelligence, emerging threats and capabilities.

 

Science and technology should mitigate new and emerging capabilities that could degrade U.S. security, he said, while enabling new or extended capabilities in existing military platforms and systems.

 

Defense Department science and technology researchers, systems engineers and developmental test and evaluation personnel also strive to develop "technology surprise" through science and engineering applications to military problems, Shaffer said.

 

"Together, the professional scientists and engineers conceive, develop and mature systems early in the acquisition process," he added.

 

The Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and allied personnel work with industry and international partners, academia and other government agencies to provide unmatched, operational advantage to the warfighter, Shaffer said.

 

"When we look at the capabilities developed and delivered by these people during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, I contend the nation has received good return on investment," he said. Notable successes, he added, include mine-resistant, ambush-protected vehicles, persistent threat-detection systems and use of multispectral imagery to remotely detect explosives.

 

"These three alone greatly increased the safety of our deployed force," Shaffer said. "We met the demands of an armed force at war."

 

But as the drawdown in Afghanistan continues, uncertainty looms in national security and budget environments, creating reductions that will rattle some programs, Shaffer said.

 

"It is not possible to discuss the (fiscal 2013 and 2014) budgets without addressing the impact of the sequester," he said, noting cuts of about 9 percent from each of DOD's programs and program lines.

 

The president's fiscal 2014 budget request for Defense Department science and technology is $12 billion, a nominal increase from the $11.9 billion requested in 2013, he added.

 

"This reduction will result in delay or termination of efforts," Shaffer said. "We will reduce awards."

 

For instance, he said, DOD will reduce university grants this year by roughly $200 million, and potentially could reduce the number of new science, mathematics and research for transformation, or SMART, scholarships in fiscal 2013 to zero.

 

"Because of the way the sequester was implemented, we will be very limited in hiring new scientists this year," he said. "Each of these actions will have a negative, long-term impact on the department and national security."

 

Budgetary pressures exist, as do new challenges, Shaffer said, adding that DOD leadership has made a strategic choice to protect science and technology where possible.

 

"We did this to provide options for the future as well as meet new challenges that have technological dimensions," he said.

 

The challenges, he added, include instability in nations such as Syria, which has weapons of mass destruction that could fall out of state control. He also cited persistent concerns over North Korean nuclear weapons with the means to deliver them, and the emergence of sophisticated anti-access, area-denial capabilities in a number of nations.

 

Emerging threats, he said, also include cyber exploitation and attack and the increased sophistication of advanced electronic attack capabilities of potential adversaries.

 

"The department's research and engineering program is faced with the same challenges as the rest of the DOD," Shaffer said.

Partager cet article

Repost0

Présentation

  • : RP Defense
  • : Web review defence industry - Revue du web industrie de défense - company information - news in France, Europe and elsewhere ...
  • Contact

Recherche

Articles Récents

Categories