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2 mars 2012 5 02 /03 /mars /2012 17:35
L’Inde va tester le missile balistique de ses futurs SNLE


1er mars 2012 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS


L’Inde a terminé les préparatifs du 1er lancement d’essai du missile balistique К-15 qui équipera ses sous-marins nucléaires lanceurs d’engins de la classe Arihant.


Le premier lancement aura lieu le 4 mars depuis une plateforme sous-marine immergée en océan Indien. Les essais se poursuivront ensuite les 16 et 19 mars, a indiqué un représentant du ministère indien de la défense.


Selon lui, les lancements auront lieu depuis la plateforme sous-marine puisque le sous-marin Arihant, auquel est destiné le missile, n’a pas encore commencé ses propres essais.


Le missile balistique nucléaire К-15 aurait une portée de 700 km. Il s’agit de la version navale du missile Prithvi qui équipe l’armée de terre indienne.


Référence : La Voix de la Russie

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29 février 2012 3 29 /02 /février /2012 18:35
Rafael to Sell Spike Missiles to Germany for Hundreds of Millions of US Dollars


29/2/2012 Amir Rapaport – Israel defence


In a special interview with Rafael’s Marketing VP, Lubra Drori reveals Rafael will sell additional Spike missiles to Germany


Rafael Advanced Defense Systems has signed a contract to supply additional Spike missiles to Germany via its German subsidiary, Eurospike. The deal, worth hundreds of millions of US dollars, was revealed by Luba Drori, Rafael’s Marketing VP.


The Spike missiles are a family of missiles with various operational ranges and similar operational principles: they all possess electro-optic guidance and a doubled (tandem) warhead, intended to penetrate reactive protection. The initial warhead detonates the reactive protection while the second warhead penetrates the passive armor via a hollow charge.


The missile has four rectangular fins that it uses to guide itself towards the target. It is possible to launch the various Spike versions through several means: from a helicopter, from a vehicle, and even a shoulder-mounted missile launcher. The Spike LR has an effective operational range that is between 200 to 4,000 m.

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17 février 2012 5 17 /02 /février /2012 12:40
Facing a Growing Missile Threat, Israel revamps Air defense Command


February 16, 2012 Noam Eshel – Defense Update


Facing a growing threat of ballistic missiles and rockets capable of hitting any point in the country from distances of four, up to 2,000km, Israel has grouped its air defense forces into the ‘Air Defense Command’, integrating all active defense elements into an multi-layered defensive system. Israel’s missile defense wing currently maintains two principal assets, the ‘Sword Shield’ unit operating the IAI Arrow-2 ASIP (improved versions) since 1998, and the new ‘Iron Dome’ unit, equipped with three Rafael Counter-Rocket, Artillery & Missile (C-RAM) missile systems. The two systems were developed in Israel to meet specific requirements, peculiar to Israel at the time. The Arrow was designed to intercept Scud type medium range ballistic missiles, acquired by Iraq and Syria, while the Iron Dome was developed to defend from terrorist rocket attacks Israel has endured since 1968.


Arrow 2 is designed to intercept ballistic missiles at their terminal phase, as they re-enter the atmosphere. Unlike the modern air defense missiles, employing ‘hit to kill’ interceptors, Arrow 2 uses an advanced ‘aimable’ warhead to increase hit probability when passing the target at extremely high closing speed. Arrow 2 ASIP represents the latest evolution of the Arrow system, capable of intercepting faster targets, fired from longer ranges. The next step in its evolution is the Arrow 3 Exo-Atmospheric missile interceptor, currently in development. With thrust vectoring kill vehicle designed for hit-to-kill intercept, Arrow 3 will provide the ‘upper tier’ for the Israeli missile defense system, engaging hostile missiles in space, through their midcourse phase. The proliferation of ballistic missiles throughout Asia has triggered missile defense programs in the region, and the Israelis are hopeful that the newly expanded cooperation with the Boeing Company will open new opportunities for export of Arrow systems.


A most significant change will take place in 2013, as the new David’s Sling missile system, currently in final developmental testing at Rafael, will reach initial operational capability. Unlike the task specific Arrow 2 and Iron Dome, David’s Sling was developed as a flexible, multi-purpose weapon system capable of engaging aircraft, cruise missiles, ballistic and guided missiles as well as long range ballistic rockets. The missile is designed for land based, maritime and airborne applications. Providing a common missile known as ‘Stunner’, it is fitted with a dual seeker (IIR+RF) and a powerful multi-stage rocket motor enabling all weather operation and powerful kinematics including effective endgame maneuverability at extended ranges. David’s Sling will initially deploy with the IAF ‘Air Defense’ wing, replacing the Hawk missiles.


The system’s primary role will be to intercept medium and long-range ballistic and guided rockets, such as the Fajr-5 and M-600 (a Syrian copy of the Iranian Fateh-110), carrying half-ton warhead, these threats have a range of about 300 kilometers.


A different threat expected from the sea is the Russian supersonic Yakhont anti-ship missile recently delivered to Syria. This threat would be challenged by another air-defense system developed in Israel – IAI’s Barak 8. The missile, developed by IAI is designed to replace the existing Barak I point defense missile system deployed on the Israeli Saar V corvettes, providing extended ‘networked’ air defense protecting naval forces or offshore installations over a large area. Unlike the Arrow and David’s Sling, Barak-8 was developed without U.S. support, as it was designed primarily for the export market. Developed primarily as a naval air defense missile, Barak 8 is the cornerstone of the Indian Medium and Long Range Surface to Air Missile (MR-SAM/LR-SAM). The missile made the first flight test in 2010 and the entire system is scheduled to enter developmental testing in Israel and India in early 2012.


Iron Dome represents the world’s first combat proven C-RAM missile system. The IAF is planning to deploy a fourth Iron Dome battery in the coming months and is mulling the possibility of stationing it in Haifa Bay to protect Israel’s strategic industrial hub located there. The Defense Ministry has allocated a budget to manufacture three additional batteries by the end of 2012. IAF operational requirements call for the deployment of about a dozen batteries along Israel’s northern and southern borders. Future evolution of Iron Dome foresee the use of the system as a mobile asset, providing mobile land forces with protective C-RAM coverage, countering UAVs and defeating precision guided weapon attacks. Rafael is also evaluating a short-range complement for the current system, utilizing a guided projectile to be developed with the Italian group Oto-Melara.

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16 février 2012 4 16 /02 /février /2012 13:30
Indian ABM System Scores Another Success


February 16, 2012: STRATEGY PAGE


For the seventh time, India successfully tested its anti-missile system, intercepting a Prithvi ballistic missile. The AAD interceptor missile was fired from an island 70 kilometers off the coast. The system uses two types of interceptors. The Prithvi Air Defense (PAD) missile is the larger of the two and is used for high altitude (50-80 kilometers up) interception. The short range Advanced Air Defense (AAD) missile is used for low altitude (up to 30 kilometers) intercepts. The two missiles, in conjunction with a radar system based on the Israeli Green Pine (used with the Arrow anti-missile missile), are to provide defense from ballistic missiles fired as far as 5,000 kilometers away. This will provide some protection from Pakistani and Chinese missiles. A third interceptor, the PDV, is a hypersonic missile that can take down missiles as high as 150 kilometers and is still in development. India is the fifth nation to develop such anti-missile technology.


The Indian system has been in development for over a decade. Ten years ago, India ordered two Israeli Green Pine anti-ballistic missile radars. That equipment was used six years ago in a successful Indian test, where one ballistic missile was fired at another, incoming, one. The Israeli Green Pine radar was originally developed for Israel's Arrow anti-ballistic missile system. Arrow was built, in cooperation with the United States, to defend Israel from Iranian and Syrian ballistic missiles. India has since developed, with Israel, the Swordfish radar, which has similar capabilities to the Green Pine and has been operational for two years. Swordfish is part of a system that integrates data from satellites and other sources, in order to detect and track incoming missiles.


The interceptor missiles and the fire control systems were designed and built in India, although more Israeli technology may have been purchased to speed things along. India wanted to buy the entire Israeli Arrow system, but the United States refused to allow the sale (which involved a lot of American technology.) The Indian ABM (Anti-Ballistic Missile) system is supposed to become operational in two years.


China and Pakistan could only defeat the Indian ABM defenses by firing more missiles, at the same time, than the Indians could handle. It's also possible to equip warheads with decoys, in an attempt to get the interceptor missile to miss. Israel has technology designed to deal with these decoys, and India can probably purchase that. But against an overwhelming number of incoming missiles, some are going to get through.

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10 février 2012 5 10 /02 /février /2012 17:45


Photos / DPR Defence


February 10, 2012 by Shiv Aroor - LIVEFIST


DRDO Statement: India's DRDO today conducted a successful test launch of its endo-atmospheric interceptor missile., part of the country's ballistic missile defence (BMD) programme DRDO’s Air Defence Missile AAD-05  (Photo 1) successfully hit a modified Prithvi ballistic missile (Photo 2) and destroyed it at a height of 15 kms off the coast of Orissa near Wheeler Island. Radars located at different locations tracked the incoming ballistic missile. With the target trajectory continuously updated by the radar, the onboard guidance computer guided the AAD-05 towards the target missile. The onboard radio frequency seeker identified the target missile, guided the AAD-05 to hit the target missile directly and destroyed it. Radar and Electro Optic Tracking Systems (EOTS) tracked the missile and also recorded the fragments of the target missile falling into the Bay of Bengal.  The interceptor hit the incoming ballistic missile directly and destroyed it at an altitude of 15-km. The mission was carried out in the final deliverable user configuration mode.

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10 février 2012 5 10 /02 /février /2012 13:30



NEW DELHI, February 10 (RIA Novosti)


India has test-fired a domestically developed interceptor missile capable of destroying ballistic missiles, the Hindustan Times reported on Friday.


The Advanced Air Defense (AAD) interceptor missile was fired from Wheeler Island off the coast of Odisha in eastern India early on Friday and destroyed the target.


The target was a modified surface-to-surface short-range ballistic missile Prithvi, which was fired from the Chandipur range located some 70 km away from Wheeler Island across the sea.


“The interceptor directly hit the target and destroyed it,” S.P. Dash, the director of the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur, was quoted as saying.


The test was aimed at developing India's multi-layer Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) system. The last time India successfully tested an AAD interceptor missile was on March 6, 2011.

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6 février 2012 1 06 /02 /février /2012 08:25
Interceptor missile test on February 10 (India)


HYDERABAD, February 5, 2012 Y. Mallikarjun - thehindu.com


India's missile scientists are gearing to conduct an interceptor missile test on February 10 as part of the plans to deploy a two-layered Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) system.


This will be the seventh interceptor mission. The exercise is meant to test the capability of the system to kill incoming ballistic missiles with a range of 2,000-3,000 km. Of the six exercises held to date — the first was in November 2006 — five have been successful.


The proposed operation would be closer to the deployable configuration of the system for endo-atmospheric interception, according to Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) officials. During the upcoming mission, the interception of the target missile is planned at an altitude of 15 km in the endo-atmosphere. Four of the interceptor missile tests conducted so far have been in the endo-atmosphere, two in the exo-atmosphere.


Soon after the modified surface-to-surface target missile, Prithvi, is launched from Chandipur, an Advanced Air Defence (AAD) missile will take off from Wheeler Island to intercept and destroy the incoming projectile, which, after reaching a height of 100 km, will start descending.


Upon Prithvi's launch, the Long-Range Tracking Radars near Puri will start tracking the target. A little later, the Multi Functional Radars located near seaport town Paradip will detect and track the missile and provide data for the guidance computer. This will compute the flight path of the target missile and launch the interceptor at the right time. The interceptor computes the optimal path for the missile to hit the target. In the terminal phase, the radiofrequency seeker will track the target and enable the interceptor to home in on to the target.

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4 février 2012 6 04 /02 /février /2012 17:50
Israel Says Iran Seeking U.S.-range Missile



Feb 2, 2012 By Jeffrey Heller/Reuters - AviationWeek.com


JERUSALEM - Israel said Feb. 2 that Iran had been working on developing a missile capable of striking the U.S. at a military base rocked by a deadly explosion three months ago.


The blast on Nov. 12 killed 17 Iranian troops, including an officer regarded as the architect of Iran’s missile defenses. Iran said at the time the explosion at the facility, 45 km (28 miles) from Tehran, was an accident and occurred during research on weapons that could strike Israel.


Vice Prime Minister Moshe Yaalon, addressing Israel’s annual Herzliya security conference, challenged the Iranian account that the weapons project was focused on targeting Israel, and implied Iran was seeking to extend its strike range fourfold.


He said the base was a research and development facility where Iran “was preparing to produce or develop a missile with a range of 10,000 km (6,000 miles) … aimed at the ‘Great Satan’, the United States of America, and not us”.


Yaalon, who is also minister of strategic affairs, gave no other details nor related his remarks to the cause of the explosion.


Analysts currently estimate the longest range of an Iranian missile to be about 2,400 km, capable of reaching Israel and Europe. Israeli leaders are keen to persuade any allies who do not share their assessment of the risk posed by Iran that a nuclear-armed Islamic Republic would also threaten the West.


Israel has made little comment on accusations by Tehran that its agents along with those of its Western allies are waging a covert war against Iran’s nuclear program.


Iran denies Israeli and Western allegations that it is seeking to build atomic weapons, saying it is enriching uranium to generate electricity and for other peaceful purposes.




In a Nov. 28 report on the explosion at the Iranian base, the Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), said it had learned the blast occurred “as Iran had achieved a major milestone in the development of a new missile”. The Washington-based ISIS, founded by nuclear expert David Albright, said Iran was apparently performing a volatile procedure involving a missile engine when the explosion took place.


Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, pressing for stronger international sanctions against Tehran, has said repeatedly that a nuclear-armed Iran would pose a threat not only to Israel but to the United States and Europe as well.


Israel is widely believed to be the Middle East’s only nuclear power and to have developed missiles capable of striking Iran. It has said all military options are open in preventing a nuclear-armed Iran.


In his address, Yaalon, a former chief of staff of the Israeli military, was dismissive of arguments that underground Iranian nuclear sites may be invulnerable to so-called “bunker-buster” bombs.


Speaking in general terms, he said: “From my military experience, human beings will know how to penetrate any installation protected by other human beings. Ultimately all the facilities can be hit.”

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18 janvier 2012 3 18 /01 /janvier /2012 13:20
DCNS embarque des maquettes de missiles de croisière sur l'Aquitaine

Vue d'artiste d'un Scalp Naval tiré d'une FREMM
crédits : MBDA

18/01/2012 MER et MARINE


Le groupe naval poursuit les essais de mise au point du système de combat de l'Aquitaine, tête de série du programme des frégates multi-missions. Dans cette perspective, DCNS a procédé à l'embarquement de maquettes du nouveau missile de croisière naval dont le bâtiment sera doté (à raison de 16 munitions). L'embarquement de ces maquettes a été mené à la demande de la Direction générale de l'armement (DGA) par les équipes DCNS, en lien avec MBDA, fournisseur des munitions et des installations de tir. Ces essais ont permis de vérifier la capacité des équipes à embarquer en sécurité à bord des FREMM des missiles Aster (mer - air) et des missiles Scalp Naval (appelés MdCN dans la Marine nationale). « La réussite de ces opérations est une illustration du bon déroulement général des essais de la FREMM Aquitaine. Grâce à l'investissement des collaborateurs de DCNS, les FREMM constituent des navires de référence, avec les systèmes les plus aboutis qui soient », affirme Vincent Martinot-Lagarde, directeur des programmes FREMM au sein de DCNS.

Embarquement d'une maquette de MdCN sur l'Aquitaine (© : DCNS)

Nouvelle capacité pour la Marine nationale

Développé par MBDA, le Scalp Naval sera l'un des atouts maitres des nouvelles frégates et offriront une nouvelle capacité à la marine française, qui ne dispose pas encore de missiles de croisière tirés depuis ses bâtiments. Le MdCN est dérivé du Scalp EG mis en oeuvre depuis les avions de l'armée de l'Air et de l'aéronautique navale (les Rafale embarqués sur le porte-avions Charles de Gaulle). Longs de 6.5 mètres (avec booster) pour un poids de 1.4 tonnes, dont 500 kilos de charge militaire, les engins mis en oeuvre par les FREMM pourront voler à 800 km/h et atteindre des cibles terrestres situées à un millier de kilomètres. Autonome, le missile, qui déploie ses ailes après le lancement, dispose d'une centrale inertielle. Durant la phase de vol, il se recale grâce à un radioaltimètre et un système de positionnement GPS lui permettant de voler à très basse altitude. En phase finale, il se sert d'un autodirecteur infrarouge pour reconnaitre sa cible et la détruire. Idéale pour détruire des installations stratégiques, comme des infrastructures de commandement, cette arme est conçue pour pénétrer des cibles durcies. Elle constitue même, pour le bâtiment qui en est doté, une capacité de frappe considérable, et donc un outil très intéressant pour le pouvoir politique. D'autant qu'en dehors des FREMM, MBDA développe une version lancée depuis sous-marins, qui équipera les futurs Barracuda à partir de 2017.
En tout 200 Scalp Naval ont été commandés, soit 150 pour les 9 premières FREMM françaises, et 50 pour les 6 sous-marins nucléaires d'attaque du type Barracuda.

L'Aquitaine (© : DCNS)

Cinq FREMM en chantier

Longues de 142 mètres pour un déplacement de 6000 tonnes en charge, les FREMM disposeront également de 16 missiles surface-air Aster 15 et 8 missiles antinavire Exocet MM40 Block3, d'une tourelle de 76mm, de deux canons télé-opérés de 20mm, de torpilles MU90 et d'un hélicoptère Caïman Marine (NH90). En plus des 9 premières frégates, disposant d'importantes capacités anti-sous-marines (avec sonar remorqué), deux unités supplémentaires seront dédiées à la lutte antiaérienne. Sur ces frégates de défense aérienne (FREDA), les 16 Scalp Naval seront remplacés par des missiles Aster, chaque bâtiment embarquant un panachage de 32 Aster 15 et Aster 30.
Pour mémoire, cinq frégates sont actuellement en essais, en achèvement ou en cours de construction sur le site DCNS de Lorient. Il s'agit de l'Aquitaine, qui sera livrée dans un premier standard au second semestre de cette année, de la Mohammed V, commandée par le Maroc et en achèvement à flot, des Normandie et Provence françaises, en cours d'assemblage, ainsi que de la Languedoc, dont l'industrialisation a débuté il y a quelques semaines. La dernière des 11 FREMM françaises, en comptant les FREDA, doit être livrée en 2022.

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14 janvier 2012 6 14 /01 /janvier /2012 17:50
India Casts Wider Net for Short-Range Missiles

photo Livefist

13 Jan 2012 By VIVEK RAGHUVANSHI Defensenews

NEW DELHI - The Indian Army has entered the global market to buy short-range surface-to-air missile (SRSAM) systems for $1.5 billion, a move that could further undercut a four-year effort to develop a system with MBDA of France.

The Army convinced the Indian Defence Ministry there is an urgent requirement for SRSAM, said Army sources, and did not want to wait for the Maitri project conceived four years ago. India and France have not been able to agree on details of the Maitri project, including funding arrangements, the source added.

The Army last month sent global tenders to defense companies in Europe, the United States and Russia including Raytheon of the U.S., Israel's Rafael, MBDA and Thales of France, Diehl Defence of Germany, KBP Tula and Rosoboronexport of Russia, Ukraineexport of Ukraine and LIG NEX1 of South Korea.

The requirements of the SRSAM are similar to those of the proposed Indo-French Maitri project, the Army source said.

The current tender is for two regiments (36 systems, 1,000 missiles) estimated to cost about $800 million each. The total Indian Army requirement is likely to be about eight regiments in the next five to seven years.

The Maitri project was proposed to be jointly developed by India's Defence Research and Development Laboratory and MBDA.

The selected vendor will have to transfer technology of the systems, as well.

The supply will be made in two batches and completed within five years of the signing of the tender, including the launchers, sensors, vehicles for transportation and the missiles. The system must have a service life of at least 20 years and the missiles of not less than eight years.

The SRSAM system should be able to engage multiple targets, including those flying up to 500 meters per second, and have a maximum range of not less than 15 kilometers.

In 2009, India bought two regiments of Spyder quick-reaction surface-to-air missile systems from Rafael. Another Indo-Israeli joint project is the $2.5 billion long-range surface-to-air missile project signed in 2009 and expected to be inducted in 2013, Indian Defence Ministry sources said.

Meanwhile, the Indian Army has begun inducting the homemade medium-range Akash, which has a range of up to 30 kilometers. In 2011, the Indian Army ordered the induction of two Akash regiments at a cost of about $3 billion.

The Army also has been negotiating the purchase of David Sling and Iron Dome missile interceptor systems.

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11 janvier 2012 3 11 /01 /janvier /2012 21:18
Cérémonie : réception du premier SAMP/T au pôle de défense sol-air d’Avord

11/01/2012 Auteur :  Ltt Marianne Jeune  - Actus Armée de l’Air

Mercredi 11 janvier 2012, une cérémonie s’est tenue sur la base aérienne 702 d’Avord pour la réception d’une section du nouveau système d’arme sol-air de moyenne portée (SAMP) Mamba au pôle de défense sol-air.

Le système air-sol de moyenne portée (SAMP), baptisé Mamba, a effectivement été livré, mercredi 30 novembre 2011, à l’escadron de défense sol-air 2/950 «Sancerre» de la base aérienne 702 d’Avord. Présidée par le colonel Laurent Rataud, commandant la base aérienne et la base de Défense, la cérémonie marque officiellement et solennellement l’arrivée de ce nouvel équipement. Un événement d’autant plus important que la base d’Avord accueille le pôle de défense sol-air, une véritable pépinière de compétences complémentaires composée de trois unités : le centre de formation de la défense sol-air (CFDSA), l’escadron de défense sol-air (EDSA) et l’escadron de soutien technique sol-air (ESTSA).




Au cours de la cérémonie, le colonel Rataud a procédé à la lecture de l’ordre du jour. Le document pose les jalons de l’aventure qui attend les aviateurs du pôle de défense sol-air : « Matériel à la pointe de la technologie, confié à des spécialistes opérateurs et techniciens de l’armée de l’air au savoir-faire reconnu, le SAMP devient aujourd’hui le fer de lance de la défense sol-air au sein des armées françaises. Officiers, sous-officiers et militaires du rang de l’EDSA « Sancerre », soutenus par  l’ESTSA et formés par le CFDSA, souvenez-vous des hauts faits de votre glorieux passé au cours des opérations Manta, Epervier et Daguet pour écrire, dès aujourd’hui, aux commandes de ce nouveau système d’arme, une nouvelle page de l’histoire de la défense aérienne face aux nouveaux enjeux et aux nouvelles menaces du XXIe siècle. »

Décidée en décembre 2006 par le chef d’état-major des armées, la réorganisation de la fonction sol-air a en effet confié la responsabilité du domaine de la courte et de la moyenne portée à l’armée de l’air, à partir des systèmes Crotale de nouvelle génération en service depuis 1994 et du SAMP "Mamba". L’armée de terre a, quant à elle, reçu l’expertise de la capacité très courte portée avec le Mistral. Il s’agit de l’un des plus grands changements qu’a connus l’armée de l’air depuis ces cinq dernières années.

Composé de quatre lanceurs, équipés chacun de huit missiles Aster   30 et capable d’intercepter tous les types de menaces aériennes, le SAMP est destiné à assurer la protection de points sensibles ainsi que celle de zones de déploiement de forces terrestres en opérations extérieure. Il constitue également une première contribution française à l’édification d’une défense antimissile de théâtre. Connecté à un radar de détection et à un centre de commandement et de contrôle de l’Otan, il sera capable de réaliser l’interception de missiles balistiques en phase terminale de vol.

Cette cérémonie a marqué la troisième étape de livraison du SAMP dans les forces, qui a d’abord été déployé sur les bases aériennes 116 de Luxeuil, en septembre 2010, et 118 de Mont de Marsan, en mars 2011. Une deuxième section arrivera en terre du Berry au cours du premier trimestre 2012.

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17 décembre 2011 6 17 /12 /décembre /2011 19:45



17.12.2011 par P. CHAPLEAU Lignes de Défense


Les autorités italiennes ont diffusé les premiers bilans chiffrés de leur intervention militaire en Libye. Pas d'évaluation sur les coûts mais des chiffres sur les opérations.


Florilèges de chiffres:

- 710 bombes guidées et missiles air-sol tirés: 550 par les Tornado et AMX, 160 par les AV8 de la marine.

- entre 20 et 30 Storm Shadow tirés (taux de réussite: 97%)

- 1900 sorties et 7300 heures de vol pour les appareils de l'armée de l'air

- 1221 heures de vol pour les 8 AV8 Harrier du Garibaldi

- 1921 heures de vol pour les hélicos du même porte-aéronefs;

- 340 000 photos prises par les pods Reccelite des Tornado et AMX

- au total, une douzaine de types d'appareils engagée: Tornado, AMX, F-16, EuroFighters (voir photo ci-dessus), C-130, Boeing 767 de ravitaillement, drone Reaper, Harrier, une trentaine d'hélicos de type EH-101, SH-3D et AB-212

- deux sous-marins, le Todaro et le Gazzana, ont été engagés.

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5 décembre 2011 1 05 /12 /décembre /2011 17:35
ThalesRaytheonSystems Awarded NATO ALTBMD Interim Capability (InCa) Upgrade

source missiledefense.wordpress.com


December 2, 2011 defense-aerospace.com

(Source: ThalesRaytheonSystems; issued December 2, 2011)


MASSY, France --– ThalesRaytheonSystems (TRS) has been awarded a contract by the NATO Air Command and Control System Management Agency on behalf of the NATO Active Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence (ALTBMD) Programme, to upgrade the operational hardware and software of the ALTBMD Interim Theatre Missile Defence (TMD) Capability (InCa).


“ThalesRaytheonSystems is committed to supporting this alliance focused approach. Systems such as the Air Command and Control System Level of Operational Capability 1 (ACCS LOC1) and Missile Defence on top of ACCS LOC1 will be critically important to fight as one alliance with warfighters from across the nations trained on common highly interoperable Command and Control systems,” said Jack Harrington, CEO, ThalesRaytheonSystems, during a briefing to NATO and industry participants at the contract signature ceremony in the NATO headquarters in Brussels, Belgium.


TRS was awarded a contract to develop TMD InCa Step 2 in June 2010 and delivered its part of the system to the end users in December of 2010. TRS worked in close cooperation with the NATO’s ALTBMD Programme Office to field TMD InCa Step 2 and again in August 2011 to conduct operational exercises.


TRS will soon implement additional operator identified requirements to enhance the alliance’s Command and Control capabilities. Under this contract TRS will be upgrading TMD InCa Step 2 to the latest configuration of NATO ACCS. As the world’s first fully integrated C2 system for planning, tasking and execution of air operations, NATO ACCS replaces multiple aging air C2 systems in the NATO nations.


ThalesRaytheonSystems is an international company specializing in air defence systems, command and control systems, 3-D air defence radars, battlefield and weapon locating radars. Since its founding in 2001, ThalesRaytheonSystems has become one of the defence industry’s most successful transatlantic joint ventures. The company employs 1,600 people and is equally owned by Raytheon and Thales.


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3 décembre 2011 6 03 /12 /décembre /2011 08:00


photo Israel Sun/Rex Features


TEL AVIV, Israel, Dec. 2 (UPI)


The U.S. Army will decide in the next few weeks whether it will buy Israel's Iron Dome anti-rocket defense system, developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, to protect bases in Iraq and Afghanistan.


Rafael and the U.S. Raytheon Co., which produces the Patriot air-defense system, teamed in August to market Iron Dome, currently used to defend against Palestinian rockets, in the United States.


Iron Dome is designed to counter rockets and artillery shells with a range of 2-43 miles. It's the first system of its type to be used in combat.


Yossi Druker, head of Rafael's Air-to-Air Directorate, said Wednesday that the winner of the tender issued by the Pentagon is expected to be announced in January.


"Iron Dome is said to be compatible with the U.S. Army's Counter-Rocket and Artillery and Mortar system, or C-RAM, as part of layered defense for military bases," The Jerusalem Post observed.


Iron Dome made its combat debut in April in southern Israel against Palestinian rockets and the military says it has notched a success rate of 85 percent against Palestinian rockets it sought to intercept.


The system's computer can distinguish which rockets will hit populated areas and those that won't. It only fires on those that endanger Israeli lives.


The Israeli air force, which is responsible for air defense, has three Iron Dome batteries operational, primarily in the south to counter short-range rockets fired by militants from the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip.


But the military acknowledges that it needs 15-20 Iron Dome batteries to effectively provide protection from short-range missiles and rockets along the northern border with Lebanon and the southern frontier with Gaza.


So the Israelis may find themselves on the horns of a dilemma if the Americans decide they want Iron Dome: Who will get priority, homeland defense or developing a potentially lucrative export market for this unique system, the first operational short-range air-defense system in the world?


The Israelis say they face missile threats on several fronts, from Syria, Iran, Hezbollah in Lebanon and Hamas and its allies in Gaza.


These threats range from intermediate-range ballistic missiles from Iran and Syria, with shorter-range weapons from Hezbollah and the Palestinians.


The nightmare scenario is that if a new conflict erupts in the Middle East, every inch of the Jewish state will be exposed to a sustained and unprecedented bombardment by these foes.


Military planners say this could last for weeks, with up to 200 missiles and rockets a day hammering Israel, including the massive urban conurbation around Tel Aviv in the center of the country.


Every Iron Dome battery will be needed but Israel's defense industry, like those in the United States and Europe, is increasingly dependent on export sales to keep production lines rolling amid global cutbacks in defense spending.


Singapore has reportedly bought Iron Dome, although no details are available and the Israeli Defense Ministry hasn't confirmed the sale. India and South Korea have also shown interest.


The air force expects to take delivery of David's Sling, another anti-missile system developed by Rafael, within the next year, Brig. Gen. Doron Gavish, commander of the air force's Air Defense Division, said Thursday.


This system, also known as Magic Wand, is designed as the middle-tier of Israel's planned multilayer missile defense shield. It's designed to counter missiles and rockets with ranges of 25-185 miles.


Meantime, The Jerusalem Post reports that state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries is building a third battery of the Arrow-2 high-altitude, long-range missile interceptor to be deployed near Tel Aviv.


The Israeli air force has two Arrow batteries deployed in southern and northern Israel. The system is designed to counter Iran's Shehab-3b, Sejjil-2 and Soviet-designed Scud ballistic missiles. Syria also has Scuds.


Central Israel was chosen for the site of the new battery "because it provides the best protection for long-range threats which Israel faces from a number of directions," a military spokesman said.


IAI and Boeing in the United States are developing the Arrow-3, which will extend the range and altitude of the missile, which allows it to intercept ballistic missiles earlier in their trajectory and further from Israel.


The Arrow-3's first fly-out test is scheduled within the next few months. The United States contributed the bulk of the funds to develop the Arrow system.

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3 décembre 2011 6 03 /12 /décembre /2011 07:55
Libya Reveals NATO Readiness Highs And Lows


Photo: Dassault


Dec 2, 2011By Francis Tusa defense technology international


London - Taking the experiences of a single conflict and extrapolating them into “universal truths” can be perilous. Earlier this year, the U.K.’s Strategic Defense and Security Review took the operational template from operations in Afghanistan and made it the generic one for the future. Although lip service was paid to the idea of state-on-state warfare and other conflict options, it was simply that—lip service. Consequently, can any worthwhile lessons be drawn from Operation Unified Protector, the NATO mission to protect Libyan civilians and insurgents during the recent civil war?


There has been a rush to judgment to state that the mission shows all the bad sides of NATO readiness and that of European allies. Some 80% of all inflight refueling assets and capability were provided by the U.S. Air Force, which seems to have shocked some observers. The fact that except for the U.K. and France, Europe can only put two dozen tanker aircraft into the air is not impressive. One of the problems with Unified Protector was that it occurred when the U.K. was in a capability slump as old VC10s and Tristars are being retired, but before the new Airbus A330 Voyager tanker-transport aircraft arrive. At the same time, the French tanker fleet has had exceptionally low availability, although a program for an upgrade was approved in the 2012 budget. Had both of these programs been in the full swing of delivery, the “tanker gap” would have been less of an issue.


NATO was also reliant on U.S. assets for much of the suppression of enemy air defense missions, as has been the case for decades, a situation that is unlikely to change for some time. And the lack of proper combat search-and-rescue aircraft meant that there were issues about tasking aircraft for missions deep inside the Sahara Desert, a potential landing site for downed pilots.


But the modernization of air forces over the past decade and more really showed up. The fact that almost every aircraft could carry a combined targeting/Istar (intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance) pod along with a range of weapons permitted far more adaptable and flexible tasking compared with operations of the 1990s. Indeed, some air forces are already looking at the ability of European aircraft operating over Libya to undertake complex strike missions largely without ground controllers, to see how this was managed. Prior to Unified Protector, the widespread assumption, with the experiences of Afghanistan in mind, was that complex air strikes would only be conducted with ground controllers able to cue targets. Libyan operations changed this perception somewhat.


Early reports suggest that even if there is still major reliance on the U.S. for electronic surveillance assets (until the RAF gets three new Boeing RC-135 Rivet Joint aircraft), on the wider Istar scene there is a far greater range of European capabilities than had been perceived. The Swedish recce pod system deployed with the Saab JAS 39 Gripen fighter reportedly astounded people with the quality of its imagery and responsiveness. The Areos Reco NG pod, developed by Thales for use on the French Dassault Rafale F3 fighter, is also said to have performed well. The RAF was able to leverage the Sentinel R1 Astor (Airborne Stand-Off Radar), slated to be retired as a budget-cutting measure (although this may be reconsidered—see p. 15), from Raytheon and the Raptor (Reconnaissance Airborne Pod for Tornado) recce pod from Goodrich. No one has suggested that the operation, even without major U.S. support, lacked adequate Istar.


The range of weapons that the lead air forces deployed was also impressive. France made wide use of Sagem’s AASM-powered bomb system (225 were fired or dropped), while the U.K. fired a flexible set of weapons. The key Tornado GR4 weapon was Raytheon’s Paveway IV 500-lb. laser/GPS-guided bomb, with well over 700 dropped. Although this has been used in Afghanistan since 2008, in Libya it was deployed against a wider target set. Backing this up was MBDA’s Dual-Mode Brimstone missile. Originally designed as an antiarmor weapon, an upgrade to add laser guidance alongside the millimetric radar has given the weapon a new lease on life. Prolific use in Libya saw MBDA being given an urgent production contract to restock the bunkers.


It is true that some of the smaller nations did see a shortage in precision-guided missiles, which necessitated a quick visit to the U.S. to buy more Boeing Joint Direct Attack Munitions, but there is a silver lining. It is going to be far easier to persuade finance ministries that weapon stocks need to be larger than previously considered.


One aspect of the Libya operation is worth noting: the speed at which France and the U.K. generated long-range strike missions that required last-minute political approval, yet were able to hit a range of strategic and tactical targets across Libya. The structures and systems that underpin both countries’ air forces obviously have a lot of positive internal capabilities to achieve this type of success.


In the U.K. and France, the issue of naval gunfire support (NGS) has come back up the agenda. Royal Navy warships fired more than 240 rounds of 4.5-in. ammunition, a mixture of high-explosive and illumination shells. Several artillery units, as well as “technical” groups were engaged. Although Royal Navy vessels provided NGS to the Royal Marines as they moved ashore on the Al Faw Peninsula in southeast Iraq in 2003, the capability is one that has, of late, been more talked about than practiced. Certainly, the Libya experience means that plans for the next-generation Type 26 Global Combat Ship frigate have seen new interest in a 5-in. gun for NGS.


French navy ships, meanwhile, fired more than 3,000 rounds of 100-mm and 76-mm ammunition in NGS missions, a sign perhaps that the lighter throw weight of these shells required more to be fired to achieve the same effect as heavier rounds.


Although both countries exercised this in the past, Libya has arguably been the breakthrough point for the U.K. and France for the deployment and use of attack helicopters from the sea. The U.K. deployed five Boeing AH-64 Apache Longbow platforms, and France up to 10 EC 665 Tigers from Eurocopter. The results are being judged, but it seems likely that this isn’t going to be a one-off, but rather will be the norm in the future. One question being posed is whether the type of attack helicopter operations seen over Libya will morph into mixed wings of fast jets and attack helicopters. (U.S. Marine Corps readers can yawn at this stage.) More training, more force experimentation and more expenditure will be needed by players in Europe to perfect this type of operation, but it has delivered effects far exceeding what had been expected.


If there are many lessons to be learned, they are often of the commonsense type. Good tactics, techniques and procedures are vital, and luckily, for air operations, NATO forces have been honing these for two decades, from Iraq no-fly zones, through Balkan operations, and back to Iraq and Afghanistan. It must still be a concern that countries such as the U.K. and France, each of which claim to have 250-300 combat aircraft, were able to sustainably deploy only 25 or so. For sure, both have deployments in Afghanistan, but the numbers available, even with basing from home bases, is not impressive. That is something to consider about fast-jet force generation for all players.


One thing is obvious: Operation Unified Protector is not a paradigm of any future operation, or a brilliant template for the next operation. It reminded many that not every operation will have a land element, but most of the lessons are reinforcements of what has been learned before. By itself, this is useful, as it shows that with well-equipped, well-trained, well-led and well-supported forces, their ability to cope with the unexpected is far greater than without such forces.


In fact, if you were to put Unified Protector alongside NATO operations in Afghanistan, specifically from the air operations side, you would see that there is more than one way to prosecute an air-to-ground operation.

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29 novembre 2011 2 29 /11 /novembre /2011 18:00
Agni V: Will it Enhance India’s Deterrence against China?

Artist's impression of the launch of a Agni V missile.


November 29, 2011 By Bhartendu Kumar Singh / Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) – defpro.com


India’s Defence Research and Development Agency (DRDO) recently declared that it would be testing, for the first time, a 5000 km range Agni V missile by February 2012. It is construed to be a major leap in the country’s missile capability, over and above the 3000 km range Agni III missile that has already been accepted for induction into the armed forces, and Agni IV that has also been tested successfully. Together, these missiles are supposed to give a new meaning to India’s deterrence against China, since the new missiles, once operationally deployed, can reach distant but strategically important Chinese cities like Shanghai. But will the new feat in India’s armory dilute its ‘security dilemma’ against China?


For the record, the February trials of Agni V would be followed by a series of modifications and further trials. So it will take at least couple of years before the new missiles pass the entire test and are inducted and deployed in reasonable numbers in the Indian army. The 2014 deadline, as declared by the DRDO, seems to be a difficult target and may get delayed by a couple of years. Agni V apart, India is also lagging behind in developing the other components of the deterrence basket that it seeks to construct against China. These include, among others, a credible ballistic missile defence (BMD); the country has had limited success in intercepting incoming missiles with a range of 2000 km. DRDO’s claims notwithstanding, it will take many more years before India has similar deterrence for missiles that have a range up to 5000 km.


In designing the Agni V prototype against China, the Indian defence establishment realizes that all important cities and vital locations in China are either in the eastern or northern parts, far away from Indian soil, and thus would require accuracy and precision that would require iterated testing. This is a time consuming process. Further, the real challenge from China is near the LAC where the Chinese have gained strategic advantage over India in all aspects of military preparations. Missiles, whether of a short or long-range, would be of no use to India in deterring a Chinese pushover ‘near the LAC’. India would require effective air power capable of defending its interests in border areas. Unfortunately, this is an area where India lags far behind China.


While Agni I and II are Pakistan-specific, Agni III, IV and V are China-specific. And yet, the far-off regions of China would still be out of reach for Indian missiles. Perhaps that explains why these missiles are not able to engender confidence against China. Cost-effective deterrence against China demands that India work out on an advanced version of Agni V capable of striking at 6000 km that will bring most of China within its target range. If missile defence is going to be the core element of India’s deterrence capability against China, the political leadership must give the go-ahead to an Agni VI project aimed exclusively at China.


In this context, China stands as an example. China’s missile programme has been a key area of its military modernization and is ahead of India by at least a decade. Today, China has all range missiles capable of reaching global locations. While it has deployed a sizeable number of SRBMs off the Taiwan Strait, it has also deployed IRBMs against India that are located in Tibet and Xinjiang. These missiles can attack any target in India and are in operational deployment. In order to improve its regional deterrence against India, as the US Department of Defense Report on Chinese military power (2010) reveals, China has now replaced older liquid-fuelled, nuclear capable CSS-3 IRBMs with more advanced and survivable solid-fuelled CSS-5 MRBMs.


Missiles apart, China is also way ahead in other aspects of military modernization. In January this year, China confirmed its first test flight of the J-20 stealth fighter jet. Thus, China is making progress faster than expected in developing a rival to Lockheed Martin’s F-22 Raptor, the world’s only operational stealth fighter designed to evade detection by enemy radar. This will be over and above its most advanced aircraft presently in service: the Russian Su-30 and Su-27 fighters. As for the navy, President Hu Jintao has already made its modernization a priority. The PLA navy is upgrading its destroyers and frigates to sail further and strike deeper. China could also launch its first aircraft carrier by next year.


The speed and scope of Chinese military modernization has been seen with concern in New Delhi as evident from annual reports of India’s Ministry of Defence in recent years. Yet, the pace and nature of Indian military modernization is painfully slow and the asymmetric gap with China has only been widening. The development, testing and deployment of Agni V are not going to reduce this strategic reality. India needs to provide more vigour, focus, and perhaps resources, to its military modernization programme in order to manage the security dilemma with China.

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23 novembre 2011 3 23 /11 /novembre /2011 13:15
Iran equips air defence unit with advanced rocket launchers


23 November 2011 airforce-technology.com


Iran has equipped its air defence unit sentinels with advanced shoulder-fired rocket launchers to boost the nation's air defence capability.


The new man-portable air defence system was tested during the second phase of the ongoing Samen ol-Hojaj exercise at the Khatam ol-Anbia Air Defence Base, Iran.


During the mock combat drill, the sentinels fired the rockets at hostile unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).


The exercise is being conducted to test Iran's integrated air defence network and the operational capacities of newly developed anti-aircraft weapons.


Iran recently equipped the air defence units with the indigenous Mersad air defence missile system to enhance combat power, according to Fars News Agency.

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17 novembre 2011 4 17 /11 /novembre /2011 13:35
MDA test-fires THAAD missile system with STSS

photo US Army


17 November 2011 army-technology.com


The US Missile Defence Agency (MDA) has completed an integrated flight test of the terminal high-altitude area defence (THAAD) radar weapon system at the Pacific Missile Range Facility at Kauai, Hawaii, US.


A THAAD interceptor missile successfully intercepted a medium-range target (MRT) launched from a C-17 cargo aircraft and a short-range target (SRT) launched from a mobile platform.


During the flight test, the space tracking and surveillance system (STSS) demonstration satellites' sensors tracked two different missile targets, displaying the system's precision, real-time missile-tracking capability.


Northrop Grumman's Aerospace Systems missile defence and warning vice-president Doug Young said that the STSS satellitesdemonstrated hard-body detection and post-boost-phase tracking capabilities.


The STSS sensors tracked and delivered missile target data to the US MDA's command, control, battle management and communications system.

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15 novembre 2011 2 15 /11 /novembre /2011 12:50
Le HMS Astute lance son 1er missile Tomahawk – photo Royal Navy

Le HMS Astute lance son 1er missile Tomahawk – photo Royal Navy


15 novembre 2011 Par Rédacteur en chef. PORTAIL DES SOUS-MARINS


Le HMS Astute, le plus récent sous-marin nucléaire d’attaque de la Royal Navy, a tiré pour la 1ère fois des missiles Tomahawk dans les cieux américains dans le cadre de ses essais.





Le HMS Astute se trouve dans le golfe du Mexique pour y effectuer les premiers essais du système. Il pourra embarquer une combinaison de 38 missiles Tomahawk et torpilles Spearfish.


La Grande-Bretagne est le seul pays à qui les Etats-Unis fournissent la technologie Tomahawk.


Le HMS Astute va poursuivre ses essais aux Etats-Unis jusqu’au début du printemps, avant de rentrer en Grande-Bretagne pour son entraînement avant son premier déploiement opérationnel.


Référence : Royal Navy

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9 novembre 2011 3 09 /11 /novembre /2011 19:15
ThalesRaytheonSystems to upgrade Nato missile defence

9 November 2011 airforce-technology.com


ThalesRaytheonSystems (TRS) has been awarded a contract by the Nato Air Command and Control System Management Agency to upgrade its Interim Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence Capability.


Under the contract, the company will upgrade the operational hardware and software of the missile defence as per Nato's air command and control system (ACCS) configuration.


The contract is in support of Nato active layered theatre ballistic missile defence (ALTBMD) programme, which will form the basis of an interim territorial ballistic missile defence capability.


ALTBMD programme manager Alessandro Pera and ACCS programme director Bernard Garot said the upgrade will provide the Nato commander with a new critical capability to perform ballistic missile defence missions.


Work will be implemented in the Nato command and control network within the next six months.

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26 octobre 2011 3 26 /10 /octobre /2011 11:50


photo by KrisfromGermany


25 October 2011 domain-b.com


Naples, Italy: European missile making consortium MBDA has said the field evaluation trials of its Pars 3 LR fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) is slated to get underway soon. The ATGM has been shortlisted alongside Rafael Advanced Defence System's Spike-ER for the Indian Army's weaponised Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) 'Rudra.'


''We are waiting for the Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) to give us the schedule for trials. Hopefully, the dates will be finalised soon,'' MBDA's Peter Meuthen told a group of Indian journalists at the company's facility at Fusaro, north of Naples, Italy.


MBDA is a four-nation European missile making consortium which is eyeing a strategic partnership with India in defence development and production.


Besides jointly developing a short-range surface-to-air missile (SR-SAM) with India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), it has also offered nearly a dozen tactical weapon systems for deployment with the Indian armed forces.


The Pars 3 LR, Meuthen said, is a high precision weapon system with a broad target spectrum. ''It is highly effective against mobile and stationary targets equipped with latest armour protection, field fortresses and bunkers, besides other high-value targets,'' he said.


Pars 3 LR boasts a maximum operational range of seven kilometres and is said to possess high resistance to jamming.


In a salvo mode, it can fire up to four missiles in 10 seconds.


The missile, in service with the German Army on its UH-Tiger helicopters, was tested at Vidsel in Sweden in April this year. ''The successful firings matched all Indian operational requirements, but an Indian delegation could not witness it due to administrative reasons,'' Meuthen said.


A Bangalore-based Indian company has been co-opted by MBDA to design and develop a twin launcher, a derivative of the quad launcher fitted on the German Tiger helicopter, for the launch of the missile from ALH Rudra.


''The twin-launcher has been developed by the Indian company and its production will be done there.''


Simultaneously, MBDA has come out with an eight-missile configuration for the under-development indigenous Light Combat Helicopter (LCH).


Pars 3 LR is also in contention to weaponise the 22 attack helicopters being acquired by the Indian Air Force to replace its ageing fleet of Mi-25. MBDA has proposed Pars 3 LR for the Russian MIL Mi-28 helicopter which competes in the IAF evaluation along with the 'Hellfire' anti-armour missile-equipped Apache AH-64 D manufactured by Boeing.

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16 octobre 2011 7 16 /10 /octobre /2011 17:55
Tornado Goes Out Fighting

photo UK MoD


October 16, 2011: STRATEGY PAGE


Libya has been a major combat effort for the British Royal Air Force (RAF), which sent over fifty aircraft. These included Tornado and Typhoon fighter-bombers plus several types of support aircraft. The small force of British Tornado fighter-bombers flew over 1,400 sorties (out of 19,000 flown by all aircraft from all nations) and spent over 7,000 hours in the air. Up to 16 Tornados, flying out of Italian air bases, carried out recon and combat missions over Libya, day and night. This was a major contribution for a 30 year old aircraft nearing the end of its service life.


Recon proved to be a more important mission that first anticipated. Back in July, four additional Tornadoes were sent to serve mainly for reconnaissance missions, to keep a better eye on the complex Libyan battlefield. The four additional Tornados were equipped with four of the eight RAPTOR digital photo recon pods the RAF. RAPTOR can spot targets at 72 kilometers in daylight and at 36 kilometers at night using infrared sensors. The digital images can be seen by the pilot, and transmitted to other aircraft, ground units or ships, in real time.


Four more Tornados are not needed for bombing largely because Britain has a small guided missile (Brimstone) that enables fighters to carry a dozen of them, and hit a dozen individual targets with high accuracy. Originally developed as an upgraded version of the American Hellfire, Brimstone ended up as a Hellfire in general shape only. Weighing the same as the Hellfire (48.5 kg/107 pounds), Brimstone was designed to be fired by fighter-bombers, not just (as with Hellfire) from helicopters and UAVs. Aircraft can carry more of these lightweight missiles. These are perfect for small targets, including vehicles that need to be hit, without causing injuries to nearby civilians or friendly troops.


Not all missions were flown out of Italy. On August 10th, six Tornado GR4 fighter bombers took off from an air base in southern Britain, flew 2,400 kilometers (1,500 miles) to Libya, and launched a dozen Storm Shadow stealth cruise missiles at key targets. The round-trip mission from Britain took eight hours, with aerial refueling aircraft available over the Mediterranean to provide sufficient fuel to get back to Britain. This was the first RAF combat mission launched from Britain since World War II.


The Storm Shadow air launched stealthy cruise missile got its first combat experience over Iraq eight years ago. The 5.2 meter (16 foot) long, 1.3 ton missile has a 250 kilometer range and carries a penetrating warhead. The missile is a British modified version of the French Apache missile and entered service in late 2002, costing about $1.2 million each.

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16 octobre 2011 7 16 /10 /octobre /2011 17:30


source United States Missile Defense Agency


16 octobre 2011 Par Maxime Perez - israelvalley.com


Combien de temps faut-il à un missile pakistanais pour frapper l’Inde ? Un peu plus de soixante secondes pour atteindre Bombay, capitale économique, trois minutes pour New Delhi et environ huit minutes pour Bangalore, situé dans le sud du pays.


Située dans l’Etat du Karnataka, Bangalore – qui signifie la « ville des haricots bouillis » dans l’idiome locale – abrite la Silicon Valley indienne. Fondé en 1909 par le philanthrope Tata, l’Indian Institute of Science est devenu l’un des centres de recherche asiatiques les plus réputés.


Nouvelles technologies et production de logiciels informatiques, biochimie, aérospatiale font partie des domaines développés dans cette cité où sont aujourd’hui installées des unités de recherche et développement et de nombreuses industries de défense.


Les entreprises indiennes y sous-traitent avec des firmes occidentales en côtoyant les bureaux délocalisés de multinationales (Google, Microsoft, Yahoo, IBM, etc.), attirées par le faible coût d’une main-d’œuvre indienne hautement qualifiée.


A l’évidence, Bangalore constitue un site stratégique. Sauf que jusqu’ici, il ne bénéficiait d’aucune mesure de protection particulière. Désormais, un bouclier antimissile extrêmement polyvalent est en passe de protéger la zone contre toute attaque de missile pakistanais.


Fort de son savoir-faire en la matière et de ses liens privilégiés avec l’Inde, Israël a pris une part très importante dans le déploiement de ce dispositif. Deux systèmes antimissiles ont ainsi été intégrés au bouclier indien : le Arrow (« flèche ») et le Barak-8 (« foudre »). Ils sont appuyés par le puissant radar « Pin vert », lui aussi de fabrication israélienne. Après avoir subi de nouvelles modifications, son balayage tridimensionnel s’effectue sur un rayon de 1000 kilomètres.


Conçu par Rafael et l’IAI, le Barak-8 est missile mer-air, capable d’intercepter toute sorte de projectible dans un rayon de 70 kilomètres : drones, avions de chasse et roquettes. Depuis 2005, il est opérationnel dans la marine indienne.


Fruit d’un programme entamé dans les années 80, le système Arrow (connu sous l’appellation « Hetz » en hébreu) en est aujourd’hui à sa troisième phase de développement. C’est néanmoins le Arrow 2 qui équipe actuellement l’armée de l’air indienne.


Le missile est en mesure de contrer simultanément 14 missiles dans un rayon de 50 à 90 kilomètres. Il est commandé au sol par un centre de gestion réseau-centrique (baptisé « citron doré »), véritablement unique au monde. Le missile intercepteur utilise un détonateur de proximité à guidage terminal pour détruire des cibles situées à 40 kilomètres d’altitude.


Inde-Israël : des partenaires de premier plan


Au début des années 90, l’Inde a développé une étroite coopération militaire et sécuritaire avec l’Etat hébreu, tournant ainsi la page sur des décennies de méfiance mutuelle. Abandonnant sa position de pays non aligné au moment de la chute du bloc de l’Est, New Delhi a rapidement fait appel à l’armée israélienne pour solutionner ses problèmes avec le Pakistan, notamment au Cachemire en matière de lutte anti-terroriste.


Depuis mars 2009, Israël constitue désormais le premier fournisseur d’armes de l’Inde devant la Russie. Le dernier contrat d’armements signé entre New Delhi et Jérusalem a rapporté 1,5 milliard de dollars à l’IAI. Il s’agit de la vente du système de défense antimissile « Barak 8».


En une quinzaine d’années, Israël a ainsi fourni à l’Inde pour près de 9 milliards de dollars d’équipements militaires. Depuis des attentats de Bombay en novembre 2008, le gouvernement indien ne rencontre plus la même opposition de la part d’une frange de sa population musulmane et des parties de gauche qui sont habituellement opposés à un rapprochement stratégique avec l’Etat hébreu.


Récemment, des projets israélo-indiens ont été lancés dans le domaine de la surveillance navale et aérienne. En août 2008, le développement d’une version améliorée du système de missiles sol-air Spyder d’IAI et Rafael a été approuvé par le ministère indien de la Défense.

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12 octobre 2011 3 12 /10 /octobre /2011 07:40



11 Octobre 2011 par Jean-Dominique Merchet


Lors de son audition devant la commission de la défense de l'Assemblée nationale, le 4 octobre, le ministre de la Défense a donné des précisions sur les munitions utilisées par les armées françaises durant la campagne de Libye.  "Les avions ont largué 950 bombes et tiré 240 missiles air-sol, dont 15 SCALP et 225 A2SM. Les hélicoptères ont lancé 431 missiles HOT dont notre armée est dotée depuis des années. Des frappes à terre ont également été délivrées par des bâtiments de la marine, soit 3 000 obus de 100 et 78 millimètres". Il convient d'ajouter les obus tirés par les hélicoptères de combat dont le chiffre n'est pas précisé.


L’utilisation de ces munitions a respecté nos stocks, mais ils devront être recomplétés, a ajouté le ministre. Il n’y a pas de problème, sauf à ce que nous ayons rapidement besoin d’une grande quantité de munitions".

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7 octobre 2011 5 07 /10 /octobre /2011 12:15


source china-defense.blogspot.com


October 7, 2011: STRATEGY PAGE


China has put into service at least one battalion of its new HQ-16A anti-aircraft missiles. This is a land based version of the HQ-16 system used in ships (and fired from VLS (Vertical Launch System) containers. This system is a license built version of the Russian Buk M2 anti-aircraft missile systems. These are the latest version of the SAM-6 class missiles, which proved so effective in the 1973 Arab Israeli war.


The M2E missiles weigh 328 kg (720 pounds) and have a max range of 40 kilometers. The land based version has four missiles carried on a tracked vehicle. The target acquisition radar has a range of over 150 kilometers. The export version is called the LY-80. The system can hit targets as high as 10,000 meters (31,000 feet) and as low as a hundred meters (310 feet). The system is carried by an 8x8 truck that contains the radar behind the cab, and behind those are four shipping/firing containers for missiles. These containers are tilted back so that the missiles can be fired straight up, just as they are from VLS cells.


The HQ-16 naval version has the missiles fired out of a vertical storage/launch cell that is flush with the deck of the ship. This is a system pioneered by the United States. This is one reason China has developed new ship designs to replace the Russian ones it has been using for over half a century.



Planeman's impression - source china-defense.blogspot.com



source china-defense.blogspot.com

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